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Prepared by: Labog, Michael John R. II-21 BSE Social Science
Development of Education in the Philippines from Pre-Spanish to Present times
Education before the coming of Spaniards 1521-1896 Education during the Spanish Regime 1896-1899 Education during the Philippine Revolution 1898-1935 Education during the American Occupation 1935-1941 Education during the Philippine Commonwealth 1941-1944 Education during the Japanese Occupation 1944-1946 Education after the World War II 1946-present Education under the Philippine Republic Before 1521 Timeline .
customs. and hands-on •The objective was basically to promote reverence for. . and adoration of Bathala. respect for laws. and authorities represented by parents and elders •When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines they encountered islanders who knew how to read and write.Hispanic education in the Philippines was not formal •Education was oral.Hispanic Education • Pre. practical.Pre.
thus there were no grade levels . and controlled and the friars •Education in the country was not uniform •The system of schooling was not hierarchical nor structured. supervised.Education during the Spanish Regime •The Friars established parochial schools linked with churches to teach catechism to the natives •Instruction was in the dialect •Education was managed.
and in many instances school houses .Major Problems •Lack of trained teachers •Lack of teachers (150 teacher-missionaries to instruct over half a million inhabitants) • Lack of funds. instructional materials.
Because of need. higher level schools were established much later by virtue of royal decrees. •Colegios •Beaterios .
Spanish grammar and literature.Subjects: Based on the Royal Decree of 1863 •Languages(Latin. Algebra. Trigonometry. Spanish) •Mathematics(Arithmetic. Geometry) •Philosophy(Rhethoric. elementary Greek. Logic. French and English) •History( Universal. Ethics) •Geography •Pshychology .
Philippine Revolution •Illustrados spearheaded the Propaganda Movemnent •Curricular reforms 1. Improvement of higher centers of learning 6. Greater attention to natural science 4. Instruction of Spanish 3. The design of a relevant curriculum 5. Secularization of education 2. Improvement of educational system .
• Jose Rizal criticized unequivocally the friars’ method of instruction in his two novels Noli Me Tangere and El filibusterismo 1. Irrelevant courses in the curriculum . Discourage the attempt of Filipino students to speak in Spanish 3. Disproportionate focus on religion 2. Lack of pedagogical skills 4.
Subjects as required courses in secondary schools •Science •Math •History •Philosophy •Law •Language •P.E •Religion •Music •Social Sciences . Rizal considered the ff.Curriculum To improve the existing curriculum.
They learn to read correctly and write gracefully. but they do not learn anything useful because they are not taught any.Lopez Jaena “The outstanding cause of the distressed situation of Filipinos today is the anomalous education received by the youth in schools. They are taught how to pray and never go to work” .Graciano.
build new ones and conduct classes •Trained teachers replaced soldiers •Filipinos warmly received their new teachers.American Occupation •The Americans used education as a vehicle for its program benevolent asimilation •American soldiers were the first teachers •Restore damaged school houses. Thomasites •American teachers infused their students the spirit of democracy and progress as well as fair play .
touched a receptive nerve un the Filipino psyche.TAKE NOTE! • It is not surprising that the democratic values espoused by the Americans. . whether SINCERE or NOT.
Separation of Church and State in education •Encourage filipino in the field of teaching •Outstanding filipino scholars were sent to US to train as teachers .•Americans discarded the religious bias •Educational Act of 1901.
Curriculum Primary Education •GMRC •Civics •Hygiene and Sanitation •Geography Intermediate Curriculum •Grammar and composition •Reading. spelling •Science courses •Physiology •Hygiene and sanitation •Intensive teaching of geography .
history and government. mathematics. language.•Government established NORMAL SCHOOL for future teachers •Courses include Methods of teaching. P. psychology.E •White collar-job bias . social sciences. science. practice teaching.
personal discipline. civic conscience and vocational efficiency •Promote effective participation of the citizens in the processes of a democratic society •Educational Act of 1940 “meet the increasing demand for public instruction and at the same time comply with the constitutional mandate on public education” .Philippine Commonwealth •All schools should develop moral character.
To inspire people with the spirit to love neighbor . Realization of NEW ORDER and promote friendly relations between Japan and the Philippines to the farthest extent 2. Endeavor to elevate the morals of people. Diffusion of the Japanese language in the philippines 5.Japanese Regime •6 basic principles of japanese Education 1. Foster a new Filipino culture based 3. giving up over emphasis of materialism 4. Promotion of VOCATIONAL course 6.
poems and pictures •Nihongo as a means of introducing and cultivvating love for Japanese culture •Social Studies . deleted american symbols. banned the singing of american songs.Curriculum •School calendar became longer •No summer vacation for students •Class size increased to 60 •Deleted anti-asian opinions.
•A contributory factor was widely reported brutalities that ushered in the Japanese occupation that the filipinos did not experience with the same degree during the American period .50 years Japanese.Reign for 300 years American. the Japanese failed to succeed in transforming the values and attitudes of the people in line with their vision of the NEW ORDER.about four years •It is thus not surprising that despite the measure they had instituted.Take Note! Spanish.
.After World War II In 1947." During this period. the regulation and supervision of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools. by the virtue of Executive Order No. 94. the Department of Instruction was changed to "Department of Education.
useful and upright citizenry in a democratic society 3.Education after 1940 • The objective of the Philippine Education was to established “integrated. and democracy. Promote the science. nationalistic. Inculcate moral and spiritual values inspired by an abiding faith in God 2. Conservation of the national resources 4. 1. arts and letters .inspired educational system” included the ff. patriotic. Perpetuation of our desirable values 5. To develop an enlighten.
Memorandum No. Aguilar. Schools are increasingly using instructional materials that are Philippine-oriented.•Great experiments in the community school and the use of vernacular in the first two grades of the primary schools as the medium of instruction were some of them. Literature Books on character education and other library materials Library equipment and permanent features . •An experiment worth mentioning that led to a change in the Philippine Educational Philosophy was that of school and community collaboration pioneered by Jose V. 30. 1966 sets the order of priority in the purchase of books for use in the schools were as follows: Books which are contributions to Phil.
Martial Law period • The Department of Education became the Department of Education and Culture in 1972. • Science and math subjects as well as English language and literature classes were taught in English while the rest were taught in Filipino. Culture. the Ministry of Education. • A bilingual education scheme was established in 1974. and Sports. requiring Filipino and English to be used in schools. the Ministry of Education and Culture in 1978. . and with the Education Act of 1982.
From 1986 to the present • The bilingual policy in education was reiterated in the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines. creating theCommission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). The institute governing basic education was thus renamed in 2001 as the Department of Education (DepEd). • (EDCOM). Congress passed Republic Act 7722 and Republic Act 7796 in 1994. .
• The quality of public school education is generally considered to have declined since the post-war years. special schools. non-sectarian schools. including all-boys’ and all-girls’ schools. Due to economic difficulties. religious schools. • Private schools are able to offer better facilities and education. Chinese schools. . The Department of Education aims to address the major problems affecting public education by 2010. but are also much more expensive. There is a wide variety of private schools. there has been a recent increase in the popularity of home schooling and open universities in the Philippines. and international schools. mainly due to insufficient funds.
Reference •http://en.org/index.wikipedia. RONNIE ESPERGAL PASIGUI .ph p?title=Education_in_the_Philippines •http://en.org/wiki/Educati on_in_the_Philippines •THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT (PHILIPPINE CONTEXT) by PROF.wikipilipinas.
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