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CERTIFICATE This is to certify that
"PROPELLER LED DISPLAY"
Submitted by NAWALE TEJASHREE L. (ROLL NO. 46) SHINDE SUPRIYA S. (ROLL NO. 52) TIWARI NEHA D. (ROLL NO. 47) Of T.E. (Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering) is a bonafide work carried out by her under the supervision of Prof. M. S. Kasar and it is approved as the partial fulfillment of Mini Project & Seminar as per the syllabus of the University of Pune.
Prof. M. S. Kasar Guide Department of E&TC Place: Pune
Prof. S. T. Khot Head, Department of E&TC
A PROJECT REPORT ON
"PROPELLER LED DISPLAY"
PRESENTED BY NAWALE TEJASHREE L. SHINDE SUPRIYA S. TIWARI NEHA
GUIDED BY Prof. M. S. Kasar DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
BHARATI VIDYAPEETH’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN PUNE 411043 APRIL 2011
First, we would like to express our best regards to our project guide Prof. M.S.Kasar, whose valuable guidance, encouragement, and provision of necessary facilities made this work possible. We are also thankful to our respected Head of the Department Mrs. S.T.Khot whose help and shared knowledge was the main support to complete our project. Many thanks are owed to our classmates for their useful discussion and timely suggestions. Their technical support and encouragement helped us to finalize our project. Our special thanks to Mr. S.H. Deshmukh who helped us a lot through the problems we came across. We are absolutely grateful to all non-teaching staff for their assistance which is key factor behind our success. We would also like to express our gratitude towards the college for providing us with the best facilities and proper environment to work on our project. Finally we offer our great thanks and regards to our family for their support which helped us through the difficulty and hardships of life to earn this achievement.
Project Team Ms. Nawale Tejashree L. Ms. Shinde Supriya S. Ms. Tiwari Neha D.
CHAPTER 1 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. 4. 4.1 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3
TITLE INTRODUCTION SPECIFICATIONS CIRCUIT SPECIFICATION ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION LITERATURE SURVEY BLOCK DIAGRAM BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION MODULE WISE DESIGN INTERRUPT MODULE SPEED OF LEDS MICROCONTROLLER REACTANCE TIME
PAGE NO. 1 2 2 2 2 3 5 6 7 9 10 11
5.4 6. 7. 7.1 8. 9. 10. 11. 11.1 11.2 11.3 12. 13. 14.
POWER SUPPLY MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY CIRCUIT DIAGRAM WORKING ALGORITHM FLOWCHART PROGRAM PCB LAYOUT PCB MAKING STEPS FOR PCB DESIGNING ASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS ON PCB TROUBLESHOOTING MANNUAL BILL OF MATERIALS ADVANTAGES
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 25 26 27 27 27 28 30
18. 17.15. 16. APPLICATIONS RESULT AND CONCLUSION FUTURE SCOPE REFRENCES 30 31 34 35 .
First of its kind. this project use the principle of Space Multiplexing. requirement is just a small 40 pin microcontroller. For building this project. . a position encoder. maintenance and repairing of the display is so easy. So hardware and cost minimization is achieved. This propeller display is mechanically scanned and displays the characters in digital format. Also. which will require a whopping 525 LEDs. made using the 40-pin 8051 series microcontroller. With the help some mechanical assembly. Made from scrap it can be used anywhere and everywhere and the most amazing fact about this display is its crystal clear display. that anyone having a little electronics knowledge can take care of this. and LEDs. LED count. hardware requirement.INTRODUCTION This project is a special kind of circular LED display. All the synchronizing can be implemented through software. This display consists of just 8 bright LEDs which are rotated to show the display. This display can show the messages. and hence overall cost is cut to very affordable price.
5V operating voltage from 0 to 40 MHZ. Output voltage rating: +12V.(A) Output Current=1. 1Kb of data RAM. Interrupt sensor MOC 7811.SPECIFICATIONS SPECIFICATION OF THE SYSTEM: 8-bit microcontroller AT89V51RD2 with flash program memory. Short circuit protection. Four 8-bit I/O ports with three high-current port 1 pins (16Ma each). (A) Forward Current=50mA I(O) Max. Support 12 clock or 6-clock mode selection via software or ISP. SPECIFICATION: MICROCONTROLLER AT89V51RD2: 64KB flash program memory. Input voltage: + 12v. +5V power supply using IC 7805. INTERRUPT SENSOR (MOC 7811): Photo Gap Detector Output Circuit Type=Transistor Mounting hole diameter: 3mm Mounting hole spacing: 19mm Slot width: 3mm Slot depth: 7mm I (F) Max. Current capability: 750mA RPM: 1975/min ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION : Fixed regulated power supply. .9mA DC MOTOR: Tape recorder motor. DC motor with 1975 RPM.
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION: PCB size: 8cm x 5cm Enclosure size: 18cm x 10cm .
com/analog.circuitlake.LITERATURE SURVEY The reference support that the circuit diagram and other related information taken from website: 1. http://www.gadgetgangster.8051projects.htm 2. http://www. http://www.com/news/45-designer-news/290-led-matrix-displayswith-the-prop.com/propeller-128-light-contoller.pdf 3.net/comment-n153.html 5. http://www.html .jogy.html 4. http://www.luberth.ch/files/Circuit_Cellar_Design_Contest_H3210/Propeller_Displa y.
DC motor 5.BLOCK DIAGRAM Basic blocks of PROPELLER LED DISPLAY are: 1. Microcontroller 3. Interrupter Module 2. DC power supply . LED module 4.
precise interrupt sensing. This task is achieved using circular rotation of the whole circuit assembly. DC Power Supply For microcontroller. a regulated DC power supply is required. LED MODULE LED module consisting of 8 bright LED is fixed in another side of the arm of our project. which is a derivative of 8051 family. We have to provide +5V to the microcontroller. and sturdy casing. This improves the performance of the display. So. interfacing it with the microcontroller is just a matter of two resistors and a general purpose transistor. while +12V to the motor. we used a DC motor as the prime mover. This small sized IC is used. consisting of the IR interrupt sensor MOC7811. as well as the DC motor. with a series current limiting resistor of 470 ohm. because of its small size. from Atmel Inc. These LEDs are connected with each of the port pin of microcontroller.Interrupter Module Interrupter module is our sensor module. . DC Motor Repeated scanning of the display is must for continuous vision. from Motorola Inc. One great advantage of using this module is. Microcontroller AT89V51RD2 This project is based around the microcontroller AT89V51RD2. mainly because of its reduced weight. because reduced weight gives advantage of increased RPM. This is a 40 pin IC packaged in DIP package. This sensor was selected from a variety of other alternatives.
MODULEWISE DESIGN INTERRUPT MODULE This device has a compact construction where the emitting-light sources and the detectors are located face-to-face on the same optical axis. The detector consists of a phototransistor. The operating wavelength is 950 nm. FEATURES Compact construction No setting efforts Polycarbonate case protected against ambient light 2 case variations 3 different apertures INTERRUPT SENSOR DIAGRAM CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: .
6V/ 15mA = 227Ω An available value is 220Ω.R1: R1 is dimensioned that on the sender a current of about 15mA flows. Rc sets the output current which this circuit can deliver. R2: By testing different values I discovered an optimal value of 1kΩ.1. . i take a value of 10kΩ. Rc. On the microcontroller the input resistance of a pin is very high. Rb: Rb limits the base current of the transistors. R1=5V – Vled / I led =5V.
1 MΩ=310 kΩ To bring the transistor to saturation for Rb we are selecting value of 310 kΩ. .Now we can calculate the collector current. How fast are the LED's when a picture is displayed with a frame rate of 25Hz? Here is the Calculation. the less flickering of the picture. it is not easy to achieve high frame rates. On a modern TV. This corresponds to the frame rate. SPEED OF LEDS (FRAME RATE) The rotational speed of the LED's affects directly how many pictures can be displayed in a second. I C=5V/Rc =5V/10k Ω =500µ A The gain of the transistor 2N3904 with a collector current of 500μA is about 300.6µA =3. The more frame rate. the frame rate is 100Hz. The propeller has to be very well balanced to keep vibrations as low as possible and keep the speed of the rerating LED's as high as possible. I B= I C/β =500µA/200 =1. Because on the Propeller Display the picture is scanned mechanically. We can calculate the required base current now. For me it isn't possible to mechanics that can rotate the LED's 100 times a second.6µA Basis resistor Rb: Rb=5V/I B =5V/1.
3769m⋅3600=33921m/h =33. . The bigger the radius of the display.3769m v= f ⋅u⋅3600=25⋅0.Acceptance: f = 25Hz (Frame rate) r = 20cm (Radius from centre of rotation to the LED's) u=2⋅ r⋅ =2⋅0. the bigger is the speed and more vibrations accure.256m⋅3600=113. Acceptance: f = 25Hz (Frame rate) r = 6 cm (Radius from centre of rotation to the LED's) u=2⋅r ⋅π=2⋅0. MICROCONTROLLER: Required reaction time of the microcontroller Depending of the rotational speed of the LED's and the resolution of the display the Microcontroller has to be quick enough to switch the LED's on and off in an acceptable time.141=0.04 Km/h.921km/h We see that already a slow frame rate of 25Hz generates very high speeds on the LED's. Here is a calculation of the minimum.040 m/h =113.141=1. the microcontroller has to react.06m⋅3.256m v= f ⋅u⋅3600=25⋅1.2m⋅3.
Acceptance: f = 25Hz (25 frames in a second) r = 6cm => u = 0.3769/0.. When this bit pattern can be displayed.3 ≈ 76 The most speed of the microcontroller is needed when a LED is toggled every time. .005m =75. PixelCountHorizontal = u/lLED =0. We calculate the number of displayable pixels on the horizontal axis. every Other bit pattern/picture can be displayed without problems.3769m ILED = 5mm (Vertical distance between the LED's) In order that a nice clean picture is originated. This Corresponds to a bit pattern of 101010101.. the horizontal and vertical distance from pixel to pixel or LED to LED should be the same.
POWER SUPPLY: 5V Regulator For the 5V supply i took a LM7805 fixed 5V regulator. Maximal output current is 1A. Min Input for 7805 is = Drop across IC 7805 + Required Output voltage = 3 V+ 5V =8 So at Input of 7805 we required 8 V with margin. . Beside the regulator itself some Capacitors at the input and output are required. So we are using +9V battery to supply power to the circuitry. The values of the capacitors are taken from the datasheet.
so that current can be supplied.MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY Mechanical assembly plays a vital role in proper functioning of this project. Most critical objective was to achieve pristine balance and overall good mechanical strength. We tried the same by adopting two-three different methods. that we finally selected. Other terminal (Vcc) is connected. For weight adjustment. This will improve the overall efficiency of this display. If the assembly is balanced perfect. one supply connection (GND) is provided through the motor’s shaft. by rotating the whole assembly in a circular path. As seen in the diagram. Here. by arranging a friction disc-brush arrangement. The brush keeps its contact with the disc. we have provided one long screw. by implementing and modifying different ways to do this. but finally concluded on the method. . and rotate at high RPMs too. The display is scanned each time. one major challenge was how to bring +5V supply to the spinning circuit. and weight can be attached or removed by adding / removing metallic bolts. then it can achieve stability. The basic idea we developed is on our own. Following diagram shows the most reliable way. as shown in the figure.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM .
We use a foldable metal strip to provide an external interrupt to microcontroller. LED module 3. When light emitted by the IR LED is blocked because of some completely opaque object. logic level of the photo diode changes. The output of sensor is +5V when there is no interrupt. And output of interrupt module is taken from collector of 2N3904 transistor and connected to pin INT0 of microcontroller. LED is connected from port 1. The transistor 2N3904 is NPN complimentary type transistor to invert output of MOC7811 sensor. and it requires +5V power supply. As we provide power supply to DC motor. Interrupt module 2.0 to port1. An interrupt module consists of IR LED and Photodiode mounted facing each other enclosed in plastic body. Microcontroller is heart of our circuitry. According to an external interrupt the microcontroller decides to ON and OFF of the LED's. it starts to rotate and when the strip passes through the sensor then it gives the 0V at output. Microcontroller In our circuit diagram interrupt module is used for synchronization purpose. . We use IC MOC 7811 as a position encoder as its sensing power is high as compare to other IC's.CIRCUIT DISCRIPTION: The circuit diagram is mainly consisting of three parts and these are as follows: 1.7. Port 1 is used as output port. The output of interrupt module circuit is given to INT0 pin of port 3.
12. and load the result in th0. 13. ( TMOD = 12H) 5. Subtract the answer from 256. Configure port 3 as input port. and timer 0 as 8-bit auto reload mode timer. Offer higher priority to the INT0 (External) interrupt. Measure period of one revolution with T0 8. Load proper value in IE register. so that the interrupts INT0 and T0 are enabled. Start the timers. . 14. Move th1 and tl1 into convenient registers. Divide this 16 bit value by our total number of segments 11. After each timer overflow interrupt.SOFTWARE DESIGN ALGORITHM 1. Configure timer 1 as 16-bit timer. (P3 = 0FFH) 7. 2. INT0 should be configured as edge interrupt. 10. (IE = 83H) 3. (IT0 = 1) 6. Stop the timers 9. Go to step 7. Start. display next value from look up table. Return from interrupt. (IP = 01H) 4.
FLOW CHART .
10111100b.11010110b.11100110b.01111010b.00101100b.01110100b.01110 110b.01110010b.01111100b.01111100b.11100000b DB 10011110b.00001100b.11110010b.00111100b.01101100b. T0 interrupt Org 000h Ajmp main Org 000BH Acall interr Mov p3.01011100b.1011110b. $include (reg51. 10000010b .01101100b.01111100b.10110 110b.11110110b.01111100b.01101100b.01101100b.01110010b. 01101100b.000000 00b.11111110b.01101110b.00001100b.10011100b DB 01111010b.10000010b.00000000b.01101100b.00011110b.11100000b.01101100b.01110010b DB 10000010b.11111100b.CODE .01101100b.01101100b.00001100b. EXT0 interrupt Org 0003H Acall interr1 RETI Org 230h Lookup: DB 10000010b.inc) . 01101100b.11111110b. #0ffH RETI . 01101100b.
00000000b.00000110b.11111110b.00000000b.10000000b.00000 000b.01111110b.01111100b.00000000b.01101 100b.00111100b.01111100b.11101110b.11101110b.11011110b.11111111b.01100000b.11111110b DB 11111010b.01111100b DB 01111100b.11111111b.01100110b.10000010b.01101110b.01101110b.11110010b.00000000b.01111100b.11111100b.11111111b.01111100b.01101100b.00000000b.00111000b.01111110b.01101110b.01111000b.00111000b DB 00111110b.00000000b. .11101 110b.11010110b.01111110b.00000010b.01111110b.01111100b.01101110b.10000010b.01101010b.01101 100b.11111111b.00000000b.01101110b.00000000b.01111100b.01111110b.11110 010b.01111100b.11001110b.01101110b.01111110b.01111100b.01111000b.00000000b.11111100b.01111100b.00000000b.11111010b.01111100b.11111100b.11101110b.01111100b.10011100b DB 10011000b.11111100b.01111100b.01111100b.00000000b.00000000b DB 00000110b.11111111b.00000000b.00000000b.11010 110b.00000000b.11011110b.01011100b.01101100b.00111110b.11101110b.01111110b.11111100b.11111100b.01101100b.01111100b.01101100b.11111100b.11100000b.01110100b.Org 285h DB 10000000b.11110010b.01101100b.10000010b.11111100b.00000010b.01111110b.10001100b.01110 100b.00000000b DB 00000000b.11111100b.10110010b.01111100b.01101110b.01101110b.11101 110b.10111010b.01101100b.11010110b.00000010b.01101 100b.11111010b.10011110b.10011110b.00000000b.11111100b DB 00000000b.10000000b.01101100b.01111110b DB 00000000b.11111110b.01111100b.01101110b.
#0ffh. #00h Setb tr0 Setb tr1 Here: ajmp here Interr: T0 interrupt Cjne r6. sk Mov r6. #00h Mov tl1. #83H Mov ip. #0FFh Acall ramc Mov th1. Main Function Org 0100h Main: Mov ie. #00h Acall disp Sjmp sk1 sk: Mov r6.. #00h Setb it0 Mov p3. 01H Mov tmod. #0ffh sk1: Clr tf0 RET . #12H Mov th0. #00h Mov tl0.
th1 Mov r1. #23h Mov r5. #40h loop1: Mov a. #160 Acall div16_16 Mov a. #600h Mov r7. r7 . 0ffh Mov th0. EXT0 interrupt interr1: Clr tr1 Clr tr0 Mov a. #00h Mov r6. tl1 Mov r0. a Mov r3. #00h Mov tl1. a Mov a. r2 Subb a. #00h Setb tr1 Setb tr0 Mov r0. #00h Mov r2.. #30 Mov r0. a Mov th1. a Mov tl0. #00h RET ramc: Mov dptr.
@r0 .@A+DPTR Mov p1. #05 .a Inc r5 neglect: RET Org 600h Msg: DB 'PROPELLER [DISPLAY [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[['. Clear carry initially . #11111111b Sjmp cont Space: Mov p1. loop1 RET disp: Cjne r5.0 div16_16: CLR C . r5 . #11111110b Cont: Inc r0 Mov r5. #230h Add a. #30h Mov b.Subb a.@r0 Cjne a. #00h Ajmp neglect continue: Mov a. continue Mov a. #5. ASCII to address conversion Mul AB Mov dptr. a Dec r0 Djnz r7. Memory offset Movc A. moves ASCII from RAM to R0 Clr c Subb A.@a+dptr Mov @r0. space Mov p1. #'['. #01h Movc a.
Rotate high-byte of divisor right and into carry . Dividend . A . #00h MOV R5. R0 MOV A. A JNC div1 div2: MOV A.MOV R4. R1 MOV 06h. Shift low-byte left. Clear B since B will count the number of left-shifted . Move low-byte of divisor into accumulator . rotating in carry from low-byte . Move the current divisor low byte into the accumulator . only 0 or 1) . Move high-byte of divisor into accumulator . Rotate low-byte of divisor right. we don't need it anymore . A MOV A. Save updated high-byte back in high-byte of divisor . R3 RRC A MOV R3. R0 SUBB A. Make a safe copy of the dividend high-byte . Clear carry. Make a safe copy of the dividend low-byte . #00h MOV B. Increment counter for each left shift . Shift high-byte left high.Save the updated divisor low-byte . with carry from high-byte . A CLR C MOV 07h. R3 MOV R1. Move the current divisor high byte into the accumulator . Move high-byte of dividend into accumulator . Save updated value of high-byte of divisor . Save updated value of low-byte of divisor . R1 SUBB A. Move low-byte of dividend into accumulator .shifted divisor = result bit (no factor. A MOV A. R2 MOV R0. R2 RLC A high-byte . Save the updated divisor high-byte . Save updated dividend . Clear R4 working variable initially . Subtract high-byte of divisor (all together 16-bit subtraction) . rotate through carry to apply highest bit to MOV R2. Clear R5 working variable initially . A MOV A. Repeat until carry flag is set from high-byte Shift right the divisor . R2 RRC A MOV R2. R3 RLC A MOV R3. #00h bits div1: INC B MOV A.
07h MOV R0. saves copy of divisor to undo subtraction . A MOV A. Move result to R3/R2 END . 05h MOV R2. result is 1 . R4 RLC A MOV R4. Invert carry. Move result to R3/R2 .JNC div3 MOV R1. now count backwards and repeat until "B" is zero . A DJNZ B. R5 RLC A MOV R5. so it can be directly copied into result . 04h RET . 06h div3: CPL C MOV A. div2 MOV R3. if carry flag is NOT set. Shift carry flag into temporary result . otherwise result is 0.
PCB LAYOUT .
STEPS FOR PCB DESIGNING The following checklist uses the major area of concern in the process of PCB design: a) Optimum size and shape of board should be ensured. Using the paints i. Take solution of FeCI3 in port and dip PCB in solution for some hours. resister. After some time remove PCB from solution we see that the copper is removed from copper clad board except that copper. on a paper. is a piece of plastic insulating board. on one side of which a complete layout diagram of an electronic circuit consisting of copper as conductive layer is printed by a special photo generation process.PCB LAYOUT/ART WORK DESIGN PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD Much modern electronic system would be virtually impossible to package without incorporating printed circuit board. The metal conducting part serves as conducting medium for the electronic components that are assembled on the opposite side of board.e. A printed circuit board popularly known as PCB. PCB MAKING Take proper scale of components and according to such scale make component lay out of project circuit. On the other side of PCB are mounted electronic components like capacitor. inductor and IC's. the mirror images drawn by mirror do the painting. Then draw mirror image of PCB layout. Drill for the connection on proper track. . This layout is simple as well as small in size. ARTWORK (PAINTING AND DRILLING) Take copper clad board of required size and transfer mirror image layout on board. After some time check whether the paintings is in proper alignment with rack and if in case there is any fault then correct it. which is painted.
Use of holder is certainly more advantageous for the soldering the ICs on the PCB. thickness and spacing should be done after analyzing their placement. e) Proper productive coating should be selected. c) Layout of conductor pattern should be taken care from cross talk. This way we need not decoder the ICs to replace in case of failure. leakage. f) Thermal consideration should be analyzed properly. numbers of jumpers required and their placement. The risk of damaging the track is most while soldering them off. the probability of the failure of the board increases. SIZE AND SHAPE The size and shape of PCB is compromise among the many parameters.b) The substrate should be selected properly by taking into consideration its cost. When the board size is big and many components have to be mounted on it. like the wave soldering station. Troubleshooting large board increases. shielding. mechanical properties and electrical properties. cleaning lank. g) Proper mounting of heavy and unstable component should be ensured. component assembling unit etc. This demands him to have complete concentration. h) Easy maintainability should be built in. In a PCB the tracks are quite closely spaced and probability of damaging them is more with inexperienced persons. . ASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS ON THE PCB Care has to be taken while soldering the component on the PCB. Smaller PCB's uses more connector. which can be problematic due to bad contacts. d) Selection of conductor width. The maximum size of board is determined by the available facility. more back panel wiring.
Replace appropriate component. If not. If it reaches above 750mA. check the continuity through each wire. Output voltage of LM7805 is not 5V Test the continuity throughout the wires. Replace it. if needed. as shown in the circuit diagram. Check the relimate connector that connects the LED module to the microcontroller. try to grease the bearing and shaft. adjust it. then the motor is short.TROUBLESHOOTING MANUAL 1. DC motor is not rotating Check the current flowing through the motor. 2. Otherwise. The display rotates. 4. Some or all LEDs not glowing. Check the red strip (Interrupt) is in proper position or not. 3. If the connections are ok. but not displaying garbage values. In case of jamming. then replace the particular LED. .
00 40.00 1.00 7.00 55.00 1. 9.00 1.00 45.00 70.00 6.00 2400 RPM 1 1 2 45.00 1. 2.00 10µF.00 1.NO COMPONENT NAME REFRENCE NUMBER QUANTITY RATE PER AMOUNT UNIT 1.00 3 3 7.00 1. . 6.00 3.00 35.00 18. 7.00 150.00 10. 11.0952MHZ 40 PIN 15METER 8 PIN 2 PIN 10KΩ 1KΩ 220Ω 310KΩ 12.00 4.BILL OF MATERIALS : SR. MICROCONTROLLER AT89V52RD2 REGULATOR IC LED DC MOTOR TAPE RECORDER FLYWHEEL COPPERCLADE PCB CAPACITOR LM7805 RED 1 1 8 55.00 3.50 1.00 40.00 1. 4.00 7.00 1.16V 33pF 2 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 8. 3.50 7. 10.00 8. 5. CRYSTAL OSSCILLATOR IC BASE SOLDERING WIRE RELIMATE CONNECTOR RESISTERS 4.
17.00 45. SENSOR IC TRANSISTOR BATTERY ADAPTER ADAPTER SOCKET MOC 7811 2N3904 +9V +12V 3 PIN 1 1 1 1 1 20.00 38.00 45.00 TOTAL: 20.00 8. 15.00 38.00 15. 16.00 546/- .13.00 8.00 15. 14.
Large public Displays 2. Railway stations 5. Maintenance and repairing is so easy.ADVANTAGES: • • • • • It uses only 8 LED’s for display so hardware requirement is less. In multiplex . For advertisement 4. Because of its small size it take small space. Information Systems 3. APPLICATION: These displays are used at following places: 1. All the synchronizing can be implemented through software. Bus stands 6. Cost is very low.
Interrupter module testing 2.3 (Anode) of MOC7811=5. No. DC Motor RPM testing 3.No.No. Supply voltage given to Pin.1 of MOC7811 with interrupt=0.08V . 1(Collector) and Pin.5V Output voltage obtained at Pin. Power supply module testing INTERRUPTER MODULE TESTING This Interrupter module testing is required for detecting exact position of wheel on which whole circuit assembly is mounted.1 of MOC 7811 without interrupt=5.21v Output voltage obtained at Pin.No.RESULT AND CONCLUSION: This project includes testing of three modules as stated below 1.
89 RPS = 33 RPM= 33x60 RPM = 1975 /min POWER SUPPLY MODULE TESTING Power supply module was designed to provide 5V DC power supply necessary to drive both motor and circuit. Time interval between two successive pulses as seen on CRO = 30. Results are as follows.4ms RPS = 1 / (30.DC MOTOR RPM TESTING DC Motor used in this project is 12 V dc motor which is tested by using digital contactless tachometer. Input voltage. Vs=9V AC Output voltage observed. Arrangement was made so that the sensing circuit gives high to low pulse for each completion of revolution.92V DC . AC input is given from 9V 750mA transformer. as shown below: Power supply given to DC Motor = 12V. Vo = 4.4ms) =32. By measuring the time difference between two successive pulses RPS can be calculated which further provide RPM value.
FUTURE SCOPE: • • • • Propeller Clock. Commercial product Children toy spinner. Message Flasher. Bike wheel LED display. .
com/analog.Shivashankar. BASIC ELECTRONICS -----By B.REFRENCES: The reference support that the circuit diagram and other related information taken from website: 1.pdf 3.jogy. Second Edition.html 4.htm 2. MICROCONTROLLER THEORY AND APPLICATION ----. 2.net/comment-n153. Vikas Publication. . http://www. http://www. http://www. http://www.A. second edition.html 5.com/news/45-designer-news/290-led-matrix-displayswiththe-prop.com/propeller-128-light-contoller.8051projects. Basavaraj & H.html Various books have been referred for the designing of the circuit and to understand the circuit in depth: The books referred are: 1.gadgetgangster. Pearson Prentice Hall.luberth.S.ch/files/Circuit_Cellar_Design_Contest_H3210/Propeller_Display. http://www.MAZZIDI.circuitlake.By M.
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