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Joomla! 2.5 - Beginner’s Guide

Joomla! 2.5 - Beginner’s Guide

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The structure of Joomla is simple, sophisticated and efficient.
Joomla assumes that you want to write an article. An article usually consists of a title, text and some
configuration settings.

Article

Articles can be displayed in single or list view. On the frontpage of your your recently installed
Joomla website you will see these four articles (Figure 5).

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Figure 5: Article on frontpage

The articles are sorted in a certain manner. The first article is displayed by using the full width of the
website. The other articles are placed below in three columns. If the articles are too long, you may insert
a read more link. This representation is a list view. By clicking on the read more link you will be redirected to
the single representation of that article (Figure 6). The type of display can be changed by setting options in
the backend, however, only by the user with corresponding access rights.

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Figure 6: single display of an article

Articles can be published (publish) or not published (unpublish). You can feature articles on your
frontpage, you can archive them or put them in the trash and retrieve them. You can copy and move
them.

Categories

In order to display articles clearly, you may create categories, and then assign an article to them.
Each article can be assigned to exactly one category (Figure 7). The categories can be nested to any depth.
Articles from one or multiple categories can be assigned to one menu item and displayed in various ways.
By clicking on the menu item, all articles from different categories will be shown. This principle is used
by online newspapers, for example. You click on Sports and get all categorized articles for this topic. If the
newspaper discerns between different forms of sports, they will use nested category trees:
•Sports

•Football
•Handball

•Politics

•Domestic
•Europe

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•World

Figure 7: Category assignment

User

Users are needed to produce content. At least one user is registered on each Joomla site, namely the
one you created during the installation, with the rights to configure everything on your site. Depending
on the user's rights, he can work in frontend and/or backend to write an article. Each user requires a
username, an email address and a password. Every user can be assigned to any user group as well as to
any access level. This enables the user to create articles that are only visible to certain user groups.

Navigation

To find your way around the website, you will need navigation with corresponding links. In Joomla
we call this a menu. You may create as many menus as desired and nest them into as many different ways
as you wish. Each menu is a module which can be positioned on a provided area in the template.

Module

A module is something that you can position next to an article. A menu, for example, is a module.
The small registration block on the left side is also a module. You can create as many modules with smart
functions as you need and position them on the predefined area in the template.

Templates

A template is the graphical pattern for your website. It mostly consists of HTML and CSS files.
Joomla delivers several templates for you to choose from. Templates are configurable, which allows you

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to upload a different logo, change the background color, etc. Each template provides areas where
modules can be positioned (Figure 8).

Figure 8: Template Positions

You can group modules around one or more articles.

Plug-ins

A plug-in provides practical services but is usually invisible to the visitors of the site. A wysiwyg
editor, for example, is a plug-in. Plug-ins are extensions, which can be installed unlimited amount of
times. The core package already consists of numerous useful plug-ins.

Components

Components are the little surprise packages that help you create nearly anything on your site. You
want to have a booking system for workshops? A platform for properties? A forum? An image gallery?
You just have to install the right component!
The Joomla core package already comes with some components, e.g., the contact component, which

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enables you to integrate contact forms into your site. There are thousands of components to enhance
your Joomla system.

Options

You will need individual configuration settings for your website; we call them options. These options
are applied to the whole website, for users, categories, modules, components. You will always find an icon
named Options like, e.g., that one (Figure 9), which provides you with the possibility to see the position of
modules (Figure 8) by inserting http://localhost/index.php?tp=1
The initial tp stands for template position.

Figure 9: Options

Other structures

Other structures for user interfaces, templates and technical relations are also available. For the time
being, you are well equipped by remembering the described structures above.

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Chapter 5

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