I

orest Route - North Bank (continued)

was very happy and took leave of me. I resumed walking. The cloth used to keep the rotis was unclean but his heart was very clean. The rotis were dry and cold, but his offer was full of love and warmth. I could not help thinking of this incident again and again. I could not hold my tears back. I felt ashamed and guilty that I suspected a willing giver to be a thief. The tribal houses in the forest do not have sugar, cow or buffalo milk. They prepare tea with goat milk and jaggery. This was the first time I had taken this tea. But the tea was very tasty and refreshing. I had the wonderful experience of enjoying the hospitality of the local tribals. They offered food, shelter and treated me with utmost respect. I covered the distance in 31hdays without encountering any difficulty.

I was surprised when the young man saluted me and requested me to sit down. He also sat down. Now, I was convinced that he had no intention of taking away my belongings. He told me that he had evinced interest in me, as I was going alone in the forest. He was carrying a small parcel covered with a piece of cloth, (not a clean one) which he kept on the ground. Then he untied the knot and opened a parcel. There were few dry rotis made of jowar (a type of millet). He said that he was going to his field for work and would return home only late evening and that he was carrying his food. He offered me two rotis. Although I was hungry, I did not want to deprive him of his full meal. So I politely declined his offer. He was visibly sad and said that he was offering his rotis wholeheartedly and would be very happy if I accepted the same. As I did not want to displease him I accepted his offer and ate the rotis. I really enjoyed eating the dry rotis even though there was no side dish. He

36

esire getting fulfilled - 2
In the Dhar district of M.P. there is a

historical place by name Mandav about 25 Kms. towards North from Narmada. Parikramavasis have to go around this place. It is said that Mandav was the capital of a kingdom. The queen was a great devotee of Mother Narmada and used to come daily on the horse carriage all the way to take bath in Narmada daily. When she became old, she was not able to continue this practice. She was very sad and prayed to the Mother to pardon her. One day Narmada appeared in her dream and informed her that, she appreciated her devotion and would appear in Mandav to enable her to have her bath in Narmada water everyday. There is a small tank, in Mandav and it is believed that Narmada flows underground to Mandav. The water in the tank is considered to be Narmada water. People say that the colour of the water will be the same as in Narmada River. As Narmada is flowing underground towards North to Mandav, the parikramavasis who should not cross the Narmada waters have to go round Mandav and return to the North Bank. One forenoon from the north bank I was walking on this route towards Mandav. I was passing through the market in a village. Someone was calling out "Babaji, Babaji"! I turned back and saw a young boy running towards me. He told me that he was working in a provision shop and his master was calling me. I went with the boy to the shop. An elderly person was sitting there. He offered me tea and in the course of talking requested me to have lunch with him. Normally I would have liked to walk for another 2 hours, have bath and take lunch. But as I was walking away from the river,

I wanted to find out where I could bathe enroute. He said that he has a small farm in the village wherein a well and a small temple were there. He said that, he would send his boy with me who would draw water from the well for me to have bath. Then I could spend some time in the temple and come back to his shop, by which time lunch would be ready. I agreed and told him that the boy be sent to show me the farm, but need not wait there for me. I would draw water from the well myself have bath and do my prayer in the temple. The boy took me to the farm, left me there and returned to the shop. I finished my bath and sat in the temple for prayer. After the prayer I returned to the shop. On my reaching the shop, the owner sent the boy somewhere. After a few minutes another person resembling the shop owner arrived followed by the boy. The shopkeeper introduced the person as his younger brother and requested me to come inside the house for food. All the three of us went inside. In a room a small mat had been placed and there were two small tiffin carriers and a vessel covered with a lid. He requested me to sit on the mat and both the brothers sat in front of me. I had initially thought that he was running a shop in the front portion of his house and his family resided in the rear portion. But I could not see any women folk inside the house. As I sat down, he placed a small plate and a tumbler of water in front of me. He opened the tiffin carriers. There were few small rotis and a vegetable dish. I was shocked to see this as even double the quantity of rotis and vegetable would not satisfy my hunger. When he was about to place all the rotis (3 in number) on my plate just out of etiquette, I requested him to serve only two rotis. I was a bit surprised when he did not force me to take more. As I was eating the rotis, he removed the lid on the vessel. Tomy
37

surprise and joy, the vessel was full of sweet kesari with liberal addition of ghee, cashew nuts and raisins. He served the same and I ate it to my heart's content. In fact, only the previous day I had felt a desire for some sweet dish, as I had not had the same for many days. That day rotis and vegetable were like side dishes, the main dish being sweet kesari.

immediately. I narrated to him whatever had happened. I asked him how I could feed the parikramavasi, as we had just brought our usual lunch in two small tiffin carriers. To this, the brother told him, "Why do you worry, you have rava, ghee, sugar, cashew nut and raisin in your shop. We have gas stove here. We can prepare rava kesari and serve with the rotis and vegetable we have brought with us." Then we prepared the item and he went to his shop. He told me to send a word to him, when you return after your bath." I told the brothers that only the previous day I had the desire to eat some sweets, as I had not had the same for many days. The very next day, someone offers sweet dish as the main item. A devotee's desire gets fulfilled by the grace of the Mother. I also told them that this was not the first time and on earlier occasions also the desires used to get fulfilled. Then they told me about themselves," We are brothers. We reside in Dhamnod town nearby with our mother and other family members. Our late father had a provision shop and a cloth shop here. He desired that we should continue this business. Our mother wants us not to wind-up this business at least during her lifetime. So we are running these shops just to fulfill her desire. Really speaking we do not gain much for the hardship we undergo in running these shops. We leave our house in the morning after our breakfast and come here by a horse cart; we carry our lunch in tiffin carriers. We have a stove and few utensils here for preparing tea. We

After my food, both the brothers requested me to take rest. I told them that I avoided taking rest after lunch, as otherwise I might go to sleep and would not be in a mood to resume walking after waking up. However, I told them that I would wait till they ate their food. While eating the shop owner (he was the older among the two) narrated an interesting event, concerning me. He said, "I was sitting in my shop and saw you walking on the road. After you passed through my shop, suddenly I heard a voice telling me, 'A parikramavasi has just passed through your shop. Feed him'!" When I came out of my shop, you were walking towards Mandav. Immediately I instructed my boy to call you. Then when you had gone for bath, I sent a word to my brother who is in another shop to come
38

return home in the evening". Then they told me "After you go round Mandav, on your way to Narmada bank you have to pass through our town. By this evening you will reach Mandav. You meet the Forest Ranger there and give our reference. Tomorrow morning if you leave Mandav you will able to reach our town in the evening. When you enter the town, ask for our house and anyone will guide you. As you will reach our house before we return, we will keep our people informed about your visit. Our mother will be very happy to meet you". Then they gave me their address. I agreed and left the place for Mandav. I reached Mandav in the evening and as suggested by them, met the Forest Ranger who was happy to provide me dinner. I halted at a temple for the night. Next morning I left Mandav after bathing in the small tank, into which Narmada is believed to have come underground. I reached Dhamnod in the evening. As I entered the town, I enquired about the address. Whoever I asked, guided me, but they were looking at me strangely. When I reached the place, I was surprised to see a very big compound with a high wall and a big gate, which was closed. With hesitation, I knocked. The gate, opened and a watchman came out. I gave my identity. The watchman told me to come inside and immediately took me to an old lady who was sitting in a small temple. There were two bungalows, one on each side of the temple. The lady welcomed me and called a servant and told him to take me inside one of the bungalows for a wash. When I returned after a wash, tea and snacks were ready. She requested me to have the same. As I was taking tea, she told me that her sons had narrated to her the previous days' happenings and that she was eagerly looking forward to my visit. Then she took me to the temple and was enquiring about my

experiences during the parikrama. The two brothers returned home after dusk. All the family members assembled in the temple. There was arati followed by bhajans for about one hour. Then we went inside the bungalow where tea was served to me in the evening. They served me dinner. I wanted to have dinner along with them. But they insisted that I should have dinner first. After my food, I waited for them to have their food. Then all of us sat together and had satsang. After the satsang, other family members went away. The two brothers and their mother were with me. They told me, "We have a petrol pump in the town on the National Highway. Our sons are managing the same. They return home late in the night. As you see, we have a bungalow each for our family inside this compound. Our mother stays with each of us alternately for few months. Every evening all the family members assemble in the temple for prayer and bhajans. Wealso arrange religious discourse here". The younger brother requested me to visit his house next morning. I retired for the night. As usual next morning I got up and prepared to leave the place. I was served tea. The entire family had woken up. Iwastakentotheyounger brother's house and was served tea again. He requested me to have lunch in his house. Both the brothers requested me to stay in their house at least for a day. I thanked them for their hospitality and requested them to let me resume my walk. They repeatedly requested me to stay back and I also repeatedly requested them to let me go. They understood that I would not yield. They wanted to present a new bed sheet to me. I did not accept it, saying that I already had one. Then a new stainless steel vessel for carrying water and a tumbler were brought. I politely
39

refused to accept as I already had an aluminum vessel and tumbler. Then they asked me why I was not accepting anything from them. I told them that whatever items I was carrying were all cheap and used items. When I reach a place, I leave my bag containing the items in the shelter where I would halt and then go to the river and temple. I did not have to worry as nobody would take away these items whereas if I carry costly items like stainless steel vessel and fine quality bed sheet, I would have to carry my bag with me wherever I went out of fear oflosing the same.

Then I told them I would accept a handful of groundnut and jaggery from them. They were very happy and brought the same in two vessels. I just took a handful and packed the same in a paper and kept it in my bag. I told them that I had acceded to their request of spending a night with them and had accepted MEANDERING NARMADA groundnut and jaggery. Now it is North Bank - Lingeshwar Ghat to Padmi Ghat their tum to accede to my request of South Bank - Devgaon (Badner Sangam) to Jhurki letting me resume my walking. They The numbers 6, 7, ----- 119, 120 etc. indicate the places of night halt (on the 6 day, day ----- of the invited me to visit them after Parikrama). completing my parikrama. I told At Lingeshwar Ghat (120), the westward them that I would do so if I got a flowing Narmada is flowing in the opposite direction West ~ East for a short distance (about 1 km.). chance and left the place. Hence, Narmada here is known as -r- "Poorvavahini",
1h 7'h <-

some villagers to his house, and we had satsang. After dinner, he made arrangements for my sleep. I was in deep sleep, when I was woken up by him. The time was 2 am. He told me, "Our family is facing a lot of problems, both health and financial. Few days back, one sanyasi visited our village. I told our problems to him. He said, that he would come and meet me after few days. Now he has come. He says that he has come prepared to perform some black magic, which should be done, between, midnight and early morning. He is also demanding a huge amount (not less than Rs.I000/-). He says that unless this ritual is done, our family would be ruined. I do not have money and I really do not know what to do? He is waiting in the back yard. The villager'S two sons were also with him. I immediately sent his two sons to the back yard to ensure that the sanyasi did not leave the place.

"Suryamukhidhara"

.

Exploitation by Pseudo-monks
One evening as I was passing through a village, a person stopped me and requested to have tea with him. He took me to his house, and as I was having tea, he requested me to halt in his house for the night. It was around 4 pm. I generally walk till dusk. So, I told him that I would be able to cover 5 kms, if continue walking till dusk. But he pleaded with me, and I had to yield. He was very happy. In the evening, he invited
40

Then I told him, to follow me and just watch the happenings. As we were nearing the back yard, I asked in Hindi arrogantly, "Who has come"? When the sanyasi saw me, he was visibly shaken. He told me, "I am sorry, I disturbed your sleep". Then he told the house owner, "I did not know that babaji was here. I will come another day". Immediately I told him, "You better run away from here and do not ever come back. If you come again, it would not be good for you". Sensing trouble for him, he left the place. Then I told my host and his two sons, "Sincerely pray to God, and all your problems would get solved. Do not ever perform rituals to harm others". They felt relieved and thanked me profusely. After the completion of my parikrama, I wrote to all the people who had extended hospitality to me and most of them replied to me. I received a letter from this villager also. He had written, "That day God had sent you to stay in our house. Had you not been with us that night, the pseudo-monk would have performed the evil rituals and also would have forcibly taken money from us. We were saved from a disaster. As advised by you, I daily pray sincerely and my problems are getting solved. Please do come and stay with us. We will be very happy." Normally I had not halted before dusk. But that day I decided to halt at 4 pm when the villager pleaded with me. After the happenings of the night, I felt that it was the desire of the Mother that I should spend the night in the house of this villager so that he could be saved from a disaster. ood without water, a burden Once I had to pass through a stretch of forest

for 20 kms. I had to walk away from the river. The person at the place where I had halted for the previous night gave me packed lunch as no biksha would be available en route. He also advised me to carry water with me and cautioned that water should be consumed only when it was absolutely necessary as even water would not be available in the entire stretch. I left the place earlier than usual time carrying packed lunch and filled water can. (about Llitre), It was a bright sunny day and as the day advanced I became more and more thirsty. I was controlling my thirst. I had undergone the training of walking long distances controlling the thirst, while in the Army (We will be carrying water with us in the water bottle, but cannot drink without order!).
In spite of my controlled drinking of water, it got exhausted by midday. I was extremely hungry and very thirsty. Although, I was carrying food with me, I could not satisfy my hunger for the fear of becoming uncontrollably thirsty if I ate. Water would be available in the villages on coming out of the forest. But crossing the forest quickly by walking fast would increase the thirst. I was even tempted to collect my urine and quench my thirst.

(to be continued)

41

riya is a student of class 12th and she'll soon be graduating. But she still doesn't know what she wants to do further. She just thinks of making it big someday, but where, in which field and how, remain unanswered. Priya's is not the sole case, there are many like her who are not able to decide what they should pursue for higher education. "With career options increasing like never before, it is surely a golden time to make your career. But it also leaves you more confused," says Ankit, who after pursuing B.Tech. didn't want to work as an engineer and found his calling in teaching later. Agrees Nikita, an undergraduate student, "I am good at English and Economics both. So I am confused what to opt for post-graduation." With increasing pressure from parents, peers

P

and dreams soaring high, today's youth doesn't want to go wrong when it comes to career. What they need to understand is all jobs are not same. There are hundreds of jobs that are suitable for different kinds of people. Personality and aptitude play an important role in choosing career. Job satisfaction is of utmost importance which you get only when you do what you love. You should know what your areas of interest are and what you are good at. Gone are the days when medical, engineering or civil services were the sole options. Today, there is a vast stream of options and you can certainly follow your heart. If you are good at organizing and leading people, you should go for managerial jobs, if researching is what you like to do, scientific jobs suit you better. If you believe you are imaginative, plunge into creative jobs. Often we are afraid to pursue our most important dreams, because we feel we don't

15

Did you ever fear falling and hurting yourself while chasing butterflies in your childhood? No, because you were desperate to Paolo Coelho, a best selling author, in 'The catch one. Show the same determination to Alchemist', says, "Our resolve is tested along the chase the career after your heart. Remember, way, not because it is evil, but so that, in addition you can do your best only when you pursue to realizing our dreams, we master the lessons something from the bottom of your heart and we've learned as we move towards that dream. you are passionate about that. If you want to be a That's the point at which most people give up." fighter pilot but end up becoming a doctor, you Life is generous to those who pursue their will always carry frustration with you for not destiny. Many will not believe your talent but being able to become what you wanted to. Moreover, you have the spirit don't let it depress you, instead "Often we are of a fighter pilot that you try to prove yourself. The trouble enters when most of us just aren't clear about our desires. The real test of choosing the right career is that you must enjoy the work so much that you would do it even if it were for free! Jack Canfield and Mark Hansen suggest in their book: 'Dare to

deserve them, or that we'll be unable to achieve them. Remember, fear of failure can make our dreams impossible to achieve. You need to constantly pursue your dreams with a positive approach. Even if you fail, you'll be in a position to say, "I tried my best but! had a tough luck."

engage in what excites you the most. You just need to believe in yourself and be confident, be sincere and committed.

afraid to pursue our most important dreams, we feel deserve that we'll because we don't them, or be unable

nurtured

throughout

your

growing years and you won't fit into a white coat. Again the same thing, try to pursue your dream career once with your full concentration and determination, you will make

to achieve them."
stone untumed.

it. This one is for the pessimists,

Win', you must probe yourself mentally and ask: "In what field would I like to make my contribution?" Neelesh followed this and is on the verge of making it to the top fashion photographers. Similarly, Kim realized that she could go to any extent to pursue her first love 'daredevil stunts' and today she is one of the top money-spinning stuntwomen of Bollywood. Today being academically good is not all. There are lots of highly successful people who were just average or even below average students academically, but have excelled in other areas. Develop the passion and courage to
16

if you don't make it, you'll not curse yourself for leaving any

There was a sport reporter who after watching Steffi Graf play said this, "Steffi Graf plays tennis with zeal to win and this is her secret of being victorious. She plays as if she will not get food to eat if she loses the game." Bring this temperament in you, fight for what your heart says and you will never let your heart down. Now the success mantra is with you. Go ahead and realize your dreams. Do believe, you can do itl. Courtesy: Universal Education.

was kept in abject poverty by the British to help ~ftt.~themselves to become the most powerful country in the world of that period. Their marriage proved to incompatible. "This flag is of Indian Independence! Behold, Madam Cama, meanwhile, plunged it is born! Ithas been made sacred by the blood of young Indians who sacrificed their lives. I call headlong into social activities. Heading a team of volunteers to help the upon you, gentlemen to rise and victims of the plague that salute this flag of Indian had broken out in the Independence. In the name of this flag, I appeal to lovers of freedom all Bombay Presidency, she caught the deadly disease. over the world to support this flag." Miraculously, she was proclaimed a frail lady to a saved, but her health was gathering in Stuttgart, Germany. badly affected and she was Clad in a bright, colorful sari many left very weak and she had mistook her for a queen fighting for her native kingdom in India. That to leave for London in 1902 to recuperate. shouldnt be surprising, for that was how inspired and forceful yet poised in her demeanour that Madame She served as private BhikajiCama was. secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji, the great leader in the forefront of nationalist On 24th September, 1861, movement. There, she Madam Cama was born to a rich, came in contact with large Parsi family. Her father, Sorabji Framji Patel was a famous merchant. The Parsis several patriots students and European were by then in the frontline of business, Intellectuals who were sympathetic to Indian education and industry. Young Bhikaji received cause during this brief period. Later she herself good English education, but right from the played a dominant part in promoting freedom beginning she was a rebel, and a nationalist. She struggle. had a flair to learn different languages and The tricolor-flag Madam Cama unfurled at became proficient in arguing her country's cause the International Socialist Conference in in different circles even at a young age. She was married to Rustom K. R. Cama, a rich Stuttgart, Germany had green, saffron, and red handsome social worker and lawyer. But stripes. Red represented strength, saffron
30

1...1 ~A ~fAII ~ r n: .. J~\' t'\,; "V pn,~J(..~}~

&

ideologically they were poles apart. Mr. Cama adored British, loved their culture and thought they had done a lot of good to India. Madame Bhikaji, now a full fledged nationalist, always believed that British had fleeced India, and practiced worst form of imperialism. She had thousand and one reasons to present how India

victory, and green stood for boldness and enthusiasm. there were eight lotuses representing the eight provinces and flowers represented princely states. "Vande Mataram" in Devanagari adorned central saffron stripe which meant "salutation to Mother India." The sun and the moon indicated Hindu and Muslim faiths. The flag was designed by Veer Savarkar with the help of other revolutionaries. The flag was smuggled into India by Indulal Yagnik, the socialist leader of Gujarat. It is now on public display at the Maratha and Kesari Library in Pune. After Stuttgart, Madam went to United States. She traveled a lot and informed Americans about Indians struggling for Independence. She told about British efforts to smother the voice of educated Indians who protested against tyranny and despotism of British who always boasted themselves as "mother of parliamentary democracy" all over the world! Though believer in nonviolence she urged to resist unjustified violence. Tyrannical foreign rule was unjustified and she stood for Swaraj or self-rule. "March forward! We are for India. India is for Indians!" She declared. After returning to London she started publishing booklets on patriotic literature and continued financing revolutionaries inside and outside India. Madam Cama also fought for the cause of women and stressed the role of women in building a nation. Speaking at National Conference at Cairo, Egypt in 1910, she asked, "Where is the other half of Egypt? I see only men who represent half the country!" The British had banned her entry in India being afraid of her revolutionary past and

confirmed nationalistic outlook. There was even a plot to finish her off. Getting wind of the plot, she sailed for France. Her home in Paris became a shelter for world revolutionaries. Even Lenin, the father of Russian revolution visited her house and exchanged views. Veer Savarkar got all encouragement to write on the history of First War of Indian Independence from Cama. She helped to get the book printed in Holland as no publisher in England came forward to publish it. She also got revolutionaries to smuggle the book into India by covering the books with the covers of Don Quixote. She published two magazines - 'Vande Mataram' and 'Madan's Talwar' (in memory of Madanlal Dhingra). Though both magazines were outlawed in both India and England, she found ways to smuggle them into India to circulate among the nationalists. Her attempts to save Savarkar who jumped into the ocean from the ship "Morena" near Marseilles are well known. A few minutes' delay saw the famous revolutionary back into chains, a fact which Madam Cama came to regret for life. When First World War broke out in 1914, Madam Cama took an anti-British stand and tried her best to raise awareness among Indians about the harm brought in by the fighting imperialist forces. A fearless woman, she brought in awareness of Indian struggle for independence in Europe and America and was instrumental in helping several revolutionaries, with finances and publishing. Over three and a half decades of resistance and fighting took its toll on Madam Cama - after reaching Bombay, she was hospitalized and died on the 13th of August 1936.

31

~,,(ik.[(eview

Pride and cultural awareness in the minds of our own youths and children. This book Eetemally is a handsome attempt in that direction. Carefully compiled by a long term Hyderabad Kendra worker Shri J. Chandra Sekhar and Shri M. Gangadhar Prasad, "Eternally Talented India 108 facts gives glimpses of India's greatness in the fields of Science and Technology. Astronomy, Medicine, Commerce, Arts and Political science, Global influence of Indian culture and Spiritual excellence. The visuals are eye-catching and, are appropriately, printed very well. The writing is precise, crisp, inviting. The topics are wideranging. The fact that Tirupathi Devasthanam stalls, the Ramakrishna Math branches, Mata Amiritananda Mayi Math schools and the Vivekananda Kendra and some leading booksellers have kept copies of this book for sales in their outlets, speaks about the relevance of the Book in our Nation Building efforts. Grab your copies before the book is sold out. The next edition may not be so moderately priced. A Telugu version is also available. N. Krishnamoorti ETERNALLYTALENTED INDIA -108 FACTS RS.250/J. Chandra Sekhar, Vivekananda Life - skills Academy Plot No. 1, Venkat Ram Nagar Colony, . Transport Road, Kharkana, Secunderabad - 500009. Email: omchandu@gmail.com

ETERNALLY TALENTED INDIA 108 FACTS
Elegantly produced, beautifully printed, rich is content, simple in language, the book Eternally Talented India (108 Facts) showcases India's gifts, achievements and cultivated talents over millennia. The Rising Economy of India has drawn the attention of the world towards India, and a number of our countrymen have felt that, India's success is not a flash in the pan, but an expression of thousands of years of her civilization and culture. India has been trying to rebuild herself on a grand foundation as a master craftsman would build an edifice. Centuries of foreign domination have colonized the minds of some of our own intellectuals and books are getting written about decolonizing the Indian mind. Having failed to build into our educational system, proper accounts of India's past Glories as a world leader, we have woken up somewhat late, to instill a sense of National

44

rtMA-n Wh,(1~ tke. ~ritish, reA-re~
irAndrew Fraser, Lieutenant Governor of Bengal, in a letter to the Viceroy of India (Lord Morley) dated May 19, 1908: This was after Sri Aurobindo was arrested on charges of sedition in the Alipore Bomb case; the British attempt to quell the rising nationalist movement by foul means. Sri Aurobindo was set free a year later by the court. The following excerpt is from a letter requesting to bypass the judicial system (and deport Aurobindo) before it began. "There is one matter which I desire to press very strongly on Your Excellency's earnest attention: viz., the necessity of deporting Arabindo Ghose. He is the ring-leader. He is able, cunning, fanatical: these qualities have the vigor in him which they not infrequently have in the man who is not quite sane. He is the leader. He is regarded and spoken of by all... but he has kept himself, like a valued General, out of sight of 'the enemy'. We cannot get evidence against him such as would secure his conviction in a court... I earnestly trust that no sentiments will be allowed to prevent this [deportation] ... I urge this on Your Excellency's
32

S

personal attention. See what the man has done; see the length to which he is prepared to go; see the skill with which he has used his human tools and kept himself in the background. It would be deplorable to set him free to recommence operations. Tools are easily got. It is a greave responsibility to set free against society a man who can get them as easily and use them as effectively as Arabindo Ghose. He has ever since been the Principal adviser of the revolutionary party and has been consulted about and in touch with their proceedings... He has been very careful, as far as possible, to keep himself out of sight, and to prevent any trace of his presence or work being left behind .... But it is of the utmost importance to stop his power for mischief; for he is the prime mover, and can easily get tools, one to replace another."

August 15th is Maharishi Aurobindo' Jayanthi

Homage to Sam Bahadur
Former Indian Army chief Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw Manekshaw, who scripted India's 1971military victory over Pakistan, died at the military hospital in Wellington in Tamil Nadu. Manekshaw, who became a household name after the 1971 victory led to the creation led to the creation of Bangladesh, had been hospitalised at Wellington for some time due to a progressive lung disease. Born April 3, 1914, Mankeshaw was a part of the first batch of officers to be commissioned from the Indian Military Academy (IMA)in 1934.Hewas the Indian army chief from 1969 to 1973. He was made a field marshal just before retirement in 1973.He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award, and won the Military Cross for his role in Myanmar, then Burma, during the Second World War when he was wounded. Fighting on the Burma front against the Japanese in 1942, Manekshaw was almost pronounced dead when brought to Rangoon hospital with nine bullets in the lung, liver and kidneys. The military surgeon was reluctant to operate seeing the hopeless condition even though Sam was just about conscious. The surgeon asked what had happened to him. Sam replied: "Oh, a donkey kicked." The surgeon decided that if a soldier could have such a sense of humour at that critical hour, he must operate to save him. Sam survived and rose to become India's eighth army chief. The State Honors which were rightfully due to this hero were not given in a manner befitting him. Sam, as he is affectionately called by people who knew him, had a conspicuously silent farewell. He responded with belligerence, whether it is the enemy from outside or Politicians, to whom he refused to be a sycophant.

Sam Bahadur in a Happy Mood with a soldier behind him is It.gn sartaj singh

Yuva Bharati bows in respect before this great son of our motherland.

Mananeeya

Eknathji's Punyatithi comes on August 22nd. We reproduce an Editorial written by him in his remembrance.

ENCOURAGING SIGNS OF AWAKENING
Young India today is throbbing with life and activity. There is a ferment all round among the people, freedom especially struggle among the youth-the against the British students. Even during the exciting phases of the

during the horrible man-made famine of Bengal in the year 1943. While multitudes of people were being denied food and were starving, the grain shops and restaurants, situated right in the midst of those hungry millions, were seen carrying on their business as usual without the least fear ofbeing attacked or looted. This could happen, obviously, not because the people had reached a

Government, such widespread commotion and unrest as is now prevailing was not witnessed. It is indeed a sign of our country returning to its normal health.

Paramahamsa state or were to conscientious to take to avowedly criminal acts for a morsel of food or just for their physical survival; there were neither food riots nor did the people

Unrest, like zest, is sign of robust life and is a harbinger of progress. It generates energy and activity. Social umest, even though it may sometimes bring in its wake violence and consequent human suffering, is still preferable to social tranquility born out of the people's inertia. Social inertia indicates people's loss of power to react to any challenging situation confronting them and is, therefore, as dreadful as paralysis in a human body. A glaring example of that sort of social quietude was witnessed

resort to looting for the simple reason that they had lost all power to react, resist or assert. Some western correspondents who were in Bengal,then, expressed great surprise over this phenomenon which they considered

inconceivable in their own countries.

In fact, if we look back to our history of the past several centuries, our country had been under the spell of utter inertia (Tamas), except for brief period of manly vigour and activity here

5

and there. It is said that Bakhtiyar Khilji with a handful of horsemen rode all the way from Delhi to Bengal, traversing the vast plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, but that none of the people on the way felt like challenging this band of armed foreigners. It is further said that these Turks managed to straightway enter the palace at Nadia, the then capital of Bengal, and massacred the inmates while the king,

and serene; you are too dull even to do something wicked." Of course, Swamiji said all this satirically and out of his exasperation over the vegetating young boy. But this shows amply that even in Swamiji's day the apathy of the people was one of the major problems before the country.

Today, however, the people in general, and the younger generation in particular are showing signs of an awakening from a long stupor of centuries. They have begun to feel, and react to situations them. favourably or unfavourably, in charge of

Lakshmana Sen, fled by the backdoor. Even granting that there is a lot of exaggeration in this historical account as taught in schools, and that perhaps only a fraction ofitmaybe true, the fact remains that the people had lost their vigour and the will to resist and were as inert as stocks and stones.

according as they are palatable or unpalatable to Authorities, whether

universities or industries or those at the helm of government administration, can no more take

Even during Swami Vivekananda's times he had to face the same appalling insensateness of the people. His biographers queer report about an

the people for granted; nay, even the parents are not able to command submission from their youngsters.

apparently

piece of advice

Swami The question "Can you tell a lie?" put by Swami Vivekananda to a typically lazy and inactive student of those days, has no relevance today. Because, the student of today has ceased to be the passive and submissive creature that he was yesterday. Today, he is full of energy and his activity covers such novel spheres as Swami Vivekananda could not have even imagined then. Even an average student of today can truthfully say that he is capable of not only telling a lie, but can also pelt stones at passenger-

Vivekananda felt like giving to a lazy and indolent youth, who had approached him with a desire to know from him what he should do to know God and how he was to get free. Swamiji who knew the questioner to be quite a donothing fellow asked him: "Can you tell a lie?" the boy replied, "No". Swamiji then said to him, "Then you must learn to do so. It is better to tell a lie than to be a brute, or a log of wood. You are inactive, you have not certainly reached the highest state which is beyond all action, calm

6

fiJi\!iJjB1ij

RAT I

buses and trains, and even remove fish-plates from the railway track just for the fun of it; he can as well set fire to buses, trains, buildings and even knife his teachers just to satisfy his curiosity to know how newspapers report the incidents next day. Similarly, the general mass of people and especially the younger generation have now totally got rid of their old passivity and submission. They have not only regained their normal capacity to feel and perceive but have also developed an ultra sensitiveness. Even the presence of an invigilator in the examination hall makes their blood boil-nay, the very system of examination irritates them. They are equally sensitive, and even allergic, to the sight of busconductors fraternity, asking railway bus-fares inspectors from their would

As long as the entire nation was numb with inertia, nothing could be expected except a gradually increasing deterioration. But, by the grace of God, the country has turned the comer, and the people have become conscious of themselves and their capacity to do and undo, and to build and destroy. One may take an alarmist view of the present trends in the younger generation. But, in fact, there is more reason to rejoice than to be frightened. Because it is not through the peace of the graveyard but only through the dynamism of action, whether good, bad or even wicked, that nations, sooner or later, light upon the right vision and adopt the course ordained for them. Out of the present exuberance of meaningless or destructive activity of the young, there is bound to emerge soon the next phase, the dawn of wisdom and discrimination (Vivek) which will make the country re-discover its mission and give a new endeavours. creative direction to all its

detecting

ticketless students, gate-keepers in cinema halls checking up tickets or even policemen obstructing stone-throwing.

In short, the country has, at long last, shed its torpidity and the people now are up and doing.

(Ma.Shri Reproduced
1973).

Eknath

Ranade's

Editorial

-

from Yuva Bharati, November

GOD, SAVE ME FROM SAVIORS
'Narada Gana Sabha' was jam-packed and overflowing on Sunday, with the religious elite of Chennai that had poured in to listen to Swami Dayananda Saraswathi's luminous eloquence on a subject of imperative importance: Do all religions have the same goal?'Only Hindus believe all religions have the same goal. All religions must have a goal and there is no doubt about it. But, they need not be the same or they cannot be the same. Religions are for human beings and not for Gods'; said Swami Dayananda Saraswathi. country; if others say that we are born out of original sin, then they are insulting our parents; we Hindus have highest respect for our parents and we will never subscribe to the view that they are sinners; this is ridiculous! Our prayer must be 'Oh god, save me from these saviours! They also claim that their God alone can pardon us, save us from our sins for our salvation. They even claim that their God died for us! If somebody died for me, I am not responsible! I have the freedom to take care of myself and I am aware of it'. Analysing the concept of going to heaven Swamiji said, 'the other religions talk about heaven as a place, where one can stay permanently and happily without any problem, which are all 'non-verifiable' beliefs. Life after death and going to heaven are all non-verifiable. When you say you are going to a place, then it must be bound by space and time. They say 'heaven' is the place of their God, but they also say that their God is 'formless'. Does 'formlessness' require a location? A belief is subject to correction and verification! We believe in different forms of God and that He understands our prayers, which we conduct in different languages. When a human can respond to different calls and catcalls, God can understand any number of languages. We also believe reaching heaven is a result of 'Punya', which in tum is the result of Prayer. Prayer is 'Karma' containing specific valid and sophisticated rituals. 'Karma' comes from the 'Kartha' and as Karthas, we earn Punya by the Karmas of Charity, Dharma, Bakthi, pooja, meditation and penance etc. When our Punya gets exhausted, we come down to the earth, which means the permanent stay in heaven is

Swami Dayananda Saraswathi clearly distinguished between the 'Moksha' concept of Sanatana Dharma and the so-called 'salvation' propagated by other religions. He said, 'other religions publicize 'going to heaven' as salvation. For them salvation is the need of a condemned or a damned person. They wax eloquent on 'sin', 'sinners' and 'saviour' and they save only sinners! In the process, they address people of other faiths as 'sinners' and say that their God alone can save those sinners. We are not sinners; we are not born out of sin, not in this

'Who's That Knocking on the Door?

A Buddhist's Guide to Evangelical Christianity Author: Yen. s. Dhammika

en. Shravasti Dhammika, an Australian monk, is a regular contributor to newspapers and journals with perceptive observations on matters related to Buddhism, Buddhist culture and Buddhist practice. He is a distinguished lecturer who has spoken on Buddhism and Asian religions in universities and on television and radio in Australia and throughout Asia. He is widely known for his thought provoking analysis on a number of issues. Ven Dhammika is the author of many popular books on Buddhism. Ven.Dhammika's latest work is titled ' Who's That Knocking on the Door? A Buddhist's Guide to Evangelical Christianity , The Buddhist Times ( Vol. 2 No.8 Unduvap 2546 - December 2003 issue ) has published an extract from the forthcoming book Who's That

Y

Knocking on the Door? A Buddhist's Guide to Evangelical Christianity. We reproduce this extract below via courtesy of Buddhist Times: "About six months ago there was a knock on my door and I opened it to find two evangelicals Christians there. I knew they were evangelicals because they had that fake friendly smile on their faces, which all evangelicals have when they are trying to convert someone. This was the third time that month that evangelists had come knocking on my door and disturbing me so I decided to teach them a lesson. 'Good morning' they said. 'Good morning' I replied. 'Have you heard about the Lord Jesus Christ'? They asked. 'I know something about him but I am a Buddhist and I'm not really interested in

27

knowing more' I said. But like all evangelists, they took no notice of my wishes and proceeded to talk about their beliefs.

So I said, 'I don't think you are qualified to speak to me about Jesus'. They looked very astonished and asked, 'Why not'? 'Because', I said, 'you have no faith'. 'Our faith in Jesus is as Evangelical Christians are often predicting strong as a rock' they insisted. 'I don't think it is' I said with a smile. 'Please open your Bible and that the world is going to end very soon and read the Gospel of Mark, chapter 16,verse 16, 17 Jesus is going to come again. When I was 18, I and 18' I said and while they flicked through remember very distinctly that the Jehovah's their Bibles I went quickly inside and came out Witnesses came to our house and told me that again. One of them found the passage and I the world was going to end in 1975. If you find asked him to read it out loud. It said, 'He who any old Watch Tower or Awake magazines from believes and is baptized will be saved but he that period you will see many articles about the who does not believe shall be condemned. And world ending in 1975. Of course they were these signs will follow those who believe in my wrong, just as they were wrong when they name. They shall cast out devils, they shall speak predicted that the world was going to end in in tongues, they will handle snakes and if they 1895 and again in 1914. In the 1990's many drink poison it will not hurt them and they will churches were claiming that the world was going to end in 2000. lay hands on the sick and they will recover'. Some naive and impressionable people were frightened enough to believe this nonsense and converted to Christianity. In 1991I was working in a particular place and every lunchtime, I would go to the restaurant on the ground floor. One day I met three young men who told me that they were doing part time work for a man on the 5th floor. One day as we sat having lunch together the subject got on to religion and they told me that their boss believed that the world was going to end in 2000. One of them was obviously a little frightened by this possibility and asked me what I thought about it. 'It is complete nonsense' I said. 'I don't believe it and I guarantee that your boss doesn't really believe it either.' 'Oh but he does' the three boys said. They told me that he had books on the subject and he had showed them passages in the Bible proving that the world was going to end in nine years. 'I

back and see you. 'Ill be waiting for you' I said as they scurried away. Of course they never came back again. Here is a bit of advice. Keep a copy of this Bible reference and a bottle of Lankem ready and every time the evangelists come to your door to harass you give them this test. Youmight like to have a polanga ready as well.

When he finished I said, 'In that passage Jesus says that if you have real faith you will be able to drink poison and not die'. I took a bottle of Lankem from behind my back, held it up and said, 'Here is some poison. Demonstrate to me the strength of your faith and I will listen to anything you have to say about Jesus'. You should have seen the looks on their faces! They didn't know what to say. 'What's the problem'? I asked. 'Is your faith not strong enough'? They hesitated for a few moments and then one of them replied, 'The Bible also says that we must not test God'. 'I'm not testing God', I said, 'I'm testing you. You love to witness for Jesus and now is your big opportunity'. Finally one of them said, 'We will go and speak to our pastor about this matter and come

211

tell you, your boss doesn't really believe that', I said. 'Do you :mind if we tell rum that' they said and I told them that I didn't mind. The next day the man together with the three boys came to see me. We had a friendly chat about Christianity and then we got onto the subject of the end of the world. The man insisted that the Bible clearly predicted that the world was going to end and that he had utter faith in the Bible.

and you and I will draw up a proper legally binding contract in which you will agree to give me all your property - your house, your business and all your assets - in the year 2001. Do you agree to do that'? The man was flabbergasted. He didn't know what to say. 'Come on', I said. 'If you are right, and you insist you are, in 2001 I will be in hell and you will be in heaven with Jesus where you wont need all your worldly goods'. 'This is just silly' said the man now very flustered. Now one of the boys joined in. 'Its does not seem silly to me. It seems like a good chance for you to prove you beliefs'. 'I agree' I said. 'Now is your big chance to demonstrate how genuine you and strong your faith is. These boys might be so impressed that they might become Christians. Put your faith where your mouth is'. The man became very angry, got up and walked away. The three boys were smiling and the one who had been a little frightened about the end of the world was smiling the most.

I laughed at him. 'You Christians are so confused and lacking in awareness that you don't know what you believe' I said. 'You have no right to doubt the depth of my faith' the man said, now a little annoyed. I said, 'I can prove that you don't really believe the end of the world and [esus'return. 'Prove it then'! he challenged. The three boys were now listening to our discussion very intently. 'Alright'! I said. 'Do you believe that the world is going to come to a complete end in the year 2000'? 'Absolutely'! said the man. 'The Bible predicts it and I believe it will happen'. 'Okay' I said. 'I have a friend who is a lawyer. I will ask him to come here tomorrow

Vivekananda Kendra Samachar Kanyakumari
A 21-day Akhil Bharatiya Karyakarta Prashikshan Shibir was conducted from 5th June. Susri B.Nivedita, Vice-President, Vivekananda Kendra, gave an inaugural address. 31 Karyakartas from 8 States and 15 Shiksharthi Karyakartas attended it.

Chennai
A 3 day 7 lecture series was conducted on the Theme" Guru Parampara and Nationalism". Prof.Ramani, Dean(rtd)SASTRA University, gave momentoes to the Karyakarthas on the concluding day.

29

sajalajaladanilam vallavikelilolam sritasuratarumulam vidyudullasicelam, natasuramunijalam sanmanobimbalilam suraripukulakalam naumigopalabalam.

My obeisance to Sri Krishna, the cowherd boy, blue in hue like the dark clouds laden with water, who loves to sport with the gopis, who rests under the heavenly wish-fulfilling tree kalpavriksha, whose clothes are brilliant like lightning, who is revered by the devas and sages, who revels in the hearts of good people and who destroys the enemies of the devas (the negative tendencies in us).
Sri Krishna Karnamritam, 2.12

4

Self Development Series

Are You Listening2
Sqn. Ldr. (Retd.) Dr.P.Ramani •
!Reasons for being a good listener Listening is a social activity. A listener must adjust to the situation or context and try to comprehend most of the details spoken. Good listeners certainly enjoy special benefits. i) One can broaden one's vision easily and naturally. (We are fond of listening to stories, anecdotes, examples, jokes, snippets, etc.) Listening adds a new dimension to the written word. (After listening to stories, we want to read them). A motivated listener will want to write stories. Good listening can lead to good reading (when we read stories after listening to well articulated stories, we will read the stories better). Good listeners develop language skills with a lot of ease and felicity just as a children listen to stories learnt to use language fluently without any inhibition. Listening helps in promoting oral expressions, releasing tensions, changing attitudes and behaviour patterns.

ii)

iii)

iv) istening is a skill. It can be mastered through training and practice just as one can master reading, writing and speaking. It is surprising to know that most of us spend most of our time in listening to others. People get influenced easily when they listen to the other people. Any organization may fail if people involved in the organization turn out to be poor listeners.

L

v)

9

istening for counselling Attentive and sympathetic listening helps / assists a counsellor in providing useful advice/ counselling. Thus a counsellor who listens to someone must be careful to follow every detail. The quality of listening in the case of these counsellors should be excellent. In a given situation the speaker and the listener should share their responsibilities in trying to understand the concept presented.

1. Listen Listen Listen carefully. Listening is an active skill. Hence you need to work hard. Communication cycle can be complete only with the feedback. It is a two way process. Hence, we must share the responsibility for effective comprehension / understanding with the speaker. 2. Get into the appropriate mind set attitude. You must prepare yourself to receive knowledge / information. You must have completed your home work before the meeting, or the lecture or the interview. 3. Evince a keen interest in trying to

1. Spend time in listening to someone. 2. 3. Pay undivided attention to the thought processes as you listen. Respond to the talker/speaker by a series of grunts in the form of interjections such as Humm, Oh! I See uhm humm, Hurrah, Please etc. Youcan even nod your head.

4. Accept the details willingly (do not try to probe further). 5. Never assess the information given and start giving feedback. 6. Believe the talker/speaker abilities. too has

7. Follow the key-words and the central ideal theme presented. 8. Understand the denotative meaning first and perceive the connotative meaning too. 9. Receive the message in the context of the knowledge you have already acquired/have been acquiring over a period of time. 10. Create a mind map before you put down the details in a chart form.

Undivided Attention is Very Essential

get/ elicit information. Don't compromise on comprehending all information.

10

4.

Receive the message with an open mind. Don't entertain prejudices or other forms of inhibitions such as the looks of person etc. Don't jump to conclusions and make value judgements. Watch out for the main ideas. Discriminate between facts and opinions, evidences and arguments, ideas and concrete examples. Always be watchful to identify the appropriate right message.

~re you a good Listener?
Dear reader, Read the following statements and assess your perception on a four point scale 12 34: Choose 1if your Choose 2 if your Choose 3 if your Choose 4 if your answer answer answer answer is Yes. is Yes,partly. is No. is No, certainly not.

5.

6. Listen critically and watch out for the logic behind the message. 7. Be critical and be unbiased. Understand the assumptions and arguments, the value of the evidence and the basis of the logical conclusion. 8. Avoid distractions and concentrate only on the main message. The speaker's dress, appearance, vocabulary, pronunciation, mannerisms, style of presentation etc. should not distract you. The other members of the audience should never distract you. 9. Take notes; listen attentively and take notes to make an essential outline of all ideas.

1. As people talk to you, do you find it difficult to keep your mind on the subject at hand, to keep from taking mental excursions away from the line of thoughtthatis being conveyed? 1234 2. Do you listen primarily for facts rather than ideas, when someone is speaking? 1234 Do certain words, phrases or ideas so prejudice you against a speaker that you cannot listen objectively to what is being said? 1234 When you are puzzled or annoyed by what someone says, do you try to get the question straightened out immediately, either in your own mind or by interrupting the talker? 1234 If you feel it would take too much time and effort to understand something, do you go out of your way to avoid hearing about it? 1234

3.

4.

10. Look interested to assure the speaker that his/her presentation means so much for you. 11. Assure the speaker with appropriate responses. Youmay nod your head. Look at the speaker attentively. Acknowledge by saying, humm, Really,Oh! I see, is it so? etc. Reflect back to the speaker (eg. Oh you mean that.)

5.

6. Do you deliberately tum your thoughts to other subjects when you believe a speaker will have nothing particularly interesting to say? 1234

11

7. Can you tell by a person's appearance and delivery that he won't have anything worthwhile to say? 1234 8. When somebody is talking to you, do you try to make him think you are paying attention when you are not? 1 2 34 9. When you are listening to someone, are
TT~" ~~~:lTT
...l:~ .... ~_ ..~...l

Total: ..... out of 40 Check your score and what they mean: · H you have scored 40 out of 40 you are an excellent listener.
· If you have scored between 30 and 40, you a

very good listener.
·If you have scored between 20 and 30, you have

to work hard.

~TT ~ .... ~:...l~

~:~~

..~

~ Handmade Products ~ Scratch Cards

12

Keeping up with the times
"No time folks!", says an exasperated youth when approached for lending some ears to a talk on our National Security. Bewildered, one should be, at this response of a student from one of the premier engineering colleges in the country. But we are not surprised as we have become familiar with such indifferences. Is it not their worry? Don't they have a role to play? This may occur in everybody's mind that reads this or comes across such a feeble response. Propensity to know the background of each and every happening in the society may not be the cup of tea of today's youth who is aspiring for an world of illusion where cappuccinos are elixirs for getting new ideas, San Francisco is the place they ought to have been living, less clothing means more freedom, etc. Nobody has written "Nationalism for Dummies" yet, have they? The day when the Desi Yankees pleading that "nope! I'm as patriotic as u r. Don't judge me from my appearance yaar" is not far away as the battering ram of the Exclusive religions is fast approaching and is next door to everybody, however affluent he may be. I can hear you saying that there are many who are aware and nerved to serve for the nation and the situation is not as gloomy as my first few lines may seem to project. This is exactly what we in Kendra are also feeling. And that's the reason for our continuous and unstinted work focusing on the youth, happening all over the country. We always believe that our youth wont tum a blind eye to social issues, but it is the lack of proper perspectives and a sense of belonging, which keeps them aloof. Taking up this responsibility, Yuva Bharati turns a new Leaf with this issue as it gets into a full color make up and other features which we are sure will enthuse the youthful reader. Hoping to reach out to a larger and more focused audience, an effort is being made to refine our methods, and the result is the colorful magazine adorning your hands now. Great ideas have no dearth in our land but what is needed is to mould them in a way it will be appetizing to the young generation, which we are trying to do. Many new features are getting added from this issue onwards like columns on self development, more current affairs, Global developments, Readers forum, Environmental issues, Living personalities, etc. We feel that it is a job which needs more minds in action and hence we request you to give your suggestions, which we value a lot. Editorial Team
a

YUVA BHARATI
Voice of Youth
Vol.36 No.1 Ashadha-Shravana 5110 August 2008

CONTENTS
Editorial Keeping up with the times Are You Listening? Sqn.Ldr.(Retd.) Dr.P.Ramani Chase Your Dreams Richa Agarwal God Save Me From Saviors IIWho's That Knocking on the Door? Ven S. Dhammika Our Heroes Madam Bhikaji Cama Aurobindo Homage to Sam Bahadur The Narmada Parikrama K.K.Venkatraman Book Review

Founder-Editor Mananeeya Eknathji Ranade Editor P.Parameswaran Editorial Consultants: Nivedita Raghunath Bhide Prof. Santha Prof. Ramani Editorial Team: A.Sudarsan P.Vasanth S.Shivsankar Aravindan Neelakandan V.V.Balasubramanian Marketing: D.Krishnamoorthy H.Gnaneswara Rao Design & Layout V.Senthil Kumar Editorial Office: 5, Singarachari Street, Triplicane, Chennai 600 005. Ph: (044)28440042 Email: vkpt@Vkendra.org VVeb:~.vkendra.org Single Copy Rs. 10/Annual Rs. 100/For 3 Yrs Rs. 275/Life (10 Yrs) Rs. 900/Foreign Subscription: Annual $25 US Dollar Life (10 years) $250 US Dollar (Plus Rs.50/-for Outstation Cheques)

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Published and Printed by L.Madhavan on behalf of Vivekananda Kendra from 5, Singarachari Street, Triplicane, Chennai - 600 005. at M/s.RNR Printers and Publishers, 8, Thandavarayan Street, Triplicane, Chennai - 600 005. Editor: P.Parameswaran.

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