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Assessment
or equivalent and Assessors must have a tertiarg qualification qualification in ianguage a TES0L qualification. A post-graduate

Registration Procedures
All

website^ test applications are taken online through the 0[T

and pagment is Candidate photos are uploaded ta the website

training in 0ET testing is desirable. Assessors r"rndergo specific
assessment methodologu. in Melbourne and All assessment is conducted at the 0ET Centre assessors to achieve preceded bg training and standardisation for optimum consistencg of standards'

must also taken online bg credit card. When applging, candidates they will provide give the exact details of the identitg document passpoffs as when sitting the test. The 0ET Centre onlg accepts candidates with a proo{ of identitg but makes an exception for test in the national identitg card, provided theu are sittingthe rigorous lD check upon countru that issued it. Candidates undergo a sub-test' The lD initial registration on the test dag and before each
check procedures have DIAC approval'
and via the website' Communication with candidates is bg email Specific details for Candldates can access sample materials'

Assessrnent of the Readingsub'test

-

Part A

test-takers to skim Part A is a Summarg reaclingtask' This requires a texts totai of about 650 words] related to and scan 3-4 $hort ia paragraph bg filling in the single topic ancl to complete a summarg

missingwords.
raters in Part A is marked bg a small group of experienced

sub-tests particularvenues and timetables forthe individual test' Candidate are provided two weeks prior to the dag of the
number' is sent information, including photo and identitg document test dau' to the venues for identitg verification 0n the

word] responses Melbourne. Test-takers write short-answer {1'3

whicharemarkedaccordingt0adetailedmarkingkegpreparedbg
the test designers.

Assessment of the Reading sub'test

-

Part B

Special provision
for' Specifications Candidates with special needs are provided instructions t0 Venue Cofor test centres are given in detailed requirements ordinators. All test centres must complg with local for meetingthe needs of people with disabilities'
The 0ET Centre makes all reasonable arrangements

test' lt is Part B is a computer marked multiple-choice IMtO] South Wales and then initiallg analgsed bg tlre Universitg of New of individual further bg tlre Universitg of Melbourne for performance
items^
a detailed marking guide The Listening sub-test is assessed against

to

are dealt with prepared bU the test designers' Problematic scripts ail critical borderline as a group bg an experienced assessor and

including accommodate specialvisual or auditorg needs' auditorg equipment' enlargement of print texts and special

scripts are double"marked.
twice' with Writing scripts and Speaking interviews are rated time' Assessors use aberrant and unusual cases marked a third Analgsis of rater a set of criteria to rate candidates' performance' multi-faceted consistencg and severitg is conducted using
RASCH

analgsis.

04

lvww.occupationalenglislrtest'org

le sbilitu to understand writt*n seFsratf $ub-te$t f*r *ach skil! *rca.nccupa!ionalenglishtest'0rg .}e ai}!litu to use tnglish appr$priatelu in Spe*king anci f{riting sub-t€sts fire specific t* each profession **d . sirnulated pro{cssianalp.lg scanning abiiity untler a time limit 1n an<i t0 ilssess skir*nring and Part F test-takers ar* required to rearl trry* ill$sOgeS {6ilil-80il wr:rds each} on ge neral medical topics antJ answer 8-11) rnlltiple chcice q*estiotrs fmr each text la tctai *f t6'2C questir:nsJ " witlrin a 'time limit of 45 mirrutes' Part B is designed t0 test the readcr's abilitg to read in greater detail g*ner*l and specilic inf*rtnatl+n for comprehensi*n. This refiuires test^X*ksrs to skir* and sc*n 3''1 sh0rt text_c Ia total cf abaut fi5*'. r.1 Reading Sub-test The Reading sut]-te$t con$ists of{wo parte: Part A ls a summatU [eading task.35 Saps in tc{al.vo parts: n recorcled.fhe are e{esign*cl t0 s$ses$ tl.ndidates time to write their answers nstes The farn"rat fnr Part A {the consultatior-ll r*qrrlres canrlida{es to prcrluce case under rsievant headings and tc writ* as much releva*t inf*tmation as ptssible . single n'oieSsr0n bilt are baEed an t0p'f$ a1d tasKE c0n]iT!Lln to al1 pr'ofesSions' . each ab*ut 15 minr. A set of questicns is aiiached t$ each is section and cancllciates wrlte th*il ansv/el's while listening' The ariginal recard!ng edi'ted with pail$e$ to allclw c. t0 sgnth*sise i*fnrmatrcn in a rneaningful w. Listening Sub-test The Listeiring slth-test ctnsists 0lt\.:e liriit c}f 15 a sllminarU parograph bg m.tlent consultati*n witlr nate-tirkirrg rluestion: {Purt AJ. writirlg arld speaking' There is fi are designed t0 asscss t1. The fteacling arrd Listening silb-te$ts The sub-tests far Re*ding l*d t-istening *re n*t specific to otlu and sp$lren Inglish in c*lrtexrs related t* general hefilth and merliein*.} relevant pro{*ssiuiral contsxt.ltes o{ recorcled speech. and a t.votds j relateri to a ctngle tcpic and to cornpiete tilling in the missing wordE.nr!tes.rithin * s{rictlg m*nitorec! till. reacling.*coreied talk or Irc{ure on a heaitlr-re late rt topic with shcrt'*nswerrnote"teking qilestiolrs IPart B].Description of the Test format The OET 0[T a$ses$e$ llst*i-ling. xY. gfi the nuritlet-*f p*ittts il40$t que$tigns in P*rt ts {ttre lectur*] !nclude inrlicationE a cancllclate is i exptcted tr: !nclucle. Part A is designecl t0 te$t the re*der's abilitU tr: scurce ilr{*rmation lr*m multiple texts. Test-take rs are reqr:ired tc rririte r*spnnses for ?5. ':11. C$ rvww..

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TheWritingandSpeakingsub.nr.- of These for each of the sub-tests' Results." tu. A band score is reported are derived t0 E Ilowestl' Theg band scores range from I InighestJ skills [Writing and for the sub-tests for the productive . the item-level items and item qualitg' Again' ang for overall internal consistencg fit of above 1"3 or with found to be performing unacceptablg Ii'e'' from the 0f iess than '25J are removed levels with discrimination subsequent analgsis' Band cut-scores li"e'. marking session at for the and applg ttrese guidelines' As trained in how to interpret data are analgsed using 0UEST Reading sub-test.leveldataareanalgsedusingaRASCHanaigsis Speaking and Writing are marked bU trained' The Soeaking and Writing sub-tests based in Melbourne' Each candidate's . response" rfiith level 6 representing a veru str0ng The criteria for each sub-test are: Speaking .irir t'dhi. Candidate answer Part B are computer assessors and score sheets for OO.. the boundaries Listening sub-tests at everg are re'set for the Reading and reof whether theq are new tests' between the band scoresl Writing ' of Language' Overall Task Fulfiiment.testsareSetonthebasisofthepercentagedistributionof candidatesintobandlevelsusingtlreaverage0ftheWritingand 5Peaking sub-tests' 1-6] Conversisn to band scores Irange 5'E and above Band * Band B: 4'8 5 5 Band C: 4'? 4'7 Band D: 3 '4 4'L 3 3 and below Band A: E: - these criterion-referenced This assumes that normallg into grades in difiicultg and that distribution sholrld be equivalent whsle therefore be similar for the across the sub-tests should grade individuals will get the same cohort.*'n*O l."4. Appropriateness Features IGrammar Comprehension of Stimrrlus' Linguistic Punctuation & Cohesionl. Ang items of less than 'Z5l are levels fit of above 1'3 orwith discrimination analgsis' removed from tlre subsequent bg a smail group of experienced The Listening sub-test is marked questions consists of slrort-answer raters in Melbourne' The test ofeachotherandrlrithoutknowiedgeofacandidate'sperformance ontheothersub.d assessors assessors' who mark independentlg performance is marked bg two internal consistencg and item programme. Appropriateness Grammar and ExPression prepared detailed marking guidelines and is marked accordingto of marking' ln orderto ensure consistencg Ug tf. t0 administration' of items mag varg from administration no more than one item is usuallg has found that experience removed' level on the Reading and Listening Cut-scores for each band cf measurement although sub.t*4ia '. I sub'tests . to th. Presentation Features Ispelling.il.ri.ir . 0UESI ior overall (i'e'' with found to be performing unacceptablg Orr'ng.w.l.rp.. lntelligibilitu' 0verall Communicative Effectiveness' of Language' Resources of Fluencg. band sccres raw scores ratherthan from averaged score generated bg FACETS' to bands as iollows: These fair scores are then converted reliabilitg This is because fon everg administration' which are from the'analusls those items is maximisecl ng remavrng forthat cohort' This means found to be performingunacceptablg individual text/part' the number for the same test*version or that.testsareeach levels' 1"6' each criterion has six grade graded against five criteria. with FACETS so{tware (Linacre IMcNamara 19g6*'J in the analgsis' candidate and rater are facets in the to have unexpectecl responses All candidates who are found differences To compensate for ang data analgsis are third marked' falr are derived from the single in assessor severitg. administration regardless which have not previouslU constituted tests usingt\^ro texts/parts or previouslg-used tests been used in combinatian' & Lagout) multi-faceted RASCiI analgsis The data are analgsed using 1989*21.. Ftq a:::4 i*.ti:Il!tj.ti differentlg and Readingi' Speakingl and receptive skills IListening scanned'Theitem./" )?ta Scoring the test the Statement on an official report form' 0ET grades are reported r r{ Reading and Listening of a short answer reponse lsummarg The Reading sub-test consists questions IMCQJ test IPart AJ and a multiple-choice for Part A are marked sheets test (Part Bl. lt cloes not assume that each of candidates fallinginto in on each sub-test [The propcrtion Writing sub" for the Speaking and grade is generallg verq similar tests.tests.t designers' assessors are eacl't administration piio.<4 W{#-"7 t:::.

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. Before uou attempt A of the practice test.. for example. .. Responses that are not spelt are accePted. consider some irnportant tips berow.rinAtionalenplishtest. Do . e"g. 100. color or colour' Make sure passage' Sometime same nurnbered box as the'gap'in the summarg u. You mag write gour answers in either pen or pencil for Part A' 1n unruwnc.000. or rrp to 3 words for each answer' summarg cclumn' page with the same numbered gaps as theg appear in the the Ansuiers column mag not line up across the angthing further' Don't the correctlg corresponding numberecl item before writing lf uou miss an answer make sure vou move on to in the box for item 14 in the Answe rs column' write. American and British English use correct spelling.. n .g. Have the Text booklet open in front of BookletslightlUtcthesidesothatUoucanwriteuoLlrrespOnSesaSU0Ureadthetexts. These words are known can write either the f ull form Ie.org . u ndersta nd wh ich text to use to complete d ifferent pa rts of the word IsJ in the summarU passage to help gou predict Use words surrounding the gap for the missing need to write' missing and to antlcipate the tgpe of missing word Is] gou Read the what kind of information is gou so that all texts are visible at the same time' Have the Answer instructions carefullg. Is] directtg from tlre texts. 3. part A is a part n'w task tupe.u write gour response in the s the numbered boxes in if gou can't fincl a worcl use words with similar meaning to. gour answer fsr tlre gap for item 15 spelling variations correctlu w!ll lrot receive ang marks. .g. one hundred or one lf uou are required to write down num bers or f igu res uou number form Ie. ... three. or 1.rrords in {he texts as sun0ngms. Write at least 1word.Test takers'guide to Part A of the Read i ng sub-test Part A Remember.000]' m illion ] or the to help you use the headings of the fou r texts in the text booklet summaru passage.

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If gou get to the end sheet before the 45 minutes is over' Record gour answers accuratelg on the Answer Takethesampletestundertestconditionsbeforehandsogouknowurhatitfeelslike B' approximatelg 2Z-23 minutes on each text in Part setgourtimerfor45minutesandaimtospend Bring and use a soft cannot use IzB] pencit. zoto] and answer uut test-takers now read two shortertexts The two After each of the texts uou to texts found in academic or professionaliournals' texts are 0n hearth-related topics and are simirar answers 0r waus of finishing Imultiple-choice about the rext. part B is simirarto the previous fewer questions. answer and gou will not receive ang as the scanner will not be able to reccgnise uour Fill in more than one box on the Answer sheet B. You You must indicate gour chosen response [A' there is a separate answer sheet to complete' The texts appear in the Text Booklet and pencil' answer sheet' You must do this with a soft [28] question bg shadingthe appropriate oval on the g' c or n] to each BeforegouattemptPartBofthePracticetest'considersomeimportanttipsbelow' Do question.Test takers' guide to Part B of the Readi ng sub-test Part B readingtask Ipre-March Remember. . ln part 8-10 multiple choice words eachl on general medicaltopics and answer test_takers are required to read two passages [600-g00 within a time iimit of 45 minutes" questions for each text Ia total of 16-20 questionsJ B. 1? rnrwwnccunationalenglishtest'org . Get stuck on one question - are not when gou have answered all other questions' Marks keep going and come back to it at the end deducted for incorrect answers^ sheet for Part €rsssout mistakes when gou are filling out the Answer for Part A. make an educated estimatlon' of part B and are still not sure about a particular Answer everg question. Unlike marks for that question. . Remember gou a pen to bring one or ts fill in the Answer sheet for Part B' lt is a good idea sharpener' two extra ZB pencils as spares or a small pencil Don't . each with four suggested will find g-10 questions or unfinished statements gou think fits best' must chsose the one response which questionsJ. in Part B gotr need t0 erase wrong answers abOut how to fill in gour answers' There are clear instructions on the Answer sheet completelg then f ill in the correct answer fullg.

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4Vo) and lowest for baseball OO. wrestling. Only boys' (59. Authors: Field and O'Brien (2007) OBJECTM: To characterize the risk of injury associated with 10 popular high school sports by comparing the relative frequency of injury and selected injury rates amon-q sports.org . Preventing reinjury through daily injury management is a critical component of an injury prevention program. Of the injuries requiring surgery. Marks are NOT deducted for incorrect answers. sprains and strains accounted for more than 50Vo of the injuries. Although sports injuries cannot be entirely eliminated.. You should scan the texts to find the information you need. MEASUREMENTS: Injuries and opportunities for injury (exposures) were recorded daily. The proportion of knee injuries was highest for girls' soccer (79. . and boys' or girls' soccer. consistent and professional evaluation ofyearly injury patterns can provide focus for the development and evaluation of injury prevention strategies.7. You do not need to read each text from beginning to end to complete the task. baseball. Langran and Selvaraj [6] conducted a study in Scotland to identify risk factors for snow sports injuries. and girls' volleyball had the lowest rate at 1. Please use corect spelling in your responses. Therefore. Pettersen [1 4] conducted a study to determine the attitudes of Canadian rugby players and coaches regarding the use of protective headgear. Do not write abbreviations.. as well as the participation conditions of each sport. SUBJECTS: Players listed on the school's team rosters for football. tooth and jaw fractures and dislocations. Among the studied sports. r o Complete the summary on pages 2 and 3 of Part A .1. Gaps may require 1.Part A lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES o . You should write your answers next to the appropriate number in the right-hand column. while volleyball was the only sport to demonstrate a higher injury rate per 1000 athlete-exposures for practices than for games.Answer Booklet using the information in the four texts (A1-4) below. Text A1 Junior Sports lnjuries Title: Patterns of injury in US high school sports: A review.07o) soccer showed a larger proportion of reported injuries for games than practices. injury prevention programs should be in place fbr both practices and games. Ranalli and Rye [1 3] provide an awareness 0f the oral health care needs 0f the female athlete They report that a properly fitted.occupationalenglishtest. they have been shown to be the most effective and most comfortable for athletes to wear. More than l3Vo of the injuries restrieted players for fewer than 8 days. softball. Text 42 Literature review extract: Prevention 0f sports injuries. boys' or girls' basketball. RESULTS: Football had the highest injury rate per 1000 athlete-exposures at 8. The definition ofreportable injury used in the study required that certified athletic trainers evaluate the injured players and subsequently restrict them from participation. Although he found that few actually wear headgear the equipment is known to prevent lacerations and abrasions to the scalp and may minimize the risk of concussion 15 www. custom-fabricated or mouth-formed mouthguard is essential in preventing intraoral soft tissue lacerations. field hockey. and indirect concussions in sports Although custom-fabricated mouthguards are expensive. girls'volleyball. 2 or 3 words. Answer ALL questions. . 60. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cohort observational study of high school athletes using a surveillance protocol whereby certified athletic trainers recorded data during the 2005-2007 academic years.5%).37c were to the knee. They found that persons under 16 years of age most frequently sustained injury which may be attributed to inexperience They conclude that protective wrist guards and safety release binding systems for skiboards helps prevent injury to young or inexperienced skiers and snowboarders. CONCLUSIONS: An inherent risk of injury is associated with participation in high school sports based on the nature of the game and the activities of the players.37a) and girls' (57 .

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.. However .. of injuries the (6) A US study which investigated '.... o Gaps you shourd scan the texts to comprete the task. and knee scope of the US 60. it is very unusualfor injured every (3) .'.. however' Canadian data' on the only non-ball game studied' skateboarding other hand.... . ::ffi.PartA-AnswerBooklet lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES ...Completethesummaryonpages2and3ofPartA-AnswerBookletusingtheinformationinthefourtexts . whereas observed' more than to cause injury.. revealed that cycling' and (rz) the cause of most (13) . 2 or 3 words.. around tz) . While do make up lust under these injuries to (4) .^. . from beginning to end to to read each text need' find the information You for incorrect answers' Marks are Nor deducted Answer ALL questions. that the safest across a range of sports found was the most likely (B) . . Of the injuries injuries accounted for half were (e) ... sport was g) .... of statistics show that in1ury .. being the study was limited. not write abbreviations' in your responses' Do Please use correct soelling rYoushouldwrtteyouranswersnexitoiheappropriaienumberintheright-handcolumq Junior SPorts lniuries injury management Guidelines for junior sports a small risk of being suggest that there is only (1) ln Canada' some kind is reasonably common' children under 15 are for example.. among in Canada... they children and adolescents one fifth of (s) ..'....eed . associated with sporting activities' . ..3% of those that (ro) with (rrt . may requue 1......

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After each of the texts you will frnd a number of questions or unfinished There are TWO reading texts in answers or ways of finishing' statements about the text.og. are p. This insidious are ethnicity and family history. Third. question' letter A.1-18' rndicate on your answer sheet the For each question' You must choose the oNE which you think fits best. that many ophthalmologist."s. graucoma and age-related macular the major ocular disorders affecting the older population" and eventual blindness' (AMD). those with visual impairment do have "y" iir"or" such as cataract. each wrth four suggested . Although the alcohol consumption. the third treatment poriibiliti"s forAMD are limited. The reasons for people underutilising and many of the visually impaired have other chronic disease that poor vision is inevitable o. but some risk factors for cataract have been identified' such persons per thousand over the age oi 64 y"urr. such as advanced. many more elderly in Baltimore had ocular pathology requiring fufther these services.onormal. Glaucoma is be similar to that in the USA. In the united States 33Vo oi the visually impaired in London were known by their doctors investigation or intervention. part B within the 45 minutes allowed for this parl of the sub-test' NorE: you must complete your Answer sheet for Text 81: Going blind in Australia Paragraph 1 problem of levels of visual impairment' when we look at the Australians are living longer and so face increasing main issues. there are three is common in most people over 45 years of age' Second' . these associations while risk factors for glaucoma. Third. First. B. In the UK. most impaired people retire with relatively visual impairment and the elderly. In Australia. with no -or"ihun presbyopia. and 40vo of those visually impaired elderly people believe have access to' or may underutilise' eye care services are. However cararactblindness development is early and therapy. including surgery. with early detection. Unlike cataract.0rg . first.MarksareNoTdeductedforincorrectanswers.Part B lnstructions TIME LIMIT:45 MINUTES part B.iu-" and if untreated will cause visual impairment degeneration Paragraph 2 remains the most prevalent cause of blindness worldwide' cataract accounts for nearly balf of all blindness and it was estimated rn 1979 to affect the vision of 43 In Australia. is accessible' Paragraph 3 over 65. are known. there is no proven means of preventing as ultravioret radiation. hospital resources finally. C or D against the number of the AnswerALLquestions.. glaucoma can be controlled Paragraph 4 may not while older people use a large percentage of eye services. and 207o of those over 75 years. the optic nerve damage is far disease is often undetected until major cause of vision loss in the elderly. medically or surgically' poorly understood. onry half the in the city of canterbury had never visited an to have visual problems. social factors PlaY a role' 24 www. which almost all and are not merery suffering from "old age".occupationalenglishtest. eyesight. we do not know how prevalent cataract is. and' and rehabilitation centres in the community are limited may neglect their eyesight. In the united States. untr"atable. Second. cigarette smoking and if diagnosis can be delayed or cured of most age-related or senile cataract. it affects 8-rl7o of those AMD is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in those the prevalence of AMD is presently unknown but could aged 65--74.

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B should not be required to dealwith sight deterioration. A B C D wealthier people use health services more often than poorer people.. According to paragraph 4. about one third of the country's population will be eldedy. the number of visually impaired will be twice the present number. is strongly associated with ethnic and genetic factors. poorer people use health services more regularly than wealthier people. poorer people deliberately avoid having their eye sight examined. Statistics in paragraph 4 indicate that .. must occur early to enable effective treatment. A existing eye care services are not fully utilised by the elderly. A B C D about one tenth of the country's population will be elderly. According to paragraph 6.QUESTIONS According to paragraph 3. the author points out that .org .. D Many elderly people think that deterioration of eyesight is a product of ageing. C should not refer patients to specialists until the problems are advanced..occupationalenglishtest. the author believes that general practitioners . C The facilities for eye treatments are not always readily available.. According to paragraph 6. C most of the elderly in the USA receive adequate eye treatment. B GPs are generally aware of their patients' sight difficulties.. ln discussing social factors affecting the use of health services in paragraph S... the detection of glaucoma _.. which one of the following statements is Nor true? A B Many elderly people believe that eyesight problems cannot be treated effectively... A B C D generally occurs too late for treatment to be effective..... ?6 www. A should be more active in investigating patients' possible sight difficulties.. Elderly people with chronic diseases are more likely to have poor eyesight.. the proportion of people over 65 will be twice the present proportion. D should seek assistance from eye specialists in detection of problems... generally occurs before optic nerve damage is very advanced. poorer people have less access to the range of available eye care services..... in Australia in the year 2031 . D only 40o/o of the visually impaired visit an opthalmologist..

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Lifelong exercise is most likely to be started in childhood. Yet older people especially need 28 wwwoccupationalenglishtest. They respond to endurance training much the same as do vounger people. Indeed. Moreover. though further analysis in one study suggested this applied only to men with hypertension. Employers could encourage people to make exercise part of the working day by providing showers and changing rooms. and sometimes exercise facilities . A pervasive benefit is the gain in everyday reserve capacity . the ability to do more without fatigue.that is.and indeed safer if ischaemic heart disease might be present. some suggest that vigorous aerobic activity is needed and others that frequent moderate exercise is adequate . Thus they need sensitive help from health professionals and women's and children'. Cycling is also beneficial. and older people need special thought. Paragraph 2 A commonly recommended minimum regimen for cardiovascular benefit is thrice weekly exercise for 2O minutes. as well as the media. Doctors particularly should take this challenge more seriously. Among other benefits it lessens the risk of stroke and osteoporosis and is associated with a lower all-cause mortality. Relatively few people in the national fitness survey had walked continuously for even 1-25 km in the previous month (lI-3O7o OepenOing on age and sex). Thus an important message is that exercise can be part of the daily routine . Paragraph 4 In the promotion of exercise children.rp. Some studies show a dose-response relation between activity and reduction of risk. gro. it has psychological effects that are surely underexploited. The aim is to produce a training effect through exercise beyond what is customary for an individual. flexible working hours. middle aged men.walking or cycling to work or the shops. Exercise probably works by increasing physical fitness and by modifying other risk factors.Part B Text 82: Exercise. individual counselling by occupational health or personnel staff. A high proportion of men aged 45-54. brisk enough to produce sweating or hard breathing (or a heart rate 6V80Vo of maximum). but even now life years lost through accidents are outweighed by the estimated life years gained through better health. Women tend to be much less active than men and are less fit at all ages. Paragraph 5 exercise to help them make the most of their reduced physical capacity and counteract the natural deterioration of age. Women have particular constraints: young children may prevent even brisk walking. however many are put off cycling to work by the danger. A few surveys have found a slightly increased risk of heart attack with extreme activity. were not considered active enough for their health. Nevertheless. and other surveys have also found little walking. who have a high risk of coronary heart disease. women. there is much debate about how intense the exercise should be. with a threshold of effect. Certainly more cycle routes are needed. fitness and health Paragraph 1 Physical inactivity is a substantial risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It conveys a simple popular message of broad minimum targets for different age groups expressed in terms of activities of different intensity. Promotion of exercise and individual counseliing at work could help. Paragraph 3 The main reason why people fail to take exercise is lack of time. for instance.or at least encouragement for exercise groups.and over half of those aged over 54 would not be able to do so even on the level. Forty per cent of 65-74 year olds had done no "moderate" activity for even 20 minutes in a month.org . this is what the Allied Dunbar national survey of fitness among adults in the UK recommends. The proportion judged on a treadmill test to be unable to keep walking at 5km/h up a slight slope rose with age from34Ta to 92Vo . but children may have little vigorous exercise.

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D exercise works against the physical effects of ageing. older men and women need to remain physically active and fit because.occupationalenglishtest. C Men are generally fitter and more active than women.. 17 Which one of the following needs in relation to the improvement of national fitness are NOT mentioned in the article? A The need for people to make exercise a regular daily habit' B The need to provide information on health and fitness to the community.. END OF PART B . D Cycling.Text 2 END OF READING TEST 30 www. B The need to warm up before and cool down after exercise' C The need to eliminate the risk of ischaemic hearl disease before starting. c The need for doctors themselves to improve their own fitness levels... though unsafe. D 18 The need io consult a doctor before starting an exercise program' According to the article..org .QUESTIONS 15 According to paragraphs 4 and 5. rs a beneficial form of exercise. C they need to guard against poor health and inactivity. A they need to counteract the risk of coronary disease' B fitness levels decrease rapidly over the age of 54. which one of the following is FALSE? A lt is unsafe for people with high blood pressure to do regular moderate exercise. B Experts agree on the importance of both type and intensity of exercise. 16 Which one of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 6 as a precaution to be taken when considering exercise? A The need to balance aerobic activity with stretching. D The need to exclude strenuous exercise from the routine during infection.

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Reading Sub-test Part A: Junior Sports lniuries Answer Key Total of 27 questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I 10 11 '|.2 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 seriously/badly injured three/3 million OR 3.000.org .000 year result inlcause death/fatality OR kill OR be fatal/deadly/lethal OR lead to death traumatic brain injuries relative frequency OR pattern(s)OR risk(s) OR rate(s) girls'volleyball football sprains and strains required/neededsurgery/neededanoperation wrestling skatingaccidents/incidents head injuries no further damage sports first aider OR sports trainer OR (suitably) qualified person DRABCD running (a)medical clearance removed/withdrawn (from play/activity) (protective) headgear minimise/reduce the risk OR reduce rates lacerations and abrasions custom-fabricated mouthguard OR mouth-formed mouthguard soft tissue laceration(s) tooth and jaw OR teeth OR jaw (protective)wristguards safety release binding END OF KEY 34 wwwoccupati0nalenglishtest.

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Text 1: Going blind in Australia Answer Key Total of 10 questions 1 B B D C A B D C A B sight problems of the aged are often treatable. governmeni services should include prevention and health promotion.Reading Sub-test Part B . should be more active in investigating patients' possible sight difficulties. poorer people have less access to the range of available eye care services. may occur in about 4-5o/o of Australians aged over 64. END OF KEY 36 www.org . Elderly people with chronic diseases are more likely to have poor eyesight. must occur early to enable effective treatment. 2 3 4 5 6 7 causes a significant amount of sight loss in the elderly. 8 9 ihe proportion of people over 65 will be twice the present proportion. existing eye care services are not fully utilised by the eldedy.occupationalenglishtest.

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7 Reading Sub-test Part B . The need for doctors themselves to improve their own fitness levels.org . Providing encouragement and advice from staff within the organisation. difficulty in fitting it into their daily routine. fitness and health Answer Key Total of 8 questions 11 12D 13B 14B 15D 16A 17C 188 D weight control and decrease in levels of body fat. END OF KEY 38 www.occupationalenglishtest. different levels of exercise intensity for different age groups. Experts agree on the imporlance of both type and intensity of exercise. exercise works against the physical effects of ageing.Text 2: Exercise. The need to balance aerobic activity with stretching.

.s pue pear po]rsras as'oqr 0] slxai lual*rJrp sso.6 [ 3r o']selq s rlSuaieuotledn:lo'auran }Xa.:.t1 eBessec 1eu:r' aq) lxer.rarl alnutru ST aLll r0 pua aLlI )e fier-u pue u93 nsfi aql saq'reu txal qslll^ palas fi11:rnb l*'trsl'lv'v ued' aq]i0 uulnlo3 fi.u. aql }slri ailtSulpeal lsue t }Xal 0} s}:eSutpeeq aq1 'a'essed fi:eur-uns. srql'[.ro.o..r'ered . fie*r o8essed hreu:uns aq]Jo aq] o] a]eler fi|r:a.: "- "puno.oq1.r. aql ro1 spro'rrrBulsstu Is.lspea.euuns ol Jap. pro* aq) .rnsaqlul IsJ deBlsrl]aqtalaldr-uoro]papeauuoi]eulolu! leqtfila>{l1 sl }l araq^'tvixsruorapear3q}snlc.splo* raqlo u1 .'q }xel fi11crnb uef....sarnfu*lrods..M 'af : parrp dlaq trM ]eq) p'roru 'a'r cilaq 'Burpea"r.a1n.gV rlsnoqlrv'. aa'rqt ot dr e ulqllM [sproitl sr rl 'selnurur tT . eq] as.u.r.rh.rerroos 'fi".rir aEessed 'pot.1g.ress€f eqrlo Irv] ]xa] ]sru 'tsel-qns SutPeor aq] Jo E o*l lsi!i 3t{} ro} uol}eujlolul '}slr.ocls locltps q3rq 5i1 ur d'rnhrrJo suloll€d :ele ?Y.rlp sfierr.^ otAe-I :rvlxel y:sl.l} aql Jo asue}uas isll.rnofi lcarrp 11ran st 'pealsu urBeq noh teql papuauwolar fi1qBrq ll fiieuuns aqt Surpeer Rq parsqurnu aq) sureluor qrrq.saurlaprnB. eq} ut 'leu'ts' e =: slxel rnot aq).o }luill aull] ]3lr)s op nofi levl }ueuadrur aroJ€raql a! Surpear RlarelparuuLl fiq y ue6 ul3aq lou 3u !pea8 aq) Jo v lre! laQ ur alu uror ol nofi sar tnbar lsal-qns rlr.eulunE e fi11ensn s! alaq} [. e se fi'reuuns ar{} Jo arus}uas ls'urpeaq lxa] aqr Jo rnol'e ur pile a'essed sr . 'ro pr..v ued .. aql qloq ui peuo'upru ate.ods r-1o s+41'1 cL qlJEesa'u:?vlxei 0ln}elaill r\e1do1uln}slpueluaula6eueuii.}Xa}aq}J0ctdo}aq}se}el!pU!}eql}elloog}xalaqlu!uetar]t}oSUlpeal{aqi:..oqr o] uorleulr.rst00g eqt Eu!pear dlaq ur slxa) aql J0 auo qttq^A Mou>l ot no^ 11rm fileuruns os qde..rnlutspodstoLun!tolsauqaptn6a:L1rerdls.er'utlns snroJ puB rrdol aqi 0r u'rluaue.rer"uu.ro11oog .rre ued ur uorsuaqa.uo:ur ue ur llns'r t fi1uo tnQ aq1 3u spro^A leiaAAS ro p.sdeB. oi fiene lq're. aarq] .1^suv.r fiq fir eu: tu ns e alald alarcir.eu'rs.)sirl uef s o] lxa] ilrrqM purl noh pro*..euulns aq} }o lle 'rise} fireuruns aqt Surtdual}e sro.. V eqt Jo LldejBeJed .Ju: pallelap Jo ]s€) e )ou sl Il .rts Eurpea"r.ijooLl. : :lr'o1eq pelqBllqBlq s1 eEessed fileruurns aul'o ssuslues lsr!' €r'il Ep€uEJ uT se-!rfLiur s-l. aql ui] a'essed fi. Burpeaq aqt ur filuo paLrorluaur st )xa] eleucloLdde ar-lt otrepear aQi )f.B:tv}xel :zY}X3] l.o ul u'lle$r.rnofi lrarp o1 :qdeLEe:ed lsri aL{}Jo snloJ alerrdoldde aq: 'alqellene aLUll aqlJ0 esn 1uarrr11a EulreLu aroloraq) lxat oi lueuodul firan sl }i fiqr'r pue rrdo} aq}Jo asuas e qsllqe}sa fi11:rnb ro aql ur .}:.aq lletap tea'r8 ur se8essed sur) arqenre^ dn arel ilrM slr.Ll] ]o v ued laquaureE or firillqe .*':::::::::.'u.saurtaprnr.]xa) raLlloue Surpee-i fiq paterol aq fi1uo 1q3rr-u eSessecl fireuuns I s! leqr qcler8ered ts'rl] erl] teq] osl€ laQulsulal 3u ]0. ielaua' . srq] uau.rdulor ps]ssl s*rrs reln'ruecl leq] .sesodrnd ro1 Eurpear urls 'asl.TV slxel lo sBulPeeq ai1 uro'lJ sBurpeaq. p.o Molaq :lslrooq lxar ls3l arllrerd aq] alduexe eqllaplsu:- hqt:a"rrp salersr .o sSurpeaq eq) Eurs.e8essed hreuulns aqtJo ued ]srj lsri sqlJo aqr urJ .}]gl1p aq l|lMSn3oJ S..Jur rue^aral aql surelu03 . .r.r.r1e fiil.roan 3u rssrru J opl nB fipnlS .nofi 1o lsa) e st )sa'-qns Sulpeau 'aBessed firer-uuns aqlJo ued ' ]sll.^31^aj sounfut sucds }o Uol}us^ald :}t€l}Xa '.screB.s Sutuac: o}.inofi uEg.

.. Vaie and Mills' authors of the text] and this provides the clue that ltem g directlg relates to the title of Text Al whereas the mention of 'the studg' Ithe and'the authors'later in the summarg passage highlights these as referents.e.teitl r0 Egreccgnisingthesesignalwords. 40 www.thesuccessful readerwill realisethat informationforirentr'islikeigtocomefromeitherTextAZcr44 (mentioning the 'U5 report']. The su m ma rg passage mentions 'Spark. Often this might be a direct signal in the form of a keg word that is repeated in the heaciing for each text 0[ a referent word that directs the reader back to scmething thal has alreadg been mentioned in the passage. Vale & Mills {2006) A2: Tabie Case l: Ecanomic burden of migraine in the USA TextA3: TextA4: studies: migraine sufferers and work Research brrei on njgra. Consider the example summarU passage from the sample test posted on the 0ET website below: Now consider the headings Efthe four Text Text texts below informing the summarg passage above: A1: Title: Management of rnigraine in New Zealand General Practice Authors: Spark. 'The stLrdg' refers back to isatUpeof studUjwhile'fhe authars' refersbacktospark.occupationalcnglishtest. signallingto the readerthat all of the missing information 'fhe pofirnts s urvegetl bg Spark. Vale snd N4ills' Ia surveg [items 9-11] is probablg from the same source text IA1].Valeancl lvlills{tlrenamesof thepeoplewhowrotethe$tudg].i nes in the US There are a few key words in the aiigi til l" minraffia .Using signal words in the summarU passage Sometimes missing information foreach paragraph of the summarU passage will be found from multiple sources i. You need to know when to direct gour attenti0n from one text t0 another. Again. ltems 8"ltr wiil proba blg stem from information in Text A1. from more than one ofthe texts in the Text b0oklet.org -il . it is a good idea to iook for 'signal' words that tell Ugu that the next missing word IsJ comes from a different text than the previous one. ane{.:i2 : u.

.q $al! ue luaua:e1d Jo ol.:.#".rd asn ol r..f":::. :alolaq petqBg.ioJaq fiialerpa{rru. .'"...t:.r) o) a'essed fiieuruns oLll ul ....fi ..'ff:.u 3q] L{)'iA suJa}l fi"leJnqeron se.8.iffi..01 ue3$ 0) rarsea )r areLU ilil.arer v o1 't"rods t lr pa.r nofi asnereq aur} s^€s aql )eq* lrrpa...li4i..rr.il::J:.fipoq s. aLr} €rgeua lllM slql a'essed f ieuuu'rns aql ur ('urerq aLll e'eruep uel )eql pesq aLr) ol y3o.r.y \WnQat sawnot pu .'ft u. 'BurueauJ ua*sniuo.sde*...a ...ilH:'j. iueudrnba...rad e uo s1 eruetuas egt.ff.o Eurue** .#. ..pJo/v\ eq} ar}'u ..qBlq .raprsu'J ol in.i'. sqi punoJe uoro^ .Ulro edfir al{tJo asuas sproM ro p"ioan Sutssru.1. ro .esnsr }r )xoluo3 uo paseq uol)llpajd..o a3pelrirou\ rraq} uroj..o.Jpen4 {s] p.{s.:#: l!M ]xal aq) uiror r0or f.rir . .ns spro*Jo 1urqt.!t/t..T :u0!lrlpa."": D.ffT .sploar.v.deB..rrrno .mm.:. .ro. *.u. '.req fipearle 11r.:.reaB peeq..r aq} io BurueaLu oq} u*op MoJreu o} {s Japeo.:i" i" n t.]:r?.8.uos:ad e pau'rsap fi1.U..fi.lroq..1/i.:Jj:fi1"...lo' d poatl lo8urueau rr'racis aJ."..*.#..esn sr )l [s] proan Burssrru eq] a)edr'r]ue o] senbruqca] uor)otpard Bursp ." .:]]:.:Xrg slsll uo peseq uol)3lpard .eri._::: l3.. ..7- lv Sro"lsalqsrlsualeuoryecln:co...0 lsel gJ!)3erd oql uo{ rllolsq ssldulexe eq} rsplsuoJ u'rleurro...sli Jsqlo 'aldulexa:o1 'uprr] uo!3a. aql s. qJaA aql'...Tl::llj:"'::::. .fi.r e e. .e.XWW."J ..*..r..d pue fi..y/riii:ifi t:\v.ou.il::::. u.#: :il:.:.z ::Ti::""r::i:1.ojn..:.il]fl.fier..ro Burqlog:..r "*apear eq1 Burheld olrqm poaq s..:J:l?l:lT.ffi.a1$eaaii {o1s: " iii .uos.1oossno. nttn nta^n saueu aql ror .ff .rl:f::JrH:li..1'-..rleds iuar'udtnlra ro lrolo_rd Surqlolr enrlrelo'tcJJo )eLr) a] j plca. :nroloq petqtl.azwa}! ro}}eq}raprsuoro}Jn..'":?.!i|' u. pr'n^ aL{lJo Eurueauu aqi cl fi1lca'rrpsalelsJpue'a3ualuasaqljoEurueau:llera^'aqlolpal3auuolLiloqsr eq)' Sutueau - anlr lue).. u ^.qB!r{ sl tuerralsJ st }er{} lxat sql 'dni sa pq ''6 a .::Vt:!/j:.*r..peaq aqi uo ulo* st. : :i :.:. "r* o. se Lrf..O-:::..Burssru... ..r.i a\r.. le Burlool .oclul ue sl 'anoqe alcluiexa oq) ul '.nqeron.ulrrr llnatl'..8..r Eurssru..ynt:::. ui . r. ."_.}eulsq.rnA Japear In.6UtplnOOA}nvs lAltp .

wR 'w &. i./4- :. However. The more correct response would be: 8ryW Note that the meaning here is kept. a cioser reading of the summarU passage shows that the sentence is written in the simpie past tense " shown clearlg bg the use af'ed-ending'verbs Iobserved. A reader who might not be familiar with the word establish the meaning of the missing word from a carefui reading of the surrounding text and link the summarg Passage t0 the relevant parl ofthe original text. You need to consicler the overall grammatical appropriateness of the word Is] you decide t0 write dcwn. usesporophroslng and otherwritingtechniques to present information in shortened form.occupationalenglishtest. Ihe skill for the reader is to recognise the important meaning of the text and then carr9 that meaningthrough to the shortened summarU passage makingong grammaticalchonges as needed" 47 www. t.. such things as the irlord-en ding for a particuiar verb Ie.g.. gou will not receive ang marks. texts into Uour summarU as there is a greater chance of making a grammatical error if qou do. 3.e". according t0 verb tense J or whether the sentence in the summarU passage is written in sctive orpossive voice. and accounted] and the past tense marker'were'" A reacler who responds bg using the 'ing' form 'requiring surgerg' Ias copied directlg from the text]. as well as in tone or stgle.{Lrt! 5.. .The missing w ord 'headgear' can probablg lheodgear] is directlg mentioned in the text.ffi W" . YoLl might like to cansider. would not receive ang marks as 'requiring surgerg' does not conform correctlg to the grammatical stgle of the summarg pa$sage (X ='ing' form following a relative pron0un 'thof'].t . Prediction based on grammaticalawareness Rememberthe summarg passage is not a direct copg of ang of the texts. The correct vocabularg items required for tlre respotrse are found in the longer text but the form of tlre words neecied to be altered to make sure the summarU text remained gram maticallg consistent. for example..t. Even though gou might correctlg spellthe word gou choose.3% for of thase doi.org .* W ..i .iuutffi *. if gou don't chsose the correct form of the word IsJ which has Do not therefore simplg copg words directlg from the grammatical agreement with the summarU passage. A summarU is a shortened outline 0f a longertext IsJ and accordinglq. how the words U0u ch0ose f it into the waU the summarU passage is written and whether gou need to alterthe word {si slightlg from the wau theg appear in the originai longer text. 'ff*'w&+/" .A careless reader might simplg write 'requiring surgerg'as their response to item t0 [directlg copging from the text] because there is some similaritg between the wardings of the text and the summarU passage. The wau the summarg passage rs written is often quite different granmaticolly t0 the originaltexts.d . Prediction based on changing verb forms Part of the summarU passage with a'gap' Ispecificallg item l9l is highlighted below: o 60. 4.

rol] e^rlrurlur +..aEessed fireuruns aql atelduor filalernrre of is. asruflorar o1 pa:rnba.oy.n.jul aues aql leq) asru3o:ai ol tuelrodu..lselilsrlBua.:tt!)lh '1.r sl rapear aql a8essed fi:er'uuns aq):ra^aMoF ur sn3oJ eql leq) estu8orar ol lapea.ld ulro] ploM uo peseq uol)3lpard .i ssala:e: e uteFs .uurns aql 1o '.rd -ra6.rd srnlf.al1ours a[{} uo st }xai leurBtro .deB..+fia{qns.J rapl' ul W . eq] sr af ualuas 6rer.-ffi ?i:.)iaas. aq] fiq peluasardar uorlrodord oql 3t1} ul snso] auI }eq: dlaq 8ur>1aas siajaJins Jo uorpodord.ns .!fll teq: oql'Ierrnpe lecrpaur] r0]30p e uro. e asn 0r p*paau paurelureur sr Eurueeuu eq' arnsua 0] uorrf.Jo asn aqiastuBore-r ollapear aql. qra^ aql altl* T ur .o1 )ueirodwl ll o] uaql pue ulroJ qra^ a^rlrullu!sqrJo asn filalrlaqi trrpa. e qUivr aBessed fireululns ? ued '9 sanlusod 'sn santleBaN uo paseq uoll3lpard 'o 'fi:eutuns 0l lxa) osrnos ruo.sJsls.1 fi. e soselL.rl sl ll 'a8essed firer-ur-uns aq) ur fiervr luala.. aserqd unou aLr} fidor fi1duts lq8rru.ro1eg parqBllqBrq s1 pue eEessed fireuutns eq}}0 Ut {p rlevJ .Burplol3e uoll3nllsuol qran aqi a8ueu: sl el€ol deB aq1 a-ro1aq.'.r"ror-uu..euorgedntlo.ol.::V)t tri.ionrr r€lllluenb aqt fi9 parreur 's'iara1.lxal JLrl fidor alou rlrM rapear rnjsrel v '.?"'l' ELo.apea"r ssale:er e'uteE :r. d. -"t.ro'tsatqsrlEueleuotledn::o'm't'tm aq ]qalul )xa' aq] u! uorleui. raql se .:qsrl8uSur 'sIXAl oMl aql uasMlaq selluellul auros sre aiaql se lxa] aq' u'r1 f urarl ot asuodsa"r rraql se l4aap {aasnor.atsr Eurp.)suol arrrle8au lape. ar-11 sa-rlnbat uoruoclo.uMA :e)!SqaM lf 0 aql uo palsod )sai aldrues oq} LUOIJ ualiel sl aldulexa slqi:aloi.oj.roraq}}eq}sMoqsaBessedfileu:r'unsaqlloBulpea:lnJore3ela^3M0' iotu.aq raas ]0u 0p ]lej ul s-ra-ral/ns isou aql pahels seq Euruear-u aql ri8noqile pasra..T.ev 3.rollop e uro"r1 wajtol asuodsa.l aql'asuas areul o) a8essed fileuluns oLlll.a"lal/ns] .nrlspunolh.rns $ ul . :firolaq urroqs s1 [2 uart] deB.ror1 lf€rp e se r filciu'r1s tq81ur -rapee.Jlp fiiltlSlls e ul ua]]lltn 'a8essed 6reuuns papJ0M filtuatall!P aq] pue lxsl aLll uaaildla.lsotll.

ffi. Ihus the correct response below: Recognising where the subject or focus of the sentence has changed between the wording of the text ancl the wording of the summarg passage [with the meaning staging the same] will help the reader to predict whethe r active orpasslve voice is needed in the response. active voice test with a 'gap' [rtern An example from the summarg passage from another ?t J is highlighted below: Tffi..:7tvM:l.F€.:.fe/.:! Clearlg.! As the agent ofthe action [to cause] the crctlve voice ofthe past sirnple verb form is used with the object oftlre {caused] sentence being'?2% of alt iniuries'..i'1 .ffill.r- Z.(1fi /f. to mean the word institutian.111! .. '+.Va... 'DRABCD'can be ccnsiclered a correct response lor item l6 as writing down each word individuallg would g0 overthe three word limit.. with 22% af att injuries the main focus of the sentence fwith the action being'clone' bg'car accidents']. 44 wlw... The readerwill recognise that the summarg passage requires the use of passive voice [verb'to be'+ past participle] to conveg the same meaning as the text./11ft.#...:il."" ffi "-:.'No' for numbers and .L1/. .. for telephgne. The original text is betow: u):l:#. w i. A ofthe sentence.llN:.f.: Ihe part of the reading text that contains the missing information {item ?lJ is shown below: careful readerwill note that the focus in the original text is on 'csr accidents'Iat the beginning ofthe statement] as the.: ".ln tlre summarU passage. Prediction based on passive vs.gou would not receive anU marks. the abbreviated response is allowecl. 0ther wrong examples might include 'yr' {or gear. for example.occupationalenglishtest.. .!t:.iiilii::.or subjec.ffi:4/ii..rl!:L. the construction is reversed. The exception to this is when an abbreviation is included in the text and is necessarg for gour response.:7i.V.f**"'".agent.)iii€!"7. !. Using abbreviated words Alwags use the correctlg spelt full form of the words.%. ln the exarnple above.org .: -N---.:fi/l/f6i... lf gou wrote inst. Considerthe example belowfrom the practice test: '.ffiff 't.

slxa]eqluorjnll3arlp[s] promepur..:'niairy..r.p)a/*-auase taded:noh Burlte1u uosracl aq] fiq palaprsuo: aq lllM sltl) Au's ul sr ur0J paperluor aqlJo osn 3Ll1 'sose3 plp.ws/ra/Aol:spronEuir''llol alqe}de'e paioprsu'l eq te prn.4{.3 sr pue slxa) Ieul3uo ue..euuns 'asuodsa. alqeldar:e fif iea1: auo fi1uo aq fillensn )eLlt aqr ur spio* se Sutueaur aLUes eq] ssor:e Ia8 pelda:re aq uec sasuodsar .{: ijv41.o lsrr e seq "racled q8noqr 111r.j:.pue...sa:luelsu! seu^Aoularespro^ asaql .Y.lr.:rih .:#|il#. :aq rqBlur {s j prom Eulsslu aq} }eqtti oulullslEF o} raPeeJ eql s'v\ollB ifiolsq }xal leul8po aq1 aql .::i:///j.ra raSessed fireu:iuns aql.t laAa*oH u1 Surpeal e u. :..uernofi}s]xa]au]ul sproMo]Eutueaurrellulsq]lMspraMasn sruhuouhs Bursl . ur..Mr.lo .* ... 'fii.lt.no'u 'sa.l.:.* t'j'W:! .4/.assayJall. e se pue lpws/l*ol...fr). la6pnq-aa1..i#r.i:!..f... :::i3tj.!.aEessed fi.rsriira.:4.e lou lnq Butlreu st orlrvr uoslod aq1 'su^uoufis .}0 pe}.1.ue..ffi H .i] fi]r]uenb js6.pto^^-auase"radedrnoriBurlreuluosradaq)fiqpa.. ^_.rCJ aleudo"rdde e alu^A noh jr filelern:re ]eLl) proM paleuaqdfiLl lo pa]3ellu...t1.t'j .an sue arqe*olre.utu r.r a-iaq1 . {risrr 0} asuodsa.. '!i{..i= fi..exa:01 ..rpl e o] filr]uenb.uplp.rau 1uJo] pa)leluos sql asn ot asooqr nofr 11 .::t'f.!. ..ffiiL&:!.narrnba: sr pro* paleuai{dnrl . !.St 3:o'lsalqsrlSueleuolledn:lo''umnt 's\)aw aNA3At 11ra nofi'lxa] leul3r:o aq) ul urroj lerll ur'readde )ou fier-u 1r q8noql eq) s)rauar fi11e:rier-ur.].r.lAolsqs!!Eqer'^lS0stlluopelsodlsglslduessqluouaEessed6reuunsalduexa€qlJ3P!3u03 pue slxar 1eur8r"io aqr oi urJoiuo3 fi1lerr}er-uue.!//.3 rnofi auros u's./z.o.allours e sareduol leq] uotssa:dxa oi uauu aqr LuorJ )ueurslels aq)1o Burueaur reia^o sr o"routerp ars* uauro* arour )elrl lxsl3.3rqetde33€ 3re.::#t4..rl tt:::]rt:j1:il::ffi:::ilr ./..:a7.i.tult5 .a1du.:(t.Jou prnaJ..e.:...1)!t!! .M.lt.er}u0r e u3q& s}xa} 1eur3r'ro aqt./j::l/.)o.! lo pro^r\ e asn o] .'4 .o 'asuodsal pJal 'a/\^]e palaplsuof.::tLU... aq p.up/no3.:::'!..e suol)serluoo 3urs3 a8essed aql ul ]sl!l psuollualu sle usu u0u# jr:lil::? Iueu:o.aldurexarol'alqetdo.rn T::.reprsuoraqlrrMpuealqelda:realespr0^ pateuaqdfiLl fi|re.ior} reals Aq lllM }l 1e'reue8 .

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6Vo of these medications conformed with recommendations of the National Prescribing Service.org . and 60. Complete the summary on pages 2 and 3 of Part A . Four in five miglaine patients were curently using acute medication as required fbr migraine. Please use correct spelling in your responses. and appropriateness of treatment assessed using published guidelines. You do not need to read each te><t from beginning to end to complete the task. Do not write abbreviations.07c" respectively) than those with less frequent migraine attacks (3.17o (4761617). and inappropriate use of acute medications accounted for 9Vc of "prophylactic treatments". . other appropriate agents were rarely used. RESULTS:191 GPsreportedthat649 of 5663patients (lI.3Vo (76/611) (missing data excluded). frequency of migraine attacks. You should write your answers next to the appropriate number in the right-hand qolumn. (541648) of migraine patients were currently taking prophylactic medication.97o in females an:d 6.Prevalence was I4.5Eo) hadbeendiagnosedwithmigraine.17o in males. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of general practitioners collected data from about 30 consecutive patients each as part of the BEACH (Bettenng the Evaluation and Care of Health) program. 2 or 3 words.0001).)Vo (961640). Migraine fiequency in these patients was one or fewer attacks per month in 77.Answer Booklet using the information in the four texts (A1-4) below. Text A1 Title: Management of migraine in New Zealand General Practice Authors: Spark. and to review the prophylactic and acute drug treatments used by these patients.77o and25. Vale & Mills (2006) OBJECTMS: To determine the proportion of patients who have a diagnosis of migraine in a sample of New Zealand general practice patients. The most common prophylactic agents used currently or previously were pizotifen and propranolol. including opioids (38% ofacute medications). GPs appear to select from a limited range of therapeutic options lbr migraine prophylaxis. Use of acute medication otien follows published guidelines. The migraine substudy was conducted in June-July 2005 and December 2005-January 2006.Part A lnstructions TIME LIMIT lS MINUTES . two per month in 10. . o .occupationalenglishtest.87o) (P < 0. DESIGN. especially in patients with frequent migraine. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of patients with a current diagnosis of migraine.57o (65/611). Answer ALL questions. Patients reporting three or more migraines or two migraines per month were significantly more likely to be taking prophylactic medication (19. CONCLUSIONS: Migraine is recognised frequently in New Zealand general practice. and some use inappropriate drugs for migraine prevention 48 www. Marks are NOT deducted for incorrect answers. Prophylactic medication had been used previously by 15. current and previous drug treatments. and three or more per month in 12. Only 8. Gaps may require 1. You should scan the texts to find the information you need. However. despite the availability of several other well documented efficacious agents. this is a continuous national study of general practice activity in New Zealand. Prophylactic medication appears to be underutilised. non-recommended drugs were also used.3%.

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10.PartA-AnswerBooklet lnstructions TIME LIMIT 15 MINUTES . at the time of the study....org .. (s) 4. patients had been diagnosed with migraine. You should write your answers nexi to the appropriate number in the right-hand column Please use correct spelling in your responses. occurring in around 1oy .. proportion of men diagnosed compared . the authors note that general (10) 1oy . Gaps may require 1. 9. 2 or 3 words. medical advice.. .. Vale and Mills.. effectively..occupationalenglishtest. . to choose from a (r r) . You should scan the texts to find the information you need.. a US report found migraines with a .. and tend of available therapies. the US report found that . Similarly... of men and within a restricted age range. Concerning interventions.l Answers investigated the prevalence of migraines among patients in New Zealand.. You do not need to read each text from beginning to end to complete the task. which . ' ' r r Complete the following summary using the information in the four texts. Vale and Mills. Summary Migraines ln a recent study by Spark.... You will not receive any marks if you write more than 3 words. provided on pages 2 and 3 of the Text Booklet. By contrast. Do not write abbreviations.. it was found that of (3) 121 (1) . B...11 52 www. 2... just over eight per cent were taking 1ey . most migraine sufferers in the survey 6 7.. with women. A1-A4. Of the patients surveyed by Spark. Migraine incidence was different across genders. (4) 3. the study found that a large proportion of migraine sufferers used practitioners do not utilise ." Given these findings.... of women A b.

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Reading Sub-test Part A: Migraines Answer Key Total of 26 questions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 general practice/Gp 649 5663 lower/smaller/lesser/low/small/minor 7o/o 2Oo/o did not seek/do not seek (or contractions) prophylactic medication/preventative medication acute medication prophylacticmedication/preventativemedication limited range/narrow range burden/impact (total) missed workdays (total)lostproductivity/productivityloss greater/higher/bigger/larger/high/big /large/ma1or in bed OR off (work/sick) four (days) Jane (migraine)absences Sally employers OR colleagues employers OR colleagues behaviour change(s) OR changes in behaviour (supporters') contact numbers flexibte from home/at home END OF KEY 54 www.occupationalenglishtest.org .

jr0 .rn.r6 r slderuor Burfillapun uorleLuro1ur Surl"loddns LuoJJ se€pr hltuap.:: -:.a] sa1nlrnrls€Atleleduclx3:*::-:-:* (luauussesse'uorlettJtxolap'Iureldxauorr] uor]eueldxe''E'o'sanrirefpe.rrads seopt uteut :og fir. ase"rqde"red asruBorag sulalt ipltxal Jo Surueai"u aq) euluJalsp 0l sanll lenlxoiuo3 asn ...::_- aydsap'pueq raq}o eq} u0 1a^aMoq''3'a] seapl s^t}euraue :o Buiisa -."8.: : {llnsa.reqTslr{ o}e3lunuur03 o} lxs} srl} sl3nllsuol lgUJrA €tllnroq pue}sJepun o} p€su nc.liiao ce3: seaf.:-:-=- 'a. uoileuroJutJ0 sadfi1 1ua. sugrsnlf.puoras 'filis.r1s pue aBpel..ur azrsaqtufi5 sa:]uarsJUt 1eri8o.re s.rnos )ua. sgssssse lEel-qns EulpesJ eqlr0 g lred ase.aJ eapt ueJo uolsL3-.. ur .slrorrA. iue.romEulsn ell0Au! fieu s1q1'eFesseur.rEpeer e eyerol .raqle3olsploqpuB}llnqsll.'"i M.# #7 .rm)tsor-u. .lr1s 'alep ol dn e.req]o orl]'sH]''3 e] -:-. puelSJApun .Jpaltlausq0graAousuJol :s:-. .r e se'aro1oraq}'ot anp ''E a] saluanbas-:: {pue aqr ur 'fi1}uanbasqns '611eryrur :fi.s le:rpau ur sluaudolenap Mau uo uorlegjJolui o3!}3erd roqunJ .rl. e ur uorleurojur cr#:ads e1e:o1 :or firluqe s. saf. uorleutoJUr rr. fi"relnqecon leupalu pue le.uoJ 1e:tEol rr.- leLllpunolfipnlseqi.rqde. sadfit ixe] lualalJtp Jo suor)uanuoJ gq) puels.nosJo a8ue.1.rosqranueq]req]ersunouEursooqrJuc.roddns pue seapt ureuj alerlualaJJt0 .alJrp u"rorJ uorleuuo.qe E. slssl lsel-qns 3ulpeel sql to V lJBd ur s1.raua8 1o s3uer e puelsropun .rnourl srnsue pue sprepuels leuorssalotd ureluteu o] lueloduLr aroJaraq] ale qsrlflu3 Surpear . elep l$UeLunu pue lenlxail0 usrleluasard €qt puelsjapun .ra1.-.apufl . ''E'a] s}ua^€ JO rapro a-- 'eldurexe Jor.j:s:Ianoqe pa]ou se'fipn]s.rdlorguapereuer\lorltutpuels:apunaAloai Ielouteq..rg .lp usa&taq drqsuorleler alll puelslapun slxal a3. r ureu aletluala.uot]tppe { Fe. :_ sar.efide:aqlaqlulc.redeslu8orag .mmm ['PtP ss pue 0Z uaa. ustleLu:ojur Buri.}xelleuotsssjo. ffi .ana1-q8rg 'qsi13u3 ur usurr^A sleurnof ur paqsrlqnd ual1o sr a:uarf.rAoqs o] saseJqc pue sp.rspeel e .le.durexerol'Butsn{. ..ryi .'E.SS 3^io'tsatqsllSualeuotlednlro'.

concludes. long noun phrases Ie.g. .occupationalenglishtest.. proposes. presumes] Reading widelg on health-related issues in English is great preparation for the tlET. 54 56 www. believes. You mag have access to journals and professional association websiteE with reading material relevant to Uour own profession. assumes. J groups of words with'shades of meaning' Ie. supposes.. suggests.g.org .. considers.l- . states.. implies. The four-gear studv into the uptake and continuing use ofthe drug-based treatment administered with appropriate medical supervision discovered that.

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