Appendix E HCA/240 Version 4


Axia College Material
Appendix E
For this assignment, complete this chart to create an easy-to-read reference that will help you understand how the two forms of diabetes mellitus differ. Maintaining proper levels of insulin is critical for diabetes patients. The means by which insulin can be regulated depends upon which type of diabetes a patient has. Complete the chart with a 25- to 50-word response for each box. Form of diabetes Age of onset Defects in insulin and effects on glucose metabolism Risk factors Prevention and treatment

Type I: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Usually prior to age 30

Insulin deficiency –insulin is the hormone responsible for keeping the glucose level in the blood stream. Our bodies produce energy through the metabolism. If the pancreas does not produce insulin no energy is being renewed that is necessary for life.

Genetics and exposure to certain viruses, family history and major discovery location. Finland and Sardinia have the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes — about two to three times higher than rates in the United States and 400 times that of people living in Venezuela. (2011 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Not all reasons are know what causes type 2 diabetes however obesity, lack of exercise, family history, race, and age are proven to

Prevention is unknown at this time but a well balanced diet and exercise is always encouraged. Managed but curable once you have type 1 diabetes it’s with you for life. Taking the recommended dose and keeping an ideal weight.

Type II: Noninsulindependent diabetes mellitus

Usually after age 45

Insulin resistant the body resists glucose the main form of energy. Instead of moving into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. This

A healthy lifestyle may help ward off diabetes. A healthy lifestyle would include diet and exercise. Shedding any extra weight. Treatment for


Appendix E HCA/240 Version 4


occurs when your pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or your cells become resistant to the action of insulin. (2011 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

contribute to diabetes.

type 2 diabetes is medication and watch what is consumed through a strict diet.


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