Wireless Heart Attack Detector with GPS

Project Proposal
September 15, 2004 Kuangwei Hwang Diane Limsui Lianhan Zhao

During a heart attack. When the implant detects a heart attack. The chances of suffering a myocardial infarction are great and increase up to fifteen times after the first occurrence. Unfortunately. By implanting a chip into the body. Our device intends to benefit those at high risk and already receiving some form of surgical treatment. The goal is to provide early heart attack detection so that the patient will be given medical attention within the first few critical hours. heart muscle is depraved of oxygen and will literally die if the artery remains blocked. is the leading cause of death in the United States. Product Features Continuous monitoring of heart’s electrical activity Rapid detection of heart attacks Automatic call for medical assistance Identifies patient location to emergency personnel Product Benefits Provides early detection of heart attacks Eliminates delays in receiving medical treatment Improves healthcare services to at risk population Saves lives and improves quality of living . the patient need not worry about device operation. thus greatly improving his or her chances of survival. The first few hours are critical in saving much of the dying heart muscle and preventing permanent heart damage. it will alert the cell phone which in turn will automatically call for help and provide the patient’s location. The patient will only be required to carry a cell phone equipped with Bluetooth and GPS technology. Objectives It is possible to detect the onset of a heart attack and eliminate patient error.Introduction Overview Coronary artery disease. the restriction of blood flow to the heart. the symptoms vary and the most common reason for critical delays in medical treatment is lack of early warning and patient unawareness.

and a band-pass filter. Finally. while allowing enough resolution and sampling rate for our purpose of detecting a heart attack.Design Block Diagram Biosensors Analog Circuitry A/D Converter Microcontroller Bluetooth Module GPS Unit Cell Phone Block Descriptions Biosensors . The electrodes “read” the heart’s electrical activity and outputs to the circuitry. environmental. the ECG waveform is fed into the A/D Converter. etc. Each electrode will connect to a buffer which is needed to match the high impedance of skin to the low impedance differential amplifier. The foam provides good electrical contact with the skin and reduces motion artifacts. . The electrodes are imbedded in pre-soaked electrolyte foam with double-sided peel-off adhesive tape for attachment. The band-pass filter is needed to eliminate noise (other biological signals. a differential amplifier. A/D Converter – The analog to digital converter will convert the analog data from the biosensors to digitally sampled data points. The differential amplifier then takes the difference between the data collected by the electrodes and provides a gain before outputting to the band-pass filter.) and provides additional gain. motion. The data points will be sent to the microcontroller and be sampled at regular intervals. Analog Circuitry – The circuitry will consist of two buffers.Disposable Ag-AgCl ECG round pad electrodes are to be placed on each wrist of the patient.

Work may include enabling a GPS unit to feed data to the cell phone if time permits. an upper cutoff frequency of 150 Hz. because the connection can be treated as a low power wireless serial link. Assuming the phone is in range. the system cannot afford to miss detection of a heart attack. and durable. An error rate of less than 1% is desired. and flooding the system with additional false alarms is undesirable. Finally. In addition. Cell Phone – A modified Motorola V600 will be the phone platform. . the resolution required the pick up the QRS peak. and a mid-band frequency of 20 Hz. it must be portable. the algorithm must be both precise and accurate. This phone meets the requirements for having both Bluetooth and GPS built in. it must be able to sample at a rate of 400 Hz. Bluetooth is chosen as the method of choice for wireless connectivity between the sensor package and the cell phone. and a signal is sent to the Bluetooth Module to initiate the emergency dial up sequence via the cell phone. low-power. and Bluetooth is an emerging standard for personal area networks.5 Hz. to cover as many possible cases of a heart attack as reliably as possible. It will include an algorithm to process both the amplitude and frequency of the heart beat.Microcontroller – The microcontroller is a BASIC Stamp 2 which will run a real time program to constantly monitor the output of the A/D Converter. Once a heart attack is detected and confirmed. The analog circuit requires a bandpass filter with a lower cutoff frequency of 0. A Java applet application will be written to establish the link between the sensor package and the phone and to pass GPS and subscriber information to emergency personnel. As to hardware. Bluetooth Module – The Bluetooth module is an EmbeddedBlue Transceiver AppMod which conforms to v1. At the same time. Performance Requirements The system must be able to reliably detect heart attacks. From an engineering standpoint. Emergency personnel receive enough calls as it is.1 of the Bluetooth standard and provides connectivity for the BASIC Stamp. relevant data such as the time of occurrence will be collected. it should be capable of accepting a signal from the sensor at all times. comparing current data samples against stored samples. GPS Unit – GPS is becoming a standard feature of newer production model cell phones in order to become compliant with FCC regulations. communications between the sensor package and phone should be dependable.

Finally. Furthermore. distinguishing between a heart attack and normal activity may be problematic. . the phone should be able to place a call. To find the common mode rejection. The band-pass filter will be isolated and frequency response determined. Many various forms of heart attacks exist. To determine the common mode gain of the differential amplifier.Verification Testing Individual modules will be tested separately. both input signals are provided by the function generator (sine wave of 0. condition.1Vpp at 20Hz into the other buffer while taking note of the output magnitude. one input signal will be grounded while the other once again provided by the same function generator signal.1Vpp) will sweep over a range of frequencies while output magnitudes noted. and other factors. Validation of the algorithm will be completed by feeding the data into the algorithm. An input signal from a function generator (sine wave of 0. Put together. The microcontroller should be able to run the algorithm using simulated data. The overall gain of the ECG amplifier will be found by grounding one input to a buffer and providing a sine wave of 0. The goal of the data analysis is to have a solid grasp on the distinguishing characteristics of a heart attack and design the algorithm accordingly. Data on heart attacks will be collected from existing medical sources and analyzed. and have the phone call for help.5Vpp at 20Hz) and output voltage recorded. data simulating a heart attack will be fed into the system. activity. because of variations in heart rate due to age. and it should be able to detect the occurrence. The analog circuit should produce a standard ECG waveform with a QRS complex at least ten times greater in amplitude than baseline noise. Tolerance Analysis Tolerance analysis will focus on the heart attack detection algorithm. the ECG amplifier will be tested on real ECG waveforms by placing an electrode on each wrist of a subject and connecting to the buffer inputs.

05 $0.05 $0.68 $45.00 $99.00 $369.52 Status Pending Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Obtained Pending Pending Pending - .05 $0.05 $0.90 $0.320.520.08 $239.2kΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) 10kΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) 33kΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) 100kΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) 3.00 $40/hr Subtotal $45.05 $0.72 $45.08 $239.11 $0.00 $12.05 $2.20 $0.00 $0.05 $0.01μF Capacitor (25V Rating) 1kΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) 6.00 $99.Cost & Schedule Cost Estimates Part Ag-AgCl Electrodes AH 59-8438 1μF Capacitor (25V Rating) 0.08 $0.9MΩ Resistor (1/2W Rating) Op Amp National LM 741C A/D Converter TI ADS7800JP JavelinStamp Starter Kit EmbeddedBlue Transceiver AppMod Motorola V600 Labor Total Quantity Box of 50 1 1 3 1 4 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 288 hrs Unit Price $0.05 $0.10 $0.08 $0.00 $11.05 $0.11 $0.15 $0.00 $369.

Begin implementation. Diane – Look into constructing PCB for circuit. Lianhan – Integrate modules. Debugging. Kuangwei – Microcontroller. Design Review. All. Diane – Design analog circuit and research ECG waveforms. Diane – Search for ECG data files. Lianhan – Background work on V600 J2ME environment. Sep 19 – Sep 25 Sep 26 – Oct 2 Oct 3 – Oct 9 Oct 10 – Oct 16 Oct 17 – Oct 23 Oct 24 – Oct 30 Oct 31 – Nov 6 Nov 7 – Nov 13 Nov 14 – Nov 20 Nov 21 – Nov 27 Nov 28 – Dec 4 Dec 5 – Dec 11 . Kuangwei – Code algorithm in Java. Continue implementation. Finish implementation. Mock-up Demo. algorithm design. Procure required hardware. Lianhan – Code SMS and Bluetooth links. Kuangwei – Gain familiarity with BASIC Stamp. Diane – Fabricate and populate PCB. Tune circuit. Lianhan – V600. Diane –Analog circuit and ECG waveform analysis. Thanksgiving Break – LAZINESS Demonstration and presentation. Integration and testing. All. Debugging.Schedule Week Sep 12 – Sep 18 Description of Activities Submit Proposal. Kuangwei – Code ADC and Bluetooth interfaces. Lianhan – Gain familiarity with V600 phone platform. algorithm design. Turn in final paper and lab notebooks. All. All. Continue implementation. Integration and testing. Kuangwei – Integrate modules. All. Bluetooth. All. All. Bluetooth.

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