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Human Biology Module V

Circulatory System Assessment


The Blood:
Components of Blood - use the Components of Blood Diagram to answer questions 1-4

1. Blood is made of _____% Plasma. 2. Blood is made of _____% Red Blood Cells. 3. Blood is made of _____% White Blood Cells and Platelets. 4. Plasma is made of _____% Proteins. 5. Blood is A. 90-92% water B. more than 90-92% water C. less than 90-92% water

Components of Blood
Hematocrit Test use the diagram below to answer questions 6-8.

6. What does a Hematocrit test measure? _____________ _______________________________________.

7. The chart indicates ______% RBCs in the blood sample.

8. The person whos blood was tested A. has a normal red blood count. B. has anemia C. has polycythemia

Blood Typing use the information below to answer questions 9-11. 9. If a sample of blood begins to clump after adding anti serum A, we know that blood sample A. Has blood type A molecules. B. Does not have blood type A molecules. C. Is Rh + (positive) D. Is Rh (negative)
Blood Typing is a test that determines the presence or absence of particular molecules in Red Blood Cells. After adding anti-serum to blood samples, the blood will begin to clump indicating the presence of particular molecules. Type A Blood: the anti A serum causes clumping. Type B Blood: the anti B serum causes clumping. Type AB Blood: the anti A and anti B serum causes clumping. Rh + Blood: the anti Rh serum will cause clumping. Rh Blood: the anti Rh serum will not cause clumping.

10. The blood typing results shown by the slide on the right indicates blood type A. B. C. D. A+ (Rh positive) B- (Rh negative) AB+ (Rh positive) AB- (Rh negative)

The Heart:
Heart Anatomy - use the Heart Diagram below to answer questions 11-20

11. Right Atrium 12. Right Ventricle 13. Left Atrium 14. Left Ventricle 15. Aortic Valve 16. Vena Cava 17. Pulmonary Veins (from lungs to heart) 18. Pulmonary Arteries (from heart to lungs) 19. Pulmonic Valve 20. Mitral Valve

C D

A
J

C D

E
K I

H
L

F
B

Heart Function - use the Heart Diagram below to answer questions 21-28

21. The chamber of the heart that receives oxygen poor blood from the body. 22. The chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen poor blood to the lungs. 23. The chamber of the heart that receives oxygen rich blood from the lungs. 24. The chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen rich blood to the body. 25. The blood vessels that receive oxygen poor blood from the body. 26. The blood vessels that receive oxygen rich blood from the lungs. 27. The valve that regulates blood flow to the lungs. 28. The valve that regulates blood flow to the body.

C D

A
J

C D

E
K I

H
L

F
B

Blood Flow through the Heart- use the Heart Diagram below to answer question 29

29. For each line in the heart diagram, draw the tip of an arrow on one end to indication the direction blood flows through the heart. The first one is done for you as an example. (You should draw 17 arrows total)

Heart Rhythms - use the information below to answer questions 30 - 34

An Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphic representation of the electrical signals within the heart. These signals are what regulate the rhythm of a beating heart.
The R wave represents electricity flowing through the ventricles or lower chambers of the heart. The P wave represents electricity flowing through the atria or upper chambers of the heart. The T wave represents signals which reset the heart for the next beat.

The R-wave represents electricity

Normal Sinus Rhythm

30. In Normal Sinus Rhythm the peaks of the R, T, and P waves are all evenly spaced. Which ECG shows Normal Sinus Rhythm?

31. In SVT (Supraventricular Tachycardia) the ventricles are functioning properly but the P wave is bumpy with two distinctive peaks. The problem is with the atria and the patient is experiencing a rapid heartbeat and dizziness due to lack of blood flow to the brain. Which ECG shows SVT?

32. Ventricular Fibrillation occurs when all or most of the heart contractions are in the ventricles. The P and T waves are missing. The patient is experiencing a heart attack! Which ECG shows Ventricular Fibrillation?

33. Atrial Fibrillation occurs when the atria fail to contract normally. The normal P wave is replaced by many short, bumpy waves. The patient is at risk for a stroke! Which ECG shows Atrial Fibrillation?