e x t i n c t

c

palaeograph ic

simplified grammatical

ARABO–PERSIAN
archigraphemic
transliteration

PERSIAN

s

c

r

fused

i

p

OTTOMAN

5

o

r

MIDDLE EAST

y

autodidact

7

r

y

degrammaticized
NORTH
AMERICA

EUROPE

p

hybrid

6

a

ah istorical

pseudo
grammatical
NORTH
AMERICA

t

4

p

historical
grammatical

t

3

m

o

g

r

8

a

MIDDLE EAST

p

h

y

articulated

9

10

11

12

8th– 9th

9th– 10th

12th– 21st

14th– 21st

19th– 21st

19th– 21st

20th– 21th

16th– 19th

palaeographic A

palaeographic B

naskh

nastaliq

ruqah

metal naskh

digital naskh

metal stylistic hybrid

simplified

erratic

overlooked

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮى‬

‫ٮٮى‬

‫ٮٮى‬

‫ٮٮى‬

‫ٮٮى‬

‫ٮسٮر‬

‫ٮسٮر‬

‫ٮسٮر‬

‫ٮٮرس‬

‫ٮٮسر‬

‫لٮٮٮر‬
‫ٮٮٮهم‬

by

b

bby

c

bsbr

d

bbsr

e

lbbbr

f

bbbhm
Y horizontality

single raising/sloping twin

i

sga

j

bsbeglw
M horizontality

lmgsbbn

‫�ٮ�ى‬

‫ٮ��س�ٮر‬
‫�ٮ�ٮ��سر‬

‫�لٮٮ�ٮر‬

only after horizontal letters

only after vertical letters

lgsby
G verticality

raising/penultimate bridging/inverting

‫ٮٮ�ى‬

emy
Y verticality

k

2

u

e

style

a

h

n

t

CENTURY

dissimilation

g

1

a

n

p r o t o –t y p o g r a p h i c

grammatical

m

o

conditional

universal M horizontality

‫�ٮ�ٮٮه‬
‫� �م‬
‫�ع‬
‫��مى‬

‫��ل‬

‫ح‬
‫��س‬
‫ٮ‬

‫ى‬
‫ح�ا‬
‫���س‬

�‫ٮ‬
‫�ى‬
�‫ٮ�ٮ‬
‫�ى‬
�‫�ٮ���س‬
‫ٮر‬
���‫ٮ�ٮ‬
‫سر‬
�‫�ل�ٮ�ٮ‬
‫ٮر‬
�‫ٮ�ٮ� �ٮه‬
‫م‬

�‫ٮ��ٮٮ ه‬
‫�م‬

�‫�ع�م‬
‫�ى‬

‫�ع‬
‫�مى‬


�‫ل��ح��س�ٮ‬

‫ى‬

universal G verticality

‫�ٮى‬
‫ٮٮى‬
‫�ٮس�ٮر‬
‫ٮ��ٮ�سر‬
‫�ل�ٮ�ٮ�ٮر‬

�‫�ل‬
‫حسٮى‬

‫ٮٮى‬

‫ٮ��س�ٮر‬

‫ٮ�ٮ��سر‬
‫�ل�ٮ�ٮ�ٮر‬

�‫ٮ�ٮ�ٮه‬
‫�م‬
‫�ع‬
‫�مى‬

‫معى‬

modernized shapes

nostalgic shapes Cairo page:line:word

Sura:Aya

unknown
P799L07W05

003:187, 010:022,
030:009

‫ٮٮى‬

P342L01W03, P365L08W08,
P396L09W01

015:054, 017:009,
019:007

‫ٮسٮر‬

‫ٮسٮر‬

P799L07W05

003:187, 010:022,
030:009

‫ٮٮسر‬

‫ٮٮسر‬

‫ٮٮسر‬

P342L01W03, P365L08W08,
P396L09W01

015:054, 017:009,
019:007

‫لٮٮٮر‬

‫لٮٮٮر‬

‫لٮٮٮر‬

‫لٮٮٮر‬

P365L06W01

‫ٮٮٮهم‬

‫ٮٮٮهم‬

‫ٮٮٮهم‬

‫ٮٮٮهم‬

‫عمى‬

‫عمى‬

‫عمى‬

‫عمى‬

P323L09W01, P324L09W01,
P374L08W08, P374L09W04,
P625L10W01

013:016, 013:019,
017:072, 017:072,
040:058

‫لحسٮى‬

P324L05W02, P379L09W07,
P393L04W07, P734L01W06

013:018, 017:110 ,
059:024, 018:089

‫سحا‬

‫سحا‬

P269L05W01, P531L09W09,

003:187, 010:022,
030:009

‫ٮسٮعحلو‬

‫ٮسٮعحلو‬

P345L05W05, P424L06W03,
P500L02W04

016:001, 021:037,
027:046

P201L10W07, P508L03W01,
P530L07W08

007:056, 028:014,
029:069

P365L06W01

017:007

017:007

novel horizontal initial LG

‫�ل‬

‫ح��سٮى‬

‫لحسٮى لحسٮى‬

‫حل�سٮى‬
limited


‫��س‬

‫ح�ا‬
‫�س�ح�ا‬
‫� ل �ٮس�ٮ�ع‬
‫�ح��ل�و‬
‫ٮ����س�ٮ�ع��ح�و‬

�‫ل‬

�‫م��ح��س�ٮ�ٮ‬
‫لم‬

‫ٮ‬
‫ح‬

‫ٮ‬
‫��س‬

‫ں‬
‫ں‬

�‫ل�م‬
���‫لم‬
‫ح����س�ٮ�ٮں حس�ٮ�ٮ�ں‬

replaced by M verticality

20th– 21st
digital stylistic hybrid naskh-based shapes

universal Y horizontality

�‫�س��حا‬
��‫�ٮ��س��ٮ��ع‬
‫ح�ل�و‬

‫ٮ��سٮ�ع‬

‫ح��ل�و‬

sample locations

replaced by universal G horizontality

erratic

‫حسا‬

‫سحا‬

limited

‫حمل�سٮٮں‬

‫سحا‬

‫ٮسٮعحلو ٮسٮعحلو‬

‫ٮ�سٮعحلو‬

‫لحسٮى‬

reintroduced universal M horizontality

erratic

‫لمحسٮٮں لمحسٮٮں‬

copyright 2011 Thomas Milo, Amsterdam NL

‫لمحسٮٮں‬

‫لمحسٮٮں‬

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful