APTITUDE

Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles

ALLIGATION AND MIXTURES
CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS

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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

ALLIGATION OR MIXTURES SOLVED PROBLEMS
Complex Problems: 1.Tea worth Rs 126 per Kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1:1:2. If the mixture is worth Rs 153 per Kg , the price of the third variety per Kg will be? Solution: Since First and second varieties are mixed in equal proportions so their average price =Rs (126+135)/2 = 130.50. So the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties ,one at Rs 130.50 per Kg and the other at say Rs x per Kg in the ratio 2:2 i e,1:1 we have to find x.
Costof 1Kg tea of 1st kind RS 130.50 Costof 1Kg tea of 2n d kind Rs x.

Mean Price Rs 153 x-153 22.50

(x=153)/22.5 = 1 =>x-153 = 22.5 x = 175.50. Price of the third variety =Rs 175.50 per Kg.

2.The milk and water in two vessels A and B are in the ratio 4:3 and 2:3 respectively. In what ratio the liquids in both the vessels be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c consisting half milk and half water? Solution:Let the C.P of milk be Re 1 per liter. Milk in 1 liter mixture of A = 4/7 liter. Milk in 1 liter mixture of B = 2/5 liter. Milk in 1 liter mixture of C = 1/2 liter. C.P of 1 liter mixture in A=Re 4/7 C.P of 1 liter mixture in B=Re 2/5. Mean Price = Re 1/2. By rule of allegation we have:
C.P of 1 liter mixture in A 4/7 C.P of 1 liter mixture in B 2/5

Mean Price Â½ 1/10 1/14

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Required ratio = 1/10 : 1/14 = 7:5. 3.How many Kg s of wheat costing him Rs 1.20,Rs 1.44 and Rs 1.74 per Kg so that the mixture may be worth Rs 1.41 per Kg? Solution: Step1:Mix wheat of first and third kind to get a mixture worth Rs 1.41 per Kg.
C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 120p C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 3rd kind 174p

Mean Price 141p 33 21

They must be mixed in the ratio =33:21 = 11:7 Step2:Mix wheats of 1st and 2n d kind to obtain a mixture worth of 1.41.per Kg.

C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st

kind 120p

C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 2n d

kind 144p

Mean Price 141p 3 21

They must be mixed in the ratio = 3:21=1:7. Thus,Quantity of 2n d kind of wheat / Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat = 7/1*11/7= 11/1 Quantities of wheat of 1st :2n d:3rd = 11:77:7.

4.Two vessels A and B contain spirit and water mixed in the ratio 5:2 and 7:6 respectively. Find the ratio n which these mixture be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c containing spirit and water in the ratio 8:5? Solution:Let the C.P of spirit be Re 1 per liter. Spirit in 1 liter mix of A = 5/7 liter. C.P of 1 liter mix in A =5/7. Spirit in 1 liter mix of B = 7/13 liter. C.P of 1 liter mix in B =7/13. Spirit in 1 liter mix of C = 8/13 liter. C.P of 1 liter mix in C =8/13.
C.P of 1 liter mixture in A 5/7 C.P of 1 liter mixture in B 7/13

Mean Price 8/13 1/13 9/91

Therefore required ratio = 1/13 : 9/91 = 7:9.

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5.A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk .The first contains 5% water and the rest milk. The second contains 50% water. How much milk should he mix from each of the container so as to get 12 liters of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3:5? Solution:Let cost of 1 liter milk be Re 1. Milk in 1 liter mixture in 1st can = 3/4 lit. C.P of 1 liter mixture in 1st can =Re 3/4 Milk in 1 liter mixture in 2n d can = 1/2 lit. C.P of 1 liter mixture in 2n d can =Re 1/2 Milk in 1 liter final mixture = 5/8 lit. Mean Price = Re 5/8.
C.P of 1 lt mix in 1st Re3/4 C.P of 1 lt mix in 2nd Re1/2

Mean Price 5/8 1/8 1/8

There ratio of two mixtures =1/8 :1/8 = 1:1. So,quantity of mixture taken from each can=1/2*12 = 6 liters.

6.One quantity of wheat at Rs 9.30 p er Kg are mixed with another quality at a certain rate in the ratio 8:7. If the mixture so formed be worth Rs 10 per Kg ,what is the rate per Kg of the second quality of wheat? Solution:Let the rate of second quality be Rs x per Kg.
C.P of 1Kg wheat of 1st 980p C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 2nd 100x p

Mean Price 1000p 100x-1000p 70 p

(100x-1000) / 70 = 8/7 700x -7000 = 560 700x = 7560 =>x = Rs 10.80. Therefore the rate of second quality is Rs10.80

7.8lit are drawn from a wine and is then filled with water. This operation is performed three more times.The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16:81. How much wine did the cask hold originally? Solution: Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x liters. Then quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations = x(1- 8/x)4lit. Therefore x((1-(8/x))4)/x = 16/81. (1- 8/x)4=(2/3) 4 (x- 8)/x=2/3 3x-24 =2x

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x=24.

8.A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7:5 when 9 liters of mixture are drawn off and the can is filled with B,the ratio of A and B becomes 7:9. How many liters of liquid A was contained by the can initially? Solution: Suppose the can initially contains 7x and 5x liters of mixtures A and B respectively . Quantity of A in mixture left = (7x- (7/12)*9 )lit = 7x - (21/4) liters. Quantity of B in mixture left = 5x - 5/12*9 = 5x - (15/4) liters Therefore (7x â€“ 21/4)/ (5x â€“ 15/4+9)=7/9 (28x-21)/(20x +21)= 7/9 (252x -189)= 140x +147 112x = 336 => x=3. So the can contains 21 liters of A.

9.A vessel is filled with liquid,3 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup. How much of the mixture must be drawn off and replaced with water so that the mixture may be half water and half syrup? Solution: Suppose the vessal initially contains 8 liters of liquid. Let x liters of this liquid be replaced with water then quantity of water in new mixture = 3-(3x/8)+x liters. Quantity of syrup in new mixture = 5 - 5x/8 liters. Therefore 3 - 3x/8 +x = 5 - 5x/8 5x+24 = 40-5x 10x = 16. x= 8/5. So part of the mixture replaced = 8/5*1/8 =1/5. BACK

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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

ALLIGATION OR MIXTURES

Important Facts and Formula: 1.Allegation:It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two of more ingredients at the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture of a desired price. 2.Mean Price:The cost price of a unit quantity of the mixture is called the mean price. 3.Rule of Allegation:If two ingredients are mixed then Quantity of Cheaper / Quantity of Dearer = (C.P of Dearer â€“ Mean Price) /(Mean Priceâ€“C.P of Cheaper).
C.P of a unit quantity of cheaper(c) C.P of unit quantity of dearer(d)

Mean Price(m) (d-m) (m-c)

Cheaper quantity:Dearer quantity = (d-m):(m-c) 4.Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced by water. After n operations the quantity of pure liquid = x (1 â€“ y/x)n units. BACK

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C.then the price per Kg of the mixed variety of rice is? Solution:Let the price of the mixed variety be Rs x per Kg.The average salary per head of the supervisors is Rs 400 and that of the laborers is Rs 56. Therefore if the number of supervisors is 12 number of laborers 85*12=1020.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] . 2.A butler stole wine from a butt of sherry which contained 40% of spirit and he replaced. 3. Thus 1/3 of the butt of sherry was left and hence the butler drew out 2/3 of the butt.if the number of supervisors is 1.The average weekly salary per head of the entire staff of a factory consisting of supervisors and the laborers is Rs 60.C. If both type1 and type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2:3.Find the number of laborers in the factory.APTITUDE Numbers H.number of laborers =85.Given that the number of supervisors is 12.The cost of type 1 rice is Rs 15 per Kg and type 2 rice is Rs 20 per Kg. How much of the butt did he steal? Solution: Wine containing 40%spirit Wine containing 16% spirit Wine containing 24% spirit 8 16 They must be mixed in the ratio of =1:2.what he had stolen by wine containing only 16% spirit.F and L. Solution: Average salary of laborer Rs 56 Average salary of supervisors Rs 400 Average salary of entire staff Rs 60 340 4 Number of laborer / Number of Supervisors = 340 / 4=85/1 Thus.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ALLIGATION OR MIXTURES SOLVED PROBLEMS Medium Problems: 1. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationmedium. The butt was then of 24% strength only.

P of 1 liter milk Re 1 C. 4.gain =10% S.A merchant has 1000Kg of sugar.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs (100/110*68. C. The quantity sold at 18% profit is? Solution: Profit on 1st part 8% Profit on 2nd part 18% Mean Profit 14% 4 6 Ratio of 1st and 2nd parts =4:6 =2:3.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] . file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationmedium. Cost of 1 Kg tea of 1st kind 3 60 Cost of 1 Kg tea of 2nd kind 65 2 Mean Price Rs 62 Required ratio =3:2. Then S.P of 1 liter of water 0 Mean Price 4/5 4/5 1/5 Ratio of milk to water =4/5 : 1/5 = 4:1 Hence percentage of water n the mixture=1/5*100=20%.20)=Rs 62.The percentage of water in the mixture is? Solution:Let C.20 a Kg he may gain 10%? Solution:S. Quantity of 2nd ind =3/5*1000Kg =600 Kg. 5.A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes t with water and there by gains 25% .P of 1 liter mixture =Re(100/125*1) = Re 4/5. 12.In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of tea worth Rs 60 a Kg and Rs 65 a Kg so that by selling the mixture at Rs 68. He gains 14% on the whole. Gain=25% C.part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit.20.P of 1 liter mixture=Re 1. P of 1 liter milk be Re 1.Cost of 1 Kg of type 1 rice Rs 15 Cost of 1 Kg of type 2 rice Rs 20 Mean Price Rs x 20-x x-15 (20-x) /( x-15) = 2/3 => 60-3x = 2x-30 5x = 90=>x=18.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs 68.

The quantity of whiskey replaced is? Solution: Strength of first jar 40% Strength of 2nd jar 19% Mean Strength 26% 7 14 So.16 lit BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationmedium.6. From this container 4 lit of milk was taken out and replaced by water.A jar full of whiskey contains 40% alcohol. 7.ratio of 1st and 2nd quantities =7:14 =1:2 Therefore required quantity replaced =2/3. How much milk is now contained by the container? Solution:Amount of milk left after 3 operations = 40(1-4/40)3lit =(40*9/10*9/10*9/10) = 29. A part of this whiskey is replaced by another containing 19% alcohol and now the percentage of alcohol was found to be 26%. This process was repeated further two times.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] .A container contains 40lit of milk.

Therefore C.P of unit quantity of dearer(d) Mean Price(m) (d-m) (m-c) Cheaper quantity:Dearer quantity = (d-m):(m-c) 4.50 : 1.P of 1 Kg rice of 1st kind 930 p C. 3. 4.Find the average price of the mixture? Solution: rice of 5 Rs per Kg rice of 6 Rs per Kg Average price Aw file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationormixtures. 2. 1.P of 1 liter of milk1 Mean Price 5/6 1/6 5/6 Ratio of water and milk =1/6 : 5/6 = 1:5.P of 1 liter of water 0 C.P of 1 Kg rice of 2n d kind 1080p Mean Price 1000p 80 70 Required ratio=80:70 = 8:7 2.Alligation or Mixtures Important Facts and Formulae: 1. 3.30 per Kg be mixed with rice at Rs 10.50 per Kg? Solution: Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 1 kind 15 Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 2nd kind 20 Mean Price Rs 16.In what ratio must rice at Rs 9.Rule of Allegation:If two ingredients are mixed then Quantity of Cheaper / Quantity of Dearer = (C.P of 1 lit of water 0 C. C.P of 1 liter mixture = Rs(100/120*1) =5/6 C.Suppose a container contains x units of liquid from which y units are taken out and replaced by water.P of 1 liter of mixture = Re.P of a unit quantity of cheaper(c) C.How much water must be added to 60 liters of milk at 11/2 liters for Rs 20 so as to have a mixture worth Rs 10 2/3 a liter? Solution: C.Allegation:It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two of more ingredients at the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture of a desired price.P of milk be Re 1 per liter Then S. After n operations the quantity of pure liquid = x (1 – y/x)n units.50 5.1 Gain obtained =20%.In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of pulses costing Rs 15 and Rs 20 per Kg respectively so as to get a mixture worth Rs 16.50 = 35:15 = 7:3.80 per Kg so that the mixture be worth Rs 10 per Kg? Solution: C.P of 1 lit of milk 40/3 Mean Price 32/3 8/3 32/3 Ratio of water and milk =8/3 : 32/3 = 1:4 Quantity of water to be added to 60 lit of milk =1/4*60=15 liters.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] .P of 1 lit of milk = 20*2/3 = 40/3 C.P of Cheaper).P of Dearer – Mean Price) /(Mean Price–C.50 Required ratio =3.In what ratio must water to be mixed with milk to gain 20% by selling the mixture at cost price? Solution:Let the C. Simple Problems 1.Mean Price:The cost price of a unit quantity of the mixture is called the mean price. 4Kg s of rice at Rs 5 per Kg is mixed with 8 Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg .50 3.

20)=Rs 62. If both type1 and type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2:3.20 a Kg he may gain 10%? Solution:S.6-Aw (6-Aw)/(Aw-5) = 4/8 =1/2 12-2Aw = Aw-5 3Aw = 17 Aw = 5.Find the number of laborers in the factory.A jar full of whiskey contains 40% alcohol. Solution: Average salary of laborer Rs 56 Average salary of supervisors Rs 400 Average salary of entire staff Rs 60 340 4 Number of laborer / Number of Supervisors = 340 / 4=85/1 Thus. A part of this whiskey is replaced by another containing 19% alcohol and now the percentage of alcohol was found to be 26%. He gains 14% on the whole. 12. 4. 5.The cost of type 1 rice is Rs 15 per Kg and type 2 rice is Rs 20 per Kg.5Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg is mixed with 4 Kg of rice to get a mixture costing Rs 7 per Kg. 6.A merchant has 1000Kg of sugar.A butler stole wine from a butt of sherry which contained 40% of spirit and he replaced. P of 1 liter milk be Re 1.20.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs 68.The percentage of water in the mixture is? Solution:Let C. 3. Aw-5 Top 6. How much of the butt did he steal? Solution: Wine containing 40%spirit Wine containing 16% spirit Wine containing 24% spirit 8 16 They must be mixed in the ratio of =1:2. Find the price of the costlier rice? Solution: Using the cross method: rice at Rs 6 per Kg rice at Rs x per Kg Mean price Rs 7 per Kg 5 4 x-7:1=5:4 4x-28 = 5 4x=33=>x=Rs 8. Then S. Thus 1/3 of the butt of sherry was left and hence the butler drew out 2/3 of the butt.Given that the number of supervisors is 12.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] .then the price per Kg of the mixed variety of rice is? Solution:Let the price of the mixed variety be Rs x per Kg. The quantity of whiskey replaced is? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationormixtures. Therefore price of costlier rice is Rs 8. 2.25 per Kg Medium Problems 1.P of 1 liter mixture =Re(100/125*1) = Re 4/5.A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes t with water and there by gains 25% .In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of tea worth Rs 60 a Kg and Rs 65 a Kg so that by selling the mixture at Rs 68.P of 1 liter mixture=Re 1. Cost of 1 Kg tea of 1st kind 60 Cost of 1 Kg tea of 2nd kind 65 Mean Price Rs 62 3 2 Required ratio =3:2.what he had stolen by wine containing only 16% spirit.part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs (100/110*68. =600 Kg.if the number of supervisors is 1. Cost of 1 Kg of type 1 rice Rs 15 Cost of 1 Kg of type 2 rice Rs 20 Mean Price Rs x 20-x x-15 (20-x) /( x-15) = 2/3 => 60-3x = 2x-30 5x = 90=>x=18. C.The average weekly salary per head of the entire staff of a factory consisting of supervisors and the laborers is Rs 60.P of 1 liter of water 0 Mean Price 4/5 4/5 1/5 Ratio of milk to water =4/5 : 1/5 = 4:1 Hence percentage of water n the mixture=1/5*100=20%.25.The average salary per head of the supervisors is Rs 400 and that of the laborers is Rs 56. Gain=25% C.P of 1 liter milk Re 1 C. The butt was then of 24% strength only.number of laborers =85.gain =10% S. The quantity sold at 18% profit is? Solution: Profit on 1st part 8% Profit Mean Profit 14% 4 Ratio of 1st and 2nd parts =4:6 Quantity of 2nd ind =3/5*1000Kg on 2nd part 18% 6 =2:3. Therefore if the number of supervisors is 12 number of laborers 85*12=1020.66 per Kg.

Milk in 1 liter mixture of B = 2/5 liter.50 per Kg. Mean Price Rs 153 x-153 22. From this container 4 lit of milk was taken out and replaced by water. Spirit in 1 liter mix of A = 5/7 liter. C.A container contains 40lit of milk.41 per Kg? Solution: Step1:Mix wheat of first and third kind to get a mixture worth Rs 1. Milk in 1 liter mixture of C = 1/2 liter.The first contains 5% water and the rest milk.Tea worth Rs 126 per Kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1:1:2.P of 1 liter mixture in A=Re 4/7 C. Thus.50.1:1 we have to find x.16 lit Top Complex Problems 1.one at Rs 130.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 120p C.20.50 Costof 1Kg tea of 2n d kind Rs x.50.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] . C.P of 1 liter mix in B =7/13. The second contains 50% water.P of milk be Re 1 per liter. C.How many Kg s of wheat costing him Rs 1.41. How much milk is now contained by the container? Solution:Amount of milk left after 3 operations = 40(1-4/40)3lit =(40*9/10*9/10*9/10) = 29. C.per Kg.5 = 1 =>x-153 = 22.P of 1 liter mix in C =8/13. C. Spirit in 1 liter mix of C = 8/13 liter. the price of the third variety per Kg will be? Solution: Since First and second varieties are mixed in equal proportions so their average price =Rs (126+135)/2 = 130.50 (x=153)/22.P of 1 liter mixture in 1st can =Re 3/4 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationormixtures.P of 1 liter mixture in A 5/7 C. By rule of allegation we have: C.ratio of 1st and 2nd quantities =7:14 =1:2 Therefore required quantity replaced =2/3. Costof 1Kg tea of 1st kind RS 130. C.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 120p C. Spirit in 1 liter mix of B = 7/13 liter. 2. Find the ratio n which these mixture be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c containing spirit and water in the ratio 8:5? Solution:Let the C.Two vessels A and B contain spirit and water mixed in the ratio 5:2 and 7:6 respectively.41 per Kg. In what ratio the liquids in both the vessels be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c consisting half milk and half water? Solution:Let the C.Solution: Strength of first jar 40% Strength of 2nd jar 19% Mean Strength 26% 7 14 So.P of 1 liter mixture in A C.Quantity of 2n d kind of wheat / Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat = 7/1*11/7= 11/1 Quantities of wheat of 1st :2n d:3rd = 11:77:7. C.74 per Kg so that the mixture may be worth Rs 1. Top 5.5 x = 175. C.P of 1 liter mixture in B=Re 2/5.P of 1 Kg wheat of 3rd kind 174p Mean Price 141p 33 21 They must be mixed in the ratio =33:21 = 11:7 Step2:Mix wheats of 1st and 2n d kind to obtain a mixture worth of 1. 3. 4.P of 1 Kg wheat of 2n d kind 144p Mean Price 141p 3 21 They must be mixed in the ratio = 3:21=1:7.P of spirit be Re 1 per liter. This process was repeated further two times.Rs 1. Milk in 1 liter mixture in 1st can = 3/4 lit.50 per Kg and the other at say Rs x per Kg in the ratio 2:2 i e.44 and Rs 1.P of 1 liter mixture in B 7/13 Mean Price 8/13 1/13 9/91 Therefore required ratio = 1/13 : 9/91 = 7:9.P of 1 liter mixture in B 4/7 2/5 Mean Price ½ 1/10 1/14 Required ratio = 1/10 : 1/14 = 7:5.P of 1 liter mix in A =5/7. How much milk should he mix from each of the container so as to get 12 liters of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3:5? Solution:Let cost of 1 liter milk be Re 1. Mean Price = Re 1/2.The milk and water in two vessels A and B are in the ratio 4:3 and 2:3 respectively. 7. Milk in 1 liter mixture of A = 4/7 liter. So the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties .A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk . If the mixture is worth Rs 153 per Kg . Price of the third variety =Rs 175.

Quantity of B in mixture left = 5x .3 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup. 9. Then quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations = x(1.Milk in 1 liter mixture in 2n d can = 1/2 lit.P of 1 liter mixture in 2n d can =Re 1/2 Milk in 1 liter final mixture = 5/8 lit. So the can contains 21 liters of A.quantity of mixture taken from each can=1/2*12 = 6 liters. x= 8/5.8lit are drawn from a wine and is then filled with water.what is the rate per Kg of the second quality of wheat? Solution:Let the rate of second quality be Rs x per Kg.(15/4) liters Therefore (7x – 21/4)/ (5x – 15/4+9)=7/9 (28x-21)/(20x +21)= 7/9 (252x -189)= 140x +147 112x = 336 => x=3.(7/12)*9 )lit = 7x .P of 1 Kg wheat of 2nd 100x p Mean Price 1000p 100x-1000p 70 p (100x-1000) / 70 = 8/7 700x -7000 = 560 700x = 7560 =>x = Rs 10. How many liters of liquid A was contained by the can initially? Solution: Suppose the can initially contains 7x and 5x liters of mixtures A and B respectively . If the mixture so formed be worth Rs 10 per Kg .8/x)4lit.(21/4) liters. C.30 p er Kg are mixed with another quality at a certain rate in the ratio 8:7. C. How much of the mixture must be drawn off and replaced with water so that the mixture may be half water and half syrup? Solution: Suppose the vessal initially contains 8 liters of liquid. Therefore 3 .P of 1 lt mix in 1st Re3/4 C. So. Quantity of A in mixture left = (7x. Mean Price = Re 5/8.5x/8 5x+24 = 40-5x 10x = 16. Therefore the rate of second quality is Rs10.P of 1 lt mix in 2nd Re1/2 Mean Price 5/8 1/8 1/8 There ratio of two mixtures =1/8 :1/8 = 1:1.A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7:5 when 9 liters of mixture are drawn off and the can is filled with B.One quantity of wheat at Rs 9. Let x liters of this liquid be replaced with water then quantity of water in new mixture = 3-(3x/8)+x liters.80 7.The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16:81.A vessel is filled with liquid.8/x)4=(2/3) 4 (x.3x/8 +x = 5 . Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationormixtures.html[1/28/2012 12:44:48 AM] . 8. 6.5/12*9 = 5x .80. Therefore x((1-(8/x))4)/x = 16/81.the ratio of A and B becomes 7:9. How much wine did the cask hold originally? Solution: Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x liters. So part of the mixture replaced = 8/5*1/8 =1/5.5x/8 liters. C. Quantity of syrup in new mixture = 5 .P of 1Kg wheat of 1st 980p C.8)/x=2/3 3x-24 =2x x=24. This operation is performed three more times. (1.

If the mixture is worth Rs 153 per Kg . Mean Price = Re ½.16 lit Complex Problems: 15. Price of the third variety =Rs 175.5 x = 175. 3.5 = 1 =>x-153 = 22.P of milk be Re 1 per liter.50 per Kg.Given that the number of supervisors is 12.gain =10% S.How much water must be added to 60 liters of milk at 11/2 liters for Rs 20 so as to have a mixture worth Rs 10 2/3 a liter? Solution:C.In what ratio must water to be mixed with milk to gain 20% by selling the mixture at cost price? Solution:Let the C. Therefore price of costlier rice is Rs 8.50 per Kg? Solution: Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 1 kind 15 Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 2nd kind 20 Mean Price Rs 16.50 1. Mean Price Rs 153 x-153 22. Cost of 1 Kg tea of 1st kind RS 130.50 Required ratio =3.The cost of type 1 rice is Rs 15 per Kg and type 2 rice is Rs 20 per Kg.P of milk be Re 1 per liter Then S.one at Rs 130.html[1/28/2012 12:44:49 AM] . 14.50.5Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg is mixed with 4 Kg of rice to get a mixture costing Rs 7 per Kg. Cost of 1 Kg of type 1 rice Rs 15 Cost of 1 Kg of type 2 rice Rs 20 Mean Price Rs x 20-x x-15 (20x) /( x-15) = 2/3 => 60-3x = 2x-30 5x = 90=>x=18.APTITUDE Numbers H.if the number of supervisors is 1.number of laborers =85.P of 1 liter of water 0 Mean Price 4/5 4/5 1/5 Ratio of milk to water =4/5 : 1/5 = 4:1 Hence percentage of water n the mixture=1/5*100=20%.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ALLIGATION OR MIXTURES SOLVED PROBLEMS Simple problems: 1.P of 1 Kg rice of 1st kind 930 p C. C.20 a Kg he may gain 10%? Solution:S. 16.25 per Kg Medium Problems: 7.A butler stole wine from a butt of sherry which contained 40% of spirit and he replaced.25.50 Cost of 1 Kg tea of 2n d kind Rs x. By rule of allegation we have: C.P of 1 liter mixture in B=Re 2/5.P of 1 liter of milk1 Mean Price 5/6 1/6 5/6 Ratio of water and milk =1/6 : 5/6 = 1:5.50.ratio of 1st and 2nd quantities =7:14 =1:2 Therefore required quantity replaced =2/3.1 Gain obtained =20%.P of 1 liter mixture in A=Re 4/7 C.The average weekly salary per head of the entire staff of a factory consisting of supervisors and the laborers is Rs 60.20)=Rs 62.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs (100/110*68. This process was repeated further two times. 11.part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit.A merchant has 1000Kg of sugar.In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of pulses costing Rs 15 and Rs 20 per Kg respectively so as to get a mixture worth Rs 16.P of 1 liter of water 0 C. Thus 1/3 of the butt of sherry was left and hence the butler drew out 2/3 of the butt. 9.P of 1 liter mixture = Rs(100/120*1) =5/6 C. In what ratio the liquids in both the vessels be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c consisting half milk and half water? Solution:Let the C.P of 1 liter mixture =Re(100/125*1) = Re 4/5. 13.P of 1 liter of mixture = Re.P of 1 liter mixture=Re 1.P of 1 liter milk Re 1 C.50 : 1. A part of this whiskey is replaced by another containing 19% alcohol and now the percentage of alcohol was found to be 26%. 4. Solution: Average salary of laborer Rs 56 Average salary of supervisors Rs 400 Average salary of entire staff Rs 60 340 4 Number of laborer / Number of Supervisors = 340 / 4=85/1 Thus. Quantity of 2nd ind =3/5*1000Kg =600 Kg. Milk in 1 liter mixture of B = 2/5 liter. Find the price of the costlier rice? Solution:Using the cross method: rice at Rs 6 per Kg rice at Rs x per Kg Mean price Rs 7 per Kg 5 4 x-7 : 1 = 5 : 4 4x-28 = 5 4x=33=>x=Rs 8. Milk in 1 liter mixture of A = 4/7 liter.1:1 we have to find x.P of 1 lit of water 0 C.66 per Kg. Therefore C. Therefore if the number of supervisors is 12 number of laborers 85*12=1020.P of 1 liter mixture file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationproblems.The quantity of whiskey replaced is? Solution:Strength of first jar 40% Strength of 2nd jar 19% Mean Strength 26% 7 14 So. Milk in 1 liter mixture of C = 1/2 liter.P of 1 Kg rice of 2n d kind 1080p Mean Price 1000p 80 70 Required ratio=80:70 = 8:7 2.In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of tea worth Rs 60 a Kg and Rs 65 a Kg so that by selling the mixture at Rs 68.30 per Kg be mixed with rice at Rs 10. C.F and L.C. 8. P of 1 liter milk be Re 1.50 per Kg and the other at say Rs x per Kg in the ratio 2:2 i e.The average salary per head of the supervisors is Rs 400 and that of the laborers is Rs 56. 4Kg s of rice at Rs 5 per Kg is mixed with 8 Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg . Then S. How much of the butt did he steal? Solution: Wine containing 40%spirit Wine containing 16% spirit Wine containing 24% spirit 8 16 They must be mixed in the ratio of =1:2.P of 1 lit of milk 40/3 Mean Price 32/3 8/3 32/3 Ratio of water and milk =8/3 : 32/3 = 1:4 Quantity of water to be added to 60 lit of milk =1/4*60=15 liters.A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes t with water and there by gains 25% . 6.80 per Kg so that the mixture be worth Rs 10 per Kg? Solution: C.20. Cost of 1 Kg tea of 1st kind 60 Cost of 1 Kg tea of 2nd kind 65 Mean Price Rs 62 3 2 Required ratio =3:2.A container contains 40lit of milk.The quantity sold at 18% profit is? Solution: Profit on 1st part 8% Profit on 2nd part 18% Mean Profit 14% 4 6 Ratio of 1st and 2nd parts =4:6 =2:3. Gain=25% C.then the price per Kg of the mixed variety of rice is? Solution:Let the price of the mixed variety be Rs x per Kg.50 (x=153)/22. From this container 4 lit of milk was taken out and replaced by water. So the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties .C.P of 1 lit of milk = 20*2/3 = 40/3 C.what he had stolen by wine containing only 16% spirit.P of 1 liter mixture in A C.P of 1 Kg of the mixture = Rs 68.50 3.50 = 35:15 = 7:3. 5.In what ratio must rice at Rs 9. The butt was then of 24% strength only. 12.Find the number of laborers in the factory.The milk and water in two vessels A and B are in the ratio 4:3 and 2:3 respectively. He gains 14% on the whole .A jar full of whiskey contains 40% alcohol.the price of the third variety per Kg will be? Solution:Since First and second varieties are mixed in equal proportions so their average price =Rs (126+135)/2 = 130. If both type1 and type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2:3. 10.The percentage of water in the mixture is? Solution:Let C. How much milk is now contained by the container? Solution:Amount of milk left after 3 operations = 40(1-4/40)3lit =(40*9/10*9/10*9/10) = 29.Tea worth Rs 126 per Kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1:1:2.Find the average price of the mixture? Solution: rice of 5 Rs per Kg rice of 6 Rs per Kg Average price Aw 6-Aw Aw-5 (6-Aw)/(Aw-5) = 4/8 =1/2 12-2Aw =Aw-5 3Aw = 17 Aw = 5.

C.74 per Kg so that the mixture may be worth Rs 1. C. C.P of 1 liter mixture in 1st can =Re ¾ Milk in 1 liter mixture in 2n d can = 1/2 lit. How much wine did the cask hold originally? Solution:Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x liters. How much milk should he mix from each of the container so as to get 12 liters of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3:5? Solution:Let cost of 1 liter milk be Re 1.in B 4/7 2/5 Mean Price ½ 1/10 1/14 Required ratio = 1/10 : 1/14 = 7:5.the ratio of A and B becomes 7:9. C. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationproblems. C. So the can contains 21 liters of A.44 and Rs 1. C.per Kg. Thus.41 per Kg? Solution: Step1:Mix wheat of first and third kind to get a mixture worth Rs 1. Spirit in 1 liter mix of C = 8/13 liter.Two vessels A and B contain spirit and water mixed in the ratio 5:2 and 7:6 respectively.5x/8 5x+24 = 40-5x 10x = 16. Therefore the rate of second quality is Rs10. x= 8/5. So.P of 1 Kg wheat of 3rd kind 174p Mean Price 141p 33 21 They must be mixed in the ratio =33:21 = 11:7 Step2:Mix wheats of 1st and 2n d kind to obtain a mixture worth of 1.Rs 1.P of 1 liter mixture in 2n d can Re ½ Mean Price 5/8 1/8 1/8 There ratio of two mixtures =1/8 :1/8 = 1:1.3x/8 +x = 5 .A vessel is filled with liquid.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 120p C. Quantity of syrup in new mixture = 5 5x/8 liters. Quantity of A in mixture left = (7x – 7/12*9)lit = 7x – 21/4 liters.8)/x =2/3 3x-24 =2x x=24. Let x liters of this liquid be replaced with water then quantity of water in new mixture = 3 .8/x)4 =(2/3) 4 (x.How many Kg s of wheat costing him Rs 1. Therefore x(1.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 120p C.A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk . So part of the mixture replaced = 8/5*1/8 =1/5.P of 1 Kg wheat of 2n d kind 144p Mean Price 141p 3 21 They must be mixed in the ratio = 3:21=1:7. If the mixture so formed be worth Rs 10 per Kg . 20. How much of the mixture must be drawn off and replaced with water so that the mixture may be half water and half syrup? Solution:Suppose the vessal initially contains 8 liters of liquid.80 21.8lit are drawn from a wine and is then filled with water. Spirit in 1 liter mix of A = 5/7 liter.20. Then quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations = x(1.P of 1 liter mix in A =5/7.The first contains 5% water and the rest milk. C.A can contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the ratio 7:5 when 9 liters of mixture are drawn off and the can is filled with B.41 per Kg.P of 1 Kg wheat of 1st kind 980p C.P of spirit be Re 1 per liter.This operation is performed three more times.30 per Kg are mixed with another quality at a certain rate in the ratio 8:7.3x/8 +x liters.P of 1 Kg wheat of 2n d kind 100x p Mean Price 1000p 100x-1000 p 70 p (100x-1000) / 70 = 8/7 700x -7000 = 560 700x = 7560 =>x = Rs 10. Quantity of B in mixture left = 5x – 5/12*9 = 5x – 15/4 liters Therefore (7x – 21/4) / (5x – 15/4+9) = 7/9 (28x-21) / (20x +21) 7/9 252x -189 = 140x +147 112x = 336 => x=3.3 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup.html[1/28/2012 12:44:49 AM] . Milk in 1 liter mixture in 1st can = ¾ lit.what is the rate per Kg of the second quality of wheat? Solution:Let the rate of second quality be Rs x per Kg.P of 1 liter mixture in A 5/7 C. C.P of 1 liter mix in C =8/13. 17.The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16:81. 18.quantity of mixture taken from each can =1/2*12 = 6 liters.41. Find the ratio n which these mixture be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel c containing spirit and water in the ratio 8:5? Solution:Let the C.P of 1 liter mix in B =7/13. Spirit in 1 liter mix of B = 7/13 liter.One quantity of wheat at Rs 9. How many liters of liquid A was contained by the can initially? Solution:Suppose the can initially contains 7x and 5x liters of mixtures A and B respectively .80. (1. C. Mean Price = Re 5/8. Therefore 3 .8/x)4lit.P of 1 liter mixture in 1st can Re ¾ C. 19.Quantity of 2n d kind of wheat / Quantity of 3rd kind of wheat = 7/1*11/7= 11/1 Quantities of wheat of 1st :2n d:3rd = 11:77:7.P of 1 liter mixture in 2n d can =Re ½ Milk in 1 liter final mixture = 5/8 lit. The second contains 50% water. 23. 22.8/x)4 /x = 16/81.P of 1 liter mixture in B 7/13 Mean Price 8/13 1/13 9/91 Therefore required ratio = 1/13 : 9/91 = 7:9. C.

P of 1 liter mixture = Rs(100/120*1) =5/6 C.P of milk be Re 1 per liter Then S.In what ratio must rice at Rs 9. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationsimple.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ALLIGATION OR MIXTURES SOLVED PROBLEMS Simple problems: 1.P of 1 liter of water 0 C.P of 1 liter of mixture = Re.In what ratio must water to be mixed with milk to gain 20% by selling the mixture at cost price? Solution:Let the C.P of 1 Kg rice of 2n d kind 1080p Mean Price 1000p 80 70 Required ratio=80:70 = 8:7 2.F and L.1 Gain obtained =20%.P of 1 lit of milk 40/3 Mean Price 32/3 8/3 32/3 Ratio of water and milk =8/3 : 32/3 = 1:4 Quantity of water to be added to 60 lit of milk =1/4*60=15 liters. Therefore C.P of 1 lit of milk = 20*2/3 = 40/3 C. 3.P of 1 Kg rice of 1st kind 930 p C.P of 1 liter of milk1 Mean Price 5/6 1/6 5/6 Ratio of water and milk =1/6 : 5/6 = 1:5.APTITUDE Numbers H.P of 1 lit of water 0 C.C.How much water must be added to 60 liters of milk at 11/2 liters for Rs 20 so as to have a mixture worth Rs 10 2/3 a liter? Solution:C.80 per Kg so that the mixture be worth Rs 10 per Kg? Solution: C.html[1/28/2012 12:44:49 AM] .30 per Kg be mixed with rice at Rs 10.C.

50 3.25.25 per Kg BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/alligationsimple. Find the price of the costlier rice? Solution:Using the cross method: rice at Rs 6 per Kg rice at Rs x per Kg Mean price Rs 7 per Kg 5 4 x-7:1=5:4 4x-28 = 5 4x=33=>x=Rs 8.5Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg is mixed with 4 Kg of rice to get a mixture costing Rs 7 per Kg.In what ratio must a grocer mix two varieties of pulses costing Rs 15 and Rs 20 per Kg respectively so as to get a mixture worth Rs 16.html[1/28/2012 12:44:49 AM] . 4Kg s of rice at Rs 5 per Kg is mixed with 8 Kg of rice at Rs 6 per Kg . 5.50 per Kg? Solution: Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 1 kind 15 Cost of 1 Kg pulses of 2nd kind 20 Mean Price Rs 16.50 : 1.50 = 35:15 = 7:3.4. 6.50 1.Find the average price of the mixture? Solution: rice of 5 Rs per Kg rice of 6 Rs per Kg Average price Aw 6-Aw Aw-5 (6-Aw)/(Aw-5) = 4/8 =1/2 12-2Aw = Aw-5 3Aw = 17 Aw = 5.50 Required ratio =3.66 per Kg. Therefore price of costlier rice is Rs 8.

Then its area is sol: let ABCD be the given parallelogram area of parallelogram ABCD = 2* (area of triangle ABC) now a = 30m. then the altitude of the triangle is sol: area of a square with side a = a ² sq unts area of a triangle with base a = ½ * a*h sq unts a ² =1/2 *a *h => h = 2a altitude of the triangle is 2a 2.If the diagonals of a rhombus are 24cm and 10cm the area and the perimeter of the rhombus are respectively. b = 14m and c = 40m s = ½(30+14+40) = 42m Area of triangle ABC = √[ s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c) = √(42*12*28*2 = 168sq m area of parallelogram ABCD = 2 *168 =336 sq m 5.If a parallelogram with area p.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK Complex Probems: 1. R = b*h and T = ½ * b*h so P = R.C.APTITUDE Numbers H. then which of the following statements is false? Sol: let each have base = b and height = h then p = b*h. a triangle with area R and a triangle with area T are all constructed on the same base and all have the same altitude.A parallelogram has sides 30m and 14m and one of its diagonals is 40m long.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] . What is the ratio of the area of the triangle to that of the square? Sol: area of a square = a ² sq cm length of the diagonal = √2a cm area of equilateral triangle with side √2a = √3/4 * (√2a) ² required ratio = √3a² : a ² = √3 : 2 3.C. P = 2T and T = ½ R are all correct statements 6.The ratio of bases of two triangles is x:y and that of their areas is a:b.F and L. Sol: area = ½*diagonal 1 *diagonal 2= ½ * 24 * 10= 120 sq cm ½ * diagonal 1 = ½ * 24 = 12cm ½ * diagonal 2 = ½ *10 =5 cm side of a rhombus = (12) ² + (5) ² = 169 => AB = 13cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areacomplex.An equilateral triangle is described on the diagonal of a square.If the area of a square with side a s equal to the area of a triangle with base a. Then the ratio of their corresponding altitudes wll be sol: a/b =(½ * x*H) /(1/2 * y * h) bxH = ayh =>H/h =ay/bx Hence H:h = ay:bx 4 .

The wheel of a motorcycle 70cm in diameter makes 40 revolutions in every 10sec.A wire can be bent in the form of a circle of radius 56cm.If the cow grazes 100 sq feet per day. Then (2 *7/2 *x)+(2 * 7*x)*10 = 1980 (22/7 *7 * x) + (2 * 22/7 *7 *x) = 198 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areacomplex. If the ratio of the sides is 5:3. Both of them make the same number of revolutions per second.The no of revolutions a wheel of diameter 40cm makes in traveling a distance of 176m is sol: distance covered in 1 revolution = 2 r = 2 *22/7 *20 = 880/7 cm required no of revolutions = 17600 *7/880 = 140 14. the length of the longer parallel side is: sol: area of field =1/2 *(5x+3x) *24 = 96x sq m 96x = 1440 => x = 1440 /96 = 15 hence.8m speed =8.8 * 18/5 *k/h = 31.7. If it is bent in the form of a square. then its area will be sol: length of wire = 2 r = 2 *22/7 *56 = 352 cm side of the square = 352/4 = 88cm area of the square = 88*88 = 7744sq cm 13. the length of longer parallel side = 5x = 75m 9.8m/s = 8. The speed of the smaller wheel is sol: let each wheel make x revolutions per sec.A man runs round a circular field of radius 50m at the speed of 12m/hr. The perpendicular distance between its parallel sides is 24cm.68 k/h 15.A cow s tethered in the middle of a field with a 14feet long rope. What is the speed of motorcycle n km/hr? Sol: distance covered in 10sec = 2 *22/7 *35/100 *40 =88m distance covered in 1 sec =88/10m = 8.The area of a field in the shape of a trapezium measures 1440sq m.The area of a circle of radius 5 is numerically what percent its circumference? Sol: required percentage = (5)²/(2 *5) *100 = 250% 10. What is the time taken by the man to take twenty rounds of the field? Sol: speed = 12 k/h = 12 * 5/18 = 10/3 m/s distance covered = 20 * 2*22/7*50 = 44000/7m time taken = distance /speed = 44000/7 * 3/10 = 220/7min 11.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .Wheels of diameters 7cm and 14cm start rolling simultaneously from x & y which are 1980 cm apart towards each other in opposite directions. then the ratio of the areas of the square and the rhombus is: sol: A square and a rhombus on the same base are equal in area 8. If both of them meet after 10seconds.If a square and a rhombus stand on the same base. then approximately what time will be taken by the cow to graze the whole field? Sol: area of the field grazed = 22/7 * 14 * 14 = 616 sq feet 12.

A circular swimming pool is surrounded by a concrete wall 4ft wide.5 *3.A semicircular shaped window has diameter of 63cm.The area of the largest triangle that can be inscribed in a semicircle of radius is sol: required area = ½ * base * height = ½ * 2r * r = r 2 18.(3 * area of sector with Ø = 6o degrees and r = 3.5cm are placed in such a way that each circle touches the other two.5*60/360 ) sq cm = 49√3/4 – 11*0. The area of the space encosed by the four pieces is sol: required area = 14*14 – (4 * ¼ * 22/7 * 7 *7) sq cm = 196 – 154 = 42 sq cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areacomplex.5*3. each of radius 7cm are placed in such a way that each piece touches two other pieces. If the area of the concrete wall surrounding the pool is 11/25 that of the pool.5cm) = ( √ ¾ * 7 * 7) – (3* 22/7 *3.5 sq cm = 1.Three circles of radius 3. Its perimeter equals sol: perimeter of window = r +2r = [22/7 * 63/2 +63] = 99+63 = 162 cm 63. The area of the portion enclosed by the circles is sol: required area = (area of an equilateral triangle of side 7 cm) .html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .967 sq cm 19. Four circular cardboard pieces.R2 ] => = [R+4+R][R+4-R] = 8 (R+2) sq feet 8 (R+2) = 11/25 R2 => 11 R2 = 200 (R+2) Radius of the pool R = 20ft 17.66x = 198 => x = 3 distance moved by smaller wheel in 3 revolutions = 2 *22/7 *7/2 *3 = 66cm speed of smaller wheel = 66/3 m/s = 22m/s 16. then the radius of the pool is? Sol: let the radius of the pool be R ft radius of the pool including the wall = (R+4)ft area of the concrete wall = [(R+4)2 .

2 r = 352/7 => r = 352/7 * 7/22 * ½ = 8m 2 R = 528/7 => R= 528/7 * 7/22 * ½ = 12m width of the ring = R-r = 12-8 = 4m 14. The inner and outer circumference of the ring are 352/7 m and 528/7m respectively.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] . sol: let length = x and breadth = y then 2(x+y) = 46 => x+y = 23 x²+y² = 17² = 289 now (x+y)² = 23² =>x²+y²+2xy= 529 289+ 2xy = 529 => xy = 120 area =xy=120 sq. Find the cost of gravelling the path at 80 paise per sq. Find the width of the ring. find the percentage decrease in its area.5cm wide all round it on the inside. Find the area of the rectangle.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK Medium Problems: 11.A rectangular grassy plot 110m by 65cm has a gravel path .If the radius of a circle is decreased by 50% .mt sol: area of theplot = 110 * 65 = 7150 sq m area of the plot excluding the path = (110-5)* (65-5) = 6300 sq m area of the path = 7150.C.6300 =850 sq m cost of gravelling the path = 850 * 80/100 = 680 Rs 16.Two concentric circles form a ring. Find the perimeter of a third square whose area is equal to the difference of the areas of the two squares.If the diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm long and its perimeter is 46 cm. Sol: let original radius = r and new radius = 50/100 r = r/2 original area = r² and new area = (r/2)² decrease in area = 3 r²/4 * 1/ r² * 100 = 75% 13. cm 15. Sol: let the side of the square be x.F and L. sol: let the inner and outer radii be r and R meters then. then its diagonal = √2 x radius of incircle = x/2 and radius of circmcircle =√2 x /2 = x/√2 required ratio = x²/4 : x²/2 = ¼ : ½ = 1:2 12.Find the ratio of the areas of the incircle and circumcircle of a square. sol: side of first square = 40/4 =10cm side of second square = 32/4 = 8cm area of third squre = 10² – 8² = 36 sq cm side of third square = √36 = 6 cm required perimeter = 6*4 = 24cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areamedium. The perimeters of ttwo squares are 40cm and 32 cm.

18 /24.Find the length of a rope by which a cow must be tethered in order that it may be able to graze an area of 9856 sq meters.F of 544cm and 374cm= 34cm area of 1 tile = 34*34 sq cm no. Find the least number of squre tiles required to cover the floor.a² = (9/16)a² increase % = (9/16)a² * (1/a²) * 100 = 56.5 hectares => = 13. sol: let each side of the square be a then area = a ² new side = 125a/100 = 5a/4 new area = (5a/4)² = 25/16 a² increase in area = (25/16)a² . sol: area of the room = 544 * 374 sq cm size of largest square tile = H. sol: area of the field = total cost/ rate = 333.5 * 10000 = 135000 sq m let the altitude = x mt and base = 3x mt then ½ *3x * x = 135000 => x² = 90000 => x = 300 base= 900m and altitude = 300m 21.68 = 13. Sol: clearly the cow will graze a circular field of area 9856 sq m and radius equal to the length of the rope. A room 5m 44cm long and 3m 74cm broad is to be paved with squre tiles.25% 20. sol: let the diagonals of the squares be 2x and 5x respectively ratio of their areas = ½ * (2x)² : ½*(5x)² = 4:25 19. Find the ratio of their bases? Sol: let the bases of the two triangles be x &y and their heights be 3h and 4h respectively.The inner circumference of a circular race track. of tiles required = (544*374) / (34 * 34) = 176 18. 14m wide is 440m.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .4 = 250 24.68 per hectare be Rs.7 = 4.7m circumference of the wheel = 2*22/7*0.4m no of revolutions per minute = 1100/4. Find the ratio of their areas. How many revolutions per minute must the wheel make inorder to keep a speed of 66 kmph? Sol: Distance to be covered in 1min = (66*1000)/60 m =1100m diameter = 140cm => radius = r =0. 24.The diameter of the driving wheel of a bus is 140cm.18. Find the percentage change in its area.The base of triangular field os three times its altitude. 333.C. If the cost of cultivating the field at Rs.If each side of a square is increased by 25%. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areamedium.In two triangles the ratio of the areas is 4:3 and the ratio of their heights is 3:4. (1/2*x*3h)/(1/2*y*4h) =4/3 => x/y = 4/3 *4/3 = 16/9 22.17. Find the radius of the outer circle. Find its base and height. Sol: let inner radius be r meters. Let the length of the rope be r mts then r²=9856 => r²=9856*7/22 = 3136 => r=56m 23. The diagonals of two squares are in the ratio of 2:5.

Then r²ø/360 =66/7=> 22/7*r²*120/360 = 66/7 =>r² = 66/7 *7/22*3 =9 radius = 3cm 26.A took 15 seconds to cross a rectangular field diagonally walking at the rate of 52 m/min and B took the same time to cross the same field along its sides walking at the rate of 68m/min.A sector of 120 degrees.625 =Rs.75m area of the floor = 5. If the area of the field is 680 sq feet.. How many poles will be needed? Sol: perimeter of the plot = 2(90+50) = 280m no of poles =280/5 =56m 28.. we have 2(l+b/2)=38 or 2l+b =38...The length of the room is 5.625 sq m cost of paving = 800 *20....(2) from 1 &2 we get l=14 and b=10 Area of the paper = 14*10 = 140 sq cm 31.. how many feet of fencing will be required? Sol: l=20feet and l*b=680 => b= 680/20 = 34feet length of fencing = l+2b = 20+68 =88 feet 30. If the poles of the fence are kept 5 meters apart. When folded along the other set of sides.75m...5m and width is 3. Sol: let the radius of the circle be r cm.5m w=3... The area of the field is? Sol: length of the diagonal = 52*15/60 =13m sum of length and breadth = 68*15/60 = 17m √(l²+b²)=13 or l+b = 17 area =lb = ½ (2lb) = ½[(l+b)² – (l²+b²)] = ½[17² -169] file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areamedium.. 16500 27. If the cost of fencing the plot @ 26.50 per meter is Rs. What is the length of the plot in meter? Sol: let breadth =x then length = x+20 perimeter = 5300/26...The length of a rectangular plot is 20 meters more than its breadth. Find the cost of paving the floor by slabs at the rate of Rs.Then 2 r =440 => r=440*7/22*1/2 = 70m radius of outer circle = 70+4 =84m 25. has an area of 66/7 sq cm.A rectangular plot measuring 90 meters by 50 meters is to be enclosed by wire fencing..html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .5 * 3. 5300..A rectangular paper when folded into two congruent parts had a perimeter of 34cm foer each part folded along one set of sides and the same is 38cm.(1) when folded along the length.50 =200m 2(x+20+x) =200 => 4x+40 =200 x = 40 and length = 40+20 = 60m 29... cut out from a circle..75 = 20. What is the area of the paper? Sol: when folded along the breadth we have 2(l/2 +b) = 34 or l+2b = 34.800 per sq meter. Find the radius of the circle. Sol: l=5.A rectangular field is to be fenced on three sides leaving a side of 20 feet uncovered..

The percentage of error in the calculated area of the square is sol: 100cm is read as 102 cm a = 100*100 sq cm and b = 102 *102 sq cm then a-b = 404 sq cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areamedium.The cost of fencing a square field @ Rs. 20 per metre is Rs. The cost of graveling the roads at 75 paise per sq meter is sol: area of cross roads = 55*4 +35*4-4*4 = 344sq m cost of graveling = 344 *75/100 =Rs.080. A rectangular lawn 55m by 35m has two roads each 4m wide running in the middle of it.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .Amanwalked diagonally across a square plot.59x /2x *100% = 30% (approx) 36. The area of the field is sol: speed of the man = 4*5/18 m/sec = 10/9 m/sec time taken = 3*60 sec = 180 sec length of diagonal = speed * time = 10/9 * 180 = 200m Area of the field = ½ *(dioagonal)² = ½ * 200*200 sq m = 20000sq m 37. 50 per sq m sol: perimeter = total cost / cost per m = 10080 /20 = 504m side of the square = 504/4 = 126m breadth of the pavement = 3m side of inner square = 126-6 = 120m area of the pavement = (126*126)-(120*120)=246”*6 sq m cost of pavement = 246*6*50 = Rs.10.59x m saving % = 0. If their perimeters are p and q respectively.=1/2*120 = 60 sq meter 32 .An error of 2% in excess is made while measuring the side of a square. 73800 34.414x m saving on 2x meters = . Approximately what was the percent saved by not walking along the edges? Sol: let the side of the square be x meters length of two sides = 2x meters diagonal = √2 x = 1.If the perimeters of a square and a rectangle are the same.How much will it cost to lay a three meter wide pavement along the fencing inside the field @ Rs.A square and rectangle have equal areas. 258 33.A man walking at the speed of 4 kmph crosses a square field diagonally in 3 meters. One parallel to the length and the other parallel to breadth. then the area a & b enclosed by them would satisfy the condition: sol: Take a square of side 4cm and a rectangle having l=6cm and b=2cm then perimeter of square = perimeter of rectangle area of square = 16 sq cm area of rectangle = 12 sq cm Hence a >b 39. Then sol: A square and a rectangle with equal areas will satisfy the relation p < q 38.

percentage error = 404/(100*100) = 4. The cost of painting the walls at Rs. Its area is sol: a² = (a/2)² +(10)² a² – a²/4 = 100 =>3a² = 100*4 area = √3/4 *a² = √3/4*400/3 = 100/√3 sq cm 45. 2√3cm and 5√3cm.5) = 12 sq m area to be planted = 170 -12 = 158 sq m cost of painting = Rs. The dimensions of the doors are 1m*3m.5m and the other 2 windows are of size 1m*1.The height of an equilateral triangle is 10cm.5m. The perimeter of the triangle is sol: let each side of the triangle be ‘a’ cm then area(AOB) +area(BOC)+area(AOC) = area(ABC) ½ * a *√3 +1/2 *a *2√3 +1/2 * a*5√3 = √3/4 a ² a/2√3(1+2+5) = √3/4 a ² => a=16 perimeter = 3*16 = 48cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areamedium. then the length of the smallest side is sol: ratio of sides = ½ :1/3 :1/4 = 6:4:3 perimeter = 52 cm. There are 2 doors and 3 windows in the room. 158 *3 = Rs. The cost of plastering its walls and bottom at 75 paise per sq m is sol: area to be plastered = [2(l+b)*h]+(l*b) = 2(25+12)*6 + (25*12)= 744 sq m cost of plastering = Rs . One window is of size 2m*1.5)+2(1*1. so sides are 52*6/13 =24cm 52*4/13 = 16cm 52 *3/13 = 12cm length of smallest side = 12cm 44.From a point in the interior of an equilateral triangle. The height of another triangle of double the area having the base 20cm is sol: a = ½ *15*12 = 90 sq cm b = 2a = 2 * 90 = ½ * 20 *h => h= 18cm 43. 474 42. the perpendicular distance of the sides are √3 cm.04% 40.html[1/28/2012 12:44:50 AM] .The dimensions of a room are 10m*7m*5m.The base of a triangle of 15cm and height is 12cm. 3 per sq m is sol: Area of 4 walls = 2(l+b)*h =2(10+7)*5 = 170 sq m Area of 2 doors and 3 windows = 2(1*3)+(2*1.The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of ½:1/3:1/4.A tank is 25m long 12m wide and 6m deep. 5581 41. If the perimeter is 52cm. 744*75/100 = Rs.

c)].Area of a TRIANGLE = Â½ * base * height 6.Area of TRAPEZIUM = =1/2 * (sum of parallel sides)* (distance between them) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areas.Of all he parallelogram of given sides the parallelogram which is a rectangle has the greatest area.The diagonals of a Parallelogram bisect each other. 7.Sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees.Area of a TRIANGLE = âˆš[s * (s . the altitude from the vertex bisects the base 7.The diagonals of a Rhombus are unequal and bisect each other at right angles. 3.html[1/28/2012 12:44:51 AM] . 5.Perimeter of a RECTANGLE = 2(Length + Breadth) 3.Radius of in circle of an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE of side a = r / 2âˆš3 9.Area of a SQUARE = (side)2 = Â½ ( Diagonal)2 4.Area of a RECTANGLE = length * breadth Length = (Area/Breadth) and Breadth = (Area/Length) 2. The centroid divides each of the medians in the ratio 2:1 6.The median of a triangle divides it into two triangles of the same area.a) * (s . 8.The line joining the mid point of a side of a triangle to the opposite vertex is called the MEDIAN.b) * (s .Radius of circumcircle of an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE of side a = r / âˆš3 10.Area of a PARALLELOGRAM = (base * height) 12. 5. where a.Areas Important Facts and Formulae: Results On Triangle 1.Area of RHOMBUS = 1/2 (product of diagonals) 13.Area of four walls of a room = 2(length + breadth) * height 5.The diagonals of a Rectangle are equal and bisect each other 4.The diagonals of a Square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.c are the sides of the triangle and s = 1/2(a+b+c) 7. is called CENTROID. Results On Quadrilaterals 1. 3.Area of EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE = âˆš(3/4)* (side)2 8.In an isosceles triangle.fourth of the area of the given triangle.Radius of incircle of a triangle of area âˆ† and semi perimeter S = âˆ† / s 11.The sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than third side.The area of the triangle formed by joining the mid points of the sides of a given triangle is one .b. 2.Each diagonal of a Parallelogram divides it into two triangles of the same area.A Parallelogram and a Rectangle on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area. Top Formulae 1. 6. 2.Pythagoras Theorem: In a right angled triangle (Hypotenuse)2 = (Base)2 +(Height)2 4.The point where the three medians of a triangle meet.

18. sol: side of first square = 40/4 =10cm side of second square = 32/4 = 8cm area of third squre = 10Â² â€“ 8Â² = 36 sq cm side of third square = âˆš36 = 6 cm required perimeter = 6*4 = 24cm Top 17.5) = 6300 sq m of the path = 7150 .Find the ratio of the areas of the incircle and circumcircle of a square. find the percentage decrease in its area.If the diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm long and its perimeter is 46 cm. cm 15.86 hectares.If each side of a square is increased by 25%. then its diagonal = âˆš2 x radius of incircle = x/2 and radius of circmcircle =âˆš2 x /2 = x/âˆš2 required ratio = ï›‡xÂ²/4 : ï›‡xÂ²/2 = Â¼ : Â½ = 1:2 12.6300 =850 sq m of gravelling the path = 850 * 80/100 = 680 Rs 16.aÂ² = (9/16)aÂ² % = (9/16)aÂ² * (1/aÂ²) * 100 = 56. Find the percentage change in its area. sol: area of the room = 544 * 374 sq cm size of largest square tile = H. Sol: Area = 13.86 * 10000 sq m = 138600 sq m ï›‡rÂ²= 138600 => rÂ² = 138600 * 7/22 => 210 m circumference = 2ï›‡r = 2 * 22/7 * 210m = 1320 m cost of fencing = Rs 1320 * 4.The base of triangular field os three times its altitude.5 * 10000 = 135000 sq m let the altitude = x mt and base = 3x mt then Â½ *3x * x = 135000 => xÂ² = 90000 => x = 300 base= 900m and altitude = 300m file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areas. Find the least number of squre tiles required to cover the floor. Find the cost of fencing it at the rate of Rs. of tiles required = (544*374) / (34 * 34) = 176 18. 2ï›‡r = 352/7 => r = 352/7 * 7/22 * Â½ = 8m 2ï›‡R = 528/7 => R= 528/7 * 7/22 * Â½ = 12m width of the ring = R-r = 12-8 = 4m 14. sol: let the diagonals of the squares be 2x and 5x respectively ratio of their areas = Â½ * (2x)Â² : Â½*(5x)Â² = 4:25 19. Sol: let original radius = r and new radius = 50/100 r = r/2 original area = ï›‡rÂ² and new area = ï›‡(r/2)Â² decrease in area = 3 ï›‡rÂ²/4 * 1/ ï›‡rÂ² * 100 = 75% 13.25% 20.18 /24.5)* (65 . 5808 Top Medium Problems: 11.Two concentric circles form a ring.html[1/28/2012 12:44:51 AM] .5cm wide all round it on the inside.If the radius of a circle is decreased by 50% . Find its base and height. Find the area of the rectangle. Find the width of the ring. Find the ratio of their areas. If the cost of cultivating the field at Rs.10.5 hectares => = 13. 333.68 = 13. sol: let new side new area increase increase each side of the square be a then area = a Â² = 125a/100 = 5a/4 = (5a/4)Â² = 25/16 aÂ² in area = (25/16)aÂ² .68 per hectare be Rs. 4.A rectangular grassy plot 110m by 65cm has a gravel path . The diagonals of two squares are in the ratio of 2:5. The perimeters of ttwo squares are 40cm and 32 cm. The inner and outer circumference of the ring are 352/7 m and 528/7m respectively.F of 544cm and 374cm= 34cm area of 1 tile = 34*34 sq cm no. sol: let the inner and outer radii be r and R meters then.40 = Rs. Find the cost of gravelling the path at 80 paise per sq. The area of a circular field is 13.mt sol: area area cost area of theplot = 110 * 65 = 7150 sq m of the plot excluding the path = (110 . sol: let length = x and breadth = y then 2(x+y) = 46 => x+y = 23 xÂ²+yÂ² = 17Â² = 289 now (x+y)Â² = 23Â² =>xÂ²+yÂ²+2xy= 529 289+ 2xy = 529 => xy = 120 area =xy=120 sq.40 per meter. 24. Sol: let the side of the square be x. sol: area of the field = total cost/ rate = 333. A room 5m 44cm long and 3m 74cm broad is to be paved with squre tiles.C. Find the perimeter of a third square whose area is equal to the difference of the areas of the two squares.

Its area is sol: aÂ² = (a/2)Â² +(10)Â² aÂ² â€“ aÂ²/4 = 100 =>3aÂ² = 100*4 area = âˆš3/4 *aÂ² = âˆš3/4*400/3 = 100/âˆš3 sq cm 45.5)+2(1*1.A square and rectangle have equal areas. 20 per metre is Rs.A man walking at the speed of 4 kmph crosses a square field diagonally in 3 meters.6 = 120m area of the pavement = (126*126) .The area of the field is sol: speed of the man = 4*5/18 m/sec = 10/9 m/sec time taken = 3*60 sec = 180 sec length of diagonal = speed * time = 10/9 * 180 = 200m Area of the field = Â½ *(dioagonal)Â² = Â½ * 200*200 sq m = 20000sq m 37.5) = 12 sq m area to be planted = 170 . 474 42.080. If their perimeters are p and q respectively. There are 2 doors and 3 windows in the room. the perpendicular distance of the sides are âˆš3 cm. The height of another triangle of double the area having the base 20cm is sol: a = Â½ *15*12 = 90 sq cm b = 2a = 2 * 90 = Â½ * 20 *h => h= 18cm 43.The dimensions of a room are 10m*7m*5m.From a point in the interior of an equilateral triangle.The base of a triangle of 15cm and height is 12cm. The dimensions of the doors are 1m*3m. Approximately what was the percent saved by not walking along the edges ? Sol: let the side of the square be x meters length of two sides = 2x meters diagonal = âˆš2 x = 1.An error of 2% in excess is made while measuring the side of a square. 158 *3 = Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:44:51 AM] . Then sol: A square and a rectangle with equal areas will satisfy the relation p < q Top 38.10.414x m saving on 2x meters = .59x m saving % = 0. then the length of the smallest side is sol: ratio of sides = Â½ :1/3 :1/4 = 6:4:3 perimeter = 52 cm. 73800 34.The height of an equilateral triangle is 10cm. so sides are 52*6/13 =24cm 52*4/13 = 16cm 52 *3/13 = 12cm length of smallest side = 12cm 44.The cost of fencing a square field @ Rs. 2âˆš3cm and 5âˆš3cm.Amanwalked diagonally across a square plot.If the perimeters of a square and a rectangle are the same. The cost of plastering its walls and bottom at 75 paise per sq m is sol: area to be plastered = [2(l+b)*h]+(l*b) = 2(25+12)*6 + (25*12)= 744 sq m cost of plastering = Rs . 5581 41.33. 50 per sq m sol: perimeter = total cost / cost per m = 10080 /20 = 504m side of the square = 504/4 = 126m breadth of the pavement = 3m side of inner square = 126 . then the area a & b enclosed by them would satisfy the condition: sol: Take a square of side 4cm and a rectangle having l=6cm and b=2cm then perimeter of square = perimeter of rectangle area of square = 16 sq cm area of rectangle = 12 sq cm Hence a >b 39. The percentage of error in the calculated area of the square is sol: 100cm is read as 102 cm a = 100*100 sq cm and b = 102 *102 sq cm then a-b = 404 sq cm percentage error = 404/(100*100) = 4.5m.(120*120)=246â€*6 sq m cost of pavement = 246*6*50 = Rs. The cost of painting the walls at Rs.The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of Â½:1/3:1/4. 744*75/100 = Rs. One window is of size 2m*1.12 = 158 sq m cost of painting = Rs.04% 40. How much will it cost to lay a three meter wide pavement along the fencing inside the field @ Rs. If the perimeter is 52cm. 3 per sq m is sol: Area of 4 walls = 2(l+b)*h =2(10+7)*5 = 170 sq m Area of 2 doors and 3 windows = 2(1*3)+(2*1. The perimeter of the triangle is sol: let each side of the triangle be â€˜aâ€™ cm then area(AOB) +area(BOC)+area(AOC) = area(ABC) Â½ * a *âˆš3 +1/2 *a *2âˆš3 +1/2 * a*5âˆš3 = âˆš3/4 a Â² file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areas.A tank is 25m long 12m wide and 6m deep.5m and the other 2 windows are of size 1m*1.59x /2x *100% = 30% (approx) 36.

P = 2T and T = Â½ R are all correct statements 6. then the altitude of the triangle is sol: area of a square with side a = a Â² sq unts area of a triangle with base a = Â½ * a*h sq unts a Â² =1/2 *a *h => h = 2a altitude of the triangle is 2a 2. R = b*h and T = Â½ * b*h so P = R.The no of revolutions a wheel of diameter 40cm makes in traveling a distance of 176m is sol: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areas.If a parallelogram with area p.The ratio of bases of two triangles is x:y and that of their areas is a:b. Then the ratio of their corresponding altitudes wll be sol: a/b =(Â½ * x*H) /(1/2 * y * h) bxH = ayh =>H/h =ay/bx Hence H:h = ay:bx 4 .A cow s tethered in the middle of a field with a 14feet long rope. then which of the following statements is false ? Sol: let each have base = b and height = h then p = b*h.a/2âˆš3(1+2+5) = âˆš3/4 a Â² => a=16 perimeter = 3*16 = 48cm Top Complex Probems: 1.The area of a field in the shape of a trapezium measures 1440sq m.html[1/28/2012 12:44:51 AM] . What is the time taken by the man to take twenty rounds of the field ? Sol: speed = 12 k/h = 12 * 5/18 = 10/3 m/s distance covered = 20 * 2*22/7*50 = 44000/7m time taken = distance /speed = 44000/7 * 3/10 = 220/7min 11. Sol: area = Â½*diagonal 1 *diagonal 2= Â½ * 24 * 10= 120 sq cm Â½ * diagonal 1 = Â½ * 24 = 12cm Â½ * diagonal 2 = Â½ *10 =5 cm side of a rhombus = (12) Â² + (5) Â² = 169 => AB = 13cm Top 7.c) = âˆš(42*12*28*2 = 168sq m area of parallelogram ABCD = 2 *168 =336 sq m 5.An equilateral triangle is described on the diagonal of a square.If the diagonals of a rhombus are 24cm and 10cm the area and the perimeter of the rhombus are respectively. Then its area is sol: let ABCD be the given parallelogram area of parallelogram ABCD = 2* (area of triangle ABC) now a = 30m. a triangle with area R and a triangle with area T are all constructed on the same base and all have the same altitude.If the area of a square with side a s equal to the area of a triangle with base a.A man runs round a circular field of radius 50m at the speed of 12m/hr.A wire can be bent in the If it is bent in the form of sol: length of wire = 2ï›‡ r side of the square = 352/4 = area of the square = 88*88 = form of a circle of radius 56cm. a square.If a square and a rhombus stand on the same base. the length of longer parallel side = 5x = 75m 9.A parallelogram has sides 30m and 14m and one of its diagonals is 40m long.If the cow grazes 100 sq feet per day. then the ratio of the areas of the square and the rhombus is: sol: A square and a rhombus on the same base are equal in area 8.b)(s . If the ratio of the sides is 5:3.The area of a circle of radius 5 is numerically what percent its circumference ? Sol: required percentage = ï›‡(5)Â²/(2ï›‡*5) *100 = 250% 10. What is the ratio of the area of the triangle to that of the square ? Sol: area of a square = a Â² sq cm length of the diagonal = âˆš2a cm area of equilateral triangle with side âˆš2a = âˆš3/4 * (âˆš2a) Â² required ratio = âˆš3aÂ² : a Â² = âˆš3 : 2 3. The perpendicular distance between its parallel sides is 24cm. b = 14m and c = 40m s = Â½(30+14+40) = 42m Area of triangle ABC = âˆš[ s(s . then approximately what time will be taken by the cow to graze the whole field ? Sol: area of the field grazed = 22/7 * 14 * 14 = 616 sq feet 12.a)(s . the length of the longer parallel side is: sol: area of field =1/2 *(5x+3x) *24 = 96x sq m 96x = 1440 => x = 1440 /96 = 15 hence. then its area will be = 2 *22/7 *56 = 352 cm 88cm 7744sq cm 13.

What is the speed of motorcycle n km/hr? Sol: distance covered in 10sec = 2 *22/7 *35/100 *40 =88m distance covered in 1 sec =88/10m = 8.5 sq cm = 1.8m/s = 8.5*3.A semicircular shaped window has diameter of 63cm.8m speed =8.Three circles of radius 3.The wheel of a motorcycle 70cm in diameter makes 40 revolutions in every 10sec.The speed of the smaller wheel is sol: let each wheel make x revolutions per sec.68 k/h 15. The area of the portion enclosed by the circles is sol: required area . Both of them make the same number of revolutions per second. Its perimeter equals sol: perimeter of window = ï›‡r +2r = [22/7 * 63/2 +63] = 99+63 = 162 cm 18.R2 ] => = ï›‡[R+4+R][R+4 . The area of the space encosed by the four pieces is sol: required area = 14*14 â€“ (4 * Â¼ * 22/7 * 7 *7) sq cm = 196 â€“ 154 = 42 sq cm Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areas.5 *3.5*60/360 ) sq cm 11*0. Then (2ï›‡ *7/2 *x)+(2ï›‡ * 7*x)*10 = 1980 (22/7 *7 * x) + (2 * 22/7 *7 *x) = 198 66x = 198 => x = 3 distance moved by smaller wheel in 3 revolutions = 2 *22/7 *7/2 *3 = 66cm speed of smaller wheel = 66/3 m/s = 22m/s 16.R] = 8ï›‡(R+2) sq feet 8ï›‡(R+2) = 11/25 ï›‡ R2 => 11 R2 = 200 (R+2) Radius of the pool R = 20ft 17. each of radius 7cm are placed in such a way that each piece touches two other pieces.5cm are placed in such a way that each circle touches the other two.967 sq cm 19. If both of them meet after 10seconds.distance covered in 1 revolution = 2ï›‡ r = 2 *22/7 *20 = 880/7 cm required no of revolutions = 17600 *7/880 = 140 Top 14.(3 * area of = ( âˆš Â¾ * 7 = 49âˆš3/4 â€“ = (area of an equilateral triangle of side 7 cm) sector with Ã˜ = 6o degrees and r = 3.A circular swimming pool is surrounded by a concrete wall 4ft wide.html[1/28/2012 12:44:51 AM] . then the radius of the pool is ? Sol: let the radius of the pool be R ft radius of the pool including the wall = (R+4)ft area of the concrete wall = ï›‡ [(R+4)2 .Wheels of diameters 7cm and 14cm start rolling simultaneously from x & y which are 1980 cm apart towards each other in opposite directions.8 * 18/5 *k/h = 31.5cm) * 7) â€“ (3* 22/7 *3. If the area of the concrete wall surrounding the pool is 11/25 that of the pool. Four circular cardboard pieces.

2.The diagonals of a Rectangle are equal and bisect each other 4.A Parallelogram and a Rectangle on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.PYTHAGORAS Theorem: In a right angled triangle (Hypotenuse)2 = (Base)2 +(Height)2 4.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK AREAS Important Facts and Formula: RESULTS ON TRIANGLE 1.Sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degrees. 2.html[1/28/2012 12:44:52 AM] . is called CENTROID. 6. 3.C.F and L.APTITUDE Numbers H.The diagonals of a Parallelogram bisect each other.The line joining the mid point of a side of a triangle to the opposite vertex is called the MEDIAN. RESULTS ON QUADRILATERALS 1.The median of a triangle divides it into two triangles of the same area. 5.The sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than third side.The diagonals of a Square are equal and bisect each other at right angles. 3.Each diagonal of a Parallelogram divides it into two triangles of the same area.The point where the three medians of a triangle meet. The centroid divides each of the medians in the ratio 2:1 6.The area of the triangle formed by joining the mid points of the sides of a given triangle is one-fourth of the area of the given triangle. the altitude from the vertex bisects the base 7.C. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areasconcept.In an isosceles triangle. 5. 8.The diagonals of a Rhombus are unequal and bisect each other at right angles.

Area of EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE = √(3/4)* (side)2 8.Area of a TRIANGLE = √[s * (s-a) * (s-b) * (s-c)].c are the sides of the triangle and s = 1/2(a+b+c) 7.Area of four walls of a room = 2(length + breadth) * height 5.Circumference of a SEMICIRCLE = BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areasconcept.html[1/28/2012 12:44:52 AM] .Area of a CIRCLE = r2 where r is the radius 15.Of all he parallelogram of given sides the parallelogram which is a rectangle has the greatest area. where a.Area of a SQUARE = (side)2 = ½ ( Diagonal)2 4.7.Circumference of a CIRCLE = 2 r 16.Area of a SEMICIRCLE = r2 / 2 r 19.Area of a PARALLELOGRAM = (base * height) 12.Radius of in circle of an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE of side a = r / 2√3 9.Length of an arc = 2 rø / 360. where ø is central angle r2ø / 360 17.Radius of circumcircle of an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE of side a = r / √3 10.Radius of incircle of a triangle of area ∆ and semi perimeter S = ∆ / s 11. FORMULAE 1.Area of TRAPEZIUM = =1/2 * (sum of parallel sides)* (distance between them) 14.Area of a SECTOR = ½ (arc * r) = 18.Perimeter of a RECTANGLE = 2(Length + Breadth) 3.b.Area of a TRIANGLE = ½ * base * height 6.Area of a RECTANGLE = length * breadth Length = (Area/Breadth) and Breadth = (Area/Length) 2.Area of RHOMBUS = 1/2 (product of diagonals) 13.

html[1/28/2012 12:44:52 AM] .C.40 per sq meter Sol: Area of the carpet = Area of the room = 13* 9 =117 sq m length of the carpet = (Area/width) = 117 * (4/3) = 156 m Cost of carpeting = Rs (156 * 12. Sol: let x and y be the sides of the rectangle then correct area = (105/100 * x) * (96 / 100 *y) =(504/500 xy) – xy = 4/500 xy file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areasimple. Find the error percent in the area.The length of a rectangle is twice its breadth if its length is decreased by 5cm and breadth is increased by 5cm. Find the length of the rectangle.40 4.Find the cost of carpeting a room 13m long and 9m broad with a carpet 75cm wide at the rate of Rs 12. calculate from the those measurements. Sol: let length = 2x meters and breadth = 3x mt Now area = (1/6 * 1000)sq m = 5000/3 sq m 2x * 3x = 5000/3 =>x * x =2500 / 9 x = 50/3 length = 2x = 100/3 m and breadth = 3x = 3*(50/3) = 50m 3.APTITUDE Numbers H.In measuring the sides of a rectangle. Find the length and breadth of the lawn.F and L. one side is taken 5% in excess and the other 4% in deficit.40) = Rs 1934.C.One side of a rectangular field is 15m and one of its diagonal is 17m. the area of the rectangle is increased by 75 sq cm.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK Simple Problems: 1. m 2.A lawn is in the form of a rectangle having its sides in the ratio 2:3 The area of the lawn is 1/6 hectares. Find the area of field? Sol:Other side = √[(17*17) – (15*15)] = √(289-225) = 8m Area = 15 * 8 =120 sq. Sol: let length = 2x and breadth = x then (2x-5) (x+5) – (2x*x)=75 5x-25 = 75 => x=20 length of the rectangle = 40 cm 5.

The altitude drawn to the base of an isosceles triangle is 8cm and the perimeter is 32cm. required area = ½ * BC * AD = ½ * 12 * 10 = 60 sq cm 8. then area = a * a New side = 125a / 100 = 5a / 4 New area =(5a * 5a)/(4*4) = (25a²/16) – a² = 9a²/16 Increase %= 9a²/16 * 1/a² * 100% = 56. Find the dimensions of the room? Sol: let breadth=x mt .length= 3x/2 mt and height=h mt Area of the floor = (total cost of carpeting /rate) = 270/5 sq m = 54 sq m x * 3x/2=54 => x*x= 54*(2/3)=36 => x = 6m so breadth = 6m and length=3/2*6 = 9m now papered area = 1720 /10 = 172 sq m Area of one door and 2 windows =8 sq m total area of 4 walls = 172+8 = 180 sq m 2(9+6)*h = 180 => h=180/30 = 6m 7.html[1/28/2012 12:44:52 AM] .Find the area of a Rhombus one side of which measures 20cm and one diagonal 24cm. we have 20² = 12² + x² => x = √[20² -12²]= √256 = 16cm file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areasimple.A room is half as long again as it is broad.70 and the cost of papering the four walls at Rs 10 per sq m is Rs 1720.Error% = 4/500 xy*(1/xy)*100 % = 4/5% = 0.8% 6. The cost of carpeting the room at Rs 5 per sq m is Rs 2. the AD be the altitude let AB = AC=x then BC= 32-2x since in an isoceles triange the altitude bisects the base so BD=DC=16-x in ∆ADC. find the percentage change in its area? Sol: let each side of the square be a .25% 9.If each side of a square is increased by 25%. Find the area of the triangle? Sol: let ABC be the isosceles triangle. If a door and 2 windows occupy 8 sq cm. Sol: Let other diagonal = 2x cm since diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles.(AC) 2 = (AD) 2 + (DC) 2 x*x=(8*8) + (16-x)*(16-x) 32x =320 => x = 10 BC = 32-2x = 32-20 = 12 cm Hence.

4. The area of a circular field is 13.so the diagonal = 32 cm Area of rhombus = ½ * product of diagonals = ½ * 24 * 32 = 384 sq cm 10. Sol: Area = 13.html[1/28/2012 12:44:52 AM] . Find the cost of fencing it at the rate of Rs.86 * 10000 sq m = 138600 sq m * 7/22 => 210 m r²= 138600 => r² = 138600 circumference = 2 r = 2 * 22/7 * 210m = 1320 m cost of fencing = Rs 1320 * 4.40 = Rs. 5808 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areasimple.86 hectares.40 per meter.

10. find the percentage decrease in its area.5cm wide all round it on the inside.The base of triangular field os three times its altitude.40 per meter.If each side of a square is increased by 25%.mt sol: area of theplot = 110 * 65 = 7150 sq m area of the plot excluding the path = (110-5)* (65-5) = 6300 sq m area of the path = 7150. Find the perimeter of a third square whose area is equal to the difference of the areas of the two squares. 24. Find the width of the ring. sol: let the inner and outer radii be r and R meters then. If the cost of cultivating the field at Rs. sol: side of first square = 40/4 =10cm side of second square = 32/4 = 8cm area of third squre = 10² – 8² = 36 sq cm side of third square = √36 = 6 cm required perimeter = 6*4 = 24cm 17. sol: The diagonals of two squares are in the ratio of 2:5. The perimeters of ttwo squares are 40cm and 32 cm. 333.Find the ratio of the areas of the incircle and circumcircle of a square. 5808 11.40 = Rs. Sol: let original radius = r and new radius = 50/100 r = r/2 original area = r² and new area = (r/2)² decrease in area = 3 r²/4 * 1/ r² * 100 = 75% 13. Sol: let the side of the square be x.If the diagonal of a rectangle is 17cm long and its perimeter is 46 cm. cm 15. Sol: Area = 13.68 per hectare be Rs. Find the least number of squre tiles required to cover the floor.5 * 10000 = 135000 sq m let the altitude = x mt and base = 3x mt then ½ *3x * x = 135000 => x² = 90000 => x = 300 base= 900m and altitude = 300m BACK A room 5m 44cm long and 3m 74cm broad is to be paved with squre tiles. let the diagonals of the squares be 2x and 5x respectively ratio of their areas = ½ * (2x)² : ½*(5x)² = 4:25 19.68 = 13. sol: area of the field = total cost/ rate = 333.18. Find the cost of gravelling the path at 80 paise per sq.86 * 10000 sq m = 138600 sq m r²= 138600 => r² = 138600 * 7/22 => 210 m circumference = 2 r = 2 * 22/7 * 210m = 1320 m cost of fencing = Rs 1320 * 4. then its diagonal = √2 x radius of incircle = x/2 and radius of circmcircle =√2 x /2 = x/√2 required ratio = x²/4 : x²/2 = ¼ : ½ = 1:2 12. of tiles required = (544*374) / (34 * 34) = 176 18.5 hectares => = 13. sol: area of the room = 544 * 374 sq cm size of largest square tile = H. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/areassimple.25% 20.If the radius of a circle is decreased by 50% . Find the area of the rectangle.A rectangular grassy plot 110m by 65cm has a gravel path .18 /24. sol: let each side of the square be a then area = a ² new side = 125a/100 = 5a/4 new area = (5a/4)² = 25/16 a² increase in area = (25/16)a² . 2 r = 352/7 => r = 352/7 * 7/22 * ½ = 8m 2 R = 528/7 => R= 528/7 * 7/22 * ½ = 12m width of the ring = R-r = 12-8 = 4m 14.86 hectares.a² = (9/16)a² increase % = (9/16)a² * (1/a²) * 100 = 56. 4. sol: let length = x and breadth = y then 2(x+y) = 46 => x+y = 23 x²+y² = 17² = 289 now (x+y)² = 23² =>x²+y²+2xy= 529 289+ 2xy = 529 => xy = 120 area =xy=120 sq.F of 544cm and 374cm= 34cm area of 1 tile = 34*34 sq cm no. The inner and outer circumference of the ring are 352/7 m and 528/7m respectively. Find its base and height. Find the ratio of their areas.6300 =850 sq m cost of gravelling the path = 850 * 80/100 = 680 Rs 16. Find the cost of fencing it at the rate of Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:44:53 AM] .Two concentric circles form a ring.C. The area of a circular field is 13. Find the percentage change in its area.

Find the weight of B? Solution: The weight of A. Eight of them spent Rs. The weight of A.then what is the number of girls in the class? Solution: Total number of girls be x+4. The number is 9.If the average weight of A and B be 40 Kgs and that of Band C be 43 Kgs.3.B.5-60=2.The average of a non-zero number and its square is 5 times the number. 12.12 each on their meals and the ninth spent Rs. By adding them we get x+x+2+x+4=3x+6. The weight of B. 13. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/average.B are 40*2=80 Kgs. =>6x+12=114 =>6x=102 =>x=17. =>8x=104 =>x=13 Total money spent =9x=>9*13=117 Answer is Rs.5.html[1/28/2012 12:44:53 AM] .The sum of three consecutive odd number is 48 more than the average of these number . Average marks of 4 girls is 60.7. the average of remaining girls is 63 here 0.C is 45 Kgs.Care 45*3=135 Kgs. Top 10. The average marks of 4 girls among them is 60.Find the average of first 50 natural numbers.13.6 and x is 5 and the average of and the average of 18.Nine persons went to a hotel for taking their meals . 17. 9.19.therefore the cost of new book is 400+170=570Rs.5 then 4*2. What was the total money spent by them? Solution: The average expenditure be x. x+4. Then 3x+6-(3x+6)/3=38(given) =>2(3x+6)=38*3. 14.1.6.5 Answer is 15.5 =10. x+2.117 15.7.17. 11. so the new book cost is more and by adding its cost average increase.The average weight of A.5 .23 therefore 2+3+5+7+11+13+17+19+23=100 then the average 100/9= 11 1/9.5. (A+B)+(B+C)-(A+B+C)=80+86-135 B=31 kgs. Solution: Sum of the Natural Numbers is n(n+1)/2 therefore for 50 Natural numbers 50*51/2=775.what is the value of y? Solution: 2+7+6+x/4=5 =>15+x=20 =>x=5.The average of the first nine prime number is? Solution: Prime numbers are 2. What is the price of new book? Solution: 10 books Average increases by 17 Rupees so 10*17= 170. therefore 62.parents and three grandchildren.5*x=10(since we got from 4 girls) (this is taken becoz both should be equal) x=10/0.400 is replaced by a new book.The average marks of girls in a class is 62.one of them whose value is Rs. To get the Weight of B.5 x=20. the average is 775/50=15. then 8*12+(x+8)=9x =>96+x+8=9x.C are 43*2=86 Kgs.The number is Solution: The number be x then x+x2/2=5x =>x2-9x=0 =>x(x-9)=0 therefore x=0 or x=9. 16.5 difference therefore 0. 18+1+6+x+y/5=10 =>25+5+y=50 =>y=20. Answer is 570 Rs. Answer is 17.The average marks of remaining girls is 63.11.The average of 2.x and y is 10 .B.8 then the average expenditure of all the nine. Answer is 31 Kgs. This clear says that remaining are 20 girls therefore total is x+4=20+4=24 girls Answer is 24 girls.A family consists of grandparents. Answer is 11 1/9.What is the first of these numbers? Solution: let the three consecutive odd numbers are x.

A bats man makes a score of 87 runs in the 17th inning and thus increases his average by 3. twice of is the class? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/average.The average age of the boys in the class is the number of girls in the class .8)k=15. Now 40 persons is 40* 61/4=610 years (since 15 years 3 months=15 3/12=61/4) Age of the teacher =610-585 years =>25 years.present age is 60-40=20 years After 10 years =20+10=30 years. Find the age of the teacher. Top 24.who weighs 53 Kgs is replaced by new man. 19.that of parents is 35 years and that of the grand children is 6 years .The average age of the grandparents is 67 years. Solution: Weight of 10 oars men is increases by 1.8 =>(16. Find the weight of the new man. Answer is 39. 510*5+240*25=2550+6000 =8550 visitors.In a cricket eleven .The average number of visitors per day in a month 30 days beginning with a Sunday is? Solution: Here specified that month starts with Sunday so. Therefore 16(x-3)+87 =17x =>x=87-48 =>x=39. 10*1.A library has an average of 510 visitors on Sundays and 240 on other days .4/0.age of the captain =(x+11) therefore 3*25 + 3*28 + 3*30 + x + x+11=11*28 =>75+84+90+2x+11=308 =>2x=48 =>x=24. Solution: Total age for 39 persons is 39*15=585 years.If the ratio boys and girls in the class of 36 be 5:1.average age of P. what the total of the age (in years) of the boys in Solution: Number of boys=36*5/6=30 Number of girls =6 Average age of boys =2*6=12 years Total age of the boys=30*12=360 years Answer is 360 years. Find the average after 17th inning. Top 18. The average visitors are 8550/30=285.the average of eleven players is 28 years .What is the ratio of boys to girls in the class.When one of the crew .how old will R be after 10 years? Solution: Age of P and Q are 15*2=30 years Present age of P and Q is 30+5*2=40 years.6 =>k=2/3 therefore 2/3:1=>2:3 Answer is 2:3 23. 20. Answer is 71 Kgs. Answer is 285.html[1/28/2012 12:44:53 AM] .The average age of boys in the class is 16. Answer is 30 years.8-15.4 = (k+1)*15. Solution: Ratio be k:1 then k*16.4 years .Five years ago.then average increases by 3 months.Q. If in these groups . Answer is 25 years. what is the age of the captain? Solution: let the age of youngest player be x then . 22.The average age of a class of 39 students is 15 years .8 years .4 =>k=0. R .The average age of a class is 15. Age of P Q and R is 20*3= 60 years. Answer is 31 5/7 years.4-15.28 years.8=18 Kgs therefore 53+18=71 Kgs will be the weight of the man. 21.The average weight of a 10 oarsmen in a boat is increases by 1.the average ages of three groups of players each are 25 years.the captain and the youngest player are not included and the captain is eleven years older than the youngest players .8 Kgs . Answer is 35 years. Therefore remaining days will be 25 days. in a month there are 5 Sundays. Therefore age of the captain =(x+11)= 24+11= 35 years. and 30 years respectively. What is the average age of the family? Solution: grandparents age is 67*2=134 parents age is 35*2=70 grandchildren age is 6*3=18 therefore age of family is 134+70+18=222 average is 222/7=31 5/7 years.4 years while that of the girls is 15. If the age of the teacher be included . Solution: Average after 17 th inning =x then for 16th inning is x-3. the average age of P and Q was 15 years .Out of these .4 + 1*15.8 Kgs so. 25. and R today is 20 years.

The total temperature recorded on Tuesday.4x26/x+5=12(since average decrease by 0. B and C is 84 * 3 =252 Kgs.The team scored was. Let the first number be 4x.4x+2612x+60 =>0.If he had scored 92 points .The average of the reciprocal of the numbers is 7/72. E weight (68+3)=71 kgs Total weight of B.4-0. What is the average percent marks of children of groups B? Solution: Here given average of group A and whole groups . The temperature on Thursday was: Solution: The total temperature recorded on Monday.Of the three numbers the first is twice the second and the second is twice the third .the average score for the team would have been 84.The average weight of 3 men A.12. Solution:Let the third number be x Let the second number be 2x.The average of 5 numbers is 7.A team of 8 persons joins in a shooting competition.4x=34 =>x=340/4 =>x=85. and also given that Th=4/5M =>M=5/4Th (M+T+W)-(T+W+Th)=111-102=9 M-Th=9 5/4Th-Th=9 Th(1/4)=9 =>Th=36 degrees. therefore 12. The average of the three new number is: Solution: Sum of three new numbers=(8*8.4 therefore 12.4=12) =>12.D and E = 79*4=316 Kgs (A+B+C+D)-(B+C+D+E)=320-316 =4Kgs A-E=4Kgs A-71=4 kgs A=75 Kgs Answer is 75 kgs 27.B. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/average. The average percent marks obtained by the children of group A is 75 and the average percent marks of all the 16 children is 76.4. So. Therefore First number is 4*6=24.(76*16)-(75*10)/6 =>1216-750/6 =>466/6=233/3=77 2/3 Answer is 77 2/3.If the temperature of the first and fifth days were in the ratio 7:8 then what is the temperature on the fifth day? Solution : Sum of temperature on 1st 2nd 3rd and 4th days =58*4=232 degrees. Therefore average of the reciprocal means 1/x+1/2x+1/4x=(7/72*3) 7/4x=7/24 =>4x=24 x=6. Total weight of A.third.26.D and E becomes 79 Kgs. The number of wickets.4.If another man E whose weight is 3 Kgs more than that of D .fourth and fifth days was 60 degree .6. therefore x+92-85/8=84 =>x+7=672 =>x=665.The mean temperature of Monday to Wednesday was 37 degrees and of Tuesday to Thursday was 34 degrees .html[1/28/2012 12:44:53 AM] . Answer is 11.taken by him before his last match is: Solution: Number of wickets taken before last match be x.When 3 new numbers are added the average of the eight numbers is 8.Wednesday was 37*3=111.C.B and C is 84 Kgs.The average temperature of the town in the first four days of a month was 58 degrees. 30.If the temperature on Thursday was 4/5th that of Monday. 33. Solution: Here consider the total score be x. The average for the second .takes 5 wickets for 26 runs and there by decrease his average by 0. Second number is 2*6=12 Third number is 1*6=6 Answer is 24. The best marksman scored 85 points. 29.the number are.5. 32. Answer is 665 28. The weight of A is.Thursday was 34*3=102.C. 16 children are to be divided into two groups A and B of 10 and 6 children. Another man D joins the group and the average now becomes 80 Kgs. 31. Wednesday.5-5*7)=33 Their average =33/3=11.A man whose bowling average is 12.replaces A then the average weight B. Solution:Total weight of A.C and Dis 80*4=320 Kgs Therefore D=320-252=68 Kgs. Answer is 85.

Sum of temperature on 2nd 3rd 4th and 5th days =60*4=240 degrees Therefore 5th day temperature is 240-232=8 degrees. The ratio given for 1st and 5th days be 7x and 8x degrees then 8x-7x=8 =>x=8.html[1/28/2012 12:44:53 AM] . Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/average. therefore temperature on the 5th day =8x=8*8=64 degrees.

F and L.C.C.html[1/28/2012 12:44:54 AM] .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BANKER'S DISCOUNT CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/banker1.APTITUDE Numbers H.

D) / (Rate * Time) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankercomplex. It is discounted on 5th October at 10%. Rate = (100 * 1) / (22/3 * 3/2) = 9 1/9% 3.D = (B. P.D = Rs(6000 * 10 *1/5)/(100 + (10 * 1/5)) = Rs.I on Rs 6000 for 1/5 year = Rs (6000 * 10 * 1/5 * 1/100) = Rs 120 T.D = S.D) = Rs(120 -117.I on Rs 22/3 for 1 ½ year is 1. 2. The bankers gain of a certain sum due 2 years hence at 10% per annum is Rs 24 .G * 100) / (Rate * Time) 00) / (10 * 2) = 120.36 Money received by the holder of the bill = Rs(6000 – 120) = 5880 bill receives. The bankers gain on a certain sum due 1 ½ year hence is 3/25 of the bankers discount .G = (B.html[1/28/2012 12:44:54 AM] .A bill for Rs.Find the bankers discount true discount.D = 1 then B.G = 3/25 T.D = (B.D) – (T.The rate percent is Sol:Let B.C.6000 date on which the bill was drawn = July 14 at 5 months nominally due date = December 14 legally due date = December 17 Date on which the bill was discounted = October 5 Unexpired time : Oct Nov Dec 26 + 30 + 17 = 73days =1/5 years B.The percent worth is Sol:- T. bankers gain and the money that the holder of the Sol:Face value of the bill = Rs.G) = (1 – 3/25) = 22/25 sum = (1 * 22/25) / (1 – 22/25) = 22/3 S.64 B.APTITUDE Numbers H.W = (100 *T.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1.6000 is drawn on July 14 at 5 months . 117.64) = Rs 2.C.D – B.F and L.

= (100 * 120) /(10 * 2) = 600 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankercomplex.html[1/28/2012 12:44:54 AM] .

D = S..D) â€“ (T.G = (B.grace days are not to be added Formulae:(1)B.D) = S.e paied by the banker) & the legally due date this amount is known as Bankers Discount -> Thus .C.When the date of the bill is not given.I on T.e.D * T.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CONCEPT -> Suppose a merchant A buys goods worth Rs.10000 from another merchant B at a credit of say 5 months -> Then. B.G) (4)B.F and L.B prepares a bill .D = (T.D = sqrt(P.I on the face for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted and the legally due date -> Bankers Gain (B.D) â€“ (T.D â€“ T.the date exactly after 5 months is called Nominally due date -> Three days (grace days) are added to it get a date known as legally due date -> Suppose B wants to have money before legally due date then he can have the money from banker or a broker who deducts S.G * 100)/(Rate * Time) BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankerconcept. 10000) for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted (i.C.D) (7)T.html[1/28/2012 12:44:55 AM] .D) for the unexpired time Note:.D)^2 /P.APTITUDE Numbers H.D)/(B.G) = (B.I on the face value (i.W * B.I on bill for unexpired time (2)B.D = (B.D = (Amount * Rate * Time)/(100+(Rate * time) (6)Amount = (B. called the bill of exchange -> A signs this bill & allows B to withdraw the amount from his bank account after exactly 5 months.W (3)T.D = (Amount * Rate * Time)/100 (5)T.D is the S.

Sol :Sum = (B.G =Rs(165 â€“ 150) = Rs 15 2.G = Sum/B.T.D is Rs 11 .T.APTITUDE Numbers H.D = sqrt (P.T.html[1/28/2012 12:44:55 AM] .W * B.What rate percent does a man get for his money when in discounting Sol:Let the amount of the bill =100 Money deducted = 10 Money received by the holder of the bill = (100 â€“ 10) = 90 S.D + B.D/B.D is Rs 165.G = (T. Find the bankes discount & the bankers gain.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK MEDIUM PROBLEMS 1.W = (110 * 110) / 1110 = 11 B.D) / (B.D = Rs 10 if B.G) = (110 + 11) = Rs 121 3.D =650/165 =10/1 Thus if B. Sol:T.C.G is Rs 1 .D)^2 /P. find the true discount and the bankers gain.D = (T.D) / B.D â€“ T.D) = (B.The Present worth of a bill due something hence is Rs 1110 and the true discount on the bill is Rs.The Bankers discount on Rs 1650 due a certain time hence is Rs 165.D = Rs (10/11 * 165) = 150 B.G) B.F and L.G T.C.D = Rs 10 if B.I on Rs 90 for 10 months = 10 Rate = (100 * 10) / (90 * 10/12) = 13 1/3% BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankermedium.D * T.110 .D * T.

D â€“ T. Sol:B. A signs this bill & allows B to withdraw the amount from his bank account after exactly 5 months..D * T. B.G =Rs(165 â€“ 150) = Rs 15 2.120 & Rs.D) = (120 * 110) / (120 â€“ 110) = 1320 Since B.Suppose B wants to have money before legally due date then he can have the money from banker or a broker who deducts S.D = (B.D is Rs 165.D is the S.D) â€“ (T.Find the time.D) = (B.D = (T.D â€“ T.e.D * T.Bankers Discount Formulae: i.The Bankers discount on Rs 1650 due a certain time hence is Rs 165.G T.T.G) = (B.I on the face for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted and the legally due date vii. Find the sum & the rate per cent Sol:Sum = (B.W of Rs 1872 is Rs 1800 Rs 72 is S.B prepares a bill .W * B. Sol:T.the date exactly after 5 months is called Nominally due date iv. Three days (grace days) are added to it get a date known as legally due date v.I on bill for unexpired time (2)B.The Present worth of a bill due something hence is Rs 1110 and the true discount on the bill is Rs.The bankers discount and true discount on a sum of money due 8 months hence are Rs.I on sum due.D) for the unexpired time Note: When the date of the bill is not given.G = S.G = Sum/B.D =650/165 =10/1 Thus if B.Bankers Gain (B.D) / (B.D = Rs 10 if B.D = sqrt (P. 10000) for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted (i.e paied by the banker) & the legally due date this amount is known as Bankers Discount vi. so S.The bankers discount on Rs 1800 at 12 % per annum is equal to the true discount on Rs 1872 for the same time at the same rate .D = (Amount * Rate * Time)/100 (5)T.D/B. called the bill of exchange iii.D) / B.G = (T.D = Rs (10/11 * 165) = 150 B.Thus .W file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankersdiscount.T.D * T.W (3)T.D = sqrt(P.W * B.D) = S.D)^2 /P.D is S.G = (B.grace days are not to be added Formulae: (1)B.I on Rs 1800 = T.G is Rs 1 .D on Rs 1872 P.D = (Amount * Rate * Time)/(100+(Rate * time) (6)Amount = (B.G) (4)B.If the true discount on a certain sum due 6 months hence at 15% is Rs 120.110 resp.D) â€“ (T.D = RS (120 * 15 * Â½ = 9 (B.D)/(B.I on the face value (i.110 .D = S.G * 100)/(Rate * Time) Top Simple Problems 1.D) (7)T.D = 120 + 9 =129 * 1/100) 2. Suppose a merchant A buys goods worth Rs.D)^2 /P.What is the bankers discount on the same for same time and the same rate. find the true discount and the bankers gain.D) = 9 B.D) â€“ (T.D * T.D) / (B.I on T.I on T. Sol:S.I on Rs 1800 at 12% Time = (100 * 72)/(12 * 1800) = 1/3 years = 4 months 3.Then.T. Sol :Sum = (B.10000 from another merchant B at a credit of say 5 months ii.D = Rs 10 if B.D is Rs 11 .G) B.D) â€“ (T.I on Rs 1320 for 8 months is Rs 120 Rate = (100 * 120) / (1320 * 2/3) = 13 7/11% Medium Problems 1. Find the bankes discount & the bankers gain.html[1/28/2012 12:44:55 AM] .

D = Rs(6000 * 10 *1/5)/(100 + (10 * 1/5)) = Rs.64 B.36 Money received by the holder of the bill = Rs(6000 â€“ 120) = 5880 2.6000 is drawn on July 14 at 5 months .A bill for Rs.The percent worth is Sol:T.G) = (1 â€“ 3/25) = 22/25 sum = (1 * 22/25) / (1 â€“ 22/25) = 22/3 S.64) = Rs 2.G) (110 + 11) Rs 121 3. P. bankers gain and the money that the holder of the bill receives.D = = = (110 * 110) / 1110 11 (T. Sol:Face value of the bill = Rs.D = (B. The bankers gain on a certain sum due 1 Â½ year hence is 3/25 of the bankers discount .D + B.= = B.Find the bankers discount true discount.G = 3/25 T.D = S.D â€“ B. The bankers gain of a certain sum due 2 years hence at 10% per annum is Rs 24 . 117.D = (B.I on Rs 6000 for 1/5 year = Rs (6000 * 10 * 1/5 * 1/100) = Rs 120 T. Rate = (100 * 1) / (22/3 * 3/2) = 9 1/9% 3.G = (B.D) / (Rate * Time) = (100 * 120) /(10 * 2) = 600 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankersdiscount.I on Rs 90 for 10 months = 10 Rate = (100 * 10) / (90 * 10/12) = 13 1/3% Top Complex Problems 1.I on Rs 22/3 for 1 Â½ year is 1.6000 date on which the bill was drawn = July 14 at 5 months nominally due date = December 14 legally due date = December 17 Date on which the bill was discounted = October 5 Unexpired time : Oct Nov Dec 26 + 30 + 17 = 73days =1/5 years B.D = 1 then B. It is discounted on 5th October at 10%.html[1/28/2012 12:44:55 AM] .D) â€“ (T.What rate percent does a man get for his money when in discounting Sol:Let the amount of the bill =100 Money deducted = 10 Money received by the holder of the bill = (100 â€“ 10) = 90 S.The rate percent is Sol:Let B.D) = Rs(120 -117.W = (100 *T.G * 100) / (Rate * Time) 00) / (10 * 2) = 120.

APTITUDE Numbers H.W of Rs 1872 is Rs 1800 Rs 72 is S.I on Rs 1800 = T. Find the sum & the rate per cent Sol:Sum = (B.D) – (T.D is S. Sol:S.C.F and L.I on Rs 1800 at 12% Time = (100 * 72)/(12 * 1800) = 1/3 years = 4 months 3.Find the time.D) – (T.html[1/28/2012 12:44:56 AM] .The bankers discount and true discount on a sum of money due 8 months hence are Rs.What is the bankers discount on the same for same time and the same rate. so S.110 resp.D = 120 + 9 =129 2.D * T. Sol:B.C.The bankers discount on Rs 1800 at 12 % per annum is equal to the true discount on Rs 1872 for the same time at the same rate .G = S.D = RS (120 * 15 * ½ * 1/100) = 9 (B.120 & Rs.D) = 9 B.I on Rs 1320 for 8 months is Rs 120 Rate = (100 * 120) / (1320 * 2/3) = 13 7/11% BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/bankersimple.I on T.If the true discount on a certain sum due 6 months hence at 15% is Rs 120.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK SIMPLE PROBLEM 1.D) / (B.I on sum due.D) = (120 * 110) / (120 – 110) = 1320 Since B.D on Rs 1872 P.

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Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles

BOATS AND STREAMS
CONCEPTS PROBLEMS

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boats.html[1/28/2012 12:44:56 AM]

Boats and Streams
Important facts: 1)In water, the direction along the stream is called down stream. 2)Direction against the stream is called upstream. 3)The speed of boat in still water is U km/hr and the speed of stream is V km/hr then speed down stream =U + V km/hr speed up stream = U – V km/hr Formulae: If the speed down stream is A km/hr and the speed up stream is B km/hr then speed in still water = ½(A+B) km/hr rate of stream =1/2(A-B) km/hr Problems: 1. In one hour a boat goes 11 km long the stream and 5 km against the stream. The speed of the boat in still water is? Sol: Speed in still water = ½ ( 11+5) km/hr= 8 kmph 2.A man can row 18 kmph in still water. It takes him thrice as long as row up as to row down the river. find the rate of stream. Sol: Let man's rate up stream be xkmph then, in still water =1/2[3x+x]=2x kmph so, 2x= 18, x=9 rate upstream =9kmph rate downstream =27 kmph rate of stream = ½ [27-9] = 9kmph 3.A man can row 71/2kmph in still watre . if in a river running at 1.5 km an hour, if takes him 50 min to row to place and back. how far off is the place? Sol: speed down stream =7.5+1.5=9kmph speed upstream =7.5-1.5=6kmph let the required distence x km. then , x/9+x/6=50/60 = 2x+3x= 5/6*18 5x=15, x=3 Hence, the required distence is 3 km

4.A man can row 3 quarters of a km aganist the stream is 111/4 min. the speed of the man in still water is ? Sol: rate upstream = 750/625 m/sec =10/9 m/sec rate downstream =750/450 m/sec = 5/3 m/sec rate in still water =1/2[10/9+5/3] = 25/18 m/sec = 25/18*18/5=5 kmph 5.A boat can travel with a speed of 13 kmph in still water. if the speed of stream is 4 kmph,find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream? Sol: Speed down stream = 13+4= 17 kmph time taken to travel 68km downstream =68/17 hrs = 4 hrs

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6.A boat takes 90 min less to travel 36 miles downstream then to travel the same distence upstream. if the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph . The speed of the stream is : Sol: Let the speed of the stream be x mph . then, speed downstream = [10+x]mph speed upstream =[10-x] mph 36/[10+x] - 36/[10-x] = 90/60 =72x*60= 90[100-x2] (x+50)(x-2) =0 x=2 kmph 7.At his usual rowing rate, Rahul 12 miles down stream in a certain river in 6 hrs less than it takes him to travel the same distence upstream. but if he could double his usual rowing rate for his 24 miles roundthe down stream 12 miles would then take only one hour less than the up stream 12 miles. what is the speed of the current in miles per hours? Sol: Let the speed in still water be x mph and the speed of the curren be y mph. then, speed upstream = (x-y) speed downstream =(x+y)

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boatsandstreams.html[1/28/2012 12:44:56 AM]

12/(x-y) - 12/(x+y) = 6 6(x2 – y2) m= 2xy => x2 – y2 =4y -(1) and 12/(2x-y) - 12/(2x+y) =1 => 4x2 – y2 = 24y x2= ( 24y + y2)/4 -->(2) from 1 and 2 we have 4y+ y2 =( 24y+y2)/4 y=8/3 mph y= 22/3 mph 8.There is a road beside a river. two friends started from a place A, moved to a temple situated at another place B and then returned to A again. one of them moves on a cycle at a speed of 12 kmph, while the other sails on a boat at a speed of 10 kmph . if the river flows at the speedof 4 kmph, which of the two friends will return to place A first ? Sol: Clearly, The cyclist moves both ways at a speed of 12 kmph so, average speed of the cyclist = 12 kmph the boat sailor moves downstream = (10+4) = 14 kmph upstream =(10-4) = 6 kmph So, average speed of the boat sailor =[ 2*14*6]/[14+6] kmph =42/5 kmph =8.4 kmph Since, the average speed of the cyclist is greater, he will return to A first. 9.A boat takes 19 hrs for travelling downstream from point A to point B. and coming back to a point C midway between A and B. if the velocity of the sream is 4 kmph. and the speed of the boat in still water is 14 kmph. what is the distence between A and B? Sol: speed downstream =14+4 =18 kmph speed upstream = 14 -4 = 10 kmph let the distence between A and B be x km. then, x/18 + (x/2)/10 = 19 x/18 + x/20 =19 19x/180 =19 =>x = 180km Hence, the distence between A and B bw 180 km

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BOATS AND STREAMS
Important facts: 1)In water, the direction along the stream is called down stream. 2)Direction against the stream is called upstream. 3)The speed of boat in still water is U km/hr and the speed of stream is V km/hr then speed down stream =U + V km/hr speed up stream = U â€“ V km/hr Formulas: If the speed down stream is A km/hr and the speed up stream is B km/hr then speed in still water = Â½(A+B) km/hr rate of stream =1/2(A-B) km/hr
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file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boatsconcept.html[1/28/2012 12:44:57 AM]

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BOATS AND STREAMS
Examples: 1. In one hour a boat goes 11 km long the stream and 5 km against the stream. The speed of the boat in still water is? Sol: Speed in still water = ½ ( 11+5) km/hr = 8 kmph 2.A man can row 18 kmph in still water. It takes him thrice as long as row up as to row down the river. find the rate of stream. Sol: Let man's rate up stream be xkmph then, in still water =1/2[3x+x]=2x kmph so, 2x= 18, x=9 rate upstream =9kmph rate downstream =27 kmph rate of stream = ½ [27-9] = 9kmph 3.A man can row 71/2kmph in still watre . if in a river running at 1.5 km an hour, if takes him 50 min to row to place and back. how far off is the place? Sol: speed down stream =7.5+1.5=9kmph speed upstream =7.5-1.5=6kmph let the required distence x km. then , x/9+x/6=50/60 = 2x+3x= 5/6*18 5x=15, x=3 Hence, the required distence is 3 km 4.A man can row 3 quarters of a km aganist the stream is 111/4 min. the speed of the man in still water is ? Sol: rate upstream = 750/625 m/sec =10/9 m/sec rate downstream =750/450 m/sec = 5/3 m/sec rate in still water =1/2[10/9+5/3] = 25/18 m/sec = 25/18*18/5=5 kmph 5.A boat can travel with a speed of 13 kmph in still water. if the speed of stream is 4 kmph, find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream? Sol: Speed down stream = 13+4= 17 kmph time taken to travel 68km downstream =68/17 hrs = 4 hrs 6.A boat takes 90 min less to travel 36 miles downstream then to travel the same distence upstream. if the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph . the speed of the stream is : Sol: Let the speed of the stream be x mph . then, speed downstream = [10+x]mph speed upstream =[10-x] mph 36/[10+x] - 36/[10-x] = 90/60 =72x*60= 90[100-x2] (x+50)(x-2) =0 x=2 kmph 7.At his usual rowing rate, Rahul 12 miles down stream in a certain river in 6 hus less than it takes him to travel the same distence upstream. but if he could double his usual rowing rate for his 24 miles roundthe down stream 12 miles would then take only one hour less than the up stream 12 miles. what is the speed of the current in miles per hours? Sol: Let the speed in still water be x mph and the speed of the curren be y mph. then, speed upstream = (x-y) speed downstream =(x+y) 12/(x-y) - 12/(x+y) = 6 6(x2 – y2) m= 2xy => x2 – y2 =4y -(1) and 12/(2x-y) - 12/(2x+y) =1 => 4x2 – y2 = 24y x2= ( 24y + y2)/4 -->(2) from 1 and 2 we have 4y+ y2 =( 24y+y2)/4 y=8/3 mph y= 22/3 mph 8.There is a road beside a river. two friends started from a place A, moved to a at another place B and then returned to A again. one of them moves on a cycle at kmph, while the other sails on a boat at a speed of 10 kmph . if the river flows kmph , which of the two friends will return to place A first ? Sol: Clearly, The cyclist moves both ways at a speed of 12 kmph so, average speed of the cyclist = 12 kmph the boat sailor moves downstream = (10+4) = 14 kmph upstream =(10-4) = 6 kmph So, average speed of the boat sailor =[ 2*14*6]/[14+6] kmph =42/5 kmph =8.4 kmph Sience, the average speed of the cyclist is greater, he will return to A temple situated a speed of 12 at the speedof 4

Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probabulity Permutations and Combinations Puzzles

first.

9.A boat takes 19 hrs for travelling downstream from point A to point B. and coming back to a point C midway between A and B. if the velocity of the sream is 4 kmph . and the speed of the boat in still water is 14 kmph. what is the distence between A and B? Sol: speed downstream =14+4 =18 kmph speed upstream = 14 -4 = 10 kmph let the distence between A and B be x km. then, x/18 + (x/2)/10 = 19 x/18 + x/20 =19 19x/180 =19 =>x = 180km Hence, the distence between A and B bw 180 km

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boatspro.html[1/28/2012 12:44:57 AM]

APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

BOATS AND STREAMS
PROBLEMS: 1. In one hour a boat goes 11 km long the stream and 5 km against the stream. The speed of the boat in still water is? Sol: Speed in still water = ½ ( 11+5) km/hr = 8 kmph 2.A man can row 18 kmph in still water. It takes him thrice as long as row up as to row down the river. find the rate of stream. Sol: Let man's rate up stream be xkmph then, in still water =1/2[3x+x]=2x kmph so, 2x= 18, x=9 rate upstream =9kmph rate downstream =27 kmph rate of stream = ½ [27-9] = 9kmph 3.A man can row 71/2kmph in still watre . if in a river running at 1.5 km an hour, if takes him 50 min to row to place and back. how far off is the place? Sol: speed down stream =7.5+1.5=9kmph speed upstream =7.5-1.5=6kmph let the required distence x km. then , x/9+x/6=50/60 = 2x+3x= 5/6*18 5x=15, x=3 Hence, the required distence is 3 km 4.A man can row 3 quarters of a km aganist the stream is 111/4 min. the speed of the man in still water is ? Sol: rate upstream = 750/625 m/sec =10/9 m/sec rate downstream =750/450 m/sec = 5/3 m/sec rate in still water =1/2[10/9+5/3] = 25/18 m/sec = 25/18*18/5=5 kmph 5.A boat can travel with a speed of 13 kmph in still water. if the speed of stream is 4 kmph,find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream? Sol: Speed down stream = 13+4= 17 kmph time taken to travel 68km downstream =68/17 hrs = 4 hrs 6.A boat takes 90 min less to travel 36 miles downstream then to travel the same distence upstream. if the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph . the speed of the stream is : Sol: Let the speed of the stream be x mph .

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boatsproblems.html[1/28/2012 12:44:57 AM]

9.36/[10-x] = 90/60 =72x*60= 90[100-x2] (x+50)(x-2) =0 x=2 kmph 7. moved to a temple situated at another place B and then returned to A again. if the river flows at the speedof 4 kmph . then. and the speed of the boat in still water is 14 kmph.A boat takes 19 hrs for travelling downstream from point A to point B. he will return to A first. but if he could double his usual rowing rate for his 24 miles roundthe down stream 12 miles would then take only one hour less than the up stream 12 miles. and coming back to a point C midway between A and B.4 kmph Since.12/(x+y) = 6 6(x2 – y2) m= 2xy => x2 – y2 =4y -(1) and 12/(2x-y) . the distence between A and B bw 180 km BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/boatsproblems. Rahul 12 miles down stream in a certain river in 6 hrs less than it takes him to travel the same distence upstream. two friends started from a place A. what is the speed of the current in miles per hours? Sol: Let the speed in still water be x mph and the speed of the curren be y mph.At his usual rowing rate.12/(2x+y) =1 => 4x2 – y2 = 24y x2= ( 24y + y2)/4 -->(2) from 1 and 2 we have 4y+ y2 =( 24y+y2)/4 y=8/3 mph y= 22/3 mph 8.There is a road beside a river. average speed of the cyclist = 12 kmph the boat sailor moves downstream = (10+4) = 14 kmph upstream =(10-4) = 6 kmph So. the average speed of the cyclist is greater.html[1/28/2012 12:44:57 AM] . average speed of the boat sailor =[ 2*14*6]/[14+6] kmph =42/5 kmph =8. which of the two friends will return to place A first ? Sol: Clearly. if the velocity of the sream is 4 kmph . The cyclist moves both ways at a speed of 12 kmph so.then. what is the distence between A and B? Sol: speed downstream =14+4 =18 kmph speed upstream = 14 -4 = 10 kmph let the distence between A and B be x km. x/18 + (x/2)/10 = 19 x/18 + x/20 =19 19x/180 =19 =>x = 180km Hence. speed upstream = (x-y) speed downstream =(x+y) 12/(x-y) . then. while the other sails on a boat at a speed of 10 kmph . speed downstream = [10+x]mph speed upstream =[10-x] mph 36/[10+x] . one of them moves on a cycle at a speed of 12 kmph.

Calenders Important Facts and Formulae: Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/calendar.html[1/28/2012 12:45:03 AM] .

1 feb .4 Thursday ..etc.2010. iii) 100 years = 76 ordinary years+ 24 leap years = [(76*52) weeks+76 days]+[(24*52)weeks+48 days] = 5200 weeks+124days=[5217 weeks+5 days] therefore 100 years contain 5 odd days iv)200 years contain 10(1week+3days).6 Saturday .5 Friday . so the required day was Thursday.. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/calender.2004.0 Aug .e 1 odd day vi)400 years contain (20+1).0 b) Month jan . f) Some codes o remember the months and weeks: a) Week Sunday .1996. b) Leap year : Every year which is divisible by 4 is called a leap year. i.2008. is a eap year. where m less than or equal to 7 is equivalent to m odd days .1200.1950.so 0 Odd days similarly each one of 800. Therefore a leap year has 2 Odd days. c)An ordinary year has 365 days. july .4 Dec . It was Solution : 01 26 50 12 ---------total = 89 ((89/7) = 12 and the remainder is 5) therefore in the above week table represents the number 5 as thursday. i.etc contains 0 odd days.3 Wednesday .1600. Note:(7n+m) odd days .1 Monday . Example: What day of the week on 17th june .etc is a leap year.e 3 odd days v)300 years contain 15(2 weeks+1 day). None of the 1900.2000.800. ii)One leap year = 366 days =52 weeks+2 days.Therefore An ordinary year has 1 Odd day.6 Oct .6 Top Problem 1: The first republic day of the India was celebrated on 26th January.8 odd days = 1 odd day etc.etc is a leap year.e 3 weeks.1 Nov .Calenders Important Facts and Formulae: a) Odd Days : The number of days more than the complete number of weeks in a given period is number of odd days during that period.html[1/28/2012 12:45:03 AM] . i.2020.e how many leap years -------total = 144 ((144/7) = 20 and the remainder is 4) therefore in the above week table the no 4 code represents wednesday so the required day is wednesday.2 Tuesday . e)Counting of odd days : i)1 ordinary year = 365 days =52 weeks+1 day.3 Sep . Thus each one of he year 1992. An year which is not a leap year is called Ordinary year.0 May .5 Simple problems: Shortcuts : This shortcut must be applied only starting with 19 series. Every 4th century is a leap year but no other century is a leap year thus each one of 400.2100.2 june . d) A leap year has 366 days.thus .1600.1200.4 Mar .4 Apr . 1998? Solution : 5 -> the given month code(august) 17 -> the given date 98->(19 th century after years) 24-> ((47/4) = 11 i.

1993 ? Solution : 01 01 93 23 ---------total = 118 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/calender. Problem 4: Today is friday after 62 days.1993 was thursday.so 1 reduce from the total) --------total = 96 Then (96)/7 = 5 odd days 5 indicates thursday in the above week table Therefore our required day is Thursday. Therefore required day is friday.after 62 days.1995 it wednesday.it will be : Solution : Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days. Therefore the required day is thursday. Problem 3: may 6. it will be thursday. 1992 was wednesday.e 1956). Problem 2: On 8th feb. 1995 was a sunday.1992 ? Solution : 02 06 92 23 -1 ---------total = 122 Then (122)/7 = (17) = 3 odd days Therefore the required day is Tuesday Problem 4: jan 1. Top Medium Problems Problem 1: jan 1. Problem 3: Find on which day jan 26th 1956 ? Solution : 01 26 56 14 -1 (-1 indicates leapyear(i. so.1995? Solution : 06 25 95 23 --------total = 149 Then (149)/7=(23)=2 odd days Therefore the required day is "Monday".1994 was? Solution : 04 08 94 23 --------total = 129 Then (129)/7 = (18) = 3 odd days Therefore the required day is Tuesday. The day of the week on 8th feb.html[1/28/2012 12:45:03 AM] . Problem 5: Find the day of the week on 25th december.what day of the week lies on jan 1.1996? Solution : 01 01 96 24 -1(since 1996 was leap year) --------total = 121 Then (121)/7 = (17) = 2 odd days Therefore our required day wasMonday.it will be friday.Problem 2: Find on which day 15th august1947 ? Solution : 03 15 47 11 ---------total = 76 Then (76)/7 = 6 odd days 6 indicates friday in the above week table. after 63 days.what day of the week was on may 6. What day of the week was on jan 1. Hence .

Problem 5: The day on 5th march of year is the same day on what date of the same year? Solution: In the given monthly code table represents the march code and november code both are same. Back Back To Main Top file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/calender.2004.1995 ? Solution : Jan + Feb + March 30 + 28 + 15 = 73 days Problem 3: The year next to 1996 having the same calendar as that of 1996 is ? Solution : Starting with 1996 .17th and 24th.but 8th march. monday fell on 3rd . first day of the 2005 will be 2 days beyond thursday and so it will be saturday therefore the required day is Thursday.1986 ? Solution : 06 19 86 21 --------total = 132 Then ((132/7 = 18 and the remainder is 6) In the above week table represents the number 6 is friday.e odd day. Therefore calendar for 2001 will be the same as that of 1995.2004 is monday.2004 was a thursday.2005 is wednesday. 8th march.Then (118)/7 = (16) = 6 odd days Therefore the required day is Friday.2005 will be two days beyond the day on 8th march.what day of the week lies on jan . so. Problem 7: what was the day of the week on 19th september . so. Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 oddd days 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7 or 0 odd days Therefore calendar for 1990 is the same as for the year 1996. Therefore the required day is Friday. Problem 4: The calendar for 1990 is same as for : Solution: count the number of days 1990 onwards to get 0 odd day. we go on countig the number of odd days till the sum is divisible by 7.2005? solution : The year 2004 being a leap year.10th. so. Problem 6: On 8th march.wednesday falls what day of the week was it on 8th march. the day on8th march. Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 odd days 2 1 1 1 2 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 = 7 odd days i.that means any date in march is the same day of week as the corresponding date in november of that year.1994 did monday fall ? Solution : 01 01 94 23 ------total = 119 Then (119)/7 = (17) = 0 odd days so the day is saturday Therefore in october first the day is saturday.html[1/28/2012 12:45:03 AM] . Problem 2: How many days are there from 2nd january 1995 to 15 th march.2005. Top Typical problems Problem 1: On what dates of october.it has 2 odd days. Problem 5: January 1.During october 1994. Therefore the required day is Monday.so. so the same day falls on 5th november. it has 2 odd days.2004? Solution : the year 2004 being a leap year. the monday fell on 3rd october 1994.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:03 AM] .Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/calender.

(More articles. Indirect Proportion: Two Quantities are said to be indirectly proportional.234.(More speed. what do 35 toys cost ? Sol: Let the required cost be Rs. Problems 1)If 15 toys cost Rs. in how many hours will 15men do it ? Sol: Let the required number of hours be x. 3)If 9 engines consume 24metric tonnes of coal. less men more hours(Indirect proportion). Ex:(i) The time taken by a car covering a certain distance is inversely proportional to th speed of the car. each working 8 hours a day. we compare every item with the term to be found out. (More men. 1 engine of latter type consumes ¼ unit in 1 hour. the other increases(or decreases) to the same extent. Nte: In solving Questions by chain rule. less coal consumed (direct) 9:8 8:13 1/3:1/4 :: 24:x (9*8*(1/3)*x)=(8*13*(1/4)*24) 24x=624 x=26 metric tonnes. Remaining work=1 .html[1/28/2012 12:45:04 AM] . more coal consumed(direct) Less rate of consumption. less coal consumed. more men(Indirect proportion) More hours/day. Let required consumption of coal be x units.4/7 =3/7 Remaining period= 46 . more work). (ii) Time taken to finish a work is inversely proportional to the number of persons working at it. less is the time taken to finish a job). less men(direct proportion) less days.(direct) More working hours. if on the increase (or decrease) of th one. How many additional men may be employed so that the work may be completed in time. Less engines. less men(Indirect proportion) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrule. 4 engines of latter type consume 1 unit in 1 hour. how much coal will be required for 8 engines. 1 engine of former type consumes 1/3 unit in 1 hour. Ex:(i) Cost is directly proportional to the number of articles.33 =13 days Less work. After 33 days. each man now working 9 hours a day ? Sol: 4/7 of work is completed . less is the time taken to cover the distance). Top Complex Problems 1)A contract is to be completed in 46 days and 117 men were set to work.versa. More cost). 15:36::25:x (15*x)=(36*25) x=(36*25) /15 x=60 For 15 men it takes 60 hours. x then more toys more cost(direct proportion) 15:35:: 234:x (15*x)=(234*35) x=(234*35) /(15)= 546 Rs 2)If 36 men can do a piece of work in 25hours.if on the increase of the one . each running 13 hours a day. when each is working 8 hours a day. the other decreases to the same extent and vice . it being given that 3 engines of former type consume as much as 4 engines of latter type ? Sol: Let 3 engines of former type consume 1 unit in 1 hour. (More persons.Chain Rule Important Facts: Direct Proportion: Two Quantities are said to be directly proportional. (ii) Work done is directly proportional to the number of men working on it. 4/7 of the work is completed.

35 days=5 days =>(100*35)+(200*5) men can finish the work in 1 day. additional men to be employed=198 .4(x*y)=50x x*y=50x y=50 3)A contractor undertook to do a certain piece of work in 40 days.50x=(4(x*y)/5) 5(x*y) . He engages 100 men at the beginning and 100 more after 35 days and completes the work in stipulated time. x(y .42= 42 =42 42 days behind the schedule it will be finished. After 10 days. working 9 hours a day ? Sol: 1man =2 boys 12men+18boys=>(12*2+18)boys=42 boys let the required number of boys=x 21 men+x boys =>((21*2)+x) boys =>(42+x) boys less days.working 7 ½ hors a day. (x .117=81 2)A garrison had provisions for a certain number of days. 1/5 of the men desert and it is found that the provisions will now last just as long as before. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrule. 4)12 men and 18 boys. how many days behind schedule would it be finished ? Sol: 40 days . then how many boys will be required to help 21 men to do twice the work in 50 days.work 4/7:3/7 Days 13:33 hrs/day 9:8 :: 117:x (4/7)*13*9*x=(3/7)*33*8*117 x=(3*33*8*117) / (4*13*9) x=198 men So. 4500 men can finish it in 4500/100= 45 days This s 5 days behind the schedule. How long was that ? Sol: Let initially there be x men having food for y days. If he had not engaged the additional men. less boys(Indirect proportion) days 50:60 hrs/day 9:15/2 :: 42:(42+x) work 1:2 (50*9*1*(42+x))=60*(15/2)*2*42 (42+x)= (60*15*42)/(50*9)= 84 x=84 . 10 days x men had food for ( y . more boys(Indirect proportion) more hours per day.x/5) men had food for y days. After. If a man works equal to 2 boys.10)days Also. can do a piece if work in 60 days.10)=(4x/5)*y => (x*y) .html[1/28/2012 12:45:04 AM] .

APTITUDE Numbers H.C.C.F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles CHAIN RULE CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrule1.html[1/28/2012 12:45:04 AM] .

less boys(Indirect proportion) days 50:60 hrs/day 9:15/2 :: 42:(42+x) work 1:2 (50*9*1*(42+x))=60*(15/2)*2*42 (42+x)= (60*15*42)/(50*9)= 84 x=84-42= 42 =42 42 days behind the schedule it will be finished. Remaining work=1.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1)A contract is to be completed in 46 days and 117 men were set to work.html[1/28/2012 12:45:04 AM] . more men(Indirect proportion) More hours/day. After 33 days. each man now working 9 hours a day? Sol: 4/7 of work is completed . additional men to be employed=198 -117=81 2)A garrison had provisions for a certain number of days. less men(Indirect proportion) work 4/7:3/7 Days 13:33 hrs/day 9:8 :: 117:x (4/7)*13*9*x=(3/7)*33*8*117 x=(3*33*8*117) / (4*13*9) x=198 men So. 4)12 men and 18 boys. x(y-10)=(4x/5)*y => (x*y) -50x=(4(x*y)/5) 5(x*y)-4(x*y)=50x x*y=50x y=50 3)A contractor undertook to do a certain piece of work in 40 days.working 7 Â½ hors a day. How long was that? Sol: Let initially there be x men having food for y days. 4/7 of the work is completed.F and L.C.APTITUDE Numbers H.4/7 =3/7 Remaining period= 46-33 =13 days Less work.C. each working 8 hours a day. can do a piece if work in 60 days. After 10 days. After. 1/5 of the men desert and it is found that the provisions will now last just as long as before. If a man works equal to 2 boys. He engages 100 men at the beginning and 100 more after 35 days and completes the work in stipulated time. If he had not engaged the additional men.35 days=5 days =>(100*35)+(200*5) men can finish the work in 1 day. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrulecomplex. (x -x/5) men had food for y days. less men(direct proportion) less days. How many additional men may be employed so that the work may be completed in time. working 9 hours a day? Sol: 1man =2 boys 12men+18boys=>(12*2+18)boys=42 boys let the required number of boys=x 21 men+x boys =>((21*2)+x) boys =>(42+x) boys less days. how many days behind schedule would it be finished? Sol: 40 days. 10 days x men had food for ( y-10)days Also. 4500 men can finish it in 4500/100= 45 days This s 5 days behind the schedule. more boys(Indirect proportion) more hours per day. then how many boys will be required to help 21 men to do twice the work in 50 days.

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrulecomplex.html[1/28/2012 12:45:04 AM] .

Ex:(i) The time taken by a car covering a certain distance is inversely proportional to th speed of the car. (More persons.F and L. we compare every item with the term to be found out. less is the time taken to cover the distance). (ii)Work done is directly proportional to the number of men working on it. Ex:(i) Cost is directly proportional to the number of articles.(More articles.C. if on the increase (or decrease) of th one.DIRECT PROPORTION: Two Quantities are said to be directly proportional. the other decreases to the same extent and vice-versa.(More speed.html[1/28/2012 12:45:05 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H. less is the time taken to finish a job). NOTE: In solving Questions by chain rule. More cost). more work).if on the increase of the one . (More men.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CHAIN RULE 1. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainruleconcept. (ii)Time taken to finish a work is inversely proportional to the number of persons working at it. the other increases(or decreases) to the same extent.C. 2.INDIRECT PROPORTION: Two Quantities are said to be indirectly proportional.

1 engine of latter type consumes Â¼ unit in 1 hour.html[1/28/2012 12:45:05 AM] . BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/chainrulesimple. what do 35 toys cost ? Sol: Let the required cost be Rs.(direct) More working hours. it being given that 3 engines of former type consume as much as 4 engines of latter type? Sol: Let 3 engines of former type consume 1 unit in 1 hour. in how many hours will 15men do it? Sol: Let the required number of hours be x. how much coal will be required for 8 engines. 1 engine of former type consumes 1/3 unit in 1 hour. less men more hours(Indirect proportion). Let required consumption of coal be x units. x then more toys more cost(direct proportion) 15:35:: 234:x (15*x)=(234*35) x=(234*35) /(15)= 546 Rs 2)If 36 men can do a piece of work in 25hours. when each is working 8 hours a day. 15:36::25:x (15*x)=(36*25) x=(36*25) /15 x=60 For 15 men it takes 60 hours.APTITUDE Numbers H.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1)If 15 toys cost Rs. 3)If 9 engines consume 24metric tonnes of coal.C. less coal consumed. more coal consumed(direct) Less rate of consumption. less coal consumed (direct) 9:8 8:13 1/3:1/4 :: 24:x (9*8*(1/3)*x)=(8*13*(1/4)*24) 24x=624 x=26 metric tonnes.C. 4 engines of latter type consume 1 unit in 1 hour.F and L. Less engines.234. each running 13 hours a day.

C.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles COMPOUND INTEREST CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CI.html[1/28/2012 12:45:05 AM] .

=Rs.1225 S.84 Required S.400 for 2yrs at 10%=Rs.8 4.800 at 10 % per annum S.[800*10*2/100]=Rs.42.7350 in 2 yrs and to Rs.7350 for 1yr =Rs.400 for 2 yrs at 10% per annum? sol: C.C.C.I on Rs.(8575-7350) =Rs.A man borrowed Rs. on Rs.Let sum be Rs.Time=3yrs Rate=8% Sum=Rs.I on a sum at 10% per annum for one yr is Rs.A sum of money placed at C.2450 PTR/100=2450 =>P*2*R/100=2450 Since S.175 5.2*1225 =Rs.I.html[1/28/2012 12:45:06 AM] .I What does he gain at the end of 2yrs? sol: C.I.I compounded halfyearly and S.APTITUDE Numbers H.160 Gain=C.I=Rs.[400*[1+(10/100)]2-400] =Rs. on Rs.I for 3 yrs at 8% per annum be half of C.I on Rs.(8575-7350) =Rs.7350 for 2yrs=Rs.Find the sum and rate%? sol: S.8575 in 3 yrs.X Then X[1+(R/100)]2=7350 =>X[1+(50/100)]2=7350 =>X=7350*(36/49) Sum=Rs.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1.168 S.I .I.25 the sum is sol: p[1+((R/2)/100)]2n-PTR/100=25 P[1+((10/2)/100)]2n-P*1*10/100=25 =>P=Rs.400 3.[100*42/(3*8)] =Rs.F and L.A certain sum amounts to Rs.I =1/2*84=42/New S.5400 2.I and immediately lent the whole sum at 10% per annum C.7350 for 1yr =Rs.I doubles itself in 5yrs .It will amount to file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CIcomplex. on Rs.I=Rs(168-160) =Rs.I-S.If the difference between C.1225 Rate R=100*1225/(7350*10 =16 2/3% Since it is C.I=Rs.I.[800[1+(10/100)2]-800]=Rs.On what sum of money will be S.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:06 AM] .8 times itself in------------sol: p[1+(R/100)]5=2P =>[1+(R/100)]5=2 To become 8 times =>8P p[1+(R/100)]5=2^3P =[1+(R/100)]^(5*3) =[1+(R/100)]^15 n=15years BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CIcomplex.

When rates are different for different years R1%.but time in fractions say 3 2/5 yrs Amount=P[1+(R/100)]3[1+((2R/5)/100)] 5.the difference between the amount and the money borrowed is called Compound Interest for that period. Formulae: Let principal=p. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n 2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:06 AM] .X due n years hence is given by Present Worth=X/[1+(R/100)]n BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CIconcept.C.say yearly or half-yearly or quarterly to settle the previous account.Present Worth of Rs. In such cases .When interest is compounded Halfyearly.APTITUDE Numbers H. After a specified period .2nd .the amount after the first unit of time becomes the principal for the 2nd unit .When interest is compounded Quaterly.When interest is compounded Annually.R2%.F and L.Rate=R% per annum Time=nyears 1. 3rd yrs respectively Amount=P[1+(R1/100)][1+(R2/100)][1+(R3/100)] 6. Amount=P[1+((R/4)100)]4n 4.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CONCEPT Compound Interest:Sometimes it so happens that the borrower and the lender agree to fix up a certain unit of time .R3% for 1st .the amount after second unit becomes the principal for the 3rd unit and so on.When interest is compounded Annually.C. Amount=P[1+((R/2)100)]2n 3.

I in 15yrs.=21X/100-X/5 =X/100 X/100=631 X=Rs.1590.=X[1+(10/100)]2-X S.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK MEDIUM PROBLEMS 1.10035b after 6 yrs on C.I .The difference between C.4460 sum=Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:45:06 AM] .6690 after 3 yrs and to Rs.I=(X*10*2)/100 =X/5 C.Then C.In how many yrs will it become 8 times? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CImedium.I-S.X.6250 S.A sum of money amounts to Rs.I.I.I and S.F and L.I. on a certain sum at 10% per annum for 2 yrs is Rs. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]3=6690-----------------------(1) For 6 yrs.find the sum sol: For 3 yrs.APTITUDE Numbers H. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]6=10035----------------------(2) (1)/(2)------------[1+(R/100)]3=10035/6690 =3/2 [1+(R/100)]3=3/2-----------------(3) substitue (3) in (1) p*(3/2)=6690 =>p=Rs.C.1500 3.A sum of money doubles itself at C.find the sum Sol: MethodI: NOTE: a) For 2 yrs -------->sum=(1002D/R2) b) For 3 yrs -------->sum=(1003D/R2(300+R)) Sum=1002*631/102 =Rs.C.63100 2.I on a certain sum for 2 yrs at 12% per annum is Rs.I? sol: C. What would be S.631.I=X[1+(12/100)]2-X =>784X/625-X=1590 =>X=Rs.=Amount-Principle Let P be X C.If C.I=(6250*12*2)/100=Rs.63100 MethodII: Let the sum be Rs.4460 4.I.

The difference between C.9600 7.html[1/28/2012 12:45:06 AM] .8000 C.8000 at 5% for 3 yrs is-------------8000+400 -------------8000+400+20 -------------8000+400+20+20+1 C.I =400+400+20+400+20+20+1 =Rs.I for Rs.The amount of Rs.sol: Compound Interest for 15yrs p[1+(R/100)]15 p[1+(R/100)]15=2P =>p[1+(R/100)]n=8P =>[1+(R/100)]n=8 =>[1+(R/100)]n=23 =>[1+(R/100)]n=[1+(R/100)]15*3 since [1+(R/100)] =2 n=45yrs 5. the C.the sum is sol: Sum=1002D/R2=( 1002*150) /(25/2)2=Rs.I and S.I on sum of money at 15% per annum for 3yrs is Rs.I on a sum of money for 2 yrs at 121/2% per annum is Rs.7500 at C.1200.1261 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/CImedium.150.I at 4% per annum for 2yrs is sol: Iyear------------------7500+300(300------Interest on 7500) IIyear ----------------7500+300+12(12------------4% interest on 300) Amount=7500+300+300+12 =Rs.I=1200 P*T*R/100=1200 P*3*5/100=1200 =>P=Rs.If the S.I on the same sum for the same period at same rate is--------sol: S.8112 6.

APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

SIMPLE PROBLEMS
1.Find CI on Rs.6250 at 16% per annum for 2yrs ,compounded annually. Sol: Rate R=16,n=2,Principle=Rs.6250 Method1: Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n =6250[1+(16/100)]2 =Rs.8410 C.I=Amount-P =8410-6250 =Rs.2160 Method2: Iyear------------------6250+1000 \\Interest for 1st yr on 6250 II yr---------------6250+1000+160 \\Interest for I1yr on 1000 C.I.=1000+1000+160 =Rs.2160

2.Find C.I on Rs.16000 at 20% per annum for 9 months compounded quaterly Sol: MethodI: R=20% 12months------------------------20% => 3 months------------------------5% For 9 months,there are '3' 3months --------16000+800 --------16000+800+40 --------16000+800+40+10+2 =>Rs.2522 MethodII: Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n =16000[1+(5/100)]3 =Rs.18522 C.I=18522-16000 =Rs.2522

BACK

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Clocks
General Concepts: The face or dial of a watch is a circle whose circumference is divided into 60 equal parts,called minute spaces. A clock has two hands, the Smaller one is called the hour hand or short hand while the larger one is called the minute hand or long hand. Important points: a) In every 60 minutes, the minute hand gains 55 minutes on the hour hand b)In every hour, both the hands coincide once ,i.e 0 degrees. c)the hands are in the same straight line when they are coincident or opposite to each other. i.e 0 degrees or 180 degrees. d)when the two hands are at right angles, they are 15 minute spaces apart,i.e 90 degrees. e)when the hands are in the opposite directions,they are 30 minute spaces apart,i.e 180 degrees. f)Angle traced by hour hand in 12hrs = 360 degrees. g)Angle traced by minute hand in 60 min = 360 degrees. If a watch or a clock indicated 8.15,when the correct time is 8, it is said to be 15 minutes too fast. On the other hand, if it indicates 7.45, when the correct time is 8,it is said to be 15 minutes slow. h)60 min --> 360 degrees 1 min --> 60 i)the hands of a clock coincide in a day or 24 hours is 22 times, in 12hours 11minutes. j)the hands of clock are straight in a day is 44 times . k)the hands of a clock at right angle in a day is 44 times . l)the hands of a clock in straight line but opposite in direction is 22 times per day

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Simple Problems: Type1: Find the angle between the hour hand and the minute hand of a clock when the time is 3.25 solution : In this type of problems the formulae is as follows 30*[hrs-(min/5)]+(min/2) In the above problem the given data is time is 3.25. that is applied in the formulae 30*[3-(25/5)]+(25/2)30*(15-25)/5+25/2 = 30*(-10/5)+25/2 = -300/5+25/2 = -600+(25/2)=-475/10=-47.5 i.e 47 1/20 therefore the required angle is 47 1/20. Note:The -sign must be neglected. Another shortcut for type1 is : The formulae is 6*x-(hrs*60+X)/2 Here x is the given minutes, so in the given problem the minutes is 25 minutes, that is applied in the given formulae 6*25-(3*60+25)/2 150-205/2 (300-205)/2=95/2 =47 1/20. therefore the required angle is 47 1/20. Type2: At what time between 2 and 3 o' clock will be the hands of a clock be together? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is 5*x*(12/11) Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time. here i.e 2. In the above problem the given data is between 2 and 3 o' clock 5*2*12/11 =10*12/11=120/11=10 10/11min. Therefore the hands will coincide at 10 10/11 min.past2.

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/clocks.html[1/28/2012 12:45:07 AM]

Another shortcut for type2 is: Here the clocks be together but not opposite to each other so the angle is 0 degrees. so the formulae is 6*x-(2*60+x)/2=06*x-(120+x)/2=012x-120-x=0 11x=120 x=120/11=10 10/11 therefore the hands will be coincide at 10 10/11 min.past2.

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Medium Problems Type3: At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a clock be at rightangle? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is (5*x + or -15)*(12/11) Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time here i.e 4 Case 1 : (5*x + 15)*(12/11) (5*4 +15)*(12/11) (20+15)*(12/11) 35*12/11=420/11=38 2/11 min. Therefore they are right angles at 38 2/11 min .past4 Case 2 : (5*x-15)*(12/11) (5*4-15)*(12/11) (20-15)*(12/11) 5*12/11=60/11 min=5 5/11min Therefore they are right angles at 5 5/11 min.past4. Another shortcut for type 3 is: Here the given angle is right angle i.e 900. Case 1 : The formulae is 6*x-(hrs*60+x)/2=Given angle 6*x-(4*60+x)/2=90 6*x-(240+x)/2=90 12x-240-x=180 11x=180+240 11x=420 x=420/11= 38 2/11 min Therefore they are at right angles at 38 2/11 min. past4. Case 2 : The formulae is (hrs*60+x)/2-(6*x)=Given angle (4*60+x)/2-(6*x)=90 (240+x)/2-(6*x)=90 240+x-12x=180 -11x+240=180 240-180=11x x=60/11= 5 5/11 min Therefore they art right angles at 5 5/11 min past4. Type 4: Find at what time between 8 and 9 o'clock will the hands of a clock be in the same straight line but not together ? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is (5*x-30)*12/11 x is replaced by the first interval of given time Here i.e 8 (5*8-30)*12/11 (40-30)*12/11 10*12/11=120/11 min=10 10/11 min. Therefore the hands will be in the same straight line but not together at 10 10/11 min.past 8. Another shortcut for type 4 is: Here the hands of a clock be in the same straight line but not together the angle is 180 degrees. The formulae is (hrs*60+x)/2-(6*x)=Given angle (8*60+x)/2-6*x=180 (480+x)/2-(6*x)=180 480+x-12*x=360 11x=480-360 x=120/11=10 10/11 min. therefore the hands will be in the same straight line but not together at 10 10/11 min. past8.

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Type 5: At what time between 5 and 6 oâ€™ clock are the hands of a 3 minutes apart ? Solution : In this type of problems the formuae is (5*x+ or - t)*12/11 Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time here xis 5. t is spaces apart Case 1 : (5*x+t)*12/11 (5*5+3)*12/11 28*12/11 = 336/11=31 5/11 min therefore the hands will be 3 min .apart at 31 5/11 min.past5. Case 2 : (5*x-t)*12/11 (5*5-3)*12/11 (25-3)*12/11=24 min therefore the hands wi be 3 in apart at 24 min past 5. Typicalproblems problems: A watch which gains uniformly ,is 5 min,slow at 8 o'clock in the morning on sunday and it is 5 min.48 sec.fast at 8 p.m on following sunday. when was it correct? Solution :

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/clocks.html[1/28/2012 12:45:07 AM]

Time from 8 am on sunday to 8 p.m on following sunday = 7 days 12 hours = 180 hours the watch gains (5+(5 4/5))min .or 54/5 min. in 180 hours Now 54/5 minare gained in 180 hours. Therefore 5 minutes are gained in(180*5/54*5)hours=83 hours20 min. =3 days11hrs20min. therefore watch is correct at 3 days 11 hours 20 minutes after 8 a.m of sunday therefore it wil be correct at 20 min.past 7 p.m on wednesday

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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

CLOCKS

General Concepts :

The face or dial of a watch is a circle whose circumference is divided into 60 equal parts,called minute spaces. A clock has two hands, the Smaller one is called the hour hand or short hand while the larger one is called the minute hand or long hand. Important points : a) In every 60 minutes, the minute hand gains 55 minutes on the hour hand b)In every hour, both the hands coincide once ,i.e 0 degrees. c)the hands are in the same straight line when they are coincident or opposite to each other. i.e 0 degrees or 180 degrees. d)when the two hands are at right angles, they are 15 minute spaces apart,i.e 90 degrees. e)when the hands are in the opposite directions,they are 30 minute spaces apart,i.e 180 degrees. f)Angle traced by hour hand in 12hrs = 360 degrees. g)Angle traced by minute hand in 60 min = 360 degrees. If a watch or a clock indicated 8.15,when the correct time is 8, it is said to be 15 minutes too fast. On the other hand , if it indicates 7.45,when the correct time is 8,it is said to be 15 minutes slow. h)60 min --> 360 degrees 1 min --> 60 i)the hands of a clock coincide in a day or 24 hours is 22 times ,in 12hours 11minutes. j)the hands of clock are straight in a day is 44 times . k)the hands of a clock at right angle in a day is 44 times . l)the hands of a clock in straight line but opposite in direction is 22 times per day
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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

CLOCKS
Medium Problems

Type3 : At what time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a clock be at rightangle? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is (5*x + or -15)*(12/11) Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time here i.e 4 Case 1 : (5*x + 15)*(12/11) (5*4 +15)*(12/11) (20+15)*(12/11) 35*12/11=420/11=38 2/11 min. Therefore they are right angles at 38 2/11 min .past4 Case 2 : (5*x-15)*(12/11) (5*4-15)*(12/11) (20-15)*(12/11) 5*12/11=60/11 min=5 5/11min Therefore they are right angles at 5 5/11 min.past4. Another shortcut for type 3 is :Here the given angle is right angle i.e 900. Case 1 : The formulae is 6*x-(hrs*60+x)/2=Given angle 6*x-(4*60+x)/2=90 6*x-(240+x)/2=90 12x-240-x=180 11x=180+240 11x=420 x=420/11= 38 2/11 min Therefore they are at right angles at 38 2/11 min. past4. Case 2 : The formulae is (hrs*60+x)/2-(6*x)=Given angle (4*60+x)/2-(6*x)=90 (240+x)/2-(6*x)=90 240+x-12x=180 -11x+240=180 240-180=11x x=60/11= 5 5/11 min Therefore they art right angles at 5 5/11 min past4. Type 4 : Find at what time between 8 and 9 o'clock will the hands of a clock be in the same straight line but not together ? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/cmediumproblems.html[1/28/2012 12:45:08 AM]

html[1/28/2012 12:45:08 AM] . Case 2 : (5*x-t)*12/11 (5*5-3)*12/11 (25-3)*12/11=24 min therefore the hands wi be 3 in apart at 24 min past 5. t is spaces apart Case 1 : (5*x+t)*12/11 (5*5+3)*12/11 28*12/11 = 336/11=31 5/11 min therefore the hands will be 3 min .apart at 31 5/11 min.e 8 (5*8-30)*12/11 (40-30)*12/11 10*12/11=120/11 min=10 10/11 min. past8.(5*x-30)*12/11 x is replaced by the first interval of given time Here i. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/cmediumproblems.t)*12/11 Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time here xis 5. Another shortcut for type 4 is : Here the hands of a clock be in the same straight line but not together the angle is 180 degrees. Therefore the hands will be in the same straight line but not together at 10 10/11 min. therefore the hands will be in the same straight line but not together at 10 10/11 min.past5. The formulae is (hrs*60+x)/2-(6*x)=Given angle (8*60+x)/2-6*x=180 (480+x)/2-(6*x)=180 480+x-12*x=360 11x=480-360 x=120/11=10 10/11 min. Type 5 : At what time between 5 and 6 oâ€™ clock are the hands of a 3 minutes apart ? Solution : In this type of problems the formuae is (5*x+ or .past 8.

When interest is compounded Halfyearly.16000 at 20% per annum for 9 months compounded quaterly Sol: MethodI: R=20% 12months------------------------20% => 3 months------------------------5% For 9 months.When interest is compounded Annually.R3% for 1st .Rate=R% per annum Time=nyears 1. on a certain sum at 10% per annum for 2 yrs is Rs.R2%.2160 Method2: Iyear------------------6250+1000 \\Interest for 1st yr on 6250 II yr---------------6250+1000+160 \\Interest for I1yr on 1000 C.there are '3' 3months --------16000+800 --------16000+800+40 --------16000+800+40+10+2 =>Rs. Sol: Rate R=16. Amount=P[1+((R/4)100)]4n 4.I=18522-16000 =Rs. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n 2.say yearly or half-yearly or quarterly to settle the previous account.=1000+1000+160 =Rs.X due n years hence is given by Present Worth=X/[1+(R/100)]n Simple Problems 1.the amount after second unit becomes the principal for the 3rd unit and so on.Find C.n=2. Formulae: Let principal=p.2160 2.18522 C.6250 at 16% per annum for 2yrs .I=Amount-P =8410-6250 =Rs.2nd .I and S. After a specified period .Compound Intrest Important Facts and Formulae: Compound Interest: Sometimes it so happens that the borrower and the lender gree to fix up a certain unit of time .html[1/28/2012 12:45:08 AM] .When interest is compounded Quaterly.Present Worth of Rs.find the sum Sol: MethodI: NOTE: a) For 2 yrs -------->sum=(1002D/R2) b) For 3 yrs -------->sum=(1003D/R2(300+R)) Sum=1002*631/102 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/compoundintrest.I.the amount after the first unit of time becomes the principal for the 2nd unit .631.8410 C.Find CI on Rs. Amount=P[1+((R/2)100)]2n 3.I on Rs.the difference between the amount and the money borrowed is called Compound Interest for that period.6250 Method1: Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n =6250[1+(16/100)]2 =Rs.2522 MethodII: Amount=P[1+(R/100)]n =16000[1+(5/100)]3 =Rs.3rd yrs respectively Amount=P[1+(R1/100)][1+(R2/100)][1+(R3/100)] 6.compounded annually.2522 Top Complex Problems 1.Principle=Rs.When interest is compounded Annually.I. In such cases .but time in fractions say 3 2/5 yrs Amount=P[1+(R/100)]3[1+((2R/5)/100)] 5.When rates are different for different years R1%.The difference between C.

63100 MethodII: Let the sum be Rs.If C.8000 C.If the S.I on a certain sum for 2 yrs at 12% per annum is Rs.I=(X*10*2)/100 =X/5 C.I at 4% per annum for 2yrs is sol: Iyear------------------7500+300(300------Interest on 7500) IIyear ----------------7500+300+12(12------------4% interest on 300) Amount=7500+300+300+12 =Rs.I.I and S. the C.X.html[1/28/2012 12:45:08 AM] .6690 after 3 yrs and to Rs.Then C.4460 4.I.4460 sum=Rs.150.I =400+400+20+400+20+20+1 =Rs.I.1500 3.I? sol: C.I=(6250*12*2)/100=Rs.1261 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/compoundintrest.=Amount-Principle Let P be X C.I=1200 P*T*R/100=1200 P*3*5/100=1200 =>P=Rs.I on sum of money at 15% per annum for 3yrs is Rs. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]6=10035----------------------(2) (1)/(2)------------[1+(R/100)]3=10035/6690 =3/2 [1+(R/100)]3=3/2-----------------(3) substitue (3) in (1) p*(3/2)=6690 =>p=Rs.A sum of money amounts to Rs.=21X/100-X/5 =X/100 X/100=631 X=Rs.1200.6250 S. What would be S.A sum of money doubles itself at C.I .I in 15yrs.=X[1+(10/100)]2-X S.I on the same sum for the same period at same rate is-----sol: S.find the sum sol: For 3 yrs.The difference between C.8112 6.In how many yrs will it become 8 times? sol: Compound Interest for 15yrs p[1+(R/100)]15 p[1+(R/100)]15=2P =>p[1+(R/100)]n=8P =>[1+(R/100)]n=8 =>[1+(R/100)]n=23 =>[1+(R/100)]n=[1+(R/100)]15*3 since [1+(R/100)] =2 n=45yrs 5.I=X[1+(12/100)]2-X =>784X/625-X=1590 =>X=Rs.9600 7.the sum is sol: Sum=1002D/R2=( 1002*150) /(25/2)2=Rs.1590.I-S. Amount=P[1+(R/100)]3=6690-----------------------(1) For 6 yrs.8000 at 5% for 3 yrs is-------------8000+400 -----8000+400+20 -------------8000+400+20+20+1 C.7500 at C.10035b after 6 yrs on C.I on a sum of money for 2 yrs at 121/2% per annum is Rs.The amount of Rs.63100 2.=Rs.I for Rs.

e 47 1/20 therefore the required angle is 47 1/20.F and L. Another shortcut for type2 is : Here the clocks be together but not opposite to each other so the angle is 0 degrees.e 2. so the formulae is 6*x-(2*60+x)/2=06*x-(120+x)/2=012x-120-x=0 11x=120 x=120/11=10 10/11 therefore the hands will be coincide at 10 10/11 min. therefore the required angle is 47 1/20. that is applied in the given formulae 6*25-(3*60+25)/2 150-205/2 (300-205)/2=95/2 =47 1/20.25 solution : In this type of problems the formulae is as follows 30*[hrs-(min/5)]+(min/2) In the above problem the given data is time is 3. Type2 : At what time between 2 and 3 o' clock will be the hands of a clock be together? Solution : In this type of problems the formulae is 5*x*(12/11) Here x is replaced by the first interval of given time.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CLOCKS Simple Problems Shortcuts in clocks : Type1: Find the angle between the hour hand and the minute hand of a clock when the time is 3.5 i.C.C. Another shortcut for type1 is : The formulae is 6*x-(hrs*60+X)/2 Here x is the given minutes.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] . so in the given problem the minutes is 25 minutes. Note :the -sign must be neglected.25. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/csimpleproblems.past2.APTITUDE Numbers H. Therefore the hands will coincide at 10 10/11 min. here i.past2. In the above problem the given data is between 2 and 3 o' clock 5*2*12/11 =10*12/11=120/11=10 10/11min. that is applied in the formulae 30*[3-(25/5)]+(25/2)30*(15-25)/5+25/2 = 30*(-10/5)+25/2 = -300/5+25/2 = -600+(25/2)=-475/10=-47.

when was it correct? Solution : Time from 8 am on sunday to 8 p. Therefore 5 minutes are gained in(180*5/54*5)hours=83 hours20 min.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CLOCKS Typicalproblems problems : A watch which gains uniformly .F and L.or 54/5 min.m of sunday therefore it wil be correct at 20 min.C. =3 days11hrs20min.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .past 7 p. in 180 hours Now 54/5 minare gained in 180 hours. therefore watch is correct at 3 days 11 hours 20 minutes after 8 a.slow at 8 o'clock in the morning on sunday and it is 5 min.m on following sunday = 7 days 12 hours = 180 hours the watch gains (5+(5 4/5))min .C.is 5 min.m on wednesday file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ctypicalproblems.m on following sunday.fast at 8 p.APTITUDE Numbers H.48 sec.

25 = 25/100 = 1/4 3.01 2.If 47.Decimal fractions: Fractionin which denominations are powers of 10 are decimal fractions.00027 7. 1 / 100 = 0.1254 =1254 -12/9900 =1242/9900=69/550 6.75 =75/100 =3/4 2.0006 Sol: compairing terms 4A= 40 => A=10 7/B = 7 => B=1 2C= 0.718 =0.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles DECIMAL FRACTIONS 1.Find porducts= 6.1.718 =10000*0.04 3.00027 =101.2+0.37 = 37/99 ii)3.C.05 =>5*100/5 =100 6E= 0.2689. then we remove decimal sign.2506 =4A + 7/B +2C + 5/D + 6E then 40+7+0.05+0.05=>D=5/0.718 =10000*1/3.3204*100 = 632.142857 =3 +142857/999999 = 3 142857/ 999999 iii) 0.17=17-1/90 =16/90=8/45 iv)0.then find value of 1/0.99 =184/299 PROBLEMS: 1.Convertion of Decimal into fraction:eg: 0.0006=> E= 0. Thus.If 1/3.C.0001 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/dec.APTITUDE Numbers H.3=261*13=3393 some of decimal places 2 +1 =3 = 3.393 4.142857 =3+0.Fraction 101 27/100000 Sol: 101+27/100000 =101+0. 1.61*1. 1 /10 = 0.0003718 ? Sol: 10000/3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .F and L.i) If numerator and denominator contain same number of decimal places.84/2.2.0.Find fractions : i) 0.2=> C=0.2689 = 2689 5.1 5/D= 0.

2 d.5 = 4/150 =2/75 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/dec.2)2 is least.2 c.Let F= 0.0001 =50+3+0.78] = -5+1.12*0.84181 Sol: when F is written as a fraction in lowest terms.695275 15.2 b.6+100+0.6003 8.The least among the following :a.036 divided by 0.find x/y = 0.75+0.096 +(0.036/0.04 is least (0.99)3 => (0.86 16.50 / 0.5 Sol: 36*48*250/12*9*5=800 17.04 < 0. 0.05/0.[ 0.04/1.25 + 0.001331*2025 =2.2 < 0.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .1)=0.04 =4036/4 =100.the sum of first 20 terms of series is 1/5*6 +1/6*7+1/7*8------------Sol: [1/5 -1/6]+[1/6-1/7]+[1/7-1/8]+-----------------------= [1/5-1/25] =4/25=0.1/0.48*2.96)2 +0.3.96-0.53 = -4+0.04 Sol: 4.1 + 100+ 3*0.53 13.75]+[-3+0.4.04 0.22 10/2 =5 0. 11.5A + 3B+6C+ D+ 3E = 5*10+ 3*1+ 6*0.09*0.2222 0.(0.78 Sol: [-2+0.05]3 Sol: =>[5/25 + 25/5] = [1/5+ 5]3 =26/53 =5.9 9.22) 3+---------(0.22 --------<5 Since 0.53 =-5+1+0.1)2 Sol: formula => a3 -b3/a2 +ab +b2 =a -b (0.6*0.2 .11) 3+ (0. 0.78] =-5+[0.96)3 â€“ (0.75 + 3.23 = 140.13 +23+ ------------+93 =2025 Sol: value of (0.0003 =153. denominator exceeds numerator by 84181 -841 /99000 = 83340/99000 =463/550 Required distence = (550 â€“ 463) = 87 12.25/ 0. 0.53 = 4.603 10.11) [1+2+--------+9] =0.16 14.1)3/ (0.

x/y) / (1+ x/y) 1 .1333 Sol: 3467 -34/9900 + 1333-13/9900 = 3433 +1320/9900 = 4753/9900 = 4801 -48/9900 =0.find y-x/y+x (1.0.4301 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/dec.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .3467+0.2/75 /1 +2/75 =73/77 18.

01 2.1254 =1254 -12/9900 =1242/9900=69/550 6.0003718 ? Sol: 10000/3.0001 5A + 3B+6C+ D+ 3E = 5*10+ 3*1+ 6*0.9 9.1 + 100+ 3*0.05/0.0003 =153.25/ 0.Find porducts= 6.04 Sol: 4.2222 0.04 3.then find value of 1/0.2.142857 =3 +142857/999999 = 3 142857/ 999999 iii) 0.6003 Top 8.2=> C=0. 0.78] file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/decimalfractions.2 < 0. then we remove decimal sign.718 =10000*0.2689.17=17-1/90 =16/90=8/45 iv)0.2506 =4A + 7/B +2C + 5/D + 6E then 40+7+0.75 + 3. denominator exceeds numerator by 84181 -841 /99000 = 83340/99000 =463/550 Required distence = (550 – 463) = 87 12. 11.84181 Sol: when F is written as a fraction in lowest terms.23 = 140.603 10.04 is least (0.1 5/D= 0.61*1. Thus.Decimal Fractions 1.3=261*13=3393 some of decimal places 2 +1 =3 sol: 3.2689 = 2689 5.75 =75/100 =3/4 2.[ 0.2 .04 < 0.04 0.0001 =50+3+0.3204*100 = 632.036 divided by 0.75]+[-3+0.0006=> E= 0.4.1.0006 Sol: compairing terms 4A= 40 => A=10 7/B = 7 => B=1 2C= 0.75+0.05=>D=5/0.036/0.393 4.78] =-5+[0.25 + 0.2 b.37 = 37/99 ii)3.If 47.718 =0.25 = 25/100 = 1/4 3.2 d.05]3 Sol: =>[5/25 + 25/5] = [1/5+ 5]3 =26/53 =5.Fraction 101 27/100000 Sol: 101+27/100000 =101+0.Find fractions : i) 0. 0.Decimal fractions: Fractionin which denominations are powers of 10 are decimal fractions.718 =10000*1/3.The least among the following :a. Example:1 /10 = 0.05 =>5*100/5 =100 6E= 0.78 Sol: [-2+0.05+0. 0.i) If numerator and denominator contain same number of decimal places. 1.If 1/3.04 =4036/4 =100.99 =184/299 Problems 1.2)2 is least.html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .00027 =101. 1 / 100 = 0.00027 7.2+0.84/2.1/0.2 c.142857 =3+0.0.6+100+0.Convertion of Decimal into fraction:Example: 0.Let F= 0.22 --------<5 Since 0.22 sol:10/2 =5 0.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:09 AM] .3467+0.1)2 Sol: formula => a3 -b3/a2 +ab +b2 =a -b (0.04/1.11) [1+2+--------+9] =0.11) 3+ (0.4301 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/decimalfractions.096 +(0.5 Sol: 36*48*250/12*9*5=800 17.50 / 0.= -5+1.53 = -4+0.(0.13 +23+ ------------+93 =2025 Sol: value of (0.2/75 /1 +2/75 =73/77 18.96)3 – (0.x/y) / (1+ x/y) 1 .53 =-5+1+0.48*2.6*0.09*0.001331*2025 =2.1)3/ (0.3.0.53 13.1)=0.53 = 4.86 16.96)2 +0.5 = 4/150 =2/75 find y-x/y+x (1.695275 15.16 14.99)3 => (0.12*0.22) 3+---------(0.96-0.the sum of first 20 terms of series is 1/5*6 +1/6*7+1/7*8----Sol: [1/5 -1/6]+[1/6-1/7]+[1/7-1/8]+-----------------------= [1/5-1/25] =4/25=0.find x/y = 0.1333 Sol: 3467 = = = -34/9900 + 1333-13/9900 3433 +1320/9900 4753/9900 4801 -48/9900 =0.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .C.F and L. 1134. The last divisor is HCF. 2. Now divide the divisor by remainder.M Facts And Formulae: 1.C.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.F) or Greatest Common Meaure(G. The product of least powers of common prime factors gives HCF.5. Repeat the process of dividing preceding number last obtained till zero is obtained as number.F of two or more than is the greatest two numbers number that divides each of them exactly.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK H.Factorization method: Express each one of the given numbers as the product of prime factors.M) : The H.C.7 2*52 *7 2 Sol: The prime numbers given common numbers are Therefore HCF is 22 * 5 *7 2 . 22 *3 5*5 2 * 76 . Example : Find HCF of 26 * 32*5*7 4 . There are two methods : 1.Highest Common Factor:(H. Example: Find HCF of 513.C. 1215 Sol: 1134) 1215(1 1134 ---------81)1134(14 81 ----------324 324 ----------0 ----------HCF of this two numbers is 81.F AND L.Division Method : Divide the larger number by smaller one. 2.C. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf.C.

40 leaves remainders 14.Factorization method : Resolve each one into product of prime factors.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .Find largest number of 4 digits Sol: The largest number is 9999.34.15.find other. 3.Find least number which when divided by 20.The division method.27 on dividing 9999 by Therefore number =9999 â€“ 279 =9720. 2.Common Problems: 1.81)513(6 486 -------27)81(3 81 ----0 --- HCF of 81 and 513 is 27. 3. HCF of 2 numbers is 11 and LCM is 693.25.18.27 540 we get 279 as remainder.Least common multiple[LCM] : The least number which is divisible by each one of given numbers is LCM.35.If one of numbers is 77. LCM of 12. Sol: Other number = 11 * 693/77=99.29. divisible by 12.15. Then LCM is product of highest powers of all factors. is 540. Sol: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf. There are two methods for this: 1.19. 2.18.

1095/1168 when expressed in simple form is 1095)1168(1 1095 -----73)1095(15 73 --------365 365 --------0 ---------So.36.36.08.9 is Sol: HCF of 108.90 36)90(2 72 ---18)36(2 36 ---0 ---HCF is 18.0.40) . HCF of 18 and 108 is 18 18)108(6 108 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] . HCF is 73 Therefore 1095/1168 = 1095/73/1168/73= 15/16 6.25.0.6=1394 4.20â€“14=6 25-19=6 35-29=6 40-34=6 Therefore number =LCM of (20.252 can be expressed as prime as : 2 2 3 3 prime factor is 2 *2 * 3 * 3 252 126 63 21 7 *7 5.35.GCD of 1.

Sol: Let the number be x.2x.LCM of two numbers is The sum of numbers is 48. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf.89 * and (3. x is 12 Therefore numbers are 12. Three numbers are x.Three numbers are in ratio 1:2:3 and HCF is 12. Let numbers are 27a + 27 b =216 a + b =216/27=8 Co-primes of 8 are (1. 8. Sol: Let the numbers be x.Find numbers.24.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .3x Therefore HCF is 2x)3x(1 2x ----x)2x(2 2x -------0 ------------HCF is x so.5) 7) 9.18 7.. (27 =27.7) numbers=(27 * 1 ).The numbers are in ratio 2:3.The Sol: sum of two numbers is 216 and HCF is 27.36.------0 -------Therefore HCF =0.

Then largest of two numbers is Sol: Let the numbers be x.Largest number Sol: 23 * 14 is Largest number.HCF of two numbers is 23.If ratio of two numbers is 1:4.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] . 11.The maximum number of students among and 910 pencils can be distributed each student Sol: HCF of 1001 and 910 910)1001(1 910 -----------91)910(10 910 -------0 --------Therefore HCF=91 them 1001 pens in such a way that gets same number of pens and pencils is ? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf.and other factors of LCM 13. Numbers are 16 and 24 Sum=16 +24=40.Numbers are 2x.HCF and LCM of two numbers are 84 and 21. is are 12.3x is 6x Therefore 6x=48 x=8.3x LCM of 2x. 10.14.4x Then x * x2 =84 4x = 84 * 21 * 21 /4 x = 21 Largest number is 4 * 21.

Answer is 23.3 ? Sol: LCM of 5.24 is ? divisible by Sol: LCM of 16.20.The least number which should be added to 2497 so that sum is divisible by 5.4. 2 * 2*2*2*3*5=240 To make it a perfect square multiply by 3 * 5 Therefore 240 * 3 * 5=3600 Answer is 3600. Therefore number to added is 60 â€“ 37 =23. 14. On dividing 2497 by 60 we get 37 as remainder.6.20.3 is 60.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .The least number which is a perfect square and is each of numbers 16.13.6.4.24 is 240. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcf.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .C.29. Sol: Other number = 11 * is 11 and LCM is 693/77=99. Sol: 20–14=6 25-19=6 35-29=6 40-34=6 Therefore number =LCM of (20.40 leaves remainders 14. LCM of 12.C.Factorization method : Resolve each one into product of prime factors. Therefore number =9999 – 279 =9720. ii.15. 22 *35*52 * 76 . 2*52 *72 The prime numbers given common numbers are 2. Example: Solution: 1134) 1215(1 1134 ---------81)1134(14 81 ----------324 324 ----------0 ----------HCF of this two numbers is 81.Division Method : Divide the larger number by smaller one.27 693.35. divisible by 12.25.27 is 540. The product of least powers of common prime factors gives HCF.7 Therefore HCF is 22 * 5 *72 .34.The HCF of 2 numbers is 77.Find largest number of 4 digits Sol: The largest number is 9999. The last divisor is HCF.C.find other.H.40) . Find HCF of 513.If one of numbers division method.15. Now divide the divisor by remainder.Find least number which when divided by 20. on dividing 9999 by 540 we get 279 as remainder. Repeat the process of dividing preceding number last obtained till zero is obtained as number.F of two or more than two numbers is the greatest number that divides each of them exactly.18.18.5.C. Top 2.252 can be expressed as prime as : 2 252 2 126 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfandlcm.25.F) or Greatest Common Meaure(G. 3.C.M Facts And Formulae: Highest Common Factor:(H.F and L.6=1394 4. There are two methods for this: i.Factorization method: Express each one of the given numbers as the product of prime factors. 81)513(6 486 -------27)81(3 81 ----0 --HCF of 81 and 513 is 27. Then LCM is product of highest powers of all factors. 1134.Common Problems: 1. ii.19.35. Example : Solution: Find HCF of 26 * 32*5*74 .M) : The H. 1215 Least common multiple[LCM] : The least number which is divisible by each one of given numbers is LCM. There are two methods : i.

Three numbers are in ratio 1:2:3 and HCF is 12.08.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .Find numbers.2x. Let numbers are 27a + 27 b =216 a + b =216/27=8 Co-primes of 8 are (1.The numbers are in ratio 2:3..5) numbers=(27 * 1 ). Three numbers are x. The sum file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfandlcm.If ratio of two numbers is 1:4.3x LCM of 2x. Sol: Let the numbers be x.GCD of 1.36.0.LCM of two numbers is of numbers is Sol: Let the number be x. Numbers are 2x.90 36)90(2 72 ---18)36(2 36 ---0 ---HCF is 18.HCF of two numbers is 23. (27 * 7) =27.89 9.14. 3 3 Top 8.63 21 7 prime factor is 2 *2 * 3 * 3 *7 5. HCF of 18 and 108 is 18 18)108(6 108 ------0 -------Therefore HCF =0.The maximum number of students among them 1001 pens and 910 pencils can be distributed in such a way that each student gets same number of pens and pencils is ? Sol: HCF of 1001 and 910 910)1001(1 910 -----------91)910(10 910 are 13. 12. Numbers are 16 and 24 Sum=16 +24=40.7) and (3. x is 12 Therefore numbers are 12.36.Then largest of two numbers is Sol: Let the numbers be x.3x Therefore HCF is 2x)3x(1 2x ----x)2x(2 2x -------0 ------------HCF is x so.3x is 6x Therefore 6x=48 x=8. 10.and other factors of LCM Largest number is Sol: 23 * 14 is Largest number.36.1095/1168 when expressed in simple form is 1095)1168(1 1095 -----73)1095(15 73 --------365 365 --------0 ---------So.HCF and LCM of two numbers are 84 and 21. 11.0. HCF is 73 Therefore 1095/1168 = 1095/73/1168/73= 15/16 6.24.9 is Sol: HCF of 108.4x Then x * 4x = 84 * 21 x2 =84 * 21 /4 x = 21 Largest number is 4 * 21.18 7. 48.The Sol: sum of two numbers is 216 and HCF is 27.

20.3 is 60.6.24 is 240.4.The least number which is a perfect square and is each of numbers 16.4.Therefore -------0 --------HCF=91 13. Therefore number to added is 60 – 37 =23.6. 14. On dividing 2497 by 60 we get 37 as remainder.20.3 ? Sol: LCM of 5.The least number which should be added to 2497 so that sum is divisible by 5. 2 * 2*2*2*3*5=240 To make it a perfect square multiply by 3 * 5 Therefore 240 * 3 * 5=3600 Answer is 3600. Answer is 23. divisible by Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfandlcm.html[1/28/2012 12:45:10 AM] .24 is ? Sol: LCM of 16.

F of two or more than is the greatest two numbers number that divides each of them exactly. Now divide the divisor by remainder.C.Factorization method: Express each one of the given numbers as the product of prime factors.F AND L. 2. 81)513(6 486 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.F) or Greatest Common Meaure(G.F and L. The last divisor is HCF. 1134. Example : Find HCF of 26 * 32*5*7 4 .M Facts And Formulae: 1.C.C.7 2*52 *7 2 Sol: The prime numbers given common numbers are Therefore HCF is 22 * 5 *7 2 .Highest Common Factor:(H.C. 22 *3 5*5 2 * 76 .Division Method : Divide the larger number by smaller one.C.5. Repeat the process of dividing preceding number last obtained till zero is obtained as number. The product of least powers of common prime factors gives HCF.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] . 2. There are two methods : 1. Example: Find HCF of 513.C. 1215 Sol: 1134) 1215(1 1134 ---------81)1134(14 81 ----------324 324 ----------0 ----------HCF of this two numbers is 81.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles H.M) : The H.

2. divisible by 12.find other.27 on dividing 9999 by Therefore number =9999 â€“ 279 =9720. 2. LCM of 12.40 leaves remainders 14. HCF of 2 numbers is 11 and LCM is 693.-------27)81(3 81 ----0 --- HCF of 81 and 513 is 27.The division method.15.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] .Common Problems: 1.Least common multiple[LCM] : The least number which is divisible by each one of given numbers is LCM. 3.18. Sol: Other number = 11 * 693/77=99. Then LCM is product of highest powers of all factors.Find largest number of 4 digits Sol: The largest number is 9999.19.Find least number which when divided by 20.If one of numbers is 77.29.35.27 540 we get 279 as remainder.18. Sol: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept.Factorization method : Resolve each one into product of prime factors. There are two methods for this: 1.25.15. is 540. 3.34.

0.25. HCF of 18 and 108 is 18 18)108(6 108 ------0 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept.252 can be expressed as prime as : 2 2 3 3 prime factor is 2 *2 * 3 * 3 252 126 63 21 7 *7 5.08. HCF is 73 Therefore 1095/1168 = 1095/73/1168/73= 15/16 6.9 is Sol: HCF of 108.6=1394 4.36.36.0.20â€“14=6 25-19=6 35-29=6 40-34=6 Therefore number =LCM of (20.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] .1095/1168 when expressed in simple form is 1095)1168(1 1095 -----73)1095(15 73 --------365 365 --------0 ---------So.35.40) .90 36)90(2 72 ---18)36(2 36 ---0 ---HCF is 18.GCD of 1.

Three numbers are in ratio 1:2:3 and HCF is 12.2x.5) 7) 9.24. 8..LCM of two numbers is The sum of numbers is 48.3x Therefore HCF is 2x)3x(1 2x ----x)2x(2 2x -------0 ------------HCF is x so.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] . x is 12 Therefore numbers are 12.The Sol: sum of two numbers is 216 and HCF is 27. Sol: Let the number be x.7) numbers=(27 * 1 ). Numbers are 2x.The numbers are in ratio 2:3. Three numbers are x.3x file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept. Sol: Let the numbers be x. (27 =27. Let numbers are 27a + 27 b =216 a + b =216/27=8 Co-primes of 8 are (1.18 7.89 * and (3.36.-------Therefore HCF =0.Find numbers.

4x Then x * x2 =84 4x = 84 * 21 * 21 /4 x = 21 Largest number is 4 * 21.LCM of 2x.The maximum number of students among and 910 pencils can be distributed each student Sol: HCF of 1001 and 910 910)1001(1 910 -----------91)910(10 910 -------0 --------Therefore HCF=91 them 1001 pens in such a way that gets same number of pens and pencils is ? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept. 10.3x is 6x Therefore 6x=48 x=8. Numbers are 16 and 24 Sum=16 +24=40. is are 12.If ratio of two numbers is 1:4.HCF of two numbers is 23.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] . 11.14.Largest number Sol: 23 * 14 is Largest number.and other factors of LCM 13.Then largest of two numbers is Sol: Let the numbers be x.HCF and LCM of two numbers are 84 and 21.

2 * 2*2*2*3*5=240 To make it a perfect square multiply by 3 * 5 Therefore 240 * 3 * 5=3600 Answer is 3600.3 ? Sol: LCM of 5.6.4. On dividing 2497 by 60 we get 37 as remainder.3 is 60. Answer is 23.24 is ? divisible by Sol: LCM of 16.The least number which should be added to 2497 so that sum is divisible by 5.4.24 is 240.20.The least number which is a perfect square and is each of numbers 16.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] .20.6.13. 14. Therefore number to added is 60 â€“ 37 =23. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/hcfconcept.

F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles HIGHTS AND DISTENCES file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/heights.C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:11 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H.C.

C.Aptitude Numbers H.F and L.C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:12 AM] .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube Roots Averages Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentages Profit and Loss Ratios and Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixtures Simple Intrest Compound Intrest Areas Races ans Games of Skill Calender Clocks True Discount Bankers Discount file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/manual.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:12 AM] .Oddmanout and Series Probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles Reasoning Back To Main file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/manual.

Problem 3 : may 6.2005 will be two file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/mediumproblems.wednesday falls what day of the week was it on 8th march.1993 was thursday.1993 ? Solution : 01 01 93 23 ---------total = 118 Then (118)/7 = (16) = 6 odd days Therefore the required day is Friday.first day of the 2005 will be 2 days beyond thursday and so it will be saturday therefore the required day is Thursday.html[1/28/2012 12:45:12 AM] .2004 was a thursday. so. 1995 was a sunday. so. it has 2 odd days.what day of the week was on may 6.what day of the week lies on jan 1. the day on8th march.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles CALENDAR BACK Medium Problems Problem 1 : jan 1.1994 was? Solution : 04 08 94 23 --------total = 129 Then (129)/7 = (18) = 3 odd days Therefore the required day is Tuesday.F and L.2005? solution : the year 2004 being a leap year.1995 it wednesday.APTITUDE Numbers H.what day of the week lies on jan .1996? Solution : 01 01 96 24 -1(since 1996 was leap year) --------total = 121 Then (121)/7 = (17) = 2 odd days Therefore our required day wasMonday. Problem 2 : On 8th feb.1992 ? Solution : 02 06 92 23 -1 ---------total = 122 Then (122)/7 = (17) = 3 odd days Therefore the required day is Tuesday Problem 4 : jan 1. The day of the week on 8th feb.C. Problem 5: January 1.it has 2 odd days.2004? Solution : the year 2004 being a leap year. Problem 6 : On 8th march. 1992 was wednesday.C. What day of the week was on jan 1.2005.

8th march.2004.html[1/28/2012 12:45:12 AM] . Therefore the required day is Monday.2005 is wednesday.1986 ? Solution : 06 19 86 21 --------total = 132 Then ((132/7 = 18 and the remainder is 6) In the above week table represents the number 6 is friday. Problem 7: what was the day of the week on 19th september .2004 is monday. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/mediumproblems. so. Therefore the required day is Friday.days beyond the day on 8th march.but 8th march.

BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/nc1. pÂ²-1 is divided by 24. Note:-Unity i e. Also aÂ²+bÂ² is composite. ->The remainder when a prime number p>=5 s divided by 6 is 1 or 5. if a number on being divided by 6 gives a remainder 1 or 5 need not be prime. ->If a and b are any 2 odd primes then aÂ²-bÂ² is composite. ->The lowest odd prime number is 3.1 is not a prime number. ->For prime numbers p>3.C. ->2 is also the only even prime number.APTITUDE Numbers H. ->The remainder of division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divide by 24 is 1.html[1/28/2012 12:45:12 AM] .C. Properties Of Prime Numbers:->The lowest prime number is 2. ->The remainder of the division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divided by 12 is 1.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK Prime Numbers :A natural number larger than unity is a prime number if it does not have other divisors except for itself and unity.F and L.However.

1200. i. None of the 1900. Thus each one of he year 1992.6 Saturday .etc is a leap year.thus . An year which is not a leap year is called Ordinary year.2010. f) Some codes o remember the months and weeks: a) Week Sunday .1 feb . d) A leap year has 366 days. where m less than or equal to 7 is equivalent to m odd days .8 odd days = 1 odd day etc.2004.html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] .F and L. i.0 b) Month jan .C. c)An ordinary year has 365 days.so 0 Odd days similarly each one of 800.etc contains o odd days.1600.e 3 weeks. ii)One leap year = 366 days =52 weeks+2 days. iii) 100 years = 76 ordinary years+ 24 leap years = [(76*52) weeks+76 days]+[(24*52)weeks+48 days] = 5200 weeks+124days=[5217 weeks+5 days] therefore 100 years contain 5 odd days iv)200 years contain 10(1week+3days).e 1 odd day vi)400 years contain (20+1).3 Wednesday .1200.2000.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK Calendar Main concepts : a) Odd Days : The number of days more than the complete number of weeks in a given period is number of odd days during that period.C. i.2008.APTITUDE Numbers H.e 3 odd days v)300 years contain 15(2 weeks+1 day).2020. Note: (7n+m) odd days .0 Aug .800.2012.2100.etc is a leap year. is a eap year.1 Monday . Every 4th century is a leap year but no other century is a leap year thus each one of 400. b) Leap year : Every year which is divisible by 4 is called a leap year. Therefore a leap year has 2 Odd days.1996.1600.2 Tuesday .etc.2000. e)Counting of odd days : i)1 ordinary year = 365 days =52 weeks+1 day.4 Thursday .4 july .Therefore An ordinary year has 1 Odd day.5 Friday .3 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/notes..

0 May .6 Oct .4 Apr .5 BACK Sep .html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] .Mar .1 Nov .4 Dec .2 june .6 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/notes.

not ? 16. Divisibility by 3: .since sum of its digits 8+6+4+3+2+9=32 which is not divisible by 3. Example 1. ->If a and b are any 2 odd primes then a² . 16 are 2.(7.Numbers Introduction: Natural Numbers: All positive integers are natural numbers. 892648 is divisible by 4.592482 is divisible by 3. If there is no numbers below the value of Z which divides N then the number will be prime.A number is divisible by 4.Hence take the value of Z=16.8. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbers. ->2 is also the only even prime number. ->The lowest odd prime number is 3. Hence we can conclude that 239 Top Tests of Divisibility: Divisibility by 2: .b² is composite. Also a²+b² is composite.. ->The remainder of the division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divided by 12 is 1.3.. Composite Numbers: The numbers which are not prime are known as composite numbers. Example 84932 is divisible by 2. Example 2.3.if its unit's digit is any of 0.while 65935 is not. Round of the square root to the next highest integer call this number as Z.. Check for divisibility of the number N by all prime numbers below Z..5.4.5). if a number on being divided by 6 gives a remainder 1 or 5 need not be prime. 864329 is not divisible by 3.2..8.if the number formed by last two digits is divisible by 4.. Co-Primes: Two numbers a an b are said to be co . Properties Of Prime Numbers: ->The lowest prime number is 2. Note:-Unity i e.since sum of its digits 5+9+2+4+8+2=30 which is divisible by 3.3). There are infinite natural numbers and number 1 is the least natural number.if their H.11).(4. Place value or Local value of a digit in a Number: place value: Example 689745132 Place value of 2 is (2*1)=2 Place value of 3 is (3*10)=30 and so on.1 is not a prime number.primes. Process to Check A Number s Prime or not: Take the square root of the number. Prime Numbers: A natural number larger than unity is a prime number if it does not have other divisors except for itself and unity.C. Example 689745132 Face value of 2 is 2. ->The remainder of division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divide by 24 is 1. Face value: .4..It is the value of the digit itself at whatever place it may be.A number is divisible by 2.(8.11 and 13. p² . Face value of 3 is 3 and so on.2.1 is divided by 24.. They are Prime and composite..6. any of these.F is 1.9).A number is divisible by 3. Divisibility by 4: . ->For prime numbers p>3. Example (2. Example 239 is prime or √239 lies between 15 or Prime numbers less than 239 is not divisible by is a prime number.html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] .if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3.However..7. ->The remainder when a prime number p>=5 s divided by 6 is 1 or 5. Based on divisibility there would be two types of natural numbers. Ex 1. Example 1.since the number formed by the last two digits is 48 divisible by 4.

..html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] ...2ab ->(a+b)².e a. 1...11.ca) ->If a+b+c=0 then a³+b³+c³=3a b c DIVISION ALGORITHM If we divide a number by another number ...1)+d...Multiplication of a number by 5n: ....P is Tn=a(n .(7823+456) =11992-8279=3713 2.a r3.13.. example 35256 is clearly divisible by 2 sum of digits =3+5+2+5+21. In G.. Divisibility by 8: ......A progression of numbers in which every term bears a constant ratio with ts preceding term.b)(a²+b²+ab) ->a³+b³+c³ . Divisibility by 7. The sum of n terms of A.Simplify a.since the number formed by the last two digits is 82 is not divisible by 4..=n2(n+1)2/4 2..Geometric Progression: .. Divisibility by 5: .. This constant difference is called the common difference of the A.if its unit's digit is either 0 or 5.(1+2+8)=11 which is divisible by 11.12+22+32+42+52. c.What could be the maximum value of Q in the following equation ? 5PQ+3R7+2Q8=1114 Solution: 3 R 2 Q 5 7 8 P Q file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbers..... i.P Sn=n/2[2a+(n .P Tn=a r n .13+23+33+43+53. PROGRESSION: A succession of numbers formed and arranged in a definite order according to certain definite rule is called a progression.All numbers divisible by 3 and 4 are divisible by 12. b.The difference of the number of its thousands and the remainder of its division by 1000 is divisible by 7.456 Solution: a.A number divisible by 5.which is divisible by 3 Thus the given number is divisible by 6...If each term of a progression differs from its preceding term by a constant...1+2+3+4+5. Divisibility by 11: ..b c . Example 20820..ab .1 Sum of n terms Sn=a(1 ..50345 Divisibility by 6: .=n(n+1)(2n+1)/6.then Dividend = (Divisor * quotient) + Remainder Top MULTIPLICATION BY SHORT CUT METHODS 1.....a*c Example a)567958*99999=567958*(100000 .(a ...Multiplication by distributive law: a)a*(b+c)=a*b+a*c b)a*(b-c)=a*b ..b) ->(a-+b+c)²=a²+b²+c²+2(ab+b c+ca) ->a³+b³=(a+b)(a²+b² .A number is divisible by 8 if the last 3 digits of the number are divisible by 8.Example 2.=n(n+1)/2.Put n zeros to the right of the multiplicand and divide the number so formed by 2n Example 975436*625=975436*54=9754360000/16=609647500.3a b c=(a+b+c)(a²+b²+c² .If the difference of the sum of the digits in the odd places and the sum of the digitsin the even places is zero or divisible by 11.....But 749282 is not divisible by 4.1)d]..r n)/1 .....1) 567958*100000 ..8888+888+88+8 b... BASIC FORMULAE: ->(a+b)²=a²+b²+2ab ->(a-b)²=a²+b² ....11.a r..r Problems 1.567958 56795232042 b)978*184+978*816=978*(184+816) 978*1000=978000 2.......b)²=4ab ->(a+b)²+(a .a r2.11992-7823 .b)²=2(a²+b²) ->a²-b²=(a+b)(a ..ab) ->a³-b³=(a .567958*1 56795800000 ..If the number is divisible by both 2 and 3.11992-7823 ..Arithmetic Progression: .. Divisibility by 12: . The n th term of this A.456=11992 .....13: ..8888 888 88 8 9872 b. xImportant Results: a. Example 4832718 (8+7+3+4) ....P..

839478*625 Solution: a.html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] . 241 is not divisible by any of these.4.287)²=1/2(600 ² +26 ² ) ½(360000+676)=180338 Top 5.17=2. The given number when divided by 19 gives 18 K + 2 as quotient and 9 as remainder. 13.7. Sum of digits in 541326=5+4+1+3+2+6=21 divisible by 3. c.337 c.Hence take the value of Z=20.R=0) 3.241 16>√241.3.A number being successively divided by 3. 7. b.Which of the following is a prime number ? a.Simplify: a.4.5. 391 is divisible by 17. Hence we can conclude that 337 is a prime number.3.2=9 (P=0.Hence take the value of Z=19.391 Solution: a. 11. 12. 9.3. .7 respectively.4 1 . Prime numbers less than 16 are 2. 337 is not divisible by any of these.241 b.5967013 Solution: a.541326 b.What least value must be assigned to * so that th number 197*5462 is divisible by 9 ? Solution: Let the missing digit be x Sum of digits = (1+9+7+x+5+4+6+2)=34+x For 34+x to be divisible by 9 .11 and 13.8 leaves remainders 1.2 Respective remainders are 6.Evaluate 313*313+287*287 Solution: a²+b²=1/2((a+b)²+(a . 10.A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47.Which of the following numbers s divisible by 3 ? a. Hence we can conclude that 391 is not a prime number.Find the total number of prime factors in 411 *7 5 *112 ? Solution: 411 7 5 112= (2*2) 11 *7 5 *112 = 222 *7 5 *112 Total number of prime factors=22+5+2=29 8.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder ? Solution:Number=342 K + 47 = 19 * 18 K + 19 * 2 + 9=19 ( 18K + 2) + 9.b)²) 1/2(313+287)² +(313 .11 1 4 2+P+Q+R=11 Maximum value of Q =11 .Find the smallest number of 6 digits which is exactly divisible by 111 ? Solution:Smallest number of 6 digits is 100000 On dividing 10000 by 111 we get 100 as remainder Number to be added =111 .6 3 5 .4 1 .7.11.Find the unit's digit n the product 2467 153 * 34172 ? Solution: Unit's digit in the given product=Unit's digit in 7 153 * 172 Now 7 4 gives unit digit 1 7 152 gives unit digit 1 7 153 gives 1*7=7.On dividing 15968 by a certain number the quotient is 89 and the remainder is 37.5. 391 20>√391. 839478*625=839478*54=8394780000/16=524673750. 337 19>√337.7. b. Hence.What least number must be added to 3000 to obtain a number exactly divisible by 19 ? Solution:On dividing 3000 by 19 we get 17 as remainder Therefore number to be added = 19 .11. 4.7 z=8*1+7=15 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbers. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2.13.1) 57934050000 . Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed ? Solution:Let the number be x.1 8 z y=5z+4 = 5*15+4 = 79 x=3y+1 = 3*79+1=238 Now 8 238 5 29 .required number =10011.2. Sum of digits in 5967013=5+9+6+7+0+1+3=31 not divisible by 3.Remainder)/Quotient =(15968-37) / 89 =179. Top 14.Also 172 gives 1 Hence unit's digit in the product =7*1=7.5793405*9999 b. 6. x must be replaced by 2 The digit in place of x must be 2.5.Find the divisor ? Solution:Divisor = (Dividend .Hence take the value of Z=16.5793405=57928256595 b.13 and 17. 5793405*9999=5793405*(10000 . 3 x 5 y .17 and 19.5. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2. Hence we can conclude that 241 is a prime number.100=11.

Third prime number =x+36=31+36=67. 20..6.The quotient obtained by him was 35... Now dividend =420 and divisor =21...1024 form a G.The difference between two numbers s 1365. Sum Sn=a(1 ......P with a=1.The number is ? a.360 Solution:Let the smaller number be x..A positive number which when added to 1000 gives a sum .1 b.d=7.8..22 c.0 b. 24.d=2..41 d67.4....P with a=2..7 b.6. The correct quotient is ? a.270 c.If one of them exceeds another by 36 then one of the numbers is ? a.+28= ? Solution:Given series is a G.4.r=2 and n=8.html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] ..2+22+23+24+25.240 b. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbers. Let it contain n terms then T =84=a+(n .Find the remainder when 231 is divided by 5 ? Solution:210 =1024.. 17.20 Solution:Dividend=12*35=420.. Let it contain n terms 1+(n . 21.r=Sn=2(1 ... 23.28.1024 ? Solution:Clearly 2.1)2=99 =>n=50 Then required sum =n/2(first term +last term) =50/2(1+99)=2500..Find the sum of all odd numbers up to 100 ? Solution:The given numbers are 1.12 c.22030 d..In doing a division of a question with zero remainder.5 d.28)/1 .When the larger number is divided by the smaller one the quotient is 6 and the remainder is 15.445)*2+30 =(555+445)*2*110+30 =220000+30=220030.r n)/1 .. none Solution:Let the one digit numbers x.1220 b. The smaller number is ? a..1250 c...1)d =14+(n-1)7 =7+7n 7n=77 =>n=11.The positive integer is ? a. 22.. 18. then larger number =1365+x Therefore 1365+x=6x+15 5x=1350 => x=270 Required number is 270.unit digit of 210 * 210 * 210 is 4 as 4*4*4 gives unit digit 4 unit digit of 231 is 8.A number when divided by the sum of 555 and 445 gives two times their difference as quotient and 30 as remainder . Now 8 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder.3 c.How many numbers between 11 and 90 are divisible by 7 ? Solution:The required numbers are 14. 25.220030.a candidate took 12 as divisor instead of 21. Solution:Number=(555+445)*(555 . 16. 231 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder..P with a=2....1=9 n=10.295 d.r=2 Let the number of terms be n then 2*2 n .The sum of three prime numbers is 100.1=1024 2n-1 =512=29 n .. which is greater than when it is multiplied by 1000. Therefore correct quotient =420/21=20..7 Solution:1000+N>1000N clearly N=1..99.29 c.84 This is an A..P with a=14.... Solution:x+(x+36)+y=100 2x+y=64 Therefore y must be even prime which is 2 2x+2=64=>x=31... =2*255=510. This is an A...18 b.5.21..z Sum of all possible two digit numbers= =(10x+y)+(10x+z)+(10y+x)+(10y+z)+(10z+x)+(10z+y) = 22(x+y+z) Therefore sum of all possible two digit numbers when divided by sum of one digit numbers gives 22.2.13 d.How many terms are there in 2..15.3.The sum of all possible two digit numbers formed from three different one digit natural numbers when divided by the sum of the original three numbers is equal to ? a.36 d.y. 19.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:13 AM] .file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbers.

Note:-Unity i e. Prime Numbers :A natural number larger than unity is a prime number if it does not have other divisors except for itself and unity. ->For prime numbers p>3.7. ->2 is also the only even prime number. ->The remainder of division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divide by 24 is 1.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK NUMBER SYSTEMS Natural Numbers:All positive integers are natural numbers..3. Process to Check A Number s Prime or not:Take the square root of the number.. p²-1 is divided by 24.F and L.Hence take the value of Z=16..2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H. ->The remainder when a prime number p>=5 s divided by 6 is 1 or 5.. Co-Primes:- file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersconcept.5. There are infinite natural numbers and number 1 is the least natural number. ->The remainder of the division of the square of a prime number p>=5 divided by 12 is 1. if a number on being divided by 6 gives a remainder 1 or 5 need not be prime. They are Prime and composite.1 is not a prime number. 239 is not divisible by any of these. Check for divisibility of the number N by all prime numbers below Z.8. Properties Of Prime Numbers:->The lowest prime number is 2.11 and 13. Hence we can conclude that 239 is a prime number.However.. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2. Based on divisibility there would be two types of natural numbers..C. Round of the square root to the next highest integer call this number as Z. Composite Numbers:The numbers which are not prime are known as composite numbers. ->If a and b are any 2 odd primes then a²-b² is composite.4. ->The lowest odd prime number is 3. Example 239 is prime or not? √239 lies between 15 or 16.C. Ex 1. Also a²+b² is composite. If there is no numbers below the value of Z which divides N then the number will be prime.3.

.which is divisible by 3 Thus the given number is divisible by 6. BASIC FORMULAE: ->(a+b)²=a²+b²+2ab ->(a-b)²=a²+b²-2ab ->(a+b)²-(a-b)²=4ab ->(a+b)²+(a-b)²=2(a²+b²) ->a²-b²=(a+b)(a-b) ->(a-+b+c)²=a²+b²+c²+2(ab+b c+ca) ->a³+b³=(a+b)(a²+b²-ab) ->a³-b³=(a-b)(a²+b²+ab) ->a³+b³+c³-3a b c=(a+b+c)(a²+b²+c²-ab-b c-ca) ->If a+b+c=0 then a³+b³+c³=3a b c DIVISION ALGORITHM If we divide a number by another number .11. Divisibility by 3:-A number is divisible by 3.8.3).while 65935 is not.13:-The difference of the number of its thousands and the remainder of its division by 1000 is divisible by 7.(4.11.since the number formed by the last two digits is 82 is not divisible by 4.4. Example 689745132 Face value of 2 is 2.But 749282 is not divisible by 4.5)..864329 is not divisible by 3.F is 1. Example 1.if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. Face value of 3 is 3 and so on. Example 84932 is divisible by 2.then file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersconcept.2.892648 is divisible by 4. Face value:-It is the value of the digit itself at whatever place it may be.11). example 35256 is clearly divisible by 2 sum of digits =3+5+2+5+21. Tests of Divisibility:- Divisibility by 2:-A number is divisible by 2.(8.Two numbers a an b are said to be co-primes. Divisibility by 4:-A number is divisible by 4.(1+2+8)=11 which is divisible by 11.9). 2.(7.592482 is divisible by 3. Place value or Local value of a digit in a Number: place value: Example 689745132 Place value of 2 is (2*1)=2 Place value of 3 is (3*10)=30 and so on.50345 Divisibility by 6:-If the number is divisible by both 2 and 3.6. Divisibility by 11:-If the difference of the sum of the digits in the odd places and the sum of the digitsin the even places is zero or divisible by 11.if its unit's digit is any of 0. 2.if the number formed by last two digits is divisible by 4.if their H. Example 20820. Example (2. Divisibility by 8:-A number is divisible by 8 if the last 3 digits of the number are divisible by 8.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] . Example 1. Divisibility by 12:-All numbers divisible by 3 and 4 are divisible by 12.since sum of its digits 8+6+4+3+2+9=32 which is not divisible by 3.since sum of its digits 5+9+2+4+8+2=30 which is divisible by 3. Example 4832718 (8+7+3+4) ..since the number formed by the last two digits is 48 divisible by 4.if its unit's digit is either 0 or 5. Divisibility by 7.13.. Divisibility by 5:-A number divisible by 5.C.

The sum of n terms of A.P....P Tn=a r n-1 Sum of n terms Sn=a(1-r n)/1-r BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersconcept. xImportant Results: a. In G... The n th term of this A...... i.12+22+32+42+52........e a. PROGRESSION:A succession of numbers formed and arranged in a definite order according to certain definite rule is called a progression..Multiplication by distributive law: a)a*(b+c)=a*b+a*c b)a*(b-c)=a*b-a*c Example a)567958*99999=567958*(100000-1) 567958*100000-567958*1 56795800000-567958 56795232042 b)978*184+978*816=978*(184+816) 978*1000=978000 2.....a r.Arithmetic Progression:-If each term of a progression differs from its preceding term by a constant.................. b..=n(n+1)(2n+1)/6.....a r2...a r3...... c..P Sn=n/2[2a+(n-1)d]...Geometric Progression:-A progression of numbers in which every term bears a constant ratio with ts preceding term.P is Tn=a(n-1)+d...=n(n+1)/2. 1..13+23+33+43+53...Dividend = (Divisor * quotient) + Remainder MULTIPLICATION BY SHORT CUT METHODS 1.....html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] ..1+2+3+4+5......Multiplication of a number by 5n:-Put n zeros to the right of the multiplicand and divide the number so formed by 2n Example 975436*625=975436*54=9754360000/16=609647500...=n2(n+1)2/4 2... This constant difference is called the common difference of the A.....

11 and 13.3. c.5.5.11992-7823-456 Solution: a. Hence we can conclude that 337 is a prime number.7.7.Hence take the value of Z=16.Hence take the value of Z=19.13.3. 839478*625=839478*54=8394780000/16=524673750.What could be the maximum value of Q in the following equation? 5PQ+3R7+2Q8=1114 Solution: 5 P Q 3 R 7 2 Q 8 11 1 4 2+P+Q+R=11 Maximum value of Q =11-2=9 (P=0.5.C. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2. Hence we can conclude that 241 is a prime number. 337 is not divisible by any of these. 6. 241 is not divisible by any of these. 5793405*9999=5793405*(10000-1) 57934050000-5793405=57928256595 b.241 16>√241. 337 19>√337.241 b. 391 20>√391.5793405*9999 b.839478*625 Solution: a. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK NUMBER SYSTEMS SOLVED PROBLEMS 1.Simplify: a.11. 391 is divisible by 17.F and L. b.7.337 c.11992-7823-456=11992-(7823+456) =11992-8279=3713 2.391 Solution: a. 4. Hence we can conclude that 391 is not a prime number.Hence take the value of Z=20.R=0) 3. Prime numbers less than 16 are 2.8888+888+88+8 b.Which of the following is a prime number? a.8888 888 88 8 9872 b.17 and 19.C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] .11.Evaluate 313*313+287*287 Solution: a²+b²=1/2((a+b)²+(a-b)²) 1/2(313+287)² +(313-287)²=1/2(600 ² +26 ² ) ½(360000+676)=180338 5.3.13 and 17.APTITUDE Numbers H.Simplify a.Find the unit's digit n the product 2467 153 * 34172? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersproblems.

10.required number =10011.Find the divisor? Solution:Divisor = (Dividend-Remainder)/Quotient =(15968-37) / 89 =179.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] . Sum of digits in 5967013=5+9+6+7+0+1+3=31 not divisible by 3. b.Solution: Unit's digit in the given product=Unit's digit in 7 153 * 172 Now 7 4 gives unit digit 1 7 152 gives unit digit 1 7 153 gives 1*7=7.On dividing 15968 by a certain number the quotient is 89 and the remainder is 37. x must be replaced by 2 The digit in place of x must be 2. 7.What least value must be assigned to * so that th number 197*5462 is divisible by 9? Solution: Let the missing digit be x Sum of digits = (1+9+7+x+5+4+6+2)=34+x For 34+x to be divisible by 9 . Hence. 12. 9.What least number must be added to 3000 to obtain a number exactly divisible by 19? Solution:On dividing 3000 by 19 we get 17 as remainder Therefore number to be added = 19-17=2.A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47.5967013 Solution: a. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersproblems. 13.Find the total number of prime factors in 411 *7 5 *112 ? Solution: 411 7 5 112= (2*2) 11 *7 5 *112 = 222 *7 5 *112 Total number of prime factors=22+5+2=29 8.Which of the following numbers s divisible by 3? a.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder? Solution:Number=342 K + 47 = 19 * 18 K + 19 * 2 + 9=19 ( 18K + 2) + 9. The given number when divided by 19 gives 18 K + 2 as quotient and 9 as remainder.Find the smallest number of 6 digits which is exactly divisible by 111? Solution:Smallest number of 6 digits is 100000 On dividing 10000 by 111 we get 100 as remainder Number to be added =111-100=11.Also 172 gives 1 Hence unit's digit in the product =7*1=7. Sum of digits in 541326=5+4+1+3+2+6=21 divisible by 3. 11.541326 b.

unit digit of 210 * 210 * 210 is 4 as 4*4*4 gives unit digit 4 unit digit of 231 is 8..6. 17. 15.. 18.d=2.d=7.P with a=1..Find the remainder when 231 is divided by 5? Solution:210 =1024.5.4......14...1024? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersproblems..2.A number being successively divided by 3..6 5 -4 -2 Respective remainders are 6.. Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed? Solution:Let the number be x.. 3 x 5 y -1 8 z -4 1 . Let it contain n terms 1+(n-1)2=99 =>n=50 Then required sum =n/2(first term +last term) =50/2(1+99)=2500..4.99.4....8.....P with a=14..84 This is an A.21... This is an A.28.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] .How many numbers between 11 and 90 are divisible by 7? Solution:The required numbers are 14.5.8 leaves remainders 1.. Let it contain n terms then T =84=a+(n-1)d =14+(n-1)7 =7+7n 7n=77 =>n=11.7 respectively..7 z=8*1+7=15 y=5z+4 = 5*15+4 = 79 x=3y+1 = 3*79+1=238 Now 8 5 3 1 238 29 .Find the sum of all odd numbers up to 100? Solution:The given numbers are 1. Now 8 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder.. 16..How many terms are there in 2. 231 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder.3..

6..41 d67.a candidate file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersproblems. Solution:x+(x+36)+y=100 2x+y=64 Therefore y must be even prime which is 2 2x+2=64=>x=31.. 24. then larger number =1365+x Therefore 1365+x=6x+15 5x=1350 => x=270 Required number is 270.1250 c.. Sum Sn=a(1-r n)/1-r=Sn=2(1-28)/1-2.240 b.A positive number which when added to 1000 gives a sum .1 b.. 21.y.A number when divided by the sum of 555 and 445 gives two times their difference as quotient and 30 as remainder ..+28=? Solution:Given series is a G. =2*255=510.Solution:Clearly 2.The positive integer is? a. The smaller number is? a. 23. Third prime number =x+36=31+36=67.r=2 and n=8. 19.22 c.2+22+23+24+25...The number is? a.The sum of three prime numbers is 100.z Sum of all possible two digit numbers= =(10x+y)+(10x+z)+(10y+x)+(10y+z)+(10z+x)+(10z+y) = 22(x+y+z) Therefore sum of all possible two digit numbers when divided by sum of one digit numbers gives 22.7 b..18 b.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] . 22.4.295 d.r=2 Let the number of terms be n then 2*2 n-1=1024 2n-1 =512=29 n-1=9 n=10.220030.. which is greater than when it is multiplied by 1000.22030 d.1024 form a G.5 d..1220 b.270 c.7 Solution:1000+N>1000N clearly N=1.. 20.P with a=2... 25. none Solution:Let the one digit numbers x.The difference between two numbers s 1365.29 c.360 Solution:Let the smaller number be x. Solution:Number=(555+445)*(555-445)*2+30 =(555+445)*2*110+30 =220000+30=220030.The sum of all possible two digit numbers formed from three different one digit natural numbers when divided by the sum of the original three numbers is equal to? a..If one of them exceeds another by 36 then one of the numbers is? a.When the larger number is divided by the smaller one the quotient is 6 and the remainder is 15.In doing a division of a question with zero remainder.3 c...P with a=2.36 d.

The correct quotient is? a.took 12 as divisor instead of 21.12 c.The quotient obtained by him was 35.13 d.20 Solution:Dividend=12*35=420. Now dividend =420 and divisor =21.html[1/28/2012 12:45:14 AM] . Therefore correct quotient =420/21=20. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/numbersproblems.0 b.

8.76.4. 9... So the series is 2..12. 3 * 4 .20 and 7.( ) SOLUTION: The terms are doubled and change the sign.3.. SOLUTION: Numbers are 23 -1.6.76.html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] .( ).720 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddcomplex.65. 13...20.48. Find the wrong number in the given series.17.18.42. So 435 is the missing term. So 34 is the wrong number in the series. 2 * 3 .Find the missing term in the series: 4. 12.16.( ) SOLUTION: Go on multiplying by 2.16.88. 125.C.63 SOLUTION: The difference between consecutive terms are respectively 5.255.56. 165. so the series is 71+5=76 10.. So series is 165.65.9.( ) SOLUTION: Alternately add 5 and subtract 7.74.72.22 So increasing by 3 and 5. i.54.1.56.9.63. 4 * 5 .33.Forth is one more than twice the third and so on. 5.6.71.53 SOLUTION: Subtract 24..15.12.345.67.17.48.11.17.11.124..106.16.2.e the series is 15*11.. 4.240..2.2.. So the next term is 54 / 2 = 27. 6.2.33-1.261. 1.( ) SOLUTION: Numbers are alternatively multiplied by 3 and divided by 2.C.7. 3.12. 8.( ) SOLUTION: Each number is 15 multiplied by a prime number.285. So the next number is 2 * 37 + 1 = 74+1 = 75.255..7.12.5..5.195.APTITUDE Numbers H.15. 3. 7..-32.64.( ) SOLUTION: The pattern is 1 * 2 .6.15*23.435.96.72.215.Third number is one less than twice the second.342. 7 * 8 .34.13.11.19. 7.12. 5 * 6 .20. So 261*1+1=522+1=523 So the missing term is 523.so 83-1=511.-8.8.F and L. 11.( ) SOUTION: The terms are doubled and 1 is added.36.195. So 72 is the missing term. 8. 6 * 7 ...37 SOLUTION: Second number is one more than twice the first.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ODD MAN OUT & SERIES EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: 1.21.15*19. So the last term in the series is 240*6=1440..345.15*29.24.30.4.14.24.22.9 from the numbers to get the next number. 8 * 9 . So 128 is wrong.43-1..69. So 511 is the missing term.285.( ) SOLUTION: There are two series 8.So 20 the missing term.131.30. So the next term is -128 2.15*13.58.15*17..24.12.17.12.42.14.18.6.

4.6996 SOLUTION: Let the numbers be A.8.. 15 .SOLUTION: Multiply with 1.91 SOLUTION: Go on adding 7.11...235 SOLUTION: Second term = First term + 22 Third term = Second term + 32 Fourth term = Third term + 42 Fifth term = Forth term + 52 Sixth term = Fifth term + 62 Seventh term = Sixth term + 72 So the third term should be 45 instead of 41.46.3.105.40.1165.218.F.61. 32.the series will be 40960.10. 40960.17. SOLUTION: Second term = first term * 3 – 4 = 26.228.E. 19 .16.5834.C*3+3. So 2124 is wrong. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddcomplex..html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] . 17..160.15.2560.10240.2560.654.424..6 to get the next number.1946.2124.36.57.7.34. 14 .40. So 96 is wrong.C.2. 19.640.26. So 200 is wrong. so 288 is wrong.26.B. 18.18.200..59.A*1+1.13.D..12576 SOLUTION: Second term = First term * 1 + 1 = 16 Third term = Second term * 2 + 2 = 34 Forth term = Third Term * 3 + 3 = 105 Fifth term = Forth term * 4 + 4 = 424 Sixth term = Fifth term * 5 + 5 =2125 Seventh term = Sixth term * 6 + 6 = 12576.10240.5..640.. So 33 is wrong. 16 .74. 15.B*2+2... 10.G then A.9.86.10 SOLUTION: Go on dividing by 4 .41.171.33.122.74. Third term = Second term * 3 – 4 =74 Forth term = Third term * 3 – 4 =218 Fifth term = Forth term * 3 – 4 =650 So 654 is wrong .

...M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ODD MAN OUT & SERIES In any type of problems. If 60.......9....31.. 5.......30 found in the series then the series will be in n2-n relation.6. is series then the relation is n2-n-1.... If 35 is found in the series then the series will be in n2-1 relation.5....15......Prime Number Series Example: 2..12......... 9...APTITUDE Numbers H..4. 10... 6.Numbers in G.10...12.......... 2..html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] .P: Example: 48.. Some important properties of numbers are 1... If 125 is found in the series then the series will be in n3 relation..12....3... 7. SOME MORE PROPERTIES: 1. 12.....3..210... 2....a set of numbers is given in such a way that each one except one satiesfies a particular definite property.........11... is found as series then the series will be in n3-n relation..25....7.4. 11....C. 5....6.. If any series starts with 0... 14...3.Perfect Cubes: Example: 1. If any series starts with 0.125.P): Example: 13.The one which does not satisfy that characteristic is to be taken out.... 4.. is found then relation is n3+n 13.. If 126 is found in the series then the series will be in n3+1 relation..generally the relation will be (n2-n)......8. 6... 3. If 37 is found in the series then the series will be in n2+1 relation..... If 36 is found in the series then the series will be in n2 relation...F and L. given below : file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddcont...... 3.2. is series then the relation is n2-n+1..... If series starts with 0..Even Number Series Example: 2...9.Numbers in Arthimetic Progression(A.... If 19..16. 4. If any series starts with 0.....7.11..generally the relation will be (n2-1).... 8....9..3. If 21. If 222............ If 20...27.6.Perfect Squares: Example: 1.Odd Number Series: Example: 1..120... If 124 is found in the series then the series will be in n3-1 relation... the series will be on n2-1 relation.......5.Multiples of Number Series: Example: 3..8..C.9...... 15.are multiples of 3 7.. 8..3.11.7..29...generally the relation will be (n3-n)...64..

61...15.19 SOLUTION: The above series except 12 all elements are odd numbers.. If series starts with 0... is series then the relation is n2 .73.. If any series starts with 0..1. 6..1 relation...47.are multiples of 3 7......125..71.8.n relation.Find the odd one out.n . If 36 is found in the series then the series will be in n2 relation.Find the odd one out.30.. so 23 is odd one...3..9.36 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 23 are perfect sqares..2.. 15..P: Example: 48.n relation.12...Oddman Out and Series Introduction: In any type of problems.... 4.7...Find the odd one out.Numbers in G.3.. So 20 is odd one. so 81 is odd one.P): Example: 13.25...n). 9.20.. 14.3.6. If 35 is found in the series then the series will be in n2-1 relation.1.Perfect Squares: Example: 1.1.Find the odd one out..4..4...99 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements in the pattern like 12..8.a set of numbers is given in such a way that each one except one satiesfies a particular definite property.1)....3..16. 5. so 100 is odd one....11.generally the relation will be (n3 .Prime Number Series Example: 2.n+1.31.64.Perfect Cubes: Example: 1....125..14.7.so 12 is the odd one.......12. 3.Find the odd one out.... If any series starts with 0.... If 37 is found in the series then the series will be in n2+1 relation... 3. 10..... 4.Numbers in Arthimetic Progression(A... If any series starts with 0...27.8...4.Odd Number Series: Example: 1......7... If 125 is found in the series then the series will be in n3 relation..... 7... If 19....5..120...17.3..16..49 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 20 are perfect squares. 6.5.. Top Problems 1.43...... 2. the series will be on n2-1 relation. 4. If 126 is found in the series then the series will be in n3+1 relation...9. If 124 is found in the series then the series will be in n3 ..23.5. is series then the relation is n2 .......36.Multiples of Number Series: Example: 3.The one which does not satisfy that characteristic is to be taken out.11. If 20... Some important properties of numbers are given below : 1...16.41. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmanoutandseries..64..216...9...6.81 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 81 are prime numbers. 8..Even Number Series Example: 2..100...4.6.210..9. is found as series then the series will be in n3 .. 6.....55.9....27..11..10.343 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 100 are perfect cubes. 2....5. If 60.12...... 5. 5...3.53..... If 222. 3.9. If 21.30 found in the series then the series will be in n2 ..... 2.....29...... 8.. Some More Properties: 1..generally the relation will be (n2 ....1.. 11..50..7.n).12.html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] ..25.. Find the odd one out. 12.generally the relation will be (n2 . is found then relation is n3+n 13.

.751.the terms are successively divided by 12.263.5.45 So 0 is odd one.64 SOLUTION: In the above series.30.427.the 1st term * 2nd term = 2nd term * 3rd term = 3rd term * 4th term = But 50*500=25000 which so 5000 is odd one..605.331. So 70 is wrong term in the series.6.384.132.5.7.55.5. 10.6.6.611.12*13. to the terms.Find the odd one out.3.572.319.396.It is 65. 14.35.102 SOLUTION: In the above series.7.Find the odd one out.But 427is not in this pattern. 2.10..319 SOLUTION: Double the number and add 1 to it.8.159..but 102+3 is not equal to 102.588.50. It is 103. 15.5000 SOLUTION: In the above series.50.Find out the odd one out..26.10. alternatively 23 is added and 17 is subtracted from the terms.56.the difference between third and first digit of each element is equal to its middle digit..3.5.52.11*12.6. pattern as follows: 3rd term 4th term 5th term is not equal to 5000.so odd one. 2*5.but 82+1 is not equal to 64..25.244 SOLUTION: In the above series..Find the odd one out.37.the elements are in the pattern of x2+1. from the terms..but 102+3 is not equal to 102.Find the odd one out.Find the odd one out. . so 24 is not in this pattern.It is 103. 18.385.64 is odd one.634. and at even places is 16.2square . 7*15...Find the odd one out.9.1 SOLUTION: In the above series.55.734.17.4462..4.672.7.5.136.. 16.Find the odd one out.10.16..6.500.8.613.21.14.Find the odd one out.111 SOLUTION: In the above series.39. Where x is 1. 8.7.460.132.90..10. Find the odd one out.90 SOLUTION: Subtract 20. 4.8.5..10. Top 22.78.16..39.8*9.32.6.600 SOLUTION: In the above series.551.105. SOLUTION: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmanoutandseries. so 24 is odd one.Find the odd one out. 21.19.12+22.. Where x is 4.72.46080. But 383 is not in this pattern.79.Find out the odd one out.Find the odd one out.28. So it will be 56.so odd one.so odd one.56.40.the sum of first and third digit of each element is equal to its middle digit.48..383.But 751 is not in this pattern..110.105 SOLUTION: The pattern in the series is 1*3..482. 19..90.91 SOLUTION: Add 1square .532 SOLUTION: In the above series.Find out the odd one out. 582.12+22+32.30. 23.2.9.so 102 is odd one. So 634 is odd one.242.html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] .60. Top 12.31. 19.30.10.72.40 SOLUTION: In the above series.7..25..7.642.132. 20.79.110.5.the product of first and third digit of each element is equal to its middle digit.150 SOLUTION: The above series as follows: 7*8..8.21.853.36.6square so 91 is wrong. 1.9 SOLUTION: In the above series. 3*7. So the series will be 4..the difference between two successive terms from the beginning are 7..9*10.264 SOLUTION: In the above series.6.24.9.. pattern.37.85. 6*13.10.105.16. 13.324.64.Find the odd one out..253.981.617..45. 9.15.67.Find the odd one out..9.so odd one.Find the odd one out.13. So the series will be 3..835.so 102 is odd one.. 11.. But 50 is not in this 7.68.the elements are in the pattern of x2+3.160.6. Where x is 4. 4*9.2.5.the terms at odd places are 5.156 so 150 is wrong.3840.28.0.. . So 9 is odd one.2. 5*11.352. so 40 is odd one.36....the elements are in the pattern of x2+3.. 17.70.39.18.2.10. So 160 is wrong..84.10*11..

53 ) ) ) SOLUTION: Subtract 24.86.2.12. So 96 is wrong.36.43 .4. 2 * 3 .67. So 34 is the wrong number in the series.20 and 7.88.106...12.15*23. 1.( )..1.32.7...-8. 165.345..235 SOLUTION: Second term = First term + 22 Third term = Second term + 32 Fourth term = Third term + 42 Fifth term = Forth term + 52 Sixth term = Fifth term + 62 Seventh term = Sixth term + 72 So the third term should be 45 instead of 41. 7 * 8 .720 SOLUTION: Multiply with 1.4. So 132 is wrong.5.255.12.48.41.( SOLUTION: Alternately add 5 and subtract 7.6. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmanoutandseries.6 to get the next number.15*13.13. So the next term is 54 / 2 = 27.240.5.7. 4.30.. 11. So 261*1+1=522+1=523 So the missing term is 523..65. 5. 6 * 7 .2.72. 12.215.( ) SOLUTION: Numbers are alternatively multiplied by 3 and divided by 2.24.18.8.e the series is 15*11.37 SOLUTION: Second number is one more than twice the first.2124.195.Third number is one less than twice the second. 8 * 9 .15.( SOLUTION: There are two series 8. So 435 is the missing term.11.69.34.20. So series is 165.2.( ) SOLUTION: The terms are doubled and change the sign. 125..42.1. So 128 is wrong.Forth is one more than twice the third and so on.15*17.3.30.33.15*19. i.6.261.195.76. 32.34.76.5. 14 .1=511. 8. 15.16.12.6.36.14.171. 5 * 6 .63.Alternatively add 4 and double the next term.16.16.. So the next term is . 9.1.22. 7..424. Find the wrong number in the given series.64. 13.17.12.96.14. 4 * 5 .6.435.21.( ) SOLUTION: Each number is 15 multiplied by a prime number.15*29.61.33 .58..17.. So 2124 is wrong..56. .11.19..128 2.12. 7.122...42.131. 8.10.So 20 the missing term. 3.345.17.9 from the numbers to get the next number..3.18. SOLUTION: Numbers are 23 .255.72.20.65.48. So 72 is the missing term. 3 * 4 .15.285.( SOLUTION: Go on multiplying by 2. COmplex Problems 1.. So the next number is 2 * 37 + 1 = 74+1 = 75.2.56. 15 .22 So increasing by 3 and 5.( SOUTION: The terms are doubled and 1 is added.105.24.11. Top 6. So the last term in the series is 240*6=1440.342.12576 SOLUTION: Second term = First term * 1 + 1 = 16 Third term = Second term * 2 + 2 = 34 Forth term = Third Term * 3 + 3 = 105 Fifth term = Forth term * 4 + 4 = 424 Sixth term = Fifth term * 5 + 5 =2125 Seventh term = Sixth term * 6 + 6 = 12576.8..63 SOLUTION: The difference between consecutive terms are respectively 5.so 83 .2. So the series is 2.Find the missing term in the series: 4. 3.1.9.74.16.54.html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] .4.24.12.9. So 511 is the missing term.71. so the series is 71+5=76 10.124.( ) ) SOLUTION: The pattern is 1 * 2 .285.17.

B.html[1/28/2012 12:45:15 AM] .B*2+2.13.200. 19 .228.16 .10240.11.160.. 40960.. 19.40.8.18.74. 17.26. 10..33. so 288 is wrong. SOLUTION: Second term = first term * 3 â€“ 4 = 26.26.. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmanoutandseries.57.5834.E.7...10240.D.A*1+1.2560.10 SOLUTION: Go on dividing by 4 .640.10.6996 SOLUTION: Let the numbers be A.1165.F.. So 200 is wrong. 18.59.46..9.15.C*3+3.640.C.1946.654....G then A.2560. Third term = Second term * 3 â€“ 4 =74 Forth term = Third term * 3 â€“ 4 =218 Fifth term = Forth term * 3 â€“ 4 =650 So 654 is wrong .74. So 33 is wrong.the series will be 40960..218.17.40.91 SOLUTION: Go on adding 7.

7.25.384.Find the odd one out.8*9.91 SOLUTION: Add 1square .30..Find the odd one out.. 3.Find the odd one out.13.30.APTITUDE Numbers H.48.50.-45.Find the odd one out. 17.10*11.60.30.9*10.78. 16.500.634.156 so 150 is wrong. 5..2. so 24 is odd one. 20.11*12. So 70 is wrong term in the series.the terms at odd places are 5.-90 SOLUTION: Subtract 20.150 SOLUTION: The above series as follows: 7*8.5.9 SOLUTION: In the above series.90.and at even places is 16.7.8.16..the difference between two successive terms from are 7.. 3*7. 46080.611.132.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ODD MAN OUT & SERIES EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: 13. So 634 is odd one.the pattern as follows: 1st term * 2nd term = 3rd term 2nd term * 3rd term = 4th term 3rd term * 4th term = 5th term But 50*500=25000 which is not equal to 5000.45 So 0 is odd one.79. so 5000 is odd one. 2.5.40.Find the odd one out. alternatively 23 is added and 17 is from the terms.10.132.110.319. subtracted the beginning file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmedium.6square so 91 is wrong.159.12*13.55.. 18..24.18.6..5.79.F and L..25.21. 14.21. 582.Find the odd one out. So 9 is odd one. 6*13.39. 2*5.16. 21. 15..Find the odd one out. 1.72.0.. So 160 is wrong. So it will be 56.85.6.605..70. 56.html[1/28/2012 12:45:16 AM] ...319 SOLUTION: Double the number and add 1 to it..6.15. 4*9.40 SOLUTION: In the above series.Find the odd one out.10.. So the series will be 3.10..31. 19.6. so 40 is odd one.37..105..600 SOLUTION: In the above series.3840.. to the terms.39.1 SOLUTION: In the above series.105 SOLUTION: The pattern in the series is 1*3.Find out the odd one out.36.. 7*15. 105.617.10.2..9.8.C.56.Find out the odd one out.5000 SOLUTION: In the above series.. 4.36.72. from the terms. 5*11.588.19.7. So the series will be 4.35. 22. 6.160.C.55.2square .90..110.16. so 24 is not in this pattern.the terms are successively divided by 12.9.

10. So 132 is wrong.Find out the odd one out.28. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddmedium.23.64.html[1/28/2012 12:45:16 AM] .68.132.32. SOLUTION: Alternatively add 4 and double the next term.14.

M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles ODDMAN OUT AND SERIES CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddseries.F and L.html[1/28/2012 12:45:16 AM] .C.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.

30.5.460. Find the odd one out.5..64 is odd one.49 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 20 are perfect odd one.so odd one.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK ODD MAN OUT & SERIES EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: 1. Find the odd one out.64 SOLUTION: In the above series.so 100 is odd one.67.55.Find the odd one out.9.532 SOLUTION: In the above series.2. 12+22. 4. 1.111 squares. Find the odd one out.Find the odd one out. But 50 is not in this pattern.324.C.. 2.28.43.16.the elements are in the pattern of x2+1.53.Where is 1..the elements are in the pattern of x2+3.so odd one.Where is 4. 10.5. 41....14.But 427is not in this pattern.8.9.61.427.8.26.16. 3.so odd one.So 20 is 81 is SOLUTION: In the above series.7.47.but 82+1 is not equal to 64.734.216.10.4.23.6. 1.343 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 100 are perfect cubes.Where is 4.so odd one. Find the odd one out.52.100.It is 65.7.4.136. 385.7.APTITUDE Numbers H.27.. 11. 3.9.642.613.but 102+3 is not equal to 102. Find the odd one out.853. 8.50.50..... 7..37.C.482.so 102 is odd one.6.4462.981.64.19 SOLUTION: In the above series except 12 all elements are odd numbers.9.5. Find the odd one out.the product of first and third digit of each element is equal to its middle digit. 835.20..but 102+3 is not equal to 102.17.551. 5. 1.But 751 is not in this pattern.so 12 is the odd one.73.so odd one.244 SOLUTION: In the above series.7.the elements are in the pattern of x2+3.12.383.102 x x SOLUTION: In the above series. 12.12+22+32.It is 103.Find the odd one out. x file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/oddsimple.25. Find the odd one out.. But 383 is not in this pattern.Find the odd one out.751.F and L. 6.3.the difference between third and first digit of each element is equal to its middle digit.. 2..99 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements in the pattern like 12.71.352..html[1/28/2012 12:45:17 AM] .572.Find the odd one out.39.396.263.672.264 SOLUTION: In the above series.the sum of first and third digit of each element is equal to its middle digit.84.125.10.5.so 102 is odd one.36 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 23 are perfect sqares. 253.4.6.36.81 SOLUTION: In the above series all elements except 81 are prime numbers.17.242.so 23 is odd one. 8.5. 9.10. 19.It is 103. 331.

Ratio of Division of Gains: 1.then A's share profit:B's share of profit=xp:yq BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnerconcepts.C. Now gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals.C.When A invests Rs x for p months and B invests Rs y for q months.APTITUDE Numbers H. then at the end of the year: (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=x:y 2. then (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=xp:yq 3.then at the end of the year (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=x:y 2.When investments of A and B are Rs x and Rs y for a year in a business . the gain or loss is distributed among the partners in the ratio of their investments. Suppose A and B invest Rs x and Rs y respectively for a year in a business.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PARTNERSHIP Important Facts: Partnership:When two or more than two persons run a business jointly. they are called partners and the deal is known as partnership.F and L.When the investments of all the partners are do the same time. Suppose A invests Rs x for p months and B invests Rs y for q months.When investments are for different time periods. then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital*number of units of time). FORMULAE 1.Working and sleeping partners:A partner who manages the business is known as working partner and the one who simply invests the money is a sleeping partner.html[1/28/2012 12:45:17 AM] .

C.000*4+40.C rented a pasture A grazed his 45 cows for 12 days B grazed his 36 cows for 15 days and c 60 cows for 10 days.the profit earned is Rs 6600.50.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PARTNERSHIP Difficult problems: 1.A.C. after 4 months Ramu invested Rs 25.3 milkman A. Rs 1. Sol: Ramu : Krishna=50.If b's share of rent was Rs 540 What is the total rent? Sol: 45*12:36*15:60*10 =9:9:10 9 parts is equal to Rs 540 then one part is equal to Rs 60 total rent=60*28=Rs 1680 4.000*8 =10:7 Ramu's annual profit=289000*(10/17)=Rs 170.000.html[1/28/2012 12:45:17 AM] .700*(10/27)=Rs 21.000:135. Find the share of Ramu in the annual profit of Rs 289.APTITUDE Numbers H.P and Q started a business investing Rs 85.700? Sol: Ratio of shares of A.800 B's share =Rs 56.700*(9/27)=Rs 18.000.B.000*2 17*2 : 3*2=34:6 2. what is the share of B? Sol: let C's capital =Rs x B's capital=Rs (2/3)*x A's capital =3*(2/3)*x=Rs 2x ratio of their capitals=2x:(2/3)*x:x =6x:2x.000.000*8:60.C enter into partnership . At the end of the year . In what ratio the profit earned after 2 years be divided between P and Q respectively? Sol: 85.700*(8/27)=Rs 16.000 3.Find the share of each .000.000 .000 and Rs 60.900 C's share =Rs 56.A invests 3 times as much as B invests and B invests two third of what C invests.000*4+75.000 and Rs 1.B and C=Ratio of their investments 120.Ramu and Krishna entered into a partnership with Rs 50.000:150.3x B's share =Rs 6600(2/11)=Rs 1200 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnerdifficult.20.35.A.000*2 : 15.F and L.000 =8:9:10 A's share=Rs 56.B.000 respectively.B and C started a business by investing Rs 1.000 and Rs 15.000 more while Krishna withdraw Rs 20.000 5.out of an annual profit of Rs 56.

B invests another Rs 2.000 and C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:17 AM] .70.000):(144x+3240000)=3:4:5 108x:72x+6480000:144x+3240000=3:4:5 (108x)/(72x+6480000)=3/4 432x=216x+19440000 216x=19440000 x=Rs 90000 A's initial investment=3x=3*90.B.B and C enter into a partnership by investing in the ratio of 3:2:4.000 C's initial investment=4x=4*90.Find the initial investment of each? Sol: Initial investments of A.profit are shared in the ratio of 3:4:5.000. Rs 4x then for 3 years (3x*36):[(2x*12)+(2x+270000)*24]:[(4x*24)+(4x+270000)*12]=3:4:5 108x:(72x+640.at the end of 2 years.6.A. Rs 2x.70.000 B's initial investment=2x=2*90.000=Rs 2. After one year .60.000=Rs 1.80.c be Rs 3x.At the end of 3 years .000 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnerdifficult. also invests Rs 2.70.000=Rs 3.

000 3. Find the share of Ramu in the annual profit of Rs 289.000:150.A.000*4+75.700*(8/27)=Rs 16.000 =8:9:10 A's share=Rs 56.Working and sleeping partners:A partner who manages the business is known as working partner and the one who simply invests the money is a sleeping partner.B.Find the share of each .B and C=Ratio of their investments 120.B and C started a business by investing Rs 1.When investments are for different time periods.When A invests Rs x for p months and B invests Rs y for q months. then at the end of the year: (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=x:y 2.3 milkman A.000*8:60.Ramu and Krishna entered into a partnership with Rs 50.8000 .Partnership Important Facts: Partnership:When two or more than two persons run a business jointly. Suppose A invests Rs x for p months and B invests Rs y for q months. Sol: Ramu : Krishna=50.000.900 C's share =Rs 56.000*2 17*2 : 3*2=34:6 2.000:135.out of an annual profit of Rs 56.000*4+40.When investments of A and B are Rs x and Rs y for a year in a business .In case of 3 A.000 more while Krishna withdraw Rs 20.000 and Rs 15. In what ratio the profit earned after 2 years be divided between P and Q respectively? Sol: 85.C investments then individual share is to be found then A=16000 . Formulae 1. then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital*number of units of time).000. Now gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals.B. Suppose A and B invest Rs x and Rs y respectively for a year in a business.700? Sol: Ratio of shares of A.html[1/28/2012 12:45:18 AM] .000 . B =Rs 12000 Sol: 15000*5 : 12000*9 25 : 36 for 36 parts=268000*(36/61) =Rs 158. then A's share profit:B's share of profit=xp:yq Short cuts: 1.000 and Rs 1.C rented a pasture A grazed his 45 cows for 12 days B grazed his 36 cows for 15 days and c 60 cows for 10 days.If b's share of rent was Rs 540 What is the total rent? Sol: 45*12:36*15:60*10 =9:9:10 9 parts is equal to Rs 540 then one part is equal to Rs 60 total rent=60*28=Rs 1680 4.20.16 Back Difficult problems: Top 1.A = Rs 15000.000 . the gain or loss is distributed among the partners in the ratio of their investments.35. B=32.000*8 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnership. then (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=xp:yq 3.P and Q started a business investing Rs 85.000*2 : 15.800 B's share =Rs 56.then at the end of the year (A's share of profit):(B's share of profit)=x:y 2.000 respectively. they are called partners and the deal is known as partnership.700*(10/27)=Rs 21. after 4 months Ramu invested Rs 25.If business mans A contributes for 5 months and B contributes for 9 months then share of B in the total profit of Rs 26.000. Rs 1.50. C=40.When the investments of all the partners are do the same time.700*(9/27)=Rs 18. Ratio of Division of Gains: 1.000 Sol: A:B:C=16:32:40 =2:4:5` then individual share can be easily known.000 and Rs 60. 2.000.

000 and C.c be Rs 3x.000=Rs 2. Rs 2x. what is the share of B? Sol: let C's capital =Rs x B's capital=Rs (2/3)*x A's capital =3*(2/3)*x=Rs 2x ratio of their capitals=2x:(2/3)*x:x =6x:2x.000=Rs 1. also invests Rs 2.the profit earned is Rs 6600.80.Find the initial investment of each? Sol: Initial investments of A.70.B and C enter into a partnership by investing in the ratio of 3:2:4.70.profit are shared in the ratio of 3:4:5.70.000 B's initial investment=2x=2*90.B.000 C's initial investment=4x=4*90.at the end of 2 years.A.000 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnership.000=Rs 3.60.3x B's share =Rs 6600(2/11)=Rs 1200 6.A.000. At the end of the year .000 5.000):(144x+3240000)=3:4:5 108x:72x+6480000:144x+3240000=3:4:5 (108x)/(72x+6480000)=3/4 432x=216x+19440000 216x=19440000 x=Rs 90000 A's initial investment=3x=3*90. Rs 4x then for 3 years (3x*36):[(2x*12)+(2x+270000)*24]:[(4x*24)+(4x+270000)*12]=3:4:5 108x:(72x+640.At the end of 3 years .html[1/28/2012 12:45:18 AM] . After one year .=10:7 Ramu's annual profit=289000*(10/17)=Rs 170.B.B invests another Rs 2.A invests 3 times as much as B invests and B invests two third of what C invests.C enter into partnership .

C=40.B =Rs 12000 Sol: 15000*5 : 12000*9 25 : 36 for 36 parts=268000*(36/61) =Rs 158.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles PARTNERSHIP Short cuts: 1.C.000 Sol: A:B:C=16:32:40 =2:4:5` then individual share can be easily known.B.8000 .APTITUDE Numbers H.In case of 3 A.C investments then individual share is to be found then A=16000 .000 .F and L.If business mans A contributes for 5 months and B contributes for 9 months then share of B in the total profit of Rs 26.16 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/partnershortcuts. 2.A = Rs 15000 . B=32.html[1/28/2012 12:45:18 AM] .C.

F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles PERCENTAGES CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percent.APTITUDE Numbers H.html[1/28/2012 12:45:18 AM] .C.C.

Â½ is what percent of 1/3? SOLUTION: =( Â½) / (1/3) *100 % = 3/2 *100 % = 150 % 7. What percent of 2 Metric tonnes is 40 Quintals? as a fraction. a) Express the following as decimals 6% SOLUTION: 6% = 6/100=0.3 so x = 6.then (x/100) *25 =2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:19 AM] .17 is greatest number in the given series.125 * 4 = 8. i) ? % of 25 = 2. SOLUTION: 1 metric tonne =10 Quintals So required percentage=(40/(2*10))*100% = 200% 8.133 So 0.Problems on Percentages Simple problems: 1 .0.5 ii) 9% of ? =6.08/100=8/10000=1/1250 2.166 2 / 15 =0.06 b) 0. i).04/100=0.0004 3 . 10.08% SOLUTION: 0.04% = 0.17? SOLUTION: 16 2/3 % = 50/3 % =50/3 * 1/100 =1/6 = 0.6% SOLUTION: 0. Find the missing figure . 2 is what percent of 50? SOLUTION: Formula : (IS / OF ) *100 % = 2/50 *100 = 4% 6. Then 9/100 of x= 6.125. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percentage.125 SOLUTION : Let x% of 25 = 2. 9.3.125 x = 2. Express the following a) 56% SOLUTION: 56/100=14/25 b) 4% SOLUTION: 4/100=1/25 c) 0. 2/15.6 Â¾ SOLUTION: 6 Â¾ =27/4 (27/4 *100) % =675 % 4. Which is the greatest in 16 2/3 %. Express the following as rate percent.04% SOLUTION: 0.6/100=6/1000=3/500 d) 0.3 *100/7 = 70.23/36 SOLUTION: = (23/36*100) % = 63 8/9% ii).If the sales tax be reduced from 3 Â½ % to 3 1/3 % .3 SOLUTION: Let 9 % of x = 6. Evaluate the following: 28% of 450 + 45% of 280 ? SOLUTION: =(28/100) *450 + (45/100) *280 = 28 * 45 / 5 = 252 5.

Each plays either hockey or football or both . 24. 18 .what will be the population 2 years hence? What was it 2 years ago? SOLUTION: Population After 2 years = 176400[1+5/100]2 =176400 * 21/20 *21/20 =194481 Population 2 years ago = 176400/(1+5/100)2 = 176400 * 20/21 *20/ 21 =160000 20. Then find the pass percent in the school. Find the percentage of money removed from the bag ? SOLUTION: Total money = (600 * 25/100 +1200 *50/100) =Rs 750 25p coins removed = 12/100 *600 =72 50p coins removed = 24/100 *1200 =288 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percentage. There are 600 boys in a hostel .Find how many play both? SOLUTION: n(A)=75/100 *600 =450 n(B) = 45/100 *600 = 270 n(A^B)=n(A) + n(B) â€“ n(AUB) =450 + 270 -600 =120 So 120 boys play both the games. 20 and 10 respectively .Then B earns less than A by what percent? SOLUTION: 33 1/3 =100 / Required Percentage = (100/3)/(100 + (100/3)) *100 % = 100/400 *100 = 25 % 22.If 75% play hockey and 45 % play football . SOLUTION: Number of passed candidates = 10/100*40+20/100 *50+10/100 * 60 =4+10+6 =20 Total students in school = 40+50+60 =150 So required percentage = 20/150 *100 = 40 /3 =13 1/3 % 23.A bag contains 600 coins of 25p denomination and 1200 coins of 50p denomination.1 liter of water is add to 5 liters of a 20 % solution of alcohol in water .=y/4y *100 % = 25%.If the price of tea is increased by 20% . If it increases at the rate of 5% per annum .The population of a town is 176400 .50.html[1/28/2012 12:45:19 AM] .If A earns 33 1/3 more than B . If 12% of 25p coins and 24 % of 50p coins are removed.A school has only three classes which contain 40.find how much percent must a householder reduce her consumption of tea so as not to increase the expenditure? SOLUTION: Reduction in consumption= R/(100+R) *100% =20/120 *100 = 16 2/3 % 19. Find the strength of alcohol in new solution? SOLUTION: Alcohol in 5 liters = 20% of 5 =1 liter Alcohol in 6 liters of new mixture = 1liter So % of alcohol is =1/6 *100=16 2/3% 21.The pass percent of these classes are 10.60 students respectively.

5 ==> 10000-7900=10.What is the reduced price per kg. Let the required decrease in breadth then 160/100 l *(100-x)/100 b=lb 160(100-x)=100 *100 or 100-x =10000/160 =125/2 so x = 100-125/2 =75/2=37.5 ==> 10000/79x-100/x=10. A reduction of 21 % in the price of wheat enables a person to buy 10 .5 *79) /kg = Rs 2 per kg.5 kg more for Rs 100.Breadth= b.For a sphere of radius 10 cm .html[1/28/2012 12:45:19 AM] .So money removed =72 *1/4 +288 *1/2 = Rs 162 So required percentage=162/750 *100 =21 . Required percentage= 5Q/P*100 % =5/6 * 100 % =83 1/3% 26. P is six times as large as Q.6% 25.5 be x % Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percentage. By what percent would the width have to be decreased to maintain the same area? SOLUTION: Let the length =l. 28.the numerical value of surface area is what percent of the numerical value of its volume? SOLUTION: Surface area = 4 *22/7 *r2 = 3/r(4/3 * 22/7 * r3) =3/r * VOLUME Where r = 10 cm So we have S= 3/10 V =3/10 *100 % of V = 30 % of V So surface area is 30 % of Volume.Find the percent that Q is less than P? SOLUTION: Given that P= 6Q So Q is less than P by 5Q.5 * 79 x ==> x= 2100/10. SOLUTION: Let the original price = Rs x/kg Reduced price =79/100x /kg ==> 100/(79x/100)-100/x =10.5 *79 So required price = Rs (79/100 *2100/10.The length of a rectangle is increased by 60 % . 27.

M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS CONCEPT PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percom1.C.F and L.html[1/28/2012 12:45:19 AM] .C.APTITUDE Numbers H.

c by taking two at a time are (ab. p2 are alike of another kind . . . .BC & CA. . .The different arrangements of a given number of things by taking some or all at a time.Suppose we want to select two out of three boys A.Number of all permutations of n things .C. such that (p1+p2+. .APTITUDE Numbers H. eg:. . . . . . .B. tor factors / r! file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomconcept. eg:.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CONCEPT Formulae:-> Factorial Notation :. .3.2. .All permutations( or arrangements)made with the letters a.are called permutations. .1 eg:. . . .factorial n dentoed by n! is defined as n! = n(n-1)(n-2). .cb) ->Numbers of permutations :.bc. .is called a combination. . Note that AB and BA represent the same selection. . .(pr!) ->Combinations :. (n-r+1) = n! / (n-r)! ->An Important Result :. pr) = n Then.ba. .C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] .Then . .b. p3 are alike of third kind and so on and pr are alike of rth kind.number of permutations of these n objects is: n! / (p1!).If there are n objects of which p1 are alike of one kind .ac.ca.(p2!).C .F and L. .possible selection are AB.Each of different groups or selections which can be formed by taking some or all of a number of objects.The number of all combination of n things taken r at atime is: nCr Note that : nCn = 1 and nC0 =1 An Important Result : nCr = nC(n-r) BACK = n! / (r!)(n-r)! = n(n-1)(n-2).5! = (5 * 4* 3 * 2 * 1) = 120 0! = 1 ->Permutations :. then . -> Number of Combination :. .Let n be positive integer. taken r at a time is given by nPr = n(n-1)(n-2). ..

5 *79 So required price = Rs (79/100 *2100/10.60 students respectively .Find the percent that Q is less than P? SOLUTION: Given that P= 6Q So Q is less than P by 5Q. Let the required decrease in breadth be x % then 160/100 l *(100-x)/100 b=lb 160(100-x)=100 *100 or 100-x =10000/160 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomplex.F and L.5 * 79 x ==> x= 2100/10.6% 25.By what percent would the width have to be decreased to maintain the same area? SOLUTION: Let the length =l.Breadth= b.For a sphere of radius 10 cm .C. A school has only three classes which contain 40.5 ==> 10000-7900=10. A reduction of 21 % in the price of wheat enables a person to buy 10 . If 12% of 25p coins and 24 % of 50p coins are removed. Find the percentage of money removed from the bag ? SOLUTION: Total money = (600 * 25/100 +1200 *50/100) =Rs 750 25p coins removed = 12/100 *600 =72 50p coins removed = 24/100 *1200 =288 So money removed =72 *1/4 +288 *1/2 = Rs 162 So required percentage=162/750 *100 =21 .5 ==> 10000/79x-100/x=10.5 *79) /kg = Rs 2 per kg.the numerical value of surface area is what percent of the numerical value of its volume? SOLUTION: Surface area = 4 *22/7 *r2 = 3/r(4/3 * 22/7 * r3) =3/r * VOLUME Where r = 10 cm So we have S= 3/10 V =3/10 *100 % of V = 30 % of V So surface area is 30 % of Volume.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PERCENTAGES EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: 22. SOLUTION: Let the original price = Rs x/kg Reduced price =79/100x /kg ==> 100/(79x/100)-100/x =10. Required percentage= 5Q/P*100 % =5/6 * 100 % =83 1/3% 26. 20 and 10 respectively .Find how many play both? SOLUTION: n(A)=75/100 *600 =450 n(B) = 45/100 *600 = 270 n(A^B)=n(A) + n(B) â€“ n(AUB) =450 + 270 -600 =120 So 120 boys play both the games.APTITUDE Numbers H.C. 27.html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] .A bag contains 600 coins of 25p denomination and 1200 coins of 50p denomination. P is six times as large as Q.5 kg more for Rs 100. The pass percent of these classes are 10.50.The length of a rectangle is increased by 60 % . 28. Each plays either hockey or football or both . Then find the pass percent in the school. SOLUTION: Number of passed candidates = 10/100*40+20/100 *50+10/100 * 60 =4+10+6 =20 Total students in school = 40+50+60 =150 So required percentage = 20/150 *100 = 40 /3 =13 1/3 % 23. There are 600 boys in a hostel . 24.If 75% play hockey and 45 % play football .What is the reduced price per kg.

=125/2 so x = 100-125/2 =75/2 =37.html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] .5 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomplex.

Evaluate 30!/28! Sol:30!/28! = 30 * 29 * (28!) / (28!) = 30 * 29 =870 2.Required number of ways = 15C 11 = 15C (15-11) = 15 C 4 15C4 = 15 * 14 * 13 * 12 / 4 * 3 * 2 *1 = 1365 6.F and L.C.In how many ways can a cricket eleven be chosen out of a batch of 15 players.Find the value of 60P3 Sol:.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBLEMS 1.How many words can be formed by using all the letters of the word “DAUGHTR” so that vowels always come together & vowels are never together? Sol:.In how many a committee of 5 members can be selected from 6men 5 ladies consisting of 3 men and 2 ladies Sol:(3 men out of 6) and (2 ladies out of 5) are to be chosen Required number of ways =(6C3 * 5C2) = 200 7.C.treated as one letter then the letter to be arranged are DAHTR(AUE) these 6 letters can be arranged in 6p6 = 6! = 720 ways The vowels in the group (AUE) may be arranged in 3! = 6 ways Required number of words = 760 * 6 =4320 (ii)Total number of words formed by using all the letters of the given words 8! = 8 * 7 * 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 = 40320 Number of words each having vowels together = 760 * 6 = 4320 Number of words each having vowels never together = 40320 – 4320 = 36000 5. Sol:. Find the value of 100C98 Sol:100C98 50C 50 = 100C100-98) = 100 * 99 / 2 *1 = 4950 50C50 = 1 4.60P3 = 60! / (60 – 3)! = 60! / 57! = (60 * 59 *58 * (57!) )/ 57! = 60 * 59 *58 = 205320 3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] .(i) Given word contains 8 different letters When the vowels AUE are always together we may suppose them to form an entity .APTITUDE Numbers H.How many 4-letter word with or without meaning can be formed out of the letters of the word 'LOGARITHMS' if repetition of letters is not allowed Sol:'LOGARITHMS' contains 10 different letters Required number of words = Number of arrangements of 100 letters taking 4 at a time = 10P4 = 10 * 9 * 8 * 7 = 5040 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomproblems.

. we must place all these books as under: X E X E X .1D and 1R Required number of ways = 6! / (1!)(2!)(1!)(1!)(1!) = 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1 / 2 * 1 =360 9.html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] . out of which there are 3 vowels and 3 consonants Let us mark these positions as under (1)(2) (3) (4)(5)(6) now 3 vowels can be placed at any of the three places out of 4 marked 1. .5.the number of places marked X are therefore 22.In how many ways can the letter of word 'LEADER' be arranged Sol:The word 'LEADER' contains 6 letters namely 1L.How many arrangements can be made out of the letters of the word 'MATHEMATICS' be arranged so that the vowels always come together Sol:In the word ' MATHEMATICS' we treat vowels AEAI as one letter thus we have MTHMTCS(AEAI) now we have to arrange 8 letters out of which M occurs twice .6. .8. there 4 ways of filling it. .7 and 9 which are divisible by 5 and none of the digits is repeated? Sol:. so we much have 5 at the unit place. .3. .Out of 7 constants and 4 vowels how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed? Sol:Number of ways of selecting (3 consonants out of 7) and (2 vowels out of 4) = 7C3 * 4C2 = 210 Number of groups each having 3 consonants and 2 vowels = 210 Each group contains 5 letters Number of ways of arranging 5 letters among themselves = 5! = (5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1) = 210 Required number of words = (210 * 210) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomproblems.T occurs twice & the rest are different Number of ways of arranging these letters = 8! / (2!)(2!) = 10080 now AEAI has 4 letters in which A occurs 2 times and the rest are different Number of ways of arranging these letters = 4! / 2! = 12 Required number of words = (10080 * 12) = 120960 10.1A. . Required number of numbers = (1 * 5 * 4) = 20 12. . Since there are 21 books on English. 19 places out of 22 can be chosen in 22 C 19 = 22 C 3 =22 * 21 * 20 / 3 * 2 *1 Hence the required number of ways = 1540 13.5 Number of ways of arranging the vowels = 3P3 = 3! =6 Also.In how many ways can 21 books on English and 19 books on Hindi be placed in a row on a self so that two books on Hindi may not be together? Sol:In order that two books on Hindi are never together.2E.How many 3 digit numbers can be formed from the digits 2. X E X Where E denotes the position of an English and X that of a Hindi book. . Now.the 3 consonants can be arranged at the remaining 3 positions Number of arrangements = 3P3 = 6 Total number of ways = (6 * 6) =36 11.3.so.In how many different ways can the letter of the word 'DETAIL' be arranged in such a way that the vowels occupy only the odd positions Sol:These are 6 letters in the given word .Since each desired number is divisible by 5. The hundreds place can now be filled by any of the remaining 4 digits .

html[1/28/2012 12:45:20 AM] .= 25200 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percomproblems.

C.then B is more than A by [(R/(100-R))*100]% ii)If file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/percont.APTITUDE Numbers H.6=6/10=(3/5*100)%=60% If the price of commodity increases by r%. we mean that many hundredths.C.48% = 48/100 = 12/25 To express a/b as a percent .then the reduction in consumption so as not to increase the expenditure is given as follows [r/(100+r)*100]% If the price of commodity decreased by r%. Suppose it depriciates at the rate of R% per annum. Thus x per cent means x hundredths written as x%.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PERCENTAGES By a certain percent.then the increase in consumption so as not to decrease the expenditure is given as follows [r/(100-r)*100]% RESULT ON POPULATION: Let the population of a town be P now and suppose it increases at the rate R% per annum then i)Population after n years = P[1+(R/100)]n ii) Population n years ago= P/[1+(R/100)]n RESULT ON DEPRECIATION: Let the present value of a machine be P.F and L.html[1/28/2012 12:45:21 AM] . So x% = x/100. then i)Value of machine after n years = P[1-(R/100)]n ii)Value of machine after n years = P/[1-(R/100)]n IMPORTANT i) If A is R% more than B. EXAMPLE: 1.20% = 20/100 = 1/5 2.we have a/b=(a/b*100)% Thus 1/4=(1/4*100)%=25% 0.then B is less than A by [(R/(100+R))*100]% A is R% less than B.

Then B earns less than A by what percent? SOLUTION: 33 1/3 =100 / 3 Required Percentage = (100/3)/(100 + (100/3)) *100 % = 100/400 *100 = 25 % file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/permedium.html[1/28/2012 12:45:21 AM] .Population 2 years ago = 176400/(1+5/100)2 = 176400 * 20/21 *20/ 21 =160000 20. Find the strength of alcohol in new solution? SOLUTION: Alcohol in 5 liters = 20% of 5 =1 liter Alcohol in 6 liters of new mixture = 1liter So % of alcohol is =1/6 *100=16 2/3% 21. If A earns 33 1/3 more than B .1 liter of water is add to 5 liters of a 20 % solution of alcohol in water .

1 eg:. .ba. then .factorial n dentoed by n! is defined as n! = n(n-1)(n-2).ca.2.b. . .How many words can be formed by using all the letters of the word â€œDAUGHTRâ€ so that vowels always come together & vowels are never together? Sol:(i) Given word contains 8 different letters When the vowels AUE are always together we may suppose them to form an entity .Then . .bc. .C . .is called a combination. .(pr!) Combinations: Each of different groups or selections which can be formed by taking some or all of a number of objects. .treated as one letter then the letter to be arranged are DAHTR(AUE) these 6 letters can be arranged in 6p6 = 6! = 720 ways The vowels in the group (AUE) may be arranged in 3! = 6 ways Required number of words = 760 * 6 =4320 (ii)Total number of words formed by using all the letters of the given words 8! = 8 * 7 * 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 = 40320 Number of words each having vowels together = 760 * 6 = 4320 Number of words each having vowels never together file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/permutationsandcombinations.cb) Numbers of permutations: Number of all permutations of n things. .c by taking two at a time are (ab. tor factors / r! Note: nCn = 1 and nC0 =1 An Important Result: nCr = nC(n-r) Top Problems 1. Number of Combination: The number of all combination of n things taken r at atime is: nCr = n! / (r!)(n-r)! = n(n-1)(n-2).Permutations and Combinations Formulae: Factorial Notation: Let n be positive integer.All permutations( or arrangements)made with the letters a.html[1/28/2012 12:45:21 AM] .5! = (5 * 4* 3 * 2 * 1) = 120 0! = 1 Permutations: The different arrangements of a given number of things by taking some or all at a time. taken r at a time is given by nPr = n(n-1)(n-2). . . . . . .possible selection are AB. Note that AB and BA represent the same selection. . .Evaluate 30!/28! Sol:30!/28! = 30 * 29 * (28!) = 30 * 29 =870 / (28!) 2. p2 are alike of another kind . . pr) = n Then.B. .number of permutations of these n objects is: n! / (p1!). .3. such that (p1+p2+. eg:.are called permutations.60P3 = = = = 60! / (60 â€“ 3)! = 60! / 57! (60 * 59 *58 * (57!) )/ 57! 60 * 59 *58 205320 3.. . .ac.(p2!).50C 50 Sol:100C98 = 100C100-98) = 100 * 99 / 2 *1 = 4950 50C50 = 1 4.Find the value of 60P3 Sol:. . . eg:. (n-r+1) = n! / (n-r)! An Important Result: If there are n objects of which p1 are alike of one kind. . Find the value of 100C98. . . p3 are alike of third kind and so on and pr are alike of rth kind.BC & CA.Suppose we want to select two out of three boys A. .

. 19 places out of 22 can be chosen in 22 C 19 = 22 C 3 =22 * 21 * 20 / 3 * 2 *1 Hence the required number of ways = 1540 13. Required number of numbers = (1 * 5 * = 20 12.3.Out of 7 constants and 4 vowels how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed? Sol:Number of ways of selecting (3 consonants out of 7) and (2 vowels out of 4) = 7C3 * 4C2 = 210 Number of groups each having 3 consonants and 2 vowels = 210 Each group contains 5 letters file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/permutationsandcombinations.= 40320 â€“ 4320 = 36000 5. there 4) 19 books on Hindi on Hindi may not In order that two books on Hindi are never together.2E.so.Required number of ways = 15C 11 = 15C (15-11) = 15 C 4 15C4 = 15 * 14 * 13 * 12 / 4 * 3 * 2 *1 = 1365 6.5. we must place all these books as under: X E X E X .5 Number of ways of arranging the vowels = 3P3 = 3! =6 Also.In how many ways can 21 books on English and be placed in a row on a self so that two books be together? Sol:5.T occurs twice & the rest are different Number of ways of arranging these letters = 8! / (2!)(2!) = 10080 now AEAI has 4 letters in which A occurs 2 times and the rest are different Number of ways of arranging these letters = 4! / 2! = 12 Required number of words = (10080 * 12) = 120960 10.3. out of which there are 3 vowels and 3 consonants Let us mark these positions as under (1)(2) (3) (4)(5)(6) now 3 vowels can be placed at any of the three places out of 4 marked 1.How many 3 digit numbers can be formed from the digits 2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:21 AM] . . Sol:.1D and 1R Required number of ways = 6! / (1!)(2!)(1!)(1!)(1!) = 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1 / 2 * 1 =360 Top 9.In how many different ways can the letter of the word 'DETAIL' be arranged in such a way that the vowels occupy only the odd positions Sol:These are 6 letters in the given word . Now. X E X Where E denotes the position of an English and X that of a Hindi book. .In how many ways can the letter of word 'LEADER' be arranged Sol:The word 'LEADER' contains 6 letters namely 1L.7 and 9 which are divisible by 5 and none of the digits is repeated? Sol:.How many arrangements can be made out of the letters of the word 'MATHEMATICS' be arranged so that the vowels always come together Sol:In the word ' MATHEMATICS' we treat vowels AEAI as one letter thus we have MTHMTCS(AEAI) now we have to arrange 8 letters out of which M occurs twice .In how many ways can a cricket eleven be chosen out of a batch of 15 players.1A.How many 4-letter word with or without meaning can be formed out of the letters of the word 'LOGARITHMS' if repetition of letters is not allowed Sol:'LOGARITHMS' contains 10 different letters Required number of words = Number of arrangements of 100 letters taking 4 at a time = 10P4 = 10 * 9 * 8 * 7 = 5040 8. Since there are 21 books on English.Since each desired number is divisible by so we much have 5 at the unit place.6. .In how many a committee of 5 members can be selected from 6men 5 ladies consisting of 3 men and 2 ladies Sol:(3 men out of 6) and (2 ladies out of 5) are to be chosen Required number of ways =(6C3 * 5C2) = 200 7. . .the 3 consonants can be arranged at the remaining 3 positions Number of arrangements = 3P3 = 6 Total number of ways = (6 * 6) =36 11. . . . The hundreds place digits . can now be filled by any of the remaining 4 4 ways of filling it.the number of places marked X are therefore 22.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:21 AM] .Number of ways of arranging 5 letters among themselves = 5! = (5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1) = 210 Required number of words = (210 * 210) = 25200 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/permutationsandcombinations.

Find the missing figure .04% = 0.125 * 4 = 8.Express the following as decimals a) 6% SOLUTION: 6% = 6/100=0. then (x/100) *25 =2. i) ? % of 25 = 2.F and L.125 x = 2. 2/15.17? SOLUTION: 16 2/3 % = 50/3 % file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/persimple.html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] .3 *100/7 = 70.APTITUDE Numbers H.23/36 SOLUTION: = (23/36*100) % = 63 8/9% ii).08/100=8/10000=1/1250 2. i).3 so x = 6.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PERCENTAGES EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: EXAPLE PROBLEMS: 1 .3 SOLUTION: Let 9 % of x = 6.0004 3 .2 is what percent of 50? SOLUTION: Formula : (IS / OF ) *100 % = 2/50 *100 = 4% 6. Then 9/100 of x= 6.6/100=6/1000=3/500 d) 0. Express the following as rate percent.½ is what percent of 1/3? SOLUTION: =( ½) / (1/3) *100 % = 3/2 *100 % = 150 % 7.08% SOLUTION: 0.6% SOLUTION: 0.Evaluate the following: 28% of 450 + 45% of 280 ? SOLUTION: =(28/100) *450 + (45/100) *280 = 28 * 45 / 5 = 252 5.6 ¾ SOLUTION: 6 ¾ =27/4 (27/4 *100) % =675 % 4.What percent of 2 Metric tonnes is 40 Quintals? SOLUTION: 1 metric tonne =10 Quintals So required percentage = (40/(2*10)) *100 % = 200% 8.5 ii) 9% of ? =6.Which is the greatest in 16 2/3 %.C.04/100=0.C.3.0.04% SOLUTION: 0.06 b) 0. 9. Express the following as a fraction.125.125 SOLUTION : Let x% of 25 = 2. a) 56% SOLUTION: 56/100=14/25 b) 4% SOLUTION: 4/100=1/25 c) 0.

65 % of a number is 21 less than 4/5 of that number. A rejects 0.html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] . 11.If the sales tax be reduced from 3 ½ % to 3 1/3 % .How many will he examine to reject 2? SOLUTION: Let the number of meters to be examined be x.166 2 / 15 =0.17 is greatest number in the given series.then what difference does it make to a person who purchases an article with marked price of RS 8400? SOLUTION: Required difference = 3 ½ % of 8400 – 3 1/3 % of 8400 =(7/2-10/3)% of 8400 =1/6 % of 8400 = 1/6* 1/100* 8400 = Rs 14.=50/3 * 1/100 =1/6 = 0. Then 0. 10.08 =2 * 100 * 100/8 = 2500 12.08% of x=2.(65% of x) = 21 4/5x – 65/100 x=21 15x=2100 x=140 > file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/persimple. What is the number? SOLUTION: Let the number be x.08/100*x= 2 x= 2 * 100/0.133 So 0.08% of the meters as defective . 0. 4/5 x.

C.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles PUZZLES PUZZLES REASONING file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pinkivijji_puzzles.APTITUDE Numbers H.html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] .F and L.

If all the three pipes operate simultaneously. the net part filled in 1 hour=(1/y -1/x).html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] . how much time will be taken to fill the tank? Sol: Part filled Part filled Part filled Hence. How long will the waste pipe take to empty the full cistern? Sol: Work done by a waste pipe in 1 min =1/20 -(1/12+1/15)= -1/10 (-ve means emptying) 6)A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. If both the taps are opened simultaneously.in how much time will the tank be filled? Sol: Net part filled in 1 hour=1/10 +1/12 -1/20 =8/60=2/15 The tank be filled in 15/2hours= 7 hrs 30 min 3)A cistern can be filled by a tap in 4 hours while it can be emptied by another tap in 9 hours. the empty cistern is full in 20 min. the tank will be emptied. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. How many hours does it take the second pipe to fill the reservoir.One pipe fills the reservoir 10 hours faster than the other. v) If two pipes A and B can fill a tank in x hours and y hours respectively. i) If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours.e 45 min So. then : part emptied in 1 hour=1/y. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. What is the total time taken to fill the tank completely? Sol: Time taken by one tap to fill the half of the tank =3 hours Part filled by the four taps in 1 hour=4/6=2/3 Remaining part=1 -1/2=1/2 Therefore. by (A+B)'s in 1 hour=1/36 +1/45= 9/180 =1/20 pipes together will fill the tank in 20 hours. part filled by A+B in 1 hour= 1/x +1/y. 2. then on opening both the pipes. After half the tank is filled. emptying it. 7)A water tank is two-fifth full. how long will it take to empty or fill the tank completely ? Sol: Clearly. ii)If a pipe can empty a tank in y hours. 4)If two pipes function simultaneously. three more similar taps are opened. Part emptied by (A+B) in 1 min= 1/6 -1/10=1/15 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisterns. 2/3:1/2::1:x or x=(1/2)*1*(3/2)=3/4 hours. Top Simple Problems 1)Two pipes A& B can fill a tank in 36 hours and 45 hours respectively. that fills it. total time taken= 3hrs 45min. There is also a waste pipe in the cistern. then on opening both the pipes. both the by A in 1 hour=1/36 by B in 1 hour= 1/45. OUTLET:A pipe connected with a tank or a cistern or a reservoir.Pipes and Cisterns Important Facts: 1. If both pipes are open. the net part filled in 1 hour=(1/x -1/y). then : part filled in 1 hour=1/x.INLET:A pipe connected with a tank or cistern or a reservoir. the second pipe will take 30 hours to fill the reservoir. it is known as Inlet. While 3rd pipe empties the full tank n 20 hours. Sol: Let the reservoir be filled by the 1st pipe in x hours. The second pipe will fill it in (x+10) hours 1/x + (1/(x+10))= 1/12 => (2x+10)/((x)*(x+10))= 1/12 => x=20 So. then after how much time will the cistern get filled? Sol: Net part filled in 1 hour= 1/4 -1/9= 5/36 Therefore the cistern will be filled in 36/5 hours or 7. Part to be emptied=2/5. the reservoir will be filled in 12 days. iii)If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours( where y>x).2 hours. 5)A cistern has two taps which fill it in 12 min and 15 min respectively. When all the three are opened. is known as Outlet. 2)Two pipes can fill a tank in 10 hours & 12 hours respectively. pipe B is faster than A and So. And B can empty it in 6 min. Pipe A can fill a tank in 10 min. iv)If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours( where x>y). i.

B and C can fill a tank in 12. 2)Two pipes A&B can fill a tank in 30 min. So. What is the 9)A Booster pump can be used for The capacity of the tank is 2400 10 m3 per minute higher than its minutes lesser to empty the tank filling capacity of the pump? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisterns. Sol: Part filled n 7 min = 7*(1/36+1/45)=7/20 Remaining part= 1-7/20=13/20 Net part filled in 1 min when A.html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] . the tank s full. 1/15:2/5::1:x or x=((2/5)*1*15)=6 min. Hence. 15 and 20 hours respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. Sol: (A+B)'s 1 hour's work=1/12+1/15=9/60=3/20 (A+C)'s 1 hour's work=1/20+1/12=8/60=2/15 Part filled in 2 hours=3/20+2/15=17/60 Part filled in 2 hours=3/20+2/15= 17/60 Part filled in 6 hours=3*17/60 =17/20 Remaining part=1 -17/20=3/20 Now. the tank be emptied in 6 min. then part filled by (A+B) in x min+ part filled by A in (18-x) min=1 x(1/24+1/32) +(18-x)1/24 =1 => x=8 Hence B must be closed after 8 min. C also opened. emptying capacity of the tank is capacity and the pump needs 8 needs to fill it. work done by (two pipes + leak) in 1 hr= 1/8 work done by leak n 1 hour=15/112 -1/8=1/112 Leak will empty full cistern n 112 hours. First. Pipe B will fill it in x+6 hours 1/x + 1/x+6=1/4 Solving this we get x=6. The time required by first pipe is : Sol: Suppose. having each turn together to fill the empty drum? Sol: Let the capacity of P be x lit. In how much time. the tank shall be full. Had they been opened separately. Top 6)A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A& B in 60min and 40 min respectively. total time taken to fill the tank=6+1=7 hours filling m3. in how many hours. So. time required by first pipe is 15 hours.B and C are opened=1/36 +1/45. A&B are opened. the tank will be full in. It takes 60 turns for Bucket P to fill the empty drum. When the cistern is full. Now. Sol: (A+B)'s 2 hours work when opened alternatively =1/6+1/4 =5/12 (A+B)'s 4 hours work when opened alternatively=10/12=5/6 Remaining part=1 -5/6=1/6. it is A's turn and 1/6 part is filled by A in 1 hour. after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 min. Due to leakage. it is the turn of A & B and 3/20 part is filled by A& B in 1 hour. Therefore. 8)Bucket P has thrice the capacity as Bucket Q. How many turns it will take for both the buckets P&Q. in what time will the leak empty it? Sol: Work done by the two pipes in 1 hour= 1/14+1/16=15/112 Time taken by these two pipes to fill the tank=112/15 hrs. first pipe take x hours to fill the tank then B & C will take (x-5) and (x-9) hours respectively. The first two pipes operating simultaneously fill the tan in the same time during which the tank is filled by the third pipe alone. 13/20 part is filled n (60*13/20)=39 min Total time taken to fill the tank=39+7=46 min 3)Two pipes A&B can fill a tank in 24 min and 32 min respectively. Therefore. 8)Three taps A. A takes 6 hours to fill the cistern separately. 4)Two pipes A& B together can fill a cistern in 4 hours.1/30=1/60 Now. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A s opened first. The filling than it as well as for emptying a tank. then B would have taken 6 hours more than A to fill the cistern. Sol: Let B be closed after x min. x=15 Hence. 1/60 part is filled in 1 min. How much time will be taken by A to fill the cistern separately? Sol: Let the cistern be filled by pipe A alone in x hours. If A is open all the time and B and C are open for one hour each alternatively. 7)Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively.Therefore. 1/x +1/(x-5) =1/(x-9) On solving. Then capacity of Q=x/3 lit Capacity of the drum=60x lit Required number of turns= 60x/(x+(x/3))= 60x*3/4x=45 Top Complex Problems 1)Two pipes can fill a cistern in 14 hours and 16 hours respectively. x/2(1/24+1/40)=1 => (x/2)*(1/15)=1 => x=30 min. After 7 min. time taken = 7 hrs 28 min+ 32 min= 8 hours Therefore. The pipes are opened simultaneously and it is found that due to leakage in the bottom it took 32min more to fill the cistern. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for half the time & A and B fill it together for the other half? Sol: Part filled by (A+B) n 1 min=(1/60 +1/40)=1/24 Suppose the tank is filled in x minutes Then. total time taken to fill the tank=(4+1)= 5 hours. The 2nd pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than first pipe and 4 hours slower than third pipe. 5)A tank is filled by 3 pipes with uniform flow.

How many liters does the cistern hold? Sol: Work done by the inlet in 1 hr= 1/8 -1/12=1/24 Work done by the inlet in i min= (1/24)*(1/60)=1/1440 Therefore. Then. the inlet is opened and due to the leak.Sol: Let. Both the pipes are opened. 10)A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tan in 8 hr. B must be turned off after 9 minutes. The cistern will be filled in just half an hour.html[1/28/2012 12:45:22 AM] . Volume of 1/1440 part=6 lit Volume of whole=(1440*6) lit=8640 lit. the tank is empty in 12 hrs. An inlet pipe fills water at the rate of 6 lits a minute. 11)Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 37 ½ min and 45 minutes respectively. x(2/75+1/45)+(30-x)(2/75)=1 11x/225 + (60-2x)/75=1 11x+ 180-6x=225 x=9. if the pipe B is turned off after: sol: Let B be turned off after x min. emptying capacity of the pump=(x+10) m3/min. When the tank is full.2400/x – 2400/(x+10) = 8 on solving x=50. So. So. the filling capacity of the pump be x m3/min Then. Part filled by (A+B) in x min+ part filled by A in (30-x)min=1 Therefore. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisterns.

time taken = 7 hrs 28 min+ 32 min= 8 hours Therefore. in what time will the leak empty it? Sol: Work done by the two pipes in 1 hour= 1/14+1/16=15/112 Time taken by these two pipes to fill the tank=112/15 hrs. 1/x +1/(x-5) =1/(x-9) On solving. When the cistern is full. Hence. After 7 min.B and C are opened=1/36 +1/451/30=1/60 Now. 2)Two pipes A&B can fill a tank in 30 min. The pipes are opened simultaneously and it is found that due to leakage in the bottom it took 32min more to fill the cistern.C. after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 min. time required by first pipe is 15 hours. A takes 6 hours to fill the cistern separately.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1)Two pipes can fill a cistern in 14 hours and 16 hours respectively. Therefore. first pipe take x hours to fill the tank then B & C will take (x-5) and (x-9) hours respectively. 4)Two pipes A& B together can fill a cistern in 4 hours. Sol: Part filled n 7 min = 7*(1/36+1/45)=7/20 Remaining part= 1-7/20=13/20 Net part filled in 1 min when A.APTITUDE Numbers H. x/2(1/24+1/40)=1 => (x/2)*(1/15)=1 => x=30 min.F and L. First. How much time will be taken by A to fill the cistern separately? Sol: Let the cistern be filled by pipe A alone in x hours. Due to leakage. The 2nd pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than first pipe and 4 hours slower than third pipe. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for half the time & A and B fill it together for the other half? Sol: Part filled by (A+B) n 1 min=(1/60 +1/40)=1/24 Suppose the tank is filled in x minutes Then. 5)A tank is filled by 3 pipes with uniform flow. the tank shall be full. 6)A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A& B in 60min and 40 min respectively. 1/60 part is filled in 1 min. If they are opened on alternate hours and if pipe A s opened first. C also opened. x=15 Hence.C. The first two pipes operating simultaneously fill the tan in the same time during which the tank is filled by the third pipe alone. In how much time. in how many hours. the tank s full. work done by (two pipes + leak) in 1 hr= 1/8 work done by leak n 1 hour=15/112 -1/8=1/112 Leak will empty full cistern n 112 hours. Sol: (A+B)'s 2 hours work when opened alternatively =1/6+1/4 =5/12 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisternscomplex. 13/20 part is filled n (60*13/20)=39 min Total time taken to fill the tank=39+7=46 min 3)Two pipes A&B can fill a tank in 24 min and 32 min respectively. then part filled by (A+B) in x min+ part filled by A in (18-x) min=1 x(1/24+1/32) +(18-x)1/24 =1 => x=8 Hence B must be closed after 8 min. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. then B would have taken 6 hours more than A to fill the cistern. Had they been opened separately.html[1/28/2012 12:45:23 AM] . A&B are opened. Sol: Let B be closed after x min. 7)Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. Pipe B will fill it in x+6 hours 1/x + 1/x+6=1/4 Solving this we get x=6. The time required by first pipe is : Sol: Suppose.

B must be turned off after 9 minutes. the tank will be full in. 15 and 20 hours respectively. Part filled by (A+B) in x min+ part filled by A in (30-x)min=1 Therefore. The cistern will be filled in just half an hour. So. the tank is empty in 12 hrs. it is A's turn and 1/6 part is filled by A in 1 hour . BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisternscomplex. How many liters does the cistern hold? Sol: Work done by the inlet in 1 hr= 1/8 -1/12=1/24 Work done by the inlet in i min= (1/24)*(1/60)=1/1440 Therefore. 8)Three taps A. When the tank is full. If A is open all the time and B and C are open for one hour each alternatively. So. x(2/75+1/45)+(30-x)(2/75)=1 11x/225 + (60-2x)/75=1 11x+ 180-6x=225 x=9. m3. Now.html[1/28/2012 12:45:23 AM] .B and C can fill a tank in 12. total time taken to fill the tank=6+1=7 hours 9)A Booster pump can be used for The capacity of the tank is 2400 10 m3 per minute higher than its lesser to empty the tank than it of the pump? Sol: filling as well as for emptying a tank. Sol: (A+B)'s 1 hour's work=1/12+1/15=9/60=3/20 (A+C)'s 1 hour's work=1/20+1/12=8/60=2/15 Part filled in 2 hours=3/20+2/15=17/60 Part filled in 2 hours=3/20+2/15= 17/60 Part filled in 6 hours=3*17/60 =17/20 Remaining part=1 -17/20=3/20 Now. The emptying capacity of the tank is filling capacity and the pump needs 8 minutes needs to fill it. the inlet is opened and due to the leak. So. total time taken to fill the tank=(4+1)= 5 hours. Then. emptying capacity of the pump=(x+10) m3/min. Let.(A+B)'s 4 hours work when opened alternatively=10/12=5/6 Remaining part=1 -5/6=1/6. it is the turn of A & B and 3/20 part is filled by A& B in 1 Therefore.2400/x â€“ 2400/(x+10) = 8 on solving x=50. What is the filling capacity hour. 10)A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tan in 8 hr. the filling capacity of the pump be x m3/min Then. Both the pipes are opened. 11)Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 37 Â½ min and 45 minutes respectively. An inlet pipe fills water at the rate of 6 lits a minute. Volume of 1/1440 part=6 lit Volume of whole=(1440*6) lit=8640 lit. if the pipe B is turned off after: sol: Let B be turned off after x min.

BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisternsconcept. the net part filled in 1 hour=(1/y -1/x).html[1/28/2012 12:45:23 AM] .F and L. v) If two pipes A and B can fill a tank in x hours and y hours respectively. then : part emptied in 1 hour=1/y. emptying it. ii)If a pipe can empty a tank in y hours. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. part filled by A+B in 1 hour= 1/x +1/y. then on opening both the pipes. i) If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours. 2. the net part filled in 1 hour=(1/x -1/y). that fills it.C. then on opening both the pipes. iii)If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours( where y>x).INLET:A pipe connected with a tank or cistern or a reservoir.C. iv)If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in y hours( where x>y). it is known as Inlet.APTITUDE Numbers H.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PIPES AND CISTERNS 1. OUTLET:A pipe connected with a tank or a cistern or a reservoir. then : part filled in 1 hour=1/x. is known as Outlet.

5)A cistern has two taps which fill it in 12 min and 15 min respectively. three more similar taps are opened. 1/15:2/5::1:x or x=((2/5)*1*15)=6 min. how long will it take to empty or fill the tank completely ? Sol: Clearly. If both pipes are open. It takes 60 turns for Bucket P to fill the empty drum. pipe B is faster than A and So. When all the three are opened. Sol: => => Let the reservoir be filled by the 1st pipe in x hours.APTITUDE Numbers H. After half the tank is filled. the reservoir will be filled in 12 days.One pipe fills the reservoir 10 hours faster than the other. So. How many hours does it take the second pipe to fill the reservoir. the tank be emptied in 6 min. Part to be emptied=2/5.in how much time will the tank be filled? Sol: Net part filled in 1 hour=1/10 +1/12 -1/20 =8/60=2/15 The tank be filled in 15/2hours= 7 hrs 30 min 3)A cistern can be filled by a tap in 4 hours while it can be emptied by another tap in 9 hours. by (A+B)'s in 1 hour=1/36 +1/45= 9/180 =1/20 the pipes together will fill the tank in 20 hours.html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] . Part emptied by (A+B) in 1 min= 1/6 -1/10=1/15 Therefore. i.2 hours. Pipe A can fill a tank in 10 min. total time taken= 3hrs 45min. What is the total time taken to fill the tank completely? Sol: Time taken by one tap to fill the half of the tank =3 hours Part filled by the four taps in 1 hour=4/6=2/3 Remaining part=1 -1/2=1/2 Therefore. both by A in 1 hour=1/36 by B in 1 hour= 1/45. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously. the tank will be emptied. While 3rd pipe empties the full tank n 20 hours. 2/3:1/2::1:x or x=(1/2)*1*(3/2)=3/4 hours. then after how much time will the cistern get filled? Sol: Net part filled in 1 hour= 1/4 -1/9= 5/36 Therefore the cistern will be filled in 36/5 hours or 7. having each turn together to fill the empty drum? Sol: Let the capacity of P be x lit. the second pipe will take 30 hours to fill the reservoir. If both the taps are opened simultaneously. How many turns it will take for both the buckets P&Q. 7)A water tank is two-fifth full. how much time will be taken to fill the tank? Sol: Part filled Part filled Part filled Hence. If all the three pipes operate simultaneously. 8)Bucket P has thrice the capacity as Bucket Q. The second pipe will fill it in (x+10) hours 1/x + (1/(x+10))= 1/12 (2x+10)/((x)*(x+10))= 1/12 x=20 So.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1)Two pipes A& B can fill a tank in 36 hours and 45 hours respectively. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisternssimple.C. 4)If two pipes function simultaneously. How long will the waste pipe take to empty the full cistern? Sol: Work done by a waste pipe in 1 min=1/20 -(1/12+1/15)= -1/10 (-ve means emptying) 6)A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. the empty cistern is full in 20 min.F and L.e 45 min So. There is also a waste pipe in the cistern. 2)Two pipes can fill a tank in 10 hours & 12 hours respectively. And B can empty it in 6 min.

Then capacity of Q=x/3 lit Capacity of the drum=60x lit Required number of turns= 60x/(x+(x/3))= 60x*3/4x=45 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pipesandcisternssimple.html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] .

html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] .C.F and L.C.APTITUDE Numbers H.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles PROBLEMS ON NUMBERS SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumbers.

8.C.10.C.F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBLEMS ON NUMBERS SOLVED PROBLEMS Complex Problems: 24.4 Solution: Sum of the two numbers is a+b=15. Find the numbers? a.M (ab) 1/2 =4/5 (ab) 1/2 =6 ab=36 =>b=36/a a+b=15 a+36/a=15 a2+36=15a a2-15a+36=0 a2-3a-12a+36=0 a(a-3)-12(a-3)=0 a=12 or 3.12.13. In 30 minutes how many times do they toll together? Solution: To find the time that the bells will toll together we have to take L.M = (ab) 1/2 Given G. If a=12 and a+b=15 then b=3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] . So. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex.12 is 120. a+b/2 = 2*15/5= 6 b.M of 2.C.6.8.The sum of two numbers is 15 and their geometric mean is 20% lower than their arithmetic mean.M =80/100 A.Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2.5 If a=3 and a+b=15 then b=12.6.3 c. their A.the bells will toll together after every 120 seconds i e.10.4.M = a+b / 2 and G. 2 minutes In 30 minutes they will toll together [30/2 +1]=16 times 25.12 seconds respectively.4.11.M = 20% lower than A.10.APTITUDE Numbers H.2 d.

Ans (c) 28.. 26.81 b..we get 486... 10x+y / 10y+x = 5/6.(x-2)(x-3)(x-5) b.1 x2-7x+10=0.Find the number? a...... Ans (b)..2 we have to find the factors of the polynomials x2-5x+6 x2-2x-3x+6 x(x-2)-3(x-2) (x-3)(x-2) and x2-7x+10 x2-5x-2x+10 x(x-5)-2(x-5) (x-2)(x-5) From the above factors of the polynomials we can easily find the HCF as (x-3)and LCM as (x-2)(x-3)(x-5).. none Solution: The given polynomials are x2-5x+6=0. 45. none Solution: Let the number be x y....Find the HCF and LCM of the polynomials x2-5x+6 and x2-7x+10? a...1 If we multiply the number written in reverse order by its sum of digits we get 486.....When we multiply a certain two digit number by the sum of its digits 405 is achieved......36 d.2 dividing 1 and 2 (10x+y)(x+y)/(10y+x)(x+y) = 405/486..... When we multiply the number by the sum of its digit 405 is achieved.45 c.... (10y+x)(x+y)=486........... 27......html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] ..(x-2)(x-3) c....(x-2)(x-3)(x-5) d..... From the above condition we conclude that the above condition is satisfied by the second option i e b.(x-2).Ans (b). 60x+6y = 50y+5x 55x=44y 5x = 4y....(x-3).The sum of all possible two digit numbers formed from file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex.. (10x+y)(x+y)=405....(x-2). If we multiply the number written in reverse order of the same digits by the sum of the digits........

8..12.60 d... a+b/2 = b-24 a+b = 2b-48 a = b-48.7 respectively..The arithmetic mean of two numbers is smaller by 24 than the larger of the two numbers and the GM of the same numbers exceeds by 12 the smaller of the numbers. 30. Find the numbers? a.18 b..b where a is smaller and b is larger number.. 29.55 Solution: Let the numbers be a.56 c. AM=b-24 AM of two numbers is a+b/2.. none Solution: Let the one digit numbers x.y... The AM of two numbers is smaller by 24 than the larger of the two numbers.22 c..54 b..4.36 d..4. Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed? Solution: Let the number be x. 3 5 8 y z 1 1 4 7 x z=8*1+7=15 y=5z+4 = 5*15+4 = 79 x=3y+1 = 3*79+1=238 Now 8 238 5 3 29 5 1 6 4 2 Respective remainders are 6.7..z Sum of all possible two digit numbers =(10x+y)+(10x+z)+(10y+x)+(10y+z)+(10z+x)+(10z+y) = 22(x+y+z) Therefore sum of all possible two digit numbers when divided by sum of one digit numbers gives 22...2.5.6.8 leaves remainders 1.A number being successively divided by 3.three different one digit natural numbers when divided by the sum of the original three numbers is equal to? a.1 The GM of the two numbers exceeds by 12 the smaller of the numbers file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex..html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] ...

42 d. Ans (b).and if we add the square of the digit in the unit's place to the same product of the digits we get 117.12 b. Ans (a).Find the two digit number? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex. 9x-9y=9 x-y=1 (x-y)2 =x2+y2-2x y 1 =13-2x y 2x y = 12 x y = 6 =>y=6/x x-y=1 x-6/x=1 x2-6=x x2-x-6=0 x+2x-3x-6=0 x(x+2)-3(x+2)=0 x=3.GM = a+12 GM of two numbers is (ab) 1/2 (ab) 1/2 = a+12 ab = a2+144+24a from 1 b=a+48 a(a+48)= a2+48a = a2+144+24a a2+144+24a 24a=144=>a=6 Therefore b=a+48=54. 10x+y-9=10y+x. 31. If x=-2 and x-y=1 then y=-3.The sum of squares of the digits constituting a positive two digit number is 13. If x=3 and x-y=1 then y=2. the sum of the squares of the digits of the number is 13 x2+y2=13 If we subtract 9 from the number we get the number in reverse order x y-9=y x.-2.If we add the square of the digit in the tens place of the positive two digit number to the product of the digits of that number we get 52.52.32 c. Solution: Let the number be x y.If we subtract 9 from that number we shall get a number written by the same digits in the reverse order. Find the number? a. Therefore the number is 32. 32.html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] .

.... y2+x y= 117 y(x+y)=117.y..28 Solution: Let the digit number be x y Given that if we add square of the digit in the tens place of a number to the product of the digits we get 52......we get 1/15................Find the given fraction? Solution: Let the given fraction be x / (x+2) because given that denominator of the fraction is greater than the numerator by 2 1 – [(x – 1/(x+2))/3] = 1/15.... If the product of the two smaller numbers is 85 and the product of two larger numbers is 115............49 d.If we reduce the numerator of the reciprocal fraction by 3 and subtract the given fraction from the resulting one..html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] ......1 Given that the product of two smaller numbers is 85 x y = 85..... x2+x y=52.. Ans (c) 33.39 c...a.... Find the middle number? Solution: Let the three numbers be x...Three numbers are such that the second is as much lesser than the third as the first is lesser than the second......3 Dividing 2 and 3 x y /y z = 85/115 x / z = 17 / 23 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex...................1 Given that if we add the square of the digit in the unit's plac e to the product is 117. 34..2 dividing 1 and 2 x(x+y)/y(x+y) = 52/117=4/9 x/y=4/9 from the options we conclude that the two digit number is 49 because the condition is satisfied by the third option...z Given that z – y = y – x 2y = x+z. x(x+y)=52. 1 – (x2+2x-1) /3(x+2) = 1/15 (3x+6-x2-2x+1)/3(x+2) = 1/15 (7-x2+2x)/(x+2) = 1/5 -5x2+5x+35 = x+2 5x2-4x-33 = 0 5x2-15x+11x-33 = 0 5x(x-3)+11(x-3) = 0 (5x+11)(x-3) = 0 Therefore x=-11/5 or 3 Therefore the fraction is x/(x+2) = 3/5.The denominators of an irreducible fraction is greater than the numerator by 2...18 b...2 Given that the product of two larger numbers is 115 y z = 115......

............... Now if we divide that two digit number by the product of its digits we get 3 as a quotient and 5 as a remainder .23=4(2+3)+3 =20+3 =23 2.12=4(2+3)+3 =4*3+3 ! =15 let us take x=2 y=3 1..1 Given that x y /(x*y) quotient = 3 and remainder = 5 we can write the number as x y = 3 x*y +5.......... Given that x y / (x+y) quotient=4 and remainder = 3 we can write the number as x y = 4(x+y) +3.....html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] ..If we divide a two digit number by the sum of its digits we get 4 as a quotient and 3 as a remainder.y=2 1....23=3*2*3+5 =18+5 =23 the above two equations are satisfied by x=2 and y=3 Therefore the required number is 23....... Solution: Let us assume the fraction is x/y First we increasing the denominator by 3 we get x/(y-3) Then decrease it by 5 we get the fraction as x/(y-5) Given that the sum of the resulting fraction is 2/3 x/(y+3) + x/(y-5) = 2/3 Given numerator equal to 2 2*[ 1/y+3 + 1/y-5] =2/3 (y-5+y+3) / (y-3)(y+5) =1/3 6y – 6 = y2-5y+3y-15 y2-8y-9 = 0 y2-9y+y-9 = 0 y(y-9)+1(y-9) = 0 Therefore y =-1 or 9.... Find the denominator of the fraction if its numerator is 2. 36....First we increased the denominator of a positive fraction by 3 and then it by 5..2 By trail and error method For example take x=1...... file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex...The sum of the resulting fractions proves to be equal to 2/3. Find the two digit number? Solution: Let the two digit number is x y......From 1 2y = x+z 2y = 85/y + 115/y 2y2 = 200 y2 = 100 y = 10 35...

99 d. If we divide 10x+y by a number in reverse order i e.. If we subtract 1 from the given number we get the sum of the squares of the digits constituting that number.....10y+x we get 4 as quotient and 15 as remainder. none Solution: Let the number be x y........71 b. From the options also we can solve the problem......... In this no option is satisfied so answer is d.....83 c...we get 4 as quotient and 15 as a remainder..If we divide a two digit number by a number consisting of the same digits written in the reverse order........ Find the number? a.html[1/28/2012 12:45:24 AM] ......1 If we subtract 1 from the given number we get square of the digits 10x+y = x2+y2..2 By using above two equations and trail and error method we get the required number.. We can write as 10x+y = 4(10y+x)+15..37............. Ans (d) BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberscomplex....

x must be replaced by 2 The digit in place of x must be 2.7.The smaller number is? a.M of 4.The difference between two numbers 1365.Find the smallest number of 6 digits which is exactly divisible by 111? Solution: Smallest number of 6 digits is 100000 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumbersmedium.295 d.F and L.13 =9999-171=9828. unit digit of 210 * 210 * 210 is 4 as 4*4*4 gives unit digit 4 unit digit of 231 is 8.html[1/28/2012 12:45:25 AM] .C.C. Therefore greatest number of four digits divisible by 4.8739 b.7. Ans (b). 231 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder. 14.APTITUDE Numbers H.9831 c.9893. Solution: Greatest number of four digits is 9999 L.When the larger number is divided by the smaller one the quotient is 6 and the remainder is 15. then larger number =1365+x Therefore 1365+x=6x+15 5x=1350 => x=270 Required number is 270.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBLEMS ON NUMBERS SOLVED PROBLEMS Medium Problems: 12. Now 8 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder.240 b. 15.Find the remainder when 231 is divided by 5? Solution: 210 =1024.270 c.360 Solution: Let the smaller number be x. Hence required number=9828+3=9831. and 13=364. On dividing 9999 by 364 remainder obtained is 171. 13.7 or 13 leaves a remainder of 3 in each case is? a.9834 d. 16.C.What least value must be assigned to * so that th number 197*5462 is divisible by 9? Solution: Let the missing digit be x Sum of digits = (1+9+7+x+5+4+6+2)=34+x For 34+x to be divisible by 9 .The largest four digit number which when divided by 4.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:25 AM] . Therefore correct quotient =420/21=20. 18.A number when divided by the sum of 555 and 445 gives two times their difference as quotient and 30 as remainder . 21. none Solution: Let the required number be x.13 d. Now dividend =420 and divisor =21.On dividing 10000 by 111 we get 100 as remainder Number to be added =111-100=11.45 b.12 c. Third prime number =x+36=31+36=67.41 d67.In doing a division of a question with zero remainder.a candidate took 12 as divisor instead of 21.If one of them exceeds another by 36 then one of the numbers is? a. a.A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47.Hence 18! contains 3 zeros and the last digit will always be zero. Solution: x+(x+36)+y=100 2x+y=64 Therefore y must be even prime which is 2 2x+2=64=>x=31.If a number is multiplied by 22 and the same number is added to it then we get a number that is half the square of that number.Find the number of zeros in the factorial of the number 18? Solution: 18! contains 15 and 5. 17.29 c. The given number when divided by 19 gives 18 K + 2 as quotient and 9 as remainder. 22.The quotient obtained by him was 35. Hence.47 d. The correct quotient is? a. 19.which combined with one even number gives zeros.46 c.0 b.The sum of three prime numbers is 100. The number is? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumbersmedium.required number =10011. Also 10 is also contained in 18! which will give additional zero .7 b.20 Solution: Dividend=12*35=420.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder? Solution: Number=342 K + 47 = 19 * 18 K + 19 * 2 + 9=19 ( 18K + 2) + 9. Find the number. Given that x*22+x = 1/2 x2 23x = 1/2 x2 x = 2*23=46 Ans (b) 20.

22030 d.The difference of 1025-7 and 1024+x is divisible by 3 for x=? a. Solution: Number=(555+445)*(555-445)*2+30 =(555+445)*2*110+30 =220000+30=220030.1220 b.a.4 d. 23.1024-7 -1024-x =1024(10-1)-(7-x) =1024*9-(7+x) The above expression is divisible by 3 so we have to replace x with 2.220030.3 b. Ans (b). BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumbersmedium.6 Solution: The difference of 1025-7 and 1024+x is =(1025-7)-(1024-x) =1025-7-1024-x =10.1250 c.html[1/28/2012 12:45:25 AM] .2 c.

Ans (d). Therefore required number=10000+(180-100) =10080.The least umber of five digits which is exactly divisible by 12. 2.1600 b.Mof 12.APTITUDE Numbers H.20 and 24 is? a.20.Find the unit's digit n the product 2467 153 * 34172? Solution: Unit's digit in the given product=Unit's digit in 7 153 * 172 Now 7 4 gives unit digit 1 7 152 gives unit digit 1 7 153 gives 1*7=7.10020 d.15 and 18 is? a.C.The least number which is perfect square and is divisible by each of the numbers 16.F and L.10010 b.10015 c.html[1/28/2012 12:45:25 AM] .15. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberssimple.20. On dividing 10000 by 180.10080 Solution: Least number of five digits is 10000 L. 5.the remainder is 100.24=240 =2*2*2*2*3*5 To make it a perfect square it must be multiplied by 3*5. 3.24 = L.C.Also 172 gives 1 Hence unit's digit in the product =7*1=7.6400 d.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBLEMS ON NUMBERS SOLVED PROBLEMS Simple problems: 1.18 s 180.What least number must be added to 3000 to obtain a number exactly divisible by 19? Solution: On dividing 3000 by 19 we get 17 as remainder Therefore number to be added = 19-17=2. Therefore required number =240*3*5=3600.Find the total number of prime factors in 411 *7 5 *112 ? Solution: 411 7 5 112= (2*2) 11 *7 5 *112 = 222 *7 5 *112 Total number of prime factors=22+5+2=29 4.C.M of 16.14400 Solution: The least number divisible by 16.3600 c.C.

21..How many terms are there in 2.. This is an A..2+22+23+24+25.1024? Solution: Clearly 2. 6...3 c.. 10. 8.1 b..P with a=1...8. Let it contain n terms 1+(n-1)2=99 =>n=50 Then required sum =n/2(first term +last term) =50/2(1+99)=2500.html[1/28/2012 12:45:25 AM] .1024 form a G... 9..99.4..+28=? Solution: Given series is a G.P with a=14.d=7.. 11..d=2.Find the sum of all odd numbers up to 100? Solution: The given numbers are 1.A positive number which when added to 1000 gives a sum . BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/pnumberssimple.6.7 Solution: 1000+N>1000N clearly N=1.84..Ans (b).P with a=2.3..... The positive integer is? a..4.. 7. which is greater than when it is multiplied by 1000. Sum Sn=a(1-r n)/1-r=Sn=2(1-28)/1-2...28.....r=2 Let the number of terms be n then 2*2 n-1=1024 2n-1 =512=29 n-1=9 n=10.... This is an A..6.......5 d......P with a=2.How many numbers between 11 and 90 are divisible by 7? Solution: The required numbers are 14.r=2 and n=8.. =2*255=510. Let it contain n terms then T =84=a+(n-1)d =14+(n-1)7 =7+7n 7n=77 =>n=11..5..Find the number of zeros in 27!? Solution: Short cut method : number of zeros in 27!=27/5 + 27/25 =5+1=6zeros.

5.2.5).5. P(E) = 5/12.Probability Introduction: Experiment: An operation which can produce some well-defined outcome is called an experiment.then either a Head(H) or a Tail(T) appears. 2)If two coins are tossed then S= {HH.find the probability of getting a total more than 7? Sol: Here we have sample space n(S) =6*6 =36.TT}. 3)In rolling a dice .(2. (5.2).4. 3)A pack of cards has 52 cards. Event:Any subset of a sample space is called an Event.marked 1.we have S={1.queens and Jacks. 4)For any events A and B we have .TH. Max value of probability of an event is one.1)(2.Kings.4). P(E) =n(E)/n(S).(5. ={(1.(6.(3.5). It has 13 cards of each suit.HT. Top Problems: 1)An biased die is tossed.Two balls are file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probability. Reults on Probability: 1)P(S) =1.4).3. EX: 1) Rolling an unbiased dice. (5.4. Details: 1) When we thrown a coin . 2)In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice. Let E be the event of getting a total more than 7.3)(5. 2)0 < P(E) < 1 probability of an event lies between 0 and 1. Probability of occurrence of an Event: Let S be the sample space.e E is subset of S then probability of E p(E) =n(E)/n(S).(4. 3)P(Ð¤)=0. There are four honours of each suit.namely spades. 2) Tossing a fair coin. These are Aces.the outcome is the number that appears on its upper face. 3)A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls . P(E) =2/6 P(E) =1/3. Cards of hearts and diamonds are red cards.6}.4).5).T}.6 respectively. When we throw a die . 3) Drawing a card from a pack of well-shuffled cards .6). 4)Picking up a ball of certain colour from a bag containing balls of different colours. n(S) =6.2. P(AUB) =P(A) +P(B) -P(AnB). Cards of spades and clubs are balck cards.(4.(4.5).2).(6. EX: 1)In tossing a coin S= {H.6).6}.(6.3.3.hearts and diamonds. n(E) =2. Let E be the Event. These are called Face cards.clubs.then the set of S of all possible outcomes is called the Sample space .5. Let E be the event of getting a multiple of 3.6}.having 6 faces.(3. Then E={3. Random Experiment: An experiment in which all possible out comes are known and the exact output cannot be predicted in advance is called a random experiment.Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3? Sol: Here we have sample space S={1.3).(4.6).html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] .4. Sample Space: When we perform an experiment . Then E cS i. 5)If A denotes (not -A) then P(A) =1-P(A) P(A)+P(A) =1.4)} n(E) =15 P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 15/36. 2)A dice is a solid cube .2.

n(S) =45.6)(4.1)(1. Let E =event of getting both balls of the same colour. Then n(E) =number of ways of drawing ( 2balls out of 6) or (2 balls out of 4).there are 10 prozes and 25 blanks.3)(1. Let A= event of getting bothe black cards. P(E) = 7/18 5)Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards What is the probability that either both are black or both are queens? Sol: total number of ways for choosing 2 cards from 52 cards is =52C2 =52 !/(50!*2!) = 1326.A lottery is drawn at random. =1 P(A) = n(A) /n(S) =325/1326 P(B) = n(B)/n(S) = 6/1326 P(A n B) = n(A n B)/n(S) = 1/1326 P(A u B) = P(A) +P(B) -P(AnB) = 325/1326 + 6/1326 -1/1326 = 330/1326 P(AuB) = 55/221 6)Two diced are tossed the probability that the total score is a prime number? Number of total ways n(S) =6 * 6 =36 E =event that the sum is a prime number. = 6C2 +4C2 = 6!/(4!*2!) + 4!/(2! *2!) = 6*5/2 +4 *3/2 =15+6 =21.6)(3.4)(2.2)(1.3)(6.4)(1.20 % offered Hindi and 10 %offered Both.3)(4.4)(4.2)(1.6)(2.4)(3.4)(1.2)(5.what is the probability of getting two numbers whose product is even? Sol : In a simultaneous throw of two dice .4)(5.1)(5.2)(5.html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] .5)(4.5)(2.5)(3.6)(6. We have 26 black cards from that we have to choose 2 cards.30 % of the students offered English.2)(3.5)} n(E) =15 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) = 15/36 P(E) = 5/12 Top 7)Two dice are thrown simultaneously .6)} n(E) = 27 P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 27 /36 P(E) =3/4 probability of getting two numbers whose product is even is equals to 3/4. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probability. n(A) =26C2=26!/(24!*2!) = 26*25/2=325 from 52 cards we have 4 queens.2)(6.2) (3. Let B= event of getting bothe queens AnB=Event of getting queens of black cards n(A) =26C2.1) (6. Then E={(1. E be the event for getting the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6. n(B) = 4C2 = 4!/(2!* 2!) =6 n(AnB) =2C2. E={(1.we have n(S) = 6*6 = 36 E=Event of getting two numbers whose product is even E={(1.The number of ways 10C1.1)(4.drawn at random .6)(3.If a student is offered at random.3)(2.2)(4.4) (5. n(E) =10C1 =10 out of 10 prozes we have to get into one prize . 9)In a class .4)(6.1) (4.2)(6.5)(2.1)(6. what is the probability that he has offered English or Hindi? Sol:English offered students =30 %. what is the probability of getting a prize ? Sol: By drawing lottery at random . n(E) =10 n(S) =35 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =10/35 = 2/7 Probability is 2/7. Hence P(E) =n(E)/n(S) = 14/36. 4)Two dice are thrown together .6)(2.4?)(2. P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =21/45 =7/45.3)(6.6)(6.5)(3.What is the probability that the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6? Sol: n(S) = 6*6 =36.3)(2.1)(2.Find the probability that they are of the same colour? Sol: Let S be the sample space.3)(2.2)(2.2)(4.4)(4. E =event of getting a prize.1)(2.5)(6.1)(4. 8)In a lottery .we have n(S) =10C1+25C1 = 10+25 = 35.3)(5.2)(3.6)(5. Number of ways for drawing two balls out of 6 white and 4 red balls = 10C2 =10!/(8!*2!) = 45.6)} n(E) =14.

P(A) =1/7 and p(B) =1/5. B = event that the wife is selected. n(E) =16 C 2 out of 16 bulbs we have to choose 2 bulbs randomly . n(E) =10C2+ 10C2 = 2(10 C2) = 90 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) P(E) =90/190 = 9/19 12) A bag contains 4 white balls .html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] .out of which there 16 face cards. n(E) =13+3 = 16 P(E) =n(E)/n(S). n(E) = 5 C3 =5C2 = 10 P(E) =n(E) /n(S) =10/455 =2/91. P(A') =Probability of husband is not selected is =1-1/7=6/7 P(B') =Probaility of wife is not selected =1-1/5=4/7 P(E) =P[(A and B') or (B and A')] = P(A and B') +P(B and A') = P(A)P(B') + P(B)P(A') = 1/7*4/5 + 1/5 *6/7 P(E) =4/35 +6/35=10/35 =2/7 15)one card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. 16 bulbs are favourable bulbs. These are 13 spades including tne and there are 3 more tens.The probability of husband's selection is 1/7 and the probabililty of wife's selection is 1/5. two bulbs are chosen at random from this box. Top 13)From a pack of 52 cards.What is the probability that at least one of these is defective ? Sol: out of 20 bulbs . P(getting a face card) =16/52 = 4/13 16) The probability that a card drawn from a pack of 52 cards will be a diamond or a king? Sol: In 52 cards 13 cards are diamond including one king there are 3 more kings. n(E) =13 +3 = 16 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probability. Let E =event of drawing 2 balls of the same colour. E event of getting a diamond or a king.What is the probability that the card drawn is a face card? Sol: There are 52 cards.so the number of ways =16 C 2 n(E) =16 C2 n(S) =20 C 2 P(E) =16 C2/20C2 = 12/19 probability of at least one is defective + probability of one is non defective =1 P(E) + P(E) =1 12/19 +P(E) =1 P(Eâ€™) =7/19 11)A box contains 10 block and 10 white balls.What is the probabililty that only one of them is selected? Sol: let A =event that the husband is selected. =455 Let E =event of getting all the 3 red balls. Then n(S) =number of ways drawing 3 balls out of 15.one card is drawn at random.What is the probability that all of them are red ? Sol: Let S be the sample space.What is the probability of drawing two balls of the same colour? Sol: Total number of balls =10 +10 =20 balls Let S be the sample space. 14) A man and his wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. =15 C3.5 red and 6 blue balls .Hindi offered students =20% Both offered students =10 % Then only english offered students E =30 -10 =20 % only Hindi offered students S =20 -10 % = 10 % All the students =100% =E +S +E or S 100 =20 +10 + E or S +E and S Hindi or English offered students =100 -20-10-10 =60 % Probability that he has offered English or Hindi =60/100= 2/5 10) A box contains 20 electricbulbs . E = Event for only one of them is selected. =16/52 P(E) =4/13.4 bulbs are defective. n(S) =number of ways drawing 2 balls out of 20 = 20 C2 = 20 !/(18! *2!) = 190.out of which 4 are defective.What is the probability that the card is a 10 or a spade? Sol: Total no of cards are 52. E = event for getting no bulb is defective.Three balls are drawn at random from the bag.

n(S) =52C2 =1326 E1 be the event of getting bothe red cards. n(E1) =26C2 = 26*25/2 =325 We have 4 kings .we have to choosed 2 balls. n(E2) =4C2 =6 n(E1nE2) =2C2 =1 P(E1) = n(E1)/n(S) =325/1326 P(E2) =n(E2)/n(S) =6/1326 P(E1nE2) =n(E1nE2)/n(S) =1/1326 P(both red or both kings) = P(E1UE2) = P(E1) +P(E2)-P(E1nE2) =325/1326 +6/1326 -1/1326 =330/1326 =55/221 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probability.html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] . = 13C1*13C1 =169 P(E)= n(E)/n(S) =169/1326 =13/102.From 26 balls we have to choose 2 balls. E1nE2 =Event of getting 2 kings of red cards. n(S) =The number of ways for drawing 2 cards from 52 cards.What is the probability that one is a spade and one is a heart ? Sol: S be the sample space the n (S) =52C2 =52*51/2 =1326 let E =event of getting 2 kings out of 4 kings n(E) =4C2 = 6 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =6/1326 =1/221 18) Two cards are drawn together from a pack of 52 cards.What is the probability that one is a spade and one is a heart? Sol: Let S be the sample space then n(S) =52C2 =1326 E = Event of getting 1 spade and 1 heart.out of 4 kings. 19) Two cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards . n(E) =number of ways of choosing 1 spade out of 13 and 1 heart out of 13.P(E) =n(E) /n(S) =16/52 =4/13 17) Two cards are drawn together from apack of 52 cards.What is the probability that either both are Red or both are Kings? Sol: S be the sample space. We have 26 red balls. E2 be the event of getting both are kings.

hearts and diamonds.namely spades.3. DETAILS: 1) When we thrown a coin . SAMPLE SPACE:When we perform an experiment . EVENT: Any subset of a sample space is called an Event. EX: 1) Rolling an unbiased dice.e E is subset of S then probability of E p(E) =n(E)/n(S). Let E be the Event. EX: 1)In tossing a coin S= {H.clubs. 2)0 < P(E) < 1 probability of an event lies between 0 and 1.TH.T}.HT.5.Kings.2.having 6 faces.we have S={1. 4)For any events A and B we have . 2)A dice is a solid cube . Max value of probability of an event is one.the outcome is the number that appears on its upper face.TT}.then the set of S of all possible outcomes is called the Sample space . It has 13 cards of each suit. 4)Picking up a ball of certain colour from a bag containing balls of different colours. 2) Tossing a fair coin. RANDOM EXPERIMENT : An experiment in which all possible out comes are known and the exact output cannot be predicted in advance is called a random experiment.3. These are called Face cards. Probability of occurrence of an Event: Let S be the sample space. Then E cS i. Cards of hearts and diamonds are red cards.queens and Jacks. 3)P(Ð¤)=0.APTITUDE Numbers H. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityconcept.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBABILITY EXPERIMENT:An operation which can produce some well-defined outcome is called an experiment.2. P(AUB) =P(A) +P(B) -P(AnB). 2)If two coins are tossed then S= {HH.5.6}. These are Aces.4.4. 3)A pack of cards has 52 cards.html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] .then either a Head(H) or a Tail(T) appears. 3) Drawing a card from a pack of well-shuffled cards . Cards of spades and clubs are balck cards. There are four honours of each suit.C. 3)In rolling a dice . Reults on Probability: 1)P(S) =1.F and L.C.6 respectively.marked 1. When we throw a die .

html[1/28/2012 12:45:26 AM] .5)If A denotes (not -A) then P(A) =1-P(A) P(A)+P(A) =1. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityconcept.

What is the probability that the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6? Sol: n(S) = 6*6 =36.APTITUDE Numbers H.6}.6)} n(E) =14. 4)Two dice are thrown together .5).Two balls are drawn at random . n(S) =6.1)(4.4).(6. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityproblems. P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =21/45 =7/45.(6. Then n(E) =number of ways of drawing ( 2balls out of 6) or (2 balls out of 4). P(E) = 5/12.2). n(S) =45.4)} n(E) =15 P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 15/36. E={(1. Number of ways for drawing two balls out of 6 white and 4 red balls = 10C2 =10!/(8!*2!) = 45.5).M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROBABILITY PROBLEMS: 1)An biased die is tossed.3)(5. = 6C2 +4C2 = 6!/(4!*2!) + 4!/(2! *2!) = 6*5/2 +4 *3/2 =15+6 =21. Let E be the event of getting a multiple of 3.C.2)(3.(5.6).Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3? Sol: Here we have sample space S={1.4).(3.2.2).6).2)(6.3)(2.1)(5.5)(3. n(E) =2.C.4).(4.3)(6. 2)In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice.find the probability of getting a total more than 7? Sol: Here we have sample space n(S) =6*6 =36.Find the probability that they are of the same colour? Sol: Let S be the sample space.4. P(E) =2/6 P(E) =1/3.(3. Then E={3.6)(3. (5.(4.1)(2. ={(1.4)(5. Let E =event of getting both balls of the same colour.5)(2.6).(5. E be the event for getting the sum of the number on the two faces is divisible by 4 or 6.5).(6.3).6}.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] .F and L. 3)A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .3)(1.3.5).(2.5.(4. P(E) =n(E)/n(S).(4.2)(4.4?)(2. Let E be the event of getting a total more than 7.

We have 26 black cards from that we have to choose 2 cards. what is the probability of getting a prize ? Sol: By drawing lottery at random .5)(4.1)(4.3)(2.1)(1.1)(6.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] .4)(4.2)(3.5)} n(E) =15 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) = 15/36 P(E) = 5/12 7)Two dice are thrown simultaneously . n(A) =26C2=26!/(24!*2!) = 26*25/2=325 from 52 cards we have 4 queens.5)(2. E =event of getting a prize. Let A= event of getting bothe black cards.6)(2. Let B= event of getting bothe queens AnB=Event of getting queens of black cards n(A) =26C2.2)(5.5)(6.we have n(S) = 6*6 = 36 E =Event of getting two numbers whose product is even E ={(1.1)(6. P(E) = 7/18 5)Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards What is the probability that either both are black or both are queens? Sol: total number of ways for choosing 2 cards from 52 cards is =52C2 =52 !/(50!*2!) = 1326.2)(5. n(B) = 4C2 = 4!/(2!* 2!) =6 n(AnB) =2C2.Hence P(E) =n(E)/n(S) = 14/36.6)(6.there are 10 prozes and 25 blanks.6)(4.4)(4.6)(3.3)(6.we have n(S) =10C1+25C1 = 10+25 = 35. n(E) =10C1 =10 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityproblems.6)(6.3)(4.4)(3.1)(2.what is the probability of getting two numbers whose product is even? Sol : In a simultaneous throw of two dice .4)(5.1) (4.1)(2.2)(4.5)(3.4)(1.2)(3.6)} n(E) = 27 P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 27 /36 P(E) =3/4 probability of getting two numbers whose product is even is equals to 3/4.2)(2.4)(2. 8)In a lottery . =1 P(A) = n(A) /n(S) =325/1326 P(B) = n(B)/n(S) = 6/1326 P(A n B) = n(A n B)/n(S) = 1/1326 P(A u B) = P(A) +P(B) -P(AnB) = 325/1326 + 6/1326 -1/1326 = 330/1326 P(AuB) = 55/221 6)Two diced are tossed the probability that the total score is a prime number? Number of total ways n(S) =6 * 6 =36 E =event that the sum is a prime number.6)(5.3)(2.4)(6.2)(6.2)(1. Then E={(1.6)(2.2)(1.A lottery is drawn at random.4)(1.3)(5.

n(E) =16 C 2 out of 16 bulbs we have to choose 2 bulbs randomly .The number of ways 10C1.out of 10 prozes we have to get into one prize . 16 bulbs are favourable bulbs.5 red and 6 blue balls . 9)In a class . Let E =event of drawing 2 balls of the same colour.Three balls are drawn at file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityproblems.What is the probability that at least one of these is defective ? Sol: out of 20 bulbs .30 % of the students offered English.What is the probability of drawing two balls of the same colour? Sol: Total number of balls =10 +10 =20 balls Let S be the sample space. Hindi offered students =20% Both offered students =10 % Then only english offered students E =30 -10 =20 % only Hindi offered students S =20 -10 % = 10 % All the students =100% =E +S +E or S 100 =20 +10 + E or S +E and S Hindi or English offered students =100 -20-10-10 =60 % Probability that he has offered English or Hindi =60/100 = 2/5 10) A box contains 20 electricbulbs . E = event for getting no bulb is defective. n(E) =10 n(S) =35 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =10/35 = 2/7 Probability is 2/7.so the number of ways =16 C 2 n(E) =16 C2 n(S) =20 C 2 P(E) =16 C2/20C2 = 12/19 probability of at least one is defective + probability of one is non defective =1 P(E) + P(E) =1 12/19 +P(E) =1 P(Eâ€™) =7/19 11)A box contains 10 block and 10 white balls.wha5t is the probability that he has offered English or Hindi? English offered students =30 %. n(S) =number of ways drawing 2 balls out of 20 = 20 C2 = 20 !/(18! *2!) = 190.two bulbs are chosen at random from this box.out of which 4 are defective .20 % offered Hindi and 10 %offered Both.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] . n(E) =10C2+ 10C2 = 2(10 C2) = 90 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) P(E) =90/190 = 9/19 12) A bag contains 4 white balls .4 bulbs are defective.If a student is offered at random .

These are 13 spades including tne and there are 3 more tens. P(A') =Probability of husband is not selected is =1-1/7=6/7 P(B') =Probaility of wife is not selected =1-1/5=4/7 P(E) =P[(A and B') or (B and A')] = P(A and B') +P(B and A') = P(A)P(B') + P(B)P(A') = 1/7*4/5 + 1/5 *6/7 P(E) =4/35 +6/35=10/35 =2/7 15)one card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards.random from the bag. E event of getting a diamond or a king.one card is drawn at random. n(E) = 5 C3 =5C2 = 10 P(E) =n(E) /n(S) =10/455 =2/91. 14) A man and his wife appear in an interview for two vacancies in the same post. 13)From a pack of 52 cards. What is the probabililty that only one of them is selected? Sol: let A =event that the husband is selected. =455 Let E =event of getting all the 3 red balls. E = Event for only one of them is selected.out of which there 16 face cards. B = event that the wife is selected. n(E) =13 +3 = 16 P(E) =n(E) /n(S) =16/52 =4/13 17) Two cards are drawn together from apack of 52 cards. Then n(S) =number of ways drawing 3 balls out of 15. n(E) =13+3 = 16 P(E) =n(E)/n(S).What is the probability that the card is a 10 or a spade? Sol: Total no of cards are 52.What is the probability that all of them are red ? Sol: Let S be the sample space. The probability of husband's selection is 1/7 and the probabililty of wife's selection is 1/5.What is the probability that the card drawn is a face card? Sol: There are 52 cards.What is the probability that one is a spade and one is a heart ? Sol: S be the sample space the n (S) =52C2 =52*51/2 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityproblems. P(getting a face card) =16/52 = 4/13 16) The probability that a card drawn from a pack of 52 cards will be a diamond or a king? Sol: In 52 cards 13 cards are diamond including one king there are 3 more kings. P(A) =1/7 and p(B) =1/5. =15 C3. =16/52 P(E) =4/13.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] .

E1nE2 =Event of getting 2 kings of red cards.we have to choosed 2 balls.out of 4 kings.=1326 let E =event of getting 2 kings out of 4 kings n(E) =4C2 =6 P(E) =n(E)/n(S) =6/1326 =1/221 18) Two cards are drawn together from a pack of 52 cards. n(S) =The number of ways for drawing 2 cards from 52 cards.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] . 19) Two cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards . We have 26 red balls. E2 be the event of getting both are kings.What is the probability that either both are Red or both are Kings? Sol: S be the sample space.What is the probability that one is a spade and one is a heart? Sol: Let S be the sample space then n(S) =52C2 =1326 E = Event of getting 1 spade and 1 heart. n(E) =number of ways of choosing 1 spade out of 13 and 1 heart out of 13. n(E2) =4C2 =6 n(E1nE2) =2C2 =1 P(E1) = n(E1)/n(S) =325/1326 P(E2) =n(E2)/n(S) =6/1326 P(E1nE2) =n(E1nE2)/n(S) =1/1326 P(both red or both kings) = P(E1UE2) = P(E1) +P(E2)-P(E1nE2) =325/1326 +6/1326 -1/1326 =330/1326 =55/221 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/probabilityproblems.From 26 balls we have to choose 2 balls. n(S) =52C2 =1326 E1 be the event of getting bothe red cards. n(E1) =26C2 = 26*25/2 =325 We have 4 kings . = 13C1*13C1 =169 P(E)= n(E)/n(S) =169/1326 =13/102.

i.After 4 years this ratio will be 9:7. C is how many year younger than A. a) 6 2/3 years b) 24 years c) 30 years d) None of the above Solution: Assume Snehâ€™s age is 'x' years.then what is Sneh's present age. 2.Sneh's father's age will be twice the age of Vimal's age after 10 years. After 4 years their ratio's will be 9:7 i. Solution: Let the present age be 'x' years. Then father's present age is 3x+3 years. Three years hence (3x+3)+3=2(x+3)+10 x=10 Hence father's present age = 3x+3 = 33 years. Solution: From the given data A+B = 12+(B+C) A+B-(B+C) = 12 A-C=12 years. then how many years ago were they married. P/ P+4 = 6/7 7P-6P = 24. The ratio of the present age of P & Q is 6:7.would become 7:8 i.Three years hence.e 4x+4 / 3x+4 = 9 / 7 28x-27x=36-28 x = 8.Problems on Ages Simple problems: 1. The total age of A &B is 12 years more than the total age of B&C. One year ago the ratio of Ramu & Somu age was 6:7respectively.e Somu present age is 36 years. Age of his wife is 3x = 3*8 = 24 years. Solution: Let us assume Ramu &Somu ages are x &y respectively. Sneh's age is 1/6th of her father's age. Let us assume 'y' years ago they were married . If Q is 4 years old than P.e x = y /6. Age of a man is 4x = 4*8 = 32 years. i.fatherâ€™s age will be 10 years more than twice the age of the son. Assume her fathers age is 'y' years. Four years hence their ratio would become 7:8. what will be the ratio of the ages of P & Q after 4 years. If the time of marriage the ratio was 5:3. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonages. One year ago their ratio was 6:7 i.e x-1 / y-1 = 7x-6y=1 Four years hence their ratios.The present age of a father is 3 years more than three times the age of his son. Q = P+4 =24+4 = 28 After 4 years the ratio of P &Q is P+4:Q+4 24+4 : 28+4 = 28:32 = 7:8 5. Solution: The present age of P & Q is 6:7 i. C is 12 years younger than A 4.e x-4 / y-4 = 7 / 8 8x-7y=-4 From the above two equations we get y= 36 years. The age of his wife is 3x. Solution: The age of a man is 4x .e 12 years ago they were married Top 6. How old is Somu.e Q = P+4.e P / Q = 6 / 7 Q is 4 years old than P i. Snehâ€™s age is 1/6 of her fathers age i.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] .Find the present age of the father. If Vimalâ€™s eight birthday was celebrated two years before. Fatherâ€™s age will be twice of Vimal's age after 10 years. P = 24 . the ratio was 5:3 .e 32-y / 24-y = 5/ 3 y=12 years i. The ratio of the age of a man & his wife is 4:3. 3.

x+9. Sneh's present age is 5 years. 7. If 6 years are subtracted from the present age of Gagan and the remainder is divided by 18. a) 32 yrs.then what was the age my father and mother respectively when my brother was born. If Anup is 2 years younger to Madan whose age is 5 years. 23yrs b)32 yrs.33 yrs Solution: My brother was born 3 years before I was born & 4 years after my sister was born.then the present age of his grandson Anup is obtained. x+6.x+3. / 18 = 3 = 54 years 9. My father was 28 years of age when my sister was born while my father was 26 years of age when i was born.html[1/28/2012 12:45:27 AM] . x+(x+3)+(x+6)+(x+9)+(x+12) = 50 5x+30 = 50 5x = 20 x=4.then what is Gagan's present age.The sum of the ages of the 5 children's born at the intervals of 3 years each is 50 years what is the age of the youngest child. a) 48 years Solution: b)60 years c)84 years d)65 years Let us assume Anup age (x-6) x-6 x=60 Gagan present age is 'x' years. x+12. Y+10 = 2(10+10) Y=30 years. = 5-2 = 3 years. Mother's age when brother was born = 26-3 = 23 years. If my sister was 4 years of age when my brother was born.29yrs d)35yrs. Father's age when brother was born = 28+4 = 32 years. 29yrs c)35 yrs. Sneh's present age x = y/6 x = 30/6 = 5 years.i. Age of the youngest child is x = 4 years. 8.My brother is 3 years elder to me.e y+10 = 2( V+10)( where 'V' is the Vimal's age) Vimal's eight birthday was celebrated two years before. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonages. a) 4 years Solution: b) 8 years c) 10 years d)None of the above Let the age of the children's be x . Then the Vimal's present age is 10 years.

. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers.21...M of 16.. Let it contain n terms then T =84=a+(n-1)d =14+(n-1)7 =7+7n 7n=77 =>n=11. Ans (b).15.Find the total number of prime factors in 411 *7 5 *112 ? Solution: 411 7 5 112= (2*2) 11 *7 5 *112 = 222 *7 5 *112 Total number of prime factors=22+5+2=29 4.P with a=2..3 c.the remainder is 100..Find the unit's digit n the product 2467 153 * 34172? Solution: Unit's digit in the given product=Unit's digit in 7 153 * 172 Now 7 4 gives unit digit 1 7 152 gives unit digit 1 7 153 gives 1*7=7.. Therefore required number=10000+(180-100) =10080..The least umber of five digits which is exactly divisible by 12.1 b. Ans (d)..24 = L.Mof 12. This is an A. 2. On dividing 10000 by 180...1600 b.Find the sum of all odd numbers up to 100? Solution: The given numbers are 1... which is greater than when it is multiplied by 1000.. 7.How many numbers between 11 and 90 are divisible by 7? Solution: The required numbers are 14.7 Solution: 1000+N>1000N clearly N=1.8.6400 d..r=2 Let the number of terms be n then 2*2 n-1=1024 2n-1 =512=29 n-1=9 n=10. 9.P with a=1. 8..5 d. This is an A...3..4...What least number must be added to 3000 to obtain a number exactly divisible by 19? Solution: On dividing 3000 by 19 we get 17 as remainder Therefore number to be added = 19-17=2.P with a=14.Also 172 gives 1 Hence unit's digit in the product =7*1=7.. 6.C.10080 Solution: Least number of five digits is 10000 L..10020 d.20.. 5..6. Therefore required number =240*3*5=3600.A positive number which when added to 1000 gives a sum .....10015 c.6.How many terms are there in 2.d=7.4.20.84.The least number which is perfect square and is divisible by each of the numbers 16.18 s 180..20 and 24 is? a..Problems on Numbers Simple problems: 1...d=2.3600 c. 3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .10010 b..1024 form a G. Let it contain n terms 1+(n-1)2=99 =>n=50 Then required sum =n/2(first term +last term) =50/2(1+99)=2500.5.14400 Solution: The least number divisible by 16..15 and 18 is? a. The positive integer is? a.C..28.24=240 =2*2*2*2*3*5 To make it a perfect square it must be multiplied by 3*5..99.1024? Solution: Clearly 2.

19.Find the number of zeros in the factorial of the number 18? Solution: 18! contains 15 and 5. Solution: solution: Greatest number of four digits is 9999 L. Top Medium Problems: 12.M of 4.In doing a division of a question with zero remainder.Hence 18! contains 3 zeros and the last digit will always be zero.The quotient obtained by him was 35. Therefore correct quotient =420/21=20.required number =10011.270 c. Given that x*22+x = 1/2 x2 23x = 1/2 x2 x = 2*23=46 Ans (b) 20. and 13=364.8739 b. 15.46 c. 14.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] . Hence required number=9828+3=9831. unit digit of 210 * 210 * 210 is 4 as 4*4*4 gives unit digit 4 unit digit of 231 is 8. Ans (b).Find the remainder when 231 is divided by 5? Solution: 210 =1024. 18.What least value must be assigned to * so that th number 197*5462 is divisible by 9? Solution: Let the missing digit be x Sum of digits = (1+9+7+x+5+4+6+2)=34+x For 34+x to be divisible by 9 .240 b.45 b.20 Solution: Dividend=12*35=420.13 d.The sum of three prime numbers is 100. Hence. 17.0 b.P with a=2.12 c. x must be replaced by 2 The digit in place of x must be 2.A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47. none Solution: Let the required number be x.10.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder? Solution: Number=342 K + 47 = 19 * 18 K + 19 * 2 + 9=19 ( 18K + 2) + 9.Find the smallest number of 6 digits which is exactly divisible by 111? Solution: Smallest number of 6 digits is 100000 On dividing 10000 by 111 we get 100 as remainder Number to be added =111-100=11.Find the number of zeros in 27!? Solution: Short cut method : number of zeros in 27!=27/5 + 27/25 =5+1=6zeros.360 Solution: Let the smaller number be x. Now 8 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder.C. 231 when divided by 5 gives 3 as remainder. Also 10 is also contained in 18! which will give additional zero . Therefore greatest number of four digits divisible by 4..r=2 and n=8.9834 d..2+22+23+24+25. 21. Find the number.47 d. a. =2*255=510.The largest four digit number which when divided by 4.9831 c.If one of them file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers...The difference between two numbers 1365.. 16..295 d. 13. then larger number =1365+x Therefore 1365+x=6x+15 5x=1350 => x=270 Required number is 270.which combined with one even number gives zeros.13 =9999-171=9828. Now dividend =420 and divisor =21. Sum Sn=a(1-r n)/1-r=Sn=2(1-28)/1-2.The smaller number is? a.9893. The correct quotient is? a. The given number when divided by 19 gives 18 K + 2 as quotient and 9 as remainder.a candidate took 12 as divisor instead of 21. 11... On dividing 9999 by 364 remainder obtained is 171.7.When the larger number is divided by the smaller one the quotient is 6 and the remainder is 15..7 or 13 leaves a remainder of 3 in each case is? a.If a number is multiplied by 22 and the same number is added to it then we get a number that is half the square of that number.+28=? Solution: Given series is a G.7.

.(x-3). none Solution: The given polynomials are x2-5x+6=0......4 d..M =80/100 A...81 b.. 22...6.....29 c.. Top Complex Problems: 24.(x-2).exceeds another by 36 then one of the numbers is? a..M = a+b / 2 and G.45 c.(x-2)(x-3)(x-5) d.Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2.......1 If we multiply the number written in reverse order by its sum of digits we get 486..The sum of two numbers is 15 and their geometric mean is 20% lower than their arithmetic mean. (10y+x)(x+y)=486.12....36 d.When we multiply a certain two digit number by the sum of its digits 405 is achieved.3 b...1250 c..(x-2).html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] . Ans (b).. 2 minutes In 30 minutes they will toll together [30/2 +1]=16 times 25.22030 d.10.. 10x+y / 10y+x = 5/6. So.A number when divided by the sum of 555 and 445 gives two times their difference as quotient and 30 as remainder . From the above condition we conclude that the above condition is satisfied by the second option i e b. 23.12 is 120.we get 486.. If a=12 and a+b=15 then b=3.2 d..M = 20% lower than A..3 c. Solution: x+(x+36)+y=100 2x+y=64 Therefore y must be even prime which is 2 2x+2=64=>x=31.12 seconds respectively. 60x+6y = 50y+5x 55x=44y 5x = 4y. Solution: Number=(555+445)*(555-445)*2+30 =(555+445)*2*110+30 =220000+30=220030. Third prime number =x+36=31+36=67.13..7 b.41 d67.. Ans (b)...the bells will toll together after every 120 seconds i e.220030.....(x-2)(x-3) c.6. their A.. Find the numbers? a.4 b... If we multiply the number written in reverse order of the same digits by the sum of the digits..1220 b.6 Solution: The difference of 1025-7 and 1024+x is =(1025-7)-(1024-x) =1025-7-1024-x =10..1 x2-7x+10=0.(x-2)(x-3)(x-5) b..Find the HCF and LCM of the polynomials x2-5x+6 and x2-7x+10? a.M = (ab)1/2 Given G. In 30 minutes how many times do they toll together? Solution: To find the time that the bells will toll together we have to take L...1024-7 -1024-x =1024(10-1)-(7-x) =1024*9-(7+x) The above expression is divisible by 3 so we have to replace x with 2.8.5 Solution: Sum of the two numbers is a+b=15. (10x+y)(x+y)=405.The difference of 1025-7 and 1024+x is divisible by 3 for x=? a.2 c.10.2 dividing 1 and 2 (10x+y)(x+y)/(10y+x)(x+y) = 405/486. The number is? a.8. 27..4..Find the number? a.2 we have to find the factors of the polynomials x2-5x+6 and x2-7x+10 x2-2x-3x+6 x2-5x-2x+10 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers.11.. none Solution: Let the number be x y.M (ab)1/2=4/5 a+b/2 = 2*15/5= 6 (ab)1/2=6 ab=36 =>b=36/a a+b=15 a+36/a=15 a2+36=15a a2-15a+36=0 a2-3a-12a+36=0 a(a-3)-12(a-3)=0 a=12 or 3. Ans (b)... 45.... 26....10.. When we multiply the number by the sum of its digit 405 is achieved.4. If a=3 and a+b=15 then b=12...C....M of 2.

Find the numbers? a...The sum of all possible two digit numbers formed from three different one digit natural numbers when divided by the sum of the original three numbers is equal to? a.56 c.. 29.7 respectively.If we add the square of the digit in the tens place of the positive two digit number to the product of the digits of that number we get 52.60 d.x(x-2)-3(x-2) x(x-5)-2(x-5) (x-3)(x-2) (x-2)(x-5) From the above factors of the polynomials we can easily find the HCF as (x-3)and LCM as (x-2)(x-3)(x-5). none Solution: Let the one digit numbers x.54 b. Ans (b). a+b/2 = b-24 a+b = 2b-48 a = b-48.....22 c.x . If x=3 and x-y=1 then y=2.. 5 8 z=8*1+7=15 y=5z+4 = 5*15+4 = 79 x=3y+1 = 3*79+1=238 Now 8 5 3 3 y z 1 .6. Therefore the number is 32. the sum of the squares of the digits of the number is 13 x2+y2=13 If we subtract 9 from the number we get the number in reverse order x y-9=y x.12 b.A number being successively divided by 3.36 d.28 Solution: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers.18 b.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .. Top 32. Ans (a).7.4.6 4 .42 d. Ans (c) 28.. 31.1 The GM of the two numbers exceeds by 12 the smaller of the numbers GM = a+12 GM of two numbers is (ab)1/2 (ab) 1/2= a+12 ab = a2+144+24a from 1 b=a+48 a(a+48)= a2+144+24a a2+48a = a2+144+24a 24a=144=>a=6 Therefore b=a+48=54.5.z Sum of all possible two digit numbers =(10x+y)+(10x+z)+(10y+x)+(10y+z)+(10z+x)+(10z+y) = 22(x+y+z) Therefore sum of all possible two digit numbers when divided by sum of one digit numbers gives 22.. The AM of two numbers is smaller by 24 than the larger of the two numbers.12.The sum of squares of the digits constituting a positive two digit number is 13.and if we add the square of the digit in the unit's place to the same product of the digits we get 117.If we subtract 9 from that number we shall get a number written by the same digits in the reverse order.18 b.b where a is smaller and b is larger number.2. If x=-2 and x-y=1 then y=-3..2 29 5 1 Respective remainders are 6.-2. Find the number? a...4.y. 30.. 10x+y-9=10y+x.1 4 .32 c..Find the two digit number? a. Solution: Let the number be x y.The arithmetic mean of two numbers is smaller by 24 than the larger of the two numbers and the GM of the same numbers exceeds by 12 the smaller of the numbers.49 d.39 c.8 leaves remainders 1. AM=b-24 AM of two numbers is a+b/2.52. 9x-9y=9 x-y=1 (x-y)2 =x2+y2-2x y 1 =13-2x y 2x y = 12 x y = 6 =>y=6/x x-y=1 x-6/x=1 x2-6=x x2-x-6=0 x+2x-3x-6=0 x(x+2)-3(x+2)=0 x=3.55 Solution: Let the numbers be a. Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed? Solution: Let the number be x.7 238 ...8.

.....23=3*2*3+5 =18+5 =23 the above two equations are satisfied by x=2 and y=3 Therefore the required number is 23.The sum of the resulting fractions proves to be equal to 2/3. Find the middle number? Solution: Let the three numbers be x.. y2+x y= 117 y(x+y)=117..z Given that z â€“ y = y â€“ x 2y = x+z...Let the digit number be x y Given that if we add square of the digit in the of a number to the product of the digits we get x2+x y=52. 1 â€“ (x2+2x-1) /3(x+2) = 1/15 (3x+6-x2-2x+1)/3(x+2) = 1/15 (7-x2+2x)/(x+2) = 1/5 -5x2+5x+35 = x+2 5x2-4x-33 = 0 5x2-15x+11x-33 = 0 5x(x-3)+11(x-3) = 0 (5x+11)(x-3) = 0 Therefore x=-11/5 or 3 Therefore the fraction is x/(x+2) = 3/5....... file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers....First we increased the denominator of a positive fraction by 3 and then it by 5. If the product of the two smaller numbers is 85 and the product of two larger numbers is 115....Three numbers are such that the second is as much lesser than the third as the first is lesser than the second.....y....1 Given that x y /(x*y) quotient = 3 and remainder = 5 we can write the number as x y = 3 x*y +5....... x(x+y)=52..If we divide a two digit number by the sum of its digits we get 4 as a quotient and 3 as a remainder...2 dividing 1 and 2 x(x+y)/y(x+y) = 52/117=4/9 x/y=4/9 from the options we conclude that the two digit because the condition is satisfied by the third Ans (c) tens place 52....we get 1/15..........y=2 1............... Given that x y / (x+y) quotient=4 and remainder = 3 we can write the number as x y = 4(x+y) +3.1 Given that if we add the square of the digit in e to the product is 117.....2 By trail and error method For example take x=1.....12=4(2+3)+3 =4*3+3 ! =15 let us take x=2 y=3 1..3 Dividing 2 and 3 x y /y z = 85/115 x / z = 17 / 23 From 1 2y = x+z 2y = 85/y + 115/y 2y2 = 200 y2 = 100 y = 10 35. 36.. Find the two digit number? Solution: Let the two digit number is x y. 33...................... Find the denominator of the fraction if its numerator is 2........... Solution: Let us assume the fraction is x/y First we increasing the denominator by 3 we get x/(y-3) Then decrease it by 5 we get the fraction as x/(y-5) Given that the sum of the resulting fraction is 2/3 x/(y+3) + x/(y-5) = 2/3 Given numerator equal to 2 2*[ 1/y+3 + 1/y-5] =2/3 (y-5+y+3) / (y-3)(y+5) =1/3 6y â€“ 6 = y2-5y+3y-15 y2-8y-9 = 0 y2-9y+y-9 = 0 y(y-9)+1(y-9) = 0 Therefore y =-1 or 9...1 Given that the product of two smaller numbers is 85 x y = 85............23=4(2+3)+3 =20+3 =23 2.. Now if we divide that two digit number by the product of its digits we get 3 as a quotient and 5 as a remainder .....If we reduce the numerator of the reciprocal fraction by 3 and subtract the given fraction from the resulting one....html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .......Find the given fraction? Solution: Let the given fraction be x / (x+2) because given that denominator of the fraction is greater than the numerator by 2 1 â€“ [(x â€“ 1/(x+2))/3] = 1/15...2 Given that the product of two larger numbers is 115 y z = 115...The denominators of an irreducible fraction is greater than the numerator by 2..... 34.............. the unit's plac number is 49 option.

.....99 d..we get 4 as quotient and 15 as a remainder....... If we divide 10x+y by a number in reverse order i e......71 b.2 By using above two equations and trail and error method we get the required number...... We can write as 10x+y = 4(10y+x)+15..... In this no option is satisfied so answer is d..37. From the options also we can solve the problem........ Find the number? a....10y+x we get 4 as quotient and 15 as remainder.....html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] ...... If we subtract 1 from the given number we get the sum of the squares of the digits constituting that number.. Ans (d) Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/problemsonnumbers...1 If we subtract 1 from the given number we get square of the digits 10x+y = x2+y2....If we divide a two digit number by a number consisting of the same digits written in the reverse order... none Solution: Let the number be x y....83 c.

50 Loss%=(loss*100)/C.50 4.60 Find the gain percent.P=(100*S.35%.34 5.gain=16%? Sol: C.P=(100*S.If a radio is purchased for Rs 490 and sold for Rs 465.40=Rs 68.P when S. 4.50%=4% 2. Profit or Gain: If S.P when C.60.P=(100*51.10 Gain%=(gain*100)/C.then Gain%=[(error/(true value-error))*100]% 14.P=Rs 56.27.P)=(100+gain%):(2nd S.P.P=Rs 490 S.abbreviated as S.S.P 8.60 then Gain=S.then what is the profit percent? Sol: let S.P-S.P=490-465.Profit and Loss Important Facts: Cost Price: The price at which an article is purchased.Loss%=(loss*100)/C. Selling Price: The price at which an article is sold.S.75 7.P. (100-loss%):(1st S.loss=12%? Sol: C.If an article is sold at a loss of say.A person incurs 5% loss by selling a watch for Rs 1140 .Find S.A man buys an article for Rs.P.P-C.60)/(100+16)=Rs 35 6.P=(100*S.P=100-96=Rs 4 profit%=(profit*C.P=Rs 80.Loss or Gain is always reckoned on C.P 6.P=65% of C.P)/(100+gain%) 9.C.P=[(100+gain%)/100]*C.25=Rs 67.P)/(100+gain%) C. is called its cost price.Find C. Loss:if S.C.Find S.then S.35%.then S.P=(100*40.then the seller always incurs a loss given by Loss%=[common loss and gain %/10]2=(x/10)2 13..50=Rs 24. 11. 12.P=[(100-5)/100]*80.P=[(100+gain%)/100]*C.50 Loss=C.10*100)/27. x%.P.50 S.P.P=[(100+20)/100]56. the seller is said to have incurred a loss.P% =(1.P=Rs 27.P% =(24.P 7.P.P=(100*S.If a trader professes to sell his goods at cost price. Formulae 1.P-C.P)/(100-loss%) 10.P=Rs 51.P)/(100-loss%) C.abbreviated as C.50=Rs 1.Gain%=(gain*100)/C. Sol: C.When a person sells two similar items.P=Rs 40.P) 2.50 Find the loss%? Sol: C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .P.25 and Gain=20% Sol: S.P=28.P) 3. Is less than C.40.loss=5% Sol: S. one at a gain of say. Is greater than C.P=Rs 100 then C.P when C.but uses false weight.If an article is sold at a gain of say.P=Rs 465. The seller is said to have a profit or gain.P)/100% file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitandloss.50*100)/490%=5% 3. At what price should the watch be sold to earn 5% profit? Sol: Let the new S.P S.P S.P-S.P 5.P-C.70 .P be Rs x then.Net selling price=Marked price-Discount Top Simple Problems 1.and the other at a loss of x%.If the cost price is 96% of the selling price.P=[(100-loss%)/100]*C.28.Find C. is called its selling price.Gain=(S.P) (100-5)/1140=(100+5)/x x=(105*1140)/95=Rs 1260 8.P=Rs 28.P when S.Loss=(C.P.P=[(100-loss%)/100]*C.P=Rs 96 profit=S.P.70)/(100-12)=Rs 58.50 and sells it for Rs.P=135% of C.60-27.

P)*100 =(11/22)*100=50% Top 7.P=85% of the 2400 (85*2400)/100=Rs 2040 5.A discount dealer professes to sell his goods at cost price but uses a weight of 960 gms for a Kg weight .By selling 33m of cloth .P=33-22=Rs 11 gain%=(gain/C. He sold the suitcase for Rs 2880 with 20% profit on the labelled price .P is Rs 96. passing through three hands.Two discounts of 40% and 20% equal to a single discount of? Sol: {[(100-40)/100]*[(100-20)/100]}%=(60*80)/(100*100)% =48% single discount is equal to (100-48)%=52% Top Difficult Problems 1.P 6.find the percentage profit earned by the third seller? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitandloss.If the total was Rs 400.P=(616*100)/110=Rs 560 C.P-C.P=616 S.56% 11.Find the gain percent? Sol: gain=S. value of 1/3=x/3 S. =(100*560)/(100+12)=Rs 500 2.P value be Rs x S.P of each article =2160/15=Rs 144 If S.P of 33m-C.At what price did he buy the suitcase? Sol: let the labelled price be Rs x then 120% of x=2880 x=(2880*100)/120=Rs 2400 C.What was his percentage profit? Sol: C.On one he gains 16% while on the other he losses 16%.marked price =(100/96)*144=Rs 15000 therefore marked price=50% above C.P)/(100+gain%) C.P of 22m=Rs 22 S.P S.if the first and second sellers earned 20% and 25% profit respectively.Find his gain %? Sol: Gain%=[(error*100)/(true value-error)]% =[(40*100)/1000-40)]%=25/6% 10. He sold each one of then at the rate of Rs 33.How much does he gain or lose in the whole transaction? Sol: loss%=[common loss or gain%/10]2=(16/10)2=2.P of 22m=C. On one he lost 10% and on the other he gained 10%.A tradesman gives 4% discount on the marked price and gives article free for buying every 15 articles and thus gains 35%.75/31.P=[(105% of 2x/3)+(98% of x/3)] =(105*2x)/(100*3)+(98/100)+x/3 =308x/300 (308x/300)-x=400 8x/300=400 x=(300*400)/8=Rs 15000 4.P=(100*S.The price of a jewel. rises on the whole by 65%.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .then C.P)*100 =(1.Two third of consignment was sold at a profit of 5% and the remainder at a loss of 2%. 12.Sam purchased 20 dozens of toys at the rate of 375 Rs per dozen.17% 9.what his gain or loss percent? Sol: If loss% and gain% is equal to 10 then there is no loss or no gain.P of 33m let C. marked price =Rs 100 If S.P of 22m=Rs 33 gain=S.A man sold two cows at Rs 1995 each.P of one toy=Rs 375/12=Rs 31.the value of the consignment was? Sol: let the value total total total value be Rs x of 2/3=2x/3.P of 15 articles =1600*(135/100)=Rs 2160 S.P of 16 articles=Rs (100*16)=Rs 1600 S.25 S.P of each article be Rs 100 then C.75 profit %=(profit/C.P of one toy=Rs 33 profit=S.P is Rs 144.P-C.P=33-31.Kunal bought a suitcase with 15% discount on the labelled price. The marked price is above the cost price by Sol: let the C.A man sold two flats for Rs 675.P of 33m =11m of S.958 each .6% 3.one gains the selling price of 11m.25)*100 profit% =5.then the cost price of the article is? Sol: 110% of S.The rate of sales tax is 10%.P of each meter be Rs 1.if the shopkeeper has made a profit of 12%.=(4*96)/100=4.25=Rs 1.The cost of an article including the sales tax is Rs 616.The price of an article is reduced by 25% in order to restore the must be increased by ? Sol: [x/(100-x)]*100 =[25/(100-25)]*100 =(25/75)*100=100/3% 13.P.

At what price should the article be sold to make 25% profit? Sol: let C.The profit earned by selling an article for Rs 900 is double the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs 490 . Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitandloss.5% 10.P=1240*100/8000=15.P=8x-7.Sol: let the original price of the jewel be Rs P and let the profit earned by the third seller be x% then (100+x)% of 125% of P=165% of P [(100+x)/100]*(125/100)*(120/100)*P=(165/100)*P 100+x=(165*100*100)/(125*120) 100+x=110 x=10% 8.P=(100+gain%)*C.72 (105/100)*x-(95/100)*x=6.When a producer allows 36% commission on the retail price of his product .P=100-12=Rs 88 gain=88-(1000/17)=Rs 496/17 gain%=gain*100/C.the seller gets Rs 6.05x*100/8x=0. The C.P)/(gain+100)=(100*64)/(100+8.P=Rs 600 .95x loss=C.If the ratio of the two investments be 3:5 .P/100 S.P-S.21.he had 330 boxes made.A person earns 15% on investment but loses 10% on another investment .95x=0.P =(496*17*100)(17*1000) gain%=49.72 more.html[1/28/2012 12:45:28 AM] .Vikas bought paper sheets for Rs 7200 and spent Rs 200 on transport. Paying Rs 600.which he sold at Rs 28 each.8%.what is the gain or loss on the two investments taken together? Sol: let the investments be 3x and 5x then total investment=8x total receipt=115% of 3x+90% of 5x =115*3x/100+90*5x/100=7.72 x/10=6.P of the article is? Sol: let C.625% 11.P be Rs x 900-x=2(x-450) 3x=1800 x=Rs 600 C. gain required=25% S.P-C.he earns a profit of 8. His profit percentage is Sol: total investments=7200+200+600=Rs 8000 total receipt=330*28=Rs 9240 gain=S.05x loss%=.8% C.P =total receipt-total investments gain=9240-8000=Rs 1240 gain% =gain*100/C.P=(100*C.P=(100+25)*600/100=Rs 750 12.P=retail price-commission=100-36=Rs 64 But profit=8.P be Rs x 105% of x-95% of x=6.6% 9.what would be his profit percent if the commission is reduced by 24% Sol: let retail price =Rs 100 commission=Rs 36 S.8)=Rs 1000/17 new commission=Rs 12 new S.If an article is sold at 5% gain instead of 5% loss.72 x=Rs 67.

P 5.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROFIT Important Facts: AND LOSS Cost Price:The price at which an article is purchased .F and L. 11.P 7. 4.and the other at a loss of x%.P 8. FORMULAE 1.APTITUDE Numbers H.then S.C.P.P 6.P.Loss or Gain is always reckoned on C.P.P=(100*S.P.P.S.but uses false weight.P=(100*S.P=[(100+gain%)/100]*C. Selling Price:The price at which an article is sold .P) 3.P)/(100+gain%) 9.Gain=(S.html[1/28/2012 12:45:29 AM] . one at a gain of say. Is less than C.abbreviated as C. Profit or Gain:If S.x%.Gain%=(gain*100)/C.P=65% of C.P-C.If an article is sold at a loss of say.C.C.P=[(100-loss%)/100]*C.Net selling price=Marked price-Discount BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitconcepts.P.then Gain%=[(error/(true value-error))*100]% 14. is called its selling price.35%. The seller is said to have a profit or gain.When a person sells two similar items. 12..Loss=(C.P=135% of C. Loss:if S. the seller is said to have incurred a loss.P) 2.P-S.35%.P. is called its cost price.If a trader professes to sell his goods at cost price.Loss%=(loss*100)/C.then S.P. Is greater than C.If an article is sold at a gain of say.abbreviated as S.S.C.then the seller always incurs a loss given by Loss%=[common loss and gain %/10]2=(x/10)2 13.P)/(100-loss%) 10.P.

P 6.P of one toy=Rs 375/12=Rs 31.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROFIT AND LOSS DIFFICULT PROBLEMS 1.The rate of sales tax is 10%.P value be Rs x total S.P of 15 articles =1600*(135/100)=Rs 2160 S.At what price did he buy the suitcase? Sol: let the labelled price be Rs x then 120% of x=2880 x=(2880*100)/120=Rs 2400 C.the value of the consignment was? Sol: let the total value be Rs x value of 2/3=2x/3.P.P-C.P)*100 =(11/22)*100=50% 7.one gains the selling price of 11m.html[1/28/2012 12:45:29 AM] .75 profit %=(profit/C.marked price =(100/96)*144=Rs 15000 therefore marked price=50% above C.then C.What was his percentage profit? Sol: C.P is Rs 96.P=85% of the 2400 (85*2400)/100=Rs 2040 5.25=Rs 1.Kunal bought a suitcase with 15% discount on the labelled price.P of one toy=Rs 33 profit=S.P of 22m=Rs 22 S.P is Rs 144.Two third of consignment was sold at a profit of 5% and the remainder at a loss of 2%.P=616 S.APTITUDE Numbers H.P of 16 articles=Rs (100*16)=Rs 1600 S.P=33-22=Rs 11 gain%=(gain/C.P of 22m=C. rises on the whole by 65%.P)*100 =(1.P of 33m let C.if the shopkeeper has made a profit of 12%. passing through three hands.C.P of each article =2160/15=Rs 144 If S.The price of a jewel.P S.P of 33m =11m of S.Find the gain percent? Sol: gain=S.find the percentage profit earned by the third seller? Sol: let the original price of the jewel be Rs P and let the profit earned by the third seller be x% then (100+x)% of 125% of P=165% of P [(100+x)/100]*(125/100)*(120/100)*P=(165/100)*P file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitdifficult.Sam purchased 20 dozens of toys at the rate of 375 Rs per dozen .P of each article be Rs 100 then C.If the total was Rs 400. He sold the suitcase for Rs 2880 with 20% profit on the labelled price .P)/(100+gain%) C. marked price =Rs 100 If S.P of each meter be Rs 1.A tradesman gives 4% discount on the marked price and gives article free for buying every 15 articles and thus gains 35%.if the first and second sellers earned 20% and 25% profit respectively.75/31.25)*100 profit% =5.F and L.then the cost price of the article is? Sol: 110% of S.The of an article including the sales tax is Rs 616.He sold each one of then at the rate of Rs 33. value of 1/3=x/3 total S.25 S.P=33-31.C.P=(100*S.P of 33m-C.The marked price is above the cost price by Sol: let the C.By selling 33m of cloth .P=[(105% of 2x/3)+(98% of x/3)] =(105*2x)/(100*3)+(98/100)+x/3 =308x/300 (308x/300)-x=400 8x/300=400 x=(300*400)/8=Rs 15000 4.P=(616*100)/110=Rs 560 C.6% 3. =(100*560)/(100+12)=Rs 500 2.P of 22m=Rs 33 gain=S.P-C.

P=Rs 600 . BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitdifficult.P=retail price-commission=100-36=Rs 64 But profit=8.P =total receipt-total investments gain=9240-8000=Rs 1240 gain% =gain*100/C. gain required=25% S.P be Rs x 900-x=2(x-450) 3x=1800 x=Rs 600 C.P/100 S. Paying Rs 600.P be Rs x 105% of x-95% of x=6.P)/(gain+100)=(100*64)/(100+8.P of the article is? Sol: let C.625% 11.6% 9.he earns a profit of 8.The profit earned by selling an article for Rs 900 is double the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs 490 .what would be his profit percent if the commission is reduced by 24% Sol: let retail price =Rs 100 commission=Rs 36 S.P=(100+gain%)*C.21.P=100-12=Rs 88 gain=88-(1000/17)=Rs 496/17 gain%=gain*100/C.what is the gain or loss on the two investments taken together? Sol: let the investments be 3x and 5x then total investment=8x total receipt=115% of 3x+90% of 5x =115*3x/100+90*5x/100=7.If the ratio of the two investments be 3:5 .72 x=Rs 67.P=(100*C.P=1240*100/8000=15.05x loss%=.A person earns 15% on investment but loses 10% on another investment .P=(100+25)*600/100=Rs 750 12.100+x=(165*100*100)/(125*120) 100+x=110 x=10% 8.If an article is sold at 5% gain instead of 5% loss.Vikas bought paper sheets for Rs 7200 and spent Rs 200 on transport.P=8x-7.72 x/10=6.95x=0.P-S.P-C.8% C.5% 10.95x loss=C. His profit percentage is Sol: total investments=7200+200+600=Rs 8000 total receipt=330*28=Rs 9240 gain=S.05x*100/8x=0.8%.8)=Rs 1000/17 new commission=Rs 12 new S.P =(496*17*100)(17*1000) gain%=49.the seller gets Rs 6.which he sold at Rs 28 each.When a producer allows 36% commission on the retail price of his product .72 more.html[1/28/2012 12:45:29 AM] .72 (105/100)*x-(95/100)*x=6. The C.he had 330 boxes made.At what price should the article be sold to make 25% profit? Sol: let C.

27.P=[(100-5)/100]*80.10 Gain%=(gain*100)/C.P=490-465. Sol: C.P% =(1.60 then Gain=S.P)/(100-loss%) C.Find S.50 Loss=C.loss=5% Sol: S.How much does he gain or lose in the whole transaction? Sol: loss%=[common loss or gain%/10]2=(16/10)2=2.50 Find the loss%? Sol: C.70)/(100-12)=Rs 58.P=[(100+20)/100]56.60 Find the gain percent.50=Rs 24.F and L. At what price should the watch be sold to earn 5% profit? Sol: Let the new S.50 4.P=(100*40.P=[(100-loss%)/100]*C.25 and Gain=20% Sol: S.If a radio is purchased for Rs 490 and sold for Rs 465.loss=12%? Sol: C.then what is the profit percent? Sol: let S. 12.P=Rs 490 S.60.50 Loss%=(loss*100)/C.P when S.50=Rs 1.P)/100% =(4*96)/100=4.C.Two discounts of 40% and 20% equal to a single discount of? Sol: {[(100-40)/100]*[(100-20)/100]}%=(60*80)/(100*100)% =48% single discount is equal to (100-48)%=52% BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitsimple.A man buys an article for Rs.P) (100-5)/1140=(100+5)/x x=(105*1140)/95=Rs 1260 8.P-C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PROFIT AND LOSS SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1.60)/(100+16)=Rs 35 6.P=Rs 465.P=(100*51.50 and sells it for Rs.P=Rs 27.P=(100*S.P-S.P)=(100+gain%):(2nd S.17% 9.P when S.50%=4% 2.P=Rs 100 then C.56% 11. On one he lost 10% and on the other he gained 10%.Find C.what his gain or loss percent? Sol: If loss% and gain% is equal to 10 then there is no loss or no gain.P when C. (100-loss%):(1st S.34 5.40=Rs 68.75 7.APTITUDE Numbers H.P=Rs 40.A discount dealer professes to sell his goods at cost price but uses a weight of 960 gms for a Kg weight .P S.P% =(24.Find his gain %? Sol: Gain%=[(error*100)/(true value-error)]% =[(40*100)/1000-40)]%=25/6% 10.P=Rs 56.P)/(100+gain%) C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .P=(100*S.28.On one he gains 16% while on the other he losses 16%.P be Rs x then.50*100)/490%=5% 3.P=100-96=Rs 4 profit%=(profit*C.P when C.60-27.25=Rs 67.10*100)/27.P=Rs 80.P=Rs 96 profit=S.A man sold two flats for Rs 675.P=28.P=Rs 28.A man sold two cows at Rs 1995 each.The price of an article is reduced by 25% in order to restore the must be increased by ? Sol: [x/(100-x)]*100 =[25/(100-25)]*100 =(25/75)*100=100/3% 13.C.P=[(100+gain%)/100]*C.958 each .gain=16%? Sol: C.70 .If the cost price is 96% of the selling price.A person incurs 5% loss by selling a watch for Rs 1140 .Find C.Find S.P=Rs 51.P-C.P S.50 S.40.

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/profitsimple.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .

5.17..2..A PUZZLE OF CULTURAL GROUPS Literary.217.17.Literary group meets every other day..40 and so is the amount Samsrita carried with her...of days in file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles....musical every fourth day... On return she had 100y+20x paise.filling the cistern 1/2+1/3-1/5=15+10-6/30=25-6/30=19/30 No.How many days did none of them met? Solution: LCM of 2.6 Distance to be covered by Shilpa to beat Sushma over full distance 1500-1428. 8..FILLING A CISTERN Pipe S1 can fill a cistern in 2 hours and pipe S2 in 3 hours.61.Dancing and Painting are the 5 groups of a club..how long will it take to fill? Solution: S1 fills cistern in 1/2 hours S2 fills cistern in 1/3 hours S3 empties it in 1/5 hours A the pipes S1. Musical meet for 15 4 day intervals..By how much could Shilpa beat Sushma over the full distance if they both ran as before? Solution: Total distance covered by Sneha=1500m Shilpa=1500-30=1470 Sneha =1500-100=1400 Distance covered by Shilpa=1500*1400/1470=1428.dramatic every third day. Dancing meet for 12 5 day intervals.1.painting every sixth day.SEQUENCES What are the next two terms in the sequence? 1.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] . The next three terms are: 2exp7-1=127 2exp8-1=255 2exp9-1=511 7.217. By counting all the intervals for other groups no.1975 they met on every 61st day.of hours to fill=30/19=1 11\19hours. 60/2=30 60/3=20 60/4=15 60/5=12 60/6=10 Literary meet for 30 2 day intervals.A RUNNNG RACE Sneha.of 20pcoins.4.Five groups meet on NewYears day of 1975 and starting from that day they met regularly on schedule.Supposing all the pipes are turned on when the cistern is competely empty.How much did Samsrita spend and how much did she take? Solution: Let x be no.. Hence excluding Jan1. 1/3(10x+20y)=100y+20x =>4x=280y =>x=7y y=1 => x=7 total =7.S3 working i.6 is 60.What are the next three terms to the series? 1+3+7+15+31+63.....is amount spent by Samsrita.SEQUENCE PROBLEMS What are the next two terms in the sequence?1.. Solution: The order in this cases is Tn=3*Tn-1 +2*Tn-2 = 3(217)+2(61) = 773 Tn+1=3(773)+2(271) =2319+542 =2753 5..The distance is 1500 metres. Rs. Solution: Tn=3Tn-1+2Tn-2 =3(217)+2(61) =773 Tn+1=3(773)+2(217)=2753 6.20 <15 y=2 =>x=14 total=14..e..61..1975. Also it is given that she had 1/3 rd of the orginal amount.Pipe S3 can empty it in 5 hours.Musical..80/. Dramatic meet for 20 3 day intervals.She came back with 1/3rd with what she had...60 >>15 Hence the suitable value nearer to the amunt is 14..Dramatic.. First quartr implies 3 months with 90 days.when going for shopping 100x+20y paise were there with Samsrita.5. 4.. So.. Sneha beats Shilpa by 30 metres and Sushma by 100 metres.A PROBLEM OF SHOPPING Samsrita went out for shopping by taking with her Rs.5. so inorder to a nswer that how many days do they don/t meet atleast once in first quarter is got by rounding all other categories.1.3.6=71.15/.4m 3.in one rupee notes and 20p coins.dancing every fifth day.Shilpa.40~=15 y=3 =>x=21 total=21. How many times did all the 5 groups meet on same day in first quarter excluding Jan1.S2. Paintng meet for 10 6 day intervals.. Solution: Actual term is 2exp n-1... 1/3(1440)=480paise.of rupee notes y be no.On return she had as many one rupee notes as she originally had and as many 20p coins as she had one rupee notes...4.Sushma join a running race.

Hence 4 plants can be planted at euqidistant.04 and 3.of men by 32.A GAME OF BILLIARDS Rajv... Parveen returned the papers to the students at random. Planting at all the three corners only 3 can be planted. 16..(2) 7*(1)=>7W=7M+112...77 and multiplidd by 4 it becomes 3. How many days does it take him to reach the top and get out? Solution: Hours Feets 1 3ft .WOMEN AT CLUB SOCIALS Women outnumbered men by 16 at a club social.FILLING WINE IN BARRELS A friend of mine in London has a very nice cellar...How much wine would the larger barrel hold when full? Solution: 5/6-------------------536 4/9-------------------? 5/6*536=4/9*x =>x=1005 litrs 20. they had forgotten to write their names...... The volume of smaller brick = 4 * 4 * 4 = 64 times smaller The smaller brick's weight = 4000/64 = 62.5 grams 21.. Given W=M+16.It takes 3 seconds to enter a tunnel and 30 seconds more to pass thorugh it completely.. but made of the same material weigh? Solution: The weight of the given brick = 4 Kilograms = 4000 grams It is given that the smaller brick's volume is 4 times smaller than the given one.How much do you think asmaller brick four times small. 22.as per equidstant formula of triangle. The centroid is the middle point placed exactly equidistant from all the corners...PLANTING TREES If you wished to plant some trees so that each was equidistant from every pther tree..(3) (3)-(2) =>M=40 W=56 Top 19..(1) 7W=9M+32.The larger barrel is mostly empty.QUESTION OF PROBABILITY My friend Parveen teaches at a school.What was the number of men and women at club? Solution: Let W and M be the no..A JUMPING FROG A frog starts climbing a 30 ft wall..He has two large barrels in the cellar..Vinay were playing a game of Billiards....Rajiv can give Sanjiv 10 points in 50 and Sanjiv can give 10 points in 50. 15.LENGTH OF A TRAIN A train is travelling at the speed of 96 kmph.WEIGHT OF A BRICK We have a brick of regular size.2ft = 1 ft At the end of 27th hour the frog climbs 27fts and on 28th hour it climbs the remaining 3fts and comes out.14 which pi value adjusted to 2 decimals....added becomes ...what is the largest number you would plant? Solution: From the above informatin..it is an equilateral triangle..How many points in 50 must Rajiv gve Sanjiv to make an even game? Solution: Rajiv 50 Sanjiv 40 Sanjiv 50 Vinay 40 Sanjiv 40 Vinay 40*40/50=32 Rajiv 50 Sanjiv 40 Vinay 32 Rajiv gains 18 points than Vinay (50-32=18) 18..Seventimes the no. Each hour it climbs 3 ft and slips back 2.Supposing he empties the smaller barrel and fills the bigger barrel to find that the wine fills only 4/9 of it.2ft = 1ft 3 3ft ...html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .of women exceeds nine times the no...It weighs 4 kilograms.2ft = 1ft 2 3ft . One day she conducted a test for 3 of her students and when they handed back the test papers. What is the length of the train and the tunnel? Solution: Speed of the train=95*5/18 m/sec Time taken=3ssec Length of the train=96*5/18*3=80m Length of the tunnel=96*5/18*30=800m 17.2ft = 1ft : : : : 27 3ft .Sanjiv.08 repeatition it is 3.What is the probability that none of the 3 students will get the right paper? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles..of women and men respectively.But the smaller barrel is only 5/6 th full f wine while it can hold 536 litres..

.How did they? Solution: Let us assume that c1 ----------------->first son c2 ---------------->second son f ------------------>father First the two sons c1...c2rowed across the river and c1 stayed behind while c2 returned in the boat to his father.I did some quick calculation in my mind. I require 30 seconds to reach the bottom.remainder 1..72... it needs 18 seconds more to reach the bottom ---(2) from (1) & (2) it is clear that for (34-26) steps it took (30-18) seconds. for 1 man to pack 1 packet it takes 1 miute. Here is a sequenc. If the time is measured from the moment the top step begins to descend to the time I step off the last step at the bottom ... i.. Finally Total number of steps = 26 + (steps covered in 30 seconds) =26+20=46 steps. The radius r of the circumscribed circle of the triangle ABC is given by R=a/2SinA=b/2SinB=c/2Sinc 27. The first one of its kind was the year 1951.. 29.The meaning to circumscribe is to describe a figure round another so as to touch it at points without cutting...remainder 6:9:8=1...e...116 Top 28. 25.58.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .for 60 packets to be packed in 60 miutes we need 60 men..Can you name the other sin? Solution: 1973..1999. can you yel the height of the stairway in steps? Solution: Given that after walking 26 steps time needed to reach the bottom is 30 seconds ---(1) Similarly after walking 34 steps.60....1987.A CIRCLE AND A TRIANGLE What do you call a circle which passes through the vertices of of a triangle? Solution: Circumscribed..On a festival day they decide to go across the river on a boat to vissit some relations.Then the other son brought back and the two brothers c1.I decided to walk down the escalator of a tube station.This is exactly what takes place with the circumscribed circle.1997.(0)(100+1)(100+2)(100+3) =0 26.MISSING TERMS 48...How many are required to pack 60 packets in 60 minutes? Solution: Given that for 6 men to pack 6packets of candy it takes 6 miutes i.while in London.e.The son remained behind while the father crossed the river. 2 steps in 3 seconds for 30 seconds -----------how many steps? => (30*2)/3=20 steps.(100-100)(100+1)(100+2)(100+3) =>(100-1)(100-2)(100-3).104.we have to bisect the sides of a triangle and errect perpendiculars which are concurrent at the circumcentre.Yes they managed to come across the river by boat.MATHEMATICAL ODDITY In the 20th century there are only seven years whose numbers are a mathematical oddity because their numbers signify a prime number...c2 rowed over together. But the boat could carry a maximum load at only 200 pounds..He has two sons.PACKETS OF CANDY If 6 men can pack 6 packets of candy in 6 minutes. 24.They both weigh 100 pounds each..Can you find the two missing terms? Solution: The odd terms are in the decimal system and differ by 10.1993.. However .Solution: The possible combinations for the given condition are: 1 2 3 condition met 1 2 3 No 1 3 2 Yes 2 1 3 No 2 3 1 Yes 3 1 2 Yes 3 2 1 No The required probability = 2/6 = 1/3 23.e..78-8=70.if I am able to step down 34 stairs I would only require 18 secionds to get to the bottom.I found that if I wa down 26 steps..Therefore the next two terms are: 78.A PROBLEM OF WEIGHT In my neighbourhood lives a man who weighs 200 pounds. To find the center of such a circle.A COMPUTING PROBLEM Compute (100-1)(100-2)(100-3).1979.68.. 12 seconds for 8 steps in 1 second --------? (1*8)/12=2/3 steps/sec.(100+1)(100+2)(100+3)=? Solution: =>(100-1)(100-2)(100-3).And each even term is the preceeding odd term expressed in the octonamy system.DOWN THE ESCALATOR Recently. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles. Hence... i......

e..4.. How many miles will the falcon have flown before the trains meet? Solution: The trains travel at 25 miles per hour.How do you explain it? Solution: 90 minutes = 1 hour 30 minutes. S + 4 + 3 + 4 + S + 0 = 9n The only digit that meets these two condition is 8 35. The stations from which they start are 50 miles apart.All the children got 3 candy bars each except the child sitting in the end.9 in order from left to right and use only + or _ signs so as to produce a result of 100? Sol: 123-45-67+89 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles. I drove for 90 minutes..Can you find the height of the room? Solution: We know that. Since it travels at 100 miles per hour the bird must have flown 100 miles 34. pow(2) pow(2) 36. Both the trains travel at a speed of 25 miles per hour.30... We met on the Banglore .If only child had been given 2 candy bars there would have been 8 candy bars remaining...6..Both the trains start at the same time towards the other train.HEIGHT OF A ROOM Given the floor area of a room as 24 feet by 48 feet..5.WALKING ALL THE WAY One day I decided to walk all the way from Banglore to Tumkur.. Therefore.. the number has to be divided by 4 and 9 To be divisible by 4 .VALUE OF 'S' S434S0...THE TRAINS AND THE FALCON Two trains start from two opposite directions towards each other.3..2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .ARRANGE THE DIGITS: Arrange the digits 1. The air was fresh and a mild wind was blowing against my wind screen I was driving from Banglore to Brindavan Gardens.. 37...7..and the bird flies at 100 miles per hour.the driving time there and back is absolutely the same because 90 minutes and 1 hour and 30 minutes are one and the samething.volume= h pow(2) + x pow(2) =56 => h=16 Therefore.height of the room=16 ft.then the resulting expressions 3(x-1)+2---------------------(1) 2x+8-------------------------(2) 3(x-1)+2=2x+8 3x-3+2=2x+8 3x-1=2x+8 x=9 Therefore the no..A QUESTION OF DISTANCE It was a beautiful sunny morning. flying bacwards and forwards from one train to other until the trains meet. Hence. It took me 1 hour and 30 miutes to complete the journey... We also know that (diagonal)pow(2) = (length)pow(2) + => (x)pow(2) = 24 pow(2) + 48 => x = 24squareroot(5). (breadth)pow(2).Tumkur road at 5 past four and we both reached our destination at exactly the same time.8. pow(2).+994 s=14(8+9+10+. I started exactly at noon and some one I know in Tumkur decided to walk all the way from Tumkur to Banglore and she started exactly at 2 PM on the same day.A PROBLEM OF CANDY BARS Recently I attended a birthday party.. it fies back to the first train and so on and so forth.At what time did we both arrive? Solution: There fore Total time = 2:00 PM + 3:55 PM + 1:55 PM = 7:50PM 33.+71) s=14(8+71)(71-8+1)/2=7(79)(64)=35392 32. the sum of all the digits of the number must be either equal to 9 or a multiple of 9 i. As soon as it reaches the second one.and the space diagonal of the room as 56 feet.How many candy bars were there altogether to begin with? Solution: Suppose that there were x children at the party. the number 'S' must be an even number and to be divisible by 9..of candies for distribution 2x+8=2*9+8=18+8=26 31.. what number must be substituted with to make it divisible by 36? Solution: To be divisible by 36.She got only 2 candy bars..All the children in the party were given candy bars.FIND OUT THE SUM What is the sum of all numbers between 100 and 1000 which are divisible by 14? Solution: Let us assume that the sum is S s=112+126+.. After lunch I returned to Banglore.. It continues to do so. Hence they will meet after travelling for one hour and the falcon also must have been flyingfor one hour. Volume of a cube =l pow(2) + b pow(2) + h Here the values of l & b are given. If we distribute the candies in the above mentioned ways.

e. All the four results to be the same number.00 more than its cork. 87912 is the reverse number of the number 219780. i . D = 2(B-2) =>B-4 + [(B-2)/2] + 2(B-2) = 45 =>B=12 :. I gave them a Rupee more than half the money I had in my purse. I was driving from Banglore to Brindavan Gardens. The air was fresh and a mild wind was blowing against my wind screen. for an orphanage. I found that I had only one Rupee remaining in my purse.SPECIAL NUMBER: What is the special about the number 1729? Sol: This is popularly known as Ramanujan's number. Solution: [5-2/(4-5)]pow(2) =[5-2/(-1)]pow(2) =[5+2]pow(2)=49.-----(3) Now he left with [(x-2)/2] â€“ [(x+6)/4] = (x-10)/4 Rs/For temple building he gave [(x-10)/4]/2 + 3 = (x+14)/8 Rs/. How do you explain it? Sol: 90 minutes = 1 hour 30 minutes.D are the four equal parts and their sum is equal to 45. A+B+C+D = 45 Given that. A=8 . Then after a few yards I was approached by a religious group for a donation to the temple they were building. i .10. (10*10*10) + (9*9*9) = 1729 ( 12*12*12) + (1*1*1) = 1729 40.A QUESTION OF DISTANCE: It was a beautiful sunny morning. i . Now he left with [x .A COMPUTING PROBLEM Compute: [5-2/(4-5)]pow(2).e. 2 is subtracted from the second part.B.Top 38. How much money did I have in my purse when I started? Sol: Suppose that the money in his purse when he started = x --------(1) For poor boys fund he gave x/2 + 1 Rs/.PRICE OF A BOTTLE: A bottle and its cork together cost Rs 1.Comment about the result? Solution: 21978*4=87912. I must have walked a few more yards when a group of women approached me for donation.-----------------(2) i . I drove for 90 minutes.A PAIR OF PALLINDROMES Multiply 21978 by 4. If we clearly observe the two numbers 21978 and 87912.00 -------------------(2) From the equations (1) and (2) it is clear that B = Rs 1.10 -------------------(1) and B â€“ C = Rs 1. I gave them 2 Rupees more than half the money I had in my purse. and the fourth part is divided by 2. C=5 . and the bottle costs Rs 1.05 C = Rs 0.(x/2 + 1)] =(x-2)/2 Rs/For Orphanage he gave [(x/2 â€“ 1)/2] +2 = (x+6)/4 Rs/.e. the driving time there and back is absolutely same because 90 minutes and 1 hour 30 minutes are one and the same. from (1). Actual amount â€“ Expended amount = 1 :.FOR THE CHARITIES: One day when I was walking on the road in New Delhi. D=20 And condition (1) is satisfied.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] . B + C = Rs 1. The original amount in his purse at the beginning = Rs 42/43. Hence. B = Price of the bottle C = Price of the cork It is given that.DIVISION OF 45: Can you divide the number 45 into four parts such that when 2 is added to the first part.e. C = (B-2)/2 . After lunch I returned to banglore.05 41. 1 Rupee more than half the amount he had.---(4) Now he left with [(x-10)/4] â€“ [(x+14)/8] = (x-34)/8 Rs/Finally he had 1 Rupee in his purse.(2). This is the known number that is a sum of two cubes in two different ways.C. There fore these two numbers are a pair of paindromes. a group of boys approached me for donation for their poor boys' fund. A+2 = B-2 = C*2 = D/2 ----------------(1) =>A = B-4 .(3) and (4) we have x-{ [ (x+2)/2 ] + [ (x+6)/4 ] + [ (x+14)/8 ] } = 1 =>x-34=8 => x=42 :. 8+2 = 12-2 = 5*2 = 20/2 39. 44. What is the price of the bottle? Sol: Let us assume that. It took me one hour and 30 minutes to complete the journey. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles. 42. I gave them 3 Rupees more than half of what I had in my purse. At last I returned to my hotel room. the resultant number ie. Sol: Let us take A. 2 is multiplied by the third part.

Each day I ate 6 more than the previous day. Can you tell me how many he ate yesterday? Soluton: First day the number of idlis he ate be x Second day the count is (x+6) Third day ------------------------. on fourth day the number of idlis the man ate were 26. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles.(x+12) Fourth day ------------------------(x+18) Fifth day ---------------------------(x+24) Total is 5x + 6(1+2+3+4) =100 5x + 60 =100 x = 8 Day Idlis 1 8 2 14 3 20 4 26 5 32 So.ordering plate by plate. He said to me after drinking some water the last one I ate was my hundredth idli in last five days.html[1/28/2012 12:45:30 AM] .

F and L.the shopkeeper said they would together cost Rs.25 PLAYING CHILDREN A group of boys and girls are playing.twelve persons applied for the job.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK PUZZLES Puzzles are dealt in a detailed manner with certain solutions.How many boys were in the orginal group? Solution: Let B and G represent no.What was the cost of bat and the ball? Soluton: Given that bat and ball together cost Rs. SELECTING A CANDIDATE For an advertisement of six local posts.2. Keeping in mind certain puzzles for Infosys some reasoning problems are also dealt. Puzzle name at the top of each problem will give a brief idea regarding the mode of application.The shopkeeper said that bat would cost 75paise more than the ball.1.3. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. Different puzzles are gathered from ShakuntalaDevi’s puzzle books.50 + 75 = Rs.C.75. So cost of the bat = x+75 x+x+75 = 375 2x = 375 – 75 2x = 300 x = 150p Hence cost of the ball = Rs.APTITUDE Numbers H.of boys and girls in the original group respectively.15 boys leave.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .3.There remain 2 girls for each boy.C.Then 45 girls leave.There remain 5 boys for each girl.50 =>Cost of the bat = 1. Given cost of the bat is 75p greater than cost of the ball.Can you tell in how many different ways the selection can be made? Solution: 6^12 SET OF BAT AND BALL When I wanted to buy a bat and ball .75 = 375paise Let cost of the ball alone be x.But I did not want to buy a ball.

Sushma join a running race.of questions as 100 R+W=100 ---------------------------(1) Score is calculated by subtracting 2 times wrong answers(2W) from right answers(R) and given as 85 R-2W=85 -------------------------------(2) (2)-(1) R-2W=85 R+W=100 --------------------W=5 Hence.How many problems did Reshma do correctly? Soluton: Assume W as wrong answers and R as correct answers Given total no.of correct answers of Reshma.She was given 100 problems to solve.100-5=95 is the no.of correct answers.But she scored 85.of wrong answers from the no..Shilpa.She tried to solve all of them correctly but some went wrong.By how much could Shilpa beat file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. =>G/B-15=2/1 =>G-45/B-15 =1/5 (1) & (2) => G = 2B-30 5G – 225 = B . --------------------------------(1) ----------------------------(2) SOLVNG PROBLEMS Reshma appeared for a maths exam.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .The distance is 1500 metres. A RUNNNG RACE Sneha.G ---------> 2 B-15 ----------> 1 G/B-15 = 2/1 i.e.Sneha beats Shilpa by 30 metres and Sushma by 100 metres. G-45 -------------------->1 B-15 ------------------------->5 5 boys are left out when 15 girls are alone. 2 girls are left for 15 boys who are alone. Her score was calculated by subtracting two times th no.15 5 ( 2B – 30 ) = B – 15 + 225 10B = B – 15 + 225 + 150 9B = 360 B = 40 (1)=> G/40-15 = 2 G=50 girls.

6 Distance to be covered by Shilpa to beat Sushma over full distance 1500-1428...61....17...S3 working i...217..Pipe S3 can empty it in 5 hours...5..of hours to fill=30/19=1 11\19hours... Solution: Tn=3Tn-1+2Tn-2 =3(217)+2(61) =773 Tn+1=3(773)+2(217)=2753 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1..5.61.S2. SEQUENCE PROBLEMS What are the next two terms in the sequence?1.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .how long will it take to fill? Solution: S1 fills cistern in 1/2 hours S2 fills cistern in 1/3 hours S3 empties it in 1/5 hours A the pipes S1...filling the cistern 1/2+1/3-1/5=15+10-6/30=25-6/30=19/30 No....Supposing all the pipes are turned on when the cistern is competely empty.1.6=71...1.4m FILLING A CISTERN Pipe S1 can fill a cistern in 2 hours and pipe S2 in 3 hours..217.. Solution: The order in this cases is Tn=3*Tn-1 +2*Tn-2 = 3(217)+2(61) = 773 Tn+1=3(773)+2(271) =2319+542 =2753 SEQUENCES What are the next two terms in the sequence? 1......17..e..Sushma over the full distance if they both ran as before? Solution: Total distance covered by Sneha=1500m Shilpa=1500-30=1470 Sneha =1500-100=1400 Distance covered by Shilpa=1500*1400/1470=1428..

is amount spent by Samsrita..How much did Samsrita spend and how much did she take? Solution: Let x be no.What are the next three terms to the series? 1+3+7+15+31+63.of rupee notes y be no.Musical.On return she had as many one rupee notes as she originally had and as many 20p coins as she had one rupee notes.1975 they met on every 61st day. A PUZZLE OF CULTURAL GROUPS Literary.Literary group meets every other day.How many days did none of them met? Solution: LCM of 2. The next three terms are: 2exp7-1=127 2exp8-1=255 2exp9-1=511 A PROBLEM OF SHOPPING Samsrita went out for shopping by taking with her Rs.. 1/3(1440)=480paise. Solution: Actual term is 2exp n-1.Dancing and Painting are the 5 groups of a club.Five groups meet on NewYears day of 1975 and starting from that day they met regularly on schedule.4.She came back with 1/3rd with what she had.painting every sixth day. Also it is given that she had 1/3 rd of the orginal amount..1975.40~=15 y=3 =>x=21 total=21.of 20pcoins.40 and so is the amount Samsrita carried with her.Dramatic.6 is 60..20 <15 y=2 =>x=14 total=14... 60/2=30 60/3=20 60/4=15 60/5=12 60/6=10 Literary meet for 30 2 day intervals. On return she had 100y+20x paise... Hence excluding Jan1.3. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. How many times did all the 5 groups meet on same day in first quarter excluding Jan1. Dramatic meet for 20 3 day intervals..html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .15/.musical every fourth day.80/. Rs. Musical meet for 15 4 day intervals..when going for shopping 100x+20y paise were there with Samsrita.60 >>15 Hence the suitable value nearer to the amunt is 14. So.in one rupee notes and 20p coins. 1/3(10x+20y)=100y+20x =>4x=280y =>x=7y y=1 => x=7 total =7.4.dramatic every third day.5.dancing every fifth day.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .counted the mangoes.How many mangoes did they steal? Solution: Let the noof mangoes be x After the first boy had eaten noof mangoes =x-1 After taking 1/3 rd of remaining it is 2x-2/3 Second boy ate one and tok 1/3 then it is 2(2x-2/3 -1)=4x-10/9 Third boy ate and tok 1/3 as 2(4x-19)/27=8x-38/27 Deducting the rotten one from remaining noogf mangoes left=8x-38/27=8x765/27 This is divided among the three equally 8x-65/27=3n 8x=81n+65 Let n be equal to odd number 2b+1 8x=81(2b+1)+65 4x=81b+73 Let b=2c+1 4x=81(2c+1)+73 2x=81c+77 Let c=2d+1 x=81d+79 Least value of x for d=0 is 79 for d=1 is 160 for d=3 is 241 On verfication.Among them one counted and ate one. Paintng meet for 10 6 day intervals.Feb 7. AN ELECTION PROBLEM file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. So inorder to a nswer that how many days do they don/t meet atleast once in first quarter is got by rounding all other categories.Mar 9. STOLEN MANGOES Three naughty boys stole some mangoes from a garden. Total is 24.they made an exact division.ate one.From the remainder he took precise third and went back to sleep.Dancing meet for 12 5 day intervals. After sometime third boy also did the same. First quartr implies 3 months with 90 days.79-1=78/3=26 Hence 79 is the correct answer.took an exact third of the remaining and went back to sleep.In the morning they found one which was rotten and hence threw it away from the remainder. After sometime second boy woke up.of days in Jan 8. By counting all the intervals for other groups no.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] . Aftr each took 10 drins .A little later on she drank 1/3 f what was left.In how many ways can the selection be made? Solution: As per the permutations and combinatins concept of mathematics. Water left for Pramatha/Water left for Pranathi=1/11 / 1/1024 =1024/11 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.half of what remained when she drank next and so on.They took their own water in bg plastic bottles.the water Pramatha left was how many times greatr than the water Pranathi had left? Soltuion: Pramatha for the first drink 1/2 for the second drink 1/3 for the third drink 1/4 She drank 10 times and hence by the end of the 10th drink 1/11 of water she had in the bottle was over.In the photo the span of the plane was same. We have a membership of 12 men and 10 women.Sometime afterwards she drank 1/4 of what remained and so on Pranathi also had a bottle of the same size. Pramatha got thirsty and drank half the water in her bottle.My club had a problem recently. Pranathi for the first drink 1/2 for the second drin 1/4 for the third drink 1/8 So Pranathi as per the given information has drunk 1/1024 of water she had in the bottle.It was photographed as it was flying directly overhead with a camera with a depth of 12cm.She drank half the bottle at the first instance .height of the plane when photographed be x 12000:800 = x:12 x=180m A THRST PROBLEM Pramatha and Pranathi went camping.They had to appoint a Ssecretary from among the men and a joint secretary from among the women.Can you tell how higher was the plane when it was snapped? Solution: Actual span of the plane was 12m Span of the plane n photograph was 800m Depth of the plane is 12000m=12cm Hence. out of 12 men one selected as secretary can be done in 12c1 ways out of 10 women one selected as joint secretary can be done in 10c1 ways Hence one secrtary and one joint secretary is 12*10=120 SNAPPING A PLANE A plane has a span of 12 metres.

.You will notce that a well-known vale approximates this product. Find the value of the series and multiply the answer by 4. Hence 4 plants can be planted at euqidistant.It takes 3 seconds to enter a tunnel and 30 seconds more to pass thorugh it completely.....NAME OF THE EXCHANGE In GreatBritain some years ago the first threeletters of a telephone number usd to indicate the name of the exchangeHow many such arrangements of 3 letters is it possible to devise from the 26 letters of the alphabet? Solution: For permutations the no..as per equidstant formula of triangle. PLANTING TREES If you wished to plant some trees so that each was equidistant from every pther tree.Even more interestng is that as you add more terms the approximation becomes closer.of ways to select is npr=n!/(n-r)! Hence out of 26 letters the possible outcomes are 26p3=26!/23!=15600 VALUE OF THE SERIES Take a good look at the following series. Planting at all the three corners only 3 can be planted...... The centroid is the middle point placed exactly equidistant from all the corners.04 and 3..What is the length of the train and the tunnel? Solution: Speed of the train=95*5/18 m/sec Time taken=3ssec Length of the train=96*5/18*3=80m Length of the tunnel=96*5/18*30=800m file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. 1-1/3+1/5-1/7+1/9-1/11+1/13....76 when two terms adde becomes .14 which pi value adjusted to 2 decimals. LENGTH OF A TRAIN A train is travelling at the speed of 96 kmph...what is the largest number you would plant? Solution: From the above informatin.77 and multiplidd by 4 it becomes 3. Solution: Ths is an Arithmetic progresson with value ...08 repeatition it is 3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .it is an equilateral triangle.

(3) (3)-(2) =>M=40 W=56 FILLING WINE IN BARRELS A friend of mine in London has a very nice cellar..(1) 7W=9M+32.of men by 32.What was the number of men and women at club? Solution: Let W and M be the no...How much wine would the larger barrel hold when full? Solution: 5/6-------------------536 4/9-------------------? 5/6*536=4/9*x =>x=1005 litrs WEIGHT OF A BRICK We have a brick of regular size...html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] ...But the smaller barrel is only 5/6 th full f wine while it can hold 536 litres.Supposing he empties the smaller barrel and fills the bigger barrel to find that the wine fills only 4/9 of it.Seventimes the no....Sanjiv...The larger barrel is mostly empty..5 grams file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.of women and men respectively. Given W=M+16....(2) 7*(1)=>7W=7M+112.Rajiv can give Sanjiv 10 points in 50 and Sanjiv can give 10 points in 50....Vinay were playing a game of Billiards.. The volume of smaller brick = 4 * 4 * 4 = 64 times smaller The smaller brick's weight = 4000/64 = 62...of women exceeds nine times the no....A GAME OF BILLIARDS Rajv.How much do you think asmaller brick four times small.He has two large barrels in the cellar.It weighs 4 kilograms........ but made of the same material weigh? Solution: The weight of the given brick = 4 Kilograms = 4000 grams It is given that the smaller brick's volume is 4 times smaller than the given one...How many points in 50 must Rajiv gve Sanjiv to make an even game? Solution: Rajiv Sanjiv Sanjiv 50 50 40 Sanjiv Vinay 40 40 Vinay 40*40/50=32 Sanjiv 40 Vinay 32 Rajiv 50 Rajiv gains 18 points than Vinay (50-32=18) WOMEN AT CLUB SOCIALS Women outnumbered men by 16 at a club social.....

they had forgotten to write their names.1987. QUESTION OF PROBABILITY My friend Parveen teaches at a school.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .I did some quick calculation in my mind.2ft = 1ft 3ft .I decided to walk down the escalator of a tube station.2ft = 1 ft At the end of 27th hour the frog climbs 27fts and on 28th hour it climbs the remaining 3fts and comes out.1979.2ft = 1ft 3ft . One day she conducted a test for 3 of her students and when they handed back the test papers. I require 30 seconds to reach the bottom. Each hour it climbs 3 ft and slips back 2.The first one of its kind was the year 1951.if I am able to step file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.Can you name the other sin? Solution: 1973.1999.However .while in London. DOWN THE ESCALATOR Recently. Parveen returned the papers to the students at random.I found that if I wa down 26 steps.1997. How many days does it take him to reach the top and get out? Solution: Hours 1 2 3 : : 27 Feets 3ft .What is the probability that none of the 3 students will get the right paper? Solution: The possible combinations for the given condition are: 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 3 3 2 3 1 2 1 condition met No Yes No Yes Yes No The required probability = 2/6 = 1/3 MATHEMATICAL ODDITY In the 20th century there are only seven years whose numbers are a mathematical oddity because their numbers signify a prime number.A JUMPING FROG A frog starts climbing a 30 ft wall.1993.2ft = 1ft : : 3ft .

.Can you find the two missing terms? Solution: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. Finally Total number of steps = 26 + (steps covered in 30 seconds)=26+20=46 steps.....(100-100)(100+1)(100+2)(100+3) =>(100-1)(100-2)(100-3)......The meaning to circumscribe is to describe a figure round another so as to touch it at points without cutting.(100+1)(100+2)(100+3)=? Solution: =>(100-1)(100-2)(100-3).This is exactly what takes place with the circumscribed circle..... To find the center of such a circle...down 34 stairs I would only require 18 secionds to get to the bottom....68... 12 seconds for 8 steps in 1 second --------? (1*8)/12=2/3 steps/sec. i. can you yel the height of the stairway in steps? Solution: Given that after walking 26 steps time needed to reach the bottom is 30 seconds ---(1) Similarly after walking 34 steps..e. it needs 18 seconds more to reach the bottom from (1) & (2) it is clear that for (34-26) steps it took (30-18) seconds.58. Here is a sequenc..e..60.... A COMPUTING PROBLEM Compute (100-1)(100-2)(100-3)..104. If the time is measured from the moment the top step begins to descend to the time I step off the last step at the bottom ... The radius r of the circumscribed circle of the triangle ABC is given by R=a/2SinA=b/2SinB=c/2Sinc MISSING TERMS 48. 2 steps in 3 seconds for 30 seconds -----------how many steps? ---(2) => (30*2)/3=20 steps.. i.we have to bisect the sides of a triangle and errect perpendiculars which are concurrent at the circumcentre......72.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .......(0)(100+1)(100+2)(100+3) =0 A CIRCLE AND A TRIANGLE What do you call a circle which passes through the vertices of of a triangle? Solution: Circumscribed.....

remainder 1..All the children got 3 candy bars each except the child sitting in the end.How Solution: Let us assume that c1 ----------------->first son c2 ---------------->second son f ------------------>father First the two sons c1. for 1 man to pack 1 packet it takes 1 miute. If we distribute the candies in the above mentioned ways.All the children in the party were given candy bars. The son remained behind while the father crossed the river.How many candy bars were there altogether to begin with? Solution: Suppose that there were x children at the party.of candies for distribution 2x+8=2*9+8=18+8=26 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.If only child had been given 2 candy bars there would have been 8 candy bars remaining.e.He has two weigh 100 pounds each. A PROBLEM OF WEIGHT In my neighbourhood lives a man who weighs 200 pounds.for 60 packets to be packed in 60 miutes we need 60 men.i.c2 rowed over together.remainder 6:9:8=1.On a festival day they decide to go across boat to vissit some relations.But the boat could carry a maximum 200 pounds.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] . sons.78-8=70.then the resulting expressions 3(x-1)+2---------------------(1) 2x+8-------------------------(2) 3(x-1)+2=2x+8 3x-3+2=2x+8 3x-1=2x+8 x=9 Therefore the no.116 PACKETS OF CANDY If 6 men can pack 6 packets of candy in 6 minutes.They both the river on a load at only did they? A PROBLEM OF CANDY BARS Recently I attended a birthday party. Therefore the next two terms are: 78.How many are required to pack 60 packets in 60 minutes? Solution: Given that for 6 men to pack 6packets of candy it takes 6 miutes. Hence.The odd terms are in the decimal system and differ by 10. Then the other son brought back and the two brothers c1.c2rowed across the river and c1 stayed behind while c2 returned in the boat to his father.Yes they managed to come across the river by boat.And each even term is the preceeding odd term expressed in the octonamy system.She got only 2 candy bars.

. It continues to do so. the number has to be divided by 4 and 9 To be divisible by 4 ..The stations from which they start are 50 miles apart. As soon as it reaches the second one. the sum of all the digits of the number must be either equal to 9 or a multiple of 9 i...At what time did we both arrive? Solution: There fore Total time = 2:00 PM + 3:55 PM + 1:55 PM = 7:50PM THE TRAINS AND THE FALCON Two trains start from two opposite directions towards each other....and the bird flies at 100 miles per hour... S + 4 + 3 + 4 + S + 0 = 9n The only digit that meets these two condition is 8 HEIGHT OF A ROOM Given the floor area of a room as 24 feet by 48 feet... what number must be substituted with to make it divisible by 36? Solution: To be divisible by 36...e..FIND OUT THE SUM What is the sum of all numbers between 100 and 1000 which are divisible by 14? Solution: Let us assume that the sum is S s=112+126+.. How many miles will the falcon have flown before the trains meet? Solution: The trains travel at 25 miles per hour. flying bacwards and forwards from one train to other until the trains meet....Both the trains start at the same time towards the other train. We met on the Banglore . it fies back to the first train and so on and so forth...... Since it travels at 100 miles per hour the bird must have flown 100 miles VALUE OF 'S' S434S0.Tumkur road at 5 past four and we both reached our destination at exactly the same time.and the space diagonal of file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1...html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .. Both the trains travel at a speed of 25 miles per hour.+71) s=14(8+71)(71-8+1)/2=7(79)(64)=35392 WALKING ALL THE WAY One day I decided to walk all the way from Banglore to Tumkur..I started exactly at noon and some one I know in Tumkur decided to walk all the way from Tumkur to Banglore and she started exactly at 2 PM on the same day.+994 s=14(8+9+10+. Hence they will meet after travelling for one hour and the falcon also must have been flyingfor one hour. the number 'S' must be an even number and to be divisible by 9.

7.D are the four equal parts and their sum is equal to 45. Hence. Therefore. => x = 24squareroot(5).8.How do you explain ARRANGE THE DIGITS: Arrange the digits 1. C = (B-2)/2 .6. Volume of a cube =l pow(2) + b pow(2) + h pow(2). 2 is subtracted from the second part. A+2 = B-2 = C*2 = D/2 ----------------(1) =>A = B-4 . After lunch it? Solution: 90 minutes = 1 hour 30 minutes. A QUESTION OF DISTANCE It was a beautiful sunny morning. I drove for 90 minutes. D = 2(B-2) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.volume= h pow(2) + x pow(2) =56 pow(2) => h=16 Therefore. and the fourth part is divided by 2.the driving time there and back is absolutely the same because 90 minutes and 1 hour and 30 minutes are one and the samething. Sol: Let us take A. Here the values of We also know that (diagonal)pow(2) => (x)pow(2) = (length)pow(2) + (breadth)pow(2). 2 is multiplied by the third part. It took me 1 hour and 30 miutes to complete the journey. I returned to Banglore.All the four results to be the same number. A+B+C+D = 45 Given that.2.4.height of the room=16 ft.the room as 56 feet.3.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .9 in order from left to right and use only + or _ signs so as to produce a result of 100? Sol: 123-45-67+89 DIVISION OF 45: Can you divide the number 45 into four parts such that when 2 is added to the first part.Can you find the height of the room? Solution: We know that. The air was fresh and a mild wind was blowing against my wind screen I was driving from Banglore to Brindavan Gardens.B. = 24 pow(2) + 48 pow(2) l & b are given.C.5.

the driving time there and back is absolutely same because 90 minutes and 1 hour 30 minutes are one and the same. I was driving from Banglore to Brindavan Gardens. Hence.05 C = Rs 0.05 A QUESTION OF DISTANCE: It was a beautiful sunny morning.10. What is the price of the bottle? Sol: Let us assume that. and the bottle costs Rs 1. I drove for 90 minutes. It took me one hour and 30 minutes to complete the journey. A=8 . D=20 And condition (1) is satisfied. (10*10*10) + (9*9*9) = 1729 ( 12*12*12) + (1*1*1) = 1729 PRICE OF A BOTTLE: A bottle and its cork together cost Rs 1.00 -------------------(2) From the equations (1) and (2) it is clear that B = Rs 1. This is the known number that is a sum of two cubes in two different ways. i . i . C=5 .=>B-4 + [(B-2)/2] + 2(B-2) = 45 =>B=12 :. B + C = Rs 1.10 -------------------(1) and B – C = Rs 1. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. 8+2 = 12-2 = 5*2 = 20/2 SPECIAL NUMBER: What is the special about the number 1729? Sol: This is popularly known as Ramanujan's number.e.00 more than its cork. The air was fresh and a mild wind was blowing against my wind screen.e. How do you explain it? Sol: 90 minutes = 1 hour 30 minutes.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] . After lunch I returned to banglore. B = Price of the bottle C = Price of the cork It is given that.

1 Rupee more than half the amount he had. Actual amount – Expended amount = 1 :. a group of boys approached me for donation for their poor boys' fund. for an orphanage. How much money did I have in my purse when I started? Sol: Suppose that the money in his purse when he started = x -------------------(1) For poor boys fund he gave x/2 + 1 Rs/-(2) ------------------------------------- i .e. 87912 is the reverse number of the number 219780. Then after a few yards I was approached by a religious group for a donation to the temple they were building.Comment about the result? Solution: 21978*4=87912.(x/2 + 1)] =(x-2)/2 Rs/For Orphanage he gave [(x/2 – 1)/2] +2 = (x+6)/4 Rs/Now he left with [(x-2)/2] – [(x+6)/4] = (x-10)/4 Rs/For temple building he gave [(x-10)/4]/2 + 3 = (x+14)/8 Rs/---------(4) ----------------(3) Now he left with [(x-10)/4] – [(x+14)/8] = (x-34)/8 Rs/Finally he had 1 Rupee in his purse. If we clearly observe the two numbers 21978 and 87912. I gave them a Rupee more than half the money I had in my purse. Now he left with [x .(3) and (4) we have x-{ [ (x+2)/2 ] + [ (x+6)/4 ] + [ (x+14)/8 ] } = 1 =>x-34=8 => x=42 :. There fore these two numbers are a pair of paindromes. I found that I had only one Rupee remaining in my purse. The original amount in his purse at the beginning = Rs 42/- A PAIR OF PALLINDROMES Multiply 21978 by 4. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. At last I returned to my hotel room. I gave them 2 Rupees more than half the money I had in my purse.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .(2).FOR THE CHARITIES: One day when I was walking on the road in New Delhi.e. A COMPUTING PROBLEM Compute: Solution: [5-2/(4-5)]pow(2) [5-2/(4-5)]pow(2). the resultant number ie. I gave them 3 Rupees more than half of what I had in my purse. i . from (1). I must have walked a few more yards when a group of women approached me for donation.

NAME FIVE TERMS OF ANOTHER SERIES These are the numbers that are the first five terms of a series that add upto 150.8. FIND OUT THE TIME What does 1408 hours mean? Solution: 1408 hours is actually 8 minutes past 2 PM. 4.----------------There fore next three numbers are: 10+5. 720.6.7.336.10+5+6.120.7.10+5+6+7 = 15.------6.3. 3.4.Writing the hours and minutes this way is a sensible means of avoiding confusion between AM and PM.5.6.Name the next three numbers in the series. The first five terms of the series are.24. (or) 504.210.3.60.2.9.2.6.4. 2.3.10.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] . in other words. 6. sum=150. He normally meets a train that travels in the same direction at the crossing file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.8. FIND OUT TTHE PATTERN What do you think the pattern is? Solution: The series is 1.30. Their sum is 153 and are factorials of 1. CONTINUE THE SERIES 1.+4.5.Can you name five terms of another series without fractons that add upto 153? [ex: 10.28.there fore 1.……………… The next numbers would be 7.=[5-2/(-1)]pow(2) =[5+2]pow(2)=49.----------------------- THE TRAIN AND THE CYCLIST A railway track runs parallel to a road until a bend brings the road to a level crossing.21.3.50. This is the system of twenty-four-hour cock.] Solution: Each term in this series is a factorial.the product of a the numbers from 1 to that particular term considered.40.+3. Solution: The series is +2.6.9.5 respectively.4.24.120. 5.20.2.---------8. A cyclist rides along to work along the road every day at a constant speed of 12 miles per hour.10.

Can you figure out the speed of the train? Solution: Suppose that the train and the cyclist meet everyday at the crossing at 8:00A. starts at 7:00A. Can you tell how tall was the tree at the end of the twelfth year? Solution: Suppose that the tree grows x cm each year Height of the tree at the end of the sixth year = (90 + 6x) cm Growth in seventh year is. X = 1/9(90 + 6x) cm x = 10 + 2x/3 x = 30 Therefore the height of the tree at the end of the twelfth year=(90+12*30)=450cm PROBLEM OF AGE Recently I attended a cocktail party. e.M + 1 Hour = 8:25A. he reaches the crossing at 7:25A.M = 5 Minutes The difference between their distances = 6 Miles Therefore. “ my age 3 years hence munltiply by 3 and from that subtracted 3 times my age 3 years ago will give you my exact age? How od is the lady? Solution: Let the age be x Age after 3 years wi be (x + 3) Age before 3 years = (x – 3) Hence 3(x + 3) – 3(x – 3) = x x = 3x + 9 – 3x + 9 x = 18 Therefore the age of the lady = 18 years file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1.M – 8:25A. “ how old are you? ”.One day he was late by 25 minutes and met the train 6 miles ahead of the level crossing.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] . who seemed very vitty and intelligent. when it was planted. It grows by an equal number of cm each year. i. There was a beautiful young lady.M As his speed is 12 miles per hour.M.M By 8:30A.the train travels 6 miles in 5 minutes In 1 minute it travels ---------------------? = [(1 * 6) /5] * 60 = 72 Miles/hour HEIGHT OF THE PALM TREE A palm tree was 90 cm high.M the train is 6 miles ahead of the cyclist The difference between their timings = 8:30A.M Since the cyclist is late by 25 minutes. and at the end of the seventh year it was one ninth taller than at the end of the sixth year. She was posed a question. he starts at 7:25A. She answered .

What are the two numbers? Solution: 14 * 15 = 5 * 6 * 7 SOME GLUTTON A man sitting beside me at a hotel ate idlis one after the other by ordering plate by plate.CONSECUTIVE NATURASL NUMBERS There are two consecutive natural numbers whose product is equal to the product of three consecutive natural numbers.(x+12) Fourth day ------------------------(x+18) Fifth day ---------------------------(x+24) Total is 5x + 6(1+2+3+4) =100 5x + 60 =100 x = 8 Day 1 2 3 4 5 Idlis 8 14 20 26 32 So.for example x(x+1) = y(y+1)(y+2). He said to me after drinking some water the last one I ate was my hundredth idli in last five days. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/puzzles1. Can you tell me how many he ate yesterday? Soluton: First day the number of idlis he ate be x Second day the count is (x+6) Third day ------------------------. on fourth day the number of idlis the man ate were 26. Each day I ate 6 more than the previous day.html[1/28/2012 12:45:31 AM] .

A is at the satrtint point and B is ahead of A by 12 metres.driving.C.then the race is called a dead heat race.If before the start of the race. Winning point or goal:-The point set to bound a race is called a winning point.sailing or rowing is called a Race Race Course :-The ground or path on which contests are made is called a race course STARTING POINT :-The point from which a race begins is called starting point. GAMES:. If A scores 100 points while B scores only 80 points then we say that 'A can give B 20 points'.A contest of speed in running .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK RACES AND GAMES OF SKILL RACES AND GAMES OF SKILL Races :.means that the person among the contestants who scores 100 points first is the winner.APTITUDE Numbers H.A will have to cover 100m while B will have to cover 88m=(100-12) ->In a100m race 'A can give B 12m' or 'A can give B a start of 12m' or 'A beats B by 12m'means that while A runs 100m B runs 88m.riding. Then we say that "A gives B a start 12 metres. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/raceconcept. ->To cover a race of 100metres in this case.html[1/28/2012 12:45:32 AM] . Dead Heat Race:-If all the persons contesting a race reach the goal exactly at the same time.C. Start:-suppose A and B are two contestants in a race .F and L.A game of 100m.

11) A can run 22.10sec and B can cover same distance in 3 min 20 sec.APTITUDE Numbers H.C covers 936*1000/960 m =975 m B can give C a start of 1000-975 or 25 m. A wins by 20m.If A can give B a start of 40 m and A can give C a start of 64 m. b covers 480m and therefore remains 20m behind.how amny metres start can b give C? Sol: A covers 100m.b covers 4m A covers 360m B covers 4/3*360=480m Thus when A reaches the winning post.76 km/hr 5) A and B take part in 100m race . B covers 100-4 m =96 min 45 sec =60 sec B's speed =96 *60*60/60*1000 =5. Distance covered by B in 10 sec =1000/200 *10 =50 m A beats B by 50 metres.1) In a 1 km race.how far must be winning post be so that A and B might reach it at the same time ? Sol: Ratio of rates of A:B =7/4 :1 =7 :4 In a game of 7 m A gains 3m over B.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] . 2) A runs 1 3/4 times as fast as B.B and C are three contestans in a kmrace .A covers the distance in 36 sec and B in 45 sec.5 m or 6 sec. the ratio of the speeds of two contestants A and B is 3:4.14 kmph. By what distance A beat B? Sol: clearly A beats B by 10 sec. 10) In a 300 m race A beats B by 22.60*60*1000/8000 =45 sec.B's time over the course = 7/28 *1000 =250 sec A's time over the course =250-7 =243 sec = 4min . B runs 300m in =6*300*2/45 =80 sec.If A gives B a start of 84 m.3 sec. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/raceproblems. 3m are gained by A in a race of 7m 84 m are gained by A in a race of 7*84/3 =196 m Winning post must be 196m away from the starting point.e 360 m while A covers 3m .If A gives b a start of 4 m and still beats him by 15 sec.If A gives B a start of 80 m.In this race A beats B by? Sol: Distance covered by B in 9secs =100*9/45 =20 m A beats B by 20m 9) In a 200 m race A beats B by 35m or 7 sec. B's time over the course =40 sec A's time over the course =40-7 =33 sec.C.A runs at 8km per hour.5 m while B runs 25 m. 4) In a 100m race. A gives B a start of 8 m and still beats him by 8 sec.5 m in 6sec.Find A's time over the course? Sol: B covers 28 m in 7sec so. What is the speed of B? Sol : A'speed = 5km/hr =5*5/18 =25/18 m/s Time taken by A to cover 100m =100*18/25 =7.2 sec Time taken by A to cover 92m = 72+8 =80 sec B's speed =92*18/80*5 = 4. B's time over the course =80 sec.Then .A has a start of 140 m.A runs 45/2 m B runs 1000 A runs = 1000*45/2*25 =900m B beats A by 100m 12)In a 500 m race. how far must the winning post be so that A and B might reach if at the same time? Sol: Ratio of the speed of A and B =5/3 :1 Thus in a race of 5m .What is the B's time over the course? Sol: B runs 22.In a kilometre race B beats A by? Sol: B runs 25 m .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK RACES AND GAMES OF SKILL PROBLEMS :.A runs at 5km per hour. Time taken by A to cover 100m =45 sec.A gains 2m over B 2m are gained by in a race of 5m 80 m will be gained by A in a race of 5/2* 80 =200 m 7) A.F and L. 6) A runs 1 2/3 times as fast as B.A beats B by 28 m or 7sec.B covers (1000-40) =960 m C covers 1000-64 m or 936m when B covers 960 m. B covers 200m in =7*200/35 = 40 sec.What is the A's time over the course? Sol: B runs 35 m in 7sec.what is the speed of B? Sol: 8000 m -------60*60 sec 100m ------. 3)A can run 1km in 3 min .C. 8) In a 100m race.C covers 936 m when B covers 1000 m.A win by B? Sol: The speeds of A and B =3:4 To reach the winning post A will have to cover a distance of 500-140 m i.

How amny points can B give C in a game of 90? Sol: A:B =60:45 A:C =60:40 B/C =B/A*A/C =45/60*60/40 =90/80 B can give C 10 points in agame of 90. 19) in agame of 80 points.A can give B 10 mand C 28 m.A beats B by 10 m and C by 13 m.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] .then how many points B can give C in agame of 60? Sol: A :B =80 :75 A :C =80:65 B/C=B/A*A/C = 75/80*80/65 =15/13 B:C =60:52 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/raceproblems. B will beat c by? Sol :A : B =100 :90 A/B =100/90 A/C =100/87 B/C =B/A *A/C =90 /87 When B runs 90m C runs 87 When B runs 180 m then C runs =87 *180/90 B beats C by 180-174= 6m 16) In a race of 200 m.In the race of 180m. A :B =100 :80 A :C =100 :72 B/C=B/A*A/C =80/100*100/72 = 80/72 when B runs 80m C runs 72 when B runs 100m C runs =100*72/80 =90 B can give C 10 points in agame of 100.In the same race A can beat C by/ Sol: If A:B =100 :75 B :C=100 :96 then A :C =A/B*B/C=100/75* 100/96 = 100/72 A beats C by 100 -72 m=28 m 14) In a 100 race.A can give B 5 points and C 15 points. A can beat B by 31 m and C by 18m. 18)At a game of billiards.A can give B 15 points in 60 and A can give C 20 points in60.In the same race B can give C? Sol: A:B =100 :90 A :C=100 :72 B:C =B/A *A/C =90/100*100/72 =90/72 When B runs 90 C runs 72 when B runs 100 C runs =72*100/90 B beats C by 20m 15) In a 100m race .A can beat B by 25 m and B can beat c by 4m.In arace of 350 m. C will beat B by? Sol : In a race of 200 m A :B =200:169 A :C =200 :182 C/B =C/A*A/B =182/200*200/169 When C runs 182 m B runs 169 when C runs 350 m B runs =350*169/182 =325m 17) In agame of 100 points A can give B 20 points and C 28 points then B can give C? In a game of 100 points.13) In a 100m race.

M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles RACES AND GAMES OF SKILL CONCEPTS PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/races.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] .F and L.

76 km/hr 5) A and B take part in 100m race .A gains 2m over B 2m are gained by in a race of 5m 80 m will be gained by A in a race of 5/2* 80 =200 m 7) A. Start: Suppose A and B are two contestants in a race .60*60*1000/8000 =45 sec.If A gives B a start of 80 m. What is the speed of B? Sol : A'speed = 5km/hr =5*5/18 =25/18 m/s Time taken by A to cover 100m =100*18/25 =7.sailing or rowing is called a Race Race Course: The ground or path on which contests are made is called a race course Starting Point: The point from which a race begins is called starting point. Dead Heat Race: If all the persons contesting a race reach the goal exactly at the same time. Then we say that "A gives B a start 12 metres.B and C are three contestans in a kmrace .If A can give B a file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/racesandgamesofskill. 6) A runs 1 2/3 times as fast as B.then the race is called a dead heat race.A will have to cover 100m while B will have to cover 88m=(100-12) ->In a100m race 'A can give B 12m' or 'A can give B a start of 12m' or 'A beats B by 12m'means that while A runs 100m B runs 88m. Time taken by A to cover 100m =45 sec.A is at the satrtint point and B is ahead of A by 12 metres. B covers 100-4 m =96 min 45 sec =60 sec B's speed =96 *60*60/60*1000 =5.B's time over the course = 7/28 *1000 =250 sec A's time over the course =250-7 =243 sec = 4min .14 kmph.means that the person among the contestants who scores 100 points first is the winner.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] .If before the start of the race.Find A's time over the course? Sol: B covers 28 m in 7sec so.how far must be winning post be so that A and B might reach it at the same time ? Sol: Ratio of rates of A:B =7/4 :1 =7 :4 In a game of 7 m A gains 3m over B.If A gives b a start of 4 m and still beats him by 15 sec. how far must the winning post be so that A and B might reach if at the same time? Sol: Ratio of the speed of A and B =5/3 :1 Thus in a race of 5m . Winning point or goal: The point set to bound a race is called a winning point.riding. 3m are gained by A in a race of 7m 84 m are gained by A in a race of 7*84/3 =196 m Winning post must be 196m away from the starting point. If A scores 100 points while B scores only 80 points then we say that 'A can give B 20 points'.A runs at 5km per hour.A runs at 8km per hour. ->To cover a race of 100metres in this case.Races and Games of Skill Important Facts and Formulae: Races: A contest of speed in running . 2) A runs 1 3/4 times as fast as B. Games: A game of 100m.3 sec.driving. By what distance A beat B? Sol: clearly A beats B by 10 sec. Top Problems: 1) In a 1 km race.what is the speed of B? Sol: 8000 m -------60*60 sec 100m ------. A gives B a start of 8 m and still beats him by 8 sec. Distance covered by B in 10 sec =1000/200 *10 =50 m A beats B by 50 metres.If A gives B a start of 84 m.A beats B by 28 m or 7sec.2 sec Time taken by A to cover 92m = 72+8 =80 sec B's speed =92*18/80*5 = 4.10sec and B can cover same distance in 3 min 20 sec. 3)A can run 1km in 3 min . 4) In a 100m race.

13) In a 100m race. A can beat B by 31 m and C by 18m.A runs 45/2 m B runs 1000 A runs = 1000*45/2*25 =900m B beats A by 100m 12)In a 500 m race.In a kilometre race B beats A by? Sol: B runs 25 m .A :B =100 :80 A :C =100 :72 B/C=B/A*A/C =80/100*100/72 = 80/72 when B runs 80m C runs 72 when B runs 100m C runs =100*72/80 =90 B can give C 10 points in agame of 100. B will beat c by? Sol :A : B =100 :90 A/B =100/90 A/C =100/87 B/C =B/A *A/C =90 /87 When B runs 90m C runs 87 When B runs 180 m then C runs =87 *180/90 B beats C by 180-174= 6m 16) In a race of 200 m.5 m while B runs 25 m. Top 11) A can run 22. 19) in agame of 80 points.A can give B 5 points and C 15 points.A win by B? Sol: The speeds of A and B =3:4 To reach the winning post A will have to cover a distance of 500-140 m i.C covers 936 m when B covers 1000 m. 10) In a 300 m race A beats B by 22.start of 40 m and A can give C a start of 64 m.5 m or 6 sec. b covers 4m A covers 360m B covers 4/3*360=480m Thus when A reaches the winning post.In arace of 350 m. In the same race A can beat C by/ Sol: If A:B =100 :75 B :C=100 :96 then A :C =A/B*B/C=100/75* 100/96 = 100/72 A beats C by 100 -72 m=28 m 14) In a 100 race.A can beat B by 25 m and B can beat c by 4m. A wins by 20m. B runs 300m in =6*300*2/45 =80 sec.A beats B by 10 m and C by 13 m.What is the A's time over the course? Sol: B runs 35 m in 7sec.In this race A beats B by? Sol: Distance covered by B in 9secs =100*9/45 =20 m A beats B by 20m 9) In a 200 m race A beats B by 35m or 7 sec.Then . 18)At a game of billiards.How amny points can B give C in a game of 90? Sol: A:B =60:45 A:C =60:40 B/C =B/A*A/C =45/60*60/40 =90/80 B can give C 10 points in agame of 90.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] .A can give B 15 points in 60 and A can give C 20 points in60. B covers 200m in =7*200/35 = 40 sec. C covers 936*1000/960 m =975 m B can give C a start of 1000-975 or 25 m.A covers the distance in 36 sec and B in 45 sec.A can give B 10 mand C 28 m.e 360 m while A covers 3m.What is the B's time over the course? Sol: B runs 22. 8) In a 100m race. C will beat B by? Sol : In a race of 200 m A :B =200:169 A :C =200 :182 C/B =C/A*A/B =182/200*200/169 When C runs 182 m B runs 169 when C runs 350 m B runs =350*169/182 =325m 17) In agame of 100 points A can give B 20 points and C 28 points then B can give C? Sol: In a game of 100 points.5 m in 6sec.B covers (1000-40) =960 m C covers 1000-64 m or 936m when B covers 960 m. Then how many points B can give C in agame of 60? Sol: A :B =80 :75 A :C =80:65 B/C=B/A*A/C = 75/80*80/65 =15/13 B:C =60:52 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/racesandgamesofskill.In the race of 180m. B's time over the course =40 sec A's time over the course =40-7 =33 sec. b covers 480m and therefore remains 20m behind.how amny metres start can b give C? Sol: A covers 100m.In the same race B can give C? Sol: A:B =100 :90 A :C=100 :72 B:C =B/A *A/C =90/100*100/72 =90/72 When B runs 90 C runs 72 when B runs 100 C runs =72*100/90 B beats C by 20m 15) In a 100m race . the ratio of the speeds of two contestants A and B is 3:4. B's time over the course =80 sec.A has a start of 140 m.

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/racesandgamesofskill.html[1/28/2012 12:45:33 AM] .

C.C.F and L.html[1/28/2012 12:45:34 AM] .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles RATIO AND PROPORTION Concepts Simple Problems Difficult Problems file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratioandproportion.APTITUDE Numbers H.

In the ratio. If a:b=c:d.an/(b1+b2+b3+.. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratioconcepts.. the second term consequent..Proportion: The equality of two ratios is called proportion.C.We say that x is inversely proportional to y... 7...C.. a:b::c:d => (b*c)=(a*d) 5.....a2/b2. a3/b3.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK RATIO AND PROPORTION Important Facts: 1. 16.. Product of means=product of extremes Thus. ratio 5:9 represents 5/9 with antecedent=5 .b.If a/b=c/d. if xy=k for some constant we write. 13..Triplicate ratio of (a:b) is (a3: b3 ) 12.we say that x is directly proportional to y.F and L. we call â€˜aâ€™ as the first antecedent and b...an/bn are unequal fractions then the ratio.Sub-duplicate ratio of (a:b) is (SQRT(a):SQRT(b)) 11. is the fraction we write it as a:b.. 6. then (a+b)/(a-b)=(c+d)/(c-d) (componend o and dividend o) VARIATION: 14.. If a/b=c/d=e/f=g/h=k then k=(a+c+e+g)/(b+d+f+h) If a1/b1.Duplicate Ratio: If (a:b) is (a2: b2 ) 10.. a:b.... 4..(e:f) is (ace:bdf).. (c:d). then d is called the fourth proportional to a. 15..consequent=9 3Rule: The multiplication or division of each term of 9 ratio by the same nonzero number does not affect the ratio. Here a and b are called extremes.Third proportional: If a:b::b:c. then c is called third proportional to a and b. a1+a2+a3+.Ratio a/b and term of Ex: The : The ratio of two qualities a and b in the same units..b and c. COMPARISION OF RATIOS: We say that (a:b)>(c:d) => (a/b)>(c/d) 8. we write a:b::c:d and we say that a..Compounded ratio: The compounded ratio of the ratios (a:b).html[1/28/2012 12:45:34 AM] ... while b and c are called mean terms. 9. and X is inversely proportional to y..bn) lies between the lowest & the highest of the three fractions..Fourth proportional: If a:b::c:d..APTITUDE Numbers H....c and d are in proportion. if x=ky for some constant k and we write.Mean proportional: Mean proportional between a and b is SQRT(a*b)..Sub-triplicate ratio of (a:b) is (a1/3: b1/3 ).

B and C. number of 50 paise coins would be 210*6/10=126. What is the share of C? Sol: 4 times of A's share =5 times of B's share=7 times of C's share=1 therefore . then the mother's present age would be 9x years Difference in their ages =28 years 9x-2x=28 years 7x=28=>x=4 therefore saritha's age =2*4=8 years BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratiodifficult. How many 50 paise coins were there? Sol: the ratio of 2.3333) The calculation thought process should be (441*2+2):(958*3+1)=1325:2875 Dividing by 25 => 53:115. Hence.5:3:4 can be written as 5:6:8 let us assume that there are 5 one rupee coins.33. the amount of water in the mixture is 1400-441. add up to Rs 210. mother's age at the time of saritha's birth was 28 years .B and C are having mixtures of milk and water in the ratio of 1:5 and 3:5 and 5:7 respectively. Â¼:1/5:1/7=35:28:20 the ratio now can be written as 35:28:20 therefore C's share=(20/83)*1162=20*14=Rs 280.6 fifty paise coins and 8 twenty-five paise coins in all.400 and 500 liters respectively in the 3 containers.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK RATIO AND PROPORTION DIFFICULT PROBLEMS 1.A sum of Rs 1162 is divided among A.50)+(8*.33liters. 83.7=140 therefore. Then .The ratio of the present ages of saritha and her mother is 2:9. if each one saves Rs 1000.what are their incomes? Sol: Ratio of incomes of A and B=4:3 Ratio of expenditures of A and B=2:1 Amount of money saved by A=Amount of money saved by B=Rs 1000 let the incomes of A and B be 4x and 3x respectively let the expense of A and B be 2y and 1yrespectively Amount of money saved by A=(income-expenditure)=4x-2y=Rs 1000 Amount of money saved by B=3x-y=Rs 1000 this can be even written as 6x-2y=Rs 2000 now solve 1 and 3 to get x=Rs 500 therefore income of A=4x=4*500=Rs 2000 income of B=3x=3*500=Rs 1500 4. find the ratio of milk to water.A certain number of one rupee.Three containers A.html[1/28/2012 12:45:34 AM] . what is saritha's present age? Sol: ratio of ages of saritha and her mother =2:9 let the present age of saritha be 2x years. their value=(5*1)+(6*.25)=5+3+2=Rs 10 If the total is Rs 10. the ratio of their share =1/4:1/5:1/7 LCM of 4. 2.5. the total milk is 441.33 liters of milk in each of the three containers. Thus.APTITUDE Numbers H. Sol: Assume that there are 500.fifty parse and twenty five paise coins are in the ratio of 2:5:3:4. 150 and 208. the ratio of milk to water is 441.33 => 53:115(using division by .C. if the mixtures of all the three containers are mixed together.The incomes of A and B are in the ratio of 4:3 and their expenditure are in the ratio of 2:1 . 3. Such that 4 times A's share share is equal to 5 times B's share and 7 times C's share . If the capacities of the containers are in the ratio of all the three containers are in the ratio 5:4:5.66 liters. 5.number of 50 paise coins are 6.C. Hence. if the total is Rs 210.F and L.66:958.we have.66=958.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:34 AM] .file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratiodifficult.

F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles RATIO AND PROPORTION Concepts Simple Problems Difficult Problems file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratios.html[1/28/2012 12:45:35 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H.C.C.

36 Sol: If a:b=b:c then c is the third proportion to a..consequent=9 Rule: The multiplication or division of each term of 9 ratio by the same non-zero number does not affect the ratio... If a/b=c/d..Find the fourth proportion to 4. (c:d).. In the ratio.9.12 Sol: d is the fourth proportion to a... we call ‘a’ as the first term of antecedent and b..12 a:b=2:3 b:c=4:5... if xy=k for some constant and we write. Product of means=product of extremes Thus.b. Mean proportional: Mean proportional between a and b is SQRT(a*b). then d is called the fourth proportional to a.Ratio and Proportions Important Facts: Ratio: The ratio of two qualities a and b in the same units. Duplicate Ratio: If (a:b) is (a2: b2 ) Sub-duplicate ratio of (a:b) is (SQRT(a):SQRT(b)) Triplicate ratio of (a:b) is (a3: b3 ) Sub-triplicate ratio of (a:b) is (a1/3: b1/3 ). if x=ky for some constant k and we write..html[1/28/2012 12:45:35 AM] .. a:b.Find third proportion to 16.bn) lies between the lowest & the highest of the three fractions.08*0.. We say that x is inversely proportional to y.c a:b=c:d 4:9=12:x 4x=9*12=>x=27 3.an/(b1+b2+b3+..b 16:36=36:x 16x=36*36 x=81 4. then c is called third proportional to a and b.........18=0. is the fraction a/b and we write it as a:b.. If a:b=c:d. Ex: The ratio 5:9 represents 5/9 with antecedent=5 . we write a:b::c:d and we say that a.Find mean proportion between 0. a1+a2+a3+.b and c....a2/b2. a3/b3.. Comparision of Ratios: We say that (a:b)>(c:d) => (a/b)>(c/d) Compounded ratio: The compounded ratio of the ratios (a:b). a:b::c:d => (b*c)=(a*d) Fourth proportional: If a:b::c:d.. Third proportional: If a:b::b:c.b. Proportion: The equality of two ratios is called proportion.If a:b =5:9 and b:c=4:7 Find a:b:c? Sol: a:b=5:9 and b:c=4:7=4*9/4:9*4/9=9:63/9 a:b:c=5:9:63/9=20:36:63 2..18 Sol: 5. c:d=6:7 then a:b:c:d is file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratiosandproportions. Here a and b are called extremes..If mean proportion between a and b=square root of ab mean proportion =square root of 0.(e:f) is (ace:bdf).c and d are in proportion.. If a/b=c/d=e/f=g/h=k then k=(a+c+e+g)/(b+d+f+h) If a1/b1. Top Simple Problems 1..08 and 0... while b and c are called mean terms.an/bn are unequal fractions then the ratio. the second term consequent. X is inversely proportional to y... then (a+b)/(a-b)=(c+d)/(c-d) (componend o and dividend o) Variation: we say that x is directly proportional to y.

Thus.A sum of Rs 1162 is divided among A. mother's age at the time of saritha's birth was 28 years. Sol: 4E+3M+5C=3650 3C=2M.Find the share of an MBA. 83.33 => 53:115(using division by .what are their incomes? Sol: Ratio of incomes of A and B=4:3 Ratio of expenditures of A and B=2:1 Amount of money saved by A=Amount of money saved by B=Rs 1000 let the incomes of A and B be 4x and 3x respectively let the expense of A and B be 2y and 1yrespectively Amount of money saved by A=(income-expenditure)=4x-2y=Rs 1000 Amount of money saved by B=3x-y=Rs 1000 this can be even written as 6x-2y=Rs 2000 now solve 1 and 3 to get x=Rs 500 therefore income of A=4x=4*500=Rs 2000 income of B=3x=3*500=Rs 1500 4.66C)+(3*1. if each one saves Rs 1000.50)+(8*.7=140 therefore.33. that is M=1. Such that 4 times A's share share is equal to 5 times B's share and 7 times C's share .The ratio of the present ages of saritha and her mother is 2:9.33 liters of milk in each of the three containers.400 and 500 liters respectively in the 3 containers.Sol: a:b=2:3 and b:c=4:5=4*3/4:5*3/4=3:15/4 c:d=6:7=6*15/24:7*15/24=15/4:35/8 a:b:c:d=2:3:15/4:35/8=16:24:30:35 6. 3 MBA’s and 5 CA’s such that 3 CA’s get as much as 2 MBA’s and 3 Eng’s as much as 2 CA’s .33liters. Hence.we have.html[1/28/2012 12:45:35 AM] .3333) The calculation thought process should be (441*2+2):(958*3+1)=1325:2875 Dividing by 25 => 53:115.66 C Then. What is the share of C? Sol: 4 times of A's share =5 times of B's share=7 times of C's share=1 therefore .5:3:4 can be written as 5:6:8 let us assume that there are 5 one rupee coins. Sol: Assume that there are 500.66:958.The incomes of A and B are in the ratio of 4:3 and their expenditure are in the ratio of 2:1 .a/3=b/4=c/7 then (a+b+c)/c= Sol: let a/3=b/4=c/7=k (a+b+c)/c=(3k+4k+7k)/7k=2 9. add up to Rs 210. find the ratio of milk to water. the ratio of milk to water is 441. If the capacities of the containers are in the ratio of all the three containers are in the ratio 5:4:5.number of 50 paise coins are 6. if the mixtures of all the three containers are mixed together.66=958.5C)+5C=3650 C=3650/12. C=k/4 A:B:C=k/2:k/3:k/4=6:4:3 7.A certain number of one rupee. (4*0. ¼:1/5:1/7=35:28:20 the ratio now can be written as 35:28:20 therefore C's share=(20/83)*1162=20*14=Rs 280.2A=3B=4C then A:B:C? Sol: let 2A=3B=4C=k then A=k/2. what is saritha's present age? Sol: ratio of ages of saritha and her mother =2:9 let the present age of saritha be 2x years. 2. Top Difficule Problems 1.Rs 3650 is divided among 4 engineers.15% of x=20% of y then x:y is Sol: (15/100)*x=(20/100)*y 3x=4y x:y=4:3 8.6 fifty paise coins and 8 twenty-five paise coins in all.25)=5+3+2=Rs 10 If the total is Rs 10.B and C. the total milk is 441. 5. 150 and 208. their value=(5*1)+(6*. if the total is Rs 210.66 liters. 3.Three containers A.fifty parse and twenty five paise coins are in the ratio of 2:5:3:4. How many 50 paise coins were there? Sol: the ratio of 2.5 and C=450.166 C=300 M=1.5C 3E=2C that is E=. Then . the amount of water in the mixture is 1400-441.5. B=k/3. the ratio of their share =1/4:1/5:1/7 LCM of 4. Hence. number of 50 paise coins would be 210*6/10=126.B and C are having mixtures of milk and water in the ratio of 1:5 and 3:5 and 5:7 respectively. then the mother's present age would be 9x years Difference in their ages =28 years 9x-2x=28 years 7x=28=>x=4 therefore saritha's age =2*4=8 years file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratiosandproportions.

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12 5.5C)+5C=3650 C=3650/12.18 Sol: mean proportion between a and b=square root of ab mean proportion =square root of 0.2A=3B=4C then A:B:C? Sol: let 2A=3B=4C=k then A=k/2.html[1/28/2012 12:45:36 AM] . c:d=6:7 then a:b:c:d is a:b=2:3 and b:c=4:5=4*3/4:5*3/4=3:15/4 c:d=6:7=6*15/24:7*15/24=15/4:35/8 a:b:c:d=2:3:15/4:35/8=16:24:30:35 6.5 and C=450.Find mean proportion between 0.a/3=b/4=c/7 then (a+b+c)/c= Sol: let a/3=b/4=c/7=k (a+b+c)/c=(3k+4k+7k)/7k=2 9.C. Sol: 4E+3M+5C=3650 3C=2M.C.5C 3E=2C that is E=.12 Sol: d is the fourth proportion to a.c a:b=c:d 4:9=12:x 4x=9*12=>x=27 3.If Sol: a:b=2:3 b:c=4:5. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/ratiosimple.b 16:36=36:x 16x=36*36 x=81 4. C=k/4 A:B:C=k/2:k/3:k/4=6:4:3 7.If a:b =5:9 and b:c=4:7 Find a:b:c? Sol: a:b=5:9 and b:c=4:7=4*9/4:9*4/9=9:63/9 a:b:c=5:9:63/9=20:36:63 2.APTITUDE Numbers H.15% of x=20% of y then x:y is Sol: (15/100)*x=(20/100)*y 3x=4y x:y=4:3 8.08*0.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK RATIO AND PROPORTION SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1.b.Find third proportion to 16. that is M=1.166 C=300 M=1.Find the fourth proportion to 4.Rs 3650 is divided among 4 engineers.08 and 0. B=k/3. (4*0. 3 MBA’s and 5 CA’s such that 3 CA’s get as much as 2 MBA’s and 3 Eng’s as much as 2 CA’s .66 C Then.36 Sol: if a:b=b:c then c is the third proportion to a.18=0.F and L.9.Find the share of an MBA.66C)+(3*1.

1.B b)E.F c)C.Boat 4.Which two cities are neither historical places nor industrial centres? a)A. The person who travelled to Delhi did not travel by Boat.Aeroplane c)Bangalore .Bus c)Chennai .B b)D.A c)B.D. Indu travels by Bus.D e)none 4.Train.Delhi.Calcutta. 1.Aeroplane c)Sai . Bus facility is not there for Delhi or Chennai. From given information it is clear that Srujan goes by Boat but not to Delhi.E 3.Boat* d)Data inadequate 3. Srujan travels by Boat.Person travelling to Delhi went by which of the following modes ? a)Bus b)Train* c)Aeroplane d)Car e)Boat 5.Srujan.Which of the following combinations of person and mode is not correct ? a)Indu-Bus b)Pinki .C b)B.Which of the following combinations is true for Srujan ? a)Delhi-Bus b)Chennai . Pinki goes to Calcutta.Which of the following combinations of place and mode is not correct ? a)Delhi-Bus* b)Calcutta .Car d)Srujan .Car and Boat from Mumbai. Hence Srujan goes to Chennai.D d)B. A and B are not alike.Sai. A and D are not historical craj_konkepudiities.B b)C. Sai goes to Bangalore. B and E are not historical places. Mumbai is not connected by bBus to Delhi and Chennai.E c)F. Pavan goes to Delhi.E and F A is not a hill station.F 2. Pinki travels by Aeropraj_konkepudilane.Pavan travelled to five different cities of Chennai.F* c)C. Sai went to Banalore by Car and Pinki went to Calcutta by Aeroplane.Pinki.Which two cities are hill stations ? a)A.Aeroplane* 2.Who among the following traj_konkepudiravelled to Delhi ? a)Sai b)Srujan c)Pavan* d)Data inadequate e)none x y x B x x y C y y y D x x y E x y y F y y y Solution: Sai travels by Car. Srujan travelled by Boat whereas Pavan travelled by Train.D* e)none Solution: A Historical Industrial Hillstation 2) Five friends Indu.Bangalore and Hyderabad by five differnet modes of transport of Bus.Which two cities are industrial centres ? a)A.D* d)A.C.D e)A.F* d)B. Indu goes to Hyderabad by Bus. PLACE Indu Pinki Sai Hyderabad Calcutta Bangalore MODE Bus Aeroplane Car file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/reasoning. D is not an industrial city.Aeroplane.html[1/28/2012 12:45:36 AM] . Pavan travels by Train.Which city is a hill station and an industrial centre but not ahistorical place ? a)E* b)F c)A d)B e)C 5.C d)B.Boat e)Pavan .B.Which two cities are historical places ? a)A.Car d)Chennai .Reasoning Reasoning CLASSIFICATION TYPE Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow: 1) There are six cities A.F e)A.

* e)Kokila is younger than Sudhanshu.Who is the shortest ? a)Yuvi* b)Sachin c)Zaheer d)Sourav e)none GIRL Madhuri Swetha Dimple Indira Top 2.trinath.Who is the second tallest ? a)Sachin b)Sourav* c)Zaheer d)Yuvi e)none e)none 5. Praveen > Sudhanshu. There are five friends .Thrishanth's girlfriend is Swetha. Jacob < Mainck =>Dilip < Jacob < Manick < Vineeth < Ravi 3) Sudhanshu is as much older than Kokila as he is younger than Praveen.Trived are friendly with four girls Indira. 1. b)Nitin is younger than Praveen.If they stand inorder of their heights. =>She might be Madhuri or Dimple. =>Thribhuvan's girlfriend is Madhuri. Zaheer is little shorter than Sourav and little taller than Sachin. But Madhuri does not care for Trinath.Who is the tallest in their group ? a)Ravi* b)Manick c)Vineeth d)can't say e)none Solution: Manick < Vineeth . Given.If they stand inorder of their increasing heights. Given.descending sequence is formed and then are supposed to answer. SELECTION BASED ON GIVEN CONDITIONS Nitin = Kokila Top file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/reasoning.Thrishanth.Indira does not like Thribhu.who is Dimple's boyfriend ? a)Trived b)Trinath* c)Thrishanth d)Dimple d)Trived* d)Thribhuvan d)Trinath 4.Rahul is the tallest.Which of the following is wrong ? a)Kokila is younger than Praveen. d)Praveen is not the oldest. 1.who will be the second? a)Zaheer b)Sachin* c)Yuvi d)Sourav e)none 4.but not as tall as Ravi.Trinath's girlfriend does not like Indira and Swetha. Dilip < Jacob .Zaheer and Yuvi. Madhuri does not care for Trinath. Vineeth < Ravi .Sachin is shorter than Sourav but taller than Yuvi. c)Sudhanshu is older than Nitin.Sourav.Trived's girlfriend is Indira. Nitin is as old as Kokila. Solution: =>Kokila < Sudhanshu. =>Nitin = Kokila < Sudhanshu < Praveen =>Praveen is the oldest.Sachin.Trinath's girlfriend does not like Indira and Swetha. BOY Thribhuvan Thrishanth Trinath Trived COMPARISION TYPE QUESTIONS 1) Clues will be given regarding comparisions among a ssset of persons or things with respest to one or more qualities.Trishanth's girlfriend is friendly with Indira.Jacob is taller than Dilip but shorter than Manick. Hence.html[1/28/2012 12:45:36 AM] .After analysing a proper ascending .Who is taller than Zaheer but shorter than Rahul ? a)Sourav* b)Yuvi c)Sachin d)datainadequate Solution: Sachin < Sourav Rahul is tallest Zaheer < Sourav Yuvi < Sachin < Sourav < Rahul Yuvi < Sachin < Zaheer 2) Sourav > Yuvi Zaheer > Sachin and Sachin < Zaheer < Sourav < Sourav < Rahul Among five boys Vineeth is taller than Manick. Thrishanth's girlfriend is friendly with Indira.who will be in the middle ? a)Sourav b)Yuvi c)Sachin d)Zaheer* e)none 3.Srujan Pavan Chennai Delhi Boat Train 3) Four youngmen Thirbhuvan. Clearly.Madhuri.Rahul.Indira does not like Thrinbhuvan.Who is Thribhu's girlfriend ? a)Indira b)Madhuri* c)Swetha 2.Swetha and Dimple.Who does not like Indira and Swetha ? a)Dimple* b)Thribhuvan c)Trived Solution: Given Indira and Swetha are friends.With whom is Indira friendly ? a)Thribhuvan b)Thrishanth c)Trinath 3. =>Trinath's girlfriend is Dimple.Indira and Swetha are friends.

A.doctor and engineer. 4Q)Explanation: Doctors A.C. There shall not be more than two male teachers in any team.P.B are Doctors.no female teacher. Female teachers are also to be selected. Since 2 Female Teachers are to be selected. the members of the team are: a)A B O P Q G H* b)C D O P Q G H c)C D K L O P Q d)D E G H O P Q 2. Where ever there is a male engineer. male Engineer K L cannot be selected.E Male Engineers K.O.If the team following are a)A B G M N O d)A B K N R P consists of 2 doctors.1 engineer and 4 teachers all the possible except P b)A B H M O P Q c)A B H M R P Q Q* 3.D. 2Q) Explanation: Teachers are M N O P Q R Four are needed Three are male teachers. =>A B K L P Q are selected.If the team consists of 3 doctors.So male doctors i. six teachers M. 3Q) Explanation: The doctors are A B C D E.B.E who are all males.B. Female Teachers are O P Q. So.O.if the team consists of two doctors.B.B. no female doctor.What is the profession of E ? a)Doctor b)Jeweler c)Manager 2.3 female teachers and 2 engineers. Engineers are G H K L.N.R Male Engineers =>no female Doctors=>no A.the jeweler is married to the lawyer.2 female teachers and two engineers all the following teams are possible except: a)A B G H O Q b)A B G H P Q c)A B K L P Q d)O P G H A B 4.B. So. all the following teams are possible except: a)A B G H O P b)A B G H M N c)C E K L N R d)C D K L O P Explanation:Doctors A B C D E Engineers G H K L Teachers M N O P Q R Given Females A B G H O P Q Males C D E K L M N R Male doctor and female teacher male engineer and female doctor More than two teachers/team combination are not allowed.two engineers and two teachers.lawyer. Ans:Team =>A B K N R P Q.K and L. C.P. The doctor is the grandfather of F who is a psychologist. The manager D is married to A.D and E. There are two married couples in the family. Where ever there is a male doctor . So the Team consists of A B O P Q G H.What is the profession of A ? a)Doctor* b)Lawyer c)Jeweler d)Manager file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/reasoning.C.E and F from a family.P and Q are females and the rest are males.1) A few essential criteria for selection of group of items are given: From amongst five doctors A.L Teachers M.e.2 male engineers and 2 teachers. Top FAMILY BASED PROBLEMS 1) There is a group of six persons A. 1. the members of the team could be: a)A B C K L M R b)B C D K L N R c)C D E K L M N d)C D E K L P R 5.G.Q. G H are chosen. 1Q) Explanation: Doctors are A B C D E Female teachers are O P Q Engineers are G H K L Male doctor and no female teacher => A.html[1/28/2012 12:45:36 AM] .How many male members are there in the family ? a)One b)Three c)Four d)Data insufficient* 4.B 3 Doctors to be selected are C.Hence no male doctors C D E are selected. So Doctors => A B Both doctors are Females =>no male Engineer to be selected.If the team consists of2 doctors.D.jeweler.four engineers G. Both Doctors are Females. 1. 2 Doctors selected will be A.H.O.Q and R some teams are to be selected.D.N.manager.H. They are psychologist.How is A related to E ? a)Brother b)Uncle c)Father d)Psychologist e)None* d)Grandfather* 3.C D E cannot be selected.C. B is the mother of F and E.If the team consists of 2 doctors.

.Vinod b)Vinod-Mohini c)Rohan-Sunita d)canâ€™t say following is the correct pair ? and Rohan ..How is Mrs.. Vinod is grandfather of Tanmay...C the jeweler is married to lawyer B..Vimal and Ashish.. Vinod is grandfather of Tanmay..What is the surname of Sameer ? a)Roy b)Sharma c)Arora* 4.Sharma..How is Sameer related to father of Monika ? a)Grandson* b)Son c)Cousin 3....=>Rohan likes green colour.Amit(Veena)---------------->1...Ashish(Monika) .. Tanmay is principal and likes black colour.Rohan is a CA and his wife neither is a doctor nor likes green colour.Sameer and Ajay are sons of Ashish and Monika.Vimal 3........law d)canâ€™t say c)mother d)sister ..... Mohini is ateacher and likes Orange colour.Which colour is liked by CA ? a)green* b)white c)white/green d)canâ€™t say e)none Solution: (Engineer) Vinod .....White Nanu----.law* 3) d)Son ..Sharma. Back Top file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/reasoning.Black Tanmay--..... Nanu is granddaughter of Mohini and she likes blue colour. Since. There are two married couples in the family.. Manager D is married to A means A is doctor.The Roys married their youngest daughter to the eldest son of Mr. Prashanth Arora .. Engineer likes red colour and his wife is a teacher....Black Mohini is mother ..Sunita ... Rohan and Sunita form the other couple and represdent second generation..Mohini(Teacher) ..... So no one else is engineer till this point.Sangeeta 2....Mohini is mother .in .and Mrs.>Nanu&Tanmay(principal) Vinod--.> 1.Nanu and Tanmay represent third generation.Vinod is engineer..... AD .html[1/28/2012 12:45:36 AM] ...Roy related to Ashish ? a)aunt b)Mother .Ajay Mr & Mrs..> 1. So..Green Sunita--. Rohan is a CA....Monika 2. Nanu likes blue colour. Roshan and Vandana...>CB . Given Vinod loves red colour.... Since D is married to A.....How many ladies are there in the family ? a)2 b)3* c)4 d)canâ€™t say e)none 5. B is the mother of F and E.in .Ashish married Monika..Orange Rohan--....Shashi Mr & Mrs.Nanuâ€™s mother likes white colour.. 1.......Roy..> 1...Who is an Engineer ? a)Nanu b)Mohini c)Sunita d)canâ€™t say d)canâ€™t say e)none* e)none 2..Each person has seperate profession and also they like different colours.....Nanu and Tanmay ...and they had two children named Amit and Shashi..Roy..The Roys have two more children.Nanu e)none 4.engineer is married...Sunita* and Rohan .in . Mohini and vinod form a couple and represent first generation...Tanmay is principal likes black colour...=>E is engineer.Vandana 4.......>EF 2) Prashanth Arora has three children .There are two couples in the family..law of Sunita and grandmother of Nanu..> 1.Which of the following is one of the pairs of couples in the family ? a)AB b)AC c)AD* d)canâ€™t say Solution: F is a Psychologist..Veena 1..... Sunita Nanuâ€™s mother likes white colour..Red Mohini--.Rashmi 2...grandfather of E and F...What is the profession of Sunita ? a)engineer b)doctor c)teacher* 3.Roshan 3...Which of the a)Mohini...law In a family of six persons.the eldest daughter of Mr...in ..Sameer 2... =>E is brother or sister of F...Sangeeta..there are three generations.Rashmi is the daughter of Amit.What is the surname of Rashmi ? a)Sharma* b)Roy c)Arora d)canâ€™t say e)none e)none e)none 2...in .>(CA)Rohan .5.....law of Sunita and she likes orange colour..andMrs.both elder to Veena.......

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html[1/28/2012 12:45:37 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles SIMPLE INTEREST CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simple.

.. A certain sum of money amounts t 1680 in 3yrs & it becomes 1920 in 7 yrs . What annual instalment will discharge a debt of Rs.At the end of one year...1550 was lent partly at 5% and partly at 5% and partly at 8% p..html[1/28/2012 12:45:37 AM] .C.1920 then.S......then we have: Sol:y is simple interest on x...APTITUDE Numbers H..For one loan.z is the simple interest on y for the same time and at the same rate of interest ...300.. A Person takes a loan of Rs 200 at 5% simple Interest.. he paid 15% per annum and for other 18% per annum ..A Sum of Rs...18x = 405000 x = 9000 Money borrowed at 15% = 9000 Money borrowed at 18% = (24000 .1680 7 yrs ...e..z are three sums of money such that y is the simple interest on x..he would pay: Sol:Amount to be paid = Rs(100 + (200*5*1)/100 + (100*5*1)/100) = Rs 115 3. 7*60 =420 Sum = Amount ..What is the sum..4050.420 = 1500 2. In order to clear his dues at the end of 2yrs .C..y.x & then at 18% be Rs (24000-x) P1 = x R1 = 15 P2 = (24000-x) R2 = 18 At the end of ine year T = 1 (P1*T*R1)/100 + (P2*T*R2)/100 = 4050 (x*1*15)/100 + ((24000-x)*1*18)/100 = 4050 15x + 432000 . Sol:3 yrs ...240 1 yr .How much did he borrowed at each rate? Sol:Let the Sum at 15% be Rs..he paid Rs....100 at the end of 1 yr... He returns Rs. If x.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1. z = (y*R*T)/100 RT = 100z/y 100y/x = 100z/y y * y = xz 6.I in 7 yrs I....I = 1680 ...9000) = 15000 4.I in 3 yrs = 3*60 = 18012 Sum = Amount .? (1/4) * 240 = 60 S.The total interest received after 3 years was Rs.S..... 4 yrs ..The ratio of the money lent at 5% to that lent at 8% is: Sol:Let the Sum at 5% be Rs x at 8% be Rs(1550-x) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simplecomplex..I = 1920 .. A Man borrowed Rs 24000 from two money lenders. means y = (x*R*T)/100 RT = 100y/x z is simple interest on y.a Simple interest .180 = 1500 we get the same amount if we take S.. 1092 due in 3 years at 12% Simple Interest ? Sol:Let each instalment be Rs x (x + (x * 12 * 1)/100) + (x + (x * 12 * 2)/100) + x = 1092 28x/25 + 31x/25 + x =1092 (28x +31x + 25x) = (1092 * 25) 84x = 1092 * 25 x = (1092*25)/84 = 325 Each instalement = 325 5.F and L.

a in all cases.800) = 800/750 = 16/15 7.The total sum invested was: Sol:Let the sums be x & y R1 = 6 R2 = 7 T = 2 (P1*R1*T)/100 + (P2*R2*T)/100 = 354 + (y * 7 * 2)/100 = 354 6x + 7y = 17700 ———(1) also one fourth of the first sum is equal to one fifth of the second sum x/4 = y/5 => 5x .2& 3 years respectively may be equal . x = 1200 y = 1500 Total sum = 1200 +1500 = 2700 8.x Then. (x/3 * 7/100 * 1) + ( x/4 * 8/100 * 1) + (5x/12 * 10/100 * 1) = 561 7x/300 + x/50 + x/24 = 561 51x = 561 * 600 x = 6600 BACK (x * 6 * 2)/100 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simplecomplex. Rs 2189 are divided into three parts such that their amounts after 1. The capital is: Sol:Let the capital be Rs. His income from interest after 2 years was Rs 354 .a Simple interest and another sum at 7% p. 1/4 at 8% and the remainder at 10% If his annual income is Rs.y and[2189-(x+y)] then. A man invested 3/3 of his capital at 7% .the rate of S. The Smallest part is: Sol:Let these parts be x.(x*5*3)/100 + ((1500-x)*8*3)/100 = 300 15x + 1500 * 24 . A Man invests a certain sum of money at 6% p.one fourth of the first sum is equal to one fifth of the second sum.24x = 30000 x = 800 Money at 5%/ Money at 8% = 800/(1550 . (x*1*4)/100 = (y*2*4)/100 = (2189-(x+y))*3*4/100 4x/100 = 8y/100 x = 2y By substituting values (2y*1*4)/100 = (2189-3y)*3*4/100 44y = 2189 *12 y = 597 Smallest Part = 597 9.561.I being 4% p.html[1/28/2012 12:45:37 AM] .a Simple interest.4y = 0 —— (2) By solving 1 & 2 we get.

then it is called Simple Interest.I)= (P*T*R)/100 (ii) Principal(P) = (100*S.F and L. (i)Simple Interest(S.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CONCEPT ->Principal or Sum:.I)/(P*T) Time(T) = (100*S. ->Interest:. Then.html[1/28/2012 12:45:37 AM] . ->Formulae:Principal = P Rate = R% per annum Time = T years.Extra money paid for using others money is called Interest. ->Simple Interest:.The money borrowed or lent out for a certain period is called Principal or the Sum.C.I)/(R*T) Rate(R) = (100*S.APTITUDE Numbers H.C.If the interest on a sum borrowed for a certain period is reckoned uniformly.I)/(P*R) BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simpleconcept.

I)/(P*T) Time(T) = (100*S..I = (P*R*T)/100 =(3000*18*1/5*1/100) =Rs 108 Remark:. no.50 x = (2502.I)/(R*T) Rate(R) = (100*S. Sol:P=68000 R=50/3% p. Simple Interest:.Find the sum. Formulae: Principal = P Rate = R% per annum Time = T years.I on Rs68000 at 16 2/3% per annum for 9months.P file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simpleintrest..html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .I 2P T =P = 2P = (P*T*R)/100 = (P*T*10)/100 = 20 years Note: (1) Total amount = Principal + S. In how many years will a sum of money becomes triple at 10% per annum. Sol:Let principal S.of months/12=years 2. Sol:Let Sum be x.I=(P*R*T)/100 =(68000*(50/3)*(3/4)*(1/100)) =Rs 8500 Note:If months are given we have to converted into years by dividing 12 ie.I on Rs3000 at 18% per annum for the period from 4th Feb to 18th April 1995 Sol:Time=(24+31+18)days =73 days =73/365=1/5 years P= Rs 3000 R= 18% p..50 after 4 years.The day on which money is deposited is not counted while the day on which money is withdrawn is counted..50*50)/77 = 1625 Sum = 1625 2..I = P + P = 2P Top Medium Problems 1. (i)Simple Interest(S.If the interest on a sum borrowed for a certain period is reckoned uniformly..Find S.Simple Intrest Important Facts and Formulae: Principal or Sum:.a T=9/12 years=4/3 years S. A some of money becomes double of itself in 4 years in 12 years it will become how many times at the same rate.. Interest:. S. Sol:4 yrs .I)/(P*R) Simple Problems 1..Find S. 3.I S. then.A sum at Simple interest at 13 1/2% per annum amounts to Rs 2502.I (2) If sum of money becomes double means Total amount or Sum = Principal + S.a S.then it is called Simple Interest.I)= (P*T*R)/100 (ii) Principal(P) = (100*S.The money borrowed or lent out for a certain period is called Principal or the Sum.I = (P*T*R)/100 = ((x*4*27)/(100*2)) = 27x/100 Amount = (x+(27x)/100) = 77x/50 77x/50 = 2502. Then.Extra money paid for using others money is called Interest.

.I.(P*T*R1)/100 =320 (x*12*12)/100 ..I New Amount = = = = = = = = 920 .240 = 60 3*60 = 18012 Sum = Amount .......I = 1920 . A Person takes a loan of Rs 200 at 5% simple Interest. Had it been put at 2% higher rate .html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .x & then at 18% be Rs (24000-x) P1 = x R1 = 15 P2 = (24000-x) R2 = 18 At the end of ine year T = 1 (P1*T*R1)/100 + (P2*T*R2)/100 = 4050 (x*1*15)/100 + ((24000-x)*1*18)/100 = 4050 15x + 432000 ... R+2 (P*(R+2)*3/100) .What was the original amount? Sol:Let the original amount be Rs x.I Rate New Rate Principal Time S.a ..it would have fetched Rs 360 more .. Simple Interest on a certail sum at a certain rate is 9/16 of the sum .S.. it would amount to how much? Sol:S.? (12/4)* P =3P Amount or Sum = P+3P = 4 times 3...I = 9x/16 Let time = n years & rate = n% n = 100 * 9x/16 * 1/x * 1/n n * n = 900/16 n = 30/4 = 7 1/2% Complex Problems 1.Rs 800 amounts to Rs 920 in 3yrs at S..Find the Sum.. A certain sum of money amounts t 1680 in 3yrs & it becomes 1920 in 7 yrs . 4.....I and gave the same amount to Ashish as a loan at the rate of 12% p.4050......I = 1680 ..How much did he borrowed at each rate? Sol:Let the Sum at 15% be Rs..he would pay: Sol:Amount to be paid = Rs(100 + (200*5*1)/100 + (100*5*1)/100) = Rs 115 3.Then. A Man borrowed Rs 24000 from two money lenders.(1/4) S.then the rate is.. Prabhat took a certain amount as a loan from bank at the rate of 8% p.it would have fetched 360 more ie. 320 in the deal. If at the end of 12 yrs. T = 12 R1 = 8% R2 = 12% Profit = 320 P = x (P*T*R2)/100 . 7*60 =420 Sum = Amount .I at a certain rate for 3 years.e.What is the sum.S. if the number representing rate percent and time in years be equal ... A Sum was put at S.666.800 = 120 (100*120)/(800*3) = 5% 5 + 3 = 8% 800 3 yrs (800*8*3)/100 = 192 800 + 192 992 5. he paid 15% per annum and for other 18% per annum..100 at the end of 1 yr. Sol:Let Sum = x .I I.What annual instalment will discharge a debt of Rs..he paid Rs. Sol:Let Sum =P original rate = R T = 3 years If 2% is more than the original rate ..For one loan. he made a profit of Rs.9000) = 15000 Top 4.(x*8*12)/100 = 320 x = 2000/3 x = Rs.a S.If the interest rate is increased by 3%.12 yrs ... He returns Rs. Sol:then..420 = 1500 .... .I in 3 yrs 3 7 4 1 yrs yrs yrs yr * = 1680 1920 240 ? in 7 yrs 2.... S.18x = 405000 x = 9000 Money borrowed at 15% = 9000 Money borrowed at 18% = (24000 ...(P*R*3)/100 = 360 3PR+ 6P-3PR = 36000 6P = 36000 P = 6000 Sum = 6000. At the end of one year..67 6.180 = 1500 we get the same amount if we take S. 1092 due in 3 years at 12% Simple Interest ? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simpleintrest. In order to clear his dues at the end of 2yrs ..

300. Rs 2189 are divided into three parts such that their amounts after 1. A Man invests a certain sum of money at 6% p. 1/4 at 8% and the remainder at 10%.800) = 800/750 = 16/15 7.one fourth of the first sum is equal to one fifth of the second sum.561.If his annual income is Rs.If x.a Simple interest. The Smallest part is: Sol:Let these parts be x.a in all cases.z is the simple interest on y for the same time and at the same rate of interest . His income from interest after 2 years was Rs 354 .The ratio of the money lent at 5% to that lent at 8% is: Sol:Let the Sum at 5% be Rs x at 8% be Rs(1550-x) (x*5*3)/100 + ((1500-x)*8*3)/100 = 300 15x + 1500 * 24 .z are three sums of money such that y is the simple interest on x.24x = 30000 x = 800 Money at 5%/ Money at 8% = 800/(1550 .x Then.html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .4y = 0 â€”â€” (2) By solving 1 & 2 we get. The capital is: Sol:Let the capital be Rs.Sol:Let each instalment be Rs x (x + (x * 12 * 1)/100) + (x + (x * 12 * 2)/100) + x = 1092 28x/25 + 31x/25 + x =1092 (28x +31x + 25x) = (1092 * 25) 84x = 1092 * 25 x = (1092*25)/84 = 325 Each instalement = 325 5.A Sum of Rs.a Simple interest and another sum at 7% p. means y = (x*R*T)/100 RT = 100y/x is simple interest on y.then we have: Sol:y z is simple interest on x.2& 3 years respectively may be equal. z = (y*R*T)/100 RT = 100z/y 100y/x = 100z/y y * y = xz 6. (x/3 * 7/100 * 1) + ( x/4 * 8/100 * 1) + (5x/12 * 10/100 * 1) = 561 7x/300 + x/50 + x/24 = 561 51x = 561 * 600 x = 6600 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simpleintrest.a Simple interest .1550 was lent partly at 5% and partly at 5% and partly at 8% p. (x*1*4)/100 = (y*2*4)/100 = (2189-(x+y))*3*4/100 4x/100 = 8y/100 x = 2y By substituting values (2y*1*4)/100 = (2189-3y)*3*4/100 44y = 2189 *12 y = 597 Smallest Part = 597 9. A man invested 3/3 of his capital at 7% .y and[2189-(x+y)] then.The total sum invested was: Sol:Let the sums be x & y R1 = 6 R2 = 7 T = 2 (P1*R1*T)/100 + (P2*R2*T)/100 = 354 (x * 6 * 2)/100 + (y * 7 * 2)/100 = 354 6x + 7y = 17700 â€”â€”â€”(1) also one fourth of the first sum is equal to one fifth of the second sum x/4 = y/5 => 5x .I being 4% p. x = 1200 y = 1500 Total sum = 1200 +1500 = 2700 8.The total interest received after 3 years was Rs. the rate of S.y.

Sol:4 yrs .Had it been put at 2% higher rate .. Time = 3 yrs S... it would amount to how much? Sol:S. If at the end of 12 yrs.Find the sum. Sol:.I and gave the same amount to Ashish as a loan at the rate of 12% p.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK MEDIUM PROBLEMS 1.50 x = (2502.What was the original amount? Sol:Let the original amount be Rs x.html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .. A Sum was put at S. R+2 (P*(R+2)*3/100) .I = 920 . if the number representing rate percent and time in years be equal ...50*50)/77 = 1625 Sum = 1625 2..I.Then.. Simple Interest on a certail sum at a certain rate is 9/16 of the sum .I = (P*T*R)/100 = ((x*4*27)/(100*2)) = 27x/100 Amount = (x+(27x)/100) = 77x/50 77x/50 = 2502. A some of money becomes double of itself in 4 years in 12 years it will become how many times at the same rate. S.50 after 4 years.I at a certain rate for 3 years.F and L.APTITUDE Numbers H.666. Sol:Let Sum = x .800 = 120 Rate = (100*120)/(800*3) = 5% New Rate = 5 + 3 = 8% ...a .it would have fetched Rs 360 more .P 12 yrs . Prabhat took a certain amount as a loan from bank at the rate of 8% p.then the rate is.. he made a profit of Rs.C.(P*T*R1)/100 =320 (x*12*12)/100 .Find the Sum. 4.. then.. Sol:Let Sum =P original rate = R T = 3 years If 2% is more than the original rate .C.67 6. Principal = 800 .Rs 800 amounts to Rs 920 in 3yrs at S.it would have fetched 360 more ie..I = (800*8*3)/100 = 192 New Amount = 800 + 192 = 992 5. T = 12 R1 = 8% R2 = 12% Profit = 320 P = x (P*T*R2)/100 .. 320 in the deal.(x*8*12)/100 = 320 x = 2000/3 x = Rs..Let Sum be x.I = 9x/16 Let time = n years & rate = n% file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simplemedium. S.? (12/4)* P =3P Amount or Sum = P+3P = 4 times 3.a S. A sum at Simple interest at 13 1/2% per annum amounts to Rs 2502.(P*R*3)/100 = 360 3PR+ 6P-3PR = 36000 6P = 36000 P = 6000 Sum = 6000.If the interest rate is increased by 3%.

html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .n = 100 * 9x/16 * 1/x * 1/n n * n = 900/16 n = 30/4 = 7 1/2% BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simplemedium.

e how many leap years -------total = 144 ((144/7) = 20 and the remainder is 4) therefore in the above week table the no 4 code represents wednesday so the required day is wednesday. 1998? Solution : 5 -> the given month code(august) 17 -> the given date 98->(19 th century after years) 24-> ((47/4) = 11 i. Therefore required day is friday.html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] .it will be : Solution : Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days. It was : Solution : 01 26 50 12 ---------total = 89 ((89/7) = 12 and the remainder is 5) therefore in the above week table represents the number 5 as thursday. Problem 2 : Find on which day 15th august1947 ? Solution : 03 15 47 11 ---------total = 76 Then (76)/7 = 6 odd days 6 indicates friday in the above week table.e 1956).M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles CALENDAR BACK Simple problems Shortcuts : This shortcut must be applied only starting with 19 series. so the required day was Thursday. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/Simpleproblems.1950.it will be thursday. Problem 1 : The first republic day of the India was celebrated on 26th January.so 1 reduce from the total) --------total = 96 Then (96)/7 = 5 odd days 5 indicates thursday in the above week table Therefore our required day is Thursday.it will be friday.F and L.C.C. so. Problem 4 : Today is friday after 62 days. Problem 3 : Find on which day jan 26th 1956 ? Solution : 01 26 56 14 -1 (-1 indicates leapyear(i. Example :What day of the week on 17th june . Hence .APTITUDE Numbers H. after 63 days.after 62 days.

Therefore the required day is thursday. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/Simpleproblems.1995? Solution : 06 25 95 23 --------total = 149 Then (149)/7=(23)=2 odd days Therefore the required day is "Monday".html[1/28/2012 12:45:38 AM] . Problem 5 : Find the day of the week on 25th december.

APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

SIMPLE PROBLEMS
1.Find S.I on Rs68000 at 16 2/3% per annum for 9months. Sol:P=68000 R=50/3% p.a T=9/12 years=4/3 years S.I=(P*R*T)/100 =(68000*(50/3)*(3/4)*(1/100)) =Rs 8500 Note:- If months are given we have to converted into years by dividing 12 ie., no.of months/12=years (2)Find S.I on Rs3000 at 18% per annum for the period from 4th Feb to 18th April 1995 Sol:Time=(24+31+18)days =73 days =73/365=1/5 years P= Rs 3000 R= 18% p.a S.I = (P*R*T)/100 =(3000*18*1/5*1/100) =Rs 108 Remark:- The day on which money is deposited is not counted while the day on which money is withdrawn is counted. 3. In how many years will a sum of money becomes triple at 10% per annum. Sol:- Let principal =P S.I = 2P S.I = (P*T*R)/100 2P = (P*T*10)/100 T = 20 years Note:-(I) Total amount = Principal + S.I (2) If sum of money becomes double means Total amount or Sum = Principal + S.I = P + P = 2P
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Simplifications
Introduction: 'BODMAS' rule: This rule depicts the correct sequence in which the operations are to be executed, so as to find out the value of a given expression. Here B stands for Bracket, O for Of, D for Division, M for Multiplication, A for Addition and S for Subtraction. First of all the brackets must be removed, strictly in the order () , {} , []. After removing the brackets, we want use the following operations: 1.Of 2. Division 3. Multiplication 4. Addition 5. Subtraction Modulus of a real number: Modulus of a real number is a defined as |a| = a, if a>0 or -a, if a < 0; Problems: 1.(5004 /139) – 6= ? Sol: Expression = 5004/ 139 – 6 = 36 – 6 = 30; 2.What mathematical operations should come at the place of ? in the equation : (2 ? 6 – 12 / 4 + 2 = 11) ? Sol: 2 ? 6 = 11 + 12 / 4 – 2 = 11 + 3 – 2 = 12 2 * 6 = 12 3.( 8 / 88) * 8888088 = ? Sol : (1/11) * 8888088 = 808008 4.How many 1/8's are there in 371/2 ? Sol: (371/2) /(1/8)= (75/2) /(1/8) = 300 5.Find the values of 1/2*3 +1/3*4 +1/4*5+ .................+1/9*10 ? Sol: 1/2*3 +1/3*4+1/4*5+ ..................+1/9*10 = [½ -1/3] +[ 1/3 – ¼] + [¼- 1/5] +...............+[1/9-1/10] = [ ½ – 1/10] = 4/15 = 2/5

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6.The value of 999 of 995/999* 999 is: Sol: [1000- 4/1000]*999 = 999000-4 = 998996 7.Along a yard 225m long, 26 trees are planted at equal distance, one tree being at each end of the yard. what is the distance between two consecutive trees ? Sol: 26 trees have 25 gaps between them. Hence , required distance = 225/ 25 m= 9m 8.In a garden , there are 10 rows and 12 columns of mango trees. the distance between the two trees is 2 m and a distance of one meter is left from all sides of the boundary of the length of the garden is : Sol: Each row contains 12 plants. leaving 2 corner plants, 10 plants in between have 10 * 2 meters and 1 meter on each side is left. length = (20 + 2) m = 22m 9.Eight people are planning to share equally the cost of a rental car, if one person with draws from the arrangement and the others share equally the entire cost of the car, then the share of each of the remaining persons increased by? Sol: Original share of one person = 1/8 new share of one person = 1/7 increase = 1/7 – 1/8 = 1/56 required fractions = (1/56)/(1/8) = 1/7 10.A piece of cloth cost Rs 35. if the length of the piece would

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have been 4m longer and each meter cost Re 1 less , the cost would have remained unchanged. how long is the piece? Sol: Left the length of the piece be x m. then, cost of 1m of piece = Rs [35 / x] 35/ x – 35 /x+4 = 1 x + 4 – x = x(x+ 4)/35 x2 + 4x – 140 = 0 x= 10 11.A man divides Rs 8600 among 5sons, 4 daughters and 2 nephews. If each daughter receives four times as much as each nephew, and each son receives five as much as each nephew. how much does each daughter receive ? Sol: Let the share of each nephew be Rs x. then, share of each daughter Rs 4x. share of each son = 5x Rs so, 5 *5x+ 4 * 4x + 2x =8600 2x + 16x + 25x= 8600 43x = 8600 x = 200 share of each daughter = 4 * 200 = Rs 800 12.A man spends 2/5 of his salary on house rent, 3/10 of his salary on food, and 1/8 of his salary on conveyance. if he has Rs 1400 left with him, find his expenditure on food and conveyance? Sol: Part of the salary left = 1-[2/5 +3/10+1/9] = 1- 33/40 =7/40 Let the monthly salary be rs x then, 7/40 of x = 1400 x= [1400*40]/7 x= 8000 Expenditure on food = 3/10*8000 =Rs 2400 Expenditure on conveyance= 1/8*8000 =Rs 1000

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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

SIMPLIFICATIONS
Important Concepts: i)1. 'BODMAS' rule: This rule depicts the correct sequence in which the operations are to be executed, so as to find out the value of a given expression. 2. Here B stands for Bracket, O for Of, D for Division, M for Multiplication, A for Addition and S for Subtraction. 3. First of all the brackets must be removed, strictly in the order () , {} , []. 4.After removing the brackets, we want use the following operations: 1.Of 2. Division 3. Multiplication 4. Addition 5. Subtraction ii)Modulus of a real number: Modulus of a real number is a defined as |a| = a, if a>0 or -a, if a < 0; BACK

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APTITUDE
Numbers H.C.F and L.C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK

SIMPLIFICATIONS
Problems: 1.(5004 /139) – 6= ? Sol: Expression = 5004/ 139 – 6 = 36 – 6 = 30; Ans : 30 2.What mathematical operations should come at the place of ? in the equation : (2 ? 6 – 12 / 4 + 2 = 11) ? Sol: 2 ? 6 = 11 + 12 / 4 – 2 = 11 + 3 – 2 = 12 2 * 6 = 12 Ans : * 3.( 8 / 88) * 8888088 = ? Sol : (1/11) * 8888088 = 808008 Ans: 808008 4.How many 1/8's are there in 371/2 ? Sol: (371/2) /(1/8)= (75/2) /(1/8) = 300 Ans: 300 5.Find the values of 1/2*3 +1/3*4 +1/4*5+ .................+1/9*10 ? Sol: 1/2*3 +1/3*4+1/4*5+ ..................+1/9*10 = [½ -1/3] +[ 1/3 – ¼] + [¼- 1/5] +...............+[1/9-1/10] = [ ½ – 1/10] = 4/15 = 2/5 Ans : 2/5 6.The value of 999 of 995/999* 999 is: Sol: [1000- 4/1000]*999 = 999000-4 = 998996 7.Along a yard 225m long, 26 trees are planted at equal distance, one tree being at each end of the yard. what is the distance between two consecutive trees ? Sol: 26 trees have 25 gaps between them. Hence , required distance = 225/ 25 m= 9m Ans: 9m 8.In a garden , there are 10 rows and 12 columns of mango trees. the distance between the two trees is 2 m and a distance of one meter is left from all sides of the boundary of the length of the garden is : Sol: Each row contains 12 plants. leaving 2 corner plants, 10 plants in between have 10 * 2 meters and 1 meter on each side is left.

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length = (20 + 2) m = 22m 9.Eight people are planning to share equally the cost of a rental car , if one person with draws from the arrangement and the others share equally the entire cost of the car, then the share of each of the remaining persons increased by? Sol: Original share of one person = 1/8 new share of one person = 1/7 increase = 1/7 – 1/8 = 1/56 required fractions = (1/56)/(1/8) = 1/7 10.A piece of cloth cost Rs 35. if the length of the piece would have been 4m longer and each meter cost Re 1 less , the cost would have remained unchanged. how long is the piece? Sol: Left the length of the piece be x m. then, cost of 1m of piece = Rs [35 / x] 35/ x – 35 /x+4 = 1 x + 4 – x = x(x+ 4)/35 x2 + 4x – 140 = 0 x= 10 Ans : 10 m 11.A man divides Rs 8600 among 5sons, 4 daughters and 2 nephews. if each daughter receives four times as much as each nephew, and each son receives five as much as each nephew. how much does each daughter receive ? Sol: Let the share of each nephew be Rs x. then, share of each daughter Rs 4x. share of each son = 5x Rs so, 5 *5x+ 4 * 4x + 2x =8600 2x + 16x + 25x= 8600 43x = 8600 x = 200 share of each daughter = 4 * 200 = Rs 800 12.A man spends 2/5 of his salary on house rent, 3/10 of his salary on food, and 1/8 of his salary on conveyance. if he has Rs 1400 left with him, find his expenditure on food and conveyance? Sol: Part of the salary left = 1-[2/5 +3/10+1/9] = 1- 33/40 =7/40 Let the monthly salary be rs x then, 7/40 of x = 1400 x= [1400*40]/7 x= 8000 Expenditure on food = 3/10*8000 =Rs 2400 Expenditure on conveyance= 1/8*8000 =Rs 1000 BACK

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/simplificationproblem.html[1/28/2012 12:45:40 AM]

As 50 got when 100 get divided by 2. so. 24/2=12 now square the the number 13 i.e. we get 42. Now subtract the number 4 from the 46. 88 -12 -----------76 ----------12*12=144 76 + 144 -------------------7744 -------------------Example: Find the product of the numbers 46 *46? Solution:consider the number 50=100/2. we get as 50 got when 100 get divided by 2. 2 we get file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcube. we get the product of 98*98=9604.here consider the number 50 which is nearer to the number given. Example:let us calculate the product of 96*96 Solution: Here every number must be compare with the 100. 13*13=169 just place the number 169 beside the number 21 now as 169 is three digit number then add 1 to 1t as 13 then place 69 beside the 13 gets when the number given. See here the given number 96 which is 4 difference with the 100.Square and Cube Roots Formula: The Product of two same numbers in easiest way as follow.e. Example: Calculate product for 98*98 Solution: Here the number 98 is having 2 difference when compare to 100 subtract 2 from the number then we get 96 square the number 2 it is 4 now place beside the 96 as 9604 9 8 2 ------------9 6 ------------2*2=4 9 6 0 4.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] . divided the number by 2 after subtraction. 4*4=16 just place the number 16 beside the number 21 we get 2116. Now again go comparision with the number which gets when division with 100. 9 6 4 -------------9 2 -------------4*4=16 9 2 1 6 therefore square of the two numbers 96*96=9216. so subtract 4 from the 96 we get 92 . difference of 13. 42/2=21 now square the the number 4 i. here consider the number 50 which is nearer to 37 when compared with the number 50 we get the now subtract the number 13 from the 37. Example: Calculate product for 88*88 Solution: Here the number 88 is having 12 difference when compare to 100 subtract 12 from the 88 then we get 76 the square of the number 12 is 144 (which is three digit number but should place only two digit beside the 76) therefore in such case add one to 6 then it becomes 77 now place 44 beside the number 77 we will get 7744. divided the number by 2 after subtraction.then the square of the number 4 it is 16 place the 16 beside the 92 we get answer as 9216. 4 6 4 ---------------4 2 as 50 = 100/2 42/2=21 now place 4*4=16 beside 21 2 1 1 6 Example: Find the product of the numbers 37*37 Solution: consider the number 50=100/2 now again go comparision with the number which division with 100. 46 when compared with the number 50 we get the difference of 4. so. so. 24.

135+0. Answer is 2. Cube root: The cube root of a given number x is the number whose cube is x.0069 4.4/?)1/2 = 2 ii)86.3 9. 5. This product gives the square root of the given number.1 ii)86.9985.25 + âˆš1. 3 7 1 3 ----------------2 4 as 24/2=12 square 13* 13=169 1 2 + 1 6 9 ----------------------1 3 6 9 ------------------------- 50 = 100/2 Top Example: Find the product of 106*106 Solution: now compare it with 100 . Answer is 14. 3.âˆšy=x. Thus resolving 6084 in the prime factors .1 Answer is 8.âˆš 0.we say that the square root of y is x and we write .491/2 + (5+x1/2 )=12.then the value of âˆš182.00004761 equals: Solution: âˆš (4761/108) âˆš4761/âˆš 108 .3 Solution: 1) (32. we get 1 1 2 3 6 Square root: If x2=y .3 => âˆš(5+x1/2 ) =12. That is 106+6=112 then square the number 6 that is 6*6=36 just place beside the number 36 beside the 112.what should come in place of both the question marks in the equation (?/ 1281/2= (162)1/2/?) ? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcube.3+ âˆš(5+x1/2 )=12.we get 1369. Now.4 =>x=8. we denote the cube root of x by x1/3 .00018225. Solution: âˆš(18225/100) +âˆš(18225/10000) + âˆš(18225/1000000) +âˆš(18225/100000000) =âˆš(18225)/10 + (18225)1/2/100 + âˆš(18225)/1000 + âˆš(18225)/10000 =135/10 + 135/100 + 135/1000 + 135/10000 =13. 2. take the product of these prime factors choosing one out of every pair of the same primes.then we get 11236.4/x=4 =>4x=32. Answer is 0.3 solutin:86. Examples: 1.9985.491/2 + (5+?1/2)2 =12.491/2 + âˆš(5+x2)=12.we get 6084 2 6024 2 3042 3 1521 3 507 13 169 13 6084=21/2 *31/2 *131/2 60841/2=2*3*13=78.35+0.If âˆš18225=135.Evaluate 60841/2 by factorization method.5+1. 1 0 6 + 6 --------------------1 1 2 -------------------now 6* 6=36 place this beside the number 112.0069.3-9.4/x)1/2=2 Squaring on both sides we get 32. 69/10000 0.what will come in place of question mark in each of the following questions? i)(32. Answer is 78.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] . Solution: Express the given number as the product of prime factors.8225 + âˆš 0. The given number is more then 100 then add the extra number to the given number.0135=14.018225 + âˆš0.3 => âˆš(5+x1/2 )=3 Squaring on both sides we get (5+x1/2 )=9 x1/2 =9-5 x1/2 =4 x=2.

If âˆš(x-1)(y+2)=7 x& y being positive whole numbers then values of x& y are? Solution: âˆš(x-1)(y+2)=7 Squaring on both sides we get (x-1)(y+2)=72 x-1=7 and y+2=7 therefore x=8 .1 Answer is 0.0615+x)1/2=37.001 x=10-3.88 51/2=2.35 Answer is 22. 9 9999 99 81 189 1819 1701 198 therefore 9999-198=9801 which is required number.Solution: x/ 1281/2= (162)1/2/x =>x1/2= (128*162)1/2 => x1/2= (64*2*18*9)1/2 =>x2= (82*62*32) =>x2=8*6*3 =>x2=144 =>x=12.to get the nearest square root number take (825*825)-680621 therefore 680625-680621=4 hence 4 is the number added to 680621 to make it perfect square.then what will be the value of 801/2+6*51/2? Solution: 3*51/2+1251/2=17.y=5. 13.235 =22.88.If 2*3=131/2 and 3*4=5 then value of 5*12 is Solution: Here a*b=(a2+b2)1/2 therefore 5*12=(52+122)1/2 =(25+144)1/2 =1691/2 =13 Answer is 13. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcube. y=5. Answer is 9801.25 then x is equals to: Solution 37+(0.88 3*51/2+5*51/2=17.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] .If 13691/2+(0.0615+x)1/2=0.1 Top 7.0615+x)=0.13 / p1/2=13 then p equals Solution: 0. 9.235 therefore 801/2+6 51/2=(16*51/2)+6*1/25 =4 51/2+6 51/2 =10*2.The greatest four digit perfect square number is Solution: The greatest four digit number is 9999.0615+x)1/2=37.If 3a=4b=6c and a+b+c=27*âˆš29 then Find c value is: Solution: 4b=6c =>b=3/2*c 3a=4b =>a=4/3b =>a=4/3(3/2c)=2c therefore a+b+c=27*291/2 2c+3/2c+c=27*291/2 =>4c+3c+2c/2=27*291/2 =>9/2c=27*291/2 c=27*291/2*2/9 c=6*291/2 11.0625 x=0. 8.If 3*51/2+1251/2=17.13/13 =1/100 p2=âˆš(1/100) =>p=1/10 therefore p=0.25(since 37*37=1369) =>(0. 12.88 3*51/2+(25*5)1/2=17. 6.If 0. Answer is 10-3. now find the square root of 9999. Answer x=8 .88 8*51/2=17.The smallest number added to 680621 to make the sum a perfect square is Solution: Find the square root number which is nearest to this number 8 680621 824 64 162 406 324 1644 8221 6576 1645 therefore 824 is the number .35 10.25 Squaring on both sides (0.13/p2=13 =>p2=0.

7 5929 77 49 147 1029 1029 0 Therefore number of members are 77. 1 15376 124 1 22 53 44 244 976 976 0 therefore the number of rows are 124.How many are left? Solution: Here he asked about the left man . that there are as many rows as there are apples trees in each row . If the total collection amounts to Rs 59.A general wishes to draw up his 36581 soldiers in the form of a solid square .29. 15.A group of students decided to collect as many paise from each member of the group as is the number of members. Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcube. To know the number of member . Solution: Here find the square root of 15376.The number of rows is.By what least number 4320 be multiplied to obtain number which is a perfect cube? Solution: find l.A man plants 15376 apples trees in his garden and arranges them so. 17.The number of members in the group is: Solution: Here convert Money into paise. 18.3(4*12/125)1/2=? Solution: 3(512/125)1/2 3(8*8*8)1/2/(5*5*5) 3(83)1/2/(53) ((83)/(53))1/3 =>8/5 or 1 3/5. 59.calculate the square root of 5929.m for 4320.14. 16.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] .So find the square root of given number the remainder will be the left man 1 36581 191 1 29 265 261 381 481 381 100(since remaining) Therefore the left men are 100.he found that some of them are left over .after arranging them .it should be multiplied by 2*5*5=50 Answer is 50.29*100=5929 paise. 2 4320 2 2160 2 1080 2 540 2 270 3 135 3 45 3 15 5 4320=25 * 33 * 5 =23 * 33 * 22 *5 so make it a perfect cube .c.

9 6 4 -------------9 2 -------------4*4=16 9 2 1 6 therefore square of the two numbers 96*96=9216.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] . Example: let us calculate the product of 96*96 Solution: Here every number must be compare with the 100. then the square of the number 4 it is 16. Example : Calculate product for 88*88 Solution: Here the number 88 is having 12 difference when compare to 100 subtract 12 from the 88 then we get 76 the square of the number 12 is 144 (which is three digit number but should place only two digit beside the 76) therefore in such case add one to 6 then it becomes 77 now place 44 beside the number 77 we will get 7744 . answer will be 7744.APTITUDE SQUARE ROOTS AND CUBE ROOTS Formula: The Product of two same numbers in easiest way as follow. so. so subtract 4 from the 96 we get 92 . we get the product of 98*98=9604. Example: Calculate product for 98*98 Solution: Here the number 98 is having 2 difference when compare to 100 subtract 2 from the number then we get 96 square the number 2 it is 4 now place beside the 96 as 9604 9 8 2 ------------9 6 ------------2*2=4 9 6 0 4. See here the given number 96 which is 4 difference with the 100. place the 16 beside the 92 we get answer as 9216. 88 -12 -----------76 ----------12*12=144 76 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcuberoot1.

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcuberoot1. 13*13=169 just place the number 169 beside the number 21 now as 169 is three digit number then add 1 to 2 we get 1t as 13 then place 69 beside the 13 we get 1369.+ 144 -------------------7744 -------------------Example: Find the product of the numbers Solution: consider the number 50=100/2 now again go comparision with the number which gets when division with 100. so. 3 7 1 3 ----------------2 4 as 24/2=12 square 13* 13=169 1 2 + 1 6 9 ----------------------1 3 6 9 ------------------------Example: Find the product of 106*106 Solution: now compare it with 100 . That is 106+6=112 then square the number 6 that is 6*6=36 just place beside the number 36 beside the 112. here consider the number 50 which is nearer to the number given. Example: Find the product of the numbers 37*37 Solution: consider the number 50=100/2 now again go comparision with the number which gets when division with 100. we get 24.e. so. 24/2=12 now square the the number 13 i.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] . now subtract the number 4 from the 46. The given number is more then 100 then add the extra number to the given number. 37 when compared with the number 50 we get the difference of 13. here consider the number 50 which is nearer to the number given.y 1/2=x. 4 6 4 ---------------4 2 42/2=21 now place 4*4=16 beside 21 2 1 1 6 Answer will be 2116.then we get 11236.we say that the square root of y is x and we write . as 50 got when 100 get divided by 2. 42/2=21 now square the the number 4 i. divided the number by 2 after subtraction. we get 1 1 2 3 6 50 = 100/2 we get 42. 46 *46? as 50 = 100/2 Square root: If x2=y . 4*4=16 just place the number 16 beside the number 21 we get 2116. 46 when compared with the number 50 we get the difference of 4. divided the number by 2 after subtraction. now subtract the number 13 from the 37.e. as 50 got when 100 get divided by 2. 1 0 6 + 6 --------------------1 1 2 -------------------now 6* 6=36 place this beside the number 112.

13/p^2=13 =>p^2=0.135+0. Answer is 78.3 (5+x^2 ) 1/2=12.3 9. 2.what will come in place of question mark in each of the following questions? i)(32.Cube root : The cube root of a given number x is the number whose cube is x.3+ => => (5+x^2 )1/2=12.5+1.9985.13 / p^2=13 then p equals Solution: 0. This product gives the square root of the given number.If 18225 1/2=135.3 (5+x^2 )1/2=3 507 169 3042 6084=2^2*3^2*13^2 3 2 6024 Squaring on both sides we get (5+x^2 )=9 x^2 =9-5 x^2 =4 x=2.9985.49 1/2+ (5+?^2) 1/2=12. 5.35+0.4 =>x=8. we denote the cube root of x by x1/3 .3-9.82251/2 + 0.49 1/2 + (5+x^2) 1/2=12.1 Answer is 8. Solution: (18225/100) 1/2+(18225/10000) 1/2 +(18225/1000000) 1/2+(18225/100000000) 1/2 (18225)/10 1/2 + (18225)/1001/2 + (18225)/1000 1/2+ (18225)/10000 1/2 135/10 + 135/100 + 13.4/?)1/2 = 2 ii)86.49 1/2 + (5+x^2 )1/2=12.00018225 1/2. Examples: 1.018225 1/2 + 0.1 ii)86.0069.1 Answer is 0. Now.what should come in place of both the question marks in the equation ?/ 128 1/2= (162) 1/2/? Solution: x/ 128 1/2= (162) 1/2/x =>x^2= (128*162) 1/2 => x^2= (64*2*18*9)1/2 =>x^2= (82*62*32) 1/2 =>x^2=8*6*3 =>x^2=144 =>x=12. 69/10000 0.4/x) 1/2=2 Squaring on both sides we get 32. Answer is 0.0069 4.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] .0.3 Solution: 1) (32.00004761 1/2 equals: Solution: (4761/10^8) 1/2 4761 1/2/ 10^8 1/2 .4/x=4 =>4x=32. Answer is 2.0135=14.251/2 + 1. 3. take the product of these prime factors choosing one out of every pair of the same primes.Evaluate âˆš6084 by factorization method.we get 6084 2 1521 3 13 13 âˆš6084=2*3*13=78.If 0.then the value of 182.1 135/1000 + 135/10000 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcuberoot1. 6. Solution: Express the given number as the product of prime factors.13/13 =1/100 p^2=(1/100)1/2 =>p=1/10 therefore p=0. Answer is 14. Thus resolving 6084 in the prime factors .3 86.

9. 13.0615+x) 1/2=0.0625 x=0.35 Answer is 22.If 3*5 1/2+12 1/25=17.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] . Answer is 10^-3.The greatest four digit perfect square number is Solution: The greatest four digit number is 9999.0615+x)=0.to get the nearest square root number take (825*825)-680621 therefore 680625-680621=4 hence 4 is the number added to 680621 to make it perfect square.If (x-1)(y+2) 1/2=7 x& y being positive whole numbers then values of x& y are? Solution: (x-1)(y+2) 1/2=7 Squaring on both sides we get (x-1)(y+2)=7^2 x-1=7 and y+2=7 therefore x=8 .If 1369 1/2+(0.235 therefore 80 1/2+6 51/2=(16*5) 1/2+6*5 1/2 =4 51/2+6 1/25=10 51/2 10*2.88 3*5 1/2+(25*5) 1/2=17.35 10. now find the square root of 9999. 12. Answer x=8 .y=5.25 Squaring on both sides (0.0615+x) 1/2=37.88 3*5 1/2+5*5 1/2=17.7. y=5.001 x=10^-3. 9 189 9999 81 1819 99 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcuberoot1.25 then x is equals to: Solution 37+(0.88.0615+x)1/2=37.25(since 37*37=1369) =>(0.235 =22.then what will be the value of 80 1/2+6*5 1/2? Solution: 3*5 1/2+125 1/2=17.88 51/2=2.If 2*3=131/2 and 3*4=5 Solution: then value of 5*12 is Here a*b=(a^2+b^2) 1/2 therefore 5*12=(52+122) 1/2 =(25+144) 1/2 =169 1/2 =13 Answer is 13.88 8*5 1/2=17. 8.If 3a=4b=6c and a+b+c=27*291/2 then Find c value is: Solution: 4b=6c =>b=3/2*c 3a=4b =>a=4/3b =>a=4/3(3/2c)=2c therefore a+b+c=27*291/2 2c+3/2c+c=27*29 1/2 =>4c+3c+2c/2=27*29 1/2 =>9/2c=27*29 1/2 c=27*29 1/2*2/9 c=6*291/2 11.The smallest number added to 680621 to make the sum a perfect square is Solution: Find the square root number which is nearest to this number 8 162 1644 680621 824 64 406 324 8221 6576 1645 therefore 824 is the number .

C.html[1/28/2012 12:45:41 AM] .F and L.1701 198 therefore 9999-198=9801 Answer is 9801.C. which is required number.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/squareandcuberoot1. Numbers H.

25)y = (0. (iii)(8/125)-4/3 =((2/5)3)-4/3 = (2/5)-4 = (5/2)4 = 625/16 (2) If 2(x-1)+ 2(x+1) = 1280 then find the value of x . Problems:(1) (i) (27)2/3 = (33)2/3 = 32 = 9. Laws of Indices: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) am * an am / an (am)n (ab)n (a/b)n a0 = = = = = = a(m+n) a(m-n) a(m*n) an * bn an / bn 1 2.2]3 (1/5)3y =(1/5)3 3y= 3 => y=1. y = zb of abc.html[1/28/2012 12:45:42 AM] . .25 = 25/100 32n+1 / / (32)n 9n = 1/4 (5) Find the value of (243)n/5 * Solution: (35)n/5 * 32n +1 33n+1 / 33n-1 3 33n+1 * 3-3n+1 * 3 n-1 * 3n-1 =>9.25)y Solution: (1/5)3y = 0.1) = > (2-1) = > 1. (ii) (1024)-4/5 = (45)-4/5 = (4)-4= 1/(4)4 = 1/256.25)1 => 0.SURDS AND INDICES Simple problems: 1. => 32 (6) Find the value of Solution: (21/4-1)( 23/4 +21/2+21/4+1) Let us say 21/4 = x (x-1)(x3+x2+x+1) (x-1)(x2(x+1)+(x+1)) (x-1) (x2+1) (x+1) [(x-1)(x+1) = (x2-1)] (x2+1) (x2-1) => (x4-1) ((21/4))4 . z = xc then find the value (7) If x= ya .Surds :Let 'a' be a rational number & 'n' be a positive integer such that a1/n = nth root a is irrational. (0.008 (1/5)3y =[0.Then nth root a is called 'a' surd of 'n'. Solution: 2x/2+2x.2 = 1280 2x(1+22) = 2*1280 2x = 2560/5 2x = 512 => 2x = 29 x = 9 (3) Find the value of [5[81/3+271/3]3]1/4 Solution: [5[(23)1/3+(33)1/3]3]1/4 [5[2+3]3]1/4 [54]1/4 => 5.008 then find the value of (0. Solution: z= xc z= (ya)c [ z= (y)ac z= (zb)ac z= zabc abc = 1 x= ya ] [y= zb] (8)Simplify (xa/xb)a2+ab+b2*(xb/xc)b2+bc+c2*(xc/xa)c2+ca+a2 Solution:[xa-b]a2+ab+b2 * [xb-c]b2+bc+c2 * [xc-a]c2+ca+a2 [ (a-b)(a2+ab+b2) = a3-b3] from the above formula => xa3-b3 xb3-c3 xc3-a3 => xa3-b3+b3-c3+c3-a3 => x0 = 1 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/surdsandindices. (4) If (1/5)3y= 0.

8-26 ) => 8-26 (8-1 ) => 7* 8-26 Ans: (b) Top (11) 1 / (1+ an-m ) +1/ (1+am-n) (a) 0 (b) 1/2 (c ) 1 1/ => => => = ? (d) an+m Solution: (1+ an/am) + 1/ ( 1+ am/an) am / (am+ an ) + an /(am +an ) (am +an ) /(am + an) 1 Ans: ( c) (12) 1/(1+xb-a+xc-a)+1/(1+xa-b+xc-b)+1/(1+xb-c+xa-c)=? (a) 0 (b) 1 ( c ) xa-b-c (d) None of the above Solution: 1/ (1+xb/xa+xc/xa) + 1/(1+xa/xb +xc/xb) + 1/(1+xb/xc +xa/xc) => xa /(xa +xb+xc) + xb/(xa +xb+xc) +xc/(xa +xb+xc) =>(xa +xb+xc) /(xa +xb+xc) =>1 Ans: (b) (13) If x=3+2 âˆš2 then the value of (âˆšx â€“ 1/ âˆšx) is [ âˆš=root] (a) 1 (b) 2 (c ) 2âˆš2 ( d) 3âˆš3 Solution: (âˆšx-1/âˆšx)2 = x+ 1/x-2 3+2âˆš2 + (1/3+2âˆš2 )-2 3+2âˆš2 + 3-2âˆš2 -2 6-2 = 4 (âˆšx-1/âˆšx)2 = 4 =>(âˆšx-1/âˆšx)2 = 22 (âˆšx-1/âˆšx) = 2.(9) (1000)7 (a) 10 /1018 (b) = ? 100 (c ) 1000 = > (10)21 / (d) 10000 (10)18 1000 Solution: (1000)7 / 1018 (103)7 / (10)18 => Ans :( c ) (10) The value of (10)21-18 => (10)3 => (8-25-8-26) is (d) None (a) 7* 8-25 (b) 7*8-26 (c ) 8* 8-26 Solution: ( 8-25 .by = c . y=1 Ans: (c ) (16) If ax = by = cz and b2 = ac then â€˜yâ€™equals (a)xz/x+z (b)xz/2(x-z) (c)xz/2(z-x) (d)2xz/x+z Solution: Let us say ax = by = cz = k ax =k => [ax]1/x = k1/x => a = k1/x Simillarly b = k1/y c = k1/z b2 = ac [k1/y]2=k1/xk1/z =>k2/y = k1/x+1/z => 2/y = 1/x+1/y =>y= 2xz/x+z Ans: (17) (d) ax = b.html[1/28/2012 12:45:42 AM] .cz = a then the value of xyz is is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c ) 1/abc (d) abc file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/surdsandindices. Ans : (b) => => => (14) (xb/xc)b+c-a (xc/xa)c+a-b (xa/xb)b+a-c (a) xabc (b) 1 = ? ( c) xab+bc+ca (d) xa+b+c [xc-a]c+a-b [xa-b]a+b-c Solution: [xb-c]b+c-a =>x(b-c)(b+c-a) x(c-a)(c+a-b) x(a-b)(a+b-c) =>x(b2-c2-ab-ac) x(c2-a2-bc-ab) x(a2-b2-ac-bc) =>x(b2-c2-ab-ac+c2-a2-bc-ab+a2-b2-ac-bc) => x0 =>1 Ans: (b) (15) If 3x-y (a) Solution: 0 = 27 and (b) 2 3x+y = 243 then x is equal to (d) 6 (c ) 4 3x-y = 27 => 3x-y = 33 x-y= 3 3x+y = 243 => 3x+y = 35 x+y = 5 From above two equations x = 4 .

Solution:

ax = (cz)x by)xz =>xyz

b = b = b =1

[cz = a] [by = c]

Ans: (b) (18) If 2x = 4y =8z and (1/2x +1/4y +1/6z) =24/7 then the value of 'z' is (a) 7/16 (b) 7 / 32 (c ) 7/48 (d) 7/64

Solution:

2x = 4y=8z 2x = 22y = 23z x= 2y = 3z Multiply above equation with â€˜ 2â€™ 2x = 4y= 6z (1/2x+1/4y+1/6z) = 24/7 =>(1/6z+1/6z+1/6z) = 24/7 => 3 / 6z = 24/7 => z= 7/48

Ans: ( c)

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Time and Distance
Formulae: I)Speed = Distance/Time II)Time = Distance/speed III) Distance = speed*time IV) 1km/hr = 5/18 m/s V)1 m/s = 18/5 Km/hr VI)If the ratio of the speed of A and B is a:b,then the ratio of the time taken by them to cover the same distance is 1/a : 1/b or b:a VII) suppose a man covers a distance at x kmph and an equal distance at y kmph.then the average speed during the whole journey is (2xy/x+y)kmph Problems 1)A person covers a certain distance at 7kmph .How many meters does he cover in 2 minutes. Solution:: speed=72kmph=72*5/18 = 20m/s distance covered in 2min =20*2*60 = 2400m 2)If a man runs at 3m/s. How many km does he run in 1hr 40min Solution:: speed of the man = 3*18/5 kmph = 54/5kmph Distance covered in 5/3 hrs=54/5*5/3 = 18km 3)Walking at the rate of 4knph a man covers certain distance in 2hr 45 min. Running at a speed of 16.5 kmph the man will cover the same distance in. Solution:: Distance=Speed* time 4*11/4=11km New speed =16.5kmph therefore Time=D/S=11/16.5 = 40min

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Complex Problems 1)A train covers a distance in 50 min ,if it runs at a speed of 48kmph on an average.The speed at which the train must run to reduce the time of journey to 40min will be. Solution:: Time=50/60 hr=5/6hr Speed=48mph distance=S*T=48*5/6=40km time=40/60hr=2/3hr New speed = 40* 3/2 kmph= 60kmph 2)Vikas can cover a distance in 1hr 24min by covering 2/3 of the distance at 4 kmph and the rest at 5kmph.the total distance is? Solution:: Let total distance be S total time=1hr24min A to T :: speed=4kmph diistance=2/3S T to S :: speed=5km distance=1-2/3S=1/3S 21/15 hr=2/3 S/4 + 1/3s /5 84=14/3S*3 S=84*3/14*3 = 6km 3)walking at ¾ of his usual speed ,a man is late by 2 ½ hr. the usual time is. Solution:: Usual speed = S Usual time = T Distance = D New Speed is ¾ S New time is 4/3 T 4/3 T – T = 5/2 T=15/2 = 7 ½

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeanddistance.html[1/28/2012 12:45:42 AM]

4)A man covers a distance on scooter .had he moved 3kmph faster he would have taken 40 min less. If he had moved 2kmph slower he would have taken 40min more.the distance is. Solution:: Let distance = x m Usual rate = y kmph x/y – x/y+3 = 40/60 hr 2y(y+3) = 9x --------------1 x/y-2 – x/y = 40/60 hr y(y-2) = 3x -----------------2 divide 1 & 2 equations by solving we get x = 40 5)Excluding stoppages,the speed of the bus is 54kmph and including stoppages,it is 45kmph.for how many min does the bus stop per hr. Solution:: Due to stoppages,it covers 9km less. time taken to cover 9 km is [9/54 *60] min = 10min 6)Two boys starting from the same place walk at a rate of 5kmph and 5.5kmph respectively.wht time will they take to be 8.5km apart, if they walk in the same direction Solution:: The relative speed of the boys = 5.5kmph – 5kmph = 0.5 kmph Distance between them is 8.5 km Time= 8.5km / 0.5 kmph = 17 hrs 7)2 trains starting at the same time from 2 stations 200km apart and going in opposite direction cross each other ata distance of 110km from one of the stations.what is the ratio of their speeds. Solution:: In same time ,they cover 110km & 90 km respectively so ratio of their speed =110:90 = 11:9 8)Two trains start from A & B and travel towards each other at speed of 50kmph and 60kmph resp. At the time of the meeting the second train has traveled 120km more than the first.the distance between them. Solution:: Let the distance traveled by the first train be x km then distance covered by the second train is x + 120km x/50 = x+120 / 60 x= 600 so the distance between A & B is x + x + 120 = 1320 km 9)A thief steals a ca r at 2.30pm and drives it at 60kmph.the theft is discovered at 3pm and the owner sets off in another car at 75kmph when will he overtake the thief Solution:: Let the thief is overtaken x hrs after 2.30pm distance covered by the thief in x hrs = distance covered by the owner in x-1/2 hr 60x = 75 ( x- ½) x= 5/2 hr thief is overtaken at 2.30 pm + 2 ½ hr = 5 pm 10)In covering distance,the speed of A & B are in the ratio of 3:4.A takes 30min more than B to reach the destion.The time taken by A to reach the destinstion is. Solution:: Ratio of speed = 3:4 Ratio of time = 4:3 let A takes 4x hrs,B takes 3x hrs then 4x-3x = 30/60 hr x = ½ hr Time taken by A to reach the destination is 4x = 4 * ½ = 2 hr 11)A motorist covers a distance of 39km in 45min by moving at a speed of xkmph for the first 15min.then moving at double the speed for the next 20 min and then again moving at his original speed for the rest of the journey .then x=? Solution:: Total distance = 39 km Total time = 45 min D = S*T x * 15/60 + 2x * 20/60 + x * 10/60 = 39 km x = 36 kmph 12)A & B are two towns.Mr.Fara covers the distance from A t0 B on cycle at 17kmph and returns to A by a tonga running at a uniform speed of 8kmph.his average speed during the whole journey is. Solution:: When same distance is covered with different speeds,then the average speed = 2xy / x+y =10.88kmph 13)A car covers 4 successive 3km stretches at speed of 10kmph,20kmph,30kmph&:60kmph resp. Its average speed is. Solution:: Average speed = total distance / total time total distance = 4 * 3 = 12 km total time = 3/10 + 3/20 + 3/30 + 3/60 = 36/60 hr speed =12/36 * 60 = 20 kmph

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14)A person walks at 5kmph for 6hr and at 4kmph for 12hr. The average speed is. Solution:: avg speed = total distance/total time = 5*6 + 4*12 / 18 =4 1/3 mph 15)A bullock cart has to cover a distance of 80km in 10hrs. If it covers half of the journeyin 3/5th time.wht should be its speed to cover the remaining distance in the time left. Solution:: Time left = 10 - 3/5*10 = 4 hr speed =40 km /4 hr =10 kmph 16)The ratio between the speeds of the A& B is 2:3 an therefore A takes 10 min more than the time taken by B to reach the destination.If A had walked at double the speed ,he would have covered the distance in ? Solution:: Ratio of speed = 2:3 Ratio of time = 3:2 A takes 10 min more 3x-2x = 10 min A's time=30 min --->A covers the distance in 30 min ,if its speed is x -> He will cover the same distance in 15 min,if its speed doubles (i.e 2x) 17)A is twice as fast as B and B is thrice as fast as C is. The journey covered by B in? Solution:: speed's ratio a : b = 2: 1 b : c = 3:1 Time's ratio b : c = 1:3 b : c = 18:54 (if c covers in 54 min i..e twice to 18 min ) 18)A man performed 3/5 of the total journey by ratio 17/20 by bus and the remaining 65km on foot.wht is his total journey. Solution:: Let total distance is x x-(3/5x + 17/20 x) =6.5 x- 19x/20 = 6.5 x=20 * 6.5 =130 km 19)A train M leaves Meerat at 5 am and reaches Delhi at 9am . Another train N leaves Delhi at 7am and reaches Meerut at 1030am At what time do the 2 trains cross one another Solution:: Let the distance between Meerut & Delhi be x they meet after y hr after 7am M covers x in 4hr N covers x in 3 ½ i.e 7/2 hr speed of M =x/4 speed of N = 2x/7 Distance covered by M in y+2 hr + Distance covered by N in y hr is x x/4 (y+2) +2x/7(y)=x y=14/15hr or 56 min 20)A man takes 5hr 45min in walking to certain place and riding back. He would have gained 2hrs by riding both ways.The time he would take to walk both ways is? Solution:: Let x be the speed of walked Let y be the speed of ride Let D be the distance Then D/x + D/y = 23/4 hr -------1 D/y + D/y = 23/4 – 2 hr D/y = 15/8 --------2 substitute 2 in 1 D/x + 15/8 = 23/4 D/x = 23/4 -15/8 =46-15/8 =31/8 Time taken for walk one way is 31/8 hr time taken to walk to and fro is 2*31/8 = 31/4 hr =7 hr 45 min

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Time and Work
Important Facts: 1.If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day work=1/n 2.If A's 1 day's work=1/n, then A can finish the work in n days. Ex: If A can do a piece of work in 4 days,then A's 1 day's work=1/4. If A's 1 day’s work=1/5, then A can finish the work in 5 days 3.If A is thrice as good workman as B,then: Ratio of work done by A and B =3:1. Ratio of time taken by A and B to finish a work=1:3 4.Definition of Variation: The change in two different variables follow some definite rule. It said that the two variables vary directly or inversely.Its notation is X/Y=k, where k is called constant. This variation is called direct variation. XY=k. This variation is called inverse variation. 5.Some Pairs of Variables: i)Number of workers and their wages. If the number of workers increases, their total wages increase. If the number of days reduced, there will be less work. If the number of days is increased, there will be more work. Therefore, here we have direct proportion or direct variation. ii)Number workers and days required to do a certain work is an example of inverse variation. If more men are employed, they will require fewer days and if there are less number of workers, more days are required. iii)There is an inverse proportion between the daily hours of a work and the days required. If the number of hours is increased, less number of days are required and if the number of hours is reduced, more days are required. 6.Some Important Tips: More Men -Less More Men -More More Days-More Number of days day’s work. Days and Work and Work and required Conversely More Conversely More Conversely More to complete the Day-Less Men. Work-More Men. Work-More Days. given work=Total work/One

Since the total work is assumed to be one(unit), the number of days required to complete the given work would be the reciprocal of one day’s work. Sometimes, the problems on time and work can be solved using the proportional rule ((man*days*hours)/work) in another situation. 7.If men is fixed,work is proportional to time. If work is fixed, then time is inversely proportional to men therefore, (M1*T1/W1)=(M2*T2/W2) Problems 1)If 9 men working 6 hours a day can do a work in 88 days. Then 6 men working 8 hours a day can do it in how many days? Sol: From the above formula i.e (m1*t1/w1)=(m2*t2/w2) so (9*6*88/1)=(6*8*d/1) on solving, d=99 days. 2)If 34 men completed 2/5th of a work in 8 days working 9 hours a day. How many more man should be engaged to finish the rest of the work in 6 days working 9 hours a day ? Sol: From the above formula i.e (m1*t1/w1)=(m2*t2/w2) so, (34*8*9/(2/5))=(x*6*9/(3/5)) so x=136 men number of men to be added to finish the work=136-34=102 men

3)If 5 women or 8 girls can do a work in 84 days. In how many days can 10 women and 5 girls can do the same work ? Sol: Given that 5 women is equal to 8 girls to complete a work so, 10 women=16 girls. Therefore 10women +5girls=16girls+5girls=21girls. 8 girls can do a work in 84 days then 21 girls -------------- -? answer= (8*84/21)=32days. Therefore 10 women and 5 girls can a work in 32days

4)Worker A takes 8 hours to do a job. Worker B takes 10hours to do the same job. How long it take both A & B, working together but independently, to do the same job ? Sol: A's one hour work=1/8. B's one hour work=1/10 (A+B)'s one hour work=1/8+1/10 =9/40 Both A & B can finish the work in 40/9 days

5)A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. Then, working together, what part of the same work they can finish in a day ? Sol: Given that B alone can complete the same work in days=half the time taken by A=9days A's one day work=1/18 B's one day work=1/9 (A+B)'s one day work=1/18+1/9=1/6

6)A is twice as good a workman as B and together they finish a piece of

file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandwork.html[1/28/2012 12:45:43 AM]

R can type as many pages as P can during seven hours. A working alone takes 8 hours more to complete the job than if both working together. What time would they take to do the work together. He works at it for 10 days & then B alone finishes the remaining work in 42 days. Number of days of 8 2/5 hours each=(126*5/(5*42))=3days 9)A takes twice as much time as B or thrice as much time to finish a piece of work. Whole work will be done by B in (42*8/7)=48 days Therefore.Q and R are three typists who working simultaneously can type 216 pages in 4 hours In one hour .work in 18 days. both will finish the work in 30 days. he would need 4 1/2 hours more to compete the job than they both working together. A and C together will do it in file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandwork.html[1/28/2012 12:45:43 AM] .B and C together can finish it in 6 days. Then.In how many days will A alone finish the work.(1/8))=7/8 Now.B. and z=21 4)Ronald and Elan are working on an assignment. 8)A can do a piece of work n 7 days of 9 hours each and B alone can do it in 6 days of 7 hours each. In how much time will A and B. (B+C)'s one day's work=1/15. they can finish it in 3 days. How much time will they take. Top Complex Problems 1)A and B undertake to do a piece of workfor Rs 600. A's one day's work=1/80 B’s one day's work=1/48 (A+B)'s one day's work=1/80+1/48=8/240=1/30 Hence. B is 60% more efficient than A. Working together they can finish the work in 2 days.y=18. 5)Two workers A and B are engaged to do a work. How many days does B alone take to do the same job? Sol: Ratio of time taken by A&B=160:100 =8:5 Suppose B alone takes x days to do the job. (A+C)'s one day's work=1/20. Find the share of each ? Sol: C's one day's work=(1/3) . How many pages does each of them type per hour? Sol:Let the number of pages typed in one hour by P. they will complete the work in how many days? Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/12. If A. 10)X can do ¼ of a work in 10 days. B can do the work alone in ? Sol: Suppose A.B and C take x. B takes 6 hours to finish the work. A and B together can do the work in 6 days. Adding we get 2(A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/12+1/15+1/20=12/60=1/5 (A+B+C)'s one day work=1/10 So. while Elan takes 5 hours to type 40 pages. 7)A and B can do a work in 8 days. B and C can do the same wor in 12 days. During a period of five hours. C and A in 20 days.x/2 and x/3 hours respectively finish the work then 1/x+2/x+3/x=1/2 => 6/x=1/2 =>x=12 So. working together. A alone can finish the work in 27 days.and C together can complete the work in 10 days. Q and R be x. A.2 and 3 we get x=15. in (40*100/40)=100 days. Ronald takes 6 hours to type 32 pages on a computer. A:B:C= Ratio of their one day’s work=1/6:1/8:1/24=4:3:1 A's share=Rs (600*4/8)=300 B's share= Rs (600*3/8)=225 C's share=Rs[600 .Z will complete the in 10*4=40 days. A. Sol: if A takes x days to do a work then B takes 2x days to do the same work =>1/x+1/2x=1/18 =>3/2x=1/18 =>x=27 days. Hence. If B worked alone. finish the work ? Sol: Work done by A in 10 days=10/80=1/8 Remaining work=(1 . Sol: (1/(x+8))+(1/(x+(9/2)))=1/x =>(1/(x+8))+(2/(2x+9))=1/x => x(4x+25)=(x+8)(2x+9) => 2x2 =72 => x2 = 36 => x=6 Therefore. How long will they take to do it working together 8 2/5 hours a day ? Sol: A can complete the work in (7*9)=63 days B can complete the work in (6*7)=42 days => A's one hour's work=1/63 and B's one hour work=1/42 (A+B)'s one hour work=1/63+1/42=5/126 Therefore.(300+225)]=Rs 75 2)A can do a piece of work in 80 days. in (13*3)=39 days work first. With the help of C. 7)A can do a certain work in 12 days.y and z respectively Then x+y+z=216/4=54 ---------------1 z-y=y-x => 2y=x+z -----------2 5z=7x => x=5x/7 ---------------3 Solving 1. 3)P. work will be done by B in 42 days.(1/6+1/8)=1/24 Therefore. working together on two different computers to type an assignment of 110 pages ? Sol: Number of pages typed Number of pages typed Number of pages typed Time taken by both to by Ronald in one hour=32/6=16/3 by Elan in one hour=40/5=8 by both in one hour=((16/3)+8)=40/3 type 110 pages=110*3/40=8 hours.A alone can do it in 6 days while B alone can do it in 8 days. B and C in 15 days. 6)A and B can do a work in12 days. Y can do 40% of work in 40 days and Z can do 1/3 of work in 13 days. Both can finish the work in 126/5 hours.B and C work together. R can type as many pages more than Q as Q can type more than P. 8:5::12:x => 8x=5*12 => x=15/2 days. Who will complete the work first? Sol: Whole work will be done by X Whole work will be done by Y Whole work will be done by Z Therefore.

The number of days after which A left the work was Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/45+1/40=17/360 Work done by B in 23 days=23/40 Remaining work=1 . X started the work alone and then after 4 days Y joined him till the completion of work. 17/360 work was done by (A+B) in 1 day. 13)A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in 15 days. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandwork. He then calls in B and they together finish the remaining work in 3 days. Working together. So. (A+B)'s one day's work=1/8.(5/24) =3/24 =1/8 So. B n 9 days and C in 12 days. B worked for 10 days and left the job. so more men joined them. A.1/25=4/150=2/75 So. If A and B together could do it in 10 days and C alone in 50 days. 2/15 work is done by X and Y in one day. How long B alone would take to do the whole work? Sol: Whole work is done by A in 20*5/4=25 days Now. (1 .3/50) =2/50 =1/25 B alone could complete the work in 25 days. then B alone could do it in how many days ? Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/10. (A+B)'s one day's work=1/30+1/90=4/90=2/45 Therefore.html[1/28/2012 12:45:43 AM] . B&C start the work but are forced to leave after 3 days. Therefore 1/3 work is done by A in 18*(1/3)=6 days. They began to do the work together but A leaves after some days and then B completed the remaining work n 23 days. If C alone does the work n 40 days. 8)A can do a certain work in the same time in which B and C together can do it. then A.B and C can do the work in 13 1/3 days. A's one day's work=(B+C)’s one day's work From i and ii . So.(6/16)) => x=6 days 12)A is 50% as efficient as B. 9) A is thrice as good a workman as B and therefore is able to finish a job in 60 days less than B. Then C's one day's work=5x/2 => 5x/2=1/40 => x=((1/40)*(2/5))=1/100 A's one day's work=3/100 B's one day's work=1/50 C's one day's work=1/40 So.(23/40)=17/40 Now. He works at it for 10 days and then B alone finishes the remaining work in 42 days. Six days after they started working. (B+C)'s one day's work=1/12. they can do it in: Sol: Ratio of times taken by A and B=1:3.e 1/5 work is done by A& B in days. A&B together can do the work in 45/2days Top 10) A can do a piece of work in 80 days. B takes (3*60/2)=90 days So.(4/5)) i.1/5 =4/5 (X+Y)'s one day's work =1/20+1/12 =8/60=2/15 Now.1/8=7/8 Now 7/8 work is done by B in 42 days Whole work will be done by B in 42*8/7= 48 days => A's one day's work =1/80 and B's one day's work =1/48 (A+B)'s one day's work = 1/80+1/48 = 8/240 = 1/30 Hence both will finish the work in 30 days.(7/12)=5/12 Now . In how many days A alone can finish the remaining work ? Sol: B's 10 day's work=10/15=2/3 Remaining work=(1 . B's one day's work=1/90. If difference of time is 2 days . B alone would do the work in 75/2= 37 ½ days. A takes 30 days to do the work=1/90 A's one day's work=1/30. 1/24 work is done by A in 1 day.we get :2*(A's one day's work)=3/25 => A's one day's work=3/50 B's one day’s work=(1/10 .(2/3))=1/3 Now. B takes 3 days If difference of time is 60 days. 17) A and B can do a piece of work in 45 days and 40 days respectively. 14)A can finish a work in 24 days. How many days will they now take to complete the remaining work ? Sol: M1*D1/W1=M2*D2/W2 =>45*6/(6/16)=75*x/(1 .B and C together can do the work in: Sol: A's one day's work:B's one days work=150:100 =3:2 Let A's &B's one day's work be 3x and 2x days respectively. How long did the work last ? Sol: work done by X in 4 days =4/20 =1/5 Remaining work= 1 . finish the work ? Sol: Work Done by A n 10 days =10/80=1/8 Remaining work =1 . In how much time will A&B. 11) 45 men can complete a work in 16 days.how many days ? Sol: (A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/6. 1/18 work is done by A in 1 day. 5/12 work is done by A in 24*5/12=10 days 15)X and Y can do a piece of work n 20 days and 12 days respectively. working together. C does half the work done by A&B together. A and C together will do the work in 8 days. C's one day's work=1/50 (A+B+C)'s one day's work=(1/10+1/50)=6/50=3/25 Also. Whole work will be done by A& B in 3*5=15 days =>B's one day's work= 1/15 . The remaining work done by A in: Sol: (B+C)'s one day's work=1/9+1/12=7/36 Work done by B & C in 3 days=3*7/36=7/12 Remaining work=1 . 4/5 work will be done by X and Y in 15/2*4/5=6 days Hence Total time taken =(6+4) days = 10 days 16)A does 4/5 of work in 20 days. (A+C)'s one day's work=2(A+B+C)'s one day's work-((A+B)'s one day work+(B+C)'s one day work) = (2/6) -(1/8+1/12) =(1/3) .

6 men start working on the job and after working for 2 days. B in 15 days. while 15 women can complete the same work in 4 days.4 and 12 days respectively. Ans : A 23).(1/2+1/3))=1/6 A's share: B's share: C's share=1/2:1/3:1/6= 3:2:1 A's share=(3/6)*1500=750 B's share=(2/6)*1500=500 C's share=(1/6)*1500=250 A's daily wages=750/5=150/ B's daily wages=500/5=100/ C's daily wages=250/2=125/ Daily wages of B&C = 100+125=225/- 19)A alone can complete a work in 16 days and B alone can complete the same in 12 days. In how many days will the work be completed by the remaining men ? (A) 5 (B) 6 (C ) 7 (D) 8 (E) none Sol: 7*12 men complete the work in 1 day. Total time taken= 13 ¾ days. two men left. They started the work and after 5 days. How many boys must assist 1 man and 1 woman to complete the job in ¼ of a day? (a). They work for 5 days. If they get Rs 1500 for the whole work. 1/5 work is done in 3 days Therefore. 4 (c).17/40 work was done by (A+B) in (1*(360/17)*(17/40))= 9 days So. 21)Seven men can complete a work in 12 days. (A) 15 (B) 18 (C) 22 (D) data inadequate Sol: one man's one day's work= 1/48 one woman's one day's work=1/60 6 men's 2 day's work=((6/48)*2)= ¼ Remaining work=3/4 Now. 1 man's 1 day's work=1/84 7 men's 5 days work = 5/12 =>remaining work = 1 . The rest of work finished by C in 2 days. all of them stopped working. the daily wages of B and C are Sol: Part of work done by A= 5/10=1/2 Part of work done by B=1/3 Part of work done by C=(1 . How many days will they now take to complete the remaining work ? file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandwork.html[1/28/2012 12:45:43 AM] . Starting with A. How many women should be put on the job to complete the remaining work. ½ work is done by them 12*(1/2)= 6 days So. Ans: E 22). it is B’s turn 1/12 work is done by B in 1 day. one adult's one day's work= 1/96. 12 men and 8 children started working and after eight days three more children joined them. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work? (A) 3 (B) 4 ( C) 6 (D) 8 Sol: one child's one day work= 1/192. 18)A can do a piece of work in 10 days. a woman and a boy can complete a job in 3. So. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work? (a) 2 days (b) 3 days (c) 4 days (d) 5days Sol : 1 man's 1 day work = 1/108 12 men's 6 days work = 6/9 = 2/3 remaining work = 1 – 2/3 = 1/3 18 men's 1 days work = 18/108 = 1/6 1/6 work is done by them in 1 day therefore. ¾ work will be done in 3 days by (60*(3/4)*(1/3))= 15 woman. In how many days can A do the work if he is assisted by B and C on every third day? Sol: A's two day's work=2/20=1/10 (A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/20+1/30+1/60=6/60=1/10 Work done in 3 days=(1/10+1/10)=1/5 Now. 19 (d).A man. 1/3 work is done by them in 6/3 = 2 days. 1 (b).7/48= 41/48 Work done by 1 boy in ¼ day= ((1/12)*(1/4)) =1/48 Therefore. Twenty four children can complete the same work in 18 days. The total work will be completed in how many days ? (a) 12 days (b) 13 days (c) 13 5/7 days (d)13 ¾ days Sol: (A+B)'s 2 days work = 1/16 + 1/12 =7/48 work done in 6 pairs of days =(7/48) * 6 = 7/8 remaining work = 1 . So. 6 more men joined them. 1/16 work is done by B in ¾ day. Therefore. Answer is: D Top 20)A. they work on alternate days.Answer: D 24)12 men can complete a piece of work in 4 days. After they have worked for 6 days.12 men complete a work in 9 days. 41 Sol : (1 man + 1 woman)'s 1 days work = 1/3+1/4=7/12 Work done by 1 man and 1 women n 1/4 day=((7/12)*(1/4))=7/48 Remaining work= 1 . Answer: A 25)Twelve children take sixteen days to complete a work which can be completed by 8 adults in 12 days. work done in 3 days=((1/96)*16*3)= 1/2 Remaining work= 1 – ½=1/2 (6 adults+ 4 children)'s 1 day's work= 6/96+4/192= 1/12 1/12 work is done by them in 1 day. Whole work will be done in (3*5)=15 days.7/8 = 1/8 work done by A on 13th day = 1/16 remaining work = 1/8 – 1/16 = 1/16 on 14th day. Answer= C 26)Sixteen men can complete a work in twelve days.B and C can do a piece of work in 20. A left after 9 days. Number of boys required= ((41/48)*48)= 41 days So.30 and 60 days respectively.5/12 = 7/12 5 men's 1 day's work = 5/84 5/84 work is don by them in 1 day 7/12 work is done by them in ((84/5) * (7/12)) = 49/5 days = 9 4/5 days. So. Sixteen adults left and four children joined them. if it is to be completed in 3 days. 1/60 work s done in 1 day by 1 woman.

3 women and 4 boys can do a piece of work in 96hrs... Solving these two equations. 4x+6y=1/8 and 3x+7y=1/10. 2 men and 8 boys can do it in 80 hrs.. x+3y+4z=1/96 . 1/8 work will be done in 2 days in 384*(1/8)*(1/2)=24men days 28)4 men and 6 women can complete a work in 8 days.html[1/28/2012 12:45:43 AM] ... How many more men are to be added to complete the remaining work in 2 days ? (A) 16 men (B) 24 men ( C) 36 men (D) 48 men Sol: one man's one day's work= 1/384 one woman's one day's work=1/768 Work done in 12 days= 12*( 16/384 + 16/768) = 12*(3/48)=3/4 Remaining work=1 – ¾=1/4 (16 men+16 women)'s two day's work =12*( 16/384+16/768)=2/16=1/8 Remaining work = 1/4 ..Answer: B 27)Twenty-four men can complete a work in 16 days.35/54= 19/54 (12 men+11 children)'s 1 day's work= 12/192 + 11/432 = 19/216 Now... Answer: B 29)One man. we get : y=1/720 and z= 1/960 (5 men+ 12 boy)'s 1 hour's work=5/480+12/960 =1/96 + 1/80=11/480 Therefore. Sixteen men and sixteen women started working and worked for 12 days. 1 woman's 1 day's work=1/400 => 10 women will complete the work in 40 days.(4) From (2) and (4). we get x=1/480 Substituting.(A) 2 days (B) 4 days ( C) 6 days (D) 8 days ol: one man's one day's work= 1/192 one child's one day's work= 1/432 Work done in 8 days=8*(12/192+ 8/432)=8*(1/16+1/54) =35/54 Remaining work= 1 . 19/216 work is done by them in 1 day. 2 men & 3 women can do it in 120hr. Therefore....1/8 =1/8 1/384 work is done n 1 day by 1 man... Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandwork.---(1) 2x+8z= 1/80 ----------(2) adding (2) & (3) and subtracting (1) 3x+4z=1/96 .Answer: C 7/11hours..four days. Thirty. In how many days will 10 women complete it? (A) 35 days (B) 40 days ( C) 45 days (D) 50 days Sol: Let 1 man's 1 day's work =x days and 1 woman's 1 day's work=y Then. Therefore. 19/54 work will be done by them in ((216/19)*(19/54))= 4 So. 5 men and 12 boys can do the work in 480/11 or 43 So. while 3 men and 7 women can complete it in 10 days.. we get: x=11/400 and y= 1/400 Therefore.two women can complete the same work in twenty . 5Men & 12 boys can do it in? (A) 39 1/11 hrs (B) 42 7/11 hrs ( C) 43 7/11 days (D) 44hrs Sol: Let 1 man's 1 hour's work=x 1 woman's 1 hour's work=y 1 boy's 1 hour's work=z Then.

y and z respectively Then x+y+z=216/4=54 ---------------1 z-y=y-x => 2y=x+z -----------2 5z=7x => x=5x/7 ---------------3 Solving 1. If B worked alone. How much time will they take. both will finish the work in 30 days. A's one day's work=1/80 B’s one day's work=1/48 (A+B)'s one day's work=1/80+1/48=8/240=1/30 Hence. working together. 7)A and B can do a work in 8 days. working together on two different computers to type an assignment of 110 pages? Sol: Number of pages typed Number of pages typed Number of pages typed Time taken by both to by Ronald in one hour=32/6=16/3 by Elan in one hour=40/5=8 by both in one hour=((16/3)+8)=40/3 type 110 pages=110*3/40=8 hours. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkcomplex.APTITUDE Numbers H.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1)A and B undertake to do a piece of workfor Rs 600. while Elan takes 5 hours to type 40 pages.and C together can complete the work in 10 days. they can finish it in 3 days. During a period of five hours.Q and R are three typists who working simultaneously can type 216 pages in 4 hours In one hour . 5)Two workers A and B are engaged to do a work. A and B together can do the work in 6 days. Sol: (1/(x+8))+(1/(x+(9/2)))=1/x =>(1/(x+8))+(2/(2x+9))=1/x => x(4x+25)=(x+8)(2x+9) => 2x2 =72 => x2 = 36 => x=6 Therefore. A:B:C= Ratio of their one day’s work=1/6:1/8:1/24=4:3:1 A's share=Rs (600*4/8)=300 B's share= Rs (600*3/8)=225 C's share=Rs[600-(300+225)]=Rs 75 2)A can do a piece of work in 80 days. B and C in 15 days. Whole work will be done by B in (42*8/7)=48 days Therefore.C. Q and R be x.F and L. What time would they take to do the work together. 6)A and B can do a work in12 days. they will complete the work in how many days? Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/12. (A+C)'s one day's work=1/20. B and C can do the same wor in 12 days. and z=21 4)Ronald and Elan are working on an assignment. In how much time will A and B. How many pages does each of them type per hour? Sol: Let the number of pages typed in one hour by P. finish the work? Sol: Work done by A in 10 days=10/80=1/8 Remaining work=(1-(1/8))=7/8 Now.y=18. If A. A. work will be done by B in 42 days. he would need 4 1/2 hours more to compete the job than they both working together. Adding we get 2(A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/12+1/15+1/20=12/60=1/5 (A+B+C)'s one day work=1/10 So.html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . 3)P.B. A working alone takes 8 hours more to complete the job than if both working together. R can type as many pages as P can during seven hours. C and A in 20 days. Find the share of each? Sol: C's one day's work=(1/3)-(1/6+1/8)=1/24 Therefore. R can type as many pages more than Q as Q can type more than P. Ronald takes 6 hours to type 32 pages on a computer.C.B and C work together. He works at it for 10 days & then B alone finishes the remaining work in 42 days.A alone can do it in 6 days while B alone can do it in 8 days. With the help of C. (B+C)'s one day's work=1/15.2 and 3 we get x=15.

we get :2*(A's one day's work)=3/25 => A's one day's work=3/50 B's one day’s work=(1/10-3/50) =2/50 =1/25 B alone could complete the work in 25 days. (B+C)'s one day's work=1/12.A. 8)A can do a certain work in the same time in which B and C together can do it. working together. B takes (3*60/2)=90 days So. In how much time will A&B. B's one day's work=1/90. finish the work? Sol: Work Done by A n 10 days =10/80=1/8 Remaining work =1-1/8=7/8 Now 7/8 work is done by B in 42 days Whole work will be done by B in 42*8/7= 48 days => A's one day's work =1/80 and B's one day's work =1/48 (A+B)'s one day's work = 1/80+1/48 = 8/240 = 1/30 Hence both will finish the work in 30 days. 1/18 work is done by A in 1 day. He works at it for 10 days and then B alone finishes the remaining work in 42 days. A takes 30 days to do the work=1/90 A's one day's work=1/30. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkcomplex. Working together. (A+B)'s one day's work=1/30+1/90=4/90=2/45 Therefore. In how many days A alone can finish the remaining work? Sol: B's 10 day's work=10/15=2/3 Remaining work=(1-(2/3))=1/3 Now.B and C can do the work in 13 1/3 days. If C alone does the work n 40 days. A&B together can do the work in 45/2days 10) A can do a piece of work in 80 days. 9) A is thrice as good a workman as B and therefore is able to finish a job in 60 days less than B. A.B and C together can finish it in 6 days. they can do it in: Sol: Ratio of times taken by A and B=1:3. C does half the work done by A&B together. so more men joined them.(5/24) =3/24 =1/8 So. Six days after they started working. B worked for 10 days and left the job. then A. If difference of time is 2 days . 11) 45 men can complete a work in 16 days. (A+C)'s one day's work=2(A+B+C)'s one day's work-((A+B)'s one day work+(B+C)'s one day work) = (2/6)-(1/8+1/12) =(1/3). C's one day's work=1/50 (A+B+C)'s one day's work=(1/10+1/50)=6/50=3/25 Also.B and C together can do the work in: Sol: A's one day's work:B's one days work=150:100 =3:2 Let A's &B's one day's work be 3x and 2x days respectively. (A+B)'s one day's work=1/8. A's one day's work=(B+C)’s one day's work From i and ii .html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . Then C's one day's work=5x/2 => 5x/2=1/40 => x=((1/40)*(2/5))=1/100 A's one day's work=3/100 B's one day's work=1/50 C's one day's work=1/40 So. A and C together will do the work in 8 days. 13)A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in 15 days. If A and B together could do it in 10 days and C alone in 50 days. then B alone could do it in how many days? Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/10. B takes 3 days If difference of time is 60 days. A and C together will do it in how many days? Sol: (A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/6. How many days will they now take to complete the remaining work? Sol: M1*D1/W1=M2*D2/W2 =>45*6/(6/16)=75*x/(1-(6/16)) => x=6 days 12)A is 50% as efficient as B.

2/15 work is done by X and Y in one day.B and C can do a piece of work in 20. The rest of work finished by C in 2 days. 4/5 work will be done by X and Y in 15/2*4/5=6 days Hence Total time taken =(6+4) days = 10 days 16)A does 4/5 of work in 20 days. So.html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . 14)A can finish a work in 24 days. (1-(4/5)) i. 17/40 work was done by (A+B) in (1*(360/17)*(17/40))= 9 days So. Total time taken= 13 ¾ days. How long B alone would take to do the whole work? Sol: Whole work is done by A in 20*5/4=25 days Now. 1/24 work is done by A in 1 day. B in 15 days. A left after 9 days.e 1/5 work is done by A& B in days. B n 9 days and C in 12 days. How long did the work last? Sol: work done by X in 4 days =4/20 =1/5 Remaining work= 1-1/5 =4/5 (X+Y)'s one day's work =1/20+1/12 =8/60=2/15 Now. The number of days after which A left the work was Sol: (A+B)'s one day's work=1/45+1/40=17/360 Work done by B in 23 days=23/40 Remaining work=1-(23/40)=17/40 Now. In how many days can A do the work if he is assisted by B and C on every third day? Sol: A's two day's work=2/20=1/10 (A+B+C)'s one day's work=1/20+1/30+1/60=6/60=1/10 Work done in 3 days=(1/10+1/10)=1/5 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkcomplex. 1/16 work is done by B in ¾ day.Therefore 1/3 work is done by A in 18*(1/3)=6 days. They began to do the work together but A leaves after some days and then B completed the remaining work n 23 days.7/8 = 1/8 work done by A on 13th day = 1/16 remaining work = 1/8 – 1/16 = 1/16 on 14th day. X started the work alone and then after 4 days Y joined him till the completion of work. Starting with A. The total work will be completed in how many days? (a) 12 days (b) 13 days (c) 13 5/7 days (d)13 ¾ days Sol: (A+B)'s 2 days work = 1/16 + 1/12 =7/48 work done in 6 pairs of days =(7/48) * 6 = 7/8 remaining work = 1. So. B alone would do the work in 75/2= 37 ½ days. it is B’s turn 1/12 work is done by B in 1 day. B&C start the work but are forced to leave after 3 days. 17) A and B can do a piece of work in 45 days and 40 days respectively. they work on alternate days. Answer is: D 20)A. 18)A can do a piece of work in 10 days. 5/12 work is done by A in 24*5/12=10 days 15)X and Y can do a piece of work n 20 days and 12 days respectively. the daily wages of B and C are Sol: Part of work done by A= 5/10=1/2 Part of work done by B=1/3 Part of work done by C=(1-(1/2+1/3))=1/6 A's share: B's share: C's share=1/2:1/3:1/6= 3:2:1 A's share=(3/6)*1500=750 B's share=(2/6)*1500=500 C's share=(1/6)*1500=250 A's daily wages=750/5=150/B's daily wages=500/5=100/C's daily wages=250/2=125/Daily wages of B&C = 100+125=225/- 19)A alone can complete a work in 16 days and B alone can complete the same in 12 days. The remaining work done by A in: Sol: (B+C)'s one day's work=1/9+1/12=7/36 Work done by B & C in 3 days=3*7/36=7/12 Remaining work=1-(7/12)=5/12 Now . If they get Rs 1500 for the whole work. Whole work will be done by A& B in 3*5=15 days =>B's one day's work= 1/15-1/25=4/150=2/75 So. 17/360 work was done by (A+B) in 1 day. He then calls in B and they together finish the remaining work in 3 days. So.30 and 60 days respectively. They work for 5 days.

if it is to be completed in 3 days. Answer= C 26)Sixteen men can complete a work in twelve days. Twenty four children can complete the same work in 18 days.Answer: D 24)12 men can complete a piece of work in 4 days. 6 more men joined them. 1 man's 1 day's work=1/84 7 men's 5 days work = 5/12 =>remaining work = 1-5/12 = 7/12 5 men's 1 day's work = 5/84 5/84 work is don by them in 1 day 7/12 work is done by them in ((84/5) * (7/12)) = 49/5 days = 9 4/5 Ans: E 22). one adult's one day's work= 1/96. (A) 15 (B) 18 (C) 22 (D) data inadequate Sol: one man's one day's work= 1/48 one woman's one day's work=1/60 6 men's 2 day's work=((6/48)*2)= ¼ Remaining work=3/4 Now. 1/5 work is done in 3 days Therefore. So. They started the work and after 5 days.12 men complete a work in 9 days. while 15 women can complete the same work in 4 days. Sixteen adults left and four children joined them. Answer: A 25)Twelve children take sixteen days to complete a work which can be completed by 8 adults in 12 days. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work? (A) 3 (B) 4 ( C) 6 (D) 8 Sol: one child's one day work= 1/192. In how many days will the work be completed by the remaining men? (A) 5 (B) 6 (C ) 7 (D) 8 (E) none Sol: 7*12 men complete the work in 1 day. 23). Therefore. How many days will they now take to complete the remaining work? (A) 2 days (B) 4 days ( C) 6 days (D) 8 days ol: one man's one day's work= 1/192 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkcomplex. work done in 3 days=((1/96)*16*3)= 1/2 Remaining work= 1 – ½=1/2 (6 adults+ 4 children)'s 1 day's work= 6/96+4/192= 1/12 1/12 work is done by them in 1 day. Ans : A days. two men left. ½ work is done by them 12*(1/2)= 6 days So. 19 (d).4 and 12 days respectively. Number of boys required= ((41/48)*48)= 41 days So. all of them stopped working. 41 Sol : (1 man + 1 woman)'s 1 days work = 1/3+1/4=7/12 Work done by 1 man and 1 women n 1/4 day=((7/12)*(1/4))=7/48 Remaining work= 1. So. 1/3 work is done by them in 6/3 = 2 days. How many boys must assist 1 man and 1 woman to complete the job in ¼ of a day? (a). a woman and a boy can complete a job in 3. Whole work will be done in (3*5)=15 days. 4 (c). 21)Seven men can complete a work in 12 days. 1 (b).A man.7/48= 41/48 Work done by 1 boy in ¼ day= ((1/12)*(1/4)) =1/48 Therefore. After they have worked for 6 days. ¾ work will be done in 3 days by (60*(3/4)*(1/3))= 15 woman. 12 men and 8 children started working and after eight days three more children joined them. 1/60 work s done in 1 day by 1 woman. 6 men start working on the job and after working for 2 days.Now. How many days will they take to complete the remaining work? (a) 2 days (b) 3 days (c) 4 days (d) 5days Sol : 1 man's 1 day work = 1/108 12 men's 6 days work = 6/9 = 2/3 remaining work = 1 – 2/3 = 1/3 18 men's 1 days work = 18/108 = 1/6 1/6 work is done by them in 1 day therefore.html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . How many women should be put on the job to complete the remaining work.

while 3 men and 7 women can complete it in 10 days. Thirty. x+3y+4z=1/96 -----------(1) 2x+8z= 1/80 ----------(2) adding (2) & (3) and subtracting (1) 3x+4z=1/96 ---------(4) From (2) and (4). 2 men and 8 boys can do it in 80 hrs. 4x+6y=1/8 and 3x+7y=1/10. 1 woman's 1 day's work=1/400 => 10 women will complete the work in 40 days.two women can complete the same work in twenty-four days.html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . 2 men & 3 women can do it in 120hr. file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkcomplex.Answer: C BACK 7/11hours. Sixteen men and sixteen women started working and worked for 12 days. we get x=1/480 Substituting. Therefore.one child's one day's work= 1/432 Work done in 8 days=8*(12/192+ 8/432)=8*(1/16+1/54) =35/54 Remaining work= 1 -35/54= 19/54 (12 men+11 children)'s 1 day's work= 12/192 + 11/432 = 19/216 Now. 19/54 work will be done by them in ((216/19)*(19/54))= 4 days So. Therefore. we get : y=1/720 and z= 1/960 (5 men+ 12 boy)'s 1 hour's work=5/480+12/960 =1/96 + 1/80=11/480 Therefore. Answer: B 29)One man. 19/216 work is done by them in 1 day.Answer: B 27)Twenty-four men can complete a work in 16 days.3 women and 4 boys can do a piece of work in 96hrs. Solving these two equations. 1/8 work will be done in 2 days in 384*(1/8)*(1/2)=24men 28)4 men and 6 women can complete a work in 8 days. we get: x=11/400 and y= 1/400 Therefore. In how many days will 10 women complete it? (A) 35 days (B) 40 days ( C) 45 days (D) 50 days Sol: Let 1 man's 1 day's work =x days and 1 woman's 1 day's work=y Then. 5Men & 12 boys can do it in? (A) 39 1/11 hrs (B) 42 7/11 hrs ( C) 43 7/11 days (D) 44hrs Sol: Let 1 man's 1 hour's work=x 1 woman's 1 hour's work=y 1 boy's 1 hour's work=z Then. 5 men and 12 boys can do the work in 480/11 or 43 So. How many more men are to be added to complete the remaining work in 2 days? (A) 16 men (B) 24 men ( C) 36 men (D) 48 men Sol: one man's one day's work= 1/384 one woman's one day's work=1/768 Work done in 12 days= 12*( 16/384 + 16/768) = 12*(3/48)=3/4 Remaining work=1 – ¾=1/4 (16 men+16 women)'s two day's work =12*( 16/384+16/768)=2/16=1/8 Remaining work = 1/4-1/8 =1/8 1/384 work is done n 1 day by 1 man.

where k is called constant.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK TIME AND WORK 1. iii)There is an inverse proportion between the daily hours of a work and the days required.SOME PAIRS OF VARIABLES: i)Number of workers and their wages. given work=Total work/One dayâ€™s work.work is proportional to time. then A can finish the work in n days.SOME IMPORTANT TIPS: More Men -Less Days and More Men -More Work and More Days-More Work and Number of days required Conversely More Conversely More Conversely More to complete the Day-Less Men.C. then A can finish the work in 5 days 3. 5. If the number of hours is increased. 7. there will be less work. the number of days required to complete the given work would be the reciprocal of one dayâ€™s work.html[1/28/2012 12:45:44 AM] . they will require fewer days and if there are less number of workers. Since the total work is assumed to be one(unit). the problems on time and work can be solved using the proportional rule ((man*days*hours)/work) in another situation.then A's 1 day's work=1/4. there will be more work. (M1*T1/W1)=(M2*T2/W2) BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworkconcept. Therefore. If the number of days reduced.APTITUDE Numbers H.If men is fixed. ii)Number workers and days required to do a certain work is an example of inverse variation.If A's 1 day's work=1/n.then: Ratio of work done by A and B =3:1 Ratio of time taken by A and B to finish a work=1:3 4. This variation is called inverse variation. here we have direct proportion or direct variation. less number of days are required and if the number of hours is reduced. 6.F and L. If more men are employed. If the number of workers increases. Its notation is X/Y=k. then A's 1 day work=1/n 2. their total wages increase. If the number of days is increased. then time is inversely proportional to men therefore.DEFINATION OF VARIATION: The change in two different variables follow some definite rule. This variation is called direct variation.If A is thrice as good workman as B. It said that the two variables vary directly or inversely. Work-More Days.If A can do a piece of work in n days. If A's 1 dayâ€™s work=1/5. more days are required. XY=k. Sometimes. Work-More Men. If work is fixed.C. Ex: If A can do a piece of work in 4 days. more days are required.

F and L. Hence.APTITUDE Numbers H. 8)A can do a piece of work n 7 days of 9 hours each and B alone can do it in 6 days of 7 hours each. How long it take both A & B. Then 6 men working 8 hours a day can do it in how many days? Sol: From the above formula i. 8 girls can do a work in 84 days then 21 girls ---------------? answer= (8*84/21)=32days. 10 women=16 girls. Then.e (m1*t1/w1)=(m2*t2/w2) so. Sol: if A takes x days to do a work then B takes 2x days to do the same work =>1/x+1/2x=1/18 =>3/2x=1/18 =>x=27 days. 2)If 34 men completed 2/5th of a work in 8 days working 9 hours a day. B is 60% more efficient than A. 8:5::12:x => 8x=5*12 => x=15/2 days. working together but independently. Then.In how many days will A alone finish the work. what part of the same work they can finish in a day? Sol: taken Given that B alone can complete the same work in days=half the time by A=9days A's one day work=1/18 B's one day work=1/9 (A+B)'s one day work=1/18+1/9=1/6 6)A is twice as good a workman as B and together they finish a piece of work in 18 days. Therefore 10women +5girls=16girls+5girls=21girls.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1)If 9 men working 6 hours a day can do a work in 88 days. working together. Worker B takes 10hours to do the same job.How many more man should be engaged to finish the rest of the work in 6 days working 9 hours a day? Sol: From the above formula i. How many days does B alone take to do the same job? Sol: Ratio of time taken by A&B=160:100 =8:5 Suppose B alone takes x days to do the job. In how many days can 10 women and 5 girls can do the same work? Sol: Given that 5 women is equal to 8 girls to complete a work so.e (m1*t1/w1)=(m2*t2/w2) so (9*6*88/1)=(6*8*d/1) on solving. 7)A can do a certain work in 12 days. B's one hour work=1/10 (A+B)'s one hour work=1/8+1/10 =9/40 Both A & B can finish the work in 40/9 days 5)A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in half the time taken by A. A alone can finish the work in 27 days. d=99 days. How long will they take to do it working together 8 2/5 hours a day? Sol: A can complete the work in (7*9)=63 days B can complete the work in (6*7)=42 days file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworksimple.C. (34*8*9/(2/5))=(x*6*9/(3/5)) so x=136 men number of men to be added to finish the work=136-34=102 men 3)If 5 women or 8 girls can do a work in 84 days. to do the same job? Sol: A's one hour work=1/8. Therefore 10 women and 5 girls can a work in 32days 4)Worker A takes 8 hours to do a job.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .C.

Whole work will be done by Z in (13*3)=39 days Therefore. 10)X can do Â¼ of a work in 10 days.=> A's one hour's work=1/63 and B's one hour work=1/42 (A+B)'s one hour work=1/63+1/42=5/126 Therefore. B takes 6 hours to finish the work. Whole work will be done by Y in (40*100/40)=100 days. Y can do 40% of work in 40 days and Z can do 1/3 of work in 13 days. Working together they can finish the work in 2 days. Who will complete the work first? Sol: Whole work will be done by X in 10*4=40 days. Both can finish the work in 126/5 hours.x/2 and x/3 hours respectively finish the work then 1/x+2/x+3/x=1/2 => 6/x=1/2 =>x=12 So.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] . Number of days of 8 2/5 hours each=(126*5/(5*42))=3days 9)A takes twice as much time as B or thrice as much time to finish a piece of work.B and C take x.Z will complete the work first. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/timeandworksimple. B can do the work alone in ? Sol: Suppose A.

C.F and L.C.then time taken by the train to cross each other = (x+y)/(u+v) hr (5) Suppose two trains or two bdies are moving in opposite direction at u kmph and v kmph then.their relative speed = (u+v) kmph (6)If two train start at the same time from 2 points A & B towards each other and after crossing they take a & b hours in reaching B & A respectively then A's speed : B's speed = (b^1/2 : a^1/2 ) BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trainconcept.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK TRAINS General Concept:(1) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a signal post or a pole or a standing man = time taken by the train to cover x mt (2) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a stationary object of length y mt = time taken by the train to cover x+y mt (3) Suppose two trains or two bodies are moving in the same direction at u kmph and v kmph such that u > v then their relative speed is u-v kmph (4)If two trains of length x km and y km are moving in opposite diredtions at u kmph and vmph.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .APTITUDE Numbers H.

C.1 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trainproblem.APTITUDE Numbers H.C. speed = 60 * time=400*3 5/18 = 50//3 m / 50 = 24 Seconds (3)A man is standing on a railway bridge which is 180 m.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK TRAINS Problems:(1)Find the time taken by a train 180m long.He finds that a train crosses the bridge in 20 seconds but himself in 8 sec.F and L. Find the length of the train and its sppeed Solution :: i)D=180+x T = 20 seconds S= 180+x / 20 ii)D=x T=8 seconds D=ST x=8S Substitute 2 in 1 S=180 + 8 S S=15 m/s Length of the train. Solution :: Distance travelled =140 + 260 m =400 m.running at 72kmph in crossing an electric pole Solution :: Speed of the train =72*5/18m/s =20 m/s Distance move din passing the pole = 180m Requiredtime = 180/20 = 9 seconds (2)A train 140 m long running at 60kmph.x is 8 *15 = 120 m / 20 ------------2 -----------.In how much time will it pass a platform 260m long.

.Next it takes 12 sec to pass a man walking at 6kmph in the same direction in which the train is going. Solution :: Relative Speed = 59+7=66kmph*5/18 = 55/3 m/s time= 220/55 * 3 =12sec (6)Two trains 137m and 163m in length are running towards each other on parallel lines.In what time will it pass a man who is running at 7 kmph in the direction opposite to that in which train is going.one at the rate of 42kmph & another at 48 mph.r.(4)A train 150m long is running with a speed of 68 mphIn wht time will it pass a man who is running at a speed of 8kmph in the same direction in which the train is going Solution :: Relative Speed = 68-8=60kmph*5/18 = 50/3 m/s time= 150 * 3 /50 =9sec (5)A train 220m long is running with a speed of 59 k mph /.In wht time will they be clear of each other from the moment they meet.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .t man = 54-6=48kmph the length of the train is 48 * 5/18 * 12 =160m time taken to pass platform =20 sec Speed of the train = 54 * 5/18 =15m/s 160+x =20 *15 x=140m length of the platform is 140m (8)A man sitting in a train which is travelling at 50mph observes that a goods train travelling in opposite irection takes 9 sec to pass him . Solution :: Relative speed =42+48 = 90 *5/18 = 25m/s time taken by the train to pass each other = time taken to cover (137+163)m at 25 m/s = 300 /25 s =12 s (7)A train running at 54 kmph takes 20 sec to pass a platform .Find length of the train and length of platform Solution :: Relative speed w.If the goos train Solution :: is 150m long fin its speed file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trainproblem.

Another train starts from B at 8am an travels toward A at a speed of 25kmph.At what time will they meet Solution :: Suppose the train meet x hr after 7am Distance covered by A in x hr=20x km 20x+25(x-1) = 110 45x=135 x=3 So they meet at 10 am (12)A traintravelling at 48kmph completely crosses another train having half its length an travelling inopposite direction at 42kmph in12 sec.It also passes a railway platform in 45sec.Relative speed =150/9 m/s =60 mph speed of the train = 60-50 =10kmph (9)Two trains are moving in the sam e direction at 65kmph and 45kmph.the length of second train is x/2 mt file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trainproblem.the length of the faster train is Solution :: Relative speed =65-45 kmph = 50/9 m/s Distancce covered in18 s =50/9 * 18 = 100m the length of the train is 100m (10)Atrain overtakes two persons who are walking in the same direction in which the train is going at the rate of 2kmph an 4kmph and passes them completely in 9 sec an 10 sec respectively.lenght of trains (11) Two stations A & B are 110 km from A at 7am and travels towards B apart on a straight line.the length of train is Solution :: 2kmph = 5/9 m/s 4 mph =10/9 m/s Let the length 10 9y-5 =x 9y-x=5 and and 10(9y-10)=9x 90y-9x=100 of the trainbe x meters and its speed is y m/s = 9 and x / (y.5/9) on solving we get x=50.One train starts at 20kmph.the faster train crosses a man in slower train in18sec.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .10/9) = then x / (y.the length of platform is Solution :: Let the length of the first train be x mt then.

so both the length must be known BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trainproblem.only P is sufficient (15)The train running at certain speed crosses astationary enginein 20 seconds.which of the following information given in the statements P & Q is sufficient P : The speed of train A is 80 kmph Q : They too 90 sec to cross each other (a) Either P & Q is sufficient (b)Both P & Q are not sufficient (c)only Q is sufficient (d)Both P & Q are neeed Ans: B Solution :: Let the length of th e train A be x mt Length of the train B = 130/100 x mt =13x/10 mt Let the speed of B be y mph.speed of the train A=80mph relative speed= y+80 * 5/18 m/s time taken by the trains t cross each other is gven by 90 = (x + 13x/10)/ (5y+400 / 18) to find y.100m long is 40% more than then the speedd of another train B.420/x = 6 x=70 mph thus.To fin out the speed of B.which of the information given in statements P & Q is sufficient P :The two trains crossed each other in 6 seconds Q : The difference between the spee of the trains is 26kmph (a)Only P is sufficient (b)Only Q is sufficient (c)Both P & Q are needed (d)Both P & Q are not sufficient Ans : A Solution :: Let speed of B be x kmph then.180m long running in opposite direction.relative speed = 48+42 kmph =90 * 5/18 m/s = 25m/s (x+ x/2)/25 =12 x=200 Length of the train is 200m Let the length of the platform be y mt speed f the first train = 48*5/18 m/s = 40/3 m/s 200+y * 3/40 = 45 y=400m (13)The length of a running trsain in 30% more than the length of anpther train B runnng in the opposite direction.both P & Q are not sufficient (14)The speed of a train A.to find out the sped of the train.clearly xis also needed so.To find out the speed of trtain B.which of the following information is necessary (a)Only the length of the train (b)only the length of the engine (c)Either the length of the train or length of engine (d)Both the length of the train or length of engine Ans : D Solution :: Since the sum of lengths of the tran and the engine is needed.speed of A =140x/100 kmph =7x/5 mph relative speed = x + 7x/5 =2x/3 m/s time taken to cross each other = (100+180)*3/2x s =420/x s now.html[1/28/2012 12:45:45 AM] .

html[1/28/2012 12:45:46 AM] .Trains General Concept: (1) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a signal post or a pole or a standing man = time taken by the train to cover x mt (2) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a stationary object of length y mt = time taken by the train to cover x+y mt (3) Suppose two trains or two bodies are moving in the same direction at u kmph and v kmph such that u > v then their relative speed is u-v kmph (4)If two trains of length x km and y km are moving in opposite diredtions at u kmph and vmph.then time taken by the train to cross each other = (x+y)/(u+v) hr (5) Suppose two trains or two bdies are moving in opposite direction at u kmph and v kmph then. speed = 60 * 5/18 = 50//3 m time=400*3 / 50 = 24 Seconds (3)A man is standing on a railway bridge which is 180 m.1 ii)D=x T=8 seconds D=ST x=8S ------------.2 Substitute 2 in 1 S=180 + 8 S / 20 S=15 m/s Length of the train. Solution: Relative speed =42+48 = 90 *5/18 = 25m/s time taken by the train to pass each other = time taken to cover (137+163)m at 25 m/s = 300 /25 s =12 s file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trains.running at 72kmph in crossing an electric pole Solution: Speed of the train =72*5/18m/s =20 m/s Distance move din passing the pole = 180m Requiredtime = 180/20 = 9 seconds (2)A train 140 m long running at 60kmph.In what time will it pass a man who is running at 7 kmph in the direction opposite to that in which train is going.. Solution: Relative Speed = 59+7=66kmph*5/18 = 55/3 m/s time= 220/55 * 3 =12sec Top (6)Two trains 137m and 163m in length are running towards each other on parallel lines.In how much time will it pass a platform 260m long.He finds that a train crosses the bridge in 20 seconds but himself in 8 sec. Find the length of the train and its sppeed Solution: i)D=180+x T = 20 seconds S= 180+x / 20 -----------.x is 8 *15 = 120 m (4)A train 150m long is running with a speed of 68 mphIn wht time will it pass a man who is running at a speed of 8kmph in the same direction in which the train is going Solution: Relative Speed = 68-8=60kmph*5/18 = 50/3 m/s time= 150 * 3 /50 =9sec 5)A train 220m long is running with a speed of 59 k mph /. Solution: Distance travelled =140 + 260 m =400 m.one at the rate of 42kmph & another at 48 mph.their relative speed = (u+v) kmph (6)If two train start at the same time from 2 points A & B towards each other and after crossing they take a & b hours in reaching B & A respectively then A's speed : B's speed = (b^1/2 : a^1/2 ) Problems (1)Find the time taken by a train 180m long.In wht time will they be clear of each other from the moment they meet.

The faster train crosses a man in slower train in18sec.which of the information sufficient P :The two trains crossed each other Q : The difference between the spee (a)Only P is sufficient (b)Only Q is sufficient (c)Both P & Q are needed 40% more than then the speed opposite direction.At what time will they meet Solution: Suppose the train meet x hr after 7am Distance covered by A in x hr=20x km 20x+25(x-1) = 110 45x=135 x=3 So they meet at 10 am (12)A traintravelling at 48kmph completely crosses another train having half its length an travelling inopposite direction at 42kmph in12 sec.It also passes a railway platform in 45sec.html[1/28/2012 12:45:46 AM] .the length of platform is Solution: Let the length of the first train be x mt then.lenght of trains (11) Two stations A & B are 110 km apart on a straight line.5/9) = 9 and x / (y.To find out the speed of trtain B.100m long is of another train B.To fin out given in statements P & Q is in 6 seconds of the trains is 26kmph file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trains. Another train starts from B at 8am an travels toward A at a speed of 25kmph.clearly xis also needed so.Find length of the train and length of platform Solution: Relative speed w.the length of the faster train is Solution: Relative speed =65-45 kmph = 50/9 m/s Distancce covered in18 s =50/9 * 18 = 100m the length of the train is 100m (10)Atrain overtakes two persons who are walking in the same direction in which the train is going at the rate of 2kmph an 4kmph and passes them completely in 9 sec an 10 sec respectively.both P & Q are not sufficient (14)The speed of a train A.the length of second train is x/2 mt relative speed = 48+42 kmph =90 * 5/18 m/s = 25m/s (x+ x/2)/25 =12 x=200 Length of the train is 200m Let the length of the platform be y mt speed f the first train = 48*5/18 m/s = 40/3 m/s 200+y * 3/40 = 45 y=400m Top (13)The length of a running trsain in 30% more than the length of another train B runnng in the opposite direction.10/9) = 10 9y-5 =x and 10(9y-10)=9x 9y-x=5 and 90y-9x=100 on solving we get x=50.t man = 54-6=48kmph the length of the train is 48 * 5/18 * 12 =160m time taken to pass platform =20 sec Speed of the train = 54 * 5/18 =15m/s 160+x =20 *15 x=140m length of the platform is 140m (8)A man sitting in a train which is travelling at 50mph observes that a goods train travelling in opposite irection takes 9 sec to pass him .180m long running in the speed of B.If the goos train is 150m long fin its speed Solution: Relative speed =150/9 m/s =60 mph speed of the train = 60-50 =10kmph (9)Two trains are moving in the sam e direction at 65kmph and 45kmph. The length of train is Solution: 2kmph = 5/9 m/s 4 mph =10/9 m/s Let the length of the trainbe x meters and its speed is y m/s then x / (y. Next it takes 12 sec to pass a man walking at 6kmph in the same direction in which the train is going.r.speed of the train A=80mph relative speed= y+80 * 5/18 m/s time taken by the trains t cross each other is gven by 90 = (x + 13x/10)/ (5y+400 / 18) to find y.(7)A train running at 54 kmph takes 20 sec to pass a platform. One train starts from A at 7am and travels towards B at 20kmph.which of the following information given in the statements P & Q is sufficient P : The speed of train A is 80 kmph Q : They too 90 sec to cross each other (a) Either P & Q is sufficient (b)Both P & Q are not sufficient (c)only Q is sufficient (d)Both P & Q are neeed Ans: B Solution: Let the length of th e train A be x mt Length of the train B = 130/100 x mt =13x/10 mt Let the speed of B be y mph.

speed of A =140x/100 kmph =7x/5 mph relative speed = x + 7x/5 =2x/3 m/s time taken to cross each other = (100+180)*3/2x s =420/x s now.which of the following information is necessary (a)Only the length of the train (b)only the length of the engine (c)Either the length of the train or length of engine (d)Both the length of the train or length of engine Ans : D Solution: Since the sum of lengths of the tran and the engine is needed.420/x = 6 x=70 mph thus.only P is sufficient (15)The train running at certain speed crosses astationary enginein 20 seconds.html[1/28/2012 12:45:46 AM] .(d)Both P & Q are not sufficient Ans : A Solution: Let speed of B be x kmph then. so both the length must be known Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trains.to find out the sped of the train.

C.F and L.html[1/28/2012 12:45:46 AM] .M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles TRUE DISCOUNT CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/true.C.APTITUDE Numbers H.

20 TrueDiscount on (100+20)=120-100 =Rs20 TrueDiscount on Rs.76.110 at the end of a certaimn time .80*100)/(100+((9/2)*R)) =>R=162/3% MethodII: TrueDiscount=688. sol: Amount=Rs110 TrueDiscount=Rs10 Present worth=Amount-TrueDiscount =Rs110-10 =Rs.100 SI on Rs.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK COMPLEX PROBLEMS 1.If Rs.100 for doube the time =Rs.50*100)/(612*(9/12)) =162/3% file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truecomplex.100 for a certain time =Rs.APTITUDE Numbers H.110 =(110*20)/120 =Rs18.F and L.500 The first offer is better as if he gains 500/if he sells at Rs.12000 is better 3.612 Presentworth=(Amount*100)/(100+(T*R)) 612=(688.C.80 at a credit of 9 months and thus gaining 2% rate of interest per annum is sol: MethodI: Amount=Rs.600 and sold the same day for Rs.W*T) =(76.A man wants to se hs scooter .C.12880*100/(100+(18*(8/12)) =Rs11.50-612 =Rs.50 Rate=TrueDiscount*100/(P.then discount allowed on the same sum due at the end of double the time.12 Gaining 2%----------->Presentworth=102%of 600=(102*600)/100 =Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .money being at 18% per annum which is better offer? Sol: offer1=Rs12000 offer2 Present worth= (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =Rs..10 SI on Rs.There are two offers one at Rs12000 cash and other at acredit of Rs12880 to be paid after 8 months .10 be allowed as truedscount on a bill of Rs.Goods were bought for Rs.688.33 2.50 Time=9.688.

1404 due in 2 equal halfyearly instalments at 8% per annu8m S.702 1yr hence = (702*100)/(100+(1/2*8)) + (702t*100)/(100+(1*8)) =Rs.The present worth of Rs.I is SOl: Presentworth=(Amount*100)/(100+(T*R)) PresentWorth=Presentworth of Rs.1325 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truecomplex.4.702 6 months hence + Presentworth of Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .

W*R*T)/100 = (Amount*R*T)/(100+(R*T)) 3.100 at 14% will amount to Rs156 in 4 years So.100 now wil cear off the debt of Rs156 due 4 years hence We say that Sum due = Rs156 due 4 years hence Present Worth =Rs100 True Discount=Rs.the payment of Rs.Present worth (PW) = (100*Amount)/(100+(R*T)) = (100* TrueDiscount)/(R*T) 2.F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK CONCEPT Let rate=R%per annum.APTITUDE Numbers H. Time= T years 1.SimpleInterest-TrueDiscount=SimpeInterest on TrueDiscount 5.then PresentWorth=Amount/(1+(R/100))^T GeneralConcept: Suppose a man has to pay Rs.Sum =(SimpeInterest*TrueDiscount)/(SimpleInterest-TrueDiscount) 4.C.156-Rs100=Rs56 =Sumdue-PW We define TrueDiscount= Interest on Present Worth(PW) Amount = PresentWorth+TrueDiscount BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/trueconcept.Rs.C.When the sum is put at CompoundInterest.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .TrueDiscount (TD) = (P.156 after 4 years and the rate of interest is 14%per annum Clearly .

156 after 4 years and the rate of interest is 14%per annum Clearly .Time=3years.W*R*T)/100 = (Amount*R*T)/(100+(R*T)) 3.Rate=8% TrueDiscount = (Presentworth*Time*Rate)/100 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) Presentworth = (930*100)/(100+(8*3) =Rs.2310 due 21/2yrs henceThe interest file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truediscount.180 (or) TrueDiscount = Amount-Presentworth =Rs.TrueDiscount (TD) = (P.180 2.Find the amount of the bill and its presentworth? Sol: Time=9months=9/12years=3/4years Rate=12% TrueDiscount=Rs540 TrueDiscount=(Amount*100)/(100+(R*T)) =>Amount=(TrueDiscount*(100+(R*T))) /100 =(540*(100+12*(3/4))/100 =Rs.250 and SimpeInterest on the same sum for same time and same rate is Rs375 find sum and rate%? Sol: Time=3 years Truediscount=Rs.750 SimpeInterest=(Principle*Time*Rate)/100 375 = ( 750*3R)/100 R=50/3% => Rate=162/3% Top 4.Rs.D=Rs25 =>((x*6/12*25/2)/100)-((x*6/12*25/2)/(100+(6/12*25/2))=25 =>x=Rs.When the sum is put at CompoundInterest.750 TrueDiscount = (930*3*8)/(100+(8*3)) =Rs.SimpleInterest-TrueDiscount=SimpeInterest on TrueDiscount 5.156-Rs100=Rs56 =Sumdue-PW We define TrueDiscount= Interest on Present Worth(PW) Amount = PresentWorth+TrueDiscount 1.930.The difference between SimpeInterest and TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money for 6 months at 121/2% per annum is Rs25.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .100 at 14% will amount to Rs156 in 4 years So. Time= T years 1.Find the present worth of Rs.the payment of Rs.6540-Rs540 =Rs. Find the sum.6000 3.True Discount Formulae: Let rate=R%per annum.then PresentWorth=Amount/(1+(R/100))^T GeneralConcept: Suppose a man has to pay Rs.The truediscount on a bill due 9 months hence at 12% per annum is Rs540. Sol: Let amount be Rs.Aso find the discount? Sol: Amount=RS.930-Rs.930 due 3 years hence at 8% per annum.6800 5.100 now wil cear off the debt of Rs156 due 4 years hence We say that Sum due = Rs156 due 4 years hence Present Worth =Rs100 True Discount=Rs.The Present worth of Rs.x SimpleInterest=(Amount*T*R)/100 TrueDiscount=(Amount*T*R)/(100+(R*T)) SI-T.Sum =(SimpeInterest*TrueDiscount)/(SimpleInterest-TrueDiscount) 4.The TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money due 3 years hence is Rs.6540 Presentworth=Amount-TrueDiscount =Rs.250 SimpeInterest=Rs375 Sum = (SimpeInterest*TrueDiscount)/(SimpeInterest-TrueDiscount) = (375*250)/(375-250) =Rs.Present worth (PW) = (100*Amount)/(100+(R*T)) = (100* TrueDiscount)/(R*T) 2.750 =Rs.

2562 Time=4/12yrs TrueDiscount=Rs122 Rate=X% TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>122=(2562*x*(4/12))/(100+(x*(4/12)) =>36600+122x=2562x =>Rate=15% 4.If the rate of interest is same in both cases..The SimpleInterest & TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money for a given time & at a given rate are Rs85 & Rs.x If the bill falls due for 1 yr.A bill falls due in 1 year...760 for 2yrs is the same as the Truediscount on Rs960 due 2yrs hence .Rate=15% Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =2310*100/(100+15*5/2) =Rs1680.9200 8.40.122.A trader owes a maerchant Rs10028 due 1yr hence The trader wants to settle the account after 3 months .768 3.The creditor agrees to accept immediate payment of the half and to defer the payment of the other half for 2 years .The rate % is? Sol: Amount=Rs.A man buys a watch for Rs1950 in cash and sells it for Rs2200 at a credit of 1yrThe rate of interest is 10% per annum Then he gains / loose---------------amount? Sol: file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truediscount.By this arrangement he gains Rs. ((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2)) for paying after 2 yrs He gains Rs40 =>[x/2+((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2))] â€“ (x*100)/(100+(25/2*1) = Rs40 => x/2+2x/5-8x/9=40 =>x=Rs. sol: S.if the money be worth 121/2%? sol: Let the amount be Rs.3600 2.*TD)/(SI-T.1760 Rate=12% Truediscount=Rs160 Time=x TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>x*11*12=100+12x =>x=5/6yr Time=10months 5.The truediscount on Rs. Medium Problems 1.The sum is...what is the amount of bill.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .The interest on Rs.The Truediscount on Rs1760 due after a certain time at 12% per annum is Rs160The time after which it is due is: Sol: Amount=Rs.If the rate of interest is 12%per annum How much cash should he pay? Sol: Time=1yr but he settles account after 3months so time = 9months Cash to pay=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =(10028*100)/(100+12*(9/12)) =Rs.Amount=x TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) 168 =(x*14*2)/(100+(14*2)) =>x=Rs.85 TrueDiscount=Rs80 Sum=(S..D) =Rs.2562 due 4 months hence is Rs. Truediscount=(Amount*100)/(100+R*T) =(x*100)/(100+(25/2*1) If Accepting immediate payment of the half and to defer the payment of the other half for 2 years.I.Time=21/2yrs.1360 Top 7.The sum due is? Sol: Time=2yrs.being 15% per annum is sol: Amount=Rs2310...If the truediscount on a sum due 2yrs hence at 14% per annum be Rs168..80..3600 Amount of the bill=Rs..it is sol: Principal=Rs.I= Rs. Rate=14% Truediscount=Rs168. Truediscount=(Amount*100)/(100+R*T) =[x/2+((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2))] x/2 for immediate payment..760 Time=2yrs amount=Rs960 P*T*R/100=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>(750*2*r)/100=(960*r*2)/(100+2r) =>150r=2100 rate=14% 6.

34 Top Complex Problems 1.80*100)/(100+((9/2)*R)) =>R=162/3% MethodII: TrueDiscount=688.260=Rs10*260/250 =Rs10.If the rate of interest be 10% per annum in this mode of payment sol: A has to pay =Present worth of Rs220 due 1yr hence =Rs.20 TrueDiscount on (100+20)=120-100 =Rs20 TrueDiscount on Rs.50 Rate=14% Time=1/2 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(1444.W*T) =(76.A has to pay Rs.If he sells it for Rs2200 at a credit of 1yr then the present worth of that amount is Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(2200*100)/(100+10*1) =2000/So he gains 2000-1950=Rs.688.110 in cash and defer the payment of Rs.33 2.40 11.110 at the end of a certaimn time .10 be allowed as truedscount on a bill of Rs.50 Rate=TrueDiscount*100/(P.612 Presentworth=(Amount*100)/(100+(T*R)) 612=(688.220 to B after 1yr.50 9.If Rs20 is the TrueDiscount on Rs260due after a certain time.A man wants to se hs scooter .50 Time=9. What wil be trueDiscount on same sum due after Â½ of former time.money being at 18% per annum which is better offer? Sol: offer1=Rs12000 offer2 Present worth= (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =Rs.688.7.10 SI on Rs.1350 10.keeping 14% as the rate of interest .If Rs.76.50*100)/(612*(9/12)) file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truediscount. the rate of interest beng the same? Sol: Simple Interest on (260-20) for a gven time=Rs20 Simple Interest on (260-20) for a half time=Rs20*(1/2) =Rs10 True Discount on Rs.Aso B owes A Rs.A agrees to it.66 So A gains Rs(200-192.then discount allowed on the same sum due at the end of double the time.110+Presentworth of Rs110 due 2 yrs hence =[110+ (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T))] =[110+((110*100)/(100+(10*2)))] =Rs192.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .80 at a credit of 9 months and thus gaining 2% rate of interest per annum is sol: MethodI: Amount=Rs.There are two offers one at Rs12000 cash and other at acredit of Rs12880 to be paid after 8 months .12000 is better 3.100 for a certain time =Rs.(220*100)/(100+(10*1)) =Rs. sol: Amount=Rs110 TrueDiscount=Rs10 Present worth=Amount-TrueDiscount =Rs110-10 =Rs.12 Gaining 2%----------->Presentworth=102%of 600=(102*600)/100 =Rs.200 A actually pays=Rs.then who should pay & how much? Sol: B->A-----------Amount=Rs.600 and sold the same day for Rs.110 for 2 yrs.1573 payable 11/2yrs hence ..66)=Rs.1444.1573 Rate=14% Time=3/2 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(1573*100)/(100+(3/2)*14) =Rs1300 A->B------------Amount=Rs..100 SI on Rs.144450 payabe 6months hence If they want to settle the accunt forth with .250=Rs10 True Discount on Rs.Goods were bought for Rs.500 The first offer is better as if he gains 500/if he sells at Rs.12880*100/(100+(18*(8/12)) =Rs11.A owes Rs.110 =(110*20)/120 =Rs18.100 for doube the time =Rs.50*100)/(100+(1/2)*14) =Rs1350 so B should pay Rs.50-612 =Rs.B asks A to pay Rs.

1404 due in 2 equal halfyearly instalments at 8% per annu8m S.=162/3% 4.The present worth of Rs.702 6 months hence + Presentworth of Rs.702 1yr hence = (702*100)/(100+(1/2*8)) + (702t*100)/(100+(1*8)) =Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:45:47 AM] .I is SOl: Presentworth=(Amount*100)/(100+(T*R)) PresentWorth=Presentworth of Rs.1325 Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truediscount.

If the truediscount on a sum due 2yrs hence at 14% per annum be Rs168.F and L. ((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2)) for paying after 2 yrs He gains Rs40 =>[x/2+((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2))] â€“ (x*100)/(100+(25/2*1) = Rs40 => x/2+2x/5-8x/9=40 =>x=Rs.3600 Amount of the bill=Rs. Rate=14% Truediscount=Rs168.768 3.APTITUDE Numbers H.The sum due is? Sol: Time=2yrs.The Truediscount on Rs1760 due after a certain time at 12% per annum is Rs160The time after which it is due is: Sol: Amount=Rs. Truediscount=(Amount*100)/(100+R*T) =[x/2+((x/2*100)/(100+(25/2*2))] x/2 for immediate payment.The creditor agrees to accept immediate payment of the half and to defer the payment of the other half for 2 years .122.By this arrangement he gains Rs.2562 due 4 months hence is Rs.The truediscount on Rs.40.3600 2.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK MEDIUM PROBLEMS 1.The rate % is? Sol: Amount=Rs. Truediscount=(Amount*100)/(100+R*T) =(x*100)/(100+(25/2*1) If Accepting immediate payment of the half and to defer the payment of the other half for 2 years.2562 Time=4/12yrs TrueDiscount=Rs122 Rate=X% TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>122=(2562*x*(4/12))/(100+(x*(4/12)) =>36600+122x=2562x =>Rate=15% 4.C.Amount=x TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) 168 =(x*14*2)/(100+(14*2)) =>x=Rs.1760 Rate=12% Truediscount=Rs160 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truemedium.html[1/28/2012 12:45:48 AM] .x If the bill falls due for 1 yr.A bill falls due in 1 year.if the money be worth 121/2%? sol: Let the amount be Rs.C.what is the amount of bill.

it is sol: Principal=Rs.then who should pay & how much? Sol: B->A-----------Amount=Rs..A owes Rs.*TD)/(SI-T.A man buys a watch for Rs1950 in cash and sells it for Rs2200 at a credit of 1yrThe rate of interest is 10% per annum Then he gains / loose---------------amount? Sol: If he sells it for Rs2200 at a credit of 1yr then the present worth of that amount is Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(2200*100)/(100+10*1) =2000/So he gains 2000-1950=Rs..1573 payable 11/2yrs hence .144450 payabe 6months hence If they want to settle the accunt forth with ..80.1573 Rate=14% file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truemedium.I..A trader owes a maerchant Rs10028 due 1yr hence The trader wants to settle the account after 3 months .85 TrueDiscount=Rs80 Sum=(S.50 9.The interest on Rs..D) =Rs.The sum is.760 Time=2yrs amount=Rs960 P*T*R/100=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>(750*2*r)/100=(960*r*2)/(100+2r) =>150r=2100 rate=14% 6.If the rate of interest is 12%per annum How much cash should he pay? Sol: Time=1yr but he settles account after 3months so time = 9months Cash to pay=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =(10028*100)/(100+12*(9/12)) =Rs.If the rate of interest is same in both cases.html[1/28/2012 12:45:48 AM] .keeping 14% as the rate of interest .Aso B owes A Rs.9200 8....Time=x TrueDiscount=(Amount*R*T)/(100+R*T) =>x*11*12=100+12x =>x=5/6yr Time=10months 5..The SimpleInterest & TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money for a given time & at a given rate are Rs85 & Rs..1360 7.760 for 2yrs is the same as the Truediscount on Rs960 due 2yrs hence ..I= Rs.. sol: S.

...html[1/28/2012 12:45:48 AM] .If the rate of interest be 10% per annum in this mode of payment:.50 Rate=14% Time=1/2 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(1444.1350 10..110 for 2 yrs.40 11..(220*100)/(100+(10*1)) =Rs.34 BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truemedium.. .B asks A to pay Rs..A has to pay Rs.. sol: A has to pay =Present worth of Rs220 due 1yr hence =Rs.1444. the rate of interest beng the same? Sol: Simple Interest on (260-20) for a gven time=Rs20 Simple Interest on (260-20) for a half time=Rs20*(1/2) =Rs10 True Discount on Rs.110+Presentworth of Rs110 due 2 yrs hence =[110+ (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T))] =[110+((110*100)/(100+(10*2)))] =Rs192.50*100)/(100+(1/2)*14) =Rs1350 so B should pay Rs.250=Rs10 True Discount on Rs.A agrees to it....Time=3/2 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =(1573*100)/(100+(3/2)*14) =Rs1300 A->B------------Amount=Rs..220 to B after 1yr.200 A actually pays=Rs.7... What wil be trueDiscount on same sum due after Â½ of former time.66)=Rs.110 in cash and defer the payment of Rs.If Rs20 is the TrueDiscount on Rs260due after a certain time.66 So A gains Rs(200-192.260=Rs10*260/250 =Rs10.

The TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money due 3 years hence is Rs.The truediscount on a bill due 9 months hence at 12% per annum is Rs540.Find the present worth of Rs.Aso find the discount? Sol: Amount=RS.APTITUDE Numbers H.750 TrueDiscount = (930*3*8)/(100+(8*3)) =Rs.930.C.6540-Rs540 =Rs.Rate=8% TrueDiscount = (Presentworth*Time*Rate)/100 Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) Presentworth = (930*100)/(100+(8*3) =Rs.Time=3years.250 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truesimple.930 due 3 years hence at 8% per annum.6540 Presentworth=Amount-TrueDiscount =Rs.6000 3.180 2.C.930-Rs.F and L.180 (or) TrueDiscount = Amount-Presentworth =Rs.html[1/28/2012 12:45:48 AM] .Find the amount of the bill and its presentworth? Sol: Time=9months=9/12years=3/4years Rate=12% TrueDiscount=Rs540 TrueDiscount=(Amount*100)/(100+(R*T)) =>Amount=(TrueDiscount*(100+(R*T))) /100 =(540*(100+12*(3/4))/100 =Rs.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles BACK SIMPLE PROBLEMS 1.750 =Rs.

2310 due 21/2yrs henceThe interest being 15% per annum is sol: Amount=Rs2310.The Present worth of Rs.Time=21/2yrs.Rate=15% Presentworth = (Amount*100) /(100+(R*T)) =2310*100/(100+15*5/2) =Rs1680.html[1/28/2012 12:45:48 AM] .6800 5.750 SimpeInterest=(Principle*Time*Rate)/100 375 = ( 750*3R)/100 R=50/3% => Rate=162/3% 4.and SimpeInterest on the same sum for same time and same rate is Rs375 find sum and rate%? Sol: Time=3 years Truediscount=Rs.250 SimpeInterest=Rs375 Sum = (SimpeInterest*TrueDiscount)/(SimpeInterest-TrueDiscount) = (375*250)/(375-250) =Rs.D=Rs25 =>((x*6/12*25/2)/100)-((x*6/12*25/2)/(100+(6/12*25/2))=25 =>x=Rs.The difference between SimpeInterest and TrueDiscount on a certain sum of money for 6 months at 121/2% per annum is Rs25.find the sum. Sol: Let amount be Rs.x SimpleInterest=(Amount*T*R)/100 TrueDiscount=(Amount*T*R)/(100+(R*T)) SI-T. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truesimple.

C.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles TRUE DISCOUNT CONCEPT SIMPLE PROBLEMS MEDIUM PROBLEMS COMPLEX PROBLEMS file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/truesquareandcuberoot.APTITUDE Numbers H.html[1/28/2012 12:45:49 AM] .F and L.C.

True Discount General Concepts: Back Back To Main Top Contact: 040-23000700 file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/turediscount.html[1/28/2012 12:45:54 AM] .

1995 ? Solution : Jan + Feb + March 30 + 28 + 15 = 73 days Problem 3 : The year next to 1996 having the same calendar as that of 1996 is ? Solution : Starting with 1996 . so the same day falls on 5th november.F and L.M Decimal Fractions Simplification Square and Cube roots Average Problems on Numbers Problems on Ages Surds and Indices Percentage Profit and Loss Ratio And Proportions Partnership Chain Rule Time and Work Pipes and Cisterns Time and Distance Trains Boats and Streams Alligation or Mixture Simple Interest Compound Interest Logorithms Areas Volume and Surface area Races and Games of Skill Calendar Clocks Stocks ans Shares True Discount Bankers Discount Oddmanout and Series Data Interpretation probability Permutations and Combinations Puzzles CALENDAR BACK Typical problems Problem 1 : on what dates of october.17th and 24th. Problem 2 : How many days are there from 2nd january 1995 o 15 th march. Therefore calendar for 2001 will be the same as that of 1995. monday fell on 3rd . Problem 5 : The day on 5th march of year is the same day on what date of the same year? Solution : In the given monthly code table represents the march code and november code both are same.10th. Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 odd days 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7 or 0 odd days Therefore calendar for 1990 is the same as for the year 1996.e odd day.C. we go on countig the number of odd days till the sum is divisible by 7.that means any date in march is the same day of week as the corresponding date in november of that year. Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 odd days 2 1 1 1 2 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 2 = 7 odd days i.APTITUDE Numbers H.1994 did monday fall ? Solution : 01 01 94 23 ------total = 119 Then (119)/7 = (17) = 0 odd days so the day is saturday Therefore in october first the day is saturday. BACK file:///E|/work/books/placement/09_Aptitude/typicalproblems.so.html[1/28/2012 12:45:54 AM] .During october 1994. Problem 4 : The calendar for 1990 is same as for : Solution : count the number of days 1990 onwards to get 0 odd day.C. the monday fell on 3rd october 1994.