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Swedish Theory Exam Movements

Swedish Theory Exam Movements

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Published by: Willy Butler on Mar 13, 2012
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SWEDISH MASSAGE THEORY EXAM: “MASSAGE MOVEMENTS AND TECHNIQUES” 1.

Which of the following are general effects of massage? A. stimulation or inhibition B. oxidation or corrosion C. incidental or accidental D. none of the above 2. Which of the following are factors that control the results of a massage manipulation? A. pressure B. direction C. duration D. all of the above 3. Which of the following terms describes massage that is directed towards the heart? A. centrifugal B. centripetal C. oxidative D. incidental 4. Which tissues are most affected by massage techniques that are directed towards the heart? A. bone and nerve B. skin and nerve C. bone and blood D. blood and lymph 5. Which of the following is not one of the basic massage techniques? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. flipping D. vibration MATCH THE MASSAGE TECHNIQUE WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A. B. C. D. E. ____ effleurage ____ petrissage ____ friction ____ vibration ____ tapotement Rapid back-and-forth movements administered by alternating contraction / relaxation of the forearm muscles. Percussive and springy blows delivered to the body with a rapid and even rhythm. Sliding and gliding stroke that is applied horizontally to the body. Moving more superficial layers of flesh against the deeper tissues to prevent and break up local adhesions. Lifting, rolling, and squeezing movement used to knead tissues into a relaxed state.

11. Which of the following massage movements is a good method to use when evaluating for hard and soft tissue? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. vibration 12. Which of the following massage movements induces a small, controlled inflammatory response? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. vibration

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13. Which of the following massage movements is used to “wake up” nerves or to stimulate nerve activity? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. vibration 14. Which of the following massage movements has the mechanical effect of softening and creating space around the actual muscle fibers, and making the tendons more pliable as well? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. vibration 15. Which type of movements should be applied over thin tissues and bony parts? A. heavy movements B. light movements C. percussive movements D. deep movements 16. Which of the following movements should be applied over thick tissues and muscular parts? A. heavy movements B. light movements C. direct touch D. indirect touch 17. What is the term used to describe massage movements that are directed away from the heart? A. oblique B. absolute C. centripetal D. centrifugal 18. What is the term used to describe the general direction that massage movements usually follow? A. oblique B. absolute C. centripetal D. centrifugal 19. What is the approximate duration of a full-body massage? A. 15 minute B. 45 minutes C. 60 minute D. 80 minutes 20. What is the first technique in developing a therapeutic relation? A. touch B. kiss C. interview D. examination 21. What is another name for feather stroking? A. raking B. muscle flacking C. subcutaneous shortening D. nerve stroking 22. When is feather stroking usually used? A. beginning of a massage B. end of a massage C. it is never used during a massage D. none of the above 2

23. Which of the following is the classical term for “kneading?” A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. tapotement 24. Rolling, chucking, and wringing are examples of which of the following classical massage movements? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. tapotement 25. Hacking, slapping, and cupping are examples of which of the following classical massage movements? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. tapotement 26. Shaking and rocking are examples of which of the following classical massage movements? A. tapotement B. vibration C. petrissage D. effleurage 27. Compression is an example of which of the following classical massage movements? A. petrissage B. tapotement C. vibration D. friction 28. Which technique is safe to use directly over the spine? A. percussion B. compression C. hacking D. skin-rolling 29. Which technique is good for decreasing muscle tone? A. skin-rolling B. feather-stroking C. petrissage D. cupping 30. Which of the following is the preferred method for abdominal massage? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. tapotement 31. Which of the following strokes has a mechanical, chemical, and reflexive effect? A. superficial effleurage B. skin-rolling C. rocking D. friction 32. Which of the following techniques is used to spread a lubricant? A. effleurage B. petrissage C. friction D. vibration

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33. Which type of joint movement should be performed first in a massage routine? A. passive B. passive assistive C. passive aggressive D. active MATCH THE MASSAGE MOVEMENT WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. A. B. C. D. E. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. A. B. C. D. E. ____ hacking ____ cupping ____ beating and pounding ____ slapping ____ tapping These moves are done with a soft fist with knuckles down, or vertically with the ulnar side of the palm. Alternating contact with the palmar surface of the fingers with light to medium pressure. Springy application of the ulnar surfaces of the hands with both wrists relaxed and the fingers spread. Springy application of the palmar surface of the hands while maintaining a curved hand posture. The whole palm of the flattened hand making contact with the body. ____ hacking ____ cupping ____ beating and pounding ____ slapping ____ tapping This method is good around joints, on the tendons, on the face and head, and along the spine. This method is used on the anterior and posterior thorax to stimulate the respiratory system and loosen mucus. This method is good to use on the bottom of the feet. This method is done over larger soft tissue areas such as the upper back and shoulders. This method is done over large muscles such as the buttocks and heavy leg muscles.

TRUE OR FALSE 44. ____ Effleurage is also known as a “transition” stroke that is used between different massage manipulations. 45. ____ Superficial applications of effleurage have a mechanical effect on the deeper tissues of the body. 46. ____ The more superficial a massage stroke, the more reflexive the effect on the body. 47. ____ Slow, superficial strokes are very stimulating and invigorating to the nervous system of the body. 48. ____ Ischemic compression is a very useful technique to use over bony structures and inflamed tissues. 49. ____ Friction massage movements are done in a direction that is vertical direction in relation to the muscle. 50. ____ Chucking is a variation of a friction massage movement. BONUS 51. ____ Shaking manipulations cause the body to go limp by feeding unorganized information into the nervous system. 52. ____ Soft end-feel occurs in normal joints when they are taken to their end range of movement.

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