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9 ;Pointer for .adjusting spring on the .stripper, for use when knitting patterns S:cale for adjusting spring on stripper 'P't'9S$, 8:uttol1 right, for removing the sliding lock IPress Button left, for removing Iheslidlng lock Strlklng' co:mb, which keeps the yarn evenly dlstrlbuted between the latch needles and presses the new row of slitches downwards Scale, numbered to 201 stitches to be fixed over the border stitches

20 Na:me plate (,'ASSA(,' with serial number 01 machine ,21' PaH.ern rulae, to select the 'latch needles groupwise for pattern knitting, one side lor 1 x 1 division, other side for 2 x2' division ,22 Block mle.', to keep in line the feet of the latch needles when casting on and lor pattern knitting and correction of knitting; errors 23 Crochet. n,eedle green, one end with latch needle, the other end with eye, called "decker" needle

14 Stitch

15 Feather combs,

16 ,Row counter, to be fixed centrally at back of machine. This is not a standard accessory 17 Tripper for the row counter, ing 'lock mounted 011 the slid-

2.4 Crochet

need:le red, one end end 2 "decker needles"




25 Crochet needle blue, one end a small cup, called need Is mover, other end 1 "decker needle' 26 Spanner., knitter lor assembling detachable peerts of hand-::

18 Side, plate

IDrawer 'rig ht, to keep the various crochet


27 Thr,ee spare latch:




0 EX

Page Adjustment, dlrecHons ... . .. Adjustment dtscfor size of stitch Adjustment, size of stitch Adjustment, spring on stripper .. Border, crocheting. . . . . . . .. Border stltch, liKing of feathercombs Button hole . Cables, crossed stitches etc. Casting at! and decreasing . Casting on, first row closed. Casting on, first row open Closed casting on. . . . . . Complete freemove ..•., Crocheting of dropped stitches Crossed stitches, cables etc. Decreasing and casting off . Decreasing graduated . . . . Decreasing In middle of row. Decreasing right and left • Description of handknlttar .. Description of latch needle . Dropped stitches, crocheting. repairs Fair isle patterns ....•.. Feathercombs, for borderstllch Freemove . Graduated, decreasing and Increasing Handknltter, description Heel knitting Hem knitting Iincreasing graduated . Increasing In middle 01 row Increasing right and leU. Introduction . . ..... Latch needle, description Latch needle, 4 posillons Lock, removing • Open casting on .. Open work .... Patterns wlth pictures and descriptions plain and purl . Positions of latch needle Purl and plain .. Removing of lock Repairs .•... Sl'nola freomeve . Size of stitch, adjustment Sprlne on stripper. adjustment Stripper, adjustment




has the Ref. No. 2054 Nd

7 7
20-21 1 t8-19 11-18 15-16 8 10 8 11-12 20-23 17-18 15-16 24-25 24 15-16 Inside cover 4-5 22-23 26-29

11-13 24-26 Inside cover 29-30 31 26 24 14 1-3 4-5 6 9 to 17 32-36 20-21 6 20-21 9 22-23 12-13 6-'7 7 7


by Luchsinger's


AG. Zurich

Printed in Swlherland

Needle bed of rust protected st'eel with 201 needle grooves 201 latch needles, to which the knltling is permanently attached and which slide In the needle grooves 01 the needle bed 3 Sliding lock, by the operation 0 which the latch needles move backwards and forwards, This, Is referred to as "the lock" 4 Freesetter left, to bring the latch needles Intolree move position from the left 5 Freesette. right, to bring the latch free move position from the right 6 Adjustment 1 Adjustment knob, for fixing size of stitch required needles Into

disc, for variation of the size of stltch adjustment disc at the

B Stripper with adjustable spring, for pressing knitting down against the striking' comb

For nearly 10 years we were the only designers. 2. With the PASSAP-D stocking slltch as well as garter stitch can be knttted and In fact almost all the patterns which can be knitted upon a pair of needles. With this hand knitter the knitting work a comb. manufacturers Today"handknltters" until later on.en.when at our first handknltter was shown under the name the Swiss National exhibition (Patented apparatus for fast knitting) This was the very first handknltler on the market.. to To(jay there are two basic systems of handknittlng by machines: evolving from the is attached to 1.because of the years of pioneer work. and the stitches are formed by lifting the rows over freely. thfa problem .May we present: PAS SAP M 201 What does "PASSAP" mean? To answer this question we have to look back to 1939. and the stitches are formed autornatlcally. Handknltters with the "closed" or latch needle system like PASSAP M 201 evolving from the Industrial knitting machine. With this machine the knitting work Is attached to mobile machine needles (called latch needles). are well known to every housewife and homeknitler and the trade name a guarantee of proved qual fly. which had been gl:v. Until then only the big Industrial knitting machines for serial production of ready made articles were known and a simple hand knitter with which housewives and homeknltters could knillndlvidual of hand knitters "PASSAP"ls garments was at this time new and sellers and outstanding . Garter stitch patterns can be done by .. when other similar products also appeared on the market.. Handknltters with the "open needle" system such as the PASSAP-D original PA$SAP machine of 1939. This type of machIne Is Intended (!Irlmarily for the fast knitting of stocking cannot be knitted by this system. stitch. but very attractive multicoloured use of the special tools provided with this machine.

2 . On the front down the preceding with PASSA. with 201 machine needles (the meaning of "M 201"). Rows can therefore be undone and the knitting yarn can be lald Infrorn Double according adjustment: either side of the knitting work as may be desired. Therefore knitting By means of this Ingenious patent the knitting does not need to be pulled down by welghtsM 201 Is very fast and Simple. situated in full view of the knitter. of latch needfes the same as the w. cables etc. slide lock to the other side and a row Is knitted. or temporarily The desIred number of stitches only.dth of needlebed of 81~" so that even with the greatest number of needles of any latch rnachlne the width of the machine Is not excessive and is sllll comfortably easy In operation. all the 201 needles function of the lock the "stripper" When the lock Is moved across the whole successively to knit one row. according produced to the thickness varies between 28~6 and 31 X'. latch needle machine of latest construction. for ensuring Solid end stop for the loc·k. are done with the help of crochet hooks. between made of first class steel and practically needles. If necessary. Row counter.The spring on the stripper controls and ensures ability toknl! Feather combs: the pressure of the stripper on the stitches fair I'sle patterns. 8. Multicoloured patterns can be kni'tted row by row by means of the special pattern. PASSAP M 20t knits plain stocking stitch 8S a basic stitch . so that the lock cannot slide out of the machine during fast knitting. the adjustable disc on the lock permits adjustment of the mechanism needle·s In to the thickness of yarn used-exactly complicated faultless as one uses thicker or thinner handknltting . Its latch needles move In a needle bed of solid rust protected steel.. patterns. the can as a result be and the rest position. The needles are moved by the "lock". Just place the yarn over the needles. mechan- Ism with springs and slides along the striking comb.P row. of the wool used the maximum width of fabric Four basic positions free move position disengaged entirely. the worklngl positIon..) to the Inch giving a total wl. Is fixed by two pieces of shaped steel. thus strippIng as Is tile case with Industrial knitting machines.r9: the neutral position. rulers . M 201 has more Rustprotected 201 strong Narrow latch unbreakable needles.. unbreakable.The PASSAP M 201 Is a. The speed Is really quIte exceptional. width of the machine. Some special features steel of thePASSAP needlebed: M 2Dt and no wear and tear. Unlike other machines space the PASSAP latch needles (namely 6 '/. These stops can be released by two press buttons at either end enabling the lock to be removed from the machine. This stripper has a. of course..ldth of the fabric. of the fabric so that the width The narrow space between the needles ensures no stretching of the total number of needles usee! Is approximately VaryIng. (fool proof) knitting of the border stitch. Open work. purls.

As soon as you knit In more than one colour the value of a yarn guide is lost through the necessity to break the yarn and re-thread with a new colour. lock. PA. that only by this means could true. The need was an Instrument for housewives and homeknitters.. needles. easily the block ruler to block needle feet for certain patterns and the crochet distinguished Detachable storing. as we had learned by careful study 01 the problem.SSAP I Zurich . since the M 201 Is so very aasy to operate. anyone can adapt ordinary knitting Instructions so long as the baste stitch of the garment Is stocking stitch. M 201. the product of solid Swiss preclslon engineering are your guarantee that you own a first class. efficient latch needle hand knitter and that you have fine value for your money. However. We decided upon 201 needles In order to be able to knit with thick wool as well as with tlner ply: even when every second needle ilsln the rest postllon you sllll 'have 100 needles wtlh which to knit. which include the pattern ruler for selecting the needles. Deliberately we dispensed with a yarn guide since this Is only worthwhile If a garment is being made In one colour. 3 .Sturdy finishing of aeeasanrlea. The M 201 also enables persons who have never seen a hand knitter before to learn everything about It quite easily. which can easily be fixed underneath the machine for safe transit and sturdily built and easy to operate. by their different colours. All these advantages of the PASSAP M 201. Furthermore (as Is the case of our other PASSAP-handknltters) we regularily PASSAP produce knitting instructions for the PASSAP M 201. We therefore welcome you as a proud owner of our PASSAP M 201 and wish you many happy hours and success in your knitting. evenly knitted fabric be guaranteed. This led us to produce the PASSAP It was by design that we chose the narrow space between the needles.

I Instructions for knitting with PASSAP M 201 The latch needle 5 4 1=needle head 2=hook 3=movable latch (tongue) 4=needle shaft S=needle fool 4 .

The needle moves stili further backwards. Fig.3 Fig. Flg. 4 Flg. while the previous stitch slips down forwards over the closed needle head. one efter the other. and the previous stitch closes the latch.5 Fig.2.How does a movable latch needle form a stitch? ~!~ ::----_I I I Flg. 4. the stitch slides over the opening latch. Fig.. Flg. 3. namely stocking stitch with the purl stitch side facing knitter.l The dotted line shows the fixed sitIon of the striking comb. 6 This "crocheting" of the latch needle as described Is performed by every latch needle. As the procedure Is always the same. Fig. The needle moves stili further forward. 6. The needle moves backwards and with this movement the previous stitch raises the longue. pn- Starting posl~lon" former stltch behind the opened latch" place yarn Into hook of opened latch. 5. The needle moves forward again. Fig. 7. so that the new stitch opens the latch. The new stitch Is held now In the closed needle head. Fig. The needle moves further backwards. Fig. 2' Fig. the striking comb holding up the "captured" yarn. as starting position for the next stitch.1. the one type of stitch only Is produced. 7 5 . when the sUdl:ng lock Is moved. which means that the yarn for the next stitch Is held In the closed needle head. Fig.

ernwork t:he adj1llsbnent disc sh'ould be setene the adjustment of stitch should be set one number lower. sizes 2----4 1i-ply wool approx . wlle.rpatt. sizes 5X-8 FO. needle Is 'out of action emporarlly. Fig..The four basic posltlens of the latch needle of the PASSAP M 201 Neutral: position. disc for Important: When setting the spring oflhe stripper. and the stlteh behl~d the open latch. for knitting. the needle head wah open latch protruding far In front of the striking comb. 4-ply wool approx.C Free movepositio'n. needle foot at extreme front of the needle bed. 80 General directions 1. the needle Itself Workin. the stitch Is on needle shalt In front of striking' comb.. Fig.ery second latch 'needle in working IPosition. Needle head with open laldl In front of striking comb..: Swift knit types of wool approx.88 Rest position. sizes 1-8. sizes 4:4---6 3-ply wool approx. for pattern work.klng comb and the stitch Is In the closed needle head.8.'----4X 2-ply wool approx. the needle head wah dosed latch Is behind the strl. Ev.. Flg. the size 6 . needle foot Is in front thIrd of needle bed.s 'lower. for adjustments in plain knitting For normal .knltti. the needle foot is in back third of needle bed.'-3 Cotton yarns are varlable in size but wtth experience you will quickly learn to adjust the size of stitch to the thickness of the yarn you wish to use" 2.n eonsecutlve needles are ln wo:rkl'ng position:' Double Knitting wool approx. Flg. slzes 2:. needle fool Is touching is completely out of acflon. 8A the extreme back of needle bed. sizes: 1:.g position.

.ed: from 1--8 wlUI on stri:p. To set in poaltion. has to be set speelally for eertaln paHerns only. Now turn the adjustment refix. kniHi.IK.o rI'ght. Four feathercombs. Fig. Remember: Blgh numbers Low numbers knob clockwise to large stitches small stitches Adjustment of the spri. 'w."g. with the result that yarn not to be knitted Is lying on the' needles I'n front o·f the prevlous stitches (e. pins and when the red knob Is parallel with the knitting scale the comb Is f. In a fair Isle pattern).er wool Is belnll used.0.ed"T.f the iborder stitehes the feather combs have to be fixed over the border stitches of the.alntee foo~lp'r'II'of k'n]. 3 or 4. 1.perof the lock 'The spdnoon.5prlnll should be Slit on number "0. the adjustment also for h·alf slz. turn the red knob Into a vertical posltlon and llft. Fig" 12..ew the adjustment Iknobant:1 clockwise' and turn the the disc until the black . the stripper number.9. b)l' hand).o Ihe thickness of yam being used .ed from 0 to The feathercombs are set on two.Adj. movable from I~eftt. the pointer for adjusting the spring should be set on numbers.o remove. 2. has to be set.ttling o.11" 'If th:icK. For plain knlHlngthe .rth the red knob In a vertlcal position place the comb on the pins and turn to parallel wIth the knitting scale.zlIS of needles disc n!l'mb'er. knittIng.9 Unsclf. FIg" 1. FIg" 11. according t. or 'if In sueceedlng pattern rows certain needles are set In rest position..ustment I I _ __ for size of stitch with adjustment __ disc In order to adjust the size o·fthe stitch w:hen. so that two pieces of fabrtc can be knitted at the same Urns. 7 .anrowpolnts to the required number" l'ig .g. (Just as one uses different si. are suppl:led With each handknitter. T'II' 'guar.

you always cast on with dosed stitches. Set the adjustment disc at the reQulr. thus automatically opening the latches. 29. Fig. vlsable to wind the yarn with the right hand while the left hand pushes the previous loop behind the open latch. 13. 14. Twist yarn antl clockwlse around each following latch needle Fig . 8 . Fig. 16. Fig. from right to left (very convenient for left handed persons). In this case you wind the yarn clockwise around tha needles 85 shown In Fig. Leave lock on the right hand s. It ls ad. Move lock several times to and fro.- There are two ways to cast on Here's how to cast on with cl.osed stitches If you knit a garment. Remove block ruler from needle bed. e. I. You can of course also cast on In oppcslts direction.ed number as In Fig. Place the block ruler behind the needle feet and with It push forward the required number of needles Into working position. TIe the yarn with 8 slrnple knot on the first latch needle to be used and push it behind the open latch. 15. Our example shows how to cast on from left to right.lde of the advanced needles and place the block ruler behind the needle feet. 9 and 10" for example at size 4..

Fig. 19. Fig. Fig . Hemove the block ruler from behind the needle feet and holding it lnfront of the needle heads push back the needles into the working position. For the next row place the yarn from left to right Inlo the' open needle heads and move the sliding lock in the same direction. If the lock is on the wrong side To commence knl.e heads.At the last latch needle lay the yarn the same way" then guide it upwards and from right to left Into the open needl. 9 . Now continue working once from the right. once from the lef! and so on. 1 to 7. you can remove it from the machine and replace it from the opposite stda.20. 1'8.. This is done by deprasslna the press buttons on the left or the right of the machine.H..tting. Finish wllh the sliding lock on the left of the latch needles which are being used.. the sliding lock must be on the same side as the free yarn which is to be knitted because the lock must be moved in the same direction as that in which the yarn is placed In the open needle heads. Here's how to knit Move the sliding lock smoothly from right to left. thus forming the second row. forming the first row of stltches. By this movement every latch needle. Fig . If you have made a mistake and the lock is on the wrong side. one after the other. pertorms the movements described in Figs. until the open latch pclnts are between the bars of the striking comb.

Consequently you also use this method If you wish to Join. the needles are liable to. 10 . for example a walstborder. Place yarn from right to left in the open needle heads. If the needles are In the working position and you move the lock without the yarn. 'nell'er change the dlrectlen : If you try to reverse the direction.or size of stitch . For knitting such samples use the faster "casting on with open stitches" . break. you then knit your walstborder downwards.o. slight downwards pressure on the needle bed.9 and 1:0.: Like a nat iron: When knitting'.. placing two stitches together where required to reduce the width of the walst border. the former row of stitches slides over the needle heads which automatically close when knitting.rking position. For the same reason it is important to take care that all latches are open when In the working position. Casting on with open stitches leaves an open row of stitches at the lower edge of the knitting.. In this case you start work with 6-8 rows of a different colour.Casting on with open stitches Before commencing to knit a garment it is advisable to knit a small sample In order to find out the correct adjustment for the size of stitch for the yarn being used and to check with your pattern and to ascertain how many stitches and rows there are to the Inch. time: The lock must be moved only in one direction at a time. these first rows are then undone and the stitches are replaced on the latch needles. When the main part of the garment is completed. Neller without yarn: Take care never to move the lock unless the yarn lies In the open needle heads. at size 4. • • • • • • • Se~ the adlustment Advance required disc: f.knit:tedthe main number' 6 . Having done this. number of needles into w. For this It is not necessary to cast on as described on page 8. Only in one direction at lin! Fl~gs. since this is only a temporary sample. Once you have started to slide the lock across the work. with a. hold the lock like a flat iron. lock from left Set adjustment for example Place yarn from left to right in the needie heads and move sliding to right and the first row has been knitted. after having . Important. Move lock across needles in order 10 open latches and leave it on right hand side of machine. without being caught by the new row of stitches and the work falls off the needles. Slide lock to the left so that the yarn lies loosely disc: for size of stitch required in a :zig zag.

lght and left of the. from right to left. lock handle. The singlle free move for: "iFreemove" means 10 move the lock across the work without knitting a row. and slide' the lock from the needles thus forming a. or conversely. The right freesetter Is used to move the I:ock from right to left. from left to' Irlght. This can only be done' when the latch needles are In a particular retracted position. The yam must be placed across the open needl. and when the' stitehes are In the closed needle heads and not behind the latches on the needle shafts" To achieve tha "'free move position".~~~~~~ 11 r . the [el! treesetter ls used to mOlle the lock. in the direciionr.The free mov'e The is a 9!real help in the folilowing hee move for: operations: ecrnplete Undoing previous rows. 22. you pull up the left freesetter. new row and at the same time bringilng the needles tnte thafraa move pOstlilon.! up the right ~r.. rlglht to leH. crochet patterns and corrections.knItting a nnal row before the latch needles are In theIr ~ree move position. ~~~.eesetter. The complete free move Fig . from :Ieft to rlg:ht..equired thus .e heads befor. 22' Place the yarn across.II in these circumstances you wish to move the lock. you pur.e yoU' move the lock. storing of the handknitter.. MlIlticoloured patterns. Fig. you use the two fTeeseltere at r.

12 . 'If you make a mistake and the lock 16 on the' wrong side.To recommence knitting movelhe sliding lock to the side opposite to where the yarn Is and push both freesetters down (Fig.. The single free move Is used for knitting with two and more colours. 24) and slide the lock freely to the other side. Don't forget that this pre-selection of the other yarn has always to be planned one row ahead. This brings the needles 'Into" working position again and you may continue knitting. t. you can alwa.ys remove It from the machine and place It on the other side as I:n Fig.- The complete free move is used when It Is essential to ensure against the knitting being removed from the needles: that is for example when storing the handknltter without wishing to remove the work from the needles.. so that you can move the lock to the correct side to knit the required colour. . for crochet patterns and to make corrections tothe knitting. such as undoing previous rows etc. 20.

The single free meve E. 25. 26 Now knit with the second colour. For slartlng with two threads and the lock at I. PuH up right side frees etter. which brings the needles again into working position. 13 . 22. thus both colours are atthe same end of the row. Fig.xample: Starting position: two yarns of different colours onthe right" loc:k on right. Fig. as shown In Fig. 26.eft pull up left side free setter and knit one row with the first colour" now push left free setter down again and move the lock freely to the left which brings the needles agaIn Into the working position and you are ready to Imit with your second colour from the left. Fig. Now push freeset!er down again and move the lock freely to the right.. 21 and knit one row with Ihe first colour as in Fig.

Fig. Increasing . In the free move position stretch the yarn by Jerks pulling it upwards while the other hand pulls the knitting slightly downwards. 29. Increasing: Increase at the side where the free yarn is in lhe same way as for casting on.wlsa. In reverse. 2B. of course. wind yarn on dock- wise. Fig. Alternatlvely. Increasing right Fig. use the free move position E·lI:ample: Assuming that the Jock has been moved in the free move position from the left. the same procedure applles but. ·14 . always. if the yam 1:13 on the left. wind yarn on anti clock. 27. the yarn is on the right.Ieft.For undoing ~rows. Thus the last row of stitches becomes straight yarn and the second but last row slips back tnto the hooks of the latch needles.

g of a single stitch can be do'ne eline. Transfer this stitch from the decker needle Into the hook of Ihe next latch nsedle (Fig. 31. 15 . 32) and push It behind the open latch.Decreasing and Casting off DeCfeasln. Nowlhere are two stitches behind the open latch. Push the needle back as In Fig. and the stitch will slide over the closing latch and needle head on to the decker needle. 30. no maHer Place the eye of the decker needle Into the hook of the latch needle.r on the right or left of work. Fig. They will be knitted together automatically with the next row. whether the yarn is free' 0' not.

33 Fig. To avoid holes between the cast off stitches and those left on the machine alway cast off one stitch less than needed. and place the last loop on to the first stitch on the machine. 33"and then forwards. Place the last off stitch on fo the first stitch remaining on the machine. as In Figs. To finish knitting the entire row has to be cast off In this manner. Fig. 33-35. cast off 8 as in Figs. 32 place the yarn across the open latch and wllh the needle moyer of the blue crochet hook move the latch needle first backwards.Decreasing several stitches :at enee. and repeat Figs. Continuing from Fig. The newly formed stitch is to be placed In the following latch needle. the whole row through for ca. 30-35. 35 16 . 34 thus knitting both stitches together.en the yarn is bee. The following example will make It apparent to you that the same procedure can be followed when the yarn Is on the left side of the knitting. Fig.Is only possible.sting off when Flg. which effects the final castrng off. Example: If you have to cast off 7 stitches. 30-32. wh. The same procedure is to be foUowed your work is finls'hed.

in to the hooks of ths'Tatch needles. flr. so that three stitches are on the la. fig. 17 . 37 Twist the red auxiliary needle either to left or right and place the stitches. which are now crossed. Bring all needles back in working position. then push the needles far enough back to make the stitches slip forward. cables etc. 38. including empty needles and make sure the latches are open. Continue normally. A new stitch will now be made automatically on each vacant latch needle.3G. . Fig.. Fig.An Open work pattern Needles Inlhe free move position. so that the stitches slip behind the opened latches.stly pull the needles forward. 37. In the same way as for decreasing. close the latches and slip over the needle heads on to the decker needles. Crossed over stitches. Open latches as required and place the two decker needles of the red auxiliary needle Into two I'atch needles. with the decker needle place one stitch on to the next stitch-either from left to right or from rlghtto left-or from right and left onto the mIddle stitch.tch" flg. Needles In the free move posillon •.

h Therefore remove this sf by means of th tltch from one hook auxiliary needle •eF.• c ed since it lies . Needles in work' 109 position '011 achieve the 'b . 40. a.ace a. Fig. 41. see Is more stret• Fig. For crossing 4 stitchnes. .buttonhole Y '. 39 across both hooks.In..11 .relnf. crt length h required number f o needles..n 3. e The . 0 f yarn acrose the . afler the wo'rk IS ' finished.angled end of fhe red ' Ig..g it PI.' yar. . crossing th e 'f ront stlt h . '"est button hole w:hen maki'nlJ it with • thseparate.orcin.

When the garment Is completed this separate length of yarn Is removed" thus Ieavl ng op en stltc hes. 44. Continue knitting. 45. up these' opensmehes with a sewing' needle (it is best to sew twice or three times all round. Fig. Fig.. Figs" 42 and 43.. P. Fig. according' to thethlckness ofthe yarn) and flnlsh with buttonhole stltch..:'9· 42 Fig..ick. Where buttonhole Is required 'the new yarn has then been knItted In. 46.. FIg. 43 By hand or with the needle mover move the needle feet first backwards and then forwards thus forming new stitches with this separate yarn. 44 19 .

For borders of waist. '2 purl) and crochet them up as plain stitches on the purl side. 1 plain. neckltne and sleeves etc. thus obtaining a variety of effects. Fig. It is possible lor example to crochet up plain stitches on the reverse or on the front of the work. 1 purl. 20 . Needles In free move position. :Removeone stitch from the latch needle end drop It 8 few rows (for borders to the first row). stltch surface of 1 plain.. e. 2 plain. or to crochet up every cross thread. but also many attractive patterns. Inserl the g. which means 8. lirst knit lhe required number of rows and drop then •. e.ry needle (latch needle end) not only are corrections oerlorrned. patterns and corrections up 01 purposely dropped stitches with green auxilia. By the crocheting Crocheting of plafn stitches on the purl side of work. 2 plain. Then loosen the dropped stitch with the ang~led'end of the ired auxfillary needle. Thls operation forms a vertical row of purl stitches on the plain slde of the work. e.for instance every second stitch (i .48.. This crocheting up is performed tn the same way as you pick up ladders in stocklnns.reen crochet hook (with fhe latch open) from the front side into the dropped stitch end push It under the thread of the row above. Fig .The crocheting of dropped stitches for borders. In order to catch the stitch more easily with the green crochet hook. (I. the slde facing knitter). or every other cross thread. or to knit in one colour or multicolours. 47. 1 purl) . etc. for example. 2 purl.•or every third and fourth stitch (i.

Fig. Finally place the stltchln latch needle. Its respective Fig. 49'. 50 and 51Repeat this operation Fig. until the last cross. 53. thread has been crocheted . 52. This movement closes the latch and the "captured" cross thread Is pulled through the dropped stitch forming the new stitch.With the cross thread!n the crochet hook move the" crochet hook downwards. Figs. 'FIg. 53 21 ..

or an even number of rows. Needles In the free move position.. (facing the machine and not the knitter).. so that two cfOSS threads are available for crochetlng up together to the top. 56 Fig. The lower of the two cross threads will automatically be caught. guide the green crochet hook from top downwards behind the cross threads and then push the hook forward through the dropped stitch. 56. With the latch open. For thils type of crocheting up. 47. 22 . 57. It Is advisable to drop the sliltchf. Fig. Crocheting up for corrections on plain stocking stitch side of order thatthe dropped stitch Is behind the open latch. 47 and 48. Fig. then behind two cross threads push upwards and crochet onl'y the top cross threa. 55.g. Fig.Drop the stitch and loosen It with the angled end of thaauxlllary needle as In Fig.Crocheting up with two cross threads. 54. 57 . Needles In free move position. Fig. Place crochet hook In dropped stlich as In Figs.

53 Pull the "captured" cross thread upwards with the crochet hook. 23 . in the middle of the runner.Fig. 60. Fig.Now move the crochet hook slightly upwards and at the same time guide the open latch underneath the lowest cross thread. and place the last stitch Into the latch needle ..n. For this way of crocheting up always hold crochet hook with bend facing knitter. crochet up in 'groups. Fig. Fig . leading the crochet hook behind the cross threads. so that the shaft of the crochet hook touches the top cross thread.. Fig..ross threads exact[~ as In Figs. 58. 59. so that the latch closes and the cross thread is drawn as a new stitch through the dropped stitch. 57-59. Fig. 60 If the stitch to be corrected is t·oo far dow. 59 Crochet up the followlngr.

Graduated decreasing. for example after waist borders. when First put all needles being used In the free move posltlon. 62 Fig. 61. 62.Increasing and decreasing in the middle of a row Increasing in the middle of a row. with the needles In free move position. The graduations Starting position: the yarn and the sliding lock on right. again transfer all the' stitches on to a knitting needle replacing them on to the latches but placing two stitches on to one latch needle where you wish to decrease. the upper part of the knitting Is to be widened. will then be on the left. then transfer all stitches on to a knitting needle. the knitting being higher (longer) on the rIght. Fig. 24 .in9 in the middle of a row. remove block ruler and continue knitting. Fig. Now place the block ruler behind needle feet in the same way as for casting on. For this operation. To avoid a hole where Increasing pick up a stitch from the previous row and place this In the latch needle which has been left free. 61 Slide stitches one by ting needle into latch one latch needle free crease Is to be made. Now push all the stitches behind the open latches. Decreas. one off the knitneedles leaving where each InFig.

raduatlen Is cemp'lete. The same procedure Isfollewed but In the reverse directions when a graduation Is requlred on the right of the knitting. until the g.65 and knltcoming from the right .flon. Inte werking posltlon (1FIg!. been made when two rows have been knitted. which are sl1llin werking posille n. rest posltlon..nt across the open latches. 67 G . Then with the block ruler push all the needles back.p of needles forward Into. from the rl~ght..actuatien has..n the rest poeltlon (Fig.66 Contlnue werkln. wind yarn upwards around the first needle I. 25 Fig.Fig. set the secend group et needles In rut pesltlon Flg..g [n the same way. Then place the yarn across all the latches. ' . New knit In the reverse dlrectlon because enly one gr. F!lg. 63 At I~eft slde push first greu. On left. Then knit in the reverse dlraetton. Fig. and knit one row with the remaining needles. To prevent a hcla at the end of the gradua.64) before placing the yarn from left to rig.. Fig..67)and so continue Imlttlng with all stitches..second graduation. 66 ~__. • . .•63.

the "pattern ruler" Is used. Place the pattern ruler wlth jx 1 division behllnd the needle feat so that the small peg on the left fits Into the needle groove behind the first needle In the working position. can be' knitted row by row. For easy use the pattern ruler has at Uttle peg at each end. and on the other side wider slots (2 x 2 division) for selection of . the new groups conteJnlng the required number of latches are brought Into the working poslncn.Graduat.nto the worklngl position again and knit with grOlJnd colour. with contrast colour then return the needl·es from the rest posltlon I. the different colours have to be knitted OM aUer the other and not at the sama time. you knl·t:cerlain stitches wlth ground celeur and others. 68. wJ. groupwlse Into the fest position (the stitches remaining on needle shaft). Fair isle patterns row by row: . Unlike handknlttlng'. without the assistance of a crochet hook. but In this case the maximum number of latches Is brought forward Into the rest position. 26 . On one side the pattern ruler has narrow slots . Fig. For selecting the needles In groups. which fit in the needle groove behind the foot of the end needle which Is to be moved.(1x 1 division) so that dvery second naadle is selected.ed increasing Is worked similarly.every third and fC!urth needle.lh contrast colour •. which means that you put those needles which are not required to ~n'it. accordlnq to the pattern. I The PAS SAP M201 poseesses a ·great advantage Inasmuch as rnultlcolourad patterns. step by step. As In handknllting·. Knit one or more rows. Then.

72 27 . Fig. set pointer for spring of stripper on number 3 or 4 as shown in Fig. whilst the other hand presses with the block ruler the knitting towards the striking comb.With one hand push pattern ruler forward. ATTENTION: Before starting to knit fair isle patterns. Fig. Fig. without being knitted. In respect of those needles In rest position the yarn will lie straight across the needle shaft in front of the existing stitch. 69. In this way the respective needle f. Fig. 70-72. 70 Now with contrast colour knit the required number of rows with all needles that are in the working position. 11.e of the needle bed and are In the rest position.eet are brought to the front edg.

75 and 76. 74 . 28 . Then knit required number of rows In contrast colour and having set all needles back into working position. Fig.2 x2divislon altha pattern ruler. 73. Figs.. It Is advisable 10 knit two pattern rows and then two rows with all stitches. Then knit required number of complete rows In the ground colour.. Fig. knit required number ot rows in ground colour. 68 and 69. 73 The same procedure applies when using the. place the small peg of the pattern ruler In the second needle groove on the left.With block ruler relurn needles from the rest position into Ihe working position. When you repeat the pattern as in Figs. Instructions for further patterns are contained In the last pages of this Instruction book. Fig.

knit the leg portio.of 16 stitches on to the n.n in an open fashlon..engUIl of yarn t'hrough .f yam across the neccessary stitches and then with the needle mover croch.77.then push the needles back with the 2:>:2 division (set peg of the pattern ruler In front of the first needle groove)" Fi'g. First usa the 1 x 1 division asln win be required to knit the heel but first the top half of the foot.6Band S9.t Is necessary to have a separate ball ef wool: for each time the colour is changed as required by'the pattern you are using" Place the different colours across the o. I. First knit the leg to the required length to nle top of. By this method it is IPosslble to follow any fair-isle pattern deslgnedf'or handknit!ing.eedles to commence the heel. 29 ..e compllete row.pen needle heads and ensure that at each change of eetour the two threads are twisted before sl.•This is do. In this way you obtain a 3 x1 division. 78. Knitting I. then place slxteen stUclles from each side of the knitting on to two separate lengths of yam .ese two sets each of 16 stitch.arger groups of stitches ln alternate multicolours When repealing a colou:r or colours In one row in order to avoid loose loops" i. the heel. N. Knitting the heel of a sock (or stocking) On any flat bed type of knitti1ng machine you: must of course. by placing the separate 'Iengths o.iding the leek across and knitting th. is knitted on the stitches remainlnq in action.each stitch.ngthe separate l. Fig.It Is possible to obtain very attractive effects by using both sides of the pattern ruler for selecting needles. S stitches in contrast colour and 1 stitch In ground colour" or vlce versa. Th.ow sew the seam at the back o·fthe' leg and then replace the two sets .

winding the yarn from the left round the needle In the rest position. ~ Fig. Continue this. starting from the Inner right needle. around. Fig... 83 30 . Then on the extreme left put one needle also into the rest position and knit one row from the r·lgllt. knitting one row from the opposite side of machine each lime a needle Is put back Into working' position. 80 Now put the next needle on the right Into rest position and knit one row from the left. 81. Remember as for decreasing the yarn must be wound round the next needle shaft In rest pos'ltl:on to avoid lea. Fig.· Ing a hole. 80. Fig. Fig. Fig. the shaft of the needle In rest position. 82. and then knit from the left . 81 Fig 82 To Increase. This prevents a hole when you have decreased. needles back one by one Into working position..Fig. 79. Nowthe decreasings are f. on the right. until there are 11 consecut. Continue knitting In same manner as In Fig.lve needles on each side In rest position. 79 ~ Start decreasing with the yarn on the left. leaving In the centre 10 needles In working position (for under part of heel). On the extreme right put one needle In the rest position. ensuring that you wind the yarn.lnlshed. put the. 83. Fig. until the 11 needles on each side are again in working position..

Now for the edge of hem knit one open work row. as Figs. 86. . 85.nit 10 rows and put all needles In the free move position. collars etc. This results in a neat hem through which elastic can be threaded for use In varlous garments or for borders of pockets etc. Fig. one by one. bags. 23 Elnd 24 and continue knitting.54. Fig. by placing every 3rd stitch on top of the 4th stitch. How to knit a hem Cast on as described In Fig .When all the 32 stitches are In the heel Is finished and you can sole of the foot. In the same way as d'9scrlbed above. then put the needles in the free move position as In Figs. 23 and 24. 86 In the free move position place Into the latches. by placing one or several needles In rest position and knitting one or several rows between the Increasings andl decreasings. then again k. continue by knitting the to knit a heel once for a complete Bock. the loops of the cast on edge (fixing the needle feet with block ruler).13-19. Flg. Fig.Afterwards bring the needles back Into the working pcsltlcn. 21-22. Try for yourself with oddments of wool and you will be surprised at the varied effects which can be obtained. Bring needles back in working pesltlon as in Figs. It Is advisable practise before attempting to knit working position again. Fig. knit 10 rows. 31 . 84 You can knit attractive hats and caps.

15th-16th rows: as 1st to 4th rows. stitches. 3rd and 4th the pattern two needles. 1 purl. These 8 rows complete PATTERN "Cable knitting 1 purl. and knit with second colour. end rows: with 2x2 division of ruler select every alternate commencing with first two knit with second colour. 1 s t ro w: knit complete row with 'flrst colour first having pulled up the free setter on the side of the lock from which you are starting . 3rd ro ws : knit every stitch.sth stitch on to the 16th needle.. 25th to 26th rows: as 11th to 14th rows including dropping back and crocheting up of cable. PATTERN "Checked design" In two colours: when using the second colour every 3rd and 4th needle Is In rest position. Commence with both colours on one side. Now drop back the 14th and 19th stitches etc. Pick up 17th and 18th stitches "Vertical Key stripes" In two colours. 3 pattern". 12 plain one pattern. Leave 14 stitches. 2nd row: wl:th 1 x'1! division of the pattern ruler select alternate needles. Then transfer from double decker needle the 17th stitch on to the 15th needle and the l. 32 . These four rows 2 complete one pattern. 1st an d 2n d rows: knit every stitch In fir05t colour. but cornmenclng from 3rd and 4th stitches. 4th row: as second row. Repeat as for 6th to 24th row: as 19th row. When using the second colour every second needle is In the rest position" Commence with both colours on one side. 5th row: In free move position. 6th-9lh row: Push both freesetters down and repeat rows 1 to 4. 7th and 8th rows: as 3rd and 4th rows.sth needle and the 15th stitch on to the 17th needle. Variations Instead of the "broken" cable effect it is possible of course to produce continuous cable stripes. Remember to replace needles In working position after completing this operation. With single decker-needle transfer the 16th stich on to the l. Pull up second freesetter and move rock to reverse side. commencing with first stitch. place pattern ruler as follows. For 1st and 2nd rowst x 1 side behind and 2 x2 side In front of 1st needle. 11th-14th rows: as 1st to 4th rows.- Twelve attractive patterns PATTERN 1 A "two colour" design. 1st. PATTERN 4 5th and 6th rows: as 1st and 2nd rows. at 5t. 47 to 53). Push freesetter down and slide lock to reverse side of machine. 20th to 23rd rows: 9th rows. 3rd row: as first row. 10th ro w: as 5th row. stitches.h 19th row:: as 5th row but starting toath stitches for first cable. 2nd and 4th row: Now pull up the freesetter on the side of the lock from which you are starting and knit every stitch. but commencing from second stitch. with double decker needle and temporarily place the decker needle Into fabric to hold stitches. The above forms one complete pattern. border stitches. And so on across the whole width of the knitting. (border stitch of cables) to the tst row then crochet up as "knit" stltches (Figs. You will quickly appreciate that other attractive variations of this pattern can be devised. On the plain side of the the pattern appears as follows: 4 plain stitches cabled. Pattern division 3x1. For 3rd and 4th rows. 1 x 1 side behind and 2 x2 side In front of 3rd needle.


Afterwards freesetter down and slide the lock back to the opposite side. 2 rows stitches. Knit alternately two rows with first colour and every stitch. The pattern is alternated every three rows therefore place pattern ruler as follows: 1st-3rd rows: 1 x 1 side behind and 2 x2 side in front of 1st needle. 2 rows of first colour. 4th-6th rows: t x 1 side behind and 2 x2 side In front of 3rd needle. be kniHed In 2 rows plain. of Urst colour division (1st then replace knitting all PATTiERN 5. The above completes one pattern.Knit 1st and 2nd rows with first co lou r. place the pattern ruler with 1 x 1 division behind 1st needle. place pattern ruler behind the second needle. K. 3rd pattern row: pattern needle) with second colour. 4 rows 6 burls" In two colours" The second Is to be knitted with the 1 x 1 diwith first colour. afterwards free setter down and slide the lock backto the opposite side. wh'lch on the plain This type of pattern can also one colour only. PATTERN 8 "Shell pattern" (Butterfly pattern). knitting al] stitches but before the 2nd row pull up left freesetter. Srd and 4th rows with second colour. The above four rows form one complete pattern. 4th pattern row: pattern division (4th needle) knit with second colour having pulled up right freesetter then afterwards put freesetter down and slide lock to opposite side. therefore place pattern ruler as follows: For t st pattern row: 1 x1 side behind and 2 x 2 side in front of 1st needle" For 2nd pattern row: 1 x 1 side behind and 2 x 2 side In front of 2nd needle. Knit as follows: Start with first colour on the right and second colour on the left of knitting. knitted with the 1 x 1 division. 4 rows with first colour. Then replace needles in working position. pattern placed behind 1st 2nd pattern row: pull up right freesetter pattern division (2nd needle) with the second colour. Pattern division 3x1. These 6 rows form one complete pattern. needle In the rest position =·pattern division 3 x 1. position. division (3rd then replace 2 rows with second ruler with 1 x 1 division needle. The same pattern can also be knitted with the 2 x 2 division. before 2nd row pull up left freesetter. 2 rows of first colour. for Instance 4 rows. . and one row with second colour and every 4th needle in the rest position.nlt 3rd and 4th rows wlth second colour. 2 rowa with seco n d co lou r . colour. t st an d 2nd rows with 11 rst colo ur.. Repeat from 1st pattern row.vlslon and results In a "burled" surface side of the knitting. An attractive variation can be obtained by knitting four rows per pattern division and 34 . Vertical "Candy" stripes In two colours. 2' rows rtrst colour. Put every 4th . The purl side Is the right side. PATTERN "Small colour vision. pattern division (3rd needle). For 3rd pattern row: 1 x 1 'side behind and 2 x 2 side in front of 3rd needle" For 4th pattern row: 1 x 1 side behind and 2x2 side In front of 4th needle. The above forms one complete pattern PATTERN 7 "Broken horizontal stripes" In two colours. needles In working position. needles In working position. pattern division ( 1st needle) . place pattern ruler behind 2nd needle. Then replace needles in working. so on. at every row the pattern Is to be moved over one stitch. afterwards freesetter down and slide the lock back to the opposlte side. 1st pattern row: pattern needle) with second colour. with 1 x 1 dl.


flrat pull up left freesetter. Knit 1 ro w: It Is possible that where three stitches were placed on one needle some have not been knitted.. 2nd pattern row: as first. Commence with both colours on the left.. so Ilrst make any corrections that may be neccassary. pull up right freesetter. The above rows form a complete pattem. Knit 1 row: first pulling up leftfreeset1er. but commencing with the 7th and 9th stitches on the Bth stitch.><2side In front of 3rd needle. Then In free move position with the angled hook. As the design Is alternated. colour. in the rest position. knit two rows with the first colour In between the squares . then afterwards freesetter down and slide the lock back to the opposite side .changing the colour for each pattern dIvision. pick up the upper loop of each stitch of the 4th row and place stitch by stitch Into the open needle heads. PATTERN 12 Simple open work pattern. 7th-10th rows: as 2nd-5th rows but commencing with the 3rd and 4th. 5th row: right freesetter up. 6th-8th rows: with second pattern division (3rd needle). leaving 6 rows between each tuck . then push both freesetters down and move lock. 'The empty needles are pushed back Into neutral position. 2nd-4th rows: with second pattern division (1st needle). then afterwards freesetter down and slide the lock back to the opposite side. PATTERN 11 Tucks on slocklng stitch surface. PATT.ERN 9 Alternated squares. For 6th-8th rows: 1 x 1 side behind and 2. A simplified form of this pattern can be obtained by knitting 2 rows with the first colour and 4 rows with second colour. Varlatlo ns: Instead of one row. Pull up the second f·reesetter and slide the lock back to the other side. Knit 1 row: again making sure that all stitches have been knitted. When using the second colour every 4th needle Is In the rest posltlon~pattern division 3 x 1. 2nd-6th rows: with needle mover put every 7th and 8th needles In the rest posltlon. 11th and 12th needles etc. then afterwards free setter down and slide the lock back to the opposite side.. Commence with yarn on left knlt·1 row. pattern division as above. to the other side. 36 . Return all needles to working position. 6th row: with first colour.Ieave 3 stitches then place-the 4th and 6th stitches on to the 5th stitch and so on across the row. With right freesetter up slide lock to the other side. Knit 10 rows but before the 10th row pull up the fraesetter on the side of the lock from which you are coming. 1st row: left freesetter up. afterwards freesetter down and slide the lock back to the opposite side. Knit 5 rows: The above rows form one complete pattern. where three are on one needle. colour. Commence with both colours on left and sliding lock left. PATTERN 10 "Cube pattern" in two colours. leave 3 stitches and so on. Knit 5 rows: now replace the needles which are In neutral position Into the working position. 1st row': pull up left ~reesetter and knit with first colour. Knit 10 rows then form another tuck. knit with first colour. tst pattern row: In the free move poaltlon. place pattern ruler ae follows: For 2nd-4th rows: 1 x t side behind and 2 x 2 side In front of 1st needle. fA two colours. then with both freesetters down slide lock back to the opposite end. and knit with second colour. Always knit row with first colour In between. knit with first colour. This Is more speedy since the free move position has not to be used. Before the 5th row. This 15 more speedy since the free move position Is not required.

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