MARTl'\.T. /\ IDAOnR (Stale llr'No.1-$.15%) JOl"N C. AO ..MS (Slate Bar -0. ?

,~'0373) \
2

fcN.'\.'~" Ir{,R 'ATl'/.SLAH.:.RY. 1~"R(oF.~& ,\I\o'flMJTF~ I t.1;'

3 ~ S (i
'j

1211 Newell Avenue Pust on;» Dox 5288 Walu\;.l (r ck. CA 94596 Telephone: (925) 939-53.10 1 acsirr ile: (91::;) 9.,9·020..; A tton Cy1 for Defendant Vancac ~ 1Cac h uduri un
UNTIE» st 1PA<; DI~'I'HIC:' 'OURT

RA. 'I'~I 10

D.lSTlUCT

or CALlFORJ'U.\
Cru,eNo. CVF 092101 MJ. DE"'1£. DA.~T VANF.-SSA KACR' mJnJ.<\. r • ~Jk:l>.L 'i'ION DRlEF
j)a :

U)

~" ...
1'1

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ROB TN SIZID>1OR1:,
12
3

HOPSCG lCH ADOi' J JO:-'S. I.

(0.,.

11:1

\,)

.... ...: o::;~m ..• PI 0. t co ~
'~"'

Plaittti..ffs • vs..

~.;:::; ~

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<~.(rt

~;:~~ !- 1'1 -> .•
..;

14

1~
l6 17 11<

v ANff>SA

KACHADt fR fA Defendant .

't.l: c:

Mediator:

I.ocation: ;tiOl Filed:

HOIL Rebeccu Westerfield (Rcr.) J MS
SdU

10/25/11 9:30AM.

~ ;.: ~
?;

~

2 Er bcrcadcro Center, Francisco, ('.A 12/2/2009

r:

500

I. .,A.HTIIt:S

j

:,,; .-,:

...;

19 20
21

I.

rlairtjf1~

TJ,ll",cCllr:h

Arloprinns,

Tnr

fl11cl

Rob'

Sizemore

are

repre ented by

z " ....

R(:nn~1 It Kelley,

I'sr], r,flh~

T'1lcmet Law Center and Christopher 11S-:'Y'1(>UT. F.~'1'of Dowling,

n
23 24 Inhn

2.

Defendant Vanessa Kachadurian i~ re rc.<.r.nlC'tl hy \"f~rt J Ambacher, Esq. and
AchmR, nSfl of
r.~:Jm:lTlI, Ney,

r.

13eany, Slattery, Bor~e3
t

& Am achcr

J r 1'. (Ms.

Kacbadur.an is being de ended ill (his action pursuar

to 1 full rr.<:r.rv~tinl\0:' d@or~ b) Safeco

2. 26
27

Insurarcc Company. Vince San Filippo wil I he prel eut on heh ..lr()FSRr."r.n) TT. TNTROl)TJ .llnN
Tl'i is an al' egc:(Jinternet defamatior; case at its core . But as everyone knows, 11-:: internet is
2.

28

'Jig place and. like every 0" er business, 11ere
'8

fln!

4nnc: IIntlllltn1ne

things about plalntffs

DllFllNDi\l\. VA1'U:SSA ;{;\CnADURJA MeD TJO IlRIP

online, Plainti r[~have blamed defendant Vanessa Kechadman
II nborship

to: much of

It

even t:lough her

can't be .est. bli 'he • and there are

i'.

nurr her

0 • Other

people on (he internet who are Bcyo tlus obvious

critical of in:erlla.ional

adoptions gen rally and pJ:uuWis spccinca.ty,

problem (which nnpacts Iiabtlrty and damages), It (urns out that n:uch ot the allegedly detamatcry 5
6 statements
are privileged,

true, or barred by rue statute ot umuauous.
0

And assuming

that

plain 'ff'! can prove fiabi 'ty, they have zero evidence

support

their clan

ed econ

mil: lcsses:

./
c, ..J ..J

three of the four couples 1h..1t plaintiffs say changed their mind about adoptmg because of
efendant fa'let! to back up these claims and. pJciJltiffs' 1illancial .ecords show that tf:eir business

'" !:! U
,< ..,

9
10
II

con.inucs to

grow

cespue

e 'IIOr t economy'

r Ii f c( e.
[;u

T) e~::.r..l!an comes 10 I

..

modretion

~ ~! ., ,
U

,., ...

'With an open mind, but any seulement will need to
herein.

c into consideration the issues lli~WiglJted

0 (;~ til!! • ..., Ojl>('7

<.:>

l2
13 14 .\. 9n ',a KUch9durian'
Backgruund

t:l.~~~ > ... 0~ '! ....~
t-.!,/)~C\

1-0

~~~
t

-<:r. ...

=~._
c:
0
e,

Vanessa Kachadurian is a Iongdmo :rcsno resident who bas worked as a blOtccbl~accutia!l53Ics representative since 1991. 'be is very active in.h Fresno md
Ms. Kachadnrian
is

..<~ ~t::
x ...: 0

IS
16

Armenian coramunlues, and helps a number of organizanons.

a

Co-COWIUel

Ul

> z '"
~ ... -e
:z

::c

17 18 19

o:"the Central California Ballet Com; any and a sustaining nrnf.,er Of the Lively Art Foundatiou,
',\0 i5 II I'BRt

boa '1member

Of

!be Charlre Keyan

rrrenian C mmunity

cbool, whicb is the

oldest AnnCID811 school on uc west coast She'

also a volunteer with the Armenian General

'ii

20
21

Benev Ie n Unio)\ ( GBU) and Armenian Youth Federaucn ( Yl'), In addition, Ms. KR;;.haju.. bas made countless goodwill trip' to Amenia, a"sisting hospitals, schools, and ian orphu "gel>in It country, Of parricular interest to Ms. KachJt1uri.lll i th~ ueannenr of Armenian children whose
birth parents or fuiuilies are unable r unwilling t.u cam fur them .. he wurus L11~C: ildren to c

22 23
:2

25
:Zo
27

receive lh<:Love anJ care Uu;y need, vhethcr it be through the Armenian foster care system or
adoption .ontrury to plaintiffs" ponT".1)'BI her, she i.' not against ir.ternational adoption ,,0 long of

as tile laws arc followed, 11.'1/
OFFI·.NDANTY·\WoRS IFOI!.TIO BRTFF KA:":IlAT> .Ut\N~ 2

28

B.
2 3 4 5 6
'>laiOlif'fs II ed their Couiplaint cause uf uctiou [1.1. viulatiou
Uti

December

2, 2C09, and it incl uded an ilJ.,ppJi.~Hblt: and Abuse Act (18 U.S ,C. § 1030 el seq.). plci.ll:.tffi drcppcd causes

of th Compute, Fraud fer judgment U Complaint. ou the

AfiCi

defendant

filed motion

pleadings,

thj~ cause

of

action and filed thuir Amend

The six uperative

uf action art: (I) defamatiun,

(2) false light, (3) tortious interf

eace with contractual relations,

(4) tortious interference with

.. _,
...J

7 8

prospective economic

elations, (5) negligent interference with prospective advantage. acl.. (6)

jnvasion of'privacy. The gravamen of this action is that defendant allegedly posted on the internet or c-mailcd untruthful statements sbo t pl air riff • thereby interfering in their business.
Plaintiffs allege that Ms. X3ch3d·.UWll:~ told the:r clients ant! prospective clients th I

~ 'J
:r:
..)

9

~
"ll

:..

~~
0
." U
.M

-e

~~ 12 ~ ~ 7 .....
-Q"'~~
... ~

.. .. .. ..

10

11

they engage in illegal practices; that ::\.1ll.Sizemore was fired from Cnrolina Adoption l ervices

hecuuse of illegal nod unethical practices; (.r,d thnt Is. Sizemore wu.s connected to the arrest of
her in-country fuc:Ii
tntOT

13
l~

in the Republic

of Georgia.

I~ addjticn,

ar.d ','lith the alice :d ietcui to

>-

0-

.. n p t-?-7

~<

5-' tJ-

C;;;~:-J
I-c III lXl

<1:<

11",

>- .... .... <~

.~

.
.. ..

.... ~ ~

Irustrate Hopscotch, M.G Knchadurion has supposedly mlscharacterized .

Armenian . dop ti on
113

.£.\\03

15
16

ann requirements.

Plaintiffs

further

claim that

\ofs. Kechedurian has posed online

a Hcpscotch

'" 0< 0

representative, allegedly posting iliat it mo~tly IIUOl'ts out sickly children. Finally, plaintiffs allegethat she bas referred to Ms, Sizemore as an "odor" (Which, even if true. is no: defamatory
and simply rncana "other"

17

~~ w
;.-.
-<:

in Armeniaa).

v1s. Kacbadurian

dentes

pL"Ilntlffs' allcgauoes.

«: "" Po

19

«

....

::~

u

20 21 22
23 21J

A.

is. Kncbndorian

DenLe She Is The Phantom

Importrtnt1y. M~. Kacliadurian denies that she i5 tho persou responsible for the alleged statements. In the Amended Complaint,
plaintiffs

allege

8·':) hos

a Iirany of'e mail ..ddresses and

screen names, but they're not hers with u few exceptions. ~fe. Kachaduriaa
111'1:

And even the hrce that belonged to

DIu addressee.

2S
26
27

B.
'1he second problem plaintiff" will face at tria. actually a can ation issue: they
There is

IS

C:.JJl'l

2

prove ilia :h c-mails and POFts were actually wri en by;l,£6 Kachadurian,
DF1'ffi110/\NT v, Nt::~~A "'».CHAUURJA.'1'S ~ HUlA nON BRJEF

absolute.y

:3

2
3

plaintiffs chum in t -0 Amc:mfud ' mplaint are ncr . ~" true (bit reoinls p
Yahoo: mdica;e hilt some of the e-mai ail

tUI:~

by AOL dnl!
to her;

esses she's denied u~illgarll registen:

:;
(i

neither internet provider
v me 1011 register for an

verifies

user registration
or Ynhco! account

infbnnatiun,

Irl other words, an)'>I1t:c~ go
sorr eore ehC':'IllR01C. Tho reality

Aor.

by providing

7
R

i!> UI:1l1illJUI.g a f&cicul81 e-mail oi post to a specific internet usee is vcry dillicult, and pl.allltin's
do (lot lave the evidence they need to connect the dots,
MoJX:O'lC!

9 10

tho defense

can prove

that some ofthe

alleged

d:.;fama

'r)' c-msils

do not

belong to

Is. Kachadunan,

Tor example, plaintiffs have claimed several times that Ms. oo.com. However, deft: de counsel has spek n to

Kachacurian has posed as profj()hnakmg@ya

a omcy John King and he sent the e-mail, from that ..ddr

• not de cnCIIDt.

14
15

The statements in question involve matters of public concern bccaus thay pertain
broad

to

the

16 17
18 19

issue orin ernauonal adoptions,

and society has a strong interest

1"1

ensuring

that adoption

laws ar';) followed. the tat~llCnt
Figure Matter

rr the statemen.s in olve litters
Coi.cernj.) clear

of public concern, plainti ff3 mil> prove that

were false. (CA Cl 1702, Dcfamadon Pet Sc - ESleI1 '81 Factual Elcm ats fI'ri i1te
of Public
MOW

(on:avc::-, plu:ntilI;

can only recover

ussurned or punitive

20
21

damages if they

by

and convincing evidence that defendant knew the statements w
(Jhid.)

false or bed serious doubts ubout thc .ruth of those statemcnta. ICJ"CIs '\0 Liabill( Opinion Hven a cursory For DefulllalHIII When The

rt: .'u~t

review of tho allegedly de amatory . t:itemenw •
0

'/«lIE thr

most

or the
lIS

2S
26 27

t:011

tnt is just opmion,

liability can be found for expressing opinions: 'the defin.nons of libel
lU"C

und slander

caa be meeningmlly applied only to :.l•.!e-mC:lI1il that

cepable

cf being pt:ovcc

false or true," (~(,n-age ... Par:ifit Gas & Elecmc Co. (1993) 2_ Cal.App-lth 43L, 445.) "nus,

28

'rhetcrical hyperbole.' 'vigorous epithei] sl.' 'lusty and Jtlag~th'e
lJI!Fnl'-'DANI V/lr.l'li. A 1<1 nTAnuru~"S MIDIATlON Dl\JJ':l'

e .pressions

fl

J 0 r ...

4-

1

contempt,' protc tion."

and language used 'in

11

Dose, fizurative sense" have nil been accerdcd constnurional 'he internet is full f

(1-forlauto v. Hamsher (999) '14 _nl.App.4l:! 1 94, 14IH.)

3

hbo

, ? Sl'l, twce ,Lnd other expressions of opinion such as alleged Ugui:13t MR. Kachadurian,
0Jl

4
5

In fact, w bsites such as Yelp rue b ed
,' I,.

such a principle.

6
7 Iruth
I

an ebsolu c defense to de amaton

ignifican ly
&0

ough, \fr.. K chndurinn

r
=
oil

j

dccan't have to prove a statement was true in very detail 9 10 11
..
0-

LonS:IEl c statement war.

substantially true,

(e, C

1720,., fflrmatrve De erne

l'ruth.)
0

..;

1. There ~ uhvtanti t .vidence rmeniu Under Ar-nenian law, perf rming tI
CIT
BJl

hat Hopscotch Pays Bribes

ocalOm

ial ill

a ~~
Vl l>!

12 3

informal ,Jaymenl o government offi als r civil servants ~ andard written service contract expre,;ly

g ~:;
.. ...1:£

...

duties is a bribe. Ye Hopscotch's

-=--.,.v~ ~ !, ~

0

i4

se.s aside thousands

!~3~
;;;~~~
t::

0: dollars

Ior sitts ....service pro iders. r

<",<

~~~:
.~ F
" ""!' \XI

'"
7-

'" 0

..

~ ~ ~
06

CHADURIAl'i'S

5

2 3
.j

pr.npl~ on It.c trnuTtI are giving ann recei:..ing bribes will the: fees paid by pIO. peetive adoptive p,,,rr.'t~ tn Hnr~('f1I('h Ami rr:earrlles~ nf Ihr.lr.e:tlilie~. most jurors w-Il not think this corxluct is

~

n
7
..J

Attached hereto s 3xbibit"

.. is an article dated

4;

GIll addressing this issuc ard

8

J lopscotch's culpability, written by Emil Denielyan, a correspondent wnh Radio Free fuTtJpc/RadlO 2. L iberty. pparent ViolatiOIl Of Our' Government' .. Prohihltiou.

'" :x:
r

a:
-'

... -e
. .;

9

.rd

..:

"" c;
w

~
u ..

..

10
II

nop~coteh Is AI. 0 In hild Buying

On

U!C ~ "

<0 ."

12 13 l4

In acdition to violating Armenian law. Hopseo'ch's Foe Agreemen; also appears 10 ..iolatc the Code of Federal Regulations, these rules en child buying:
(a The agency or pcrror. prohibits its employees or agents trom givin • money or other consideration, directly OT indirectly, ~o .a. child's pnrent(s), other indi idual(s). or au eutity as payment for the child or il an mducement 0 release tbe cbJ.1d. if permitted r

~j~~

Out State Departmeat requires adoption agencies to :oUow

>-'-0-

"'< j::;

foe< ~)o;7.-

<~<lU ;;:i~jS.~
~

"''''

..

'"

15

;.:;::~ 16 t-<~~

... "' ci :-: .:
1:1 ;;!:

~r'

l7
18

required by the child's country of oo$ffi. an agency or person ID<;Y remi; reasonable payments for activities related tc the adoption

~ ..;
..:
:.;:

..,!

19

~

:::

..

20
21 22 2J 24 25

child protection services generally. Permitted or required contributions shall not be remitted as payment for the child inducement to release the child.

proceedings, pre-birth and birth medical costs, '.he- care of the child, the care oi'rh bath mother while pregaant aad iauuediately following hirth of he child. or the provision of chi ld welfare :Inri
III as

an

(h) ~hc ~r:y nr pc~nn llil~written policic« :md pmr.coIlTI"" in phu:!: refle 'line the prohihilinns in par graph (1'1) Ilflhis section fI,,<l reinforces them in i-:s employee training programs. (22C F ~ % 11..)

A1thoui~h agencies may pay for adoption proceedings, medical care, and ot: er items to
bcocfit the birth mother and her chile], there ill no exception in the C.r-.R. {Or gi Ils
ttl

26 27 28

I(K'

government offici

]!-.

vf()reover, Hop .corch' lra:ning program seems q.iite lax with respect to
ill

the State Department's educaiiom I mandate et f rth
D1:Hi.N:..lA.'.rrVANr~SA KACHADURlAN'S 6

ubsection (b) above, Ms. Sizemore

MEDIATlO!-l BRIEF

testi fled thu It has been four years since she has had any lraining that addrcs ses child buying, ar:d

..,
L.

she also d.dn't know rae las: time any of her clinical staff underwent suca treiniag, And l\lr . Amalyan
buying. J. Armeninu Adoption

.3
.4

who handles everything on the ground in Armeni - hasn't had any Inlilling or; child

5
6
7
s,
• 1

am Pertaining 1'0 he Placement Of Followed 10 The _ otoriou ' C;l~C Of oulu Vi!!i1a re

hildren v ere Not

There 1:' strong evid nee !hat aclOfluon rules were not fo.lowed in the case of one Hopscotch adoptive parem.. onia Vigilante. In Armenia, thOic is u registry for adoption.

S
9 10
e-

or children

available

.1

'" _,
:t;

..:

Childreo cannot be offe-t:f. Icr adepuon to torergners unless they ha,,~ 11~=n th ou n tbit Annennns have [I eli.
t opportun

("J

a
x
!n

~ < ~

..:

....

regstry [or r leas. three months,
cluldren,

ty to adopt Armenian

..

II

~j$a("l )-t~.

~~ ."

12
13 L4 15 L6 17 1~

Activt

t

Ara Manoogian began mvesnganng Anncnian adoptions as part ottus Interest
II

Ut

~-<""";::

1:,~ . c:::.;.. u.-.

humaa nghts. Duong his mvesugatron, he teamed about

,thY.!:,1flborn

0'

or

~bOllt

September 'v~s.

f"!~~c:!

1"1, :lUO,' ,,,ho '."as eventually adopted. by 1\01S. VigiJ.wte antI her husband through Hopscotch,

!;;~~..;

~e~;
):1: '.-~ • < ..
~ 0'"
0<1

Vrgrtante's onune blog origmnlly stated that she was ozrercd the duld !OTadopnon n October :lO 'l, W.lIth would have made the baby about
tI

~ ~~ ~
z '"
-e'

monlb old

t

the time. ~\tr. Ianoogian also about tbe circumstenccs of'ber

oonbrmed this when sp:a!rn:g to .Ms. Vigilante ';3 telephcn

0 .:

adoption . .:iow vcr artcr Mr. Daniclyan pnbhshcd his article on £/'J.6il1 mcnnomng :llI, mcidenr (Lxhibit "A"), Ms, igilitntl: quickly
It

~ ~ ..; ~ ~

..;

19 .W
2.)

hanged her blog
IS

10

remove this infcrmauoa .._H".

A (exI 'lemon

of Ms vigilante's blog as

previously appcarcc

attached as b.~blt

tn 8 peculiar twist to Ihi c, e, Mil Vigilante - who is one oflldilliff

• witne .~~- hi
OIr.(;

22

takeu it

Upl311herselfto

go sner 11 ,K· hadu ian, Attached as Exhibit "C" are

online

posts

\1 " vigilante has na(jc; in an 1Iitempt to mtrn elm M . Kec adurian,
4. Furlbe.r Dj ·co cry WID IJkel_ ,hm

Or Was Fir dB Her Former Employer

Tb t

Wa

ked To R' ign

26 21 28

There is also some evidence to Indicate ll1at:Y.Is.Siz...."1D.OIC in fact asked to resign her was position at Carolina Adoption Services (CAS)
01 was

fired, She teslifi~ that

me resigned
IJp

on

January 4, lOO6 because CAS then-director, Rosemary
DErnNDAJI'VA.'lESSA KACHADL1UM"S 7

Iartin, ttempted to break

her

1>1"RTJLoI, 110)\

BRIEF

"proprietary" relationships with people

<HI

the ground

ill

Oturgia and

"!II

euia.

P.U"l,~l:I,

Ms.

2
3 4 5 6

Sizemore c aimed ilia! she didn'L know why, Is. Marlin did this, TlJlerc:sliJI~))',:1I I : Jt:si~JlatiL'~ I letter . ',:d
JllIIIIHry.1,

2006, Ms. Sizen.ore r 'iut:otuilltat

all CAS hoard uicuibcis

S!~

1I11Ut\1i1

professed DOLIn know why. TII.IJ1Y c'le.lIt. it 'NO ild be highly uursual [~!I "Ut;tJil.1(wg ciuploycc
le~ut:~t

sud:

i.

(;LI.I.3c everyone if

W11$

ocp;.ltin~

on

f,ooo terms.

..
:.::!

7
8 9 10
0

1>,,1.. K..chaduriau hvp :; ~o scrrle this ClI3C lit

mediarion

11m! the: r!::fcme

taR held

off on

OL

L' tHe.

M~. Marrin and the current director of

AS, Julie Gh'J.:d(

Ilowcver, both

WOUl<:n

will

be .e:po~crl if this case cannot Ms.liliulIlt 5. old'

be WIlled.

Al

C _1 ouc prospective IId()Pl1v~parent 1::13 ~a;r11)lIt
'_J.

. .:. '" "" ~ :..:
'r.
<'

~ ...

J:T several ye<UI>

ago that M:s. Si:':CWOfl-haJ ill fdt:t be That )1s. Sizemore's

Ilrod,

11 12 13 14 15

C<~~
p' .... .

~~

Of GeorgIa Was Arrested For Abusing Adoption Laws

here Is :'io Disputiug

Former !t'; ci itatur JJl'llu: ~1~Pllblit:

~~~~
7"

While _\015,Sizcrr orc was sti ll ,.... CAS, she used u facil.taior in the Republic of Gcorgiu ith

~< ~ :z.: ~::: a 1-'" .

I •(; ~ ..

~"':r.,~d

named -'thrizl!

\f-.

Si7Cm:l1'C

a.Imiucd at her deposition lh~: :MIU-iW babies", '11' is
II.

Wllli

li.rr~((.~ in September

.;:: ~.:;,,,
!..;

~~~
" X 0
0

2(,03 and charged with "werchouang
adop '(In ;.lb dog~
III E pound.

pcjo ·r.r.i'tcterm for hoMing childrci fer

16
17

Furthermore, ufler retu;... llmg from the Rep blic 1.1[01:01#<1, }'f:,.

.... '1
;.. J";

.,
"-

;.:.

[8
l~

with "warchou ... babies". U'f,

V1~ Kscl-adurizn ',v~nnot a rccip.cr t of M~

Si7CllOTC'f-!

e-mail and

...
::;;

..: ,, ..,

"" :::

~: ~:

it's ccrninly not her fault thut this negu.ive informetio: I: s Ieaked onto the internet. At nny rute,

20
21

any sratcocn
6.

.3 thst

Ms.

Si7C)1'OTC

'<;

forme- Georgia fuei itaim

'II:J.~

nnc,u£ m:!(rue.

22
23

The AU 'g '11.i\:fi,churach:ri/..uliull or Aduptiun Requirements 0.· OfVlaiJl(iffs' .BII ·j.oI:1i~ l\fmld T iut nduillatury AJlll, Til Ally CM.~t: 1.f~, Sizeruure AlIIlfOr Hopscotch Are The 'our" Of I} CllllfuNjt)1I

'1 he aIIcged m ischeructcrizarion
)UWJ

of Hopscotch' s udootion requirements cr of adoption atiou even ift esc allegations were rrue,
.,t

24

in general doesn't constitute def

rcovor,

25
26
27 2M

plain' if

a to b lime ir l!TlYI)TIC misunderstands l,;,e vcrious, ever changing J.~oplk)J.1

Attached as Rxhibit ROOCC'3 Rllh{IO'" wcbaitc

"J)"

is a cory of an advertisement

[0- EOp~C:OlC •

lhzt appeared on il:.: eventually

a fe.. ),cllrn ugo "

Tt'3 fer II boy named David who Hopacutch

lJt-l'l"'<UANT \,Ai\ESSA ~CHADt;RIA.."I·:s Ml'.Il1AI rOl\BRTF.F

8

placed with an American rami}. 2 3
mil)"

It plainly stares that "only Chnstian famili '; ~pcr country law)" for those families website it said thrr

adopt him and then: is also a -lOOk+ income requirement" .. !D. Sizemore also admitted that ; one time
OT

Hopscntch's

4
5 () 7 8 9 10
11

P s?cl.'tive adaptive parears who were not cf Armenian heritage cou.d f)dy Inept children wit'
specinl ueeds or older chilcc . The lIopocot'b weesi
0

aim <air!at one point in time that

Armenia requires adopted children to be placed in PTO.t:~<lilt households lftl:.e parents are uot in the Armcman Apostolic Church. Si;nilarly, pl;lilltHl~ have v riou ly claimed th.. t \15. Kachadurian has maligne. tl>eit a business by >aYlllS they focus
011

children with special needs. So what?

Ii.

12 [3

Many ()fThc IIcgcdl,)' Dcfllmntol'V 1ntcrc.~t l'rhd lege

"O$~

Are ActuuD

Pl'otccCcd By Tne Comm(ln-

Civil Cock section 47(c) grunts a conditional privilege. gainst def.1lll<l on :o

couuuuaications made without malice
under tho PUl"l'ew

00

subjects of mutual interest Acommnnicanon
Pl"l'5()JIS

that [,.lIs

ofl~is privilege must be bet .... en e

with a ccmmon intere lor who hay (Civil Colle §

a special relarionslnp, or it must be made in response to a request for information 17
1S 19 20

47(cJ.)
Many of the allegedly defamatory statements were
D.I

de on websites where users arc

asked to review adoption agencies and being
00

fOI

tl:ose not provirl;nE reviews their only reason for

the website is to read reviews or SId Infonnatiou, Thus, any egative reviews of

21 22
23 ?~ 25 26

absent a shcwing of actunl '!Tl8IiC('.
C. Dnfams: inn has a on

acnon for economic inrerfez
Civil Prncr-dure section

ce generally have

;l

two-year stalu! of limitations und

I

Code of

-:;'313(1), ifthn mterfercnce i~ ha:;::n on defamation, the onc.}'E:1 sra lte hut

27 2&

of limita ions applies. ([(oman(, v. Willr-lr Ellis & CIJ. J 947) lS2Cal.App.2d (,70, 673 - 674.)

This means that many of the allegedly defamatory statements will never make it in! evidence
DErr.NOA MEDlAll0. VANESSA KACII"'Ot.'R1A.~'S OR.1CP

9

because they (ire barred 'JY the
L

:.la!uttl

of liwitCl:iull!> because :hC'1WelC made before Deccmocr 7.,

2008, II. Tbe S;lblctOIl~ <\UegntiOlls Tn The Amended Complaint Abollt Across Adoption' Ami Lc;;lie Siegel TTaye ~o Bearing 00 This Case the World

3 4 5 6 7

A f vr 1\ and Ms. Siegel both .,nci
2r.O(',I:ut

.> ed

10 oh:ai'l
II

restraii
AI

ing orders against

Ms.

XdC
IS

adurian

iT,

.:.r;
U -c
.."

8
!)

those petitions were CI;rL ;<1.1ner

tiill

Ii fair hcanng.

'1 he rcnmy

that nnyone csn

fife

iI

hW5Ui., and these particular allegations we s unfonndcd and eventually ,!':<mi"l3cr.l.
happened

""

10 II
u

Whatever

with ATWA IIJld Ms. Srcgcl is irrclcvar . Lriul.

t

and I'cs no henri, g 01 the present

~ ~ ... .. e... ~
" " "

-1!

c' sc, and any 1Ich cvidence wil' be bur.t:~

'" q
"i00i..

12 l3 14 15 16 17 18 19
Plaintil
R' claimed

TV. DAMACES
damaucs

c;'
,..J
... :

;-

:.t.<

..

ure suupect

to :1lI)' '.h..- Ienst,
sense

OLl close exruau

atiou, non"

of

t&.;~

~'"

their A.

!I1gu:.llCnt ..

i, fUY,)T of special domages make any

whctsoever.

~~

-'"
"'n
f-

The Non-EDstcnt WitlTdTawn

ppliclltion~ lind Bl"okm COJllmcls

:.:1::
u:
p::.

!- -;

In their Amended Ccuiplai; r, phi.dln5 Identified three couples ar. prospecrive adoptrve parents by initials, All three supposedly wit drew applications
because of
(or

-<:

bruke adoption contra t~
thu! ulso ilU<:g tilt

~
fYI

;.<:
0:: ..(

'18. Kachadurian.

P(!}intirrJ subseq •.cntly idearified a ouith couple r
A

..:
of:

wi hdrew an applicutiou

or broke

contract. Yet plainti

s s allcd when it came to actually

r~

~ ~

20
21

disdos..ne the names and contact in fcrrn ution for th e people. and the defense only recei ved this in :onnn
'I)D

liner rno v illg '0

ape 1.

22 23 24 25

TIc four couples

'ho allegedly wi drew applications or cancelled contracts arc

26
27 21l "1' to adopt

child through II pscotch and worked prima 'ly with Hopscotch employee Jeanie
1(J

uEiiDD,o\NI VAN 'SSt, KACHADlJRII''''S Ml'.r~TATION BRIEF

Sobie
2. 3 4
5

But tbey quickly became concerned because they felt ne UIt:., t11!lY bad a lot of concerns about the btcnlat.ionul'

adoption process, but never fell lite those concerns w~n: were unhappy vith the customer service they received,

lli!O{u"[dy ac[lln:.o;.,cd

Overu • they

didn't have a zcod

fcerng, they decided to change agenctes and go with one that could provide them w'th mor> att ·.ILiuu.
HUWl;o'iC;,

6

tIley J;.C~'C! OL1lpl ted ili..:.L adoption bee HI c C
said Wll! silt: never reail auylhlul;!,ll<::gativt: lIoul. II a scotch online,
[0

7

...
~ 4
c:j
t1)

= «
tI> <;)

t:!

:3

8 9 10

ilnd

said he dicn't think he had read en ihrn~negative either. 1 her decisio r ct

use Ilcpscotch was related to poor cust mer ser- ice and Ilollllng else, 2. alao friendly and willing to share their cxpcr cnec attempting to adopt. In 201)9. tile)' decided that they waded anodrer child. 3-ycar old son who was conceived through lVf.) Ibcy alr
': had a.

'" c
U! d

~ ~
<0 :)""

..

11 12.

O~>C";' m ,~ CIiC'<;-:

>-~ ~~.
w~;:)~

....

Jbcy entered mto a contrac to ad p lhroJgb Ultimately: howe er, '-cy i tcrru; ted their

j;r;<il
UI~~~

l-"'jt ....... t· W.J

14
15

Hop cotch, and they also begun their b me study

> .... _,.
f-4 !-t
<ro.);

.....

h we udy because tilOY had second thoughts about adopting. They didn't feel right about!
from an emotional standpoint and decided tc try IVF u ruin. In particular, they were

_.).;

'"

i"

16
17
18

i:i

Cl

~ ..

uncomfortable wi

the uncertainties invo.vcd :n intcmationa adoption and also fclr that waitin
B

>= .; .:
z '"
-c:

a couple ofycars for

healthy child wa..~011 ide ofthcir nm

me. lhe

~ -e ~ " ~

'" <-

19 20

th:nr decision LOend the adoption prcclm HOp3C'otc:J online. 3.

had anything (0 de wi.h Ln)1hlDg til( thcy recri about

21
22 23

weren't inter ted in speaking to Ilnyone bout ihi CIlGC becuuse, in their
worde, they didn't know anything. Defense counsel received this e-mail frllm response to an jnqu.ry; Tt[.] W1ule w':. die! i filet begin lID adoption PIOce.~ U!mugb ,\'e have UI) knowledge nor T ve ever eard of the ull:t:r person, We rc.~lly don't MV c auy lhiae [YO!;] to Gy about h slli.... l: we don' know anything. Let n e know if you rill need to talk (I
rrU~Sl:OW:I,

in

24 25 ~6 ').7
28

us.

DBl'I':NDA. rr VA> t;5. A J(I\G)i "m)RTA.'{·S 1ED1ATION BRlJ:li

11

O"fmo;c: rounxel 2

W:lS

ble to speak

the telephone. He said that they
III

started h adop ion proec • with Hopscotch, hut il didn't work nut, TI eir rlecision

haek

01lt

had nothing In do
4
')

WIth

anything they read on the internet 0: in an e-mail.

In fact he hasn't read
c

anythirg
Hopscotch

neg.tlive

about l lopscoech online. nor had h received any negative

mails about

He also ~a.id that his wife told h m lit': didn't know m:rJling i!hCUI le caY.: and
0

6
7

wan cd

be left alon .

stated thar he i

10:

aware

On1

r reading anything

negative abcut Hopscotch online or ia an e-mail,

""
..J ..J po(

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

....
March .l. 2009, Hopscotch to sdopt f rn posted on her website rna theywcre sending an ar plica rm nia,
HOWtWCf, in
I

:r
<C

..,
u

~ '" ~ -e ~ ~

to
qta1ed

a subsequent post on Marcb 10, 20 9, 'he

'"

;u

o;::aoc

a:~:
>-~~ "1 ~ <:~ <~o;cS .. , ....
!'l~~.

=::!••

-c u

thai they were dcaied approval to adept
program, which clearly indicates that the

fl

~lJjld from Russia, (PIll . fs nave cever ilad a Russia
were n l all !hilt committed 10 I

>-t-t.:l« ~

\11n:h 16, 20(19, _
to rase

posted that the family bad decided to ~o with Ho scotca, u: needed obv:ously
Yep}

: 500

[0

put a little girl named Dolly "on hoi ".
tor

j::~"« " -e ~ ...
u; 7-e Il<!

>-1' ~ ~

-

confused a. out what Hopscotch could do

her

family because

one does not put 3. child «on eard

;.:

II

hold"} Imponantly.rn her larch 16thp . anything abou th
ill (Hopscotch).

ti

.;

18
19

Please email mc end tell r-ie vour xpericnc
tn

::<
:z: u ::;;
0(

0(

omeone named Ruzanne left a post Ruzann never lold

respons ...to

post of ~1arch Hi, 2009.

20
21

to use Hopsc '11:11 (If ,is. ' zemore. In fAct. -he ins(ruc ed the

on Hopscotch

ard

otter adopticn

agencies,

and

to inve lig2.te

t

e

22
23 24 25
26

various legal requiren cnts to adopt from Amenia. Thereafter, tllc about using Honsco.ch before bigl\ing any contract. S.
-ODC I Plaintlrfs'

au .. Of A tlon For R onnm

llltcrrcl'

11.(: Ar •Villbl'

Ba eel (Ill the fact •plaintiffs have no basis to all gc causes of action for cconomi interference. completely this caregerv, nrelated
to

tl< ir mind about using Ilopscot rho alleged defamatory statements.
they

for reasons

27
2R

ap. arently a.so fall into)

to the

never signed a contraet so the cause of action for
12

OFf!' 'nA :TV,' ....F.·<;A KACIIAntJRIA\I'o,: MEDlA110NB

intcrfe encc wit.') conuacrral

relations is itlJlPlli:cable,

,{creover,

'~Jlt

out

request

fjJr information and Ruzann 's response clearly falls within (be purview of the common-interesr
3 4 5 6 7 privilege, advantage Yet What's more, causes of action fer mterference wilh prospecuve ecenorn-c
11:"L
I

lauoi .; ur benefit. submitting

ire prootttat
was

plaintiff'prnbzbly

would have reed v
! leas:

a future

(xOLOmiC

,.ill Invesligatillg a (Jptlng Ihrough
·lItion lin

one othe agency art

the Hopscotch appli

1 t,cIUl'C Ruzanne posled aflythbg. which mrheates a lack of

comnutrnent

10 plaintiffs,

_,
e, .oJ

8 9 10
I

Adopting

frnm A rmeni a involves a l'i1,'I1iticant time and fuuu:cisl commirncnt,
JJ

It mcrous

..: ..,
.L.

unll..tll) takes two to tbrcc ycar for a family 0 adop 3 healthy child, and there arc

U

< ;Q

:::
<C!

... '"
<.:1

; ..

It

H'aWJJ5 ill hiding fmnncial concern: ,lack oft me .r other lime couuuiuncars,

fauiily 'JtJlJVbiL.vu"

co:

O~>!":'

<0 u ... ....

12
JJ 14

and eruotio.ial issues associetec with ado ting a child, ru; evidenced by the comments no.e above.

~~~: uffi:sE t:: ,,}<>.

M:.,

SllMJ.lOLC

a.so adunttcd

tlrat she lLas heard pareurs cite all of these

ll.4lSIlUS W:'t;U

dropping out of r Icpscotch 's program,
III C:-~I tile:

I ust.because Hopscotch accepts an application doesn't

~;i~ - ....;c:
f<:l ;.c

<~-;c..

is
Hi

[xuspcctive aco rive parent will eventually adopt a child Analysis Of Claimed Damage. h F.rHlrrly lin IW!Jolfcd

~ ~~Ii;

~ ~~

.......

B.

Plaintiff,' CPA'

>
'"
0,

0

"

17
[8 l!J 20
21

Because the prospective ad ptive parents discussed immediately abo .... ate of no hclp to e plaintiffs they Iiavc Hopscoeb's
t;WJ!UU1J!;

CULUI.lUp witl, 8J1

altunativc argument ill SUppULt Ufthl'll clahued damages.
J

...: z

""i ~: ::;;

CP_ is Ronde Russell end ~c:. prepared
lDI

declaration attributing
i.DY kaowledge

1]6,7 '5 ..<5 n

losses to d fend

However,

he didn't indicate

of CUO'CIll or past

~

adop on trer cis, and her an lysis is deficient for oll-errcasons as well. "Ms.Rus ell arrested to reviewing the munb
(,ILUgt<tUlS ,1'

22
23
24 25 2<i 27

or coutra
R

IS

fut all

0':-

Hopscotch's

udeption

Iiom 2008 1hrougl

pril 2010. ann she noticed

steep decline iu its AImenim adoption

progrum uft r the second qu rtcr of20091b.at all godly rob idcd vith incrcas d intcn:ot pcstings

about Flopscotcb by defendant. By annualizing the rate of contrac.s ll'OUlthe firs two quarters of
21)()9and assuming that the rate 'would have remai ned the same but for defendant, "'is, projected a loss of 116.786,25 in n t revenue. Th most glaring rrohlcm with Ms. Ils~11

R1..BS;:U·3

28

analysis is that she used a ix-month sample period in ord
DF.fiF.:\L)ANTVA ~SSA KACHADURIAN'S

to extrapol ..tc losses going forward.

13

MF.DTATIn . BRiliE'

A six-mouth L'JIlI>eriod doesn't (>rO\'10;)3true picture of any b isiness. According to Ms. p Hl1~$:lIl'~0'..,." charts, Hopscotch hundled ouly nice Arrl:" ian :-~pti()m; in the 'Tr;;t :3 4
.) F:X

months of

20:>8. whereas i h:l11ftlcd 27 in tho first six months of 20C9 (.... ich served ns the 5<1 I>\'! p~li(lcl), n

:)._ile iuteresticg Y. :h{ ~:'::tm also "how I'mi.Hopscotch h' ndled 35luUlcllian adoptious in tl:e
last six months o··?OOR. l'hir, indicatca a fair amount of \lo,ati:jl:r in !he: number of udopti
WhC.l

LIS,

r,
7

further calli; into question the Iimrtedsamptc

size, economic losses

l ho met!': chow that plainti r;; :m',c: 1:0 verifiabl

". _,1
I:l

..:
Cl

9 10 11 14
13

~ ~ -:. ~ v, " ~ "c t?

d

SJ61,660.Jl

,()l}!<,

$1(,9,312 in 20 )9, :m:i .400,238 in 20. OJ Thus, oe.e was

11('

drop off n

..

u~ ' oc: O~·:~ c~:J!!
~..(

..

compcnsatio-i as executive numbers
.JCe

director increased fror» $11"), in ?J'()R tr. ~SR.I (;,7:p "00

2(1)1).

The«:

t:; . <;r.<'" ;~~ ~~ .. , »:w:
I•
). ....... , j1.

r~vt;t

:..:;: ~~ ....

compelling

pvj c'() "111:1' • !:11ntiffi

have 'nffr.n:d no economic los.·e;"

14 IS 16

c,

;1 ~~

E- < ~•. .. ''. I-

~,
;.:

..

17 1K
19

obviously

que: tiouaole,

Ihe reality is ilia

he i

r.TIC"Jln.~ron(l'l1y went into

il Tt'('.r.~

~on in IHe:

~ 7:;: :-

0 r- ;

201Y! or CHrIs 200B, and then Iell

orr' 3 din

U1 'P.PTf'n1 er

?no~

1'1-11 r.cO"!1nmyhI''' hocn <;h:c'( :n

:S.
<-

the dokrnms ever uf intcruational

sinc:i,

Iim.:(:lin~Hlmml everyone. There i, no -eaw 1 to think thtt the business

< .-; .,

20
?l

.doutions is exempt frolU this dawnt rrn Thcrr; aro Iwn Ihin~ Ih;i! (;·..CT}'One(;)111 enslve and time} consuming ..
Fewer

netr.f' n w' r.11it comes It) fnrcip'" aduptions: th:=y'1't: e.1

and

22
23
').4

fewer couples havo the wherewithal r.T lIie inclination

1:1>

spend large 3111Cnrts of'money, and you

D.

25

There Arc A Numlll:r OfIutcrucl Sites Critic-nl Of rlninti!f AJlct l 00 l'hat 'these Are"' t Tile C:IU' C or P I:. intiffs' ChullIcd .1!COllomic Lossc lf'Hooseotch or \'f.s. Sizemore aloescniehov able to prove economic losses, proving those

?.r.
'17

lo: ses are due to Ms. Kacbadurian would be
Llopscocch
blS

imP(}S~~) e.

A. E, lubi: "A" demon

ates,

23

't, critics

fs. ~i'l.r:mom Ilckr()wlo:l&c I at her deposition that tlli.s article was 1"

1>1>1·1.l'o ',T VANESSA 1>A, ~U1J)IA' 1(:" mTEI'

K.:\~'.DL1UAN'S

republished 2 3 4 5 6 7
& 9
10

011

"rnuhiptc" internet sites. Another critical article was published
AL

011

9119111 and is
,cA'

attached as Exlubit "IT.

east

Once a

·... el<, someone a, lo Ms. lizemore abort E. hiblt .e her about .:!x.h..ibit "E",
I:lefC S also

and, presumably, people have aLready started a.s~

a

weh. ire hosted by Brandeis University that incl des a tnunbcz of articles critical of Armenian
ad(lptiol~

going back mary

years,

E.

I'Ia in tiffs ,
International

laimed Damages Also Fail '
Adoptions
01

pIn

&ttill;_; aside :11eecoaomy

bad publicity, there is al 1fJL.',; one other reason

why

plamntts'

bU~IDCS coutd

have

("..;;li:l~;

mtemationa! adopuons

dte

down

l n inee :lU04.
ISSUC.

Attached as Exhlblt"1'

. IS an article trorn L

A Today dated Irl5fll acdressmg tills

As the

article points out, legal requirements abroad ale being u~h:el:elland mter-iational adoption IS

Increasingly seea
l('

(!

lbe I t [ on in seurling countries.

no different in Armenia, and the country hal' recently rmplemenred (he Hague
11 child

onvention. Unless prospective adoptive parents arc seeking
15 16

with special ne ds, fcwer

and fower childr n re vai', bIe and the "demand" exceed the" lIpply" in Armenia. TI:a1 is probably why curren Hopscotch clients WILttwo to three years to eouiptete the adoption 01 a healthy child. In a letter to an acquaintance in early 201 0, Ms. Sizemore complained abcut a upposecty corrupt orpnarnge director
Ms. Sizemore idcndfic
further
ID :mellllL wbo :

17
l~ 19 20 2l 22
1..

e::; t lding ch:ldron back trom adcpnon.

six children at tbe orphanage who she already had "families for". She
find

stated tbat she could

a family fi r "any" Annenian c.~j]i,

ether American adoption agencies (i.c , Flainti.ffs' romp titers) have been I sing busines and closing their programs, Ms. Sizemore's former employer, Carolina Adoption iervicc .Is

prime example: its revenue was $1 ,931,750 in 2007, $1,725,314 ill 2008, and 1.1&2.243 in 2f109. Acconllng to its ~ ebslte, its Armenia ptogr:u
I is

24 25 26 27
28

or h.ild until it" current customers complete

adoptions, Adopt Abroad and World Links have also had declining revenues snce 2007 anJ Wo:ld T ink~ even shuttered ' s Arn cnia
program.

Once again, ifplaintiff3 suffered any losses,
one person living in Fresno.

tho e losses are Dot artn'butable to defendant
III/I lll!rl:.NDAl"f v .iF. MrDIATION DRlEF A K,

woo is just
is

casn

.{JAN·S

1". 2 3
Il
1'l0.:00

l'llfioljlr~ Will Not Kl!cover Illclr Attorney's

Fees Here

Plaintiffs have no thecry of liability whicl allows fer recovery rtcir eucmcys fees in this

V. SETTLE~tF.NT Pluinri "vt:ry stated taar they

l\ (:,(;OTIATlUl'I:S
~>

5
6 7

receut.y rn de t settlement demand for $2.00,(lUI), Howe v aJlJlugiz.:,s .uul rcuiovcs

1h.I:y al'f)

will (lCC;;P Si:''s,OOf) if defenuart

the allegedly

deramatory ll1~:mcL content.
D ned: October 21 2011
J

_, ~
..J W
.J.

e,

S 9

~iC\AMA..~, NRY, H'7ATrV, :>1..\ nnll'r', fHlRG",S & AM.JAl'Ilt::R LU'

1.1 . ,."

-c

~ --:
<II
'J>

\:; '"

" , '" .-

.
.'

11)

II 12 13

uv:

.,..M""'arn----,·c-n-:Jc-.

-:'Am---:b-a-r."-h-:t-·

--

"'"
';II: •

~ ::;

John C. A.I.(u~1l Aromeys for Defendant

(.J~~';

Vanessa Kachadurian

p!. ""~ ... .... a"" r

r ....,._ l:

:j ~;

::;;~
.. t-

~;t<
La

~ ~~"

14 15
16 17 18 19 2()
21

~
.;

.... " -c 1<: w c " I: ....
;,..

,>-1'" t.<.-,

/-

..~ ~
;Z

-,~ ~.
-r.

'::~

f2
23

24 25
2(,

:~7
28
DEFENDA..\lTVt\: EI::SAKAClL\.DjJR!AN'S M ...:.VLA110N .I.HUl!t

l6

EXHIBIT "A"

l lntczntv of

l'orCIJ!I1

AdopUODS In Armenia

till In Ouestionl-

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Pase 1 of 4

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Integrity of Foreign Adoption.; In Aml~ll~'l Still Ia Q)lChiOD "£aul D3D.el},.w Whol is.iIl wroruW Armllllia',
y"

:;'.Ii~' ~1

r-

(0)

f"'~Wl51lll1dtl" w wAuw!ulow 6"v~lW1l~ul.uilkld 1.;, ciyil "","viIlIt Jlt'tfouuwj!

Lh"u duJ,.,.?

Cl'imilW Code define! it U I bribe that could be punishable' by a I!!llgtby prisoll sentence. a~op~ic:"; of child""" call it' co:"
'gu: of 8,at,:.;d., Un.iud

m" p,jV1\I' U S. eb0r.dM .•r,·;>ngilOg .nternatiencl local .-1l.:<>m and is a.otillee;.L

1 long .... rnbli.hr-d

h"')' bave far ye~rs duuge:i d:e.nu ta..be

th:t reflea, Sta<e.tbou.s:ln.u of

dDIlJI1I(m such

rment .... Irlrh Llre y .ay are ,.. ece.... ')' r:Jr """plllllj.AJwe",a" u,~,!J~. rna"", IlIl1lP<:2inJ of fcrcign d"p"iOl1

I

1~f practice <.P? ars :o have conam r 'an~htcd i:l newt ),c'.l'SdClpiDe 'q~lr'm(nC$ ~d prccenures sct by 1 ~ AI'''r'''~n ;:o" e mrneru,

Th gm"C'mM~nt cmhrlt~ C>T ~ 'horougr. "",i.ion of its opaque rules folloWoClg. fun .. 2:xx3 rt!Jlo-L by RFElRl. .. Al.mer.u8J.. 6ehi~t which .ugge.st~ ilia: the process may be alated by corruprion The report ""a! bssed 011online Qrl'C"ponrlrr. .. , berw .n AT> Monoog.ln, an Arm.nl,n-Al11l'ri .... n .1rtiVl$l, blo~~e" all'l humorl ngh ~ "hUCh e, lid ~ hg" of U.S. aC~IJLi.e rent •. S mJ:!of ILeJ!lC!llu..cd .c have paid UfL\'edl $9,00::1 a.d S' 3,000 to ~LO 'lion "Gscilmt ,,' ill Yer .... iIa .... d ',l.lj Ibr:y boili."e a l.na~ pa!! ofll .. t mOll">' U en en iinlUlCiaJ ".iIb" rc Armenian efficuls Jealiuj\ wIth fO"'i&t..id I'tKJlU.
noo", Soci.:t! S«unr:y

:vlini<toor J\jj.hvan V=i.u a.s
01 result,

•• k.d Armen.i ..n Pl'O$OC\)LO:SC mve'ri6au> the "'F0n. V~rt"o..i:sn a.cJ.oQ"t',.·hdgcd
'Go~e

k~OWD

:'0

Septo=.bc: A
'Ct

n,'e beeo pm~eule:l. 20<y').

worrisome

Pl-:lC1ICC!;tJ

vn t

Although :>cbo<ly is a,r-::;. In

ivC' .11l Irgi.1 II lYe "''';($U<'<:$ m1~11 by dw glI"tI1IIDCllr In 11'1" folWwing months was m(an: to make I:'t"" rlguruu s, Am".I1Ia'.l'arully Code ildopr..d in 2004 .tiruh.Lt!S lhu: o·.:g" "",lion 11 ~.n .do)T "'tTtCni"o o:q:hsr..; cnry if the SClte ~lls 10 f:nf. .0:a1 !!bpUH' '" CIS for tll-m of IlminiflTD ''-tt! proce.s

Also, ue Ar.lllenillfi pulJame.u ratified in 2cn5 &ll,JU",natiow.1 couveatlen COli 1!tcl-COu!'ury ...dopueu tru.t W..,. 3~ e :IID L The H.guC'·1n 11/9l. Ir Ims ro prevent the ..bd\lmOD, 5aJ~or a.Ufu:bn,g of children through a better rq;all '00 cfmeir tiO -Iorder "d.opIlOIl. lIe A!m~llQll gO':cmmco: appraved In Much 2010 DeW adopdoa procedure taar of lli" l'!t>Ceii ha.udJo!!l by !>o!\'m ,me j,~tlru.:lon .. llIciLd"Jt cot.rU..ud the fuU nbm...- n( nnmrt~ .. (')ffid.l. in V..r.".n ay rhOT '''r~ign ..-n1l[," now 'T'ir.l1y "l"TI~~ MewN'n <'In"n. rwn r ....... ~ adoptinll an.~ ehild, tompar..d with only se,oen} mouths n=loti in :he p:u:t.
't

line w.:h the li.p ..<: cenveaeion,

sea COJ1Cu! t! tiIue frillllt!li fo! .,'elY It~e

However, $otr.e"'j1"cts ""...,dee
COntr.>CU

of me ?TOC,,",', "be~ .m,r.& raern b<-irg rllt' p"y,u"t of'gih.,'
Luu, "fthe
10

hwe d~"'ry

not ~b~llg<"rl. A Jean

r.yv U.s . ..uv,.l.jjJlllgWl'<~1 gffi,ted

... 1l'-l1<illt.d ~Ii<:n".

by the U.S.llu"U.LW

e, ll.lut""

..... lUt!U

>w.:u l4<h .J.Illuou .. ill LL.iI

American

One 01 thcllt I 1oplC'«<:b Ado?tlOa1. h_;.s placed several dounlumenia:l c.iildren wid! American families ;in·;:-e 200';. A $l.I:Ilp~e "C"t~c! .ent N:>rlb Caraht. ..-· J$.d ,&eDer lo;l pJ)renn.1 cheer it. 2Cr.l7 e311m..1.dd the lot'.u con of its Cacil.JC!tioll services in AtJll-lnia.wd as well 111 udgbbortllii G"o:lQa b[ roct,S..JI} p:!: tltlid. It explalmd that almost S5.100 oftl8t IUIIl would ~ spent Ol\"&ifu tOfor:ISJl service providers an.c! ovemme.ot functionaries periormin& mn.stenal tasks as illl offer of :hanks fer ))lompt serv~·

"',ill.

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"It , LItO n ;1, In. lII'.erua ani Cec'~ll to provide a noauaal gID-ro ~o"'C'",menl ·""cuaruory who, rDC 1IlS1~Uc~, F",pare.1.1 ,,""I et, not;ulz~ • doeumccr places a ! after the 5<' ict.s pruVl.dhl. - reads the dran Hopsco:ch etract ob--'l!l:!ec by Manoogian t«:c"t,y 'TM cusecm ftt'rns frt)':1 t;!.O! economic reality raat a sereice provider or cacrv Ie ...eJ .;:1",1 ser.>nt Nr ,I ", 7r;" ',',,,rk - hardly rn.,..~l, l<l [!oed 1I fUllily."

unen answers to ques .. ens from Rfr. ·RI', Arm<'n,alJ serv ce, RoL Il 5.L"WU''', HIJI';.;;ou.!J'. f.JUUl'" " ..d. to cu.:un"m OD the.se p cvslcas. "b lwr.1!llia and i • f crl-nwwlIr; rur r h·hiL~ g.ft> or gr. u I ,.,n 6~flSor gnruul!S ue cismbutcd or permitted." she .: • tn her
XCCUO\'T'lIir~ctt: , cechaed

'Gifl' ar, ;, 11ll"~· is abo I '''p3J'''I. sFEniing category in asample gr m nr wh,rb enn '1-(~lI;:t' ased ~ncy. Adopt.\O[C<!d. T e btter-Nill cltar!1,C,1JC'n $1,200 fi rth.
t ..' Ifale uu sll::h

e '~ntlv

olt r.1i bv unorh e r,

PU'1'0S., The ugrc;"" re nr doe

r ymenu,

"1, ,',or ,I>'n", I" I!" "I'lT.-t·UIn ,,,,,,,en,, an~ l"pIl1l1.1,,,bl. bi'a, d""d the :::'im.i::lalCod"GI?ilil:1PvitJ: briberv," rnd i[.1.."..tha.u. Hcktai, +n, .pltP,' It'V,. tiipl('r« t. I r 1t1'A.11ri ("nrn'pt1nn Crratrr. th" ATm~n:3:t affi1i te: of T'-ar.JF.:t'lK)'l"'~rJl ti rul. "On" ju.: n."c.s cl T ....hr; hOTtDO Am.natl .S""'C'.<!.lllDplj·lrV to ..ncr, .dlill3 p"),me.utS 1:00\ rh ,. ,IiCD • Hm.yak:'l Y.2<i1ri1ian, h".d of '"U AUlIo<W.Ul J1UUe" :'liJl.Cl"~ ""I'""UU"Ul<.UU'Jlu~ fu, J~... J I,ti" I'IU,e<iU't, 5''''' :!OlO. <!OO" 'aru.~y Ii tiel! u such i :hiDg, it mCIIIL>DOCj»yi'g for trg I) ,.~"ic"" , 1'01y;,,~ I",il:... r\"v.J.S."bu roJi I<FIIRL's .'\Imcr\JlJn 5CI""iCC. If there is !I!C3 a thin , anyincL:"'-:dml.
BUl

,S;>CClaU,' ID I>ffiClal; must be concerned,"
IrnltS

1 . l2id,
at

laGwl!J'uu, bud of 1 depamaear on family. women's and children',s

Afi'Jj,5.

d.ismi~s.i>e "I am sure that taere !,nLtic!!> v.itLiu relev ru ,ra:e snucmrcs,
crpnrnnr":lt
clIPDv.oS u~
(I>

,.at mOl(

the MinistJ}' 0 'LabOl un Sori.!
out I"C pO$$iblJjty 0: "l)tTlIpt

all'

:loruch P[oc~IC'·

she &.i

[, :-'il1i1nllnto;

.u2)or ICie JU tw.tr '" ·",nal

available fc, Inrermnenal \.tin c.' ciliz .tU

;.n<1 ;.LoIJJIUJm. aatiune_1 r ..~i_)lt:y or utpb4_,._, ci:.t!1 le rot t1!)ptJon und tllU) ~la)'~ I:i rrosp .. ~iv" !>ior "Ie :p8.1<'nrs 1.1 rerrh~ ~'lmi1y :::orl., o\'rrn~ni.n ,hi (I•• " ron ho ""rI,. adoption only rhr llIon'h, aflit: uir inc!u5,on on <hot "'gisay - .£ tbay.IV nee olton 'D by

Tlib J"1;..1 .OU.l,JUU d~I'''.U 'u u..vc t..;"" .lol;otoJ W 1 Ic "v CoUC$.LO ';t)(Jl Ia'D such mp 1', -n olNino coap.e tr.'i:lg near WashUlgmn, DC :loPI{,j lit'lle,~ girl ,hloll6h HoploOQt~h 11r.t~r200 ,Soni. Vig 1.",., tn. ad~pli ...e IT..Ctb.cr revealed 0::1 her 'log lur t e gi11wal less raaa OO~m<:lll1 old when ~he~. d her b;J b;.tl< ....ore finl 5~JWn her pic lJE3 and o:leled to adept her in Occcber Le07, TIe Hopscotch contraer stressed that the L .S, Embas.s in Amlenil is il'Qtf of the rscr thar "the custcmary 'n' 'is built inlo the' temarional feE which cur forcig::l :tomey charges." The paymmrof esc nomll,~l~ft~ do~ not Ffrcr the le Iiry 0: the adoption under L,S. 01 foreign it laid. C\(;COlding 10 Suemort. e Embiltsl;y h S receiv f III C ;11 of HOPKt>C: " ~Ieoa_amm sig!1.ed in:be U,S,

law:

Tl.e embassy did not ecnfum or deny ttis, 'c laid on.y chat U.S, ccasular officials' n Ycrcvan inrervicwing Au:.cncii:l dopuve parent inTmgi.t1l "any c '~",h n I! suspect illQtim tc fees arve been tczdcrcd " Cases wacrc ,..e ruspett Ih .. f"r. n;,," h.·rn ".id ..... rrfrr.-rtl Ttl rh .. If S C.iri7"" ant! nmlgn';I>" ,rtV1rr< tnTTI'Virw.· an rm ."]' 'p:>1r ... m~n to' RiIJRL', rmenian ervice in a wrilrtn mWDeJlI.

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Itntceruv of Forcizn Adoptions In Armenia Still In Question] - r«UQWID bllrnUl1u/UQUl..

Page 3 of 4

rn nffiri.1 did nee "P"c-ify whrt:, .. r II.,. .t.t~d . ~Ifts" are deemed H1egiLill!a11! by d,e u.S. misston, sayillg only d!.ar any fol'Dl of"cluld huy>"S' is ,Ilegal J.:J the -;.s. "Fees pJ.id IO'!JO'!d.i~ processtcg an <I!,pliCition do nO! ~O", irure '('hHc buy..ns, ... be ttdd.,d.
The n~rn.1

.md L-:;:~n;i::Jy 'nd~t!nn.6 JupLia:L)

I'.melli,u; much ..,

Ec~ U.S. IUld ether a.clopnon 1 encies Ltu..11bwu;cly HJJ'-S(\)'_\.:!i p.I:La! lUi "et10Ll10Y" S~O.:;OOi er ch11:131 eUl uoluI2001. whtle Adopt Abroad currendy ct13rgCl a "facIlitator! fee" of as 1900) one off)) 'j! ~doptlOIl brokelHI known LObe offic.ially IIcenseG 01 ~stued WII.b caxauthQlI.ties.
P')"lTlt"=.re chan-reled thtcugh Yerevan-based £.cilitat,t> worki.ns
'lU.l~

in AIll:~:ti..1. 'l'":lt~~I!.t!nut." re\'.aJ~ ll~u

Their tees, whicli do required by Armenia
(SIlO) f,r.
POS;t'I~ ~u

DO; include thousands
U1." JIl..'TIClJUH

$ing ..do?t,on
cbi~bs re.n

\VhC'lh",.

dollars SP~O[Ot the tr~Ofb;ioJ ~nd ..,.It'i'c~tion of .d<:p:io" dccurncnts nigb grven tbc nel t-,.t '\rmcn,.n .uthoriti", 1"'~1 jU!l.t< duty cf I"" 30,000 ,J",", • p.~ a: Ihe ),,,fty .ttorn~y fees IJ alw lp e nt 011'girLS" iJ ~nyt..(-d)1 £\lf13
telY{aJJd lellBI&.:!!v) !poke :0 rnrer ~rlolll AbTOO<'cJjtm:s in
111

or

lio", T&a5. !!UOOgl£D pi. ..

the
2C()8.

U. who paid rhc igCD("/UP ro $40.(0'1 each to ac!oJ>tbabies i"n1mthree dlfTcorent

Arrr.r:nilln orphan.i.e<

07.lnrl

wemen

The)' u,,1 they wault! have b..oen ch111;od $S.o:x> b. :.lad t.b., "rpill, b-en 3oi!d ev«: 18 mQlIn, 'rhO' rin:e AI rhto!t de t WlU. ili. um e Awl~ u r.Ulit'loI id.ru1fil!';! by blm 01 O>.V1d T.vo,i'n and ),In;n .. ;\hnll!r:iln. ',t', DOt Ulte dobg.
dOClcruC ;U.S.: .doFcia:'l
.u
:rl~,J.1tA.)(..c.&1.

...h .... ),OU hsve ~tta:'t:"1' there'
JU

of WClU t:_1uGJtsl

1IV,1u:::u v.~ Wt:l~ ov er (0

[be orpbana e so much money
Sbu;tid
j.

bold y"ar chlld

SO:10

by .h.. 0"0;" cut "",.1 .1,),: one i"'uu lwult Littl .J JV.,,"C' one ~he could adopt hun at rile :!me. ~
"",tlc.veryt:"i.IlS.., At~.:ll~J .... W4!lI! wltll.hat ~
t "'~

sne rcpli t;Hhco rw;) lacit;tat<;THhir', ;:aic. $~o.oo:J tor you ·0 do wblt rml dId .nd I don'l "';tnt to jlno·"..... h;1 cost you 2nd wh:u. you had . ) do under the table, bt-hmd the b:>ol-..: . tn be hidden

1'([_ ·11:rl.r ,'le iTnJre5don hilt my chI d w::o! pile on .UUtC'-T\Jn 01>0on.8" rut lip for u.lI!.m.atiaa~ adoVtitu:. ... sail: 3J1Dtber Adal't ....bm.o,; cben[_ 11'~ al",ns'
Itno\v
g

u"I.1 "'" w..s old .nlJUgh

In h.

bll"olnCJI fer "hem [Ar.T.~niar.s)f'
fWTt \\'" didn't ro:.rl"

.. Tlut

r· rllcin'r

explained tb3 tbirtlAmcri~i1l

wcmon. 'Who

gC'"..!

thlr$5,OO(Y/I don't

m:al.('l rnuc;

r,,··t lI~w

1,,&11'11" .. ~t.iviti"-l "f t.h. a.tIo?lion '!i.acle 11,,1 tl.i. ""ddt""""L in Arm.au ,_'"" 1$ OlOotl:er'l".atioD. Article 115 oE tl. Annmi,n "a.'''ily Cad" FTD!I;;,;u; a"y"intCTmcd'Gry."h-i~ in n'bpriOL ." At th~ same time. it nll~w!
to

Ann"ni= ....d foreign natiomh

=ge

the .dopaOD

Pl"OC<..""tbroaeb

their !e,!:"] representor:i..-"".

confieed

IU'mC!!lian afflelats claun t.Lat the acopnon "send"" LOtbe cellecuon r.ru: dlipatch of necrnaty

do ncr acrua documen:s

operale Ins!:Ie At--men!a and (lIft InCtr '1ctivit ....$ ure III rele'/lIlIt MlDt'Jl.Wl ,Ute bodles.

i+

"We l:e "al w<lrki,,::!wctb (:or,,!&n ..gc:nt:1C'!.:·In<is;~d th )\Isr;1C: Mm 1"1)':$N;rv.~ardl~:t the cenu d adopcou a uthu I.ti t$ Q r r()to;'i6u' Ie$ •

\V~ Me only:n tc:uch with

However, U S. !dCPL()O bNkers.u'e hewn ~.IJrej\u!arly fly Lo Y.reno lUll! U<!eLl\\lVdDll:.etl ~ffic U there, Caruw.-. Adopl :11" Servl= (CAS), mctht U S. agc"D.c)" DtUlOUDCCd on its website :an November thu i:J OSSi3l1UH director. Julie GLuu!t. lo.u jU$t IrJ v ~I~ to Arrnenia ad :~J: "PO" uu •A=nian oF~ would like to continue to work with CAS.
One A=~offic,~ R year. A«ord.inB de ... in~ witb
to

.dmlniJ=n""

:h. HOplOOt:h

c.o= ..

.rlllption •• cI_-now] dg~d 'hot Siz.""orQ. W

th.

o!,,=orcb
tQlUtJ ~

qiYQct<H, vi.-iu Armenj; ,..... ,ID II~y' .nd

<mC.

s.g"""y

h ...

Ii ",:.oJ.

"t:t

<:<>unuy

r uandal

roppan"

In Y.. revan, Adept I.br;>ilc lik(>Wln r.t~I' eo Armpni,o

"offi",

P~[lS'8·

m l~uer"lee agJ ~JllentB

wltl> eli=l.

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I ()I 19120 I 1

inteentv 01' Foreisn Adorxions In Armenia Still In Ouestionl - r«UQ1l:Ul ttlnnul\u!U.QUl...

Page 4 0; 4

stri.J:.j\eJlr. les sec IW the .A.:meniAn auLhorirle$.lli froau the jU·.1 e MlallUY $how lh· 142 Ann""i;tl' C'hl'~rcn 'Nt'[C adopted h.st year aad 69 of them were U1ken ablw:l. Accordwl! [I,) tlI" U.s. Stott<> Deparuuec le~s dllw oae-t1l1Id Qf tn<:;n

fow:.d ldapovt' families m th c IJ.S
rh" to..,1 :1cm!:cr.f wnig:. ..dopncn. in 20]0 =< down fmm rho p....1t level 0' 76 roportcd '" 2l\')1 T,,,,,,. 63.uch c::se. ollir..illv nSlSle:ed 1%120:>5 an0l2009 ""Fcctiffly.
": ..I)U':

'''Qf1I

6:l ~,,,

Lliul. u...c eLI! tQU~'lu..ll!; d l'.ou:d·.01>.:> .. J. ,ul'l'u •.,.] " ....s.IJ"u -<.Ju~t.u.J .1.. Lu •• u.~ "..J N.....,.ud..J r, The g:lvern.:Ili'!llc·l main il0a! was to increase tee in:egrlt:y and oa:cljl:llet..cy "fcb PlOCesS. ac.~e:l .

• !':! gl.d r.o .y t~ I WI: -eally h....... ",sulu n t"",,. 0; I'1Ihng {TJI .c:g:tllool'hol I, m~kln:; rbe prIXI:JJ itS rn ~n:D' as pO~<lltl.and br'llt,lllg it into ee .•fora.,lt1" ·.th iut"mIDonal IWl1d1r6: Ghs.u-i,n the Labor Ministty orr. ia' .au:.

B.)tl. c:ncia.h irel.>tec'l:hJt molt clthe A.nr.1!lI.ia:l Otpl:aw pi ced 3':ltoaJ b.l.d lODe menral cr pby1icall:ealLl. ?:tlbl!lllf. Ar1L~JJans are Jes! ..... illing :0 adept such children wan brcign=, Gtei' saA. :~c;:oldiDg to Gha.u..~n·, dcpartrnen: lIonr 90 ,hilrlrrn a .. currrntJ. ~ ai.able lor mteru l'''',w- old )Ttlan.nr.le" th.o • fifth of them "r.. coOlpieto:ly 1 ... 1th ' G·lJl.?:iaL; believes ebo: m!n} of'h"",ec'l?ha:u lazelg fw.U),.lol' j'ih.)o,. nd II)~' 'I'(n~ .. <;i7" .. ,n ..
,h.. n ·.grit)' or toI~ign .dopri~n. bux "'0

:0'

adco,ltitln l.. W<!O:l:Y !eaJ.s:.c chance or regainiJ:g the.r "lest ~.yi"grh h')l,ltl ;g1o ignrn;)rcnly 'rhe !Pit ot .. penn.nellt bmily rOTtb""" chiWr<m."

"",~.<.il.rpolnl

,.,..,.di••

'Hcpsceu.h

pl"",uJ"

t()

i; huu:rec! . J 114,· the cf'pOJtwoilY t<> .crv thuc Wldren in pl,ueciat, 8:1d we i&Dlilic:. .,,1 'Jt.luo.ch~1! ~'.dl~a.(.'nt ~JC ;;x.."fI['ou4l c""" •.:u.d.u:'ll: .J.c ....LJ.

c Lave llad the

f"u M.moo iurr, whu h.1 b'/e<! JJld ,,'urW 10l'.ljlorro-l(''''·lI1H "lice 1998" •• reprbtnLlU,eGI tile :.h.l.h:lll =-1~ult~ Fa:mly Fcundanon. an .ArmU.iulAmwCiIl ch1my, iu::nJ.;sed rl:.en ugtmWll5. He sud a:;mCles hl:e lio;'!('()!:cb aod Adapt Abroad mu,: be tanned !Iaer. do:::q ll'.IS::le;, i:l Armenia. compsr-ng cie.i: arrrriras with b:u:ur. tr.ilii.c.k!llg 1 lind lIommg \Vl;m" with intellUllOr:al adoption wbu the s~su= W<lrksto the letter of r:h I.Iw," MmoogiaA told H' RI_ 'But for me, lh,..., 1~ norhing more llurngeO\l< rh." n.!.iI)1: ill 0" th""Q voice!= dllld.<:lJ, who iU\" being depn ed "r thei, 11 ri~ht $ A,mC'uiltn. dH result ef t.<: :itcun\,cnupn DrI he '1'stem 'n place." 'TIl .. "depfle:! 1'711"1'''' • Armt'"j" ·llrl.y en tb .. <l:riarr 'PI'''''' t" h•• 'Til" """'1':I",,,r r,,,n tr n,d in 2CCl.1. rh. yet $<>)11\1;(",',,0 o· rhp .... y rll~ .\ .."~,,,. ' , m • 'puJ ,1 11 ,url""",J Uac of h....... .. ·'doptinnJ .. r.. r triM Ollr in '1OCG.' sud . •U'l'lun ct\p"j\~wiU~'-LIlrtnll"llili.
111 ~

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EXHIBIT "B"

OUI' "Referral"

Ou October 11. 2007. we received information on our daughter and some photos and videos. We "Tblrllilly 11111lcve with her. She has beautiful large brown eyes, dark brown har, ,mIl is "cry
alert. Since thea we have reeeived nun-c ous photos and videos, which are precious.

In early December, Kevin aGd J trxv led IJ Y(''Te''aT, Armenia, IJ IIJc::L nnaleu, I was rntonuna'ely sic and dill lOt ge 10 hold her vel} much, But Kevtn did and it was a '.'iOUdCITll .l()ndlIIg experience tor him. 'I.e even looks l.ke ais danghrcrl! 'Nc loved our sl'~J' Annenie in Jnj the people we mel.
.0 today we arc w:rtmg to [}Ol el to plC. up OUTprecicus daughter, who is now 7 moctbs old v,le .... expect to ', c traveling 10 lll.d-M~y, As we get UpOMCS on our ?lm1l and preparation, we will p:l:;1 here. TblTlkl; lor r:::a:litlg:~

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EXHIBIT "D"

David
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stern F.nro~/CE'ntrlll
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avid wss born with sn exte cal bladder and hypospadias for IUs kidney Iunctiou aud reconstruction David has lots of medical records <.l11<1 some many ptotcs and vi eo. He is tte brightest baby and everyone ""'CoS hm: fOT hls goud

and :loctors tell us be \\;1) need

(; (' wW'''.weDmci.com),

His bladder has been II least two) ore

of his s()o~i,1 ~0<1 nature an

'rh,..

··,;·t-sa.idtb.t not late: than in ro days he will start 11: is dancing - .ee pi 1111". 1l11.i ing..'l.

wa '5, He L~00 much fun. He is "cry alert, emotional, fUl)llY. He ~y'R 'mam ". "dada n, ' 'es" and few oL'Il!1' lie glV'" l:',.11::<1lWI C1heitlly I;<l.U ;Hld ill 11." Vlay V"""

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ave a grant of
Infants to
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I l'''"'-':;"l, 25 ..... y,.. lul>sl

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Only Chri..stiun Iumilles (per co untry Iaw)
)00

51uuk- income cequlremcnt more than 4 children at horne

·

'

EXHIBIT "E"

rGoverumem Plans Fresh Changes In Armer 'an Child Adoption Rwe.sl- r'lUQUlln l..i1b.n...

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::;ov.:!=eDI SOUI<:e5 PriDe ?f.'b.lsleJ Satk:l'311I.c:o'k sa', th~ r"pnrt \'M)' .<<'T1011$1)" ·nsmKting.lis senior staff to ini::iE.le a rn ,jn rr-ri.in" of ('X' tillg adQ~t:on rule; T _I?'/ ·;,.:I:e q.uck UJ couie UI' v!i.h l"!.o, '-"I 1':"1",,".1 . These w","" '" ~T'1 it ed in J",,(', ~'"ng wllh ropl<'S oft~c HD;;~otd: C(;::lU~CI btained ,RFE'Rl. t·) an intel-a.~'Jlc)· k(}'.'''''· uert c~"·l!Ik. nn Ml o
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ln a -•.rrirtcn statcmenr 10 the gevemmeoi, me Minis ,ry "fT.,!>:> •• ";,111",, t1 ~ I'..",h •• (' COMyc:s-;:d a total of 1'11 children ;ns .:,,,m k pr ir, oXP~l.lI<.&c;) &5 of :~:a}' 1.1011. Hu"""v~', he heau oC;s ,nil]iSI':y divncon O<.n<ili.ng ..copdom. Le.a :;h;l1.i ri~D, spoke of :)o.~1 about ';IUroo orpJ3.I.S ",lleu he ..... i·I:",..,i ....... ; lr)· RFElRL'. Armcaaa scrvice b ,,\p~iJ. as ~

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Plans Fresh Chanaes In

AUIL

iuan Qlikl Adoction Rules 1-

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Page 2 oi2

In ItS •...·ncten ]'TnjlouJ. dJSiCu<S.ed h, TOVrnallaJl'J =o~sion this JUmmtr, the gcvernmear cepartmear sal;! that "in casu" children's inclusion in cht data Cue bu ix:ct1 .. mere fo",.ltty (""l JegalrJe<i p,-,:-un:lged ~,bl'li(>n. &uugbl with "cormpuen risu • It s~id I',i$ i$ ~sp·cillh· tnt' for h~~lt'lY" llicol.the :nou ;n-d~.n.l:d elltt)1.O<rY r orllhall~.
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'r>".m"~r ."g&~s rl rl,," fl" "n;n' c!,t.I,. ....... l" .. rrl on °h.. m,ni ••,,:: w ..h,hr ""d made lv.d.bl" m .ni",ne •• W1;Ld:>pUon f<on:. A.r::lleJla :'ovJl1 iu..:t i, jd 10 ha."E! i'''( "DAlly h,c~.,n rhe ce whIch A (>@ll'Ii-;agdthe tr~atio" 0)' 8"Vat'ittt! o!lA!cttonic <!;I1'Das oh.doptiol', "pplicanu The 'Ier ....ould rh"s;)~ iful in di~ec; online eOJ:IJ.<t '.> th relc dl ~.::.u.iJuJ uthou' Cl ill the b.iIia.I !tag Sof the ac:opdo:l pr«f'SI
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Officials !.:y tim would nsrrcw i070'n the seop-!! 0: 311ad~',,:untIeS of Armen iill -facilitators- reCClving lump SUIDSfrom U.S ,ct orher !orl'iglllgI'Pc:i'" Hq",catch pai:t "r.1:'1n $10.;00 perch, d u le"ll u:!lil:i:.'Xf7 whil~ AdopL brnad c-.rrtc:n'l), ,.13'ht> 3 "fac.LL.:.,Otl fee" of.s lOU:!: u.sJ9.\. O. \Vb~U.2! a f-!tll cf tais moaey IS also spent CA '!;UU- rs a.nybod~'s gJes. 1\one 01 the Y erevan- based aioptit'D brokers is known to be Ie.'!jstcrcd WIth til': surhonrics
;\Mth:r r.t.juq.rop",a~ rr .lI P Uto MiJw,ru SArlJsi.u!·s ;.L4I1fwould U1Cl0!35e hOm t.l.rec to SIX mondu t}:." minimum p~.:oG cf Ii: e .• fkl n orplu.n 5 inrlusion on the database durm. whicb he or sh. UDDct be eligible iot U:telJ: ~ollZ.l adcpdon .• his requirement, meanc to facilitw: d:~stic adoptions. AF?ClI.! :0 have been violated in it leas: [WO • 3!ts III

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'n 01'. ! .• "'~u< I.., ".',.,,., iron coup ~ li.. '8 n_AT VI eh . tOu. DC adopted" Ihl., ;'_u""cJ n gill cu F.¥cou:h n '.t.y 2001\. So"i" Vigil.m~. tho ~nrr;v,. mo:h • r"v~~h,rl on bee bioS Ih;.! Ino girl _8 1_ than on" momh ole! h~ the: ord h" "mb.l'd were fiu: 'hown her F'Ctllrt:S nd oikr<'<l co dopI ~er in Oclo~.,.r:!oo7.
n:.. ~u:d w,h. RIEiRl '0""" witL ... n;Ln~· "fau sive .-mllll, >enll" Au ro.:~n~&.a". n An"rn."noAmm"n r,\ It and blogger who prlvatet}· tn°tl",iewed her a.nd se ... ral c~r e .S aco;:~'e PUi!!I[$ aed saared wlr exp ~ .n A=~ni2. o;oli:h iD RFEll'.L corrcspcadent, Uling a ficntious ichnn..-y. Man::;og;an pased 3S a chtldlessrma ::-om 1" ruerestcd l:I adopciq; an l\T1llcr.~an chlJd.

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"The rl j. min" mine, mine I'· Vigll.nn: wrote 0<\ Mi\~'31 wi thi~ what the JU:m~1U1 ClOOk.!:hill: ~r"",auYUID1e." she .... eI III

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Sarkisian aides wam to curb ioreign aoiopdaru Iso by nitl\'ip;or"r:ing I 2004 gO\'em ellll'lOjIram tbat .ill IOCll r~mih. Q nOlI nd r jlc the orph ns unul they com' of ag!!.1lte program has had only a limited SUCCU!. wi:!! only 24 child.eu
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Th. g'v~"'''n' lauD<=hed the ~hiH fotrering lcl!~ru& &l put of 1b:oD.der 1.OU6he:utl.& of ..doj:Oc>n III ~ U1.lt fonewed ..nother Uti" 1OC(iI~l' '!U. ",PD", th: lik~. e pOl~oi p)~'blc (otral'l pnCClcct "1l DlJmb r of tlDDUal j""igA ..copuon. h05l1<71 ch411.~ "3,tllfiant:y since then. ACClOrding to the ~hni"ry of lAbor one! !ioc.ul .... !'r.it". 61 Ann,niiUl f :b..Ild.u:Jl ....u...uuprcu b} fOldllu"., J.l 2010. The mm.stry ~'oIlDcd 1~!Oce Mm;.!rcr Tevmenaa's commissron to July t Jt It bas started dr<.fn:lg an:e!ldlll~m8 ro Arme.,oa·~ ,f!Q?lil)n--el~'cd lW ~nd reguJario:u Tbose amcadraents b.i\~ Dot been ;ubmitced to the commission jet.

m:ni.m:r ~Jficia.J.s, who have long played a key role in me COlltIOVruW tadtcal6angc:; Wt are sDIIgbt by Suki.si.an &ide! feJ!WIIS to :>e seen.
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