Scraper is a machine for moving earth over short distances (up to 2 miles) over relatively smooth areas.

Either self-propelled or towed, it consists of a wagon with a gate having a bladed bottom. The blade scrapes up earth as the wagon pushes forward and forces the excavated material into the wagon. When the wagon is filled, the gate is closed, and the material is carried to the place of disposal. The scraper is the dominant tool in highway construction. 2 types: Pull-type scraper

Tractor-scraper

This is known as "charging" the mixer. A typical concrete mixer uses a revolving drum to mix the components. When the drum rotates in the other direction. Special concrete transport trucks (in–transit mixers) are made to transport and mix concrete up to the construction site. fiberglass has been used. aggregate such as sand or gravel. or forces the concrete out of the drum. From there it may go onto chutes to guide the viscous concrete directly to the job site. the Archimedes' screw-type arrangement "discharges". The drum is traditionally made of steel but on some newer trucks as a weight reduction measure. A pump provides the means to move the material to precise locations. or onto a conveyor belt which can be extended some distance (typically ten or more meters). with the mixing occurring during transport. They can be charged with dry materials and water. In one rotational direction. The concrete mixing transport truck maintains the material's liquid state through agitation. and other distance prohibitive locations. Types: Front discharge Rear discharge . If the truck cannot get close enough to the site to use the chutes. and water to form concrete. multi-floor buildings. The interior of the drum on a concrete mixing truck is fitted with a spiral blade. the concrete is pushed deeper into the drum. This is the direction the drum is rotated while the concrete is being transported to the building site. the material has already been mixing. With this process. or turning of the drum. the concrete may be discharged into a concrete pump. until delivery. connected to a flexible hose.A concrete mixer (also commonly called a cement mixer) is a device that homogeneously combines cement.

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