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Echinoderms Rogie Part

Echinoderms Rogie Part

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Published by: Rogie Encarnaćion Lumaad on Mar 12, 2012
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fold plan) ‡Mesodermal skeleton composed of calcite in crystalline form ‡Microstructure (very fine honeycomb) ‡Water vascular system

‡ spiny-skinned ‡highly organized ‡Marine ‡ pentameral symmetry (five-

Are they still alive??
y starfishes y seastars y brittle stars y sand dollars y sea urchins y sea cucumber y sea lilies y feather stars

Main Classes y y y y y y y y y y y y -Eocrinoidea -Paracrinoidea -Carpoidea -Edrioasteroidea -Cystoidea -Blastoidea -Crinoidea Holothuroidea Stelleroidea -Echinoidea Bothriocidaroidea Ophiocystia .

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Chordata.Taxonomic relationships Biochemistry y Vs. Stomochordata presence of phosphocreatin in echinoderms seemed to connect these groups y Vs. Annelida no segmentation of the body .

Taxonomic relationships Phylogeny y Vs. Stomochorda.both have coelomic tentacle bearing evaginations. .

feather like) NOTE: never microscopic . flask shaped.Morphology Wide variety of sizes -smallest (sea cucumbers. sea stars <1cm across) -largest (1-2m in length) Wide variety of shapes -cucumber. star. disc-shaped. globuar.

Morphology Echinoids ‡ Spheroidal ‡ Discoid ‡ Ovoid ‡ Cordiform Stelleroids ‡Flattened ‡Pentagonal ‡Star-shaped Holothuroids ‡cucumbershaped ‡ vermiform .

Morphology Crinoids ‡Prolonged ‡stem Blastoid * Flower bud Cystoid ‡Ovoid ‡Spheroidal Edrioasteroid s ‡Discoid Carpoid * Depressed w simple contour .

y General Division (mobility) ‡ Eleutherozoan (non stalked) ‡ Pelmatozoan (stalked) .

sectors of the body bearing tube feet. tentacles or podia (water vascular apparatus) y Oral face-directed upward carrying the mouth y Aboral face-opposite turned downward .Basic Body Parts y 5 rays y Grooves-zones that diverge radially or meridionally from the mouth y Ambulacra.

Morphology: Symmetry y Madreporite plane y Holothurian plane y Loven plane y Crinoidal plane y Primordial plane .

Morphology Body wall 1. External epithelium (epidermis) 2. Median layer (conjunctive muscular/ calcareous) 3. Internal epithelium .

it lines the coelomic cavities .Morphology: Body Wall External epithelium.a very thin layer of the body wall made up of narrow thread like cells commonly neuro-sensory and mucus cells Median layer.consists of the muscular tissues. conjunctive non calcified and calcareous tissues Internal epithelium.

aboral system . Ectoneural-oral system 2. Hyponeural-deep oral system 3.Morphology Nervous System-located at different levels within the body. affected by radiate symmetry 1. Entoneural.

Ectoneural system ‡ Consists of sub epithelial nerve plexus and 5 radial chords united around the esophagus by a nerve ring ‡ Mainly for sensory .

Morphology: Nervous System Hyponeural system ‡ Primarily motor in function ‡ Lies aborally to the ectoneural system Entoneural ‡ Main motor system in crinoids ‡ Exists in other classes but is not known to function as that of crinoids ‡ Continuous with the hyponeural system .

.found in the oral surface.elongate tube. spiralling clock wise where food passes through.located in a much more variable postion but generally found in the upper or adoral part ‡ Digestive tract. generally at the center of radiate echinoderms ‡ Anus.Morphology Digestive System ‡ Mouth.

Mainly comprised of the esophagus. intestine. stomach. and rectum.Morphology y Digestive tube. .

Morphology Coelom ‡ General cavity of echinoderms ‡ Carpeted by peritoneum ‡ Encloses the principle organs of the body especially the digestive tube and gonads .

Essentially represents a hydraulic mechanism consisted of an assemblage of canals (part of the coelom) y Oral water ring-central part of the system surrounding the esophagus y Radial water canals-where tube feet rise y Stone canal.joined with the madreporite .Morphology: Water Vascular System Water Vascular System.

develop from the aboral hemal ring .accompany the hyponeural radial sinusesand hydro vascular canals Absorbent lacunae.associated w/ hyponeural and water ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ vascular oral rings Radial hemal lacunae.Morphology Hemal System.formed by a plexus of interconnected lacunae or enlarged canaliform pasageways ‡ Periesophagal hemal ring. center of the lacunar system Aboral hemal ring.outlet of the hemal ring lacuna Genital ring lacunae.penetrates the axial gland.network on the surface of the digestive tube Hemal ring lacuna.

covered by peritoneum y Placed in a longitudinal fold of the wall in contact with the stone canal .termed also as the ovoid gland or heart.Morphology Axial gland. y Vertically elongate mass.

.Morphology Reproductive System.the genital organs that originate in the wall of one of the compartments in the general cavity ‡ Originally thought to be a single gonad ‡ But affected by pentameral radial symmetry in other classes ‡ Some species such as Ophiuroids are hemaphroditic ‡ Sexes cannot be distinguised on external characters ‡ Asexual mode of reproduction by spontaneous body fission is also observed.

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