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Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources 1) Borenstein, Isak. "Survivor Stories." Holocaust Survivors.n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=survivors&ke=1>. This story is extremely beneficial to our research because it gives you a lot of information on what it was like before and after the Holocaust. During that time he was a prisoner of war. 2) Burk, Jeannine. "Survivor Stories." Holocaust Survivors.n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=survivors&ke=1>. This story is useful because Jeannine talks about how hard it is to forget about the holocaust. She says a lot of survivors feel guilty about surviving, why did they live and there family die?

3) Cohen, Henry. "The Anguish of the Holocaust Survivors."Remember.org. Remember, 1996. Web.2 Jan 2012. <http://remember.org/witness/cohen.html>. Henry was the director of the largest Jewish displaced persons center in the American zone of German. He tells how Jews streamed into Germany following the war because the presence of America. The United States offered protection. He tells us the many situations he faced with the surviving Jews. 4) Csillag, Irene. "Behind Every Name a Story.”USHMM.org. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, January 6 2011. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php? Irene tells how horribly she was treated by the Germans. Food was scarce, there was no sanitation and everyone was covered with lice. She explains that after the few initial hardships she still managed to have a good life after the war.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

5)

Deportation of Jews. Koszeg, Hungary,N.d. 1944.Photograph. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/viewer/wlc/photo.php?RefId=68629B> The picture shown above displays the deportation of Jews. It displays the conditions and treatment of the Jews when they were being deported. It is useful to my research because it helps me understand the deportation process and how the Jews were treated.

6) Derman, Aron,and Lisa Derman. “Life After the Holocaust: Aron and Lisa Derman.” Holocaust Encyclopedia.Web. 27 Nov 2011. http://ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?Moduleld=10007191. Aron and Lisa Derman were both Holocaust survivors that immigrated to the Unites States. Their story shows me how difficult it was to start over and how happy they were to have family after everything was gone. It shows me the many emotion Holocaust survivors have and how it felt to them.
7) Emaciated Jewish Survivors Gathered Outside . 1945. Photograph. USHMM

Photo Archives
This photo allows us to see the condition of the Jews after the Holocaust. It also allows our viewers to experience the Holocaust and its survivors.

8) Engel, Isaac. ""Voice/Vision"." Holocaust survivor Oral Archive. Interview by Dr.Sidney Bolkosky. 2 Feb 1992. 1992. Print. <http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/engel>. Isaac story is very similar to many others. He eventually immigrated to America. His whole family was killed and he had trouble afterwards with nightmares. The holocaust had a big toll on those who survived and even challenged their religion.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

9) Farrington , Romana. "Life after Genocide." USC Shoah Foundation Institute. Interview. USC Dornslife College. Web. <http://dornsife.usc.edu/vhi/clipviewer/>. Romana tells how she grew up in a small Polish town after the war and how she and her mother were attacked by an abusive man they were forced to share a house with. Even after the war times were difficult. 10) "Featured clips from the Institute's History Archive." USC Foundation Institute. USC Shoah Foundation Institute, 2012. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http;//dornslife.usc.edu/vhi/>. This document contains many interviews of Jewish survivors. This makes it a lot easier to see how many different people were affected. It also helps me so that I do not have to go out and try to set up interviews. 11) Galler, Eva. "Survivor Stories." Holocaust Survivors.n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=survivors&ke=1>. This is a extremely informational source because it tells a lot about Eva’s life after the Holocaust and how hard it was for her. She said she had nightmares and had to see psychiatrists and doctors. She also said it was very hard to discuss what happened with anyone especially her kids. 12) Irving, Atlus. "Irving Atlus-June 2, 1982." Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive.Interview by Bernie Kent. 02/06/1982. Web. http://holocaust.umd.umich.edu/altus/>. This man was also a Jewish survivor. His story is full of horribleexperiences. He tells about how his life changed after the Holocaust and how he later migrated to America with both his wife and his son.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

13) Instytut ,Narodowej. German police search an elderly, religious Jew at gunpoint. 1941. Photograph. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://resources.ushmm.org/inquery/uia_doc.php/photos/14312?hr=null>. This picture is important to my research because it shows just the amount of respect that the Nazi’s showed for the Jews. By seeing this picture I understand a little more about the treatment of the Jews. 14) Isak Borenstein. Memorial Service and Parade. N.d. Photograph. Holocaust Survivors: Photo GalleryWeb. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Isak Borenstein holding a sign during a memorial service. The service was held for all of those who died. It helps us learn more about his story. 15) Isak Borenstein. Isak and Abe Borenstein. N.d. Photograph. Holocaust survivors:Photo GalleryWeb. 11 Mar 2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=photos&sf=file_name&st=b orenstein This is a photograph of Isak and his brother Abe. This picture is beneficial to our research and our website because it tell us more about Isak and his family. 16) Isak Borenstein. Survivors of Mauthausen. N.d. Photograph. Holocaust survivors:Photo GalleryWeb. 11 Mar 2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=photos&sf=file_name&st=b orenstein_mauthausen_liberation.jpg>. This picture is of the survivors in Mauthausen. It provides a visual of what the survivors were like after liberation.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

17) Jews Deported to the Lodz ghetto. 1941-1942. Photograph. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/viewer/wlc/photo.php?RefId=10511A>. This picture displays the treatment of the Jews and the struggles they had to endure. This gives me a better understanding of the Holocaust and how the Jews were affected. 18) Menszar, John. Joseph Sher. N.d. Photograph. Holocaust Survivors.Web. 2 Jan 2012. http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=photos&sf=file_name&st=Sh er_portrait.jpg>. This picture is useful because it shows him looking back at his life. He is surrounded by pictures from when he is younger; they remind him of his life old life and how he survived. 19) Life after Genocide:Malka Baran. USC Shoah Foundation Institute, Film. <http://dornsife.usc.edu/vhi/clipviewer/>. This is another clip from a survivor Malka Baron she explains they way she recovered from the trauma she had experienced. In this video she states that after the Holocaust she started teaching children and that is what allowed her to recover from her trauma. 20) Life after Genocide:Meriam Tauber. USC Shoah Foundation Institute , Film. <http://dornsife.usc.edu/vhi/clipviewer/>. This clip is from an actual survivor; in this video Meriam Tauber explains her experience and her life now after the Holocaust. She describes her suffering and how she was able to make it through the Holocaust. Some of her experiences include escaping from ghettos and mass shootings.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

21) "Life after the Holocaust: Blanka Rothschild." United States Holocaust memorial Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007189>. T his article describes the Blanka’s experience during the Holocaust. The struggles she describes include lack of food, water, and injuries that were very difficult to recover from. Resources were scarce and she was witness to a truly terrifying event. 22) “Life after the Holocaust: Thomas Buergenthal.” United States Holocaust memorial museum. January 6, 2011. Web. 27 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007192>. The story of Thomas Buergenthal describes how he lived his life after the Holocaust. After the Holocaust he moved back to Europe in an attempt to rebuild his life. This is useful because again it shows us the difficulty of rebuilding their lives. 23) Max Brenner. The Final Solution. 2005. Painting. Holocaust Memories.Web. 1 Jan 2012. <http://holocaustart.net/pics/buy_art/final.jpg>. This painting was painted by a Jewish Survivor. He is now a doctor in America. This gives you a glimpse into how the Holocaust looked like to someone who was actually there. 24) Radasky, Solomon, dir. Covering the Ashes. Holocaust Surviors. Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=recordings&ke=34> This is a reading that was written by Solomon Radasky it describes what he witnessed and the feeling associated with that. It helps me understand survivor’s feelings about certain events within the Holocaust.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

25) Rothschild, Blanka. "Speaking Out ." Life After the Holocaust. Interview by Neenah Ellis. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 27 Dec. <http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/life_after_holocaust/exhibition/>. Blanka is a holocaust survivor who decided to speak out and teach others about the holocaust. She talks about the troubles she faces after the Holocaust, but how she still managed to produce a wonderful life for herself and is now helping educate others about the Holocaust. She faced nightmares, and still lives with guilt. 26) Singer, Flora. "Memory Project." ushmm.org. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, January 6. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.ushmm.org/remembrance/survivoraffairs/memory/detail.php?content=singer>. Most of Flora’s family did not survive which happened to a lot of those who managed to survive. She still cries today when she looks at her family memorabilia. Living after the Holocaust was not easy and some still deal with problems today. 27) Soon after liberation, surviving children of the Auschwitz camp walk out of the children's barracks. n/a. Photograph. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D.C. This photograph shows kids walking out of the barracks. They look frightened and skinny. It's hard to believe that even kids had to be a part of the holocaust.

28) THE AFTERMATH OF THE HOLOCAUST. N.d. Photograph. United Stated Holocaust Memorial Museum.Web. 24 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005129&MediaId=832>. This photograph is of January 27, 1945 when the surviving children of the Auschwitz camp were released. It shows me the conditions that the children were kept in and how they were separated from their parents

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

29) USHMM. Survivors Bergen-Belsen. 2005.Photograph. Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida, University of Southern Florida. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/GALL31R/75113.HTM>. This photo really showed how lucky someone was for just surviving the Holocaust. It also gives you a visual about how many people died. This was just a fraction of those who lost their life.

Secondary Sources 30) A Holocaust Art Exhibit.Modern American Poetry.University of Illinois.n.d. Web. 8 March 2012. http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/holocaust/art.htm This is a excellent source because it allows us to see art work done after the Holocaust. It shows the effects that the Holocaust had on its survivors. 31) "About Life After the holocaust." Life After the Holocaust. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.Web.Dec.24 <http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/life_after_holocaust/>. This article was a general summary of after the holocaust. It described the struggles of the Jews financially and emotionally after the holocaust. According to the article Jews had to rebuild their lives with little to no resources. 32) Bill Aron. Elisabeth Mann. N.d. Photograph. Holocaut SurvivorsWeb. 11 Mar 2012. <http://www.billaron.com/survivors/elisabethMann.html>. This picture is beneficial to our website because it allows us to see Elisabeth after the Holocaust. 33) Brackman, Eli. "Jewish Life After the Holocaust and Chabad." Oxford Chabad. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Dec 2011. This article was useful to my research because it told of the events before and after the Holocaust. This allowed me to better understand the events that the Jewish people had to endure, Such as being in hiding for weeks while the Germans planned to liquidate the Ghetto.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

34) Filcman, Debra. "Before and After Holocaust: Spitzer family life, struggles." BrandeaisUniversity . N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Dec 2011. <http://www.brandeis.edu/now/2011/january/spitzer.html>. This is a story of the Spitzer family and there experience before and after the Holocaust. It gave me a real life example of what the Jews thoughts and feelings were about after the Holocaust. 35) Galler, Eva. "Audio Gallery." Holocaust Survivors. John Menszer, 2012. Web. 2 Jan2012. <http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=recordings&ke=14>. This is an audio recording and a brief description of what happened while a holocaust survivor on a death train. It is beneficial to our research because it teaches us of the hardships Jews had to endure. 36) Gavin, Philip, ed. "Statistics of the Holocaust." The History Place. The History Place, 2012. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/h-statistics.htm>. This page gives a helpful break down of both Holocaust deaths and those surviving by country. I was amazed at the huge number that died and the minute that managed to make it through. 37) "Hear a Holocaust Survivor." museumoftolerence.com. Musuem of Tolerence, n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.museumoftolerance.com/site/c.tmL6KfNVLtH/b.4866121/>. This website is interesting because it gives you pictures of survivors and info on them. It also gives you ways to get into contact with a survivor or to get info on when their will be a conference with a survivor there.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

38) Hitler and other SS members. N.d. Photograph. The Holocaust in movies This picture is effective in our website in the sense that it provides a clear image of the men that Jews has to encounter. 39) Hitler – Famous German National Socialist Leader . N.d. Photograph. Zimbio This is a picture of the Swastika the German insignia during the Holocaust. This picture gives us more details that add to our learning and understanding of the Holocaust.

40) The Holocast: A Tragic Legacy. N.d. Photograph. ThinkQuest Holocaust Team This picture was useful in our website because of the emotions it created. The emotions associated with this picture help us realize what a dark time the Holocaust was. 41) Holocaust Deaths. N.d. Photograph. p.a.p-Blog This photograph is useful in our website and in our research because it shows the percentages of death. It gives percentages for Jews and other religious and cultural groups. 42) Holocaust Survivors. Holocaust Education Reasearch and Archieve Team, n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/survivor/>. This is another really good website, because there are so many stories about the survivors of the Holocaust. Also how their lives have changed because of the Holocaust. 43) "Holocaust Survivors Honor Camp Liberator." npr.org. N.p.r., September 25, 2007. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14661020>. I really enjoyed the information on this website because it gives a different aspect on things. Not only were the people who were taken scarred for the rest of their lives; the soldiers that rescued them had to overcome obstacles also. 44) Isak Borenstein. N.d. Photograph. Holocaust survivors This is a portrait of a Jewish survivor. This is useful to our website because it provides viewers with an image of survivors now.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

45) Jewish Survivors of the Holocaust. N.d. Photograph. JewishGen BLOG This is a picture of Jewish survivors. The photograph is useful to our website because it
show the conditions of the survivors after the Holocaust.

46) Kaplan, Fara. "Holocaust Survivors and Their Children: A Search for Positive Effects . " American Academy of experts in Traumatic stress. n.d. Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.aaets.org/article96.htm>. This article was relevant to my research because I was able to understand from an experts point of view. They specialize in traumatic stress and that allowed me to get a better idea of the after affects of the Holocaust on the Jews. 47) "Life After the Holocaust." Speak up Speak out. 1 August 2011. Web. 22 Dec 2011 <http://hmd.org.uk/genocides/the-holocaust/life-after-the-holocaust>. This document explains how the Jews rebuilt their lives and the struggles that they had to endure. Most Jews did not seek revenge and very few received compensation their goal was just mainly to rebuild their lives. 48) "Last Expression." Exhibition- Biographies. Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University, 11 09 2000. Web. 18 Dec 2011. <http://lastexpression.northwestern.edu/exhibition_fr_biographies.html>. This website gives you many different biographies of Jews. However, it did not completely help me with the topic that my group have chosen. It did give me the sense of how they were treated in jail. The biographies have the reason why they were put in jail and their numbers. 49) Portrait of Polish Jewish Holocaust Survivors in Sweden. Photograph. Wisconsin Historical Images This is a picture of Jewish survivors. This photo really displays the strength of the Jews and how it is possible to recover from a traumatic event.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

50) "Return to Life." Australian memories of the Holocaust. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.holocaust.com.au/lb/rebuilding.htm>. This was helpful to my research because it describes how it was after the Holocaust for the Jews. In the article it states that Jews after Liberation were referred to as displaced persons. 51) "Survivors." Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2012. Web. 2 Jan 2012. This is a helpful document in the sense that it provides a brief history of what happened after the holocaust for the Jews. Knowing the history of the Holocaust will help by being informed about the events Jews has to endure. 52) "Talking about Genocide-The Holocaust." Peace pledge Union information Genocide. PEACE PLEDGE UNION, n.d. Web. 28 Dec 2011. <http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_holocaust2.html>. This article tells of the events directly following the Holocaust. Those include when the Commandant of Auschwitz was tried after overseeing over 4 million deaths of Jews and others. This was useful because it explains more of the evens following the Holocaust. 53) Telling Their Stories. The Urban School of San Francisco, n.d. Web. 2 Jan 2012. <http://www.tellingstories.org/holocaust/index.html>. This site is helpful because it gives you a ton of stories about survivors of the Holocaust. They really want the stories to be told and they do a great job of organizing the web page. It gives you lots of people to choose from. 54) "The Aftermath of the Holocaust." United States Holocaust memorial museum. January 6, 2011. Web. 24 Dec 2011. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005129>. This article describes after the Holocaust and the effects on the Jews. It explains that many of the Jews feared to return to their homes for the fear anti-Semitism which is the hatred of Jews. Jews still endured hardship and prejudice even after the Holocaust.

Zapien, Pierini, Mccann, Hansen, and Thomas Rebuilding Lives after the Holocaust

55) "What Happened to the Jews after the Holocaust?" holocaust-history. N.P., September 7, 1998. Web. 21 Dec 2011. <http://holocaust-history.org/short-essays/whathappened.shtml>. This article was important to my research because it showed the struggle of the Jews after the holocaust. According to the article it took about four years to resettle 1,000,000 of the Jewish people from there they were forced to rebuild their lives with nothing. 137,000 came to the United States looking for homes 56) Williams, Sandra. "The Impact of the Holocaust on Survivors and their Children.” Impact of the Holocaust. N.P., 1993. Web. 24 Dec 2011. This article described the impact of the Holocaust on the Jews this is important to my research because if I understand the impact I will be able to understand how they recovered from it. Testimonies explained that it took 40 years for many Jews to talk about what happened. Many of them were forced to abandon the culture that they knew when they came to the US. 57) yellow Star of David badge.. N.d. Photograph. LEARN NC This picture allows our viewers to see and understand the type of badges Jews had to wear. It also displays the true hatred of the Jews felt by the Germans.