Filipino Painters And Their Masterpieces

The long list of Filipino painters and their Masterpieces who showcases a visual representation using a variety of mediums and materials will surely captivate the locals and visitors.

Juan Luna was a distinguished Filipino painter born to Joaquin Luna and Laurena Novicio on October 23, 1857 in Badoc, Ilocos Norte. He studied designing at the Academia de Dibujo Y Pintura at the Ateneo de Manila. He entered Escuella de Bella Artes in Madrid while he was on travel in Spain in 1877. The famous masterpieces that made Juan Luna a renowned painter are The Death of Cleopatra, The Blood Compact and The Spolarium. The Death of Cleopatra made him won the gold medal and was sold for 5000 pesetas in 1881. Other remarkable works included: * Ang Mestisa * Ang Labanan sa Lepanto * Ang Tagumpay ni Lapu-lapu

* Ang Aliping Bulag * Ang Espanya sa Pilipinas When he returned to the Philippines he was suspected of being a member of the Katipuneros that is why he was captured and imprisoned at Fort Santiago in 1896. Afterwards he went back to Spain and joined with Graciano Lopez-Jaena, Marcrlo H. del Pilar and Jose Rizal. Shortly he died on December 7, 1899 due to sickness. Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo was Filipino painter that sprung during the 19th century. He was the third son among the seven children of Eduardo Resurrecccion Hidalgo and Maria Barbara Padilla and was born on February 21, 1853 in Manila. He studied in the University of Santo Tomas and simultaneously enrolled at the Escuella de Dibujo y Pintura. He enrolled at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando de Madrid. The following are the masterpieces of Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo: * Flora de Filipinas (Plants of the Philippines) - awarded second place for best cover design for de Luxe edition.

* La Siesta (Nap in the afternoon) - a piece which was favorably reviewed in La Ilustracion Espanola y Americana in 1881. * Las Virgenes Cristianas Expuestas al Populacho (The Christian virgins to the Populace) - garnered the ninth silver medal award by the Exposicion General de Bells Artes in Madrid in 1884. * La Barca de Aqueronte (The Boat of Charon) - received a gold medal in the international exposition in Madrid and was bought for 7500 pesetas by the Spanish government. * Laguna Estigia (The Styx) * El Violinista - was accorded a gold medal at the Universal Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. The first Filipino who was distinguished as the Philippines National Artist in Painting was Fernando Amorsolo in 1972. His paintings were exhibited on January 23, 1969 during the inauguration of the Manila Hilton's art center and he was named as the "Grand Old Man of Philippine Arts". Amorsolo's works covered a variety of

subjects but he was especially known for ideal and romantic subjects that portrays the images of life in the countryside of Filipino women such as the Dalagang Bukid or Dalagang Nayon. He also painted historical paintings on pre-colonial and Spanish colonization and events of Filipino customs, fiestas, occupations and cultures.The technique of backlighting and the use of natural light were Amorsolo's trademarks. Victorio C. Edades became known as the "Father of Modern Philippine Painting" because of his technique in painting in bold impasto stroke and his advocacy in creative art. The themes illustrated in Edades' works featured laborers, simple folk and factory workers and he preferred to use dark and sad colors contrasting to Amorsolo's technique. He became the Dean of the University of Santo Tomas' Department of Achitecture in the 1930's. He was the one who introduced the liberal arts programs as part of the subjects in foreign languages and art history that will lead to a degree of Bachelor in Fine Arts and this made University of Santo Tomas the first Philippine art school. Edades invited Galo B.

When he retired from teaching he was recognized as an outstanding "visionary. . The three piloted the growth of mural painting in the Philippines and would collectively be known as the astounding "Triumvirate". Francisco's trademark utilizing lush tropical sense of color and faith in folk values made him known by the townspeople of Angono.Ocampo and Carlos "Botong" Francisco to teach in the university as professor artists. Among his works were: * The artist and the Model * Portrait of the Professor * Japanese Girl * Mother and Daughter * The Wrestlers * Poinsettia Girl The poet of Angono Carlos "Botong" Francisco revived the forgotten art of mural painting. teacher and artist and was conferred honoris causa of Doctor of Fine Arts. He was linked with the "modernist" artist and also turned the rubbish of the historic past into glowing records of legendary courage of the ancestors.

Major works of Carlos "Botong" Francisco include: * Portrait of Purita * The Invasion of Limahong * Serenade * Muslim Betrothal * Blood Compact * First Mass at Limasawa * The Martyrdom of Rizal * Bayanihan * Magpupukot * Fiesta * Bayanihan sa Bukid * Sandugo Feast your eyes on the unique and creative works of Filipino painters may it be on abstract. portrait and landscape. as she is . Andrea Veneracion Famous Filipino Artist in Music Category: Andrea Ofilada Veneracion or "Ma'am OA".

the Philippine Madrigal Singers was named one of the Resident Artists of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. pedagogues and musicians of our time. In 1997. 1928.affectionately called was born on July 11. Eventually in 1999. In addition. Carlos Quirino Carlos Lozada Quirino was born on 14th of January 1910 and died on the 20th of May 1999 was a Famous Artist in the field of Biography or was a famous Philippine biographer and historian. Andrea Veneracion was awarded the TOFIL (The Outstanding Filipino) Award for Culture and the Arts For her contributions to the development of choral singing in the Philippines. . She is a Filipino choral conductor and a National Artist for Music in the Philippines. the highest cultural award bestowed by the Philippine government for an individual. She is the Founding Choirmaster of the Philippine Madrigal Singers and is internationally recognized as one of the finest conductors. She was also an adjudicator in numerous international choral competitions and was an active force in choral music before her massive stroke in 2005. Ma'am OA was named National Artist for Music.

Guerrero was a very famous Filipino playwright. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero was bonr on January 1917 and died on May 1995. Guerrero unpublished plays have . teacher and theater artist.Carlos Quirino is best known for his early biography of Jose Rizal. 41 of which have been published. (1983) Wilfrido Ma. * Man of Destiny (1935) * The Great Malayan (1940) * Magsaysay and the Philippines (1958) * Philippine Cartography (1959) * Damian Domingo: First Eminent Filipino Painter (1961) * History of the Philippine Sugar Industry (1974) * Filipinos at War (1981) * Amang. Wilfrido Ma. director. Guerrero has written well over a hundred plays. Sr. In 1997 he was recognised as a National Artist of the Philippines for Historical Literature. the Life and Times of Eulogio Rodriguez. He also wrote several works on Philippine history and biographies of President Manuel Quezon and the painter Damian Domingo. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero A Filipino Famous Artist Wilfrido Ma.

My Favorite 11 Plays (1976). Guerrero has received three national awards: the Rizal Pro-Patria Award in 1961. and Joonee Gamboa. Retribution and eight other selected plays (1990) and The Guerreros of Ermita (1988). Wilfrido Ma. the Araw ng Maynila Award in 1969.P. Guerrero publications include 13 Plays (first published in 1947). The U. 12 New Plays (1975). 4 Latest Plays (1980). Mobile Theater has been a recipient of two awards when he was its director: The Citizen's Council for Mass Media Trophy (1966) and the Balagtas Award (1969).either been broadcast over the radio or staged in various parts of the Philippines. 7 More Plays (1962). and the Republic Cultural Heritage Award in 1972. Wilfrido Ma. Wilfrido Ma. In 1997. Celia Diaz-Laurel. 8 Other Plays (1952). Joy Virata. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero was posthumously . Guerrero has been the teacher of some of the most famous people in the Performing Arts at present: Behn Cervantes.

Gericault. Goya. the 2000 Biennale d¶art Contemporain de Lyon. Daumier with allusions to contemporary figures including political satirist R. the 2001 Berlin Biennale.distinguished as a National Artist for Philippine Theatre. including Helter Skelter: . Manuel Ocampo frequently revisits and makes reference to the art historical canon of political allegorists including Leon Golub. purgatory into salvation. history into art history. often disturbing Gothic paintings are attributed with transforming horror into exquisite beauty. and 1992¶s controversial Documenta IX. Manuel Ocampo is a Famous Filipino artist. He was born on 1965. His work fuses sacred Baroque religious iconography with the secular and serious political narrative with the cartoonish. the 1997 Kwangju Biennial. 2001 Venice Biennale. Manuel Ocampo's work has been included in a number of international surveys. Ocampo¶s dark. Manuel Ocampo's work was featured in many group shows in the 1990s. Crumb Modernist painter Philip Guston. Manuel Ocampo Another Famous Filipino is Manuel Ocampo. the 1993 Corcoran Biennial. including the 2004 Seville Biennale.

with solo exhibitions at galleries and institutions through Europe. Tokyo in 1997. Asia. Los Angeles in 1992. and the Americas. Manuel Ocampo's has received a number of prestigious grants and awards. Image.National Endowment for the Arts (1996). (1991). and Made in California: Art. his work was the subject of a large-scale survey at Casa Asia in Barcelona. France. In 2005. Asia/America: Identities in Contemporary Asian American Art at the Asia Society.LA Art of the 1990s. the Rome Prize at the American Academy (1995-96). at Museum of Contemporary Art. . American Stories: Amidst Displacement and Transformation at Setagaya Art Museum. Manuel Ocampo has exhibited extensively throughout the 1990s. Pop Surrealism at the Aldrich Museum of Artin 1998. New York in 1994. 1900-2000 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 2000. and Lieu d¶Art Contemporain. and Identity. Sigean. Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1995) and Art Matters Inc. including the Giverny Residency (1998).

Francis likewise gained attention as the resident DJ/rapper in the IBC-13 variety show Loveli'Ness. 1964. the first Pinoy rap album in the Philippines that was commercially released. During 1990. Elmo.Francis Magalona Francis Magalona is a Famous Filipino Artist known as the Master Rapper of the Philippines. including Bagets 2. Followed by FrancisM album in 1992 that makes him one of the most Famous Filipino Artists in the field of music. 2009 because of multiple-organ failure caused by leukemia. Arkin. Francis Magalona married Pia Arroyo and they got 8 offspring¶s: Unna. He was bon on October 4. and actresses Maxene and Saab. Yo! Album is a big success with songs Mga Kababayan Ko (My Fellow Countrymen). he was cast in many Filipino movies of that decade. Francis Magalona started as a breakdancer in the 1980s. Nicolo. Francis Jr.. both popular actor and actress of the 1940s and 1950s. Gotta Let 'Cha Know. Francis Magalona died on March 6. he released the groundbreaking Yo! Album. . his parents are Pancho Magalona and Tita Duran. Cold Summer Nights and Man From Manila. Clara.

Secondary and Bachelor of Arts Degree (1904) at . San Miguel. Richard Gomez. Bulacan. Bernal is a single mother to her daughter Liam. Bernal Joyce Bernal or known as Binibining (Miss) Joyce Bernal is a film and television director in the Philippines who started as a film editor for Viva Films in 1994. TV Series 2009 Ang Babaeng Hinugot Sa Aking Tadyang GMA Network Marian Rivera and Dingdong Dantes 2008 Dyesebel GMA Network Marian Rivera and Dingdong Dantes 2007 MariMar GMA Network Marian Rivera and Dingdong Dantes 2003 StarStruck GMA Network 2002 Ang Iibigin ay Ikaw GMA Network Christopher de Leon. He finished his Elementary. and Alice Dixon Isidro Ancheta Isidro Ancheta (October 15.Joyce E. Philippines ± 1946) was a Filipino landscape painter. 1882.

Virgilio S. Almario Virgilio S. Antonio.the Ateneo de Manila. editor. Political Science at the University of the Philippines. Rio Alma. where his painting titled A Victim of War received an Honorable Mention. teacher. Escultura y Grabado and the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura run by Teodoro Buenaventura in the early 1900s. Escuela de Pintura. A prolific writer. He taught at the Philippine Normal School from 1918 to 1926. his landscapes were found in classrooms all over the Philippines. poet. Louis Exposition of 1904. His earliest pieces of . In 1941 his Tienda del Barrio won Second Honorable Mention in the Filipiniana Category at the National Art Competition sponsored by the University of Santo Tomas. Before World War II. Mangahas and Lamberto E. He is a National Artist of the Philippines. better known by his pen name.B. He also studied at the Liceo de Manila. Almario. Almario sought his education in Manila and completed his degree in A. Growing up in Bulacan among peasants. critic. translator. he spearheaded the second successful modernist movement in Filipino poetry together with Rogelio G. and cultural manager. is a Filipino artist. He was represented with 8 paintings in the Philippine Section at the St.

Almario engaged in translating and editing. Later. politics and activist movement. As critic. two grand prizes from the Cultural Center of the Philippines. Other important translations include the famous works of the Philippines' national hero. . Bertolt Brecht. Jose Rizal. Euripedes and Maxim Gorki. He has translated the best contemporary poets of the world. namely Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. Almario has been a recipient of numerous awards such as several Palanca Awards. the TOYM for literature. Aside from being a critic. He has also translated for theater production the plays of Nick Joaquin. and the Southeast Asia Write Award of Bangkok. he set aside modernism and formalism and took interest in nationalism. his critical works deal with the issue of national language. in the years of martial law. now considered the first book of literary criticism in Filipino.literary criticism were collected in Ang Makata sa Panahon ng Makina (1972). the Makata ng Taon of the Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino. It was deemed as the best translation by the Manila Critics Circle.

Caparas (born March 12.Carlo J. 1945 in Pampanga) is a Filipino comic strip creator/writerturned director and producer. amongst others. Bakekang. Caparas was awarded the 2008 Sagisag Balagtas Award.April 8. Alfredo Alcala Alfredo P. and his interest continued throughout his life. who is best known for creating Filipino superheroes and comic book characters such as Panday. and Tasya Fantasya Gagambino. Caparas Carlo J. 1925 . Pieta. born in Talisay. Joaquin Bordado. 2000) was a Filipino comic book artist. Alfredo Alcala was so determined to pursue his career in art . Kamandag. Angela Markado. Totoy Bato. Alcala (August 23. Alfredo Alcala was born with a creative interest in designing. Negros Occidental in the Philippines. He was so compelled with art that he would start drawing pictures and begin posting them in his school's hallways. He was hooked on comic books in his early childhood.

household furnitures and showed his excellence in craftsmanship by designing a church pulpit. which featureed some of Alcala's artworks. Later. Alcala also took part with the novel Daddy Cool written by the late Donald Goines. he began working in an ironworker's shop.that he dropped out of school as a young teenager to do so. Alfredo Alcala would draw pictures and give them to the leader of the American unit which would help them in the war. his booming career and popularity led him to different projects including drawing animations for films. He first received his break by doing various commercials and painting signs. designing household materials like lamps. which marked his return to the comics business. He acted as a spy for the American forces not even having intentions on doing so. The biggest honor of his childhood came when he started drawing cartoons during the Japanese occupation in World War II. . His contributions spanned on several artistic genres including superheroes. horror. He also worked on the Swamp Thing for DC. and fantasy. By 1990's.

1981) was a Philippine cubist painter and illustrator. In 1949. was a direct influence to his fellow Filipino neo-realists: Malang. Manansala's canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio and the city together. Canada.August 22. From 1926 to 1930. a National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts.[1] The Honolulu Academy of Arts.P. Pampanga. the Philippine Center (New York City) and the Singapore Art Museum are among the public collections holding work by Vicente Manansala.Vicente Manansala Vicente Silva Manansala (January 22. the Lopez Memorial Museum (Manila). Vicente Manansala. he studied at the U. Norma Belleza and Baldemor. In 1950. His Madonna of the Slums is . Manansala received a six-month grant by UNESCO to study at the Ecole de Beaux Arts in Banff and Montreal. 1910. he received a nine-month scholarship to study at the Ecole de Beaux Arts in Paris by the French government. Manansala was born in Macabebe. Angelito Antonio. School of Fine Arts.

Manansala developed transparent cubism. He has notable performances in Filipino soap operas. year 2006 when he had his critically acclaimed portrayal as the international boxing champion Manny Pacquiao. A fine example of Manansala using this "transparent and translucent" technique is his composition. Even For Just One Moment. Kahit Isang Saglit (lit. he started to join the music industry and had his own album. In his Jeepneys. and patterns of figure and environment are masterfully superimposed".a portrayal of a mother and child from the countryside who became urban shanty residents once in the city. Kalabaw (Carabao). especially in the 2001 hit Pangako Sa'yo with Kristine Hermosa via ABS-CBN. wherein the "delicate tones. It . In movies. Jericho Rosales Jericho Vibar Rosales or also known as "Echo" (born on September 22. shapes. Recently. also called A Time For Us) is a drama television series produced by ABS-CBN and Double Vision. Philippines) is a Filipino actor. Manansala combined the elements of provincial folk culture with the congestion issues of the city. 1979 in Quezon City.

is currently airing in the Philippines in primetime every Monday through Friday and will be aired soon both in Malaysia and Singapore in primetime every Saturdays and Sundays in full high-definition 1080i format. His film debut Aishite Imasu (Mahal Kita) 1941 which skyrocketed him into a matinee idol status. but she woke up the next morning to find out he has left again. Margaret/Garie (Carmen Soo) was very happy to see her father named Ronaldo Dimaandal (Albert Martinez) again and was excited to spend time with her mom & dad. or more famously known as Dennis Trillo is a television and film actor in the Philippines. 1981 in Quezon City. Rocky Santillan's (Jericho Rosales) father is a policeman who was murdered & his mom suffered from a fatal heart attack when she saw her husband¶s lifeless body along the beach. He is currently an artist . Garie & her mom lived with a relative who didn¶t too think much of her dad. This series will mark the very first Asianovela production of 2 Asian Countries. Dennis Trillo Abelardo Dennis Florencio Ho (born May 12. Philippines).

and Lorna Tolentino. Jackie Lou Blanco. It is still enjoying great success. 2008.000 tourists and residents at the Mactan. Dennis Trillo played a macho . at a studio in Marilao. his rise to fame was proven in 2006 when he won the Best Actor trophy thrice that same year defeating heavy contender. while Dennis Trillo played Ferdinand Magellan. Bulacan. Dennis Trillo's newest starrer. Gabby Eigenmann.of GMA Network. afternoon soap. Emilio Garcia. Dennis started in taping his fantaserye of GMA-7's Zaido. Cebu Shrine. On April 29. where he stars with Raymart Santiago. Aljur Abrenica. Making him the only non-veteran actor to defeat Piolo Pascual in the said feat. Piolo Pascual. and his leading lady Katrina Halili in a very different role. Marky Cielo. also stars Iwa Moto. 5. where Manny Pacquiao acted as Lapu-Lapu. On August 21. On May 12. viewed the "Battle of Mactan" play. Dennis is now doing Kulam with Judy Ann Santos for Regal Films also." Pablo Gomez's "Magdusa Ka" premiered to good ratings. Sine Novela: Magdusa Ka. 2008. called locally as a "Sine Novela. In the said soap. On 200.

Caparas and produced by GMA Network) stars Dennis Trillo in the title role. 2008. Gagambino (Philippine television series based from the graphic novel of Carlo J. the teaser was officially shown at "Chika Minute" segment of 24 Oras. The series will be aired starting mid-2008. Both were released under his self-owned Tala Comics Publishing. Philippines) is a Filipino comic book writer and artist. Arnold Arre Arnold Arre (born on September 2. where Dennis Trillo was formally introduced in his lead role as Gagambino. 1971 in Metro Manila. On June 2. His macho dancing act in "Magdusa Ka" created buzz in the Philippines because the soap is shown on an afternoon time slot. a one-shot future fiction short story. His other titles . Arre has won National Book Awards from the Manila Critics Circle for his graphic novels The Mythology Class (1999). It is also a daring career move for Dennis Trillo. a four-part actionadventure miniseries that was re-released as a Special Collected Edition by Adarna House in 2005 and Trip to Tagaytay (2000).dancer character.

Newer PostsOlder PostsHome Subscribe to: Posts (Atom) ARTISTS ARCHIVE y y y o 2010 (2) 2009 (4) 2008 (45) December (2) . published by Adarna House. He has also taken part in local and international group exhibits and has had a one-man fantasy-themed show. Mythos in 2000. Arnold has done numerous design and illustration jobs for various clients such as The San Miguel Foundation for the Performing Arts and Sony BMG Music Entertainment Philippines. Aside from his comics work. Arnold resides in Quezon City and is married to graphic designer Cynthia Bauzon.include the romantic comedy After Eden (2002). and the self-published Ang Mundo ni Andong Agimat (2006).

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Vic is the . TVJ: Television's Jesters. He then joined his brothers Tito. This is where he met another comedian Joey De Leon. This is where he met another comedian Joey De Leon. Val in a gag show back in the early 1970s ³OK Lang´ under IBC 13. He is known all through out the industry as Bossing. and 2006). Rock and Roll 2000 and countless movies. and film producer working for GMA Network and stars on noon-time variety show Eat Bulaga. Vic and Joey (TVJ) was born. 1954). is a Filipino actor. They were casted with more shows like Iskul Bukol and Eat Bulaga!. Joey became a co-host of about to be axed weekly variety show Discorama (GMA Network) and eventually invited the brothers to join him. The trio of Tito. He then joined his brothers Tito. Vic and Joey (TVJ) was born. Vic is the V of the trio. Joey became a co-host of about to be axed weekly variety show Discorama (GMA Network) and eventually invited the brothers to join him. comedian. Val in a gag show back in the early 1970s ³OK Lang´ under IBC 13. 2005.Vic Sotto Marvic Castelo Sotto (born April 28. also known as Vic Sotto. The trio of Tito. He has won three consecutive titles for Philippine Box Office King (2004.

A self-confessed former addict. "Bad Boy 2". he converted to Islam while in jail. Rock and Roll 2000 and countless movies. 1967. He was one of Viva Films' top hitmakers alongside Sharon Cuneta and Andrew E. and the title-roler. They were casted with more shows like Iskul Bukol and Eat Bulaga!. Kosovo died in a firefight with special forces during the attempted escape of . his reign as "Bad Boy" was cut short when he had been convicted in the mid 1990s of illegal possession of firearms and spent time in jail. Robin Padilla Robinhood Fernando Carino Padilla (b. He is the younger brother of Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition housemate Rustom Padilla. He was released in 1998. November 23. However. TVJ: Television's Jesters. Manila. Philippines) is a Filipino action star who earned the showbiz monicker "The Bad Boy of Philippine Action Movies" during the '90s when he played cold-blooded gangster roles in movies like "Anak ni Baby Ama". A controversy arose recently when Padilla's bodyguard alias "Kumander Kosovo" was tagged by the Philippine authorities as an Abu Sayyaf leader.V of the trio. "Grease Gun Gang".

Again. where he was paired with Maricel Soriano. he opted out of his exclusive contract with Viva Films and was allowed to do movies for other film outfits including Star Cinema Productions. His first film after his release from jail was "Tulak ng Bibig. Camp Bagong Diwa in Taguig City.Abu Sayyaf leaders from the heavily fortified prison facility. he had reinvented himself as a versatile actor who can do justice to different film genres ranging from action to drama and comedy. In 2005 he did two movies: the horror thriller "Kulimlim" and the comedy "La Visa Loca". "Basta't Kasama Kita" opposite Judy Ann Santos. He got rave reviews in the latter movie and received Best Actor honors in the 2006 Urian Awards. Padilla is currently a contract artist of GMA . After his comeback film. Kabig ng Dibdib". Millennium Cinema and GMA Films. setting a trend among Philippine action stars. Shortly after his release from jail. FLT Films . Robin crossed over to television via the ABS-CBN comedy show "Pwedeng-Pwede". which teamed him with Kris Aquino and Redford White. he was the first action star to topbill a daily actiondrama series.

an anti-malaria advocate since 2004 appealed for media support for his cause against the dreaded disease. the second one will be a dramedy with Mega Star Sharon Cuneta. 2007) with Angel Locsin. He has also signed a two film contract under GMA Network's film outfit GMA Films. Padilla flew to Turkey to attend a conference concerning the Liwanag ng Kapayapaan Foundation. Bulacan. the series was shot all over Asia. and is scheduled to begin filming this October for a 2nd quarter of 2008 release. Robin also collected 1 million Philippine pesos for the Muslim cemetery in Norzagaray.Network and starred in the top rating TV series Asian Treasures (which ended on June 29. His MAM posters are now being sent to rural health clinics all over the country. under the direction of Jose Javier Reyes. the first Philippine TV series to do so. Robin said he engaged television networks in the campaign for the use of mosquito nets. Robin. a free preschool he built for Muslim . to help his Muslim brethren (in the press briefing of Department of Health¶s Movement Against Malaria). first was Till I Met You with Regine Velasquez and was a blockbbuster hit. As MAM spokesperson.

Fernando Amorsolo Fernando Cueto Amorsolo (May 30. 1892 . He has four children. Greenview Executive Village. Meanwhile. after his top-rating action-adventure series. on May 3. . 2007 he donated 2. 2008 Robin Padilla suffered minor injuries while taping a motorcycle stunt for Joaquin Bordado. a son named Ali and three daughters Queenie.April 26. a German-made handgun loaded with 6 bullets. Kylie and Zhen-Zhen. 2008.children in Quezon City. Asian Treasures ended. 1972) is one of the most important artists in the history of painting in the Philippines. where thieves stole his Motorola cellular phone and a 357 Luger. He owns a house at posh Pines Ville Street. On March 7.5 million Philippine pesos to the Muay Association of the Philippines. Novaliches. Barangay Sauyo. Zambales. Quezon City. Robin is set to do a Jose Javier Reyes film opposite Sharon Cuneta. in Subic Bay. On September 15. which opened in 2007.

Amorsolo was a portraitist and painter of rural Philippine landscapes. He is popularly known for his craftsmanship and mastery in the use of light. Amorsolo was a portraitist and painter of rural Philippine landscapes. He is popularly known for his craftsmanship and mastery in the use of light. Born in Paco. he earned a degree from the Liceo de Manila Art School in 1909. 1972) is one of the most important artists in the history of painting in the Philippines. Manila. Born in Paco. he earned a degree from the Liceo de Manila Art School in 1909. . 1892 . Manila. Fernando Cueto Amorsolo (May 30.April 26.

Victorio C. Amorsolo was married twice and had 14 children. After Jorge¶s death in 1931.March 7. Among her daughters are Sylvia Amorsolo Lazo and Luz Amorsolo. In 1916. he married Salud Jorge. with whom he had six children. the creator of the Caloocan City monument for Philippine hero Andres Bonifacio. Amorsolo was a close friend to the Philippine sculptor Guillermo Tolentino. 1895 . 1985) is a Filipino painter who was the leader of the revolutionary Thirteen Moderns who engaged their . Amorsolo married Maria del Carmen Zaragoza.During his lifetime. with whom he had eight more children. Five of Amorsolo¶s children became painters themselves. Edades Victorio C. Edades (December 13.

He was the youngest of ten children (six of whom died of smallpox). He was guided by the existing American curricula when he made the Fine Arts curriculum for UST. By seventh grade. Pangasinan. 1895 to Hilario and Cecilia Edades. having won awards in school debates and writing competitions. He grew up in Barrio Bolosan in Dagupan. He was also an achiever from the very beginning. UST . foreign languages and optional science subjects such as zoology and botany.classical compatriots in heated debate over the nature and function of art. painting and composition. his teachers were so impressed with him that he was dubbed ³apprentice teacher´ in his art class. His artistic ability surfaced during his early years. He was named a National Artist in 1976. Because of Edades. he also included Western and Oriental art history. Alongside standard subjects like drawing. which he organized under the wing of Architecture. he was appointed as Director of the UST College of Architecture and Fine Arts. Edades helped organized the University of Sto. In 1935. Tomas Department of Architecture in 1930 and was its acting head. Victorio Edades was born on December 23.

2002) was a Filipino composer and lyricist who was born in Manila. while the University of the Philippines remained the precursor of conservative art. the Philippines.000 songs to his credit. Levi Celerio Levi Celerio (April 30. 1910 April 2.became the forerunner of Modern Art. Celerio was a prolific song-writer. with over 4. He is perhaps bestknown for being a leafplayer. a feat for which he .

Manila. 1910 in Tondo. He .was put into the Guinness Book of World Records. Levi Celerio was born on April 19. he was named National Artist of the Philippines for Music. He received a scholarship to the Academy of Music in Manila and became the youngest member of the Manila Symphony Orchestra. He died on April 2. 2002. In 1997.

On October 9. pursuant to Proclamation No. which earned for him the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Film Academy of the Philippines.wrote a great number of songs for local movies. including many that became movie titles. 1997. . Christmas. Celerio has written lyrics for more than 4.000 Filipino folk. 1114. President Fidel V. and love songs.

" In his old age. usually at a concert at the Cultural Center of the Philippines.Ramos proclaimed him a National Artist for Music and Literature. His citation read that his music "was a perfect embodiment of the heartfelt sentiments and valued traditions of the Filipino. Levi occasionally appeared in public. He was also playing at a Quezon City bar from time to time. Levi was a .

He died at the Delgado Clinic in Quezon City on April 2. a popular matinee idol thus. 2002 at the age of 91. just two days after the death of a fellow National Artist. his death . so poor in fact that he could not pay for his hospital bills.poor man. Lucio San Pedro (who wrote the music for Sa Ugoy ng Duyan). But his death was overshadowed by the death of Rico Yan.

a Bohol congressman and Purificacion (Nena) Veloso. He is also entitled as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture". 1930). His father was a friend and contemporary of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas and . more popularly known as Napoleón Abueva. president of the Women¶s Auxiliary Service. nicknamed Billy. He was buried with full military honors at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Nationa Napoleon Abueva Napoleón Isabelo Veloso-Abueva (born January 26. Bohol to Teodoro Abueva.was received with little attention. is a Filipino artist. 1930 in Tagbilaran. He is a sculptor given the distinction as the Philippines National Artist for Sculpture. He is the first and only Boholano given the distinction as National Artist of the Philippines in the field of Visual Arts. was born on January 26. Napoleon Abueva.

Teresita (Ching)Floro. USA. UP Faculty Center. Some of his major works include Kaganapan (1953). Ramon Binamira (dec. Eternal Gardens Memorial Park (1979). Nine Muses (1994). He ended his career as a Congressman in 1934. Both of Abueva's parents died serving their country. Jr. UP Gateway (1967). One masterpiece he dedicates to the Boholanos is the Sandugo or Blood Compact . his body has not been found. Australia. the bronze figure of Teodoro M. now living in Sydney. Thirty Pieces of Silver . and later became the Provincial Governor of Bohol. Purificacion (Neny -deceased). a landscape artist who met a tragic fate aboard Princess of the Orient. Abueva has six other brothers and sisters: Teodoro (Teddy). and Antonio (Tony).Ambassador Narciso Ramos. and murals in marble at the National Heroes Shrine. Bataan. He was a member of the Provincial Board. Kiss of Judas (1955).. Amelia Martinez (Inday). Jose Abueva (Pepe). former president of the University of the Philippines.) of Tagbilaran City. Kalaw in front of National Library. Mt. married to Atty. Sunburst (1994)Peninsula Manila Hotel. Samat. now living in Chicago. now based in New York. The Transfiguration.

born as Ronald Allan Kelley Poe and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King. and a manifestation of his artistic talents. he also made a death mask of Cardinal Sin. Both masks are now displayed at the Center for Kapampangan Studies. as well as that of Ninoy Aquino in 1986. (August 20. 2004). Tarlac. a landmark at the site of the first international treaty of friendship between Spaniards and Filipinos. Fernando Poe. He was honored on May 24. despite controversies surrounding his nomination. and was given acting roles in subsequent years. Jr. Incidentally. Starting as a stuntman for Everlasting Pictures. he was given a break and landed his first starring role in the movie Anak ni Palaris (Son of Palaris) at the age of 14. The movie was not a big hit. This shrine is an expression of Abueva's awareness of his roots. having run an unsuccessful bid for President of the Philippines in the 2004 presidential elections against the incumbent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Hacienda Luisita. This is now a tourist attraction in Bohol province. 1939 ± December 14. Poe dropped out of high school to work in the Filipino film industry as a messenger boy. and the film was such a big hit that low-waist pants became a fad. in 2004. Known also as FPJ from his initials. In 1957. was a Filipino actor and later politician. 1065. Abueva also performed the death mask procedure of the late Fernando Poe Jr. the movie Lo Waist Gang made him popular. Poe acted in a number of movies which depicted him as the champion . 2006 with the title of Philippine National Artist through an executive order called Philippine Proclamation No.shrine in Bool. Tagbilaran City.

and it helped establish Fernando Poe. Durugin si Totoy Bato. He also directed nine movies. He established FPJ productions in 1961 and later organized other film companies such as D'Lanor. Poe was dubbed as the "Da King" of Philippine movies because of his box office hits. Dito sa Pitong Gatang and Aguila. he shared the lead in The Ravagers. 1928 in Pampanga though raised in Tondo. Tatapusin Ko (1983). The film is considered one of the most influential Filipino films. Among the movies that received awards were Mga Alabok ng Lupa (1967). under the pseudonym Ronwaldo Reyes. and Muslim Magnum . Manila). Dolphy Dolphy (born Rodolfo Quizon on July 25. In 1963. Asedillo (1971). Martha. a film depicting the United States and the Philippines working together against Japanese war time occupation. he and Joseph Estrada testified against criminal gangs who extorted money from the film industry. Kahit Konting Pagtingin.'s status as a movie icon. His last movie was Pakners which also stars 9-ball billiards champion Efren "Bata" Reyes. Jr. is a comedian actor in the Philippines. Better known as the Philippine's . Poe became an award-winning actor and garnered the most best actor awards at the FAMAS.of the poor and downtrodden. In 1965. JAFERE.357 (1987). Reyes originated from the surname of his paternal grandmother. Umpisahan Mo. He made over 200 films in his lifetime and ran a successful movie production firm. Among his famous movies include the Ang Panday series. and Rosas Productions.

Television Shows Buhay Artista (ABS-CBN) Tantarangtang (ABS-CBN) John En Marsha (RPN 9) . he made many comedy films. his career has spanned for more than 5 decades. Ike Lozada and German Moreno. alongside fellow comedians. he opened for the Beatles at Rizal Stadium in Manila. Panchito. His comic talents became well known in the films. He currently appears in a show called John En Shirley which is a spin-off of John En Marsha with Maricel Soriano the only returning cast member from the show. Even though their show was in Tagalog. The series lasted for 17 years and ended in 1990. He has 18 children by five different women. gave him his first break as a character actor. He is currently living with his domestic partner Zsa Zsa Padilla. Paul McCartney has said he was amused by their act. Soon. Dolphy and his sons Eric and Jeffrey Quizon all won the Prix de la Meilleure Interpretation (the equivalent of a Best Actor Award) in Brussels. He used the screen names Golay and Pidol under Sampaguita Pictures. Jack en Jill and Facifica Falayfay. He was raised by his parents Melencio Espinosa Quizon. and Salud de la Rosa Vera. After John En Marsha. In 1966. Tugo. He is best known for his character John Puruntong in the comedy sitcom John En Marsha with Nida Blanca. Pugo. In 2001. Belgium for playing Walterina Markova in the movie Markova: Comfort Gay. a Chinese Filipino. He started as a struggling performer onstage during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Babalu."King of Comedy". which was reinvented into Home Along da Airport. The late Fernando Poe. Sr. as part of the comedy duo Dolphy and Panchito. he returned on TV to play Kevin Kosme (a play on the name of actor Kevin Costner) in the sitcom Home Along da Riles. of ABS-CBN.

Gabi Ni Dolphy (RPN 9) Plaza 1899 (RPN 9) Purungtong (RPN 9) Home Along Da Riles (ABS-CBN 2) Home Along Da Airport (ABS-CBN 2) Quizon Avenue (ABS-CBN 2) John En Shirley (ABS-CBN 2) Napoleon Abueva From Wikipedia. is a Filipino artist. He is the only Boholano given the distinction as National Artist of the Philippines in the field of Visual Arts. He is also entitled as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture". more popularly known asNapoleón Abueva. 1930).[1] . the free encyclopedia Napoleón Isabelo Veloso-Abueva (born January 26. He is a sculptor given the distinction as the Philippines' National Artist for Sculpture.

Bohol to Teodoro Abueva. a Bohol congressman and Purificacion . nicknamed Billy.Contents [hide] y y y y y y 1 Biography and career 2 Exhibits 3 Cultural Missions 4 Organizations 5 Awards 6 References [edit]Biography and career Napoleon Abueva. was born on January 26. 1930 in Tagbilaran.

now living in Chicago. and later became the Provincial Governor of Bohol. Purificacion (Neny deceased). now living in Sydney. Abueva has six other brothers and sisters: Teodoro (Teddy). Jr.. Ramon Binamira (dec.) of Tagbilaran City. His father was a friend and contemporary of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas and Ambassador Narciso Ramos. now based in New York. Teresita (Ching) Floro. Both of Abueva's parents died serving their country.(Nena) Veloso. Australia. president of the Women¶s Auxiliary Service. Jose Abueva (Pepe). He was a member of the Provincial Board. married to Atty. a landscape artist who met a tragic fate . former president of the University of the Philippines. and Antonio (Tony). USA. Amelia Martinez (Inday). He ended his career as a Congressman in 1934.

Napoleon Abueva became an unwilling victim of the atrocities of the Japanese. In 1943.aboard Princess of the Orient. Billy was then only 14 years old. tortured. at the height of the Second World War. and tortured for more than a week. his body has not been found. but he was hog-tied. brought to Guindulman. He accompanied his grandmother to Ilaya. With his father. a leader in the underground movement. and the blue-black marks on his wrists and ankles took weeks to heal. and his mother in the women's Auxiliary group. He lost his front teeth. but this did not spare him from the brutality of the invaders. the family was hunted.[1] . His grandmother was later freed. His parents were captured. Duero where they were captured by some Japanese soldiers. and killed in Valencia.

It was also in 1955 that he finished his . Billy studied at the Tagbilaran Elementary School. He then took up a Bachelor's degree in Fine Arts at the University of the Philippines where he graduated in 1953. he was given a break in 1951 when he won the Pura Villanueva-Kalaw Scholarship.As a young boy. he won another scholarship at the Instituto de Allende in Mexico City which he did not avail due to conflict in schedule. and Rafael Palma College (now the University of Bohol) before making it as a sculptor. after which he got a foreign Students Scholarship at the University of Kansas (1955±56). At the same time. A home-grown talent. This was followed by a Fulbright-Smith Mundt Scholarshipin 1954-55. and later at University of Southern Philippines. Holy Name College (nowHoly Name University).

P. stainless steel. Los Banos. langka wood. cement. bronze.P.Masters in Fine Arts at the Cranbook Academy of Arts.S. he has utilized almost all kinds of materials from hard wood (molave. Being adept in both academic representational style and modern abstract. Tolentino later relegated to him the task of replicating the sculpture for the Campus of U. palm wood and bamboo) to adobe. who created the oblation at the university entrance . marble. coral and brass. metal. At U. alabaster. ipil. kama gong. . In 1956. one of his mentors was Guillermo Tolentino. acacia. U. Abueva has helped shape the local sculpture scene in the Philippines.. he attended Harvard University for another scholarship grant. iron. also a national artist.

Thirty Pieces of Silver. a landmark at the site of the first international treaty of . The Transfiguration. Eternal Gardens Memorial Park (1979). Tagbilaran City. Kiss of Judas (1955). he was proclaimed as National Artist of the Philippines for Visual Arts by then President Ferdinand Marcos. Sunburst (1994)-Peninsula Manila Hotel. UP Faculty Center. Mt. UP Gateway (1967). He was the youngest recipient of the title at age 46. the bronze figure of Teodoro M. Nine Muses (1994). Samat. One masterpiece he dedicates to the Boholanos is the Sandugo or Blood Compact shrine in Bohol.In 1976. and murals in marble at the National Heroes Shrine. Bataan. Some of his major works include Kaganapan (1953). Kalaw in front of National Library.

Jr. Both masks are now displayed at the Center for Kapampangan Studies. Amihan. in 2004. This shrine is an expression of Abueva's awareness of his roots.friendship between Spaniards and Filipinos. This is now a tourist attraction in Bohol province. and a manifestation of his artistic talents. he used to teach at the Industrial Design department of the De La Salle- . Tarlac. Abueva also performed the death mask procedure of opposition leader Ninoy Aquino in 1983. Hacienda Luisita. he also made a death mask ofCardinal Sin. Before his stroke. and has three children. as well as that of Fernando Poe. Incidentally.Mulawin. a psychiatrist.[2] He is married to Cherry Abueva. and Duero.

[3] [edit]Exhibits He has made exhibits of his work in Cebu Plaza. Missouri.delegate .S. Washington (1962) Cultural mission to India Cultural mission to Taipei Arts Council in England (1964) . and Vermont. Wisconsin.[4] University of Kansas..special guest Venice Biennale (1964) Fifth International Congress of Art in Tokyo (1966) . [edit]Cultural  Missions      Century 21 Exposition in Seattle.College of Saint Benilde School of Design and Arts. U.

 



Sixth International congress of Art in Amsterdam (1969). Biennale de Sao Paulo, Brazil (1969). art exhibit of the Philippine Pavilion in Expo 70, Osaka, Japan

[edit]Organizations
Abueva is a member of the Ceramic Council of the Philippines; Rizal Center; International Institute of Arts and Letters (1959±61); Art Education Committee (1961); and the National Commission on Culture (1964±65). He was President of the Art Association of the Philippines (1965±66) and President of the Society of Philippine Sculpture (1967±68).

[edit]Awards 

First Prize, Sculptural Exhibition by the Art Association of the Philippines (1951)

      

First Prize in the Fifth Annual Art Exhibition (1952) First Prize and Special Award on the Fourth Sculptural Exhibition (1952) Awardee, "The Unknown Political Prisoner" in the International Sculpture Competition by the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London(1953) First Prize and Special Award, Kaganapan (Marble), in the Semi-Annual Art Exhibition by the Art Association of the Philippines (1953) First Prize, "Kiss of Judas" (Wood) in the Religious Art Exhibition in Detroit, Michigan, USA (1955) Purchase Prize, "Water Buffalo" (Marble), in the Annual Show, at St. Louis, Missouri, USA (1956) First Prize, "Figure" (Wood) in the Annual Show of the Art Association of the Philippines (1957)

 

  

 

Most Outstanding Alumnus of the School of Fine Arts, U.P. Golden Jubilee (1958) Republic Award for Sculpture (1959) Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines (TOYM) Awardee in Sculpture (1959) Winner, U.P. Gateway Design Competition (1962) Winner, Cultural Heritage Award (1966) ASEAN Awards for Visual Arts in Bangkok (1987) Fourth ASEAN Achievement Award for Visual Arts in Singapore (July 1995).

[edit]References
Antonino R. Buenaventura Music (1988) Antonino R. Buenaventura has vigorously pursued a musical career that spanned seven decades of

unwavering commitment to advancing the frontiers of Philippine music. In 1935, Buenaventura joined Francisca Reyes-Aquino to conduct research on folksongs and dances that led to its popularization. Buenaventura composed songs, compositions, for solo instruments as well as symphonic and orchestral works based on the folksongs of various Philippine ethnic groups. He was also a conductor and restored the Philippine Army Band to its former prestige as one of the finest military bands in the world making it "the only band that can sound like a symphony orchestra". This once sickly boy who played the clarinet proficiently has written several marches such as the "Triumphal March," "Echoes of the Past," "History Fantasy,"Second Symphony in E-flat, "Echoes from the Philippines," "Ode to Freedom." His orchestral music compositions include Concert Overture, Prelude and Fugue in G Minor, Philippines Triumphant, Mindanao Sketches, Symphony in C Major, among others.

The 1996 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts

He had attended Paco Elementary School and had three years of secondary education in Mapa High School but was too intellectually restless to be confined in a classroom. Joaquin himself confessed that he always had the vocation for the religious life and would have entered a . he was the writer¶s writer.BIOGRAPHY of Nick Joaquin He was the greatest Filipino writer of his generation. he was unable to pursue the religious vocation that his strictly Catholic family had envisioned to be his future. Over six decades and a half. he was his people¶s writer as well. he produced a body of work unmatched in richness and range by any of his contemporaries. In the passion with which he embraced his country¶s manifold being. Among other changes. The young Joaquin dropped out of school. Living a life wholly devoted to the craft of conjuring a world through words.

Joaquin. After he left school. He ." He would hold a book with one hand and read while polishing with a coconut husk the floor with his feet. Through this time he pursued a passion for reading. This got him started on what would be a lifelong association with the world of print. Torres Street in Manila¶s Santa Cruz district.seminary if it were not for his father¶s death. recounts that in his teens Nick had a "rabid and insane love for books. Sarah K. Joaquin worked as a mozo (boy apprentice) in a bakery in Pasay and then as a printer¶s devil in the composing department of the Tribune. of the TVT (TribuneVanguardia-Taliba) publishing company. Nick¶s sister-in-law. which had its offices on F.

Dumas. . He was voracious. reading practically everything that caught his fancy. Both his parents had encouraged his interest in books. his father got him a borrower¶s card at the National Library (then in the basement of the Legislative Building in Luneta) and there he discovered Bambi and Heidi and the novels of Stevenson. from the poetry of Edna St. and Dickens (David Copperfield was his great favorite). When he was around ten.would walk down a street. on an errand to buy the family¶s meal. with a dinner pail in one hand and an open book in the other. Vincent Millay and Vachel Lindsay to the stories of Anton Chekhov. He explored his father¶s library and the bookstores of Carriedo in downtown Manila.

and Ernest Hemingway. Harper¶s Magazine) and discovered the fiction of Booth Tarkington. it can be said that Joaquin never really lost his sense of where he was. Cosmopolitan. D. Somerset Maugham. Joaquin and other writers of his generation who were schooled in the American era discovered Dostoyevsky and Hemingway before they did such Tagalog writers as Lope K. F. He read American magazines (Saturday Evening Post. Scott Fitzgerald. Joaquin¶s choice of early readings was not exceptional. H. Lawrence. Santos and Rosauro Almario. He read Manila¶s English-language newspapers and magazines for what Filipinos themselves . and Willa Cather. Yet.to the novels of Dostoyevsky.

"I was aware enough of my milieu to know that it was missing from our writing in English. "When I started writing in the late 1930s. (He had read the Jose Rizal novels in the Charles Derbyshire translation before he was thirteen." he would recall many years later.were writing. The Manila I had been born into and had grown up in had yet to appear in our English fiction. although that fiction was mostly written in Manila and about Manila. "The Sorrows of Vaudeville. Joaquin said.) He always had a strong sense of place. a virtue that was to become a hallmark of his body of work." and was published in Sunday Tribune Magazine in 1937." His first short story dealt with the vaudeville of Manila. (The editors changed its title to "Behind .

Serafin Lanot. but the shy and elusive Joaquin ran away. Joaquin was set on crafting his own voice. Writing in 1985 on his early years as a writer. he said that it appeared to him in the 1930s that both an American language and an American education had distanced Filipino writers in English from their immediate surroundings. the Tribune¶s poetry editor. "These young writers could only see what the American language saw. liked the poem very much and went to congratulate the poet when he came to collect his fee. The story is told that when this poem appeared in the Tribune. in 1934." It was "modern" to snub anything that wore the name of tradition .") Earlier. Very early. he published his first poem in English. a piece about Don Quixote.Tinsel and Grease.

the young Joaquin was just beginning to find his way into a literary life. to bring in the grandfathers.and. as I put it once. "The result was a fiction so strictly contemporary that both the authors and their characters seemed to be. for the boys and girls who trooped to the American-instituted schools.¶" He recalled: "I realize now that what impelled me to start writing was a desire to bring in the perspective." This was Nick Joaquin recalling in 1985 what it was like in the 1930s. Philippine history began with Commodore Dewey and the Battle of Manila Bay. µwithout grandfathers. He was gaining notice as a promising writer. Back then. publishing between 1934 and 1941 a few stories and over a dozen poems in . to manifest roots.

at this time. where . The period of the Japanese occupation was a difficult time for the Joaquins who. Joaquin stood at the periphery of this scene. as writers and critics debated the role and direction of Philippine writing and formed feuding groups such as the Philippine Writers League and the Veronicans. He was already trying to fend for himself while quite young. had moved from Pasay to a house on Arlegui Street in the historic San Miguel district of Manila. He was also growing into a world that was marching toward the cataclysm of a world war.the Herald Mid-Week Magazine and the Sunday Tribune Magazine. The literary scene was vibrant in the Commonwealth years. He probably had little time to be too reflective.

Seeing corpses on the street. road worker. He dreamed of pursuing a religious vocation by going to a monastery in Spain or somewhere in Europe. he was filled with the desire to leave the country and go somewhere far. "somewhere where you could clean up. demeaned by fear and poverty. Joaquin detested the war.Malaca ang Palace is located. He later said in an interview that the experience of the war so drained both his body and spirit that when it was over. rig driver. Joaquin worked as a port stevedore. working for a wage in rice. and buy-and-sell salesman." . Joaquin scavenged for work to help support the family. factory watchman. Like other residents in the enemy-occupied city. The Japanese had closed down the Tribune and other publications at the onset of the occupation.

When he was asked to fill up a biographical form for the Review." a story about an aging vaudeville star.Through the war years. He cultivated a persona inaccessible and mysterious. and the essay "La Naval de Manila. Readers were beginning to take notice." Both appeared in the wartime English-language journal Philippine Review in 1943. A monthly published by the Manila Sinbun-sya and edited by Vicente Albano Pacis and Francisco Icasiano. he continued writing when and where he could. he . He finished "The Woman Who Felt Like Lazarus. the Review also published Joaquin¶s story "It Was Later Than We Thought" (1943) and his translation of Rizal¶s Mi Ultimo Adios (1944).

who testily . the temper. Spain created for us." "La Naval de Manila" tells of a Manila religious celebration built on the tradition that the Blessed Virgin had miraculously intervened in the Spanish victory over a Dutch invasion fleet in 1646. but the basic form.simply wrote down: "25 years old. the physiognomy. He wrote: "The content of our national destiny is ours to create." The article triggered an angry response in a subsequent issue of the Review from Federico Mangahas. then a leading intellectual. salesman. Already it sets forth a major theme Joaquin would develop in the years ahead: that the Filipino nation was formed in the matrix of Spanish colonialism and that it was important for Filipinos to appreciate their Spanish past.

he continued writing and publishing. Joaquin worked as a stage manager for his sister-in-law¶s acting troupe and dreamed of getting away. Joaquin declined to reply but he had raised an issue that would continue to be debated after the war. In heady years right after the war. In the meantime. After the Americans liberated Manila in February±April 1945. he published in rapid succession such .inquired why theReview was "building up" this young writer who would have readers believe that precolonial Philippine society was just a primeval "drift of totem-and-taboo tribes" and that Catholic saints can be the country¶s unifying national symbols. He obviously did not sleepwalk through the years of the war but was writing out stories in his head.

The opportunity to leave the country came in 1947 when he was accepted as a novice at Saint Albert¶s College. He enjoyed the pleasant diversions of the scenic port city and the occasional ." "May Day Eve.stories as "Summer Solstice." These stories have become Nick Joaquin¶s signature stories and classics in Philippine writing in English. The story is told that the Dominicans in Manila were so impressed by his "La Naval de Manila" that they offered him a scholarship to Saint Albert¶s and had the Dominican-run University of Santo Tomas award him an honorary Associate in Arts certificate so he would qualify. His stay at Saint Albert¶s schooled him in Latin and the classics." and "Guardia de Honor. a Dominican monastery in Hong Kong.

copywriter. At this time. working as a proofreader. he joined the country¶s leading magazine. He stayed less than two years and returned to Manila.Free Press was so widely circulated across the country and so dominant a medium for political reportage and creative writing. It seemed. and then member of the staff. Philippines Free Press." Practically all middle-class homes in the country had a copy of the magazine. it was called "the Bible of the Filipinos. Back in the Philippines in 1950. however.company of his brother Porfirio (Ping) who was in Hong Kong on a stint as a jazz musician. . that he was too restless for life in a monastery.

evoked a Filipino Christianity at once mystical and profane. a novella. He mined a lode of local experience that no one had quite dealt with in the way he did.Joaquin¶s Free Press years established him as a leading public figure in Philippine letters. He summoned ancient rites and legends. . cemented his reputation as an original voice in Philippine literature. poems. and a play. a collection of short stories. His was a vision that ranged through a large expanse of history in an English so full-bodied and a style sensuous and sure. The publication of Prose and Poems (1952). In its pages appeared the stories and essays that made him known to a wide national audience. and dramatized generational conflicts in a modern society that had not quite come to terms with its past.

A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino: An Elegy in Three Scenes. adapted in other forms. No Filipino play in English has been as popular. by the Barangay Theater Guild. his first play. It was made into an Englishlanguage movie by the highly respected Filipino filmmaker Lamberto V. Avellana in 1965. Though it had been published in Weekly Women¶s Magazine and Prose and Poems in 1952 and had been aired on radio. the play was not staged until 1955. Manila. . who was active in Manila¶s theater circles. and staged hundreds of times. was premiered on stage at the Aurora Gardens in Intramuros.In 1955. translated into Tagalog. It proved to be an immense success. He had written the play sometime around 1950 upon the urgings of Sarah Joaquin.

and (with a Eugene F.Using the flashback device of a narrator who recalls the sad fate of a prewar family as he stands in the ruins of postwar Manila. Saxton Fellowship from the publishers of Harper¶s Magazine) Mexico. Joaquin left the country on a Rockefeller Foundation creative writing fellowship. In this . Tracing the disintegration of an old and proud family in the transition from past to present. the United States. in 1955. Nick Joaquin explored what had been abiding themes in his writing across the years. the play sets itself not only in the divide of war but that of past and present in Philippine society. He did not see the premiere of the play since. The prestigious award took him to Spain.

which lasted more than two years. The Woman Who Had Two Navels (1961). Though Joaquin had been criticized for a romantic "nostalgia for the past. he worked on his first novel. illusion and reality. The Woman Who Had Two Navels is a many-layered and less-than-perfect novel that teases out universal antinomies of truth and falsehood. and locates them in the context of the Filipino search for identity." this novel and his other works. showed that he looked at the past always with the consciousness of the need for engaging the present world in its own terms. including Portrait. past and present. . a short and early version of which had appeared in Prose and Poems.sojourn.

Taiwan. visited France. He traveled all over Spain. in the years that followed. Spain and Mexico fascinated him ("my kind of country. lived in Madrid and Mallorca." he says). Joaquin was as prominent in his . take trips to Cuba. Yet he was clearly in his element in his homeland and in Manila. From the time he rejoined Free Press in 1957 until he left it in 1970 (during which time he rose to be the magazine¶s literary editor and associate editor). went on an American cross-country trip on a Greyhound bus. Japan. crossed the border to Laredo. China. He would. and had fun exploring Mexico.Joaquin enjoyed his travels. and Australia. stayed a year in Manhattan. the city that has been his imagination¶s favorite haunt.

the perceptions of an astute student of the Filipino psyche. He wrote with eloquence and verve on the most democratic range of subjects. One of his contemporaries remarked: "Nick Joaquin the journalist has brought to the craft the sensibility and style of the literary artist. from the arts and popular culture to history and current politics. original and provocative in his insights and energetic and compassionate in his embrace of local realities.persona as Quijano de Manila (a pseudonym he adopted for his journalistic writings when he joined the Free Press in 1950) as he was the creative artist Nick Joaquin. He churned out an average of fifty feature articles a year during this period. . He was a widely read chronicler of the times.

and eminently readable. and character. More important.and the integrity and idealism of the man of conscience. insightful. .g. memorable. he turned what would otherwise be ordinary crime reports (e. "The House on Zapote Street" (1961) and "The Boy Who Wanted to Become µSociety¶" (1961)²he deployed his narrative skills in producing gripping psychological thrillers rich in scene. incident.." He raised journalistic reportage to an art form. a crime of passion in an unremarkable Makati suburban home or the poor boy who gets caught up in a teenage gang war) into priceless vignettes of Philippine social history. In his crime stories²for example. and the result has been a class of journalism that is dramatic.

Isinilang si Carlos "Botong" Francisco sa Angono. Rizal noong 4 Nobyembre 1913 at yumao noong 1969. at idyoma sa pagpipinta. at nagpasok ng sariwang imahen. Kabilang siya sa unang hanay ng mga guro sa bagong tatag noong UST School of Architecture and Fine Arts. Si Botong ay isa sa mga modernistang pintor na lumihis sa itinakdang kumbensiyon ng pagpipinta ni Amorsolo. Kasama sina Victorio C. nagpinta siya ng sari-saring . Nagsimulang magtrabaho bilang layout artist at ilustrador sa Philippine Herald at Manila Tribune si Botong. Edades at Galo B. sagisag.arlos Botong Francisco (Picture from ([1]). Ocampo.

Manuel L. Quezon. San Francisco. Capitol Theater. The Golden Gate Exposition. at may paksang na pinamagatang 500 Taon sa Kasaysayan ng Filipinas. tulad nina Ernesto at Vicente Rufino at Pang.mural. Noong 1952. si Botong ang naging pangunahing pintor ng mural sa Filipinas. Makalipas ang Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig. State Theater. . at sa mga tahanan ng mga sikat na tao. gaya sa Bulwagan ng Lungsod Maynila. nagwagi ng komisyon at humamig ng pambihirang paghanga sa iba't ibang bansa ang kaniyang higanteng mural para sa First International Fair na ginanap sa Maynila.

Ilang mga Obra y y y y y y y Kaingin Camote-Eaters Filipino Struggles through History Pageant of Commerce Life and Miracles of St. Gawad at Parangal Kabilang sa mga natamong gawad ni Botong ang una. Ocampo Nagdisenyo rin siya ng mga kasuotan para sa Romeo at Julieta. Prinsipe Teñoso. ikalawa. kasama si Victorio Edades at Galo B. Dominic. 1956 Rising Philippines. Siete Infantes de Lara (Seven Devils) at Juan Tamad. Ibong Adarna. 1954 Stations of the Cross. at ikatlong gantimpala sa Botica Boei-Kalibapi .

Painting Contest. Nagwagi rin ng unang gantimpala si Botong noong 1948 sa timpalak ng Art Association of the Philippines. at itinanghal sa Orden ng mga Pambansang Alagad ng Sining noong 1973. . Ginawaran siya ng Republic Cultural Heritage Award noong 1964. dahil sa kaniyang obrang Kaingin.

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