This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/CUVÂNT INAINTE
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE
Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.
1 of 42
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 1 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 2 of 18
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.
LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:
2 of 42
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.
I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ
3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?
Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?
worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak
3 of 42
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.
1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.
1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.
1. Traduceti in limba engleza:
4 of 42
Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. incepând din) si for (de. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica.) l arata o actiune trecuta.actrus. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. 10. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent.. 6. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. Ex.. 8. Ex. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. 14. Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. this year. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. seldom. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut.. ora 10 a.) I have known John since 1990. 16. 19. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . this month. 12. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. 4. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. 3. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. In acest caz. terminata.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.) I have known John for two years. already. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua.) I haven’t seen John since September. dintr-un motiv sau altul. se foloseste Past Simple.actrus. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. 5. I have seen two films this week. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. Ex. 22. I didn’t get up early this morning. I haven’t got up early this morning. De asemenea.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. arata o actiune trecuta. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. I must buy a new one. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. I must buy a new one. 2. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 9. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often.m. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. 21.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. never. this week..) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". In acest caz. http://quintet. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta.m. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. ever. Ex. I haven’t seen John for two months. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. 17. 18. C. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. timp de). Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. I lost my umbrella yesterday. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. intereseaza in prezent. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. always. Page 8 of 18 1. 20. just. 11. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. ora 2 p. 15. 13. 7.
Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. fie cu perfectul compus. 12.m. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua.) I haven’t seen him lately.actrus. Ex. we shall have floods. 12. I’m tired of it. 10. 3. 2. 4. intre un moment trecut si prezent.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 19. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 5. Would you like a cake? No.actrus. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. 17. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. I already (see) this film. Yes. I just (have) one. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 6. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. It (not rain) since December. 21. Ex. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. You (not see) it anywhere? No. vom avea inundatii. 2. 1. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. yet (in propozitii negative). How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers.) Dupa cum se poate observa. in functie de context. You (be) out of work long? 5. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend.html 6 of 42 . 9. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. I have often been to England.) De asemene. 7. 8. 13. He has not (hasn’t) been working. 4. I have never been to England. If it doesn’t stop soon.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. Ex. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. 7. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. 6. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. 22. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). It has been raining for three hours.. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. 3. 3. He (sleep) for 10 hours now.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. 4. I am not out of work now.. I (get) a job last month.. 15. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. Page 10 of 18 Ex. 20. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. The radio (play) since 7 a. I (lend) him some money today. 14. I (lose) my pen. thank you. 16. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 1. (Ploua de trei ore. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. 10. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. sa continue si in viitor. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. care continua in prezent.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 5. cu accent pe durata. 8. 6. 18. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 7. You (see) your mother this week? No. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1.. When you (use) it last? 2. I (not be) to the seaside this year. It’s time we woke him up. You must come and see it. I (buy) a new house. He (not come) home yet. 8. she (try) to make trouble. We (know) each other for several years. Daca nu se opreste in curând. I am tired because I have been working all day. 11. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. He hasn’t returned home yet. 11. I haven’t.
Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. When he entered the room. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 2. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest.) Dupa cum se observa. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. dar. 7. (Când el a intrat in camera. Ninge de doua ore. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. Este. She said she already (be) to England. 11. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa.) He said it had been raining for three days. acum doi ani. 10. 11. Page 12 of 18 9.. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 22. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile.) When you rang me up. 16. un verb de relatie. After they (finish) dinner. they drank some coffee. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. Afirmativ I had worked. Un copil a spart geamul. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. 3. terminasem de scris temele.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. I had finished writing my homework. l-am luat la ora 8. 17..CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Ex. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. 24. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. she had been typing for one hour. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute.. 5. 23. 12. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. Afirmativ I had been working. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. 2. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. 18. 21. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. D. s-a plictisit. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. 4. 19. ca si Present Perfect. 25. he got bored. 10. De când mi-am cumparat masina. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. 20.) Ca sens. 1. ea batea la masina de o ora.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. in acest caz. 9. 8.actrus. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. De asemenea. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 13. 14. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. am petrecut o luna aici.actrus. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca.. El este ministru de doi ani. http://quintet. (Când mi-ai telefonat. 6. a plecat acum o ora. Ex.
He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. After John (leave). Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. 10. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. am mers la culcare.. When I rang her up.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. it (rain) for one hour. will la persoana II si III. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. 3. When I called on her unexpectedly.html 8 of 42 . When we reached the top. 9. 6. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. Ex. she (write) letters for one hour. You will be going. se foloseste numai „shall". Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. mother (cook) for two hours. 5. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. When I arrived home. 4. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit.html 12/15/04 1. 7. He/she/it will be going. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. You will be going. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. 8. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. 7. 10. 2. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. 6.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". 9. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. a inmânat-o profesorului. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. 1. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. 7. 10. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. 3. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 9. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Page 14 of 18 3.. we (climb) for 7 hours. When she decided to have a rest. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. When we met them. she felt chilly. 4. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. When I left home. They will be going.. We (shall) will not be going. 3. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 2. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. We (shall) will be going. 6. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. When we arrived at Sinaia.actrus. I realized she (have) a party. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. 8. 1. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). E. 6. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. 8. At 3 o’clock on Friday. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. You will not be going. 5. 10. 8. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate.. When I (find out) he (get married). Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 5. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. 7. After John (listen to) the news bulletin.actrus. http://quintet. 4. we (realize) we (lose) our way. When she sat for the exam. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. He/she/it will not be going. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. After we (walked) for an hour.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 5. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. I (shall) will meet him next week. she (study) the subject for a week. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 4. I (return) from school.
la ora 3. You will not have gone.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. I should (would) be going.. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". He said that at 3 o’clock. By three o’clock tomorrow. He/she/it will not have gone. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will have gone.actrus. Ex. Ex. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. They will not have gone. Este un timp rar folosit. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. Când vei veni tu acasa. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. He said he would be late. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat.. Ex. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. I will have reached Predeal. va calatori spre Anglia. They will not be going. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). Ex. (El a spus ca va intârzia.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.. I will have been studying for three hours. You will have gone. he would be travelling to England. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). When you come home. the next day. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. I will be travelling to England. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. You will not have gone. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. (have + forma III).html 9 of 42 12/15/04 .. I (shall) will have been going. Ex. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. You will have gone.actrus. We (shall) will not have gone. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. At three o’clock. They will have gone.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. He/she/it will have gone. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.
I (pay off) all my debts. He (study) all day tomorrow. 8. I am sure I (succeed). I (work) at the office till late at night. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. By the end of the month. 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 8. 1.actrus. I (swim) in the sea. Let’s hurry to the beach. mâine. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. This time next month. 3. it probably (rain). 9. I (know) the results in three days’ time. Intr-un astfel de context. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. Ex. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. 2. we (take) our exam. 5. 4. Pâna la ora 1. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. Arata o intentie. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. I am meeting John this morning.. He (be) pleased if you invite him. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 6. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. 9. She (watch) TV. Next year. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. Ex. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. 7. Unde il vei pune? Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. intre orele 12 si 1. 9. 6. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1.actrus.) It is going to rain. I am going to read this book. 10.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. 10. 4. 11.. By the beginning of next week. 5. we (climb) the mountain. I am sure you (like) this book.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 9. Vineri. 7. 2. 7. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 4. the baby (cry). one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. If we don’t hurry. By 5 o’clock. 5.m. 6. 4.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. By the time you come home. I (have) breakfast.. When you reach Sinaia. 4. 3. they (be married) for 25 years. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. You (be) in London tomorrow. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. I (cook) for two hours. 3. 6. 10. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. By the end of the season. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. I (work) on this paper for a month. I leave for London tomorrow. 12. 3. In a week’s time. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. bine stabilit. 2..html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . When I take the exam. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. arata un program precis. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. This time next day. 3. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. 8. Don’t expect me home for dinner. http://quintet. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum.
) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. Ex. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. Ex. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. ci in fraze.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. Ex. Ex. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). Past Perfect Simple.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. Ex. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. Present Tense Continuous. Se poate intâlni. (El a spus ca merge la scola. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp.html 11 of 42 . (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.) She promised her mother she would help her. Propozitia principala 1. (El a spus ca este bolnav. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. Past Tense Continuous. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work.) b.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) He said he would buy a car if he had money.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. 3. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. desigur. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.actrus. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. He said he would come to see me when he had time.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.) He said he was going to school. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. 2. Present Perfect Simple. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia.) 1. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. nu in propozitii.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet.) I will have finished studying when you come home. de exemplu. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza.actrus. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2.
I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. 5. 6. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 7. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. they were listening to music. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. 8. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. I believed you (be) at the seaside. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 9. 5. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. I shall have typed all the letters. When he finally reached London. 3. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. cu timpul. I was not sure if you (speak) English. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach.actrus. 8. She told me his name after he (leave). 1. 5. she will take a job as a secretary. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. 19. not before. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. Pentru moment insa. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. 20. By the time you (finish) translating the text. 6. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past.html 12 of 42 . When we (go) to see them last night. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. 4. 7. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. 4. 11. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. 2. Looking out of the window. they will have been married for five years. 7. 9. 13. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. When I (finish) the book. 3. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. 6. When it started to rain. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). 17. 10. I will do it when I (want) to. 8. 6. this beach will become very crowded. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. 6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I will lend it to you. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. precum si exceptiile: 1. 4. It was clear they (talk) business again. 3. 7. 4. 2. 2. 7. 7. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 4. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. 9. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 9. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 5. I (not decide) yet. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). As soon as the holidays (begin). 10. As wages had gone up. 6. When their first baby (be born). 1. the concert already (begin). 12/15/04 http://quintet. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. 12. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. He told me he never (see) the sea. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. 18. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. After he (repair) the car. He promised he (drive) me home. Page 4 of 5 1. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. 10. 8. 8. 2. When I arrived. 16. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). you will feel better. After she (learn) to type. we supposed prices (go up). 2. 10. 8. After you (drink) a coffee. He believed the strike (end) very soon. 3. He just (leave) home when he came across John. In 1998. 5. 3. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 1.actrus. too. I congratulated him. 3. When I heard the main actor was ill. 6. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. 14. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. After I (hear) the news. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 5. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 15. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 4. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I understood you (be) a painter. 2. We all believed he (win) the competition. They didn’t know that I (play) football. sa ajunga regula. 9. he will drive to Sinaia.
actrus. When I finally arrived home. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. 20. ai merge. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 15. we (drink) coffee and brandy.. 11. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 5. 9. 18. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. 2. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. 12. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . A week ago. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. 7. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 12.). Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. 6. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 14. 16.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. ar merge etc. After having visited Italy. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. 10. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. He was very upset because I (be) late. 3. 4. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. 13. 11. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. 17. 19. After we have finished dinner. wouldn’t. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. You will never know how much I (suffer). Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. he decided he (change) his job.. 7. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. 8.actrus.
html 12/15/04 http://quintet.. we shall have floods. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine.) I would stay at home if it rained. 4. If you (take) a dog. If the police should find out the truth. dar improbabila. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that).html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . we would be fined. 10. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. cu exceptia verbului „to be". Unless you come at 6. would you visit me? 3.. In acest caz. you (not pass) the exam.) I will stay at home if it rains. I would ring him up. should). si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. What shall we do. you will have to look after it. If I (move) to the country-side. ai fi mers. were. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. 7. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. If she should ring up. providing. 3. suppose. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. If you don’t hurry. noi am fi amendati.. 2.. If I (know) his phone-number. tell her I am out. supposing. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul.).) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. Ex.actrus. Ex. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. De asemenea. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. If I tell you something. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. 2. daca sar intâmpla ca.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. In caz ca telefoneaza. 9. 8. I (buy) it. If I like the dress. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna.actrus. If I see him. este posibila omiterea lui if. you (not find) me at home. 6. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. If it (go on) raining.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. If she finds out what has happened. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Ex. had. 1. she (be) very angry. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. in case. I (greet) him. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. you (be) late. in loc de Present Simple. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. ar fi mers etc. 5. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more.
If the child is good.. I would speak to him. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. Had I learned English grammar. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. I would be nervous. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.actrus. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. If I (be) you. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. I (answer) it. 8. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. I would have succeeded. 4. 10. 1. 10. I (answer) your question if I can. mi-ar fi fost frig. 5. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. He (tell) you if you had asked him. 4. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 3. 5. 3. you wouldn’t have an accident. 9. 5. It (be) better if you had waited. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 4. If I won the lottery.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. I (not do) this. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 7. 12. 10. Page 5 of 5 4. 10. 6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 2. I (answer) the phone. If he were more careful. 4. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. 8. If I (know) you had no driving licence. If he had written a letter to me. Daca va ploua. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 9. 2. voi mânca la un restaurant. Should he have a headache. 2. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. he would never have known. Dacaar fi plouat. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. Were I in your place. I would go home immediately. he (get) a bar of chocolate. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. 1. 10. 6. 7. he (take) a pill. Daca ar ploua. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. 5. 6. 2. 6. If I (work) harder. Had I been at home. 9. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. strazile ar fi fost ude. 3. 1. I (buy) a car. 7. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. strazile vor fi ude.. you (not get) into trouble. If you (drive) more carefully. If he (realize) it was so late. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. If I (see) him. strazile ar fi ude.. 9. If I (not tell) him. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. 8.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . 11. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. 3. 7.. 8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If you had known English. 8. 6. 5. 9. If you had taken my advice. he (not make) so many mistakes.actrus. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. he would have gone home.
3. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. should.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. He said: „She gave me a book".. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. – He said „I am ill". in functie de sens. Ex. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said he had been working hard." 1. could. Se schimba pronumele. He said: „I’ll be at home today". à He said he would be at home on that day. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains.. He said if it rained he would stay at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. He said she had given him a book. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day.. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. ought to.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . Verbele modale would. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained.. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow"." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. I would have stayed at home. He said „I will do the exercise". 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said „I was ill". I would stay at home. He said he had been ill. I will stay at home. "If it had rained. He said if itrained he would stay at home. 2." Ex. He said he was ill. Ex. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. 1. He said he would do the exercise. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.
iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. 11. Ex. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . 1. 9. 4. He said „Go out". 2. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Ex. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. à He told me to go out. I will buy a car next year.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. John left for Sinaia two days ago.. Incorect: He asked me what was the time... 8. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. 9. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. 4. I am very busy today. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. please? 4. on holiday. 1. 2. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". 10. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 6. I went to England two years ago. 8. 5. 2. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. 12. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 3. 10. 11. 2. Ex. 2. Where have you been? I’ve been away. 6. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. 4. ordered) me to come in. He said: „I am ill". I will go shopping right now. 7. 7. Will you help me.actrus. 3. 2. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. 6. 5. The weather was fine yesterday. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. If I have enough money. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. 8. 9. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. He asked me if I liked music. I would have answered the phone. 3. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. please! Read the text. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. à He said (that) he was ill. 10. 4. He asked me where I had been.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. I saw this film a week ago. 3. 1. 5. 12.. If I had been at home. 3. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. ceea ce este o greseala. 7.
In this office punctuality is insisted on. in unele cazuri. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.actrus. I was asked. 12/15/04 http://quintet.. 2. se omite formularea by. Activ: I gave him a book. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 7.actrus. In aceste situatii. complementul indirect si. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. I will invite my friend to a party. 10. Unde complementul direct este a book. Ex. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. He has found your bag. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. Desigur.. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. They will finish the work today. complementul prepozitional. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Ex. While I am in hospital. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. I am asked. de asemenea.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. 8. Activ: She looked after the child. 5. Ex. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. A specialist will repair my TV set. Ex. my flat is being painted. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. 4. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. 3.html 18 of 42 . 9. Someone has found the missing child. I have been asked. I will be asked. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. While I was in hospital. I had been asked. In limba engleza. iar complementul indirect este him. care. In limba româna.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). my flat was being painted. In multe cazuri. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). 6. Ex.
Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 10. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 3. http://quintet. This house has been built out of stone and cement. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. 5. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. He hasn’t slept in his bed. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii.actrus. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. 12. 7. 5. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. when I passed by. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 4. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. They have given me a nice present. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 9. 6. This book will soon be forgotten. 4. 11. 5. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. A reception was held in his honour. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. 9. 8. 4. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 10. People play football all over the world. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 10. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. I teach them English. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 3. 6. We objected to his proposal. I have lent John two of my books. 10. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 8. 3. 10. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. 8. 2. The noise frightened me. 2. 9. We laughed at John. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. 7. 9. 9. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. 2. 5. 3. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 6. English is spoken all over the world. 7. The pupils will be told where to sit. He hates being made fun of. 7. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. The teacher asked me a difficult question. 6. 5. 2. They are building a new house round the corner. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . We called for the doctor. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 8. 4. 2. I was recommended a very good doctor. 7.actrus. These books mustn’t be taken away. They didn’t look after the children properly. They will give me a reward. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. 8. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 13. They set fire to the shed. 8. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. Burglars broke into the house. 9. The policeman will show us the way. 6. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. 3. 2. 4. 4. 6. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. 14.
s-ar putea sa ploua. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Take your umbrella. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Can is a model verb.). Ex. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Ex. you may. should. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. Telefoneaza-I lui John. May 1. He can speak English. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. (Da. would. can I take your car? Tata.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. Se traduce cu a sti sa. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. He is abroad. 2. can’t Ex. 2.) I can speak English. Ex. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Ex.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . Ex.) l 3. a avea permisiunea Ex. (Pot sa fac aceasta. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. are sensul de a putea. Ex. Ring up John. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. might. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa.actrus. to be permitted to. need. In vorbirea familiara. Ex. He said I might smoke in that room. Father. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. l Nu au toate timpurile. poti. Ex. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. I can make this traslation. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. I can swim. Ex. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. ought to.) Cu acest sens. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. The sun hasn’t set yet. Ia-ti umbrela. (Stiu sa inot. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. El e in strainatate. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". He could have been here in time. Ex. Can = infinitiv. Ex. prezent Negativ: cannot. Can 1. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine.) Negativ: may not. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. could. It may/might rain. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. must. a fi in stare Ex. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. prezent. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. He may/might be at home now. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room.actrus. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Ex. nu e posibil sa. will. may. I can do this.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. He cannot (can’t) speak English. shall. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Soarele nu a apus inca. are sensul de a putea. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Se folosesc inlocuitori. http://quintet.
Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. John must be at home now. Ex. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. o recomandare. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. ar fi cazul sa. Ex. I must go home. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. Probabil ca era târziu. Folosit cu persoana I. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. you must! (Da. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. May/might pot exprima un repros.actrus. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. A trebui Ex. De asemenea. solicitarea unui sfat. Nu. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. Ex. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. Ex. You needn’t drive so fast. Ex.actrus. Ex. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. ar fi bine sa. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. o obligatie morala. It must have been late. 3. de asemenea. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. nu e nevoie. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Ex. S-a facut târziu. 1. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. Negativ: must not. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. shall indica viitorul. You needn’t have watered the flowers. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. Hai sa-l vizitam. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. I had to finish the traslation yesterday.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. se foloseste verbul must. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. 2. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Should.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Ex. Ex. Ex. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. Probabil ca e târziu. o oferta sau o sugestie. Ex. We didn’t need to do this exercise. avem destul timp. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. Trebuie sa plec acasa. aici e limita de viteza. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. you needn’t. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. there is a speed limit here. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. notional. It’s got late. Hai sa mergem acasa. poate indica. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. Let’s go home. He doesn’t need this book. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. You mustn’t drive so fast. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. interogativ. It must be late. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Cu acest sens. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. You may/might help me when I am in need. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. l Need: verb modal. we have enough time. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Let’s call on him. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. dar a fost facuta. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut.
12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. 3. Ex. 10. I must go soon. 15. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. 8. 7. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. 13. 4. 3. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. John could be a winner. Când eram copil. 5. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. It might rain. You might write to me more often.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. 20. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. shall poate arata o promisiune. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. 19. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. acolo unde este necesar: 1. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. 11. You may not speak to your mother like that. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . You should visit your sick friend in hospital. She can play the piano very well. 6. 12. 9. 20. Nota: In afara de „would". my mother used to read me fairy tales. I cannot translate ten pages a day. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. He needn’t buy milk. 19.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I must learn English. 2. This radio won’t work. You may leave earlier. You may not smoke in this room. When I was a child. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. 18. Ex. Would l Formula de politete.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. 13.html 22 of 42 . 12. 17. there is plenty in the fridge. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. 6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. 16. 11. He must be delayed at the office.actrus.actrus. He can swim very well. 7. She can lend you that book. It can’t be too late. 14. She will be her sister. He may be at home. He ought to tell me the truth. 14. He should go to school everyday. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. I must look up the words in the dictionary. This child may have another cake. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. O fi sora ei. 16. l Actiune repetata: . 4. care are numai forma de trecut. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. 1. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. This girl looks very much like Jane. Will. 17. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. You might pay more attention to your work. my mother would read me fairy tales. 15. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. John must be ill. You needn’t do this. 9. 5. 10. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. 18. You might change your mind about that.
6. The sky is clear. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. 3. People … speak during the concert. holidays will be very different. 4. 3.actrus. 10. 5. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 1. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. 7. I …wear my hair long. perhaps it is a good one. 8. 3. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. perhaps it will rain. 6. 10. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 5. She is probably a very good doctor. 3. Take your umbrella. 4. 8. I don’t believe it is his fault. I don’t believe you were right. You … take sleeping pills too often.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. 8. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. 8. I don’t believe she has got so fat. they are addictive. 3. 9. It is possible for her to be very late. You probably forgot to lock the door. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 5. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 6. It may/might snow in the mountains. I think she was angry with you. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. 6. You … take an umbrella. He …reach the Moon and walk there. 7. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. it will soon start raining. 9. but I doubt it. 5. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. He probably came home very early. Man …travel through space now. 4. 3. I don’t think the weather will change. I …read one book a day. You can’t have been right. I don’t believe it was his fault. You …not go to bed so late at night. 4. 9. Don’t wait. 5. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. 2. 1. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 8. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. 5. You have probably forgotten his address. 2. 1. You can’t be right. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. You…water the flowers. …you tell me the truth. 1. 2. 7. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. He probably thinks I am wrong. 2. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. 7. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. 7. 9. He must speak English well. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. I have bought his latest book. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 2. 1. 9. 6. 9. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. 2. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. I don’t think this is a true story. He is probably older than he looks. 10. I’ll give you as much as you want. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 4. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. You …not expect everybody to obey you. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. You … worry about money. He …read for hours on end.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. He was probably late. for once? 6. Page 8 of 10 1. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. 2. He … even drive on its surface.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . It is possible that I come home early. 4. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. 1. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. When I was a teenager.
4. 2. Vreti. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 20. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare." "Yes. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. I am sorry you wasted your time. You …(buy) so much bread. am baut deja doua astazi. 24. 8. I locked the door and took the key with me. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. I promise you not …be disturbed. I wrote him a letter. 5. I …(answer) the questions. The child … (leave) home. 15. This door … not unlock. I …(be) in the garden. 9. but I forgot it was Sunday." 1. you…get a nice present. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. 1. 8. 9. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. he is a very poor swimmer. This …be John’s house. 6. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. 26. It’ll get stale. You…(lend) him your text – book. please? This letter is full of mistakes. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 4. 9. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 3. 2. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 10.actrus. 6. which would have saved me a lot of work. 23. va rog. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 22. 17. Page 10 of 10 10. She …write an article for this magazine every week. We …(wait) too long. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. 10. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza. 12. 10. 16. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 11. 25. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. The light was on in his room. he will never read them all. … you correct my exercise. 28." "His family consider he should. She is away. but he himself believes he needn’t. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. Va trebui sa plec curând. You …(lend) him so many books. 6. 5. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 5. 7. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1.actrus. 18. 4. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. you …re-type it. he was back soon. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Completati spatiile goale cu must. 12. I …(leave) it on the bus. o incuiasem chiar eu. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. 7. 30. 2. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. which was very convenient. Nu stiu sa crosetez.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 5. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. the road is dry. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. John …(do) such a thing. He …(swim) across the Danube. He has one of his own. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. http://quintet. 13.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. 8. 3. 3. Go to sleep. The student …(write) such a long composition. I haven’t got my bag with me. You …(wait) for me. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. 29. 14. It …(rain) here. He …(be) at home. 8. 7. 6. 4. 19. You …(see) Anna yesterday. I …(see) him for that. he is a nice boy. 21. You …do this whether you like it or not. I didn’t hear the phone. 27. If you win the contest. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. 11. I …(get up) so early today.
It is impossible that he do this.actrus. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. I wish I were in England now.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. d. It is time the child went to bed. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. in situatii in care. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. might. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. to demand. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense.html 25 of 42 . Ex. 1. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. De asemenea. Everybody leave the hall. (Era de mult timpul. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala.. it is desirable that. 1. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor.actrus. o dorinta sau un blestem. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. I wish I had been born in England. Ex. Ex. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. a. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. in engleza contemporana. to urge. Somebody bring me a glass of water. Long live the king! Traiasca regele.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. to insist. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. to order Ex. Apare in propozitii exclamative. It is necessary that you be present. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. it is necessary that. Ex. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. it is likely that. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia.) It is high time. You speak English as if you had lived in England. se foloseste would. I wish (mi-as dori.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (E timpul. apare ca were la toate persoanele.) Ex. Ex. I wish it would stop raining.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. o urare. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. Come what may. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. Ex. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. It is high time you began to study seriously. Ex. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. may.. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. a. exprimând o lozinca. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. to suggest. would + infinitiv. Fie ce-o fi. to recommend. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. d)It is time. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa... l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose.
iar in aceste cazuri. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. Oriunde as fi. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. Ex. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that.. It is necessary that you should be present. fie in vorbirea indirecta. l Dupa to hope. it is necessary that. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul.. in secundara se foloseste might. l Dupa so that. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. however. to urge. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. iti voi telefona.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. whenever. to insist. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Hurry up lest you miss the train. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. l Dupa whoever. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. to suggest. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. you have no right to do this. No matter who you may/might be. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. l Ex.. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul.. Ex.when. Whoever you may/might be. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. a. Wherever I may/might be. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. where. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. to demand.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. why. I will ring you up. l Ex. I hope that he may pass the exam. Ex. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. may. It is possible that he may be here in time. no matter when. in order that De asemenea. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. in secundara se foloseste may. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. l Dupa it is possible. Ex. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. you have no right to do this.actrus. In exemplul de mai sus. it was possible Ex.actrus. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It is impossible that he should do this. to recommend. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. etc. Ex. wherever. It is impossible that he should have done this. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. fie in vorbirea direca. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. to be afraid Ex. It was possible that he might be here in time. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. whichever. Page 4 of 8 Ex. 1. Oricine ai fi. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Dupa cum se observa. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. Intrebari introduse prin how. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Ex. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp.
Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 3. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. 10. 19. 8. 5. 4. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I regret I have only one child. 6.actrus. 1. I am sorry it rains so often. 10. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. 9. 3. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. 2.. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 9. 12/15/04 1. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. 6. It’s time we (go) home. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 5. 5. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. I am sorry he will not take my advice. I am sorry you live so far away. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. 1. 9. I regret you didn’t win the competition. 10. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. 6. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 13. 11. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 7. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 7. 2. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. 6. I wish he would take my advice.. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 5. 12. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 11. I wish the weather were fine. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I wish I might borrow your car. 1. 9.. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. I wish I could speak English. I regret I am not a student. 9. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 17. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 4. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. I was sorry you had got a fine. Page 6 of 8 Ex. 7. 8. You behave as if you (own) the place. 7. 3. 10. 8. 2. 5. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. 4. 7. 5. I am sorry you had an accident. As prefera sa merg la teatru. I regret I have no children. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. 4. 6. 14. 8. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1.actrus. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. 15. 18.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 10. 8. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 2. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 16. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. 2. 20. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 3. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. I am sorry I was late for the party. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I am sorry books are so expensive. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I was sorry you were out when I called.html 27 of 42 . I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. I would rather you (close) that window. 1. 3. I am sorry my friend is ill. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year.
Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. 10. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. 10. 14. 11. 6. The road is wet. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. I have such a boring job. nu te pot crede.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. Oricând te vei intoarce. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. 2. 3. 8. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. I wish my car (not break down) last week. you should remember your own phone number. 3.. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 7. Orice mi-ai spune.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 17. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. 17. 4. 6. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. 5. Page 8 of 8 12. 7. 9. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. la tara. Oricare ar fi motivul. 15. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. 13. I suggested that we (take) a taxi.html 28 of 42 . 14. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot.actrus. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. 16. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. 4. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 6. 8. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. 12. 13. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 19. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 5. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. 9. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 8. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. 18. 3. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 18. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. 2. 2. 6. 9. 7. 20. 5. 7. 8. 4.. 5. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. I wish I (find) another. 8... I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. 19.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. Oricât te-ai stradui. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 4. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. 3. 16.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). 10.actrus. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu.
to hear.) e. to consider. Ex. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Ex. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. I want you to go now.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. verbe declarative: to state. I saw him leave the room. to believe.. Ex. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. to know. to dislike.actrus. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to admit.) d. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing.) b. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. He considered the news to be false. to believe. He admitted the news to be false.) He ordered the door to be locked. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) They declared him to be the man of the year.) I let him go out and play. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. Ex. to expect.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I consider him to be a good student. to suppose. to expect. He is considered to be a good student. to count upon/on . Ex. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. a. to make.) 1. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. to hear. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. to hate. to consider. I made him study English. to feel.) I want John to do this. I rely on you to do this. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. in cazul verbelor neregulate. I made him study English. to wish. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. to say. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. to know.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .) I expected him to come in time. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling).actrus. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. to order. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think.. Ex. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. Ex. to like. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. Ex. I consider him to be a good student. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). to understand. to suppose..) f. diateza si timpuri. He is said to be a good writer.) c.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. to watch. verbe exprimând un ordin.. (Consider ca el este un bun student. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. to declare. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. He was made to study English. to cause. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. I’d like him to come with me. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. to allow.
Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu.) I left / found her crying. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa.actrus. (Ea a fost auzita cântând.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. (Orele fiind terminate.) She was heard singing. Ex. I had my bedroom window broken. Ex. (Daca vremea va permite.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. b.) This remains for him to decide. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. to hear. (E usor sa fac asta. we went home. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. Ex: The classes being over. cu verbele: to happen. de obicei. to seem. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor.) I heard her singing. (El a fost vazut plecând.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I will tell him where you are.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1.) Weather permitting. She had two sons killed in the war. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. She is sure to come in time.. to leave. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. to watch. am mers acasa. (Am auzit-o cântând.) If I happen to meet him.) I will have my hair done.) 3.. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. He was declared to be the man of the year.) I happened to meet him in the street. 2. to turn out. It is impossible that I (should) come.. ii voi spune unde esti. we shall go to the beach. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. It is easy for me to do this. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. precum si cu verbele to find. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1.actrus.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este.html 30 of 42 . vom merge la plaja. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. It is necessary that I (should) go there.) It is impossible for him to come. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. a. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. to prove. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo..) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. They declared him to be the man of the year. Ex. Ex.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. He proved to be a good journalist. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. (Voi merge sa ma coafez.) It is necessary for me to go there. to smell.
html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 14. 5. 4. The people were impatient. Everybody. It is possible that I might buy a car. 8. The letter being written. It is important that you should come to the office. I found her digging in the garden. 7. 4. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. 3.actrus. It was proved that she was a liar. 2. I-am privit jucând fotbal. 8. I found the boy breaking the window. 8. 9. 3. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Page 6 of 6 2. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. 8. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. The sun having risen.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . 8. 5. 5. The time has come. 9. We should have a heart to heart talk. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. we hurried to the beach. I cam make it. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 7. I went to post it.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I stopped smoking. Expected that he would resign. 4. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. You should take it. This problem is too difficult. The concert being over. I heard the child breaking the vase. They said she was ill. 6. 6. 9. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. 3. The rain having stopped. 5. 7. 7. 2. It is impossible that he should have said that. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. She was thought to be a gifted child. 5. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. I thought she was unable to win the contest. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. 3. The dog was heard barking. 3. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. 7. The river having risen in the night. http://quintet. 15. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. The mud having ruined my shoes. 7. 3. 11. I saw her lying on the beach. at once. This is the main thing. 2. 1. 1. I can’t solve it. 10. It is advisable that you should resign. I could hear her typing.actrus. Cred ca el e un sot bun. 2. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. 2. Everybody being at home. It is necessary that he be present. I ordered a taxi. 10. 9. 3. l. we were seared about having floods. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 10. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. 6. I have closed the window. She heard the baby crying. Weather permitting.. 6.. 6. 5. 10. I saw her fainting. I went shopping. 4. I saw the plane landing. They heard him repeat it several times. This fact is important. The plane having taken off. This translation is easy for me to make. It is recommendable that you should read this book.. She heard the hunters shooting. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. I saw the peasants working in the field. We should do it now. 9. This is a valuable piece of advice. This is a good book. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. I can’t believe she said that. 5. 4. 13. 4. 4. You should read it. the audience left the hali. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. The decision being taken in my favour. we sat down to dinner. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. I had to change them. It’s time we met again. It is important to know the truth. I went home relaxed. 9. The match was about to begin. 6.. 6. You should bear it in mind.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 10. 8. 2. 12. 1. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. I didn’t want her to miss the train. It is sure they have had an argument. This is a strange thing.
Do I love? 2. He doesn’t have. 9. I like to swim a lot. 4. Did he translate? 10. I don’t love. 9. I5. 1 am cooking. 6. 1 first met. 13. I have been asking. I slept. The radio has been playing. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. Am I having? 3. She doesn’t talk. Does he have? 9. Do I understand? 4. They didn’t drink. are you thinking? I am thinking. 17. he walks. We have known. I owned. http://quintet. I had breakfast and then I left for school. 20. 10. 19. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. He didn’t forbid. He doesn’t go to school by underground. She is packing her luggage. I always have. While I was looking for my passport. 4. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. I often read English books. 18. Is Ann knitting? 10. Do you dream? I dream 9. You spoke. The secretary is just typing a report. the engine – drivers have gone. he doesn’t get up early. he had. 10. 5. He didn’t think. Is my friend wearing? 7. 4. I do not study in the evening. The child isn’t learning. 5. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. You aren’t typing. Did we work? 7. I have been cooking. Do you go? 16. 9. I entered. He didn’t translate. When did you buy this TV set? 12. He has been fishing. He hasn’t come. Have you ever driven? 16. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. I always made. 7. 7. I don’t understand. 9. 6. 13. Did they drink? 3. go. When did you return from the mountains? 11. You asked. What were you doing last Tuesday. You don’t play.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 1 liked. I got up late yesterday morning. 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. Do I always believe? 6. he was working. 14. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. He has been sleeping. 9. 6. 5. Are you typing? 5. 5.. he has caught. He has just left. I was driving to Sinaia. Whom are you ringing up? 13. He sat for his first exam last week. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. 4. 20. He didn’t change. I have just had.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. I didn’t enjoy. It snows in winter. Do I trust? 10. How often do you write to your parents? 18. 2. he is having. Are we studying? 9. Did I enjoy? 9. Exercitiul 4: 1. Are they swimming? 6. 3. he realized. Are you writing.. 17. 2. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. are you waiting? I am waiting. 5. My mother isn’t resting. They aren’t swimming. I don’t always believe. Yesterday I got up early. 12. 8. Ann isn’t knitting. 10. always borrow/is always borrowing. 5. 7. Did he think? 2. Do you play? 5. I am not going. We aren’t studying. Do you like? 8. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. my friends played chess. Exercitiul 2: l. I arrived. drinks. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. are you hurrying? I don’t want. am taking. 17. I have been watering. 20. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. 4. Why are you opening the window? I5.. It isn’t raining. Did he come? 8. Do you smoke? 17.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . Have you watered? 3. Did you sleep well last night? 3. We didn’t work. someone rang up. I have bought. I didn’t hate. have you cooked? 7. I have lent. What do you do on your free days? 12. 9. Do they live? 8. My friend isn’t wearing. she has been trying. I haven’t been. I met.. 14. 7. Is my mother resting? 8. it is raining. have you been wearing? 6. I didn’t sell. were you doing? 7. I played. I am not having. remembers. This time yesterday it was raining. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. it often rains. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I was talking. you came in. she was having. Is he telling? 4. I don’t have. 8. Have you lived? I have lived. is drinking. 2. 10. 4. 16. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 11. am. Did he change? 5. 1t hasn’t rained. That sounded. Did I sell? 6. 6. 6. 3. I have’ been shopping. Have you been? I have been. On Sundays. I was watching. You drank. While it was raining. I have already seen. 11 . I found this old photo. Have you ever eaten? 13. Last Sunday. 10. She goes shopping on Saturdays. 2. What book are you reading? 10. I don’t like coffee. He isn’t telling. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. he wasn’t wearing. 8. I don’t trust. 19. Have you paid? 19. Yesterday I lost my gloves. He doesn’t remember. 2. Have you visited? 12. write. Does he remember? 7. 8. He met. Is it raining? 2. 7.actrus. He hasn’t gone.actrus. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. Have you read? 18. 1 don’t like. he was-learning. have you been. I was writing. Did I hate? 4. 18. 8. 2. the teacher was writing. He has always relied. 15. 16. 14. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. Last night. Does she talk? 3. speaks. When I go to the seaside. 6. They don’t live. He didn’t come. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. 8. do you do? 3. Yesterday. 19. don’t understand. 3. Now I am doing my homework in English. I haven’t written. were you going. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 4. 10. 3. 14. Do you usually get.
How long have you been learning English? 5. 6. 2. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 10. 9. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. You will have seen. He thanked me for what I had done for him. I shall/will have paid off. they had been waiting. 9. Has John left? Yes. 8. 2. he had got married. she told. 9. they will have been married. I shall/will have been working. 3. 5. 7. I shall/will have finished. it had been raining. 9. Where will you put it? http://quintet. She has changed. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 3. It has been raining. I got. 10. Since I bought a car. he had caught.actrus.. 4. 9. We have been walking since 3 o clock. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. He will be. 5. The weather has got warmer lately. 18. I spent a month here. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Exercitiut 2: 1. Wil1 you remember? 9. 3. he told. I went to bed. When I arrived at the bus stop. 8. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. A child has broken the window. had left. she had been studying. had been cooking. 3. 10. will have risen. 7. they had been. had not told. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. 10. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 13. 3. On Friday. By this time next year. he had thought. 7. between twelve and one o’clock. we asked. We shall/will have taken. 4. wilt be rising. 4. I found out. they had finished. 6. I have been doing. I was. He has been. I shall/will be working. I was sorry I had hurt him. It has been snowing for two hours. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. 10. I shall/will be swimming. Have you been. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. I had met. 6. 8. Exercitiul 2: 1. 10. 8. 6. it had been raining. it had been raining. 5. had eaten. Exercitiul 4: 1. I called. I have seldom walked to my office. 3. had been speaking. I saw. 2. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 5. 6. 4. 7. 6.. He has been a Minister for two years. she had not passed. Exercitiul 4: 1. he had been. 7. 9. I shall/will be having. 7. 8. Have you ever tried? I tried. I had returned. 4. 5. 14. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 19.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. he left an hour ago.. 4. had spread. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. She had just gone out. we realized. 9. he had learned/he had been learning. it will probably be raining. 8. 2. 3. 4. I had it at 8 o’clock. 7. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. I got up. I shall/will succeed. I have been wearing. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 2. 8. 15. What did you look at? It was an accident. 7. 2. he had visited. 8. I realized I had left my bag at home. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. Will you recognize? 4. he handed it to the teacher. As soon as the guests had left. she had been cleaning and dusting. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. You will be. I shall/will have saved five million lei. he went. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 5. You will not/won’t find. will have spent. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. will be crying. two years ago. 10. I shall/will know. had been swimming. I didn’t succeed. We have walked 10 km so far. 2. The child has been playing. 5. will/shall will be climbing. 10. I returned. 8. I shall/will pass. congratulated. 6.actrus.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . 11. Have you been to this town before? Yes. 6. 20. she had already been. 9. I have lost. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. He will be studying. we left. they will be having their last English class. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. 6. 7. we had lost.. Have you seen? she left. We must replace it. he went. 12. I shall/will remember. 6. 9. 3. had been climbing. had been having. Will you be needing? 5. Exercitiul 3: 1. 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. I shall/will have been cooking. She will be watching. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 7. I rang him up. 3. had listened. she had been writing. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. You will like. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. began. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 4. we had been walking. 2. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. I entered. I shall/will have read 8.
11. 11. 7. 6. 10. I had read. I read. he would pass. 6. 2. 6. Exercitiul 2: 1. she has learnt. 3. 9. she looks. 6. 19. 14. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. 12/15/04 http://quintet. he wanted. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. she notices you have broken. he had not expected. I had not decided. he would give. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. you see. 5. he tells. 4. 6. I have been reading. we went. was shining. you do. 14. would not go. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet.. 4. 8. 12. 7. Exercitiul 7: l. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. Exercitiul 6: 1. I would spend. they would remain. 19. you finish. 10. he would have. you have read. 3. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. had failed.. 10. 8. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. you have drunk. you had been wearing. I will earn/will be earning. I had lost. arrive. they were talking..actrus. he trusted. he had just left. he had never seen. 9. 7. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 2. 9. he had left. 16. we reach. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. would be cancelled. you are reading. he had stolen. 9. would end. 6. 5. I finish. 18. 11. 5. he would finish. is. had already begun. 5. 17. 8. he would not remember. he hoped. 7. he has arrived. I had done. 18. 2. I was. I had heard. he had eaten. you see. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him.actrus. 15. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 20. I finish. 8. he had to write. 13. 8. 7. you have just told. 16. they have done. 10. 7. 3. 4. we will drink. 13. 10. is born. she has changed. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. you see. is. I want. 4. they have been. it would not be raining when I arrived. I had not enjoyed. he would change. 17. 4. 3. you were. will soon move. they had known. 15. The secretary told me the manager was busy. I have received. there are. 8. 20. he would drive. I would remain. he had been travelling. 10.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . 10. 2.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. 8. I usually read. 4. 9. I have. begin. 2. 2. we had been digging. you were. I had not eaten. 5. you spoke. 12. I was. is. 7. 4. 5. I played/I was playing. Exercitiul 3: 1. You had to type. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. 6. 3. he has repaired. I have suffered. do not eat. he would win. 2. I work/I worked. melts. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. they had been listening. Exercitiul 5: 1. did not remember. 3. prices would go up. 12. I knew you were in Bucharest.. you would soon have. 9.
He said he had seen that film a week before. 9. 8. 7. 3. I will buy. Exercitiul 4: l. 8. It would have been. 5. 7. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. 5. 8. 7. 6. I were. 4. I had not told. 10. He asked me who that man was. He told me to read that text. 3. 7. he would have told. he leaves. you had driven. He told me to take that pill. 5. I would buy. I will answer. 5. 9. 10. she will be. He said he had gone to England two years before. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. Exercitiul 2: 1. 3. 8. 6. He asked me if I could lend him a book. 6. 2. I had worked. 2. He told me not to smoke so much. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l.English. He asked me how I had travelled. 9. I wouldn’t do. 8. 7.. 8. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. you were. 7. I had known. 9. 5. Exercitiul 4: 1. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. He said the weather had been fine the day before.actrus. 2. 6. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. you wouldn’t have got. I will eat at a restaurant. 2. the streets would be wet. he would not make. 12. 2. 3. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. He asked me when I would be back. 4. he would take.actrus. 4. He asked me if the train had left. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. I knew. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. 7. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 6.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. I would have answered. He asked me if I would help him. 5. the streets will be wet. I will greet 2. 3. 3. 5. 10. I saw. 2. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. 6. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. If dinner is not ready in time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. you will not pass. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. He told me to be careful with his books. You will see him if you wait. He asked me how long I had been learning . 6. 10. I will lend. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. will you promise? 6. He said she would go shopping right then. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. If it rains. 12. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. What would you do if you meet John? 12. 8. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. 4. He said he was very busy on that day. I gave up. 2. the streets would have been wet. 10. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. he will get. If it rained. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. you had invited. you will be. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 11. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. he had tried. 7. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. Exercitiul 5: 1. 5. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. 9. I would not have made. He asked me when the rain had stopped. 7. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. He told me to open the door. 2. 9. He asked me if my mother had been at home. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 3. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 6. I moved. it goes on. 6. 2. 10. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 10. 4. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. Exercitiul 3: 1. you will not find. he had realized. 11. 4. would you give him some? 3. If a beggar asked you for money. Would you buy? 4. 5. I would like the play more if it were shorter. 4. 9. If it had rained. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 8. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. http://quintet. I would have answered.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 10. 9. 3. you take. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. He asked me if I would like a cake. 7.. 8. you would have read. you will be. What will you do if you meet John? 11. 5.
Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 6. 11. 3. 4. 6. 3. 7. 4.: 3. Exercitiul 6: l. We were asked to show our passports. The work will be finished today (by them).ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. 3. 13. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. People speak English all over the world.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). 5. 2. Exercitiul 2: 1. John was laughed at (by us). Fire was set to the shed (by them). The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 6. A reward will be given to me (by them). My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. We will be shown the way by the policeman. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. 6. 10. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). People will soon forget this book. English is taught to them (by me). 10. 10. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta.actrus. 7. The missing child has been found (by someone). Exercitiul 3: 1. 9. Many new blocks are being built in our district. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. 9. 7. 4. 15. 8. The museum was closed for repairs. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). 9. Football is played all over the world. 2. A nice present has been given to me (by them). The way will be shown to us by the policeman. Has the dog been fed? 7. http://quintet. The doctor was called for (by us).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. 9. John has been lent two of my books (by me). 5. 8. Were you told about the meeting? 9. 8. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. when I passed by. 6. 8. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. 2. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). 7. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. They held a reception in his honour. 5. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. 12. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). The event was commented on by all the newspapers. 2. 3. 4. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). I have been given a nice present (by them). The truth is not always told to me by my friend. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. He hates people making fun of him. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. 5. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. I was frightened by the noise. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). 2.actrus.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . 7. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. 8. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. People mustn’t take away these books. I will be given a reward (by them). His proposal was objected to (by us). They are taught English (by me). Your bag has been found (by him). We were told very interesting things at the conference. 14. 4. 5. 9. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). This piece of information must be treated confidentially. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). The house was broken into (by burglars). 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. They have built this house out of stone and cement. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8.
You will have to help me more today. 6. He may/might have done. 4. 3 It might have rained. 9. didn’t need to buy. 8. She could play. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. He may have been. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. This must be the best. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. 2. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. needn’t have answered. 9. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. needn’t. 7. She may/might have been out. 16. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. Exercitiul 3: 1. didn’t need to answer. 9. must have been. It can’t have been. 4. shall. 9. 8. 9. needn’t. You shouldn’t have gone. will. She can’t have got. You didn’t have to do. 10. Exercitiul 9: 1. She could lend. You might have paid. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. I had to learn. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 7. You needn’t have done. 2. I will have to go. 2. 9. She may/might be very late. 3. 9. John must have been. Exercitiul 4: l. shall. would. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. He was not allowed/permitted to come. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. You must have known the lesson. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. I won t be able to translate. 2. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. can. He needn’t have bought.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. He can’t have passed. Exercitiul 12: 1. should. can’t have done. will. 11. 18. He must be older. 2. You can’t miss the train. 10. 10. 5. 6. He can’t be at the office. must have been. 6. You can’t have seen. 19. can’t have swum. You should have visited. Exercitiul 13: 1. You might have changed. needn’t have lent. 7. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 6. 5. He could read and write. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 6. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. will. You won’t have to do. 3. 12. would. mustn’t. mustn’t. 8. 5. needn’t have bought. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. I couldn’t translate. I could play the piano when I was a child. Exercitiul 10: 1. needn’t have waited. Exercitiul 8: l. needn’t. 4: She must be a very good doctor. You must have left your umbrella. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 20. a porter could help you. I will have to leave soon. 15. can. The weather can’t change. will. 13. would. 7. 1. mustn’t. would. 6. 5. 13. He must have been delayed. S. 2. 4. 10. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6.html 37 of 42 . must have taken. 17. 12. I can’t knit. You might have written. It can’t be his fault. 10. 9. 4. needn’t. I may/might come home. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. He must have been late. didn’t need to wait. shall. 8. She will be able to play. will. 2. Exercitiul 2: 1. 8. 10. 5. mustn’t. 8. shall. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 6. He must think. 4. She will be able to read and write. can’t have rained. She can’t have married. Exercitiul 7: 1. 3. It must have taken a long time. 16. should. 2. 2. can’t. 10. It may/might rain. 5. needn’t have lent. 2. 14. 3. mustn’t. 2. didn’t need to see. can’t have seen. 5. 11. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. 13. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 9. can’t have left. 8. 6. 12. I will have to learn. 17. He must have come home. The child was allowed/permitted to have. 19. needn’t have got up. should. can. He could swim. can. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". 7.actrus. 7. would. It must have been. 7. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. 6. 8. He ought to have told. 3. She may/might have returned. You can’t have been. 5. John could have been. 14. 4. 9. 7. 7. 16. should. No. Exercitiul 5: 1. 5. You must have forgotten. He will be able to swim. 7. 15. He must have been. All the students can and must write this paper. 10. 3. 3. 3. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. She can’t have learned English. It can t have been. 5.actrus. 6. 6. 2. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. He may/might have been right. 4. will. I will have to look up. 8. You were allowed/permitted to leave. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. 4. 10. She will be able to lend. needn’t have written. This can’t be a true story. 4. 5. Exercitiul 11: 1. 7. She may/might have been angry. needn’t. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 10. 6. 5. I had to look up. would. He should have gone. 3. must have left. 14. 3. 10. 8. It may/might be a good one. I had to go. 4. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. It can’t have been his fault. can’t. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc.
I wish I didn’t have only one child.. 26. his book would become. 10. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. 3. hadn’t caught a cold. 14. I wish you didn’t live so far away. 9. you were. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. She looks as if she were a model. he would have. 11. 5. 2. he took. Where shall we go now? 28. I would rather you went to the theatre. I wish books weren’t so expensive. 3. 8. S.. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 7. 7. I wish I had money to buy that painting. 6. I wish I had won the Great Prize. 9. I hadn’t forgotten. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I must have been still at the faculty. 2. I got. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. Exercitiul 2: l. You can’t have found the door open. please. 9. 17. 4. you shall have the book tomorrow. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. 19. I would become.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. watched. 9. I rang you up and nobody answered. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. I were. Will you. 10. 16. I stayed. 21. you closed. 12. 1 wish I had children. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. I wish I could go to the concert. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. 4. 11. 10. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. 9. we went. 2. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. I had entered. 12. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. today. we could go to the beach. you owned. stopped. I wish you would come on holiday with me. 18. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. 20. 6. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. I wish it didn’t rain so often. I have already drunk two. 6. I wish he would accept my proposal. 4. I wish they would sign the contract. he told. wait for a few minutes? 30. Exercitiul 3: 1. I promise you.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 18. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. you started. 10. You ought to/should have insisted. you didn’t waste.actrus. 4. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 3. I were. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . I wish I could pay the piano. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. his daughter didn’t get married. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. 25. 23. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 29. 5. my telephone worked. You may not speak during the exam. 6. too. 13. I had locked it myself 27. 14.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. 24. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5.actrus. 19. 8. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 13. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I would rather you got up earlier. 8. 20. S. Exercitiul 5: l. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. 4. 7. I wish I were a student. I wish you would take a driving licence. 6. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. 22. I wish my friend weren’t ill. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 2. 16. 7. 15. I wish you had won the competition. 8. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet.
6. She made me understand what had happened. She was seen lying on the beach. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. 17. This is the main thing for us to do. 3. might prosper. The hunters were heard shooting. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. we should take. 8. 3. they (should) divorce. Whenever you may/might return. it might not get. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. 9. They are sure to have had an argument. 10. I had been. 8. 2. 11. He wanted me to help him. The peasants were seen working in the field. may attend. He was heard to repeat it several times. 5. 3. 19. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 18. He made me miss the train. 8. 17. 5. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. you shouldn’t have believed it. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 9. It’s time for us to meet again. 9. you may/might understand. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 8. 20. 1. (should) have. 3. 9. 10. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 5. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. 3. we (should) leave. 8. 10. 11. 7. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 2. 7. He was expected to resign. Exercitiul 4: 1. 14. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. The plane was seen landing. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. 7. It is possible that she might be away. I had. Exercitiul 9: 1. 3. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. I understand her to be a very good teacher. he were. you retired. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. 9. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 10. 8. 3. 7. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. She was seen fainting. The baby was heard crying. should have told. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. I heard her scold/scolding her child.. 19. It is important for you to come to the office at once. you shouldn’t lie to me. No matter how hard you may/might try.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 3..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. She was said to be ill. I insist that you (should) accept this job. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 6. 7. 6. 7. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. Exercitiul 5: 1. The boy was found breaking the window. 9. 9. 4. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. It is impossible for him to have said that. 5. She seemed to be satisfied with me. hadn’t broken down. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. 6. 4. I would find. 8. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. I saw some children playing in the park. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. 6. 4. 6. I made a loan so that I might buy the house.actrus. Exercitiul 2: 1. It is necessary for him to be present. 4. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 15. 7. It is important that you (should) know English well. It is recommendable for you to read this book. 9. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. This is a strange thing for her to have said. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. It is advisable for you to resign. Whatever the reason may/might be. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. John admitted the fault to be his. I rely on you to lend me some money. She could be heard typing. 10. 3. 2. 2. 13. 10. I will be at home waiting for you. 14. you can’t win such a competition. I watched them playing football. 8. I can’t believe you.actrus. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. 7. he were. 5.. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. 10. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. 12. 13. It is possible for me to buy a car. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 5. The people were impatient for the match to begin. you should have. Whatever you may/might tell me. 2. 4. 4. 5. 20. you may/might be. 2. 2. I expected you to come earlier. 4. 2. 4. Exercitiul 8: 1. I saw him speaking to his friend. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. she should have left. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. 4. 5. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen.. 12.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. me. 18.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. 7. She (was) proved to be a liar. it should get. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 5. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. 8. I think him to be a good husband. This is a good book for you to read. 6. 6. She was found digging in the garden. 16. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. 15. 6.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. The child was heard breaking the vase.
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. am plecat la cumparaturi. 7. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 4.. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was. Intrucât soarele rasarise. ne-am asezat la cina. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. am plecat acasa linistit. Toata lumea fiind acasa. ne-am grabit spre plaja. 10. Concertul fiind terminat. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Daca vremea va permite. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. publicul a parasit sala. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea.. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. a trebuit sa-i schimb. 6. 5. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. am mers sa o pun la posta.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1. 2. Intrucât ploaia incetase. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne. 3. 9.actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii.actrus.
html 41 of 42 12/15/04 .CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.actrus. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.
html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.actrus.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.