TOPIC: CHILDREN WITH LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTS FREQUENTLY HAVE POOR WORKING MEMORY SKILLS
By: Stephanie da Costa Major: Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences (Speech Pathology)
the authors Donna Boudreau and Amy Constanza-Smith set out to review research done on the relationship between Working Memory(WM) and language development. “Assessment and Treatment of Working Memory Deficits in School-Age Children: The Role of the Speech-Language Pathologist”. They wanted to know how well children with these problems did in school. They also looked into what speech-language pathologists could do to help in terms of assessment and in helping them with the demands of needing a good WM in the classroom.SUMMARY
In the article. They concluded that children with poor WM skills will most likely deal with difficulties in academic settings and will need the help of a speech-language pathologist to do well.
and they had to identify the correct item that went with the word spoken to them.Good WM Low. They were scored correct if they managed to produce the same phonemes as the person who had spoken the funny word and incorrect if there were too many differences in the phonemes.
-Articulation Session: children were asked to repeat a word back 3 times. High. They were told that they would hear a funny made-up word and that they had to try and copy it exactly. not all complied so articulation was calculated as the mean number of words per second formed by each child for one repetition.CHART
-Nonword Repetition: Was designed to assess the phonological memory abilities of Preschoolers. -Receptive Vocabulary: Three items were shown to the children.Bad WM
14 12 10
6 4 2 0 Nonword Nonword Articulation Receptive Repition Repition Rate Vocabulary Session 1 Session 2 Session 1 Session 1 high low
Article: Assessment and Treatment of Working Memory Deficits in School-Age Children: The Role of the Speech-Language Pathologist by Donna
Boudreau and Amy Constanza-Smith.
Both can be found on Ebsco.
Chart Information From Article: Phonological Working Memory and Speech Production in Preschool Children by Anne-Marie Adams and Susan E.