VARIATION IN ORGANISM

CHAPTER 6

intro ducti on
1.

2.

Variation refers to the difference in traits or characteristic between individuals of same species 2 types of Variation:  Continuous variation  Discontinuous variation Both are affected by environmental & genetic factor

3.

Hasno distinct categories

Definition Characteristic

Has distinct categories .

Shows gradual difference from one extreme to another extreme

Distinct & no intermediate phonotype.

Are quantitatif in nature can be measure & graded from each other

Quantitative @ qualitatif

Qualitative in nature & cannot be measure & graded from each other

Genetic fac,Environmental fac & interaction between genetic & environment.

Caused by

Genetic factor only

CONTINUOUS VARIATION

DIFFERENCES

DISCONTINUOUS VARIATION

Cannot be inherited Normal distribution

Inheritance Shape of graph.

Can be inherited Discrete distribution

Height, Skin colour, Intelligent & body weight

Example

Blood group, Colour blind,Presence @ absent of earlobe, Fingerprint

Variation
Genetic

Environmental

Mutations Chromosomal Mutations Gene Mutations Deletion Number

Sexual Reproduction

Insertion Substitutions Crossing Over

Structure

Invertions Deletion Duplications Translocation

Random fertilisation

Independent Assortment

MUTTATION OF CHROMOSOMAL

MUTTATION OF CHROMOSOMAL

MUTATION ON NUMBER OF CHROMOSOME

DOWN SINDROM CAUSE BY MUTTATION OF NUMBER CHROMOSOME

SICKLE –CELL ANAEMIA CAUSE MUTTATION ON GENE

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