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The Skeletal System II

The Skeletal System II

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Published by Willy Butler

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Published by: Willy Butler on Mar 13, 2012
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12/16/2012

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THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

Circle the correct response:

(two points apiece)

1. The skeleton is subdivided into which of the following segments? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) the axial skeleton the appendicular skeleton the perpendicular skeleton all of the above none of the above a and b only a, b, and c only

2. The bones of the head and spinal column are contained in which of the following? a) axial skeleton b) appendicular skeleton c) perpendicular skeleton 3. The bones of the arms, legs, pelvic and shoulder girdles are contained in the: a) axial skeleton b) appendicular skeleton c) perpendicular skeleton 4. In addition to bones, the skeletal system also contains which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) joints ligaments cartilages all of the above none of the above

5. Functions of the bones include which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) support protection movement storage manufacture of blood cells all of the above none of the above

6. The basic types of bone tissue are: a) Compact (or dense) bone b) Spongy (or alveolar) bone c) Both of the above 7. Bones are further classified according to which of the following shapes? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) long bones short bones flat bones irregular bones round bones all of the above a, b, c and d only

8. Which of the following are long bones? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) upper arm (humerus) lower arm (radius and ulna) thigh bone (femur) lower leg (tibia and fibula) fingers (phalanges) top of the foot (metatarsals) all of the above

9. Which of the following are short bones? a) b) c) d) e) f) wrist bones (carpals) ankle bones {tarsals) fingers (phalanges) all of the above none of the above a and b only

10. Flat bones include which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) most bones of the skull sternum (breastbone) ribs hip bones all of the above none of the above a, b, and c only all except a

11. Irregular bones include which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) vertebrae facial bones hip bones all of the above a and c only

12. The shaft of a long bone is called the: a) diaphysis b) epiphysis 13. The end of a long bone is called the: a) diaphysis b) epiphysis 14. The length wise growth of long bones occurs at the: a) diaphysis b) epiphysis 15. In adults, fat is stored in which of the following areas? a) yellow marrow b) red marrow c) white marrow 16. In infants, blood cells are formed in which of the following areas? a) yellow marrow b) red marrow c) white marrow 17. Which of the following are parts of bones where muscles and ligaments can attach: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) tuberosity crest trochanter line tubercle epicondyle spine all of the above

18. Which of the following is a part of a bone that helps to form a joint? a) b) c) d) e) the head the facet the condyle the ramus all of the above

19. Which are depressions in bones where nerves and blood vessels can pass? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) a meatus a fossa a sinus a groove a fissure a foramen all of the above

20. Mature bone cells are called: a) osteocytes b) osteoblasts c) osteoclasts 21. Bone-forming cells are called: a) 0steocytes b) osteoblasts c) osteoclasts 22. Bone-destroying cells are called: a) osteocytes b) osteoblasts c) osteoclasts 23. Of the eight types of fractures, simple fractures are those that do not break the skin. (true) (false) 24. Compound fractures break the skin and are also called "open fractures". They include the risk of infection. (true) (false)

25. A comminuted fracture is the same as a "splintered" bone. (true) (false) 26. Compression fractures are common in the elderly, and in people with osteoporosis. (true) (false) 27. Depressed fractures occur when a portion of the bone is pressed inward. (true) (false) 28. Broken bone ends that are forced into each other define an impacted fracture. (true) (false) 29. A spiral fracture occurs when the shaft of a long bone is twisted. (true) (false) 30. Greenstick fractures are incomplete breaks, or "cracks" in bones. (true) (false) 31. Small (and often supernumerary) bones found in joint spaces are called sesamoid bones. (true) (false) 32. The cranial bones include which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) parietal (2) temporal (2) frontal (1) occipital (1) sphenoid (1) ethmoid (1) hyoid (1) all of the above all except g

33. Which of the following fourteen facial bones do not occur in pairs? a) b) c) d) maxillary and lacrimal bones d) palatine and zygomatic bones nasal and inferior conchae bones vomer and mandible bones

34. The bones of the vertebral column are cushioned and separated by laminae (discs) (true) (false) 35. The cervical spine is composed of seven vertebrae. (true) (false) 36. The thoracic spine is composed of twelve vertebrae. (true) (false) 37. The lumbar spine is composed of five vertebrae. (true) (false) 38. The sacrum is composed of four fused vertebrae. (true) (false) 39. The coccyx (or tailbone) has five fused vertebrae. (true) (false) 40. All of the joints in the skull, except for one, are called sutures. (true) (false) 41. The lateral projections of the vertebrae are called: a) transverse processes b) spinous processes 42. The posterior projections of the vertebrae are called: a) transverse processes b) spinous processes 43. The bones of each shoulder (or pectoral) girdle include: a) b) c) d) a clavicle (or collarbone) a scapula (or shoulder blade) both of the above neither of the above

44. Which of the following form the bony pelvis? a) b) c) d) e) f) ossa coxae (or hip bones) the sacrum the coccyx the femur all of the above a, b and c only

45. Each of the hipbones is composed of which of the following parts fused together? a) b) c) d) e) f) ileum ilium ischium pubis a, c, and d only b, c and d only

46. The bones of the foot include which of the following? a) b) c) d) tarsals (7) metatarsals (5) phalanges or toes (14) all of the above

47. The arches of the foot include which of the following? a) b) c) d) medial longitudinal arch lateral longitudinal arch transverse arch all of the above

48. The functional classification of joints is based on movement, and includes: a) b) c) d) synarthroses (immovable joints) amphiarthroses (slightly movable joints) diarthroses (freely movable joints) all of the above

49. The structural classification of joints includes: a) b) c) d) fibrous joints (united by fibrous tissue) cartilaginous joints (connected by cartilage) synovial joints (characterized by a cavity containing synovial fluid) all of the above

50. The types of synovial joints include which of the following? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) plane joints hinge joints pivot joints condyloid joints saddle joints ball-and-socket joints sutures all of the above all except g (one point apiece)

BONUS QUESTIONS:

The "soft spots" in a baby's skull are called _____________________________________________. Inflammation of a joint is called _______________________________________________________. Another name for the heel bone is the _________________________________________________. The first cervical vertebra is also called the _____________________________________________. The second cervical vertebra is also called the ___________________________________________. Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called __________________________________________. A "swayback"-type spinal curvature is called ____________________________________________. The "humpback"-type spinal curvature is called __________________________________________. The one joint in the skull that is not a suture is the ________________________________________. The one bone that doesn't directly join any other bone in the body is the ______________________. ALL OR NOTHING: Name the carpals: _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (ten points if you get them all right)

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