HISTOGRAMS

Representing Data
OCR Module 9

height. time etc usually in groups or classes that are UNEQUAL  Presented in a Grouped Frequency Distribution  . volume.Why use a Histogram   When there is a lot of data When data is  Continuous  a mass.

NO GAPS between Bars Continuous data .

Bars are different in width Determined by Grouped Frequency Distribution .

because of UNEQUAL classes! .So we use FREQUENCY DENSITY = Frequency Class width AREA is proportional to FREQUENCY NOT height.

kph Frequency 0< v ≤40 40< v ≤50 50< v ≤60 60< v ≤90 90< v ≤110 80 15 25 90 30 .Grouped Frequency Distribution Classes Speed.

Drawing   Sensible Scales Bases correctly aligned  Plot the Class Boundaries Frequency Density  Heights correct  .

Frequency Densities Speed.5 .0 1.5 2. kph Class width 0< v ≤40 40< v ≤50 50< v ≤60 60< v ≤90 90< v ≤110 40 10 10 30 20 Frequency Frequency Density 80 15 25 90 30 2.5 3.0 1.

0 2.0 1.Freq Dens Frequency = Width x Height Frequency = 40 x 2.0 = 80 3.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Speed (kph) .