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Bata Drumming & the Lucumi Santeria Bembe


Overview of Basic Structure of a Bembe Ceremony

=Oru Seco : the first part of a bembe and a series of bata salutes called toques played
for each of the Orisha. The term seco actually means "dry" in Spanish and, in this case, refers to
the absence of singing.

=Oru Cantando : the second part of a bembe consisting of a series of songs sung for
each of the Orisha. The songs are accompanied by bata drums, and may employ many of the
same toques used during the Oru Seco portion. (Or entirely new toques may be played.)

=Wemelere : the last part of a bembe, the wemelere expands on the music played in the
prior sections and includes dancing and singing, in hopes that the Orisha will come down and
"visit" the participants.

Learning to Play the Bata

When learning bata music, the first step is to master the salutes played in the Oru Seco.

Introduction to the Bata Drums

The three bata drums and their roles in a the bata ensemble:

Okonkolo : the smallest bata drum, the okonkolo produces the highest pitched tones
and is typically used to play a standard set of rhythms in support of the Iya and Itotele.
The Okonkolo is considered the metronome and time-keeper of the bata ensemble, hence
there is little improvisation (floreos) carried out on this bata drum, especially during the
Oru Seco. However the level of improvisation depends on the bata rhythm and the context
in which it is played. Some rhythms actually require the okonkolo player to be able to
improvise more freely to really swing the music.

Itotele : the middle bata drums, the Itotele produces the medium pitched tones and is
also used to play a standard set of rhythms in support of the Iya. As with the Okonkolo,
these rhythms are fairly universel with little variation from one form of bata to another. The
itotele, is expected to answer " and " converse with " the Iya. This usually allows the
player a little more improvisational freedom then with the okonkolo. But again, this
depends on the rhythm and the context in which it is being played. Itotele rhythms are
fairly stock and improvisation-free during the Oru Seco.

Iya : the largest of the bata drums, the Iya produces the lowest pitched tones. The iya
also has stock phrases found universally and played by all Iya players. These should be
leamed and mastered first. Once you have a good working knowledge of the iya, you may
notice iya players incorporating many variations in their parts, even in the most basic of
rhythms. Most of these variations will occur on the cha-cha side of the Iya and will require
a well-trained ear to distinguish. The iya " calls out " the changes and conversations for
the entire bata ensemble, and usually has the most improvisational freedom of all the bata
drums. Most but not all of this improvisational skill lies in the placement of strokes on the
larger of the two drumheads, the cha-cha…

Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

The Sacred Bata Drums (Aña)
In Africa, the bata drums belonged to the kings and were only played for them. Until the last few
decades in Cuba the drums were only played for the presentation of newly crowned priests
(Iyawos) to the community and to Aña (pronounced an-yá), the Orisha or deity whose secret
resides within the drum. Bembe drums or güiro (shekeres) were used for all other drumming
ceremonies. Today the bata drums are played more frequently and for a wider variety of reasons
(such as a priest’s Ocha birthday, or to give thanks to a specific Orisha or Santo as they are often
called in Cuba).

The bata are a set of three hourglass shaped drums that are played held across the lap. They are
carved from solid wood and their open ends are covered in goat skins. One end is larger than the
other, and both ends are percussive. The large end of the drum is called the “inu,” or mouth, and
the smaller end the “chacha.” The largest drum is called Iya (Mother) and is dedicated to Yemaya.
The middle drum is dedicated to Ochun and is called Itotele. And the smallest drum belongs to
Chango and is called the Okonkolo.

There are probably fewer than 100 sets of sacred bata drums in the world. Unconsecrated bata
drums are called abericulá.

At the beginning of a tambor or drumming celebration, the drums are played directly for the
Orishas, usually in front of the throne or canastiero (cabinet) where the Orishas live. This cycle of
rhythms is called the Oro Seco or “dry cycle” because no singing is involved (although in
Matanzas the Orisha being honored is sung to at the end of the Oro). When the Oro is played in
front of the Orishas, it is also called the Oro Igbodu.

Following the Oro Seco, another complete cycle of rhythms is played in an open area, but this
time with singing (the Oro Cantado). During this cycle, priests salute the drums by bowing their
foreheads to the floor and then to the drums. After the Oro Cantado, the party (or wemilere in
Lucumí) really begins. The akpón (lead singer) is now free to sing in any order and for any length
of time to the various Orishas, praising them and inviting them to join the celebration by
possessing one or more of their priests. Once Orishas are present, the Iya drummer in particular
must pay close attention to their movements, as it is the Orisha who calls for certain changes in
the rhythm.

The percussive relationship between the three drums is a conversation—with each other, with the
singer and chorus, with the Orishas, and with Olofi (God). For this reason, we speak of the
“language of the drums.”

All site contents © Kabiosile. All rights reserved.

Bata Rhythm Transcriptions
Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved
Rumba Iyesa
This "toque" is one of the five most common toques in their basic form.
It's relatively simple and it is used as dance rhythms for a couple of different orishas.
In this fonction it is called rumbita.

(for key notation click here)
AUDIO/VIDEO FILE : Dowload the song called SOKERE (mp3 - 2.18mg) performed by
Maiseboa, my group (Laurent Lamy) Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

Cha Cha Lokpafun
The most common "toque" bata, a rumbita for a couple of different orishas to dance and
This "toque" is one of the five most common toques in their basic form.
It's relatively simple and it is used as dance rhythms for a couple of different orishas
(see glossary). In this fonction it is called rumbita.
(Lu) Lucumi term
(Sp) Spanish term

Achere (Lu.)
A small rattle which is sometimes used to play the standard bell pattern in batà ensembles.

Agbé (Lu.)
A calabash gourd idiophone strung on the outside with beads. Sometimes called shekere.

Agogo (Lu.)
Metal bell used to play the standard bell pattern in bembé ensembles.

Afia (Lu.)
A sacred force believed to reside in the batà drums, considered an oricha by some Santeros.

Batalero (Lu./Sp.)
A batà drummer.

Bembé (Lu.)
A religions party held to honor an oricha.
Cabildo (Sp.)
Mutual aid societies established by slaves in Cuba.

Caminos (Sp.)
Roads. Diferent avatars of an oricha. Each " standard pattern " or toque signifies a différent

Chacha (Lu.)
The smaller head of the batà drum.

Chaworo (Lu.)
Bells wrapped around the shell of the iyà ilù.

Cierre (Sp.)
Closing. The ritual that closes a bembé.

Conversacion (Sp.)
A conversation that takes place between the iyà and itotele. Conversations used to render lexical
meaning but most of this knowledge has been lost.

Enù (Lu.)
The larger head of the batà drum.

Fardela (Sp.)
Also called the idà, it is a ring of clay molded to the iyà ilu'. It is used to dampen the drum's

Güiro (Sp.)
Musical gourd. An idiophone, it is also known as agbé or shekere. It is covered with strung beads
and played by shaking and striking the bottom.

Ida (Lu.)
See Fardela.

Itotele (Lu.)
The middle drum of the batà set.

Iya (Lu.)

Iya Ilu (Lu.)

Mother drum. The lead drum in the batà ensemble.

Llame (Sp.)
The call used in batà drumming to begin a rhythm or initiate a conversation.

Name used to identify Yoruba slaves and their language in Cuba. Practitioners today sometimes
call their religion Lucumi.

Ocha (Lu.)
A saint/oricha. The religion of Santeria (Regla de Ocha).

Okonkolo (Lu.)
The smallest drum of the batà set. Also called omelé.
Olori (Lu.)
The strap used by the batalero to secure the drum during performance.

Olù Bata (Lu.)

A batalero initiated into Ana.

Omelé (Lu.)
Another name for okonkolo.

Omo (Lu.)

Ori (Lu.)
The physical head and inner person. The essence of personality.

Oricha (Lu.)
Sacred head. The nature divinities of traditional Yoruba religion and Santeria.

Oru (Lu.)
A liturgical sequence of songs or batà rhythms. (Sometimes mistakenly called oro.)

Oru del Igbodu (Lu.)

" Oru in front of the throne " played on the batà drums without song. Also called oru seco.

Orun (Lu.)
The heaven world of Yoruba religion.

Santeria (Sp.)
The Lucumi religion of Cuba.

Santero, Santera (Sp.)

Male and female initiates or priests of Santeria.

Santo (Sp.)
Saint. The oricha.

Tambor (Sp.)

Tamabor (Sp.)
Drum. A liturgical fiesta for the orichas using the batà drums.

Toque (Sp.)
A bata rhythm. Another name for a liturgical fiesta using batà.

Yesa (Iyesa) (Lu.)

Single headed drum type found in Cuba. Name of generic rhythms played in " drum and güiro "
ensembles. In batà ensembles this rhythm is called rumba yesa.



Chants et rythmes afrocubains
Mercedes Lay Bravo
Marisela Trujilo
Florinda Sabido
june 1997
VDE-Gallo VDE CD 959
Tracks Eleggua (3:11), Yemaya (3:40), Chango (2:50) and Obatala (3:15)
are songs with bata.

Amira, John
The music of Santeria. The Oru del Igbodu
John Amira (iya)
Orlando Fiol (ito)
Joe DeLeon (oko)
White Cliffs Media WCM 9346
Oru del Igbodu in New York/Havana style, with alternate versions.

Cardona, Milton
Hector Flaco Hernandez (iya)
Steve Berrios (ito)
Jose Fernandez (oko)
Milton Cardona (iya)
august 1985
American Clave AMCL 1004 2
Cd Tracks : Salute to Yemaya, Elegua, Ogun, Ochosi, Babalu Aye,
Obatala, Chango, Yemaya, Ochun, Ododua, Elegua, with voice & batas

Conjunto Folklorico Nacional de Cuba
Musica Yoruba

Carlos Aldama (iya)

Mario Jauregui (ito)
Ramiro Hernandez (oko)
Bembe 2010-2
Songs : Eleggua, Obatala, Yemaya, Chango, Oya (a capella), Orula, Oddudua,
Babalu Aye, Eleggua; Reissue of an earlier EGREM record.
Vocalists : Lazaro Ros and Felipe Alfonso.

Grupo Oba-Ilu
Santeria. Songs for the orishas
Mario Jauregui Francis (iya)
Pedro Pablo Martinez Campos (ito)
Maximo Duquesnes Martinez (oko)
Rocardo Gomez Rivero (oko)
december 1995
Soul Jazz SJR CD38
Tracks Eleggua, Ogun, Ochosi, Obbatala, Shango, Oya, Oshun, Yemaya voice with batas. +
beginnings (6:00) of Oru del Igbodu

Munequitos de Matanzas
Cantar maravilloso

Jesus Alfonso
Gregorio Diaz
Agustin Diaz
Globestyle Records CDORB 053
Iya mi le (madre mira mi casa) (7:53) (not on lp) with batas; Arague (6:15)
with batas & conga.

Munequitos de Matanzas
Ito Iban Echu

QB 9022
Ogun arere; Obatala;Babalu Aye;Ochun;Yeye Ochun;Yemaya;Yemaya Olordo;Agay- u;
Chango Eyeleo; Dada; Oya; Eleggua.

Valdes, Merceditas
Los tambores bata de Jesus Perez
Artex cd - 010
Contains tracks Elegua, Oggun, Chango, Ochun, Obatala with voice & batas.

Valdes, Merceditas
Ache IV

Grupo Yoruba Andabo

Egrem cd 0160
Elegua, Obatala-Baba Fururu, Yemaya, Ochun, Ibeyi.

Valdes, Merceditas
y los tambores bata de Jesus Perez
Jesus Perez
ASPIC X 55512
Reissue of original EGREM recordings. Contains tracks Ellegua, Oggun, Obata-
la, Yemaya, Ochun, Chango, Osain, Ellegua, Chango.

Afro-Cuba, a musical anthology
Rounder CD 1088
Song for Ododua (2:04), Bata drums for Chango (3:05), Esto no lleva bata
(performed by Los Papines) (3:39)

Antologia de la Musica Afrocubana Vol II
Oru de Igbodu
Recorded in Matanzas (casa de Ricardo Suarez) 1977
Egrem LD 3995 (Areito)
Toques a Elebwa, Oggun, Ochosi, San Lazaro, Orunla, Aggayu, Chango,
Obba, Oya, Yemaya, Obatala, Ochun, Yegua, Idbeyi. Ayacuta (para Chango).
Cantos a Chango, Oggun.

Cuba : Les danses des dieux
Lucumies Community of Regla/Havana
Ocora C 559051
Contains Songs to Ellegua from the Oru del Eya Aranla (6:49)

Sacred rhythms of Cuban Santeria
Conjunto de tambores bata de Amado Diaz Alfonso
20. november 1984
Smithsonian/Folkways SF 40419
Oru de Igbodu para Yemaya (25:35) in Matanzas style.

The Yoruba/Dahomean Collection (Orishas across the ocean)
before 1950; 1957
Library of congress series/Endangered music project. Ryko RCD 10405
Song for Elegua (3:22) recorded by Jean Liscano in Venezuela before 1950,
performed by Conjunto El Nino, led by Guillermo Rigueiro.
Song for Yemaya (3:05), Song for Chango (3:05) recorded by Lydia Cabrera
in 1957, performed by Candido Martinez with an ensemble led by Miguel
Santa Cruz and Juan Gonzalez.

Vida y muerte del santero
Egrem cd 0191
Has batas on 10 of the 12 tracks. Contains ritual music seldom heard (esp.
the ceremony for Eggun).
Conjunto Folklorico Nacional de Cuba
Areito LDA 3156

Conjunto de percusion de Danza Nacional de Cuba
Jesus Perez : In memoriam/Homenaje.
Egrem LD 4246

Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto
Santeria (Toques y Cantos)
Gema records corp. LPG 1193

Grupo Ilu Ana
Sacred rhythms
Fundamento productions

Ros, Lazaro
GLCD 4022

Ros, Lazaro

Ros, Lazaro y Olorun
Songs for Elegua
Ashe by Rounder Recs.

Santos, John & the coro folklorico Kindembo
Hacia del amor

Toques y cantos de santos (2 vols)
Cubilandia C-CD 511

Percussions Cubaines
Playasound PS 65084

Guines, Tata
Maximino Duquesne (iya)
Marco Herminio Diaz (ito)
Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto
Santeria (Toques y Cantos)
Gema records corp. LPG 1193


Coleman, Steve
The sign and the seal
(with Afrocuba de Matanzas)
little Coati Mundi
The former 12 year old genius
Hector Hernandez
Track Pharaoh

Eno, Brian and David Byrne
My life in the bush of ghosts
Mingo Lewis
E.G. EGCD 48
Tracks The Jezebel spirit and The Carrier

Estefan, Gloria
Abriendo puertas
Luis Enrique
Sony 480992 2
Track 7 (La parranda)

Feliciano, Cheo
Vaya JMVS 86
Contains batas at the end of the track Estampa Marina (5:26)
Gonzalez, Jerry
Milton Cardona
Hector Flaco Hernandez
Steve Berrios
6. november 1988
Enja 5059 2
Intro has some bata drumming (2:27)

Grupo Folklorico y Experimental Nuevayorquino
Concepts in Unity
at least Milton Cardona
april 1975
Salsoul 20-6001-2
Canto Asoyin (4:26)

Seleccion de exitos (1973-1978) vol. 1
Dom (licenced by egrem) CD 1201
Has bata drums on track Iya (5:50).

Babalu Aye
Alexander Martinez
Rogelio Ruiz
Jose Pablo Hernandez
Bembe 2020-2
Cantata a Babalu Aye (14:01) by Lazaro Ros, his group and Irakere.

Lotz of music
Le coq rouge
Javier Martinez Campos (iya)
Jos de Haas (ito)
Frank van Dok (oko);Stefan Kruger (oko)
Sjahin During (ito,oko)
VIA 9920122

Lotz of music
Lotz of music in Havana. Blues for Yemaya
Javier Martinez Campos, Jorge Nunez Menocal (iya)
Jose Pilar Suarez (ito)
Sjahin During (oko)
VIA 9920592

Nueva Manteca
Martin Verdonk (iya,oko)
Lucas van Merwijk (ito)
Lucho 7706-2

Santamaria, Mongo
Up from the roots
Julito Collazo (ito)
Atlantic SD 1621

Santamaria, Mongo
Red hot
Mongo Santamaria
Steve Berrios
Hector Hernandez
Julio Collazo
CBS/Tappan-Zee 83340
Afro-Cuban Fantasy (7:36) contains bata drums.

Spiro, Michael and Mark Lamson
Bata Ketu
Michael Spiro
Mark Lamson
Kelvin Delgado (oko)
Bembe 2011-2

Afrocuba de Matanzas
Rituales Afrocubanos
Egrem CD 0058

Aguabella, Francisco
Santeria Oro Cantado (3 vols)
Francisco Aguabella
Go productions 10032

Anderson, Laurie
Home of the brave
Daniel Ponce (?) (iya, oko)
Bata on Sharky's day.

Anderson, Laurie
Mister heartbreak
Daniel Ponce (iya, oko)
Warner Bros.
Batas are used on Sharky's day

(just about anything)

Beasley, John
Bill Summers
Munyungo Jackson ?

Bunnett, Jane ?
Pancho Quinto ?

Conjunto Cespedes
Vivito y coleando
Jesus Diaz (oko)
John Santos (ito)
Tobaji Stewart (iya)
Bata on Que viva chango

Conjunto Cespedes
Mike Spiro (iya)
Jesus Diaz (ito)
Michael Lennan (oko)
Bata used on El tambor tiene su magia

Conjunto Cespedes
Una sola casa
Mike Spiro (iya)
Jesus Diaz (ito)
Green Linnet
Bata on Virgen de la Caridad
Estefan, Gloria

Lazaro Rizo (oko)
Egrem CD 0156
Has batas on the track Con tres tambores bata,
a bata rumba by Ernesto Gatel.

Hancock, Herbie
Dis is da drum
Bill Summers
Munyungo Jackson ?

Herwig, Conrad
The latin side of John Coltrane
Astor place records

(any title)

Palmieri, Eddie
Llego la india
Acid jazz

Pastorius, Jaco
Jaco Pastorius
Don Alias (oko, iya)
Bata used on Okonkolo y trompa

Pedroso, Cesar
Lo mejor de Cesar Pedroso - Hits of Los Van Van
Has batas in the track El buena gente.

Quinto, Pancho
En el solar la cueva del humo

Quinto, Pancho
latest recording

Rodriguez, Alfredo
Cuba Linda
Mario Jauregui Aspirina
Justo Pelladito
Amado J. Dedeu
Bata used on Mercedita ya me voy and Drume negrita.

Santamaria, Mongo
Our man in Havana (a.k.a. Mongo in Havana ?)
Fantasy 3311

Santeria religion afrocubana
OLM Records 10037

Sintesis Orishas

(other titles)

Terry, Los
From Africa to Camaguey

Tipica 73
Tipica 73 en Cuba

Tipica 73
La candela

Tipica 73

Valdes, Merceditas
Panart LD 3096

Valdez, Merceditas
vol. 2

Copyright ©2000 CongaPlace - All Rights Reserved

Batá and Lukumí Music, by Thomas Altmann, 2004

Note: This is no commercial sales list! - Esto no es una lista de venta

comercial! - Dies ist kein Verkaufskatalog für diese Seite!

Tambores Batá de Abaoso

Santería Cubana FE-105, 1987


Tambor Yoruba: Elegguá, Oggún y Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Ochosi 9546, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Obatalá
9545, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Aggayú
9549, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Changó
9550, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Oyá
9551, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Ochún
9547, 1999

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Yemayá
9548, 1999

Tambor Yoruba: Elegguá, Oggún y Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Ochosi II 9600, 2001

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Obatalá II
9599, 2001
Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-
Tambor Yoruba: Aggayú II
9603, 2001

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Changó II
9604, 2001

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Oyá II
9605, 2001

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Ochún II
9601, 2002

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Tambor Yoruba: Yemayá II
9602, 2001

Tambor Yoruba: Orisha Oko, Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Oddúa, Ibeyis, Olokun y otros II 9606, 2001

Caribe Prod./O.K.records CD-

Rezos y Moyubba a los orishas
9598, 2001


Chants et rythmes afrocubains VDE Gallo, VDE CD 959, 1997

Grupo Afrocuba de Matanzas

Rituales Afrocubanos Egrem CD 0058, 1993

Francisco Aguabella

Oriki Ara Oko

OLM records CD 10038
(a.k.a. Santeria: Praises to the
GO Productions 10032)
(a.k.a. Oru Cantado

Oriza: Santería Religion

OLM records CD 10037, 1993
Afrocubana (w/ Lazaro Galarraga)

(- y sus Tambores Batá): Cantos a

Universal Latino 2002
los Orishas
John Amira

The Music of Santería - The Oru

White Cliffs Media Company, 1992
del Igbodu


Rezos y Cantos Yoruba

Papo Angarica

(CD)Egrem, LaHabana 1998, CD

Fundamento Yoruba I

(CD)Egrem, LaHabana 1998, CD

Fundamento Yoruba II

(CD)Egrem, LaHabana 2003, CD

Osun Lozun (w/Lazaro Ros)

Eugenio F. Arango (Totico)

Totico y sus Rumberos (CD) Montuno 515, re.1992

Frisner Augustin

The Drums of Vodou White Cliffs Media Company, 1994


Sacred Yoruba Bata Music for 12


Emilio Barreto & Puntilla

Santisimo Luz Prod. CD 001, 1996

Emilio Barreto presenta Santisimo

en Ritual (con Orlando "Puntilla" Luz Prod. LUZ 0002, 2001

Bascom (rec.) /Courlander (ed.)

Drums of the Yoruba of Nigeria LP Ethnic Folkways Library FE
(1956) 4441

Candita Batista y sus Tabores Batá

Ritmo de Santo Maype CD US 130

Lydia Cabrera (ed.), Josefina Tarafa (rec.)


Havana, Cuba, ca.1957: Rhythms Smithsonian Folkways CD 40489

and Songs for the Orishas (1957)

Matanzas, Cuba, ca.1957: Afro-

Smithsonian Folkways CD 40490
Cuban Music from the

Havana & Matanzas, ca.1957: Smithsonian Folkways CD 40434

Batá, Bembé, and Palo Songs (1957)

Alfredo Calvo y su Aña Oba Tola / Alberto Puñales y su Bembe Makagua

Bata y Bembe de Matanzas I: La

presentación de un Iyawo de Kabiosile (2003)

Milton Cardona

Bembé (LP) American Clavé 1004, 1986

Rafael Caraballo y su conjunto de santeros

Plegarias a los santos Santero S-LP 329, 1985

Catanga, Yosantou - Mansolu (et alii)

Despojo-Santero /Tambores
Lucumi Records LR-711, 1986

Andrés Chacón

Iré iré. Lukumí, afro-cuban Lila Music

devotional music

Conjunto de Percusion de Danza Nacional de Cuba

Oba-i-lu /Homenaje (Jesus Pérez

Egrem LP LD 4246, 1987
in memoriam)

Conjunto Folklórico Nacional de Cuba

Conjunto Folklorico Nacional Egrem, Areito LDA 3156

=Toques y Cantos de Santos Vol. 2 Cubilandia

Musica Yoruba (a.k.a. Lucumí) Bembé CD 2010-2, re.1995

=Toques y Cantos de Santos Vol. 1 Cubilandia

Vida y Muerte del Santero Egrem CD 0191, 1996

Djalma Correa (prod.)

Candomblé (atabaques: Vadinho,

LP fontana /phonogram 1977
Dudu, Alcides)

Harold Courlander (rec./notes)

LP Folkways Records FE 04410

Cult Music of Cuba

Drums of Haiti LP Folkways Records FE 4403

Julio Davalos & Adrian Coburg

Antologia Yoruba, Vol. 1 + 2: Oru

Seco, Oru Cantado

Antologia Yoruba, Vol. 3 + 4:

Rezos - Cantos y Toques iyalodde

Maya Deren (rec.)

Divine Horsemen Lyrichord 1953

Orquesta Estrellas Cubanas

Violin a Ochún 1997

Grupo Folklorico de Cuba (=CFN)

Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y

Orfeon CDL-16244
Cantos de Santos, Vol. 1

Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y

Orfeon CDL-16245
Cantos de Santos, Vol. 2

Afro Cuban Roots: Toques y

Orfeon CDL-16246
Cantos de Santos, Vol. 3

Grupo Folklorico de Justi Barreto

Santeria (Toques y Cantos) Gema Records Corp. LPG 1193

Santeria Africana: Santa Barbara

Santero CD 531

Lazaro Galarraga /Raul Canizares

Rhythms of the Goddess: Sacred

Sounds of Santeria II

Milian Galí: Gali Bata

Cantos y Toques EGREM

Nanette García & Maurice Minichino

The Sacred Music of Cuba. Batá

Melantone Publishing (2000)
Drumming, Matanzas Style

Felipe García Villamil

Emikeke, Vol. I

Emikeke, Vol. II

Jerry González
The River is Deep (LP) ENJA 4040

Verna Gillis (rec.)

Vodun-Rada Rite for Erzulie Folkways Records FE 4491

Katherine Hagedorn (rec./ed.)

Divine Utterances
(w/Alberto Villareal Peñalver,
Smithsonian (2002)
Francisco Aguabella, Lazaro

Ilú Añá

Sacred Rhythms Fundamento Prod. CD 6120, 1995


Percussions Cubaines - Cuban

Playasound CD 65084, 1992

Hommage a Yemayá et Oshùn Playasound CD 65138

Tambours Métis / Cuban Drums Playasound CD PS 65218, 1999

Iré Otonoguá

Cajónes para los Orichas Weltwunder WW 925


Ilu Orisha Interworld CD, 1996

Iroko VTL 010, 1992


Obatala : Yorùbá Religious Music (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music

From Nigeria Series

Sango : Yorùbá Religious Music (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music

From Nigeria Series

Osun : Yorùbá Religious Music (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music

From Nigeria Series

Ogun : Yorùbá Religious Music (MC) Egbe Omo Anago Music

From Nigeria Series

Regino Jiménez

Afro-Cuban Percussion Study


Jobelou (tambour maman)

Voodoo Trance Music: Ritual LP Lyrichord Stereo LLST 7279,

Drums of Haiti 1974

Cabildo San Juan Bautista

Antologia de la música
Egrem LD-3747, 1981
afrocubana, Vol. III: Música Iyesá


Request /Sounds of the Caribbean

The Voodoo Drums of LeGip
SLP-737, 1972

Mark Alban Lotz

(& Lotz Of Music in Havana:) Blues

VIA Records
for Yemayá

(& Shango's Dance:) Cuban Fishes

LopLop Records LC-13310
Make Good Dishes

Mansulu & His Haitians

Santería Haitiana (por autenticos

Haiti Records H-531, 1986
santeros haitianos)

Santeria! Música de raíz - Palo Platano 5124, 2001

Gina Martin

Las Fiestas Santeras Uni/Universal, CD re. 1999

John Mason (rec.)

Four New World Yoruba Rituals (MC) Y.T.A. Records 5B

Olookun: Owner Of Rivers And

(MC) Y.T.A. Records

Lawrence Millard (rec./ed.)

Tambor for Obatalá: Music of

Santería - A Live Afro-Cuban earthcds (2001/2002)

Tambor for Obatalá - Complete

earthcds (2001/2002)

Echun Okiry: Güíro for Elegguá earthcds (2001/2002)

Echun Okiry - Complete Session earthcds (2001/2002)

Religious Music of Palo Monte: A

earthcds (2001/2002)
Cajón Ceremony

Andreas y sus Amigos (Andreas "Molino" Müller)

Yé Yé Oludé Stadtklänge Köln (2000)

Los Muñequitos de Matanzas

Ito iban Echú: Sacred Yoruba

Qbadisc CD 9022, 1996
Music of Cuba

Niloniyé ("Los Niños de Atocha") de Eugenio Lamar Delgado ("Cucho")

Antologia de la música Egrem LD-3997, 1981

afrocubana, Vol. III: Fiesta de

Grupo Oba-Ilu

Santeria - Songs for the Orishas

Soul Jazz Records CD SJR 38, 1998
/musica afrocubana

Grupo Obá Ologín

Moforibale - Tambores Batá (MC)

Agrupación Folklórica de Jovellanos "Ojun Degara"

Antologia de la música
Egrem LD-3996, 1981
afrocubana, Vol. IV: Música Arará

Grupo Folklórico Olufina Baba Mi, feat. Elliot Scott Downing, Teddy Holliday

African Yoruba Music of the New
Land; Música Afro-Cubana

Conjunto de tambores batá "Omo Irago" de Amado Díaz Alfonso; Agrupación de Güíros "El Niño de Atocha";
Grupo de Bembé "Ará Okó":

Cantos de Santería Artex, 1994 (CD, colección

(a.k.a.: Sacred Rhythms of Cuban Sésamo)
Santería Smithsonian Folkways CD 40419)

Pedro Jesus Orta

Pedro Jesus Orta, omo aña Lakefire Records LR 0202

Carlinhos D'Oxum

Canticos a os Orixas de

Daniel Ponce

New York Now! OAO CEL 6705 (LP)

Antilles New Directions AN

Chango Te Llama mango (1991) (LP)

Emy de Pradines

Voodoo -Authentic Music &

Remington R-199-151, 1953
Rhythms of Haiti

Tito Puente

Top Percussion (LP) RCA Victor LPM 1617, 1958

Orlando "Puntilla" Rios & Nueva Generación

Puntilla from La Habana to New

(LP) Puntilla Records AF101-A + -B

Spirit Rhythms -Sacred Drumming

CD Latitudes LT 50603
& Chants from Cuba

Giraldo Rodriguez

Afro Tambores Batá Orfeon 12-38008 /LP-LAB-08

Lázaro Ros

Ashé /xenophile /Green Linnet

Rec. GLCD 4022

Songs for Eleguá (w/ Olorun) Ashé CD 2001

Asoyi -Cantos Arará Pm records DM 077CD, 1993

Cantos (con Mezcla) Intuition Rec. INT 3080 2

CD Unicornio UN-CD6017 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Elewá (& Oshosi)

CD Unicornio UN-CD6008 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Oggún

CD Unicornio UN-CD6018 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Babalú Ayé
CD Unicornio UN-CD6007 (rec.
Orisha Aye: Obatalá

CD Unicornio UN-CD6009 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Shangó

CD Unicornio UN-CD6010 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Oyá

CD Unicornio UN-CD6005 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Yemayá

CD Unicornio UN-CD6006 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Oshún

Orisha Aye: Korikoto, Dadá, CD Unicornio UN-CD6016 (rec.

Yewúa, Obba 2000)

Orisha Aye: Argayú sola, Ibeyis, CD Unicornio UN-CD6019 (rec.

Orishaoko, Nana Burucu 2000)

Orisha Aye: Olofin, Oddúa, Inle, CD Unicornio UN-CD6015 (rec.

Orunmila, Iroko 2000)

CD Unicornio UN-CD6014 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Osain

CD Unicornio UN-CD6020 (rec.

Orisha Aye: Eggun

Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara con Rafael

Caraballo y Gloria Maria Ortiz Espiritual CD 104
cantados por autenticos santeros

Santa Barbara Africana

Santería Africana LP-531

Mongo Santamaria
Mongo in Havana Fantasy 3311 (LP)

Afro Roots (compr.: "Mongo" and

bellaphon BLST 6530 (2LP)

Up From The Roots Atlantic SD 1621, 1972

Drums and Chants Vaya Records VS 56

Our Man in Havana (compr.: "Our

(CD) Fantasy 24729 1960/1993
Man in Havana" + "Bembé")

Santero #1

Afro Cuban Cult Music Panart LP-2060

Santero #2

Afro Cuban Cult Music Panart LP-2097

John Santos and the Coro Folklorico Kindembo

xenophile /Green Linnet Rec.

Hacia el Amor
xeno 4034


Ancestros Egrem LP LD 4432, 1987

Ancestros II Color CD

Orishas 1997

Societe Absolument Guinin

Universal Sound 2001, US CD 16

Voodoo Drums
(Soul Jazz Records)

Soul Jazz Records SJR CD 105,

Spirits of Life. Haitian Vodou

Michael Spiro and Mark Lamson

Batá Ketú Bembe Records (CD) 2011-2, 1996

Ricardo Suarez

Antologia de la música
Egrem LD-3995, 1981
afrocubana, Vol. II: Oru de igbodu

Bill Summers

Studies in Bata, Havana to

Bilsum Music (2002)


Best Drummer in Haiti Cook Road Recordings 5004, 1956

Voodoo Drums of TiRoRo Monogram 830

TiRoRo & His Voodoo Drums Request SLP-733

Dudu Tucci

WeltWunder-Records WW 106-2,


Merceditas Valdés

Aché III Artex CD 10

Merceditas Valdés y los tambores

Aspic CD 55512, 1996 (CD)
batá de Jesús Pérez

Aché IV (con Yoruba Andabo) Egrem cd 0160

Tumi Cuba Classica Vol.2: Afro-

Tumi 0050, 1995 (CD)

("Various Artists")

Santeria Cubana - Toques y Cantos Santero CD 135, 1986

Santeros Lucumí

("Various Artists")

Fuerza Santera Santero SLP-17, 1986 (MC)

("Various Artists")

Fiesta Santera Lucumi - Tambores

Santero S-198 (CD)

("Various Artists")

Cuba: Les Danses des Dieux Ocora, C 559051, 1988

("Various Artists")

Cuba: Musique Afro-Cubaine Disques Alvares LD 453

("Various Artists")

Ecos Afro-Cubanos Orfeon LP-12-138

("Various Artists")

Misa Santeria Riviera 521-107

("Various Artists")

Ritmo y lamento CHB Records 317

("Various Artists")

Rhythmes de Cuba Le Chante du Monde LD-5-4218

("Various Artists")

Moforibale - Tambores Batá 00-8901

("Various Artists")

Afro-Cuba, a musical anthology Rounder CD 1088

("Various Artists")

Antologia de la música
afrocubana, Vol.1: Viejos cantos (LP) Egrem LD-3325

("Various Artists")

Caliente=Hot New World Rec. NW 244-2

("Various Artists")

La musica del pueblo de Cuba

(prod.: M.T. Linares)

("Various Artists")

Caribbean Revels: Haitian Rara (CD) Smithsonian Folkways,

and Dominican Gaga Washington D.C. 1991, SF 40402

("Various Artists")

Rhythms of Rapture: Sacred Music Smithsonian Folkways CD 40464,

of Haitian Vodou 1995

("Various Artists")

Voodoo Music of Haiti Nonesuch

("Various Artists")

Ceremonie Vaudou en Haiti

LP Riviera /Bravo 421.076 P
(Richesse du folklore No.15)

("Various Artists")

The Yoruba /Dahomean

Collection: Orishas Across The CD Rykodisc RCD 10405, 1998

("Various Artists")

Yoruba Drums from Benin, West Smithsonian Folkways 40440,

Africa 1987