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SUMP FILLER PLUG SUMP DRAIN PLUG
B.S.A. CO. LTD., POWER UNIT DIVISION, Studley Road, Redditcb WorcestershiTe. Telephcmu.
Telegrams atld Cables:"
Redditch 4272 llESA, " Redditch Departments
Service, hie pJlones: H.S.A.
Birmingham VlCloria. :!71l Telelt"lmU a'id Cables: "SELSHltV," Ui11Ilingham
Co. Ltd. Yt"ervc the ,.ight to aller the designs or any constructional details of tJlClr >tIam~factllres (II any limB wilh,m! givinl( no/ice.
5. 5 .0 verify orr ct gap. tock~st or from the hamplOn. Remove also the corgasyl cylinder head gasket. The cooling duct or cowl can then be d~tach d by u. The plug fitted to thi: engine is Champion Model L7. 'I:h' llsua~ symptoms ar an mcreas d L ndency to pink (a metallic kllo~kmg wh n und r load] ~nd a general falling off in perforrnanc with a tendency for the ngme to run hotter than usual. Energol Above 32°F.20 BB X 100-40 XXL 40/50 . starting difficul t. howev r.A.P.it can be put on one SIde for refitting when reassembly is carried out. First turn off th fuel tap and detach the fuel pipe. number requir cI. JGINE:Sparking Plug. th refore. If not. Winter. tit plug may 'park internally with an adverse effect on engine performance-if. and provid d that the carburation and lubrication systems are in good order. Fig. OILS Below OaF.30 For Overseas. can then be lifted c1 ar ~f the cylinder. Fi . it should ontinue to [unction fault! ssly for very long periods without att ntion.ndomg the tW? screws by which it is located at the st~rLmg pulley SId of the engine. 1 ccornrnendations as pecified if obtainable. 1. and adjustm nt should be made by b ending the side wire (5 Fig. . (~e Fig. W~en the cowl IS taken away it will be seen that the cylinder he~d IS fix~d to the barr I by means of . . o Extra B. E. Remove the r mannng four and the head cowl followed by the head itself. 6).E..020 in. -. is interf ring with performance.A.. i~ replaced with the corrugation downwar Is to ensure a gas-tight [oint. and also two of the cylinder hea~ bolts. . The satisfactory running of an engin d pond among other things upon the correct fun tioning of the sparking plug. Take care th?t it.A. high tensi~n lead from _the sparking plug and remov the latter from the cy!mder head. This should be . but if it is allowed to accumulate.E. Next d tach the. If. Never attempt to move the centre lectrode.g Middlesex. it do not stop the engine altog ther-and th plug should be taken to a garage for cleaning.E. carbon depo it will form on the plug points and plug end face (see upp r view. When in p cting a plug. etting the Plug Points.E.E. es ential to e ramin this periodically in order to a c rtain that it i still in good condition. In . Disconnect the carburetter and exhaust flame trap.E. which may be quite free or which may adhere to the top face of the cylinder barrel. nder normal conditions this should not occur until after at least 100 hours of running.40 A X 100-30 XL 20w/30 . valve overhaul an. it should be replaced by a new one. the following rul should bobs rve d. 5). illustrated.tl~e latter event. parking Plug Co. and will certainly make Fig. obtainable at 2/from any Champion Plug.018 in.RECOMMENDED Brand Mobiloil hell Castrol E. Feltham. and it is always ad vi able to use the pecial plug gap tool. al~d If It is found on xamination to be sound. prise it off gently in order to avoid damage. taking care not to damage the joint washer. If eventually the cleaning proc ss fails to r tOI' the plug to Its original condition of fficienc . It is CLI tommy to attend to th valves during decarbonisation as this provides a reasonable int r~aJ b >tween.d avoids the necessity for dismantling the engm especially for this purpose at a later date. particularly inside the body.. and these will ventually b com so foul d a to interfere eriously with the running of the engine. Arctic X 100-20 astolite 20w/3 . A light deposit due to an of the cause an asily b cleaned off. also heck th gapb tw en thepoint s. Fe ler gauge ar attach d DECARBONISATIO ] ccarbonisation should only be arri d out when there are definite symptoms that xcessive . indeed. urnmer. parking Plug.A.A.six bolt~ ~n all.A. the mixture from the carburet tel' is too rich. Ltd. 1). ENGINE 0° to 32°F. two of WhICh have Just been removed. 40-50.20-30. 6. and it i . The high r the temp '1'ature the higher is the .arbon build-up in ide til' ngin.
and this may necessitate the fitting of new valves. An excessively rich mixture wi. In the former case the cotter should be placed on on side and the valv can then be lifted out. Should the valve seats be badly pitted.D.ds whilst maintaining a steady pressure. With a screwdriver or scraper. Adjustrn ntismade by grinding the r quired amount from th tip of the valve stem. their seatings and those in the cylinder barrel should be examined for condition.C.A. If deep pit marks appear. The valve should be raised and turned to a new position after every few strokes. If the cotter do s not free and the valve is raised bodily instead.. Adjusting Main Jet. or other suitable tool. hand-operated carborundum stone is recomm nded. return the valve for refacing to your local B.. Turning the screw anticlockwise will increase the fuel flow and provide a richer mixture. Fig. s t the piston at T. Smear a small quantity of grinding compound (obtainable from any garage or accessory shop) over the face of the valve. Care is neces ary to avoid r moving too much and where pr cision grinding equipment is not availabl the lise of a. i. all traces 'of gJ'illcling compound mustb from both face and seat. Fig. with the valves closed and check the clearance with a f eler gaug 1 ctween the tip of the valve stem and the tappet. This will either free the valve cotter (see Fig . After grinding. first smearing the valve stems with clean engine oil. ZENITH CARB URETTER engine leaves reason. clockwise. It is most important that valves should be ground in on their original seats. Insert the valves into th ir respective guides. speed with th throttle wide open. screw Into Us . 8. If the setting is too weak it will result in lack of power and possibly overheating of the cylinder. together with poor pick-up or cutting-out when the load is applied. Do not attempt to operate on a very lean mixture. With a screwdriver. Always make this adjustmcnt with the engine under load at normal full. 8. conof a complete Readjust Tappets. This will release the cotter and the valve can th n be taken out. Grinding should be continued until the valve seat and face show a uniformly matt metallic surface all round. Power Unit ervice D aler. bearing in mind that both of these ar made of aluminium alloy which is relatively soft and therefore liable to be damaged by injudicious application of the scrap r. rotate the valve backwards and forwar. as att rnpts at grinding-in in this case will result in w ar of the valve seat and the valve may b 'come pocketed. It is not satisfactory to adjust the main jet wh n the engine is running light on the speed governor with the thro t'tle nearly closed. for full power. Do not C' Grinding-in Valves. The correct clearance is . will reduce the fuel fio'wand weaken the mixture supplied to the engine.e. as better performance and fuel economy will b obtained if the mixture is set. Replace valves and springs..· 'SoH mallet while still exerting pressure with the screwdriver or lev 1'. 7) or raise the valve head. Plac both valv S Oil one side together with the appropriate spring cups and cotters in artier that they may be replaced correctly durFig. 7. While the valves are out.. carefully remove the carbon deposit from the piston crown and cylinder head. ing reassembly . for recutting. Also carbon will quickly form on the sparking plug points resulting in difficult starting. This engines. been carefully noted.. 6 r moved A seati ng as this wiU damage the taper. and return the valve to its seat. Turning the screw A to the right.Remove the valves by inserting a screwdriver or similar lever under the valv spring cup and levering upwards.l1 produce black smoke from the exhaust and will cause rapid carbon formation in the cylinder head and on the piston crown. The main j t adjustment A. thereby making correct adjustment difficult. give the valve head a sharp tap with the shaft of a hammer 01. 7 force the. R move abo the carbon deposit from the top face of the cyJind r barr 1 around the valve seats and wipe all these surfaces with a slightly oily rag in order to remove the last traces of loose carbon. Valve grinding should only be attempted if pitting is not deep.S. is set before the the factory and should not be altered without good adjustment is always somewhat sensitive on small s quently it should not b altered more than one-eighth tum until the effect of any such adjustm nt has . the cylinder block should be returned to the above-mentioned.010 in.
(Air vane) On engines fitted with a govmar to control the maximum peed. 10. Governor Ad. 9. this i adjusted at Works and the setting should. adjustm nt b com n ce sal' speed can b alt r d by th adjuster screw 10 ition d on the carbur ttcr manifold lug. A thin ga k t should alway be u d at this flange joint. ]0. CARBURETTER Contact Breaker. If. tting of th throttle slow running. and ifit ev r should become necessary it is best entruste I to a professional repairer.p. '" The oil-wetted element can then be submerged in light engine oil [or a few minut " the surplus allow d to drain off. It is usual to set the idling speed at 60 700 r. The Wico-Pacy flywheel magneto incorporates a contact breaker designed to op rate for very long periods without adjustm nt of the points. 9) is tun d at the factory befor del. Smooth idling is en. Th throttle top screw B should be turned clockwise to increase the idle speed. High-ten ion lead detached-incorrectly adjusted or dirty plug points-c-plug in ulation era ked or brokenplug insulation wet-magn to contact breaker points dirty.justment. very and the only point likely to requir attention during running i the . cleaned and filled to the correct level with a light engine oil as indicated inside the body. howey -r. and un. In the case of engine fitted with ~l pecial cable control for the governor thi is adjusted in the manner illustrated in Fig. make quite sur the ga ket between the bowl and the barrel is in good condition and that the attachment flange on the barrel portion is perfectly fiat.Adjusting Idle Speed. FAULT LOCATION Wh n engines are quipped with oil type cleaner th cleaner should be disFig. cleaned and re-charged with oil. Engine Stops or refuses to Start. A third type of cleaner fitted to some ngines ha a corrugated ompressed paper element which op rates dry. Fig. n om unit a rn chanical gov rnor i· fitt 1. Float control valve incorrectly adjust d-air leak in fuel syst m -governor controls damaged-governor pring incorr ctlyadju ted -plug points dirty or incorrectly adjust d-magneto contact 9 8 . In the case of the oil bath unit the body rnu t be mph d. Engine runs Unevenly. Fig. In case of difficulty in obtaining sati factory idling. Tum clockwise to dccr as speed and vic v rsa. and this op ration is rar ly if ever nee ssary. 9. A' in the case of the air van' typ . in th normal course of event. Turning this screw anti-clockwi e will reduce the sp ed at which the engine runs with the throttle in th los d position. Carburaiiow Trouble.I. Fig. this can be adjusted by releasing the locknut B. To 10 this r I as locknut . 9. Air Cleaner (if fitted). ig. thereafter re-tight ning locknut B. Trouble. AMAL The Amal Carburetter (see J. depending all the working condition. djustment calls for removal of the starting gear. then the element and top can b repla d. require no alt ration. Then start the engine and wh nit ha reached normal running temperature close the throttle and screw B In until a suitabl idling speed is obtained. Empty petrol tank-choked petrol pipeair leak in fu 1 system-water or foreign ubstanc in p trol tankcarburetter choke not functioning-clogged jet-choked filler cap bleed-carburetter float punctured or sticking . To increase the spe d screw A anti-clockwise: to reduc sp cI screw it clockwise. ured by regulating the mixture screw C.. The element should p thoroughly washed in petrol and allowedjto dry. rnantl d periodically.rn. and r a s mbl d. until the desired maximum speed on full throttle is obtained. and screwing A in or out as the case may be. Wh 11 this become logg d up with dirt aft r long peri Is of runningit should be replaced by a new element. pitted or incorrectly adjusted-loo e or detached electrical connection in magneto-defective condenser. Ignition. Finally r tighten locknut A. cr w B about three turns.
STORAGE OF ENGINE If the engine is stored for considerable periods (e. Examine carburctter for presence of foreign matter and clean . as necessary.d. remove sparking plug and inject about a tabl spoonful of thin oil into the cylinder and replace plug. three months or more). 3. 4. 5. waterproof Before bringing engine into use again. and remove Drain and refill sump. Grease all exposed levers and control rod joints. Examine sparking plug for condensation.c. 3. should be given dry out and adjust Check that the high tension lead is dry and sound. Store in a dry place and/or cover with a. 1. attention to the following items :L 2. sheet.g. Test all controls surplus grease.. Turn engine over until piston is at t. 2. the following precautions should be taken to ensure that it is maintained in a sound condition. if necessary.. for freedom of movement. etc.
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