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The process of purifying the Nafs (Inner-Self) from detrimental/bad attributes is called Tazkiyah-e-Nafs.

These internal attributes are:
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Hirs (Greed) Tam'a (Coveting Desire), Toolul amal (greed of longer desires), Ghussah (Anger), Daroogh (Falsehood), Gheebat (Backbiting), Hasad (Jealousy, Envy), Bukhl (Miserliness, Stinginess), Riyaa (Show), Ujb (Vanity), Kibr (Self-Importance), Hiqd (Malice, Avarice), Hubb-e-Maal (Love for Wealth), Hubb-e-Jaah (Love for Fame), Hubb-e-Dunya (Love for the World).

In this regard, Allah Ta'ala said "He who has made purified his nafs (Tazkiyah) , verily, he has attained success." Also referred to as: Tazkia.