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Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training
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For two numbers a and b,
3. Percentage Change
For two successive changes of a% and b%,
Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1
R. P’ = population after n years. A. Population Formula [Here. A. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. 2 . Depreciation Formula [Here. Ltd. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C.5. A. R. R. G. P’ = final value after n years. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. G. S. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. G. P = original value. A. P = Original population. r% = rate of annual change] 6.
All rights reserved. then for a positive quantity x. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. using false weights. y are obtained free along with x articles. 3 . Ltd. Ratios If a : b = c : d.9. then 11. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10. False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs. x are bought and articles worth Rs. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%.
Ltd. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity.If a > b. Proportions 13. then for a positive quantity x. 12. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 4 . All rights reserved.
Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16. Average Speed If the distance is constant. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Ltd.14. Time. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 5 . Alligation Cross: 15. All rights reserved.
C. and L.M. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20.F. Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18. of (x.C.C. of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. r2 and r3. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. respectively. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17. Application of L. of (x − r1). Time and Work 19. All rights reserved.M. y and z) + r 21.C. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L. y and z leaving remainders r1. The greatest natural number that will divide x.If the time is constant. is the H. Application of H. H. 6 .C.F.C.M. Ltd.F.
Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers. Ltd. Properties of Surds 23. All rights reserved. 7 . then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.22.
ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation. 8 . All rights reserved. Laws of Logarithms 25. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2. Ltd.24. then according to the binomial theorem: 26.
Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd. 9 . Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28.27. Arithmetic Progression 29. Geometric Progression 30.
Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32.31. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33. Permutations 34. All rights reserved. Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 10 . Ltd.
Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36.35. All rights reserved. Ltd. 11 . Probability 37. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 12 . All rights reserved.
All rights reserved.38. Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 13 . Ltd.
When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd. 14 .
then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd.For Isosceles Triangle 39. Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median. 15 .
16 . then: 41. Ltd. All rights reserved. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.40.
If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 17 .
All rights reserved. 18 . Ltd.For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
All rights reserved.42. Ltd. 19 . Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
Ltd. Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or.44. 20 . All rights reserved. Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46.45. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. All rights reserved. Ltd. For a right triangle. B is the length of base. if P is the length of perpendicular. Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse. 21 .
A. y1) and B (x2.S.A.S. Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T.A.S. All rights reserved. 22 . + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. y2) is given by 48.) = L.47. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1. Ltd.
S. = 2(lh + bh) T. All rights reserved.Cuboid L. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L.A.A. Ltd. = 4a2 T.S. 23 .S.A.S.
All rights reserved.A. Ltd. = L.S.A. 24 .) = 2πrh T.S.S.S. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A. Right Pyramid T.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C.A. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49.
S. = πrl T.A.A.Cone C. = πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S. Ltd. All rights reserved. 25 .
50.A.S. = 4πr2 Hemisphere C. 26 .A. = 2πr2 T.S.S. = 4πr2 T. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.A. Sphere C. All rights reserved.A. Ltd.
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