ELECTRICAL MACHINES LAB - I VIVA QUESTIONS

Exp.No.1 LOAD TEST ON D.C. SHUNT MOTOR
1.Why should the field rheostat be kept in the position of minimum resistance?

2.What is the loading arrangement used in a dc motor?

3.How can the direction of rotation of a DC shunt motor be reversed?

4.What are the mechanical and electrical characteristics of a DC shunt motor?

5.What are the applications of a DC shunt motor?

Exp.No.2 LOAD TEST ON D.C. SERIES MOTOR
1.Why a DC series motor should never be stared without load?

2. Why a DC series motor has a high starting torque?

3.Compare the resistances of the field windings of DC shunt and series motor?

4.What are the applications of DC series motor?

5. Comment on the Speed – Torque characteristics of a DC series motor. 6. How does the torque vary with the armature current in a DC series motor?

3.Which is of the two methods of speed control is better and why? 5. . 3 SPEED CONTROL OF DC SHUNT MOTOR 1.How does the speed of a DC shunt motor vary with armature voltage and field current? 2. 5. What is the principle of generator? What is meant by residual magnetism? What is critical field resistance? What is meant by saturation? What are the reasons for the drooping load characteristics? What is the difference between external and internal characteristics? Write the voltage equation of a separately excited DC generator.What is the importance of speed control of DC motor in industrial applications? 4. 6.Exp.No. Compare the resistance of the armature and field winding. What are the factors affecting the speed of a DC shunt motor? EXP. 4. 7.Why is the speed of DC shunt motor practically constant under normal load condition? 6. 2. 4 OCC & LOAD TEST ON SEPERATELY EXCITED DC GENERATOR 1. State the difference between generated emf and terminal voltage. 3.NO.

what may be the probable reasons? What is SPST? What is its use in this experiment? What is the reason the presence of residual magnetism in the field poles? Why does the terminal voltage decrease as the load current increases? Write the voltage equation of a DC shunt generator. 5. What is the difference between a separately excited dc generator and dc shunt generator? If a DC shunt generator fails to build up voltage. Exp. . What is the principle of a transformer? What are the types of transformer? What are the applications of transformer? Why is the capacity of a transformer specified as KVA and not as KW? 2.No. 6.Exp. No. 3. 7 LOAD TEST ON SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER 1. 3. What is the condition for maximum efficiency of a transformer From the graph. 4. 5 OCC AND LOAD TEST ON DC SHUNT GENERATOR 1. 6. find the load at which it occurs. State the difference between generated emf and terminal voltage. Why is the efficiency of a transformer higher than that of motors? . 5. 4. 2.

What is meant by regulation? 4. 2. Define the term transformation ratio? 5. What are the components of no load current? 6. EXP. 9 SWINBURNE’S TEST 1. 4. Is this statement true or false? Justify your answer with proper reasons. What is meant by mmf or field ampere turns? . How are the parameters referred to the HV or LV side? Explain with an example. 8 OC AND SC TESTS ON SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER 1. 3. What is the purpose of Swinburne’s test? What are the constant losses in a DC machine? What are the assumptions made in Swinburne’s test? Why is the indirect method preferred to the direct loading test? 5. What are the parameters of the equivalent circuit? 7.NO. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1. What is meant by voltage regulation? 2. What is meant by Synchronous Impedance? 3. What is the purpose of OC and SC tests? 2. What is OC test ? 4. Why is the core of a transformer laminated? 3. The efficiency of DC machine is generally higher when it works as a generator than when it works as a motor. What is SC test? 5.EXP.NO.

Draw different characteristic curves of DC motors? 16. What are the applications of DC Shunt motors? 14. What is Armature Reaction in DC motor and its impact? 10. What are the protective devices incorporated in DC starters? 6. 4. Write the torque equation of DC motor. 9. What is the need for starters? 2. Why is fuse rated for amperes? 5. Which is the basic protective device in any circuit? 3. Why starter is required in DC motor for starting? 7. What is Commutation failure? 11. What is meant by ZPF Test? 2. How speed is controlled in DC shunt motor? 6. What is back emf and its significance in DC motor? 5.1.Why Series motors cannot be started without load? 2. What is the typical brush drop in DC motors? 15. . Write the emf equation of DC and AC machine. Why is the armature rheostat of dc motor kept at maximum resistance position? 8. What is the significance of the ASA modification of MMF method? 5. What are the different losses in DC motor? 9. What is Potier reactance? How is it determined by Potier triangle? 3. What are the applications of DC series motors? 4. Advantages of DC motors over AC motors 3. Advantages of Dummy windings in DC motors? 12. Name the material used for Fuse. What is critical resistance in DC motor? 8. By carrying out brake test on DC motors what we can understand? 17. What is air gap line in Potier method? Viva Questions-DC machines 1. On what principle does DC motor operates? 13. Why is the field rheostat of dc motor kept at minimum resistance position and that of generator in maximum resistance position? 7. What is meant by armature reaction reactance? 4. Explain Fleming's Left hand and Right hand rule and which rule applies to motor and Generator Electrical Engineering Lab Viva Questions 1.

Why transformers and alternators are rated with kVA? 36. What is the secondary side frequency of transformer? 31. Define transformer. What will happen when the slip is 100% and zero? 53. 23. Why are synchronous motors not self starting? What are the methods of starting? 43. Why is armature resistance more than field resistance of dc series machine? 27. Why is regulation so important for transformers and alternators? 46. Draw the torque-slip characteristics of 3 phase induction motor and explain. Why are single phase induction motors not self starting? Classify them according to the starting methods. Why is always the induction motor running with less than the speed of rotating magnetic field? 51. What are the methods of speed control of dc motors? 33. What are the parts of synchronous machine? Name the material used in various parts. Give the applications of each type of dc motor and dc generator. What is the use of commutator and brushes? 24. Name the different types of DC and AC starters. What is the difference between two winding transformer and auto transformer? 35. How are the ammeters and voltmeters connected in any circuit? 13. 11. What will happen if dc supply is connected to transformer?’ 40. What are the various types of transformer? 32. 44.What is regulation with respect to i)transformer ii)alternator 42. How is the eddy current loss minimized in dc machine? 22. What is back emf? Give its significance. 38. Name the material used for armature and core of dc machine. What is the operating power factor of dc machine? 37. What are the parts of transformer? 41. 20.10. 19. What is the difference between MI and MC type instruments? 14. What is the difference between self excited and separately excited machines? 18. What do you mean by complex power? 39. What do you mean by transformation coefficient? 34. Name the parts of dc machine. Why is synchronous motor referred as doubly excited machine? 48. What are the types of alternators? 45.Explain the mechanical characteristics of DC shunt motor using electrical characteristics and N/Ia characteristics. What is the result of varying the excitation of synchronous motor? 49. What are the types of 3 phase induction motors? . Why shouldn’t dc series motor started at no load? 29. 30. 16. What are the losses in dc machine? 21. What is slip of an induction motor? 50. 47. Why is series motor best suited for traction applications? 28. Why is armature resistance less than field resistance of dc shunt machine? 26. Name the types of self excited dc machine. 25. 12. What is meant by power factor? Explain. How are MI meters used for measuring both ac and dc quantities? 15. 17. What is slip frequency? 52.

Why is 3 phase induction motor referred as rotating transformer with short-circuited secondary? 56. N in dc starters? 64. C. What do you mean by power frequency? 68. What is E and C in autotransformer? 67. Given transformers A and B with following details: A: η= 96% & reg: 5. A. What is the advantage of equivalent circuit? 76. How will you manage to find the field and armature terminals of i) dc shunt machine ii) dc series machine. 74. What is L. 78. How is the starting torque improved in slip ring induction motor? Justify mathematically. What are the advantages and disadvantages of autotransformer? 69. Why transformers have highest efficiency than any other electrical machine? 58. What is mutual inductance? 59.What are the methods of electrical braking? . What is meant by magnetizing current and working component of current with respect to transformer? 77. 75. generator and transformer? 60. Give the relation between line and phase values of i) star connected network ii) delta connected network. 55. How can the hysteresis loss of any machine be minimized? 80. F. How will you find the direction of induced emf in generator and the direction of motion of the conductor in motor? 61.Why are electrical loads used for generators and motors whereas mechanical loads for motors? 72. and V in wattmeter? 65.When can the squirrel cage machine be loaded to its fullest capacity? i) Star connection of stator ii) delta connection of stator.2% Which transformer will you select? Justify your answer. What is M.8% B: η= 94% & reg: 5. What is the use of end rings in squirrel cage induction motor? 57.54.What is the principle of motor. What is LPF. UPF and ZPF? 66. What do you mean by stray losses in dc machine? 73.Given 4 terminals without indication. 79. What are the disadvantages of low power factor? 70.How will you reverse the direction of rotation of i) dc motor ii) ac motor? 62. What are the methods of speed control of ac motors? 71. What is the difference between rheostat and potentiometer? 63. L.

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