l:

gnct

v

G. VERTESY

%urgarian ?\cadeny of %cicnccs

EXPERII'IENTAL ICAT OFBIOLOG INVEST ION I CALLY INDUCED IIAGNETIC ANOI'IALIES
G. EGELY ANd G. VERTESY

HU ISSN 0368

ABSTRACT
have been investlgated and rt ta €hown tha! the para, dla, aftl f erronagnetlc mareriaLs nay chanse T.:::13?11"?..:":y.F. to blologlcal Eemporarlly "f due actlvaClon. The apparaCu8, fhe nethod oi the actrvatlon and the mea'ur€ment procedure are rriirry aeicrirea of test reaults are lncluded foi varlous materlala.""a-u-""*t". ltagnetic anomarr-e'

.he ge f the number

I N T R O D U IC TN O It nagnetlc used. ls generally ln known that In contrast arlses blologlcal to electrlc the processes lnvolve electrl-c are well and known rarely

phenonena.

phenomena, whlch

and ut1l1zed

EKG, EEG' etc., f,or thLs

magnetLc phenomela are corflparatlvely from of colls is braln basls

The reason

In the measurement of nuch vreaker than rooms and very searchl tion study volved of 1t ln Is the Coupled with

very weak ftelds. field there the lnductlon of

the magnetic the above,

problerns lnvoLved lnmense lechnlcal Slnce these weak magnetlc flelds aie gcreened measurlng the Earth, speclally must be used [1]. honoured questLon on the lhere or the are ln braln rehlgherthls lnproare

sensltlve functlonl-ng

a tlme

based solely of

complex In

interac-

known physical Ls suggested the

and chernlcal On the of the that

effects,

addltlonal, published

to unknown effects

as well?

results in

fundarnentally braln,

new physlcal and perhaps ls in anolher. benefltr

lnteractions other that

functlonlng

biologlcal

cesses as well. recognlzed Research hitherto of the ln this

However, the posslblllty area nay yleld system. 1n lhe braln's a twofold

not exluded to

the currently now unknown, way. about a new,

phenomena can be lnterpreted anomalous magnetlc effectt

up !11I Learn

to'galn actlvlty

a new Lnslgh!

lnlo

the blophyslcs

nervous

Anomalous effects Hunphrey of the target braln.

have been measured by May and

[2] and by Jahn and Dunne [3] and lt ls shown that the connon roots anonalous effects are qulte clear3 the anornalles appear only when a - the measured system - 1s influenced objecl by lhe work of an actlve Though thls statenent authors the seems at these ln flrst sight to be an overstatenent, and consLstent, features fundanental of the these and our own were repeatable anonalles, areas lntenstty neglLglble Tesla). be inatuceal even by very strong magnetlc fleLds and thelr cause or causes of for two redsonsr of humans ts approxlmatety to-14 compared wlth the weak geomagnetlc

measurements of are not

The cause or causes of known at. presenei most probably ls ls should

the measured anornall.es lltn1ts our present

be sought suggesled practlcally (-7xlO f1eld

beyond lhe

knowledge. Thls a) The regular Tesla, fleld lrhich

biomagnetic

lntensity

b) The measured effect nor by any present

canno!

known 6ff6cts.

' z -

The tentaLive nellzation nanner, atlon metal

experimental

flnding

of of

thls

work

ts

as follons3 ln

The mag-

curves of certaln materlals most probablv due to the effect requlres The paper a hlgh ln level of descrl,bes briefly

change ternporarilv blol.ogtcal the activation the test nental

actlvatlon.

an anornalous This dacLiv-

process" devlce.

concentratlon,

and a snall process and the and

actlvation

alevlce and,

a more detalled

nanner,

The actlvatlon

method and devlces

were developed

results. by Robert pavllta, out of durlng The results sclence,

all aamples were actlvated -year perlod and the test presented solld-state some of nature the plaln apparent the But there sensltive lloreover, to the of here nlght physlcs, resul-ts problen the lack fact Is be of remaln is

by hirn. The tests lnterest to several at

were carri.ed branches

a threetncludlng

rnethods were improved

conllnuously.

electrodynanlcs, unclasslfled lack of evldent the

neurophystology preseDt. thls

and psychology-though The interdi aspect sctpllnary conpll.cates

but' unfortunatety between the

solutlon

because of that another this

of, any corununl,cation region reaaon devlces,

a conulon "Ianguage" for these areas. The these branches of science may exhas not been lnvestigated to any great extent. effect ts barely notlceable discovery ls hrlthout slln. chance of accidental

as lrell! so the

measurlng there

seem to this

be comparat.lvely has been to utilizing be ruLed it out

few indlvlduals lnvestLgate for

who have ttre ablllty phenomenon, wi[h though

perf,orm actlvation. The aim of study of a natural run. intentlon any practtcal long app!.lcation.

no itrunedlate Its plactical

use cannot

ln

the

P A V LT A A C T V A T O N D E V I C E S I I I The magnetlc coerclvity) tlrne, of and they propertles (e.9. susceptlbility, as well-knonn, of the saturation studted pernanent external are magnetization, long which temon the for chemi-

most materlals of given a glven naterlal,

have been intensively speclmen. etc.,

can be considered

for a very quantlties,

are characterlstlc perature, atructure cally of the

These properties and they stable offer

depenil on the fleld, l-n tlme

the magnitude materlals. ActivatLon lts

and dLrectton

magnetic

stable Pavllta

DevLces nagnetlc verslons

(pADs) nay seem to ls placed propertles

a speclmen of perlod explalnable There slze,

known magnetic

propertles error. of they lhe these

another vlew, when l-nto a pAD, after a brlef and thls change is dlffer not ln

(5-5O sec) are

may change, activation

by experfunental several

alevices 3 they as well. by Mr.

shape and materlal, but I'generatorsrr, PADS are termed

have cornrnon features smaller ones 'sondes',

few examples of devlces are shorrn on the plates. The basic is to rranplify and accumulate the blomagnetic fle!.d effectn. of invesllgating this effect and very La in llttle its is infancy, theref,ore somewhat arbltrary, known abo\rt

The larger pavlLta. A pADs purpose of The state ternlnology roots of of art ls the

the

the physlcal

- 3 It ls lnportant Lo noLe that the effect of thls rblonagnetlc field. effects. (The usual ls qualltatlvely dlfferen! frorn that of the uaual magnetlc field. ls rather misleadlng but ln lack of a generally accepted term "blofleld' better term, we have used thls one.) so far as aample actlvation is concerned, thls is a alrnple proceduret the sanple has to be tnserted Into the hole, or one of, the holea, or j.nto several holes (up to 5), several tlmes (up to 30) ln order to Increase the effect. The dlmenslons of the holes 1n the PAD are about the same as thos€ of the sample. !,lost of our tegts were carri,ed out ln the laboratory under controlled condltions wlth the measurenents being carrLed out before and aft€r th€ actlvatlon. These activatlons were carrLed out by tno amall sondea, these aondea belng snalle! ln slze than the generator. The aonde ts less effectlve rnd th€ naximum change Lnduced ln the magn€llc propertles of the satnples l.a snaller than l.n the caa€ of the actlvatlon ln a generator. flro actlvatlon sondes are shown on Plates l-6, used durlng the tnetal actlvatlon experlnents. The sondes are nad€ of lron rrlth some brasa parts. None of them had a notlceable nagnetlc f1eld, and the trro aondes did not attract or repel €ach other, nor dld they affect non-tnagnetlc ptecea of steel . The sonde has to be rcharged' or activated before lts use, and durlng the actlvatlon as well. Activation ia carrled out ln a generator. None of these Lnstruments has any permanent nagnet or €lectronagnet, there are no slgna of any batterles or electrogtatlc devlces. lfe w€re alrrays able to sxamine the devlces at any tLme on requegt, dorm to the nost nlnute detallE. The surfaces of the actlvatlon chatnbera vrere qulte anrooth, poltshed by regular use. These chatnbers dld not contaln any dust or porrdler, but aone pollution due to lrear and tear could not be ruled out. The generators are steel slabs vhlch are flat or roundea with actl,vation cha$bers, and there are areas erl,th rougb aurfaces or r,elded bronze sIDtE. The overall dlmenslons were not greater than 20 cn x 20 cm x 20 cn. lhere ls a hole (or Eon€tLnea t!ro) nlth a thr€ad ln order to b€ abl€ to attach the generator to the Eonde. It ls emphaslzeal that the generator doeB not generat€ any knorrn fleld, erbstance or effect. It I8 agaln nentloned that the ternlnology uaed In the td.t 15 somerrhat arbltrary, and lt may have nothlng to do wlth rsal physlca!, . pbenonena taklng place durtng the procesE. The develolment of the6e devlcea seens to have been heurl,stl,c, anil took and error. The actlvatlon lts€lf requLrss a long p.rtd of tflac€ by trlal .loanlng ' tralnlng, and lt iB a tedLous frocedure. The rough surface of th€ de ls supposed to eas€ the activatLon. According to !tr. Pavllta, acttvrtton l3 bastcau.y a mental processt aome parts ar€ slnllar to yoga reLaxatr,on rnd mcentratlon tecbnigues, and ln prlnciple anyMy can learn to carry out the vatton procedure.

lhe

maq-

rlou s d,s i ac tiv8Aa 11 the lta, aults tncLuding -though lnary lcates eas. The l:ry tt exexten!. and

a three-

rlChout t s 11m. I abl1j,ty bn, with

, though

tatl-on, Y l.ong lrhlch e tenon the r cheml.lihen brlef Ls not fer in

Larger BA. A PADs I of of art the

)gy rs

The word "actlvation'r is used for lhat process which induces the measurable changes, though It has nothlng to do with radl-oactlvlty. The r,rord [actlvet nerely ni:tes that an anornalous change has occurred on a test speclmen, or a PAD Is Accordlng terns the of size, df severe order to lt capable !{r. of induclng the to the anonalles. for sr-ze of lf actLvation objects, the devices has not of is limlted is lirnited about by and a preto ln targe only Pavtita, capabllity actlvate the occur prlnary b) the

Is not possible and rapid

those of

centtmeters. pain for

Furthermore, fatigue a) the act.lvated. lhe

because other vertfy tlne

a devl-ce larger object learning use of the

than test is is

20 cm x 20 cm x 20 cm ls pelsons the donsunLng. The acttvatlon scribed day for regular about takes existence of

The activation

been attenpted long in

two reasons:

phenonenon,

process both

place

wLth

the

comblned

hands,

ztg-zag-ltke one hour.

manner,

through

several

days or weeks,

every

E X P E R I I { E N T AP R O C E D U R E L utlttzlng a vlbratlng sanple corunonly used for measutlng lhe nagnetlc moment of materlaLs, and is one of the most generalJ-y employed measurlng apparatuses in magnetlc research sy neans of, this equlpnent [4,5]. one can quantltatlvely measure the magnellzation of lhe sarnples. The sanple to.be measured is placed into an electromagnet or solenord whlch produces a magnetometer. Thls type of magnetoneter is nagnetlc moment of the sample, This Induced magnetLc sarnple Is measured as a functl-on of the externaL fielal. Durlng the measurement the sample l"s vlbraled and the movlng nagnetlzed body lnduces an electric slgnal ln the measurlng coll system surroundLng the sanple. The the of 1. In the thls of sanple Lnduced erectrlc lhe positlon of the arrangement the magnetlc magnetometer to the frerd the fleld. is proportronal the of vibratlon of the to the nagnettc is perpendlcular of the noment to another magnetl-c freld the the sanple. sample In electronagnet Ls shown In fleld.wh1ch, in turn, magnetizes The effect of actlvation was investlgated

va!'ue of Fig. the field ls ls

directlon

directlon

For one part Ln which

the measurements dlrectton nagnetrc

vibratlng

was used

was pararLel t lnearly agalnst case, detected

lncreased plotted In

dlrectlon of vibration. (from zero) and the Lnduceil external the

The externar magnetlc

moment of

sample is

continuously the w€ took

as a functr.on of the fleld. .fteld by an X-y recorder. utmost care for ln endeavourlng meaaurements.

The magnetlzallon

€v€ry

most relLabre the our sanplea, preEence, tha sampleg

and vlgrlant prepared to touchlng contlnuously

condltlons

to ensure the ttrr. pavlita actrvated

were glven

by us in our ovrn laboratory. The prevlously marked pavllta Mr. by one of the authors, tre actlvated them ln by hand only the non-actlvated end of the samp!.es, He thloughout the the actr.vat{on perlod by both authors, by and by one of authors. Th-e satnpleg r,Jere ialentlfleal

was eratched durlng

Lntervals

- 5 -

tneasurspeci\J \r
S : 3

. $ ts
R N 'i!l{ O

ln

B B O

^:rr 3 o s q -

$ J 3 B t ! lrv :| ^ tt $ .lt ! o t ' rs

o E * e OOF

ln a pre-

+ . $ 5 0 l D 1 ! ItlQ (, IrlN - fr\ N [ .iT :BF +5 (D i' i! I' A.$ B bEit!D.ia E o 6E< J+r

6

s a tlc &rlng lnduceg

&
I

F . v ! 2 A r{ H I'l E O l : ril U O.
Ft

et pl

z
4

(a

d E {

t(a

.d

z

E
(J t{ rl

$s, '<s

r'I z
F

O zaa
H

1n to
tlc

2 rtl

I

z o E

( J H c ) E4 ttz El H r.a 2 4

u D A z H

A A

N H

n

r t .
b.rJ o a 3 F t l 'rr q t +l h t r O !+r I t b
I i ' E E

k t|r

2 u \IIBRATTON < 2

fffiT
!r

a€'rr

F $ o

an
_ a! !| v vt

tl A I d

o o c

f 1€l.d

2F 2' 3 E r l
td olir E I H E :
:- I'I 9l rI E I { l{ ,q

g 6 o oH

X H

o a
H &

l

E:br a a 5 \ . r o F Ollt IAFO . b L

n E u

g 6 a O )E| . (

UI !-.t ,{ H O
5

o

r

-

marking authors

their took

non-activated the sarnple out sat in Only one of author

ends. of

Inmediately

after

activatlon

one of

the

Mr. Pavlityrs corner

hand and neasured it of the lab durinq the

magnetoneter. lriLh the other

the authors the other a separate the

worked with room in activation of it

in the the rnagnetometer, Mr. pavlita the whole ferromagnetic durlng,

neasurement process, and after Iy prior

and in

the case of

specimens. The eguiprnent used for the activation, at to the acti-vatl-on The samples were stored The sanples tirnes into parameters of

was checked before,

and every part sone distance iras a given in holes. before of

was carefully scrutinized. pavlita from Mr. and only imrnediatesonde by inserting thern several in the

sample handed over. curve was recorded

were aclivated

a srnall

the activatlon (the exact

The nagnetization and after lhe

magnetomeLer irunediately

position

activation. None of the experirnental sample j-n the magnetometer. sensitivity

the apparatus, etc.) was changed from neasurement to measurement. The samples were fixed to the sampl-e hotder of the nagnelometer using a snall piece of adhesive tape. The samples Lo be activated were measured before the actlvation together with the adhesive tape. and the adheslve tape was also tneasured wlthout activation using the repeated. the sample. The sample holder the of adhesive itself in gave no signal. After had taken place. same piece The activated sanple was replaced the sample hofder,

tape as earlier, and the rneasurement was - r.rhich had not been touched by the sample anybody during the whole process - was inserted into the sensitive region of the sensing coils, The non-activated end of the sanples was so far frcm the end of sensitive even if surernent it region the during measurements that After inlo that it could not have caused any signal and before the rneabeto able conductor was sonehoL, nagnetized. sarnples v\'ere brought electrlcal in the magnetoneter belief that the activation contact is

w.i!h a grounded to t.hat fron

cause the possible cause a slgnal monent. It ensured fident is that that our firm the

charge on thc

sample to be measured is similar

a rnaqnetic conpletely We are con-

the above-described with or the consequence of

precautions substituted. sletght of

sarnples !.ere noL tampered are not

the results

hand or measure-

ment errors.

A C T I V A T I O N F ! l O O D N DP V CS A H P L E S O A wood and pVC sanples i.rere neasured and it was found that the activatron process in the above-described devrces signlficantly affected the magnetic behavi"our of the sa$ples. The samples were cylindricaf j-n shape, with - 3.2 $unand a length of 27 - 50 Irun. One of the ends was a dlameter of 2.5 A number of actlvated. the length of the actlvated part being about 5 lO run. Some of the rest of the the sanples were neasured before sanples conlrol as wel-l as after activationt

were not measured before activatlon but in this case we measured (non-activated) sarnples having the same propertles. On no occasion

- 7 -

Pavllta

during.

o\J qt I > o R b .?! R3

I

S Q

al

in

the

lmental

F9-E tr (l\J r! co .E }| B

tlvity
The the also After was by of the signal meabee t o

,r-'o.5 " t r o
F I ' A.A A E F O

.;
l;

B o

E $ ( ' B ! | . r' r S (t F'd € F $ o.d,{ o

;l F.r F s t ts'B Ir o

l,{ 'i ri* p" { E b t
6{l ::

Et

(t Fi rq o j ,

t

the the

e g .

, lrlth Ira s of of the

-

o

-

did

magnetic activity, i.e. they could not be rnagnetized measurably by an external field, The nagnetjc properties of the majority of sanples (2O wood and 4 PVC) were changed due to the activation. For 5 wood samples we did far of them several they Lion. For lhis four i.e. reason a measurement series in in ltle previous lllustration w a s r n a d e , l n w h i c h f i v e . ! , / o o da n d the precauti.nary Every activation was ,'successful, The result M of of the one neaZ. The figure shows the sarnple j,s the field forrowing PVc sampres were activated the our laboratory, paragraph. purposes strongly from the place any measurable change. These 29 sarnples were activated of measurement (at Mr. pavlita's laboratory) and ve me.tsure days or weeks afler activation. We did not consider the results experiments lo and Lhe effect as evidence of sonething is wor ly of successful activatlon, but indicaled us that really happens with Lhe samples not. find

the

samples show any

these preliminary acLlvation,

during

cdreful , systemaLic ir,vesLjga-

neasures described surement. is orlginal given as a function

samples became rnagnetic due t.o the shown for of measuretnent curve of the externaf sample W1, i.e.

activation. Lo Fig,

magnetization

nagnetic field H. The inrensity of and thh magnetic moment of the sample is given in CGS (e.rn.u.). The nagnetization electromagnetic units curve of the sample before (together with adhesive tape) 1s shown in [ig, activation 2a, and the magnetlzation curve of the same sar0ple after acbivatlon (together with the same adin kilocauss, hesive tape) is plotted ln Fig. 2b. It is seen that the macJnetization of the sanple becane nuch larger than the nagnetlzation before activalron. The nagnetlzation curve of the adhesive tape without sample - which is not shown here - is exactly the sane as curve (a) in Fig, 2, so curve (b) can be considered that the least at as the background for of thls sample. This neans, at the same time, do not show any magnetic activity (at the measurement) . Ft)gut,: J show6 the net magnetlzation curve of the activated sample obtalned by subtractlrg Fig. Za a^d b" and calculat.Lng the magnetlzation ln m1Lllcauss, The accuracy of thls value can no! be very high because the slze of t.he specinen lras larger than the such sensitlvlty homogeneous sensitive magnetlzallon body.) work, for The error is ln We could hovfever, only area of ls to estimate not Lhe rneasurlng coirs, necessary exceed to known the volune the effectlve 2Ot. the of (rn order volure of to carculate of the Gauss lt the magnetlzed of of our speclnon-actlvated wood sanples actlvated

the neasured speclnen, purpose eninently sample is the J. for propertles

believed

The rnost lmportant are the

vras to denonstrate about. by actlvation. the exact extent of

change in magnetic of

mens, brought secondary acter tlvated Ms is

These neasurements susceptlblllty

suitable now of char-

comparison,

importance. curves tig. tlmits other I of satnples are exactly Ms is shown in Fig, same ln of shown ln 2. Table shows the nagnetization

The nagnetlzation as that zero

the acactjvation,

Sanples Ms. The definltion (wlthj-n the

Before

of measurement sensltlvity

every specimen).

- 9 Dagnetj-zed I of ilgrity 5 h'ood F

Table

I sanples

Ms of activated The net magnetization (w=wood, P=Pvc)

trE act ivated
! we rneasure<l b result s but lon, Ie

wl
39

td2

W3
to

w4
35

l{5

P2

P3

P4

(nc)

60

5B

74

68

58

52

lc sanples tnvestigaThe nagnetlzatlon Pod and tization The only edge, of curves possible be the of Ilke materlals, coutd curves the lron of the activated Inagnetlc soft ls which of as the the sanples structures, tnagnetlc ln keeping of are slmllar of to ferroordered e.g. alloys. wlth our class1cal vrith O.02 mg abou! the

or various

Frcautionary ,''successful'r, tof one meapows the is sample field

explanation, pollutlon material. the

surface

the wood sanples showed that BrlL the !o

ferromagnetic reachlng the

our neasulenents actlvated surface

can cause the grains boles in thLE, of

same slgnal

samPles. does not

specLmenIs In the

Posslblltty probable because seem be smooth' a hole to into curves lhe lnto hole of the the sonde. possTo

sonde seened to dld not pollsh very process, the

be clean hole

and thelr after

surface we drllled

before nagnetlad-

we made measurements iron, and then inserted

such a vtay that and rotated was found

drilLing

In order

lncrease vrere takelr character

of

the

irollution tntentionally tlmes, and after Lncreased t in the of in Fig. this 3, but

a $tood sanple nagnetlzation that the the

forcefully.-The and It

vation. not can be time , (at eagta and ,, value the the zed our specltable

nagnetizatlon In

slightly,

the magnetizatlon effect the to the was about value the ln of

curve 1,/6 of Ms in

showed a slml-1ar actlvation this case of actlvatlon is not

.1s, we obtained average Lron grains

8 mG for li4s for gettlng

the

specXmen, and causlng stable Ln

actl"vated

vrood sanp.les

was 45 mG. so the

samples during due to lab,

the magnetlc

properties

such a way seems unlikely. actlvatlon

change in

magnetlc ln put

propertl-es Pavlltars

s lose their
were activaLed the they'were

magnetlc actlvlty
Mr. into precautions. a box then

after
in

a certaln
the

time.
of

Three rrooA
one author, after Befole the It ln ls authors,

presence

above-menttoned

The samples ltere markedi and guarded fron tlne by the to time.

closed

samples were measured in the nagnetometer Ba never touched. Figure aamples as a functlon the magnelic acttvity

the magnetometer was calibrated. 4 shows the of the deflnitely number of

The activated days after

end of

change of

the nagnetizatlon actlvation. decreases

ahd contlnuously

characvatlon,

).

- .l.o A C T I V A T I OO F O I A . A N D P A R A I ' I A GI N ES A M P L E S N C T tho wood and plastic sampLes, several other niaterials The prinary reason for adclltionaf neasurements wcrs to learn more about the biologically induced rnagnetLc anomalies, and to improve the test nethods, For this reason, instead of wood.lnd plastic materiafs. diarnagnetic and paramagnetic naterials were also usecl for t.he exper.imeDl_s. fhe advantaqe of these tnaterials lras tlrat their physical properties, such as chenical composition and nraterial structure, are known and control.labte ln contrast Lo the properties of wood samples. A series of experiments were performed usin transparent' Lirao3 single cryst,als. These crystars e a r e d i a m a g n e L i . o n d h o u' 9 n e g a t i v e susceptibility, i.e. lhe sample magnetizatjon and magnetizing field are opposite in direction, and nagnetization depends linearly on the external field. Two cylindrj_cal specfuens were used both of 4 rnrndianeter and 23 mm rength' Both of them were activated and measured before and after activation, The activation was perforned in Mr. pavlitars laboratory, in the presence of one author. The samples were prepared and marked by us, and after actrva_ tion nobody could have tampeied wrth or substituted them. After activation the character of magnetization curves remained uncnangecl (i.e. linear), but the absolute value of the susceptibility increased by B5g due to the activa_ tion for both samples. The magnetization curves (after elinlnating thc effect of adheslve tape) are shown in Fig, S for both LiTaO3 crystals (samples A and B), before (curves a) and after (curves b) activatron. The measurenent nethod was the same as that descrlbed earlier. I'1ve blsmuth samples (which have a very high dianagnetic susceptibil.rty) were manufaclured ln order to t.est dlamagnetic metal specimens, For three sarnples the suscept.lbllity decreased due to the acravation. The test resu-Lt of one of these samptes Is shovrn in Fig. 6. For arl the actlvation tests the magnetlzatlon curve remalned linear, but the degree of change vras different, rn one case the susceptlbility of the sampre lncreased (rts absotute value decreased), l.e. the activation changed the susceptibility of this sample to the opposite direction of that found in the other cases. The susceptiblllty of the flfth sarple was not influenced by the activation. The induced change vanished gradual-ly for a1l samples, three days after the activatlon a1I the sarnples had returned to therr pre_actlvation level. The effect of actlvation was also investigated for two paramagnetl-c materlars, viz'for alwririr'nn and praseodymium. Aruminium has a low paranagnetrc susceptlbility, the neasured samples were in Lhe form of a coiled strip of foll so the measured susceptlblllty of these sanples ls very low! practlcally only the usuaf background can be rneasured. Three samples were activatedi one of the test resuLts is plotted In Fig. Z. Due to actj-vation the rnagnetization curves of the other samples changed in a sinilar way. praseodym.iu,n j.s a rare earth net.al with qulte high paranagnetic susceptibitity. The samples were shaped 1Ike prisns \,/ith a square cross section (about 3_4 . 2y u,la 2O_3Oruo were tested as well. In addition to

- lr -

:l+
a\t

Eqr otl

s
tl

o^

. aEt a4

F f

o $ s F a o ;| J .r! Ir(J$ v e F !! .!r a 'ir & t ) -6 $ tl $^ .is{

F O.& b E J ! o o - (a-

G

\r
e

o $ o

k
.

a. Q o €t a
i't!h

r r : oE o oEI
tr

E = ^8
s q o o lr.. rr o 'r.
F tr l!

F

t3q,3

S\D r. E 'r^ o (l:a : o o 6 b 6 a EO llC* .lk &:

b x

b

- L 2 -

(,

r
q)i

J

drr
cl C D & O ;lt!

r i.u ' O .li lB) d

iao
S A. S. $'S s I!BIJ > a v

E E sq) ('$

t l $

r o ' $ t Ds s;!-F s $ t l aJ- a

: z. E
J

o g o

-

s $ s E

a.& s : $ t to-

\' x

- 13 length. curv€s pf the
I

them changed thelr magnetizatton same way. The result of actlvatton for one samples 1s shown ln Fig. B. It seems that the testlng of the rare netal.s looks pronlsing desptte the technlcal dlfflcultles due to thelr id oxldation. slgniflcantly and ln the AIl of

Three

sanples

were actlvated,

alL

of

the measurenents descrlbed in thls paragraph were made ln such arrangenent ln whlch the dlrectlon of the magnetlzlng fleLal was perpento the axls of sanples and paralLel vrlth the dlrectlon of vlbratlon.

I V A T I O NO F F E R R O I . I A C N E TA C E R I A L S X IT samptes hrere used. The samples are well known and due to thelr magnetlcalLy structure they shon strong magnetlc activily. They have character_. magnettzatlon curves, fron whj.ch dlfferent mate].lal parameters, ''nltlal susceptibllity, saturatlon magnetizatlon, coerctve f,orce, can €cl. Another advantage is that in the case of ferromagnellc sanples of the posslble ferromagnetlc pollullon is out of the questlon the anount of ferromagnetrc porlution on the surface (due !o the process) is sma11 in relation to the mass of the sample, so it e a measuiable slgnal change. neasurement of magnetizatlon curves of these samples was perf,ormed vlbratLng sanple nagnetometer. Here both the dlrectlon of the fleld and the direclion of vibratton are paxallel to. the axis of rs of.these ement.s show that the actlvatlon procedure af,fects the tnagnetof Che examineal ferromagnetic permalloy, naterlals. nlckel, tglass samples were used f,or the experi$ents. The specunens vrere long, I - 2 mn in vridth, $rlth a thlckness of 20 _ 2OO Um, but cylindrtcal nlth a dlaneter of O.5 rnm. of permalloy, of nickel and of fe?Al lrere activated. The tLon on the magnetizatlon curve be seen in FigB. g_J.L, -aamples (not shown here) changed " l n the magnetization curve l'n Ls seen that the saturatlon nagnetization of samples due to actlvatlon, and also changed the slope of the In anolher serles of, experlments f,erromagnetlc

t

a
ll

The coercivlty (the dlstance betlreen the point hysteresis curve and the H=O poLnt on the g axls) for the nlckeL sarnple, rvhlle for the other llro cases
that lhe flrst actlvation attempt of FerAl vras un_

curve.

.measurlng sesslon. Next mornlng, however, - when Mr. pavllta r.ras no!.tlned.

culre 9. Magnetdzattot of p e r n a l l o V a d n p L e b ef o r e (curte al and dfteT (curte b\ dctitation.

BEFORE

Magnetidatr:on cstoe of s a n p L e b af o r e nickeL (eutoe a) and after (curte b) aetivation.

- 15 It is remarkable value in of saturation nagnetizatl-on (i.e. mag_ reached by the hysteresls curve at high field the case of pexmalloy and nickel, due to activation, in curve that the value

IE

nelization region)

M, which is

decreased

'ER

H,Oe

iaat ion cupve of : o y . s a m p L e b eI o r e a, and after b) actioation.

the case of Fe3Al . regained its original shape after three _ four days, as can be seen fro\\ Fig. l_l . where the broken line shows lhe origlnal curve, and continuous lines show the curves after activatlon. where N represents the numbex of days after activation (N=O is the result of nea_ aurement inmediately after activation) . A similar process is illustrated for permalloy specinen in l,ig, 12, The ot.her part of the activation of ferronagnetic naterials was made metglass samples. Metglass (=metal-glass) material is a new and intensivestudied type of netal. A h e s e s a m p . L e sa r e , i n f a c t , amorphous iron a I loys sLructure is due to the very rapid quenching. Two types of metglass naterial wexe activated, the composition of the materlal was Fe4ONi4OSi6Bl4, the composition of the second one was naterial were activated. 5820. Flve samples of the first The saturation tization and the slope of hysteresis j,ncreased signtficantly curve in cases due to activation. The result,' ls illustrated in ltig. i3 for one samples. In the case of two samples the result of activation is shoyn . 14. IL is seen that the saturation magnetization drastically de_ , and at i-ow field region it shows a very strange character. Though le phenornenon is anornalous, these were quite unusual maqnetization , and the same irregularlty was found for two specimens. Al1 five were of the saIlle material and they lrere activated in the same (aee Plates I anal 2) having one activation chanber only, but the re_ can be seen by cornparing l,igs. 1A and j4) were quite different. tlme dependent behaviour of the nagnetizalion curve of the activated of Eig. 14 is plotted in Fig. J5. (Here only the parts of the full. cu:rves are shown, wlth decreasing positive fields.) After four curve regained its origlnal shape. of the second netglass material were also activated. The The nagnetj"zation tEocedure ytelded tlon case, of sarne result for both specimens,l-.e. the samples decreased, but not so drastlcallv (for one of the samplesl Ln Fig. 16. as plotted the the

whereas activation

.increased it

H,0e
of t5e authors has &een to carry out experL$ents on anomalies in h'hlch physics ltself l-s used to

rgDetl.c

tation cupue of aanple be fore a, aad qft.ep bl actiui tiott -

of, ttre tests. Thls does not, of course, nean that to ensure that no trlckery was Lnvolved.

- 16 -

N=0 N=l N.2
=--t'-t-'-

4T='
Fe3Ar50
Fig,

r00

150

200

2s0

H,oe

1 1 . M a g n e t i z a t i o n e u r o e o f F e s A L E a n p l , e befone (broken curte ) and alter (solid. eunpeel datiratioa. Pdranete? N s the nunber of daga after actioatior., "epresent

t0

H,Oe

Clnnge o f, l;he m a g n e t i a a t i o n c u n o e o f , t h e p e r n q L l , o y s a n p L e N'i.s, 0 in t i n e . ( B " o k e n c u r t e ; o! b ef o r e d c t d t q t i o n , eot i,d eurveg: afte? d c t i D a t d o n , N : n u n b e ? o f d a y s a f t e r a c t i o d t i o n l ,

-

17 -

M,emu
METGLASS

N=0 N=l N=2

BEFORE

t0

20

30

H,Oe

Magnetization

H,Oe
curt e )
ae4ta

bef,ore

curie of netglaes oanple Fe4oyi4OSitBla ( cuz,ve a ' ) a n d a f t e r ( c u r v e b) actioation.

N=l N=0

BEFORE

o
b
.L

AFTER

t0

30

H.0e

Aamp Le eol.id

tion). ion, see Fig. IJ. '

- 18 -

M,emu
METGLASS

.4

N=3 N=2 N=l N=0

Fig.

cur,e of netgl,aa8 sdnple of 15. Change of ndgnetization E i q . 1 4 i n t i n e . ( B ? o k e n c u r t e : befo"e actlrqtion, N: nunber of day s actiDqtion" solid curtea t dfter afte" dctitiltion. )

BEFORE

fig.

1 6 , M a g n e t i z d t i o n cu"De of netglaes sanPle FezscrsBZo befone (cunte al and aftan (cunte b) actiration.

The experiments

19 -

unanbiguously showed that in the najority of cases the vation procedure significantly changes the magnetrc propertles of the es - so thls procedure is vrorth study.lng. Conparing the results of t activation trials' the possibility that sorne kind of pollution change can be excruded. Nanely, actlvations in the sarne sonde the same hotes of the sonde) provided different sr-gn changes in the mag_ gatlon curves, lrhlch changes cannot be explained by the presence of kind of pollution on the surface of actlvated samples. The unstable character of the induced change was also observed. Whlle tained thls anomalous state for a longer period, other specimens re_ to their orlgrnar. pre-activated - 4 days. This phenornstate within 2 to vatLon lndicate that the change in the sanplers _ lnduced behavlour - reflects some kind of fundamental physical process. are several issues magnetic anonaly lhls

1.3 E2

tsl td)

De
= le "f l'ton, tloy "

to be clarified in the future, the pre_ seems to be assoclated wlth lhe actlvity of . On the basls of our present knowledge, these anomalies cannot be by any known physical phenornenon therefore one may not rure out the that the braln activLty involves a yet unknown physical phenomena. aane time we have no doubt about the necesslty of further considera_ investigations if we wish to exclude or slrengthen the possibility Posstbl"e interpretatlons, ln splte of lhe fact that for lhe nornent idea about other explanatlons vrhich are in keeping wj.th our clas_ this purpose anomaly; in very the of this to work has been to learn rnore about examine lhe to reality of process.

h there

little

attention

has been paid

the nental

,-

future

little

hope fox

plogress

the nental process as well, \"rithout the help of neurophvsiol_

IrsychologLsts.

H.Oe
are indebEed specimens, to ,t. TakAcs and A. Lovas for thelr help l-n and to H. Shenker for revieting the nanuscripC.

I

-

_ 2 0 _

T E X TT O P L A T E S Plate I Rear of rnaterial, part. a single-chamber shaped par! surface Pavllta Activation Device side (PAD). The plastlc

cylindrical

on the right-hand ls

is made of

The wholc PAD is made of the PAD.)

The rear

the plastlc solid steel,except (A scale - in centimeters - 1s smooth.

shown in fronL of
Plate 2

Front there fron with

of

the PAD. The actlvation protruslons of as the rest of

chamber 1s visible

ln

the centre'

are Li.ro srnall one piece

material

made of the sane besj-de lt' (the whole sonile was manufactured lhe PAD of the sonde ls oovered

steel) . The surface

the sonde was held ln the left grooves, During Lhe actlvation - between the thunb and the forefingert the speclmen to be hand j.n the right hand. activated was held several activatj-on brass' chambers. The surface the The activa!.lon ls snooth, of part

Plate

3

A t\,rin sonde with is made of left-hand steel, side)

the thinner are made of

rod and the hollovr cyllnder ffi)gers

{on the polished hand

on both sides. were inserted
Plate 4

During

the activaLion.

the left

inj:o lhe brass cylinder. sonde. (A scale - in cenlinelers - ls shown in

Rear of flont of

the twin the

sonde. )
.l the twin Sonde.

Plate Plate

Fhl

irnarl

ni.l-,rrF

Enlarged piclure walls quite of

of

the activation

chanbers;

the

bottom- and the

The walls of the holes are the chambers are visible. s m o o t h , b u t t h e r e a r e g r o o v e s on the bottom. These grooves sharp, they lefl no marks on the activated speclmens.

were not

REFERENCES s.J. vfil1ianson, r,. Kaufman,J, Magn. Mat.,22, I29 (1981)

II] [2]

E. May, B. llumphrey: Psi Experiments S.R.I. project 8067, Oct 1985

\,rith Randon Number generators, (I986)

[3] R.c. Jahn. 8.J. [4] [5] S. roner,

Dunne, Foundations of Physics. 16,72I Instru,'n., 3o, 548 (1959)

Rev. sci.

to Magnetic l"laterials. B.D, culIity, Introduction Addison-Wesley, Reading. MA, I912

-F--li

:,-;. : oi - -i e

The plastlc pfastlc 1s

:a.e!ers

i

1-he centre,

1 PLATE

::

:_3:1LifaCtUred :cvered r in the to lef t be

t-en

: : ' . , a E1 O n p a ! t :-ler (on the

,:r / polished '..; left hand

i

3l_rO'tn in

.3nd

the

-as ale
jie qIOOVCS

'=: t:a.ens .

::3COrS,

'- .: , :,:

t -,, ,.' i . I1 i :. . .
.,..1r i

'i i -l !' . ' !-.

l i '
; i

f.'..!

it :.:l

t{Fo

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