REPORT ON ENVIRONMENT STATUS OF MUMBAI REGION

MAHARASHTRA POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
Kalpataru Point, Sion Circle, Sion (East) Mumbai -400022

INDEX
Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Title Introduction Mumbai metropolitan Area Water Environment Industrial Pollution & Control Measures Domestic Pollution & Control Measures Air Environment Hazardous Waste Management BMW & MSW Management Plastic & Battery Management Environmental Improvement Programme Page Numbers 3 5 10 11 15 20 24 25 31 32

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1. INTORDUCTION

1.1 Maharashtra Government is the first state in the country to notify rules under the Maharashtra Prevention & Control of Pollution Act, 1969, way back in year 1970. With the increasing environmental awareness & newly added environment legislation. M. P. C. Board is entrusted with the function of

implementation of pollution Control & Environment legislations. MOEF has declared area under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 & the same came in force in the year 1981. M. P. C. B. is now implementing following environmental legislation in the state such as 1. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

2. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 3. Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 and the rules made there under like:• • • • • • • Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 1994 &

amendment there under Coastal Zone Regulation, 1991 Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 & amendment in 2003 Bio-Medical Waste (M & H) Rules, 1998 Municipal Solid Waste (M & H) Rules, 2000 Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage( Amended) Rules, 2003 Fly ash Utilization Notification, 1999 etc.

The Environmental Status Report of Mumbai region is prepared, which covers the background status, efforts towards effective implementation of above enactments and thereby present status of environment as regards to water, air, solid waste, hazardous waste and Bio-medical waste management.

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Table1:. Dahisar (east & west sides) Regional Office-Mumbai 2. Thermal power.e. Dyes & Basic drugs have shifted to adjoining area or closing down their operations in city area. no buffer zone is provided. Malad. Kandivali Boravali. Sub Regional Office-Mumbai-II 4. Electrical etc are also located in industrial estates & other area in the jurisdiction. Dyes. Jogeshwari Chembur. Textile units. Marol. Bhandup to Ghatkopar (east & west) Mulund. Recently 5378. Greater Mumbai Area up to Sion Andheri. Mainly Textiles. Pharmaceutical.39 respectively. As such.61 hectors & 341.1. The administrative structure of Mumbai Regional Office is given in Table1. Electronic.28 hectors industrial area is allowed for development of residential & commercial area i. The land use pattern also changing & converted in to residential/commercial complex. Fertilizer. The SSI unit such as Engineering. 4 . 1. Due to ban on expansion in Mumbai area & recession.3 Industrial Development:Mumbai & Mumbai Suburban area is highly urbanized & most of the industries are located in mix area. Chemical. Bandra Sakinakha. Oil refineries and Pharmaceuticals large & medium scale unit are operational in Mumbai. Goregaon.Administrative structure of Regional Office Mumbai Sr. Sub Regional Office-Mumbai-III 5. 406. Name of office Jurisdiction Mumbai & Mumbai Suburban district. Sub Regional Office-Mumbai-IV 1.2 The implementation of these enactments is being carried out through a separate Regional Office. Sub Regional Office-Mumbai-I 3. No.

Thane & Raigad & other districts. 2. there are about 7850 nos.e. Mumbai has an interesting history of nomenclature Mr. MUMBAI METORPOLITAN AREA i) Mumbai Mahanagar: It was originally cluster of seven islands. who build temple of Mumbadevi.35 Sq kms. in which word Mumbai is used for local Buddhist goddess. : Small Scale Industries. Mumbai is located on the western sea cost of India from 18 Deg 53’ North to19 Deg 16’ latitude & from 72 Deg east to 72 Deg 59’ longitude. The categories of industries are presented as under: Table 2:. Sankliya a Historian feels that the name of Mumbai came from Munga Fisherman.Saletor feels that name of Mumbai may have come from ‘Mirat-E-Ahmed’ literature. Shri H. These islands were given in dowry by the Portuguese king to the king of England. i.D. the industrial activities have been shifted to adjacent districts. Obviously. of industries in Mumbai region.CATEGORISATION OF INDUDUSTRIES District Mumbai Mumbai (Suburb) Category & RED ORANGE GREEN LSI 97 21 3 MSI 14 26 15 SSI 898 2581 4195 TOTAL 1009 2628 4213 TOTAL LSI MSI SSI 121 55 7674 7850 : Large-Scale Industries : Medium Scale Industries. which includes SASTI Island. As per data available. 5 . Its maximum width is 17 Km east to west and 42 Km north to south.In order to avoid the further deterioration of air/water quality in Mumbai. of Maharashtra has banned establishment of new polluting industries in Mumbai city and suburban areas. These islands have been joined to form present Mumbai. The total area specified in general is 466. the Govt.

506. d.Length of Road 1941.000 33.The Geographical features of Mumbai area mentioned in Table 3. b) East suburb 31 kms. natural sources such as Railway network. Length of Rail track 60. Airways. financial capital of India & capital of Maharashtra.e. The city is fastest growing & has witnessed a phenomenon growth of Industrial & business centre alike. East 13. kms 4. Population ratio/sq.172 kms 927. the Mumbai city become a premier national & international Business Centre. Also. & recent National four lane golden quadrilateral Road.26 lakhs 69 sq. 6 .40 kms. The city is divided into two revenue districts i. Population I.60 kms b. ample electricity & water supply have also added to the ever growing prosperity of city. Total area 3.05 kms iii) Due to fast pace of industrial development coupled with urbanization. Good Infrastructure facility provided by State Government & local body has added to the prosperity of Mumbai city & its adjoining area. Mumbai is the second largest metropolis. Sea transportation.ii) GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES: .480 kms 86.000 a. 19.93 kms. 5. 1677 ii. Harber 13. as per 1991 census 2. West 12.373 a) west suburb 25 kms.40 lakhs 446 sq kms. kms 48. Mumbai Island & Mumbai sub-urban Description MUMBAI DISTRICT MUMBAI SUBURBAN DISTRICT 1. Ports.

5 56. 59’ longitude.2 8. June04 4. Feb.4 1.2 79. Wet land and Mangroves etc. measuring 2166 mm on an average every year.8 Rainfall In mm 0.9 21. The city has reach natural sources like lake.-04 7 . 16 ‘ north latitude and from 72 deg. May-04 3.3 15.6 15. 6.1 33. July-04 5.6 918.5 83. East to 72 deg.3 0.5 75.5 wind speed In km/hr.9 25. Aug.0 Relative Humidity 66.5%.3 24.2 34.0 0.1 7.0 69.2 7.3 16.5 54.-04 7. centigrade (Jan 05) to 34. April-04 2.5 17. Dec.6 818.-04 9.0 6o. centigrade (Nov. Forest.5 25.6 10.2 29.0 85.5 66.5 deg.2 30.9 0.-04 11.1 Max 24.5 32.7 33.-04 8.2 22. Mumbai experiences tropical savanna climate. The temperature ranges from 16.2 7. 05) with marginal changes between summer and winter months.2 31. Nov.5 % to 85.Metrological observations for the year 2004-2005 Month Temperature Min 33. Sept.2 34.7 27.5 59.7 deg. 53’ north to 19 deg. coastal water.7 253.7 9.5 0. It receives heavy south west monsoon rainfall.0 23. Jan. Oct. Table 4:.0 7.0 30.-4 10. Where as relative humidity ranges between 54.1 18.7 26.0 58.3 31.-04 6.2 155.iv) CLIMATE: Mumbai is located along western Arabian cost of India from 18 deg.

Juhu Choupati. Sanjay Gandhi National Psark.Terminus. Choupati etc also have been identified as tourist spots of the city. Mahim Fort. Gateway.S. and Shivdi Fort. Manori. Taraporwal Aquarium. Shiv Fort. other Land mark location e. 8 .g. Marin line. Mad island.g Mumbai Fort. C.It has Mumbai boasts of its rich cultural & historical heritage. Kanheri caves.V) HERITAGE & HISTORICAL PLACES Historical Heritage: . Vihar. Worali Fort. Gorai. Essel world. Film City. It has many Forts having historical bearings e.

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Alum dosing. commercial water supply catered to 3050 MLD. 5. settling.Details of Present Water supply system Sr. Source MLD 18 110 477 1070 1475 3150 100 3050 OWNERSHIP TREATMENT PLANTS Tulshi Vihar Bhandup complex Bhandup complex Bhandup complex Panjarpur TOTAL En route Losses (-) Total 1. commercial & industrial area. No. The details are given in table. Considering the short fall in demand & supply of drinking water. filtration & post-chlorination units. industrial & Details of Water supply in Mumbai city is presented in Table Table 5:. WATER ENVIRONMENT i) Water supply-MCGM The population of Mumbai in the year has reached nearly 12 million with water supply requirement of about 3900 MLD. At present. Tulshi Vihar Tansa Vaitarna Bhatsa MCGM MCGM MCGM MCGM GOM The MCGM has provided good water supply network to residential.3. 10 . MCGM has proposed additional sources of water supply. 4. 3. domestic. Presently all water supply schemes are having prechlorination. 2.

2) M/s. 3) M/s Asian Paints is also taking required amount of sewage from MCGM. treating the same in the STP provided and reusing the same in their operations. Bhatsa IIIA Middle Vaitarna Gargai Pinjal 477 455 865 MCGM GOM GOM 2015 Preliminary stage Preliminary stage. 11 . It has been observed that majority of large. This firm has developed a team to motivate rain water harvesting to the maximum extent not only in their unit but also other sectors too. Thus by way of treating sewage in their STP. 3. Some industries have adopted novel scheme of using treated effluent to meet their water requirement. MLD 355 OWNERSHIP GOM Expected year of Completion. Sewage is taken from MCGM. BPCL has provided improved treatment system & thereby by recycling the treated effluent by 70% (700 CMD). 2. 2005 ii) Industrial Pollution & Control Measures Pollution Control Measures adopted by large/medium scale Industries in greater Mumbai are indicated as follows. RCF is recycling/ reusing the treated effluent to maximum extent possible.Table 6: Proposed water supply scheme Source 1. medium & SSI units have adopted full-fledged treatment facilities & the treated water is meeting MPCB consented standards. Chembur has provided STP of the capacity above 5 MLD. such as1) M/s RCF. 4.

of Polluting Industries Mumbai & Water Air Hazardous Suburban Mumbai & 658 691 250 Mumbai Suburban 4 No. SRO-M-I 112 2. Officials are visiting industries to monitor pollution control systems & encouraging industries to upgrade systems. one unit is engaged in reprocessing of waste oil. The industries are responding positively & upgrading the pollution control system accordingly.P. WATER 1. The SSI units have mainly provided Primary treatment facilities. Table 8: No of Environmental samples collected & analyzed. of No. SRO-M-IV 163 AIR 36 29 52 41 STACK 26 28 40 3 HW SEA 22 72 24 88 10 14 59 24 LAKE 12 22 12 RIVER 12 . In the jurisdiction. SRO-M-II 148 3. one no of Thermal power station. two Nos of oil refineries. 1974 to 76 Nos. SRO-M-III 360 4.All the LSI & MSI units have also provided Primary & Secondary treatment facilities. units & closure directions issued to 19 Nos of industries. there are five Nos of Non-Ferrous Metal recycler units.) Act. one no of fertilizer unit & 58 nos of textile mills approx. QUANTITY OF INDUSTIRAL EFFULENT IN MUMBAI:- Table 7 :.Status of the Polluting & Non Polluting Industries 1 2 Dist No. On the basis of monitoring Non- complying was issued proposed directions u/s 33 of water (P & C. of Non Polluting Polluting Industries Industries 2387 5463 3 The estimated quantity of industrial effluent is about 240 MLD in Greater Mumbai.

one continuous monitoring station is operated at Mulund. AVERAGE TREATED WASTE WATER QUALITY OF FEW MAJOR INDUSTRIES DURING 2004-05 Table 9:Name Of Industries Godrej & Boycf Ltd BPCL Ltd RCF Ltd HPCL PEPSICO Tata Power Ltd S H Kelkar & Co MERIND Ltd Johnson & Johnson Ltd Gemini Dying Ltd Century Textile Mill Tata Steel Ltd Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd Cable Coporation Ltd Hindustan Lever Ltd Radha Dying Taj Hotel Deonar Abattoir Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 pH 6.8 7. Mumbai & Mobile van is allotted to monitor air quality in Mumbai city.0 7.9 7.3 6.43 16 20 16 11 82 20 10 6.5 6.86 7.5 25 280 80 50 COD 76 120 44 260 84 40 164 46 40 48 144 108 40 40 75 616 220 168 (Average Value in mg/lit except pH) 13 .92 6. An attempt is made to indicate average treated effluent quality of few major Industries in Mumbai.2 7.52 8.66 8.2 8.* Note: In addition to above AAQM.9 7.6 6.4 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.8 SS 16 18 16 246 11 20 34 44 18 16 36 82 20 22 10 110 62 22 BOD 20 22 18 60 24 10.

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it seems that the STPs provided by MCGM are inadequate & under capacity utilized. & implement EMP.7. Name of STP STP at Bhandup STP at Ghatkopar STP at Malad STP at colaba STP at Worli STP at Bandra STP at Varsova Installed Capacity (In MLD) 180 138 240 41 757 797 131 Receiving quantity In dry weather in MLD 73 100 190 37 605 716 115 Considering the quantity of sewage effluent generation.A. Also. which are developed in an unorganized manner. 15 . 1. The show cause notice was also issued to MCGM to operate & maintain STP properly. River quality is detoriated mainly because of non availability of sanitation & proper drainage & collection system. At present 60 % population live in slums.I.E. 5.iii) Water pollution from sewage & control measures a) Generation of sewage & treatment. 7. The Total water supply at present is 3050 MLD & estimated quantity of sewage effluent is about 2700 MLD. Table 10:. 4. the project proponent should carry-out R. 2. As per the recent notification issued by MOEF dated 7. This action will as help in creating awareness amongst residents about environment & minimization of domestic pollution load & MSW disposal problems. 6. The authority has to provide drainage systems covering such area. The projects are shifted to provide STP & Solid waste treatment facility on their own premises. Coastal area.Details of STPs in Mumbai Sr. all major residential/commercial projects have to obtain environmental clearance. The MPCB are regularly monitors the out let quality of STP. No. The MCGM has provided STPs at following locations to treat domestic swage. creeks. 3.2004 & guide lines.

Nariman Point.45 3.9 182 Malad 6.9 4.0 24 KULABA 6.2 6. Shivaji Park.9 60 MULUND 6. Malbar Hill.3 Shivaji Park Max 8.8 7.12 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) pH COD BOD DO Table 13:.7 98 All values in mg/l except pH b) River/Sea/Ground water Pollution:- In order to control the water pollution of River / Sea this office is regular colleting samples at Worli Sea Face.98 Ph COD BOD DO (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) 16 .55 233. Gate Way of India. Mithi River.8 16 BHANDUP 7.09 18. Table 12: .9 72 GHATCOPAR 6.02 420 36 4.91 2. Elephanta. Manori.Worli Sea Water Min Max Avg 7.2 128 10 2.54 128 496 240 10 24 17. Gorai Beach. Haji Ali.Sea water at Min 7.2 7.9 Avg 7. Madh.Table 11: Treated Waste Water Quality of Sewage Treatment Plant Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Name Of STP pH SS BOD 125 186 24 130 90 120 COD 280 272 64 196 368 292 Love Grove Worli 6. Juhu in order to check the receiving water bodies for checking it’s quality.

9 12 35 19.99 14.1 8.7 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) Avg 7.3 8.5 7.4 3.Malbar Hill Min Max Avg 7.Sea Water at Nariman Point Min Max pH 7.69 136 312 214.4 4.06 7.Sea Water at Haji Ali Min Max Avg 7.4 5.4 4.64 3.61 197.53 116 296 205.2 7.7 7.6 6.73 3.Sea Water at Gateway of India Min Max pH 7.18 10 60 19.2 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) pH COD BOD DO Table 15:.51 Table 17:.Table14:.36 4.0 8.2 6.7 6.1 7.21 195 286 198.4 4.2 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) Avg 7.7 6.Sea Water .4 COD 144 228 BOD 12 28 DO 3.2 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) pH COD BOD DO 17 .7 Table 18:.Sea Water at Mud Min Max Avg 6.8 4.64 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) pH COD BOD DO Table 16:.45 11 50 18.0 COD 192 272 BOD 9 20 DO 3.8 215 16.

Mithi River.2 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) Avg 7.5 pH COD BOD DO Min Max 6. discharge of unauthorized hazardous waste are also carried out along the bank of this river. kurla and mahim over a distance about 15 Kms. industrial waste and garbage unchecked. sludge and garbage dumping has reduced the carrying capacity of the Mithi River.8 6. This River is a confluence of tail water discharges of Powai & Vihar Lakes.9 (All parameters in mg/lit except pH) 18 . Beside this. The water with sewage and industrial waste is a threat to Marine life and the river is showing sign of total loss of life support system. where Mithi River meets Arabian Sea is a nominated bird sanctuary called “Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary” where migratory birds come for nesting. This part is full of mangroves and this fragile eco system requires consideration from pollution point of view. there is only major River namely.8 pH COD BOD DO d) Mithi River:- In this region. TABLE 20:` MITHI REVER Avg 7.1 8. Mithi River originates at Powai and meets Arabian Sea at Mahim flowing through a residential and industrial complex of powai.5 23.8 6.7 10 616 4 120 2. Borivali Min Max 7. The organic waste. so that is not destroyed.Table 19:.Sea Water at Manori.26 245. This river is treated like an open drain by the citizens who discharge raw sewage.28 69.2 4.5 152 282 13 36 3. Mahim Bay Area. illegal activities of washing of oily drums.1 6. sakinaka.9 7.9 202.

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0 ----------05 Average Values Table 22: Ambient air quality monitoring results of Chembur area.0 253.0 25.0 191. AIR ENVIRONMENT 4. The Mobile van is allotted specifically to Mumbai city area only for continuous Air monitoring.0 253. During the year.9 (in ug/m3) 20 .92 38.6 35 181.36 406.4.4. The AAQ reports are given to media on daily basis. 255 Nos of AAQ/source samples collected & analyzed.0 253.5 218.3 133.3 47.5 241. The average results are given in table Table 21: Ambient Air Quality Monitored in Mumbai Sr Name No Of Station 1 2 Sion Year SO2 (ug/m3) NOX (ug/m3) RSPM Min Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Max Avg 2004.0 78.76 05 Mulund 2004.1 Industrial Air Pollution The no of consented air polluting industries are 691 Nos.5 140.0 19.0 43.9 85. The industries are regularly monitored for its emission. Sr No Min 1 SO2 Nox NH3 RSPM Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Max Avg 8.2 38. One continuous monitoring station is also operated at Mulund.1 177.0 12.5 20.0 25.71 23.25.

22 16.75 1.36 ---5.77 30.69 17.59 1.0 5.0 mg/m3 4.46 39.78 3.46 5.58 393.5 1.57 10.56 0.0 mg/m3 2.48 50.0 0.66 9.89 64.46 64.0 mg/m3 2.11 1.10 265.41 52.02 21 .75 1.92 Total 144.77 0.64 0.42 HC 17.01 1.37 So2 Nox 4.0 mg/m3 10.65 17.MCGM) 323.07 4.0 mg/m3 (Above values are in ug/m3) Industrial Area Sensitive area SO2 NO2 NH3 SPM RSPM Lead Carbon Monoxide 15 30 15 30 100 400 70 100 50 75 0.50 0.35 14.Table 23: NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Parameters Exposure Period Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II Annual Avg 24 Hrs Avg II 8 Hrs 1 Hr Residential.13 26.70 39.0 mg/m3 EMMISSION LOAD OF MUMBAI CITY (TONNES / DAY) IN THE YEAR 2004-2005 Table 24: Sr No 1 2 3 4 (a) (b) Sources Domestic Industrial Refuse Burning Transportation Transport (Diesel) Transport (Petrol) Total Particulate Matter 3.85 0.10 0.11 580.57 (Source .25 Co 108. Rural & Other Area 80 60 120 80 80 60 120 80 100 100 400 400 360 140 500 200 120 60 150 100 1.

air pollution load due to auto exhaust is 459 MT/day consisting of SO2. % of increase in vehicles 4. The vehicle composition is as follows.420 5. NO2.6 % On the basis of fuels consumption.51.4 % three wheeler & other 0. 31.128 Other than above figures. of Vehicles 3.65. Therefore vehicular pollution is a major contributing factor in causing air pollution in the city environment. Total vehicles converted To CNF & LPF 2002-2003 11. 4. as pollutants. 4.4 % taxis. 8.80 % 2003-2004 11. On an average it is estimated that 60% of air pollution is caused by Auto.73 % 51. the floating vehicles are estimated more than one lakh in the city area. CO. 22 .50 % 2004-2005 13.146 1. 49 % two wheelers.Non-compliance & action:MPCB initiated action against 59 industries during the year. The industries also responded positively & provided/upgraded Emission control systems accordingly.16. PUC tests etc.123 9.7 % cars.26. various measures are initiated such as conversion to CNG & LPG.841 1. as per the provisions of Air Act 1981. 5.emission.4 heavy vehicles. TABLE 25:. To control the air pollution due to automobiles.INDICATING VEHICAL POPULATION & IT’S INCREASE 1.99. SPM.782 5. Year 2. Total No.2 Vehicular pollution status: Greater Mumbai has good Transport system & well laid down road network. Hydrocarbons etc.

4.NO. The matter was investigated on priority & suitable action was taken in the matter. SRO Mumbai-IV Water 07 09 01 02 Air 23 31 09 22 Noise 02 04 NIL 02 23 . Table 26: Noise Level Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Area Ganesh Festival Dadar 71-85 Sion 78-89 Chembur 76-84 Mulund 67-88 Ghatkopar 70-85 Andheri 76-97 Goregaon 72-96 Borivali 71-87 (All values in db (A)) Diwali Festival 80-97 82-96 78-89 75-92 62-90 82-99 78-102 75-92 5. PUBLIC COMPLAINTS & its COMPLIANCE:- MPCB received public complaints regarding pollution which was attended to. OF COMPLAINTS & COMPLIANCE 1. SRO Mumbai-I 2. SRO Mumbai-III 4.3 NOISE MONITORING:- The MPCB has carried out monitoring of noise levels during the Diwali & Ganesh Festival because during the period we observed heavy air & noise pollution in city. The details of complaint received & attended are as follows- TABLE 27: . SRO Mumbai-II 3.

Secured land fill able water 2. Details of H.023. Incinerable Total 1. transported & disposed off in the manner & methods as suggested under Bio-medical waste (M & H) Rules 1998.15. As per the estimates & the figures available 10 T/ day of Biomedical waste is generated & transported to CHWTSDF Taloja. Table 29: Sr No of Application Total No No Total under No of of HCFS authorization process granted applied HCFS No of HCFS joined CBMWTDF 1063 BIO MEDICAL WASTE QUANTITY/ DAY 10 MT 1 1354 1108 1100 8 The BMW generated from the Hospitals. The Bio-Medical waste is collected & transported by the authorized agencies. Dispensaries & Pathological Laboratories Located within the Municipal area has to be collected. 14. in Mumbai Region 1. of samples for analysis.W.6.6 MT/Year. there are 1354 health care units in Mumbai City.9 MT/Year.592. The details are as below. 7.84. Till date 56 nos of industries have been prosecuted under the provision of respective legislation.W. All the industries have joined CHWTSDF at Taloja or TTC.711. generation are given below Table 28: Generation of H. The industries are monitored regularly & so far collected 115 Nos. 24 . Management There are 283 industries in Mumbai Region generating H. 1.W. H.3 MT/Year.54.857. Recyclable 3. BIO-MEDICAL WASTE As per the available office record. The non complied one was issued closure directions.W.4 MT/YEAR 2.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Due to increased population & commercial development. The solid waste contains Bio degradable. plastic. Metal waste. The MCGM failed to provide MSW treatment & disposal facility within stipulated period as per MSW Rules. The MCGM has Vermi composting facility for wet garbage at various locations in the city. Non Biodegradable. The leachates generated from the dumping ground are not collected properly & untreated leachate directly finding its way to creek / sea through nalla. The sites have been fully utilized & exhausted. paper etc. There is an urgent need to select new site & adopt scientific method for treatment & disposal of MSW.Details of MSW quantity & its disposal sites:Sr No 1 2 3 Name of site Deonar Gorai Mulund Quantity ( In Ton / Day) 6000 2400 1700 MSW disposal sites are in the thickly populated area of the city.This office has constantly persuaded with medical association and issued notices to defaulters. There is no mechanical facility provided for segregation of MSW. Table 30:. At present collection & incineration facility provided at Shiveeri. 25 . Mumbai is facing problems of MSW disposal. Construction waste. Mumbai is not in operation. 8. which were not sending BMW to facility.

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8 SS 390 152 112 BOD 310 119 600 COD 928 1264 1150 TDS ---6942 ---- MCGM have been directed to select new sites for collection & treatment of MSW.2 7. the Government has allotted 165 hector of land for new site development at Kanjur. The statement of results is given below:- Table 31:. MPCB is continuously perusing the matter.9 8. Since.The MPCB is regularly monitoring the sites & collected JVS.QUALITY OF LEACHATES OF SOLID WASTE DUMPING YARD Sr No 1 2 3 Name Of MSW-Site DEONAR MULUND GORAI The Action proposed:- pH 7. As per the direction of Court. there is petition in the court of law & Honorable Court has directed authority to provide scientific treatment & disposal facility. 27 .

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The recyclable constituents of the municipal sold waste are segregated by the generator of the waste & the rest is removed & collected by the Rag pickers in Mumbai region. Metals & Plastic. It is the Plastic trash i. The presence of Poly material in soil for long duration also prevents the process of rain water seepages in to ground. The Plastic recycling & disposal . HDPE & LDPE material & PVC parts cause the real problems of disposal in safe way. Efforts are also being made at various forums to highlight the importance of public participation at large to address the issue of segregation. The PVC material contains Toxic Metals & Chemicals. Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage (Amended) Rules. It is now a well known fact that the poly material causes great hazard to natural environment both soil & water. etc. 2001 In the jurisdiction of Mumbai Region 87Nos of Battery dealers/ bulk consumers are identified & they are submitting returns regularly. Plastic. All these industries are manufacturing Plastic items more than 20 microns thickness. Plastic bags. MPCB is making appeal to the residents of Mumbai to segregate the recyclable & non-biodegradable waste i. Metals. Battery (Management & Handling) Rules. Glass.9. Papers.Rough estimate of composition of the municipal solid waste indicates that about 4 to 6 % recyclable waste material i. which are nonbiodegradable & remain in soil. recycle & reuse of plastic material at individual household & generation level it self. 31 .e. It’s presence in municipal drainage system & storm water drains causes chocking of sewages handling & disposal systems. there are 31Nos of industries are in operation. Paper.e. It has issued guild lines as part of mass awareness campaign for management of municipal solid waste.e. 10. etc at source. 2003 In the Mumbai Region.

Recently this office has carried out survey of this area and is trying to overcome the problem at the grass root level. which are causing air pollution. there is remarkable change in air quality. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME 1. 3. soil & funna & floora of the Region. This action has led to positive development in the overall air quality. Area of Concern: After having taken the assessment of Environmental factors affecting the quality of life in Mumbai Region . As results. 2. Damupada.Kandivili--- There is cluster of stone crushers and hot mix plants so the area is facing problem of air pollution. this office has taken action against certain polluting units issuing closure directions and also taking bank guarantee etc. Powai & Chandivili --- There are a cluster of stone crushers and hot mix plants in this area & hence air pollution is a major concern in this sector too. Bhuleshwar Area --- There are several gold refinery units in this area. To overcome this problem. To overcome this problem this office has taken action against above units like issuing closure directions and also taking bank guarantee. we strongly feel that in addition to our routine survey & monitoring following sectors also need to be given proper attention & care to maintain ecological balance & to preserve symbiotic relationship between water bodies.11. 32 .

This action demands strong technical & resource back-up at our command. 4. 2. To survey Mithi river water quality.B role an environment protection agency in the state has paramount importance. In order to co-ordinate the various environment activities of respective agencies. Protection of Mangroves & development of green zone around costal area along blank of Mithi River. CONCLUSION:- It is evident from the survey & the monitoring data available with Mumbai & its surrounding needs special care on part of concern agencies & hence M.The area is facing air pollution due to coal handling. we need to have a cohesive & concerted efforts to build strong environment regulating & implementing infrastructure facilities. so as to stream line & strengthen the Regional set-up. 5.1.P. to create data base for effective implementation of improvement plant 7.To under take survey of Hajibundar area . Identification of new disposal sites for MSW treatment by improved technology. Inventerisation of water polluting source in un-organized sector. 33 . 3.C. Use of treated effluents for its recycling & reuse. Control of Auto exhaust emissions by using cleaner fuel & adoption of stricture standards in Mumbai. 6.

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