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(a)“The user has paid the subscription fee, but does not enter a valid password.” (b) “Access is granted whenever the user has paid the suibscription fee and enters a valid password.” (c)Access is denied if the user has not paid the subscription fee.” (d) “If the user has not entered a valid password but has paid the subscription fee, then access is granted.” B. Are the following system specifications consistent? “Whenever the system software is being upgraded, users cannot access the file system. If users can acces the file system, then they can save new files. If users cannot save new files, then the system software is not being upgraded.” C. Knights and Knaves (from Raymond Smullyan’s books) There is an island far off in the Pacific, called the Island of Knights and Knaves. On this island, there are people called knights, who always tell the truth, and people called knaves, who always lie. The two types are indistinguishable by sight. 1. You meet two people, A and B. A says: “I’m a knave but B isn’t.” What are A and B? 2. Suppose A says:”If I am a knight, then so is B.” Can it be determined what A and B are? 3. Suppose you know that A and B are either both knights or both knaves. What do you make of A’s statement “If B is a knight, then I am a knave”?