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STD.PFI ES-3-ENGL 2000

7 L b 4 5 4 4 00005LL bT8 D
PFI Standard ES-3 (Reaffimied September 2000)

FABRICATING TOLERANCES

Prepared by Pipe Fabrication Institute Engineering Committee

All PFI Standards are advisory only. There is no agreement to adhere to any PFI Standard and their use by anyone is entirely voluntary.

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PIPE FABRICATION INSTITUTE
Dedirnted io Teclinicnl Adiwnceinenis nnd Stondnrdizntion in rlie Pipe Fnbricniioii lridiisii.). Since i913 USA CANADA PMB 323 655. 32"" ove. sirite 201 61 I P e n n s j h m i a Averiire SE Lnrkine. Qirebec Woshinglon. DC 20003 H8T3G6 WEB SITE /zttp://iMi?ii.pfi-insfi/i~te. org

COPYRIGHT Pipe Fabrication Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services

values in this Standard are the rounded equivalents of the U. 2. 2. weld end preparation and on rotation of flanges are as stated on Fig.0 mm) for sizes 12" through 24" and I 1/4" (6.1 The tolerances on linear dimensions (intermediate or overall) apply to the face to face. increasing by plus or minus 1/16" (2. and end to end measurements of fabricated straight pipe and headers. as illustrated on Fig.0 mm).2 Linear tolerances on "A" are k 1/8" (3.1 This standard covers general pipe shop fabricating tolerances for prefabricated piping assemblies. k 3/16" (5. deviations in 2 COPYRIGHT Pipe Fabrication Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . excess of those specified in paragraphs 2. Metric units were derived utilizing the following conversion factor: Conversion inches to millimeter Factor 25. 4. face to end. Linear Tolerances 2.2. Closer Tolerances 4. 3.4 1.3 and 2. 2.2 and 2. All conversions depend upon the intended precision of the original quantity and are rounded to the appropriate accuracy. center'to end or center to face of nozzles or other attachments. they shall be subject to agreement between the Purchaser and Fabricator.1 When closer tolerances than those given in paragraphs 2. Scope 1.3 may occur. 1. or center to face of bends.1 Angularity tolerance across the face of flanges. when joined without intervening pipe segments.0 mm) for each 12" in diameter over 36". These tolerances are not accumulative.0 mm) for sizes 10" and under.S. values and are for reference only.4 are absolutely necessary.S. 2. Pipe sizes together with applicable wall thickness are not shown with metric equivalents. 2. The SI (metric) values where included with the customary U.3 Linear tolerances on "A" for sizes over 36" are subject to tolerances o f f 1/4" (6.PFI Standard ES-3 (Reaffirmed September 2000) FABRICATING TOLERANCES METRIC CONVERSIONS The conversion of quantities between systems of units involves a determination of the number of significant digits to be retained. Angularity and Rotation Tolerances 3.0 mm) for sizes over 24" through 36". 1.4 Due to the cumulative effects of tolerances on fittings or flanges.

0 mm PER 25.P F I ES-1-ENGL 2000 7 1 b 4 5 4 4 0000513 470 4 "A" b FOR BENDINGTOLERANCE.0mm) IL ALIGNMENT OF FACINGS OR ENDS SHALL NOT DEVIATE FROM THE INDICATED POSITION MEASUREDACROSS ANY DIAMETER MORE THAN 3/64" PER FOOT (1. MINIMUM RADIUS AND MINIMUM TANGENT SEE PFI STANDARD ES-24 TOLERANCES ON DIMENSIONSWHICH Do NOT INCLUDE PIPE SEGMENTS ARE TO BE BASED ON ANSI SPECIFICATIONS FOR FITTINGS OR FLANGES INVOLVED (SEE PARAGRAPH 2.0 cm) OR 1/32" (1.4) ROTATION OF FLANGES FROM THE INDICATED POSITION MEASUREDAS SHOWN. 1/16' (2.~ ~ S T D .0 mrn) MAX (3.O mm) WHICHEVER IS GREATER SECTION X-X L APPLICATION OF PIPE FABRICATION TOLERANCES 3 COPYRIGHT Pipe Fabrication Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services .

INC. Kaukauna. INC. AIR CONDITIONING COMPANY. INC. Freeport. St.~ S T D . New London. A current index of the latest revised ES Standards. such needs are continually considered and reviewed by the Engineering Committee of the Pipe Fabrication Institute to provide recommended procedures. Hence. Highland Park. H. Paul. Standards and Technical Bulletins are published to serve proven needs of the pipe fabricating industry at the design level and in actual shop operations. J. INC. F. Technical Bulletins and Safety Training Guideline is available from the Pipe Fabrication Institute. Gaithersburg. Dayton. NEWMECH COMPANIES. INC. San Leandro. Beaver Falls. Freeport. Tuscaloosa. PFI Safety Training Guideline. Davisville. New York California Florida Ohio West Virginia Kansas British Columbia (Canada) Ohio Ohio Michigan Wisconsin Washington Texas California Maryland Alabama Pennsylvania Illinois Arkansas Missouri Alberta (Canada) Minnesota Wisconsin Wisconsin Ohio Ohio California West Virginia Wisconsin Michigan J. INC. COMUNALE COMPANY. Livon ia. INC. S. INDUSTRIAL POWER SYSTEMS. INC. Wal bridge. AHERN CO. FLO-RITE. INC. MC ABEE CONSTRUCTION. MC CARL'S. JOHN E.. LTD. which have been demonstrated by collective experiences to fiilfill requirements in a manner for Code compliance. Huntington. OF CALIFORNIA SPECIALTY PIPING CORPORATION TEAM INDUSTRIES. A. Barberton. as the PFI Standards are for minimum requirements the designer or fabricator always has the option of specifying supplementary conditions in the form of requirements beyond the scope of the PFI publications. S&D I OSTERFELD MECHANICAL CONTRACTORS SCOTT CO. O'NEIL COMPANY St. HPI CONSTRUCTION CO. HUXTABLE & ASSOCIATES. J. Glendale. INC. INC. Longview. W. Louis. INC. Masury. LTD. INC. GREEN COMPANY Jamaica. IVOR J. KINETIC SYSTEMS. IDEAL WELDERS. Santa Clara. Toledo. Oconto Falls. MURPHY COMPANY NARDE1 FABRICATORS. EI Dorado. Lawrence. KELLY LLC J. INC. Calgary. COPYRIGHT Pipe Fabrication Institute Licensed by Information Handling Services . MC KINNEY. Fond du Lac. GETSCHOW COMPANY PIPING SYSTEMS. MECHANICAL INCORPORATED MID STATES PIPE FABRICATING. S. Delta. GEM INDUSTRIAL.P F I ES-3-ENGL 2000 = 7Lb4544 OOOCI5L'i 307 CHARTER MEMBERS ACCORD PIPE FABRICATORS. INC. INC. LEE. Riviera Beach. However. M & M WELDING AND FABRICATORS. INC. PHILLIPS. INC.

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