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Industrial Automation Ppt.

Industrial Automation Ppt.

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Published by: 4happy123 on Mar 17, 2012
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Submitted By:- Mitali Choudhary B-Tech , VII Sem. Electronics And Communication

Making products under the control of computers and programmable controllers is known as “INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION”. Manufacturing assembly lines as well as stand alone machine tools (CNC machines) and robotic devices fall under this category.

better quality.Automation is delegation of human control functions to technical equipments for increasing productivity. increasing safety in working conditions reducing manpower and cost .

drives. indicating lamps. control valves. coils.DCS and PID controllers Output devices such as actuators. .Different Components Used In Automation:Sensors for sensing the input parameters Transmitters for transmitting the raw signal in electrical form Control system which include PLC. solenoid valves.

Different Control Systems Used In Automation:PID controller based controller system PLC based control system DCS based control system PC based automation system .


counters and other such devices. It was originally developed to replace mechanical relays.INTRODUCTION:A PLC is a solid state/computerized industrial computer that performs discrete or sequential logic in a factory environment. timers. .

Photograph of PLC- .

ARCHITECTURE OF A PLC:A typical PLC can be divided into four components:     Processor Unit Power Supply Input / Output Section The Programmable Device .

Functional Diagram Of PLC:- .

1)Input Discrete –On / Off Type Pushbuttons Switches Limit Switches Selector Switches Proximity Sensors Photo-electric Sensors 2)Input Devices-Analog Resistance Temperature Detectors Thermocouple .

Input Module The input module performs task electronically as: Determines the presence or absence of input Converts input signal to a DC level useable PLC Provides electronic isolation between input signal and PLC .

OUTPUTS: PLC output devices can usually be: Solenoids Relays-AC or DC powered Contactors Motor-Stators Indication Lights Valves Alarms .

Reads the status of connected input devices. :Stores the control program and data in its memory. Executes the control program. .U. Performs arithmetic and logical operations.PROCESSOR.P.CONTROLLER OR C. Commands connected to output to change state based on program execution.

Program Scan: Executes the user created program logic.WORKING OF PROCESSOR:For any execution of program. 1) 2) 3) 4) . processor has to scan the entire program. Output Scan: Energizes or deenergizes all output devices that are connected to the PLC. Housekeeping: This includes communications with programming terminals. Scan cycle consists ofInput Scan: Detects the state of all input devices that are connected to the PLC. internal diagnostics etc.



APPLICATIONS OF PLC PLC’s are used successfully to execute complicated control operations in a plant. . A sequence of instructions is programmed by the user to the PLC memory and when the program is executed . Its purpose is to monitor crucial process parameters and adjust process operations accordingly.the controller operates a system to the correct operating specifications.

Packing – Bottling and Canning Material Handling – Machining Power Generation – HVAC / building automation Security Systems – Automated Assembly Paint Lines _ Water Treatment .In Brief:It is used for any application in industry that requires electrical control.

It could be used in various industries like:Cement Industry Automation Industry Chemicals Industry Plastics Industry Metals Industry Paper Industry .

Various Brands Of PLC:Allen Bradley Siemens Modicon Mitshubishi GE Fanuc Omron USA Germany France Japan USA Japan .

Advantages Of PLC:PLC Saves By Material Cost : Reduced wiring and associated Installation : Less Space Troubleshooting : No moving partsrugged Labour Cost : Possibility of reprogramming .

Value Added Benefits:Reliability Flexibility Advance Function Communication Speed Diagnostics .


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