4

«1»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh
pum;vH;k av;udk uGeyf sLwm pm
vHk;av; pD? taeawmfuwfjym;
av; xkwf? yvwfpwpfav;
avmif;NyD; pma&;pm;yGJa&SUu

ausmif;wdik rf BuD;&JU eH&u
H yfypön;f
wif pifav;ay:rSm jrifom xif
om axmifxm;&&if aumif;rvm;
vdYk ckwpfavm rMumcP awG;ae
rdygw,f/
vkycf siw
f hJ tvkyaf wG
trsm;BuD;xJu tvkyfoifhqHk;
tvkyfudkyJ t"duOD;pm;ay; vkyf
jzpfomG ;zdYkeYJ vkyo
f ifw
h t
hJ vkyaf wG
trsm;BuD;xJu tvkyfcsifqHk;
tvkyfudkyJ aZmufcsvkyfjzpfaezdkY
twGufyg/
wdusjywfom;wJh pdwf
"mwfeJY udk,fh&JU t"dutvkyfudk
xdxad &mufa&muf wGiw
f iG u
f s,f
us,f vkyfjzpfaecsifvdkY ]t&Sif
qE´m"dutopf b,fawmhrsm;
jzpfvmrvJ} vdYk awG;awG; aerdwm
aeYpOf aeYwdkif;ygyJ/

5

«2»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf}
qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k av;udk 2002ckEpS ?f
azazmf0g&Dv (2)&ufaeYu pç
ajymjzpf c J h w myg/ 2-2-2002
qdkawmh (2)av;vHk;aeYuaygh/
tJ'DaeYu eDaygEdkifiH?
cwårE´Lavqdyfuae vkrÁdeD
avqdyu
f kd OD;wnfysHoef;vmwJh
pma&;olwYkd&UJ wGiaf tmfwm trsK;d
tpm; av,mOfi,fav;udk jyif;
tm;rsm;wJrh ;kd BudK; xdreS cf yhJ gw,f/
av,mOfudk rdk;BudK;ypf
NyDvdkY odvdkufwmeJY wpfNydKifeuf
av,mOfay:u a&Tyg&rDtzGUJ om;
awG vuftyk u
f ,
kd pf cD sND yD; bk&m;pm
&Gwv
f u
kd ?f bk&m;*kPaf wmfymG ;vdu
k f
eJY tm;vHk; owdtaetxm; jzpf
oGm;ygw,f/

3

7

&a0EG,ftopf

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

6

«3»
]t&Siq
f E´m"dutopf} qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k av;udk ]aemifw &p&m
rvdak tmif tvkyv
f yk x
f m;ol} qdw
k hJ t"dymÜ ,feYJ wpfom;wnf; jzpfae
apcsifygw,f/ bmvdYk vq
J akd wmh t&Siq
f E´m"duta[mif;u tvkyef YJ
ywfouf&if wpfcgwpf&rH mS aemifww&m;eJYvnf; ywfoufae&wwf
vdkYyg/
pma&;ol&UJ reufyikd ;f tcsed u
f kd pdwaf useyfrI &Sd r&Sd a&csK;d csed rf mS
odEikd yf gw,f/ aeYqrG ;f rpm;rD 11 em&D0ef;usif a&csK;d csed [
f m pma&;ol&UJ
reufydkif;umv tcsdef pDrHcefYcGJrItay: auseyftm;&rI &Sd r&Sd tqHk;
tjzwfay;wJh tcsdefyg/
reufydkif;tcsdefudk ]pma&;csdef} vdkY owfrSwfxm;wJhtwGuf
owfrw
S x
f m;wJt
h wdik ;f pm wu,fa&;jzpfw,fq&kd if pma&;csdef jynfh
oGm;vdkY a&csKd;aewJhtcsdefrSm tifrwef pdwfauseyfrI jzpf&ygw,f/
]olY tcsed ef YJol vkyo
f ifv
h yk x
f u
kd w
f t
hJ vkyu
f kd wdwu
d sus vkyjf zpfomG ;NyD}
qdkwJh tawG;aMumifh jzpf&wJhyDwdu bmeJYrS rvJEdkifygbl;/

ao&GmjyefvdkY qdkEdkifwJh ]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh cHpm;rI
u wpfESpfudk ESpftkyfEIef;yJ pma&;r,fvdkY qHk;jzwfxm;wJh pma&;oludk
a[mw&m;awG jrefjrefukefatmif a&;zdkY wGef;tm;jzpfapcJhygw,f/
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwhJ armif;ESiftm;aMumifh touf
(40)rSm tkyfa&(40)jynfhatmif pma&;EdkifcJhygw,f/ touf (30)u
pç a&;cJw
h mrdYk pma&;ouf (10)ESpjf ynfh trSww
f &yg/ wpfEpS f ESpt
f yk f
EIe;f rSe;f xm;&mu wpfEpS f av;tkyEf eI ;f jzpfomG ;w,fqakd wmh vkyif ef;
pGrf;aqmif&nf ESpfqwdk;oGm;cJhwmaygh/
aojcif;w&m;[m wGe;f tm;tjyif;xefq;kH oli,fcsif;cspfol
av;ygvm; .../
aus;Zl;ygyJ wGifatmfwmav;&,f .../

av,mOfb,ftcsdef rD;avmifNyD; ysufusrvJ qdw
k hJ tawG;eJY
tm;vHk;yJ wdwfqdwfNidrfoufpGm .../ wpfa,mufrsufESmawmif
wpfa,muf rMunfrh Md u .../ ud,
k w
hf &m;tm½Hak v;eJYu,
kd ?f ud,
k u
hf o
k v
kd f
tm½Hkav;eJY udk,f aozdkY toifhtaetxm; jyifqifcJhMuygw,f/
e*dkuwnf;u wvIyfvIyf wcgcg jzpfaewJh c&D;onf (18)
a,mufyJ qHw
h hJ wGiaf tmfwmav,mOf tao;pm;av;[m qd;k &Gm;vSwhJ
avxk? wdrx
f Mk um;rSm w,dr;f ,dr;f wxd;k xd;k eJY avmu"Hukd tefwak e
&&Smygw,f/ a&SUqufomG ;&r,fh av,mOfvrf;aMumif;udk vH;k 0 rjrif
awGU&awmhwJhtwGuf aemufaMumif; jyefvSnfhcJh&wJh Ak'¨tJvdkif;u
av,mOfi,fav;[m [dr0EÅmawmifeH&HeJYvnf; tcsdefra&G; wdkufrd
ysufusEdkifygao;w,f/ (raeYwpfaeYurS tJ'Dvdk wpfpD; jzpfcJhzl;ao;
w,fav)
uHaumif;axmufrpGm ... cwårE´Lavqdyfudk av,mOf
jyefvnfqif;oufEikd cf sed rf mS awmh ... av,mOfay:u qif;qif;csi;f ...
]OD;Zif;awmh t&SifqE´m"dutopf jzpfoGm;NyD}
vdYk ajymvdu
k rf yd gawmhw,f/ a&Tyg&rD ausmif;'um? ausmif;
truvnf; tm;usrcH jyefajymygw,f/
]wynfhawmfvnf; &Sdef0if;topf jzpfoGm;NyD}
]wynfhawmfvnf; cifcsKd OD;topf jzpfoGm;NyD}
crnf;awmfBuD;uawmh EIwfu bmrSxkwfrajymbJ jyHK;jyHK;
BuD;vkyaf evdYk tJ't
D jyHK;&JU t"dymÜ ,fukd tajy;tvTm; zGiq
hf Mkd unfv
h u
kd f
awmh ]wynfhawmfvnf; pdef0if;topfyg} ... wJh/
aemufwpfaeYreufxGufwJh [dE´Lowif;pm wpfapmifrSm
]jrefrmoHtrwfBuD; pD;eif;vdkufygvmwJh av,mOf vGefpGm tiftm;
jyif;xefaom rd;k BudK;ypfc&H } qdw
k hJ owif;ygvmygw,f/ pma&;olwYkd&UJ
oD;oefY Ak'¨*,mbk&m;zl;c&D;pOfudk OD;aqmifolu eDaygqdkif&m
jrefrmoHtrwfBuD; OD;ae0if;eJY ZeD; a'gufwmEG,fEG,fvdIifyg/

4

8

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

wpfydk'fyJ a&;jzpf a&;jzpf? wpfrsufESmyJ a&;jzpf a&;jzpf ...
pma&;jzpfw,fqdk&ifudkyJ ]'DaeY reufawmh pma&;jzpfoGm;NyD} qdkwJh
tawG;eJY yDwad wG wodro
hf rd hf jzpf&ygw,f/ pma&;jzpfwahJ eYqkd a&csKd;
&wm t&om &SdrS&Sd .../ a&csKd;wJhtvkyf vkyfae&wmudku t"dyÜm,f
av;eufaeovdv
k kd .../ a&csK;d ae&if; arwåmydYkvYkdvnf;aumif;? *kPaf wmf
yGm;vdkYvnf;aumif;? 0dyóem½IvdkYvnf;aumif;? tm;vHk; tm;vHk;
aumif;rSaumif; .../ tHr,f ... aMu;wGe;f &wmawmif t&om &Sad eao; .../
[dpk mtkyaf v; qGzJ wfvu
kd ?f 'Dpmapmifav; aumufveS v
f u
kd f
eJY pmyJzwfjzpfNyD; pm vHk;0 ra&;jzpfwJhaeYqdk a&csKd;&wm vHk;0 t&om
r&Sad wmhygbl;/ tcsed u
f svYkdom a&csK;d cef; 0ifvu
kd &f w,f ... ajcvSr;f awG
u av;uefvdkY .../ ]'DaeY pm vHk;0ra&;jzpfvdkufbl;}qdkwJh tawG;u
udk,fhudk,fudk,f rausreyf jzpfapygw,f/ wpfreufvHk; zwfxm;wJh
pmawGu tcsut
f vuf b,favmufyaJ umif;aumif; ... a&csKd;csdefrSm
pdwfauseyfrI vHk;0 ray;Edkifawmhygbl;/
reufydkif;tcsdefyJ udk,fhpdwfeJY udk,fhOD;aESmufu pma&;vdkY
aumif;wmqdak wmh aeYv,fyikd ;f rSm jyeftpm;xd;k zdYkuvnf; rjzpfEikd af wmh
bl;av/ reufyikd ;f pm ra&;jzpf&if tJ'aD eYtwGuf pma&;cGihf ukeq
f ;kH oGm;
ygNyD/
olYtcsed ef YJol vkyo
f ifv
h yk x
f u
kd w
f t
hJ vkyu
f kd wdwu
d sus rvkyf
jzpforQawmh pdwaf useyfrv
I nf; r&Edik o
f vdk tvkyv
f nf; rwGiu
f s,f
Edik yf gbl;/ tvkyu
f kd wefz;kd xm;olwikd ;f olYtcsed ef YJ olYtvkyf tH0ifciG u
f s
jzpfatmif pDrHcefYcGJwwfzdkY odyfta&;BuD;ygw,f/
>cif;csuw
f csKUd rSty olYtcsed ef YJol ud,
k o
f wfrw
S x
f m;wJh tvkyf
udk wdusjywfom;pGm pdwEf ikd f ud,
k Ef ikd f vkyjf zpfae&if pdwaf useyfrv
I nf;
&? tvkyfvnf; udk,farQmfrSef;xm;wmxuf trsm;BuD; ydkNyD;ajrmufyg
w,f/ ]pdwfudk Edkifeif;ol? tvkyfudk Edkifeif;ol} qdkwJh *kPfyk'f (obm0
w&m;u vQKdU0SufpGm ay;tyfwJh vlrod &SifrMum; *kPfyk'f) aMumifh

&a0EG,ftopf

9

udk,fhudk,fudk,f MunfndKav;pm;pdwf av;eufpGm jzpfxGef;apEdkif
ygw,f/ pdwrf Edik ?f tvkyrf Edik jf cif;aMumifh jzpf&r,fh aemifww&m;awG
eJYvnf; rylavmif? raemufusK&awmhygbl;/
b,ftvkyfyJ vkyfvkyf? vkyfaeqJumvrSm t&om&Sdae½HkeJY
rNyD;ao;ygbl;? vkyfNyD;umvrSmvnf; t&om &SdaezdkY vdkygw,f/
olYtcsdefeJYol? olYtvkyfeJYol vdu
k af vsmnDaxGjzpfae&if vkyaf eqJrmS
vnf; t&om&S?d vkyfNyD;csdefrSmvnf; t&om&SdwJhtwGuf b,ftvkyf
aMumifhrS aemifw r&&awmhygbl;/
pma&;ol rMumcP ESvHk;oGif;qifjcifjzpfwJh *gxmESpfyk'f&Sd
ygw,f/ qefYusifbuft"dyÜm,fudk jyqdkxm;wJh twGJvdkuf*gxmyg/
pma&;oltBudKufqHk; *gxmawGxJu xdyfwef;ESpfyk'fygyJ/
wpfyk'fu ...
e wH ur®H uwH om"k? ,H uwGm tEkwyÜwd/
,ó tókrkacg a&m'H? 0dyguH y#dao0wd/

«"r®y'*gxm - 67»

«"r®y'*gxm - 68»

t"dyÜm,fuawmh ...
]tvkyfwpfckudk vkyfvdkufvdkY vkyfNyD;wJhaemufydkif;rSm owd
&wdkif; owd&wdkif; aemifww&m;awGeJY ylavmifyifyef;&w,fqdk&if
tJ'D tvkyfrsKd;udk vHk;0 rvkyw
f mbJ aumif;ygw,f/ tvkyw
f pfc&k UJ
tusKd;w&m;udk rsuf&nf&TJrsufESmeJY idkidka<u;a<u; aqG;aqG;vsvs
qif;&JpGm cHpm;&w,fqdk&if tJ'D tvkyfrsKd;[m vHk;0 rvkyfoifhwJh
tvkyfygyJ} ... wJh/
aemufwpfyk'fuawmh ...
wOö ur®H uwH om"k? ,H uwGm emEkwyÜwd/
,ó ywDawm okraem? 0dyguH y#dao0wd/
t"dyÜm,fuawmh ...

5

&a0EG,ftopf

11

10

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

]tvkyfwpfckudk vkyfvdkufvdkY vkyfNyD;wJhaemufydkif;rSm owd
&wdik ;f owd&wdik ;f aemifww&m;awGeYJ ylavmifyifyef;&jcif; vH;k 0r&Sd
bl;qdk&if tJ'DtvkyfrsKd;udk vkyfwm[m odyfaumif;ygw,f/ tvkyf
wpfck&JU tusKd;w&m;udk ESpfouf&Tifvef;pGm? 0rf;ajrmufMunfEl;pGm
csrf;csrf;omom cHpm;&w,fqdk&if tJ'DtvkyfrsKd;[m rvkyfrjzpf vkyf
oifhwJhtvkyfygyJ} ... wJh/
olYtcsdefeJYol vkyfoifhvkyfxdkufwJh tvkyfudk wdwdusus
vkyfjzpfwJhaeYqdk&if udk,fhudk,fudk,f ]t&SifqE´m"du topf} vdkY owf
rSwfygr,f/ rvkyfjzpfwJhaeYqdk&ifawmh t&SifqE´m"du ta[mif;aygh/
reufydkif;tcsdefrSm pma&;jzpfwJhaeYqdk&if udk,fhudk,fudk,f
]t&Siq
f E´m"du topf} vdYk owfrw
S yf gr,f/ ra&;jzpfwahJ eYq&kd ifawmh
t&SifqE´m"du ta[mif;aygh/
t&SifqE´m"dutopf
aeYwikd ;f jzpfzYkd
tm;opf&Tifvef;
BudK;pm;prf;yg
0rf;omyg&ap t&SifqE´m"dua& .../

rHk&Gm? jynfolYaq;½HkeJY jrifhjrwfaq;cef;rSm tMurf;zsif; aq;
ukorI cH,lNyD;wmeJY rEÅav;? t½dk;txl;uk aq;½HkBuD;qDudk ppfudkif;
wdkif;rSL;pDpOfay;wJh ,mOfwef;&SnfBuD;eJY nwGif;csif; wjznf;jznf;
armif;vmvdkufwm n (12)em&DausmfrSyJ rEÅav;udk a&mufygawmh
w,f/ tm;vHk; usKd;yJhysufpD;aeMuvdkY jznf;jznf; vdrfhvdrfhyJ armif;&
wmyg/
rEÅav;a&mufa&mufcsif; pdk;&drfwBuD;rsufESmawGeJY toifh
apmifhBudKaeMuwJh 'um 'umrawGu ]tHr,fav; ... uHaumif;
vdu
k w
f m t&Sib
f &k m;&,f ...? wu,fqkd ao&rSm} vdYk qD;NyD; tm;ay;Mu
ygw,f/ ]wu,fqkd ao&rSm} vdYk 0dik ;f NyD; tm;ay;vdu
k Mf uawmh pma&;ol
vnf; awmfawmf tm;&SdoGm;wmaygh/
[kwfw,fav ... ? bk&m;BuD;&JU udk,fxnf twGif;ydkif; (31)
xyfrSm (27)xyfuae (18)xyfxd wyfqifxm;wJh 0efcsDpufeJY jyef
tqif;? (25)xyfavmufta&mufuae (18)xyf orHwvif;txd
2puúeYf? 3puúeYftcsed af vmufeYJ wpf&edS x
f ;kd jyKwfus? orHwvif;ay:rSm
bm&mbmtcHrQ r&S?d orHwvif;eJY vlawG&UJ tMum; ysOcf syw
f pfcsyyf J jcm;?
0efcsDpufywfywfvnfrmS vnf; bmtumt&HrS r&S?d txyfwikd ;f rSm
vnf; av;zufav;wef uGefu&pfabmifawG? wpfxyfukd tjrifh(12)
ay? (7)xyfpm jyKwfuswmqdak wmh tjrifh (84)ay? 'Dawmh ]wu,fqkd
ao&rSm} qdkwJh olwdkY tm;ay;pum;u jzpfaumif; jzpfEdkifygw,f/
(jyKwfuswm r[kwfbJ jywfuswmqdk&ifawmh jzpfzdkYrsm;ygw,f/
tckuawmh BudK;&pfbD;rSm rlvDjyKwfxGufoGm;vdkY BudK;rxdef;EdkifbJ
jyKwfus cJh½HkrdkYyg)
b,fvdkyJjzpfjzpf ... olwdkY tm;ay;ovdk udk,fhudk,fudk,f
]ao&Gmjyef} vdkYyJ oabmxm;vdkufygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; n (12)
em&DcGJausmfausmf cGJpdwfcef;xJ 0ifcgeD;av;rSm wpfcJeuf vma&muf
tm;ay;MuwJh a&Tref;y&dowfudk ]OD;Zif;awmh t&SifqE´m"dutopf
«4»
]t&Siq
f E´m"dutopf} qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k av;udk aojcif;w&m;
eJY qufpyfNyD; 'kwd,tBudrf ajymjzpfwmu 2009 ckESpf? ZGefv (4)
&ufaeY nuyg/
tJ'DaeYu ... nae 5em&DcGJrSm rHk&Gm? aAm"dwpfaxmif? urÇmh
tBuD;qH;k &yfawmfrb
l &k m;BuD;&JU cE¨mud,
k af wmftwGi;f ydik ;f taqmuf
ttHx
k u
J pma&;olwYkd pD;eif;vdu
k yf gvmwJh vkyif ef;cGio
f ;kH 0efcsDpuf
rawmfwq jyKwfuscyhJ gw,f/ pD;azmfp;D zuf (8)OD;vH;k cg;eJY ajcaxmuf
toD;oD; xdcu
kd 'f Pf&m&MuwJah e&mrSm pma&;olvnf; cg;em? ajcusK;d
jzpfcJh&ygw,f/ 'l;jyJwmuawmh tqpfaygh/

6

&a0EG,ftopf

13

12

«5»
]t&Siq
f E´m"dutopf} qdw
k hJ pum;vH;k av;udk acgif;pOfwifNyD;
]jyKwfusb0&JU 'ku©tvS} tawGUtMuHKav;awGudk aqmif;yg;&Snf
pmtkyw
f pftyk f rSww
f rf;wifa&;om;zdYk pdwu
f ;l rdayr,fh taMumif;
rnDnGwfvdkY ra&;jzpfawmhygbl;/ jyKwfusazmf jyKwfuszuf? usKd;azmf
usKd;zuf q&mawmf &a0EG,u
f awmh ]&a0EG,t
f opf} qdw
k hJ acgif;pOf
av;eJY aqmif;yg;&Snf a&;jzpfoGm;ygw,f/
]wynfhawmfu t&Sifbk&m; ajcaxmufusKd;wJh tawGUtMuHK
av;awG ygr,frw
S af ewm ... ? ]&a0EG,f topf} qdak wmh &a0EG,&f UJ b0
ZmwfaMumif;av;awG? ud,
k af wGUtjzpftysuaf v;awG? &ifwiG ;f cHpm;csuf
av;awG ygr,f atmufarhvdkY ... ? ygrvmbl;aemf}
vdYk pma&;olu ajymawmh q&mawmf&a0EG,u
f ...
]wynfah wmf ud,
k t
hf aMumif;ud,
k f ra&;&JvYkd yg} ...wJ/h
½d;k om;vdu
k w
f t
hJ ajz ... ? MunfnKd ygw,f bk&m; .../
ra&;&JvdkY ra&;jzpfayr,fh bmomawG;NyD; bmomqHk;jzwf
xm;wJh &ifwiG ;f jzpfav;awG woDwwef;BuD; &Sv
d rd rhf ,fvYkdawmh rSe;f q
&ygw,f/ ]b,fojl rif b,foo
l rd mS vJ? ol&w
dS ,f ud,
k &hf ifx?J tjrJ
Niw
d ,
G }f ayghaem .../ ]ol} qdw
k m tjzpftysuaf wG? cHpm;csuaf wG? oifcef;pm
awG? oHk;oyfqHk;jzwfrIawGudk ajymwmyg/
pmzwfow
l ikd ;f uawmh pma&;olawG&UJ ud,
k af wGUtjzpftysuf
cHpm;csufawGudk zwfcsifMuwm "r®wmygyJ/ 'gayrJh oabmw&m;
oufouf zwf&&ifvnf; ud,
k af wGUeJY EdiI ;f ,SONf yD; cHpm;oH;k oyfEikd w
f hJ
twGuf auseyfygw,f/ pma&;ol&UJ ]tawG;tMuH} udk pmzwfo&l UJ
]tawGUtMuHK} eJY aygif;pyfNyD; vufawGUb0xJrmS tH0ifciG u
f s toH;k cs
jzpfzdkYu pmzwfolwdkif;&JU wm0efyJ r[kwfygvm; .../
]&a0EG,ftopf} xJrSmygwJh oabmw&m;awG[m &a0EG,f
topfjzpfatmif xkqpf yHkazmfr,fh ud&d,mwefqmyvmawGyg/ tJ'D

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

jzpfoGm;NyD} vdkY jyHK;jyHK;BuD; EIwfquf&if; cGJpdwfcef;xJ 0ifcJhvdkufyg
awmhw,f/
n (2)em&DcGJausmfausmfavmuf cGJpdwfcef;xJu xGufvmwJh
tcsdefrSmawmh wu,fudk t&SifqE´m"dutopf jzpfoGm;ygw,f/
b,fajca&m? nmajca&m? ajcaxmufEpS zf ufv;kH ausmufywfw;D tazG;
om;eJY? nmbufvufrmS aq;oGi;f ydu
k w
f ef;vef;eJY ykvif;BuD; csw
d v
f Ykd?
vurÇmay:wufwJh tmumo,mOfrSL;yHkpH? 'DZdkif;u vef;rS vef; .../
emusirf ?I av;vHraI wGaMumifh vIyv
f nf; r&? apmif;vnf; r&? tdik pf ,
D l
(txl;Muyfrwfuo
k cef;)xJu vlemckwifay:rSm yufvufuav; ... /
'grS t&SifqE´m"dutopf .../
ajcaxmufusKd;NyD;aemufydkif; udk,feJY aojcif;w&m;eJY t&rf;
eD;uyfaeovdk ydkcHpm;&wJhtwGuf raociftcsdefydkif;av;rSm trsm;
tusKd;udk o,fydk;Edkifoavmuf o,fydk;oGm;csifwm&,f? enf;vrf;
aygif;pHek YJ tm;ay;apmifah &SmufcMhJ uwJh pmzwfy&dowfeYJ wdik ;f oljynfom;
awG&UJ arwåmw&m;udk taumif;qH;k wHYkjyefcsiw
f m&,faMumifh ajcaxmuf
'Pf&meJY emusifudkufcJ qif;&Jyifyef;aewJhMum;uyJ pmtkyfESpftkyf
a&;jzpfoGm;ygw,f/
ajcaxmufEpS zf ufv;kH ravQmufEikd af o;wJt
h csed f (atmufajc
vGwaf ewJt
h csde)f awGrmS vlemckwifay:xdik &f if; a&;jzpfcw
hJ hJ pmtkyu
f
]wdYk vnf; vdu
k rf ,f csefrxm;eJY} pmtkyf .../ ajcaxmuf wpfzufwnf;
avQmufEikd af o;wJt
h csed f (ajcwpfaygifusK;d NydKify0JG ifaewJt
h csed )f awGrmS
pma&;ukvm;xdik af y: ajcaxmufwpfzuf wef;wef;BuD; wifxm;&if;
a&;jzpfcJhwJhpmtkyfu ]wpfyGifhyefvnf; vSygw,f} pmtkyf .../
paetp paetqH;k pmtkyEf pS t
f yk f .../ t&Siq
f E´m"du topf&UJ
oauFwESpfck .../
wpfb0vHk;twGuf trSwfw&jzpfcJhvdkY ... bmyJjzpfjzpf
auseyfygw,f/

7

&a0EG,ftopf

15

14

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

ud&,
d mwefqmyvmawGtwdik ;f pmzwfou
l pmzwfo&l UJ b0udk xkqpf
yHkazmf&if pmzwfolvnf; ]pmzwfoltopf} jzpfoGm;rSmaygh/

azsmufzsufypfoGm;r,fqdk&ifvnf; topfjzpf? topfay:vmwdkif;
jznfhqnf;jzpfoGm;r,fqdk&ifvnf; topfjzpf ... /
topfjzpfcsif&if ta[mif;awG ukefatmifxkwf/
topfjzpfcsif&if topfawG jynfhatmifjznfh/
ta[mif; vH;k 0uke&f if vH;k 0topfjzpfNyD? topfv;kH 0jynf&h if
vHk;0 topfjzpfNyD .../ ta[mif;ukefrSawmh topfjzpfNyDaygh? topf
jynfhaerSawmh ta[mif;twGuf ae&m b,f&SdygawmhrvJ .../
ta[mif;ukefzdkY t"duvm;? topfjynfhzdkY t"duvm; .../
ta[mif;ukefrS topfjynfhr,f? topfjynfhrS ta[mif;
ukefr,f .../
tarSmifaysmuf&ifvnf; tvif;a&mufygw,f? tvif;
a&muf&ifvnf; tarSmifaysmufygw,f/ wpfNydKifwnf;ygyJ/
]aoG;om;awG ajymif;NyD; vSvmvdkufwm} qdkwJh ae&mrSm
aoG;om;ta[mif;awG aysmufoGm;vdkYvnf; aoG;om;topfawG
a&mufvmwmyg/ aoG;om; topfawG a&mufvmvdkYvnf; aoG;om;
ta[mif;awG aysmufoGm;wmyg/ wpfNydKifwnf;ygyJ/
avmb? a'go? arm[ ta[mif;ta[mif;awG aysmufoGm;
&ifvnf; oDv? orm"d? ynm topftopfawG a&mufvmygvdrrhf ,f/
oDv? orm"d? ynm topftopfawG a&mufvm&ifvnf; avmb?
a'go? arm[ ta[mif;ta[mif;awG aysmufoGm;ygvdrfhr,f/
avmb? a'go? arm[ uif;pifav ... oDv? orm"d? ynm jynfph akH v?
oDv? orm"d? ynm jynfph akH v ... avmb? a'go? arm[ uif;pifav/
wpfNydKifwnf;ygyJ/
t&Siq
f E´m"duta[mif; aysmufomG ;&if t&Siq
f E´m"dutopf
jzpfvmygvdrhfr,f? t&SifqE´m"du topf jzpfvm&if t&Sif qE´m"du
ta[mif; aysmufoGm;ygvdrfhr,f/ wpfNydKifwnf;ygyJ/
«6»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;udk ]pdwf"mwf
topf? vkyf&yftopf} qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;eJY wGJNyD; jrifygw,f/
pdwf"mwfeJYvkyf&yf a[mif;ae&if vlta[mif;? pdwf"mwfeJY
vkyf&yf opfae&if vltopf .../
avmb? a'go? arm[ (twdkcsKyfajymawmh avm a'g arm)
qdkwm oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk; tjrJwrf; aygif;oif;cJhwJh ta[mif;
w&m; .../ pdwf"mwfeJY vkyf&yfrSm avm a'g arm wGJae&if pdwf"mwf
ta[mif;? vkyf&yfta[mif; ...? vlvnf; ta[mif;/ pdwf"mwfeJY
vky&f yfrmS avm a'g arm wGrJ ae&if pdw"f mwf topf? vky&f yf topf ...?
vlvnf; topf/
]ta[mif;aysmufvdkY topfa&muf} wJh ]vl topf} jzpfcsi&f if
avmb acgif;yg;&r,f? a'go avsmyh g;&r,f? arm[ vGifhyg;&r,f/
]yg;oHk;yg;} aygh .../ acgif;yg;? avsmhyg;? vGifhyg; .../
omoemwGif; oDv? orm"d? ynm qdkwm omoemeJY MuHKrS
jznfu
h sichf iG &hf wJh topfw&m; .../ pdw"f mwfeYJ vky&f yfrmS oDv? orm"d?
ynm wGJae&if pdwf"mwf topf? vkyf&yf topf ...? vlvnf; topf/
pdwf"mwfeJY vkyf&yfrSm oDv? orm"d? ynm wGJrae&if pdwf"mwf
ta[mif;? vkyf&yf ta[mif; ...? vlvnf; ta[mif;/
]topfa&mufvdkY ta[mif;aysmuf} wJh ]vltopf} jzpfcsif&if
oDv ajzmifrh wf&r,f? orm"d cdik rf wf&r,f? ynm jrifrh wf&r,f/ ]rwf
oHk;rwf} aygh .../ ajzmifhrwf? cdkifrwf? jrifhrwf ../
ta[mif;aysmufvdkY topfa&muf&ifvnf; topf? topf
a&mufvYkd ta[mif;aysmuf&ifvnf; topf .../ ta[mif;ay:vmwdik ;f

8

17

&a0EG,ftopf

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

16

«9»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;udk pm&Gufay:
rSmeJY EIwfcrf;zsm;rSmyJ uyfNid raeapcsifygbl;/ ESvHk;om;ay:rSmeJY
vufawGUb0xJrmS yg pGx
J ifaeapcsifygw,f/ twwfEikd q
f ;kH BudK;pm;
vsufyg/ wjznf;jznf;awmh jzpfvmygvdrfhr,f/

arwå m jzif h
t&SifqE´m"du(a&Tyg&rDawm&)

xm0&at;csrf ; Muygap .../

« 10 »
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf}qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;udk ............
.............................................................................................
............../

«7»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;udk pma&;wJh
tvkyfeJY wGJwGJNyD; owd&wwfygw,f/
vdktyfcsufeJY apwemt& wjcm;y&[dw tvkyfawGudk rvTJ
ra&Smifom vkyaf e&ayr,fh ud,
k &hf UJ t"du y&[dwtvkyu
f pma&;wJh
tvkyfqdkwmudk b,fawmhrS rarhygbl;/ wjcm; bm y&[dw tvkyfyJ
vkyaf evkyaf e ]'g igh&UJ t"dutvkyf r[kwb
f ;l ? y&[dweJY ywfouf&if
igh&JU t"dutvkyfu pma&;wJh tvkyfyJ} vdkY tjrJESvHk;oGif;ygw,f/
]wjcm;tvkyaf wGaMumifh t"dutvkyf rxdcu
kd yf gapeJY} vdYk vnf; tjrJ
owday;aeygw,f/
y&[dweJY ywfoufNyD; pma&;wJhtvkyf wpfckwnf;udkyJ
aZmufcsvkyfjzpfoGm;wJh wpfaeY[m udk,fudk,fwdkif wu,fauseyf
tm;&wJh ]t&SifqE´m"du topf} jzpfvmwJhaeYygyJ/
«8»
]t&SifqE´m"dutopf} qdkwJh pum;vHk;av;udk c&D;oGm;p&m
udpö MuHKvmwdkif; tm;rvdktm;r& a&&Gwfaerdwwfygw,f/
tajctae? tcsdeftcgt& rvTJra&Smifom c&D;awG oGm;
oGm;ae&ayr,fh jynfwGif;c&D;vnf; b,fudkrS roGm;csifawmhygbl;?
jynfyc&D;vnf; b,fudkrS roGm;csifawmhygbl;/ udk,fhawm&ausmif;
rSmyJ tjrJaecsifvSygNyD/
awm&ausmif;rSm aecsdefrsm;av? pmvnf; ydka&;jzpfavyg/
pma&;wJhtvkyfudk &nf&G,fNyD; ]rif; tck bmvkyfaevJ} vdkY
tjrJ ar;jzpfovd.k .. c&D;oGm;wJu
h pd u
ö kd &nf&,
G Nf yD; ]rif; tck b,fa&muf
aevJ}vdYk vnf; tjrJ ar;jzpfygw,f/ 'Dar;cGe;f ESpcf u
k ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f ,
kd f
tjrJ ar;jzpfaewJh ar;cGef;ESpfckyg/ pdwfwdkif;uswJh tajzuawmh r&
wpfcsuf &wpfcsuf jzpfaeqJygyJ/

9

18

]topf} qdw
k t
hJ &mudk vlwikd ;f
rufarm oabmuswwfMu
wm obm0yg/ ESpfa[mif;
wpfESpf ukefqkH;vdkY ]ESpfopf}
wpfESpf pwifNyDqdkwdkif; vl
wdik ;f &ifxrJ mS wlnw
D hJ pdwf
cHpm;rIwpfrsKd;u rwdkifyif&
ygbJ tvdktavsmuf udef;
0yfvmwwfpNrJyg/ tJ'D
cHpm;rIu ESpfopfrSm vl
topf pdwftopfeJY b0
topfwpfck jyefpr,f&,f
vdYk ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f ,
kd f uwdu0wf
topfawG ay;aerdwmygyJ/
uRerf ud,
k w
f ikd v
f nf;
]topf... topf} qdw
k hJ t&mawG
udk rufarm wefz;kd xm;wwfyg
w,f/ ydkufqHuav;awG udkif
&ifawmifrS topfusycf Rwu
f av;
awGq&kd if pdwu
f av; csr;f om?

&a0EG,ftopf

yDwu
d av; jzmvdYkyg/ t0wftpm;
topfuav;awG? tok;H taqmif
topfuav;awG qdv
k nf; w,k
w,eJY wefz;kd xm; wG,w
f mjrwfE;kd
vdkuf&wm tarmyg/ pma&;&if
vnf; pm&Guftopf jzLjzLpifpif
uav;eJYa&;&rS pdwcf sr;f om auseyf
wwfolyg/
tJ'v
D kd topfrS rufarm
wefz;kd xm;rdwwfwhJ uRerf u ud,
k hf
&JU pdwu
f av;udak &m aeYwikd ;f topf
jzpfaeatmif wwfEikd o
f a&GU BuKd ;pm;
tm;xkwfaerdwwfjyefygw,f/
pdwfuav; tNrJ opfaezdkY owd
uav;awmh tNrJrjywf &Sdae&yg
w,f/ owduav; vGwo
f mG ;rdNyD
qdkwmeJY udk,fh&JU jzLpifMunfvif
aewJh pdwt
f opfuav;qDrmS rme
ta&mif? avmb ta&mif? a'go
tpGe;f ? arm[ tnpfawG csucf si;f
uyfNidwmcH&NyD; pdwt
f opfuav;
u csucf si;f yJ a[mif;EGr;f npfax;
oGm;wwfygw,f/ owd&wdkif;
owd u av;eJ Y jyef a q;aMum
oefYpifzYkd BuKd ;pm;&ygw,f/ oefYpif
oGm;wJt
h cgvnf;&So
d vdk tarharh
tavsmhavsmheYJ npfErG ;f n§Kd ;avsmf

19

oGm;cJhorQudk tcsdefvGefrS jyef
qifjcif owdxm;rdwmvnf; &Scd hJ
ygw,f/

Ä Ä Ä

rSwrf w
S &f & q&mawmf
OD;aZmwdu? q&mawmf t&Sif
qE´m"dueJY q&mawmf &a0EG,f
(tif;r) wdY&k UJ "r®pmayrsm;u uRerf
udk b0aeenf;rsm;pGm oifMum;
ñTejf yay;cJyh gw,f/ uRerf &JU pdwf
uav;awG npfEGrf; a[mif;EGrf;
oGm;awmhr,fBuHwikd ;f q&mawmf
wdkY&JU qkH;r owday; pmuav;
awGeJY uRefr&JU pdwfuav;udk
topf jyefjzpfatmif jyefvnf
aq;aMumoefYpif&pNrJyg/
NyD;awmh uRefr&JU b0
aeenf;u wpf&ufcsi;f yJ aexdik f
MunfhwJh enf;yg/ 'DaeYtwGuf
rsuv
f ;Hk ESpv
f ;Hk yGiv
hf Ykd tdy&f muae
Edk;xNyD qdkwmeJY 'DaeYtwGuf
vGef;xm;xm;topf arG;zGm;cJhNyD
vdkY cH,lvdkufygw,f/ raeYu
vGe;f xm;xm;u a[mif;EGr;f oGm;
cJhNyD? aoqkH;oGm;cJhNyD/ 'gaMumifh
raeYu npfEGrf;cJhwmawGudk jyef

10

&a0EG,ftopf

21

20

rdYk q&mawmf&UJ ]]&a0EG,t
f opf}} u uRefrtwGuf pGaJ qmifrI &Sv
d eG ;f
vSygw,f/ txJu pmom;awGudk zwfrdNyD;csdefrSmawmh uRefr &ifxJ
rSm wu,fhudk tonf;cdkuf ESpfoufoGm;cJhrdwmyg/ vlwpfa,muf
twGuf topfjyKjyif wnfaqmufzdkY enf;vrf;awGudk q&mawmfu
½dk;½dk;&Sif;&Sif;eJY vdkufem&vnf; vG,fulatmif ñTefjy oGefoifxm;cJh
wmrdkY topfBudKufol uRefrtwGuf rMumcP npfaya[mif;EGrf;
oGm;wwfwJh vGef;xm;xm; ta[mif;udk vGef;xm;xm; topfjzpf
atmif b,fvjkd yefNyD; topfwnfaqmuf&r,fqw
kd hJ b0aeenf;wpfck
udk &Si;f &Si;f xif;xif; odciG &hf vdu
k jf yefygw,f/ tJ't
D wGuf q&mawmf
udk qwufxrf;ydk; ydkvdkY aus;Zl;wif MunfndKo'¨gyGm;&jyefygw,f/
q&mawmf&JU pmudk zwfNyD;csdefupNyD; udk,fhpdwfuav;udk
owduav;eJY apmifMh unfv
h mrdygw,f/ wpfaeYwm topfpvdYk Ed;k x
vm&if ud,
k u
hf ,
kd u
f ,
kd f vGe;f xm;xm; topfuav;tjzpf rdwq
f uf
rdw,f/ wpfcgwpf&H 0ifvmwwfwJh udavom tnpftaMu;awG
aMumifh vGef;xm;xm;uav; a[mif;npfr,fBuH&if csufcsif; owd
xm;rdvmygw,f/ tukodkvfjzpfaMum r&Snfawmhygbl;/ 'Dtwdkif;
uav;yJ owduav;eJY tNrJxed ;f odr;f aeoGm;r,fq&kd if vGe;f xm;xm;
topfuav; tNrJopfvGif Nidrf;csrf;aeawmhrSmyg/
q&mawmf &a0EG,t
f opfeYJ wuG pmzwfy&dowftopfawG
tm;vk;H tNrJxm0& pdwcf sr;f om? ud,
k u
f se;f rmpGmeJY opfviG f Nidr;f csr;f
EdkifMuygap/
q&mawmftm; ½dkao av;jrwfpGm ylaZmf&Sdcdk;vsuf ...

&a0EG,f (tif;r)

rawG;rdatmif wwfEikd o
f a&GU owduav;eJY qifjcifNyD; arhypfzYkd BudK;pm;
&ygw,f/ 'DaeY topf arG;zGm;vdkufwJh vGef;xm;xm; topfuav;
[m jzLjzLpifpif topf usycf Rwu
f av;yg/ tJ'D topfpufpufuav;
rSm 'ge&,f? oDv&,f? bm0em&,f 0dyóemuav;awG wwfEikd o
f a&GU
jznfph u
G f wnfaqmuf&if; wpfaeYwmudk t"dymÜ ,f&&dS dS &Sio
f efzYkd BudK;pm;
wwfygw,f/ pdwftaESmifht,Sufjzpfp&m udavom tnpfuav;
awG rpGef;ayao;oa&GU vGef;xm;xm; topfuav;aygh/ 'gayrJh
vnf; wpfa,mufwnf; aexdik &f wm r[kww
f hJ vlYb0 t½Iyt
f axG;
awG Mum;xJrmS aeae&oa&GUawmh pGe;f xif;p&m? ayuspH &m? npfayp&m
rme a'go avmb pwJh udavom tnpftaMu;awGu owd
wpfcsuf uif;vGwfoGm;wmeJY jAef;ceJ yufvdkufzdkY ... ae&maygif;pkH ...
axmifhaygif;pkHuae ykHoP²mefrsKd;pkHeJYudk apmifhqdkif;aeMuwmyg/ tJ'D
udavomawGeJY tyufcHvdkuf&NyDqdkwmeJY pdwfuav;u csufcsif;
½kyyf suq
f if;ysuf npfErG ;f oGm;awmhrmS yg/ owduav;eJY jyefaq;aMum
Edkif&ifawmh owd tiftm;aumif;&if aumif;ovdk csufcsif; jyef
aq;aMum oefYpifEikd &f ifawmh pdwt
f opfusycf Rwf jzLjzLpifpifuav;
rnpfErG ;f Edik af wmhb;l ayghaemf/ 'Dvekd YJyJ wpfaeYwm ukeq
f ;Hk oGm;wJt
h cg
tdypf ufjcif;eJYtwl vGe;f xm;xm; ta[mif;uav;vnf; wpfaeYwm
pmtwGuf csKyfNidr;f aoqk;H oGm;cJNh yDvYkd rSw,
f v
l u
kd yf gw,f/ reufjzef
arG;zGm;vmr,fh vGef;xm;xm; topfuav;udk 'DaeYxuf ydkNyD; pdwf
csr;f omatmif xm;r,fvYkdvnf; wpfcgwpf&H awG;rdvu
kd yf gao;w,f/
Ä Ä Ä

arwå m tm;jzifh ...

vGef;xm;xm;
(25-1-2012)

q&mawmf &a0EG,fqDu pmtkyftopf&JU emrnfuav;
]]&a0EG,ftopf}} qdkwJh emrnfuav;udk Mum;Mum;csif;yJ pdwfxJrSm
tvGef ESpfouf b0ifcdkufoGm;cJhrdwmyg/ vli,fpum;eJY ajym&&if
wu,fukd [mh(xf)xdomG ;cJw
h myg/ topfukd ESpo
f ufjrwfE;kd wwfol

11

22

]pdwn
f pf&if a&csK;d yg} xGuNf yD;prSmyJ OD;Zif;
t&SifqE´m"du u ]]aemuf bmacgif;pOfeJY a&;
rvJ}} vkYd ar;vmygw,f/ pma&;olu csucf si;f ygyJ
]]&a0EG,(f tif;r)topf}}vkYd ajzvku
d yf gw,f/ a&;
r,fh taMumif;t&mukdvnf; ajymjyvku
d yf gw,f/
'Dawmh OD;Zif;t&Siq
f E´m"du u ]]tif;r ukd jzKwv
f u
dk f
ygvm;? ]&a0EG,ftopf}qkd ykdraumif;bl;vm;}}

&a0EG,ftopf

vkYd tBuHjyKay;ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh
]]&a0EG,t
f opf}} vkYdyJ trnfay;
vkdufygw,f/
'gayrJv
h nf; ESpEf pS o
f m
ausmfoGm;w,f? pmwpfaMumif;
awmif ra&;Ekid cf yhJ gbl;/ ausmif;
wkdufwnfaxmifp&JU tvkyfawG
jzpfwJh taqmufttkHç vrf;ç
opfyifç a&ajrmif; ponfawGukd
ruRr;f usib
f eJ YJ uk,
d w
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