P. 1
Chapter 3.

Chapter 3.

|Views: 4|Likes:
Published by Keesiga Diana

More info:

Published by: Keesiga Diana on Mar 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/31/2014

pdf

text

original

MAKERERE

UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERNG, DESIGN ART AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING CIV 4100: CIVIL ENGINEERING PROJECT

PROJECT TITLE: DENSIFICATION OF A SOFT SOIL USING ELECTROKINETIC TECHNOLOGY (CHAPTER THREE)

KEESIGA DIANA O8/U/444 208000805
………………………………………. GENERAL SUPERVISOR DR.DENIS KALUMBA

MAIN SUPERVISOR MR.RICHARD KIZZA ………………………………

CO-SUPERVISOR MR.JJUKO SAMUEL ……………………………

Submitted in partial fulfilment for the award of a Bachelor of Science Degree in Civil Engineering

1. This method was chosen because it’s simple and easy to use for collection of disturbed samples. Art and Technology. Analysis was then done in the Structures and Soil laboratories at the College of Engineering. 1. 2011. The soil and water were then mixed using an electrical mixer (figure 3-1) for at least 10 minutes to ensure that the resultant slurry was uniform. 2010.2. MUK.1 : Methodology 1. apparatus and tests that were carried out to achieve the above objective. Design. and Lule. All samples collected were properly preserved in tight polythene bags such that sample properties and integrity were maintained.1 Introduction The objective of this study is to determine the applicability of electrokinetics on a Ugandan clay soil. This was aimed at obtaining clay with properties as similar as possible to those used by Umutoni. This chapter gives an account of the materials. and Faculty of Agriculture.3 Experimental Procedures 1. Moisture content of the resultant slurry was determined to ensure that it’s within acceptable limits.1 Clay soil Disturbed clay soil samples were picked at predetermined intervals from Kampala in Busega besides the Northern By-pass.2 Study Materials and Apparatus 1.3.1 Sample Preparation The moisture content of the raw sample was determined prior to treatment to determine the change in moisture content of the sample due to moisture loss during storage. Amount of water to be added to the soil to adjust its moisture content to was determined as shown in appendix B-1. Figure 1-1: Electric Mixer in Use 1|Page . MUK. The bag bulk sampling method was used using a shovel or scoop as the collection device.

The fourth setup had no voltage across it since it was the control experiment. Across one.0 V/cm) across the other and 10 volts (0. A schematic layout of the experimental setup is shown in figure 3-3 below.5 V/cm) across the third setup.1. This was run for 3 days.4V/cm) were applied then 20 volts (1. Figure 1-2: Experimental Setup Figure 1-3: Schematic layout of each experimental set up 2|Page . Effluent flowing during the experiment was collected in containers placed directly below the cathode end of the testing box. Each of the setups shown in figure 3-2 below had a different voltage applied across it.3. terminated and same procedure followed for the 7 day and 30 day duration experiments. 28 volts (1. Two electrodes (shown in figure 3-5) were vertically inserted into the soil 200mm apart and were then connected to power supplies via copper wires as shown in the figure below.2 Electroosmotic Test Procedure The prepared slurry was then transferred to the testing box (shown in figure 3-6) using a spoon to avoid trapping any air.

3 cm average spacing were drilled at the cathode side of one of the plastic boxes and a 1cm wide long cut out made on the cathode side of the second plastic box. and fabrication) costs.4 cm diameter was drilled in the top piece where a wire to connect the electrodes to the power supply was tied. Figure 1-4: A Pair of Electrodes and a Schematic of an Electrode 2) Testing box Two small rectangular plastic boxes (average dimensions.8 cm diameter and 4. ease of fabrication to the required form. availability. These dimensions were chosen basing on the size of the plastic testing box.1 cm long and 1.9 cm wide were cut from the hoop iron roll and welded to another hoop iron piece which was 10 cm in length to make the electrode. A picture of the plastic boxes is shown in figure 3-3 below. They enabled easy connection to the power supply and ensured that the electrode fits in the testing box. the more expensive the experiment thus the used size of the testing box. Figure 1-5: Components of the Testing Box and the Testing box Apparatus 3|Page . 1) Electrodes The electrodes (cathode and anode) used had properties similar to those used by Umutoni and Lule former students of MUK.3 cm and hole of 0. Hoop Iron was used to make the electrodes because of its good electrical conductivity. The first box was encased in the second box to make the soil holding apparatus. The distance between the three electrode leaves was 2. Nine holes of 0. 207 x 125 x 96 mm) open at the top were used to hold the sample during the experiment because plastic is a poor conductor of electricity. Three pieces of hoop iron each 11. Small boxes were used so as to cut down the cost of the model experiment since the larger the model.The different components of the set up are explained below. as well as low (material.

A shear box cutter (figure 3-4) was then used to obtain samples from the top and bottom of the three different regions. One had a capacity of 30 Volts (model ED – 300S) and two had each a capacity of 20 Volts Figure 1-6: The Power Supplies and Ammeter Used 1. the power supply was cut. The results obtained were analysed and conclusions were drawn on the effect of electrokinetics on the densification of a Ugandan soft soil. Moisture content of these samples was determined and the dry density calculated. the cathode end.3 Analysis of Treated Sample After running the experiment for the set treatment time. the middle and the anode end.3.3) Power Supply Three power supplies shown in figure 3-7 below were used in this study. Figure 1-7: Sampling From the Top Cathode Region 4|Page . The electrodes were then carefully removed from the sample taking care not to distort the sample around them. The treated sample was divided into three regions.

5|Page .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->