Bata Drumming & the Lucumi Santeria Bembe Ceremony

Overview of Basic Structure of a Bembe Ceremony ==================================================== ===
=Oru Seco : the first part of a bembe and a series of bata salutes called toques played for each of the Orisha. The term seco actually means "dry" in Spanish and, in this case, refers to the absence of singing. =Oru Cantando : the second part of a bembe consisting of a series of songs sung for each of the Orisha. The songs are accompanied by bata drums, and may employ many of the same toques used during the Oru Seco portion. (Or entirely new toques may be played.) =Wemelere : the last part of a bembe, the wemelere expands on the music played in the prior sections and includes dancing and singing, in hopes that the Orisha will come down and "visit" the participants.

Learning to Play the Bata ==================================================== ===
When learning bata music, the first step is to master the salutes played in the Oru Seco.

Introduction to the Bata Drums ==================================================== ===
The three bata drums and their roles in a the bata ensemble: Okonkolo : the smallest bata drum, the okonkolo produces the highest pitched tones and is typically used to play a standard set of rhythms in support of the Iya and Itotele. The Okonkolo is considered the metronome and time-keeper of the bata ensemble, hence there is little improvisation (floreos) carried out on this bata drum, especially during the Oru Seco. However the level of improvisation depends on the bata rhythm and the context in which it is played. Some rhythms actually require the okonkolo player to be able to improvise more freely to really swing the music. Itotele : the middle bata drums, the Itotele produces the medium pitched tones and is also used to play a standard set of rhythms in support of the Iya. As with the Okonkolo, these rhythms are fairly universel with little variation from one form of bata to another. The itotele, is expected to answer " and " converse with " the Iya. This usually allows the player a little more improvisational freedom then with the okonkolo. But again, this

depends on the rhythm and the context in which it is being played. Itotele rhythms are fairly stock and improvisation-free during the Oru Seco. Iya : the largest of the bata drums, the Iya produces the lowest pitched tones. The iya also has stock phrases found universally and played by all Iya players. These should be leamed and mastered first. Once you have a good working knowledge of the iya, you may notice iya players incorporating many variations in their parts, even in the most basic of rhythms. Most of these variations will occur on the cha-cha side of the Iya and will require a well-trained ear to distinguish. The iya " calls out " the changes and conversations for the entire bata ensemble, and usually has the most improvisational freedom of all the bata drums. Most but not all of this improvisational skill lies in the placement of strokes on the larger of the two drumheads, the cha-cha…

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==================================================== === The Sacred Bata Drums (Aña)
In Africa, the bata drums belonged to the kings and were only played for them. Until the last few decades in Cuba the drums were only played for the presentation of newly crowned priests (Iyawos) to the community and to Aña (pronounced an-yá), the Orisha or deity whose secret resides within the drum. Bembe drums or güiro (shekeres) were used for all other drumming ceremonies. Today the bata drums are played more frequently and for a wider variety of reasons (such as a priest’s Ocha birthday, or to give thanks to a specific Orisha or Santo as they are often called in Cuba). The bata are a set of three hourglass shaped drums that are played held across the lap. They are carved from solid wood and their open ends are covered in goat skins. One end is larger than the other, and both ends are percussive. The large end of the drum is called the “inu,” or mouth, and the smaller end the “chacha.” The largest drum is called Iya (Mother) and is dedicated to Yemaya.

The middle drum is dedicated to Ochun and is called Itotele. And the smallest drum belongs to Chango and is called the Okonkolo. There are probably fewer than 100 sets of sacred bata drums in the world. Unconsecrated bata drums are called abericulá. At the beginning of a tambor or drumming celebration, the drums are played directly for the Orishas, usually in front of the throne or canastiero (cabinet) where the Orishas live. This cycle of rhythms is called the Oro Seco or “dry cycle” because no singing is involved (although in Matanzas the Orisha being honored is sung to at the end of the Oro). When the Oro is played in front of the Orishas, it is also called the Oro Igbodu. Following the Oro Seco, another complete cycle of rhythms is played in an open area, but this time with singing (the Oro Cantado). During this cycle, priests salute the drums by bowing their foreheads to the floor and then to the drums. After the Oro Cantado, the party (or wemilere in Lucumí) really begins. The akpón (lead singer) is now free to sing in any order and for any length of time to the various Orishas, praising them and inviting them to join the celebration by possessing one or more of their priests. Once Orishas are present, the Iya drummer in particular must pay close attention to their movements, as it is the Orisha who calls for certain changes in the rhythm. The percussive relationship between the three drums is a conversation—with each other, with the singer and chorus, with the Orishas, and with Olofi (God). For this reason, we speak of the “language of the drums.” All site contents © Kabiosile. All rights reserved.

==================================================== ===
Bata Rhythm Transcriptions
Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

==================================================== === Rumba Iyesa
GENERAL INFO This "toque" is one of the five most common toques in their basic form. It's relatively simple and it is used as dance rhythms for a couple of different orishas. In this fonction it is called rumbita. SHEET MUSIC (for key notation click here)

AUDIO/VIDEO FILE : Dowload the song called SOKERE (mp3 - 2.18mg) performed by Maiseboa, my group (Laurent Lamy) Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

==================================================== === Cha Cha Lokpafun
GENERAL INFO The most common "toque" bata, a rumbita for a couple of different orishas to dance and party.

==================================================== === Niongo
GENERAL INFO This "toque" is one of the five most common toques in their basic form. It's relatively simple and it is used as dance rhythms for a couple of different orishas (see glossary). In this fonction it is called rumbita.

==================================================== === Glossary
(Lu) Lucumi term (Sp) Spanish term Achere (Lu.) A small rattle which is sometimes used to play the standard bell pattern in batà ensembles. Agbé (Lu.) A calabash gourd idiophone strung on the outside with beads. Sometimes called shekere. Agogo (Lu.) Metal bell used to play the standard bell pattern in bembé ensembles. Afia (Lu.) A sacred force believed to reside in the batà drums, considered an oricha by some Santeros. Batalero (Lu./Sp.) A batà drummer. Bembé (Lu.) A religions party held to honor an oricha.

Cabildo (Sp.) Mutual aid societies established by slaves in Cuba. Caminos (Sp.) Roads. Diferent avatars of an oricha. Each " standard pattern " or toque signifies a différent camino. Chacha (Lu.) The smaller head of the batà drum. Chaworo (Lu.) Bells wrapped around the shell of the iyà ilù. Cierre (Sp.) Closing. The ritual that closes a bembé. Conversacion (Sp.) A conversation that takes place between the iyà and itotele. Conversations used to render lexical meaning but most of this knowledge has been lost. Enù (Lu.) The larger head of the batà drum. Fardela (Sp.) Also called the idà, it is a ring of clay molded to the iyà ilu'. It is used to dampen the drum's overtones. Güiro (Sp.) Musical gourd. An idiophone, it is also known as agbé or shekere. It is covered with strung beads and played by shaking and striking the bottom. Ida (Lu.) See Fardela. Itotele (Lu.) The middle drum of the batà set. Iya (Lu.) Mother. Iya Ilu (Lu.) Mother drum. The lead drum in the batà ensemble. Llame (Sp.) The call used in batà drumming to begin a rhythm or initiate a conversation. Lucumi Name used to identify Yoruba slaves and their language in Cuba. Practitioners today sometimes call their religion Lucumi. Ocha (Lu.) A saint/oricha. The religion of Santeria (Regla de Ocha). Okonkolo (Lu.) The smallest drum of the batà set. Also called omelé.

Olori (Lu.) The strap used by the batalero to secure the drum during performance. Olù Bata (Lu.) A batalero initiated into Ana. Omelé (Lu.) Another name for okonkolo. Omo (Lu.) Child. Ori (Lu.) The physical head and inner person. The essence of personality. Oricha (Lu.) Sacred head. The nature divinities of traditional Yoruba religion and Santeria. Oru (Lu.) A liturgical sequence of songs or batà rhythms. (Sometimes mistakenly called oro.) Oru del Igbodu (Lu.) " Oru in front of the throne " played on the batà drums without song. Also called oru seco. Orun (Lu.) The heaven world of Yoruba religion. Santeria (Sp.) The Lucumi religion of Cuba. Santero, Santera (Sp.) Male and female initiates or priests of Santeria. Santo (Sp.) Saint. The oricha. Tambor (Sp.) Drummer. Tamabor (Sp.) Drum. A liturgical fiesta for the orichas using the batà drums. Toque (Sp.) A bata rhythm. Another name for a liturgical fiesta using batà. Yesa (Iyesa) (Lu.) Single headed drum type found in Cuba. Name of generic rhythms played in " drum and güiro " ensembles. In batà ensembles this rhythm is called rumba yesa.

==================================================== === Discography

CUBAN BATA DISCOGRAPHY 1) TRADITIONAL ******** Afromerica Chants et rythmes afrocubains Mercedes Lay Bravo Marisela Trujilo Florinda Sabido june 1997 VDE-Gallo VDE CD 959 cd Tracks Eleggua (3:11), Yemaya (3:40), Chango (2:50) and Obatala (3:15) are songs with bata. ******** Amira, John The music of Santeria. The Oru del Igbodu John Amira (iya) Orlando Fiol (ito) Joe DeLeon (oko) 1993? White Cliffs Media WCM 9346 cd Oru del Igbodu in New York/Havana style, with alternate versions. ******** Cardona, Milton Bembe Hector Flaco Hernandez (iya) Steve Berrios (ito) Jose Fernandez (oko) Milton Cardona (iya) august 1985 American Clave AMCL 1004 2 Cd Tracks : Salute to Yemaya, Elegua, Ogun, Ochosi, Babalu Aye, Obatala, Chango, Yemaya, Ochun, Ododua, Elegua, with voice & batas ******** Conjunto Folklorico Nacional de Cuba Musica Yoruba Carlos Aldama (iya) Mario Jauregui (ito) Ramiro Hernandez (oko) 1970s Bembe 2010-2 cd Songs : Eleggua, Obatala, Yemaya, Chango, Oya (a capella), Orula, Oddudua, Babalu Aye, Eleggua; Reissue of an earlier EGREM record. Vocalists : Lazaro Ros and Felipe Alfonso. ******** Grupo Oba-Ilu Santeria. Songs for the orishas

Mario Jauregui Francis (iya) Pedro Pablo Martinez Campos (ito) Maximo Duquesnes Martinez (oko) Rocardo Gomez Rivero (oko) december 1995 Soul Jazz SJR CD38 cd Tracks Eleggua, Ogun, Ochosi, Obbatala, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Yemaya voice with batas. + beginnings (6:00) of Oru del Igbodu ******** Munequitos de Matanzas Cantar maravilloso Jesus Alfonso Gregorio Diaz Agustin Diaz Globestyle Records CDORB 053 cd Iya mi le (madre mira mi casa) (7:53) (not on lp) with batas; Arague (6:15) with batas & conga. ******** Munequitos de Matanzas Ito Iban Echu Qbadisc QB 9022 cd Ogun arere; Obatala;Babalu Aye;Ochun;Yeye Ochun;Yemaya;Yemaya Olordo;Agay- u; Chango Eyeleo; Dada; Oya; Eleggua. ******** Valdes, Merceditas Ache Los tambores bata de Jesus Perez Artex cd - 010 cd Contains tracks Elegua, Oggun, Chango, Ochun, Obatala with voice & batas. ******** Valdes, Merceditas Ache IV Grupo Yoruba Andabo 1995? Egrem cd 0160 cd Elegua, Obatala-Baba Fururu, Yemaya, Ochun, Ibeyi. ******** Valdes, Merceditas y los tambores bata de Jesus Perez Jesus Perez ASPIC X 55512 cd

Reissue of original EGREM recordings. Contains tracks Ellegua, Oggun, Obatala, Yemaya, Ochun, Chango, Osain, Ellegua, Chango. ******** various Afro-Cuba, a musical anthology Rounder CD 1088 cd Song for Ododua (2:04), Bata drums for Chango (3:05), Esto no lleva bata (performed by Los Papines) (3:39) ******** various Antologia de la Musica Afrocubana Vol II Oru de Igbodu Recorded in Matanzas (casa de Ricardo Suarez) 1977 Egrem LD 3995 (Areito) lp Toques a Elebwa, Oggun, Ochosi, San Lazaro, Orunla, Aggayu, Chango, Obba, Oya, Yemaya, Obatala, Ochun, Yegua, Idbeyi. Ayacuta (para Chango). Cantos a Chango, Oggun. ******** various Cuba : Les danses des dieux Lucumies Community of Regla/Havana 1985-88 Ocora C 559051 cd Contains Songs to Ellegua from the Oru del Eya Aranla (6:49) ******** various Sacred rhythms of Cuban Santeria Conjunto de tambores bata de Amado Diaz Alfonso 20. november 1984 Smithsonian/Folkways SF 40419 cd Oru de Igbodu para Yemaya (25:35) in Matanzas style. ******** various The Yoruba/Dahomean Collection (Orishas across the ocean) before 1950; 1957 Library of congress series/Endangered music project. Ryko RCD 10405 cd Song for Elegua (3:22) recorded by Jean Liscano in Venezuela before 1950, performed by Conjunto El Nino, led by Guillermo Rigueiro. Song for Yemaya (3:05), Song for Chango (3:05) recorded by Lydia Cabrera in 1957, performed by Candido Martinez with an ensemble led by Miguel Santa Cruz and Juan Gonzalez. ******** various Vida y muerte del santero Egrem cd 0191

cd Has batas on 10 of the 12 tracks. Contains ritual music seldom heard (esp. the ceremony for Eggun). Conjunto Folklorico Nacional de Cuba Areito LDA 3156 lp ******** Conjunto de percusion de Danza Nacional de Cuba Jesus Perez : In memoriam/Homenaje. Egrem LD 4246 lp ******** Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto Santeria (Toques y Cantos) Gema records corp. LPG 1193 ******** Grupo Ilu Ana Sacred rhythms Fundamento productions Cd Ros, Lazaro Olorun Xenophile GLCD 4022 cd ******** Ros, Lazaro Olorun Egrem cd ******** Ros, Lazaro y Olorun Songs for Elegua Ashe by Rounder Recs. cd ******** Santos, John & the coro folklorico Kindembo Hacia del amor Xenophile cd ******** Toques y cantos de santos (2 vols) Cubilandia C-CD 511 ******** Iluyenkori Percussions Cubaines Playasound PS 65084

cd ******** Guines, Tata Aniversario Maximino Duquesne (iya) Marco Herminio Diaz (ito) Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto Santeria (Toques y Cantos) Gema records corp. LPG 1193

2) NON TRADITIONAL ******** Coleman, Steve The sign and the seal (with Afrocuba de Matanzas) 1996 BMG cd little Coati Mundi The former 12 year old genius Hector Hernandez 1983 Virgin lp Track Pharaoh ******** Eno, Brian and David Byrne My life in the bush of ghosts Mingo Lewis 1981 E.G. EGCD 48 cd Tracks The Jezebel spirit and The Carrier ******** Estefan, Gloria Abriendo puertas Luis Enrique 1995 Sony 480992 2 cd Track 7 (La parranda) ******** Feliciano, Cheo Estampas 1979 Vaya JMVS 86 lp Contains batas at the end of the track Estampa Marina (5:26)

******** Gonzalez, Jerry Obatala Milton Cardona Hector Flaco Hernandez Steve Berrios 6. november 1988 Enja 5059 2 cd Intro has some bata drumming (2:27) ******** Grupo Folklorico y Experimental Nuevayorquino Concepts in Unity at least Milton Cardona april 1975 Salsoul 20-6001-2 cd Canto Asoyin (4:26) ******** Irakere Seleccion de exitos (1973-1978) vol. 1 1973-78 Dom (licenced by egrem) CD 1201 cd Has bata drums on track Iya (5:50). ******** Irakere Babalu Aye Alexander Martinez Rogelio Ruiz Jose Pablo Hernandez Bembe 2020-2 Cantata a Babalu Aye (14:01) by Lazaro Ros, his group and Irakere. ******** Lotz of music Le coq rouge Javier Martinez Campos (iya) Jos de Haas (ito) Frank van Dok (oko);Stefan Kruger (oko) Sjahin During (ito,oko) 1996 VIA 9920122 cd ******** Lotz of music Lotz of music in Havana. Blues for Yemaya Javier Martinez Campos, Jorge Nunez Menocal (iya) Jose Pilar Suarez (ito) Sjahin During (oko) 1998

VIA 9920592 cd ******** Nueva Manteca Bluesongo Martin Verdonk (iya,oko) Lucas van Merwijk (ito) 1994 Lucho 7706-2 cd ******** Santamaria, Mongo Up from the roots Julito Collazo (ito) 1972? Atlantic SD 1621 lp ******** Santamaria, Mongo Red hot Mongo Santamaria Steve Berrios Hector Hernandez Julio Collazo 1979? CBS/Tappan-Zee 83340 lp Afro-Cuban Fantasy (7:36) contains bata drums. ******** Spiro, Michael and Mark Lamson Bata Ketu Michael Spiro Mark Lamson Kelvin Delgado (oko) 1990s Bembe 2011-2 cd ******** Afrocuba de Matanzas Rituales Afrocubanos Egrem CD 0058 cd ******** Aguabella, Francisco Santeria Oro Cantado (3 vols) Francisco Aguabella Go productions 10032 cassette ********

Anderson, Laurie Home of the brave Daniel Ponce (?) (iya, oko) Bata on Sharky's day. ******** Anderson, Laurie Mister heartbreak Daniel Ponce (iya, oko) 1983 Warner Bros. Batas are used on Sharky's day ******** Batacumbele (just about anything) ******** Beasley, John Cauldron Bill Summers Munyungo Jackson ? ******** Bunnett, Jane ? Chamalongo Pancho Quinto ? ******** Conjunto Cespedes Vivito y coleando Jesus Diaz (oko) John Santos (ito) Tobaji Stewart (iya) 1995 Xenophile Bata on Que viva chango ******** Conjunto Cespedes Flores Mike Spiro (iya) Jesus Diaz (ito) Michael Lennan (oko) 1998 Xenophile Bata used on El tambor tiene su magia ******** Conjunto Cespedes Una sola casa Mike Spiro (iya) Jesus Diaz (ito) 1993 Green Linnet Bata on Virgen de la Caridad

******** Estefan, Gloria Destiny ******** Lazaro Rizo (oko) Egrem CD 0156 cd Has batas on the track Con tres tambores bata, a bata rumba by Ernesto Gatel. ******** Hancock, Herbie Dis is da drum Bill Summers Munyungo Jackson ? ******** Herwig, Conrad The latin side of John Coltrane Astor place records ******** Mezcla (any title) ******** Palmieri, Eddie Llego la india Acid jazz cd ******** Pastorius, Jaco Jaco Pastorius Don Alias (oko, iya) 1976 Epic Bata used on Okonkolo y trompa ******** Pedroso, Cesar Lo mejor de Cesar Pedroso - Hits of Los Van Van Qbadisc Has batas in the track El buena gente. ******** Quinto, Pancho En el solar la cueva del humo ******** Quinto, Pancho latest recording ********

Rodriguez, Alfredo Cuba Linda Mario Jauregui Aspirina Justo Pelladito Amado J. Dedeu 1996 Hannibal Bata used on Mercedita ya me voy and Drume negrita. ******** Santamaria, Mongo Our man in Havana (a.k.a. Mongo in Havana ?) Fantasy 3311 ******** Santeria religion afrocubana OLM Records 10037 ******** Sintesis Orishas ******** Sintesis (other titles) ******** Terry, Los From Africa to Camaguey ******** Tipica 73 Tipica 73 en Cuba ******** Tipica 73 La candela ******** Tipica 73 Encendida ******** Valdes, Merceditas Panart LD 3096 ******** Valdez, Merceditas vol. 2 Egrem cd Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

Batá and Lukumí Music, by Thomas Altmann, 2004
Note: This is no commercial sales list! - Esto no es una lista de venta comercial! - Dies ist kein Verkaufskatalog für diese Seite!

Tambores Batá de Abaoso

Santería Cubana

FE-105, 1987

Tambor Yoruba: Elegguá, Oggún y Ochosi Tambor Yoruba: Obatalá

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9546, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9545, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9549, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9550, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9551, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9547, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9548, 1999 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9600, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9599, 2001

Tambor Yoruba: Aggayú

Tambor Yoruba: Changó

Tambor Yoruba: Oyá

Tambor Yoruba: Ochún

Tambor Yoruba: Yemayá Tambor Yoruba: Elegguá, Oggún y Ochosi II Tambor Yoruba: Obatalá II

Tambor Yoruba: Aggayú II

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9603, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9604, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9605, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9601, 2002 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9602, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9606, 2001 Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD9598, 2001

Tambor Yoruba: Changó II

Tambor Yoruba: Oyá II

Tambor Yoruba: Ochún II

Tambor Yoruba: Yemayá II Tambor Yoruba: Orisha Oko, Oddúa, Ibeyis, Olokun y otros II Rezos y Moyubba a los orishas

Chants et rythmes afrocubains
Grupo Afrocuba de Matanzas

VDE Gallo, VDE CD 959, 1997

Rituales Afrocubanos
Francisco Aguabella

Egrem CD 0058, 1993

Oriki Ara Oko (a.k.a. Santeria: Praises to the Orishas) (a.k.a. Oru Cantado Oriza: Santería Religion Afrocubana (w/ Lazaro Galarraga) (- y sus Tambores Batá): Cantos a los Orishas

OLM records CD 10038 GO Productions 10032)

OLM records CD 10037, 1993

Universal Latino 2002

John Amira

The Music of Santería - The Oru del Igbodu

White Cliffs Media Company, 1992

Rezos y Cantos Yoruba
Papo Angarica

Fundamento Yoruba I

(CD)Egrem, LaHabana 1998, CD 0253 (CD)Egrem, LaHabana 1998, CD 0377 (CD)Egrem, LaHabana 2003, CD 0568

Fundamento Yoruba II

Osun Lozun (w/Lazaro Ros)
Eugenio F. Arango (Totico)

Totico y sus Rumberos
Frisner Augustin

(CD) Montuno 515, re.1992

The Drums of Vodou

White Cliffs Media Company, 1994

Sacred Yoruba Bata Music for 12 Orishas
Emilio Barreto & Puntilla

Santisimo Emilio Barreto presenta Santisimo en Ritual (con Orlando "Puntilla" Rios)
Bascom (rec.) /Courlander (ed.)

Luz Prod. CD 001, 1996

Luz Prod. LUZ 0002, 2001

Drums of the Yoruba of Nigeria (1956)
Candita Batista y sus Tabores Batá

LP Ethnic Folkways Library FE 4441

Ritmo de Santo
Lydia Cabrera (ed.), Josefina Tarafa (rec.)

Maype CD US 130

Oro Havana, Cuba, ca.1957: Rhythms and Songs for the Orishas Matanzas, Cuba, ca.1957: AfroCuban Music from the Countryside Havana & Matanzas, ca.1957: Batá, Bembé, and Palo Songs Smithsonian Folkways CD 40489 (1957) Smithsonian Folkways CD 40490 (1957) Smithsonian Folkways CD 40434 (1957)

Alfredo Calvo y su Aña Oba Tola / Alberto Puñales y su Bembe Makagua

Bata y Bembe de Matanzas I: La presentación de un Iyawo de Chango
Milton Cardona

Kabiosile (2003)

Rafael Caraballo y su conjunto de santeros

(LP) American Clavé 1004, 1986

Plegarias a los santos
Catanga, Yosantou - Mansolu (et alii)

Santero S-LP 329, 1985

Despojo-Santero /Tambores Africanos
Andrés Chacón

Lucumi Records LR-711, 1986

Iré iré. Lukumí, afro-cuban

Lila Music

devotional music
Conjunto de Percusion de Danza Nacional de Cuba

Oba-i-lu /Homenaje (Jesus Pérez in memoriam)
Conjunto Folklórico Nacional de Cuba

Egrem LP LD 4246, 1987

Conjunto Folklorico Nacional =Toques y Cantos de Santos Vol. 2 Musica Yoruba (a.k.a. Lucumí) =Toques y Cantos de Santos Vol. 1 Vida y Muerte del Santero
Djalma Correa (prod.)

Egrem, Areito LDA 3156 Cubilandia Bembé CD 2010-2, re.1995 Cubilandia Egrem CD 0191, 1996

Candomblé (atabaques: Vadinho, Dudu, Alcides)
Harold Courlander (rec./notes)

LP fontana /phonogram 1977

Cult Music of Cuba Drums of Haiti
Julio Davalos & Adrian Coburg

LP Folkways Records FE 04410 (1951) LP Folkways Records FE 4403

Antologia Yoruba, Vol. 1 + 2: Oru Seco, Oru Cantado Antologia Yoruba, Vol. 3 + 4: Rezos - Cantos y Toques Especiales
Maya Deren (rec.)



Divine Horsemen
Orquesta Estrellas Cubanas

Lyrichord 1953

Violin a Ochún
Grupo Folklorico de Cuba (=CFN)


Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y Cantos de Santos, Vol. 1 Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y Cantos de Santos, Vol. 2 Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y Cantos de Santos, Vol. 3
Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto

Orfeon CDL-16244

Orfeon CDL-16245

Orfeon CDL-16246

Santeria (Toques y Cantos) Santeria Africana: Santa Barbara Africana
Lazaro Galarraga /Raul Canizares

Gema Records Corp. LPG 1193 Santero CD 531

Rhythms of the Goddess: Sacred Sounds of Santeria II
Milian Galí: Gali Bata


Cantos y Toques
Nanette García & Maurice Minichino


The Sacred Music of Cuba. Batá Drumming, Matanzas Style
Felipe García Villamil

Melantone Publishing (2000)

Emikeke, Vol. I Emikeke, Vol. II
Jerry González

The River is Deep
Verna Gillis (rec.)

(LP) ENJA 4040

Vodun-Rada Rite for Erzulie
Katherine Hagedorn (rec./ed.)

Folkways Records FE 4491

Divine Utterances (w/Alberto Villareal Peñalver, Francisco Aguabella, Lazaro Galarraga)
Ilú Añá

Smithsonian (2002)

Sacred Rhythms

Fundamento Prod. CD 6120, 1995

Percussions Cubaines - Cuban Drums Hommage a Yemayá et Oshùn Tambours Métis / Cuban Drums
Iré Otonoguá

Playasound CD 65084, 1992 Playasound CD 65138 Playasound CD PS 65218, 1999

Cajónes para los Orichas

Weltwunder WW 925

Ilu Orisha Iroko

Interworld CD, 1996 VTL 010, 1992

Obatala : Yorùbá Religious Music From Nigeria Sango : Yorùbá Religious Music

(MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music Series (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music

From Nigeria Osun : Yorùbá Religious Music From Nigeria Ogun : Yorùbá Religious Music From Nigeria
Regino Jiménez

Series (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music Series (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music Series

Afro-Cuban Percussion Study Guide
Jobelou (tambour maman)

Voodoo Trance Music: Ritual Drums of Haiti
Cabildo San Juan Bautista

LP Lyrichord Stereo LLST 7279, 1974

Antologia de la música afrocubana, Vol. III: Música Iyesá

Egrem LD-3747, 1981

The Voodoo Drums of LeGip
Mark Alban Lotz

Request /Sounds of the Caribbean SLP-737, 1972

(& Lotz Of Music in Havana:) Blues for Yemayá (& Shango's Dance:) Cuban Fishes Make Good Dishes
Mansulu & His Haitians

VIA Records

LopLop Records LC-13310

Santería Haitiana (por autenticos santeros haitianos)

Haiti Records H-531, 1986

Santeria! Música de raíz - Palo
Gina Martin

Platano 5124, 2001

Las Fiestas Santeras
John Mason (rec.)

Uni/Universal, CD re. 1999

Four New World Yoruba Rituals Olookun: Owner Of Rivers And Seas
Lawrence Millard (rec./ed.)

(MC) Y.T.A. Records 5B (MC) Y.T.A. Records

Tambor for Obatalá: Music of Santería - A Live Afro-Cuban Ceremony Tambor for Obatalá - Complete Session Echun Okiry: Güíro for Elegguá Echun Okiry - Complete Session Religious Music of Palo Monte: A Cajón Ceremony
Andreas y sus Amigos (Andreas "Molino" Müller)

earthcds (2001/2002)

earthcds (2001/2002) earthcds (2001/2002) earthcds (2001/2002) earthcds (2001/2002)

Yé Yé Oludé
Los Muñequitos de Matanzas

Stadtklänge Köln (2000)

Ito iban Echú: Sacred Yoruba Music of Cuba

Qbadisc CD 9022, 1996

Niloniyé ("Los Niños de Atocha") de Eugenio Lamar Delgado ("Cucho")

Antologia de la música afrocubana, Vol. III: Fiesta de

Egrem LD-3997, 1981

Grupo Oba-Ilu

Santeria - Songs for the Orishas /musica afrocubana
Grupo Obá Ologín

Soul Jazz Records CD SJR 38, 1998

Moforibale - Tambores Batá
Agrupación Folklórica de Jovellanos "Ojun Degara"


Antologia de la música afrocubana, Vol. IV: Música Arará

Egrem LD-3996, 1981

Grupo Folklórico Olufina Baba Mi, feat. Elliot Scott Downing, Teddy Holliday

African Yoruba Music of the New Land; Música Afro-Cubana

Conjunto de tambores batá "Omo Irago" de Amado Díaz Alfonso; Agrupación de Güíros "El Niño de Atocha"; Grupo de Bembé "Ará Okó":

Cantos de Santería (a.k.a.: Sacred Rhythms of Cuban Santería
Pedro Jesus Orta

Artex, 1994 (CD, colección Sésamo) Smithsonian Folkways CD 40419)

Pedro Jesus Orta, omo aña
Carlinhos D'Oxum

Lakefire Records LR 0202

Canticos a os Orixas de Candomblé
Daniel Ponce


New York Now! Arawe

OAO CEL 6705 (LP) Antilles New Directions AN 8710(LP)

Chango Te Llama
Emy de Pradines

mango (1991) (LP)

Voodoo -Authentic Music & Rhythms of Haiti
Tito Puente

Remington R-199-151, 1953

Top Percussion
Orlando "Puntilla" Rios & Nueva Generación

(LP) RCA Victor LPM 1617, 1958

Puntilla from La Habana to New York Spirit Rhythms -Sacred Drumming & Chants from Cuba
Giraldo Rodriguez

(LP) Puntilla Records AF101-A + -B

CD Latitudes LT 50603

Afro Tambores Batá
Lázaro Ros

Orfeon 12-38008 /LP-LAB-08

Olorún Songs for Eleguá (w/ Olorun) Asoyi -Cantos Arará Cantos (con Mezcla) Orisha Aye: Elewá (& Oshosi)

Ashé /xenophile /Green Linnet Rec. GLCD 4022 Ashé CD 2001 Pm records DM 077CD, 1993 Intuition Rec. INT 3080 2 CD Unicornio UN-CD6017 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6008 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6018 (rec. 2000)

Orisha Aye: Oggún

Orisha Aye: Babalú Ayé

Orisha Aye: Obatalá

CD Unicornio UN-CD6007 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6009 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6010 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6005 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6006 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6016 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6019 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6015 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6014 (rec. 2000) CD Unicornio UN-CD6020 (rec. 2000)

Orisha Aye: Shangó

Orisha Aye: Oyá

Orisha Aye: Yemayá

Orisha Aye: Oshún Orisha Aye: Korikoto, Dadá, Yewúa, Obba Orisha Aye: Argayú sola, Ibeyis, Orishaoko, Nana Burucu Orisha Aye: Olofin, Oddúa, Inle, Orunmila, Iroko Orisha Aye: Osain

Orisha Aye: Eggun
Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara con Rafael Caraballo y Gloria Maria Ortiz cantados por autenticos santeros
Santa Barbara Africana

Espiritual CD 104

Santería Africana
Mongo Santamaria


Mongo in Havana Afro Roots (compr.: "Mongo" and "Yambú") Up From The Roots Drums and Chants Our Man in Havana (compr.: "Our Man in Havana" + "Bembé")
Santero #1

Fantasy 3311 (LP) bellaphon BLST 6530 (2LP) Atlantic SD 1621, 1972 Vaya Records VS 56 (CD) Fantasy 24729 1960/1993

Afro Cuban Cult Music
Santero #2

Panart LP-2060

Afro Cuban Cult Music
John Santos and the Coro Folklorico Kindembo

Panart LP-2097

Hacia el Amor

xenophile /Green Linnet Rec. xeno 4034

Ancestros Ancestros II Orishas
Societe Absolument Guinin

Egrem LP LD 4432, 1987 Color CD 1997

Voodoo Drums

Universal Sound 2001, US CD 16 (Soul Jazz Records) Soul Jazz Records SJR CD 105, 2005

Spirits of Life. Haitian Vodou
Michael Spiro and Mark Lamson

Batá Ketú
Ricardo Suarez

Bembe Records (CD) 2011-2, 1996

Antologia de la música afrocubana, Vol. II: Oru de igbodu
Bill Summers

Egrem LD-3995, 1981

Studies in Bata, Havana to Matanzas

Bilsum Music (2002)

Best Drummer in Haiti Voodoo Drums of TiRoRo TiRoRo & His Voodoo Drums
Dudu Tucci

Cook Road Recordings 5004, 1956 Monogram 830 Request SLP-733

Orishás Obatimale
Merceditas Valdés

WeltWunder-Records WW 106-2, 1994

Aché III Merceditas Valdés y los tambores batá de Jesús Pérez Aché IV (con Yoruba Andabo) Tumi Cuba Classica Vol.2: AfroCuban
("Various Artists")

Artex CD 10 Aspic CD 55512, 1996 (CD) Egrem cd 0160 Tumi 0050, 1995 (CD)

Santeria Cubana - Toques y Cantos

Santero CD 135, 1986

Santeros Lucumí
("Various Artists")

Fuerza Santera
("Various Artists")

Santero SLP-17, 1986 (MC)

Fiesta Santera Lucumi - Tambores Batá
("Various Artists")

Santero S-198 (CD)

Cuba: Les Danses des Dieux
("Various Artists")

Ocora, C 559051, 1988

Cuba: Musique Afro-Cubaine
("Various Artists")

Disques Alvares LD 453

Ecos Afro-Cubanos
("Various Artists")

Orfeon LP-12-138

Misa Santeria
("Various Artists")

Riviera 521-107

Ritmo y lamento
("Various Artists")

CHB Records 317

Rhythmes de Cuba
("Various Artists")

Le Chante du Monde LD-5-4218

Moforibale - Tambores Batá
("Various Artists")


Afro-Cuba, a musical anthology

Rounder CD 1088

("Various Artists")

Antologia de la música afrocubana, Vol.1: Viejos cantos afrocubanos
("Various Artists")

(LP) Egrem LD-3325

("Various Artists")

New World Rec. NW 244-2

La musica del pueblo de Cuba (prod.: M.T. Linares)
("Various Artists")


Caribbean Revels: Haitian Rara and Dominican Gaga
("Various Artists")

(CD) Smithsonian Folkways, Washington D.C. 1991, SF 40402

Rhythms of Rapture: Sacred Music of Haitian Vodou
("Various Artists")

Smithsonian Folkways CD 40464, 1995

Voodoo Music of Haiti
("Various Artists")


Ceremonie Vaudou en Haiti (Richesse du folklore No.15)
("Various Artists")

LP Riviera /Bravo 421.076 P

The Yoruba /Dahomean Collection: Orishas Across The Ocean
("Various Artists")

CD Rykodisc RCD 10405, 1998

Yoruba Drums from Benin, West

Smithsonian Folkways 40440,



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