Magneto-Optical Current Transformer

K.GOUTHAM (08L31A0238)

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering,

VIGNAN’S INSTITUTE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, Duvvada.

CONTENTS:
 CURRENT TRANSFORMER  MOCT – principle ,working ,design  MOCT BLOCK DIAGRAM  APPLICATIONS  ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES

 CONCLUSION

CT CONSTRUCTION:

CURRENT TRANSFORMER:

Inductive type transformer with core and primary & secondary windings.

CT WORKING PRINCIPAL:
 Step up transformer (voltage), step down transformers (current).

 It feeds the current coils of indicating ,metering instruments and
protective relays.  Watch over the current’s in the circuit.

PURPOSE OF CT

DISADVANTAGES OF CT:
 The insulation structure has to be designed carefully to avoid
electric field stress, which could eventually cause insulation breakdown.  Less reliability

MOCT Measures the electric current by means of FARADAY EFFECT.

FARADAY EFFECT: “Michael Faraday discovered that the orientation of linearly polarized light was rotated under the influence of the magnetic field when the light propagated in a piece of glass, and the rotation angle was proportional to the intensity of the magnetic field. “

Polarization is a property of certain types of waves that describes the orientation of their oscillations.

FARADAY EFFECT

By considering the property faraday given two mathematical equations

ANGLE=V (INTEGRAL OF B)-------------(1) ANGLE=n*permeability*VI -------------(2)

   

POLARIZER MAGNETO-OPTICAL MATERIAL ANALYZER (POLARIZATION PRISM) PHOTODIODES

MOCT DESIGN

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF MOCT

The MOCT is designed to operate in a transparent manner with modern electronic meters and digital relays, which have been adopted for a low energy analog signal interface. Typically, the design approach is to redefine the interface point as to input the analog to digital conversion function used by each of these measurement systems.

    

No risk of fires and explosions. No need to use metallic wires to transfer the signal. High immunity to electromagnetic interference. Larger dynamic range. Low voltage outputs which are compatible with the inputs of digital to analog converters.

Due to Temperature and stress induced linear changes in the sensing material causes error and instability. The accuracy of MOCT is some what less than the conventional transformer. Main cause is temperature drift, but the disadvantages can be overcome by implementing the Double closed-loop self-tuning method

This paper presents a new kind of current transducer known as magneto optical current transducer. This MOCT eliminates many of the drawbacks of the conventional current transformers. By applying Faraday’s principle this transducer provides an easier and more accurate way of current measurement. This MOCT is widely used in power systems and substations nowadays.

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