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jif{ !$ c+s @@ sf7df8f},+ z'qmaf/, sflQs !

flQs !, @)^% SAPTAHIK Nepali National Weekly Friday, Oct 17 , 2008 k[i7 @$ d"No ?= *÷–

dWodf~rnsL ;dln+uL Ao'6L


k|jL0f bQ dxf;+3sf] ;+oQ' m cfof]hgfdf ePsf]
lrtjg— /fhwfgLdf pQm 6\ofn]G6 k|ltof]lutfdf km:6
cfof]hgf x'g] elgPsf] ld; g]kfn /g/ck sf7df8f}s + L ;GWof nfdf tyf
k|ltof]lutfsf ;fy} kf]v/fdf x'g ;]sG8 /g/ck eStk'/sL Hof]lt yfkf
nfu]sf] ld; klZrdf~rn ;f}Gbo{ 3f]lift eP . sfo{qmddf k|ltof]uLx¿
k|ltof]lutf ljleGg lj/f]wsf sf/0f l;+ufl/P/ k|:t't x'b“ } t];f| ] ln+uLk|lt
;~rfng x'g g;s] klg ut ;ftf ul/g] 3[0ff, e]befj, nf~5gf, hah{:tL
lrtjgdf dWodf~rn ;dln+uL Ao'6L of}g b'Jo{xf/nufot ca sd x'g]
PG8 a|g] 6\ofn]G6–@))* k|ltof]lutf ljZjf; JoQm u/]sf lyP . pQm
;DkGg ePsf] 5 . cj;/df t] ; | f ] ln+ u L;DaGwL
tL 7"nf k|ltof]lutfn] b]zdf hgr] t gfd" n s 8s' d ] G 6« L ;d] t
dfq ge} ljb]zdf ;d]t g]kfnsf] b]vfOPsf] lyof] .
klxrfg a9fpg] / dlxnfsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ cfsif{s t'Nofpg
ljsf;df ;xof] u k' U g] eGb} kf]v/faf6 cfPsL ld; kf]v/f–
k| l tof] u Ln] xf/u' x f/ u/] klg @))& l/of u'?ªsf] g[Todf ;a}
k|ltof]lutf x'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g, t/ dWodf~rnsf ljleGg bz{sn] jG;df]/ u/]sf lyP . To;}u/L
;dln+uL jf t]>f] ln+uL k|ltof]lutf lhNnfsf ;xefuL gf} hgf e"ldsf >]i7, ;'gLtf, ljlgtf zfxL,
;f}Gbo{ / cZnLntf;“u ghf]l8Psfn] k|lt:kwL{nfO{ pl5Gb} gf/fo0fu9sL l;d/g, cfsfG5f df]Qmfgsf] g[Ton]
ug{ lbOPsf] xf] < eGg] k|Zg clxn] ;':df s];Ln] dWodf~rn :t/Lo t];f| ] ;a} bz{ s df] l xt eP . k| f Kt
pl7/x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L :t/af6 ;d]t
ld; g]kfn k|ltof]lutf :ylut ug{
;'emfj cfPkl5 ;dln+uLx¿sf]
ln+uLsf] tfh klxl/g\ . ljleGg rf/
r/0fdf /fd|f] k|:t'lt / clGtd
r/0fdf lg0ff{osn] ;f]ws ] f] k|Zg s]
hfgsf/Lcg';f/ kf“r ljsf;IFq] df
o:tf] k| l tof] l utf cfof] h gf
ul/g]5 . kf]v/f / lrtjg u/L
gf/Lsf] sflQs c+s .
g]kfnL ;dfh ;+sl' rt ePs} sf/0faf6 b'O{ 7fp“df k|ltof]lutf ;DkGg ePsf]
PrcfO{eL P8\; a9]sf] xf] eg] s;/L < 5 eg] lj/f6gu/, wgu9L /
xf]Og eg] s;/L < sf] hjfkmdf g]kfnuGhdf klg k|ltof]lutf ul/g]
s];Ln] xf], xfd|]F ;dfh ;+sl' rt /x]sf] ePsf] 5 . % ljsf;IFq] af6 #–#
/ ;dfhdf lzIFfsf] sdL / 3/df hgf pTs[ i 6 k| l tof] u L 5fg] /
of}gsf] s'/fsfgL ug{ gx'g] k/Dk/f sf7df8f}d+ f k|ltof]lutf u/fpg] tyf
/ r]tgfsf] sdLsf sf/0f t];l]F| n+uL ljh]tfnfO{ PrcfO{eL ;+qmldt tyf
cGofodf k/]sf] hjfkm lbPsL lyOg\ . P8\;sf] IFq] df sfd ug{ PDa]:8/ 3f]if0ff
of}lgs n}l¨s cNk;+Vos ul/g] cfof]hsx¿ atfp“5g\ .

k|ltof]lutfn] /fd|} dxŒj kfPsf] 5 .


s' g } g s' g } ;f+ u Llts
sfo{ q mdn] el/e/fp /lx/xg]
gf/fo0fu9sf] snf dlGb/ ut
;ftfsf] zlgaf/ cln leGg lsl;dn]
emlsemsfp lyof] . c¿ sfo{qmddf
nfO6 Tolt /fd|f] gx'g] eP klg of]
sfo{qmddf k"/} xn g} pHofnf] lyof] .
;fj{hlgs labf / k|ltof]lutf klg
gf}nf] vfnsf] eP/ xf]nf, bz{sx¿sf]
pkl:ylt klg afSn} lyof] . cfkm\gf]
klxrfg lbg gdfGg] / n's/] a:g]
t];f| ] ln+uL k'?if, dlxnf :jtGq ¿kn] dWok[i7df
xndf cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ ul//x]sf b]lvGy] .
lbgsf] ! aHg} nfu]sf] lyof],
k|lt:kwL{x¿ cf–cfkm\gf] ;+:s[lt
emNsg] hftLo klx/gdf :6]hdf
b]vf k/] . k|ltof]uLx¿n] Sof6jfs
glGbtf
ub}{ cf–cfkm\gf] kl/ro lbg] qmddf
t];f| ] ln+uL ca n's/] ga:g] / ;dfhsf]
cGofo klg g;xg] k|lta4tf JoQm ub}{
sfo{qmd ;'? eof] .
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
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Sof;]6 /+ud~r /+ud~r
Uofn/L
l;t'
uflosf
• b;}s
+ f] k"j;
{ GWofdf 8f=
cle ;'j]bLåf/f lnlvt gf6s
clUgsf] syf d~rg ePsf] 5 .
• b;}s+ f] cj;/ kf/]/ ;ft hgf
o'jf snfsf/n] nflhDkf6l:yt
sf7df8f}+ Uofn/Ldf ;fd"lxs snf
tkfO{s
+ f] of] ;ftf
Hof]= k+=+ cf]h/fh pkfWofo nf]xgL
l;t' v/]nsf] ;' g Ln kf] v /] n åf/f lgb] { l zt k|bz{gL ;DkGg u/] s f 5g\ .
Psn :j/n] gf6sdf u'Dafsf k'/ftflŒjs
;lhPsf] lznfn]v tyf wfld{s u|Gyx¿
k| b z{ g Ldf /fhs[ i 0f dxh{ g ,
lszf]/ gsdL{, dbg >]i7, lakgf
d]if l;+x wg'
uLlt;+u|x cfunfuLdf k/L hn]kl5 u'Dafdf dxh{g, ;Gtf]if lwtfn, k|sfz ;ftf dWod /xg]5 . sfddf ;do /fd|f] 5 . w]/} sfddf ;kmntf zq'af6 ;hu /xg'xf]nf . :jf:Yon]
…l;t'Ú ahf/df a:g] leIf'x¿df k}mng] czflGt kf}8n ] tyf ;'lgnk|;fb s';jfxn] ;kmntf ldn] klg dg lrlGtt /xnf . kfOg]5 . c¿sf] ljZjf; ;lhn} lhTg wf]sf lbg ;S5 . s'/f sf6\gx] ¿ ;lqmo
cfPsf] 5 . D o ' l h s Pj+ dfgl;s kL8fnfO{ d'Vo ¿kdf tof/ kf/]sf b[Zolrq, ;+:s[lt x/]s s'/fdf ;r]t /xg'd} cfÎgf] sNof0f ;lsg]5 . cf“6 Pj+ ;fx;sf ;fy} af]nLsf] /xg]5g\ . lrGtf a9\g5] eg] em"6f cf/f]k
g]kfnn] ahf/df NofPsf] of] k|:t't ul/Psf] lyof] . Ps 3G6f Pj+ hghLjg emNsg] #& j6f 5 . wft'/f]un] ;tfpg ;S5 . kfgL cln k|efj a9\g5] . s'/f sf6\gx] ¿ k|z;+ f klg nfUg ;S5 . cfOtaf/, ;f]daf/
;+ux| df cfw'lgs z}nLsf b;j6f tL; ldg] 6 nfdf] gf6ssf] lrq ;dfj]z 5g\ . k|bz{gL ut a9L lkpg'xf]nf . a'l4n] dxŒjk"0f{ ;dodf ug{ yfNg]5g\ . wg cfh{g ug]{ cj;/ tyf d+unaf/ k|;Ggtf a9\g,] sfddf
uLt ;'Gg ;lsG5 . bLks h+ud, aLraLrdf dd{:kzL{ uLtx¿ a'waf/;Dd hf/L lyof] . sfd gug{ ;S5 . w}ot{ fdf hf]8 lbg'kg]{ ldNg]5 . cWoogdf ;kmntf xft ;kmntf ldNg], Jofkf/ a9\g] Pj+ wg
/fh' l;+x, cfnf]s>L, Gx\o' ah|r
F fo{, k|:t't u/L gf6snfO{ hLjGt • hfkfgaf6 cfPsf a]nf 5 . k/fqmd a9\g,] cw'/f sfd aGg] nfUg]5 . dfg;Ddfg klg kfpg'xf]nf . cfh{g x'g] of]u 5 . cWoogdf ;kmntf
h]D; k|wfg, k|df]b lgjf{0f cflbåf/f t'NofOPsf] lyof] . ef/t, 8]gdfs{, snfsf/ ;f;fsLn] tof/ kf/]sf tyf gof“ sfd kfOg] of]u 5 . ;dosf] c¿af6 ;xof]u ldn] klg a'waf/ tyf ldNg]5 . 7"nf JolQmn] ;Ddfg ug]5{ g\ .
;+uLta4 ;+ux| sf uLtx¿ ls/0f ?; cflb d'ns ' df ! ;o @( k6s lrqx¿sf] k|bz{gL cfh z'qmaf/ ;b'kof]udf Wofg k'¥ofpg' a]; x'G5 . laxLaf/ lrGtf Pj+ vr{ a9\g] of]u 5 . z/L/df rf]6k6s nfUg ;S5 .
v/]n, ;'dg v/]n, ljKnj k|tLs d~rg ul/;lsPsf] pQm gf6sdf tyf ef]ln zlgaf/ /fhwfgLsf
cflb uLtsf/n] /rgf u/]sf x'g\ . af}4 leIf'sf] e]ifdf u'?s'nsf b'O{ leGg :yfgdf ul/+b5 } . cfh j[if sGof ds/
clgn cl8oG; snfsf/x¿n] clego u/]sf lyP . ;f“em dxf/fhuGhl:yt hfkfgL
kk ufos clgn l;+xsf • b;} + s f] cj;/ kf/] / /fhb"tfjf;df cfof]hgf ul/g] u|xuf]r/ /fd|f 5g\ . sfddf cfn:otf a9\g5] . sfddf cj/f]w u|xuf]r/ /fd|f 5g\ . ;fgfltgf
gof“ uLtx¿sf] ;+u|x …clgn snfsf/x¿sf] Ps ;d" x n] lrqsnf k|bz{gLdf ;f;fsLsf ;kmntf ldNg]5 . dg k|;Gg /xg]5 . cfpgfn] dgf]an 36\g ;S5 . ljjfbn] pNemg cfP klg sfddf afwf
cl8oG;Ú xfn} /fhwfgLsf ljleGg :yfgdf lrqx¿ b'O{ g]kfnL snfsf/ dfg;Ddfg klg kfOg]5 . k|;Ggtfk"js { ;tfpg'sf ;fy} wgdfn x/fpg] ;Defjgf cfpg] 5 } g . ;kmntfsf nflu
ahf/df gf6s d~rg u/]sf 5g\ . …h'6f}Ú+ uf]kfn snfk|d] L >]i7 tyf dgLifnfn ofqf ug]{ cj;/ h'6g\ 5] . af]nLsf] k|efj 5 . zlgaf/b]lv efUon] ;fy lbg :jf:Yosf] Vofn ug'x{ f]nf . k|;Ggtf
cfPsf] zLif{ssf] ;a} ldn]/ b;}+ dgfpg] >]i7sf snfs[lt;“u} k|bz{g ul/g]5 . a9\g5] . e]63f6 tyf cGtlqm{ofn] v';L yfNg]5 . wd{sd{df dg hfg]5 . Pj+ ;f]Rg] zlQm a9\g5] eg] cWoogdf
5 . OGb|0] fL tyf ufp“sf ;d:of klg ;a} of] k|bz{gL cfufdL z'qmaf/;Dd hf/L a9fpg]5 . cWoogdf ;kmntf xft dfg;Ddfg klg kfpg' x f] n f . ;kmntf ldNg]5 . k|d] k|;u+ klg pd+uk"0f{
cl8of] n ] ldn] / ;dfwfg ug' { k 5{ eGg] /xg]5 . o;}ul/ g]kfn cf6{ sfplG;n, nfUg]5 . gof“ sfd kfOg] of]u 5 . Joj;foaf6 nfe x'g5] . wg cfh{g /xnf . vr{ a9] klg nufgL plrt
ahf/df ;Gb]z pQm gf6sdf ;d]l6Psf] aa/dxndf zlgaf/ x'g] …dfpG6]gÚ :jf:Yosf] Vofn ug'x{ f]nf . Joj;fodf ug]{ cj;/ ldNg]5 . cfkmGtx¿sf] sfo{df nfUg]5 . wfld{s sfo{df dg
NofPsf] of] lyof] . 6+sk|;fb rf}nfufO{+åf/f zLif{ssf] lrqsnf k|bz{gLdf hfkfgL ;kmntf k|fKt x'g5] . ;xof]u k|fKt x'g;S5 . hfg]5 . efUon] klg ;fy lbg]5 .
lgb]l{ zt pQm gf6sdf d08kLsf lrqsf/ ;f;fsLsf Psn s[ltx¿
;+u|xdf
clgnsf] :j/df /]s8{ snf ;d"xsf dx]z >]i7, /fdafa' k| b z{ g ul/g] 5 . k| b z{ g L ldy'g t'nf s'De
ul/Psf !@ j6f uLt ;' G g /]UdL, u+uf ltjf/L, ;f]g' s];L, ;f] d af/;Dd hf/L /xg] 5 . vr{ a9\g5] eg] zq'n] b'Mv :jf:Yon] ;fy lbg] b]lv“bg} . cfkmGtx¿af6 ;xof] u
;lsG5 . ;+ux| sf] zAb tyf ;+uLt ;Ltfdfof >]i7, x'd la;L cflb o;cl3 lxhf] laxLaf/ tanfjfbs lbg]5g\ . dgdf lrlGtt /xg tyf dg b'ljwfu|:t /xg]5 . l/;sf] j]u, ldNg]5 . gof“ ldqsf] cfudgn]
ufos l;+xsf cltl/Qm sf]dn snfsf/n] clego u/]sf lyP . ;l/tf ld>sf] tanfjfbg;“u} hfkfgL wgdfn x/fpg ;S5 . s' / f vr{ Pj+ ljjfb a9\g5] . rf]6k6s /dfpg'xf]nf . :jf:Yodf ;d:of
dNn >]i7, gjlqm; tyf nId0f • lx+ ; faf6 kLl8t snfsf/n] …hL/f] cfj/Ú zLif{sdf lrq sf6\g]x¿af6 ;hu /xg'xf]nf . klg nfUg;S5 . s'/f sf6\g]x¿ pTkGg x'g] x'b“ f vfgkfgdf ljrf/
u'?ªn] tof/ kf/]sf x'g\ . dlxnfx¿n] cfkm\gf] xs–clwsf/ sf]/s] f lyP . hf]ufP/ wg vr{ ug'k{ g]{ a]nf 5 . ;lqmo /xg] 5 g\ . ;f] d af/b] l v k'¥ofpg'xf]nf . wg cfh{g ug]{
:yflkt ug{ sfg' g L af6f] cfOtaf/, ;f]daf/ tyf d+unaf/ efUon] ;fy lbg yfNg] 5 . cj;/ h'6g\ 5 ] . wfld{s sfo{df
efUo km'6o \ f] ckgfpg'kg]{ ;Gb]z af]ss ] f] gf6s k':ts dfg;Ddfg ldNg], sfddf ;kmntf dfg;Ddfg kfpg'xf]nf . wg cfh{g ?lr a9\g5 ] . efUon] klg ;fy
…sfg'gL gf6sÚ xfn} emfkfsf]
P]gf km'6e
] m}+ nvgk'/ tyf df]/ªsf] ky/Ldf >4f–;'dg ldNg] Pj+ k|;Ggtf a9\g] of]u 5 .
cfkmGtx¿sf] ;xof]u kfOg]5 .
ug]{ cj;/ h'6g\ 5] . ;kmntfsf
nflu uf]klgotf ckgfpg'xf]nf .
lbg]5 . dxŒjk"0f{ sfo{df k|fKt x'g]
;kmntfn] dgf]an a9\g5 ] .
nf]sbf]xf]/L uLtx¿sf] gof“ d~rg ul/Psf] 5 . uGtJo dflg;n] cfkm\gL cfdfsf]
;+ux| …efUo km'6o\ f] j[lZrs dLg
P]gf km'6e
] m}Ú+
lyP6/ bdsn] cf/f]x0f u'?s'n
sf7df8f}s + f] ;+of]hgdf pQm gf6s
;Demgfdf slt;Dd ug{ ;S5g\ ss{6
eGg] pbfx/0f latf{df]8, emfkfsf
ahf/df d~rg u/]sf] xf] . ;d'bfosf] 9sfn aGw'x¿n] b]vfPsf 5g\ . 3/]n' ;d:ofn] ;tfpg] x'b“ f ;'?df sfo{ ;kmn /xg]5 . k/fqmd a9\g5 ] . ;fg} k|of;n]
cfPsf] 5 . ;d:of klxrfg u/L ;d'bfod} cfkm\ g L cfdf t' n ;fb] j Lsf] ;kmntfsf nflu 3/aflx/} /xg' plrt wg cfh{g klg xf]nf . Joj;foaf6 klg 7"nf] sfddf ;kmntf ldNg]5 .
Do'lhs uP/ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug{ /fo– d[To'kl5 pgn] cfkm\gf] hLjgsf x'G5 . wg cfh{g ug]{ cj;/ ldNg]5 nfe x'g5 ] . ofqf ug]{ cj;/ klg Joj;fodf kfOg] ;kmntf sfod}
g]kfnsf] of] ;'emfj dfu]/ cl3 a9fOg] srx/L qmddf b] v ] – ef] u ] s f s' / fnfO{ eg] k/fqmd a9\g5 ] . gof“ sfd kfOg] h'6g\ 5
] . efj'stf Pj+ af]nLsf] k|efj /xg] 5 . cfkmGtx¿sf] ;xof] u
pTkfbgdf gf6ss} z}nLsf] kl5Nnf] k|of]usf dflg;x¿sf] :d[ltnfO{ dfWod ;Defjgf 5 . cWoogdf ;kmntf a9\ g ] 5 . ;f] d af/b] l v :jf:Yo kfpg'xf]nf . dfg;Ddfg klg ldNg]5 .
tLgj6f bf]xf]/L ¿kdf sfg'gL gf6ssf] cjwf/0f agfP/ 9sfn aGw'x¿n] To;nfO{ ldNg]5 . zq'af6 ;hu /xg'xf]nf . u8a8 /xg], sfddf cj/f]w cfpg] wg cfh{g x'g;S5 . s'/f sf6\gx] ¿
uLt ;dfj] z NofOPsf] xf] . gf6sdf ;Ltf rf}nfufO{,+ k':tssf] :j¿k lbPsf 5g\ . of] ef]het]/ Pj+ ;ef;Dd]ngdf ;xefuL x'g] tyf lrGtfn] ;tfpg] of]u 5 . s'/f k|z;+ f ug{ yfNg]5g\ . cWoogdf cj/f]w
ul/Psf 5g\ . 6+s ;+uf| n} f, hLjg a/fn, ;/f]h k':tssf] ;f+uf]kf+uf] cWoogkl5 cj;/ h'6g\ 5] . ;f]daf/ tyf d+unaf/ sf6\gx] ¿ ;lqmo /xg]5g\ . z/L/df cfpg] tyf ;Gtfgx¿l;t dgd'6fj
…efUo km'6o\ f]Ú, …kmfk/sf] kL7f]Ú tyf ltlD;gf, snf ;+uf| n} f, nIdL vltj8f, x/]s dflg;n] Psk6s cfkm\gL vr{, ljjfb Pj+ lrGtf a9\g] of]u 5 . rf]6k6s nfUg ;S5 . x'g] ;Defjgf 5 .
…of] d'6'df tL/ /f]k]/Ú efsfsf d'gf vgfn, nLnf /fO{, df};d cfdfnfO{ ;Demg'kg]{ afWotf
uLtdf ladns'df/ 8f“uL tyf b]jf of] ;ftfsf] k~rf·
3tL{sf] :j/ ;'Gg ;lsG5 .
/fO{, ;'jf; /fO{ tyf ddtf
a'9fyf]sLn] clego u/]sf lyP .
l;h{gf ul/Psf] 5 . k':tssf] nfOe zf]
sflQs ! ut] M sflQs ;+qmflGt, ljZj ul/aL lgjf/0f lbj;, & ut] M ljZj cf/f]Uo lbj; .
d"No pNn]v 5}g .

rnlrq sh{ clk|msfsf Ps ;kmn /s :6f/ x'g\ . Ps k6s ;+uLtsf] cEof; ug]{
qmddf df]G6Ln] crfgs Pp6f w'g ahfpg yfN5g\, w'g;“u} pgsf]
xg{ cf]s] lKnh dl:tisdf Pp6f k'/fgf] 3/, dlGb/ tyf Pp6L ;'Gb/ o'jtLsf] 5lj
clwsf+z 6«ssf] kl5Nnf] efudf …xg{ cf]s] lKnhÚ n]lvPsf] b]lvG5 . cfp“5 . To;kl5 pgL a]xf]; x'G5g\ . ;f+uLlts ofqfdf s]Gof hfg]
oxL zLif{s /fv]/ alnp8df Pp6f rnlrq tof/ ePsf] 5 . Ps 6«s qmddf pgn] ToxL k'/fgf] 3/ b]V5g\ h;sf] 5lj pgsf] dl:tisdf
8«fOe/sf] hLjgdf cfwfl/t ePsfn] rnlrqsf] zLif{s …xg{ cf]s] cfPsf] lyof] . pQm 3/df k|jz ] u/]sf] s]xL ;dokl5 g} pgnfO{ cfkm\gf]
lKnhÚ /flvPsf] atfOG5 . gfgf kf6]s/, l/dL ;]g, d'hflDdn Oa|flxd k"jh{ Gdsf ;Dk"0f{ 36gfqmd :ki6 x'G5 . pld{nf dftf]8s/, 8]gL 8]Ghf]ªk\ f,
cflb snfsf/n] k|dv' e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf] of] u'n;g u|fj] /, /f]lxgL xfQFGuf8L, :j]tf s'df/, alVtof/ O/fgL, l8gf]
rnlrq o;} ;ftf k|bz{g df]l/of], /fh aAa/, c;/fgL, lxdfgL lzjk'/L cflb snfsf/sf] k|dv '
x'“b}5 . /fs]z ;f/+uåf/f e"ldsf /x]sf] of] rnlrqsf uLtx¿ lxd]z /]zldof, xif{bLk sf}/, ;'lglw
lgb] { l zt of] Pp6f rf}xfg, t'n;L s'df/ tyf >]of 3f]iffnsf :j/n] ;lhPsf 5g\ .
xf:ok|wfg rnlrq xf] .
…6\ofS;L gDa/ gf} bf]
lkmo;{ ckm b 8fs{
xlnp8df of] ;ftf k|bz{g x'g]
Uof/xÚ tyf …Ankm …lkmo;{ ckm b 8fs{Ú Plgd]68] rnlrq
df:6/Ú df gfgfåf/f xf] . cf6{ tyf Plgd];g >]0fLdf /flvPsf]
ul/Psf] xf:o clego of] rnlrq ! 3G6f @) ldg]6 nfdf] 5 .
lgb] { Z F s ;f/+ u nfO{ cfO{Pkm;L lkmND;n] ljt/0f ug]{ of]
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ljrf/nfO{ nfb\g vf]Hg' eg]sf] hgtfsf] cledtsf] b'?kof]u xf] eg] z}nLdf cfÎgf b}lgs sfo{ ;Dkfbg ug]{ afgL TofUg'k5{ . ;ef;bx¿nfO{ nflu vl/b u5{g\ eg] b"tfjf;, lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsG5, t/
csf]l{ t/ ;/sf/ aflx/ /x]sf /fhg}lts bnx¿n] klg ;fgf–dl;gf ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . 7"nf] kbdf a;]/ klg ;femf a;sf] Joj:yf u/] dfq hgtfsf] dGqfno / ;/sf/L lzIf0f c:ktfnn] nfO;] G ;sf] clgjf{ o tfnfO{ cGTo
s'/fx¿df av]8f lems]/ ;/sf/sf] cfnf] r gfd} ;do vr{ ug' { e Gbf sd vr{ u/L ljsf;–lgdf{0fsf sfd /fhgLlt cl3 a9\g ;Sg] s'/f lbg] 5fqj[lQdf /fhg}lts bnsf ug]{ xf] eg] oL ;a} emGem6af6
;+ l jwfg;efnfO{ p;sf] uGtJo;Dd k' ¥ ofpg cxd\ e" l dsf lgjf{ x a9L ug{tkm{ Wofg lbg ;Sg'k5{ . g]tfx¿n] a'em\gk' 5{ . …k| e fjzfnLÚ g] t fsf ;Gtfgn] kf/ kfpg ;lsG5 . nfO;] G ;
ug' { k 5{ . o;f] x' g ;Sof] eg] ;+ l jwfg n] v g sfo{ ;dod} x' g af6} gePsf] b]zdf sf/, —/ljg /frlnsf k|fyldstf kfp“5g\ . lzIff, lj1fg, afWofTds ul/g'sf] b'ikl/0ffd s]
;S5 / gof“ ;+ l jwfg nfu" x' g k" j { To;df pNn] v ul/Psf kh]/f], k|f8f]h:tf dx“uf uf8L r9\g] ul0ft, ;flxTo, /fhgLltzf:q cflb xf] eg] lzIff ;ª\ s fosf]
hgtfsf xs clwsf/x¿, /fHo Joj:yf;“u ;DalGwt a'"bfx¿ g]tfu0fsf] o; lsl;dsf] cg}lts vf“rf] gof“ lzIffgLltsf] h'g;'s} d"n ljifo k9]sf] eP klg lg/ª\s'ztfsf] l;sf/ cGo ;a}
nufotsf ;+ljwfgn] ;d]6]sf ;a} ljifox¿n] cfd 5nkmndf tyf u}/;fdflhs sfo{ /f]lsg'k5{ . s[lifdf cfwfl/t b]z g]kfndf :gfts u/]kl5 h'g;'s} ;d"xsf] ;ª\sfoåf/f pTkflbt hgzlQm
cfpg kof{ K t ;do kfp“5g\ . Tof] l:yltdf dfq /fd|f] / c;n pgLx¿nfO{ ;fj{hlgs oftfoft Psflt/ Pp6fdfq s[lif SofDk; clws[t kbdf k|lt:kwf{ ug{ lbg] ePsf 5g\ . lzIf0f k];fdf ;a}
;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g ;S5 eGg] x]Ssf ;a} ;+ljwfg ;ef;b\x¿ Pj+ rNg] af6f]df lghL ;jf/L r9\g ;~rfngdf 5 eg] csf{lt/ s[lif nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf] k/LIff k|0ffnL ;ª\ s fosf] ;dfg kx' “ r gx' g ]
/fhg}lts bnx¿n] /fVg'k5{ . ;do w]/} 3ls{;s]sf] 5}g . lbg' x'b“ g} . g]tfu0fsf nflu uf8L lzIff dx“uf] 5 . /fi6«nfO{ b'ud
{ / cj}1flgs 5 . l:yltdf lzIffafx]ssf cGo ;a}
lsGg'eGbf b'/b/fhdf /x]sf s[lif ;'ud e]ssf ljkGg gful/ssf] dfgljsL;lxt cGo ;ª\ s fosf] k] ; fut ljlzi6tf
pkhx¿ ;x/df Nofpg df]6/ af6f] pkrf/sf nflu lrlsT;s rflxPsf] ;ª\sfonfO{ cfof]udf k|lt:kwf{ ug{ lgwf{ / 0f / hLljsfsf] ;' / Iff
c“Wof/f]af6 pHofnf]lt/ a9\g, g5'6fp“m ;fKtflxs k9\g. lgdf{0f ul/g'k5{ . 5 t/ lzIffgLltn] tL e] s sf s'g} /f]s 5}g . dfgljsL ;ª\sfosf] ;/sf/n] ug'k{ 5{ .
gof“ g]kfnsf ;ef;bnufot k|ltefzfnL ljkGg gful/snfO{ cf} l rTo l;4 ug{ cWofkg uf]kfn lj/xL
;f}hGo M ;fKtflxs–kflIfs klqsf /fli6«o ;~hfn
;x/ rrf{ d'vfn]
tLtf] ;To …hlt dfof nfP n]lnOgsf] ;'Gb/tf
k|]d efjgfdf xf]Og, klg hlt s;d vfP pgsf] prfO % lkm6 $ OGr 5 . cUnf] z/L/ ePs} sf/0f Oltxf;sf] of] sfnv08df
oyfy{sf] w/ftndf pleP/ ug'k{ 5{ . klgÚ :j= c?0f yfkfn] pgn] df]8lnª IF]qdf Sofl/o/ agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sL x'g\ . xfd|f] k/LIff e}/x]sf] 5 .
k|To]s ;do efjgfdf /Dg] ufPsf] of] sfnhoL df]8lnªdf k|jz ] ug]{ klxnf] ofqf kmf]6f];;] g u/]kl5 pgsf] rrf{ –8f= /fdj/0f ofbj, /fi6«klt
dflg; sdhf]/ / pbf;Lg x'G5 . uLtsf ;h{ s ljgf] b a9]sf] 5 . n]lnOgsf cfsif{s tl:a/x¿ a'6anl;6L 86sddf ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf d g} x'“ .
–/]vf >]i7, d"lt{of, ;nf{xL uf}rg g]kfnL jfª\dodf k|sflzt ePsf 5g\ . c¿eGbf leGg x'g kfZrfTo z}nLsf] gfd –lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf
ctLtnfO{ la;]/{ jt{dfgdf kl5Nnf] k6s …sljtf ufp“Ú /fv]sL n]lnOg u'?ª km';b{ df ;+uLt ;'Gg ?rfp“l5g\ . k|To]s jif{ ;efklt, g]kfnL sf+u;]|
/dfpg' g} hLjg xf] . sf kl/sNkgfsf/sf ¿kdf km]ac
'| /L @( df hGd lbg dgfO/x]sL n]lnOg cgnfOg Rof6 u/]/ lx+hf] sDo'lgi6x¿n] Ps
hGd“bf s] lnP/ cfPsf 5f} rrf{df cfPsf 5g\ . @# km';{bsf] ;b'kof]u ul5{g\ . df]8lnª eg] pgsf] ?lrsf] ljifo xf] . bnLo zf;g Joj:yf nfb\ g
/ s] lnP/ hfG5f} / u'dfPsf]df jif{sf] hflu/] hLjgaf6 o;afx]s g[To ug'{ tyf e|d0f ug'{ pgsf yk ?lrsf ljifo x'g\ . vf]Hbf pgLx¿ 9n], ca xfdL
lsg kZrtfk u5f}{ < ev{/} :Jf]lR5s cjsfz /fd|f] uLt aHof] eg] g[To ug{ tof/ e}xfNg] n]lnOgnfO{ kfZrfTo Tof] uNtL bf]xf]¥ofpg] 5}gf}+ .
hLjgsf ;a} s'/f em"7f x'g,\ lnPkl5 %@ jifL{ o z}nLsf klx/g nufp“bf ;'xfp“5g\ . :s6{ tyf l6;6{ pgnfO{ dg –8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{, cy{dGqL
dfq d[To' ;To xf] . uf} r g kf]v/fglhssf] kg]{ klx/g x'g\ . Kn; 6';Ddsf] cWoog k"/f u/]sL n]Olngsf] xfdL hgljb|f]x dfkm{t\
–/d]zs'df/ >]i7 ufp“ n'Dn]nfO{ …sljtf ufp“Ú zf/Ll/s agfj6 #^X@^X#$ 5 . gof“ hgjfbL qmflGt ;DkGg ug]{
alu/xg] vf]nf / ;dosf] sf ¿kdf ljsf; ug{ k|lqmofdf cl3 al9/x]sf 5f}+ .
rfnnfO{ kmsf{pg ufx|f] x'G5 . sl:;Psf 5g\ . kf]v/faf6 –df]xg j}B, jl/i7 dfcf]jfbL g]tf
—wg' du/, :ofª\hf #@ lsnf]ld6/sf] b"/Ldf sf+u; ]| n] ;]gf ;dfof]hg ug{
/fhg]tfn] sdfpg' eg]sf] afUn' ª /fhdfu{ ; “ u } x'b“ g} eGb}df ;]gf ;dfof]hgsf]
b]znfO{ aaf{b agfpg' xf] . hf]l8Psf] n'Dn] uflj; k|lqmof /f]ls+bg} .
/d0fLo ko{6sLo If]qsf
;fOa/ un{ –/fdaxfb'/ yfkf, /IffdGqL
of] wtL{nfO{ :ju{ agfpg] ls
gs{ eGg] s'/f xfdLleq} n'ss
] f] 5 .
–t]hk|;fb ltjf/L, ;'vt{]
uf}rgsf] sljtf ¿kdf kl/lrt 5 .
Toxf“ s f] k| f s[ l ts
;/sf/n] a] O dfgL ug{
vf]Hof] eg] d /fhLgfdf lbG5' .
dlxnfn] 3/nfO{ :ju{ jftfj/0f ;|i6fx¿sf nflu pko'St 5 eGg] 7x/ uf}rgsf] 5 . d] / f] /flhgfdf @$ ;} + 3G6f
agfpg ;lS5g\ / dlxnfs} pgL eG5g\– …b]zel/sf slj tyf n]vsn] PskN6 k'Ug}kg]{ 7fp“ uf]hLdf x'G5 .
agfpg / :yfgLojf;Lsf] k|ltef k|:km'6gdf ;3fp k'¥ofpg …sljtf ufp“Ú –/fh]Gb| dxtf]
sf/0faf6 3/ d;fg klg aG5 . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqL
c;n a'xf/L aGg Hofb} sf] kl/sNkgf u/]sf] x'“ .Ú uf}r
{ g eljiodf n'Dn]nfO{ slj, snfsf/, ;+uLtsdL{ k|ltkIfdf a:g] sf+u|];sf]
sl7g 5 t/ c;Dej 5}g . Pj+ lrqsf/sf nflu ;fwgf:yn agfpg] bfpdf 5g\ . o;} klg n'Dn] ufos cflwsfl/s lg0f{o xf], xfdL u'0f /
Pp6f c;n gf/L;“ u sf] k|jL0f u'?ª, n]sfnL AofG8sf gjLg u'?ª tyf slj 1fg' b]jsf]6f …j}/fuLÚ sf] bf]ifsf] cfwf/df ;/sf/sf] ;dy{g /
ljjfx hLjgsf] cf“ w Ldf hGdynf] xf] . …sljtf ufp“Ú agfpg n'Dn]sf elQm/fd b]jsf]6fsf] ;+of]hsTjdf lj/f]w u5f},+ { ;/sf/df hf“bg} f}+ .
kfs] s f] v] t L xf] t/ v/fa ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] 5 . ltxf/kl5 /fli6«o :t/sf ;|i6fx¿sf] hd36 –;'zLn sf]O/fnf
dlxnf;“usf] ljjfx eg] kfs]sf] u/fP/ sljtf ufp“sf] cf}krfl/s 3f]if0ff ul/g] tof/L e}/x]sf] 5 . ufp“nx] ¿ sfo{jfxs ;efklt, g]kfnL sf+u;]|
v]tLdf t'kmfg xf] . olta]nf cfjZos k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0fdf h'6s ] f 5g\ . ufp“sf] aLrdf Pp6f ;+ljwfg;efn] d'n'snfO{
–/f3j >]i7, t'n;Lk'/, bfª k':tsfno vf]Ng] k|of; klg uf}rg tyf pgsf ;xof]uLx¿n] ul//x]sf 5g\ . hgu0ftGqdf hfg] hgfb] z
kf]v/fdf a:b} cfPsf uf}rg kf]v/]nLdfem kbofqL sljsf ¿kdf lrlgPsf lbPsf] 5}g, hgfb]znfO{ 5nL
…tLtf] ;ToÚ :tDesf nflu cfkm"n] 5g\ . a]nf–a]nfdf n'Dn], wDk';, kf]yfgf, nfGb|s
' tyf 6f]Nsflt/ PSn} kbofqf ha/h:tL hgu0ftGq nfb] d'ns '
b]v]sf, ef]u]sf s6' ;To k7fpg xflb{s ul//x]sf e]l6G5g\ pgL . uf}rgsf b'O{ sljtf s[lt …9'u+ ; ] f“3s
' f] d]nfdfÚ / u[xo'4df km:g]5 .
cg'/f]w 5 . …kf]v/fdf km"n km'Nb}gÚ k|sflzt e};s]sf 5g\ .
—;Dkfbs –Xbo]z lqkf7L, dxf;lrj, tdnf]kf
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
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af/faf/sf] l:ylt 5 . /fO{n] zdf{s}
;dfgfGt/ ;+:yf …g]kfn /fli6«o
rnlrq lgdf{tf ;+3Ú vf]n]kl5
pgLx¿ of] l:yltdf cfPsf x'g\ .
;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf e]6 x'“bf
cf}krfl/stfsf nflu xft ldnfP
d~raf6} zdf{ / nfdfn] Ps–csf{nfO{ klg logLx¿sf] af]nrfn 5}g .

snfsdL{sf] ufnL u/]sf 5g\ . nfd} ;do;Dd zq'tf


;f“ws] f p4j kf}8n] / nfdfaLr eg]
clxn] ;DaGw ;'lw|Psf] 5 t/ of]
To;f] t lgdf{tf /fO{ tyf lgb]z
;dfhsf cWoIf s]kL kf7ssf] klg
;DaGw lr;} 5, Pstfsf xftdf xft
{ s

dgd'6fj slt slt ;'wf/f]Gd'v ;DaGwn] lg/Gt/tf kfpg]


xf] ls xf]Og x]g{ af“sL g} 5 .
ldnfP/ lx+8s] f /fO{ / kf7s clxn]
Ps–csf{nfO{ cfkm"n] u/]sf] sfo{qmdsf]
Kl5Nnf] ;do w]/; } u“ ;DaGw lgDtf] ;d]t lb+b}gg\ . clxn] /fd|f]
laufg] { snfsf/sf ¿kdf ;DaGw ePh:tf] b]lvG5 lgb]z { s
lrlgG5g\– czf]s zdf{ . nfdf;“u Zofd e§/fO{ / czf]s zdf{sf] t/
;DaGw lalu|P nuQ} zdf{sf] csf{ ltg} zdf{n] Ps jif{cl3 lgb]z { s
lgdf{tf /fhs'df/ /fO{;u“ klg kfgL e§/fO{nfO{ u2f/ 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP .

;xsdL{ s[i0f rfkfufO{+ lj?4 a:g] t tyf gflosf /] l hgfsf]


lgb]z
{ s g/]z kf}8n ] n] k|x/L u'xf/] . ;DaGw ;'dw'/ lyof] . ;f]letn]
emu8fsf] ljifo h] ;'s} xf];\ t/ lgb]z{ g ug]{ k|foM rnlrqdf d'Vo
clxn] pgLx¿ Ps–csf{sf] lj?4 e"ldsf /]lhgfn] g} lgjf{x uly{g\ .
vlgPsf 5g\ . cfkm" ;fw' aGgsf cfkm\gf] rnlrqdf dfq ge} c¿sf]
nflu ts{ h] h:tf] u/] klg clxn] rnlrqdf ;d]t …/]lhgfnfO{ lng';\
pgLx¿aLr zq'tf a9]sf] s'/faf6 /fd|f] u5]{Ú eGy] ;f]let . clxn]
rnlrqsdL{x¿ cgle1 5}gg\ . of] pgLx¿ klg Ps csf{nfO{ zq'
36gf x'gc ' l3 pgLx¿sf] ;DaGw dfG5g\ . olt;Dd ls /]lhgfn] t
lgs} /fd|f] ePsf] klg huhfx]/ ;f]letdfly Ps;f“em cfqmd0f g}
5 . olt;Dd ls lgb]z { s kf}8n ] / u/]sL lyOg\ . clxn] pgLx¿ Ps–
rfkfufO{n + ] Pp6} clkm;df a;]/ w]/} csf{sf] gfd ;d]t ;'Gg rfx“bg} g\ .
ldl6ª ;DkGg u/]sf 5g\ . rnlrq /]vf yfkf / g/]z kf}8n
] sf]
agfpg] ljifodf;d]t pgLx¿sf] klg To:t} /fd|f] ;DaGw lyof] .
/fd|;} u“ ;Nnfx x'g] u/]sf] lyof] . kf}8]ns} ;xof]un] gflosf aGg]
rnlrqsd{ d f ;DaGw ;f}efUo kfPsL /]vfsf] klg clxn]
:yfkgf x'g' / lau|gn ' fO{ ;fdfGo lgb]z
{ s kf}8n ] sxf“ cfphfp 5}g .
¿kdf lng'kg]{ x'G5 . of] If]qdf kf}8n ] klg s] sd pgL klg /]vfnfO{
cfPkl5 s;} g s;}aLr ;fdfGo jf:tf ub}g{ g\ . a? pgL /]vf h:t}
;DaGw lauf/]sf rnlrqsdL{
lglvn pk|t] L – /]vf yfkf
lglvn pk|t] L – /fh]Gb| v8\sL
e'jg s];L – clgif sf]O/fnf
o'j/fh nfdf – p4j kf}8n ]
o'j/fh nfdf – czf]s zdf{
czf]s zdf{ – /fhs'df/ /fO{
g/]z kf}8n
] – s[i0f rfkfufO+{
s]kL kf7s – /fhs'df/ /fO{
lgvn pk|t] L – ;'lgn dfgGw/
;f]let a:g]t – /]lhgf pk|t] L
g/]z kf}8n] – /]vf yfkf

bdbf/ lx/f]Og hGdfpg] k|of;df


5g\ . snfsdL{sf] ;DaGw lau|gn ' fO{
lgb] { z s kf} 8 ] n ;fdfGo ¿kdf
lnG5g\, kf}8n] eG5g\– …hf] ;'ss } f]
;DaGw ;w} /fd|f] x'G5 eGg] 5}g .Ú
Pstfsf o'j/fh nfdf /
czf]s zdf{sf] c;fWo ldn]dtf]
lyof] . olt;Dd ls ;fj{hlgs
sfo{qmddf efif0f ug]{ s'/fdf ;d]t
pgLx¿ s] af]Ng] eg]/ ;Nnfx uy],{
t/ clxn] ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmdd}
Ps–csf{sf] v]bf] vGg ug{ yfn]sf
ljifod} zq'tf e}xfN5 . s]xL ;do 5g\ . sltk6s t ;fj{ h lgs
Pp6} rnlrqdf sfd ub}{ cfPsf
gflosf /]vf yfkf / gfos lglvn
pk|t] Lsf] clxn] af]nrfn 5}g . sfd
ug]{ qmddf ljjfb ePkl5 pgLx¿sf]
af]nrfn dfq aGb ePg b'jn } ] Pp6}
rnlrqdf sfd gug]{ 3f]if0ff ;d]t
u/] . clxn] ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf
e]6 x'“bf ;d]t pgLx¿ af]Nb}gg\ .
lglvnsf] /]vfnufot cGo snfsdL{;u“
klg ;DaGw /fd|f] 5}g . åGå lgb]z { s
/fh]Gb| v8\uL, lgdf{tf ;'lgn dfgGw/
tyf lgb]z { s s[i0f rfkfufO{;+ u“ klg
lglvnsf] ljjfb kl/;s]sf] 5 .
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sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8 !)
sfd nfu]g gSsn ah|kftkl5 3fon h]gL
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rrf{ piffsf] †
piff /hsn] df]8lnªdf dfq
sf/0f e§ clxn] lgdf{tfx¿aLrdf xf]Og, clego klg cfkm\gf]
ljjfbf:kb x' g yfn] s f 5g\ . Sofl/o/ agfO;s]sL 5g\ .
rnlrq pBf]udf ;+nUgx¿sf sf7df8f}d + f hlGdPsL piff clxn]
cg';f/ clxn] lj/fh b'O{ jif{cl3sf @@ jif{sL eOg\ . ut cu:6
lglvnh:t} ePsf 5g\ . s:tf dlxgfsf nflu g]kfnL;fO6
lyP t tLg jif{cl3sf lglvn < 86sddf df]8n ckm b dGysf
b' O { jif{ c l3 lglvn h' g ¿kdf 5gf}6 ePsL piff clxn]
rnlrqdf sfd uy]{ To;df pgsf] aLaLP; t];f| ] jif{df cWoog/t
l;kmfl/;df Ps hgf gflosfn] l5g\ . v}/f] cf“vf tyf sfnf]
sfd kfpg}kYof]{ . hf];s ' ;
} u“ sfd skfnsL wgL piff k]lG6ª ug{
u/] klg sfd ;s] k l5 Tof] tyf ;+uLt ;'Gg ?rfp“l5g\ .
lgdf{tf;“u pgL /fd|f] Jojxf/ k|foM ;a} k|sf/sf vfgfsL
g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf ;a}eGbf ub}{gy] . s]xL k|fljlws;“u;d]t kf/vL piffnfO{ dgkg]{ :yfg
;lhnf] sfd xf] gSsn ug',{ l:qmK6 o:t} vfnsf] c;dembf/L pTkGg sf7df8f}s + f] b/af/ :Sjfo/ xf] .
n]vsb]lv lgb]z { s;Ddn] gSsnnfO{ ePsf] lyof] lglvnsf] . cGt/f{li6«o df]8n gfcf]dL
cfÎgf] d"n sd{ agfp“b} cfPsf clxn] lj/fhsf] kf/f ToxL SofDa]naf6 k|efljt piff ;g\
5g\ . o; qmddf s]xL ;kmn eP 5, cfkm"n] sfd ug'k{ g]{ ePkl5 @))$ df ;DkGg x]o/ PG8
eg] sltko gdHhf;“u 8'Ag] klg Tof] lkmNdsf nflu gof“ gflosf :6fOln:6 ;f], Sof6jfs
5g\ . kl/0ffd h];s ' } xf];,\ gSsndf h]lgiff s];Lsf] l;kml/; ul/xfN5g\ sf7df8f}n + ufot Ps bh{geGbf
/dfpg]x¿sf] ;+Vof a9\bf] 5 . / sfd ;Sg] a]nflt/ lgdf{tfsf ;fd' a9L k|ltof]lutfTds km];g ;f]df
kl5Nnf] ;do Ps hgf gfosn] km'tL{ b]vfpg klg kl5 kb}g{ g\ . pgsf] ;xeflu e};s]sL l5g\ .
cfkm"eGbf cu|hn] h] uy]{ 7ØfSs} oxL Jojxf/sf sf/0f kl5Nnf] k6s h]gL s'“j/ clego IF]qdf
jN8{ ld; o'lgel;{6L– cfPsf] 8]9 bzs e};s]sf] 5 . of]
ToxL u/]sf 5g\ . cfh;Ddsf] Pp6f rnlrqaf6 lj/fhn] xft @))^ df ljhoL ePsL piffn]
l:yltnfO{ x]bf{ nfU5 pgn] ckgfPsf] w'gk' /]sf] 5 eg] pgnfO{ sfd u/fpg] cjlwdf pgn] bh{ g f} + gf6s,
;gl;Ns ld; Jo'l6km'n x]o/sf 6]ln>[+vnf tyf s]xL rnlrqdf
of] z}nLn] pgsf] Sofl/o/df ;sf/fTds ;f]rdf /x]sf c¿ s]xL lgdf{tf klg ;fy} ;g\ @))% df ;DkGg
c;/ k6Ss} kfb}g{ . ljsNksf] vf]hLdf /x]sf] atfOG5 . of] clego ul/g\, t/ gf6s tyf
/fli6«o gf6s k|ltof]lutfdf 6]]ln>[+vnfsf] clegon] pgnfO{
gSsnsf] l;sf/ ePsf lkmNd pBf]u g xf], lj/fh uP hfpmg\, ;jf]T{ s[i6 cleg]qLsf] Pjf8{;d]t
gfos x'g— \ lj/fh e§ . rn]kl5 lgdf{tfnfO{ s]sf] lrGtf < bz{sdfem nf]slk|o agfpg ;s]g .
lht]sL l5g\ . rnlrq …ah|kftÚ af6 pgsf] ;]sG] 8
Olgª k|f/De eof] . of] rnlrqdf
pgL gflosfsf ¿kdf k|:t't eOg\ .
/f]h ca gfos em/gfsf] lx/f] To;f] t of] rnlrqdf pgn] s]xL
/sd nufgL klg u/]sL lyOg\ .
8g, bf]:tL tyf vngfos rnlrq lgdf{0f em/gf yfkf / >Ls[i0f >]i7sf] hf]8L v'a} hd]sf] lyof] .
ul/;s]sf o'jf lgdf{tf /f]h /f0ff ca rnlrqsf] …ah|kftÚ df pgsf] clegosf]
em/gfn] cfwf bh{geGbf a9L rnlrqdf >Ls[i0f;“u} clego u/]sL k|z; + f eof] t/ lgdf{qLsf ¿kdf
kbf{df b]lvg]5g\ . csf{ snfsf/ lbg]z zdf{n] l5g\ . tL rnlrqn] ;kmntf klg kfPsf 5g\ . pgnfO{ clego
lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] rnlrq …dxfg\Ú df /f]hn] eg] pgLdfly ah|kft k¥of] . ToxL
u/fpg] lgb]z{ sx¿ cem} klg df}sf k/];Dd >Ls[i0fs} ;fydf ah|kftaf6 d'lQm kfpg h]gLn]
klxnf] k6s gfossf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ nfu]sf clego u/fpg rfxG5g\ . hf]8L hd]/ xf] jf 6\o'lgª ldn]/
x'g\ . ut dlxgf z'ed'xt" { ul/Psf] of] rnlrqdf pgnfO{ sfd lbg]x¿ g} hfg"g\ . >Ls[i0fsf cltl/Qm em/gfn] cfkm\g} nufgLdf csf]{ rnlrq
/f] h n] gflosf em/gf yfkf;“ u } sDd/ g]kfnsf gfd rn]sf gfos /fh]z xdfn, /ldt 9'u+ fgf, lj/fh lgdF{0f ul/g\, …3fonÚ . rnlrq
dsf{pg]5g\ . gfossf] d'xt" { ;6 lbPkl5 pgn] e§ cflb;“u klg sfd ul/;s]sL l5g\ . pgsf nflu tL gfos;“usf] lgdf{0f ePkl5 ut df3d} k|bz{g
clegosf] cg'ej ;'gfp“b} eg]— …jf:tjdf d ;xofqf klg nSsL ;flat x'g k'us ] f] 5 . olt;Dd ls kl5Nnf] x'gk' g]{ pgsf] rnlrq ut h]7df
snfsf/ aGgs} nflu of] If]qdf k|jz ] u/]sf] x',“ k6s t pgL Ps hgf lgdf{tfsf] ;d]t lx/f]Og\ aGg k'lug\ . dfq k| b z{ g x' g ;Sof] . lgs}
t/ kl/l:yltjz rnlrq lgdF0{ fdf nfUg'k¥of] .Ú k|;u+ xf] rnlrq dxfg\sf] . h'g rnlrqdf em/gf gflosfsf bf} 8 w" k kl5 k| b z{ g ePsf] of]
lgdf{tf lbg]z zdf{ eg] /f]hdf Pp6f g]kfnL ¿kdf cg'alGwt l5g\ eg] pgsf] gfos ag]sf 5g\ /f]h /f0ff, hf] rnlrqn] ;f]rh ] :tf] Joj;fo ug{
rnlrqsf] gfosdf x'gk' g]{ ;a} u'0f b]vs ] fn] k];fn] lgdf{tf x'g\ . 8g, vngfos, bf]:tLh:tf rnlrq agfPsf g;Sbf eg] pgL ;f“lRrs} 3fon
cfkm\gf] rnlrqdf gfos agfPsf] atfp“5g\ . /f0ff s;/L em/gfsf] gfos x'g k'u] < :jo+ /f0ff o;nfO{ Pp6f ePsL l5g\ . …dlxnf lgdf{qL eP/
gfos ag] klg rnlrq lgdF0{ fnfO{ eg] lg/Gt/tf ;+of]u dfG5g\ . To:t} cfzo 5 gflosf yfkfsf] klg . h] xf];,\ sfd ug{ ufx|f] /x]5, h]gLn] cfkm\gf]
/f]hdf gfosdf x'gk' g]{ u'0f b]vs
] L l5g\ pgn] . em/gf elG5g\– rnlrq k|bz{gsf qmddf v]Kg'k/]sf]
lbO/xg] /f]hn] :ki6 kf/] . …/f]h;“usf] ;xofqf ;kmn xf]nf h:tf] nfu]sf] 5 .Ú xG8/ slxn] la;{g g;Sg] atfOg\ .
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bz{sx¿ xndf cfp“5g\ .Ú


—zf]letsf] bfaL lyof] .

h;sf] gfdn] bof/fd bfxfn,


cfsfz clwsf/L, g/] z
kf}8n
] cflb lgb]z{ s cfkm\gf]
sfddf ;lqmo 5g\ t/
pgLx¿sf] ljifodf Tolt w]/}

rnlrq laS5 pEofO;s]sf 5g\ . cfkm"n] lgb]z { g ug]{ sfds}


rrf{ ;'lg“bg} . rrf{ gx'gs
' f]

rnlrqdf cg'alGwt x/]s kfqsf] rl/q e/df gfd


k|:6Øfpg] v'aL ePsf l3ld/], ;–;fgf rn] s fx¿n] t
…dflg;Ú / …b'lgof“Ú lzj /]UdLsf s'/fdf ;d]t ;r]ttf ckgfp“5g\ . To;}n] cfkm\gf] 7fp“ agfP g}, xNnfsf] e/df
c;kmn rnlrqsf ¿kdf lrlgG5g\ . tL klg pgsf k|foM rnlrq ;kmn 5g\ . 7fp“ agfpg] lgb]z{ s klg 5g\ . b'O{ hgf
b'O{ rnlrqn] /fd|f] Jofkf/ gu/] klg t'n;L l3ld/]n] Ps ;do g]kfnL lgb]{zs 5g\ hf] lkmNd Înk x“'bf klg
/]UdLsf] …Sofl/o/Údf gsf/fTds c;/ rnlrq pBf]udf Ps5q /fh u/]sf lyP . cfkm"rflx“ lx6 x'G5g\ . gf/fo0f k'/L /
k/]sf] 5}g . clxn] pgL hok|sfz l/hfnsf] lgb]z
{ s l3ld/]sf klg cl3Nnf b'O{ rnlrq ;f]let a:g]t To:t} lgb]z { s x'g\ h;nfO{
…ch'g{ b]jÚ sf] ;'l6ª ul//x] s f 5g\ eg] …nxgfÚ / …b'O{ lsgf/fÚ g/fd|f; ] u“ 8'as
] f rrf{df cfpg s'g} ljifosf] vf“rf] kb}g{ .
pgnfO{ sfd u/fpg rfxg] lgdf{ t f lyP . rnlrq 8'a] klg pgnfO{ /fd| f oL lgb]{zsn] agfPsf slt rnlrqn]
cfwf bh{ g eGbf a9L 5g\ . sltko lgb] { z ssf] sf] l 6df /fVg] lgdf{ t f w] / } nufgL;Dd p7fpg ;s]gg\, t/ logsf]
lgdf{ t fn] t xfsfxfsL eGg] u/] s f 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;do …b]zÚ zLif{ssf] rnlrq rrf{ eg] sd ePg . k6s–k6s rrf{df
5g\ …c¿sf] lx6 rnlrqeGbf /]UdLsf] Înk agfO/x]sf lgb]z { s l3ld/]sf] b]z x]g{ bz{s cfpg'sf] /x:o s] xf]nf < lgb]z { s ;f]let sf/0f atfp“b} lgb]z
{ s bfxfn eG5g\— …d
rnlrq /fd|f] x'G5 .Ú dfq xf]Og rnlrqsdL{ ;d]t cft'/ 5g\ . a:g]t eG5g\— …UNofd/; If]qdf sfd dfq rrf{ xf] O g, sfddf nfU5' .Ú hlt a] n f
g]kfnL rnlrqsf] :t/ a9]g eGg]x¿ tkfO{s
+ f] t lx/f]–lx/f]Ogsf] h:t} k|efj u/]/ ;'v kfO“bg} , rrf{df klg cfpg'kg]{ g] k fnL rnlrq sd aGYof] / ljb] z L
cfkm\g} 7fp“df 5g\ . s'/f sf6\ g ] x ¿n] 5 /] lg < lgb]z { s l3ld/]n] xf“:b} eg]— /x] 5 .Ú pgn] cfkm\ g f w] / } rnlrqn] rnlrqsf] k| e fj lyPg, To:tfsf
h] ; ' s } eg" g \ , oxL pBf] u df s] x L …To:tf] t gxf]nf, h] xf];\ d /fd|f] rnlrq lgdf{tfnfO{ 8'afPsf] s'/f :jLsf/ u/] g g\ . h:tf] rnlrq agfP klg rNYof]
lgb] { z s 5g\ h;nfO{ bz{ s n] /fd| f /fd|f lgb]{zssf] ;"rLdf kg]{ csf{ agfpg] k|of; hf/L /fV5' .Ú cfkm"n] agfPsf] cfkm" d f ahf/ x] / ] / sfd ug] { Ifdtf t/ clxn] cj:yf To : t f ] 5 } g .
lgb]z{ s eg]/ lrG5g\ . pgLx¿n] lgb]z { g JolQm x'g—
\ pHHjn l3ld/] . …uf]7fnf]Ú b]lv rnlrqn] /fd|f] Jofkf/ gubf{ g/dfOnf] nfUg] ePsf] wf/0ff /fVg] ;f] l et cfkm\ g f] bz{ s sf] lrQ a' e mfpg}k5{, pgLx¿nfO{
u/]sf k|foM rnlrq rn]sf sf/0f klg …ls:dtÚ;Dd cfOk'Ubf pgn] cfkm"nfO{ Pp6f wf/0ff JoQm ug]{ lgb]z { s l3ld/] x]gx{] ¿n] gfdaf6 rnlrq laSg] bfaL;d]t u5{g . dgkg]{ ljifodf rnlrq agfpg g;Sg]sf]
o:tf] k|ltlqmof cfPsf] xf] . ;kmn Jofj;flos lgb] { z ssf ¿kdf lbPsf] k|ltlqmof ;'g/] v';L x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . …d dfq o:tf] lgb]z{ s x'“ h;sf] gfd ;'g/] knfog lglZrt 5 .
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
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neu'? lkmNdL va/ l3ld/], piff kf}8]n tyf h]l;sf
gflosf 5g\ . g]kfnL rnlrqsf
•rnlrq …kmh{Ú sf] 5fof+sg cu|h 5fof“sf/ bLks 9sfn of]
kf7sx¿sf] k|d ] lh1f;f Pj+ ;d:of ;dfwfg ug]{ e}/x]sf] 5 . Ps jif{cl3 rnlrq rnlrqdfkm{t\ w]/k} l5 cfkm\gf] snf
p2]Zon] xfdLn] of] :tDe ;'? u/]sf xf}.+ cfkm\gf …km};nfÚ sf] lgdf{0f Pj+ k|bz{g u/L k|:t't ub}5{ g\ . of] rnlrqdf dx]z
k|d
] ;DaGwL ljleGg ;d:of xfdLnfO{ n]lvk7fpg' rnlrq pBf]udf;kmn lgdf{tfsf v8\sfsf] ;+uLt, PgaL dxh{gsf]
xf];.\ tL ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ljleGg ljz]if1sf] /fo– ¿kdf cjt/0f u/]sf lgdf{tf tyf åGå tyf uf]ljGb /fO{ tyf ljho
;Nnfxcg'¿k gflosf /]vf yfkfn] vf]Hg] k|of; gfos lzj lu/Ln] lgdf{0f ul//x]sf] gsdL{sf] g[To lgb]z { g x]g{ kfOg]5 .
ug'x{ g' 5] . of] :tDesf nflu s'g} z'Ns nfUg]5g
} . rnlrq …kmh{Ú df /ldt 9'u+ fgf, • ;a} rnlrq ;'k/lx6 x'g]
cfkm\gf] ;d:of ;fKtflxssf] 7]ufgfdf k7fpg'xf]nf. Crf l3ld/], ch'{g sfsL{, o'gf pkflw kfPsf lgb]z { s pHHjn l3ld/]
pk|t] LsF ;Fy} lgdf{tf lu/L :jo+sf] b;}n+ uQ} rnlrq …5f8L uP kfk
d'Vo e"ldsf 5 . lu/Lsf] cl3Nnf] nfUnfÚ sf] lgb]z { g ub}5 {} g\ . lgdf{tf
l5g\ . s]xL lbgcl3 pgn] dnfO{ e]6\g af]nfOg\ . d rnlrqsf lgb]z { s dbg l3ld/]s} s]zj e§/fO{n] lgdf{0f ug]{ pQm
pgn] af]nfPsf] 7fp“df e]6\g uP“ . pgL km];a'sdf lgb] { z g /x] s f] of] rnlrqsf] rnlrqdf lj/fh e§, /fhjNne
b]lvPeGbf g/fd|L l5g\ . pgn] dnfO{ x/]s z'qmaf/ 5fof+ s g 6f] n L cfufdL ;ftf sf]O/fnf, ;l~rtf n'O6“ n ] tyf Crf
a]ns ' f rnlrq x]g{ hfg] / /flt;Dd /]:6'/f“df vfP/ sf7df8f}+ kms{+b} 5g\ . lgb]{zs l3ld/] d'Vo e'ldsfdf b]lvg]5g\ .
/dfOnf] ug]{ k|:tfj /flvg\ . d}n] x'G5 elglbP“ / l3ld/]sf cg';f/ xfn;Dd emG8} rnlrqsf cGo snfsf/ tyf
ev{/} xfdL To;}u/L 8]6\;df uof}+ . g/fd|L eP klg %) k|ltzt 5fof+sg ;lsPsf] of] k|fljlwsx¿sf] 5gf}6 e}/x]sf] 5 .
pgL d]/f] sn]hsL o'jtLeGbf lgs} v'nf :jefjsL rnlrqsf] af“sL 5fof+sg b;+k} l5 • ufos ch'g{ s'df/n] lgdf{0f
l5g\ . b'O{j6L k|]ldsfsf aLrdf d s;nfO{ /f]h"“ eGg] x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . rnlrqdf dx]z ug]{ rnlrqdf Do'lhs lel8of] k| b z{ g df cfpg] 5 . gflosf
bf]wf/df 5' . s'g} pkfo 5 < v8\sfsf] ;+uLt, j;Gt >]i7 / lgb]z{ s cfl;km ;fxn] clego gug]{ yfkfsf cg';f/ pQm rnlrq b'O{
–aL =sd= zfGtf g]kfnLsf] g[To tyf lxdfn ePkl5 pQm e"ldsf gfos lbnLk jif{cl3 g} pkTosfaflx/ k|bz{g
tkfO{s+ f] ;d:of ;fwf/0f xf] . tkfO{n
+ ] clxn] s];Lsf] åGå lgb]z { g x]g{ kfOg]5 . /fodfemLn] lgjf{x ub}5 { g\ . cl;kmn] e};s]sf] lyof] . k|bz{gsf] …So"
klg b'j} hgf;“u jf:tljs k|d ] ul//xg'ePs} 5}g . • /fhwfgLsf ljleGg cfkm\gf] ;d"x …b o'lg6LÚ sf cGo l;:6dÚsf sf/0f pQm rnlrqn]
of] t dfq cfsif{0f xf] . rnlrqsf] kbf{df b]lvPem}+ :yfgdf rnlrq …crfgsÚ sf] b'O{ ;b:ox¿ ;'lbg / P8«n ] fO{ klg sf7df8f}d + f k|bz{g x'g kfO/x]sf]
d @! jifL{o o'js x'“ . d xfn sf7df8f}+sf] tkfO{ k|l] dsf;“u e]63f6 ug],{ 3'Dg hfg], rNg], v]Ng] 5fof+sg e}/x]sf] 5 . ;s];Dd ltxf/ rnlrqdf clego u/fp“b} lyP . lyPg . bLks >]i7sf] lgb]z { gdf
Pp6f sn]haf6 :gfts ub}{}5' . sn]hdf dnfO{ !@ cflb u/]/ ;do latfpg rfxg'xG' 5 . sn]hsL o'jtL cl3 g} 5fof+sg ;Sg] p2]Zosf kfl/>ldsdf s' / f gldn] k l5 lgdf{0f ePsf] rnlrq …lxDdtÚdf
sIffdf k9\g] Ps !* jifL{of o'jtLn] dg k/fp“l5g\ . tkfO{n + fO{ jf:tljs k|d
] ul5{g,\ t/ pgnfO{ ;dfh / ;fy lgdf{ 0 f e} / x] s f] rnlrq pgLx¿n] pQm rnlrqdf clego lj/fh e§sf ;fy gflosf /]vf
elg/xg'kb}{g ls d klg pgnfO{ dg k/fp“5' . xfd|f] 3/–kl/jf/sf] 8/ 5 . ;DejtM k9fO g;s];Dd pgL …crfgsÚ df lglvn pk|t] L, lbnLk gug]{ ePsf] atfOG5 . b o'lg6Ls} yfkfsf] bf] x f] / f] e" l dsf 5 .
e]6 sn]hdf x'G5, t/ c¿n] z+sf unf{g\ eg]/ xfdL tkfO{; + u“ v'Ng ;lSbgg\ . o;sf nflu tkfO{n+ ] pgL;“u /fodfemL tyf ljqmfGt a:g]tn] gfossf] uLt …klxnf] dfofÚ nfO{ g} zLif{s rnlrqsf ;+uLtsf/ dx]z v8\sf
af]Nb}gf}+ . xfdL df]afOn Dof;]hdfkm{t s'/fsfgL u5f}{+ . ldqjt\ Jojxf/ u/L ;xof]u ug'k{ 5{ / k|d ] sf efjgf e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf 5g\ . ;/f]h zdf{n] agfOPsf] of] rnlrqdf o'jfk':tfsf] x'g\ . rnlrqsf lgb]z { s bLks
d'l:snn] dlxgfsf] Psk6s xfd|f] k|ToIf e]63f6 x'G5, ;f6\g s]xL jif{ kv{g'k5{ . tkfO{+ lszf]/ pd]/sf] lgdf{0f ul//x]sf] rnlrq …crfgsÚ sf] sn]h hLjgnfO{ ptfl/+b5 } . >]i7n] To;kl5 cfkm\g} nufgLdf
Tof] klg cfwf 306fsf nflu . Tof] a]nfdf klg sn]h x'gx' G' g . To;}n] cfkm"nfO{ cWoogdf s]lGb|t u/]/ lgb]z
{ g b]zeQm vgfnn] ul//x]sf • /]vf yfkfn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] pQm rnlrqsf] l;Sj]n …lxDdt–
/ k9fOafx]s c¿ s'/f s]xL x'b“ g} , lrof cyjf sf]s eljio lgdf{0fdf nfUg'eof] eg] pgsf] dg lhTg 5g\ . vgfns} lgb]z { gdf emG8} Ps tyf df]km;nsf rnlrq ejgx¿df 6'Úsf] lgdf{0f ul//x]sf 5g\ eg]
lkPkl5 xfdL 5'l§G5f}+ . pgL cfkm\gf] kl/jf/;“u lgs} ;Sg'xG' 5 . /x\of] km];a'ssL o'jtLsf] s'/f, To:tf] bzscl3 gfos pk|]tLn] klxnf] ;kmntfk" j { s k| b z{ g e} ; s] s f] gflosf yfkfn] To;kl5 lgdf{0f
8/fp“l5g\ . o;aLr ‘km];a's 86sd’df d]/f] e]6 Ps k|d
] sf] cfo' 5f]6f] x'G5 . b'O–{ rf/ lbg vfg], lkpg] / k6s rnlrqdf clego ug]{ cj;/ rnlrq …lxDdtÚ sf7df8f} + u/]sf] rnlrq …ls:dtÚ eg] ;j{q
hgf o'jtL;“u eof] . pgL sf7df8f}+sL x'g\ / ot} /dfOnf] u/]kl5 o:tf k|d ] 6'lqmPsf 36gf w]/} 5g\ . kfPsf lyP . rnlrqdf Crf pkTosfdf ltxf/cl3b] l v g} k|bz{g e};s]sf] 5 .

kmf]6f]uf| km/ ;'/h >]i7 eG5g\– …tl:a/n] df]km;nsL oL df]8nn] 5fg]/} eG5g\– …UNofd/sf] cfwf/ :tDe g}
g} ;a}dfem lrlgg] df}sf ldN5 .Ú /fli6«o snfsf/x¿sf] uLtdf sfd kmf]6f];];g xf] .Ú
kl5Nnf] qmddf pgn] l7s7fs 86sdsf ul/g\ . clxn] pgsf] rrf{ csfl;Psf] UNofd/sf] dfu a9]kl5 ;f]
nflu y'k}| UNofd/; tl:a/ lvlr;s]sf 5 . cfTdljZjf;;lxt k'gn] elgg\– …of] cg'¿ksf] kmf]6f];; ] gdf o'jfo'jtLsf]
5g\ . h'g tl:a/n] /fli6«o kqklqsfdf ;a} kmf]6f];;] gs} sf/0f xf]Ú . o:t} rfxgf a9\b} 5 . kl5Nnf] qmddf
:yfg t kfP g} tl:a/ lvrfpg] cj;/af6 nf]lePkl5 w]/} o'jtL kmf]6f];; ] gsf] z}nLdf klg kl/jt{g
df]8nx¿n] klg ;f]xLcg';f/sf] rrf{ / kmf]6f];;
] gtkm{ cfslif{t ePsf 5g\ . cfPsf] 5 . ;fdfGo vfnsf] tl:a/
cj;/x¿ kfO/x]sf 5g\, t/ s]xL cfslif{t gx'g\ klg kf7sn] x]g{ 5f8]kl5 kmf]6f]uf| km/x¿
o'jtLn] eg] ;:tf] nf]slk|otfsf nflu lsg < kmf]6f];; ] gkl5 j]adf tl:a/ o:tf] lsl;dsf] kmf]6f];; ] gdf
dfq tl:a/ lvrfPsf] kfOG5, h;sf] /xG5 clg tL tl:a/n] kqklqsfx¿df tflgPsf x'g\ . UofNd/ljgfsf]
s'g} dxŒj x'b“ g} . kmf]6f];;
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lnPsf b'O{ bh{g k'?if Pj+ dlxnf U N o f d / ;
df]8nx¿n] Sof6jfs u/]sf lyP .
ljleGg /+usf, y/Ly/Lsf js{ pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf
ul/Psf s'tf{–;njf/, d"ntM kf]Nsf x] l //x] s f 5g\ .
86sf] ;+ o f] h g /x] s f l;kmg pgsf] pDd]bjf/L;“u} pgsL cljjflxtf 5f]/L ue{jtL ePsf]
;f8Lx¿, jg lk; 8«; ] , ;'6 tyf ;dfrf/ cfPkl5 ;f/fn] cfkm\gL 5f]/Lsf] cfTdlg0f{ok|lt u/]sf]
Sofh' P n j] o / u/L rf/j6f k|ltlqmofn] pgnfO{ of}gsf ljifodf v'nf ljrf/ /fVg]
l;Sj]G;df ;xefuL df]8nx¿n] pDd]bjf/sf ¿kdf pEofPsf] lyof] . ;f/fn] of}gsf ;DaGwdf
Sof6jfs u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf JoQm u/]sf] :jtGq ljrf/sf] kmfObf p7fp“b} cZnLn rnlrq
ufosx¿ ;'dg >]i7, sdn If]qL, lgdf{0fsf] If]qdf cu|0fL sDkgL x':6n/n] kflng;“u cg'xf/
cf/=8L= tyf uflosf k'ikf kf}8n ] n] ldNg] o'jtLnfO{ d'Vo e"ldsfdf lnP/ cd]l/sL lgjf{rgcl3
cf–cfkm\gf rlr{t uLt ;'gfP/ g} Ps cZnLn rnlrq lgdf{0f ug]{ 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . x':6n/
dgf]/~hg k|bfg u/]sf lyP eg] sDkgLsf dflns Nof/L lÎnG6n] Ps j]a;fO6dfkm{t pQm
afnaflnsfx¿sf] Sof6jfsaf6 klg cZnLn rnlrqsf nflu ;f/f kflng;“u cg'xf/ ldNg] o'jtL
sfo{qmd yk dgf]/~hs ag]sf] rflxPsf] / OR5'sn] ;Dks{ /fVg ;Sg] lj1fkg k|sflzt
lyof] . pQm km];g sfo{qmdsf] u/]sf 5g\ . sl/a !) lbgdf lgdf{0f ;DkGg ul/g] pQm
sf] l /of] u | f kmL ;~rf/sdL{ Pj+ rlnlrqsL gflosfnfO{ # xhf/ cd]l/sL 8n/ kfl/>lds
sf]l/of]uf| km/åo hog ;'Aaf dfgGw/ lbg] lg0f{o;d]t ul/Psf] 5 . lj1fkg k|sflzt ePkl5 Go'of]s{
tyf /f]lhg zfSon] u/]sf lyP . 6fOD;nfO{ hfgsf/L lb“b} x':6n/sf k|jQmfn] rnlrq lgdf{0f
ug{ nfu]sf] t/ rnlrqsf] zLif{s cem} gh'/s ] f] atfPsf
5g\ . To;sf] nuQ} s]xL Anu j]a;fO6x¿n] rnlrqsf]
gfd;d]t h'/fpg yfn]sf 5g\ . s;}n] rnlrqsf] gfd …gy{g
l6«kn PS;kf]h/Ú /fv]sf 5g\ eg] s;}n] …/fOl8ª kfOknfOgÚ
k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . o; ljifodf ;f/f kflngsf k|jQmfn] eg]
s'g} lsl;dsf] k|ltlqmof lbPsf 5}gg\ .

cGTodf===
a]nfotdf sf:6L Snf/f d]8df]/ gfd u/]sL Ps dlxnf
l5g\ . ut ;ftf ! ;o % jif{df k|jz ] u/]sL d]8df]/n] cfkm"
cem} s'df/L /x]sf] atfPsL l5g\ . d]8df]/n] cfkm" hLjgdf
slxNo} of}g;Dks{ /fVg pT;'s gePsf] atfOg\ . ;g\ !()#
df UNof:uf]df hlGdPsL d]8df]/n] !@ jif{sf] pd]/b]lv g}
ljjfxk"j{ of}g;Dks{ /fVg' x“b' g} eGg] dfGotf /fVb} cfPsL
l5g\, h;sf sf/0f pgn] cfkm\gf] o'jfj:yfdf ljjfxk"js { f] of}gnfO{ dfgl;s ck/fwsf
¿kdf lnOg\ . klxnf] ljZjo'4sf] ;dodf ljleGg sf/0fn] ljleGg b]zdf sd ug{
uPkl5 @) jif{sf] pd]/df pgL a]nfot kmls{Og\ . clkm; ;]qm]6/L / xfp;lsk/sf] sfd
u/]sL d]8df]/ hLjgdf w]/; } u“ Kn]6f]lgs -of}g cfsif{0f gePsf] k|d ] _ ldqtf sfod
u/]sf] :jLsf/ ul5{g\ . sfdn] ;w}+ Jo:t agfPsf] / k'?ifsf] ljjfx k|:tfjnfO{ c:jLsf/
u/]sf sf/0f sltkon] cfkm"nfO{ ;dlnª\uL ePsf] z+sf;d]t u/]sf] pgn] atfOg\ . (&
jif{sf] pd]/;Dd klg s;}sf] ;xf/fljgf lx+88\ n' ug]{ d]8df]/ clxn] cfkm\gf] Ps ldqsf
;fy a'9o\ f}nL latfO/x]sL l5g\ . olb of] syg ;f“rf] xf] eg] d]8df]/ ;DejtM ljZjs}
;jf{lws Ho]i7 s'df/L 7xl/g]l5g\ .
tl:a/ M ;'/h >]i7

;fgf] kbf{ k|dv ' e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf 5g\ .


>[v+ nfsf OG8f]/ b[Zox¿
• dbgs[i0f >]i7 tyf sf7df8f}d + } 5fof+sg ul/Psf
xl/j+z cfrfo{sf] hf]8L clxn] 5g\ . >[v + nfdf xl/j+Zfn] a'af
csf]{ Pp6f ;Gb]z d"ns tyf lbnLkn] 5f]/fsf] e"ldsf
kf]v/fdf Anf:6
lzj zdf{
6]ln>[V+ fnfsf] lgdF0{ fdf h'6s
xf:oJo+Uodfkm{t r]tgf hufpg]
] f] 5 . lgjf{x u/]sf 5g\ .
• sflGtk'/ 6]lnlehgaf6
cleofgdf nfdf] ;dob]lv ;lqmo b}lgs k|;f/0f x'g] ;dfrf/d"ns
dxhf]8L olta]nf g]kfndf
kf]v/f– n]s;fO8df ev{/ v'n]sf] Sna Pl;ofgfdf o; k6s sfo{qmd …sflGtk'/ cfhÚ n]
tGg]/L÷t?gLx¿sf] x"n cln afSnf] b]lvof] . rlr{t l8h] /fh'sf] ljBdfg afn d[To'b/nfO{ 36fpg] nf]slk|otf xfl;n ul//x]sf] 5 .
cfudg ePsfn] klg xf]nf, 8fG; kf/vLx¿ sfo{qmdcufj} Sna cleofgdf h'6s ] f 5g\ . kf]v/fsf ;nf]gL /fhe08f/Ln] pb\3f]if0f
kl/;/df e]nf e};s]sf lyP . b;}+ Anfi6 gfds/0f ul/Psf] 8fG; ljleGg u|fdL0f IFq] df 5fof+sg ul//x]sf] of] sfo{qmddf ljleGg
kf6L{ ;f“em ^ ah] ;'? ePsf] lyof] . l8h] /fh'sf] bdbf/ ;+uLtsf] e}/x]sf] of] >[v
+ nf rf“8} k|;f/0f ljifodf vf]hd"ns l/kf]l6{ª
w'g;“u} o'jfo'jltx¿ la:tf/} 8fG; km\nf]/df pqg yfn] . o'jfo'jtLsf] x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . dx hf]8Ln] k|:t't ul/g] ePsfn] o;n]
efjgf a'em]/ l8h]n] klg l/ldS; e;{gsf uLtx¿ Pskl5 csf]{ ub} xfn;Dd of] >[v + nfsf] gfds/0f bz{sx¿sf] dg lht]sf] xf] .
3Gsfpg yfn] . udL{sf] jftfj/0fnfO{ To;n] cem prfNof] . s]xL o'jf eg] ul/;s]sf 5}gg\ . o;k6s ;'/z ] kf}8n ] lgdf{tf /x]sf] of]
hf]l:;P/ nufPsf] sk8f klg km'sfn]/ gfRg tlD;P . 6]ln>[v
+ nfdf dxsf dbgs[i0f sfo{qmd /flt b; ah]
ljb]zL ko{6sx¿ klg kmf§km'§ 8fG;kf6L{df /dfO/x]sf b]lvGy] . >]i7n] eg] clego u/]sf 5}gg\ . k|;f/0f x'G5 .
b'O{ lbg;Dd nuftf/ ePsf] 8fG;kf6L{df tGg]/L;“u} jo:sx¿sf] pkl:ylt pgL >[v + nfsf] k|:t'tstf{sf • g] k fn 6] l nlehgaf6
klg sd b]lv“bg} Yof] . /ftel/ eg]/ cfof]hgf ul/P klg !! ah];Dd ¿kdf dfq ;xeflu 5g\ . k| T o] s zlgaf/ laxfg !! ah] bz{ s sf] /f] h fOsf Do' l hs efiffsf j[Qlrqx¿ Pe]Go'h
dfq vf]Ng'kg]{ k|fjwfgsf sf/0f cfof]hs Pl;ofgf Snan] aNn tNn >[v+ nfdf xl/j+z cfrfo{, rnlrq k| ; f/0f x' g ] sfo{ q md …ofqfÚ lel8of] x ¿ klg k| ; f/0f x' g ] 6]lnlehgaf6 k|;f/0f x'g yfn]sf
!@ ah];Dd 8fG;kf/vLx¿nfO{ ydfPsf] lyof] . l8h] /fh'sf] pTs[i6 cleg]tf lbnLk /fodfemL, klg bz{ s dfem nf] s lk| o ePsfn] of] sfo{ q md 5g\ . pQm Rofgnn] ;f]daf/ tyf
k|:t'ltdf em'ds] f tGg]/Lx¿ jG; df]/ eGb} gfRg eg] 5f8]sf lyPgg\ . cleg]qL /]lhgf pk|t] Lsf ;fy} e} / x] s f] 5 . sfo{ q mddf dgf] / ~hs;d] t ag] s f] 5 . a'waf/afx]s xKtfsf kf“r lbg
pQm 8fG:f kf6L{n] n]s;fO8sf] ;':tfPsf] jftfj/0fnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd ;fljqL zdf{, l;? lji6, zld{nf ljleGg ko{ 6 sLo IF ] q sf • g]kfn jftfj/0f kqsf/ lbp“;f] $M#) ah]bl] v tL
eP klg /+uLg agfPsf] lyof] . zdf{, /fh' e'h' cflb snfsf/n] af/] d f hfgsf/L t lbOG5 g} , ;d"xn] lgdf{0f u/]sf c+uh ]| L j[Qlrqx¿ k|;f/0f ul//x]sf] 5 .
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
!^
;+uLtsf] dfWodaf6 zflGt /fds[i0f 9sfnnfO{ klg !$ jif{s} Do'lhs lel8of]df klg /f0ffn] ckmla6
;ftfsf] :j/ k|j4{g ug]{ ljZjJofkL k|of;cGtu{t
cd] l /sL /fhb" t fjf;n] kmf] x /f
pd]/df Psn ufog sfo{qmddf
;xefuL u/fPsf lyP . sfo{qmddf
clego u/]sL l5g\ .
;+uLtsf] pRr lzIFfsf nflu
b/af/df xf/dgL km/ x\o'dflg6L ufos kmQ]dfg tyf uflosf nf]rg cd]l/sf p8\gc ' l3 ufos nf]rg
zLif{ssf] sG;6{ ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . e§/fO{ n ] afnufos rf} w /LnfO{ l/hfnn] cfkm\g} zAb, ;+uLt tyf
sG;6{ kfls:tfgsf] s/f“ r Ldf ufogdf ;fy lbPsf lyP . rf}w/L :j/df tof/ kfl/Psf] uLlt;+u|x
@))@ df cft+sjfbLx¿af6 xTof o;cl3 kf]v/fdf ;d]t Psn ufog …dflg;Ú sf] ljdf]rg u/fPsf 5g\ .
ul/Psf jfnl:6«6 hg{nsf ;+jfbbftf sfo{qmddf k|:t't e};s]sf 5g\ . Do'lhs g]kfnsf] ;+uLt ljBfnodf
8\ o flgon kn{ s f] ;Demgfdf ufos ;u' g tfd| f sf/n] cfof]lht ljdf]rg ;df/f]xdf pQm
cfof]lht ul/Psf] lyof] . 8\oflgon ufPsf uLtx¿sf] gof“ ;+ux| …;u'g ;+u|xsf] Pp6f uLtsf] Do'lhs
kn{n] efof]lngsf] zf:qLo tflnd PG8 b sDkgLÚ sf] ljdf]rg pgs} lel8of];d]t k|bz{g ul/Psf] lyof] .
lnPsf lyP . kn{ d]G8f]lng klg a'af /d]zn] Ps sfo{qmdsf aLr k|bz{gsf] tof/Ldf /x]sf]
ahfp“y] . ;+uLtk|ltsf] cfkm\gf] u/]sf 5g\ . ljdf]rg ;df/f]xdf rnlrq …l;nl;nfÚ sf uLtx¿sf]
nufjnfO{ pgL ;+:s[lt / efiffsf] uLtsf/x¿ 8f= /fddfg t[lift, ;+u|x klg b;}+cl3 g} ljdf]rg
lje]beGbf k/ k'u/] ldqtfsf nflu /Tgzd;]/ yfkf, bLk]Gb|k?' if 9sfn, ePsf] 5 . c;f]h !* ut] cfof]lht
pkof]u uy]{ . x/]s jif{ pgsf] ufos k|d ] Wjh k|wfg, of]uz ] j}B Ps ;df/f] x df rnlrq IF ] q sf
hGdlbg cS6f]a/ !) sf] cf;kf;df cflb klg ;xefuL eP . sfo{qmddf ljleGg JolQmTjn] pQm ;+ u | x
ljZje/sf ;+uLtsf/x¿ …xf/dgL ufos ;'dg tyf pgsf] sDkgLn] ljdf] r g u/] s f lyP . j;Gt ufos ldª\df z]kf{ gfDr]l:yt ;u/dfyf k':tsfnodf hf]g p8sf
km/ x\od ' flg6LÚ sf nflu ldqtfdf tLgj6f uLt nfOe k|:t't u/] . ;fksf]6fsf] ;+uLt lgb]Z{ gF df tof/ ‘dfOqmf];km\6b]lv afx'g8f“8f;Dd’ lgofNb}. :yfgLo gfDr] o'jf ;d"xn]
h'6g\ ] u/]sf 5g\ . ;u'gn] o;cl3 …!$ km]ac '| /LÚ tyf ePsf] pQm rnlrqsf uLtx¿df :yfkgf u/]sf] of] k':tsfno # xhf/ $ ;o $) ld6/ prfOdf 5.
e' j g s] ; Låf/f lgld{ t …/f]dfG;Ú u/L b'O{j6f uLlt;+u|x /fh]zkfon /fO{, c~h' kGt, bLks tl:a/ M rqm sfsL{
e'jg ;'lKtxfª rnlrq …d ltdLlagf dl/xfN5'Ú sf] tof/ kfl/;s]sf 5g\ . lnDa", df08jL lqkf7L tyf /fdrGb|
‘sfd u/] lg s;}sf] ckh; t uLt–;+uLtn] o'jfk':tfnfO{ ;d]t ;f} G bo{ l j1sf ¿kdf sfkm\ns ] f] :j/ ;'Gg ;lsG5 . ;d"xdf /x]/ sfd ul/;s]sf 5g\ . + f] cj;/df emf]/fxf6df
b;}s
kfPs} 5'===’ uLt s'g z}nLdf cfslif{t ug{ yfn]sf] 5 . rnlrqsf] klxrfg agfPsL :g]xf /f0ff klg b;}s + f] cj;/df /fhwfgLsf sfo{qmdsf] cGTodf ;+uLtsdL{n] cfof]lht ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmddf
cfwfl/t 5 < zLif{ s uLtnfO{ l8h] xflsdn] ;f+uLlts IFq] df k|jz ] u/]sL l5g\ . b'O{ leGg :yfgdf zf:qLo ;+uLt b;}s + f] d+un w'g k|:t't u/]sf lyP . ufosåo >Ls[i0f n'O6“ n ] tyf ;'ldt
of] Pp6f oyfy{jfbL uLt xf] h'g l/ldS; u/]kl5 tGg]/L >Ft] fn] o;sf] o;cl3 Pp6f Do'lhs lel8of]df k| : t' t ul/of] . :joDe" l :yt o;aLr ;f+uLlts ;d"x …lqsfnÚ v8\ s f ;xefuL ePsf 5g\ .
nf] s –cfw' l gs z} n Ldf tof/ Do'lhs lel8of] dg k/fPsf x'g\ . clego u/]/ cfkm\gf] ;f+uLlts ;bfjxf/ xndf cfof]lht pQm n] klg b;}+ ljz]if sfo{qmd cfof]lht ci6dLsf lbg cfof] l ht pQm
kfl/Psf] 5 . zDe'lht af“;sf]6fåf/f ;+uLta4 of] df]xnfO{ phfu/ u/]sL /f0ffn] xfn} ;f+uLlts sfo{qmddf ;Gtf]ifeQm ub}{ z'elrGtsx¿nfO{ b;}+ w'g sfo{ q mddf oL b' O { ufossf
uLtsf zAb 5gf}6df a9L g} Wofg rnlrqsf uLtx¿sf] ;+ u | x sf] dfq sdndfg l;+xsf] ;+uLtdf Pp6f >]i7n] O;/fh ahfP/ >F]tfnfO{ ;' g fPsf] 5 . k| 1 f–k| l ti7fgdf cltl/Qm :yflgo snfsf/n]
lbg'ePsf] xf] < 36:yfkgfsf lbg ljdf]rg ul/Psf] uLt /]s8{ u/fPsL l5g\ . ;+uLtsf/ ZFf:qLo ;+uLtsf] :jfb rvfP eg] cfof]lht ;f+uLlts sfo{qmddf uLt, ;+uLt tyf g[To k|bz{g
zAb /fd|f] eof] eg] dfq} :t/Lo lyof] . rnlrqsf uLtdf c~h' kGt, l;+xsf] Psn uLlt;+ux| …;do / ljb'/ /fhsl0f{sf/, l;h{gf b'jfn lglvn t'nfw/, lgj/fh u'?ª, l/h' u/]sf lyP .
uLt aGg] ePsfn] d}n] uLtsf/ bLks lnDa", ;~hLjgL cflb ufos– ;fyÚ sf] …;DemL–;DemL===Ú uLt tyf /d0f dxh{gn] qmdzM tanf, t'nfw/, /d0f dxh{g, uf]kfn /;fOnL a]nfotdf a;f]af; ul//x]sf
a' 4 jL/ nfdfsf Xbo:kzL{ uflosfsf] :j/ ;'Gg ;lsG5 . ufPkl5 /f0ffn] uflosfsf ¿kdf tfgk'/f tyf af“;/' Lsf] w'g ahfPsf tyf ;Gtf]ifeQm >]i7n] qmdzM lhDa], ufos b]j lnDa" cfkm\gf] klxnf]
zAbnfO{ uLtdf ptf/]sf] 5' . b;}s+ f] k"j;
{ GWofdf !@ jifL{o cfkm"nfO{ lrgfPsL x'g\ . o;aLr lyP . b'O{ bzsb]lv O;/fh ahfp“b} tanf, a]; lu6f/, af“;/' L, l/bd uLlt;+ux| …d[To'Ú lnP/ >f]tfdfem
uLtsf] s' g kIfn] >f] t fsf] ufos dgLif rf}w/Ln] /fhwfgLsf ltxf/cl3 g} ahf/df cfpg] oxL cfPsf ;Gtf]ifn] ah| tyf lqsfn lu6f/ tyf O;/fh ahfP/ s0f{lk|o cfpg] tof/L ub}{5g\ . ;Demgf
dg 5'G5 < >f] t fnfO{ Psn ufog ;+ u | x sf] …lx+ 8 \ b f–lx+ 8 \ b } Ú uLtsf] w'g k|:t't u/]sf lyP . cl8of]n] ahf/ Joj:yfkg ug]{
Pp6f ufossf ¿kdf eGg'kbf{ sfo{qmddfkm{t dgf]/~hg lbg'sf ;+uLtsf/ ;'j0f{ lnDa'sf lhDdf lnPkl5 xf}l;Psf ufos
o;sf] zAb tyf rGb|sd' f/ bf]ªsf] ;fy} cfkm\gf] ufog k|ltefdfkm{t nfOe ;f] 5f]/f ;'efg lnDa' klg ;f+uLlts lnDa"n] Od]ndfkm{t k|l] ift hfgsf/Ldf
;a}nfO{ cfZro{rlst t'NofP . IF]qdf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . ufos eg]sf 5g\— …;fg}bl] vsf] ;kgf k"/f
;+uLtn] >f]tfsf] dg kufN5 . • ljhofbzdL tyf bLkfjnLsf] kfjg cj;/ kf/]/ ef]ln sflQs ;lag /fO{sf ;xkf7L ;'efgn] ufog
of] uLt s:tf >f]tfk|lt c;f]h !* ut] zlgaf/ /fli6«o @ ut] :ofª\hf lhNnfsf] jflnª gu/kflnsfl:yt dfn]ju/ -v]nd}bfg_ x'g] lbgsf] k|tLIFf ub}5 { ' .Ú ;+ux| df
;dlk{ t 5 < ;efu[ x df cfof] l ht ;f+ u Llts ljwfd} Sofl/o/ agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf cfw'lgs tyf kkz}nLsf cf7j6f
df a[xt\ ;f+:s[lts pT;j x'g] ePsf] 5 . Vofltk|fKt snfsf/x¿sf] 5g\ . b;}s + f] cj;/ kf/]/ ;fGtgf
;a} pd]/sf >f]tfnfO{ dgkg]{ sfo{qmddf ufos rf}w/Ln] Ps pkl:yltdf x'g u}/x]sf] pQm ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdaf6 PrcfO{eL uLt ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . o;aLr
z}nLdf of] uLt tof/ kf/]sf] 5' . bh{geGbf a9L uLt ufPsf lyP . /]s8{; \ n] ahf/df NofPsf] uLlt;+ux| ufos u'?ªn] s]xL ;docl3 dfq
;+qmldtx¿sf] ;+:yf ;+sNk–;xof]u ;d"xnfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ nIo /flvPsf] …k|mfUdG8\;Ú dfkm{t pgn] ;f+uLlts
o'jfk':tfn] cln a9L g} ?rfpg] lnl6n PGhN; :s'ndf sIFf cf7df 5 . sfo{qmddf sf]dn jnL, glGbtf s];L, Clif clwsf/L, zld{nf oxL ;+u|xsf] …eujfg\===Ú uLtsf]
;Defjgf 5 . cWoog/t rf} w /Ln] ;+ u Ltsf] ofqf k| f /De u/] s f x' g \ . oxL Do'lhs lel8of] a]nfotdf 5fof+sg
u'?ª, kfj{lt hL=;L=, /fh' kl/jf/, /fdrGb| sfÎn], k'?iff]Qd Gof}kfg], ;+ux| sf nflu pgn] cfkm\gf a'afåf/f
Do' l hs lel8of] klg k|lzIf0f lng yfn]sf] tLg jif{d} lht' g]kfn, ls/0f s];L, lzjxl/ kf}8n ] , ;'zLn If]qL, lxdfn ;fu/, u/fPsf 5g\ . pQm lel8of]
agfpg'ePsf] xf]nf < Psn ufog sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ;+uLta4 …;fu/em}+ ulx/f]===Ú uLt ldng rfD;sf] lgb]{ZFgdf tof/
b]jL 3tL{, ;Demgf a'9fyf]sL, z+s/ aL;L, ;fydf cGo /fli6«o l/–/]sl8{ª;d]t u/]sf 5g\ .
alg;Sof] . of] uLtsf] lel8of]n] ePsf] atfP . nfxfgsf dgLifnfO{ snfsf/x¿sf] k|:t'lt /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . pQm sfo{qmddf g]kfn kfl/Psf] xf] .
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kl/ro M uflosf, ;~rf/sdL{ klg x'“ !(($ df :yfkgf ePsf]
?lr M ;+uLt ;'Gg], ;dfnf]rgf k9\g,] l:jldª v]Ng] xf] . ;d"x u7g x'ge ' Gbf
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pgLx¿n] …slnGbÚ zLif{s /fv]/ g]kfnL ;f+uLlts If]qdf 5'§} klxrfg
k|/] 0ff M ;j{ky| d a'afcfdf, :s'nsf ;/, clxn] d]/f agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf x'g\ .
>f]tf / bz{sx¿ of] ;d"xsf ;b:ox¿ ;f+uLlts sd{afx]s cfkm\gf] JolQmut
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klxnf] afhf M dfbn ;s]sf] 5}g . b]z—ljb]zdf u/L ! ;oeGbf a9L ;f+uLlts sfo{qmddf
dgkg{] afhf M af“;/' L ;xeflutf hgfO;s]sf] of] ;d"xn] g]kfnsf k|foM ;a} k|dv ' ;x/ tyf
k|sflzt PNadx¿ M Psndf !! j6f h:t}– dndn ls/L, lax] hfkfg Pj+ xªsªdf klg sfo{qmd k|:t't ul/;s]sf] 5 . of] ;d"xn]
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rrf{df cfO/xg'sf] sf/0fM d]/f] kl/>d /fVbf ;d"xsf ufos u'?ª sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hscg';f/ kfl/>lds
km';b{ df M gof“–gof“ ;+uLt ;'Gg] to x'g] hjfkm lbG5g\ . …km/s–km/s sfo{qmddf km/s–km/s kfl/>lds
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/dfOnf] If0f M b'O{ tLg jif{cl3 xªsªdf sfo{qmd ug{ hf“bf uLlt;+u|xsf] kf]:6/ 6f“:g] sfddf klg ;d"xsf ;b:ox¿ cfkm}+
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3/df ad k8\sfp“bf u/fpg ;kmn ePsf]df v';L nfu]sf] 5, ufos u'?ª v'zL JoQm
l/; p7]sf] a]nf M k':ts x]5,{' l/; hfG5 ls eg]/ u5{g\ . cfkm\g} ;d"xn] tof/ kf/]sf] klxnf] uLlt;+ux| …k|ld;Úsf] …jfrf
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ljjfx M cfjZos rLh xf] ;+ux| df k'gM /]sl8{ª u/]/ ;dfj]; ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .
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sltko bz{s l6s6 lnP/ klg csf]{ k|d'v ;x/ bdfddf klg Vjfpg Jo:t b]lvGy] .
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lagflwtf] lagf em0em6 gof–k'/fgf] /f]usf] Uof/]06Lsf;fy hl8a'l6af6 s' n tdf gkm;" g \ eg] /
rf/j6f g] k fnL /] : 6' / f“ eg] s f] s6s /fO{, /fhs'df/ /fO{, uf]ljGb
uf8L kmfOgfG; ug' { k /] d f pkrf/ ul/G5, hl08; pkrf/ s]Gb|, sfo{qmd /f]rs /x\of] . lgzf ;'gj' f/ dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmd cfof]lht
;fdfGo xf] . e§/fO{ tyf cld/ lnDa" 5g\ .
(*%!)!$!(^, (*%!!)%@!& sflndf6L, ;flnssf] blIf0fk§L, tyf lznf cfn]sf] uLtdf g]kfnLx¿ ul/Psf] atfP .
d''Votof g]kfnLx¿nfO{ g} v]dgfy kf}8n ]
(*$!&$$%(*, dfg a= lyË em' d ] s f] kfOGYof] eg] – ;fu/ >]i7÷lji0f' yfkf
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
@@


/f0ffnfO{ afOs RoflDkogl;ksf] pkflw Onfddf s/f“t]




Onfd– tLg dlxgfcl3 dfq


/f]lHng /f0ffn] df]6/;fOsn jf sd ultdf eP v] n f8Lsf] Onfdsf] h;jL/]df lhNnf:t/Lo


rnfpg yfn]sf] y'k}| e};s]sf] 5 . lgwf{l/t ;dodf km/s cfpg] k|ltof]lutf ePsf] lyof] . nuQ}


Ps Jo:t ;xl/of /}yfg]sf nflu lglZrt lyof] / ;f]xL km/skgsf


;b/d'sfddf klg v]ns'b dxf]T;j
df]6/;fOsn ;fdfGo dfq xf]Og, cfwf/df ljh]tf 3f]lift ul/Psf] xf] .


;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . pQm


hLjgsf] dxŒjk"0f{ c+u e};s]sf] 5 . g]kfn c6f] df]afO{n :kf]6;{ k|ltof]lutfdf klg bh{gf}+ gof“


of] nfdf] ;dosf] df]6/;fOsn P;f]l;o;g -gf;f_ sf] cfof]hgfdf


v]nf8Ln] cfÎgf] sf}zn k|bz{g ug]{
rnfO pgsf] hLjgnfO{ Jojl:yt ;~rflnt RoflDkogl;ksf] pkflw


cj;/ k|fKt u/]sf lyP . o;kfln


agfpg] Pp6f dfWod lyof] . lht] klg /f0ffn] o;nfO{ eg] a8fb;}s + f] pknIodf b'Ol{ bg]


hLjgnfO{ Jojl:Yft agfpg / sfd Jofj;flos ¿kdf cl3 a9fpg k|ltof]lutf s'l68f“8fdf ;DkGg


Eofpg :s'6L k|of]u ug]{ /f0ffnfO{ ;Dej gePsf] atfp“l5g\ . /f0ff


ePsf] 5 . k| l tof] l utfdf @


cfkm\ g f] df] 6 /;fOsn rnfO kf6{6fOd ;f}vsf ¿kdf o;nfO{ ;oeGbf a9L v]nf8Ln] efu lnP .


Jojl:yt ePsf] x]Ssf eg] ut lg/Gt/tf lbg] ;f]rdf l5g\ . /f0ffn] a8fb;} + s f] pknIodf


;ftf dfq eof] . /f0ffn] sf7df8f}d+ f pkflw lhTg] qmddf @$ hgfnfO{


cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfdf ljleGg
ePsf] dlxnf afOs;{ k5fl8 kfl/g\ . g]kfndf ko{6sLo


tf}n;d"xaf6 k|lt:kwf{ u/]sf @!


RoflDkogl;ksf] pkflw lhTbf l56f] ljsf; ug]{ / df]6/ :kf]6{\;nfO{ hgf v]nf8Ln] d]rL c~rn:t/Lo


rnfPsf] sf/0f xf]Og, Jojl:yt dflyNnf] prfOdf k' ¥ ofpg]


5gf}6df ;xefuL x'g kfpg] k|dv ' :yfkgf ePsf ljleGg 8f]hf]dfkm{t
9+ u df rnfPsf] sf/0f xf] . nIo;lxt cfof]lht dlxnf afOs;{


k|lzIfs of]uz ] rflDnªn] hfgsf/L v]nf8Lx¿n] pQm k|ltof]lutfdf


cfof]hsn] lgwf{l/t u/]sf] () RoflDkogl;kdf :joDe"sL /rgf lbP . rflDnªn] eg]– …x/]sh;f] ;xeflutf hgfPsf lyP, h;dWo]


lsnf]ld6/]sf] b"/L cfof]hsn] lbPs} nfdf bf];f| ] eOg\ . tLj| ultdf afOs ;fgf7"nf k|ltof]lutfdf gjv]nf8Lsf] !) :j0f{ kbs lht]/ s'l68f“8f 8f]hf]


;dosf] cf;kf;df k"/f u/]sf sf/0f rnfpg] /rgfsf nflu k|ltof]lutfdf


pT;fxhgs ;xeflutf 5 .Ú Ps k|yd ePsf] cfof]hs ;ldltn]


pgL pkflwsf] xsbf/ ePsL x'g\ . la:tf/} afOs rnfpg' cToGt sl7g jif{otf lhNnfdf @& j6f 8f]hf]df & hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 .


bz/y /+ u zfnfaf6 ;' ? lyof] . pgn] pkljh]tf 6«kmL / !) ;oeGbf a9L gof“ v]nf8Ln] d]xgtsf lgoldt ¿kdf e}/xg] o:tf


ePsf] /]; dxf/fhuGh, uf}zfnf, xhf/ ?k}of“ gub k'/:sf/ kfOg\ .


;fy cEof; ul//x]sf 5g\ . k|ltof]lutfn] cfkm"x¿nfO{ 7"nf]
sf]6]Zj/, l7dL x'“b} kf6g 3'd]/ t];f| ] :yfg eg] Crf >]i7n] lhltg\ .


c;f]h !^ / !& ut] ePsf] xf};nf ldn]sf] v]nf8L /fd k|wfgn]


yfkynLsf] af6f] lqk' / ] Z j/ pgnfO{ % xhf/ ?k}of“ k|bfg ul/of] . k| l tof] l utfdf dlxnftkm{ atfP . ljleGg 8f]hf] :yfkgf u/]/


sn+ s Laf6 dftftLy{ k' U bf #^ k| l tof] l utfdf #) hgfn]


@),#),$),$% / %) lsnf] ;d"xdf lhNnf s/f“t] dxf;+3n] ufp“s}
bzdnj ^ lsnf]ld6/sf] b'/L cAan ;xeflutf hgfP klg @% hgfn]


k"hf s7]t, eLdf tfdfª, ;}hf /fO{, ANofs a] N 6 v] n f8Lx¿nfO{


¿kdf kf/ u/]kl5 /f0ffn] pkflw dfq ¥ofnL k" / f u/] s f lyP . ;ljgf z]kf{ tyf ;'lgtf >]i7 k|yd k|lzIfssf ¿kdf v6fPsf] 5 .


lht]sL x'g\ . lht;“u} pgn] 6«kmL g]kfndf klxnf] k6s cfof]lht ePsf 5g\ . To;}u/L k'?iftkm{ @%, olta]nf lhNnfe/df !* ;oeGbf


/ !% xhf/ ?k}of“ gub k'/:sf/ k|ltof]lutfn] dlxnf v]nf8Lx¿df


#), #%, $%, %%, ^%, &) / &% a9L v]nf8Ln] lgoldt k|lzIf0f
kfOg\ . dlxnf afOs;{nfO{ lgwf{l/t pT;fx dfq yk]sf] xf]Og, hLjgdf


lsnf] ;d"xdf qmdzM hut ljs, lnO/x]sf] dxf;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 .


b'/L () ldg]6sf] lglZrt ;doleq s]xL ug]{ xf};nf klg a9]sf] 5 . 6fO;g /fO{, ;f]gfd tfdfª, ;/f]h o; qmddf c;f/sf] bf];f| ] ;ftf


k" / f ug' { k g] { k| f jwfg /x] s f] ;xefuLeGbf pT;flxt eof], g]kfn


lg/f}nf, ¿k]z /fgfdu/, k|sfz g]kfnsf tkm{af6 cGt/f{li6«o s/f“t]
RoflDkogl;kdf tLg r]skf]:6 c6f]df]afOn :kf]6{\; P;f];LP;g .


cfn]du/, s'df/ nfKrf tyf /fd RoflDkogl;k k|ltof]lutfdf ;xeflutf


/flvPsf] lyof] . /]; sf];n { fO{ kf“r P;f]l;P;gsf cWoIf lxSdtaxfb'/ k|wfg k|yd ePsf 5g\ . dlxnf hgfpg ef/tsf] u'xfj6L k'u]sf


efudf ljefhg ul/Psf] lyof] . dfnLsf] ljrf/df g]kfn df]6/ Psn sftftkm{ ;'l:dtf lg/f}nf tyf Onfdsf !^ hgf v]nf8Ln] :j0f{ kbs


lgwf{l/t If]qnfO{ hfd IFq] , ;x/L l/ª/f]8 aflx/L Pl/of u/L kf“r efu afOssf] ult 5'6\6f5'§} lgwf{l/t :kf] 6 { \ ; sf nflu cGt/f{ l i6« o

k'?if Psn sftftkm{ ;/f]h lg/f}nf lht]sf] s'/f klg :d/0fLo 5 .

If]q, l/ª/f]8 If]q, a;f]af; If]q / 5'6\ØfPsf] lyof] . x/]s If]qdf ul/Psf] lyof] . lgwf{l/teGbf a9L cfsif{0fsf] ynf] x'g klg ;S5 . 5gf}6df k/]sf 5g\ . ufpufp“df o'j/fh uf}td
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

;d]t v]Ng] cj;/ kfPsL lyOg\ t/ pQm cj;/ pgsf]


xftaf6 plDsof] . oBlk pgL km'6anaf6} /fli6«o Voflt
sdfpg] nIosf ;fy cxf]/fq v]ndf tNnLg l5g\ .
Onfd SofDk;s} ljBfyL{ /f]zf klg km'6anaf6}
Sofl/o/ agfpg] ;f]rdf l5g\ . …eljiosf] c¿ of]hgf
5}g,Ú /f]zfn] elgg\– …h] ug{ ;S5' km'6and} u5'{ .Ú
k'?if;/x v]Ng] cj;/ / cg'sn " tf gldn] klg oxf“sf
dlxnf k'm6an/x¿sf] pT;fx k'?if v]nf8Lsf] eGbf sd
5}g . 3f“;–bfp/f, 3/wGbf / lgoldt cWoogaf6;d]t
;do lgsfn]/ oL dlxnfx¿ km'6ansf] d}bfgdf plqPsf
5g\ . …kl/jf/n] 5f]/fx¿nfO{ hlt 5'6 glbg] ePsfn]
v]Ngsf nflu 3/ 5f8\g ufx|f] x'G5,Ú dfOkf]v/LsL dGbf
d'lvofn] u'gf;f] ul/g\ .
v]Ngsf nflu k|ltof]lutfx¿ sd x'g' /
cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/Laf6 pDs]/ d}bfgdf k'Ug ;d:of
x'gn ' ] dlxnf km'6ansf] ljsf; ;f]rh ] lt x'g ;s]sf]
5}g . To;dfly pgLx¿nfO{ v]ndf k|lzlIft ug]{
sfddf klg s~h':ofO“ ePsf] dlxnf km'6an/x¿sf]
u'gf;f] 5 . …v]n cEof;sf nflu ;Dk"0f{ l6d Ps} 7fp“
e] n f x' g ] cg' s " n tf ldNb} g ,Ú
k| l zIfs eQm/fh eG5g\ –
…To;}n] /fd|f;] u“ k|lzIf0f lbg
;lsPsf] 5}g .Ú
lzj d'lvof d}bfgdf plqPsf lhNnfsf bh{geGbf a9L dlxnf lhNnfsf dlxnf
Onfd— ;dfn'jªsL kKk' bf;;“u km'6jnsf] nfdf] olta]nf lgoldt ¿kd} v]n cEof;df h'6g\ ] u/]sf km'6an/x¿df h'g ¿kdf
cg'ej 5}g, oBlk kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;DkGg !) cf}+ 5g\ . Onfdsf] 7"nf] 6'l“ 8v]ndf dfq xf]Og, ufp“sf pT;fx csfl;Psf] 5,
/fli6«o dlxnf km'6an k|ltof]lutfdf pgsf] pTs[i6 ;f“3'/f d}bfgx¿df ;d]t ;f“em–laxfg k'?if;/x cj;/x¿ eg] cToGt} sd 5g\ .
k|bz{gn] ;a}sf] dg lhTof] . …pgL Jofj;flos dlxnfx¿ klg v]n cEof;df e]l6g' ;fdfGoh:t} Onfddf :t/Lo dlxnf km' 6 an
v]nf8LeGbf sd b]lvGgg\,Ú k|lzIfs bz{g eQm/fhn] ePsf] 5 . 3/wGbf / cWoogaf6 ;do lgsfn]/ k| l tof] l utf gePsf] bzsf} + lalt;s] s f] 5 .
eg]— …ufp“sL s]6Ln] /fli6«o :t/sf] k|ltof]lutfdf pgLx¿ cfkm\gf] nIo kR5\ofO/x]sf 5g\ . v]nf8Lx¿n] jif{df d'l:snn] Pp6f k|ltof]lutfdf
olt k|bz{g ug{ ;Sg' 7"nf] s'/f xf] .Ú Onfd SofDk;df cWoog/t uLtf s7]t w/}h;f] dfq v]Ng] cj;/ kfpg'' dlxnf km'6an ljsf;sf
ufp“3/df cfof]hgf x'g] ;fgfltgf k|ltof]lutfdf ;do v]n cEof;d} latfp“l5g\ . …;fg}bl] vsf] ;kgf nflu kSs} klg ;sf/fTds ;+st] xf]Og .
dfq v]ns ] L kKk' To;} a]nf lhNnf km'6an ;+3sf] xf],Ú :gfts tx bf];f| ] jif{sf ljBfyL{ uLtfn] elgg\–
gh/df k/]sL lyOg\ . …kKk'df /fd|f] ;Defjgf b]vs ] fn] …olta]nf d]/f] ;fd' afNosfnsf] ;kgf k"/f ug]{ r'gf}tL
lhNnfsf] dlxnf km'6an l6ddf 5gf}6 u¥of},+ Ú ;+3sf
dxf;lrj ;Gtf]if eQm/fhn] eg] . To;f] t kKk'h:t}
lkmSsnsL ;+/rgf k|wfg, dfOkf]v/LsL dGbf d'lvof,
kf“ry/ /fgL6f/sL uLtf s7]t, /f]zf g]Djfª cflb
cfOk/]sf] 5 .Ú kf“ry/sf] b'ud { uf“paf6 km'6an ;'?
u/]sL uLtfn] kf“ry/, Onfd, emfkf / sf7df8f}d + f
cfof]lht y'k} k|ltof]lutfdf ljleGg l6daf6 k|ltlglwTj
ul/;s]sL l5g\ . otf l6dd} pTs[i6 :sf]/ ug]{ bIftf
df]km;ndf qm]h
s]xL dlxnfdf km'6anaf6} Sofl/o/ agfpg ;Sg]
k|z:t} ;Defjgf /x]sf] ;+3sf kbflwsf/Lx¿ bfaL
u5{g\ . lhNnfdf dlxnf k'm6ansf] qm]h a9\b} hf“bf,
u'0f:t/ / ;+Vofdf klg pNn]Vo j[lb x“b' } uPsf] 5 .
km'6anaf6} Sofl/o/ agfpg] nIosf ;fy
ePsL ;+ / rgfn] klg lhNnfaflx/sf 7" n f
k| l tof] l utfx¿df le8\ g ] cj;/ kfPsL l5g\ .
s~rgk'/df ;DkGg !) cf}+ /fli6«o dlxnf km'6an
k|ltof]lutfdf pTs[i6 ld8 lkmN8/sf] pkflw lht]sL
;+/rgfn] /fli6«o l6ddf ;xeflutf hgfp“b} rLgdf
dlxnf km'6ansf]
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 200 8
@#
km'6an/ lsGg] xf]8
Dofl8«8nfO{ v]nf8L cg'aGwdf d]lS;sg ;fGtf];, 8]la6 a]G6nL;lxt
csf{ :k]gL dxf/yL afl;{nf]gfn] ( v]nf8L NofPsf] 5 . lrlgof“
pl5Gof] . af;f{ n ] ;] l ensf sKtfg ;'g lhxfO;lxt * hgf
a|flhlnog :6f/ 8flgon cfNe]; v] n f8LnfO{ cg' a Gwd' Q m u/] s f]
@ s/f]8 () nfv o'/f] tyf dfnLsf Dofgr]:6/ l;6Ln] df]6f] /sddf
ld8lkmN8/ ;]8f]p s]O6fnfO{ ! /f]laGxf], hf], ;g /fO6–lkmlnK;;lxt
s/f]8 $) nfv o'/f]df lsGof] . & hgf v]nf8L lsGof] .
cf;{ g naf6 PlnS;] G 8/ Nx] j , oxL l;hg a9' j f kfPsf]
leNnfl/onsf dfl6{g s]h/;;lxt :6f]s l;6L / xn l;6Ln] !!–!!
af;f{n] hDdf * v]nf8L lsGof] . tyf j]:6xfd o'gfO6]8n] # hgf
k|mG] r l8km]G8/ lnlnod y'/fdn] ;Gof; gof“ v]nf8L vl/b u/] . Olª\ln;
lnP . gof“ k|lzIfs k]k u'l8{cf]nf lk|ldo/ lnus} ld8N:a|fn ] ] #, P:6g
NofOPkl5 /f]gflN8Gxf], P8ldN;g, leNnf, kf]6; \{ dfpy / j]:6a|d' n] *–
8]sf], lhcf]efgL 8f]; ;fGtf];, *, ANofsag{ /f]e;{n] &, af]N6g
lhcfgn'sf hfDa|f6] fh:tf !) hgf jG8;{, Go'Sof;n o'gfO6]8, Pe6{g
x:tL af;f{af6 cGoq nfu] . / ljufg PYn]l6sn] %–%, km'nxfdn]
O6fnL !^ v]nf8L a]Rof] . k|mG] r ld8lkmN8/ !@ / ;G8/NofG8n] !) hgf v]nf8L
b'O{ k6ssf] lnu ljh]tf ;dL/ gfh/L, lds]n l;Ne]:6/, lsg] . ;a} e Gbf w] / } !& hgf
OG6/ldnfgn] gof“ k|lzIfs hf];] cf/f]g /fD;], cdf}/L lj:sf]km lsg]sf] v]nf8Ln] km'nxfd 5f8] . w]/} ;do
df] p l/Gxf] ; “ u } # hgf v] n f8L cf;{gnaf6 ( hgf :6f/ aflxl/P . 3fOt] /x]sf Dofg'sf k|mG] r :6«fOs/
leœofof] . OG6/n] ! s/f]8 #) sf]l/og nL of]ª Kof], aaf{tf]e, n'O; ;f Pe6{g uP . sf]l/og
nfvb]lv ! s/f]8 &) nfv o'/f];Dd lsg;lxt !$ v]nf8L cGoq nfu]sf] :6«fOs/ nL 8f]ª u'snfO{ ld8N:a|fn ] ]
/f]a6] f]{ dflG;gL, 3flgog :6«fOs/ 6f]6g] xfdn] qmf]Pl;ofg Kn]ds] / No'sf cg'aGwd'Qm u¥of] .
;'n] d'Gt/L / kf]rl{' ur :6f/ l/sf8f]{ df] l 8{ s , /l;og kfANo' r ] G sf] , /fh' l3l;ª
Sj]/:] dfnfO{ lsg]sf] xf] . k"jl{ kmkmf
jif{ v]nf8L /f]gflN8Gxf] @ s/f]8
!) nfv o'/f]d} kfPsf] P;L ldnfgn]
DofYo" km\ n fldgL, lhcfgn' s f
hfDa|f6] f, Doflyc; sf8f{l;of], tfa/]
lep8]h, r]8l/s l;8f]km{, qmf]Pl;og
:6f/ 8fl/of] l;lds / lkmlnk
o'/f]kdf xfn} u[id Ct'sf] ;]G8/;nfO{ klg vl/b u¥of] .
v]nf8L :yfgfGt/0f ;DkGg ePsf] r]N;Ldf hDg g;s]sf o'qm]gL
5 . ca cfufdL hgj/L dlxgf;Dd :6«fOs/ cfGb|]O ;]er]Gsf] km]l/
km'6an/x¿sf] :yfgfGt/0f ;Dej ldnfg kmls{P .
5}g . ;ft jif{cl3sf] lhg]lbg a|flhlnog cdf}/Lsf lglDt
lhbfgsf] sLlt{dfgL d"No o;kfln dfq} kfn]df]n { fO{ @ s/f]8 @^ nfv
klg tf] l 8Pg . Dofgr] : 6/ o'/f] lt/]sf] o'e]G6;n] :jL8]gL
o'gfO6]8sf kf]r'{lur ld8lkmN8/ cf]nf]km d]nau{, clNag Osbn,
lqml:6ogf] /f]gfN8f]sf] l/on Dofl8«8 qmf]Pl;og 8fl/of] g]hl] es, 8]lg;
hfg] rfxgf k"/f gx'b“ f lhbfgsf] lqml:6og kpn;]g / DoflgGh/nfO{
sLlt{ d fg sfod} /x\ o f] . P;L leœofof] . kl5Nnf @ l;hg alnof]
ldnfgsf a|flhlnog sfsf gof“ b]lvPsf] PP; /f]dfn] ! s/f]8 #)
ljZjsLlt{ d fg d" N odf r] N ;L nfv o'/f]sf h'lnof] aflK6:6f;lxt
;?jfsf] xNnfn] o;kfln o;kflnsf] bf] ; | f ] dx“ u f hf]g cfg]{ l/;], l;df]g nf]l/of /
:yfgfGt/0f ahf/ ttfPsf] lyof] . v]nf8Lsf ¿kdf Oª\ln; lk|ldo/l;k cft' { / nfO{ l6ddf Nofof] .
7" n f] nufgL, pRr:t/Lo / RoflDkoG; lnu ljh] t f RoflDkoG; lnudf 5flgPsf]
k|ljlwsf] k|of]u, cfsif{s kfl/>lds Dofgr]:6/ o'gfO6]8n] 6f]6]gxfd lkmof]l/G6gfn] df]6} /sddf cNa6f]{
/ ;' l jwf, k| e fjzfnL ldl8of x6{ : k/sf :6« f Os/ l8ldtf/ lunfl8{Gf], :6]efg hf]el] 6s, lgsf]nf
SofDk] g / a9\ b f] nf] s lk| o tfn] aaf{tf]enfO{ emG8} $ s/f]8 o'/f]df u'nfg, km]lnk d]nf], h]km;{g, h'cfg
Oª\NofG8sf Sna km'6an/x¿sf vl/b u¥of] . kl5Nnf] l;hgdf d]g'Pn efu{;, dfsf]{ :6f]/f/L,
cfsif{s uGtJodf kl/0ft x'b“ 5 } g\ . k|efjzfnL k|bz{g u/]kl5 7"nf n'l;cfgf] hfp/L tyf ;lh{cf] a]g8f]{
df]6f] /sd vr{b+ } v]nf8L cg'aGwg Snax¿n] cf“vf uf8]sf @& jifL{o cln{ d f] g nfO{ cfkm\ g f] agfof] .
k|lqmofdf cGo o'/f]k]nL Snasf] a' N u] l /og aaf{ t f] e sf] 6« f G;km/ ljG8f] d f !^ hgfn]
t'ngfdf Oª\ln; Snax¿ lgs} cl3 Dofgr]:6/af6 v]Ng] ;kgf k"/f o'eG] 6;, !$ hgfn] ldnfg, !)
5g\ . km'6an/ cg'aGw ug]{ xf]8df eof] . afl;{nf]gf, 6f]6g] xfd cflb hgfn] /f] d f tyf % hgfn]
:k]lg; / O6flnog Snax¿sf] klg y' k | } Snasf o' / f] l kog lkmof]l/G6gf 5f8] .
7"n} nufgL 5 . s8f r'gf}tLsf aLr RoflDkogl;ksf /l;og gfos Oª\NofG8
cfsif{s kfl/>lds / ;Ddfg kfOg] cfGb|O] cf;{legsf] cg'aGw k|of; ljutem} + o;kflnsf]
ePsfn] cAan v]nf8Lsf] ;kgf g} eg] c;kmn eof] . u[ i dsfnLg 6« f G;km/ ljG8f] d f
Oª\ln; lk|ldo/l;k, O6flnog l;/P :k]g ;a} e Gbf vrf{ n ' Oª\ N ofG8sf
…PÚ tyf :k]lg; nf lnu v]Ng] x'G5 . dxf/yL l/on Dofl8«8n] 8r Snax¿ b]lvP . 7"nf Snax¿n]
gfd, bfd / OHht Pp6} :6f/ /fkm]n efg 8]/ ef6{, Ph]Sj]n cfkm";u“ /x]sf w]/} v]nf8L a]r/]
:yfgdf kfOg] ePkl5 v]nf8Lx¿sf] u]/,] hfeL ufl;{of, ?a]g 8] nf /]8 yf]/} t/ cAan v]nf8L lsg] .
dg To;tkm{ gnf]leg] s'/} ePg . cflb ( hgf v]nf8L leœofof] . lk|ldo/ lnu / RoflDkoG; lnu
ljZjs} ;jf{lws wgL Sna l/on k|To]s 6«fG:km/ ljG8f]df s/f]8f}+ 8n/ ljh] t f Dofgr] : 6/ o' g fO6] 8 n]
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ld8lkmN8/ /f]laGxf] cfZro{hgs vr{ u¥of] . /f] l aGxf] , h' l nof] Dofg'af6 !) v]nf8L aflxl/P .
¿kdf Dofgr]:6/ l;6Ldf cg'alGwt afl6:6f;lxt !) hg v]nf8Ln] dx“uf v]nf8Lx¿ y'kf/]sf] r]N;Ln]
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6«fG;km/ ljG8f]sf ;jf{lws dx“uf] Dofl8ªn] % tyf leNnfl/on / Dofs]nn ] ,] ;g /fO6–lkmlnK;;lxt
v]nf8Lsf ¿kdf $ s/f]8 @) nfv Eofn]lG;ofn] &–& v]nf8L lsg] . bh{g v]nf8L a]Rof] .
o'/f]df laqmL u/]sf] xf] . s'g} klg kl5Nnf] lnudf ;jf{lws @& uf]n cfOl/; :6«fOs/ /f]aL lsgsf
a] n fotL Snan] v] n f8L lsGg u/]sf u'Ohf l/on dfnf]sf{af6 ! nflu ;f9] @ s/f] 8 vlr{ P sf]
vlr{Psf] of] clxn];Dds} ;jf{lws s/f]8 &$ nfv o'/f]df 6sL{sf] lne/k'nn] gof“ ( v]nf8L lsGb}
/sd xf] . km]g/] afr] uP . cUnf :6«fOs/ lk6/ qmpr;lxt
sflQs !, @)^% Oct 17, 2008

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clGtd kftf] @$
k|;+u sltko gkfpg' crDds} ljifo lyof] .
…g]kfn slt k6s hfg'eof] <Ú
PSsf;L ;'lw/sf] k|Zg cfof] .
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t/ klg c:tL ev{/} g]kfn uPsL a8fb;}s + } cj;/df ;];g kmfOe,
lyP“ . Toxf“ aQL 5}g, kfgL 5}g, jfgrfO{df cfof]lht b;}+ kf6L{n]
OGwg 5}g– lbSs nfUof] . tLg xªsª]nL o'jfo'jtLnfO{ /dfOnf] ug]{
dlxgfsf nflu eg]/ uPsf] Ps yk axfgf k|bfg u¥of] . l8h] /fd
dlxgfd} kms]/{ cfP“Ú– pgsf] u'?ªsf] l8h]Oªdf clwsf+z g]kfnL
cfqmf]zleq klg cfkm\gf]kg uLt ahfOPsf] pQm sfo{qmddf
lyof] . ef]ln km]l/ ToxL+ l8g/ o' j fo' j tLx¿ dHhfn] gfr] .
ug{] afrf;lxt xfdL 5'l§of}+ . …k|f0feGbf Kof/f] dfOtL3/Ú sf]
=ef]lnkN6 a]ns ' f km]l/ ToxL l/ldS; nufot …Rofª\ a f xf]
ljqmd /fO{ /]i6'/f“ k'luof] . pgL cfh cem Rofª\ a fÚ af] n sf] uLtn]
k|;Gg d'bf| df 9f]sfd} e]l6Og\ . ;xefuLx¿nfO{ cl;gkl;g x'g] u/L
l8g/df kfk8 klg vfg] ls nufotsf sfo{qmdx¿ x'g 5f8]Ú ;fob of] OlG8og ;fx'nfO{ pgn] grfof] . xªsªsf ;Lldt l8:sf]df
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xjfO{ ofqfn] Go'of]s{ k'Ubf pgL eGg yflng\ . lxdfnsf] pgn] dGb d':sfgsf ;fy cfof]hgfsf ¿kdf k|:t't u/]sf]
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afgLnfO{ lwsfb}{ xfdL Go'of]ss { f] lkpg] / ulkmg d'8df ;a} lyP .
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yfs]sf] xfd|f] z/L/ klxnf] k6s xf] eGb} pgL xf“:g yflng\ . km]l/ km]l/ cd]l/sf 3'Dg' klg 5Ú !! ah] ; Dd ;~rflnt kf6L{ s f
kf6L{df klg 3lGsof] . b;}s
+ f] /demd Ps cfdlGqtn] kl5 76\ o f} n L
cd] l /sf k' U bf g] k fnL s]xL a]/d} lg/fzdf a/a/fpg ;'lw/n] pgsf] k|:tfj 7f8} rl9;s]sf a]nf kf6L{df cfdlGqtx¿
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uPsf ;'lw/ efOsf] Pp6f cfpFYof] t/ ca afgL e};Sof]Ú . ef]ln labf lnPsL l5g\ eGg] s'/f P/f 86sdn] cfkm\ g f] klxnf] b;}s
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g]kfnL xf] ls xf]Og eGg] s'/f sf]7f / :jod\ cfkm\gf] ;/;kmfO lkmnf8]lNkmoftkm{ lg:sg'kg]{
7Dofpg hlxn] klg …cf] efO jf clg ;fyLx¿;“usf] e]63f6d} lbg ePsfn] ca pgL;“u e]6 gx'g]
cf] alxgLÚ eGb} pgLx¿sf] glhs} lat]sf] kQ} x'b“ g} Ú– pgn] elgg\ . kSsfkSsL ePkl5 xfdL pgsf]
uP/ 7"N7"nf] :j/df s'/f uy{] . …;/f]h vgfn / ;kgf >L oxL df]afOn gDa/ l6Kg yfNof}+ .
olb g]kfnL xf] eg] /]:kf]G; Go'of]sd{ } a:5g\ lgÚ cgfo; …efUodf /x] km]l/ e]6f}n + f jf
kfOxfNg] geP cfkm} df]afOndf pQ]lht x'b“ } pgL s/fOg\ . cd]l/sfd} ;“u} sfd u/f+n } fÚ eGb}
s'/f u/] h:tf] clego uy{] t/ xfdL;“u} uPsf uf}td bfOn] pgL la6 dfg{ yflng\ . …P b'O{ vNnf kf6L{
Toxf“ To;f] ug'{ k/]g . xfdLn] g]kfnsf k|wfgdGqL Go'of]sd { f x'g] ;f“RrL=== bfOx¿, zlgaf/ / ;fKtflxs ;dfrf/
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cfOk'lug\ . /fv] . …bfO dnfO{ xfd|f k|wfgdGqL Ogsldª sn lk|m x'G5 . lbOG5 . lgwf/df 6Lsf gnufP klg
…clg alxgL slQsf] sf] x'g\ <, Tof] klg yfxf 5}gÚ g]kfnh:tf] ;w} Ogsldª lk|m 5}g b;}s+ f] df}sfdf e]63f6, ef]h / df]h ug{
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x]G8;d / Ao'l6hx¿ cd]l/sf ;a}lt/ k'us ] f] a]nf oxf“sf sfgdf u'lGh/x]sf 5g\ . grfO;“u} w/fg] gof“ k':tfsf] b;}+ ;lsof] .
xflGgPsfn] Toxf“ ld; g]kfn g]kfnLx¿n] cfkm\gf] b]zsf] prasangakatipaya@hotmail.com
l8h] 8L ofSvfsf] kf6L{df zlgaf/ w/fg
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:yfgLo tGg]/L k':tf ;f]daf/ w/fg
l/lqmP;gl:yt :jLldª k'njl/kl/
wgs'6fsf o'js ;"bgn] l8h]Oª
u/]sf] kf6L{df dlRr/x]sf] lyof] .
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Do'lhsdf sDd/ dsf{pg nufPsf
tl:a/ M hut cDa' u'?ª

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kf6L{ hlSshn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] kf6L{df
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lao/sf] r':sL;“u} sDd/ dsf{pg' klg em]Ng'k¥of] .

sflGtk'/ klAns];G; -k|f=_ ln= åf/f k|sflzt tyf d'lb|t, sfof{no M sflGtk'/ sDKn]S;, ;'ljwfgu/, kf]=a=g+=+ ^)!(, sf7df8f},+ g]kfn, kmf]g g+= $$*)!)), km\ofS; M (&&–!–$$&)!&*, email:saptahik@kantipur.com.np
btf{ g+=+ ((÷)%!÷%@, ;jf{lwsf/ M sflGtk'/ klAns];G; -k|f=_ln= ;“u ;'/lIFt . cWoIf tyf k|aGw lgb]z { s M s}nfz l;/f]lxof, lgb]z { s M :jl:tsf l;/f]lxof tyf /fd]Ü j/ yfkf, ;Dkfbs M ;' j f; 9sfn .