CONTRACT NO.

: PGCB/DANIDA/1 DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 132kV JOYDEVPUR - KABIRPUR - TANGAIL TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT
TITLE : 132kV Joydevpur Substation Design Calculation for Foundation of Auto Transformer
DOCUMENT NO. : JDP/A26/001 DESIGNED BY : Md. Giasuddin DATE : 19 Nov '05 SUBMITTAL NO. : SECTION : 12, Building and civil engineering works CHECKED BY : REV. NO. :
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CONTRACTOR : MTHΦ JGAARD A/S - LINDPRO A/S JV

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EMPLOYER : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED (PGCB )

s EMPLOYER : POWER GRID COMPANY OF BANGLADESH LIMITED (PGCB ) . NO.LINDPRO A/S JV We reserve all rights in this document and the informat tion therein.KABIRPUR . Reproduction. use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.TANGAIL TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT TITLE : 132kV Joydevpur Substation Design Calculation for Foundation of Auto Transformer DOCUMENT NO.CONTRACT NO. Building and civil engineering works CHECKED BY : REV. : SECTION : 12. : E:\PROJECTS FOR EXECUTION\Joydevpur . : PGCB/DANIDA/1 DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 132kV JOYDEVPUR .Kabirpur Tangail OHL\Joydevpur Substation\Design Calculation\Static Cal of Foundation For Auto Transformer SCALE : APPROVED BY : MANUFACTURER : Paper Size A4 ID : CONTRACTOR : MTHΦ JGAARD A/S . : JDP/A26/001 DESIGNED BY : Md. Giasuddin DATE : 19 Nov '05 SUBMITTAL NO.

2. GENERAL 1.9 m Provided depth below Grating = 0.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .94 kN/cum. Width of Tx.= 24. ( with Oil ) = 72..MT HΦJGAARD A/S . DESIGN DATA AND FOUNDATION GEOMETRY : ( Reference Dwg no.47 sqm. 15.89 m Area of Tx.0 sqm. BH-5 & BH-7.05 m Thickness of gravel layer on top of grating = 0.00 m Total Weight of Tx. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station 1.2 Soil Data: Allowable bearing capacity of soil is considered : Unit weight of soil : Frustum angle : Water Table from EGL : 90.fy = 415 N/mm2 Concrete Clear Cover……….225 m Center of Tx.= 60 mm Unit Weight of Concrete……. Supporting Pedestal = 2. Center of Foundation sign By : Md.0m from existing ground surface. ) = 28.000 Kg Density of Oil = 840 Kg/cum..000 Kg Weight of Oil = 19. d) The Top of bund wall is 200mm above the finished switchyard surface level. height of pit wall above base slab = 1. Supporting Pedestal = 3.80 m Surface area of the pit = 41. Total volume of oil = 22.10 m Height of Transformer = 5..20.4 sqm.27 Cum Inside length of pit considered = 7.05 m Max. Average Depth required = 0.3 Material Properties : Concrete………………. Supporting Pedestal = 10.3-03-3537) Transformer's Length = 6. 1. 2. below the stone ( 125% of oil vol.04 kN/m2 minimum value from BH-4.04 kN/sqm 17.00 Deg.1 Considerations : a) Raft foundation is considered for a 132kV Transformer.80 m Transformer's Width = 5. Net surface area of the pit = 31. 56.90 m Thickness of grating = 0.68 m Length of Tx.80 m Inside width of pit considered = 5.50 m 1.225 m Free height above gravel top = 0.62 Cum Pit volume reqd. Giasuddin Page 3 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .0 kN/cum. b) The bottom of the raft is at a depth of 1. c) Soil bearing capacity is considered 90.…fc'= 20 N/mm2 Reinforcing Steel………….

2 Seismic load calculation .30 Design Wind Pressure. Chapter 2.98 0.00 kN 306.as per BNBC Design Base Shear is given by : V = ZICW R . Bangladesh National Building Code 1993.335 kN/m2 = 1. at Top . Chapter 2.80 0 80 1.5 1.297*6. at Bottom Where.Page 6-33) 6.20 m ( Specified in the Contract specification) ( Ref.0 kN CL of Foundation Load Application on Foundation sign By : Md.97 kN 3.72E-05 1.1 Wind load calculation . Cz at Bottom = Velocity to Pressure conversion coefficient.85 0.Page 6-53) ( for Zone 2 ) ( with essential Facilities ) ( For RCC wall System ) T = Fundamental period of vibration is given by : T = Ct ( hn ) Ct = hn = ∴T= C= W = Total Seismic dead load =Transformer Weight = ∴ Design base shear V = 4. Cz at Top = For exposure B . p z = 1.00 m 720. Giasuddin Page 4 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 . Vb = 160. Pz = 1.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .10 m 5.25 R = Response Modification Coefficient = 6 C = Numerical coefficient system is given by : C = S = Site coefficient for soil characteristics = 1. Z = Seismic Zone Co-efficient = 0.33 0. H = Total weight of Transformer ( with oil ) = 3. Cc = Structure Importance Factor CI = 0.262 720.8*5.284 kN/m2 = 1.801 4. Bangladesh National Building Code 1993.00 kN 140.MT HΦJGAARD A/S . at Bottom ( Ref.as per BNBC Maximum wind velocity .25S T 2 3 ( Ref.800 m 0.800 m 6. LOAD CALCULATION Transformer Length.1 Check for Soil Bearing Capacity : Weight of each Transformer with 15% impact = Weight of Transformer supporting Pedestal = Length of foundation pad = Width of foundation pad = Thickness of foundation pad = 828.164 Sec 6. L = Transformer Width.1 = 44.00 m 0. B = Transformer Height above top of Pedestal. SOIL STABILITY CHECK 4.50 kN 8.210 kN/m2 .29671 kN/m2 ∴ Force results from Wind = 1.258 kN/m2 Average Pressure .25 q z = 1. Gust Co-efficient.90 kN 3 4 ( For all type of non braced RCC structure ) 828.80 m 5.049 5.15 I = Structure Importance Factor = 1. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Center of Foundation 3. CG = 1. Chapter 2.0 kN 140. pz = cG c pq z L/B = H/B = Pressure co efficient Cp = co-efficient.300 m 0. Bangladesh National Building Code 1993.00 kN q z = ccc Ic z v 2 b For exposure B . at Top .Page 6-34) Design Wind Pressure.0 km/hr Height of top of transformer from FSYL = 5.

5 +430.300 m Superimposed live load at heel side = 10. sign By : Md.87 kN.600 = 0. From soil test report of BH-4.540 m 1. Unit Weight of Sand Fill = 15 kN/cum.60 kN/m2 4.200 m 28.γDf = 25. Cc = Compression Index = 0.40 kN ( Per meter of width ) ∴ S = 0.q max = and.87/1844.00 Unit weight of soil = 17. so OK.9*1. 5.116 m Net Eccentricity = 0.47 m2 10.200 m Thickness of base slab = 0. STRUCTURAL DESIGN 5.0 = 4. Unit Weight of Brick = 19 kN/cum.000 m Height of soil at heel side above slab = 0.525 = 214. Ka = ( 1-sin φ ) / ( 1-sin φ ) = 1.225 m 111.93 kN Maximum Moment at base due to Max.60 kN/m2 Which is less than 2.MT HΦJGAARD A/S .04 m2 0.84 e = el = 0.94 kN/cum Height of soil at toe side above base = 0.1 Design of Pit Wall : Angle of repose for backfilled soil. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Load Application on Foundation Total Vertical Load = 828+306.2 Check for Settlement : Settlement of a Soil layer is given by : So it's OK.98 kN/m2 Net Upward Pressure = 43.716 m L /6 = 1.0" .467 So. Horizontal Load =140.85+167.225 m 167.LINDPRO A/S JV Weight of Pad = Width of Bund Wall = Total Length of Bund wall = Height of Bund wall = Weight of Bund wall = Total area of the Yard within bundwall = Area of Tx. Giasuddin Page 5 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .116+0. e0 = Initial Void ratio = 0.04 + γsDf = 107. = 1.85 kN 0.716 m kNs Q = Fzb = 1844.m Eccentricity for Horizontal load = 214.00 Deg Coefficient of earth pressure .82+111.54-γ'sDf = 35.200 m Thickness of stem = 0. From soil test report of BH-4.00 kN/sqm Applied Loading : Unit Weight of Gravel Fill = 16 kN/cum.76 = 1844.54 kN/m2 Gross allowable soil pressure = 90.76 kN CL of Foundation Design of Transformer Foundation . φ = 0.93 kN A = LxB = 59.989 H = Thickness of the Soil Layer = 5. S = cc p + Δp H log10 0 1 + e0 p0 Where.q min Q 6e (1+ ) A L Q 6e = (1) A L m2 m >e qmax = 43.00 m p0 = The original Soil Pressure at the mid point of the layer = γ∗H/2 = 45. supporting Pedestal = Net area to be filled with gravel = Thickness of Gravel = Weight of gravel = 430.82 kN 41.93 = 0.258 From soil test report of BH-4.1269 ft.700 m PL above heel side soil = 0.00 kN/m2 Δp = Change In Pressure = qmax .524 inch. Pressure due to Backfill P1= 1/2*Kpγh2*1.43 m2 31.

76 Mpa. vc= Vc/bd = 0. a = 6.2 Design of Transformer Supporting Pedestal : ( Reference Dwg no. V = 18.075*19+0.3-03-3537) Length of Pedestal = Width of Pedestal = Hight of Pedestal = Weight of Pedestal = Total Weight of Tx.47 mm2 (Ref. Giasuddin Page 6 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .00 mm2/m Consider bar Size = 10. so no rebar is required from structural point of view. 56. of Bars = 5 Nos Spacing = 200. or Min. of Bars = 5 Nos Spacing = 1000/5 = 200. Check for shear : Shear force .003373494 ρf ⎛ M u =φρf y bd 2 ⎜1-0. Compressive Stresse is within acceptable limit.00 kN N/mm2.59 y f'c ⎝ ∴ d= ⎞ ⎟ .24E+12 mm4 Maximum stress on the section = 0.Where φ = 0.075*15)*0. ( with Oil ) = Design Loads: Compression =720.20. Ratio of minimum reinforcement ( in SI unit) is given by =1.47 mm2/m As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.7 = 13. stress on the section = σ max/ min = A ± I 3 I = bh /12 = 6.5 = 8.) Check for a a = As*fy/(.m " Let us check with minimum reinforcement.752 kN.00 mm Provide φ 10mm @ 200mm at both face of the wall.Page 83 .94 mm Area of steel. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station ( For Backfill φ is considered 0 Degree ) Ka = ( 1-Sinφ )/( 1+Sinφ ) = 1.59 85 mm . Horizontal Reinforcement : As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.75 kN ( Per meter of width ) So Moment about point A = 4.10th Ed.21 kN Where.838*1.14 kN Factored shear . So As = 284.m ( Per meter of width ) Factored Moment = 5.0+306.0 Pressure due Surcharge load P2 =10.0 mm So Nos. In present case which is coming 0.85*fc'*b) = 6. d Provided =200-100-10/2= 95 mm.286 N/mm2 AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than 0.1.1 .835 kN. 5.004bt = 400.5 = 1026. -Design of concrete structure.75*0..725 kN.00 mm Provide φ 10mm @ 200mm at both face of the wall. b= 1000 mm d = 95 mm So.680 m 1.225 m 306.233+13. Vu = 27.002bt = 400.MT HΦJGAARD A/S .0 mm So Nos.50 kN 720.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .41*0.50 kN Moment M = 172.06 Mpa. Max.175*16+0.0+ ( 0.9 = 9. P Mc sign By : Md.9 ⎠ ρf y fc' = ) Mu φρf y b(1-0. OK 5. As = M*1000000/(0.6025 3.94 mm Consideration is OK.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 284.17 f c ' This is much greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok..4/fy ρmin= 0.m Assuming depth of stress block.35 = 5. By-Nilson & Winter.00 mm2/m Consider bar Size = 10.890 m 2.. As per ACI code.Reinforcement Calculation : Vertical Reinforcement Mdes =Mu/0.

055^2/2 = 166.340 Mpa AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than Mpa 0.0018*3890*2680 mm2.3.607 kN.50 kN Punching stress developed by Tx.73 mm2 sign By : Md. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station But as per code Minimun Rebar = 0. Use dia 10mm bar @ 200mm c/c for tie. t = 300 mm Clear Cover = 60 mm Consider Bar size = 20 mm d = 300-60-20/2 = 230 mm Assuming depth of stress block.33 f c ' In present case which is coming 1.39 mm Area of steel. 5. = 1026.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .m/m Base Thickness.3. So OK. Design of Base Slab Foundation Layout Center of Tx.48 Mpa. So Use 94 nos. Giasuddin Page 7 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .5*1000/ 3022200 = 0. t = 300 mm Clear Cover = 60 mm Consider Max Bar size = 20 mm d = 300-60-20/2 = 230 mm Punching Perimeter = (2680+3890)*2 = 13140 mm Punching Area = 13140*230 = 3022200 mm2 Vertical Forces = 1026.m/m Design moment = 170. As = M*1000000/(0. 5. a = 60.9 = 184.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 2473.1 Check for Punching of the Base : Base Thickness.0018*Ag = 0.3.147 kN.2 Bottom Reinforcement Along Long Direction : For right side Net Upward Pressure by soil = 35. Center of Foundation 5.60 kN/m2 Max Moment Developed at Pedestal face at Bottom = 35. = 18766 mm2.MT HΦJGAARD A/S . of dia 16mm Bar for Vertical Reinforcement.42/0.6*3.

a = 20.286 kN.34 mm Consideration is OK. of Bars = Spacing = For Left Side Max Moment Developed at Pedestal face at Bottom = 35. So As = Minimum reinforcement = 0.69 mm2 Check for stress block.37 mm Area of steel.34 mm Area of steel.855^2/2 = 61.m/m Base Thickness.392/0.3. As = M*1000000/(0. So As = 506.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK.85*fc'*b) = 12. t = 300 mm Clear Cover = 60 mm Consider Bar size = 12 mm d = 300-60-12/2-20 = 214 mm ( Bars to be placed on top of long Bars) Assuming depth of stress block. As = M*1000000/(0.37 mm Consideration is OK.00 mm2/m Consider bar Size = 12 mm So Nos.18 % = 540. a = 30.00 mm2/m Consider bar Size = 20 mm So Nos. So As = 1242.16^2/2 = 83.76 mm2 Check for stress block.77 Nos sign By : Md.a a = As*fy/(0.325 kN.64 mm2 Minimum reinforcement = 0.64 mm2 Check for stress block.392 kN.a a = As*fy/(0.a a = As*fy/(0.41^2/2 = 35.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 828.18 % = 540.60 kN/m2 Max Moment Developed at Pedestal face at Bottom = 35.057/0.m/m Design moment = 83.75 m far from Pedestal face at Bottom = 35.057 kN.m/m Design moment = 35.m/m Design moment = 61. t = 300 mm Clear Cover = 60 mm Consider Bar size = 12 mm d = 300-60-12/2-20 = 214 mm ( Bars to be placed on top of long Bars) Assuming depth of stress block.6*1.257 kN.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 1242. of Bars = 2. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Check for stress block.73 mm2 540.85*fc'*b) = 30.18 % = 540. As = M*1000000/(0.9 = 68.257/0.87 Nos 127 mm Say 120mm 5.6*1.99 Nos Spacing = 91 mm Say 90 mm Calculation For Bar Curtailment Max Moment Developed at 0.00 mm2/m 20 mm 7.23 mm Area of steel. Giasuddin Page 8 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .54 -γ'sDf = 35. of Bars = 10.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .a a = As*fy/(0.85*fc'*b) = 20.64 Nos Spacing = 379 mm Say 240mm 60.23 mm Consideration is OK. So As = 828.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 506.18 % = Consider bar Size = So Nos.6*2.m/m Base Thickness. t = 300 mm Clear Cover = 60 mm Consider Bar size = 20 mm d = 300-60-20/2 = 230 mm Assuming depth of stress block. a = 12.3 Bottom Reinforcement Along Short Direction : Net Upward Pressure by soil = 43.063 kN.76 mm2 Minimum reinforcement = 0.69 mm2 Minimum reinforcement = 0.00 mm2/m Consider bar Size = 12 mm So Nos.m/m Base Thickness.9 = 39.39 mm 2473.MT HΦJGAARD A/S . of Bars = 4.9 = 92.

3. So As = Minimum reinforcement = 0. = 12 mm sign By : Md.m/m 300 mm 60 mm 12 mm 234 mm 9. As = M*1000000/(0.a a = As*fy/(0. a = Area of steel.165/0. i. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Spacing = 209 mm Say 180 mm Point of curtailment = 750+(12 times dia of bar .9 = Base Thickness.e 12*12 = 144mm use 250mm) 250 = 1000mm from face of Padestal. 5.95 mm 407.0 Mpa shall be used for gratings.4 Top Reinforcement Calculation along both direction : Max Hogging Moment Developed = 35.854 kN. t = Clear Cover = Consider Max Bar size = d = 300-60-12/2 = Assuming depth of stress block.45 mm2 540.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = Check for stress block.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK.77 Nos 209 mm Say 200mm Steel of Fy 275.MT HΦJGAARD A/S . of Bars = Spacing = 6. DESIGN OF GRATINGS Layout of Gratings : 31.0550. Giasuddin Page 9 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .95 mm 407.18 % = Consider bar Size = So Nos.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .368 kN.40)^2/8 = Design moment = 27.45 mm2 9. Main bar : 50X6 Flat Spacing of main bar : 30 mm c/c Secondary bar dia.6*(3.m/m 34.00 mm2/m 12 mm 4.

56 kN/sqm 3. Check for shear stress : Shear stress = V/A = 19.32 Mpa .32 Mpa ∴ Fb = 0. tw = Zxx = Ixx = Leff / ryy = 2700/22.157 kN 0.346*275 = 95.05 * ( M 1/ M 2) + 0. So OK.1 mm 182500 mm3 18251000 mm4 112.6982/8 = 0.16*2. Giasuddin Page 10 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 .3 mm 10.83 Mpa Allowable Shear stress = 0.75 + 1.15 Mpa .2 Design of grating supporting channel : Max span of channel = Load from grating per channel = 6.3( M 1/ M 2) 2 ( ) Consider ends of channel are not to carry any moment so 2nd and 3rd term of the above equation can be ignored.64 Mpa 165. So OK. T = Web thickness.52 Mpa 95.067*10^6/2500 = Allowable bending stress = 0.505 = Max bending moment . 6.60 Allowable Maximum deflection = l/325 = 5. . V = Provide : ISMC 200 Check for bending stress : Total depth. So OK. D = Sectional Area. sign By : Md.6*Fy = 0.067kN.698 m 6. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Spacing of secondary bar : Thickness of gravel paving = Unit weight of gravel = Max span of main bar = 100 mm c/c 225 mm 16.15 Mpa > 6.1 Design of main bar : Self weight of grating : Self weight of gravel : Assumed live load : Total load per unit area = Uniform Distributed Load per main bar = Check for bending stress : Zxx of main bar = 6*502/6 = Max bending stress = 0.327*1000/2828 = 6.75 Bending Stress = M/Z = 12.185 kN/m Max bending moment = 0.3= When 703 X 103 Cb l ≤ ≤ Fy r 3516 X 103 Cb Fy 2.16 kN/sqm 0.60 kN/sqm 2.431 kN/m 12.346*Fy = 0.6*275 = Check for shear stress : Max shear force = Max shear stress = Allowable Shear stress = 0.505 m 15.00 Mpa 0. Ixx of main bar = 6*50^3/12 = 62500 mm4 Modulus of elasticity of steel = 200000 Mpa Max central deflection = 5wl4/384EI = 1 60 mm 1.1*10^6/182500 = 66.83 Mpa .33 2 ⎡ ⎤ Fy l 2 ⎥ r Fb = ⎢ − ⎢ 3 10550 X 103 C ⎥ Fy ≤ 0. A = ryy = Flange thickness. M = Max end shear.104kN.60 Fy b ⎢ ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ Where C b = 1. So Cb = 1.00 kN/sqm 6.22 mm .00 kN/cum 1. So OK.13 Mpa > 66.m 2500 mm3 26.346*Fy = 0.327 kN 200 mm 2828 mm2 22.40 mm 6.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .MT HΦJGAARD A/S .346*275 = Check for max deflection : 0.m 19. So OK.185*1.535*275 = 147.

LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation . Giasuddin Page 11 of 11 Date : 19 Nov '05 . sign By : Md.71 mm .MT HΦJGAARD A/S . Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Check for max deflection : Max central deflection = 5wl4/384EI = 2. So OK.17 mm Allowable Max. deflection = l/325 =2825/325 = 7.

2 Soil Data: 1.2 Check for Settlement : 5.4 Top Reinforcement Calculation along both direction : 6.3 Material Properties : 2.3 Bottom Reinforcement Along Short Direction : 5.2 Bottom Reinforcement Along Long Direction : 5.as per BNBC 4.3.3. Design of Base Slab 5.3. General 1.Reinforcement Calculation : 5. Design of Grating : 6. Load Calculation : 3.2 Design of grating supporting channel : Page No.1 Considerations : 1.1 Check for Soil Bearing Capacity : 4. Soil Stability Check 4.1 Check for Punching of the Base : 5.1 Design of Pit Wall : 5.1 Wind load calculation .1 Design of main bar : 6.3.1.3.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation . Structural Design : 5.1 .as per BNBC 3.2 Seismic load calculation .MT HΦJGAARD A/S . 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 04 04 04 05 05 05 06 06 07 07 07 08 09 09 10 10 Giasuddin / BEL Date : 19 Nov '05 . Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Contents 1.2 Design of Transformer Supporting Pedestal : 5. Design Data Foundation Geometry : 3.

2 Design of Transformer Supporting Pedestal : 5. Load Calculation : 3.1 Considerations : 1. Joydevpur 132/33kV Sub-station Contents 1.as per BNBC 3.LINDPRO A/S JV Design of Transformer Foundation .Reinforcement Calculation : 5.3.1.2 Design of grating supporting channel : Page No. Design of Grating : 6.3.1 Design of main bar : 6.2 Seismic load calculation . Design Data Foundation Geometry : 3.as per BNBC 4.3 Material Properties : 2. Structural Design : 5.1 Check for Soil Bearing Capacity : 4.2 Check for Settlement : 5.MT HΦJGAARD A/S . 03 03 03 03 03 04 04 04 04 04 05 05 05 06 06 07 07 07 08 09 09 10 10 Giasuddin / BEL Date : 19 Nov '05 .1 .3.3.3.3 Bottom Reinforcement Along Short Direction : 5.4 Top Reinforcement Calculation along both direction : 6.1 Design of Pit Wall : 5.2 Bottom Reinforcement Along Long Direction : 5. Design of Base Slab 5.2 Soil Data: 1. General 1.1 Check for Punching of the Base : 5.1 Wind load calculation . Soil Stability Check 4.

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