N+ßo;; uyd f;rekaf.

a

fuu mqia;lh O¾uodkh msKsihs'
fkdñf,a fnod yeÍug muKs'

w;s W;a;u wdpd¾h

uka N+ßo;; uyd f;rekaf.a
wdOHd;añl pß;dmodkh

wdpd¾h uyd nQjd [dK iïmfkkd
ysñhka úisks'
;dhs NdIdfjka bx.S%ishg mßj¾;kh

NsCLq äla iS,r;k ysñhka
úiska

bx.S%is NdIdfjka isxy,g mßj¾;kh

wdpdhH_ NsCLqkS l=iqud úisks'

jÜmd ndka gdâ ys

jk jdiS ysñ'

fuu mqia;lh fkdñ,fha fnod yeÍug muKs
O¾uodkh msKsihs'
Copyright © 2005
by Venerale Acarya Maha Boowa Nyanasampanno
All commercial rights reserved
This book is a free gift of Dhamma and may not be
offered for sale; for as the Venerable Acarya Maha
Boowa Nyanasampanno has said, ''Dhamma has a value
beyond all wealth and should not be sold like goods in
a market place"
Commercial reproduction of this book, in whole or in
part or in any form, or by any mechanical or electronic
means, is prohibited. Permission to reproduce in whole
or in part, by any means, for free distribution as a gift
of Dhamma, however, is hereby granted, and no further
permission need be obtained.
Inquiries may be addressed to:
Forest Dhamma Books
Bann Taad forest Monastery
Banin Taad, Ampher Meung
Udorn Thai 41000
Thailand.
email: fdbooks@gmail.com
www.forest dhammabooks.com

ISBN 974-92007-4-8
U.D. Copyright office registration number TX5 - 864-808
Third Printing January 2005
Printed in Thailand by Silpa Siam Pakaging & Printing
Co., Ltd. Tel: (662) 444 3351-9
Official Maha Boowa Website: www.luangta.com/english

mgqk

mßj¾;lf.a ye¢kaùu
l;_Djrhd ye¢kaùu

i-xiii
xiv

1' uQ,sl wjêh




wkdjelsh
ix{dj
wdpdhH_ id´ lkagiSf,d
ißld .,a.=ydj
w¾y;a Y%djlhkajykafia,d

2-4
4-10
10-15
15-26
26-32

2' uOHu wjêh







OQ;dx. mqyqKqj
wj;dr ms<sn| NsCIqjlf.a NS;sh
.ïno isß;a iy weoys,s
ÿIalr;d iy wirKùu
l%udkql+, b.ekaùu
fjkialï we;af;a is;=ú,sj,
<s| iEÍfï isoaêh
ish¨ mõj,ska ñÿk W;=ï ukqIHfhla

41-47
48-56
56-64
64-71
71-78
78-81
81-90
90-99

3' yojf;a úuqla;sh

wdOHd;añl iyldßh
b;d W;=ï w.h lsÍu

114-120
121-126

4' Ñhdx udhs ys jev isá ld,h









u,a,j fmdr Y+rhd
fjia j,d.;a fldá
m%n, úÊcd
f,dl= whshd jQ we;a rcd
msÍ b;sÍ .sh fh!jkh
l¾ufha .=ma; úmdl
id .skafkka fmf<k fma%;fhda
W.% úfõpkd;aul kd.hd
ry;=kaf.a mßks¾jdKh
Od¾ñl hqoaO Nghd

139-143
144-156
156-161
162-166
167-173
173-179
179-187
188-195
195-199
199-212

5' widudkH m%Yak" nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

mßmQ¾K wd;au úYajdih
by; wd;au

215-222
222-232

6' wjidk ld,h





W!rka iu. iyjdih
r¿ mreI yslauùï l%u
O¾uh ;=,ska frda. Ñls;aidj
fldá b;d fyd| .=rejre fj;s
Wkajykafiaf.a wjidk frda.h
wdodykh

242-256
252-262
262-270
270-280
280-293
294-299

7' odhdoh The Legacy



Od;= mßj¾;kh
wksl=;a m%d;sydhH_
wdpd¾hH_ fpdí f.a ks¾NS; ls%hd
wjidkh

306-312
312-323
323-331
331-340

Wm.%ka:h 1

341-343

Wm.%ka:h 2

344-348

About the translations

349-349

w;smQckSh wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;; f;reka

wdpdhH_ ukaf.a wdodykfhka miq fYaI jQ weg len,s l,a hdfï§ m<s`.=
leg jeks úksúo fmfkk kd kd j¾Kj;a mdrNdil ^mdr j¾Kl&
Od;=j,g mßj¾;kh úh'

mßj;¾lhdf.a ye¢kaùu
kùk ;dhs nqÿ oyfï w;s fY%aIaG mqoa.,hd f,i mQcKSh wdpdhH_ uka
N+ßo;; ysñ m%isoaO ù we;' Wka jykafiaf.a Ôú; ld,fha§ oi w; me;sÍ
.sh .=K iuqodh jQfha m%Odk jYfhka Wka jykafia ;=< mej;s widudkH
ffOhH_h" ;mi iy ;u wkq.dñlhska fj; ±lajQ m%n, úkh .rel Ndjh
fõ' mßksùfuka ±ka j¾I 50la muK blau ù we;;a fn!oaO ck;djf.a
f.!rjKSh ms<s.ekSfï úYsIag;ajhla we;' tkï nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.
a wdhH_ m¾fhaIKh ;=<ska Ôú; mßkduh jQ wmQ¾j isoaêh uqkajykafiaf.a
Ôú; mßkdufha o ±l .; yels njh'
wdpdhH_ uka NslaIqkajykafiaf.a Ôú; pß;h ,sh ù fkd;snqK kuq;a
Wkajykafiaf.a <`.ska weiqre l< Y%djlhka jykafia,df.a tu pß;h
ms<sn| pu;aldr isoaëka w,,d Wkajykafiaf.a mßksùfuka wjqreÿ 20lg
miq fuu .%ka:h iïmdokh l<y' fuu .%ka:fha iqúfYaI ckms%h;djh
ksid ;dhs fn!oaOhka ;=< nqÿrcdKka jykafia foiQ O¾ufha i;H;djh yd
ks¾jdKdjfndaOh lsÍfï yelshdj wo Èk;a we;s nj ;yjqre ù we;' wjq'
2500lg m%:u oi oyia ixLHd; ry;=kajykafia,d isá nj;a zzu.. M,ZZ
,nd .ekSfï Nd.Hh wog;a j,x.= nj;a ;dhs fn!oaOfhda ms<.
s ks;'s wdpdhH_
uka f.a ksjka wjfndaOh ms<sn| l:d mqj; fuu .%ka:fha wvx.= ù we;'
th b;sydi m%jD;a;shla fyda úh,S .sh woDYHudk i;Hhla fkdfõ' th
wm w;g m;a Ôjudk odhdohls' i;H f;dr;=rls' §ma;su;a wdf,dalhls'
W;=ï ks¾jdK wjfndaOh msKsi hfula fjr jvd kï Tyqg th ,nd .;
yels nj Tmamq ù we;' nqÿ iõfjda Öjr OdÍ wdrdñl Ôú; .; lrk nqoaO
Oïu ix> ixfla;hla muKla fkdj iuyr nqÿ iõfjda nqÿ oyu wjfndaO
l< iÔú W;=uka nj fuu mqia;lfhka ukdj meyeÈ,s fõ'
wdOHd;añl iqjh ,nd .ekSfï w;s W;=ï fÉ;kdj idlaId;a lr
.ekSug kï wod< ms<sfj;a wkq.ukh l< hq;=h' nqÿrcdKka jykafia
foiQ uOHu m%;smodj wkq.ukh l< hq;=h' w;a;Å,u:dkqfhda.h fyj;a
YÍrhg ±ä ÿla §u nqÿ rcdKka jykafia m%;sfCIam l< kuq;a iqúfYaI
;jqia Ôú;hg wod< OQ;dx. msÍu ksid iïud jdhdu imsfrk nj j|d<
fial' uOHu m%;smodj hkq iem myiq ,eîug ÿla u`. yeÍula fkdj" th
ukfia yg .kakd flf<ia fyd|dldr u¾okh lrñka ish¨ ndOl uev
mj;ajñka ;u b,lalh lrd f.k hk id¾:l m%;smodjls' wdOHd;añl

i

ÈhqKqj ±ä W;aidyhlska wkka; ndOl ysßyer uOHfha isÿ l< hq;=h'
ulaksido h;a ;u wOHd;añl n,fõ." mqreÿ ;=<ska flf<iqka Woa.;ù
;udgu wNsfhda.hla jk neúks' tneúka wdOHd;añl igk f.k hk
Nghd ;=< udkisl yd YdÍßl Yla;sh ;sìh hq;=h' ue,slu" ;Kaydj"
udkh" W~`.=lu wdÈh n,j;a ndOl fj;s' fujeks ishqï flf<ia u¾okh
lsÍug OQ;dx. /lSu b;d wjYH nj nqÿrcdKka jykafia foiQ fial' tu
;jqiaoï ;=<ska NsCIqjlf.a ffoksl Ôú;h b;du ir," ksy;udkS" wd;au
ixhuhlska f,i b;d ;SCIK f,i ksÍCIKh l< hq;= nj meyeÈ,s fõ'
OQ;dx. /lSfï§ fï wjYH;djh imsf¾' tneúka OQ;dx. rlsk NsCIqj
nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a úfYaI f.!rjhg md;%úh'
fufia fn!oaO NsCIqjla .sysf.h yer oud isjqre msßlr orñka ms~q
is`.d hñka wdrKHjdih ms%h lrhs' fn!oaO NsCIqjlf.a kshu iajrEmh
OQ;dx. NsCIqj ;=<ska ms<sìUq fõ'
fujeks ÿIalr Ôjk rgdjla wkq.ukh lrñka Ndjkdfhda.Sj jdih
lrk NsCIqj zzOQ;dx. l¾uia:dkZZ rlskf
a klehs ye¢kafõ' fuu m%;m
s ;a;h
s
;=<k
s a f,daN" oafõY" fudayh ksid yg .kakd ishï
q flf<ia mjd Wÿrd ±ñh
yelsfõ' tfyhska iir meje;au is£ hhs' l¾uia:dk hkq Ndjkd ÈhqKq
lsÍuhs' OQ;dx. hkq tu Ndjkdjg wjYH ÿIalr m%;sm;a;s fõ' fï fol
tlsfklg Wmldrl O¾uhkah' úkh kS;s /lSu ksrdhdifhkau isÿjk
neúka fn!oaO NsCIqjlf.a m%;sm;a;s /lSfï m%n, wä;d,ula f,i OQ;dx.
ls%hd;aul fõ'
wdpdhH_ ukaf.a WmfoaYk fï ;dmi Ôú;h ;=< .eí ù we;' meúÈ
Ôú;h wdrïNfha isg wjidkh olajd Wkajykafia wkq.ukh l< rECI
m%;sm;a;s ;u f.da, nd,hskag muKla fkdj uq¿ ñksia ixy;shgu lÈu
wdo¾Yhls' ;dhs,ka;h ;=< OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk m%;smodj kej; f,dalhdg
ye¢kajQ uyd mqreIfhla f,i Wkajykafia ms<f
s .k we;' Wkajykafia wkq.
ukh l< fï OQ;dx. mQrKh wo olajd ;dhs,ka;fha úfYaI f.!rjhlg
md;%fjñka mj;S'
Wkajykafia ;=< w.% .Kfha .=rejrfhl=f.a iyc yelshdjla ;snqKs' Wkajykafiaf.a WmfoaYkh ,enQ fndfyda NsCIqkajykafia,d W;a;Í;r
ukqIH O¾u mQ¾K lrñka ;ukq;a f,dalh ms<s.;a wdpd¾H_hjreka f,i
fkdfhla rgj, olakg ,efí' th ;=<ska OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk mqyqKqj
f,dalfha m%p,s; fjñka mj;S' Wkajykafiaf.a w;s W;=ï m%;smodj Ôú;h

ii

wjidk ld,fha fndfyda whf.a ms<s.ekSug m;a úh' th Wkajykafiaf.a
msßksùfuka miq ;j ;j;a úldYkh ù wo uq¿ ;dhs,ka;hu Wkajykafia
zzcd;sl jia;=jlaZZ f,i ms<s.ks;s' úisfjks Y; j¾Ifha Ôj;a jQ wdhœ
ix> r;akhla f,i f,dj mqrd ms<s.ks;s'
iir ÿla fl<jr lsÍfï woyiska Wkajykafia ffkIal%uH .=Kh
msrEy' md .ukska .ñka .ug yqol,dj hñka l÷ uqÿka le,E wd§ ksy~
mßirh fidhñka Njkd ukisldrh mQ¾K l<y' uq¿ Ôú;hu t<suyfka
wõ jeis iS; WIaK" ueis uÿre mßirfha f.ù .sfhah' ta ksid mßirfha
iqkaor;ajh fndfyda w.h l<y' l÷ fy,a jk fm;a .x.d .sß .=yd
Wkajykafiaf.a ms%h;u mßirhkah' fldá" j,ia wd§ f,dl= l=vd jk
i;=kaf.ka mßirh .yK úh' ñksia ckdjdi wE;ska msysáfhah' Wkajykafia msKavmd;fhka Ôj;a jQ neúka b;d ÿmam;a .eñhkaf.a Nla;s wdorhg
md;% úh'
b;d ÿIalr Èú fmfj;la jqjo wdrKHjdiS NsCIqjlg tu mßirh
iqjodhl ksfjia úh' mdie, úh' w;a±lSï ,nk mqyqKq uOHia:dkh úh'
nqÿ oyu kshu wdldrhgu ms<m
s Èk úg th ;u wdrlaIdj úh' ;dhs,ka;fha
fkdÈhqKq .ïno le,E mßirh 20 fjks Y; j¾Ifha jqjo b;d merKs
YsIagdpdrhls' th nqoaO ld,Sk wjqreÿ 2500lg m%:u ;snQ ñksia Ôú;h
ms<sìUq lrkakls'
wdpdhH_ uka f.a fuu Ôjk .ukg miqìu jQ iïm%odhsl mßirh
.ek ±k .ekSu iqÿiqh' 19-20 fjks ishjfia§ ;dhs,ka;fha m%dka; m%foaY
w.kqjfr mej;s wdKavq n,hg hg;a fkdùh' Bg fya;=j úYd, >k
le,Ej,ska .yk jQ ksid;a ;dr mdrj,a fkdue;s neúka .ukd.uk ÿIalr;d
ksid;ah' 80]la muK ;dhs,ka;h fujeks j,aìys jQ ñksia jdihla fkdjQ
úYd, >k jkdka;rhkah' b;d iq¿ jYfhka Ôj;a jQ wd§ ñksid fuka
fuys m%dka;hkays .ïjdiSkajk i;ajhska >d;kh lrñka úiQ jeoaokaf.a
iajrEmh úh' b;d iq¿ f.dúm,j,a ;snqKs' wêl ìh f.k fok w,s fldá
wd§kaf.ka ìh meñfKk neúka Tjqyq l=vd ckdjdi j,g iSud jQy' tl
.ul isg wks;a lsÜgqu .ug hdug uy jkdka;rh ;=< wä mdrj,a Tiafia
uq¿ ojila .uka l< hq;= úh'
fuu wvúfha úiq ñksid iajNdj O¾uhg wkqj ;u .;s mej;=ï
mj;ajd .ekSfï iïm%odhlg yev .eiS isáhy' wukqIH jdihg jvd
fhda.Hùu ksid w,s fldá j,ia wd§ Nhdkl i;a;ajhska muKla fkdj
Nhdkl hCI N+; wd§kaf.ka o .yK úhs' úYd, fnka.d, fldákaf.a
iii

ksc N+ñh úh' tys jdih l< ñksiqkag muKla fkdj jkjdiS NsCIQkag o
fuu mßirh tlfia ìh t,jkakla úh'
tfia fyhska fuu Nhdkl jkdka;rfha yqol,d .uka lsÍu hkq uy;a
wdYaphH_hls' fujeks mßirhl wdpdhH_ uka iy OQ;dx. NsCIQyq ießirEy'
Wkajykafia,dg ;snQ tlu wdhqOh ;u Ndjkd n,h muKs' fujeks jkdka;r
l÷ fy,a tu NsCIQkag ;u wOHd;auhg ls|d nei flf<iaj, ;;a;ajh
jgyd .ekSug lÈu mqyqKq uOHia:dkhla úh' ;udf.a ke.S tk flf,ia
iu`. W.% igkl fh§ug isÿúh'
wdpdhH_ uka nqÿrcdKkajykafiaf.a O¾uhg wkqj W.% ;mia rlsñka
Ôj;a jQ wdldr" weiQ ÿgqjka uú; lrñka Wkajykafiaf.a wdhH_ i`. .=K
úoyd olajhs' wdhH_ ix>hdf.a w;S; m%jD;a;s wm merKs O¾u .%ka:hkaf.
ka lshjd uú; fjuq' ta yd iudk wdpdhH_ ukaf.a Ôú; l:dj uq, isg w.
olajd pu;aldrh' nqÿ oyug wkqj ;u flf<ia ÿre lsÍug .;a m%h;akh
ñksidg l< yels nj Tmamq lsÍuls' tfia fyhska 2500 wjqreÿ merKs fï
nqÿ oyu ;=<ska ñksid.a ish¿ ÿla kid ksjka wjfndao lsÍug wo;a yels
nj ms<s.; hq;=h'
tneúka fï Ôú; l:dj ,shkafka wdpdhH_ ukaf.a Ôú; l:dj muKla
fkdj ksjka ud¾.h fidhñka hk mskaj;=kag úYd, wdNdIhla we;s lsÍug
.;a ls%hd ud¾.hla f,ih' tneúka ish¨ wvx.= lreKq iïmQ¾K f;dr;=re
fkdjk nj ms<s.; hq;=h' fuu mqia;lh ;dhs NdIdfjka ,shQ f,aLlhdf.a
wruqK ksjerÈ m%jD;a;s iemhSug jvd ;ud w;aÿgq i;Hhka m%ldY lsÍuh'
fuys wvx.= lreKq iuHla ixl,amkdjg md;% fõjdhs fuu ms<sfj;a ud¾.
h wdo¾Yhla fõjd æ
wdpd¾hH_ ukaf.a b.ekaùï l%u iqúfYaI nj fuu .%k:
a fhka meyeÈ,s
fõ' Wkajkafiag wukqIHhka iu`. iïnkaO ù woyia yqjudre lsÍug
olaI;djhla ;snqKs' ksrka;rfhku foújre n%dyauKhka muKla fkdj
kd." hlaI" fma%; wd§ fkdfhla wukqIHhka iu`. o wmdh ;sßi;=ka iu`.
o l:d ny l< nj mfka' Wkajykafiag Ènn plLqj iy Ènn fida;h
we;s nj bka meyeÈ,sh'
úoHd ;dCIKfha ms<s.;a isoaOdka; j,g jvd ÈhqKq ukilska ,eìh
yels ±kqu b;d fjkia fõ' fkdfhla ;rd;srfï foújre we;s nj;a ta wh
b;d ishï
q ;SCIK bJøshka mßyrKh lrk nj;a fuu l:d mqj;a wkqidrfhka fmfka' ñksidf.a m%lD;s bJøshkag úIh fkdjQ wmg fkdfmfkk f,dal
iv

wkka; wm%udK we;s nj is;sh yelsh' tajd fN!;sl uÜgfuka ksrdjrKh
fkdfõ' fufia w;sJøsh Yla;Ska ksid iïuq;s i;Hh wNsnjd mrud¾: i;H
wjfndaO lsÍu myiq fõ'
fujeks wêudkqIsl Yla;Ska Wmfhda.S fldg wdpdhH_ uka nqÿ oyu
foaYkd lsÍug uy;a wdhdihla .;a fial' wukqIHhkaf.ka .yK jQ
tu mßirh ;=< Wkajykafiaf.a O¾uh Y%jKh l< ud¾.h mqyqKq l<
NsCIQkajykafia,dg iy ñksiqkag jvd wukqIHfhda jQy'
wdpdhH_ uka fujeks wdYap¾Hu;a isoaëka ye¢kajQfha zzyojf;a .=ma;
n,hZZ hkqfjks' wms Ôj;ajk mßirh wmg ksielj wjfndaO jkakdla fuka
wmg fkdfmfkk kuq;a" tu f,dal jdiSkag wmg fukau Tjqkaf.a mßirh
i;Hhls' ;dhs NdIdfjka zzyoj;ZZ zzukiZZ tlu woyila we;s mo jqjo
zzyoj;ZZ hkq ukig jvd ixlS¾K fõokd - i[a[d - ixLdr ;=<ska ye`.
Sï we;s lrjk ;;a;ajhls' yoj; hkq ish¨ Ôúkaf.a Wiiau bJøsh fõ'
tneúka O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍug we;sjk yojf;a wr.,h Wkajykafia
fmkajd fohs'
uki fyj;a Ñ;a;h hk jpkh Wkajykafia fhdokafka zz±kSuZZ
f.k fok bJøsh f,ih' fujeks jpkj,g bx.S%is jpk fiùu ÿIalr
neúka md,s jpkh fhdod we;'
l¾;D - wdpdhH_ uyd nQjd [dK iumfkkd
j¾;udk ;dhs fn!oaOhka w;r .re wdpdhH_ uyd nQjd [dKi-

v

umfkkd ysñhka fYa%IaG ia:dkhla orhs' Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkd jkaf.a

ffY,Sh iy woaú;Sh mqyqKqj ksid iEu ;rd;srfïu mqoa.,hkaf.a f.!rj
iïNdjkdjg m;a ù we;' Wkajykafiaf.a .;s mej;=ï yd ksy;udkSNdjh
ksid wdpdhH_ ukaf.a Ôú; m%jD;a;sh" f,dalhdg y÷kajd§ug b;du iqÿiq
ysñ kuls' Wkajykafia wpdhH_ ukaf.a fY%aIaG;u YsIHfhls' OQ;dx. /lSu
ms<sn| idïm%odhsl ±kqu yd úkh .rel Ndjh úYsIagh' ÿ¾,N .Kfha
;miajrfhls' Wkajykafiaf.a iyc olaI;djh ksid wdpdhH_ ukaf.a
;;a;ajh .ekSug b;du iqÿiq úh'
W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha Wføka ;dys .fï 1913§ Wm; ,;a wdpdhH_ uyd nQjd uyK Wmiïm%odj ,enQfõ 1934 §h' uq,a wjqreÿ 7 fn!oaO
ksldh .%ka: bf.k md<s NdIdj yodrd Wmdêhla ,oy' bkamiq zzuydZZ hk
f.!rj kduh ,enqKs' Wkajykafia fndfyda ld,hla wdpdhH_ uka fidhñka
OQ;dx. NsCIqjla jYfhka ixpdrh lf<ah' wjidkfha§ 1942 § wdpdhH_
uka uqK.eiqks' bkamiq Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHfhl= ù O¾u lreKq yodrñka
1949fha§ wdpdhH_ ukaf.a wmj;aùu olajd <`.ska isáfhah'
wdpdhH_ ukaf.a wmj;aùfuka miq b;d ±ä f,i OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk
mrmqr ia:djr lsÍug uy;afia jer ±rEy' tfyhska wpdhH_ ukaf.a ms<f
s j;a
ud¾.h wl=rgu ms<smÈk ,§' ;jo th wkd.; mrïmrdjg y÷kajd§ug
.;a m%h;akfha m%;sM,h jQfha fï Ôjk m%jD;a;sh ,sùuh'
1960 jk úg jkdka;r fndfyda fihska lmd ñksia ckdjdi njg
m;aùu ksid jkjdiS OQ;dx. NsCIqkag ;u YsCIKh ta wdldrfhka f.k
hEug fkdyels úh' >k jkdka;rfha ixpdrh lsÍug fkdfhla ndOl
meñKsfhah' tneúka wdpdhH_ uyd nQjd iaÓr mÈxÑhg iqÿiq le,E mßir
j, OQ;dx. NsCIQkag wdrKH fikiqka bÈ lf<ah' tys ,laIKh jQfha W.%
;jqia Ôú;h yd úkh .rel nj;a Ndjkd n,h;ah' fndfyda jkjdiS
NsCIQka fuu wdrdKj, Ndjkd l<y' jÜ md ndka gdâ kï jQ wdrKH
fiakdikh ksrdhdifhkau ìys lf<a tys meñKs fhda.Ska úiskauh' Wfoka
;dys kï m%foaYfha msysá fuu fiakdikh ngysr fhda.Skag mjd iqÿiq úh'
Bg fya;=j Wiia wdpdhH_jrfhl=f.a u`. fmkaùu ,nk fyhsks' tys jdih
l< kd kd cd;sl NsCIQka jykafia,d fuu ms<sfj;a ud¾.h wkq.ukh
lr ;u ;ukaf.a rgj, jHdma; l<y' wo uq¿ f,dalfhau fuu jk.;
fiakdik ìys ù we;'
wo olajd;a fndfyda fokdf.a f.!rj iïudk ,nñka wdpdhH_ ukaf.a
ms<sfj;a ud¾.h wkq.ukh lrñka wdpdhH_ uyd nQjd úYd, fiajhla NsCIQkag iy .sys fhda.Skag bgq lr;a' fuu ms<sfj;a ud¾.fha uqLH foaYkdj
viii

m%{dj ÈhqKq lsÍuhs' th b;du m%dfhda.sl myiq ms<sfj;a ud¾.hls' Ndjkd
ÈhqKqj ,nd .ekSfï fuu ud¾.h fndfyda whg Wmldr ù we;'

f,aLl ix{dmkh
wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;; f;rekaf.a <`. weiqr ,;a ta ta jljdkqfõ isá

ix

meúÈ wdpdhH_jre yd YsIHhka .Kkdjlf.a m¾fhaIKd;aul ks.uk wkqj
ilia l< fuu mqia;lh Wkajykafiaf.a w;s W;=ï YsCIKh yd m%;smodj
meyeÈ,s lsÍuls'
fï Ôjk m%jD;a;sh f.dkq lsÍug" uu ta wdpdhH_jre fidhd f.dia
Wkajykafia ms<sn| ±rE wdl,am u;lfhka úia;r l< l:d mqj;a má.;
lf<ñ' tfy;a fuu lreKq ms<sn| uu iEySlg m;a fkdfjñ' ulaksidoh;a
tu wdpdhH_jrekag wdphH_ uka f.a fndfyda f;dr;=re ,nd .ekSug ÿIalr
úh' Wkajykafia fndfydaúg yqol,dj .ñka .ug ixpdrfha fhÿk neúks'
tfy;a ta ish¨ mqj;a Wlyd .ekSg kï úYd, ld,hla yd Y%uhla .; úh
yelsh' túg fuu mqj;a fndfydaúg wu;l jkafkah' túg fï m%h;akh
jqjo ksIaM, fõ' fï Ôú; l:dj uu f.dkq lf<a hï ;rulska fyda wdpdhH_
uka ms<sn| ±kqu ksid fndfyda mdGlhskag fi; ie,fik neúks'
wdpdhH_ ukaf.a ±kqu yd wjfndaOh o ffoksl p¾hd ms<n
s |jo hïli
s s m%udKhl úia;rhla fuu .%k:
a h ;=<k
s a Tn fj; msßkeóug uu W;aidy
orñ' wE; w;S;fha fn!oaO NsCIQkajykafia,df.a yd ry;kajykafia,df.a
w;s W;=ï Ôjk p¾hd fï ;=<ska Tng meyeÈ<s fõ' O¾uh ksis wdldr wkq.
ukh lsÍu l=ula±hs Tng bka jegfya' uf.a úia;r mqj;a hï úêhlska
Wkajykafiag wjuka fõ kï" ta ms<sn| j.lSu orK w;r iudj whÈñ'
tfy;a fï lreKq i;H m%jD;a;s fõ' ta Wkajykafiaf.a jpkfhka wid±k
.;a neúks' fuu mqia;lh .ek ud iEySulg m;a fkdjQjo uqøK lsÍug
tl`. jQfha mdGlhdg jákd w;a±lSï ,nd§ugh'

1

xiv

ful, f,dalfha my< jQ w;s W;a;u úmiaikd Ndjkd .=rejreka

w;=frka w;s fY%aIaG .Kfha .=rejrfhla f,i ;u YsIHhskaf.a m%Yxidjg
,la jQ wdpdhH_ uka N+ß o;; f;reka jykafiaf.a weiqrg meñKs wh ;=<
O¾uh ms<sn| lsisu .eg¿ fyda iel fkdùh' ;dhs,ka;fha muKla fkdj
,d´ia rfÜ yd fkdfhla m%foaYj, wm%udK .sys meúÈ YsIHfhda isáhy'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjk m%jD;a;sh ienúkau pu;aldrh' uq,a hq.fha
isg fn!oaO NsCIqjla f,i W.% ;mia rlsñka wjidk fudfyd; olajd lf<a
tlu m%d;syd¾hhls' th mqÿu t,jhs' uyd ueKsla rdYshla tla/ia lsÍug
jvd fujeks wLKav .=K iuqodhla tla/ia lsÍu kQ;k hq.fha l< fkdyels
fohls'
t¿jdf.a j¾Ifha 1870 ckjdß 20 fjks n%yiam;skaod fn!oaO mjq,l
fuu ì<s÷ Wm; ,oy' Wfndaka rp;dks m%dka;fha fLdkaðhï nka lïfndx
.fï Wm; ,enqfõ jeäuy,a orejd f,ih' mdrïmßl kduh ltkaltõ
mshdf.a ku Lïÿjx' ujf.a ku cka' mõf,a orejka wg fofkls' Wkajykafiaf.a mßks¾jdKfha§ Ôj;aj isáfha fofofkla muKs' Wkajykafia l=vd
isrerlska hq;=j b;du WfoHda.S ukd jegfyk kqjK we;s wfhl= jQy'
meyem;a iqÿ mdg isrerls'
jhi wjq' 15 § idufKar m%jDcHdfjka .fï mkaif,a iiqka .; jQ
Wkajykafia O¾uh yeoEÍug" jkffmd;a lsÍug" w;s olaI úh' .=rejreka
iy wjfYaI weiqre lrkakkaf.a úfYaI f.!rjhg md;% úh' lsisfjl=
Wkajykafiag fpdaokd fkdl<y' t;rï wysxil úh' wjqreÿ follg miq
mshdf.a wirK Ndjh ksid isjr
q e yer hdug isÿúh' tfy;a ;u ldhH_Ndrh
bgqlr kej; meúÈùug uy;a Wkkaÿjla we;súh' th Wkajykafia ;=<
jQ wp, Y%oaOdj úh' jhi wjq' 22§ kej; meúÈ ùug n,j;a leue;a;la
úh' foudmshkaf.ka iuqf.k kej; meúÈ úh' ta wh t;=udf.a woyi
hïlsis Èkl meú§u neúka úreoaO fkdjQy' tneúka meúÈùug wjYH
msßlr imhd ÿkay' 1893§ Wfndka rpP:kS kï m%dfoaYSh k.rfha msysá
jÜ,shma úydrfha§ kej; iiqka.; jQh'
Wkajykafiaf.a Wmiïmodfõ§ WmdOHdh jQfha .re wdßlú ysñhkah'

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpdhH_ jQha m%d lD is:d ysñhkah' wkqYdikdpd¾h jQfha m%d lD m%cqla WfndkaLqka ysñhkah' Wkajykafiaf.a meúÈ ku N+ß o;; úh' Wmiïmodfjka
miq wdpd¾Hh id´ ysñhkaf.a jÜ ,shma kï úmiaikd Ndjkd uOHia:
dkfha mÈxÑ jQy'

wkdjelsh
wdpd¾Hh uka úmiaikd uOHia:dkfha jdih lrñka ksrka;rfhkau
zznqfoOdZZ hk jpkh l¾uia:dkh f,i cm lf<ah' nqoO
a dkqii
a ;sh w;sYhska
ms%h l< neúks' tfy;a ;u isf;a iudêh we;s fkdùh' fuu l¾uia:dkh
ms<sn| iel my< jqjo È.gu ? oj,a fuu zznqfoOdZZ jpkh cm lf<ah'
wka;sfï§ hïlsis iudêhlg m;aúh'
tla rd;s%hl fuu isyskh ÿgqfõh' Wkajykafia ;u .fuka msg ù
úYd, le,Ejlg meñKs fial' tys >k jkdka;rhl we;s .y fld<
j,ska .ejiS ;snqKs' ud¾. i<l=Kla ke;' b;d ù¾Hhfhka fuu ÿIalr
m%foaYh miqlr wks;a fl<jrg meñKsfhah' tys úYd, l=Uqrls' fmfkk
f;la udkfha fjk lsisjla fkdùh' fuu l=Uqr yryd fndfyda ÿr .uka
l<úg úYd, zzcd;sZZ kï .i m;s; ù ;snqKs' zzcd;sZZ hkq zzWmam;a;shZZ
i|yd Ndú;d jk m¾hdh mohls'
fndfyda ld,hlg fmr fï .i lmd we;' fldgila fmdf<dfõ .s,S
;snqKs' .i Èrdm;a ù we;' Wkajykafia fï zzcd;sZZ .i Èf.a weúoafoah'
ukiska l,amkd lrk úg fuu .i kej; frdamKh fkdjk nj jegyqKs'
th ;u Ôú;h fuks' ;ud kej; kQmÈk nj;a mYaÑu Nú; nj;a jegyqK's
;u m%;sm;a;sh È.gu f.k .sh úg iir ÿl ;rKh l< yelsh' w. uq,
ke;s úYd, l=Uqr ixidrh ixfla;j;a jqKs' fï ms<sn| ixl,amkd lrk
úg úYd, iqÿ wYajfhla mek mek wjq;a zzcd;sZZ ±j l| <`. isáfhah'
Wkajykafiag fï wYajhd msg ke.Sug is;a úh' ksrdhdifhka wiqmsg ke.S
uy;a fõ.fhka .uka .;s' fldfya hkafkao" ulaksid hkafka±hs ye`.Sula
ke;' b;d fõ.fhka fï wiq .uka lrhs' l=Uqr yryd hk ÿr m%udKh
wiSñ;h' fufia hk úg ;s%msgl fmd;a ;ekam;a l< ,laIK leìkÜ
w,audßhla Èiaúh' th ߧ leghñka o¾YkSh f,i idod ;snqKs' wYajhd
lsis mels,Sula fkdue;sj fuu leìkgh bÈßfha kej;S isà' wiq msáka nei
wdpd¾Hh uka leìkgh újD; fldg fmd;a .kag iQodkï úh' tu CIKfha§
wiq w;=reoyka úh' fï isákafka l=Uqf¾ tyd fl<jf¾ nj ye`.=Ks' wE;
2

uQ,sl wjêh

CIs;scfha >k jkdka;r Èiaú' leìkgh újD; lsÍug mgka .;a kuq;a
th fkdyels úh' tfõf,a kskafoka msìÿKs'
fï isyk
s h Wkajykafiaf.a wkd.; jHdhdufhka ksjka u. imqrd .;
yels nj zzksñ;a;ZZls' tneúka fkdkj;ajdu zznqfoOdZZ uka;%h cm lf<ah'
;u ffoksl jev lghq;= lf<a fufia Ndjkd lrñkah' ;u Wmiïmodfõ§
mqyqKq jQ OQ;dx. /lSu È.gu flßKs' isjqre uid .;af;a ;eka ;ekaj,
úiS l< frÈ len,s lmd uQÜgq lsÍfuks' odhlhskaf.a Öjr m%;sfCIam
lf<ah' msKv
a md;fhka Ôj;a úh' ksrdydrj isák Èkhkays msKv
a md;fhkao
je<l=Ks' ;u md;%fhka muKla je<÷fõh' Èklg tla jrla je<÷fõh'
wdrKH fiakdikhl" >k jkdka;rhl jdih lf<ah' ksod .ekSu" Ndjkd
lsÍu" fï l÷ fy,a - jk i;=ka >yK le,Efõ úh' iuyrúg .ia je,
;=re,;d hg ie;mqKs' ke;fyd;a .,a .=ydjl fyda .sß .=ydjl ie;mqKs'
;sÖjrh muKla mßyrKh lf<ah' fomg isjqr" ;ksmg isjqr" w|kh wd§
jYfhks' kdk lvla Ndú;d lf<ah'
OQ;dx. 13ka b;sß OQ;dx. myiq fõ,dj,§ imqrK ,§' kuq;a by;
i|yka OQ;dx. 7 fkdlvjd /lSu ksid th ;ukaf. Ôjk p¾hd rgdj
úh' fujeks mqyqKqùula wo ld,fha olakg ,eîu w;s ÿ¾,Nh'
;udf.a Ôú;fha w¾:h Wkajykafiag meyeÈ<sh' lsiú
s g fkdmels,j
;u ms<sfj;a ksis wdldrfha b;d Wkkaÿfjka bgq l<y' tlu wruqK jQfha
iir ÿl ;rKh lsÍuh' tkï ;u isf;a my<jk flf<ia ;rKh lsÍuh'
Wkajykafiaf.a isf;a ;Kaydj" udk" ÈÜÀ ke.S isàug wjia:dj ke;s wkaoñka b;du ksy;udks úh' flf,ia ke.S tk iEu wjia:dju i;s ium
c[[fhka uev meje;aúh'
fufia ;u iudê is; ÈhqKq jQ úg zzksñ;a;ZZ jQ isyskh .ek ú;¾l
úpdr lf<ah' uyK Wmiïmod ùu hkq f,!lsl .syshkaf.a uÜgfuka ;u
Ñ;a;h uqojdf.k f,dafld;a;r .;shg m;aùuh' isf;a m%lD;s iajNdjh
lsis ms<sfj,la ke;s >k jkdka;rfha .iaje,a" jk i;=kaf.ka .ejiS.;a
Nhdkl mßirh fuks' isf;a ìh iel ÿl ksrka;rfhka yg .kafka tu
ksidh' fï isf;a uÜgu wr ;eks;,d ysia njla fuka ikaiqka l< hq;=h'
túg tu is; ;=< ÿl" nh wd§ flf,ia we;s fkdfõ'
rdclSh iqÿ wYajhd hkq ms<sfj;a msÍuls' tu wYajhd msg ke.S Nhdkl ixidr ldka;rh ;rKh l< hq;=h' ;s%msgl O¾uh leìkgh ;=< ie`.
ù we;' th újD; lsÍg ;rï wOHd;añl .=K j.djla fkd;snqKs' o¾Yk
3

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ud;%h muKla ,eîug fya;= úh' fuu O¾uh ;=<g ls|d nei wjfndaO
lsÍug p;=máiïNsod kqjK ;sìh hq;h
= ' hfula ;=< fuu {dKh we;akï ta
W;=ud ;=ka f,dalhgu fY%aIaG jQfjls' O¾uh y|drd th wkqkag b.ekaùug
Yla;sh ,nhs' foú ñksiqkaf.a woaú;Sh .=rejrfhls' uyd id.rh jeks
O¾uh .,d ta' wyi fuka O¾uh ksrdjrKh fõ'
Wkajykafia O¾u mqia;lhkaf.a jákdlu u;= msáka ÿgy' ljod
kuq;a p;=máiïNsod [dK ,nd .ekSu l< hq;= fõ'ZZ Wkajykafia b;d
ksy;udkS neúka zzuu W.kajk O¾uh ud¾.h fmkaùula muKZZ hehs ks;r
mejiSh' kuq;a ta foaYkdjg ijka ÿka whg Wkajykafiaf.a ;SlaIK nqoaêh
jegfya' ta b;d wdYap¾Hhu;ah' wkqYdiys m%d;sydhH_hls' wo f,dalfha tjeks
foaYkd weiSug W.ygh' tfy;a wo f,dalhg th b;du;a WÑ; fõ'

ix{dj
wdpd¾Hh uka tla wjia:djl jÜ ,shma Ndjkd uOHia:dkfha iudê
Ndjkd lrñka isák úg is; n,j;a tald.%;djlg m;ajK
q 's túg o¾Ykhla
we;súh' tkï uD; YÍrhls' th bÈó ´cia .,ñka kj fodßka ´cd
je.sfrñka Èiaúh' .scq ,sysKsfhda" iqkLfhda fuu l=Kq jQ uia weo lñka
yeu ;eku úiqrejñka isáhy' wjidkfha§ th uia len,s f.dvla úh'
fuu o¾Ykh ÿgq úg Wkajykafia fkdis;+ wkaoug wmsh
% " wm%ikak ù ms<l
s ,
= a
iajNdjh ksid .; is; i,s; úh'
t;eka mgka wdpd¾Hh uka fuu ix{dj ;u Ndjkd wruqK lr
.;af;ah' weúÈk" ys¢k" Ndjkd lrk yeu bßhõfõ§u Èkm;d jev lrk
úgo" fuu wruqK Èiaúh' fufia Ndjkd lrñka l,la hk úg fuu wruqK
fjkia ù ljdldr úksúo fmfkk ;eáhla fuka bÈßfha t,an ;snqKs' fuh
foi ;SlaIKj n,d isák úg th w;=reoyka ù fjk fjk wruqKq we;s
úh' fuh iEyska fjkia fjñka wm%udK wruqKq Èiaúh' WodyrK jYfhka
ljdldr ;eáh fjkqjg ±ka b;d Wia l÷ .eghls' wdpd¾Hh uka tys
weúÈñka isà >k im;a;= odf.k ;shqKq lvqjla wf;a f,, foñka we;'
túg úYd, ;dmamhls' tys úYd, fodrgqjls' Wkajykafia th újD; lr
we;=< ne¨fõh' tys NsCIqkajykafia,d lSm fofkla Ndjkd lr;s' fuu
;dmamh wi, uyd l÷ nEjuls' tys ;snQ .,a.=ydj ;=< ;dmifhla jdih
lrhs' tys bÈßmg f;dá,a,la jeks jdykhla lUhlska t,af,ñka ;snqKs'

4

uQ,sl wjêh

Wkajykafia tu jdykhg ke.S fial' iefklska tu lUh we§ f.dia l÷
uqÿkg ke.=Ks' l÷ uqÿfka Ök kdúl hd;%djls' tys ;=< y;/ia fïihls'
t,af,k ,ka;Erefuka tk §ma;su;a wdf,dalfhka uq¿ l÷ uqÿk m%Ndiajr
úh' Wkajykafia wdydr je<÷fõh' fï wd§ wfkalúO o¾Yk Èiafjñka
;snqKs' tys ksudjla ke;' tu o¾Yk ish,a, wm%udK neúka u;l ke;s
nj Wkajykafia mejiQ fial'
;=ka udihla fufia Wkajykafia Ndjkd lrñk isá fial' iudê jQ
ú.i bka ñ§ úksúo fmfkk ljdldr ;eáh foi n,ñka úu¾Ykh lf<ah'
túg fkdfhla wdldr o¾Yk Èiaúh' kuq;a fuh kshu ud¾.h fkdjk nj
Wkajykafiag jegyqKs' fujeks o¾Yk ±lSu ksid Wkajykaiaf.a mßirh
ìhlre úh' wjg mßirfha Yío" rEm ms<sn| ;shqKq f,i leue;a;
wlue;a; we;súh' udkisl wiyklg m;aúh' ukfia ia:djr Ndjhla
fyda iu;=,s; Ndjhla ke;'
fuu ;shqKq ixfõ§;djh ksid th jerÈ iudêhla f,i jegyqKs'
;u Ndjkd ukisldrh ksid ;ukag iduh" m%S;sh" miiÈ ke;af;a wehs @
Ndjkd fkdlrk wfhl=f.a úisÍ .sh ukila fuka is; fkdikaiqka úh
Bg fya;=j l=ulao @ ndysr rEm foi ne,Su ;u wNHka;rh ne,Su fuka
fkdfõ' fuh Ndjkdõ uQ,sl wä;d,u foord hduls' n,dfmdfrd;a;= jQ
iqjh" i;=g fkd,enqfKa ta ksido @
fufia wjfndaO lr.;a t;=ud ndysr foig wruqKq fkdlr ;u isrer
;=<g nei wruqK lf<ah' bkamiq ;u Ndjkdj ldhdkq miaikdj úh'
m%n, i;s iudêfhka fufia ;u isrer ysfia isg mdodka;h olajd
o me;af;ka me;a;go we;=<; msgo" iEu wx.hlau ksÍlaIKh lf<ah'
uq,§ ilauka lrñka fuu iïud ixl,amkdfjys fhÿKs' ilauka lsÍu
fjfyi jQ úg ys¢ñka fufkys lf<ah' ;u is; mqreÿ iu: iudêhg hdfuka je<elaùh' uy;a ù¾Hhfhka is; iudêfhka uqojd isrer foi ne,Sh'
Ñ;a;h fõ.j;aj isref¾ tla tla fldgila ksÍlaIKh lf<ah' rd;s% kskao
hk ;=re;a fuu ldhdkqmiaikdfjka isá fial'
fufia lSm Èkla miq jQ úg Ndjkd mhH_xlfhka isg fuu ldhdkqmiaikdj ;=<ska is; iudê.; lsÍug jEhï lf<ah' fuu iudêh flfia±hs
l=;=y,hla úh' ldhdkqmiaikdj fkdlvjd lsÍu ksid is; ±ä fjfyig
m;a ù ;snqKs' kuq;a b;du blauKska fkdis;+ wkaoug is; iudê .; úh'
fuh kï ksjerÈ ud¾.h nj jyd jegyqKs' fuu iudêh ksid is; lfhka
5

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fjka ù .sfhah' folg me¨kdla fuks' n,j;a iïud i;sh mej;=Ks' is;
wkalsis wruqKq lrd fkd.sfhah' fufia ldhdkqmiaikdj uQ,sl l¾uia:
dkh úh'
ñkamiq ldhdkqmiaikdfjka is; iudê.; lsÍug yelsúh' ;=ka
udihla ljdldr ;eáh foi wruqKq lr bka we;s jQ udhdldÍ wruqKq
n,ñka ld,h wmf;a .sh nj f;areKs' fuu ukisldrh ;=<ska ;u is;
m%lD;su;a úh' wjg mßirh ksid wiykhg m;a fkdùh' fï m%jD;a;sh
b;du jeo.;a jkafka .=rejrfhla ke;=j fujeks Ndjkd lsÍfï m%;sM,
wys;lr njla f;areï .ekSugh' úáka úg .=re weiqr wef;d;a ;u ud¾.
h ksjerÈ lr.; yelsh' wdpd¾Hh uka f.a fï w;a±lSu ldg;a fyd|
kso¾Ykhls' .=re wdY%hla fkdue;sj Ndjkd lsÍu ksid m%;sM, mudùu
muKla fkdj wys;lr ùugo bv we;'
uq,a ld,fha§ wdpd¾Hh uka f.a ixpdrl Ôú;h fndfyda whg f;areï
.; fkdyels úh' ta lïuÜGdk ¥;dx. mQrKh .ek fkdo;a neúks' fuu
ms<sfj;a wuq;= fohla f,i fndfyda wh is;+y' nqÿ iiqfkao fujeks NsCIQka ke;ehs o iuyre is;+y' fj,a hdfha wE; fl<jr fï OQ;dx. rlsk
NsCIqjla ÿgq muKska ñksiaiq úYauhg m;a jQy' Nhska ;%ia; ù ksfjia lrd
ÿj .shy' le,Efõ§ ÿgqfjd;a .ia .==ïNhkays ie`. jqky' tneúka OQ;dx.
NsCIqjlg fuu kqyqre mßirfha lsisfjla uqK fkd.eiqKs' ud¾.h wid
±k .ekSug fyda fkdyels úh'
.fï .Ekq lu l=vd orejka iu`. <`. md; l÷ uqÿka j, m<d
fk,Sug" m<;=re tl;= lsÍug ks;r h;s' iuyre j;=r we,j, ud¿ nd;s'
OQ;dx. NsCIqka lSm kula wE; ÿgqfjd;a zzOïu yduqÿrefjda tkfjdaZZ lshñka
lE .id" w; ;snq nvq ndysrdÈh t;ku ìu oud" orejka iu`. ÿj;s' ;u
l+v wdÈh leã ì£ h;s' le,fha ie`. ù isá;s' f.j,aj,g ÿj;s'
l=vd orejka ujf.a ú,dmh wid lE .i;s' w`vñka ÿj;s' jeäysáhka
iu`. Èùug fkdyelsh Nhska lE .i;s' uõ le,Efõ ie`. ù we;' orefjda
ta fï w; lE .iñka ÿj;s' orejd f.k hdug fyda fkdt;s' kslrefka fï
isÿjk foa ksid iskd my< úh' fï ;Fjh ;rul ne?reï ksid OQ;dx.
NsCIQka jykafia,d tu m<d; yer oud .shy' <uhs <`.g hdu fyda l:d
lsÍu ksid ta whf.a wia:dk ìh jeäfõ' udkisl frda.hla fuka fï .Ekq
iy orejka Wkajykafia,d fkdfmkS hk ;=re;a lE .eiQy' miqj uq¿ .fï
Woúh tla/ia ù l;sld l<y'

6

uQ,sl wjêh

fï isoaêhg fya;= we;' NsCIQka jykafia,d Ndjkd fhda.Sj .uka
lrK neúka l:d lsÍula fyda iskdiSul ke;' Wkajykafia,d f.a isjqre
;o ÿUqre meyeh fõ' fldia md~q j,ska mdg lr we;' fï o¾Ykh ;rula
ìh Wmojkakls'
;jo" l+vdrula jeks úYd, l+vhla lf¾ t,a,df.k we;' wks;a
Wrysfia md;% isjqre or;s' ms<sfj,ska tlu fma,shg weúÈ;' th ÿgqjka
uú; lrjk o¾Ykhls' .ug wdikak le,Ejl Wkajykafia,d ,e`.=ï
.ks;s' .fï ñksiaiq iu`. ys;j;a ùu yd odk udk ,eîug wjYH neúks'
.ïjdiSyq Wkajykafia,df.ka nK weiSug i;=gq jQy' ld,hla .;jk úg ta
wh Y%oO
a d Nla;sfhka Wmia:dk l<y' l,ska mej;s ìh iel my úh' fufia
hï fndfyda wh OQ;dx. NsCIqkag wdor f.!rj meje;aùug fm<UqKs'
.ug yqre mqreÿ jQ úg Wkajykafia,d fjk;a m%foaYhlg ixpdrKh lr;s' ksy~ mßirhka fidhñka hdu Wkajykafia,df.a m%;sm;a;sls'
wdpd¾Hh uka fufia jia ld,h bjr jQ úg pdßldfõ .shy' le,Efõ l÷
uqÿka w;ßka md .ukska fjk;a m%foaYlg f.dia fjk ;ekl ,e`.=ï .ks;a'
odk udk ,eîug wi, .ïudkhla we;' ;dhs,ka;fha W;=re kef.kysr
m%foaYfha fufia ixpdrKh l<y' kfLdka *dfkdï" ifldka kdfLdka"
Wføka kdys" fkdx Lhs" f,db" f,dïila w§ m<d;aj, ks;r .uka l<y'
fïfldx .`. winv ,d´ia rg wdikak :d fLla" úhkaáhdfk" ¨wx m%nx
wd§ m%foaY >k jkdka;rfhka .ejiS ;snqKs' l÷ isLr w;ßka Wkajykafia
yqol,dj .uka lf<ah'
fld;ekl isáh;a" fudkhï fõ,dfõ jqj;a wdpd¾hh ukaf.a m%d:
ul wjOdkh tluh' tkï wk,ij ;u Ndjkd ms<f
s j;a msÍuhs' Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú;fha b;du jeo.;a wruqK fuhhs' iajNdjfhkau wdrdu mkai,a
bÈlsÍug Wkajykafia fkdleue;s úh' wdOHd;añl .=K ÈhqKq lsÍug
W;aidy lf<ah' iudch fyda wka NsCIQka iu`. in|;djhlg ms%h ke;'
yqol,d Ôú;hu ms%h l<y' tfia isák úg ;snqfKa tlu ld¾hhls' tkï
ÿl blauùuhs' n,j;a wjxlNdjh yd W;aidyh Wkajykafiaf.a pß;
,CIKhls' ;ukq;a rjgd wkqkq;a /jàfï .;shla ke;'
Wkajykafia ±lajQ ù¾hh is;Sug mjd fkdyelsh' bjiSfï iSudjla
ke;' ;u is;" jpkh" ls%hd ms<sn| wjOdkh úiauh cklh' fuu .;s
mej;=ï ksid iudê" m[a[d jeã .sfhah' lsisu miq neiSula ke;' ldhdkqmiaikdj y÷kd.;a Èkfha isg th lsisúgl w;a fkdyf<ah' kej;

7

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

kej;;a ;u lh foi iQCIu wkaoñka m[a[dfjka úÉfþokh l<y'
YÍrfha yeu fldgilau Wkajykafiaf.a wjOdkhg fhduq úh' wjidkfha§
uq¿ isreru i;r uyd N+;hkag fnod ±lSug yelsúh'
msKavmd;fha hk úgo" ñÿ, w;=.dk úgo" mälalu fidaok úgo"
isjr
q e uik" m~q fmdjk úgo wdydr .kakd úgo" ke;akï kslug ll=,a Èla
lsÍfï§ o wd§ l=ÿ uy;a yeu ld¾hhl§u i;s" m[a[dfjka tu ld¾hh
bgq lf<ah' fkdksod isák yeu fudfyd;u ;u wjOdkh ;snqKs' kskaog
hk úg§ muKla tu Ndjkdj ,sys,a úh' tfy;a msìÿk ú.i ke.S isg
kej; i;sh meje;aùh' kskf
a oka msìÿk úg ;ju;a ksÈu; we;akï ilauka
Ndjkdfõ fhÈK' ys|.k Ndjkd lrk úg ksÈ lsrd jeàu je,elaùug
fyñka weúÈk úg ksÈu; jqfjd;a blaauKska weúoafoah' ksÈu; fyd|gu
ke;súg muKla ys¢ñka t<sfjk ;=re Ndjkd l<y'
t<s ù ál fõ,djlska ms~q msKsi hdug iQodkï jqKs' ;=ka isjqr
fyd|dldr ye| fmdrjd md;%h lf¾ t,ajd <`.u msysá .ïudkhg jeäfhah' b;du ikaiqka Ndjhlska uq¿ msKavmd; pdßldju i;sfhka flreKs'
th ilauka Ndjkdjla úh' wäfhka wähg i;sh meje;aùh' ndysr wruqKq
ksid isf;a úms,sirNdjhla fkdùh' wdrduhg meñKs miq tu msKav md;
wdydrh muKla je<£h' fjk;a wh ÿka wdydr fkdms<s.;s' fndfyda
ld,hlg miq jhia.; jQ úg mukla odhlhska f.keú;a ms<.
s kajk wdydr
je<÷fõh'
wdydr je<£fï§ l=i .skak ksid wdydrj,g ;Kaydj we;s úh
yelsh' tneúka m%;HfõCId lrhs' l=i.skak ksid wNHka;r wmd .sks fuka
ÿl yg .kS' tneúka ri ;DIaKdj yg .kS' fï wjia:dfõ§ wdydrfha
ms<sl=,a Ndjh fufkys lf<ah' i;r uyd N+;hkaf.ka ieÿkq wdydr ndysr
f,dalfhka ,eî we;' th fu;a;d" lreKd fmr±ßj yeu lgla mdid úlSu"
.s,Su wdydr bjr jk ;dla wdj¾cKd lrhs' túg ;DIaKdj yg .ekSug
fkdyelsh' bkamiq md;%g fidaod" msiod br t<sfha ál fõ,djla fõ,d
frÈ ljfha nyd kshu ;ek ;ekam;a lrhs' bkamiq Ndjkd lrkafka i;s"
m[a[dfjka ;u isf;a yg.;a flf<ia uev,Sugh' iuqÉfþo m%{dfjka
flf<ia uq,ska is| ouhs'
tfy;a fuh f,fyis fohla fkdfõ' wms uy;a ù¾Hhfhka flf<ia
úkdY lr mq¿iaid ±óug jer ±uQ kuq;a flf<ia wm ms<siaiSug mgka
.kshs' túg flf<ia ÿre lsÍug .;a Wmdh ud¾.h w;a yßkakg fõ' ta

8

uQ,sl wjêh

flf<ia u¾okh lsÍug .;a ls%hd ud¾.h ÿIalr hehs is;k neúks' túg
flf<ia wm isf;a rc lrhs' flf<ia j,g ji`. ù ta wjYH;djh imqrd,hs'
wjdikdjlg fuka f,dalfha iq¿ m%udKhla muKla fu flf<iaj,
ls%hdldß;ajh y÷kd .ks;a' tneúka ;=ka f,dalfha ish¨ fokdu mdfya
flf<ia j,g ji`. fj;s' fï flf<ia uq,ska Wmqgd ±ófï m%;smodj y÷kd
.kafka iïud iïnqÿ flfkla muKs'
fï O¾uh fidhd.;a miq nqÿrcdKka jykafia f,dal i;a;ajhdg
wkqlïmdfjka ;u Y%djlhskag b.ekajQ fial' tu Y%djl msßi fuu O¾uh
wkq.ukh fldg flf<ia ÿre l<y' fï W;=ï ud¾.fha wjidkh ksjkhs'
fï W;=ï Y%djl ix>hd flf<ia j,ska ioygu fjkaúh' tu wd¾Hh ix>hdg
f,dalhd fï olajd Nla;s wdorfhka kuialdr lr;s'
wdpd¾Hh uka tjeks flf<ia ÿre lsÍfï ud¾.h wkq.ukh lf<ah'
Wkajykafiaf.a Y%oaOd nqoaêh jpkhg iSud jQ fohla fkdfõ' yS,a odkfhka miq ;u ilauka u¿jg f.dia Ndjkdfõ fhfoa' bkamiq ys§fuka
Ndjkd lrhs' miqj iq¿ úfõlhla .kS' bkamiq kej;;a flf<ia m%ydKh
msKsi" wkka; ÿla fok fuu fl<ia hgm;a l< hq;=h hk woyiska ;u
YdÍßl Yla;sh fhdoñka Ndjkd lrhs' tneúka flf<ia j,g ke.S taug
wjldY ke;' iudê Ndjkdfõ fhfoñka úáka úg úmiaikd lrhs' fufia
fkdkj;ajdu iu: úmiaikdfõ fhÿfkdah' iu: fyda úmiaikdj wvq jeä
fkdùh' tneúka ;u is; b;du ikaiqka úh'
tkuq;a Ndjkd ÈhqKqj wvq wjia:djka o úh' Bg fya;=j Wmfoia
,nd .ekSug lsisfjla ke;s ùuhs' Èk .Kkla hïlsis m%Yakhla úi|d.
ekSug uykais .;ay' ;udf.a jHdhduh jerÈ jqjfyd;a Bg l< hq;=
m%;sl¾uh l=ulao @ tjeks wjia:d ±l w;ayeßh hq;=h' fyd| .=re weiqr
b;du;a jákafka fujeks wjia:dfõ§h' ke;fyd;a ld,h Y%uh wmf;a hhs'
Wkajykafiag .=re weiqrla fkd,enqk neúka miq neiSï we;súh'

wdpd¾hh id´ lk;iSf,d
uq,a ld,fha§ úáka úg Wkajykafia wdpd¾hh lk;iSf,d iu`.
.uka lf<ah' fyd| wdpd¾hhjrfhla Wkajykafiag wkq.%yh ±lajQy' hï
.eg¿jl§ Wmfoia b,aÆ úg wdpd¾Hh id´ fufia lSfõh' zzuf.a Ndjkd
w;a±lSï Tn jykafiaf.a w;a±lSï j,g jvd fjkiah' Tn;=udf.a is;

9

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wêfõ.Sh" ks¾NS;h' ks;ru wkka;hg hhs' tla úgl uy;a ù¾Hhfhka
wyi Wig hhs' wks;a fudfydf;a§ fmdf<djg m;s; fõ' uqyqÿ m;a,g
ls|d nei B<`. fudfydf;a wyfia .uka lrhs' Tnf.a is; foi n,d isáh
yelafla ldgo @ Tn jykafiau ta m%Yak j,g úi÷ï fiúh uekú'ZZ fufia Wka jykafiag Wmfoia ,enqfka ke;' tneúka ;ksju úi÷ï fiùh'
iuyrúg udrdka;sl igklg je§ m%Yakh ksrdlrKh l<y'
;u .=rejrhd .ek i|yka lf<a zzb;du Ydka; ±uqKq bkaøsh we;s
flfkls'ZZ ieuf.a m%idoh" Y%oaOdj Wkajykafiag ,enqKs' iudê Ndjkdfõ
fhfok úg YÍrh fmdf<dfjka by<g hhs' ;ud wyfia mdfjk nj olskakg weia weßh úg kej; fmdf<dj u; m;s; fõ' túg ;u ;Ügu ìu
je§ Èk lSmhla ßÿKs' we;af;kau wä 3la muK fmdf<dfjka Wv isà' i;s
iudêh we;s úg my; jegqfKa ke;'
fï isoaêh Wkajykafiag fndfyda oE ±k .ekSug bjy,a úh'
mÍlaIK meje;aùh' hï fmdä frÈ lene,a,la jyf,a fmd,a w;=j,
/f|õfõh' miqj iudê.; jQ úg by<g weo hk nj ye`.=Ks' túg ;u
is; tl`. lrf.k iudêfhkau jyf,a ;snQ foh ;u w; È.= lr w;g
.;af;ah' ;ju;a iudêfhka ;ud isá ;ekg m;aúh' fufia ;udg wyiska
hd yels nj iaMqg úh' Ndjkd lrk yeu úgu th isÿfkdfõ' wdpd¾Hh
id´ uq¿ Ôú; ld,hu fujeks Ndjkd w;a±lSï j,ska is; ikaiqka lr
.;ay' Wkajykafiaf.a w;a±lSï iy pß;h wdpd¾Hh ukag jvd yd;amisku
a
fjkia úh' Wkajykafiag Nhdkl foa lsÍug o leue;a;la ke;' tneúka
fkdfhla úêfha woaN+; foa lsÍug fkdyels úh'
wdpd¾Hh id´ fndfyda ld,hlg fmr mfia nqÿ nj m%d¾:kd l<
nj wdpd¾Hh ukag lSfõh' fï ksid fndfyda ld,hla iir ieß ieÍug
isÿfõ' tneúka fï w;aneõys ksjka m%;HCI lsÍug leue;a;ka fkd;snqKs'
miqj fuu wêIaGdkh w;ay<y' yels blauKska ksjka wjfndaO lsÍug
jEhï l<y'
fufia Ndjkd lr fkdfnda ld,hlskau Wkajykafia me;+ ud¾. M,
,enqfõh' tfy;a O¾uh lshd §fï yelshdj ke;' th Wkajykafiaf.a uq,a
m%d¾:kdj ksid úh yelsh' mfia nqÿjre ;uka iuHla iïfndaêh idlaId;a
lrK kuq;a wka whg O¾uh foaYkd fkdlr;s' ;jo Wkajykafiaf.a uq,a
wêIaGdkh t;rï ia:djr fkdjQfyhska bka fjkia ùug yelsúh'
fndfyda ld,hlg fmr wdpd¾hh uka tjeks m%d¾:kdjla l<y' ta nj
10

uQ,sl wjêh

Wkajykafia Ndjkd lrK wjia:dfõ§ ±k .;af;ah' tkï iïud iïnqÿ
ùugh' tneúka fï w;aneõys§ ud¾.M, ,nd .ekSug ue,súh' OQ;dx.
l¾uia:dk Ndjkdfõ fhÿk úg fuu m%d¾:kdj w;ay,y' nqoaO;ajh
,eîug l,am .Kkla iir ieß ießh hq;h
= ' bm§u" ÈÍu" jHdêh" urKhg
fndfyda ld,hla ;siafia m;afõ' bula fldkla k;sj ÿla úkao hq;=h'
tneúka t m%d¾:kdj w;ay< fudfydf;a isg b;d blauKska Ndjkdj
id¾:l úh' Wkajykafia t;rï ±ä wêIaGdkhlska mdrñ;d imqrd ke;s
neúka bka neyerùug yelsúh'
fndfydaúg Wkajykafia,d foku W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha
pdßldfõ fhÿky' fofokdf.a pß; ,CIK fnfyúka fjkia jqjo b;d
iqyo ñ;%Fjhla ;snK
q 's wdpd¾hh id´ jeämqr l:d fkdlrhs' .syh
s ka wdY%h
lsÍug" O¾u lshd§ug ue,súh' l,d;=rhlska .syshkag nK lSfõ b;du
iq¿ fõ,djls' Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkd fufia ±laúh yelsh'
zzTn wl=i,a w;ayer l=i,a ÈhqKq lrkak' ñksi;a njla ,eîfï
Nd.Hh Tng we;' th wmf;a oukak tmd' ñksi;a nj b;d ÿ¾,N fohls'
tneúka ;sßika .; i;=ka fuka yeisÍï fkdjà' tfia jqjfyd;a Tn ;sßika
.Khg wh;a fõ' ;sßikdg;a jvd ÿ#CÅ; fõ' wmd.; jQ úg ;sßikqkaf.a
ÿlg jvd jeä ÿla ú¢hs' tneúka jerÈ lsÍfuka fjka fjkak'ZZ
fumuKla foaYkd lr ;uka jykafiaf.a l=áhg .sfhah' msßi .ek
lsisu ye`.Sula ke;' Wkajykafia l:d lrkafka jpk iaj,amhls' uq¿
ojilgu jdlH lSmhls' tfy;a meh .Kka Ndjkdfõ fhfoa' Wkajykafiag f;acdkaú; .;shla we;' Wkajykafiag iefudaf.u wdorh" f.!rjh
,enqKs' tu ;ekam;a ,CIK foayh ±lSfuka wdiajdohla ,efí' wdpd¾hh
uka fuka fndfyda YsIHfhda isáhy'
fuu wdpd¾hhjre fofok b;du;a iqyo ñ;%hka nj ljqre;a oks;s'
uq,a ld,fha§ tlgu úiQy' uOHu hq.fha§ fjka jqks' tfy;a wE;a jQfha
ke;' úYd, YsIH mrïmrdjla isá ksid fjka fjkakg ú' YsIHhka wd
úg uq,skau wikafka wdpd¾hh ;=udf.a iqj ÿla ms<sn|jh' fuu YsIHhka
;=<ska fofokd w;r lsÜgq iïnkaO we;s l<y' l:d lrk úg fï fofokd
jykafia,d w;sYhska wks;a wdpd¾hhjrhdf.a .=K l:kh lr;s' lsisúgl
úfõpk fkdlf<ah'
wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a Ndjkdj l<ska i|yka l<dla fuka b;du iQCIu
úh' is; fudfyd;lska YÍrfhka bj;a ù wE; wyfia ixpdrKh lrhs'
11

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ke;fyd;a fmdf<dfjys ls|d nei fkdfhla foa wruqKq lrhs' fkdfhla
úYauh ckl o¾Yk ols;a' uq,a ld,fha§ ÿgq bÈó .sh u< l| iy úksúo
fmfkk ljh wdÈh miq ld,fha§ fkdfmkqK;a iudêh;a iu`. is; msgg
.uka lrhs' iuyrúg YÍrhla wyfia mdfjkjd ±fka' meh .Kka ÈjH
f,dalj, ÈjH ukaÈr olshs' iuyrúg fmdf<dj ;=<g ls|d nei wmdfha
ÿla ú¢k ;sßi;=ka olshs' ;u l¾u M, wkqj Nhdkl ÿla ú¢k i;a;ajhka
±l uy;a lreKdj my< fõ' fïjd foi n,ñka isák úg ld,h .;jk
j.la fkd±fka' ta uq,a ld,fha§ fuu o¾Yk ienE ke;akï isf;a uefjk
uk#l,ams; rEm±hs fkdokS' miq ld,hl§ tajdfha we;a; iajNdjh wjfndaO jqKs' iudêh m%{dfjka fudfyd;lg f;dr jQ ú.h is; iekska mek
hhs'
Èkla Wkajykafia fufia mejiSh' YÍrfha wjhj foi úmiaikdfjka n,d isák úg th kej;S is; YÍrfha hálh midre lr fmdf<dfõ
ls|d neiafiah' túg is; kej;;a lh fj; fhduq l< jydu ysia uqÿkska
m,df.k wyfia Tn fudn yeisfrkafkah' kej; YÍrhg we;=,aùug
Wkkaÿjla ke;' wudrefjka is; wdmiq YÍrhg f.k ldhdkqmiaikdfõ
fh§ug isÿfõ'
uq,a ld,fha§ is; b;d blauKska iudê.; úh' l÷ uqÿklska jefgkakdla fuks' ke;fyd;a ,s|lg jefgkakdla fuks' i;sfhka iudêh
kj;ajd .ekSug fkdyelsúh' wudrefjka Wmpdr iudêfhys msysáfhah'
fndfyda o¾Yk olsk neúka fjfyig m;ajqKs' ldhdkqmiaikdfõ isg lh
úmiaikd lsÍug fkdyelsúh' i;s m[a[dfjka tu n,j;a iudêh k;r
l< fkdyels úh'
uq,a ld,fha§ fï ;;a;ajh .ek lsishï wjfndaOhla fkd;snqK
neúka Ndjkdj jerÈ w;lg hk nj is;=Ks' fuh ;udf.a w;a±lSula
ksid lsisfjl=g lSug fkdyels úh' b;d wmyiqfjka i;s" m[a[d jvd
fï ;o iudêh fu,a, lsÍug fkdfhla Wml%u fh§h' wka;sfï§ ;udf.
a is; ;ud leu;s wruqKl msysgqjd .ekSug yelsúh' túg iudê" i;s"
m[a[d tlfia n,j;a jqKs' is; ueðla m<s`.= fnda,hla fuks' ;ud leu;s
mßÈ kd kd wruqKq yeisr úh'
wdpd¾hh uka ks¾Nh n,j;a pß;hls' b;du kqjKe;sh' Wkajykafiaf.a ±ä m%;sm;a;s lsisfjl=g wkq.ukh l< fkdyelsh' th is;Sug mjd

12

uQ,sl wjêh

W.ygh' uf.a u;lfha yeáhg fuia i|yka lrñ' zzWkajykafia w;s
W;a;u mqreIfhls' Wkajykafiaf.a is; b;d blaukah' Wkajykafia ;u
is; md,kh lf<a uy;a ù¾Hhlsks' oDV yslaóu Wkajykafiag wdfõKsl
úh' b;d ;o f,i o b;d uDÿ f,io yslau úh' md,kfhka f;dr jQ ú.i
is; fõ.fhka .uka lsÍu ksid uy;a .eg¿ we;súh'
;u is; md,kh lsÍug n,j;a fjfyia ±Íh' Wmfoia ,nd .ekSug
lsif
s jla ke;' wdpd¾Hh uka iuyr úg uy;a lïmdjg ,laúh' ;uka T¿j
.,a m¾j;hl .y .;a;dla fuka is;=Ks' miqld,fha§ .=rejrfhla ke;sj
Ndjkd lsßu kqiÿ
q iq nj ;u YsIHhkag ;rfha lshd isáfhah' tfiau Tjqkf
a .a
ish¿ .eg¨ ksrdlrKh l<y' ;uka ú¢ ÿl YsIHhkag fkdÿKs'
uyK Wmiïmod ù ál Èklskau wdpd¾Hh uka kfLdka *fkdï
m%foaYfha OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk Ndjkdfõ fhÿKs' ófldx .`. yryd f.dia
,d´ia ys gdfLla l÷ lrfha jdih l<y' fuu >k jkdka;rh úYd,
Nhdkl fldákaf.ka .yKh' .f`.a wks;a bjqf¾ ;dhs fldá t;rï Nhdkl
ke;' ks;ru mdfya .fï ñksiqka w,a,df.k NCIKh l<y' t;rï Nhxldr jqj;a tys ksjeis úhÜkdufhka weú;a mÈxÑ jQ ñksiaiq fldákag ìh
fkdfj;s' fldá ks;r ñksiqka urd lEj;a Tjyq .ek Nh fkdjQy' kej;
kej;;a tu jkdka;rfha yeisfr;s' tjeks isoaëka iajdNdúl hehs ms<s.
ks;s' tfy;a ;dhs ,dòia cd;slhska uy;a fia Nhxlr fõ'
úhÜkdï cd;slhska ;=< ;snQ wks;a mqÿu M,jk mqreoaols' tkï" úYd,
fldáfhla tlúg le,E frdolska mek ;u i.hd urd ouk úg Tyq fírd
±óug m%h;akhla fkdord Tyq t;ku yer oud ÿj" mek h;s' iuyr
úg .ïjeis lSm fofkla le,fha kso;s' tlajru fldáfhla mek bka tla
ñksfil= w,a,df.k h;s' wksl=;a wh msì§ mek ÿj;s' bkamiq lef,a fjk
;ekl ksod .ks;s' fujeks foa .ek lsis lkiai,a,la ke;sj fmdä <uhs
fuka yeisfr;s' fï uyd uD. i;d mek tla ñksfil= weof.k .sh kuq;a
;ukag tfia fj;ehs fkdis;d isá;s'
fldákag Nh ke;s iuyr úhÜkdï cd;sl ñksiqka ud ±l ;sfí'
wfma rgg meñK uyd >k jkdka;rfha jdii:dk idodf.k Tõyq Ôj;a
fj;s' fldá iy jk i;=kaf.ka fï m%foaYh .yKh' uy lef,a ueo ±j
lemSug h;a' ? fnda jQ úg tysu kso;a' .fuka fndfyda wE;h' lsisu ìhla
Tjqka ;=< ke;' ;ksju jqj;a lef,a fkdìhj ksod .ks;a' ;ksj .uka
hdug uyd rd;s%fha jqjo Nh ke;' tfy fufy le,Efõ weúÈ;s' zzTjqkaf.

13

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

a rfÜ fldá ñkS uia lk kuq;a ;dhs rfÜ fldá ñkS uia fkdl;s' Tjqka
ñksidg Nh fj;s'ZZ hkq Tjqkaf.a u;hhs' ;udf.a rfÜ tfia fkdj" rd;S%
.; lsÍug le,Efõ tu m%foaYh wdjrKh l< hq;=hs' tu ia:dkh W!re
uv j,la jeksh' ke;fyd;a wdmiq .g hdug fkdyels nj lsh;s' fldá
rd;s% ld,fha .ugo mks;s' lsisfjla ? fnda jQ úg f.hska t<shg fkdh;a'
l¿jr le,E frdolska tlúg fldáhd mek ñksiqka veyef.k h;s'
úhÜkdï cd;slfhda fufia ks¾Nh fj;s' zz;dhs ñksiqka uyd ìh .=,af,da
hehs Tõyq kskaod lr;s' ;dhs ñksiqka ;ksju lef,a ixpdrh fkdlr;s'ZZ hs
Tõyq iroï lr;a' fï wd§ lreKq ksid wdpd¾hh uka úhÜkdï cd;slhska
fldákag Nh ke;ehs mjihs'
wdpd¾h uka úhÜkdï lef,a jdih lrk úg tys isá fldá lsisúgl
Wkajykafiag ;¾ckhla fkdùh' ? ld,fha Tjqka f.drjk Yíoh uq¿
le,h fodaxldr lrhs' Tjqka .uka lrk wä mdrj,a olakg we;' tajd
le,Efõ idudkH Yío f,i is;d ìh iel fkdlrhs' Wkajykafiaf.
a tlu ìh jQfha ;uka jykafiag fï w;aneõys ixidr ÿl blaujkakg
fkdyels fõo @ hkakhs' fï w;aneõys ksjka YdlaId;a l< hq;=h hkak
tlu wêIaGdkh úh'
fïfldx .`. yryd hk úg ;uka jykafia ìh jQfha ±hs wik úg
zzke;ZZ hk ms<s;=r ,enqKs' fujeks wNsfhda.j,g ug uqyqK mdkakg jqKs
kï .fï ñksiqkag udj /lSug isÿjkafkah' ud lef,a ilauka lrk úg
fldákaf.a f.drjk kdoh weiS Nhska ;%ia; ù weú§ug fkdyels jqKs'
fldáhd ±ka ±ka ud bÈßhg taú hk NS;sh we;súh' fldá b;du oreKq
jk i;=ka nj l=vd ld,fha isg foudmshkaf.ka wid we;' fï ìh uf.a
isf;a iaÓrj mÈxÑ ù we;' tneúka fldákag ìh fkdù isáh fkdyelsh'
;ju;a fï ìh blaujd ke;'
wdpd¾hh uka uq,a ld,fha§ W;=re ;dhs,ka;fha fkdfhla m%foaYhkays
ixpdrKh l<y' miq ld,fha§ ;uka n,j;a iudêhg m;a jq ksid ndysr
wruqKq j,ska is; pxp, fkdùh' túg ol=K n,d .uka lf<ah' OQ;dx.
rlsñka l%ufhka nexfldla k.rhg meñKqks' tys jÜ me;=ïjka wdrdufha
jia úiqfõh' fï ld,fha§ jÜ fndfrduysjÜ wdrdufhys jev úiQ p´ Lka
Wmd,s .=KQmudpd¾Hh NsCIQka jykafia ks;r weiqre lrñka m%{dj ÈhqKq
lrk wkaou úpdf<ah'
jia wjidkfha wdpd¾hh uka md .ukska f.dia f,dmanQß m%foaYfha
*dka.ï l÷ uqÿfkys msysá *hslajx .,a .=ydfõ ,e`.=ï .;s' fuu w;sYhska
14

uQ,sl wjêh

fhda.H jQ mßirfha§ Ndjkd n,h ;j;a ÈhqKq úh' bkamiq isxfgd .=ydfjys jdih l<y' fï ld,fha§ is; n,j;a úh' mßirfha lsisu fohlska
lïmd fkdùh' tneúka uy;a fia ks¾Nh úh' fï jk úg Wkajykafiaf.
a iudêh .,la fuka ia:djr úh' fï iudêfha mejf;ñka fkdkj;ajdu
Oïudkqmiaikdfõ fhfoñka m%{dj jeäh yels l%u iy úê wOHhkh
l<y' ál ld,hlg miq kej;;a nexfldla kqjr jÜfndfrduys jÜys úiQ
p´ Lqka Wmd,s f;reka iu`. idlÉPd l<y' ;u iel ÿre lrñka iEySulg m;ajqKs' ud¾.h ms<sn| ±ka meyeÈ,sh' Wkajykafiaf.ka iuqf.k
kfLdka fkdfhla m%foaYfha fld hhs l÷ uqÿfka msysá idßld .,a .=ydjg
meñKshy'

idßld .,a.=ydj
wdpd¾h uka idßld .,a .=ydfjys wjqreÿ 3la Ndjkd lrñka isáhy'
uq¿ ld,h ;=<u woaN+; isoaëkaf.ka hqla; jQ neúka fuu ld,h Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú;fha wu;l fkdjk ld,hls' uf.a u;lfha yeáhg uq,skau
.sfha .,a .=ydjg wdikak nka .¨ ta .ïudkhgh' fuu m,d; fkdokakd
neúka .eñhka iu`. .,a .=ydj fidhd .shy' .eñfhda wk;=re we`.jQy'
fuu .,a .=ydj fkdfhla woaN+; ydialï j,ska hqla;h' b;du msßisÿ is,a
ke;s we;a;kag tys jdih l< fkdyelsh' fkdfhla NsCIQka jykafia,d tys
jdihg f.dia ;o n, f,i frda.d;=r úh' iuyre ffjoH Wmfoia ,nd
.ekSug fmr urKhg m;ajK
q 's uyd úYd, YÍr we;s wukqIHfhda tys isá;s'
Tjqkag woaN+; n, we;' ier mreI .;s we;' tys fhdaO wukqIHfhda .,a
.=ydj wdrlaId lr;a' fkdis;+ úêhg tys wuq;= foa isÿfõ' fuu wukqIHfhda NsCIQka jykafia,dg wNsfhda. lr;s' hlal= t,jkag yels±hs úui;s'
fkdfhla úêfha Nh" NS;sh ksid frda.d;=r ù urKhg m;afj;s' .eñfhda
tys fkdhk f,i wdpd¾h ukag wdhdpkh l<y' fuu fldamd úIag jk
ÿIag l¿ wukqIHhd .ek úia;r weiQ úg .eñfhda fufia lSy' hfula fuu
.=ydjg wd uq,a rd;s%fhau Nhxldr isyskla olS' uyd úYd, hCIfhla ;ud
bÈßfha isà' Tyq urK ;¾ck lrhs' zzfuu .=ydj ug whs;sh' lsisfjl=g
isàug fuys bv ke;' fufyka t<shg weo oud urkjd" b;du;a is,aj;a"
lreKd" ffu;S% we;s .=Kj;a wfhl=g muKla bkag bv ,efí' tjekakka
wdrlaId lrkq we;' krl jerÈ lrk wh úkdY lrkjdZZ wd§ jYfhks'
fndfyda NsCIQyq fï w;a±lSu ksid ìh m;a ù .=ydj yer h;s' idud-

15

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

kHfhka Èkla fyda folla ,e`.=ï .ks;a' Nhska fjõ,ñka bka nei h;s'
kej; lsis Èkl wdfõ ke;' iuyre fuu .=ydjg kex.d muKs' nyskakg
,enqfKa ke;' .eñfhda fufia wdpd¾Hh uka je<elajQy'
iuyr NsCIQkag nkskag ,enqfKa ke;af;a wehs±hs weiQ úg óg
ál ld,hlg fmr b;du;a is,aj;a NsCIQka jykafia,d 4 kula tys u<y'
Wkajykafia,d o hï fohlg Nh ke;s nj lSjdy' wukqIHhka u¾okh
lsÍug ;ud <`. n,.;= hka;%" uka;% we;s nj lSy' fufia fkdfhla f,i
lS kuq;a wdpd¾h uka tys hdug ;SrKh lr l÷ uqÿk hkag mdr úpdf<ah'
.eñfhda wlue;af;ka jqjo mdr fmkajd ÿkay'
wdpd¾h ukag fuu .,a .=ydj olskakg l=;=y,hla ;snqKs' fï
.eñfhda lshkafka we;a;lao @ i;s" m[a[d" ù¾Hh jeãug fï Nhdkl
wruqKq Wmldr fõ' i;Hh fiúh hq;=h' hï ÿIalr;djhla fjf;d;a .ug
meñfKk nj lSy'
ál ojila hk ;=re Wkajykafiag lsisu wuq;a;la fkd±Kqks'
wjg mßirh ksy~h' i;=ka o~hï lsÍfï§ we;sjk Yío muKs' bkamiq
nfâ ßÿula yg .;s' th idudkH fohla f,i is;=j;a blauKska jeäúh'
lsisu wdydrhla Èrjkag neßúh' f,a iu`. ish¨ wdydr u< my lf<ah'
Wkajykafia fufia isáfhd;a .eñhka lS mßÈ 5fjks NsCIQka jykafia fuka
urKhg m;afõ' .syshka Wkajykafia ±lSug wd úg fuu wdndOhg hï
le,E fld< uq,a fldgd ;ïnd mdkh lrkag wjYH nj lS úg tu fnfy;a
øjH ,nd" tajd mdkh l<y' lsisu fnfy;lg fuu frda.h iqj fkdùh'
ojiska oji YÍrh b;du ÿ¾j, úh' ukio ÿ¾j, úh'
Wkajykafia fï ms<sn| is;kakg jqKs' fu;rï fnfy;a îj;a fuu
wdndOh iqj fkdfõ' fnfy;a ksid frda.h jeä fjkjdo@ fnfy;a kj;d
Wkajykafia O¾u Yla;f
s hka f,fâ iqj lsÍug ;SrKh l<y' Ôj;a jqfKd;a
fyd|hs uereK;a lula keye fufia is;d ish¨ fnfy;a kj;d Ndjkdfõ
fhÿKs'
uu u.a.M, ksjk lrd hk ud¾.h Èlsñ' fï YdÍßl ÿl bjiñ'
fujeks fõokdjla Wiq,kakg neß wehs @ fufia ÿ¾j, ù uu mrdð; fjñ'
urKfha§ fldfy;au Nhdkl ÿl bjikafka flfiao@ fï wd§ jYfhka
is;d fnfy;a keje;aúh'
ish¨ ldhsl udkisl f,v frda. j,g tlu ms<shu fï uf.a

16

uQ,sl wjêh

O¾u;djhhs' fufia urKdkqiai;sh Ndjkd lf<ah' ;u is;" lh" úmiaikd l<y' wêl i;s" m[a[d" úßh Wmoúh' ;u YÍrfha we;s Nhdkl
;;a;ajh wu;l ú' urK ìh o my úh' ÿla fõokdj fufkys l<y' kdu
rEm fjka lr úmiaikd l<y' YÍrfha fldgia fjka lrñka tys iajNdjh
fufkys l<y' fõokd" m[a[d fufkys l<y' ixLdr Wmojk nj;a
u;lfhka i[a[d tk nj;a fufkys lrñka iji hdufha isg rd;S% uOHu
hduh hk ;=re;a Ndjkd l<y' isf;a lfha we;s iïnkaOh fmKqks' fufia
úmiaikd lrk úg is; iudê.; úh' ish¿ fõokd w;=reoyka úh'
b;d iq¿ fõ,djla is; ksy~ úh' bkamiq Wmpdr iudêhg m;ajqKs'
;u wdf,dalu;a is; YÍrfhka msg ù .sfhah' ta fudfydf;a§ úYd, YÍrhlska hq;= l¿ ñksfila ÿgy' wä 30la muK Wie;s fï ñksidf.a wf;a hlv
uq.=rls' wä 12la muK È. ñksfil=f.a ll=,la muK uy;h' fï ±jeka;
ñksid Wkajykafia <`.g weú;a fï fudfydf;au ;,d fmdf<djg iu;,d
lrK nj lSy' ±kau msgfjkag wK lf<ah' Ôú;hg wdid we;akï hj'
Tyqf.a l:dj foÿreï lEfõh' Tyqf.a uq.=r lr Wvh' bka tl myrlska
±jeka; we;a rdcfhla fmdf<djg iu;d l< yelsh'
wdpd¾h uka Tyq iu`. l:d lf<ah' lsiu
s je/oaola fkdl< flfkl=g
tjeks idyisl o~qjï muqKqjkafka ula ksid±hs weiSh' tu lkao Tyqg
wh;afõ' thg wrlaf.ka isák ksid lsisfjl=g Tyqf.a n,h ke;sl< fkdyel' fu;ekg tk ish¨ fokd úkdY lrK nj lSh'
wdpd¾h uka Tyq g neK jeÿKs ' zzuu fuys wdfõ ldf.a j ;a
whs;sjdislï Wÿrd .ekSug fkdfõ' uu wdfõ Ndjkd lsÍug uf.a isf;a
my< jk flf<ia j, whs;sh ke;s lsÍug is,aj;a NsCIqjlg ysxid" mSvd
lsÍu n,j; jrola' uu nqoaO Y%djlfhlañ' Wkajykafiaf.a lreKd"
ffu;%S .=Kh uq¿ úYajfha me;sÍ mj;S' Tnf.a Th udkdêl n,h Bg
jvd Wiiao @ O¾u" l¾u kS;sh uq¿ úYajhu wdKavq uÜgq lrhs' fï nj
Tn okafkyso @
zzke; iajdóksZZ" Tyq ms<s;=re ÿks'
wm iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykaiag Yla;sh n,h ;sfhkjd' ysf;a
mek k.sk Th jeks udkdêl n,h fmkajñka mqridrï lshk n,h úkdY
lrkag' Wkajykafiaf.a isf;a wkqkag ysxid" mSvd lrk" urKhg m;a lrk
jerÈ is;a m,jd yer we;' WU is;kjdo kqU uyd olaIfhla lshd @ Tfí
ysf;a we;sjk Th Nhdkl flf<ia ke;s lsÍug l=ula l< hq;=±hs Tn
17

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

okafkyso @
zz;du ke; iajdóksZZ hehs ms<s.;s'
ux Tn is;a we;s Nhdkl wl=i,a ksid Tn b;d lDDr flfkls' Tfí
n,h fl;rï ;snqK;a Tn isf;a we;s flf<ia hgm;a lsÍug n,hla ke;'
Tfí ueðla n,fhka ñksiqka Nh lr urd ±óu ksid Tn Bg jvd Nhdkl
.skafkka ±fjkafkah' uyd wl=i, l¾u lr wmd.; jkafkah' th uÈjdg
ud jeks wysxil O¾uhg wkqj Ôj;ajk wfhl= urkag ;e;a lrhs' Tfí
.=K O¾u fudkjdo yeisÍu fu;rï Nhdkl idyisl fkdfõo @ Tn ;rï
krl lDDr wh ke;s ;rïh' uu W.% ;mia rlsk is,ajf;lañ' uu O¾uh
ms<smÈkafka uf.a fi; msKsi;a wka whf.a fi; msKsi;ah' ta kuq;a Tn ud
urd fmdf<djg iu;,d lsÍug ;e;a lrhs' Tn wmdhg weof.dia Nhdkl
ÿla úmdl ú¢k nj fkdokafkao @ Tfí uyd n, Yla;sfhka l¾u úmdl
je<elaúh yelso @ Tfí n,h fï O¾u l¾uhg jvd jeäkï udj ±ka
urd oukq uekú' uu urKhg ìh fkdfjñ' wo fkdu<;a hï Èkl uefrkafkah' f,dalfha ish¨ fokdu uefr;s' Tn fld;rï n, mq¿jkaldrfhla
jqj;a Tno uefrkafkah'
fï wreu mqÿu mqoa.,hd fï ish,a, wid isáfhah' fl,ska isáf.k
.,a ms<suhla fuks' uyd uq.=r lr Wv we;' ukqIHfhla kï ,eÊcdfjka
Nfhka ;%i;
a ù isá;shs lshk yelsh' yqiu
a fy,kafka j;a ke;' Tyq wukqIHfhla ksid yqiau .kafka ke;' tfy;a Tyq ,eÊcd Nhska ñßlS isák nj
wdpd¾h ukag fmfka' uy;a wdhdihlska Tyqf.a ÿl i`.jdf.k isà'
wdpd¾h uka l:dj wjika l<y' ta CIKKfhysu fï ±jeka;
mqoa.,hd ;u lf¾ ;snQ úYd, uq.=r ìu fy¿fõh' ta iu`.u fï uyd l¿
mqoa.,hd idudkH Wmdil uy;auhl=f.a yevhg mßj¾;kh úh' hg;a
my;a ,S,djlska isg.;s' bkamiq yo m;af,kau f.!rjfhka wdpd¾Hh uka
<`.g meñKsfhah' bkamiq uy;a miq;eú,a,lska iudj b,a,d isáfhah'
Tyqf.a l:dfõ idrdxYh fuhhs'
zzuu úiauhg yd NS;shg m;a jqfka Tn jykafia uq,skau ÿgqúgh'
Tn jykafiaf.a uq¿ YÍrh ;=<ska mqÿudldr §ma;su;a wdf,dalhla úysÿKs'
Tn jykaia udj wNsnjd uf.a n,h ke;s lr;ahehs is;=Ks' ug lsisjla lr
lshd .kag fkdyelsúh' uu Tn jykafia urKhg ;e;a lf<a yojf;a we;s
;rylska fkdfõ' uf.a udkhg myr jeÿKq neúks' fndfyda ld,hla isg fï
uq¿ lkao wvúh ug wh;ahehs uu is;=fjñ' wukqIHfhda ug Nh NSrka;
18

uQ,sl wjêh

fj;s' krl .;s we;s ÿiaiS, ñksiaiq o ug ìh fj;s' uf.a ;o udkh yd
wd;au oDIaáh ksid Tn jykafia hg;a lrkag is;=fjñ' tfy;a uf.a isf;a
Nhla iella ;snqKs' Tn jykafia ug jvd n,mq¿jkaldrfhla hehs ±kqKs'
uu wkqkag i<lkafka my;a f,ih' Tjqka Nh lsÍu" th uf.a mqreoaohs'
ug Tn jykaia iudjqj uekú' ñkamiq uu ÿIag .;s w;a yßñ ug ;j ÿla
ú§ug fkdyel' óg jvd ÿla ú£ug isÿfõ±hs Nh fjñ'ZZ
wdpd¾h uka ms<s;=re ÿks' zzTng uy;a n, Yla;shla we;' Tfí
YÍrh >k iajNdjhla fkdfõ' Tng ñksiqkag fuka YdÍßl ÿla fõokd
ke;' nv.sks fõokd ke;' /lshd lr ñ, uqo,a Wmhkakg ke;' Tng we;s
ÿl l=ulao @ Tnf.a ÈjH wd;auh;a ÿlla kï ÿla ke;af;a fld;eko@
zzu;=msáka n,k úg ñksiqkag jeks ÿla foajd ;u M, ke;' ñksiqkag
jvd wfma YÍrfhka wms iem ú¢uq' tfy;a YÍrfhka ÿla ;rula ,efí'
Wiia ySk wd;au j, ;rd ;srï wkqj ÿla iem ,efí'ZZ
fuu idlÉPdj b;du ixlS¾K ksid tys iajNdjh ug f;areï .;
fkdyel' tneúka fï jpk j,ska Tng hïlsis woyila §ug W;aidy
lrñ' th id¾:l fkdùu .ek iudjqj uekú'
fuu idlÉPdj wjidkfha§ fï wreu mqÿu mqo.
a ,hd O¾uhg f.!rj
lr f;rejka irK .sfhah' zzTn jykafia irK hñZZ lSfõh' zzTn jykafia
uf.a Y%oO
a djg idCIs fõjdZZ fufia lshd Wkajykafia wdrlaIdlrK nj lshd
.,a .=ydfõ jev jik f,i wdrdOkd lf<ah' Wkajykafiag wdrlaIdj i,id
úYd, l=i,hla w;am;a lr .ekSug Tyq leu;s úh' we;af;kau Tyq tys
jik jDCI foaj;djkaf.a wêm;shdh' N=ïud foajd hkqfjka ye¢kafjk fï
foaj fldÜGdih N+ñhg wdikakj jdih lr;s' úYd, .ia uqÿkaj, úudk
idod mjq,a msáka jdih lr;s' Tõyq fjia j,df.k uyd hCIfhla fuka
ñksiqka Nh l<y' uq¿ kfLdka kfhdla l÷ lrh Tjqkaf.a wvúh fõ'
wdpd¾h uka fufia iudêhg iuje§ fï foúhka iu`. w¿hu 4
olajd idlÉPd l<y' bkamiq iudêfhka ke.S iajdNdúl ;;a;j
a hg m;ajK
q 's
Wkajykafiaf.a nfâ frda.h w;=reoyka ù ;snqKs' ;udf.a n,j;a frda.h
iqj ùug Ndjkd n,fhka yels nj úiau cklh' Wkajykafiag th úYd,
w;a±lSula úh' YÍrh jvd;a Yla;su;a úh' uq¿ rd;s%h iudê.; jq kuq;a
fjfyila ke;' tneúka t<sfjk ;=re Ndjkd lf<ah'
O¾ufha ydia l ï Wka j yka f ia g m% ; HCI úh' uyd Nhdkl

19

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wukqIHfhl=f.a is; fjkia lr Y%oaOd Nla;s iumkakj f;rejka irK
f.dia Wkajykafiag wjk; úh' Tyqf.a udkdêl n,h ì| jegqK's Wkajykafiaf.a is; meh .Kka n,j;a ;Dma;su;a i;=glg m;aúh' Wkajykafiaf.a
Ndjkd ÈhqKj
q .ek ±ka i;=gg m;ajK
q 's lsiu
s ielhla ±ka ke;' fkdfhla
o¾Yk ±laflah' bka is; b;du;a msßisÿ m%NdYajr úh' fndfyda flf<ia
ÿreúh' tu m%{dj ;=<ska Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿ pß;h j¾Okh úh'
B<`. udi .Kkdjla Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkdj b;d id¾:l úh'
bka lshkag neß ;rï ishqï wdiajdo ,oy' YdÍßl udkisl ksfrda.s nj
,oy' iuyrúg ueÈhï rd;s%fha N+udgq foújre úYd, msßia jYfhka wjq;a
Wkajykafia iu`. l:d lr;s' tu wêm;s foúhd' uq¿ foaj iud.ï j,g
Wkajykafia .=K kqjK .ek m%ldY lr we;' fufia wuq;a;ka ke;s úg
Wkajykafia Ndjkd lr;s'
tla ikaOHdjl Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd wdikh yer .,a .=ydj
bÈßmsg t<suyfk jev issáhy' O¾uh fufkys lrñka nqÿrcdKka jykafia fu;rï ydialï we;s O¾uhla wjfndaO lf<a hehs o ñksia j¾.hdg
fuu odhdoh ÿka fialhehs o fuh kshu úêhg wkq.ukh lsÍu b;du
ÿIalr jqjo ;uka jykafia hïlsis m%udKhlg id¾:l jQfha hehso tneúka
fl;rï jdikdjka; hhso jYfhka wdj¾ckd l<y' ;ju;a wjidk ud¾.
M, fkd,enqK;a fï ud¾.fha .uka lsÍfuka ,enQ i;=g wdiajdoh lsh fkdyels ;rïh' wjidk w¾y;ajh ,nd .ekSu yels nj jegyqKs' urKhg
m;a kqjqfkd;a th ,efíuh' túg ish¨ ÿla blauj;s'
fï fudfydf;a§ j÷frda /,la lEu fidhñka Wkajykafia bÈßfhys isáhy' j÷re kdhlhd Wkajykafia ±l úms,sir ù .ia w;ßka ÿj
mksñka j÷re /, je<elajQy' zzf.dfla" f.dflaZZ Yíoh Tjqkaf.a j÷re
NdIdfjka lshk msKsúv úh' Tjqkaf.a Yío wdpd¾h ukag f;af¾' tlsfkld
l:d lrñka ;u ìh m%ldY l<y' zzta l=ulao @" fudllao okafka keye'
Nhdkl fohlao @ZZ zzfldfykao fldfkaoZZ zzfï fu;ek fï fu;kZZ wd§
jYfhka wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| wi;s' j÷re kdhlhd ;u /< /lSug fjfyfia' wdpd¾h uka Tjqkaf.a iel ìh ±k ffu;S% lrñka fufia is;=fõh'
zzuu fuys wdfõ Ndjkd lsÍug' O¾uhg wkqj ms<sfj;a msÍug' lsisfjl=g
uf.ka ydkshla ke;' ud flfrys Nh fkdjõ æ Tfí wdydr leu;s mßÈ
fidhd .kak' yeuodu fuys weú;a lEu fiõj;a lï ke;'ZZ
tflfkysu j÷re kdhlhd mKsúvh /<g ÿks' th n,disàug uy;a

20

uQ,sl wjêh

úfkdaohls' zzf.dafla f.daflaZZ zzfyñka fyñka" ÿjkag mkskag tmdZZ bkamiq
uq¿ /<u .=ydj bÈßhg meñKshy' /f<a kdhlhdg wdpd¾h uka uyd
l=;=y,hls' b;du lsÜgqjg wjq;a úmrï lrhs' Tyqf.a ìh iel uy;ah'
wdpd¾h uka Tjqkaf.a l:d nia fyd¢ka f;areï .;af;ah' Tjqka .ek
wkqlïmd úh' Tjqkf
a .a lE flda .eiSu wmg Yíohla muKs' tfy;a wdpd¾h
uka b;d idjOdkfhka wid ta ta Yíoj, w¾: y÷khs' uq¨
/<u
uyd yhsfhka lE .i;s' tfy fufy ÿj mksñka m%Yak lr;s' W;a;r fo;s'
ukqIHhka fuka weúiaiS isys uq,dfj;s' wdpd¾Hh uka isák ;ekg wjq;a
tlsfkld n,d isá;s' .ia w;ßka mek mek ÿjh;s'
fï l:dj wdpd¾h uka mqkrela;sfhka lshhs' th Wkajykafiaf.
a w;a±lSfï ishqï Ndjhhs' j,a j÷frda ñksiqkag Nh jkafka ñksiaiq uyd
ïf,aÉP lDDr wkaoug i;=ka úYd, jYfhka urk neúKs hehs Wkajykafia
lSy' i;=ka ta ta Yío f;areï .kafka ñksid ;u NdIdfõ Yío f;areï
.kakd fuks' ys; m%Odk ù fï Yío my< fõ' tys iqúfYaI f;areï we;'
fjk;a NdIdjka j, Yío wmg fkdf;f¾' tu NdIdj fkdo;a neúKs'
Yío b;d idjOdkj wik úg ta ta Yío j,ska fjkia woyia m< lrk
nj meyeÈ,sj fmfka'
wka;sfï§ j÷re /<j,a wdy' wdpd¾h uka .ek lsisu úCIsma;hla
ke;' ks±,af,a ÿj mek wdydr fidh;s' wdpd¾Hh uka .ek j.la j;a
ke;' Tjqkaf.a kqjK we;af;a wdydr fiùug yd ie`.ù ;u Ôú;drCId
lr .ekSug muKs'
tla ikaoHdjl Wkajykafia nqÿ.=K wruqK ke;s ù is; ysia úh' uq¿
f,dalhu ysiaúh' Y+kH;djhla Èiaúh' fuu iudêfhka ke.S isg nqÿ.=K
fufkys lf<ah' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a wisßu;a m%{dfjka i;a;ajhdf.a
flf<ia ÿre lrK wkaou jod<y' i;s m[a[d fl;rï n,j;ao" idudkH
ffoksl lghq;= lrKhg wdydr je<£u" u<my lsÍu" wdÈh jqjo i;s
m[a[dfjka lrKúg tu ld¾Hh ksis wdldrfhka flfrhs' tu ls%hd jerÈ
úêhgu lsÍu ksid iS,dpdr nj kefia' fï ms<sn| úYd, f,i mqreÿ mqyqKq
úh hq;=fõ' isf;a we;sjk is;=ú,s ms<sn|jo i;s m[a[dfjka md,kh úh
hq;=hs' fï i;s m[a[d ,sys,ajQ úg ;udf.a yeisÍu úlD;s fõ' ;u jhi"
ia;S%" mqreI Ndjh" iudc;Fjh .ek fkd;ld is;g jy,a ù fkdfhla
wYS,dpdr foa lr;a'

21

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

idudkH ñksid fmdä <uhska fuks' fmdä <uhskag jeäysáhka.a
md,kh wjYH fõ' fndfyda wh fmkqfuka jhia.; jqjo" ;Fjh" udkh"
uu;ajh jeä ù .sho yß yeá is;Sug fkdyelsh' ;udg;a wkqkag;a
ys;lr úêhg yeisÍug fkdoks;s' ta wh fN!;sl jYfhka mßk; jqjo
i;s m[a[dfjka mßk; fkdfõ' fuu O¾u lreKq ;udf.a isf;a mqyqKq
lsÍug o ue,sfj;s' tneúka hk hk ;ek m%Yak Woa.; fõ' fï wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajh .ek fufkys lrk úg wdpd¾Hh uka uy;afia ixfõ.
hg m;ajqKs'
idßld .=ydjg ke.sh hq;= l÷ mduq, úmiaikd Ndjkd uOHia:dkhla
;snqKs' tys jhia.; NsCIqkajykafia kula jdih lf<ah' Wkajykafia .sys
Ôú;fha§ Nd¾Hhdjka orejka iu`. isg jhia.; ù uyK jQfjls' Èkla
wdpd¾h uka fuu NsCIQka jykafia is;=ú,s .ek ;u Ndjkd Èín plaLqfjka
n,k úg Wkajykafiaf.a is; úisÍ f.dia ;u mjq, ìß| iy orejka .ek
is;=ú,s my< lrk nj fmKqks' tÈk rd;s%fha§ wdpd¾h uka fuu NsCIqjf.a
is;sú,s foi neÆ úg ta;a tu is;=ú,suh' t<sfjk mdkaoro tu NsCIqjf.
a is;=ú,s ;u orejka" ìß| .ekuh' b;d läirfhka ;u ¥ orejka yd
uqkqUqre" ñksìßhka .ek is;hs' .sys Ôú;h .ek l,amkd lrhs' iir
wkka; Ôú; ,eîug fya;=fõ'
tÈk Wfoa msKv
a md;fhka miq wdpd¾h uka fï NsCIqjf.a l=áhg f.dv
ù fufia lSfõh' zzfldfyduo iem ÿla @ Tn kej;;a w¿;a f.hla idod
ìß|;a iu`. újdy ù bkago l,amkdj' ? t<sjk ;=re;a ta .ek is;ñka
isáhd fkdfõo @ ±ka ish,a, ie<iqï lr bjro @ uu yßo @ZZ
tu NsCIqj uy;afia ,eÊcdj m;a ù ;u ryi o;a neúka u| iskdjla
my< lr zzwdpd¾h uka" Tn jykafia úiañ;hs uf.a is; uq¿ rd;s%h mqrd
ÿgqfjyso @
Tn jykafia ug jvd ta ish,a, okS' tneúka uf.ka weiSfuka jevla
ke;' Tn jykafia ksod .;af;au ke;' ±kq;a ,eÊcdjla ke;sj ta is;sú,s
is;hs' i;s" m[a[dj ;=<ska fï is;sú,s kj;ajkag neßo @ tu is;sú,s wkqj
Tn ls%hdlrkakgo hkafka @
fufia lshkúg ta jhia.; NsCIqj iqÿue,s ù l,dka;ùug fuka uy;a
,eÊcdjg m;a ù isáhy' msiafila fuka fudkjdo f;d,a u;=f,ah' fï ±l
wdpd¾h uka ;u È.g idlÉPd lsÍu wk;=reodhl hehs is;d fjk;a foa
.ek l:dlr ;uka jykafiaf.a l=áhg jeähy'
22

uQ,sl wjêh

;=ka Èklg miq .sys odhlfhla wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a l=áhg meñKs
úg jhia.; NsCIqj .ek weiqfõh' Bfha Wfoa Wkajykafia fkdlshdu
hkag ,Eia;s jqkd' wehs fu;rï blauKska hkafka hehs weiQúg uu fufya
bkafka flfiao @ Bfha Wfoa wdpd¾h uka ug fkdfhla úêfhka l:d l<d'
uu ta fjf,a l,dka; ù .shd' ;j lSjd kï uu ueÍ jefgkjd' b;ska
ug fuys bkag neye' wou hkjd' wdpd¾Hh uka Tn jykafiag nekako
@ keye állaj;a nekafka keye' kuq;a uf.ka weiQ m%Yak nekqulg jvd
ßÿKd' Wkajykafia weiQ m%Yak fudkjd±hs weiQúg th kï wykak tmd'
uu uefrk ;rï ,eÊcdfjñ' hï flfkla ±k .;af;d;a ug fmdf<dfõ
mia lkakg fõú' uu tlla lshkakï' hï hï wh fyd| krl foa folu
ys;kjd' ;udf.a is;sú,s kj;ajkag mq¿jka ldgo @ wdpd¾h uka uf.a
is;sú,s ish,a, okakjd' ug fuys jikag neye' Bg jeäh fyd|hs fldfya
yß .syska uefrk tl' ug fuys isáfhd;a ú,s ,eÊcfõ bkag fjkjd' Bfha
? uu ksod.;af;a keye' fï .ek is;ñka ysáhd'
Tn jykafiaf.ka wdpd¾h ukag lsis je/oaola ù keye' Wkajykafiaf.a;a je/oaola keye' ;uka jerÈ kï Wkajykafiaf.ka Wmfoia ,nd
Bg iqÿiaila l< hq;=hs' th wdpd¾h ukag lrK f.!rjhla' tjeks is;a
we;s jQúg l=ula l< hq;=±hs wikak' túg i;s m[a[dj Tng my< fõú'
fufya od, hkjdg jvd th fyd|hs' fkdfõo @
ug i;sh meje;aùug jvd wdpd¾Hh uka .ek ìhla ;sfí' uu
Wkajykafia <`. isàu mQia meáfhla uy wef;la <`. isákjd fuks' uf.a
is;sú,s Wkajykafia okS hehs is;Su mjd ug ugy;a lïmkhls' uu fuys
isáfhd;a uefrkjd hehs lSy'
Wmdil f;u fï jhia.; NsCIqj flfrys wkqlïmd lf<ah' Tyqf.
a uqyqK iqÿue,s ù we;' we;af;kau ìhm;a ù we;' Tn jykafia fldfya
hkjd±hs weiQúg okafka keyehs lSh' fkduerefKd;a kej; wms yuqfjuqhs
lSh' uu fmdä msßñ <ufhla miq mi heõfjñ' tfy;a Wkajykafia hk
;ek lSfõ ke;' ta uy¿ NsCIqj .ek uu lK.dgqfjñ'
fuh fï ;rï ;ud fj; t,a, jQ wNsfhda.hla f,i ie,l=fõ uka±hs
uu ÿlafjñ'
wdpd¾h uka fndfyda fihs k a lïmd úh' Wka j yka f ia fyd|
fÉ;kdfjka lS foh fu;rï ne?reï ;;a;j
a hlg m;a ù we;' Wkajykafia
ldreKslj fuh lshd we;' we;a;gu Wkajykafia iqÿue,s jQ ksid fujeks
23

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fohla fõhehs wkqudk l<y' tÈkg miq Wkajykafia ;u is; wkqka flf¾
fhduq lf<a ke;' fujeks fohla Woa.; fõ hehs Nh úh' Wkajykafiaf.
a mrÑ;a; úcdkkh i;Hhls' zzuu l:d lf<a tu jhia.; NsCIqj iu`.
hy¿ ñ;%fhla fuks' hy¿fjda iuyr úg úys¿ lr;s' iuyr úg jeo.;a
foa lsh;s' fu;rï ne?reï ;;a;ajhla we;sfõ hehs o ;u wimqj yeroud
hdug isÿfõ hehs o Wkajykafia fkdis;+y'
fuh wdpd¾hh ukag jeo.;a mdvula úh' Wkajykafia yuqùug tk
fkdfhla mqoa.,hka .ek yeisßh hq;= wkaou l:d l< hq;= wkaou .ek
m%fõiï úh hq;=h' bkamiq lsisfjl=f.a is;=ú,s .ek wk;=re we`.ùula
fkdlf<ah' th jl%dldrfhka zzfufia is;k wh w;eZZhs lsh;s' fl<skau
fkdlsh;s' ñksiqkaf.a is;a fmdä <uhs jeá jeá weúÈkakdla fuks' Tjqkag
;du weúÈkag yqre ke;' jeäysáfhda wjOdkfhka /l n,;s' tfy;a
jeämqr wdrlaId fkdlr;s' ñksidf.a is;;a tfiauh' Tjqkaf.a m%;HCIfhka
is; .ek úuiqï l< hq;=h' iuyr úg yß úêhg is;;a' iuyrúg jerÈ
úêhg is;;a' iuyrúg fyd|hs' iuyrúg krlhs' fuh iajdNdúlhs' yeu
fudfydf;au yß úêhg is;sh hq;=hehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh hq;= ke;'
idßld f,fka isá ld,h wdpd¾Hh ukag úYd, M,odhs úh' fkdfhla
i;H lreKq jegyqfKah' ;u wNHka;r is;=ú,s iy tajdg wruqKq jQ ndysr
f,dalh .ek m¾fhaIK lsÍug yelsúh' ;u ld¾Hhka flfrys fl;rï
WfoHda.s jqjo lsjfyd;a ld,h wu;l úh' Èk" udi" wjqreÿ .;jk j.la
u;l ke;' Ndjkd ÈhqKqj ksid is; ks;r m%fndaOfhks' ks;r m%{dj
úmiaikd kqjK my< úh' th j;=r .,kakdla fuka fkdkej;S my< jqKs'
fyd| ld,.=Kh we;s ijia hdufha Wkajykafia le,Ej ueÈka .uka lf<ah'
.ia" fld<ka" l÷ ,iaik mßirh Ñ;a;dol¾IKSh úh' Ndjkd ukisldrh
;snqKs' ijia hdufha l¿jr ù hk úg .=ydjg jeäfhah'
.=ydj wjg m%foaYh jk i;=kaf.ka .yK úh' tys .ia je,a m<;=re
fndfydah' fkdfhla j÷re j¾. we;' ,eka.=wd" .snka" yïndjd wd§ le,E
m<;=re lk i;=ka fndfyda we;' Wkaf.a jev .ek ñi wdp¾Hh uka .ek
lsisu ye`.Sula ke;' Tjqyq tfya fufya mksñka fi,a,ï lr;s' Tjqka iu`.
uy;a ñ;% iïnkaOhla ;snqKs' Tjqyq ;udf.a iudkfhdah' Wmam;a;sh" ÈÍu"
f,vùu" urKh" idOdrKh' i;=ka jqj;a Tjqka ;=< hïlsis l=i,;djl
.=Khla we;' ñksidf.a fyda i;=kaf.a /ia lr we;s l=i,a wl=i,a fjkia
fõ' i;a;aj f,dalhg bmÿk;a fndfyda i;=kag iuyr ñksiqkag jvd
mska we;' ;u mdmhlska ,nd .;a Wmam;a;sh ksid ;djld,sl ÿla we;'

24

uQ,sl wjêh

ñksidg;a tfiauhs' hï msklska ñksi;a nj ,enqj;a fndfyda wl=i, úmdl
ld,hkays ÿla mSvd ú¢;s' tu l¾u úmdlh f.ù .shúg kej;;a fyd|
ld,hla we;sfõ' fuf,i l¾u úmdl ta ta mßirh ;=<ska f.k foa' fï ksid
lsisfjl=f.a wjdikdj .ek wjuka l< hq;= ke;' ;u ;ud úiska lrK
fyd| fyda krl l¾u úmdl ;ud miqmi odhdohla fuka .uka lrhs'
oj,a hdufha§ wdpd¾h uka ;u .,af,k bÈß msg w;= .d msßisÿ
lrhs' iji Ndjkdfõ fhfoa' udrefjka udrejg ys¢ñka ilaukska l,a
hjhs' iudêh n,j;a ksid isf;a ks;r mS%;s" iqL" miaiêh we;' ldhdkqmiaikdfjka ;u YÍrh b;d iQCIau f,i úÉfþokh lr ne¨fõh' ta yeu
fohlu we;s ;s%,lIKh wjfndaO úh' fufia Èfkka Èk Wkajykafiaf.
a Y%oOdj ÈhqKq úh'

Y%djl ry;ka jykafia,d
idßld .,a .=ydfj jdih lrk ld,fha wdpd¾hh ukag ;u iudê
ksñ;a; fya;=fjka Y%djl ry;ka jykafia,d iu`. wdY%h lsÍug yelsúh'
ta yeu ry;kajykafiau O¾uh foaYkd l<y' wd¾h Y%djlhkaf.a m%;m
s ;a;s
.ek fndfyda úg foaYkd l<y' tys idrdxYh fufiah'
ilauka Ndjkdj b;d ikaiqka ,S,djlska ixhuhlska isÿ l< hq;=h'
;udf.a ld¾hh ms<sn| i;sh fhduq lrkak' Tn YÍrh foi fyda ialkaOhka foi n,kjd kï" ke;akï hï O¾uhla foi n,kjd kï ;udf.
a i;sh ta ms<sn| ;Èka ld je§ ;sìh hq;=hs' ;udf.a wjOdkh fjk lsis
wruqKla lrd fkdhjkak' tfia fjk wruqKq lrd hkafka Tng ia:djr
wOHd;añl Yla;shla ke;s neúks' tfyhska ;u wOHd;aufha irK - msysg
ke;' Tnf.a ish¨u ffoksl lghq;= j,§ i;sh mj;ajkak' tu jev ;ud
kskafoka lrk foa fuka ta fï w; yeß yeÍ i;sfhka f;drj lrkak
tmd' kskafoaÈ Tnf.a isysk fl;rï úÑ;% úêhg ta fï w; bnd.df;a
hkjdo @ Wfoa msKavmd;h" wdydr je<£u" YÍr lD;Hh wd§ Èkm;d
lrK foa .ek iïm%odhdkql+,j yeisfrkak' th nqÿ isß; fõ' ;ud O¾u
úkh ms<sn| mqyqKqjla fkd,;a flfkla fuka lsis úfgl yeisfrkak tmd'
ks;ru ;ud kshu Y%uKfhla f,i yeisfrkak' Ydka; odka; f,i bßhõ
mj;ajkak' nqoaO Y%djlfhl=f.a ,laIK ;sìh hq;=hs' tys f;areu ks;ru
i;s m[a[dfjka bßhõ meje;aùuhs' túg yojf;a .eUqf¾ ie`.ù we;s

25

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

flf<ia ÿrel< yelsh' ;ud .kakd wdydrh fyd|dldr m%;HdfõlaId
lrkak' ri we;s wdydr ksid is; úI fõ' m%;HdfõCId fkdlr wdydr
.kakd úg YÍrh mqIaáu;a jqjo is; ÿ¾j, fõ' i;sfhka f;drj .kakd
wdydr ksid is; ÿ¾j, jQ úg Tn úkdYhg m;afõ'
Y%uKfhla ;u iem myiqj i|yd wkqkaf.a iem myiqjg ydks
fjk f,i ,Êcd ke;s wl=i,a fkdl< hq;=hs bka ;ukag muKla fkdj
bka wkqkag;a ydks isÿfõ' nqoaO mq;%hkaf.a ms<s.ekSu wkqj ish¨u flf<ia
b;d Nhdklh' ysf;a flf<ia ÿre lsÍug uy;a ù¾Hh jeäh hq;=hs' yeu
flf<ilau .sks yq,la fuka ;u .uka ud¾.h ojhs' ;u úkh ;u is;ska
we;s lr .kakd nqoaO mq;%hkaf.a úkh" ;u wd;au ixhufhka isÿfõ' fuh
yeu úgu ;sìh hq;=hs' weúÈk" isák" ys¢k" ksok" lk" u<my lrk' l:
d lrK" iudch weiqre lrK yeu úgu ixjr úh hq;=hs' jerÈ foa úkh
úfrdaê ls%hd ish,a,lau flf,ia ksid isÿfõ' bka iir Wm; yd urKhg
m;afõ' ixidr meje;au blauùug leu;s mqoa.,hd tjeks jroj,ska fjka
úh hq;=hs' tu yeisÍu ksid ;ud úYd, m%md;hlg jefÜ' f,dalfha we;s
b;du ms<sl=,a mqoa.,fhl= fõ' tkï ld,lKaks" wms%h ksjil bkag i;=gq
ke;' wms%h we÷ï w¢kag leu;s ke;' tajd foi n,kag;a wms%hhs' idudkHfhka ñksiaiq wms%h" wm%ikak foa neyer lr;s' wms%h ukila we;s" wms%h
mqoa.,fhla fld;rï wm%ikako @ fï f,dalfha wkka; wms%h mqoa.,hd
ta ld,lKaKs nqoaO mq;%fhla f,i uyK ù isákakd Y%uKhdh' Tyqf.
a ms<sl=,a nj fyd| krl ish¨ fokdf.au yoj; tlfia isÿre lrhs" foú
nUqkaf.a yoj; tlfia isÿre lrhs' tneúka hfula kshudldr Y%uKfhla
ùug W;aidy .; hq;=hs' i;sfhka yeu úgu isáh hq;=hs' ;u úkh ;uka
úiskau we;s lr .; hq;=h' f,dalfha ñksid w.h lrK fndfyda foa
w;=frka b;du w.kd foh ñksia is; fõ' i;Hfhkau is; ;rï jákd fï
f,dalfha ;j;a fohla ke;' tneúka is; wdrlaId lrkak' isf;a iajNdjh
±k .ekSu hkq O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍuhs' is; ±k .ekSug O¾uh ±k.;
hq;=hs' is; ±k.;a;dhska miq O¾uh ±k .;a;d fõ' isf;a i;H iajNdjh
±k .;a;d hkq ksjka wjfndaO lsÍuhs' is; hkq ñ, l< fkdyels ;ud
;=< we;s jia;=jls' th kdia;s lrkjd hkq n,j;a wmrdOhls' is; krla
lr.;a wh b;d ÿ#Å; f,i Wm; ,n;a ish oyia jrla tfia Wm§' wm
ysf;a jákdlu f;areï .;a miq ta .ek fkdie,ls,su;a úh hq;= fkdfõ'
ulaksido ta krla jQ is; ksid miqj n,j;a miq;eú,a,g m;ajk neúKs'
ta miq;eú,af,ka lsislf,l fíÍula ke;' is; krla lr .ekSu lsisfia;a
fkdlrkak'

26

uQ,sl wjêh

ñysmsg Ôj;ajk ish¨ i;a;ajhska w;=frka ñksid jvdu nqoaêu;ah'
tneúka fudayfhka uq,dfjka isáh hq;= ke;' iuyre fï fudayh" wúoHdj
ksid ;u Ôú; úkdY lr .ks;s' lsisu i;=gla fkdú£' kshu Y%uKhdf.
a f,!lsl" f,daflda;a;r .=K j.dj ñksidg wdo¾Yhls' Wkajykafiaf.a
ld¾hh msßisÿh' ksjerÈh' ksfodiah' Wkajykafia l=i,;djfhka" WfmalI
a dfjka ish¨ jev lghq;= bIag lr;s' tneúka Tn kshu Y%uKhdf.a .;s.=K
uy;a ù¾Hfhka mqrkak' túg th Tnf.a mqreoao fõ' túg fld;ek§ jqj;a
Tnf.a m%;sm;a;sh .re .dïNSr fõ' hï Y%uKfhla ;u iS,h /l n,d
.kafka kï" iudêh" i;sh" m[a[dj" ùßh /l n,d .kafka kï Tyq
taldka;fhkau w;s W;a;u Y%uKfhls'
uu fï lshd fokafka ñksfil=f.a ù¾Hh" fkdmiqng nj" wdOHd;auh
iu`. hqo jeÿk finf<l= jeks flfkl=f.a O¾uh fõ' Wkajykafia Èkqfjls"
uyd mqreIfhls' ÿl iïmQ¾Kfhkau blauúh' ish¨ ixfhdack lvd ±óh'
mru iqjh ,oy' nqoaO;ajh w;am;a l<y' f,dalfhdf.a Ydia;Djrhdh' ;=ka
f,dalfha .=rejrhdh' fï O¾ufha ydialï Tn okafka kï Tngo ish¨
laf,aYhka ch .; yelsh' ud fï O¾uh Tn fj; msßkeuqfõ fï ms<sn|
Wmßu wjOdkh fhdod ù hk woyiska' tfia ms<sfj;a rlsk úg Tn isf;a
we;sjk mqÿudldr iajNdjh Tng m%;HCI fõ' thu uy;a Nd.Hhls'
Y%djl ry;kajykafia fï O¾uh foaYkd lr fkdfmkS .shy' wdpd¾h
uka th b;d ksy;udkS Ndjfhka ms<s.;ay' tys iEu wjjdohlau ms<sn|
l,amkd l<y' úúfþokh l<y' fï wdldrfhka kej; kej;;a Y%djl
ry;ka jykafia,d O¾uh foaYkd l<y' ms<sfj;a ud¾.h b;du meyeÈ,s
úh' tu O¾uhg ijka ÿkaúg ;u Ndjkd lsÍfï Wkkaÿj jeäúh' túg
O¾uh jvd meyeÈ,s úh'
fujeks Y%djl ry;ka jykafia,df.a O¾uh Y%jKh lrK úg ;uka
nqÿrcdKka jykafia wNshi isg wikakdla fukahehs wdpd¾h uka mejiSh'
kuq;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia yuq ù O¾uh Y%jKh lsÍu Wkajykafiaf.a
u;lfha ke;' ta nK wik úg uq¿ f,dalhu wu;l jqKs' ;u YÍrh fkdoekS .sfhah' n,j;a iudêhg m;aúh' is; muKla §ma;u
s ;aj nenf,a' fuu
iudÈfhka ñÿk úg muKla ;ud fl;rï mSvdldÍ nrla f.k hkafka±hs
f;areKs' tkï ;u YÍrh we;s nj ±kSuh' fï YÍrh wks;a i;r ialkaOhka tiùug flakaø ia:dkh fõ' ta yeu tllau ÿla f.dvls'
idßld .,a .=ydfõ .; l< ld,fha§ fufia fndfyda ry;=ka

27

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jykafia,df.a O¾uh Y%jKh lsÍug yelsúh' tfyhska idßld .,a.=ydj
Wkajykafiaf.a woaú;Sh jdiia:dkh úh' tys§ wkd.dó M,hg m;aúh'
fn!oaO .%ka: wkqj wkd.dó M,fha§ ixfhdack 5la leã hkafkah' tkï
ilaldh ÈÜá" úÑlsÉPd" iS,ín; mrdudi" ldurd." má> hfula fï
;;a;ajh ,nhso Tyq kej; ñksiaf,dj kQm§' mGú" wdfmd" f;fcd" jdfhd
hk i;r uyd N+;hkaf.ka iEfok YÍr we;s Njhkays kQm§' urKhg
fmr ry;a fkdjqfkd;a mxp Y%oaOdjdi n%yau f,dalj, Wm§' tkï wúy:
w;mam" iqoiai" iqoiais" wlksGd wdÈhhs' ;ukaf.a iu: Ndjkd wkqj fï
N+ñfha Wm§' ;uka jykafia wkd.dó M,hg m;a jQ nj Wkajykafia <`.u
YsIHhskag muKla ±kqï § we;' tfy;a uu fufia mqia;lhg we;=<;a
lf<ñ' fuys hï fodaIhla wef;d;a tys jrolre uu fjñ'
tla rd;s%hl Wkajykafia fndfyda fõ,d Ndjkd lr wjidkfha§
widudkH lreKdjla wksl=;a NsCIQka jykafia,d flfrys we;súh' ta jk
úg mqÿudldr kqjK my< úh' is; ;on, iudê M,hg m;ajqKs' uq,a
ld,fha§ iudêh fjk;a ud¾.hl .sh neúka bka jQ ydksh u;la ù weia
l÷<ska f;;a ù .sfhah' tkuq;a ta .;a jHdhduh ksIaM, jQfha ke;' wo
wÈl;r úmiaikd {dK my< úh' nqÿ .=K fkdfhla wdldrfhka Èiaúh'
nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a uyd lreKd .=Kh ksid ;uka jykafiaf.a wjfndaO
l< O¾uh wkqkag jod<y' fndfyda fokd ks¾jdk.dó úh' ;udf.a l¾u
úmdl iy wka whf.a l¾u úmdl .ek wjfndaOhla we;súh' i;a;ajhd
l¾u fya;=fjka Wm§' l¾uh ;udf.a tlu whs;sh fõ' fï nqoaO O¾ufha
uqLH b.ekaùuhs'
fufia kqjK my< jqjo ;u ish¨ ÿla keiSug fï ud¾.fha hd
hq;=h' ;uka jykafiaf.a uq¿ Yla;sh fï ld¾hhg fhoúh hq;=h' ;uka
jykafiaf.a widOH nfâ frda.h ±ka ksIagdjg iqj ù we;' ±ka ud¾.
h b;d meyeÈ,sh' is; ia:djrh' l,ska ;ud l¿jf¾ w;m; .d .sfhah'
;uka W;=ï w¾y;ajhg wkd.;fha ,nk nj ksielh'
i;s" m[a[d taldldrj jeã we;' ta ms<sn| fjfyi ùula ke;'
ksrdhdifhka mj;S' ?" oj,a fofla fkdkj;ajdu i;s m[a[d ls%hd;aul
fõ' .Kka lsÍug neß ;rï o¾Yk ÿgy' m%{dj my< úh' fï O¾ufha
wjfndaOh jeäùu;a iu`. NsCIQka jykafia,d .ek uyd lreKdjla my<
úh' idßld .=ydj w;ayer hdug th fya;= úh' tneúka fkdleue;af;ka
jqjo fï Nd.H iïmkak idßld .=ydfjka msg;a úh' ;uka jykafia uq,§
weiqre l< OQ;dx. NsCIQka jykafia,d fiùug W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYh

28

uQ,sl wjêh

n,d .shy'
idßld .=ydfjka msg ù hdug fo;=ka Èklg fmr rd;s%fha rela
foaj;dfjda iuQyhla O¾uh Y%jKh msKsi wdyd' tys m%Odkshd wms uq,ska
i|yka l< wreu mqÿu" ìh .ekajQ rela foúhdh' O¾uh wjidkfha§
;ukajykafia idßld .=ydj ál Èklska yer hk nj ±kaùh' ta ish¨
fokd uy;a fia lïmd ù ;j l,a bkag lkak,õ l<y' ;uka jykafia
fï .=ydjg jeäfha hï lsis ld¾Hhla msKsih' ±ka w;ayer hkafka;a hï
fya;= we;sjh' Wkajykafia bnd.df;a tfy fufy ixpdrh fkdlrk nj
mejiqfõh' th je<elaùu kqiqÿiq nj Tjqkag wk;=re we`.ùula l<y'
tfy;a wjYH jQ úgl kej; meñKSug fmdfrdkaÿ ÿks' fï foaj iuQyhd
;ukaf.a wjxl wdor Nla;sh fkdfhla f,i mqo l<y'
idßld .=ydfjka msg;a jk Èkhg fmr Èk rd;S% 10 g muK Wkajykafiaf.a ñ;% cfjd Lqx Wmd,s f;reka u;la úh' Wkajykafia jÜ fndfrduksjÜ
ys fjfi;s' tfjf,a Wkajykafia is;sú,s l=ula±hs mÍlaId lsÍug mrÑ;a;
úcdkk iDoaêh mEy' túg zzwúoHdj iy máÉp iuqmamdohZZ fufkys
lrñka isáhy' wdpd¾h uka ta Èkh iy fõ,dj iksgqyka fldg ;eîh'
miqj ál ld,hlska nexfldlays§ Wkajykafia yuqúh' Wkajykafia is;ñka
isá foh .ek weiQ úg th ienE hehs lshd uy;a fia i;=gq ù iskdiqfKah'
bkamiq fkdfhla úÈfhka m%Yxid l<y'
zzTn ienúkau oCIfhls' uu o fndfyda whf.a m%Yxid ,nk
wdpd¾Hhjrfhlañ' tfy;a Tn ;rï ÈhqKq ù ke;' ta .ek uu ,eÊcdjg
m;afjñ' Tn we;af;kau wdpd¾hjrfhls' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a w;s W;=ï
Y%djl ix> .Khg wh;a fõ' wmg neß jqK;a ljqre kuq;a nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a kshu m%;smodj /lsh hq;=h' wo ld,fha tjeks Y%djlhska
ke;ehs tjeks foa l< fkdyelshs ue,s fj;s' mrdð; fj;s' Tn jykafia
O¾ufha wld,sl .=Kh olajkafkah' ke;fyd;a i;H O¾uh w;=reoka fjhs'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia fïjeks iDê m%d;syd¾Hh .ek i|yka lr we;' th
Tn jykafia m%;HCI lr ug Tmamq l<y' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a O¾uh
fï wdldrfhka ms<smeÈh hq;=h'ZZ wd§ jYfhks'
wdpd¾h c´ Lqka Wmd,s ;uka jykafiag fndfyda f.!rj olajk
nj wdpd¾h uka lSy' iuyr úg úi|kakg neß m%Yak ms<sn| lshd tj;s'
fufia fï wdpd¾hjre iqyo ,S,dfjka isáhy' ;ukag W;=re kef.kysr
n,d hdug iqÿiq ld,fha§ Wkajykafia nexfldla k.rfhka msg;a úh'

29

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

idßld .=ydfõ jdih lsÍug fmr Wkajykafia hdno nqreuhg f.dia
W;=re ;dhs m%foaYfha Ñhdx uhs m,d;hg meñK miqj ál ld,hla ,d´ia
ys kej;S Ndjkd lrñka ¨jx m%nxys isg" miqj ,sThs m%foaYfha nka fLdla
.fï jia úiQy' B<`. ji Bg kqÿßka msysá *d mq .=ydfõh' B<`. ji *d
ìx .,a .=ydfõh' fï ish¨u m<d;a j,a i;=kaf.ka .yKh' .ïudk wE;ska
msysáfhah' uq¿ ojila .uka lr,;a .ula olskakg ke;' mdr jerÿfKd;a
th rd;S% ld,h ksod .kag jkafka fldá j,iaiq bkakd lef,ah'
tla wjia:djl wdpd¾h uka fïflx .`. yryd f.dia ,d´ia m%foaYfha
l÷lrfha uy >k jkdka;rfha ,e`.ï
= .;af;ah' úYd, fnka.d,a fldáfhla
ks;ru tu l=áh wdikakg meñKsfhah' yeuodu rd;s%hg wjq;a Wkajykafia ilauka Ndjkdj lrñka Tìfkdn hk foi n,d isà' Tyq lsishï
ydkshla lrkag ;¾ckhla ke;;a úáka úg f.drjhs' ta fï w; weúÈhs'
j,a i;=kag mqreÿ neúka Wkajykafia Tyq .ek ;elSula ke;' fï ld,fha
Wkajykafia iu`. wdpd¾h is;d úiqfõh' Wkajykafia wdpd¾h ukag jvd
iq¿ ld,hlska Wmiïmodfjka jeäuy,a fj;s' wdpd¾h is;d Ndjkdfjka
w.% fjhs' fujeks >k jkdka;r ms%h l<y' l÷ iys; fï ,dTia m%foaYfha
jdih lrhs' l,d;=rlska fïfldx .`. yryd ;dhs,ka;hg .sh;a blauKska
kej; ;u l=áhg meñfKa'
fï ld,fha wdpd¾h uka iy wdpd¾h is;d kqÿßka jdih l<y' fjku
.ïj,ska msKavmd; lr;a' tla /hla wdpd¾h is;d ilauka Ndjkdfõ isák
úg úYd, fnx.d,a fldáfhla Èiaúh' .ia w;ßka W! ßx.d wjq;a ilauka
ud¾.fha wi, wä 6la muK wE;ska isà' bámkaoï folla ilauka ud¾.
fha fofldfka o,ajd we;' tneúka fyd¢ka Wkajykafiaj fmfka' ilauk
ud¾.h foi n,df.k ksYap,j ys¢hs' Wkajykafia ilauka lrk yeá n,d
isà' wdpd¾h is;dg hï if;la bkakd nj ±kqKs' Wkajykafia úms,sir
ù yeÍ neÆ úg fldáhd Wkajykafia foi n,d isákq ÿgqfõh' fl;rï
fõ,d n,d isáfha±hs fkdokS' Wkajykafia lsis ìhla iella ke;sj fï
úYd, uD.hd foi neÆy' Tyq f.j,a j, wrefudaiug ;nd we;s mqrjmq
fldáfhla fuks' Wkajykafia lSm úgla fldáhd miq lrñka ilauka l<y'
lsisu ìhla pls;hla ke;' tfy;a W! fndfyda fõ,d fufia ys¢hs' Tyqg
wkqlïmdfjka wdpd¾h is;d ;u is;sú,s Tyq fj; hejQy' zzwehs fldfya
yß f.dia wdydr fidhkafka ke;af;a @ wehs fï ud foi n,d bkafkaZZ
CIKhlska fldáhd lka îßfjk uyd Yíohlska f.frõfõh' th le,h
;=< ksxkdo ÿks' fï f.rùu Tyqg hkag neye lSula hehs wdpd¾Hh is;dg

30

uQ,sl wjêh

jegfya' bkamiq Wkajykafia fjk;a úÈhlg is;=y' zzuu tfia is;=fõ kqU
.ek wkqlïmdfjka fu;rï fj,d isák úg nv.sks we;s WUg lgl=;a"
nvl=;a we;' tajd msrúh hq;=h' wka ish¨ i;=ka fuka' kuq;a kqUg nv.sks
ke;akï ud foi n,ñka isáhg lula keye' talg lï ke;'
fldáhd Wkajykafiaf.a fjkia jQ is;sú,s .ek lsis m%;sls%hdjla
ke;' Tyq ta whqßkau ilauka u¿j wi, ys¢ñka n,d isà' Wkajykafia
;u Ndjkdj lrñka W! .ek fkd;ld ilauka l<y' fufia hï ld,hla
ilauka lr Wkajykafia kqÿßka we;s WKnïnq j,ska iEÿ ueiaig f.dia
úfõl .;ay' iQ;% iþCOdhkd fldg ys¢ñka Ndjkd l<y' fï ish¨ ld,h
;=< fldáhd ta isá ;eku isá' Wkajykafia kskaog jeà w¿hu 3g muK
wjÈ ù neÆ úg fldáhd fmakakg ke;' Tyq fldfya .shd±hs fkdokS'
Wkajykafia ilaufkys fhÿkdy' fï isoaêh jQfha tlu j;djls' fldáhd
kej; fmakag wdfõ ke;'
fï isoaêh wdpd¾h is;dg m%fya,sldjla úh' tneúka ish¨ úia;r
wdpd¾h uka iu`. mejiqfõh' ;jo Wkajykafia Nh fkdjqjdg wef`.a uú,a
fl,ska isáfhah' ysia ln, .,a ù ;snf
q Ka hehs mdfmdÉPdrKh l<y' T¿fõ
;o lema tlla oud ;snqKdla fuks' tfy;a blauKska ta .;sh my úh'
bkamiq m%lD;s wkaoug ilauka l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a isf;a ie`. ù ishqï
flf,ia we;s ksid fï ;;a;ajh Wodúh' th Wkajykafiagj;a fkd±fka'
fldáhd ta m<d;g kej;;a wdfõ ke;' tfy;a <`. my; f.drjk Yíoh
weiqKs' Wkajykafia ta lsisjlska fkdmels, ;u Ndjkdj mqreÿ whqßka
lrñka tysu jdih l< fial'

q
2

31

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uOHu hq.h
uq,a ld,fha§ wdpd¾h uka OQ;dx. NsCIqjla jYfhka ieß ierefõ
W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha kfLdka *fkdï .fïh' bkamiq ifldka kfLdka
iy Wfodka ;dys m%foaYhka miq lrñka nqreuhg msúiSh' tys hï ld,hla
.; lr W;=f¾ Ñhdx - udhs m%foaYh yryd ;dhs,ka;hg meñKshy' tys
ál l,la jdih lr ,d´ia rgg f.dia ;u ;dmi Èúh .; l<y' tys
¨wx m%nx .fuys iy miqj úfhkaáhdfk .ïj, ießird f,db m%foaYhg
meñKshy' fï W;=re kef.kysr m<d;a Tiafia l%ufhka nexfldla k.rhg
meñKsfhah' tys jÜ me;=ïjka wdrdufha jia úiQy' bkamiq ißld .,a
.=ydfõ ,e`.=ï .;s' tys jir .Kkdjla úiQy' bkamiq W;=re kef.kysr
m<d;g wdmiq meñKsfhah'
fufia fndfyda ld,hla yqol,dj ießierefõh' l,d;=rlska ;j NsCIqjla iu`. .sfhah' tfy;a th iaj,am ld,hlg iSudúh' tneúka NsCIQka
jykafia,df.a weiqrla fkdùh' yqol,d .uka lsÍu jvd myiq úh' ;ksju
;u rECI m%;sm;a;s wkq.ukh l<y' ld,hlg miq Ndjkd ÈhqKqj;a iu`.
yojf;a ke.=Kq ohdj" wkqlïmdj ksid NsCIQka jykafia,dg Wmfoia §ug
Wkkaÿ úh' tu lreKd" ffu;S%h fmr±ß ù idßld .,af,k yer W;=re
kef.kysr m%foaYhg .uka .;ay'
uq,a ld,fha§ ixpdrKh lrK úg fuu m%foaYfha isá hï NsCIQka jykafia,d Wkajykafiaf.ka OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk ,oy' tu m%foaYfha
fndfyda wdrKHjdiS NsCIQyq isáhy' fï wh fidhd f.dia Wkajykafiaf.a
O¾u ud¾. m%;smodj b.ekaùug uy;a ffO¾Hhla .;ay' ta wkqj fndfyda
.sys meúÈ msßi Wkajykafiaf.ka Wmfoia ,oy' fndfyda .sys msßi uyK

32

ù ms<sfj;a mqrkakg jQy' iuyr W.;a wdpd¾Hhje mjd ;u udkh ÿr,d
Wkajykafiaf.a Wmfoia ,oy' ta whf.a Ndjkd jeã .sh neúka jvd;a
id¾:l f,i wka whg b.ekajQy'

hH

fï uq,a wjêfha YsIHhska w;frka wdpd¾h iqjka NsCIqj ;dfnd
m%foaYfha jÜ wrKHljÜ kï wrfï m%Odk NsCIqj úh' wdpd¾h isx
Lka;hdLfud" kfLdka rpisud m%foaYfha jÜ md i,jka wrfï m%Odk NsCIqj úh' wdpd¾h uyd msx m[a[Mf,d" kfLdka rpisudys jÜ ioOrï
wrfï m%Odkshd úh' fï m%isoaO wdpd¾hjre uq,a ld,fha§ Wfndka rp;dks
m%foaYfha úiQy' tu NsCIQyq wdpd¾h ukaf.a OQ;dx. m%;smod wkHhkag
b.ekajQy' wdpd¾Hh isx iy wdpd¾h uyd isx ifydaorhkah' uyK ùug
m%:u Wkajykafia,d ;s%msgl O¾uh .eUqßka yeoErEy' Wkajykafia,d
b;du nyqY%e; wdpd¾hjre jYfhka isg wdpd¾h ukaf.a YsIHhka jQy'
Wkajykafia,d úiska fndfyda fokdg O¾uh foaYkd lrñka ud¾.fha
yeisrjQy' Wkajykafia,d ±kg Ôj;=ka w;r ke;'
B<`. mrïmrdfõ YsIHhka jQfha wdpd¾h f;Ü f:irxis' Wkajykafia
±kg fkdka Lhs m%foaYfha YS% Ñhdxuhs rfÜ jÜ yska ula fmx wdrKHfha
jdih lr;s' Wkajykafia wdpd¾h ukaf.a jeäysá YsIHfhls' Wkajykafia
uq¿ rfgysu wo b;du;a lS¾;su;a Ndjkd fhda.S NsCIqjls' b;du iqjp
ksy;udkS ry;a .=Kfhka fyì olaI foaYlfhls' tu wdpd¾hjrekaf.a
.;s ,laIK yeisÍï rgdj fjkia fõ' iuyr wdpd¾hjre b;du iqúkS;
YsCIdldó uyf;rjrekah' Wkajykafia,df.a weiqr ,enQ wka who tfiauh'
tfy;a iuyr wdpd¾hjrekaf.a ndysr wdl,m Wkajykafia,dg wdfõKsl jQ
ksid wka whg tu pß;h wkqlrKh l< fkdyelsh' fkdfhla úg tu pß;
,laIK wjfndaO lsÍug ÿIalrh' iuyreka WrK fjk wjia:d o we;'
wdpd¾h fjÜ b;du iqúkS; .;s mej;=ï we;s neúka ish¨ fokdu
wdor ie,ls,s olaj;s' fn!oaO NsCIQjls' .e,fmk .;s .=Kfhka hq;=fõ'
uf.a úYajdihg wkqj Wkajykafia wdpd¾h ukaf.a fY%aIaG;u YsIHhd fõ'
uu fndfyda l,a Wkajykafia weiqfrys isáfhñ'
wdpd¾h *Eka wcdfrd jÜ Wfodï fidïf*dka ys jdih lrhs'
Wkajykafia b;d Wiia wdpd¾hjrfhls' fu;a;d Ndjkdfjka w.%fj;s'
fndfyda whg Woõ Wmldr lr;s' Wkajykafia uq¿ rfÜ iïudkhg m;a
ù isá;s'
B<`. Wiia wdpd¾hjrhd jkafka wdpd¾h L´ wkd,fhda NsCIqjhs'

uOHu hq.h

Wkajykafia Wfodka :dks m%foaYfha fkd nqwd ,ï *q rfÜ jÜ gï laf,dx
f*ka wdrKHfha jdih lr;s' fma%CIl Tn fuu w;s W;=ï wdpd¾hjrhd
.ek wid we;' Wkajykafiaf.a wjfndaOh yd ms<sfj;a b;du Wiia fõ'
wE; le,Eno m%foaYfha OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk jrfhls' wjq' 82 jhfia miqjk
kuq;a ;ju;a tu W.% m%;sm;a;sj, fhfoa' Wkajykafiag mila lsÍug ;j
lsisjla ke;' tfy;a fï W.% m%;sm;a;sfha fhfokafka ula ksid±hs fndfyda
wh úpdr;s' hful=f.a ish¨ flf<ia ÿre jQ úg lsisu fudayhla" ue,slula
ke;' flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hd tjeks wl¾uKH iajNdjfhka isáhs' tjeks
wh M, ,nd .ekSu f;la ù¾Hh fkdlr;s' zzTjeks foa ÿIalrheZZhs l,skau
m%;sfCIam lrK neúKs'
Tjqka ,nd .;a fohla ke;' yoj; lkiai,af,ka miqfjhs' b;d
ù¾Hhfhka tl;= l< l=i,a l¾u ke;' tneúka ta fï w; whdf,a yeisr;s'
;u ysia ukfia we;af;a wkqkaf.a fodia mfrdia muKs' fufia fyhska
ue,slu hkq ;udf.a ish¨ ÈhqKqj jkid,k yoj; ;o lrK wl=i,hls'
fï ue,slu wd¾h mqoa.,hka ;=< ke;' Wkajykafia,df.a W;aidyfhka
fk,d.;a M, wiSñ;h' tjeks whf.a yoj; O¾ufhka msÍ we;' f,dal
mQð; ùug leue;a;la ke;;a f,dal mQð; ùu iajNdjhls' Wkajykafia,d
f,dalhdg lÈu wdo¾Yhls'
by; i|yka l< fuu ish¨u wdpd¾hjreka ;=< wiSñ; .=K iuqodhla yojf;a ;ekam;a ù we;' th wk¾> ueKsla fuka nn<hs' tjeks
wdpd¾hjre uqK .eiSug ;rï jdikdjka; wh mqÿudldr O¾u wjfndaOhla
;=<ska wiSñ; ;Dma;shlg m;afj;s' tu i;=g iodl,a mj;S'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a f.da, YsIHhska mrïmrd jYfhka we;' iuyre b;d
olaI .=rejrefj;s' Ndjkd n,fhka Yla;u
s ;a jQ Wkajykafiaf.a b.ekaùfï
olaI;djh b;d mqÿu M,jkakls' .=K" kqjK" is,aj;alï j,ska wkQk jQ
Wkajykafia ud¾.M, ,nd .ekSfï ms<f
s j;a l¾uia:dk Wmfoia ÿkay' ráka
rgg hñka fndfyda fofkl=g O¾uh fnod ÿkay' .sys meúÈ fndfyda fokd
;uka ,enQ f,dafld;a;r iem ksid Y%oaOd Nla;sfhka Wkajykafiag Wmydr
olaj;s' Wkajykafiaf.a jpk m%;HCI {dkfhka jod< neúka fmd; m;ska
Wlyd .;af;a fkdfõ' wkqudk {dkfhka fkdfõ tneúka ;udf.a yojf;a
msì§ we;s ksjk wkqkag;a m%;HCI lsÍug yelsúh' Wkajykafia idßld .,a
.=ydj w;ayeßfha yels ;rï wk.s oyu f,dalhdg §ugh'

39

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

OQ;dx. ms<sfj;a
;jqia Ôú;h Tm uÜgï jkafka OQ;dx. msÍfuka nj wdpd¾h uka
ksielj ms<s.kshs' tneúka uq¿ Ôú; ld,h ;=< W.% ;mia /laflah'
tmuKla fkdj ;u Y%djlhskag tu ms<sfj;a msÍug Wmfoia ÿks'
msKsvmd; odkh msKsi Èkm;d f.ka f.g jeäfial' hï Èkl
fkdjeäfha tÈk ksrdydrj isàugh' Wkajykafia msKsvmd; p¾hdj
/lSug YsIHhskag mqyqKq l< fial' .uka lrk wähla mdid i;sh
meje;aùug" ;u is;" lh" jpkh ixjr lsßu wjYH úh' NsCIqj ms~q is`.
d hk úg hï wruqKq ksid wei" lK" kdih" Èj" YÍrh" is; ixjr úh
hq;=h' wyïfnka jqjo yuq jQ wruqKq .ek kej; is;Sfuka je<lsh hq;=h'
i;sfhka ;u bßhõ" jpk ls%hd is;sú,s ms<sn| ksrka;rfhka wjOdkh
we;' th ;udf.a mdßY=oaêh msKsi flfrk hq;=luls' ms~q is`.d hdug
fmr i;sh meje;aùu .ek wêIaGdk .; hq;=fõ'

;u md;%hg nyd Æ wdydr muKla je<£u
hï NsCIqjla ;udg iEfyk m%udKhg msKavmd;h l< hq;=h' th
o wmmspP;dfjks' tjeúka myiqfjka ;Dma;su;a fõ' ;ud jeämqr wdydr
wdrdufha§ je<£u ksid fuu wmmspP;d .=Kfhka msßfya' tjeks mqreÿ
ksid ;udf.a ;Kayd" wdid mek k.S' tfyhska tu flf<ia Yla;su;a ù
;udf.a Ndjkd wruqKq wìNjd isà' ;udg ,enqKq wdydrfhka i;=gqùu
ksid jeämqr ri .=K fiùfuka jk fjfyi ke;' tjeks ri ;DIaKdfjka
fmf<kafka fma%; ksldhsl iFjfhdah' tfia ùug fya;=j ;udf.a wêl
;DIaKdj ksid l< mdm l¾uj, úmdl fõ' Tjqkag ;u lg nv msÍug
iEfyk wdydr fkd,efí' tneúka ÿj mek weúoñka ksrka;rfhka wdydr
fidh;s' tfyhska NsCIqj ;u ms<f
s j;a j,g jvd wdydrhg wjOdkh fkdÈh
hq;=h' ;u msKavmd; odkhg wu;rj fjk;a wdydr m%;sfCIam lsÍu ksid
isÿjkafka wdydr ms<sn| ;DIaKdj is§ hduhs' bka wdydr wfmalaIdj iy
fkd,eîu ksid we;súh yels lkiai,a, ÿrefõ'

Èklg tla fõ,la muKla wdydr .ekSu
fï OQ;dx.h ksid Ndjkd lsÍug jeä ld,hla b;sß fõ' ojfia lSm

40

uOHu hq.h

úgla wdydr .ekSu ms<sn| is;sú,s we;s fkdfõ' fï wfmalaIdj wef;d;a
Ndjkdjg jvd wdydr ms<sn| is;a my<fõ' túg zzÿlaLZZ CIh lsÍug
fkdyelsh' tla fõ,la je<÷j;a wdydr m%udKh iSñ; úh hq;=h' muKg
jvd wvqfjka je<¢h hq;=h' túg Ndjkd lsÍug myiqh' jeämqr wdydr
.ekSu ksid ksÈu; we;s ù YdÍßl udkisl ue,s njla yg .kS' fufia
wdydr wvqfjka .ekSu ksid ;u YÍrh ms<n
s | i;Hh jgyd .ekSug bjy,a
fõ' wdydr .ek ;Kaydj ÿrefõ'
fï O¾u;dj f,dalfha mj;sk O¾u;djh fuks' iudc ¥IKh lrk
mqoa.,hska we;s úg ñksidg ;u Okh" whs;sh" Ôú;h w;a md fyda wjhj
ke;s ù hd yelsh' tneúka iudchg wys;lr mqoa.,hka ÿgq ;ek tu
whg o~qjï muqKqjd fu,a, lrKq ,efí' tfukau O¾uhg mgyeks isß;a
lmd yer fu,a, lrKq ,efí' iudchg wys;lr jk i;=ka j,a i;=ka hï
wdldrfhka ;=rka lrkq we;' ier mreI i;=ka j,a W!rd" khs" fmdf<dx"
j,a w,s" fldá wdÈho frda. fnda lrK úIîc wdÈh o ñksid úkdY lrhs'
iudchg wys;lr yeisÍï we;s mqoa.,hska hï l%uhlska iudcfka neyer
lrhs' fkdfhla fnfy;a j,ska frda. u¾okh lrhs' OQ;dx. NsCIqj ;=<
wdydr reÑh fyda wka hï hï jerÈ mqÿre ksid ;u .uka ud¾.h wjysr
fõ' tneúka Wkajykafia b;du iqÿiq f,i Ôj;a ùug mqreÿ úh hq;=h' th
n,d isák whg o ;udg o úYd, wdYs¾jdohls' Èklg tla fõ,la je<£u
b;du WÑ; OQ;dx.hls' bka uki blauKska iudê.; fõ' WoaOÉph fyj;a
úisÍ .sh is;a tl`. fõ'

;u md;%fhka muKla wdydr je<£u
tkï ;j hïlsis WmlrK mdúÉÑ fkdlsÍu' fuu OQ;dx.h b;d
myiqjkafka jkjdiS NsCIqj ks;r pdßldfõ fhfok úgh' ;u md;%h
muKla /f.k hhs' wkjYH nvq NdKav lsij
s la ke;' tajd m%fõiï lsÍula
ke;' ;jo th ;u ukfia we;s wkjYH is;sú,s neyer lsÍula jeksh'
lsisu nrla ke;sj .uka lr;s' wdydr ish,a, l,jï ù tlu md;%fha we;s
neúka ;u wdydr l=ula±hs úuis,su;a úh hq;=h' túg i;s m[a[dfõ
msysghs' wdydr ms<sn| h:d ;;a;ajh olS'
wdpd¾h uka fuu OQ;dx.h uq¿ Ôú; ld,fhau wkq.ukh l<y'
th ;=<ska úfYaI úoiqka kqjK my< úh' Èkm;d wdydrh foi kqjKeiska
n,hs' tys ms<sl=, wdÈh fufkys lrhs' fuu ;jqia oï Wkajykafia fkdlvjd /lafldah'
41

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

;u md;%fha we;s wdydr ñY% ù tys meyeh" ,CIK fjkia ù tlu
wdldrfhla .kS' wdydr j<|k úg ta fya;=fjka wdidj ;=kS lrhs' wdydrh .kafka ;u YÍrh hemSug iEfyk m%udKfhks' fyg Èk jk f;la
th m%udKj;a fõ' tys iqj| fyda ÿ.| ksid ;u ksi fkdfjkia fõ' tys
ri.=K fkd;lhs' fufia fhdaksfida ukisldrfhka wdydr j<|k úg lskï
wdydrhla jqjo ;Dma;su;a lrhs' is; uOHia: fõokdjkg m;afõ' ÿla
fõokd" iem fõokd ÿrefõ' fuu mqyqKqj ksid ffoksl Ôú;fha ´kEu
wruqKla ksid lïmd fkdù isàug yelsfõ' tlu md;%fhka je<£u ksid
wdydr ms<sn| we;s fkdukd reÑh myfõ'

bj; oud ;snQ frÈ len<sj,ska Öjr uid .ekSu
wdpd¾h uka uq¿ Ôú; ld,hlau fufia frÈ len<sj,ska idod .;a
Öjr ±refõh' fuys woyi jQfha ,CIK we÷ï we£fï leue;a; ÿre
lsÍuh' fï ksid bj; ±uQ frÈ len<s fiùug iqidk N+ñ wdÈhg hdug
isÿúh' iuyr úg uD; foayh t;+ frÈ ta kE±hskaf.ka ,enqKs' fuu frÈ
fidaod tl;= lr len<sj,g lmd uid ;ksmg isjqr" fomg isjqr" w|kh"
kdk lvh wdÈh uid .ks;s' iuyr úg msKavmd;fha jäk úg ìu oud
bj; ±uQ frÈ len,s tl;= lr .;s' tajd ldf.a±hs ye`.Sula ke;' iuyr
úg tajd breKq isjqre j,g wKav ±óug mdúÉÑ lf<ah' Wkajykafiaf.
a m%;sm;a;s wjfndaO lr.;a iuyr odhlfhda frÈ len<s fidfydfka fyda
u`. fomi ou;s' tneúka uq,ska i|yka l< mßÈ mrK ùis l< frÈ len<s
Ndú;h fjkia jqKs' ta flfia jqj;a wjidk fudfyd; olajd fufia frÈ
len,s uid idod.;a isjqre ±rEy'
Wkajykafiaf.a ±ä wdl,amh jQfha NsCIqjla ;u Ôú;h ilia lr.;
hq;af;a bj; ouk frÈ lvud¿ fuka ksy;udkSjh' ;u iïNdjkSNdjh
ksid Woaoduh jqjfyd;a th NsCIqjlf.a ienE .=Khg mgyeksh' ienE
.=Kh msyg
s kafka zzuu;ajhZZ bj; oud wiañ udkh ÿre lsÍfuks' ;u udkh
i`.jdf.k isák úg ;udg;a wkqkag;a iduh i;=g ke;' fujeks lvud¿
frÈ len<sj,ska YÍrh jid .kafka ;u udkh ÿre lsÍugh'
;ud mqreÿ mqyqKq lrk .=K" kqjK ksid udkhg m;a jQ úg th
ydkslrh' ;u .=K kqjK w;ßka Nhdkl lvq" lsßÉÑ mek ke.sh yelsh'
tneúka ;ud ùislr ±uQ lvud,a,la fuka i<ld th ;udf.a mqreoaola
njg m;a l< hq;=h' túg th ;u pß;h njg m;afõ' hful=f.a kskaod"
42

uOHu hq.h

m%Yxidfjka fkdfi,afõ' wkqkaf.a úfõpkfhka fkdfi,afõ' tjeks ia:djr
Ndjhla ksid iEu fudfydf;au i;=áka l,ahjhs' wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a iaÓr
ms<s.ekSu jQfha tjeks frÈ len<s j,ska ueiQ isjqr ;u udkh ÿrelrK
njls' ;u is; ;=< .eUqf¾ ie`.ù isák wiñ udkh ÿre lsÍug th
bjy,a fõ'

jkjdiS Ôú;h
jkfha yqol,d Ôú;fha jeo.;alu wjfndaOlr .;a Wkajykafia
OQ;dx. /lSug uq,k
s u
a Wkkaÿ úh' jkfha Ôj;ajk úg ks;ru fidaÈisfhka
isáh hq;=h' th ksrka;rfhka i;s iudê mQrKhg bjy,a fõ' yoj;a mqÿu
ksoyila we;' lsisu f,dalhg wh;a j.lSula ke;' ks;ru ukisldrh
jkafka zzÿlZZ blauùuh' ;u isf;a ksoyi iy wjg mßirfha Nh ksid
fjk wruqKq lrd is; fkdhhs' ldu" fldam yg .ekSug mßirhla ke;'
;ud leue;af;kau fuu mßirh f;dardf.k we;' ;u flf<ia fujeks
mßirfhka ke.S fkdtk neúka ;ud Èfkka Èku ÈhqKqfjk njla tu NsCIQka jykafia,dg ±fka' ,dN" w,dN wd§ wIag f,dal O¾u ke;' B¾IHhd"
udkdÈh yg .ekSug mßirhla ke;' tneúka Ndjkd lsÍug b;d iqÿiq
mßirhls'
tu le,E mßirhg mqreÿ jQ úg úIl=re i;=ka j,a i;=ka flfrys;a
wysxil i;=ka flfrys;a ukd lreKdjla yg.kS' fï ish¨u i;a;j
a hkaf.a
ÿl y÷kd .ksh's Wmam;a;h
s " f,v frda." Èrdm;aùu" urKh" i¾j idOdrK
nj fyd|dldr ;u w;a±lSfuka jegfya' ukqIHhd fï i;=kaf.ka fjkia
jkafka l=i,a wl=i,a f;dard .; yels neúKs' fufia fyd| krl fkdo;a
ñksid ;sßika i;=ka fuks' wms Tjqkag ;sßika i;=ka hehs kduh fhÿj;a
ñksia j¾.hd;a hïlsis i;aj j¾.hls' ñksid i;=kag wj{d l<;a i;=ka
flfia ñksidg wjd{d lr;a±hs wms fkdoksuq' Tjqka wmg zzNhdkl
hCIhkaZZ hehs kï fhdod weoao @ t;rï idyisl wkaoñka i;=ka >d;kh
lr;s' uia msKsi" úfkdaoh msKsi i;=ka Ôú;CIhg m;a lr;s' Tjqkaf.a
jk mßirh úkdY lr;s' wms Tjqkag i<lkafka b;du lDDr f,ih' ñksiaiq ;u ;uka w;ro wek fldg .ks;s' urd .ks;s' i;=ka o ur;s' i;a;=
ks;ru ñksidg ìh fj;a' iel ìh my< lr;a' ;udf.a is;sú,s ms<sn|
fyd|dldr wjfndaOhla we;s jkafka jkjdiS Ôú;fhka nj wdpd¾h ukaf.a
ks.ukhhs' ndysr f,dalfha we;s ienE ;;a;j
a h olskf
a ka jk.; iajdNdúl

43

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

mßirfha§h' ÿla ke;s lsÍug Ndjkd lsÍug ù¾Hh jeãug fuu mßirh
fndfyda Wmldr fõ'
wdpd¾h uka ilauka Ndjkd lrK úg j,a W!frda rxpq msáka t;s'
tfy;a lsisu ìh iel ke;sj Wkaf.a wdydr fidhñka ta fï w; h;a'
Wkajykafia iy wks;a ìysiqKq ñksiqka w;r we;s fjki Tjqka oks;s hehs
Wkajykafia Èkla m%ldY l<y' tneúka ìhm;a ù ÿjkafka ke;'
uu ±ka fuu l:dfjka álla kj;ajd uf.a w;a±lSï ms<sn| lshñ'
j,a W!frda Wkajykafiag ìh ke;af;a Wkajykafia ;ksj yeisfrk neúka
hehs iuyr úg Tng is;sh yelsh' tfy;a th tfia fkdfõ' uf.a wdrduh
jQ jÜ md Ldka gdâ ys uq,a ld,fha fndfyda NsCIQka jykafia,d jev úiQy'
j,a W!frda .d,la fuu wrug meñK jdih l<y' Wkajykafia,df.a l=á
wi,g meñfK;s' ilauka lrK úg ta fï w; h;s' Tjqkaf.a kdifhka
Yío k.d f.drj;s' tl tldg ix{d lr;s' NsCIQka jykafia,d j,a
W!rka n,kag tkak hehs Yío k.d lSj;a Tjqka lsis nhla iella ke;sj
ks±,af,a h;s' miqj NsCIQka jykafia,dg yS,E úh' tfy;a wo tu i;=ka
ke;' wdpd¾h uka lshk mßÈ ñksiqka keu;s Nhdkl hCIhska Tjqka urd
uia NCIKh lr we;'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a w;a±lSï wkqj iEu j¾.fhau i;=ka jk fikiqkg
meñK ks±,af,a yeisreKy' Tjqkg
a th ks¾Nh ia:dkhls' NsCIQka jykafia,d
isák fikiqfka fndfyda i;a;= isá;s' k.rno fikiqka j, n,af,da isá;s'
Tjqka ish .Kka isáh;a Wkajykafia,df.ka lsisu ;¾ckhla ke;' fï
WodyrKh O¾ufha we;s wúysxidj" iduh úoyd olajhs' O¾uh f,dalfha
lsisfjl=g ydkslr fkdfõ' tfy;a ÿIag yssxidjdohg fkd.e,fma'
jkfha jdih lsÍu ;u O¾u;djh ÈhqKq lsÍug b;du;a iqÿiq nj
wdpd¾h ukaf.a ms<s.ekSuhs' th ÿl blauhdfï m%;sm;a;shg bjy,a fõ'
tfyhska nqÿrcdKka jykafia NsCIQkag jod<y' zzhkak" le,Ej," .ia uq,a
j, ksy~ mßirhlgZZ - wdpd¾h ukaf.a uq¿ Ôú;hu wdr[a[jdiS úh'
le,Efõ yqol,dj isák úg ;ud fl;rï wdrlaId úrys; o hkak ±fka'
tl fudfyd;la i;s iïmc[a[fhka f;drj isáh fkdyel' ks;ru ;ud
.ek" mßirh .ek ±ä wjOdkhla we;' fïksid O¾uh wjfndaO fõ'
rela uq,aj, jdih lsÍu' hkq OQ;dx.hls' th jkjdiS ùu fuks' tla
Èkla .ia uq,l Ndjkd lrk úg ;u is; f,dalfhka blau ù .sfha hehs
wdpd¾h uka mejiSh' fï ms<sn|j miqj idlÉPd fõ' .ia fijfkys jdih
44

uOHu hq.h

lsÍu ksid ;udf.a Ôú;h ms<n
s | ienE ;;a;j
a h jegfya' ;u isf;a we;sjk
flf<ia h:d ;;a;ajfhka fmfka' i;r i;smÜGdkh jefâ' rEm" fõokd"
Ñ;a;" O¾u hk O¾uhkao" ÿlaL" iuqoh" ksfrdaO" ud¾. hk p;=rd¾Hh
i;Hho ukdj m%;HCI fõ' fï O¾uhka isf;a mj;sk úg isf;a we;s
flf<ia j,g ji`. fkdfõ' is; wdrlaId fõ' jkfha we;s ksy~" Nhdkl
mßirh ksid is; ta fï w; úisÍ fkdhhs' tfyhska i;r i;smÜGdkfha
iy p;=rd¾Hh i;Hfha is; t,an .kS' fufia jQ úg flf<ia hgm;a fõ'
hful=g fï O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍug wjYH kï ;udg iqÿiq l¾uia:dkhla
f.k ù¾Hh jeãug iqÿiq mßirhla ,nd .; hq;=hs' nqoaO ld,fha isg
relauq,a j, jdih lsÍu b;du iqÿiq mßirhls'
iqidkfha úisu - fuu Oq;dx.h /lSu ksid .sys meúÈ ldg;a ;uka
fkduefrk mqoa.,fhla fuka ;u jev lghq;= meyer yeÍug fyda w;miq
lsÍug fkdyelsfõ' i;Hh kï wms yeu fudfydf;au uefrñka isák
njhs' óg by; isá who l%ufhka ueß ueÍ f.dia wjidkfha YÍrfha
ish¨u ffY, kej; kQmÈk f,i m%lD;s urKhg f.dÿre úh' ta wh
ueÍ kej; wka ;ekl bm§ kej; uef¾' tlu iqidkhl ta wh kej;
N+ñodkh fkdfj;a' tfia jqjfyd;a iqidkh bv uÈh' fuf,dj lsisfjl=g
fuu urKfhka ksoyia úh fkdyelsh'
wms iqidkhg f.dia fuu mdvu bf.k .; hq;af;uq' fuys wmf.
a wkka; uq;=ka ñ;af;da N+u odkh l<y' wm iudkj ta wh;a Wm;" ÈÍu"
f,v frda." urKhg meñK we;' wm ks;r is;sh hq;af;a kej; kej;;a
wm Wm;" ÈÍu" f,v frda." urKhg meñfKk njh' NsCIQka jykafia,d
fuu ixidßl meje;afuka blaujd hk neúka iqidkh fuu iajNdjh
fufkys lsÍug b;d jeo.;a mßirhls' wm fkdfhla i;a;aj udxY
NCIKh lrk úg wmf.a YÍrh i;ajhskaf.a iqidkh fõ' i;a;aj udxY
Whk uq¿;ekaf.h iqidk N+ñhls' kuq;a wms th tfia olskafka ke;' tfia
.;a i;a;aj YÍr wm YÍrhg ÔrKh ù h;s' Èrd h;s' th .Kkska .Kka
lsÍug fkdyelsh' fufia i;H foi .eUqfrka olsk úg iajNdj O¾ufha
oreKq fYdaldl+, Ndjh olskq we;'
fufia ndys iqidkh fyda ;u YÍrfha wNHka;r iqidkh foi ks;r
n,k úg ;udf.a fh!jk uoh ÿrefõ' Ôj;a ùu ksid Ok" OdkH ksid
fkdfhla foa ksid we;sjk udkh ÿrefõ' fuu i;Hh olsk úg zzuuZZ uf.a
hk wiú udkh wvqfõ' ;ukaf.a w.=K ÿ¾j,lï olsñka thska bj;afõ'
wkqkaf.a w.=K ÿ¾j,lï .ek l,lsfrkafka ke;' wkqkag wmydi fk-

45

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

dlrhs'
fï ms<sn| Ndjkd ukisldrh ksid Ôú;h urKh .ek fyd|
wjfndaOhla ,efí' túg wkqka úúfÉk fkdlrhs' wkqkaf.a jro olsk
.;sh ñksid ;=< we;s udkisl frda.hls' tu frda. ldrl úI îc u¾okh
lrkjdg jvd j.d lr;s'
iqidkh hkq ish¨ fokdu hk ;ekhs' uq¿ f,dalfha ish¨ fokd
yuqfjk ;ekls' urKh blauùu hkq iq¿ mgq fohla fkdfõ' nqoaOdÈ
ry;ka jykafia,d muKla urKh blaujQy' fuu uyd ls%hdj isÿ lsÍug
Wkajykafia,d úYd,;u úYaj úoHd,fha bf.k .;ay' úIh ks¾foaYh jQfha
Wm;" ÈÍu" f,v frda. yd urKhhs' fuu mdvï ud,dj id¾:l bf.kSfuka
miq urKh blauùh' udrhdf.a u<mqvqjg yiqfkdùh' tfy;a fndfyda wh
udrhd ;u wìhi isáh§;a urKh .ek fkd;ld wu;l lr;s'
urKh .ek ìh ke;s lsÍug iqidkh lÈu ;ekls' fï f,dalfha
we;s b;du Nhdkl foh urKhhs' fï urK Nhska ;e;s fkd.kafka
nqoaOd§ ry;ka jykafia,dhs' fï uyd úl%uh Wkajykafia,d f,dj ish¨
fokd uú; lrñka mEy' ;ukau th lrñka wkqkag;a urKh blaujk
ieá;a fkdìhj isák ieá;a fmkajd ÿkay' tu ls%hdj,sh ish¨ fokdgu
wkq.ukh l< yelsh' tfy;a wka;su yqiau fy<k f;la fkdisg l,skau
tu úYaj úoHd,hg msúi tu mdGud,dj yeoEßh hq;=hs' is,a /lSu" l=i,
lsÍu" Ndjkd lsÍu wd§ oE we;=<;a fuu mdGud,dj wjidk fudfydf;a§
l< fkdyel'
wdpd¾h uka iqidk N+ñhg hdug wu;l fkdl<y' ;ud foi
ne,Sug fï mßirh b;d jeo.;a fõ' Wkajykafia fufia ndysr iqidkh
iy wNHka;r iqidkh ks;r ne,Sug .shy' tu wOHhkh mQ¾K l<y'
tfy;a tla NsCIqjla iqidkfha§ wukqIH wj;dr ±l n,j;a f,i ìh m;a
úh' fuu o¾Ykfhka idudkHfhka NsCIQka jykafi,d ìh m;a fkdfj;s'

wj;dr ms<sn| NsCIqjlf.a NS;sh
tla NsCIqjla jkfha ieß irñka ;udg úiSug iqÿiq N+ñhla fidhd
.;s' th iqidk N+ñhg hdno nj Wkajykafia fkd±k isáhy' fuu l:
d mqj; wdpd¾h ukaf.ka wid ±k .;suq' ;udg kqyqre m%foaYhla neúka
.fï ñksik
q f
a .ka wid fuys kej;=k's tÈk rd;s%h lsis ìhla ke;sj miqjK
q 's
miq Èk .fï ñksiaiq u< isrerla Tijdf.k hkq ÿgqfõh' Wkajykafiaf.a

46

uOHu hq.h

l=áh wi, tu ud;D YÍrh wdodyk fldg .shy' Wkajykafiag ? uq¿
q ,af,a
ofjñka ;snqK u< isrer Èiaúh' uD; foayh oelSfukq;a pls;hlg m;a
jQ ksid ? .; lsÍug ìh úh' ±ka hdug ;ekla ke;' u< isrer oefjk
foi n,d isáfhah' bka uyd ìhla yg .;s' ? fjk úg yqiau .kagj;a
fkdyelsh'
NsCIqjla wj;dr j,ska ìh .ekSu hkq wkqlïmd l< hq;= fohls'
fuu mqj;a .ek ,shkafka fma%CIl Tng fujeks wjia:djlg uqyqK fok
úg we;sjk udkisl úlD;sh ±k bka mdvula bf.kSu msKsih'
yqol,dj isá Wkajykafiag fï ìh ksid Ndjkd l< fkdyel' weia
mshd.;a ú.i wj;dr .Kkdjla ;uka foi tkq fmfka' ±ka Wkajykafia
jglr f.k fï msßi isà' Wkajykafia Nhska ;%ia; jQy'
Wkajykafia uyK ù fumuK l,la fujeks foa ±l ke;' fï kï
udhdldÍ isf;a iajNdjhlao@ uf.a ukiska ujd.;a rEmo @
OQ;dx. rlsk NsCIqj urK Nhska fyda wj;dr j,ska ;e;s .kafka
ke;' tneúka fufia is;kakg úh' zzks¾Nh OQ;dx. NsCIqj ish¨ fokdu
w.h lr;s' tfy;a uu ±ka wj;dr ksid ìhg m;afjñ' uu iïmQ¾K
Nhska jegqKq wiud¾:Hfhls' uu uyK jQfha fyd,auka wj;dr j,g Nhska
isàugo @ uu Oq;dx. NsCIqkag kskaodjls' wm ks¾Nh hehs ñksiaiq rjgkafkao @ ñksiqka is;kafka wm flf<ia udrhka ch .kakd ùr mqreIhka
lshdh' ìh ÿrel, wh f,ih' fuhg bv fokafka wehs @
fufia ;ukag wjjdo lrñka ;ukaf.a ÿ¾j,lu olsñka ìh blaùug
wêIaGdk fldg thg uqyqK §ug is;=fõh' uD; foayh ±fjñka we;' tys
hd hq;= hehs Wkajykafia is;=y' isjqre ye| fmdrjd ta foig .uka .;s'
wä lSmhlg miq ll=,a .,a .eiqKs' t;ku isáfhah' fi,ùugj;a neßh'
yojf;a .eiau wêlh' odäh .,d hhs' fï wjia:dfõ§ lrkag fohla ke;'
uq¿ ù¾Hh fhdod tl ll=,la Tijd bÈßfhys ;eîh' wks;a ll=,;a Tijd
b;d isys nqoaêh we;sj wäh ;nd ;u YÍrh tfoig .uka lrùh' urK
ìfhka uq¿ .; fõj,d hhs' th kj;ajd .; fkdyel' tfy;a bÈßhg
.uka lf<ah'

47

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

b;du ÿlfia" ±fjk ud;D foayh <`.g meñKqks' kuq;a bka lsisu
iekiqula ke;' l,dka; .;shla we;' Nhska T,audo ù lr lshd.kag
lsisjla ke;=j tu ±fjk ud;D foayh foi ne¨fõh' ysia ln, ±ù iqÿ
meyehla ù ;snqks' th ±l ;j;a l,dka; úh' fumuK ìh we;;a t;ek
jdä ù Ndjkd lrkag mgka .;s' u< ñKsh Wkajykafiaf.a wruqK úh'
Nhska ;%ia; jQ is;ska fufia lSfõh' zzuu uefrkak hkjd' fï u< ñksh
jf.a uefrkjd' Nh fjkag fohla keye' uu uefrkjd' ljod yß uefrkjd' Nh ù jevla keye'ZZ
fufia Nhxldr jQ is; uev mj;ajd .ekSug fuu Ndjkdj fufkys
l<y' u< hl=ka wj;dr isysm;a fõ' ta fudfydf;a§u hï Yíohla miq
miska weiqKs' hfula tk wä Yíohls' Yíoh kej;=Ks' kej; mgka .;s'
fyñysg tk Yíohls' l=reudkï lr miq miska wjq;a tljru ;uka fj;
mks;s' NS;sh yd uk# l,ams;h' fl;rïo hkq lsh fkdyelsh' fõ.fhka
Wv mek ÿj hkag fõ' lE .id ú,dm lshd zzwj;dr hlal=ZZ $$$ tfy;a
l:d lrkag neßúh' ÿjkag neßúh' ;u is; foi n,ñka ksYap,j isáhy'
uy;a iakdhq lïmkhlska Yíoh wid isáhy' wä Yíoh <`. <`. wefia'
hdr fol ;=klg ÿßka kej;=K's ÿjk is; n,j;a fõ' túg fjk;a Yíohla
weiqKs' ymd ymd lk Yíohls' zzl+ria" l+riaZZ úlk Yíohls' ta jk úg
uki úlD;s úh' fudkjo fï lkafka @ B<`.g uf.a T¨j ym ymd ldú'
uyd Nhdkl fr!ø hld mek ud ld oudú' uu bjrhs'
fufia is;ñka" isàug fldfy;au fkdyels úh' weia wer n,kag
is;=Ks' Nhdkl fohla kï ÿjkag ´fka' fï hld lklï bkafka fudlgo@
urKfhka fífrñ' uf.a Ndjkdj lr .ekSug fmr Ôú;h fírd .;
hq;=hs' fï hldg uf.a Ôú;h ms§fuka w;s jefâ l=ulao @ fufia is;d weia
wer msgqmi Yíoh foi ne¨fõh' fõ.fhka mek .ekSug ±ka iQodkïh'
wkaOldrfha n,d isáfhah' tys .fï iqkLfhls' ñksiaiq ld ;enQ wdydr
lk nj ÿgqfõh' hlal=kag ÿka msfoaks fj;s' nv .skafka isá iqkLhd wdydr
fidhñka weú;a fuh lkag jqKs' ;uka tys ys£u .ek lsis j.la ke;' W!
lEu lk Yíoh weiqKs'
fï Yíoh iqkLhdf.a nj ±kqk iefklska tu NsCIqkajykafia iskdiqk's iqkLhd foi n,ñka fufia lSfõh' iqkLhd fï lsij
s la fkd±k wdydr
nq§' zzyd æ WUo fï ud ìh .ekajQ uyd hld @ WU ud Wu;= flf<ys' uu
Ôú;hg jeo.;a mdvula bf.k .;sñ'ZZ fï wdÈh lshñka ;ud fl;rï
ìh iq,af,lao @ fudavfhlao hkak .ek uy;a mqÿuhlg m;ajqKs' uu uy;a

48

uOHu hq.h

W;aidyhla orñka hqo jÈk finf<la fuks' uf.a ìh ÿre lrkag is;=fjñ'
tfy;a ud ìfhka uQ¾Pd ùug m;a jQfha fï iqkLhd wdydr nqÈk Yíofhks'
msiaiq OQ;dx. NsCIqjla mK tmd lshñka Èùug fjr±rEy ud ta wjidk
fudfyd;" ;;amrh bjid i;s" m[a[dfjka fï Nh l=ula±hs y÷kd .;sñ'
ke;akï ud ÿjñka msiaiq jefgkag ;snqKs' yenEgu ud fu;rï fnd<|o
@ ;j bÈßhg fï Öjrh ±Íug iqÿiafilao@ fï lymdg Öjrh ks¾Nh
ùfï ixfla;hhs' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a Y%djlfhla jQ uf.a ks¾NS; Ndjh
wiSñ; úh hq;= fkdfõo @ fu;rï ÿn, is;la we;s ud ms~q is`.d je<§u
iqÿiqo @ wysxil odhlfhda Y%oaOdfjka yd .re nqyqukska fok fï odkh
ud je<¢h hq;=o @ fu;rï ú,s ,eÊcd ke;s úêfha ìh iq,af,la jQ uu
flfia fï jrÈka ñfoïo @ we;af;kau nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a fjk lsisu
Y%djlfhla fï ;rï ìh iq¿ fkdfõ' ud jeks ÿ¾j, ksySk mqoa.,fhla
ksid uq¿ ix> idikh wfYdaNk ù we;' fï jeks ;j;a wh we;akï ix>
Ydikh úkdY jkafkah' wj;dr .ek ud ;=< we;s ìh ÿre lrkafka flfiao
@ uf.a ,eÊcdfõ ksula ke;' tlaflda wj;dr .ek we;s ìh fï fudfydf;a
ke;s lrkq æ ke;akï uefrkqæ ñka u;= uf.a yoj; md.d ±óug wj;dr
j,g bv ke;' ;ukag fu;rï ,eÊcd lr .kakd NsCIqjla fï f,dalfha
isàu hq;= ke;' ;u O¾uhg" wd.ug ud uy;a ,eÊcdjls'
fufia ;ukag ±ä f,i fodaIdfrdamKh lrñka .re .dïNSr f,i
Ndr jqKs' fmdfrdkaÿ jqKs' zzuu fï wj;dr j,g we;s Nh ÿre lr .kakd
;=re fï wdrKHfha jdih lrñ' uereK;a lula keye' fï ìh ke;s lr
.kag fkdyels kï fï ,eÊcdj úÈñka isàfuka lï ke;' wka who uf.a
krl wdo¾Yh wkq.ukh lr;s' tjekafkdao lsis jevla ke;s ksluqka fj;s'
tjekafkda Ydikhg nrls'
wka;sfï§ Wkajykafia fï iqidk N+ñfha ? oj,a fofla jdih
lrñka ;u ìh ke;s lr .ekSug ;SrKh l<y' ;ud bÈßfha we;s u<
ñKsh foi ;SCIKj n,ñka ;udf.a YÍrh;a tn÷ nj jgyd .;ay' i;r
uyd N+;hkaf.ka ieÿï ,;a isrerls' ú[a[dKh w;s ;dla l,a fï isrer
fkdueÍ" l=Kq fkdù mj;S' th my jQ úg if;l= fyda fõjd ñksfil= fyda
fõjd l=Kqfj;s' leã ì£ fjka ù h;s' u<l=Kla njg m;afj;s'
;ud iqkLfhla ksid fu;rï ìhlg m;a jQ nj ksielh' th is;d
.ekSug j;a ÿIalrh' ñka u;= wj;dr .ek fkdis;ñ' fyd,auka j,ska ìh
fkdfjñ' ;udf.a is; ;ud /jgQ nj meyeÈ,sh' fujeks uq,djla ksid ú¢
ÿl wm%udKh' .ï iqkLfhla wdydr nqÈk úg fu;rï ìhla we;sjkafka

49

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

flfiao @ Ôú;h;a urKh;a w;r igkla jQfha fkdfõo @
Wkajykafia fufia is;+y'
zzix{dj ieuod ls%hd;aul jQ kuq;a fï wjêfha § ix{dj uy;a
le<öulg úkdYhlg ud m;a lf<ah' O¾uhg wkqj ix{dj hkq m%n,
uq,djls' udhdjls' tfy;a fï;dla th jegyqfKa ke;' ±ka uf.a urKfha
ÿ¾.kaOh ug u ±fka' fï ldrKh f;areï hhso @ ud fyd,auka j,g ;snQ
Nh o ix{dfõ /já,a,ls' ñka u;=jg ix{dj ud rjgkafka ke;' uu
fï iqidkfha isáñka ix{dj keu;s úÊcdldrhd urd fuysu j<,ñ' ñka
u;=jg fyd,auka ix{dj ug ÿla fkdfoa' tf;la fuys /£ isáñ' ±ka uf.a
jdrh meñK we;' ix{dj keue;s udhdldÍ /já,sldrhd urd mq¿iaid
±óug ug yelsfõ' fuys mej;s l=Kq jQ ñKsh mq¿iaid oukakd fia th
mq¿iaiñ' ix{dfõ há l+Ügq udhdj uu ch .ksñ' uf.a Ôú;fha ±ka
we;s tlu wruqK thhs'
fï NsCIqj ix{dj iu`. igka j§' wj;drfhla we;ehs ix{dj ,enQ
ú.i ta ÈYdjg f.dia mÍlaId lrhs' rd;s% ld,fha fkdksod fï udhdldrhd
miq mi t,ùh' wka;f
s ï§ ix{dj ÿ¾j, ù ;uka hg;a lsÍug fkdyels úh'
ijia hdufha§ fï wj;dr ix{dj ;ukag jo ÿKs' th .fï n,af,l=f.a
fõYfhka wdfõh fï ndysr ix{dj fufia u¾okh lr wNHka;r ix{dj
wruqKq lf<ah' tkï Nh" iel" ÿl wd§ flf<iah' rd;s% mqrd fuu ix{djka
w÷kd f.k fufkys l<y' hïlsis ìhla iella" ÿlla wd ú.i tu ix{dj
y÷kd f.k m<d yß;s' wjidkfha§ Wkajykafia b;du;a ks¾NS; NsCIqjla
njg mßj¾;kh jQy' th úYañ; fohls' fuu isoaêh Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿
O¾u ud¾.h ÈhqKq lsÍug úYd, f,i n,mEfõh' fyd,auka j,g ;snQ ìh
O¾u mdvuls' th ksjka msKsiu úh'
ud fï l:dj we;=<;a lf<a mdGl Tn hï jákd m%{djla ,nd .ks;s
hk woyisks' wpd¾Hh ukaf.a Ôú; m%jD;a;sh o Tng fndfyda Wmldr
fõ hehs uu is;ñ' fuu l:dfõ i|yka jQ mßÈ OQ;dx. NsCIqjlf.a tla
p¾hdjla kï fufia iqidkfha úiSuhs'
;s%Öjrfhka isàu ;j;a OQ;dx.hls' tkï ;=ka isjqr mßyrKh
lsÍuhs' wdpd¾Hh uka fï wx.h uyK Wmiïmodfõ isg jhia.; ù urKh
olajd ms<smeoafoah' ta ld,fha§ OQ;dx. NsCIQka tlu ia:dkhl fkdisáhy'
jia ld,fha muKla ;=ka uila tla ;ekl isà' wks;a ld,j,§ l÷" fy,a"
le,E" jkfrdo miq lrñka pdßldfõ jä;s' md .ukska jä;s' ;u nvq
50

uOHu hq.h

ndysrdÈh ;uka f.k hd hq;=h' wka whf.ka wOdr fkd,n;s' tneúka
wju m%udKfha nvq f.k h;s' b;d wjYH foa muKls' ld,hla .; jk
úg Bg yqre mqreÿ ù b;d ir, Èúhla .; lsÍu ;u pß;h njg m;afõ'
hï fohla ,enqfKd;a th wkjYH kï blauKska th ;j NsCIqjlg fohs'
nyq NdKav mßyrKhla ke;'
OQ ; dx. Ns C Iq j lf.a w,xldrh fuu w,a f ma É P Ôú; rgdjhs '
Wkajykafia wmj;a jk úg wIag mßIaldr muKla b;sß fõ' th Wkajykafiaf.a úYsIg
a Ôú;fha ,CIKhls' Ôú; ld,fha§ È<s÷ iajNdjfhka úYsIg
a
fõ' urKfha§ lsisu whs;sjdislula ke;sj hhs' foúhka iy ñksiqka fuu
Oq;dx. NsCIqjf.a W;=ï .=Khkag mQcd Wmydr lr;s' f.!rj lr;s' ;=ka
isjqfrka hemSu hkq ;jqia Èúhls' th Wkajykfia ixfla;j;a jk ks,
,dxPkh fõ'
by; i|yka ish¨u Oq;dx. wdpd¾h uka b;d olaI f,i wdrlaId
lf<ah' Wkajykafia fl;rï olaI jQfhao hkq" tjeks lsisfjla wo f,dalfha
úoHudk fkdfj;shs iss;sh yelsh' ;u wkq.dñlhskag o fufia w;s ÿIalr
le,Ej, jdih lsÍug mqreÿ lf<ah' úfYaIfhka yqol,dj ìh bmoùug
bjy,a jk mßirhl Ôj;a jqKs' WodyrK uyd l÷ uqÿkaj," .ia hg"
.,a .=ydj," iqidkfha" l÷ nEjqï wdÈh jdiia:dk úh' Èkm;d ms~q is`.d
jeãu jeo.;a O¾u;djhls' ms~q is`.d ñi fjk wka lsis wdydr .ekSfuka
je<lS isáhy' fï m%;sm;a;sh .fï ñksiaiq f;areï .;a úg ish¨u wdydr
md;%hg fno;s' w;sf¾l wdydr wimqjg f.k hdula ke;' Wkajykafia tu
wdydr tlg l,jï lr wkqNj lsÍug Wmfoia ÿks' ;u md;%h yer wka
Ndckhlska wdydr je<£ula ke;' ;jo Ôú;dka;h olajd ojig tlu
wdydr fõ,la .ekSug ;u wkq.dñlhka yd Wkajykafia mqreÿ l<y' fuh
Ôú;dka;h olajd /lal Oq;dx. fõ' l%u l%ufhka ;u ixpdrK fCIa;%h
mq¿,a úh' wdpd¾h uka W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha fnfyúka .uka l<y'
iEu ;ekl§u wkq.dñlfhda tla frdla fj;s' NsCIQka jykafia,d wêl
ixLHdjla Wkajykafia jev isák ;ekg meñK Wmfoia ,nñka Ndjkd
fhda.S jQy' ;djld,sl l=áj, ix>hd 60-70 kula fjfi;s' ;j fndfyda wh
wjg m%foaYfha ,e`.=ï .;s' wdpd¾Hh uka ;u YsIHh NsCIQka tlsfkldg
wE;ska jdih lsßug Wkkaÿ lf<ah' tfy;a wjYH jQ úg Wkajykafia lrd
taug ÿr fkdfõ' ks;ru Ndjkd Wmfoia msKsi Wkajykafia,d meñfK;s'
fï ixúOdkh ish,a,kagu iekiqï odhl úh' fndfyda NsCIQka tlu ia:
dkfha úiSu Ndjkdjg m<sfrdaOhls'

51

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

Wfmdi: Èkhkays fmdfydh lsÍug wjg isák ish¨u NsCIQka
jykafia,d Wkajykafia f.a wimqjg meñfK;s' fmdfydh lsÍfuka miq
Wkajykafia O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' NsCIQka jykafia,df.a m%Yak" .eg¿"
ksrdlrKh lr;s' ieuf.a ish¨ iel ìh ÿre lr;s' iefjdu uy;a fia
i;=gg m;afj;s' bkamiq ;u ;ukf.a l=áj,g kslu
a h;s' O¾udkqYdikdfjka
miq Ndjkd l¾uia:dk ;j ;j;a id¾:l úh' Ndjkdj m%fndaOu;a úh'
fndfyda NsCIqka jykfia,d isáh;a Wkajykafiaf.a m%;sm;a;s wkq.
ukh lrK neúka lsis .egqula fkdùh' ;u ;ukaf.a úuqla;sh msKsi
iefjdu Èß jevQy' Wkajykafiaf.a wkqYdikd mßÈ iduQysl iu.s" ix>hd
;Dma;su;a úh' lsisfjla fuu wdrKHfha fjfi;a ±hs fkd±fka' ;u
;ukaf.a ld¾Hh Ndrfha iefjdu yqol,dj jdih lr;a' mßirh ksy~h"
ysiah' odkh msKsi msKavmd; ld,fha§ fyda hï foaYkhla ksid muKla
NsCIQka olskakg ,efí' iEu NsCIqjlau oji mqrd uyd jkdka;rhg msúi
ilauka Ndjkdfõ fyda noaO mhH_hxlfha fyda Ndjkdfõ ksr; fõ' fuh ?
oj,a fkdlvjd isÿfõ' iji ? fnda jk úg wdpd¾h uka ish¨u NsCIQka
jykafia,d le|jd O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' tys ksy~;djh mqÿuhls' wdpd¾h
uka f.a l:d Yíoh muKs wka lsis Yíohla ke;' ta foaYkd ffY,Sh
wdl¾YkSh fõ' iuyrúg lú" .d:d iajrEmhls' wid isá wh iudê .;
fõ' ;ud bkafka fldfya±hs fkdoks;s' ÿla" fõokd YdÍßl wdndO lsisjla
ke;' O¾u foaYkd t;rï meyeÈ,sh' is; w,jd .;s' O¾uh wikjd ñi
fjk lsis is;la my< fkdfõ' fl;rï weiqj;a ;Dma;su;a fkdfõ' th
t;rï iem úkaokhls' fuu foaYkd meh .Kka È.g meje;afõ'
fï OQ;dx. NsCIQka jykafia,dg O¾u Y%jK Ndjkls' ;u wdpd¾h
jrhdg wiSñ; Nla;shla we;' Wkajykafiaf.a mrf;df>dai m%;Hh b;d
w.h lr;s' Wkajykafiaf.a ;on, úfõpk kS;s' wjjdo" fodia" mfrdia
ish,a,u tu NsCIQka jykafia,dg Ndjkd lugykls' th Ôj reêrhls' ;u
f.!rj Nla;sh wiSñ;h' Ôú; mQcdfjka ms<s.ks;s' nqoaO ld,fha§ wdkkao
ysñhkaf.a pß;h fuks' Wkajykafia u;a ù tk yia;srdchd bÈßhg mek
nqÿrcdKka jykafia wdrlaId lf<a ;u Ôú; mQcdfjks' ;u .=re f.!rjh
ksid Èú ms§ug iu;a fj;s
OQ;dx. NsCIqjla wdpd¾h ukaf.a foaYkd b;d idjOdkj wid
isáfha ordf.k" ls%hd;aul lr;s' tla NsCIqjlg hïlsis .,a .=ydjlg
hkag Wkajykafia ksfhda. l< úg th ysia uqÿKska ms<s.kafka ;u ÈhqKqj
taldka;fhka ie,fik nj okakd neúks' lsisfjla Wkajykafiaf.a jpkhg

52

uOHu hq.h

wlSlre jkaka ke;' th ta wdldrfhka lsÍug ìh ke;' ;udf.a wdrlaIdj
.ek fkdis;;s' th wdYs¾jdohla f,i ms<s .ks;s' ish¨ wjjdo i;=áka
ms<s.ks;a' hï ia:dkhlg hdu ;udf.a ch.%yKh f,i i<l;s' wdpd¾h
uka lshk ia:dkhg hdu ksid ;udg ksjka idlaId;a l< yels fõhehs oks;s'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia wdkkao ysñhkag ;j ;=ka uilska Tn ish¨ flf<ia
ÿre lr W;=ï w¾y;ajhg meñfKk njg wkd.; jelshla m%ldY lr
we;' .=re Nla;sh ksid ;u Ndjkd ukisldrh ms<sn| lsis ielhla ke;s
fõ' Ndjkdj Wkkaÿ lrhs' iaÓr f,i r|jd ;ekam;a lrhs' .=rejrhd
iu`. ióm iïnkaOhla we;s lrhs' tlu foh fo;=ka úgla lSfuka fjfyi
fkdfõ' tla úgla lSu iEfya'
W;=re kef.kysr n,d wdpd¾h uka fofjks j;djg hdu ta m<df;a
ish¨ fokdg uy;a Nd.Hhla úh' Wkajykafia fndfyda fihska md .ukska
.uka lrñka foaYkd meje;a jQy' kfldka" rÉPisud" iS ifl;a" Wfndk
rÉP;dks' kfldaka *efkdï" ifldka kfLdka" Wfodka ;dys" fkdx Lhs"
f,db f,dï ila" f*pPnqka wd§ m%foaYj, ks;r ixpdrh l<y' ñfldx
.`. ;rKh lr ,d´ia rgg msúi úfhkaáhdfk iy :d fLla k.rj,g
jeähy' tys >k jkdka;r j, jia úiQy' fuu l÷lrh OQ;dx. NsCIQkag
b;d fhda.Hh fõ' wo olajd;a tys OQ;dx. NsCIQyq jev fjfi;s'
úh<s ld,.=Kh we;s úg NsCIQka jykafia,d ksod .;af;a l=vd nïnq
j,ska iEÿ ueiail t<s uyfkah' nïnqj folg m,d Èla w;g rduqjla u;
iú l<y' ll=,a wä tly udrl muKla Wih' È. wä yhla muKs' m<,
wä y;rla muKs' fuu ueiai wka NsCIQkaf.a ueiafiys isá yels;dla ÿr
fõ' úYd, >k jkdka;rfhka w;r m%foaYh jeiS we;s neúka yqol,d
Ôj;a ùug iqÿiq fõ' le,Ej iajdNdúl wdjrKhls' NsCIQkaf.a ixLHdj
jeä kï w;r m%udKh wä iShla muK úh hq;=h' lsUqyqï Yíohla fyda
lysk Yíohla hka;ï weiSug yels ;rï ÿrfõ' fï ksok ueiai wi,
wä yegla muK ilauka u¿j we;' fuys ? oj,a fofla ilauka Ndjkdfõ
fhfo;s'
fldákag fyda fyd,auka j,g Nh we;s NsCIQka meñKs úg wdpd¾h
uka Wkajykafia,dg yqol,dj úiSug kshu lr;s' lsisfjla wi,l ke;s
neúka Nh ;%ia; ùug bv we;' túg ta Nh Ndjkd wruqKls' tu wruqK
.ek fndfyda fõ,d Ndjkd lrñka wruqK meyeÈ,s jQ úg Nh my fõ'
Nh ix{dj y÷kd .kS' tys f,daN" oafõY" fuday wl=i,a olS' tys wks;H
ÿl;a" wkd;au iajNdjhla wjfndaO jQ úg Nh my fõ' fufia fï le,E

53

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

mßirhg mqreÿ jk ;dla tysu /£ isáh hq;=hs' túg ;ud fldá fyda
fyd,auka ix{djg /jà isák nj meyeÈ,s fõ' fuu mqyqKqfjka miq wka
NsCIqka fuka id¾:l m%;sM, ,efí' túg zzNhZZ ioygu ;=rka fõ' hï
NsCIqjla fujeks mqyqKqjla ,eîfuka ÈhqKqjg m;afõ' tu Nh blaujd
.ekSug lsis ms<shula ke;akï Nh blauúh fkdyelsh'
OQ;dx. NsCIqjla m<uqfjkau le,Ejg meñKsúg ìu ksod.; hq;=h'
úh<s frdvq" fld<" msÿre tl;= lr .=Èßhla idod .ks;s' foieïnr"
ckjdß udi b;d ÿIalrh' iS;, iy j¾Idj ksid fï ld,fha jeiafika
NsCIQka jykafia,df.a f;;a jQ isjqre msßlr we;' iuyr úg t<sjk ;=re;a
jeiai fkdlvjd yef,a' f,dl= l=vhlska idod.;a l+vdru ;o l=Kdgq iys;
jeis iq<x j,ska leã ì£ hhs' YS;f,a .eys .eyS isàug isÿfõ' fjk lsis
wdjrKhla ke;' ;o .k÷f¾ lsisjla fkdfmfka' oj,a ld,fha j¾Idj
;rula bjish yelsh' jeiafika f;uqk kuq;a wjg mßirh fmfka' hïlsis
wdjrKhla .ia w;= wdÈhla fyda fidhd .; yels neúks' w;HjYH ;u
Öjrh iy .sksfmÜáh md;%h ;=< nyd we;' th mshkska ;olr jid we;'
W;a;rd ix>dáh folg kjd YÍrh jgd T;d .ksñka f;;ukh YS;,
ÿre lsÍug Èß orhs' lmq j,ska iEÿ uÿre ±, idudkHfhka l+vfhka iEÿ
l+vdrfï t,a,d we;' fuh ;rula ÿrg j¾Idj neyer lrhs' tkuq;a uq¿
.;u f;;a fõ' mdkaor ms~q msKsi jeãug úh,s isjqrla ke;'
fmnrjdß" ud¾;=" wfma%,a ld,.=Kh ;rula fyd| w;g yef¾' fï
ld, iSudfõ§ OQ;dx. NsCIQka l÷lrh lrd h;s' tys we;s .,a .=yd" l÷jeá
j, wdjrKh ;=< ,e`.=ï .ks;s' fï l÷ uqÿka foieïn¾ ckjdßfha§
f;;ukh ksid uef,aßhd uÿrejkaf.ka .yK fõ' uef,aßhd frda.h iqj
lsÍu ÿIalrh' udi .Kkdjla frda. ,laIK mj;S' th widOH ;;a;ajhg
m;a ù jßka jr ;o WK .kS' .fï ñksiaiq fï widOH ;;aa;ajhg zzkeÈ
uhs,kaf.a wmydi WKZZ hhs lsh;s' ulaksido h;a frda.shd wdydr wêl
f,i .kS kuq;a WK ksid lsis jevla l< fkdyelsh' tfyhska keÈ uhs,ka
- kEoEhskf
a .a wmydihg ,lafj;s' keÈ uhs,ka muKla fkdj ish¨ fokdf.
au wmydihg ,lafj;s' fï ,shk uu o lSm j;djla fuu frda.hg m;aúh'
ta ld,fha uef,aßhdjg fnfy;a fidhdf.k ke;s neúka m%;sldr fkdue;sj
frda. ld,h blaujk f;la ú| ord.; hq;=hs' wdpd¾h uka we;=¿ ish¨
OQ;dx. NsCIQkag fuh je<÷k nj Wkajykafia mjid we;' iuyre tu
frda.fhka Ôú;CIhg m;aúh' fuu l:d mqj;a weiSfuka Wkajykafia iy
wksl=;a NsCIQka jykafia,d flfrys widudkH ffu;s%h" lreKdjla yg
.kS' wdpd¾Hh uka ;u Ôú; wruqK jQ W;=ï w¾y;ajh idlaYd;a lsÍug
54

uOHu hq.h

m<uq fuu frda.h je<£ urKdikak úh' tfia wmj;a jQfha kï wo fï
ioaO¾uh wmg wysñ fõ' Wkajykafiaf.a w;s W;=ï m%;sm;a;s f.k hdug
fkdyels fõ'

.ïno isß;a iy we|ys,s
wdpd¾h uka iy wdpd¾h id´ fuu m<df;a ieß ieÍug fmr .ï
jdiSka l¾u úmdl fyda l=i,a wl=i,a ms<sn| ±k fkdisáhy' W;=re kef.
kysr m%foaYfhys N+; jkaokdj yd wukqIH jkaokdj me;sÍ mej;=Ks'
hï fohla mgka .ekSug fmr kele;a ne,sh hq;=h' ù j.d lsÍu" f.hl
w;a;sjdru fyda ueá ueiaila fyda hï fohla wdrïN lsÍug m%:u kel;"
Èkh" j¾Ih wdÈh iqÿiq úh hq;=h' fkdfhla mqo mQcd mj;ajd foúhkag
wukqIHhkag hd{d l< hq;=h' th fkdl<fyd;a frda. je<£u fyda fkdfhla jHikhkag m;afj;a' fiïm%;sIHd WK jqjo wukqIHh fodaI ksid
yg.;a nj Tõyq úYajdi lr;s' túg .fï lÜgä uy;d wjq;a fkdfhla
mQcd lr iudj wh§' túg frda.h iqj ù we;s nj lsh;s' tfy;a frda.
,laIK ;sìh§ jqjo f,vdg udkisl iqjhla we;' ;ud ksfrda.s hehs ms<s.
kS' lÜgä uy;df.a wjidk ;SrKh Tõyq ms<s.ks;s' ffjoHjre wkjYH
fõ' f,v iqj jkafka mqo mQcd j,sks' fï ñksiaiq" fujeks úYañ; u; or;s'
th úYajdi lr;s' miq ld,hl§ wdpd¾h uka iy wdpd¾h id´ .fï
ñksiqkag i;H lshd ÿka úg l%ufhka N+; n,fõ." wukqIH fodaI .ek
úYajdih ;=rka úh' wo tjeks woyia orkakka lsisfjla ke;' tu lÜgä
uy;ajre mjd nqoaO" Oïu" ix> irK h;s' tjeks .=ma; úoHd fkdwoy;s'
tu .ïudk ;=<ska le,Efõ hk tk úg tl, fuka fod< msfoaks ;gq olakg
ke;' b;du l<d;=rlska tjekakla olakg ,efí' W;=re kef.kysr jdiSyQ
±ka fndfyda fihska nqoaO" Oïu" ix> irK h;s' fuh wdpd¾h uka iy
wdpd¾h id´ fï m%foaYfha ixpdrh lrñka nK Ndjkd lshd §u ksid jQ
nj ksielh'
Wkajykafia,d ks;r ks;r YsIag .=K .rel ñksi;a Ndjh ms<sn|
O¾u foaYkd l<y' Tjqkaf.a m%Yak j,g ms<s;=re ÿkay' fndfyda ìh iel
mej;=fKa wukqIHh" fyd,auka" hCI wdfõY wd§ .=ma; foa ms<sn|jh' ia;S%"
mqreI w;r ,sx.sl wdl¾IKh we;s jkafka flfiao @ i;=ka w;r;a fujeks
isoaëka we;' ñksid fï foa ±k .kafka flfiao @ ta weiQ wkka; m%Yak ug
isys lsÍug fkdyelsh' ta ms<sn| iudj whÈñ' wdpd¾h uka mejiQ fujeks

55

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lreKq fndfyda fj;s' ta ish,a, ,sùug uu wfmdfydi;a fjñ'
wukqIH wj;dr isá;a±hs weiQ m%Yakhg wdpd¾h uka fufia W;a;r
ÿks' zzwukqIHh" fyd,auka wj;dr fyda fjk hïlsis foa fï f,dalfha
mej;Su wfma úYajdi u; isÿ fkdfõ' wms úYajdi l<;a fkdl<;a ta foa
ta wdldrfhka mj;S' wfma is;sú,s wkqj th fjkia fkdfõ' ta wukqIHhka
.ek ìh iel we;sjkafka wfmau uki ;=<h' th wmsu ujd .kakd fohls'
wmsu ta ìh iel Wmojuq' fï ksid wukqIHfhdao ìh iel fj;s' túg tjeks
Wmøj we;súh yelsh' hfula fyd,auka .ek fkdis;Su ksid Tyq ;=< tjeks
iel ìh ke;' jeämqru jkafka ;uka is;ska ujd.;a woyia ksid ;udu
mSvkhg m;aùuhs' wukqIHfhda isá;shs ud lSj;a th Tmamq lsÍug fkdyelsh'
ñksidg i;Hh ±lSug fkdyels fjhs' fidfrla nvq iu`.u w,a,d .;aúg
jqjo th fkdms<s.kshs' Bg fkdfhla fya;=" ksoyig lreKq bÈßm;a lrhs'
;ud ksjerÈ hhs mjihs' Tyqg nf,kau o~qjï muqKqjkafka f,dal kS;s
ksid fõ' Tyq kej; kej;;a ;udf.a ksfodia nj lshhs' nkaOkd.dr .;
fidfrl=f.ka weiqjfyd;a ;uka fidrlug wiqjQ nj;a ;uka th fkdl<
nj;a mjihs' th ;ud l< nj ms<s.kafka b;d l,d;=rlsks' fuh f,dalfha
ñksiqkaf.a idudkH isß;hs' ñksiqka fï f,dalhg tkafka fldfya isg ±hs
weiQ m%Yakhg wdpd¾h uka fufia ms<s;=re imhhs'
zzyeu ñksidgu ujla yd msfhla we;' Tn bfíu .ia fnkhla ;=<ska
yg .kafka ke;' ñksid WmÈkafka wúoHd" ;Kaydj ksid hehs lSj;a th
uki úlD;s lrkjd ñi Tõyq i;Hhla fkdols;a' fuh wjfndaO jkafka
ry;=ka jykafia,dg muKs' ñksid fï i;Hh fiùug wjYH ù¾Hh fh§ug
wiu;a fõ' tneúka zzfoudmshka ksid wm bm§ we;eZZhs úYajdi lr;s' fuys
i;Hh jgyd .ekSug ñksid ;=< wjYH;djhla ke;' i;Hh ±k .ekSug
leue;a;lao ke;' wúoHd mÉphd ixLdrd'''' wd§ jYfhka máÉp iuqmamkak lreKq nqÿ oyfï úia;r lr we;' bm§u ksid fï ish¨ ÿlg m;afõ'
bm§u ke;sùu ÿl ke;sùu fõ' wúoHdj ksid bm§u yg.kS' flf<ia
we;s yeu fokd ;=<u fï wúoHdj wksjd¾Hfhkau we;' i;Hh wjfndaO
jQ úg fï wúoHdj ke;sfõ' fï i;Hh wjfndaOh ish¨ ÿla keiSug fya;=
jk nj ms<s.; hq;=fõ' fï wúoHdj ksid ish¨ i;a;ajhka Wm§' f,dalh
i;a;j
a hskf
a .ka .yKh' i;=ka ke;s ;ekla ke;s ;rïh' Ôj;a ùug bvlv
ke;s ;rïh' uQ,sl fya;=j fï ;Kayd wúoHdjhs' wms ±ka fkdueÍ isák
kuq;a kej; bm§ug ks;ru ;j ia:dkhla fidhñka Ôú;h f.ks hkag
is;uq' fï ksid i;=ka iy ñksik
q a ks;r ÿlg m;afj;s' i;Hh oelSug leu;s
wh ;u flf<ia iys; is; ±lsh hq;=hs' is; ks;ru Njhla w,a,d .eiSug
56

uOHu hq.h

;Kaydj Wmdodkh we;s lrhs' ta ksidu Njhla ,efí' ;ud wid lrK foa
,efí' is; jkdys f,dalfha úoHdudk jk b;du pm," udkdêl ;;a;ajhls'
fï is; ovínrh' yslauùug wmyiqh' wms fl;rï fyd| foaj,g fhduq
ùug W;aidy l<;a fï fudfyd;ska fudfyd; fjkiajk is; yd tys yg
.kakd udkh yeu m%h;akhlau j,lajhs' kej; bm§ug n, mdkafka fï
flf<iaj,g m;a jQ wixjr is;hs' wúoHd ;Kayd ÿre lsÍug wlue;s
jkafka tfia ÿre l< miq kej; kQmÈk neúks' Ôú;h mj;ajd .ekSu
hkq ixidrh hehs lshkq ,efí' wdpd¾h uka f.ka weiQ B<`. m%Yakh kï
,sx.sl wdYdjka we;s jkafka ula ksido hkakhs' Bg ms<s;=re fufia mjid
we;' zzrd. ;Kaydj .ek fmd; m;ska bf.kSula ke;' rd. ;Kayd hkq
;u isf;a mj;sk ú,s ,eÊcd ke;s ovínr iajNdjhls' fï wYsCIs;" .%duH
.;sh we;s is; ksid ia;S%" mqreIhkaf.a jpkh yd ls%hdjo tjeks wYsCIs;
njg fmrf<a' ia;S%" mqreI" ;sßika" i;a;aj wd§kag fuh iajdNdúlh' iudc"
cd;s" jhi wd§ iSud ke;' is; ldurd.fhka wixjr jQ úg th iSud blaujd
hhs' .`. msgdf¾ .,kakdla fuka iSud blaujd hhs' .ï kshï .ï k.r
ksïk hg lrf.k .xj;=r .,d hkakdla fuks' rd.sl is;sú,s ñksidf.a;a
;sßikqkaf.a;a isf;a mÈxÑ ùug fya;=j Bg wjYH m%n, wdOdr" Wkkaÿj"
wdiajdo" fmdaIKh wjg mßirfhka ,efnk neúks' tneúka ksrka;rfhkau
wdiajdo r;shg f.dÿre fõ' fï iajNdjh ksid uq¿ f,dalhu ±ä ÿla j,g
Ndckh fõ' ñka ñ§ug lsisfjla Wkkaÿ fkdfõ' .x.d msgdrh .,d hk
.xj;=r ksid ñksidg ydks jkafka l,d;=rlsk's tfy;a rd." ;Kaydj ks;ru
msgdr .,ñka ÿlg m;afjkjd ±l ±l ñksid ;u is;a i;ka iy wksl=;a
ish¨ foa úkdY ùu .ek fkdis;;s' fuh wjqreoao mqrdu .,k .x.djls'
f,dalh fu;rï ÿIag" wúkS; ùug fya;=j ñksid úiskau my< lrK fï
rd. ;Kaydj nj lsif
s jla fkdoks;'s fï rd. ;Kaydj ksid fujeks wmrdO
È.gu isÿjk nj;a" Bg fya;=j fï rd. is;sú,s nj;a ñksid ms<s.kafka
ke;' th ms<s.kakd ;=re ñksidf.a wiykh ÿl my fkdfõ'
Wkajykafiaf.ka weiQ m%Yakh jQfha fufia ,sx.sl wdiajdo ,eîug
fya;j
= l=ulao hkakhs' tfy;a ms<;
s r
= e ,enqfKa bka isÿjk Nhdkl ;;a;j
a h
ms<sn|jh' fndfyda wh fï ms<sn| wikafka ke;' fï rd. ;;a;ajh issf;a
we;sjk úg ia;S%" mqreI" ;sßika .; i;=ka mjd tlsfkldf.ka wdiajdo
,n;s' fï rd. ;Kaydj ;rï wfkHdakH wdiajdoh fukau wfkdakHh fldamdúIaG jk fjk fohla ke;' rd. ;Kaydj jxpksl iajNdjh ksid ia;S%
mqreIfhda wd,fhka ne| ;n;s' fndfyda úg ;ry" ffjrfhka ne| ;n;s'
tlsfkld .y nek .ks;s' urd .ks;s' rd. is;sú,s ksid fufia wd,h n¢;s'

57

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ffjrh n¢;s' rd. is;sú, ñksid fmd<Uj;s'
wdpd¾h uka fufia m%ldY l<y' Tn w;r tlsfkld ;ryd ù .y
nek .kafka keoao @ újdy ùug fmr isg wdor ne£fuka isá kuq;a ±ka
iajdñ Nd¾Hd jYfhka fl;rï wiykhg m;a jkafkao @ wms jeks NsCIQka
jykafia,dg jvd Tn fï lreKq okakjd we;' tfy;a Tn wfmka wi;s'
túg zztfiah" wms rKavq oUr lr iSudjla ke;sj ÿla ú| ÿl bjikakg
neß ksid ;uhs rKavqj kj;ajkafka' kej; rKavq fkdlrkakg ;SrKh
lrñka" kuq;a kej;;a tjeksu rKavq onr j,g m;afjkjd'ZZ
wdpd¾h uka fufia mejiSh zzfï ;uhs f,dal iajNdjh' tl
fudfyd;la wdorh B<`.g ;ryj" ffjrh" Tn fuh jerÈ nj ±k
.;a;;a bka ñ§ula ke;' we;af;kau fï .eg¿j úi|kakg Tn W;aidy
.;af;ao@ tfia kï fï ;;a;ajh álla iykodhS fjkjd' tfia ke;akï
;=kafõ, fkdjrojd lEu lkakdla fuka Wfoa;a rKavq lrkjd" ojdf,;a
rKavqj" rd;s%fh;a rKavqj uq¿ ojiu rKavq lrkjd' neßu ;ek Èlalido
fjkjd' ;u ,d nd, ¥ orejkag wmuK ÿla i<ikjd' fï krl l¾uj,
m%;s úmdl wysxil orejkq;a ú¢kjd' tys ,eÊcdj ksid kE ñ;=rka w;a
yßkjd' fof.d,af,du rKavq lsÍfï wd§kj ÿgqúg jdo fNao yg.;a ieKska th kj;ajd .; hq;=hs' ta fõf,ys u úYd, rKavqjlg ;=vq fok jdo
újdo fodia mfrdia l:d ny kej;Sug mqreÿ úh hq;=hs' È.ska È.g hdu
j<lajd m%Yakh bjiSfuka iekiSfuka ld,hdf.a wejEfuka ksrdlrKh
l< hq;=hs' fldamh" mreI jpk" fkdreiakd.;s we;s jQ jydu th Nhdkl
Wjÿrla f,i ±l ;uka w;S;fha iqyoj isá nj;a wkd.;fha iqyoj isáh
hq;= nj;a i<lkak' fï CIKsl Wmka fldamh ksid uq¿ Ôú;hg ydkslr
.kafka wehs @
mjq,a m%Yak .eg¿ fndfyda úg we;s jkafka ;udf.a ;ks leue;a;
wkqj ;SrK .ekSu ksidh' fuh yßo jerÈo hkak .ek fkdi<ld ys;=
u;fha wkqkag ÿla mSvd f.k fok ;SrK ;udf.a wd;aud¾:ldó;ajh ksid
.ks;s' uu;ajh n,mq¿jkaldr lu ksid wkqka fmf<;s' udkh" ;o .;sh
ksid wjfYaI mjqf,a idudðlfhda ÿlg m;afj;s' uq¿ f,dalhu ;u w;a
wvx.=jg m;a lsßug f,dal kdhlfhda udk n,;s' uyd id.rh w;ska
;,a¨ lr kj;ajkag .kakd jEhula fuka fuh ksYaM,h' tjeks n,ldó
woyia ;=rka l< hq;=h' tjeks woyia we;s mqoa.,hd ;udu jekfia'
mjqf,a idudðlhska w;r lsÜgq iïnkaO;d we;s neúka idOdrKh" iu.sh"
tl`.;ajh we;súh hq;=h' mjqf,a iajdñ" Nd¾Hhd" ¥ ore" fiajl msßi fu-

58

uOHu hq.h

fia wfkdakH wdorh" f.!rjh ;yjqre fkdl<fyd;a tys ÿ¾úmdl ;uka
flf¾ meñfKa'
.s y s wkq . dñlhs k a yd Ns C IQ k a jyka f ia , d úYd, ixLHdjlg
Wkajykafia foaYkd mj;ajk úg fjk;a ld, iSud we;' .sys whg 4-5
olajdo NsCIQkag 7 isg rd;S% ld,fhao foaYkd lr;s' NsCIQka jykafia,dg
iy idufKarhkag yd hï Ndjkd ÈhqKqjla we;s whg Wkajykafia úfYaI
ie<ls,s l<y' mqoa.,slj Wmfoia ÿKs' tlsfkldf.a pß; fnfyúka fjkia
neúka Ndjkd w;a±lSï fjkia fõ' iuyre ;u is; ms<sn| wi;s' iuyre
foújre wd§ fkdfhla ix{d ms<sn| wi;a' Ñ;a;c rEm" ksñ;s Ndjkd
fhda.Ska ols;s' ñksiqka" i;=ka ;u bÈßfha ueÍ isákjd wd§ fkdfhla o¾Yk
.ek l:d lr;s' ;u YÍrh mjd ueÍ l=Kq ù" úkdY ùu ols;s' fï ksñ;s
iajdNdúlo @ ke;fyd;a tys úfYaI w¾: we;a±hs uq,§ y÷kd .; fkdyelsh' fïjd .ek uq,djg m;aùug yelsfõ' tneúka Ndjkd l¾uia:dk
wdpd¾hjrhdf.a Wmfoia wjYH fõ'
fï w;a±lSï úia;r lsßu yd tys w¾: ksrEmKh lrñka Wmfoia
§u b;du is;a m%fndaOlrk fohls' NsCIQka jykafia,d fuu ld,h fndfyda
w.kd nj oks;s' Y%oaOdj" nqoaêh" ù¾hh jeãug wjYH Wmfoia ,nk
neúks' yoj; iudêfhka zzkdNs.;ZZ fõ' fï w;a±lSï wid isák wksl=;a
whg fuh úYd, WfoHda.hls' w;a±lSï we;s wh i;=gg m;afõ' is; fufia
iudê.; jQ úg iuyre foaj f,dal j,g h;s' t<sjk ;=re foaj f,dal
j, ÈjH ud,s.d olsñka ixpdrh lr;s' fndfyda fõ,d .; jQ miq tu is;
;u YÍr .; fõ' túg idudkH is;la fõ' iuyre wmdh f,dalj, ixpdrh lr;a' l¾u úmdl .ek fnfyúka ixfõ.hg m;afõ' iuyre foaj
f,dalj, yd wmdhj, ießirñka l¾u úmdl isoaêh ksÍlaIKh lr;s'
iuyre OHdk iudm;a;sj,g meñfKa' iuyre kdu rEm fjkalr úo¾Ykd
lr;s' YÍrfha fldgia úYaf,aIKh lr i;r uyd N+;hkag fjka lr;s'
iuyrekag iudêh fkd,eî fmdä orejka jeá jeà weúÈkakdla fuka ÿla
ù w~;s' iuyre lsisu Ndjkd ÈhqKqjla fkdlr;s' fyd| foa fkdokakd
yekao fuks' fndfyda fokd fjfyik fuu mßirfha fujeks foa isÿùu
iajdNdúlh' i;s" m[a[d ÈhqKq lrk wh tu foaYkd wkqj ÈhqKq fj;s' fï
fmd; ,shk uu o fuu mqyqKqfõ§ oCI fkdjQ nj ms<s.ksñ' th we;af;kau
wm ldg;a ÿIalr ld¾Hhla úh'
wdpd¾h uka fofjks j;djg;a W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha wjqreÿ
.Kkdjla jev úiQy' tlu ;ekl jia ;=ka udihla jev fjfi;s' bkamiq

59

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wka ;eklg hdu isß;hs' ksoyfia l÷ uqÿka >k jkdka;rj, l=re,af,l=
fuka ixpdrh lr;s' zzi;a; Nfrdj fâ;sZZ ;u msydgq nr muKla Tijd
f.k hk l=re,af,la fuks' l=r,a,d leu;s ;ekl ,`.shs' leu;s ;ekl
mshdir lrhs' Wkajykafiao .ila" c,dihla" j.=re ìula'''' wd§ ;ek
ßis fia Ôj;a ù miqj yer h;s' tu .ia c,di .ek lsisu ;elSula ke;'
fufia O¾ufha yeisfrk NsCIqjg uq¿ jkdka;rhu ;u ksfjils' yqol,d
Ôú;h hkq idudkH iudc Ôú;hla .; lrK whg wiSre fohls' ;u
f.j,a fodrj,a kE ys; ñ;=rka w;a yeÍu uq,ska ÿIalr jqjo O¾uh ;u
yoj; Yla;su;aj .%yKh l< úg fuh yd;amiska fjkia fõ' Tjqyq >k
jkdka;r ms%h lr;s' iudch" lï iem wms%h lr;a' Tyq yeu fud;lu
yqol,dj ;ud hk tk bßhõfõ is; ne| ;nhs' lsiu
s fohlska is; úCIsm;
a
fkdfõ' O¾uh isf;a ;ekam;a jQ úg ,o fohska i;=gq fõ' ;Dma;shg m;afõ'
;u yoj; O¾ufhka mS%;shg m;a jQ úg mqÿu ;Dma;shla ±fka' isf;a
flf<ia my ù ue,slu" ìh" iel wd§ lsisu wjq,la ke;' is; ;ekam;ah'
ksYap,h" iduh" i;=g rc flf¾' fuh kï wld,sl .=Khhs' th ld,h"
wjldYh blaujd hhs' iïuq;s i;Hh blaujd hhs' uq,dj iïmQ¾Kfhkau
myfõ' wdpd¾h uka zziq.;ZZ fyj;a fyd| .ukla hkafkls' ;ukaf.a yeu
ld¾hhlau i;=gls' i;r bßhõfjysu iekiSu hk" tk" ys¢k" ksok yeu
fudfyd;lu iekiSuls' ;u Y%djlhska fuu ud¾.hg fhduq l< kuq;a
fujeks Wiia ;;a;ajhlg m;aùug fkdyelsh' tfy;a fndfyda wh úYd,
jYfhka O¾ufha yeisfrk nj ksielh'
wpd¾h uka msKavmd;h msKsi hk úg NsCIQka jykafia,d iu`. n¨"
lmqgq wd§ ;sßika i;=ka o h;s' th Ndjkd wruqKls' NsCIQka jykafia,dg
O¾u lreKq ta u.ska myod fo;s' l¾u úmdl .ek mdvuls' i;=kag mjd
;u l¾u úmdl máika fohs' hïlsis if;la fhduqlr ta ms<sn| ú.%y
flfr;s' zz;sßikqka my;a fldg ie<lsh hq;= ke;' Tjqyq ;u wl=i,
úmdl f.j;s' ñksid o ;u wl=i, úmdl f.j;s' ukqIHh" ;sßika wd§
iefjdu l=i,a - wl=i,a úmdl f.j;s' ta whg úáka úg iem fõokd ÿla
fõokd ú£ug isÿfõ' l=l=,a" n¨" yrla i;=ka ;u úmdl f.jk wdldrh
lshd fo;s' Tjqkaf.a ÿl .ek lreKdj Wmoj;s' ta iu`.u l¾u úmdl j,
úúO iajNdjh fmkaj;s' fï wd;aufha wms ukqIHhka jqjo wkka; wd;au
j, ;sßikqka f,i Ôj;a jqfkuq' fï l¾u kHdh b;d .=ma; fõ' th iEu
i;a;ajhdf.kau úoHdudk jqjo f;areï .ekSu W.ygh' fuh f;reï .;
fkdyels kï wmg ksjkla ke;' fï wd§ jYfhka u. f;dfܧ uqK .efyk
ñksiqka ;sßikqka .ek l¾u úmdl i;s" m[a[dfjka .fõIKh lrhs'

60

uOHu hq.h

th wid isá iuyr NsCIQkag ;SCIK m%{dj my, fjhs' iuyr NsCIQkag
tys jeo.;alu fkdjegfya' ta i;=ka miqlr .uka l< neúka tu ldrKh
wjfndaO fkdfõ' W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha jdih lrK úg wdpd¾h uka
uOHu rd;s%fha NsCIQka jykafia,dg O¾uh foaYkd lrK úg N+udgq" wdldY
foújre wE;ska isg O¾uh Y%jKh lr;s' ta wh meñK we;s nj ±kqk
úg Wkajykafia foaYkdj ú.i kj;ajd iudê.; fõ' túg mqoa.,slj
foúhka iu`. l:d lrhs' NsCIQka jykafia,dg we;s wiSñ; f.!rjh ksid
foújre ióm fkdfj;a' foújre NsCIQka jykafia,df.a l=á m%foaYh miqlr
.uka fkdlr;a' fï foújre úYd, ixLHdjla Wkajykafia ±lSug wjq;a
m%:ufhka ;=kajgla m%oCIsKdlr b;du f.!rjfhka ms<sfj,g ikaiqkaj
jdäfj;s' tu foaj iuQyfha kdhlfhla isáhs' Tyq bÈßhg wjq;a ;uka wh;a
jkafka wij,a foaj fldÜGdihgh' Tjqka wij,a O¾uh .ek úui;sZZ wd§
jYfhka ksfõokh lrhs' wdpd¾h uka túg Tjqkaf.a wdrdOkdj ms<sf.k
i;=g m%ldYh lr ;u iudê is; tu O¾uh .ek fhduq lrhs' bkamiq ta
ms<sn| foaYkd lr;s' wjidkfha§ ;=ka jrla idOq kdo mj;aj;s' fuu kdoh
úYajfha b;d by< fodaxldr fohs' Èj" lK we;s ish¨ fokdg fuu kdoh
wefia' tfy;a ñksif.a lkaj,g fkdwefia' fydoafoa ri fkdokakd yekao
fuks' wka;sfï§ kej;;a fï foõ le< ;=ka jgla ol=Kska m%oCIsKd lr
mq¿ka frdola fuka wyfia fkdfmkS h;s' fï whf.a w;s m%ikak yeisÍu
wdpd¾h uka yd NsCIqkagj;a wkqlrKh l< fkdyelsh' th t;rï ruKSh
ikaik
q a ú,dihls' ukqIHhdf.a f.dfrdai"q yeä ±ä .;sh foújrkaf.a ishï
q
YdÍßl ls%hd iu`. ikaikaokh l< fkdyelsh' foúhkaf.a uk mskjk
iqkaor w,xldrhla we;' Tjqkaf.a YdÍrl p,k b;du ,CIKh' ñksiqka
fuka wdpd¾hjrhd yuqùug wjq;a l,n, fkdlr;s' ksYY
a ío fj;s' yeisÍu
b;d f.!rjdkaú;h' ñksiaiq Yío k.d l;d lr;s' foújre O¾uh wikafka b;d ;ekam;a iudê.; is;lska fuks' ikaiqka ksYap, bßhõ mj;ajd
.ksñka idjodkj wid isá;s' wdpd¾h uka foúhka jäk fõ,dj oks;s'
uOHu rd;sf
% ha meñfKk nj ijia hdufha oks;'s túg NsCIQka jykafia,df.
a foaYk kj;d ouhs' fõ,dj meñKs úg ilauka Ndjkdj kj;d iudêhg
m;afj;s' bkamiq bka ke.sg Wmpdr iudêhg m;afj;s' isf;a fõ.h uqojd
yer foúhka meñK weoa±hs n,;s' meñK ke;akï kej; is; iudê.;
lrhs' foúhkaf.a meñKSu rd;S% 2 - 3 - 4 g kï l,skau flá kskaola ie;mS
bkamiq is; iudê.; lrhs'

61

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha t;rï ÈjH fiakdj,a meñKsfha ke;'
iuyr úg wjq;a O¾u foaYkdj,g ijka fo;s' foúhkaf.a meñKSu wdpd¾h
ukag úfyaI wjia:djla úh' foúhkag ÿka fmdfrdkaÿ ta wdldfhkau bIag
lr;s' fõ,dj fkdjrojd n,d isá;s' ;u ÿka fmdfrdkaÿ - ld,h fjkia
lsÍu ms<sn| foúhkaf.a wm%idoh we;'
foúhka iu`. l:d lrkafka wfma iïuq;s l;dj fuka fkdj th
isÿjkafka iudê is;ska - is;ska is; y÷kd .ekSuls' fï l:dj b;d fyd¢ka
ta whg f;aÍ hhs' fï isf;a we;sjk l:d iajrEmh b;d ksjerÈh' ir,h'
jyd jegfykafkah' kej; kej; wjOdrKh l< hq;= ke;' fujeks úêhg
is;k
s a l:d lsÍug fkdyels neúka ñksid ;u isf;a wOHdYh jpk j,ska msg
lr;s' túg fndfyda fia jeÈ isÿfõ' isf;a mj;sk kshu i;Hh iajrEmh
jpkfhka lsh fkdyelsh' ñksidg ;u is;e`.s iudê is;ska m%ldY l<
fkdyels neúka uyd .=ma; ryila ù we;'
wdpd¾h uka yg fuh b;d myiq fohls' Wkajykafiag jyd jegfyk
kqjK we;' wmg tfia fkdue;s neúka wdpd¾Hhjre yuq ù idlÉPd lsÍug
isÿfõ' wkqkaf.ka wid ±k .kakd foa wu;l fõ' kshu úêhg f;areï
.; fkdyelsh' wmf.a mqreÿ tfia fkdj wmg weíneys ù we;' tneúka
tajd wu;l fkdfõ' w;ayer.; fkdfya' i;s" iudê" m[a[d fkdue;s
neúka wfma fndfyda ld¾Hhka ksis wdldr isÿ fkdfõ' ks;r w;miq ùï"
jer§ï we;'
tfy;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a ish¨ lghq;= ksis wdldr lsisu wvqula ke;sj
isÿfõ' isf;a iudê .=Kh ksid ksYap,h' ks;r i;=g" iduh rc lrhs' hk
tk yeu ;eku wkqkaf.a wdor f.!rjhg m;afõ' Wkajykafia meñKs nj
weiQ ieklska fndfyda ckhd /ia ù ish¨ lghq;= iïmdokh lr;a' nka:
qï .ug meñKs úg jQ isoaêh lÈu kso¾Ykhls'
tu .ug meñKSug m%:u uq¿ .ugu jiQßh frda.h je<£ ;snqKs'
.fï ñksiaiq foaj mqcd yd fkdfhla wukqIHhskag mQcd l<y' wdpd¾Hh
ukaf.a meñKSfuka miq nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk f;rejkg mqo mQcd meje;a
jQy' .d:d idcCOdhkd" msß;a msxlï Wfoa yji meje;a jQy' ;u isf;a mj;sk
flf,ia hgm;a lrñka Yla;sh WmojQy' ál Èklska úYd, mßj¾;khla
isÿúh' ñksik
q a frda.d;=rj Èkm;d uerK kuq;a Wkajykafiaf.a meñKSfuka
miq lsisfjla fkdu<y' jix.; frda.fhka fm¿k wh iqjm;a jQy' frda.h
me;sÍu k;r úh' .fï ñksiqkag th woyd .ekSug fkdyelsh' th mqÿu
wdYap¾Hhls' fï ksid ish¨ fokdu Wkajykafiag Y%oaOdfjka f.!rj l<y'
62

uOHu hq.h

wo jk ;=re fuu .fï ñksiqkaf.ka mej; tk mdrïmrdj Wkajykafiag
je÷ï ms÷ï lr;s' .fï mkaif,a kdhl ysñ m%Odk ish¨ fokdu wdpd¾Hh
uka woy;s' ±;a uqÿfka ;nd kuialdr lr;s'
fujeks wdYap¾Hhu;a isÿùï fndfydah' Wkajykafia Èklg ;=ka
jrla .fï ñksiqkag fu;a jvd wdYs¾jdo lr;s' Wfoa msì÷k ú.i oj,a
iy kskaog hk úg fuh lr;s' iuyr whg ks;r fofõf,a fu;a is;
m;=rej;s' Wkajykafia ;u is; ffu;S% iudêhg m;alr uq¿ f,dalhg th
.,d hk fuka m;=rej;s' wdf,dalhla bka ke.S hhs' th wkka;h' iSudjla
ke;' ysre odylg jvd §ma;su;ah' yojf;a msßisÿ Ndjhg jvd §ma;shla
uq¿ f,dalfha lsisjla ke;' fujeks ffu;S% .=Kfhys wdkqNdjhla we;'
fï w;s msßisÿ Ñ;a; Yla;sh ;uka wdrlaId lrhs wkqkag wdYs¾jdo fohs'
ñksidf.a jkaokSh" mQckSh wdor f.!rjhg m;a fõ' i;a;= mjd i;=áka
ìh iel ke;sj Ôj;a fj;s' Wkajykafiaf.a ffu;S% is; fkdfjkiaj ish¨
i;a;ajhka flf¾ jeis j¾Idjla fuka m;s; úh'

ÿIalr;d iy wirK ùu
Wfndka rp;dys m%foaYfha isg Wkajykafia ifldka kfLka m%foaYhg
.uka l<y' Wkajykafia,d iu`. úYd, meúÈ YsIH ixLHdjla .uka
l<y' .fï ñksiaiq Wkajykafia,d meñKSu uy Woaf>daKhlska ms<s.;ay'
ish¨ fokdu múka je<lS l=i,a lsÍug mgka .;ay' fkdfhla wukqIH mqo
mQcd w;ayer nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk r;ak;%h weoyQy' fï m%foaYh >k
jkdka;rhls' rECI" .ia je,a j,ska .ykh' jk i;=kaf.a ksc N+ñhls' rd;S%
ld,fha ,CI ixLHd; i;=kaf.a Yío fodaxldrh fohs' ta Yío j,g yqre
jQ úg Tjqka iu`. ñ;%;;ajhla we;s flf¾' Ndjkd lsÍug fuu i;=kaf.a
iajdNdúl Yío m<sfrdOhla fkdfõ' tu Yío hïlsis woyila ke;s neúks'
tfy;a ukqIHh Yíoj, woyi f;areï hk neúka m<sfrdOhls' iskyiSu"
l:d lsÍu" isxÿ" lE .eiSï wdÈh Ndjkdjg ndOd flf¾' úfYaIfhkau
NsCIQka jykafia,dg ia;S%kaf.a Yío m<sfrdOls' iudêh n,j;a fkdfõ kï
Ndjkdj lv fõ' fuh ia;S%kag lrk úfõpkhla fkdfõ' ta ksid Ndjkdj
wid¾:l jk nj;a i;s" m[a[d ÿ¾j, jk nj;a fuhska wjOdrKh flf¾'
jkdka;r j, jdih lsÍug tla fya;=jla fuh fõ' wdpd¾h uka msßksjka
mdk ;=re fujeks >k jkdka;r j, jdih lsÍug ms%h l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a w;s oCI O¾udjfndaOh ta ksid ie<iqks' th wm iu`. Wkajykafia
fnod f.k N=la;s ú¢;s'
63

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpd¾h uka Èkla fufia mejiSh' Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd m%;m
s ;a;h
s "
YdÍßl udkisl ÿla mSvd fok widOh frda.hla jeksh' ks±,af,a i;=áka
isàug ojilaj;a fkdùh' Wv ìu n,ñka i;=gq idóÑfhka l:d ny
lsÍula ke;' tl fudfyd;laj;a kslrefKa isák úg flf<ia ;u is;
veye .kS' flf<ia j,ska is; ne÷kq úg bka ñ§u b;du ÿIlrh' tneúka
flf<ia j,ska ksrka;rfhka wdrlaIdùug isÿúh' flf,ia ÿgq ú.i tajd
tu fudfydf;a§u u¾okh lrhs' bkamiq ;u YsIHhskag Wmfoia fohs'
fndfyda .sys meúÈ wh iuyrúg fufyKska jykafia,d ÿ¾. ud¾. f.jd
Wkajykafia yuqùug meñKshy' Tjqkag kej;S isàug ;ekla ke;' fldá
wd§ j,a i;=kaf.kao wdrlaId l< hq;=h'
tla jfrl Wka j yka f ia nka kï .fuys .,a .= y djl jdih
lf<ah' úYd, fldá tys jdih l<y' rd;S% ld,fha wd.ka;=lhkag úiSu
wka;rdodhl úh' tneúka .fï ñksii
a q Wi WK nïnq j,ska ueiaila iE¥y'
th fldákag mkskakg neß ;rï Wih' ? fnda jQ úg tu ueiafika ìug
nyskakg ;ykï l<y' tneúka ;ukag wjYH wdydr .ekSu jeisls<s
lD;Hh tu ueiai Wv l< hq;=h' Bg wjYH Ndck tys ;nd .ks;s' ñksiqkaf.a meñKSu tneúka wjysrhls' fï fldá ñksiqkag ìh ke;' úfYaIfhka ia;S%kag ìh ke;' tla Èkla úYd, fldáfhla ó yrla .d,la miq lr
l=reudkï w,a,ñka hkq Wkajykafia ÿgy' ó yrla fõ.fhka .ug ÿj;s'
wdpd¾h uka ks±,af,a ilauka lrñka isáhy' fldáhd Wkajykafia .ek
lsis ;elSula fkdlr ó yrla miqmi hhs'
Wkajykafiaf.aa YsIH msKsi ´kEu wjia:djlg uqyqK §ug mqreÿ úh
hq;=h' urKh jqjo n,dfmdfrd;a;= fj;s' y;r jfÜ jkdka;rfhka fldhs
fudfyd;l wka;rdhla fõ±hs fkdoks;s' tfukau udkh" uu h udf.ah
hk Wv`.=lï ke;' ish¨ fokdu iyfhda.fhka wdlaId fj;s' tlsfkld
tlu flfkl=f.a YdÍßl wjhjhka f,i m%fõYï lr;s' yoj; B¾IHd
wd§ ÿ¾.=Khkaf.ka f;dr ù hhs' mqÿu iekiSulska is; blauKska iudê
.; fjhs' wdydr wdÈh ke;s" myiqlï ke;s ìh bmojk mßirhl Ôj;a
jk úg ks;ru i;s m[a[dfjka fjfi;s' is; mSvd ú¢ñka tl`. fõ'
nkaOkd.dr.; jQ fjla leue;af;kau ;u brKug hg;a fjkakdla fuks'
wjg mßirh ìh cklh' urKh wdikakh' ndysr f,dalfhka iekiSula
ke;' tlu irK ;u i;sm[a[d muKs' tmuKla fkdj wdpd¾hjrhd
;u weo jxl is; iDcq flf¾' fufia yeu w;skau is; yslaujhs' fï ksid
fkdis;+ wkaoñka is; iudê mQ¾Kh lrhs'

64

uOHu hq.h

rd;S% ld,h w;s Nhxlr neúka NsCIQka ilauka lrñka ìh ke;s lsÍug
W;aidy lr;s' ljqre Èk;ao @ ljqre mrÈ;ao @ Nh mrdch jQ úg is;
ch .kS' is; mrdch jQ úg w;sYh ìhg m;afj;s' YÍrh ;Èka WKqiqïh'
YS;,h" odäh je.sf¾' u<uq;%d myfj' yqiu ysr ù urKhg wdikak fõ'
fï w;r fldáhdf.a f.rùu fodaxldr fõ' th wE; Yíhla jqjo ±ka ±ka
fldáhd ud ve.e .ks;shs ìfhka uqim;a fõ' ilaufka ;ksj" uq¿ .;u
fjjq,dhhs' fldáhd wysxilj f.dÿre fidh;shs fkdisf;a' W! fl<skau
ilauka u¿jg t;shs .eys ye.S Nhska ;%ia; jQ fï NsCIqj ve.e .ekSug
fldáhd ths' fldáhd t;s hkak tlu is;sú,a,hs' ìh ±ka ord .; fkdyelsh' yojf;a O¾u ix{dj myfõ' ienúkau fldáhd meñKqfyd;a fï
wjdikdjka; mqoa.,hd Tyqg f.dÿre úh yelsh' is; fufia Nhg .e;sùu
kqiqÿiqh' th fndfyda msßySulg ;=vqfok neúks' fuys§ l< hq;af;a hï
O¾uhlg keUqre ù is; ;Èka ta O¾uh w,a,d .ekSuhs' urKdkqiai;sh"
fyda hï O¾u lreKla fufkys l< hq;=h' is; ndysr wruqKqj, t,a î
ukia l,ams; iss;sú,s j,ska mqrjd .; hq;= ke;' tajdhska ;ud uq,djg m;a
úh hq;= ke;' uereK;a ke;;a ;u wruqK jQ Ndjkd ukisldrfhka neyer
úh hq;= fkfõ' isf;a O¾uh ;Èka .%yKh l< úg ;u iunr;djh /fla'
fuys w;s úYañ; foh kï fï w;sNhxldr jQ O¾u;djh ksid lsh fkdyels
wkaoñka Yla;su;a ùuhs' th mqÿu ks¾Nh ùuls'
O¾ufha is; msysgqjd m%;sm;a;s /lSu hkq is; lh ksis wkaoñka
yeisrùuhs' fï f,dalfha ish¨ foa w;ayer ;u Ndjkd wruqKq muKla
isf;a msysgqùuhs' l=ula fyda fõjd th iajNdj O¾ufha ,laIKhhs' th
blaujd .sh fkdyelsh' i;Hh .fõIKh lsßu hkq iajNdj O¾u;djh
m%;f
s CIam lsu
s la fkdfõ' wdpd¾h uka ;u YsIHhskg
a wjjdo ÿkafka fkdìhj
urKhg uqyqK §ugh' Wkajykafia tneúka uyd Nhdkl le,fhys ;ksj
jih lrkakg Wkkaÿ l<y' ;u isf;a Yla;sh" Ndjkd n,h" O¾ufha
i;H;djh túg ;udg w;a±lSfuka jegfya wm isf;a O¾uh yeisrùug
fldá iu¾; fj;s nqÿ.=K fufkys lrñka nqÿ oyu isf;a orñka isák
úg ìh iel myfõ' fï Y%oaOdj ke;súg fldáhdg Nh we;sfõ' le,Efõ
jdih lsÍfï we;s jdish kï ìh Wmojd isf;a O¾uh mÈxÑ lrùuhs'
le,Ej jeks ia:dk iudê" m[a[d jeãug bjy,a fõ' ;u is; tjeks
WfoHda.hlska l=,au;a fkdjQ úg ÓkñoaO wd§ ue,slug f.dÿre fj;s' túg
lsisjla l< fkdyels ;;a;ajhg jeá flf<iaj,g hg fõ' fldáhdg we;s
Nh ksid f,fyis myiqfjka ue,slñka oji .; l< fkdyelsh' tu ie`.
ù we;s flf<ia hgm;a lsÍug fldáhdg Nh fyd| fohls' fï hg ysf;a

65

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

we;s flf<ia ch.%yKh l< úg mqÿu wdYajdohla we;s flf¾'
wdpd¾h uka Ndjkd msKsi tjeks ìh ckl ia:dkj,g hdug Wkkaÿ
lrhs' iEu iem myiqju we;s úg tjeks mqÿu iy.; m%;sM, fkd,efí'
iem úkaokhg jeà O¾u ud¾.fhka neyer ùug bv we;' fuh b;d wjdikdjka; ;;a;j
a hls' Wkajykafiaf.a wjjdoh jQfha tjeks iqÿiq mßirhl
ñi fuu O¾u;djh msysgkafka ke;s njhs' mßirh ìh ckl neúka
ksrka;rfhka i;sh mj;ajhs' ;u wruqK ks;ru ;u is; lh muKs' O¾uh
/£ we;af;a fï is; lh m%Odk lrf.kh' wjidk jYfhka wms urKhg
ìh úh hq;= ke;' ulaksido ;u l¾u úmdl wkqj uefrk fõ,djg wms
uefrk nj;a ìh jQ ksid fkduefrk nj;a wms wjOdrKh l< hq;= neúka
;ud l=ula is;=j;a wka;sfï§ l¾uh wkqj urKhg m;afõ'
uyd Nhdkl mßirh ksid wdpd¾h uka fujka Ndjkd ÈhqKqjla ,nd
.;a nj lshhs' fufia ;u Y%djlhskag ;u is; ;=< we;s Yla;sh u;= lr
.ekSug Wkajykafia Wmfoia ÿkay' ìhm;a jQ úg bfíu is,a /fla' is,a
/lSu hkq fndfyda fokd lshk m%,dmhla ñi fujeks mßirhla ke;sj l<
yels fohla fkdfõ' fujeks mßirhl§ b;d flá ld,hlska iS,h" iudêh
mQ¾K lr .; yelsfõ' iS,h hkq iir mqreoaola fkdfõ' th wdhdifhka
/l .; hq;= .=Khls' i;s" m[[d ;=<ka is,a /lsh hq;=fõ'
hï flfkla O¾uh ms<sn| Y%oaOdj Wmojd Ôú; mß;Hd.fhka fyda
O¾uh rlsk njg wêIaGdk l< úg fudku fohlskaj;a l,n, fkdfõ'
urKhg uqyqK §ug fyda lï ke;' ta ;uka Ndjkd wruqKl is; ;ekam;a
lr .; urKhg uqyK
q Èh yels neúks' Ôú; ydksjk ;rï Nhla Wmkak;a
i;s iudêfhka is; ;ekam;afõ' j,a udkhka bÈßfha jqjo ;ud Ôú; mQcdfjka O¾ufha yeisfrk úg tu ndysr lror ;ud <`.g fkdmeñfKa' th
O¾ufha woaN+; wdYap¾hhls'
ñksiqka jYfhka wmf.a is;a ;=< O¾uh mj;sk kuq;a i;=ka ;=<
tjeks O¾uhla ke;s neúka i;a;= wjk; fj;s' wfma O¾uh i;=ka flf¾
n,mdhs' Tjqka ìh fkdù wm weiqre lr;a' túg lsis ydkshla ke;' fuu
.=ma; wNsryi O¾ufha yeisfrkakdf.a is; ;=< we;' wka whg th fkdfmfka' Ndjkdj ÈhqKq tjeks iudê.; is;lg th ±lsh yelsh' ;ud
O¾uh f,dj mqrd foaYkd l<;a ;u isf;a O¾uh ls%hd;aul fkdfõ kï
tu Yla;sh ke;' is; yd O¾uh tlu Yla;shla njg m;a jQ úg O¾uh
hkq is;h' is; hkq O¾uh fõ' tkï isf;a jxpksl O¾u ke;' flf<ia

66

uOHu hq.h

ÿre ù" is; mdßY=oaO fõ'
idudkHfhka is; flf<ia j,ska .yKh' tneúka isf;a fï iajNdjh
jgyd.; fkdyel' tjeks zzis;ZZ hkq zzflf<iahZZ' zzflf<iaZZ hkq zzis;ZZ
h' fï wdldrfhka fndfyda l,a .; l< úg O¾ufhka fyda isf;ka lsisu
iekiSula fkd,efí' kej; kej; bmsoñka ishjdrhla .; jQj;a ls,sgq
we÷ï bj; ,d kej;;a ls,sá we÷ï we£ula jeks fohla isÿfõ' wms
iodl,au ls,sá f,ig isáuq' hfula ls,sá we÷ï bj;a lr msßisÿ we÷ï
w¢k úg fï ;;a;ajh fjkia fõ' fufia ;u isf;a we;s flf<ia ;=rka
lsÍug iEu fokdu j.lsj hq;=h' ;u isf;a iduh i;=g mj;skf
a ka ta ;udu
is; msßisÿ lsÍfuks' wka whg wmf.a is; mssßisÿ l< fkdyelsh' th msßisÿ
we÷ï we§ula jeksh' nqoaOd§ uyry;ka jykafia,d fufia w;s msßisÿ is;a
mßyrKh l<y' tjeks laf,aY yoj; wms irK huq wo olajd;a jerÈ
lrK wh mjd nqoaO" Oïu" ix> irK h;s'
wdpd¾h uka fufia fkdfhla úÈfha ms<f
s j;a mqrñka ;u YsIHhka O¾u
ud¾.fha f.k .shy' ta wkq.dñlfhda miqj fY%aIag .=rejre njg m;ajQy'
ta wh;a fï ud¾.h mqyqKq lrñka ;u wkq.dñlhka ta ud¾.fha fufyh
jQy' nqÿrcdKka jykafia fmkajd ÿka ud¾.h wo;a ta wdldrfhkau ksrjq,j
a
we;' wdpd¾h uka tu ud¾.fha .uka .;ay' th wd;au mß;Hd.hla úh'
Wkajykafia iy Y%djl msßi b;d È<s÷" ÿmam;a Ôú; .; l<y' Ôj;a
ùug wjYH wju foa fyda fkd;snqKs' wo f,dalfha mj;sk iqfLdamfNda.S
Ôjk p¾hd foi n,k úg Wkajykafia,df.a Ôú; úiauh cklh' fï whg
tys tla Èkhlaj;a .; l< fkdyelsh' kuq;a NsCIqka jykafia,d isrf.
hs isrlrejka fuka O¾uh fjkqfjka Ôú; lem l<y' ish¨u ÿIalr;d
i;=áka bjiQy' idudkH ckhd fuu Ôú; uyd ysxid jO mSvd iys; hehs
is;=j;a NsCIQka jykafia,d uy;a ffO¾hfhka fï ud¾.fha f.dia O¾uh
wjfndaO l<y' wd;au oukh" wd;au mß;Hd.h" wd;au Yla;sh ;=<skao uu
udf.a wdl,am hgm;a l<y'
iuyr úg Èk .Kka ksrdydrj isg Ndjkd l<y' n,j;a l=i.sks
bjid fkdlvjd Ndjkd l<y' l=i.sks bjiñka i;sh meje;a jQy' iuyre
thg leu;s úh' ulaksido fyd| wdydr je<ª úg YÍrh Yla;su;a ù jev
lsÍug yels jqjo uki ÿ¾j, fõ' Ndjkdj msßfya' wdydr m%udKh wvq
lsÍu fyda ksrdydrj isàu ;=<ska is; Yla;su;a ù Ndjkd jefâ' ;udg reÑ
ms<sfj; wkq.ukh lrñka Ndjkd l< hq;=h' hï NsCIqjla Èk .Kkla
ksrdydrj isg Ndjkdj ÈhqKq lr;a kï th Tyqg iqÿiq ms<sfj;h' ÿla

67

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

;rKh lsÍug fujeks rECI m%;sm;a;s iqÿiq fõ'
hfula ksrdydr ù Ndjkd lrk úg Tyqf.a is; n,j;a ù Yla;su;a
ù bkaøshkag f.dÿre jQ ndysr wruqKq m%;sfCIam l< yelsh' is; iudê.;
ù oji" ld,h" fõ,dj blaujd hhs' l=i.skak wd§ YdÍßl fõokd ÿre
ù hhs' ;u isf;ka we;s jk mS%;s iqLh úkaokh lrhs' ue,slu ÿrefõ'
isf;a úisÍ .sh .;sh ke;' is; ;ekam;ah' wms iqÿiq l,a h,a n,d Ndjkd
lsÍug i<iqï l< úg Bg l<ska flf<ia mek ke.S ths' túg flf<i
u¾okh lrñka we;af.dõjd wef;l= olaldf.k hkakdla fia wjk; lrhs'
we;af;kau wkdÈu;a iir ;=< wfma is; we;l= jYfhkao" flf<ia we;af.
dõfjl= jYfhkao ls%hdlr we;' fï we;af.dõjd .ek wm hg ysf;a we;s
Nh ksid ks;ru hg;a fõ' flf<ia j,g ji`. jkafka fï wldrfhkah'
flf<ia iu`. igkg hdug fkdyels jkafka fï mqreÿ;djh ksidh' nqÿ
oyug wkqj flf<ia hkq O¾ufha y;=rkah' f,dalfha jdih lkakkayg
flf<ia hkq isf;a mÈxÑ jQ whska l, fkdyels i.hkah" iydhlhkah'
nqÿoyu ms<m
s Èk wm fï flf<ia iu`. igkg jeÈh hq;h
= 's túg flf<iaj,
we;s Yla;sh ì| jefÜ' tfy;a f,dal jdiSkag flf<ia j,g wjk; ù
ji`. ù iqr;,a lrñka j.d j¾Okh lsÍu ñi wka lsis ud¾.hla ke;'
fï m%;sm;a;sh ksid f,dalfha úúO udÈ,sfha W.% m%Yak mek ke.S we;'
ñksid wka; mSvdjg m;a ù we;' tjeks ;;a;ajhka u`. yer .ekSug fï
flf<ia igk yels wdldrfhka fufyh úh hq;=fõ' ksrdydrj isáu fyda
fjkhï l%uhlska fyda fï flf<ia u¾okh l< hq;=fõ' Ôú; mQcdfjka
fyda fï flf<ia u¾okh l< hq;=fõ' Ôú; mQcdfjka fyda fï igk f.k
hkakd nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a O¾uh wkq.ukh lrkafkla'
wdpd¾h uka fyd|dldr flf<ia .fõIKh lr we;' O¾uho
.fõIKh l<y' bka ,enQ w;a±lSï jYfhka ;u is; flf<ia j,ska ÿre
úh' fufia ;ud ,enQ w;a±lSï ta f,dalhdg lshd §ug Wkajykafia W;=re
kef.kysr m%foaYhg iïm%dma; úh'
Wkajykafia ks;ru wjOdrKh l< O¾u fldÜGdihla we;' tkï"
mxp n, ÈhqKq lsÍuhs' Y%oaOd" ùßh" i;s" iudê" m[a[d' fuu n, my
we;s wfhl=g l=ula l<o" fldfya .sho" id¾:l Ôú; .; lsÍug yelsfõ'
Wkajykafiaf.a w;a±lSï wkqj fï O¾u my úia;r lr;s'
Y%oaOd fuh kï nqÿ oyu ms<sn| wp, Y%oaOdjhs' ish¨ ukqIHhkag
fï oyu wjfndaO l< yelsh' tfy;a m%;sm;a;s ta wdldrfhka wkq.ukh

68

uOHu hq.h

l< hq;=hs' hï Èkl wms urKhg m;ajk nj wms oksuq' wms urKhg m;a
jkafka flf<ia j,ska mrdch ùo @ l¾u úmdl j,ska mrdchùo @ ke;fyd;a
wms urKhg m;a jkafka flf<ia ch.%yKh lro @ l¾u úmdl ch.%yKh
lro @ l=vd orejka jqjo ch.%yKhg leu;s fj;s mrdchg fkdleue;s
fõ' mrdch jQ wh fndfyda ÿlg m;afj;s' ;u ÿlska ñ§ula ke;' ;u ÿl
blaujd ureK;a lula ke;ehs mji;s' fufia flf,ia keue;s i;=rkag
ji`. fõ' mrdch iu`. id¾:l m%;sM, n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh fkdyel'
ch.%yKh ,nd urKh m;a ù w;af;a nqÿka ry;=ka jeks fY%aIaG
mqoa.,hkah' wms o Wkajykafia,d wkqlrKh l< hq;=hs' Wkajykafia,df.
a Y%oaOdj" ù¾Hh" bjiSu" i;s" m[a[d" wms mQ¾Kh l< hq;=hs' Wkkaÿjla
ke;sj i;sfhka f;drj fuu n, ,nd .; fkdyelsh' nqÿ oyu w;s W;a;u
nqÿjrekaf.a foaYkdjls' th wkqukh l< úg wmg m%{dj my< fõ' wms
fudayfhka uq,d jQ úg lsis jákdlula ke;' fudayh w.h lrkafka ljfrlao @ fudayfhka uq,d ù ÿla ;rKh l< yelso @ OQ;dx. NsCIqj ks;ru
m%{dfjka isá;s'
wdpd¾h uka fujeks foaYkd ks;r ;u YsIHhkag lr;s' ;u
w;a±lSfuka fï ish¨ úia;r myod fo;s' fujeks foaYk wid OQ;dx.
NsCIQka flf<ia ch.%yKh fldg fï w;anõys§ w;s W;=ï w¾y;ajh
YdlaId;a lr;s'

l%udkql+, b.ekaùu
tla wjia:djl wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a fÊHIaG YsIHfhla mejiQ mßÈ
Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHhka OQ;dx. mQrKfha fhfok úg flf<ia ke;s wh fuka
yeisfr;s' úYd, ixLHdjla tlu m%foaYfha jdih l< kuq;a lsisfjl=f.
a fkdukd yeisßula ke;' yqol,d úiSfï§ fyda wkqka iu`. iduQyslj
;u lghq;= lsÍfï§" /iaùul§" fyda iEu wjia:djl§u b;du ikaiqka
,S,dfjka yeisfr;s' wdpd¾Hh uka iu`. idlÉPd lrK ldrKd fkdokakd
flfkla Wkjykafia,d ish¨ fokdu ry;kajykafia,d hehs is;;s' i;Hh
fmfkkafka Wkajykafia Ndjkd .eg¿ ksrdlrKh lsÍu msKsi wjjdo
wkqYdikd fok úgh' iEu NsCIqjlg ;u wdOHd;añl ÈhqKqjg wkqj
Wmfoia ,n;s' idudkHh iudê ;;a;ajfha isg úmiaikdfjka m[a[dj
yd u.a.M, msKsi wjjdo ,n;s' mqoa.,slj wjjdo §fï§ fyda iuQyhlg
Wmfoia §fï§ Wkajykafia tlfy,du iel ìh ke;sj l:d lr;s' th
69

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

iaÓrh' fkdfi,ajk iq¿h' ;ud w;a±lSfuka l:d lrK nj fma%CIlhskag
wjfndaO fõ' Wkajykafia wkqudkfhka fyda uqyqK bÉPdjg fyda l:d
fkdlr;s' zzfuh fufia úh yelshZZ wd§ jYfhka iel úÑlsÉPd ke;'
wid isák ish¨ fokdg fyd|dldr jegfya' O¾uh ljod kuq;a wjfndaO
lrk njg iel ke;sfõ'
;u wkq.dñlhkag iqÿiq foaYkd Wkajykafia foaYkd lr;s' ish¨
fokdgu hï uÜgul wjfndaOhla bk ,efí' Ndjkd ms<fj;a úia;r lrK
úg ish¨u fokdg th wkq.ukh lsÍug yelsfõ' .sys whg iqÿiq Ndjkd
ta whg foaYkd lr;s' odkh" iS,h" Ndjkd .ek úia;r lr;s' fï lreKq
ñksi;a njla ,eîug iqÿiq fj;a' tfukau fuh Ydikfha w;a;sjdru fõ'
hfula ñksi;a njla ,nkafka odk" iS," Ndjkd .sh wd;auj, mqreÿ mqyqKq
l< neúks'
odkh hkq wkqkag ;udf.a ffu;s%h úoyd fmkaùuhs' .=K .rel
wh ;ukag wh;a foa wkqka iu`. fnod .ks;s' th øjHuh fyda O¾uh
fyda úh yelsh' lsisu n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ke;sj th fohs' bkajk l¾u
úmdl muKla woyi fo;s' hfula jerÈ f,i yeisreKq úg Tyqg iudj
§u fï odkuh ls%hdjls' oka fok ;eke;a;d yg lemS fmfkk wdfrday
mßkdy ,laIK we;' fm!reIhla we;' foúhka" ñksiqka yd i;=ka mjd
fï whg leu;s fj;s' .sh .sh ;ek Woõ Wmldr ,efí ÿla" mSvd" È<s÷
njla fkd,efí' iudch odkm;shdg Wiia f,i f.!rj olaj;s' fmdfydi;a
jqj;a uiqre wh odkm;shdf.ka wOdr ,n;a' ÿ.S" ÿmam;a wh o ,n;a' odkfha úmdl jYfhka kej; Wmam;a;sh ,nkafka hi biqre iïm;a we;sjh'
f,dalfha iunr wd¾Ólhla we;s jkafka odkh fok neúks' wkqkag Woõ
Wmldr lrñka ;udf.a iem iïm;a fnod .;a úg" ;Hd.YS,S.;s we;súg"
Ôj;a ùfï f;areula we;' odkm;shd wm ish¨ fokdgu wjYH mqo.
a ,fhls'
odkm;shka ke;s f,dalh md¨ ysia" j| f,dalhls'
iS,h ñksidf.a whs;sjdislï wdrlaId lrhs' ish¨u ukqIHhkag
wjYH .=K O¾uhls' iS,h ke;s ñksidf.a .=Khla ke;' th ñksia j¾.hd
ojd,k .skakls' ÿYaiS,hka ksid f,dalh yd iudch úkdY fõ' lsisfjl=g
ks±,af,a i;=áka jdih l< fkdyel' ñ, uqo,a wd§ øjHuh foa YS,hg jvd
Wiia lsÍu ksid f,dalfha wdrlaIs; ;ekla ke;' øjHuh iem iïm;a wyi
Wig we;;a YS,h ke;súg we;sjk .skak iQ¾Hh rYauhsg ks.d lrhs'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia iS,h ñksidg w;HdjYh nj j|d<y' ñksid

70

uOHu hq.h

ìh iel ksid ÿla .sks j,ska ±fjñka isá;s' úYajdih" i;Hh kï iS;,
j;=frka ish¨ ÿla .sks ksjd,hs' flf<ia nß; mqoa.,hka f,dalfha fkdfhla
wdldr .sks j,ska ojd,;a' fï flf<ia nß; is;a is,a .=Khlska f;dr jQ úg
úIl=re i¾mhka fuka f,dj ish¨ .=K O¾u kid,hs w;s fYa%IG
a nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a ksflf<ia is; iy oiw; me;sÍ mj;sk iS, iq.kaOh ksid
f,dalhg idor ix.%yhla f,i iduh yd mS%;sh f.k § we;' fï ksid wm
hïlsis ud¾.hla wkq.ukh fldg f,dalfha mj;sk w;s Nhxlr flf<ia
.sks yd ÿYaiS,lï uev,sh hq;=hs' iS,h hkq flf<ia frda.hg Tiqjls' iS,h
ksid flf<ia frda.h iqj l< yelsh'
wdpd¾h uka b;d lreKdfjka is,j
a ;a lfï l=i,;djh yd ÿYai,
S lfï
wl=i,;djh meyeÈ,s lr ÿks' th .sys whg fl;rï wjYHo h;a uu o
mkais,a /lSug is;=fjñ' tfy;a uu 27 Wmiïmod YS,h rlsk nj miqj
u;la úh' tu foaYkh wik úg fudfyd;l wu;lùuls' t;rï nr idr
foaYkdjls' fï nj uu wka NsCIQkag fkdlSfõ uu msiafila hehs is;k
neúks' uf.a uqvq l< ysi u;la jqfha miqjh' mkais,a /lSfï wdksYxi
t;rï is;a wdl¾IKh lf<ah' ;u isf;a i;sh ke;s jQ úg fkdfhla jerÈ
j,g fm<fò' fuh isf;a iajNdjhhs' ksrka;fhka i;s m[a[d isf;a
;ekam;a úh hq;=hs'
Ndjkdj hkq is; l=i,;djfhys mqreÿ lsÍuhs' fï mqreoao ksid
wkjYH f,i w;s Odjkh yd wj,Sjkh j<lajd,hs' uOHia:j isysnqoaêfhka idOdrK úi÷ï i<iajhs' th i;=g" iduh" ;Dma;sh f.k foa' Ndjkd
mqreÿ ke;s is; l=¨óud fuka lsis jevl ksis wdldr fkdfhfoa' tneúka
ld¾HCIu;djhla ke;' l< jevj,ska ksis m%;sM, ke;' ffoksl Ôú;fha
ish¨ jevlghq;= l=i,;djhlska lsÍug Ndjkdj jeo.;a fõ'
Ndjkd mqreÿ ;eke;a;d yg iaÓrj /£ug kex.=rï we;' wkjYH
foa w;ayeÍu" ksjerÈ ;SrK" idOdrK úi÷ï fohs' bka ish¨ fokdgu
M,odhS fõ' j¾;udkh ksrjq,a fõ' túg w;S; wkd.; ish,a, ksrjq,a fõ'
Ndjkd fhda.S wh hï fohla lrk úg id¾:l m%;sM, ,efí' ;u ld¾h
id¾:l lsÍu .ek ñi bka ,efnk ,dN m%fhdack fkd;lhs' tneúka
;ud l< jev .ek wdmiq n,d i;=gq fj;s' idOdrK" hqla;s .rel neúka
is;=ú,s - jpk - ls%hdj, md,khla w;' Tjqka i;Hfha msysgd lghq;=
lr;a' flf<ia j,g ji`. ù wjg mßirfhka tk fkdfhla fm<öï j,g
.e;s fkdfõ' ;eka ;eka j,g hEï Bï fkdfhla ´kE tmd lï" yß jerÈ
fkdn,d ys;=uf;a ls%hd lsÍula ke;' ;Kaydj ksid ks;ru wms .e;slï
lruq' we;af;kau j.lsj hq;a;d wmsuh' wkqkag jerÈ wdfrdamKh l< hq;=
71

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ke;' i;s" m[a[d ke;súg fï lsisjla isys nqoaêfhka fkdlr;a' lrK
yeu foau ÿla úmdl f.k foa' flf<iaj, ;;a;ajh fufia neúka Tyq
miqmi wjdikdj ¨yq n£'
Ndjkdj ÿIalr jkafka is; md,kh l< hq;= neúks' ks±,af,a ÿj mek
weúÈk j÷frla yS,E lsÍug ÿIalr jkakdla fuks' Ndjkdj ;=<ska ;u is;
y÷kd .ks;s' isf;a ;;a;ajh kï ksYap, taldldÍj isàug fkdj W;=rk
j;=frka ms<siafik úg lE flda .iñka ÿjkakdla fuka ta fï wruqfKa ÿj
mek weú§uhs' fï is; y÷kd .;a miq th yS,E lsÍug hïlsis wruqKl
r|jd .; hq;=hs' is; ;u wdYajdi m%dYajdifha r|jd .ekSu b;d fyd|
Ndjkdjls' hïlsis iqÿiq jpkhla kej; kej; isys lsßu fyd| l%uhls'
zznqoafOd nqoafOda $$ - Oïfuda $$ - ixf>da $$ - f,daud $$ - kLd $$ oka;d
- $$ ;fpd $$ wd§ jpk fufkys lsÍug bÈßhg miqmig fufkys lsßu
fyda iÊCOdhkd lsßfuka iqÿiq l¾uia:dk fj;a' urKdkqii
a ;sh fyda wkali
s s
fn!oaO Ndjkd wruqKq b;d fhda.H fõ' i;=g y iekiSu isf;a ksi, ikaiqka
nj" Ydka; nj" fuu Ndjkdj,ska we;s flf¾'
fuu ksi, ikaiqka Ndjhg iudê hehs lshkq ,efí' iudêhg m;a
jQ úg uq,ska mqreÿ l< l¾uia:dk wjYH ke;' iudê isf;a .uH;djh"
Yla;sh ;=<ska tu ikaiqka ksi, nj mj;aj;s' túg uq,a wruqKq ;djld,sl
w;ayer fï iudê iqjh N=la;s ú¢hs' is; iudêfhka bj;a jQ miq kej;
l¾uia:dkfhys msyg
s d iudê.; úh yelsh' fufia is; fndfyda fõ,d iudê
iqjfhka miqjk úg isf;a ÿl" Nh" iel w§ fkdfhl=;a flf<ia ixis£
hhs' ù¾Hh jvñka kej; kej; iudêfhys msysàu ksid is; md,kh fõ'
i;sh msysgqjhs' j¾;udkfhys is; r|d .; yelsfõ' ;u ld¾Hh flfrys
iïmQ¾K wjOdkh we;s neúka is; Yla;u
s ;ah' jev ld¾hCIuh' ksjerÈh"
ksrjq,ah ;ukag;a wkqkag;a mS%;sh" ;Dma;sh f.k foa' uq,ska is; md,kh lr
.ekSug fkdyels jqjo ±ka Ndjkdjg uy;a Wkkaÿjla we;sfõ' tneúka
blauKska is; l¾uia:dkhl fh§ iudê.; fõ'
iudêhg m;a jQ úg is; lsis lf,l wu;l fkdjk mßÈ ikaiqka
fõ' ms%;s" iqL we;sfõ' fuh m%;HCI lf<a tla j;djla jqjo th wu;l
fkdjk isoaêhls' kej; kej; is; iudê .; lr .ekSug fkdyels kï
úYd, ÿlla" mdvqjl" wdidjla ±fka' kej; kej; W;aidy f.k iudê
is; ÈhqKq l< hq;=h'
Ndjkdj .ek l:d lrk úg Tng uy;a wiykhla neß lula
±fka' tneúka th mqreÿ lsÍug fkdleue;sfõ' Tn fufia is;hs zzuf.
72

uOHu hq.h

a brKu fuhhs' ug ljodj;a Ndjkd l< fkdyelsh' uf.a f.or fodf¾
iy jev mf<a ld¾Hh nyq,h' iudc j.lSï we;' ore uqKqnqrka /l n,d
.; hq;=h' Ndjkdjl /£ weia mshdf.k ld,h .; lrk úg fï jev
lrkafka ljqo@ wmg yduf;a uefrkak fjhs'ZZ fufia is; jákd wjia:
djla meyer yÍ' fujeks woyia há isf;a ;ekam;a ù we;' ta ksid fuf;la
l,a ÿlska ñ§ug fkdyels úh' wkd.;fha§;a fufiau is;kjd we;' Bg
m%;sl¾u ±kau l< hq;=hs'
Ndjkdj hkq wm isf;a wkka; iir mgka ;snQ wiyk ÿla" mSvd wm
uevf.k isá flf<ia hgm;a lr ch.%yKh lsßuhs' ffoksl Ôú;fha
lrK wksl=;a ls%hd fuka Ndjkdj .ek is;sh hq;=hs' WKqiqï jeä jQ úg
iakdkh lruq' YS; jeä jQ úg WKqiqï we÷ï w¢uq' l=i.sks we;s jQ úg
wdydr .ksuq' wikSmhl§ fnfy;a .ksuq' fï yeu fohlskau ñksid ÿl
u`. yrjd .kS' zzth wjYH fkdfõ" lror jeähs'ZZ wd§ jYfhka is;ñka
w;a fkdyß;a' iEu flflau fï msKsi Wkkaÿ fj;s' i;=ka mjd wdydr
fidhñka uy;a ù¾Hhla or;s' Èkm;d fuh isÿfõ' Ndjkdj fujeksu
ld¾Hhls' fuh ;u is; ikaiqka lr .kakd l%uhls' is; hkq ish¨u w;ska
ls%hdldß;ajhka md,kh lrK bkaøsh neúks'
is; yeu fohg uQ,l
s fõ' iEu wjia:djl§u j.lSu .kafka" m%;p
s dr
olajkafka is;hs' l=uk fohla jqjo is; Wkkaÿ ù th .%yKh lrhs' fyd|
fyda krl" yß fyda jerÈ yeu fohlau is;g t,a, fõ' iuyr úg bjikag
neß ÿla mSvd jqjo is;g Wiq,kag fõ' fï is;g lr lshd .kag l%uhla
ke;s jqjo bis,sh hq;=h' tu mSvdj kej; kej;;a u;lfhka wdfrdamKh
fõ' lEu lkag fyda ksokag jqjo fkdyelsjk ;rug is; fï nr Wiq,hs'
tfy;a is; w; yeÍula neß lula fkdmdhs' YdÍßl jHdhdufha§ ÿ¾j,
jQ úg úfõl .; yelsh' tfy;a isf;a ls%hdldß;ajhg lsis ksoyila ke;'
kskao hk ;=re tu mSvdj ú¢;s' túg;a is; ls%hd;aul fõ' há ysf;a fkdfhla foa lrlefõ' tys iSudj blaujd ls%hd lrñka isysk ujhs' fufia yeu
fudfydf;au is; bis,sh fkdyels wúfõlhlska" w;Dma;shlska l,a f.jhs'
tys wiSñ; ls%hdldß;ajh ksid bis,sh fkdyels oreKq ;;a;ajhlg m;afõ'
fï nj is; fkdokS'
ks;ru fufia mSvd ú¢ñka hqo jÈk ksid is;g zzhqo NghdZZ hehs lSu
jà' tk tk yeufoau .%ykh lrñka m%;spdr olajhs' fmdr nÈhs" fudkhï
is;=ú,s lkaordjla jqjo ta ish¨ is;sú,sj,g uqyqK fohs' w;a fkdyßhs'
lsij
s la w;afkdyßhs' wNsfhda. olajhs' isf;a flf<ia iy uu;ajh úfYaIf-

73

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

hka Wkkaÿfjhs' mqÿu hqO Ngfhls' ðú;h we;s ;dla l,a fï hqoaOh f.k
hhs' bka ñ£ula ke;' is; ;=< we;s wiSñ; wdidjka fufia ch.%yKh
lrkafka O¾uhg m%;súreoaOjh' bka ,efnk i;=g O¾uh mrdch lsÍfuks'
wO¾uh rc lsÍfuks' f,!lsl iem iïm;a fl;rï we;;a O¾uh ke;s
neúka bka ,nk i;=g lsisu iEySulg m;a fkdlrhs' ;j ;j;a wdidj,a
mek k.sk neúks'
nqoaOd§ uyd m%{hka jykafia,d fï ;;a;ajh y÷kdf.k O¾uh
jodrd we;' O¾uh ke;s úg ;u wdidjka uqÿka m;a lr .ekSug fldmuK
foa ,enqK;a ;Dma;shla ke;' O¾uh ke;s ;ek fydod md¨ kdia;shla oelal
yelsh' fndfyda foa /ia l<;a bka lsis iekiSula ke;'
ta w;ru is; ikaiqka jQ úg ´keu m%Yakhla bÈßfha fkdfi,a ù
isàug Yla;h
s we;s flf¾' is; mqÿu úÈhg ;Dma;u
s ;a fõ' Wmka fudfydf;a
isg fï olajd wm is;g wiSñ; ÿla fõokd lïmk fkdlvjd § we;' wfma
jdykhg fun÷ jO ysxid ÿka úg th w;ajeähd lsÍug fkdyels neúka
ùis lr l=Kq f.dvlg ±óug isÿfõ' wms mdúÉÑ lrK ish¨u NdKav
ks;ru kv;a;= lrñka
/l .; hq;=h' is; o tfiauh' wmg wh;a
b;du w.kd zzNdKavhZZ fï is;hs' th ksis fia kv;a;= lrñka /l n,d
.; hq;=h'
Ndjkdj hkq fï is; wdrlaId lr kv;a;= lsÍuls' fï is; wm i;=
wñ, jia;=jls' th ksis wldr mßyrKh l< hq;=h' iqÿiq Ndjkd ukisldr
;=<k
s a is; /l .; hq;=h' ;u jdykh jáka úg fidaÈis lrñka w¿;ajeähd
lsÍug isÿ jkakdla fuka isf;a ls%hdldß;ajhg wjYH wx." ms<shï" wdOdr"
Wmldr iemhsh hq;=h' tkï Ndjkdj ;=<ska is; mßlaid n,d tys yg
.kakd ixLdr .ek úuid ±k .ekSuhs' isf;a yg .kakd is;=ú,s jev
odhlo @ wjevodhlo @ ;u Ôú;h úkdY lsßulao @ l=uk is;=ú,s fyd|o
@ krlo @ bkamiq YÍrh foi msßlaid ne,sh hq;=h' YÍrh ÿ¾j, fõf.
k h;ao @ Yla;su;a fõo @ YÍrh leã ì£ hk fõ.h jeäo @ wvqo@ fï
ms<sn| msßlaiSug hk fõ.h jeäo @ wvqo @ fï ms<sn| msßlaiSug ld,h
t<U we;ao @ ke;akï wu;l lr .; hq;=o @ YÍrh urKfhka wjidk
ùug fmr tys ls%hdldß;ajh ±k .; hq;h' Ndjkdj hkq fuhhs' wfma wvq
¨yq~q kej; kej;;a olsñka m%;sl¾u fh§uhs' fufia m%;HfõCId lrK
úg ys¢ñka tyda ilauka lrñka fyda fjk;a ffoksl lghq;=j,§ fyda ;u
is;g ks;ru i;=g iekiSu ,efí' Ôú;h .ek wdvïnrùula ke;' túg
w;Dma;shg m;aùula ke;' uOHia:j is;Sug mqreÿ fõ' wkjYH foaj,

74

uOHu hq.h

fj,S meg,S ke;'
Ndjkdj ;=<ska ,efnk fyd| úmdl .ek l:d lsÍug fkdyels
;rïh' .sys whg wjYH m%udKfhka wdpd¾h uka Wmfoia ÿks' kuq;a NsCIQka jykafia,dg w¾y;ajh olajd Wmfoia ÿKs' ud fu;rñka fuys i|yka
lrkafka Wkajykafiaf.a W.ekaùfï l%u ms<sn| hï ;rul wjfndaOhla
§ugh' iuyr úg fï lreKq wkjYH f,i yef`.a' tfy;a ish¨ f,dl= l=vd
foa ish,a, fuys wka;¾.; fkdl< úg hï W!k;djhla we;súh yelsh'
mdGlhdf.a úfõpkh uu idorfhka ms<s.ksñ' th uf.a ÿ¾j,lula ñi
wpd¾h ukaf.a ÿ¾j,lula f,i fkdi,lk fuka b,a,ñ' Wkajykafia fï
fmd; ,sùfuys lsishï n,mEula lr ke;'
wdpd¾h uka .eUqre foaYkd lrkafka ;u meúÈ Y%djl msßighs' uu
fkdfhla úêfha lghq;=j, fhÿk neúka uf.a w;a±lSï j,g wur;j
Wkajykafiaf.a wksl=;a Y%djl msßi fj; f.dia lreKq f.dkq lf<ñ'
Wkajykafiaf.a ms<sfj;a b;d ÿIalrh' W.% ;miah' ±ä wêIaGdkfhka hq;=
neúka fkdfjkiajk iq¿h' Wkajykafiaf.a tu oCI;djhg iudk lsÍug
tlu YsIHfhl=g j;a fkdyels nj lsj hq;=h'
Wfodka ;dks iy fkx lhs m%foaYfha jdih lrK ld,fha fndfyda
foújre meñK Wkajykafia iu`. O¾u idlÉPdfõ fhÿky' iuyr foõ
msßia i;s follg jrla fkdlvjdu meñKqks' iuyre uilg jrla meñKqks'
wdpd¾h uka kd. f,dalh .ek fndfyda úia;r lshd we;' ,d´ia rfÜ
¨ wx m%yx ys úYd, l÷ msysá m%foaYhg úYd, kd. rdcOdkshla msysgd
we;' tys jik wêm;s kd.hd O¾uh Y%jKh lsÍug kd. fiakdj iu`.
t;s' foújre ;rï kd.fhda m%Yak fkdwi;s' tfy;a b;d f.!rjdkaú;j
Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkdj,g ijka fo;s' tu l÷ uqÿfka jdih lrK ld,fha
Wkajykafia yuqùug kd. m%Odkshd Èkm;du meñKsfhah' ta whf.a meñKSu Wkajykafia l,ska okakd neúka kshñ; fõ,djg n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka
isá;s' fuh b;d ÿIalr ukqIHhkaf.ka f;dr wE; m%foaYhls' kd.fhda
uOHu rd;s%fha fkdj rd;S% 10-11 jk úg meñfK;s' Tõyq meñK ;ukag
wkqlïmdfjka tys jev jdih lsÍug wdrdOkd l<y' ? oj,a fkdlvjd
/lj,a fhdod Wkajykafia wdrlaId lrk nj ie<l+y' Wkajykafia
iómhg fkdmeñK wE;ska isg n,df.k isá;s' foújre uOHu rd;s%fha
iy t<sfjk hdufha jä;s' ñksia wdjdifhka fndfyda wE; kï 10-11 jk

75

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

úg jqjo meñfK;s'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a uOHu jhia iSudfõ§ ffoksl jev ms<sfj, fufiah'
w¿hu oyfhka miq oj,a jk ;=re ilaufka miqfj;s' bkamiq iq¿ úfõlhls'
bkamiq meh tlyudrla muK ys¢ñka Ndjkd lr;s' bkamiq iji y;r jk
;=re ilaufka fhfo;s' rd;s% 7-8 jk ;=re ilauka lr jeis ke;akï kej;
ilaufka fhfohs' idudkHfhka rd;S% 11 isg w¿hu 3 olajd kskaog hhs'
foújre lKavdhï folla meñKs úg fofjks lKavdhu tkag iQodkï
nj lS úg m<uq lKavdhu iuq.ks;s' iuyrúg foújre iQ;% foaYkd .ek
wi;s' foaYkdj, kï oekg Ndú;fha fkdue;s b;d merKs ku lsh;s'
túg ta whg wjYH iQ;% foaYkd lrK úg th fkdj wka iQ;%hla nj ±kqï
fo;s' túg th u;la lsÍug tu iQ;%fha .d:djla icCOdhkd lr;s' tjeks
.d:d tlla folla lS úg iQ;%h u;la fõ'
iuyr úg" foújre iy kd.fhda tl fj,dfõ meñK O¾uh wi;s'
fuh ks;ru isÿfjk úg ta whg úfYaI ld,h kshu lr;s' Wkajykafia
uy >k le,Efõ yqol,dj jdih l<;a fï ksid ksoyila ke;' fkdfhla
foaj ldhslhka meñfKk neúks' ukqIHfhda tu m%foaYj,g fkdmeñfKk
neúka Èjd ld,h ;rul ksoyi we;' .ï j,g wdikakj isák úg ijia
hdufha ñksiqkag O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' bkamiq NsCIQkag;a" ? fnda jQ úg
wukqIHhkag;a foaYkd lr;s'

fjki we;af;a is;=ú,sj,
wdpd¾Hh uka ±lSug meñKs foúhka .ek ,shd we;s neúka ±ka
ñksiqka .ek ,shñ' uuo ñksia j¾.hdg wh;a neúka óg we;=<;a fõ' fï
ms<sn| ,shk úg hula kqiqÿiq ±hs jegfya kï Bg uu iudj whÈñ' uf.a
pß;h uer jer tlls' ta nj fï fmd; lshjk úg ikd: úh yelsh'
wdpd¾Hh uka ;u wkq.dñlhskag mqoa.,slj lshd we;s foa fuys wvx.=
lrñ' Bg ug iudfõjd' fuh ud ,shkafka Tng foújre iy ñksid w;r
fjki ±k .ekSu msKsih'
foújre Wkajykafia iu`. l:d lrK úêhg jvd ñksik
q a l:d lrK
úêh yd;amiska fjkia fõ' O¾u foaYkdj idjOdkj wid ish,a, f;areï
.ekSfï Yla;h
s la foúhkag we;' foaYkh wjidkfha§ idOq" idOq" idOq hehs
;=ka jrla idOqldr fo;s' ta kdoh uq¿ ilaj,j,a j, kskakdo fõ' tfy;a
76

uOHu hq.h

ñksiqkag fkdwefia' ish¨u foújre NsCIQkajykafia,dg wm%udK Nla;s"
f.!rj lr;s' tla flfklaj;a O¾uh ,sys,a lr ys;=ukdfma fkdyeisfr;s'
O¾uh wikag tk ú,dih b;du ,laIK ms<sfj,g isys l,amkdfjka
fyñysg meñfK;s' ñksiqka tfia fkdj lshdfok O¾uh fkdf;af¾' kej;
kej; lSj;a is;g fkd.ks;s' lshk foa wid ±k th ls%hd;aul fkdlr;s'
ta kuq;a O¾u foaYkh úfõpkh lr;s' lsis f.!rjhla ke;sj zzTyq fudkjdo ta lshkafka @ lsis f;areula ke;ehs lsh;s'ZZ wij,a NsCIqj ;rï
fyd| keyeZZ lsh;s' l,ska uyK ù we;s wh zzuu uyK ù isák ld,fha
Thsg jvd fyd|g nK lshkjd' uu nK lshk úg ñksiaiq iskdfikjd'
uu úys¿lrkjd ke;akï nd.hla ksÈZZ lsh;s' iuyre fufiao lsh;a' zzfï
NsCIqj wkqkaf.a is;a okakjd kï uu fï ys;k foa wehs fkdokafka okakjd
kï wvq ;rñka hï fohla lshdú' fï fõ,dfõ wij,a wh fufyu ys;kjdZZ
túg wmg Tmamq fjkjdfk' we;af;kau wfma is;a okak nj fufia iuÉp,
lr;s' iuyre jerÈ n,kak t;s' ;udf.a ±kqu Bg jvd jeä nj lsh;s' fï
wh O¾uh .ek lsis Wkkaÿjla ke;' nK lshd§fï jevla ke;' ;drdjf.a
msfÜ j;=r jla lrkjd fuks' tl ìks÷jlaj;a tys fkd?f|a'
wdpd¾Hh uka fujeks foa lshñka iskdfi;s' fujeks zzoCIZZ wh
Wkajykafiag úáka úg uqK .efya' iuyre ;u oDIaáfha isg ;u u;h
lshd mdhs' th Tmamq lrkakg lreKq bÈßm;a lr;a' iuyre ;u udkh
fl;rïo lsjfyd;a lsisjla l:d fkdlr;s' iuyrekaf.a udkh fl;rïo
h;a Wkajykafia Tjqkag O¾uh foaYkd fkdlr;s' tfy;a iudcfha isák
úg hula lshkakg isÿfõ' tfy;a Wkajykafia l:d lrkag mgka .;a úg
lsisjla lsh fkdyelsh' O¾uh wu;l ù hhs' udkh bÈßfha O¾uh mrdch
ù m,d.sfhah' Wkajykafiaf.a YÍrh muKla ksYap,j we;' wm%dKsl fndakslaflla fuka isà' is; wls%hldÍ jQ úg O¾uh .,d tkafka flfiao@
fujeks foa lshñka wdpd¾h uka ;u Y%djlhska iu`. iskdfi;s' wid
isá wh w;r iuyrekag WK .kS' iuyre YS;f,a fjõ,;s' YS;, foaY
.=Khla ke;sj we`. fjõ,hs' iuyr ;o udkaklaldr whg Wkajykafia
foaYkd lrkafka ke;' th úI ù Tjqka frda.d;=r jk neúks' O¾uhg
Nla;s" wdor f.!rjfhka fkdwik whg fufia ÿla úmdl ú¢kakg isÿfõ'
Wkajykafiaf.a O¾uh f.dapr jkafka b;d fyd| ksy;udks whgh' O¾uh
wik úg tu msßi w;r iuyrekag WIaKh bjish fkdyelsh' iuyrekag
YS;, bjish fkdyelsfõ' iuyre is; iudê.; ù wyfia mdfjkakdla fuka
ieye,a¨ fõ' fï ish,,gu fya;=j ;u yojf;a we;s is;sú,s fõ' O¾uh
ord .eksug neß flfkl=g lsis Wmldrhla l< fkdyelsh' tjeks whg
77

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

O¾uh foaYkd l< úg th Tjqkaf.a mßydksh fõ' tneúka ñksiqkag O¾uh
foaYkd lsÍu wiSre lreKls' ál fofkla w;r jqjo" fujeks ydkshg
m;afjk wh we;' wdpd¾h uka tjeks wjia:dj,§ Tjqka w;a yß;s' wl=i,
l¾u úmdl n,j;a neúka Tjqkag O¾uh f.dapr fkdfõ'
iuyre b;d .=K .rel Ôú; .; lrñka O¾uh fidhd t;s' tjeks
wh b;d úr,h' ta whg Wkajykafia O¾uh jodr;s' O¾uhg mgyeks Ôú;
.; lrk wh fndfydah' tneúka Wkajykafia jkdka;r .; ù isá;s' tys
Wkajykafiag leu;s wkaoñka Ndjkd ms<f
s j;a /lSug yelsh' lsif
s jl=f.ka
n,mEula ke;' Wkajykafia olsk yeufoau" wik yeufoau" is;k yeufoau"
O¾uh fõ' bka wiSñ; ;Dma;shg m;afõ' le,E jk i;=ka j÷re" .snka"
,e.=ka .=j¾ oji mqrd w;=j, t,a,S lS%vd lr;s' tlsfkldg l:d lrK
Yío jkh fodaxldr lrñka Wkajykafiaf.a isf;a mqÿu wiajeis,a,la we;s
flf¾' Tjqka Wkajykafiag lsih
s ï n,mEula ke;' ÿj mek weúÈñka wdydr
fidh;s' fuu iqkaor yqol,dj iEu w;skau pu;aldrcklh' ta fudfydf;a
wjidk yqiau fy¨j;a m%Yakhla ke;' ;uka fï f,dalhg ;ksj meñK
;ksj hkafkah' th iajdNdúlh' ry;kajykafia fufia ksrjq,aj msßksjka
md;s' isf;a lsisu ÿlla" nhla" iella" wdidjla ke;' tl lhla iy is;la
we;' tl wruqKls' tkï ksjkhs' lsis j.lSula ke;' ta wd¾h mqoa.,fhda
W;=ï Ôú; .; lr W;=ï f,i f,dalfhka iuq.ks;s' w;s mdßY=oaO is; ;=<
lsishï we,Sï .eàï ke;' fuh idudkH ñksidf.a ðú;hg jvd yd;amiska
fjkia fõ' ñksid ;u w;Dma;slr yoj; ;j ;j;a wdidj,ska mqrjd uyd
nrla Wiq,hs' fï wd¾hj;=ka jykfia,d ish,a, w;ayer ysia lr;s' nrla
bis,Sula ke;' is; ksoyiah" ysiah" iqyo;djhls' lsisjla we;=,a lsÍula
fyda msg lsßula ke;' ´kE tmd lula ke;' .KqfoKqjla ke;' ,dN w,dN
ke;' jev ksujd wjidkh' l<hq;= ;j lsisjla ke;' fufia jev w;ayeßu
hkq by<u i;=gls' kuq;a ñksid ksrka;rfhkau jefvys fhfoñka Ôú;h
ÿlska mqrjd .kshs' Tyqg bka ñ£ula ke;' urK fudfydf;a § j;a ksoyi
ke;' jev bjr ke;'
wdpd¾h uka iy foúhka w;r b;d lsÜgq iïnkaO;djhla ;snqKs'
tfy;a ud bka iuyrla muKla u;lfhka ,shd we;' Wkajykaia fkdfhla m<d;aj, ießirK úg ,enQ w;a±lSï úúOh' foúhka .ek ks;ru
mji;s' th f.dkq lsÍug fkdyelsh' Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú; m%jD;a;sh .ek
,shk neúka foúhka .ek f;dr;=re úáka úg i|yka fõ' Bg mdGlhdf.
a iudj uu whÈñ'

78

uOHu hq.h

óg wjqreÿ 20lg m%:u wdpd¾h uka msßksjka mEy' tneúka fï
olajkafka tjeks ld,iSul f;dr;=re fj;a' tl, isá foújre iy ñksiqka
±ka fjkia ù we;ehs is;ñ' j¾;udkfha Ôj;a jk kùk f,dalfha isák
wh b;d iSñ; wdOHd;añl .=K j.djla we;s msßi fõ' wdpd¾h uka iu`.
újdo l< wh jeks wh ±ka olakg ke;' wOHdmkh w;ska fndfyda úYd,
fjkila we;' W.;a f,dalhd w;r t;rï ïf,aÉP woyia ke;' tneúka
wo f,dalh ;rula idOdrKh'
wdpd¾h uka Wføka ;dks m%foaYfha NsCIQkg
a yd ñksik
q g
a O¾u foaYkd
lrñka fndfyda ld,hla .; l<y' bkamiq kef.kysr m%foaYfha ifldka
kfLdka m,d;g .uka l<y' l÷ fy,a w;r l=vd .ïudk miq lrñka
kfLdka *fkdï yryd YS% fidxl%ï m%foaYfha .ïudjk j, ieß ierEy'
fï m,d;a b;d ÿIalr le,Eno uef,aßhd frda.h me;ssÍ w;s m<d;a úh'
uef,aßhdj iqj l< fkdyel' fndfyda l,a ÿla ú¢ñka Ôj;a jkakg isÿfõ'
ud l,ska mejiqjdla fuka zzkeÈuhs,kaf.a kskaodjZZ hkqfjka fuu frda.h
kï lr;s' ulaksido fï frda.Skag weúÈkag iy wdydr .ekSug yels kuq;a
lsishï jevla lsÍug fkdyels ùuhs' tneúka wkqkaf.a wmydij,g m;afõ'
iuyre urKhg m;afj;s' jia ;=kla tkï wjqreÿ 3la wdpd¾h uka fuys
/£ isáhy' fï ld,h ;=<§ NsCIQka jykafia,d lSm kula fï frda.fhka
wmj;a jQy' fï NsCIQka wE; ire .ïudk j,ska meñKs neúka uef,aßhd
frda.h u¾okh l< fkdyelsúh' wdpd¾h uka iu`. uyd le,fha Ôj;a
ùug kqmqreÿ neúka wjg .ïudkfha l=Uqre wdikak m%foaYhg .shy'
wdpd¾h uka fï m%foaYfha ijia hdufha NsCIqka yd idufKarhskag
nK lsh;s' fidxl%;a .f`.a jdih lrK tla;rd kd.fhla nK weiSug
ks;ru ths' kshñ; fj,djg tkag fkdyels jQ úg rd;s%fha wdpd¾h uka
iudê jQ úg meñfKhs' foújre by< foaj f,dal j,ska yd my< foaj
f,dal j,ska meñfK;s' ta wh úfYaIfhkau jia iudoka jk Èkh" uOHu
Èkh" wjidk Èkh fkdjrojdu meñfK;s' wdpd¾h ukaf.a foaYk j,g
ijka §ug ks;ru foújre jä;s'

,s| iEÍfï isoaêh
nx ix f*dx .fï jdih lrK ld,fha wuq;= isoaêhlg wdpd¾h uka
uqyK
q ÿks' th mdhk ld,h neúka c, myiqlï fkdùh' NsCIQka jykafia,d
60-70 la muK tys úiQy' .fï ñksiqka iu`. l;sld lr ,s| ;j .eUqrg
79

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

iEÍug mgka .;s' tfy;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a wjir ,enqfKa ke;' Wkajykaia
iaÓr iajrhlska th b;du wka;rdodhl nj mejiQy NsCIQkajykafia,dg
tys w¾:h woyd.; fkdyS <sx lekSug .shy'
<s| msysáfha wdY%ufhka iEfyk ÿrh' oj,a ld,fha wdpd¾h uka
ie;fmk nj is;d ryiska msg ù f.dia <sx lemSu l<y' jeä ld,hla
.;ùug fmr <sx bjqr lvd jeà <s|g jegqKs' ±ka wjg m%foaYfha we;af;a
úYd, md;d,hls' ish¨ fokdu Nhska ;%ia; jQy' wdpd¾h ukaf.a wjjdoh
fkdms<.
s ;a neúka fmdf<dj lvd jegqKq kuq;a ñksia Ôú; hka;ñka fíreKs'
wdpd¾h uka ;uka l< ls%hdj ±k .ks;shehs jvd;a ìh úh' Tõyq úYd,
±j /f.k ú;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a wdYs¾jdo ,efíjdhhs is;ñka <sx lg
m%;sixialrKh l<y' ±ka <sf|a j;=r állaj;a fkdue;' mqÿuhlg fuka
wdpd¾h uka isysm;a lrñka ta ish,a, lsÍug yelsúh'
jev ksud jQ ú.i ish¨ fokdu msg ù .shy' wdpd¾h uka tys
meñfK;shs iel we;s neúks' iji O¾u idlÉPd ld,h <x jQ úg tu
NsCIqka jykafia,d ieflka ìfhka isáhy' fujeks foa isÿ jQ úg wdpd¾h
ukaf.a ±ä úfrdaOh m<lr we;s neúks' iuyrúg hï NsCIQjla jrola
fldg th wu;l l< úg iji wdpd¾h uka tu isoaêh w<,d foaYkhla
mj;aj;s' <s| lekSu ish¨u NsCIQkj
a ykafia,d l< jrols' th taldka;fhkau
wdpd¾h uka ols;s' tod iji fyda miqod Wfoa tu foaYkdjg ijka Èh
hq;= nj Tjqka ±k isáhy' oji mqrdu fuu isoaêh ksid úCIsma; is;sú,s
j,ska ÿla úkaoy'
mqÿuhlg fuka tÈk fï isoê
a h ms<n
s | tl jpkhlaj;a wdpd¾h uka
mejiqfõ ke;' fjkod fuka .eUqre O¾u foaYkhla meje;aúh' Wkajykafia
fï isoaêh muKla fkdj idufKar NsCIQkaf.a fkdfhla jro ÿgqfõh' Tjqka
fï ms<sn| úCIsma; is;ska isák njo oks;s' ;u jro ms<s.;a neúka ;j
ÿrg;a o~qjï lsÍug wjYH fkdùh'
miqod WoEik mqreÿ mßÈ iudê iqjfhka ke.S isg ilauka lrñka
ms~i
q `s .d jeãug ld,h tk;=re isá;s' tÈk Wfoa Wkajykafia O¾u Yd,djg
meñfKk úg ish,af,dau ±ä úCIsma; Ndjfhka isáhy' kuq;a wdpd¾h
uka lreKdfjka iqjp uqÿ jokska foaYkh l<y'
zzwm fuys meñKsfha O¾uh yeoEÍugh' wm wkjYH f,i Wodrï
fkdúh hq;=h' tfiau wkjYH f,i ìh.=¿ fkdúh hq;=h' ish¨ fokdu
jerÈ lr;s' jro ms<s.ekSu wjYH fõ' wm nqÿrcdKka jykafiao wE;
80

uOHu hq.h

w;S;fha wm fuka jrfoys ne£ isáhy' tfy;a ;u je/oao y÷kd.;a miq
tjeks foa kej; fkdlsßug wêIaGdk l<y' fujeks fÉ;kd W;=ï jqjo
wúoHd fudayh ksid jerÈ isÿfõ' ñka u;= Tn iefjdu ;u is;a md,kh
l< hq;=h' ks;ru i;sfhka ;u ls%hdjka l< hq;=hs'ZZ
fumuKla mjid ish¨ fokd foi n,d iskdiS fjk od fuka ms~q
msKsi jeähy' tÈk iji foaYkd fkd;snqKs' ;ukaf.a Ndjkd m%;sm;a;s
fyd|dldr isÿlrK fuka wjjdo l<y' fufia rd;S% 3la .;úh' ish¨u
NsCIQka jkykafia,d ;uka úCIsma;j isá;s' <sx lemSu .ek l:djla ke;'
4 fjksod /iajq úg <s| ms<sn| lsis i|ykla fkdùh'
Bg fndfyda ld,hlg miq ish¿ fokdgu <s| .ek wu;l ù we;'
bfíu tu isoaêh .ek l:d l<y' <sx .eÜg lvd jegqKq nj lsisfjla
fkdlshd ryis.;j ie`.jQy' wdpd¾Hh uka <s| m%foaYhg .sfhao ke;'
fjkod fuka O¾u idlÉPdj werUqKs' NsCIQka jykafia,df.a úkh ms<sn|
jo .=rekag iy O¾uhg .re l< hq;= njo mejiQy' hfula .=rejrfhl=f.
a wjjdo wkqYdikd ms<s.; hq;=h' l¾u úmdl fya;= M, kHdh ksis f,i
jgyd .; hq;=hs'
Tn ks;ru ;u wdidjka ksid lkiai,af,ka miqfj;s' tfia jQ úg Tn
;=< we;s O¾uh jekfia' túg ÿl blauùug fkdyelsh' Tnf.a wruqK
l%ufhka fjkia fõ' O¾uhg úreoaOj lsisjla l< hq;= ke;' úkh úfrdaë
fkdúh hq;=h ;uka f.!rj lrk .=rejrhd blaujd fkd.sh hq;=h' bka
Tnu úkdY jk neúks' wlSlre Ndjh ksid jerÈ mqreÿ j,g weíneys fõ'
túg ;uka iy wkqka jekfia' wr <s| jfÜ ueá muKla fkdj hg je,s
;Ügqjla ;snqKs' <s| .eUqrg ydrK úg tu je,a, lvd <s| ;=<g jefÜ'
hï flfkla tys hg ù urKhg m;aúh yelsh' tneúka <s| lekSug wjir
fkdÿkafkñ' ish,a, fyd|dldr mÍlaId lr uu ;SrKhlg t<fUñ' Tn
mqyqKqfjñka miqfjk neúka fï lreK fyd|dldr is; ;nd .kak'
uu th m%;sfCIam l< nj ±k ±k;a th fkdl<dla fuka ie`. jQfha
wehs @ uu tmd lshk foa Tn lr;s' hula lrkakg lS úg Bg úreoaO foa
lr;s' fujeks yeisÍu Tfí ovínr pß;h úoyd mdhs' Tfí fouõmshkag;a
tjeks foa l< kuq;a ta wh ks;ru iudj ÿks' ta mqreÿ ±ka ;u pß;h njg
m;a ù we;' tmukla fkdj ;u .=rejrhdg;a ;u O¾uhg;a úreoaO fj;s'
tjeks fkdyslauqKq ;o .;s NsCIqjlg fkdfydì' fmdä orejka fuka krl
yeisÍuls' fï mqreÿ bÈßhg f.k .sh úg zzovínr OQ;dx. NsCIQkaZZ hehs

81

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

m%isoaO fõ' Tn mßyrKh lrK foa wij,a ovínr OQ;dx. NsCIqkaf.
a hehs y÷kajkq ,efí' fï NsCIqj ovínrh" wr NsCIqj w,ÊÔh' wks;a
NsCIqj isys uq,dfjks' uq¿ wdY%uhu ta whf.ka msÍ we; ug b;sßjkafka
udkfhka Wÿïujd.;a f.da, msßils' iefjdu ys;=jlaldr lñka l,a hj;s'
Ydikfha mßydksh thu fõ' ys;=jlaldr ùug leu;s Tn lsisfjla weoao
@ tu ys;=jlaldr NsCIQkaf.a .=rejrhd lSug Tn lsisfjla leu;so @ tfia
kï Tn kej;;a tys f.dia <s| iEÍu lrkak' tú mia lkao lvd jeà
Tn hg fjkjd we;' túg Tn ys;=jlaldr foúhkaf.a f,dalfhys bmso
ish¨ foújre Tng wd jvkjd we;' we;af;kau tjeks foaj f,dal fyda
n%yau f,dal ke;'
bkamiq Wkajykafiaf.a l;d ffY,Sh fjkia úh' wid isá wh tu
foaYkfha w¾:h fyd¢ka ksrdlrKh l<y' Tjqkaf.a ovínr fkdukd
yeisÍu ms<s.;ay' Wkajykafia l:d lrk úg lsisfjl=g yqiau .kag fyda
wu;l úh' t;rï ;Èka is; wdj¾ckh úh' foaYkdjikdfha§ tla tla
NsCIqj fuu mqj; wdpd¾h ukag ±kajQfha ljq±hs l;sld l<y' tfy;a
lsisfjla fuh fkd±kajQy' th taldka;fhka ;ukagu fodia mejÍula jk
neúks' th lSfõ ljfrla±hs ;ju;a fkdoks;s'
idßld .,a .=ydfõ§ wdpd¾h uka fkdfhla ;s%úoHd wIag úoHd [dK
my< l<y' h,a hdfï§ Wkajykafiaf.a olaI;djh wiSñ; úh' Wkajykafia
iu`. jdih lrK NsCIQka fï ms<sn| fyd|dldr oks;s' tneúka ;u wdl,am
iudl,am b;d iQCIu wkaoñka ixjr úh' ;u is;ú
= ,s i;súrykfhka mej;s
úg ijia hdufha foaYkfha§ th idlÉPdjg Ndckh úh' túg ;uka b;du
iqmÍlaIdldÍj tu foaYkhg ijka Èh hq;=h' tu fudfydf;a ;ukaf.
a is;=ú,s Wkajykafia okakd neúks' tfyhska tu fudfydf;au th b,lal
úh yelsh' Wkajykafia fudfyd;lg l:dj keje;a jqjfyd;a NsCIQkaf.a
is;sú,s mÍlaId lrK nj oks;s' fudfyd;lska tu woyia úoyd olajñka
rx.kh lr;s' kula i|yka fkdjqjo tu is;sú,s orkakd tjekakla ñka
u;= fkdlsÍug yslafu;s' kej; lsis Èfkl tjeks is;sú,a,la is;Sfuka
je<fl;s'
Wkajykafia iu`. msKv
a md; pdßldfõ hk úgo b;du iqmÍlaIdldÍ
úh hq;=h' wkjYH foa is;ñka ms~q msKsi jäk NsCIqjg ta ms<sn| úfõpkh
iji O¾u idlÉPdfõ§ wikakg ,efí' ;ukaf.a fkdukd is;=ú,s .ek
weiSug ,eÊcd we;' wka NsCIQka ;ud foi n,;shs isf;a' wij,a mqoa.,hd
hehs y÷kd .;aúg ish¨u NsCIQka wkqlïmd flfr;a' foaYkdjidkfha

82

uOHu hq.h

lsisfjl=f.a is;a wukdm fkdfõ' iuyre th isky uqyqKska ms<s.ks;s'
zzwo wvqjQfha ljq± @ZZhs wi;s' ;u jro ms<s.kafka b;du wjxl f,ih'
;u jro i`.jd isàug fkdfm<fò' hfula weiqfjd;a jrolrejd ;uka
nj fkdi`.jd lshhs' zzuu b;du uqrKavq flfkla Tjeks woyia is;Sug"
ug neKqï wikakg isÿjk nj ±kqKs' tjeks foa is;k úg wdpd¾h uka
oks;shs ug wu;l úh' uu fyd| mdvula bf.k .;sñ' ñka u;= tfia
fkdukd foa fkdis;ñ
fuh lshjk Tnf.ka uu iudj whÈñ' fujeks foa ,sùug ud
fkdleu;s fjñ' tfy;a fujd i;H lreKq fõ' i;H isoaëkah' fuh fmd;g
we;=<;a l< hq;=±hs uu fyd|dldr úfõpkh lf<ñ' uu bÈßm;a lrkafka
i;H m%jD;a;shla kï tys jrola ke;ehs is;ñ' hï NsCIqjla fmdah lsÍfï§
;u jro mdfmdÉPdrKh lr iudj .ekSula úkfha i|yka fõ' bkamiq
;ud jrÈka ksoyia fõ' fujeks wjia:dj,§ Tng fuu lreKq wkqj is;d
;u jro ms<sf.k is; ksoyia lr.; yelsfõ hehs uu is;ñ'
Ndjkd ms<sfj;a rlsk NsCIQka fndfyda úg wdpd¾h ukaf.ka ;rjgq
,nkafka ndysr wruqKq .ek is;k wdldrhg' weig fmfkk rEm" lKg
wefyk Yío .ek fnfyda úg is; úCIsma; fõ' WoEik msKavmd;h
msKsi hk úg fujeks wruqKq iam¾Y fõ' msKavmd;h msKsi weú§u
NsCIqjg wh;a ld¾Hhls' iuyrúg tu wruqKq .ek kej; kej; is;Su
ksid fkd±kqj;aju is; úisÍ hhs' ;ukag tjeks foa .ek is;Sug wjYH
fkdjQj;a" tu is;sú,s .,d ta' ijia jk úg tu is;sú,s ms<sn| Ndjkd
Yd,dfõ§ wdpd¾h ukaf.ka fpdaokd ,efí' ál Èklg miq kej; ms~q
msKsi hk úg tu wruqK iam¾I fõ' túg ;=jd,h mEf¾' túg ier
fnfy;a wpd¾h ukaf.ka ,efí' wdpd¾Hh uka iu`. jdih lrk fndfyda
NsCIQkag tjeks meijk ;=jd, ;snqKs' tlaflfkla ke;akï ;j flfkl=g
fnfy;a ,efí' .ug hk yeu wjia:dfõ§u fujeks wruqKq j,ska ñ§ula
ke;' flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hskag fujeks fyd| fyda krl is;sú,s we;sùu
iajdNdúlh' tfy;a tajd Ndjkd ukisldrhg mSvd jkafka kï muKla
wdpd¾h ukaf.a úfrdaOh we;' O¾uhg wkqj is;Su i;s" m[a[d ÈhqKq
lsÍu ksid ish¨ ÿla kikakg yelsfõ' .=rejrhdf.a ld¾h Ndrh ;j ;j;a
jeä jkaka fufia fkdukd yeisÍï ksidh' fndfyda .Kkla NsCIQka jdih
lrK neúka Èkm;du tjeks fodaIdfrdamK wikakg fõ'
.=rejrfhla jYfhka Wkajykafiag ;snQ mrÑ;a; ú[a[dKh ksid
;u YsIHhka .ek ukd wjfndaOhlska Wkajykafia isá;a' jrolrejd

83

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ksrka;rfhkau wdpd¾h uka úiska olskq ,nhs' tneúka iqÿiq wjjdo § i;s
ixjrfhys msysg;s' tneúka tjeks is;aj, t,an .ekSu mqreoaola jYfhka
fkdlr;s'
Wkajykafia iEu iq¿ fohla jqjo wjOdkhg ,la lr;s' úkh lreKq"
yeisßu .ek ks;r wjjdo fok w;r iudê" m[a[d jeãug Wmfoia fo;s'
idßld .,a .=ydfõ§ Wkajykafia i;s" iudê" m[a{d ms<sn| ksmqK;jhla
,o neúka tu oCI;djh ;u YsIHhskaf.a m%{djg b;d wod< úh' tu
NsCIQyq tneúka ksrka;rfhka iudê m[a[dfõ kshe,S isáhy'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a iudê b;d úYsIagh' LKsl iudê" Wmpdr iudê"
w¾mkd iudê tl fia ÈhqKqj mej;=ks' tla iudêhlska ;j;a iudêhlg
h;a' bkamiq kej;;a tu iudêhg h;a' LKsl iudêfhka Wmpdrhg m;a jQ
úg ,CI .Kka wruqKq Èiafõ' fma%;" foaj" kd. wd§kaf.a wkka; Ndjhka
olS' Wmpdr iudêfhka foúhka wd§ w;skaøsh foa olS' wefia' th ukqIH
weia" lka j,g úIh fkdfõ' iuyr wjia:djkays§ Wkajykafiaf.a is;
isrefrka .s,syS mdù by< foaj f,dal n%yau f,dal j,g f.dia tys wdldrh
olS' iuyr úg wmdh f,dalj,g hhs' Nhdkl ÿla ú¢k i;a;ajhka olS'
fufia Wv" hg wd§ jpk Ndú;d l< kuq;a is;sú,s j,g th wod<
fkdfõ' th b;d ishï
q neúka úia;r l< fkdyelsh' YÍrh jeks >k foa Wv
hg hdug hï Yla;shla wjYH jqjo is;a .uka lsÍug tjeks Yla;s wjYH
fkdfõ' foaj f,dal" n%yau f,dal" ksjk" wmdh wdÈh wm úia;r lrK úg
wm by<" my< wd§ ñkqï oKavla fhÿj;a udkisl ls%hdldß;ajhg tjeks
uekSula l< fkdyelsh' by< n%yau f,dal iy my< foaj f,al .ek is;k
úg wfma nkaOkd.drj, isák whs' wd¾' iS ±ä isrlrejka" iq¿ o~qjï
ú¢k isrlrejka iu`. tl nkaOkd.drfha isákakdla fuks' fï nkaOkd.
drh msysgd we;af;a idudkH ñksiqka isák mßirhlh' fï ish¨ fokdu
ñksia j¾.hg wh;a fj;s' tlu rgl tlu m<d;l jdh lr;s' fjkila
we;af;a ta wh hï wdldrhlska fldgq ù isàuhs'
fuu isr.; wh iu`. idudkh jeishkag ;u weia" lka wd§ bkaøSyq
;=<ska woyia yqjudre lr.; yelsfõ' tfy;a ;uka fldgq ù isák neúka
iunr;djhla fkdue;' tfiau wmdfha isák Ôùkag foaj f,dal .ek
ye`.Sula ke;' ta fof.d,a,kagu n%yau f,dal úIh fkdfõ' ukqIHhskag
fï lsisjla .ek ye`.Sula ke;' tfy;a ñksia f,dj ;=< ießirK i;a;aj
fldÜGdi wkka; fj;s' wka wh .ek fkdokakd neúka ñksid ;u Njh

84

uOHu hq.h

mukla we;ehs is;;s'
idudkHfhka wmg wka whf.a is;sú,s .ek fkd±fka' tneúka
is;sú,s ke;ehs is;sh yelsh' wm flfia is;=j;a ish¨ fokdgu ukila
we;' is;sú,s we;' tajd ke;ehs is;Su jrols' th wm fudayfhka .kakd
jerÈ wdl,amhls'
foaj f,dal n%yau f,dal by< my< jYfhka l;d lrK úg th
hï Wv ;Ügq yd my< ;Ügq f.hla wdldr is;Su jerÈ fõ' fïjdfha ta
wdldr mGú Od;=fhka ie§ ke;s neúks' tajd ukskaøsfhka muKla wruqKq
l< yels neúks' w;s msßisÿ iS,fhka yd iudê .=Kfhka is; ;shqKq jQ úg
fuu zzwiÍrZZ Ôùka ±lSug yelsfõ' wmdh fmdf<dj hg hehs lS úg th
md;d, f,dalhla f,i jegfya' th tfia fkdj ukfia .uka lrK iajNdjhls' wmdh ±lSug hï w;Skaøsh oCI;djhla iudê Ndjkdfjka ,eìh
hq;=fõ' ;ukaf.a wl=i, l¾u m: ksid tu i;a;ajfhda wmdfha WmÈ;s' tys
uyd ÿla ú¢ñka l¾u úmdl bjr fjk ;=re tu o~qjï ú¢;s' isrlrejka
;u o~qjï ú| wjika jQ úg isfrka ñfokakdla fuka wmd.; i;a;ajfhda
ta ld, iSudj bl=;a jQ úg bka ñfoa'
uq,a ld,fha isg wdpd¾h ukaf.a Wmpdr yd LKsl iudê ÈhqKq jQfha
Wkajykfiaf.a ls%hdYS,S ks¾Nh wjodkï iys; WfoHda.u;a is;sú,s ksidh'
LKsl iudêhg m;a jQ ú.i is; Wmpdr iudêfha fkdfhla wdYap¾Hhu;a
w;a±lSï fidhñka hkafkah' th Ndú; jQ úg wjYH ld,hla tys /£
isáhs' bkamiq ;ud leu;s iudêhlg m;afõ' leu;s kï w¾mkd iudêhg
m;a ù OHdk flf¾' túg fndfyda fõ,d OHdk iqjfhka .; lrhs' th
b;du;a iqjodhl neúka tys /£ isàug i;=gq fõ' ál ld,hla Wkajykafia Bg mqreÿ ù isá kuq;a Wkajykafiaf.a wêl m%{dj ksid bka neyer
ùug yels úh'
hfula wrmkd iudêhg mqreÿ jQ úg tys wks;Hh" ÿlaL" wkd;au
±lSug oCI fkdjQjfyd;a tys m%.;sh ÿ¾j, fõ' fndfyda wh fufia
;Dma;shg m;a ù i;=gq fj;s' túg ;on, f,i ta ms<sn| wdl¾IKh jk
ishqï wdidjka yg .kS' tneúka th m%{dfjka ±lSug wlue;s fõ' fï
wjia:dfõ iqÿiq .re WmfoaY ke;s jqjfyd;a Tjqyq m%{dj lrd fkdh;a'
;jo fufia OHdk .; jQ is; fkdfhl=;a wêudkfhka hqla; ùug yelsfõ'
fuu b;d ishqï iemh zzksjka iemhZZhehs jrojd f;areï .ks;s' ;ud ÿla
fl<jr l< njla isf;a' kuq;a i;Hfhkau isÿ ù we;af;a Nj.dó flf<ia
iy iudê is; tlu wruqKl mj;ajd isàuhs' m%{dfjka fï flf<ia
85

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fkdikais÷fka kï kej; Wmam;a;shla yg .kS' tneúka iudê is; ;=<g
m%{dj msysg úh hq;= fõ' ke;fyd;a w¾mkd iudê iqjh ú¢ñka isf;a
úpdr nqoaêh yd Yla;sh ySk lrhs'
W;=re" kef.kysr m%foaYhg fojk jr ixpdrh lrK úg wdpd¾Hh
uka uOHu m%udKfha m%{djla ;snqKs' wkd.dó;ajh ,nd .ekSug iEfyk
m%{djla ;sìh hq;=h' fuu ;;a;ajhg meñKSug fmr ldh.;di;sh ÈhqKq
ù isáh hq;=h' bka woyia jkafka YÍrfha wdiajdoh wd§kh fyd|dldr
jegyS we;s neúka lsisjlska we,Sï .eàï iajNdjhlg m;a fkdùuhs'
m%{d n,fhka we,Sï .eàï w;r ueo miq lsÍuhs' YÍrh ms<sn| lsisu
ielhla ke;' fuh w;r ueÈ wia;sr ixl%ñl wjia:djls' th hï úNd.
hlska wju ,l=fKka iud¾: ùula jeksh' Wmßu ;;a;ajhlg hdug ;j
bf.k .; hq;= foa we;' wkd.dó mqoa.,hd ;u m%{dj ;j ;j;a ÈhqKq
;shqKq lrñka ;SCIK Ndjhla we;sl< úg iïmQ¾K wkd.dó ;;a;ajhlg
m;afõ' tjekafkl=f.a urKska miq miajk n%yau ;,fhys fyda w.ksÜGd
;,fhys bm§' tjekafkda my< n%yau ;,j, kQmÈ;a'
wdpd¾h uka fï ;;a;ajfha fndfyda l,a /£ isá nj m%ldY l<y'
Bg fya;=j Wmfoia ,nd .ekSug fkdyelsùuhs' wkd.dó ;;a;ajh y÷kd
.ekSug b;d ishï
q f,i m%;HfõCId lr jrÈka ñ§ isáh hq;=h' Wkajykafia
w;a±lSfuka ;u ù¾Hh wNsnjd flf<ia u;=jk wdldrh ±k isáhy' tu
flf<ia b;d ishqïh' ;u i;s m[a[d ;rï ishqï fõ' tneúka tu flf<ia
hgm;a lsÍu b;d ÿialr úh' Wka jykafia .;a ù¾Hh is;kag neß ;rï
n,j;a fohls' th >kj me;ssÍ isá lgq iys; .==gqïNhla ;rKh lsÍu
jeksh' fuh ;rKh lr ;u YsIHhkag fï .ek lsh §ug Wkajykafia
úYd, mßY%uhla lr we;' th yqol,dj .;a mßY%uhls' Wkajykafiaf.
a fï w;a±lSï .ek úfYaI wjia:djkays m%ldY l<y' fojrla uf.a weia
l÷,ska jeiS .sfhah' t;rï ±ä ixjrhlska Wkajykafia fï w;s ÿIalr
ld¾Hh bgq lr we;' Wkajykafia wjfndaO lr.;a w;s W;=ï b;d ishqï
O¾u {dkh wdYap¾Hhls' Wkajykafiaf.a wä mdr Èf.a nv .d hdug j;a
ug yelsfõ±hs uu is;=fjñ' ke;fyd;a ug wka ñksiqka fuka f,dalfha
/£ isàug fõ±hs is;=fjñ' kuq;a Wkajykafia wm ffO¾Hhu;a lrñka
Wkkaÿ l<y' Wkajykafia kej; kej; ù¾Hh jvk úg wka lsisfjl=f.a
wdY%h fkdleue;s úh' Ndjkdfõ oji .; lsÍug leu;s úh' ;udg ;j
m%udKhl mqyqKqjla wjYH jQ kuq;a ;u YsIHhka iu`. Ôj;a ùug yd
Tjqkag Wmfoia §ug isÿúh'

86

uOHu hq.h

wdpd¾h uka wjqreÿ 4la muK nka iï f*dx .fï iy wjqreoaola
muK nka yqta idhs .fï jdih l<y' fï m<d;a l÷lrh neúka Wkajykafia
tys isàug ms%h l<y' kqÿßka msysá mlal=Ü l÷lrfha fndfyda foúhkaf.a
jdi N+ñh úh' fldákaf.a o jdi N+ñh úh' rd;S% ld,fha Wkajykafiaf.a
l=á wi, fldá ks±,af,a yeisfr;s' foújre O¾u Y%jkh msKsi jä;s'
uOHu rd;sf
% ha f.rú,s kdoh le,h fodaxldr lr;s' iuyr úg fldá
/<la f.drj;s' ñksiqka tlsfkldg Wia y`äka lE .ikakdla fuks' fldá
f.drjk kdoh we;af;kau ìhxlrh' B<`. fudfydf;a§ wjq;a ;uka ld
ouk nj isf;a' fndfyda úg NsCIQka jykafia,d iy idufKr NsCIQyq t<sfjk
;=re fkdksod ìfhka ;%ia; ù isá;s' wdpd¾h uka Tjqka ìh .ekaùug fufia
lsh;s' zzn,d .kak fï jkdka;f¾ fldá lïue,s w,i NsCIQkag fndfyda
leu;s fj;s' th Tjqkaf.a úfYaI rij;a wdydrhls' fldákaf.a rij;a
wdydrha ùug fkdleu;s wh i;s m[a[d jvkq uekúæ fldá tfia i;s
m[a[d jvk whg ìh fj;s' tneúka tjeks wh lkafka ke;'ZZ fuh weiQ
ú.i tu NsCIQka jykafia,d hqyqiq¿j ;u Ndjkd l¾uia:dkfha /f|ñka
isáfha ;u Ôú;h r|d mj;skafka ta ksid hehs ye`.Sfuks' fldákaf.a
f.rú,s kdoh i;r foiska fodaxldr fok kuq;a fkdìhj ilauka Ndjkd
lr;a' fl;rï ìh jqj;a wdpd¾h uka lS foa ms<s .;ay' zzlïue,s NsCIQj
fldákaf.a rij;a wdydrhlah'ZZ
tu jkdka;rfha Ôj;a ùu b;du ìhxlr jQfha Wkajykafia,dg ,e`.ï
=
.ekSug l=á ke;s neúks' tys ;snqfKa b;d l=vd ueiails' th fmdf<dj
uÜgug lsÜgq" ksod .ekSug ;rï jQ ueiails' nv.sks fldáfhl=g th lsis
m%Yakhla fkdfõ' fï NsCIQka ksok ueis jfÜ iuyr úg fldá tyd fuyd
h;s' tfy;a fï úYd, i;=kf
a .ka lsis ydkshla fkdùh' foújre i;r jáka
wdrlaId lrK neúka fldákaf.ka lsis ìhla fkdjk nj wdpd¾h uka oks;'s
foújre O¾uh weiSug tk neúka /ljrKfha isá;s' ta foújre fndfyda
ld,hla tys fjfik f,i wdpd¾h uka yg wdrdOkd l<y'
we;af;kau wdpd¾h uka NsCIQka jykafia,d ìh .ekaùug tfia mejiqfõ Wkajykafia,d WfoHda.su;a lsÍu msKsih' fldákag ks±,af,a isàug
tu m%foaYh ksc N+ñhla úh' wksl=;a j,a i;=kag o fCIau N+ñhla úh'
ta ovhï msKsi fï m%foaYhg ñksiqka fkdtk neúks' .ïuq wdpd¾h uka
isák m%foaYfha ovhï lsÍug ìh fj;s' Nhdkl l¾u isÿúh yels nj
Tjqka oks;s' hfula ;=jlal=jlska fjä ;eîug fï m%foaYfha ìh fj;s' th
wf;a m;a;= ù Tyqf.a urKh isÿ fõ hhs ye`.Sula we;' fldá lsis úfgl

87

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

.ïudkhg f.dia tys .j wd§ i;=ka fkdur;s' fï fldá f.dÿre fidhd
.kafka flfiaoehs lsisfjla fkdoks;s' fï úiauh ckl l:d wdpd¾h uka
wm iu`. lshd we;' fuh i;Hh nj .ïuq ks;r lsh;a' wdpd¾h uka iy
OQ;dx. NsCIQka fujeks m%d;syd¾Hh mEy'

W;a;u ukqIHfhla
uyd woaN+; foa wdpd¾h uka mji;s' tla úfgl foaj msßi Wkajykafia ±lSug meñK tys m%Odkshd fufia lSh'
zzTn jykafia fuys jdih lsÍu wfma foaj iuQyhdg n,j;a i;=gls'
Tnf.a lreK ffu;S% .=Kh mDÓúh muKla fkdj uq¿ foaj uKav,h yryd
me;sÍ we;' Tn jykafiaf.ka ksl=;ajk l=Y, Yla;sh f;afcd" .=Kh" rYañ
j<,a, úia;r lsÍug fkdyelsh' fjk Yla;k
S a iu`. ixikaokh l< fkdyelsh' fï ksid Tn jykafia fld;ekl isáh;a wmg fidhd .; yelsh' fï
O¾u rYañ j<,a, Tn YÍrfhka ksl=;a ù oi w; úys§ hhs' Tn jykafia
NsCIQkag O¾uh foaYkd lrk Yíoh" uq¿ úYajh ;=< kskakdo fõ' ´kEu
;ekl isák foúhkag ta Yíoh wefia u< ñkshlg muKla kEfia'ZZ
wdpd¾h uka iy foúhka w;r idlÉPdj ;j úia;r lsÍug uu
W;aidy lrñ' tys iEu fohlau i;hfhka i;H nj is;sh yelafla fï
m%jD;a;sh wm iu`. úia;r l< wh b;du i;Hjd§ .=K .rel wh
neúks'
zzuf.a lgy~ tfia ilaj, kskakdo jkafka kï ukqIHhkag kEfikafka wehs @ZZ túg foúfhda fufia lsh;a'
zzfyd| krl" is,aj;a nj" iodpdrh" l=i,a wl=i,a .ek ukqIHfhda
okafka l=ulao @ Tjqyq ;u yh oajdrhka ks;ru wl=i,a lÍug fhdod .ks;s'
;ud yeu fudfydf;au wmdh.dó wl=i,a lr;s' Wmka od isg urKh olajd
Tjqyq fufia yeisfr;s' ukqIHhka hk kduh ,nd we;s kuq;a Tjqka fï
ms<sn| lsis ;elSula ke;' iaj,am fofkla ;u ih fodr l=i,a lsÍug fhdod
.ks;s' Tjqkaf.a l=i, Yla;sh jqjo b;du iSud iys;h' foúhkaf.a tl
ðú; ld,hla ;=< ñksid oi j;djla fyda ish j;djla ueß ueÍ Wm§' n%yu
a
f,dalfha wdhqI ld,h Bg;a jvd fnfyúka jeäfõ' ñksik
q f
a .a ixLHdj b;d
úYd,h' ta iu`. ta wh úiska lrk wl=i, l¾u w;s úYd,h' l=i,a lrk
wh ál fofkls' ñksid nqoaO Ydikh wdrlaId lr;shs lsh;a kuq;a nqoaO
88

uOHu hq.h

Ydikh ms<sn| lsisjla fkdoks;a' l=i,a l¾u .ek lsisjla fkdoks;a'
ÿIag ñksiaiq okafka mõ lsßu muKs' ta wh ñksiqka jYfhka ie<lsh
yelafla yqiau .kakd neúks' yqiau kej;=Kq ú.i ;u n,j;a l¾u úmdl
j,ska je<,S hhs' foújre fuh b;d fyd¢ka oks;a' fkd±kSug fya;=jla
we;ao @ th ryila fkdfõ' ñksfila u< miq NsCIqka jykafia,d wjq;a
.d:d iÊCOdhkd lr;s' ta ÿIag ñksid th wi;ao @ Tyq urKhg m;ajQ
fudfydf;a isg wl=i, úmdl Tyq fj,d .ks;s' tneúka Tyqf.a Ñ;a;hg
fï .d:d weiSug yelso @ Ôj;aj isák úg jqjo Tyq ;=< fï O¾uh .ek
lsis ye`.Sula ke;' Ôj;a jk whg muKla O¾uhg ijka Èh yels jkafka
leue;a;la wef;d;a muKs' tfy;a lsisfjla O¾uh weiSug Wkkaÿjla
ke;' th Tn fkdokafkao @ NsCIqka jykafia,d .d:d iÊCOdhkd lrK
úg Tjqka wid isá;ao @ ta whg lsis Wkkaÿjla ke;s neúka ta whf.a
yojf;a nqoaO zzYdikhZZ fyj;a zzmKsúvhZZ ;ekam;a ù ke;' Tjqka b;d
leu;af;ka mskjk foa ;sßika i;=ka mjd m%;sfCIam lr;s' ÿiaiS, ñksiaiq
fujeks wYsCIs; foa lsÍug ms%h ukdm fõ' Tjqka fl;rï tjeks foa l<;a
iEySulg m;a fkdfõ' urKdikak ld,fha§ jqj;a tjeks wYsCIs; foa m%d¾:
kd lr;s' foúhka jQ wms ñksiqka .ek Tjqka okakjdg jvd oksuq' tfy;a
Tjqka wm .ek lsisjla fkdoks;s' Tn jykafia iqúfYaI flfkls' Tn
jykafia foúhka" ñksiqka" ;sßikqka wd§ fndfyda i;a;aj fldÜGdi .ek
oks;s' ta ksid iEu foú flfklau Tn jykafiag kuialdr mQcd mj;aj;s'
fï foúhd l:dj wjika l< miq wdpd¾h uka hï hï fkdf;afrk foa
ms<sn| m%ldY l<y'
zzfoúhkag Èjeia we;' Èj" lK we;' tneúka fndfyda wE; foa
ols;s' wi;s' foújre ñksiqkaf.a fyd| krl oks;s' Tng fkdyelso fï
ñksiqkag fyd| krl f;dard fokag @ wmg jvd fyd¢ka Tng fuh l<
yels fkdfõo @
zzfoúhka jQ wms fndfyda ñksiqka olsuq' tfy;a Tn jykafia jeks
W;a;u mqreIfhla ±l ke;' Tn jykafia foúhkag yd ñksiqkag tl yd
iudk ffu;S%" lreKdj m;=rej;s' f,dal i;a;ajhka .ek Tn jykafia
oks;s' f.dfrdaiq YÍr yd b;d ishï YÍr we;s wkka; i;a;aj fldÜGdi
Tn oks;s' foúhka jeks wkka; i;a;aj f,dal we;s nj Tn lshd fo;s'
tfy;a mrïmrdfjka mrïmrdjg lsisfjla fï wukqIHhka ±l ke;'
tneúka foúhka .ek lsis ie<ls,a,la ke;' jeäu jqfkd;a l,d;=rlska
hï woaN+; wdf,dal fyda wdl¾IK ix{djla ±kqK;a th fkdy÷k;s'

89

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

zzfma%;hkaZZ hhs lsh;a' Tjqka wms lshk fyd| krl f;areï .kafka flfiao@ foújre ksrka;rfhka ñksiqka .ek wjOdrKh lr;a' tfy;a ukqIHfhda foúhka .ek lsisjla ±k .ekSug leue;a;la ke;' wm ñksiqkag
W.kajkafka flfiao @ we;af;kau fuh b;d wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajhls'
wms Tjqkaf.a l¾u wkqj iem ÿla ú¢;shs lshd iekfiuq' foújrekag mjd
ksrka;rfhka l¾u úmdl M, foa' tfia fkdjkafka kï wms ksjka olsuq'
túg fï wmyiq;djhla ke;'ZZ
zzTn lshk úêhg ;u l¾u CIh jQ úg ksjka ols;s' foújre ksjka
ms<sn| oks;ao @ wka i;a;aj fldÜGdih fuka foújrkag ÿla fodïkia
weoao @
zzwehs wm fkdokafka @ ish¨u nqÿjre foaYkd lrkafka fï ÿla CIh
lsÍu .ek' fï ÿla ú¢ñka iir ießirkag fkdlsh;s' kuq;a ldufNda.S ñksiaiq ;u úfkdaod;aul iem ikaf;daIh ú£ug ñi ksjka ±lSug leue;a;la
ke;' ta ksid lsisfjla ksjka ±lSug W;aidy fkdlr;s' ksjk .ek ish¨u
foújre b;d Wkkaÿ fj;s' ish¨u nqÿjre ksjk .ek foaYkd lr;s' kuq;a
foújrekag úYd, l¾u fmdÈhla f.jkakg isÿ ù we;' fï foõ iem ú|
wjika ùug fndfyda l,a .; fõ' tneúka ksjk b;d ÿrh' ksjka ÿgq miq
muKla ish¿ .eg¨ ksrdlrKh fõ' túg mqkremam;a;sh yd ixidr pl%h
ksudfõ' Wmam;a;s urK wfydais fõ' hï l¾u úmdl we;s f;la iem ÿla
ú£u kshu fõ' fudk wd;aufha isáh;a l¾u úmdl ú¢;s'ZZ
zzfoújre iu`. iïnkaO jk fndfyda NsCIQka weoao @ZZ
zzál fofkla isá;s' ta ish¨ fokd jkdka;rj, yd l÷ uqÿka wdYs%;j
jdih lr;s'ZZ
zzfï Yla;sh we;s .sys wh isá;ao @ZZ
zzál fofkla" b;d ál fofkls'ZZ ta wh O¾uhg wkqj nK Ndjkd
lr ;u is;a fndfyda msßisÿ lr we;' túg muKla foújre ±lal yelsh'
foúhkaf.a YÍr wks;a foújrekag >k f,i ±kqk kuq;a ñksiqkag b;d
ishqï f,i ±fka' tneúka is;a l=i,;djfhka b;du;a meyeÈ,s jQ úg
muKla ñksiqkag foúhka fmfka'
zzO¾u mqia;lj, i|yka ù ;sfnk f,i foúhkag ñksiqkaf.
a ÿ¾.kaOh bjish fkdyels ksid lsÜgqjg fkdt;s'ZZ tjeks ÿ¾.kaOhla
we;akï Tn ud <`.g tkafka ukao @ZZ
90

uOHu hq.h

zzb;d Wiia YS, iq.JOhla we;s ñksid wmg ÿ¾.kaO fkdfõ' ta whf.
a iS, iq.JOh ksid wms ta whg je÷ï ms÷ï lruq' Tn jykafia iómhg
meñK O¾u Y%jKh lsÍu tneúka wmg ms%h cklh' ÿ¾.kaOh yukafka
ÿYaYS," ÿrdpdr" ÿ¾.=K we;s whf.kah' fujeks foa ;=ka f,dalfhys ish¨
foa wms%h l< kqu;a ta wh fï jerÈ lr;a' wms tjekakka yuqùug fkdhuq'
ta wh b;d ÿIagh' .|h' ta ÿ¾.kaoh oi Èidfõ me;sr we;' foújre
ñksiqkag wleue;s ke;' fï fya;=j ksid wleue;s fj;s'ZZ
fï wd§ fkdfhla l:d m%jD;a;s wdpd¾h uka lshk úg NsCIQka
jykafia,d úiañ;j ijka fo;s' zzuu udf.aZZhk uu;ajh ;djld,slj
ÿrefj;s' ld,h" fjfyi wu;l fõ' ljod kuq;a fufia foúhka iu`.
l:d lsÍug wjYH Yla;sh ksmojd .ekSug W;aidy or;s' wdpd¾h uka
ish wd;au j, úia;r lshk úg o NsCIQka jykafia,d úiaañ;j lïmkhg
m;afj;s' ;udf.a by; cd;s .ek ±k .ekSug leu;s ù ;ud Ndjkd
wruqK neyer lr;s' ;ud fï f,i Ndjkd fkdlrk úg ;ukau ;rjgq
lrñka ys; yslauj;s' zzwfyda ÿla ke;s lsÍu fjkqjg ud lrkafka fudllao@ w;S; fijke,s miqmi ÿjñ'ZZ fufia kej; m%lD;s isysh ,nd .ks;a'
tneúka fndfyda NsCIQyq fï wd§ iDÎ m%d;syd¾Hh neyer rl;a'
wdpd¾h uka lshk fujeks woaN+; l:d mqÿu t<jk iq¿h' fma%;
f,dal" hCI f,dal .ek l:d lrK úg ñksia f,dalfha fuka ta f,dalj,;a
uer jer wh nkaOk .; flfrk nj lsh;s' jerÈ lrK wh fidhd Tjqka
ysrlr ;n;s' fkdfhla úêfha jerÈ lrK wh fjk fjku ne| ;n;s'
ish¨u ysr f.j,a msÍ jrolrejka isá;s' fï jrolrejka w;r ia;S% mqreI
fomCIhu we;' b;du;a oreKq who fj;s' Tjqkaf.a weia foi n,k úg
Tjqka lreKd" ffu;s%fhka fu,a, l< fkdyels nj fmfka'
wms ukqIHh j¾.hd k.rfha jdih lrkakdla fuka wukqIHfhdao
jdih lr;s' wukqIH jdi úYd, k.r we;' tys kdhlfhda ta wh md,kh
lr;s' b;d iq¿ m%udKhla fyd| wukqIHhka isá;s' Tjqka wksl=;a wukqIHhkaf.a f.!rjhg m;afõ' fï ish¨ fokd ;u md,lhskag fnfyúka Nh
fj;s' fuh uQksÉPdjg fkdj we;af;kau ìh fj;s' l=i, úmdl wl=i,
úmdl j,g jvd n,j;a nj wdpd¾h uka úYajdi lf<ah' wukqIHh f,dalj,
fï nj b;d meyeÈ,sj fmfka' hï wl=i, fya;=jla ksid fndfyda msx we;s
who wukqIH f,dalfha WmÈ;a' kuq;a ;udf.a l=i,;djh ksid tys md,lhka
njg m;afj;s' tjeks tl md,lfhl=g úYd, ixLHdjla wukqIHhska
md,kh lsÍug wh;a fõ' fï wukqIHfhda cd;s l=, jYfhka fkdfnfoa'

91

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

kuq;a md,lhkag iïmQ¾Kfhkau wjk; fõ' th O¾uhg wkqj isÿfõ' tu
wl=i, úmdl n,j;a neúka ñksiqka fuka iajdëk u; fkdor;a' Tjqkaf.
a o~qjï ;u l¾uhg wkqj isÿfõ' fuh fkdfjkia jk iajNdjhls' fï
f,dalfha ñksid n,mq¿jkaldrlï l< kuq;a wukqIH f,dalfha tfia l<
fkdyelsh' wdpd¾h uka fï ms<sn| fndfyda úia;r l< kuq;a wjdikdjlg
fuka ug u;l we;af;a fumuKls' ta .ek iudj whÈñ'
wdpd¾h uka fï wukqIHh f,dal j,g iudê isf;ka .uka lr;a' Wka
jykafia ÿgq ú.i ta ish¨ fokdu Wkajykafiag je÷ï lrk fuka lsh;s'
wm ukqIHhka fuks' md,l wukqIH kdhlhd Wkajykafiag we;s f.!rj
olajd tu f,dalh ksÍlaIKh lsßug f.k .shy' wukqIHhka Ôj;ajk
.ï" k.r yd Tjqkaf.a nkaOkd.dr fmkajQy' Tjqka idyisl wmrdO lrñka
wkqkag ÿla § we;' tneúka ;u l¾ufha Yla;sh wkqj ÿla ú¢;s' fï whg
N+;" fma%; jYfhka wm kï l< kuq;a ta wh wm fuka tu f,dalfha Ôj;a
fj;s' wm fuka Ôùka fldÜGdYhls'
wdpd¾Hh uka >y jkdka;rj, yd l÷ uqÿka j, jdih lsÍug
fnfyúka ms%h l<y' fndfyda ld,hla kfLdka *fkdï ys jdih lrñka
NsCIQka jykafia,d mqyqKq l<y' tfy;a ;uka jykafiag ;j ÿr hd hq;=
nj jegyqKs' wka;su wjfndaOh ,nd ke;s neúka ù¾Hh fhdod ms<sfj;a
msßh hq;=h' YsIH NsCIQka jykafia,dg bf.kSï lsÍug ;u ld,h jeh jqks'
tuksid isf;a Yla;sh ySk jqks' tneúka yqol,d isáñka ù¾Hh jeäh hq;=h'
fï ld,fha wdpd¾h ukaf.a uõ;=ñh Wmdisldjla jYfhka wjqreÿ 6la muK
ld,hla Wkajykafia iu`. .; l<y' t;=ñh ksid yqol,d .uka lsÍug
fkdyels úh' tneúka t;=ñhf.a wjir we;sj t;=ñh Wfndka rpÊ;dys
m%foaYhg legqj f.dia tu jiaidk ld,h nka fkd fLdx m,df;a .; l<y'
fndfyda NsCIQyq iy idufKar NsCIQyq tys úiQy'
tla rd;s%hl Wkajykafia iudê iqjfhka isák úg tla o¾Ykhla
ÿgy' fndfyda ix>hd jykafia,d Wkajykafia miq mi b;d ixjrj .uka
lr;s' tfy;a iuyr NsCIQka Wkajykafia,d Wkajykafia miqlr bÈßfhka
h;s' ta wh ;=< f.!rjhla fyda ixjrhla ke;' iuyre WK nïnq m,d
bka Wkajykafiaf.a mmqj fldks;a;;s' Wkajykafiag yqiau .ekSug mjd
ÿIalr úh' fufia tla tla NsCIQka jykafiag jO ysxid lr;s' fï wjia:
dfõ§ Wkajykafia tu iudê Ñ;a;h wkd.;hg fhduq l<y' túg ;u
msgqmi ixjrj tk NsCIQ mrïmrdj Wkajykafiaf.a m%;sm;a;s wkq.ukh
lrK nj jegyqKs' fï wh ksid idikh wdrlaIdfõ fn!oaO m%;sm;a;s

92

uOHu hq.h

rlsñka fkdfhla rg rdcHhj, wkd.;fha iiqk nn<j;s' ukqIHhkaf.a
yd foúhkaf.a f.!rjhg m;afj;s' Wkajykafia miq lrñka .sh wf.!rj
wixjr msßi ;o udkfhka .=rejrhdg jvd Wiia hehs iïu; lr;s' uq,§
,nd.;a ±kqu iy mqyqKqj wu;l lr;s' .=rejrhdg lsis ie<ls,a,la
fyda l<.=K ;elSula ke;' ;uka w;s oCIhka f,i fmkakqï lr;s' ta wh
;ud;a jekiS idikh;a jki;s' ;u YsIHh mrïmrdjo úkdY lr;s' tu
YsIH mrïmrdj wksl=;a YsIH mrïmrd o úkdY lr;s' fufia mrïmrd
.Kkla fï jerÈ m%;sm;a;s f.k h;s' ;uka jerÈ ud¾.hl .uka lrk
njla fkdoks;s' fï whf.a jerÈ oDIaá ksid nqoaO Ydikh úkdY lr;a'
Wkajykafiaf.a mmqj nïnq m;=rej,ska fldks;a;mq NsCIQyq ;ud fndfyda foa
o;a m%{hka hehs is;;s' ta whf.a yeisÍu krl jqj;a fyd| jqj;a fyd|
f,i is;;a' ta wh fn!oaOhkag yd .=rejrekag fkdi<l;s' fï ish¨ fokd
Wkajykafiaf.a Y%djl msßi w;r we;' Wkajykafia ta wh y÷k;s' fï wh
Wkajykafiaf.a wdYs¾jdo ,en kqÿre m%foaYfha jia ji;s' Wkajykafiag
f.!rj lsÍu fjkqjg jO ysxid muqKqj;s'
ál Èklg miq m%dfoaYSh wdKavqldr ;=ud iy ks,OdÍ msßila wdY%uh
±lsug meñKshy' uq,ska i|yka l< Wkajykafiag jO ysxid l< NsCIQka
iu`. fï msßi meñK we;' ;uka jykafiaf.a iudê o¾Ykh ms<n
s | lsij
s la
fkdlshd ta whf.a yeisÍu mÍlaId l<y' fï wh wdKavqfjka uqo,a ,nd
f.k mdie,a iE§ug ta wjg m%foaYh fhda.H nj ±kajQy' .fï ñksiaiq
fï jHdmD;shg iïnkaO fj;s' fuh wdKavqjg lrk wdOdrhls' tneúka
ish¨ fokdu wdpd¾h uka ±lSug meñK we;' wdpd¾h uka ñksiqkaf.a
wdor f.!rjhg m;a ù we;s neúka tu ld¾Hh isÿ lsÍug Wkajykafiaf.
a iyNd.s;ajh me;+y' fï woyi ±lajQ ú.i fuu NsCIqka jykafia,d
foku fujeks lrorhlg fhduq l< nj ±kqKs' Ndjkdfõ§ ;ukag ÿla
mSvd ÿkafka fï foku fj;s' miqj Wkajykafia fï NsCIQka foku le|jd
;uka Öjr ord .;af;a fn!oaO NsCIqjla jYfhka i;s ixjrfhys msysgd
iudê .=Kh jeãug nj myod ÿks'
fuu l:d mqj; fuys i|yka lf<a isf;a .=ma; Yla;sh úoyd fmkaùugh' is;g w;S; wkd.; wruqKq úIh fõ' jeiS we;s foa újD; ù
fmfka' fkdfhla wjia:djkays§ wdpd¾h uka fï i;H;djh ;yjqre l<y'
Wkajykafiaf.a ld¾hh lsis ,dN f,daN m%d¾:kdjlska fkdj ;uka jykafiaf.a w;SJøsh m%{dfjks' tu jpk l:d lrkafka ñksik
q a uq,dlr ÿla lror
lsÍug fkdj ta whf.a kqjK j¾Okh lsÍugh' fuu mqj;a Wkajykafia

93

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

±kqï fokafka b;du;a <`.ska wdY%h l< f.da, msßig muKs' fuh ,shk ud
Wkajykafiaf.a mqoa.,sl Ôú;h úoyd mdkakla fia ±lsh yelsh' tkuq;a
fuh Tng hïlsis wjfndaOhla f.k foa hehs is;ñ'
j¾;udkfha isák l¾uia:dkdpd¾H jrhka foi n,k úg wdpd¾h
uka uyd m%d;syd¾Hhla md we;s nj ±fka' ;uka jykafiaf.a iudê n,h iy
úo¾Ykdj ;=<k
s a úiañ
a ; foa isÿ l<y' iuyrúg Wkajykafiaf.a fï Yla;h
s
ms<sn| m%ldY l< kuq;a fndfyda úg th ±k .; yelafla jl%dldrfhks'
fndfyda úg Wkajykafiaf.a ±kqu fkdlshdu isá;s' ta mrÑ;a; úcdkkh
we;s neúka fndfyda NsCIQka ;u is;=ú,s oks;shs uy;a wiykhg m;ajk
neúks' fkdlshdu neß jkafka ta whf.a jerÈ oDIaá" ks.uk fjkia lsÍug
wjYH neúks'
b;du újD;j wij,a NsCIQjf.a is;sú,s ks¾fodaI nj;a wij,df.
a is;sú,s fodia iys; nj;a Wkajykafia mji;s' fndfyda úg fuu újD;j
lshd fok foh iuyre jrojd ms<s.ks;s' bka WrK ù uy;a mdmhla lr
.ks;s' fï ksid fndfyda úg jl%j mji;s' kï i|yka fkdlr lshk kuq;a
wod< mqo.
a ,hd th ;ukag t,a, jq nj oks;'a fï ish,a, o;a neúka wdpd¾h
uka b;du fhda.H kqjKg yqre foa muKla lsh;s'
fuu mqj;a lshjk Tn hï ielhlg m;aúh yelsh' ta .ek uu
iudj whÈñ' fujeks m%jD;a;s fndfyda we;' fÊHIag YsIHhkaf.ka fï
wd§ fndfyda lreKq fuu mqia;lhg wvx.= lf<a Wkajykafiaf.a pß;h
fkdj,yd bÈßm;a lsÍugh'
idudkH jYfhka n,k úg ndysr wruqKq ksid NsCIqjlf.a Ndjkd
ukisldrh úCIsma; fõ' ;uka ÿgq weiQ rEm" Yío" .kaO" ri" fmdÜGïn
.ek kej; kej; isyshg kexùu ksid fndfyda úCIsma; fõ' úfYaIfhkau
n,mdkafka ia;%k
S a ms<n
s |jh' fuh is;d u;d fkdlrK kuq;a fkd±kqj;aju
is; w,a,d .kS' wdpd¾h uka fï ms<sn| ;rjgq lrkafka Wkajykafia,d
fuhska ñ§ug wiSre neúks' fkdfhla is;=ú,s ksid Ndjkd wruqK úisÍ
hhs' túg wdpd¾h uka th ±k wjjdo fo;s'
iji idlÉPd jdrh b;du jeo.;a fõ' ish¨u NsCIQka jykafia,d
ldhsl udkisl ixjrfhka isáh hq;=h' ;uka jykafiaf.a foaYkd ld,fha§
lsishï ndOdjla ke;sj iudê is;ska foaYkd lrk neúks' fï fõ,dfõ§
hï hï wh úldr fkdukd is;a my< l< úg Wkajykafiag wl=Kq ierhla

94

uOHu hq.h

jeÿkdla fuka ±fka' túg ta NsCIqj r;a ù fyda is;, ù hhs t;ku la,dka;
fõ' lsis kï i|ykla fyda ksfõokhla fyda ke;sj fyda fuh isÿfõ' wks;a
NsCIQka túg ;e;s .ks;s' ;uka fkdukd is;a my< lsÍfï wd§kjh okS'
fujeks zzwl=Kq ierZZ lSmhla jeÿKq úg Y%djl msßi ;u is;a ks;ru
i;s m[a[dfjka wdrlaId lr;s' iuyr NsCIQka O¾uhg ijka §fï§ is;
tal.%;djhg jeà iudê .; fõ' tfia fkdjQ wh b;du;a idjOdkj wid
isá;s' jerÈ is;la my< l<fyd;a wyiska wjq;a Wl=iaid ;u ysi .,jd
.kakdla fuks'
fujeks w;a±lSfï ;=<ska mqyqKq jQ wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a f.da, msßi ;u
yeisÍu ms<sn| ia:djr mokul msysgd isáhy' fndfyda l,a Wkajykafiaf.
a weiqfrys isá NsCIQkaf.a Ñ;a; ixjrh yd ldh ixjrh ia:djr úh' th
;u fm!reIh úh' Wkajykafia,d leue;af;kau fuu m%;smodjg wkqj
mqyqKq úh' tajd Wkajykafia fhÿ mqyqKq lsÍfï l%u iy úê b;du oCI
úh' Wkajykafia ksrka;rfhkau wkq.ukh l<y' ffoksl j;a ms<sfj;a
.re .dïNSr úh' túg ;u is; ta wkqj msßisÿ úh' bkamiq iajdëk jQy'
hful=g id¾:l m%;sM, fkd,enqfKa Wkajykafiaf.a ndysr wdl,am
muKla wkq.ukh lsÍfuks' Wkajykafia fodia lsh;shs' Nh ksid ixjr
ùu yd iajdëk Ñ;a; Yla;sh fkdue;s ùu ksid Ndjkd lsÍug wiu;a úh'
t;rï W;=ï .=rejrfhl=f.ka ,eìh yels mqyqKqj ta whg fkd,enqKs'
;udg mqreÿ mßÈ Ôj;a úh' bkamiq tys úiSug fkdyels úh' ;u .;s
mej;=ï fjkia lsÍug fkdyels úh' fydoafoa ri fkdokakd yekao fuks' fï
yekao tl fydÈ Ndckfhka ;j;a fydÈ Ndckhlg .sh;a ri fkdokS'
tfiau flf,ia ksid wms tl ÿllska ;j;a ÿllg ixl%uKh lruq' fï
,shk uu;a fufia flf<ia ksid ÿlg m;afjñ' uy;a ù¾Hh fhdod Ndjkd
lsÍug is; idod.;a kuq;a lïue,s lu wjq;a th j<lajhs' wdpd¾h uka
lshk O¾uhg wkqj Ôj;a ùug b;d leu;s kuq;a uf.a mrK mqreÿ wkqj
is;ñ' bka fjkia ùug leu;s ke;' wjidkfha§ flf<ia j,g f.dÿre
fjñ' mrK mqreÿ w;ayeÍu b;du wiSre lreKla' tys uq,a hgg ls|d nei
we;' tajd cd;s cd;s mqreÿ neúks' ta yeu mqreoaolau m%ldY lr tys we;s
;Kaydj ±kf.k Wÿrd .ekSu b;d wudre fohls'
úh,s foaY.=Kh we;s jQ úg wdpd¾h uka nka fkdx fLdka m%foaYfhka
f.dia ;u .ug meñKshy' túg Wkajykafiaf.a ujo legqj .shy' bkamiq uj yd wks;a [d;Skaf.ka iuqf.k yqol,dj uOHu ;eks;,dj n,d

95

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

msg;a úh'
ks±,af,a fï m%foaYfha OQ;dx. NsCIqjla jYfhka .uka lrñka
.ï kshï .ï miqlr ixpdrh l<y' hï ;ekl l=vd .ïudkhla yd
c, myiqlï wef;d;a tys ,e`.=ï .ks;s' ;u l=v - l+vdru È.yer tys
kej;S Ndjkd lr;s' wjYH wdydr mdk f.k YdÍßl Yla;sh ,enQ úg
wka ;eklg .uka .ks;s' ish¨ fokdu md .ukska úYd, ÿ¾. ud¾.fha
hd hq;=h' jdyk myiqlï ke;' tfy;a ld,h .ek m%Yakhla ke;s neúka
leu;s ;dla l,a ixpdrh l<y' ;u f.da,hkaf.ka fjka ù zz;ks w,shdZZ
fuka fufia nexfldla n,d md .ukska jeähy' fuh YdÍßl udkisl iqjhla
úh' ;ukaf.a mmqfõ wekS ;snQ úI lgqjla .e,jqkdla fuka úh' isf;a lfha
ieye,a¨fjka i;=áka fj,a hdhj,a ydryd" .ïudk yryd fufia ilauka
Ndjkdfjka .uka .;ay' W!IaK ld,h neúka b;d ier ysre /ia ;snqKs'
tfy;a wjg mßirh ksial,xlh' ;u md;%d isjqre yd l+vh lf¾ t,a,df.
k we;' th úYd, nrla fia fmkqK;a Wkajykafiag th nrla fkdfõ'
;uka wyfia mdfjkakdla fuka ±fka' NsCIQka jykafia,d ke;s nj f,dl=
myiqjls' uõ;=ñh O¾uh fyd|dldr mqreÿ l<y' ñka u;= yqol,d Èúhg
leu;s úh' tfy;a m%udo úh fkdyelsh' i;s m[a[dfjka isáh hq;=h'
ñksiqkaf.a iqkajQ fï m%foayfha .uka lrK úg ;o wõ rYañh
±kqk úg .ila hg fijfKa .suka yß;s' ijia hdufha ;rula isis,a jQ
úg kej; .uk wdrïN lr;a' túg O¾uhg wkqj fya;= m%;Hhhkaf.ka
ieÿï ,;a mßirh wks;H ÿLH wkd;au jYfhka olsñka úo¾Ykd lr;a'
Wkajykafiag wjYH jQfha l=vd .ïudkhls' miqod WoEik yS,a odkh msKsi
ms~q is`.d hdug tjeks ;ekla ,enqKq úg Èk lSmhla kej; .suka yer
kej; .uka .ks;a'
fvdx *hfhka jkdka;rhg meñKs úg tys l÷ uqÿkaj, .uka
lrñka úYd, i;=gla úkao nj Wkajykafia mejiQy' fndfyda ld,hlg
miq úYd, >k jkdka;rhlg meñK we;' tys kjd;eka .ekSug is;a
úh' ta jkdka;rfha ;u is;a .kakd i;=ka yd mßirh is; iki;s' nqrK
uqfjda" j,a W!frda" ;s;a uqfjda" mshdUk j,andfjda" .snka" fldá" w,s" j÷re"
j,s l=l=¿" isjÜ fldá" f*ikaÜ" j,iaiq" b;a;Efjda" W!re ófhda" f,akakq
wd§ i;=kaf.ka fï jkh .ykh' tu i;=ka Wkajykafia flfrys ìh iel
ke;' b;d <`.ska tyd fuyd h;s' tl, tu jkdka;rfha ñksia wdjdi
fkd;snqKs' fndfyda wE;ska f.j,a 3 - 4 tl <`. msysáhy' Tjqyq i;=ka
urd Ôj;a fj;s' l÷ mduq, ù iy wksl=;a fnda. j.d lr;s' fï .ïj,

96

uOHu hq.h

ñksiaiq OQ;dx. NsCIqkag fndfyda .re lr;s' tneúka wdydr m%Yakhla
fkd;snqKs' fuys jdih lrñka Ndjkd ÈhqKq l<y' lsisfjla l:d lsÍug
fyda fkdmeñfK;s' fufia b;d iekis,sodhlj Wkajykafia wjidkfha
nexfldla kqjrg iïm%dma; jQy'

q

w;s W;=ï wdpd¾h uka ks;ru mdfya W;=re kef.kysr m%foaYfha
isg nexfldla n,d ÿïßfhka ta fï w; .sh nj Wkajykafia mejiSh' tl,
ÿïßh fu;rï ÿr fkdhhs' wks;a yeu úgu md .ukska .sfhah' nexfldla
ys§ jÜ me;=ï jÜ wdrKHfha cd´ Lqka Wmd,s yuqúh' tys jia úiQy' Èkla
tu NsCIqj Wkajykafiag Ñhdx uhs hdug wdrdOkd lf<ah' jia wjidkfha
úh,s foaY.=Kh ;snqKs' fofokd jykafia,d ÿïßfhka ñhxuhs n,d msg;a
úh' uq¿ .ufkau wdpd¾Hh uka iudêfhka úiqy' nexfldla iy f,dí cQß
w;r ksod .ekSug is;=Ks' tfy;a W;a;rdÈ;a l÷ mduq, § kej;;a iudê
.; úh' Ñhdx uhs iudêfhka isáhy' uq,skau Wkajykafia Ñhdxuhs f;la
iudê ù isàug wêIaGdk .;s' ÿïßh .uka lrK j.la fkdokS' ;u is;a
tald.%;djh ksYap,h' ndysr f,dalh yd ;u YÍrh fkd±kS .sfhah' lsisu
wruqKla fkd.kakd neúka f,dalhla ke;' wks;a u.Ska .ekj;a ÿïßfha
Yío .ekj;a fkd±fka' Ñhdxudhs j,g tk ;dla Wkajykafiaf.a is; fï
wdldrfhka mej;=Ks'
Wkajykafia túg weia wer nqÆ úg úYd, f.dvke.s,s f.j,a wdÈh
k.rfha Èiaúh' Wkajykafiaf.a nvq ndysrdÈh tl;= lr nyskakg iQodkï
jk úg fndfyda u.Ska iy ÿïßh ks,OdÍka úiañ;j Wkajykafia foi n,d
isáhy' ta wh isky uqiq uqyqKska ta nvq Tijd ÿkay' Wkajykafia jdih
lrk wdrduh l=ulao fldfya isg tkafkao fldys hkafka±hs m%Yak l<y'
Wkajykafia jkjdiS nj;a tlu ksjila ke;s nj;a mejiSh' W;=re m<df;a
l÷ uq÷ka j, ixpdrkfha hk nj;a mejiSh' Y%oaOdfjka by< .sh Tõyq
Wkajykafia iu`. hk wh weoa±hs úpd,y' ð´ Lqka Wmd,s uy f;reka
iu`. hk nj;a Wkajykafia yuqùug fndfyda wh tk nj;a Wkajykafiaj
wdKavl
q dr;=ud we;=¿ uyd jHdmdßlfhda y÷kk nj;a mejiSh' tfia fyhska
úYd, fik`.la /ia ù isáhy' NsCIQka jykafia,d idufKar NsCIQka" .sys
msßi meñK isáhy' wdKavqfõ ks, jdyk" ld¾ Wkajykafia jvujd hkag
weú;a ;snqKs' ta ld,fha ld¾ olskakg;a ÿ¾,Nh' Wkajykafia,d iqjfia
97

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jÜ fpä ¨wx wrug jeähy'
c´ Lqka Wmd,s f;reka meñK wdrxÑhg fndfyda ckhd Wkajykafiag mqo mQcd wdpdr meje;aùug;a nK weiSug;a meñKhy' Wkajykafia
fï wjia:dfjka m%fhdackh .ekSug wdpd¾h uka g O¾uh foaYkd lsÍug
wdrdOkd l<y' wdpd¾h uka O¾uh foaYkd m%d;syd¾Hhfhka foiQy' uy;a
fia i;=gq jQ msßi úiaufhka wid isáhy' b;du ir, O¾u lreKq j,ska
mgka f.k .eUqre O¾uh lshdÿKs' bkamiq ð´ Lqka Wmd,s f;rekag wdpdr mj;ajd ke.S .sfhah' wid isá msßi ;ju;a O¾uh weiSug wdidfjka
isáhy' Wkajykafiag ksy~ mßirhl isàug wjYH úh'
miqj wdpd¾h c´ Lqka Wmd,s f;reka fuu foaYkh .ek uy;a fia
w.h l<y'
zzwdpd¾h ukaf.a O¾u foaYkd ffY,shg iudk wka foaYkd ud
wid ke;' Wkajykafia yojf;a úuqla;sh ms<sn| foaYkd lrhs' th b;d
ir,h' wid isák whg jyd jegfya' lsisu ielhla ke;' ugj;a tjeks
ñksidf.a is; ;Èka wdl¾IKh jk .eUqre O¾u foaYkd l< fkdyelsh'
jpk yeisrùfï olaI;d we;s Wmud Wmfïh iys;" ,sys,a NdIdfjka fuu
OQ;dx. NsCIQka jykafia úiauhckl O¾u foaYkd l<y' wid isákakdf.a
is;a m%fndaO úh' fndfyda foa uuo W.;sñ' tu foaYkd rij;ah" w¾:j;ah'
wid isàug ue,s ke;' tÈfkod Ôú;fha yuqjk foa .ek lsh;s' wms tajd
.;dkq.;slj ms<s.;a kuq;a tys jeo.;alu fkdoksuq' Wkajykafia kshu
nqoaO Y%djlfhls' i;s m[a[dfjka uy;a Y%oaOd Nla;sfhka O¾uh wkq.
ukh lr;a' mqyqÿka f,dalh blaujd h;a' Wkajykafiaf.a jpk ú,dih
pu;aldrh' iuyrúg .eñjyr o iuyrúg .eUqre o wre;a we;' iuyr
úg ne?reï" .dïNSr woyia wjOdrKh fldg m%ldY lrhs' tla tla foa
úYdro f,i úia;r lrhs' O¾uhg ls|d nei .eg¿ ksrdlrKh lrhs'
iuyrúg úÉfþokh fldg foaYkd lrhs' th wfma yoj;g ls|d niS' ug
we;sjk .eg¿ Wkajykafiaf.a m%{d uysufhka jydu úi|hs' Wkajykafia
iu`. úiSfuka uu fndfyda foa bf.k .;sñ'
ud iu`. fuys tkag wdrdOkd l< úg i;=áka ndr .;ay' fï
m<df;a l÷ jkdka;r .yK ksid úh yelsh' wdpd¾h uka iudk NsCIQka
jykafia,d fndfyda úr,h' ud jeäysá kuq;a Wkajykafia ud flfrys
hg;a my;a .;s mej;ï lrhs' iuyr úg th ug ,eÊcdjls' Wkajykafia
;u wOHhkhg wkqj fuys jeä Èkla jikafka ke;' jkjdiS Ôú;h m%sh
lr;s' th je<elaùug iqoiq ke;' fujeks NsCIQka jykafia,d b;d ÿ¾,Nh'
98

uOHu hq.h

Wkajykafiaf.a fÉ;kdj O¾uh ;=< ls|d nei ;uka jykafiaf.a m%{d
uysuh ÈhqKq lsÍugh' th wm ish¨ fokdgu úYd, ,dNhla jkafkah'
Tng Ndjkdj ms<sn| hï .eg¿ we;akï Wkajykafiaf.ka wid tajd
ksrdlrKh lr .kak' Tng th úYd, ,dNhls' kuq;a lreKdlr n,j;a
hka;%" uka;% úiauh ckl f;,a" fnfy;a fkdfhla lror j,ska ñ§u msKsi
Ndú;d lrk lsisjla b,a,kag tmd' tjeks foa O¾u ud¾.hg wh;a ke;'
tneúka tfia weiSu Wkajykafiag ysßyerhls' Tng nekqï wykag;a fõú'
ud fkdlSjd lshkag tmd' wdpd¾h uka tjeks NsCIqjla fkdfõ' Wkajykafia
kshu NsCIqjls' Wkajykafia i;H O¾uh foaYkd lrhs' fyd|" krl" l=i,a"
wl=i,a" yß" jerÈ" .=K" w.=K wd§ foa ñksidf.a ys; iqj msKsi foaYkd
lr;s' Wkajykafia O¾u ud¾.hg msg fjk;a foa fkdlsh;s' Wkajykafia nqÿ
nK muKla foaYkd lr;s' uu Wkajykafiag wiSñ; f,i f.!rj lrñ'
Wkajykafiag ud ta nj lSfõ ke;' tfy;a mr Ñ;a; úcdkkfhka okS'
wdpd¾h uka wm ieuf.a je÷ï ms÷ï ,eîug w;sYhska iqÿiq fj;s'
Wkajykafia ienúkau f,dalhdf.a msx fl;ls' ;uka jykafiaf.a wêudkqIsl .=k .ek Wkajykafia m%ldY fkdlr;s' kuq;a wms idlÉPd lrk
úg th meyeÈ,sh' Wkajykafia wkd.dñ ;;a;ajfhka isák nj ug jegfya' Wkajykafiaf.a ±kqu yd wjfndaOh fn!oaO fmd; m;ska tk wkd.
dó mqoa.,hdf.a úia;rhg .e,fma' Wkajykafia ks;ru ug tl úÈhgu
ys;j;a lï olajhs' lsis Èkl uqrKavq Wodrï .;s fmkag ke;' b;du;a

99

3

hH
yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs
hg;a my;a úÈhg yeisfr;s' uf.a yo m;af,kau Wkajykafiag f.!rj
wdor lrñ'
fï wd§ jYfhka c´ Lqka Wmd,s f;rKqfjda tys /ia ù isá .sys mejÈ
msßig lSy' wdpd¾h uka Wkajykafiaf.a l=áhg .shdg miq fï foaYkh
l<y' tys isá wdpd¾h ukaf.a YsIH msßi miqj fuh fï wdldrfhka
Wkajykafiag lshk ,§' Wkajykafia úiska miq ld,hl ;ukaf.a wksl=;a
YsIHhkag fuh iqÿiq wjia:djl lshk ,§' zzuqf;;dohZZ hkq yojf;a
zzúuqla;shZZ fyj;a ksoyihs' wdpd¾h ukaf.a msßksùfuka miq wodyk
W;aijfha§ fuu mqj; uqøKh lr ixfõ. m;% fnod yßk ,§' wdpd¾h
ukaf.a kduh t;eka mgka uqL mrïmrdfjka mej; ta' Wfodka ;dys .fï
jg fndÈ fidïf*dka mkaif,a jdih lrK c´ Lka Oïufc§ iajdóka
jykafiaf.a úia;rhg wkqj wdpd¾h uka 1929 isg 1940 olajd Ñhx uhs
m%foaYfha úiQy'
wjqreÿ .Kklska miq Wkajykafia c´ Lqx Wmd,s f;rekaf.ka iuqf.
k W;=re m%foaYhg .shy' th b;d wE; l÷lrhls' >k jkdka;rhls'
fumuK l,la O¾u foaYkd lr úvdjg m;a Wkajykafia yqol,dj ;u
mqreÿ Ndjkdfjka l,a f.ùug fnfyúka leu;s úh' wjqreÿ .Kkdjlg
miq ;u is;a jQ mßÈ le,E mßirhg .sfhah' Ñhx vd´ ys uhs ßï m%foaYfha
wjqreoaola muK ieß ierEy'
;ud yels ;rï ù¾Hh jvñka wjidk u.a.M, ,nd .ekSug Ôú;
mQcdfjka bgd .;s' NsCIQka jykafia,dg yels muKska wjjdo wkqYdikd
ÿKs' th b;du id¾:l úh' iuyr YsIHfhda u.a.M, fk,d .;ay' ñka
u;= ;uka jykafia tlu wêIaGdkhlska Ndjkd l<y' ;ju;a ie`. ù we;s

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

flf<ia W,a,x>kh l<hq;=h'
iudch weiqre lrñka j.lSï Ndr .ekSu ksid Ndjkd ukisldrh
lv fõ' ;udg ßis fia yqol,dj isáh fkdyelsh' fï jeks iudch weiqre
lsÍfï§ fndfyda i;s" m[a[d ;sìh hq;=h' Ndjkdj ÈhqKq fkdfõ' Ndjkdj
ÿIalr fõ' lvd lmam,a fõ'
b;du fm!rdKsl jkdka;rh ñksia jdihlska f;drúh' ;uka
jykafiaf.a fYaI jQ flf<ia Wÿrd ±óug fuh iqÿiq mßirhls' yojf;a
/£ we;s wdid - leue;a; - Pkaoh uq,ska Wmqgd ±ñh hq;=h' ;u ys;
/jfgk wiñ udkh ÿre l< hq;=h' wkqka iu`. wiqr ksid ta .uk hd
fkdyelsh' j;=r msreK mdrej .sf,kakdla fuks' ;udf.a úuql;
a h
s fiùfï§
wkqkag wkqlïmd lsÍfuka je<lsh hq;=h' wkqkaf.a ÿl ±lSfuka je<lsh
hq;=h'
zz±ka ug we;af;a uf.a .ek fiùuh' ug wkqlïmd lsÍuh' túg
kshu nqoaO mq;%fhla fuka ù¾Hh jeäh yelsfõ' uu fuys wdfõ ixidr
id.rh ;rKh lsÍugh' ish¨ ÿla keiSugh' nqÿrcdKka jykafia mdr
fmkajd we;' O¾uh foaYkd lr we;' ;udf.a ld¾Hh mfil ;nd wkqka
fjfyiSug wjjdo ÿkafkao @ O¾uh hï m%udKhla wjfndaO jQ wms fjk;a
foa lsÍug fm<fUuq'
uq,a ld,fha§ nqÿ rcdKka jykafia iq¿ Y%djl msßilska Ydikh
wdrïN l<y' bkamiq ry;ka jykafia,d ;=<ska tu mKsúvh f,dj m;,
úh' tfy;a ug tu w;s W;a;u ;;aa;ajh ke;' uf.a ÈhqKqj m%Odk úh
hq;=hs' uu ÈhqKq jq úg tys jdish bfíu wkqkag ,efí' ld,h ñvx.= fkdlrñ' ±ka ug úYd, igkla l< hq;=j we;' zzflf<ia iy u.a. w;r
igkls' isf;a úuql;shg fuu hqo Nghska fofokdgu uu fuf;la ys;j;a
lï ±lajqfhñ' tfy;a ñka u;= zzu.a.ZZ uf.a tlu hqo Nghd úh hq;=hs'
uf.a ú¾Hh wvq jqjfyd;a zzflf<iaZZ Èkkjd we;' fï zzfofokdZZ w;r
fjki fyd\dldr ±k.; hq;=hs' flf<ia Èkqfjd;a uu wkka; iir hd
hq;=hs' uf.a is; u md,kh l< hq;=hs' ±ka Nhdkl f,i hqo jeÈh hq;=hs'
fï hqoaOh lrñka uereK;a lula keye' flf,ia j,g mrdch jqjfkd;a
flf<ia iuÉ,hg ug iskd fikjd we;' tlu ud¾.hhs we;af;a'
fï wd§ jYfhka Wkajykafia ;ud iu`. l:d lf<ah' ? oj,a ;siafia
hqo ìfï ix.%dufha jeÈh hq;=hs' isáñka" ys¢ñka" weúÈñka ksÈ je;sfrñka

101

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

kskao hk ;=re;a ndysr f,dalfhka tk ish¨ fõokd iy ;u YÍrfhka
tk fõokd iy is;sú,s ish,a,u wjodkfhka mÍlaId lr;s' i;s m[a[d
Oïu pl%h fuka lrlefõ' YÍrh .ek ;elSula ke;'
miq ld,hl§ ;uka jykafia .;a ù¾Hh .ek l:d lrk úg Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHfhda .,a .eiS isáhy' wdpd¾h uka ksjkg fodr újD; lr
we;' we;=< ì|la fmfka' Wkajykafia fkdmiqng ù¾Hfhka i;s m[a[d
jevQy'
;u is; óg fndfyda ld,hlg fmr wkd.dó ;;a;ajhlg meñKqk
j. Wkajykafia ;u YsIHhskag lSy' tfy;a O¾uh b.ekaùfï ksr; jQ
fyhska bka bÈßhg hd fkdyels úh' Ñhx udhs ys§ fï rECI m%;sm;a;sfhys
fh§ tu wruqK id¾:l úh' ldhsl jYfhka Wkajykafia ksfrda.S neúka
tu W;aidyh iM, úh' b;d blauKska id¾:l úh' Wkajykafiaf.a
wNHka;r wr.,h ovhï n,af,la ;u f.dÿr yeu me;af;kau rlskakdla
fuks' jeä l,la hkag m%:u f.dÿr lE,s j,g brd ouhs' tfuka uyd i;s"
uyd m[a[d ;=<ska flf<ia iqkq úiqKq úh' uyd i;s" uyd m[a[d tl
fudfyd;laj;a miq neiSula ke;' ;uka wdhdifhka rlskakg;a iuyr úg
wjYH fkdfõ' th bfíu msysghs' ish¨ wruqKq i;s m[a[dfjka olshs'
tajdfha i;H iajNdjh ÿgq muKska w;ayÍ' tneúka w;ayßkakg hehs wuq;=
w;§ula wjYH fkdfõ' tfia wjYH jQfha uq,a wjia:dfõ§h' i;s m[a[d
mqreoaola jYfhka msysgd we;s úg wruqK mÍlaId lsÍu" úpdÍu" m%fõiï
ùu wkjYHh fya;=M, tlg ix>gkh ù we;' ù¾Hh" l=i,;djh tysu
msysgd we;' ish,a, tlg isoaO ù we;' ksod .kakd iq¿ ld,h yereK úg
ish¨u ffoksl lghq;= uyd i;s" uyd m[a[dfjka isÿfõ' th W,am;lska
fkdkj;ajdu j;=r ldkaÿ jkakdla fuks'
iEu is;lau i;s m[a[djg ,lafõ' i;r kdu ialkaO fuys§ wruqKq
lrhs' rEm ialkaO l,skau neyer lrK ,§' th m%Yakhla fkdfõ' th
wkd.dó ùfï§ w;ayereKs' ldhdkqmiaikdj wjYH jQfha tf;la muKs'
lfha ish¨u fldgia úpdrd tys wksÉp" ÿlaL" wkd;au iajNdjh i;s
m[a[dfjka neyer úh' th iodld,slju neyer úh'
wry;a ud¾.hg meñKs úg kdu ialkaO mukla úmiaikd lrhs'
iq¿ fõ,djla kdu ialkaO úpdrk úg tlska tl w;=reoyka fõ' wkd;au
iajNdjh b,lal fõ' fï ish¨u wmQ¾j ixisoaêh zzuu uf.aZZ hk
whs;sjdislï j,ska f;drh' ia;S%" mqreI Ndjhla ke;' kduialkaOh ;=<

102

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

mqoa.,sl Ndjhla ke;' th m[a[dfjka w;a±lSuls' fndfyda wh fï
ms<sn| ±kqu fmd; m;lska fyda wkqudkfhka ,n;a' th m%udKj;a fkdfõ'
wjfndaO iy wkqudkh wyi fmdf<dj fuka fjkia fõ'
fmd; m;ska fyda lg mdvñka ±kqu we;s wh ;u woyia fndfyda
{dkjka; hehs is;;s' we;af;kau tu fudayhls' tneúka ;u udkh ÈÜáh
.%yKh lr wkqkaf.ka Wmfoia fkd,nhs' fï udkdêl Ndjh W.;a;=ka
iy idlÉPd lsÍfï§ fmfka' m%{dfjka fuu ie`. ù we;s flf<ia ±lal
hq;=h' biau;= l< hq;=h' túg tu ;Kayd" ÈÜÀ j,ska ieÿï ,;a w;a;sjdru
foord ì£ hhs' fuh Ndjkduh m%{djls' W.;=ka ;u ±kqu" oDIaáh" udkh
ksid ;¾l ú;¾l lr;a' ;udf.a u;h iaMqg lr;a' jpk j,g iSud fõ'
wka;sfï§ YsIag .;s mej;=ï mjd wfydais fõ' mrdð; fõ hehs wjodkula
we;sj idlÉPd lrk neúks'
Ndjkdfõ§ fuu flf<ia y÷kd .ks;s' i;s m[a[dfjka b,lal
jQ úg flf<ia ke.S isàug fkdyelshs' O¾ufha we;s m%n, wdhqOh i;s
- m[a[d fõ' flf<ia j,ska i;s m[a[d mrdch l< fkdyelsh' i;s
m[a[d bÈßfha flf,ia ks¾NS; fkdfõ' nqÿrcdKka jykafia nqoaO;ajh
,enqfõ i;s m[a[d ;=<sks' Y%djl ix>hd w¾y;ajh ,enqfõ i;s m[a[d
;=<sks' i;s m[a[d ;=<ska úmiaikd {dk my< fõ' bf.kSu" wkqudkh"
ye`.Su" l,amkdj" u;h wdÈh ;=<ska ;u flf<ia uq,skqmqgd .ekSug fkdyelsh' uq,a ld,fha§ fuu woyia u;lfhka f.k u`. i<l=Kq jYfhka
bjy,a fõ' th i[a[d ialkaOhhs' fujeks wdl,am j,ska m%fõiï úh
hq;=hs' tajd i;Hh f,i wdrEV fõ' nqoaOd § ry;ka jykafia,d flf<ia
ÿre lf,a W.;alï fyda u;h fyda wkqudkh ;=<ska fkdfõ'
Wkajykafia,d f,dalhg i;H m%ldY lf<a m%{dj ;=<sks' m%{dj
fjkqjg Ndjkdfhda.Skag ;u nqoaêh fyda wkqudkh wdÈh jxpd" m%fhda.
jYfhka wjq;a uq,d flf¾' flf<ia lsisjla ÿre lr ke;sj fï m%fhda.
j,g wiqúh yelsh' ±kqï iïNdrh b;du úYsIag jqjo ;udf.a úuqla;sh
ke;' ld,duhkag nqÿrcdKka jykafia foaYkd lf<a fufia ;ud /jàug
fhduqúh yels ksidh' tneúka wkqudkh úYajdih lrkag tmd' w;S;fha
isg mej; tk f;dr;=re úYajdi lrkag tmd' .=rejre lS muKska úYajdi
lrkag tmd' th ;udg meyeÈ,s jkafka ;udf.au i;s" iudê" m[a[d fjks'
fuh taldka;fhkau ksh; ksiel iy;slhhs' nqoaOdÈ ry;ka jykafia,dg
;jfll=f.ka ;udf.a ry;a Ndjh .ek wid ±k .kakg jQfha ke;'
ikaÈÜÀl .=Kh weia bÈßmsg olakg ,efí' th nqÿ oyu ta wdldrfhka

103

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ms<smÈk úg ,efnk M,hls'
;uka jykafia fï Wiia m%;sm;a;s mqrK úg th iïmQ¾Kfhkau is;a
weo .;af;ah' ld,h .ek wjOdrKhla ke;ehs mejiSh' ojfia fudk hï
hdu±hs wu;l úh' ksod.kag wu;l úh' ;uka fl;rï fjfyiS weoa±hs
wu;lh' is; ks¾Nh úh' fkdfi,a jqKs' is; ksrka;rfhkau ish¨ flf<ia
iu`. fmdr no;s' tajd uq,skqmqgd ±óug iQodkñka isáhs' Ñhdx udhs ys
jÜ fcã ¨wx isg meñKss od isg tla Èklj;a kslrefka miq fkdùh' jeä
l,la hkag m%:u wjidk w;s W;a;u wjfndaOh my< úh'
yqol,dj fuu .uk wdrïN l< fudfydf;a isg ;u is; fõ.j;aj
ls%hd lf<a wcdkSh wYajfhl= fuka hehs mejiSh' Wv wyig f.dia kej;
fmdf<dfõ ls|d nei kej;;a wyig mek kexf.ah' wkka; úYajfha
wmQ¾j úYañ; foa fiùug leu;s úh' ;u ika;dkfha ish¨u flf<ia tl
úg Wÿrd ±óug yelshehs is;=Ks' wjqreÿ .Kkla is; iudc wjYH;d
ksid wdjrKh ù ;snqKs' leu;s úÈhg ießirkag fkdyels úh' úYajfha
we;s .=ma; ryia wjOdrKh lsÍug fndfyda ld,hla isg is;ñka isáfhah'
±ka ta ksoyi ,eìK' th Nd.H iïmkak ksoyils' is; ;=ka f,dalh ;=<
yeisrùug yelsúh' uyd .fõIKhls'
Wkajykafia is; wNHka;rho ndysr f,dalho mÍlaId l<y'
Wkajykafiaf.a i;sm[a[d yd;ami úksúo hhs' ksrka;rfhka we;=< isg"
Wv" hg ixl%uKh lrhs' iEu újdo .; m%Yk
a hlau ksrdlrKh lrhs' ;ud
fjka lr úikaê lrhs' ;ud ;=< mej;s fndrej lvd iqkq úiqKq lrhs' uyd
ihqf¾ msyk
s k fhdaO u;iHfhla fuka ;uka bÈßfha we;s ish¨ wdjrK leã
úisÍ .sfhah' Wkajykafiaf.a w;S;h foi neÆ úg fkdfhla ndOd ÿ¾j¾K
Ôú; m%jD;a;s ydkslr m%;sM, fmfkkakg úh' fï ish,af,ka ñ§ug ud¾.
hla ÿgy' yoj; fõ.fhka iamkaokh úh' wkd.;h foi neÆ úg rdclSh
iqkH;djhls' tys ldka;su;a wdf,dalh oi w; úys§ we;' th úia;r l<
fkdyelsh' weig tjeks wdf,dalhla iam¾I ù ke;' fma%CIhdg hï ye`.
u
S la §ug th jpkd;sl%dka;h
s ' Wkajykafiaf.a fuu w;a±lSï ta wdldrfhka
Tn fj; f.k taug ug fkdyels ksid uq¿ yoj;skau ÿlafjñ'
wdpd¾h uka Ndjkd lrñka ? fnda jk ;=re tysu isáhy' ;uka
jykafiaf.a tu wisßu;a uyd i;s" uyd m[a[ Wmßu wjia:dfõ isà'
is; jfÜ Oïu pl%h fuka fõ.fhka lrlefõ' Wkajykafia úYd, l÷
mduq,l jev yqkafkah' fmak f;la udkfha me;,s .,a ;,djls' mßirh

104

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

wyi muKs' tys ;snQ tlu .i hg Wkajykafia Ndjkd l<y' oj,a ld,fha
fï .fia fijk ;snqKs'
tu .fia ku fkdoksñ' ta .ek ug iud jqj uekj' Wkajykafia
f.a woaú;Sh wdl¾IKSh úia;rhg weyqï lka §u yer tjeks mßir .ek
weiSug fkdyels úh' tu l÷ .egfha ku" m<d;" k.rh .ek fkdoksñ'
uu ud .ek lïmd jqksñ' uf.a ñksia Ôú;h fï wdldrfhka kdia;s lrïo
tjeks wjfndaOhla fï w;aneõys ,eîug mdró iïmQ¾Ko @ wd§ jYfhka"
hï Èkl Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjk pß;h fufia ,shkag fõ ±hs woyila
fkd;snqKs' tneúka lsis m%Yakhla kEiqfjñ'
tÈk ikaOHdfõ wdpd¾h uka máÉp iuqmamdoh fufkys lrñka
ilauka Ndjkd l<y' th Wkajykafiaf.a iïmQ¾K wjOdkh jqKs' tu
n,j;a m%{dj fya;= fldgf.k rd;S% 9g muK ys¢ñka Ndjkd lrk úg
iudê .; úh' wúoHd hkafkys w¾:h meyeÈ,sh' tla tla mdofha w¾:
ú.%y lf<ah' fodf,dia wdldr máÉp iuqmm
a doh wkqf,dau m%;f
s ,dau jYfhka
fufkys l<y' fya;= idOl tlsfklg idfmalaI ù we;' fufia fufkys
lrK úg Wmam;a;sh" urKh" flf<ia uQ,sl wúoHdfjka yg .kakd wdldrh meyeÈ,s úh'
tys ys¢ñka Ndjkdfõ fhÿk úg ;SrKd;aul b;du jeo.;a fudfyd; Wodúh' tkï ±,s msyshla fuka uqjy;a jQ uyd i;s" uyd m[a[d
úiska wúoHdj kï i;=rd mrdch lsÍuhs' wúoHdj olaI f,i wiñ udkh
wdrlaId lrhs' myrj,a j<laj;s' ;u úreoaOjdÈhd úms,sir lr;s' wkka;
iir mgka wúoHdjg wNsfhda.hla fkd,enqKs' tfyhska wúoHdj wêrdcHh
lf<ah' Wmam;a;s urK kï Tyqf.a rdcOdksh mrdch l< fkdyelsh' fuh
ish¨ m%dKSka wNsNjd we;s uyd n,h fõ' kuq;a w¿hu 3 jk úg wdpd¾Hh
uka wjidk jrg hqo jeÿKs' tys M,h jQfha wêrdcHhdf.a isxydikh iqKq
úiqKq ùuh' rc rdcHfhka myúh' Wmam;a;s" urK rdcOdksh úkdY úh'
rc fndfyda fia ÿ¾j, úh' kej; ke.S taug Yla;sh ke;' ta fudfydf;a
wúoHdj ksreoaO úh'
fï fudfydf;a uq¿ úYajh p,kh ùula jeks lïmdjla we;súh'
ta iu`.u CIKhlska foaj iuQyhd /ia jQy' fuu fYa%IaG;u ch.%ykh
ms<sn| ;u n,j;a i;=g m%ldY lrñka tlkska kdo l,y' th úYajh
mqrd /õ ms<s/õ ÿKs' ;:d.;hka jykafiaf.a ;j;a Y%djlfhla f,dalfha
Wm; ,nd we;' i;=g ksï ysï ke;' Tjqyq mS%;s f>daId meje;ajQy' ukqIH
f,dalfha wh tu fudfyd; .ek fkdoks;a ;u ffoksl ldu f,dalfha
105

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lï iem ú¢ñka isák neúka ñksia f,dj fujeks wdYap¾Hhla isÿ jQ nj
fkdoks;s' fï uyd wdYap¾Hhu;a O¾uh ñksfil=f.a is; ;=< yg.;a njg
Tõyq fkdoks;s'
fuu wmq¾j isoaêfhka miq isf;a b;=re jQfha zzúY=oaê O¾uhhsZZ b;du
msßisÿ" i;H" iajdNdúl is;ls' tu is; uq¿ i¾jdx.h ;=< b;sÍ me;sÍ
mj;S' tu m%;HCI w;a±lSu ksid jpkd;sl%dka; ishqï fõokdjla úiauhla
iy mqÿu iekiSula we;' f,dalhd flfrys fuf;la mej; ;snQ lreKdj
wu;l úh' ta iu`.u wka whg O¾uh lshd §fï Wkkaÿj ke;súh' fï
mru fY%aIaG oyu hful=g b;du .eUqreh' flfkl=g myod Èh fkdyelsh'
tneúka fuu oyu flfia foaYkd lrkafkao @ fï iïuq;s f,dalfha ys¢ñka
tu w;s msßisÿ;djh úkaokh l< yelsfõ'
fufia fndfyda fõ,d fufkys lrk úg nqÿrcdkka jykafia wiSñ;
lreKd .=Kh ÿgy' Wkajykafia fujeks wisßu;a O¾uh wjfndaO fldg
wka whg;a lshd §ug Wkkaÿ úh' fï nqÿ oyu ;=< wnu,a f¾Kqjlaj;a
fndrejla ke;' wdpd¾h uka uq¿ rd;S% ld,h nqÿ .=K fufkys lrñka
.; l<y'
wdpd¾h uka iajNdjfhkau b;d lreKdjka;hs' ñksidf.a wdOHd;añl
.=K j.dj ÈhqKq lsÍug wkqlïmd ;snqKs' kuq;a Wkajykafiaf.a ±ka
mj;sk is; ;SCIKh n,j;ah' wdf,dalu;ah' fï O¾u;djh lsis flfkl=g
meyeÈ,s l< fkdyelsh' fl;rï úia;r l<;a flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hskag
fuh úIh fkdfõ' fï úia;rh lSfjd;a Wkajykafia Wu;= jQfjlehs
is;;a' m%lD;s ñksidg fuys w.hla ke;' fuu O¾uh wjfndaO l< yels
wh b;d úr,h' ;ukaf.a b;sß ld,h yqolo,d ùug isÿfõ' uq¿ Ôú;
ld,hla .;a ish¨u fjr ù¾Hh ksid ;u is;e`.s bIag úh' th m%udKj;a
fõ' O¾uh b.ekaùug .kakd ù¾Hh ksIaM, úh yelsh' ;uka jykafiaf.a
wiSñ; lreKdj ksid kskaod wmydi ú£ug isÿfõ' ñksid t;rï wkqkag
.erySug leu;s fõ'
fujeks woyia Wkajykafiaf.a is; ;=< mek ke.=Ks' nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a wdo¾Yh .ek is;k úg ;uka jykafia;a idudkH ukqIHfhla
j .; l< wjÈh u;la jqKs' wka whf.ka fjkila ke;' tfy;a O¾uh
wjfndaO úh' fuu m%;smodj wkq.ukh l< yels ;j;a ukqIHfhda we;'
th wj;lafiare lsÍu iqÿiq ke;'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia ud¾.M, ksjk tla mqoa.,fhl=g iSud lr ke;'
th f,dalfha buy;a ñksia ixy;shg ÿka odhdohls' j¾;udk wkd.;
106

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

mrïmrdjg o idOdrKh' nqÿ oyu wkq.ukh lr ksjka m%;HCI l<
mqo.
a ,hkaf.a ixLHdfõ iSudjla ke;' tfyhska ;uka jykafiaf.a wjfndaOh
úfYaI fohla fkdfõ' th uq,ska meyeÈ,s jQfha ke;'
fufia is;k úg O¾uh foaYkd lsÍug leue;a;la we;s úh' ;uka
jykafia fmkajd fok ud¾.fha .uka lsÍug yels whg oyï foik nj
is;=Ks' O¾uh W.kajk .=rejrhd yg j.lSuls we;' tkï wjYH Nla;sh
f.!rjh ke;s whg O¾uh fkdlshd yeÍuh'
O¾uh wid isák iuyr wh l:d lr;s' Yío lr;s' tjekafkda
O¾uhg wf.!rj lr;s' O¾uh hkq idudkH fohla hehs is;;s' f,dalfha
we,S .e,S isák wh O¾uhg keUqre fkdfõ' túg O¾uh foaYkd l<
fkdyelsh' tfia lrk úg .=rejrhd je/oaola lrk w;r wid isákakd
ksIaM, fõ'
wdpd¾h uka fï O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍug fndfyda fjfyi ±rEy'
rECI le,Ej," l÷ isLr j, ;u Ôú;h mrÿjg ;nd Wkajykafia jer
±rEy' fujeks ùr Wodr .;s .=K mqreÿ mqyqKq lrñka b;d ÿlfia wjfndaO lr.;a O¾uh kslrefka j;=f¾ md lr yeßh fkdyelsh' NsCIqj hï
ls%hdjla lsÍug l,ska b;d iqmßCIdldÍj ;u m%h;akfha M,h .ek is;hs'
O¾uh foaYkd lrK úg th l< hq;af;a b;du iqmÍCIdldÍjh' th jerÈ
wdldrhg f,dalhd yg ÿka úg bka krl M, úmdl ,efí'
O¾uh W.kajkafka wid isák whf.a ÿla mSvd ke;s lsÍugh' ffjoHjrfhla fnfy;a kshu lrkakdla fuks' tfy;a hfula ÿla ksjd .ekSug
Wmldrhla ms<s.ekSug fkdleu;s kï NsCIqjla tjeks whg O¾uh foaYkd
lrkafka wehs @ ;uka jykafiaf.a i;H O¾uh yoj; ;=< we;' tneúka
jkfha jdih lsÍu i;=g t<jkakls' f.da,hka fiùfï wjYH;djhla
ke;' th wjYH jkafka bjish fkdyels ;rï b.ekaùug leue;a; we;s
neúks' bka ;udf.a i;=g ke;sfõ' O¾uh ms<sn| wêl jYfhka Y%oaOdj
ke;s flfkla ;ud .=rejrfhla hehs lSj;a th kdu ud;%hla muKs'
wdpd¾h uka le,Efõ Ôj;a ùug b;du;a iqÿiq f,i YdÍßl udkisl
ilia ùula we;s nj lSy' ;u O¾uh ;=<ska isf;a we;s i;=g wiSñ;h'
O¾uh hkq iudêhls' O¾uh we;s is; ks;ru ;Dma;su;ah' iudys;h"
ksrjq,ah' tys iduh rc lrhs' l÷ uqÿka" >k jkdka;r Wkajykafia leu;s
mßirhkah' tys O¾uh is; wrla f.k jdih lrhs' wka whg b.ekaùu
hq;=lula jYfhka ne£ula úkd Wkajykafiag lsisfia;a wkjYHh' O¾ufha
107

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

yeisÍu hkq Wkajykafiaf.a mru hq;=luls' iem iïm;a ú¢ñka ksoyfia
isàug leue;a;la ke;'
wms O¾ufha isák úg" O¾uh wjfndaO jQ úg" O¾uhg wkqj iaÓr
meje;aula we;s úg f,dal jHjydrh .ek l,n, fkdfõ' úCIsma; fkdfõ'
ÿla f.k fok mialï iqj miqmi fkdhhs' i;=g ikaf;daIh we;af;a O¾uh
wkqj Ôj;a jk whf.a yoj; ;=<h' th wka whf.a yojf;a úoHudk
fkdfõ'
O¾uh b.ekaùu .ek wdpd¾h uka b;d mÍCIdldÍ fjhs' O¾uh
.;dkq.;slj W.kajkafka ke;' O¾ufha tjeks .;dkq.;sl;ajh ke;'
O¾uh ´kEjg tmdjg mqyqKq l< fkdyelsh' b;du;a iqÿiq wdl,am u;
f.dv k.d we;' W;a;Í;r .=K iïm%odhla nqÿ oyfï we;' wjfndaOh
kslug ,efnkafka ke;' th hï .=Kd;aul fYa%Kshlska l%ufhka jeã hk
iajNdjhls' ;kslr i;Hh u; f.dv ke.S we;' wdpd¾h uka ms<f
s j;a mqrK
NsCIQkag ks;r ÿka wjjdoh kï O¾uh fndre wdrEVhla fkdjk njhs'
tneúka fndrej O¾uhg yd;amiska úreoaOh' fndre /já,s ke;' O¾uh
b;du nrm;, nqre,la ke;s kshu ms<sme§uls' th ,sys,a l< fkdyelsh'
isf;a yslaóu" úkh md,kh hkq O¾uh fõ' ksy;udkS uu;ajfhka f;dr
;u is;" lh" jpkh bnd.df;a fkdhk whg muKla ;ksj isáh yelsh'
iaffjÍ Ndjhla we;'
O¾uh W.kajk úg Wkajykafia ;udf.a is; ;=< mj;sk O¾uh .ek
l:d lf<ah' wjfndaOh hkq úYañ; iajNdjhls' fkdys;+ wkaoñka O¾uh
wjfndaO fõ' th fufia fõ hehs l<ska ks.ukh l< fkdyelsh' ;ud ueÍ
h,s bmÿkdhehs isf;a' tljru w¿;a Ôú;hl bmfoa' th fudfyd;l
úm¾Hdihls' mßkduhls' ;ud fuf;la fkdo;a fohla tljr úoHudk
fõ' th iodl,a ;snqK;a ñka fmr fkdÈgq w;a±lSuls' tljru tk ±kqu
wmQ¾j o¾Ykhls' fuu w;s mdßY=oaO w;a±lSu fl;rï fjkila jQjdo
hkak f;areï .ekSug ld,hla hhs' tneúka f,dal jHjydrhg úreoaO jk
fuu w;a±lSu mqyqÿka ñksidg f;areï lrkafka flfiao @
uq,a ld,fha isgu wdpd¾h ukaf.a pß;h fõ.j;ah' lsh
% dYS,h
S ' wjidk
wjfndaOfha§ fuu pß;h Woa§mkh úh' th fl;rï ú;a;dl¾IKSh ±hs
lsh; fyd;a th wu;l l< fkdyelsh' miq ld,hl§ ;u Y%djlhskaf.
a m%fndaOh msKsi fï ms<sn| l:d l<y' kej; kQmÈk f,i u.M, ,enQ
fudfydf;a§ ;=ka wdldr mßN%uKhla isÿúh' fuh kj;u zzújÜgZZ Ñ;a;h

108

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

jgd N%uKh úh' ish¨ iïuq;sh" idfmaCI;djh ì| jegqKs' fuh m<uqfjks
N%uKh o isÿúh' fofjks N%uKh isÿ jQ úg zzúuqla;shZZ my< úh' tys
woyi meyeÈ,s úh' mru úuqla;sh ,enqKs' ;=kajk N%uKh wjika ùu;a
iu`. zzwkd,fhdaZZ fyj;a iïmQ¾K ;kylLh fyj;a ;Kaydj CIh úh'
tys b;sßhla ke;' fï jk úg Ñ;a;h O¾uh w;r fjkila ke;' zztl
Ñ;a; - tlOïuZZ isf;a m%lD;s;ajh O¾u;djhhs' iïuq;sfha we;s foìä
oaú;aj zzuu - TnZZ idfmalaI;djh tys ke;' fï jkdys zzúuqla;s O¾uhZZ
fõ' th ir,h' msßisÿh' mrud¾:h fõ' ;kslr O¾uh ñi fjk;a lsis
wdrEVhla idfmalaI;djhla" iïuq;shla iu`. iïñY%Kh ù ke;' fuh
wjfndaO jkafka tla jrla muKs' tys ;j mßmQ¾K lsÍula ke;' fï jkdys
zzúuqla;s O¾uhZZ fõ' th ir,h' msßisÿh' mrud¾:h fõ'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia iy wksl=;a ry;ka jykafia,d w¾y;ajh
,enqfõ tla jdrhla muKs' O¾uh yd Ñ;a;h tlu iajNdjhls' ta ms<sn|
;jÿrg l< hq;a;la ke;' Ôú;h f.k hk ialJOfhda - ialJOfhda fj;s'
ta ms<sn| ;Kayd Wmodk ke;s neúka tajd ksid ixLdr kQm§' ta yer fjk
lsis fjkila ke;' Ñ;a;h iy ialkaO fjka fjka jYfhka mj;S tajdg
wdfõKsl jQ .;s ,CIK mj;S' tajd .%yKh lsßula fyda uq,djg m;aùula
fyda ke;' tneúka tlsfkldg iïnkaO ke;' tlla ksid wkslg n,mEula
ke;' b;du;a iduldój ialkaOhka yd Ñ;a;hka iajdNdúl f,i urKh
olajd fufia mj;S'
YÍrh urKhg m;a jQ úg fï w;s mßY=oaO is; zzhï §fmd p
ksínqf;dZZ hï fia myfka f;,a bjr jQ úg ±,a, ksùh;a o tfiau wdhqIh
f.ùfï§ is; keue;s ±,a, ksù hhs' bkamiq fï is; kej; ialkaOhka
mßyrKh fkdlr;s' iïuq;s f,dalfha lsisjla fï is;g wod< fkdfõ'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a fujeks ixl,amkd we;s jQfha tu ;=ka wdldr mßN%uKhka
isÿ jQ úgh' ta fudfydf;a§ iïuq;sh ialkaOhka iy úuqla;s is; iajdëk
ù iodld,shgu fjkaúh'
wdpd¾h uka fuu wjfndaOh ,nd úiauhg m;a ù t<sjk ;=reu
;uka fl;rï fudayhlska fuf;la l,a .; l,do hkak m%;HfõCId l<y'
bula fldkla ke;s iir ;ud weo.k .sh wdldrh b;du ixfõ. cklh'
rElvhla fuka we§ .sfhah' ;uka jykafia b;du meyeÈ,s ls%ig
a ,a m<s`.=jla
jeks ñysß rie;s c,dihlg meñk we;' túg l÷¿ lvd ie¨Ks' ish,a,
b;d meyeÈ,sh' wfyda æ fï jkdys nqÿrcdKka jykafia jod< plLqx WomdÈ''' w¾y;a Y%djl Y%dúldjka ,en .;a wjfndaOh fujeks m%ikak úiañ;

109

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wjfndaOhls' wjqreÿ 2500 m%:u fuu wjfndaOh ,nd Wkajykafia,d f,dalhd
yg lshd mEy' fndfyda ÿla uykais ù ;uka jykafia fï wjfndaOh ,oy'
Wkajykafia wfkal jdrhla fmdf<dfõ È.dfjñka nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk
r;ak;%hg je| jegqky' hfula fï o¾Ykh ÿgqjd kï fï NsCIqj uy;a
ÿllska l÷¿ i, i,d fmdf<dfõ je;sfr;shs is;kq we; æ f,dal md,l
foúhkag je| jefg;shs Tõyq is;kjd we;' oi Èidjg kuialdr lrñka
Wu;=fjka fuka Wkajykfia je| jegqky' Wkajykafiaf.a tu yeisÍu
b;du;a wiajdNdúl úh' nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hkq l=ula±hs fï fudfydf;a§
f;areï .sfhah' zzfhd Oïux miai;s fid ux miai;sZZ th ienE úh' zzhfula O¾uh olSo fya nqÿka olSZZ tneúka Tyq Ôjudk nqÿrcdKka jykafia
bÈßfha isá;s' wdpd¾h uka ;=< we;s jQ lD;{;djh fï wdldrfhka nqoaO"
Oïu" ix> r;akhg ±lajQy'
fï wisßu;a rd;s%h mqrd foú foaj;djqka jykafia,d fkdfhla foaj
f,dal" n%yau f,dal j,skao" N+ïuÜG" rECI" wdldiÜG fkdfhla ;,j,
foújrekao Wkajykafia bÈßfha fmkS isáñka ;u i;=g m%ldY l<y' tu
kskakdoh úYajfha fodaxldr ÿks' O¾uh foaYkd lsÍug Tjqka wdrdOkd
l<y' tfy;a Wkajykafia th m%;sfCIam l<y' ulaksido @ ;ju;a ;uka
jykafiaf.a m%S;sh iqjh ú¢ñka isák neúka ;u uki fjk;a wruqKlg
fhduq lrkakg fkdyels ùuh' fjk;a fj,djl O¾uh foaYkd lrK
njg m%;s{d ÿka úg foaj iuQyhd w;=reoyka úh' zzúY=oaê foúhkaZZ tu
Èk ÿgq nj m%ldY lr foúfhda w;sYh i;=gq jQy' tkï ry;ka jykafia
kula ÿgq njhs'
myka jQ úg Wkajykafia tu wiqfkka ke.S isáhy' tfy;a O¾uh
wjfndaO lsÍfï úiauh Wkajykafiaf.a .; is; mskd hhs' ;=ka jrla isÿ jQ
N%uKh b;d ishqï f,i ú.%y l<y' Wkajykafia msg§ isá jDCI rdchdo
isysm;a úh' .fï odhl msßi Wkajykafiag n;ska nq,;ska ix.%y l< nj
isysm;a úh'
túg yS,a odkh i|yd .ug hdug ue,súh' ;uka jykafia w;sYh
mS%;sh N=la;s ú¢;s' tfy;a .fï wysxil ckhdg úYd, mskla w;am;a jk
nj is;+ úg ms~q is`.d hdug is;aúh' tÈk Wkajykafiaf.a weia wer Tjqka
foi neÆy' fjkod ìu n,df.k jä;s' ;uka jykafiaf.a md;%hg wdydr
fnok Tjqka foio" .fï tla frdla ù f.j,a wjg isá ñksik
q o
a " l=Kq f.dfâ
fi,a,ï lrk ore ±ßhka o ±l" Tjqka flfrys wiSñ; lreKdjla my<
úh' uq¿ .uu wdf,dalu;a ù we;' ñksiaiq i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka isky

110

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

uqyqkska Wkajykafia foi n,;s'
Wkajykafiaf.a l÷ uqÿfka msysá l=áhg wdmiq meñKs úg yoj;
mS%;sfhka bms, .shy' ;ju;a wdydr fkd.;a kuq;a l=i .skakla ke;' ys;g
j;a .;gj;a lsisu la,dka; njla ke;' tfy;a wdhdifhka wdydr je<ªy'
wdydrj, lsisu rihla fkd±fka' O¾u rih muKla uq¿ i¾jdx.fha úys§
we;' fuh kï zziín rix Oïu rix ðkd;sZZ fkdfõo @
miqÈk rd;S% kej;;a foaj iuQyhd O¾u Y%jkh msKi
s jeähy' wyfia
yeu ÈYdfjkau wdliÜG" N+uÜG foújre lKavdhï jYfhka meñfK;s'
yeu fokdu Bfha rd;S% isÿ jQ O¾u Yla;sh .ek m%Yxid l<y' thska úYajh
taldf,dal jQ nj mejiQy' tu lïmkh uq¿ úYajh ;=< foord .sh nj
ie,l<y' ta iu`. wdf,dalh we;sjh' Tõyq fufia mejiQy'
zzTn jykafiaf.a is;ska O¾uh .,d hk wdYap¾h wms ÿgqfjuq' wm
Èjeia ;=<ska tys wdf,dalh úys§ hk ieá;a úiañ;h' bre ishhla fyda oyila jqjo tjeks wdf,dalhla úys§ug iu;a ke;' fujeks uyd wdYap¾Hhla
±l .ekSug fkdyels wh weoa±hs wmg is;d.; fkdyelsh' i;=ka iy
ñksiqka fu;rï wkaO nd, wh nj úYajdi lsÍug fkdyelsh' Bfha rd;s%fha
isÿ jQ fï n,j;a isoaêh ksid foújre mqÿufhka mqÿuhg m;a úh' ta ukyr
o¾Ykh ±l is;a úCIsma; úh' ta foújre uyd Yíofhka idOqldr meje;a
jQy' th t;rï mqÿudldrh' foaj f,dal lïmkh úh'
Tn jykafia uyd n, we;s flfkls' uyd mqreIfhls' W;a;u mqreIfhls' f;acdkaú; Yla;shls' fkdfhla f,dal j, isák i;a;ajhskag irKls'
Tn jykafiaf.a fijke,af,a miqmi .uka lr fndfyda wh wdYs¾jdo ,n;s'
ñksiqkag foúhkag" n%yauhskag wyfia" fmdf<dfõ c,fha jdih lrk ish¨
i;=kag wdYs¾jdohls' úfYaIfhkau wm jeks foújrekag uy;a ,dNhls'
wmg Tn jykafia ±lSu uy;a Nd.Hhls' Tn jykafiaf.a O¾uh weiSu
úYd, mqKH uysuhls' wms b;du;a lD;{ fjuq' wmg O¾uh f;areï lr
§ oyï ud¾.fha msysgqùu ksid wms l%ufhka wmf.a Ôú; wf,dalu;a lr
.ksuq'ZZ
fujeks wfkalúO m%Yxid lr foújre w;=reoyka jQy' túg
Wkajykafia fndfyda fõ,d ;uka jykafia fkdfhla wdldrfhka ú¢
ÿla fufkys l<y' O¾uh wjfndaO lr .ekSug .;a ù¾Hh" wiSñ;h'
Wkajykafia fl;rï Ôú;h mrÿjg ;nd ù¾Hh jevQ jdo hkq zzO¾uh
urKdikak m%h;akhlaZZ nj m%;HCI l<y' tjeks urKhg uqyqK §ug
111

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jqjo wfmdfydi;a kï fï O¾uh wjfndaO fkdjkafkah' ÿla ke;s lsÍug
t;rï ÿla úkao hq;=fõ' tfia ke;sj fï w;s W;a;u úuqla;sh fkd,efí'

wdOHd;añl iyldßh
;uka jykafiaf.a wjfndaOhg miq iudê iqjfhka .; lrk úg
w;S;fha ie`.ù ;snQ fmr Njhl iyldßh u;lg meñKsfhah' fuf;la l,a
fuu isoê
a h wu;l ù ;snK
q 's wdpd¾h ukaf.a fuu l:dj rij;a neúka o wms
ieufokdgu fujeks wjia:d we;s nj wjfndaO lsÍugo fujeks Nj mqreÿ
wms miq mi fijke,a,la fuka .uka lrk nj úoyd ±laùugo fuu l:
dj mqia;lhg wvx.= lrñ' fuu mqj; hï úêhlska fkdukd fy<s orõjla
kï Bg uu iudj whÈñ' Tng ±kg;a f;areï hkjd we;s fuu mqj;
wdpd¾h ukaf.a b;du;a úYajdikSh YsIHhskag muKla fy<sl< mqoa.,sl
lreKla nj' uu ,sùug fndfyda ue,s jqfkñ' tfy;a kej; kej;;a th
,sùug we;s wjYH;djh bÈßm;a ù ud uev .;s' tneúka wka;sfï§ fuh
,sùug ;SrKh .;sñ' uu jrola l< nj ms<s.ksñ' tfy;a mdGl Tn ug
iudjqj uekú' ixidr nkaOkhg yiq ù isák wmg Wmam;a;s urK w;frys
/£ isàug we;s fya;= fï mqj; ;=<ska ±l .; yelsfõ'
fuu mqj; w;S; Njhl§ ;u iyldßh iu`. we;s lr .;a iqyo
m%;s{djls' fofokdf.a iyh we;sj nqÿnj ,nd .ekSug ;uka l< wêIaGdkhls' fï wd;aufha§ o lSm úgla ;uka jykafia iudê iqjfhka isák úg
fjk;a wd;au Njhl isák wE t;=ud bÈßfha fmkS isáhy' túg Wkajykafia úiska fláfhka O¾uh foaYkd lr wE hjk ,§' wef.a wd;auh úlD;s
;;a;ajhls' is; muKla we;' lh ±lal fkdyelsh' lhla fkd,nkafka
ulaksid±hs Wkajykafia m%Yak l<úg t;=ñh uy;a fia lKiai,af,ka
miqjk nj;a Wkajykafia ,eîug m%d¾:kd lrk neúka YÍrhla we;s
wd;auhla fkd,nk nj;a ±kajQjdh' Wkajykafia t;=ñhg ÿka m%;s{dj
wu;l lroa±hs ÿlska miqfj;s' tkï fofokd nqÿ nj ,nd .ekSug .;a
;SrKh ms<n
s |jh' wdpd¾h uka túg ;ud .;a tu ;SrKh w;ay< nj m%ldY
l<y' Wkajykafia fï wd;au Njfha§u ksjka wjfndaO lrk nj;a kej;
kQmÈk nj;a m%ldY l<y' wE fuu ;SrKh .ek uy;afia ÿlg m;aúh'
Wkajykafia ms<sn| n,j;a wdYdjla we;' tneúka Wkajykafia ±lSug
meñfK;s' tfy;a fï fudfydf;a§ wE ms<sn| u;la lf,a Wkajykafiah'
wE .ek wkqlïmdjla we;' ;uka jykafia wd;au .Kkdjla wE iu`.

112

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

fndfyda ÿla ú¢ñka fuu wêIaGdkfha /£ isáhy' ±ka th wfydais ù we;'
ta ms<sn| jgyd §ug wE yuqúh hq;=h' fufia is;ñka ál fõ,djla .; jQ
úg wE Wkajykafia bÈßmsg isáhdh' tfy;a wiÍrh'
wdpd¾h uka t;=ñh .; lrk fuu wd;au Ndjh .ek m%Yak l<y'
t;=ñhg wka Njhkays i;a;ajhka fuka YÍrhla ke;af;a wehs @ ;ud Ôj;a
jkafka tla;rd ishqï foaj f,dalhlh' Wkajykafiag we;s wdYdj ksid bka
ñ§ug fkdleue;s fj;s' ;ud uqK .eiSug Wkajykafia leu;s nj ±k
tys wdjdh'
idudkHfhka wE Wkajykafia ±lSug tkafka l,d;=rlsk's b;d n,j;a
leue;a;la we;s jqjo Wkajykafia ±lSug taug ìh iel we;' we;af;kau
tfia ìh iel bm§ug lreKla ke;' tfia meñKSu ksid we;s ydkshla
ke;s neúks' tfy;a wef.a isf;a we;s wdYdj ksid wE ÿ¾j,h' wdpd¾h
uka úiska ks;r tau ms<sn| wm%idoh m,lr we;' ta ;u O¾uh fiúfï
u. wjqrd isáh yels neúks' yoj; b;d ;SCIK ishqï bJøshls' n,j;a
ixfõokhla we;' b;d ishqï wdidjka jqjo is;g n,mdhs' túg Ndjkd
ÈhqKqj wek ysà' fï nj o;a wE ks;r meñKSfuka je<l=Ks'
Wkajykafia kej; kQmÈk nj;a ixidßl [d;s ñ;% iïnkaO;d lsi-s
jla ke;s nj;a wE fyd|dldr ±k isáhdh' ;udf.a wdOHd;añl iylrejd
wehg wysñ ù we;' ta ksjk mila l< fudfyd; uq¿ úYajhu lïmd jQ
nj oE okS' Wkajykafiaf.a fï woaú;Sh ch.%yKh ms<sn| idudkHfhka
i;=gq úh hq;= jqjo wehg we;s jQfha uÈ luls' fumuK ld,hla iir mqrd
Wkajykafiaf.a ch.%yK ms<sn| uqÈ;dj we;sjqjo fï wjia:dj bis,Sug
fkdyelsúh' tneúka wiajdNdúl m%;sls%hdjla we;súh' zzWkajykfia
j.lSu w;ay,k" ;ud .ek ;elSula ke;' wm%udK ld,la tlfia ÿla iem
ú¢ñka iir meñK we;' wo wE ;ksúh' uy;a wNd.Hhlg m;aúh' ÿl
w;ayer .; fkdyel' Wkajykafia ÿl blaujd f.dia we;' wE ;ksj ÿla
id.rfha .s,S we;' fufia is;ñka ;ud m%{dj ke;s uq,d jQ njla isysm;a
úh' br i| iam¾I lsßug we;s wdidj jeks uq,djls' fuu is;sú,s ksid
wE mDÓúhg m;s; úh'
wE ú,dm lshñka ;u wirK Ndjh lshd isáhs' Woõ Wmldr b,a,d
isà' ug i;=gqúh yelala flfiao @ br y| b,a,d y~kjdla fuka uy;a
ÿllg m;aúh' Tn jykafia br i| fuks æ i;r È.a Nd.fha wdf,dal
m;=rejñka jecfò' Tn jykafiaf.a Ôú;h mS%;su;ah' lsis mels,Sula ke;'
iajdëkh' ksoyiah' uf.a lsishï .=Khla we;akï ug u. fmkajd fok
113

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fialajd' §ma;su;a m%{dj my< lr .kafka flfiao @ blauKska Nhdkl
iißka f.dv tkafka flfiao @ Tn jykafia fuu ksjka mila lrkafka
flfiao @ uf.a fï wêIaGdk Yla;su;a fõjd æ blauKska ksjka ols;ajd'
wE blsì¢ñka y~hs' fï wiÍr mqoa.,hdf.a wfodakdj wdpd¾h ukag
wefia' Wkajykafia fufia ms<s;=re ÿks'
zzTn yuqùug ud leu;s jQfha w;S;h .ek is;d lkiai¨ ùug
fkdfõ' wkqkag iem m%d¾:kd lrk wh Th wdldrfhka fkdis;;s' flda
Tnf.a fu;a;d" lreKd" uqÈ;d" WfmalaIdj æZZ zzuu tfia is;ñ' tfy;a ;ud
fíÍ wks;a wh .ek fkdis;k úg ÿl yg .ekSu iajdNdúlhs' uf.a Y=N
isoaêh .ek fkd;ld Tn jykafia ud w;ayeßhd æ fï ÿlska ñ§ug u.la
fkdfmfka'ZZ zz;uka ;ksj fyda wkqka iu`. fyda ms<sme£u ksid ;udf.
a ÿl my úh hq;=hs' ÿl j¾Okh úh hq;= ke;' ;udf.a m%;sm;a;sh jerÈ
ksid Tn ÿla ú¢hs'ZZ
flf<ia iys; mqo.
a ,fhda ÿlska ksoyia jk kaou fkdoks;'s ;ud lrk
foa yßo jerȱhs fkdoks;s' fï lrk foa ksid iem úmdl fyda ÿla úmdl
,efí±hs fkdoks;s' wm okafka wfma yo ;=< we;s ÿl muKs' tneúka wm
ÿla ú£ug Ndckh lr w;ayeÍu iqÿiqo @
fuu wiÍr mqoa.,hd Wkajykafiag fpdaokd lrñka ;uka jykafia
muKla ÿlska ksoyia úh hk u;h w;a fkdyßhs' ÿlska tf;r ùu msKsi
wm fofokd uy;a fia ÿla úkao nj lshhs' ±ka ;uka fï ÿlska uqojd
.ekSug lsisu ms<sirKla fkdlr;s wd§ jYfhks'
Wkajykafia wE wia jeiSug W;aidy .;ay' fofofkla tl fïih
u; we;s wdydr nqÈk úg tla flfkla l,ska bjr lrhs' fofokdgu tlu
fudfyd;l§ nv mqrjd .; fkdyelsh' nqÿrcdKka jykafia iu`. iir
ieß ierE hfidaord .ek is;kq uek' fofokd tlfia fndfyda iir l=i,a
lrñka wd kuq;a isoaOd¾: ;jqid m<uqj ksjka ÿgy' nqÿ njg m;aúh' miqj
;u ìß| ksjka ÿgy' Tn ta .ek is;d ta mdvu bf.k .kak' Tng hï
úÈhlska Wmldr lsÍug W;aiyd .kakd ug fpdaokd lrkafka wehs @ tfia
is;Su jerÈ iy.; fõ' Tnf.a o uf.a o wi;=g msKsi mj;S' hfidaordf.
a .=K kqjK .ek is;kak' th ldg;a lÈu wdo¾Yhls'
Tnj uu le|jQfha Tng Wmldr lsÍug' Tfí O¾u wNsjDoaêhg
ud yeuodu wkq.%yh olajd we;' ud Tn yerod lsisjla fkdlr isá hkak

114

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

uqidjls' ud Tng wkqYdikd lrkafka ffu;S%" lreKd msß yoj;lsks' Tn
uf.a Wmfoia wkqj ms<sme§u ksid ud i;=gg m;afjñ' Tng id¾:l m%;sM,
,efí kï uu WfmalaIdfjka bjiñ'
wms nqoaO;ajh m%d¾:kd lf<a ixidr pl%fhka ñ§ugh' uu Y%djl
hdkh f;dard .;f;a o tu ld¾Hh bIag lr .ekSugh' flf<ia wdid
j,ska ;=rka ùugh' ÿla ksjdrKh lsÍugh' W;=ï ksjka iem ,eîugh'
uu ksjerÈ ud¾.hl NsCIqjla jYfhka .uka .;af;ñ' fndfyda wd;au
.Kka fufia fmreï fmrefjñ' tfy;a Tn iu`. iïnkaO ùug W;aidy
±refjñ' uu Tng buy;a lreKdfjka O¾uh W.kajñ' Tn w;ayer
oud uf.a úuqla;sh ,nkjd hehs lsisúgl ug is;=fKa ke;' ljod;a Tn
fj; ohdj wkqlïmdj my< lrñ' Tnj iir ÿlska uqojd .ekSug" ksjka
wjfndaO lsÍug ks;r fjfyi ±refjñ'
Tfí úlD;s uki tfia ug fpdaokd lrhs' Tn w;ayer oud uu
muKla ksjka olsñ' hk woyi Tng iy ug úkdYldÍ fõ' wo mgka
Tjeks woyia neyer lrkak Tfí yoj; fõokd lrk fujeks jerÈ ye`.
Sï j,ska fjka fjkak' tu jerÈ is;sú,s yd uf.a wruqK yd;amiska úreoaO
fõ' uu Wmldr lsÍug leu;s fjñ'
Tn w;r ux lr ud fírekd @ ud fld;ekg o .sfha @ ld .eko ud
fkdie<ls,su;a jqfKa @ fï fudfydf;a§ mjd uu Tng lreKdfjka l:d
lrñ' ud Tng b.ekajf
Q ha ljo;a fujeks lreKdjlsk's Tng ksrka;rfhka
Èß .kajkafka uyd id.rh jeks lreKd nr yoj;lsks' tu lreKdj
fkdkj;ajdu .,d hhs' tneúka ud foaYkd lrk O¾uh wkq.ukh lrkak'
Tn udj úYajdi lr fï O¾uh ms<s.;af;d;a Tng ug fukau wOHd;añl
iekiSu <`.d jkq we;'
uu NsCIqjla f,i uyK jQ Èkh mgka uq¿ yoj;skau O¾uh
ms<smeoafoñ' lsisfjla .ek fodia uu fkdolsñ' uu Tnj yuqùug W;aidy
.kafka Tn /jàug fyda Tng ÿlla §ug fkdfõ' ug yels ;rï uq¿
yoj;skau Wmldr lsÍugh' Tn udj wúYajdi lf<d;a ud yd iudk ;j
flfkla fidhd .ekSu W.ygh' tÈk uq¿ úYajhu lïmd jQ yeá Tn
okakd nj Tn lSfõh' ta lïmd ùu O¾ufha /já,a,lao @ tfia is;d Tn
ud wúYajdi lrkafkyso @ O¾uh hkq iïmQ¾K i;H nj Tng jegfya
kï tÈk jQ lïmdj Tnf.a Y%oaOdj ksid ÿgq fohls' tneúka Tng uy;a jQ
mqKH ialkaOhla we;s nj jgyd .kak' Tng wjYH jQ O¾u fldgia wid

115

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

.ekSug msx we;' wiÍr Tnf.a Ôú;h msx u| jqjo fmr msx we;' uf.a
jdikdjlg Tng O¾uh foaYkd lsÍug wjia:dj ,eî we;' Tng iyh
ù ±ka ;sfnk ÿlska uqojd .ekSug flfkla we;s nj i<ld i;=gq jkak'
fï wdldrfhka i;Hh olskakg yels kï uu i;=gqfjñ' túg Tnf.a ÿla
ke;s ù hhs' O¾uh hkq f,!lsl fohla fkdfõ' lreKdj hkq wkHhka
flfrys fl%daO Wmokakla fkdfõ'ZZ
fï wd§ jYfhka wdpd¾h uka wef.a jerÈ oDIaáh w;ayßk f,i
wdhdpkd l<y' tu woyia j, we;s i;H;djh tu ldreKsl Ndjh wE u;
m;s; jQfha ÈjHuh wuD; jeiaila fuks' álska ál wE m%lD;s úh' tu O¾uh
is; ;=<g ld je§ wef.a is; iudê .; úh' wE f.!rjdkaú; úh'
wjidkfha§ ;udf. jro ms<s.;a;dh' zzuf.a wdorh" bjikakg neß
wdidj ksid fujeks Nhdkl ;;a;ajhla Wod ù we;' uu is;=fõ Tn ud
w;ayeßhd lshd" ud .ek fkd;ld ;ksj Tn hkag .shd lshd uf.a ;kslu
ñi fjk fohla ug fkdis;=Ks' ug ld;a ljqre;a ke;s wirK Ndjhla
±kqKs' ±ka ug O¾ufha wdf,dalh ,eî uf.a yoj; isis,a ù we;' i;=gq
ù we;' ±ka ug ta ÿla f.dv ìu fy<kakg yelsh' Tn foiQ ldreKsl
joka uf.a flf<ia .sks fidaod .sfhah' uf.a fudayh ksid l< jerÈ j,g
iud jqj uekú' wkd.;fha§ uu isys nqoaêfhka jdih lrñ' fujeks jerÈ
kej; fkdlrñ'ZZ wef.a l:dj wid isá wdpd¾h uka wEg fjk;a wd;au
Ndjhla ,nd .ekSug Wmfoia ÿKs' w;S;h wu;l l< hq;=h' wE b;d
f.!rjfhka th ms<s.;a;dh' zzuf.a wka;su wdhdpkh fuhhs' ud fjk
iqÿiq wd;au Ndjhla ,enQ úg Tn jykafia iómhg wjq;a fujeks O¾uh
Y%jkh lsÍug yelso@ lreKdlr ug ta jrh fokak' wdpd¾Hh uka tu
jrh ÿks' ta iu`.u wE w;=reoyka úh'
wiÍr mqo.
a ,hd ksló
a u;a iu`. wdpd¾h uka iudêfhka ke.S isáhy'
mdkaor my muK úh' t<sfjkag lsÜgqh' uq¿ rd;s%hu fkdksod isáhy'
wiÍr mqoa.,hd iu`. meh .Kkla l:d l< nj ±kqKs'
jeä l,la hkag m%:u fuu wiÍr mqoa.,hd kej; fmkS isáhdh'
±ka wEg YÍrhla we;' wE b;du;a ,laIK foj`.kls' tfy;a wdpd¾h
uka flfrys we;s f.!rjh ksid wka foj`.kka fuka iaj¾KdNrKfhka
ieriS ke;'
zzTn jykafiaf.a Oïudkqidikdj wid isá uf.a isf;a mej;s ÿl"
ìh" iel my ù .sfhah' uf.a is; ikaiqka úh' uu tu wd;aufhka pq; ù
116

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

;dj;sxY foõf,dj bmÿfkñ' fuu foaj f,dalh is; lh mskd hk b;du;a
iqkaor ;ekls' ta ish¨ iem uu ú¢ñ' fï iem ,enqfKa Tn jykafia iu`.
ukqIHhka jYfhka iir l< wkka; msx fnf,ks' fï iem ú¢k kuq;a
ta ish,a, ,enqfKa Tn jykafia ud ukqIH wd;aufha§ msx lsÍug Wkkaÿ
l< neúks' ud yqol,dj isáfha kï fï jeks wdYap¾Hhu;a msx lsÍug
fkdoksñ'
fï msx M, úmdl jYfhka fndfyda iem we;s foõ f,dj Wm; ,Èñ'
uf.a is; i;=gg m;a ù we;' fmr ;snQ ffjr fl%dO
a lsij
s la ke;' ug f;areï
.sfha wm ixidßl Ôú;h .; lrK úg ;udf.a lsÜgq [d;Ska" ;ukaf.
a /lshd" ;ukaf.a wdydrdÈh mjd fl;rï iqmßlaIdldÍj mßyrKh l<
hq;= njh' ia;S%" mqreIhka ;u Ôú;h fl;rï iqyoj l=i,;djfhka .;
l< hq;=o úfYaIfhkau iajdñ" Nd¾Hhd iïnkaOh b;du iqyo fkdjQfjd;a
uy;a ÿllg meñfKhs' ulaksido ;u iem ÿla ksrka;rfhkau fnod yod
f.k Ôj;a úh hq;=h' ;u yqiau jqjo ñY% fõ'
hful=g fyd| ìß|la fyda ieñfhla ,enqfKd;a ;u Ôú; m%Yak
fyd|dldr úi|d.; yelsfõ' mjq,a Ôú;h muKla fkdj wdOHd;añl
.=K j.dj o ÈhqKq l< yelsh' túg Ôú;h wkaOldr fkdfõ' W.;alï"
yeisÍï" ñ, uqo,a wdÈhg jvd .=Kj;alu" is,aj;alu" b;du jgfkah'
tlsfkldf.a .=Kj;alu ksid ñksia f,dalh foaj f,dalhla fuka i;=g
f.k foa' iEu fokdu i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka tlsfkld iu`. iyfhda.fhka
Ôú; .; lr;s' isf;a we;s m%fndaOh ksid ndysr lror n,mdkafka ke;'
mjqf,a iEu idudðlfhlau tu wdo¾Yh u; mj;S' ;udg leu;s úÈfha
w;a;fkdau;sl wd;aud¾:ldó Ôú; .; fkdlr;s' iu.s iïmkakj ish¿
.eg¿j,g úi÷ï fidh;s' tlu úêfha l¾u lr;s' idufhka ,o fohska
i;=gg m;afj;s' hy¨ ñ;%hska fuka fjfi;s' tneúka hful=f.a ìß| fyda
mqreIhd ksid ;ud foaj f,dalhla fyda wmdhla uj;s' fï {d;S;ajh Ôú;
ld,hla mj;sk neúka b;du jeo.;a fõ'
Ôú; .Kkdjla Tn iu`. ixidrfha ieß ieÍu fya;=fjka Tn
jykafiaf.a u`. fmkaùu ,nd ud .=Kj;a ùñ' Tn ks;ru udj yß mdrg
fhduq lf<ah' ud i;r wmdfhka uqojd .;af;a Tn jykafiah' jerÈ foa
fkdlf<ñ' kskaod" wm%ixidjg fkdmeuqfKñ' Tn jykafiaf.a .=K uysuh
fuf;lehs m%ldY l< fkdyelsh' fï wjia:dfõ§ isÿ jQ jrog iud jqj
uekú' wm fofokd w;r ;ju;a tu iqyo;djh we;'

117

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpd¾h uka fuu foaj;dúhkaf.a wdhdpkh ms<sf.k iudj ÿKs'
bkamiq O¾u l:djla lrñka ;u Ôú;h id¾:l lrf.k wfOHd;añl
j¾Okh isÿ lsÍu msKsi Wmfoia ÿks' wjidkfha§ fï foõ ÿj Wkajykafiag kuialdr lr ;u f.!rj Nla;sh mqolr ál ÿrla miq mi .uka lr
wyfia md ù f.dia w;=reoyka jQjdh' wE wiÍrj isáñka l< fpdaokd mqÿu
iy.;h' tajd fuys we;=<;a fkdlf<ñ' tu idlÉPdfõ wvx.= ish¨ lreKq
ta wdldrfhka fuys i|yka lsÍug fkdyels ùu .ek lK.dgqfjñ' iudj
whÈñ' fï úia;r .ek uu iEySulg m;a fkdfjñ' tfy;a fuu pu;aldr
isoaêh Tnf.a ;shqKq wjOdkhg fhduq lsßug we;=<;a lf<ñ'

w.h l< fkdyels W;=ï ie<lSula
wdpd¾h uka úuql;
a h
s ,nd ál Èklg miq b;du;a úiañ; foa isÿúh'
rd;S% ld,fha iudê iqjfhka .; lrk úg iïud iïnqÿjre ;u Y%djl jre
;u Y%djl ix>hd iu`. jeähy' ;uka jykafia úuqla;s {dk o¾Ykh
,nd ksjka mila lsÍu .ek iqNdisxikh meje;a jQ fial' tla /hla tla
nqÿjrhka jykafia kula oi oyila ry;a Y%djl msßi iu`. fmfka' B<`.
rd;s%h fjk;a nqÿjrfhls' ishla oyila Y%djl ix>hd msßjrd isá;s' iEu
rd;s%hlu fjk;a nqÿjre meñKshy' úYd, Y%djl ix>hd iu`. yeu úgu
fï nqÿka jykafia,d wdpd¾h ukag m%idoh m< l<y' ie<ls,s ±lajQy'
Y%djl msßi ta ta nqÿjrekaf.a mdrñ;d wkqj wvq jeä úh' ta ish¨u Y%djl
msßi fkdfj;s' idudkH ixLHdjla muKs' iuyr Y%djlhska b;d ,dnd,
idufKarhka fj;s' wdpd¾h uka fï ms<n
s | úuiqï l<y' ta iefjdu ry;=ka
jykafia,d fj;s' tneúka .=K kqjKska iudk fj;s'
fï nqÿrcdKka jykafia,d wdpd¾h ukag fufia jod<y' zzuu ;:
d.;hka fjñ' Tn iißka ñÿk nj uu oksñ' ixidrh kue;s Nhdkl
nkaOkd.drfhka ñÿfkys' uu fuys meñKsfha uf.a m%idoh m< lsÍugh'
fï nkaOkd.drh w;s úYd,h' lsis m%ydrhlska lvd ±óug fkdyels
n,fldgqjls' tys ;=< ;ud ji`.hg m;a lrjk wdYd we;s lrjk fm<Uùï
j,ska .yKh' tys isr jq wh tysu odilï lr;s' bka ñ£ula ke;' wkka;
i;aj m%cdj bka .e,ùug isf;kafkaj;a ke;' ;u ys;g lhg we;s wm%udK
ÿlg ms<shï fidh;s' tfy;a .e,ùula fkdfidh;s' fnfy;a T!IO fkd.
kakd frda.Ska fuks' fl;rï fnfy;a T!IO we;;a th fkd.kafka kï
frda.h iqj fkdfõ'
nqÿ oyu fnfy;a T!IO fuks' iir jik i;a;ajhd flf<ia kue;s
Nhdkl" ÿlaÅ;" msvd iys; frda.hlska ks;r fmf<a' fuu frda. iqj l<
118

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

yelafla O¾uh keue;s T!IOfhka muKs' fï frda.h iqj fkdjqjfyd;a
wkka; iir ueß ueÍ WmÈñka wkka; ÿla mSvd ú¢;s' O¾uh keu;s T!IO
yeu ;eku uq¿ úYajfha me;sÍ we;' tfy;a th ksis wdldr mdkh lr
frda.h iqj lsÍug yels nj fkdo;a wh iqjh fkd,n;s'
O¾uh iajNdjfhkau mj;S' iir i;aa;ajfhda tys lrlefj;s' frdaoh
lrlefjkakdla fuka Wmam;a;s" urK ÿla ú¢;s' fuu wkka; iißka f.dv
ùula ke;' Woõ Wmldr lsÍug fkdyelsh' ta ;ukau th l< hq;= neúks'
O¾ufha iaÓrj t,anf.k uy;a wdhdifhka ta wkqj ms<m
s eÈh hq;h
= ' fl;rï
nqÿjre f,dj my< jqj;a fl;rï O¾uh f,dj my< jqj;a" ta kshu l<
T!IOh mdkh lrkafka kï muKla frda.h ixisf|a'
ish¨u nqÿjre foaYkd lrkafka fï tlu O¾uhhs' ish¨ mõ ÿre
lsÍu;a l=i,a /ia lsÍu;ah' óg jvd jeämqr O¾uhla ke;' ;u isf;a we;s
b;d oreKq flf<ia jqj;a fï O¾ufha n,fhka ÿre flf¾' nqÿ oyfï ÿre
l< fkdyels flf<ia ke;' tfy;a O¾uh ms<sme§u ksis wdldr fkdfõ kï
flf<ia j,ska mrdch fõ' túg O¾ufha n,hla ke;ehs is;;s' O¾ufha
n,hla we;af;a ksis wdldr ms<sme§fuysh'
O¾ufha Yla;sh hgm;a lr flf<ia idudkHfhka mek k.S' flf<ia
nyq, mqoa.,hka ;=< tneúka O¾uhla ke;' O¾uh ms<sme§ug tjeks wh
ue,sfj;s' th b;d ÿIalr hehs is;;s' ld,h kdia;s lsÍula hehs is;;s' ta
ld,h ;=< mialï iqj ú£ug leu;s fj;s' bka ;ud fl;rï fjfyig m;a
jqj;a lï ke;' kqjK we;s ñksid tfia flf<ia j,g ji`. úh hq;= ke;'
th bínd w;mh yl=,d lgqj ;=< ie`. ù j;=r r;ajk;=re isákakdla fuks'
lgqj ;=< isg taldka;fhkau urKhg m;afõ' f,dalh hkq W;=rd mefik
flf<ia msß l,afoaruls' flf<ia .skafkka r;a ù mj;S' ish¨ i;a;ajfhda
yeu ;eku yeuodu ksula ke;s ÿla mSvd j,ska ÿla ú¢;s' ie`.ù isàug
wdrlaIs; ;ekla ke;' ;u ika;dkfha ±fjk flf<ia .skak ;udu ÿlg
m;a lrhs'
Tn i;Hfhkau ;:d.;hka jykafia ÿgqfõh' i;H ;:d.;hka
jykafia hkq ljfrlao @ i;H ;:d.;hka jykafia hkq Tn wjfndaO
lr.;a Ñ;a; mdßY=oaêhhs' YÍrhla ujd oka fmkS hkafka iïuq;s i;Hhls'
idfmalaI i;Hhls' fuh i;H ;:d.;hka fkdõ' i;H ry;ka jykafia
fkdfõ' th wmf.a iïuq;s o¾Ykhls'
zzug i;H nqÿrcdKka jykafia .ek lsisu ielhla ke;' ug
119

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fkdf;frkafka wkqmdêfYaI msßksùfuka lsisu fYaIhla ke;sj ksjkg
meñKs nqÿrcdKka jykafia,d fufia iïuq;s jYfhka fmkS isákafka flfiao hkak ms<sn|jhs'ZZ nqÿrcdKka jykafia fï isÿùu meyeÈ,s lr ÿka
fial'
zzhï nqÿka jykafia flfkla fyda ry;=ka jykafia flfkla wkqmdÈfYaI mßks¾jdKfhka ksjka ÿgq úg tu ry;=kj
a ykafiag iïuq;s mqo.
a ,fhla
yuqùug wjYH jQ úg iïuq;s YÍrhla ks¾udKh lr fmkS isá;s' tfy;a
wkqmdÈfYaIfhka msßksjka mE ish¨ wd¾Hhka jykafia,dg tjeks YÍrhla
fkdue;sj iïnkaO;d meje;aúh yelsh' Wkajykafia,dg iïuq;s YÍrhla
wjYH ke;' iïuq;s rEmh wjYH jkafka iïuq;s i;Hfhka isàug wjYH
jQ úgh'
ish¨ nqÿjre w;S;" wkd.; isoë
a ka olskf
a ka zzksñ;sZZ ;=<k
s 's fï ksñ;s
hï isoaêhla ksrdjrKh lrhs' Wod( hï nqÿ flfkl=g ;uka jykafiag
m%:u úiQ nqÿjrhska ms<sn| ±k .eksug tu nqÿka jykafiaf.a ksñ;a;
wdj¾ckh lr;s' túg ta nqÿrcdKka jykafia ms<sn| mqj;a Ôj;a jQ wjêh"
wd§ úia;r olS' ;uka jykafiag wjYH fï iïuq;s fkdjk f,daflda;a;r
;;a;ajhla ±lsug kï ksñ;a; wjYH fkdfõ' úuqla;sh fyj;a ksjk bfí
wruqKq fõ' fï ksid w;S; nqÿjrekaf.a iïuq;s i;H wkqj lreKq ±k
.ekSug iïuq;s lhla ks¾udKh l< hq;=h's ud iy ish¨ ry;=ka jykafia,d
;u iïuq;s lhska meñK o¾Ykh ùug wjYH jkafka Tn jykafia jeks
whg nqoaOd § W;=ukaf.a iajrEmh flfiao hkak ±k .eksughs' tfia ±l
fkdisáfhd;a Tng tu ix{dj ,nd .; fkdyelsh'
mdßY=oaO úuqla;sh tkï hï úuqla;sh ,;a is;a folla iïnkaO jk
úg tys we;af;a zz±kSuZZ muKs th lsis wdldrhlska úia;r l< fkdyelsh'
tneúka úuqla;sfha iajNdjh úia;r lsÍug hï iïuq;s i;Hhla f.k yer
mdkafkuq' zzúuql;
a s hkq lsiu
s ksñ;a;la ke;s wdf,dalhls' th mru i;=glsZZ
kuq;a fï wdldr úia;r fndfyda iq,Nh' tajd iïuq;s kso¾Yk fõ' tys
i;H iajNdjh ksis wdldrhlska jdfpdaoa .; l< fkdyel' úuqla;sh hkq
iïuq;sfhys msysgd .; yels ix{djla fkdfõ' tfy;a ry;ka jykafia
úuqla;sh iïuq;sfhka yd mrud¾:fhka okS' úuqla;sh wixL; O¾uhla
yeáh;a úuql;
a h
s iïuq;s WodyrKhla yeáhg;a meyeÈ,s fõ' Tn jykafia
fï m%Yakh weiqfõ Tfí iel ÿre lsÍugo ke;fyd;a idlÉPd lsÍugo
@

120

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

zziïuq;s nqÿrcdKka jykafia,d .ek ug lsiu
s ielhla ke;' wfya;=
wm%;Hl o ug f;af¾' ug wjYH jkafka iïuq;s jYfhka f.!rj ±laúh
hq;= wdldrhhs' Tn jykafia iy Y%djl ix>hd jykafia,d fkdjeäh;a
i;H nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk f,daflda;a;r i;Hh .ek ug jegfya' hfula
O¾uh olSo fya nqÿka olS' tys w¾:h kï nqoO
a " Oïu" ix> hkq w;smdßY=oO
a
mrud¾: O¾uhls' th iïuq;s i;Hhla fkdfõ' fï r;k;%hhs' zz;:d.;
jQ uu Tnf.ka fï m%ldYkh weiqfõ Tn ;=< iel we;s ksid fkdj" Tn
iu`. i;=gq idóÑ l:djgh'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia iu`. Y%djl ix>hd fmkS isá wjia:dj, l:
d lf<a nqÿmshdKka jykafia muKs Y%djl ix>hd lsisjla l:d fkdl<y'
b;du;a ikaiqkaj ys¢ñka uy;a f.!rjdkaú;j ish,a, wid isáhy' b;d
l=vd idufKarjrekag mjd tu m%nqoaO .;s mej;=ï we;' Wkajykafia,dg
kuialdr lsÍug jvd wdor Nla;sh ms§ug isf;a' Wkajykafia,d b;d ,d
nd, úfha isáhy' iuyrúg wjqreÿ 10-12 w;r fj;s' tu ,laIK iajrEmh
ukialdka;h'
idudkH flfkla ÿgfyd;a b;du;a ,laIK ishque,s ldka;su;a weia
we;s orejka fia fmfka' Wkajykafia,d ry;ka jykafia,d nj fkd±k
fi,a,ï lsÍug fm<fU;s' tys we;s fkdyslauqk Ndjh fkdf;af¾' wdpd¾h
uka fï úia;rh lrK úg ug is;=fKa we;af;kau ta fmdä idufKarjrhka jykafia iu`. fi,a,ï lsÍugh' tys we;s Nhdkl m%;sM, .ek
fkdis;=fjñ' tfy;a miqj iudj whÈñ hehs is;=fjñ'
Wkajykafia,d b;d nd,úfha isá idufKarjre jqjo" yeisÍu .re
.dïNSrh' yeg jhia f;rjre fuks' b;d ikaik
q a bßhõ mj;ajkafka wksl;
= a
uy ry;ka jykafia,d fuks' fldáka lshf;d;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia iu`.
meñK ish¨u Y%djl msßi bßhõ mej;a jQfha wiSñ; f.!rjdkaú; kuialdr ,eîug iqÿiq f,ih' ta o¾Ykh weig ri÷kls' b;du;a ,laIKg
kud ms<sfj,g ;ekam;a l< isjqre jeksh'
nqoaO ld,fha§ ilauka Ndjkdj iy mhH_xl Ndjkdj isÿl< wkaou
±k .ekSug wdpd¾h uka ;=< ljo;a l=;=y,hla úh' ;jo uyf;rjre
iy kjlhka wdpdr meje;a jQ wdldrho .eg¿jls' Ndjkd lrk úg
;u ;=ka isjqr ±ßh hq;=o @ fujeks m%Yak u;la jQ úg ta fudfydf;a§ nqÿ
flfkla fyda ry;a Y%djlfhla iudêfha§ fmkS isà' ta bßhõ meje;a jQ
wdldr wkqlrKh lr;s' O¾uhg ksis f.!rjfhka ilauka Ndjkd lrkafka

121

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

flfiaoehs is;=Ks' túg nqÿ flfkla fyda Y%djl ry;=ka jykafia kula
fmkS isg ilauka lr;s' w; mh b;du;a ;ekam;a f,i yiqrejk wkaou
ishqï f,i úia;r lr;s' iuyr úg Wmfoia fo;s' iuyrúg wdo¾Yh
fohs' iudê Ndjkdjg iqÿiq mhH_xlh fmkakqï lr;s' b;du fyd| ÈYdj
n,d ys§u iy bßhõ meje;aùu úia;r lr;s'
jeäuy,a NsCIQka iy kjl NsCIQka tlsfkldg wdpdr lrk wkaou
.ek f;dr;=re úiauh cklh' nqoaO ld,Sk NsCIQka wdpdr meje;a jq wkaou
flfia±hs is;+y' wdpd¾h uka fufia is;+ iefklska nqÿrcdKka jykafia iy
Y%djl NsCIq msßi fmkqKs' iuyr NsCIQka b;d ,dnd,h' iuyre jhia.;h'
ysifla iqÿh' ish¨ fokdu tljr fkdmeñKshy' biair fj,d jeä NsCIQka
bÈßfhka wiqka .ks;s' miqj meñKs wh msgqmiska isá;s' wka;sug meñKs
b;d jhia.; NsCIqj wka;u
s wiqk .;s' idufKar NsCIQka mjd l,ska jeäfha
kï bÈß wiqka .;s' lsisfjla ;=< fuu ms<sfj, .ek l=;=y,hla ke;'
wdpd¾h uka fï ms<n
s | iel my< lf<ah' nqoO
a ld,Sk NsCIQka jeäysá
NsCIQkag wdpdr meje;a jQfha keoao @ fufia wka whg ie<ls,s fkdl< úg
Ydik úkh rlskafka flfiao @ fï m%ldYkhg ms<s;=r ;u isf;au we;súh'
fï o¾Ykh jQfha iïuq;s ix>hd fkdj mrud¾: ix>hd fj;s' ta ish¨u
fokd w¾y;ajfhka iudk fj;s' Wia my;a jeä uy¿ ms<sfj,la ke;' ta
ish¨u NsCIQka msßisÿ lñka iudkh
túg ;j;a m%Yakhla mek ke.=Ks' iïuq;s jYfhka ix>hd yeisfrkafka flfiao @ fï is; we;s jQ flfkys ;u bÈßfha fmks isá o¾Ykh
fjkia úh' ±ka nqÿrcdKka jykafia uq,a wiqfka jev isáhy' f:ar NsCIQka bÈßmih' idufKar NsCIQka miqmih' th b;d pu;aldr o¾Ykhls'
wNsudkj;a jkaokSh mQckSh ;;a;j
a hls' fuys woyi wdpd¾h ukag meyeÈ,s
úh' iïuq;s f,dalfha fï iïm%odhdkql+,j isá;s' ry;=ka jqjo meúoafoka
wvq kï flf<ia iys; jqjo meúoafoka jeäysá NsCIQkag wdpdr olaj;s'
fuh iïuq;s meje;auhs' nqÿrcdKka jykafia fï ms<sn| úia;r l<y'
zz;:d.;hka jykafiaf.a Y%djl msßi tlsfkldg wdor f.!rj
±laúh hq;=h' fu;a is; my< l< hq;=h' iefjdu tld fuka jdih lr;s'
f,dalh hy¿ ñ;%lï fuys§ ke;' O¾uhg wkqj .re ire lr;s' wem
Wmia:dk lr;s' úYd, ixLHdjla uf.a Y%djl msßi isáh;a lsisfjla rKavq
onr fkdlr;s' ;udf.a udk" W~`.= nj fkdmd;s' fï wkqj Ôj;a fkdjk
NsCIQyq ;:d.; Y%djlfhda fkdfj;s' tjeks wh ;:d.; Y%djl fõYOdÍka

122

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

muKs' fndrefjka f,dalhd rjg;s' O¾u úkhg wkqj yeisfrk NsCIQka
muKla nqÿrcdKka jykafiag .re nqyquka lr;s' tu kS;s lsisúfgl
W,a,x>kh fkdlr;s' ta wh fld;ek isáh;a" uyK Wmiïmod jQ úg cd;s"
l=," u," ;Fj" ke;' ;:d.; Y%djlhka fj;s' tjeks wjHdc Y%djlfhda
taldka;fhka hïlsis Èkl ÿl ;rKh lr;s'ZZ
fuu foaYkh wjika jQ iefKlska tu nqÿ msßi fkdfmkS .sfhdah'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a ish¨ iel ÿreúh'
Ndjkd lrk úg ;uka ;sÖjrfhka ieriS isáh hq;=o @ hk m%Yakho
wdpd¾h uka is;=fõh' ieklska ry;ka jykafia kula meuK yeu wjia:
dfõ§u ;sÖjrh wjYH fkdjk nj ie< lf<ah' Wkajykafia wdo¾Yhla
foñka ;sÖjrh ye| fmdrjd ilauka lsÍu" m,,xlfhka ys| Ndjkd lsÍu
fmkakqï l<y' tfiau ;sÖjrh wkjYH jk úÈho fmkakqï l<y' NsCIqjf.a Öjr ms<sn| wjfndaOhla ÿKs' ksis mdg fmkakqï l<y' isjqr ÿUqre
ly meyehls' b§f.k hk fld,hla fuks' fldia m~q j,ska ilia flf¾'
,d ÿUqre" ;o ÿUqre fyda ta w;r ÿUqre meye .kS'
iqmÍCIdldÍj fuu isoaêh foi n,k úg wmg ye`.S hkafka wdpd¾h
ukaf.a j;a ms<sfj;a l%udkql+,j ilia ù we;s njls' ta nqoaO ld,Sk NsCIQka
jykafia,d wkq.ukh l< mßÈh' Wkajykafia ish¨ iel ÿre lr .;ay'
.;dkq.;slj fyda w;a;fkdau;slj lsisjla fkdl<y' tneúka ta m%;sm;a;s
lsisÿ wjysr" lror fkdue;sj wkq.ukh flfr;s' uq, isg w. olajd lsisu
jrola fkdue;' zzwkquf;;iq jfcáiq NhoiidùZZ hkqfjka kshudldrfhka
ms<f
s j;a ilia lr we;' j¾;udk ld,fha tjeks w;s fY%I
a G
a wdpd¾hjrfhla
fiùu w;s ÿIalr nj lsj hq;=h' Wkajykafiaf.a wkq.dñlhska mqyqKq ù
we;af;a ta iqúfYaI m%;sm;a;s wkqj neúka weiQ ogq wh uú;hg m;a lr;s'
;jo tu Y%djlhskaf.a ÈhqKqj b;du id¾:l úh' hfula tu m%;sm;a;sfhka
neyer jQ úg wirK fõ' iqidk N+ñhla ke;s fyd,aukls' mjq,la ke;s
wkd:hskah' ta wh wdpd¾hjrhd w;ayer ;u leue;a; wkqj Ôj;a ù
m%;sm;a;sh lv lrk wh fj;s' wNHka;rfha Wkajykafia mej;s ud,sud
hka;%hla jeks woaN+; Ñ;a; Yla;sh ks;ru ud¾.h" Èidj olajhs' tjeks
;;a;ajhla lsisu f.da,fhl=g ,nd .kakg fkdyels úh'

q

wdpd¾h uka OQ;dx. rlsñka Ñhdx udhs ys W;=re m%foaYfha fndfyda
123

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

l,a pdßldfõ fhÿkdy' iEu jd¾Isl jiaidk ld,hkays fjk;a fjk;a
;ekaj, úiQy' jia úiQ m%foaY jQfha nka fpdï gtx" nx fmdx" nx laf,dhs"
nx mq *rhd" uhs f;dx ;sc" jÜ fcä ¨wx" W;a;rÈ;a wd§ m<d;ah' jia
wjidkfha Ñhx udhs m%foaYfha wjg fndfyda ;ekaj, ießierEy' wjqreÿ
12la muK ld,h ;=< úiQ ;eka ta wdldrfhka ms<sfj,g i|yka l< fkdyel' fuu mqia;lfha i|yka jkafka wm l:djg wod< .uka .;a m%foaY
muKs' jÜ cä ¨wx wdrdufha isák ld,h yer wka ish¨ l,ays Wkajykafia
yqol,dj ießierEy' uyd Nhdkl l÷ uqÿka" le,Ejkays fnfyúka md
.ukska weúoafoah' fï .uka ud¾.fha hk úg iqúfYaI O¾u wjfndaO úh'
tfyhskau Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjk m%jD;a;sh b;d pu;aldr fõ' wka Oq;dx.
NsCIqka fufia yqol,dj ießierE kuq;a thska yd;amiska fjkia jQ .ukla
Wkajykafia .shy' idudkHfhka jkfha yqol,d ieß ieÍu b;d ÿIalr"
ìh Wmojk" ÿlaÅ; ;;a;ajhls' mßirh rCIs;h' lEu" ksod .ekSu wiajdNdúlh' Nhska ;%ia; ù oji .;fõ' kuq;a wdpd¾Hh uka yg fï ish,a,
iajdNdúlh' th i;=gls' ksy~;djhls' úuqla;shls' ksoyils' ;u flf<ia
ÿre lsÍug wjYH mßirhls'
uq,a ld,fha fufia ieß ierE kuq;a miqj fndfyda wkq.dñlhka tl;=
jQy' wdpd¾h fÜÜ" wdpd¾Hh idka' wdpd¾h L´ Wkajykafia iu`. úáka úg
úiQfjdah' hï ld,hla mqyqKq jQ miq ;ksj úiSug jk fm;a" ñksia wdjdi
ke;s m%foaY tlsfkl b;d wE;ska msysá .ï m%foYd§ ;ekaj,g hejQy'
l÷ nEjqul fyda l÷ uqÿkl úiQy' .ï b;d l=vdh' uq¿ .fïu f.j,a 4
fyda 5la muKs' iuyr .ïj, f.j,a 9 - 10 we;' msKavmd; ,eîug wju
jYfhka m%udKj;a fõ'
fuu jljdkqfõ tl;= jQ l¾uia:dk NsCIQka jykafia,d b;d .re
.dïNSrh' fkdmiqng ù¾Hh we;af;dah' ks¾Nh úh' Ôú; mrÿjg ;nd
O¾uh fidhd .shy' tneúka fldá wd§ jk i;=ka .yk m%foaYj,g .shy'
tys§ iem myiqljla ke;' ks;ru wjÈfhks' ks;ru isys nqoê
a fhks' lïiem
fiùula ke;s neúka is; ikaiqkah' blauKska iudêfhys msysghs'
ñksia wdjdi fkdue;s fuu >k le,Ej, yqol,dj úiSug wdpd¾h uka
fnfyúka ms%h l<y' ñksiqka ke;s jqjo foõ" nUqka" kd. wd§ wukqIHhska
iu`. Wkajykafia ks;r wdY%h lr;s' tys lsis wuq;a;la ke;' úfoaY NdId
okakd wh úfoaYslhka iu`. tla ù weiqre lrkakdla fuks' Wkajykfia
fï wh iu`. l:d nia lsÍug oCI ksid" Wkajykafiaf.a fï l÷ uqÿka j,
jdih foúh nUqkag b;d jevodhS úh'

124

yoj;la úuqla;shg m;ajqKs

.ïno f.da;s%lhskag o jevodhS úh' Tjqka o ks¾NS;h' wjxlh"
bjis,u
s ;ah' Nla;u
s ;ah' Tjqyq O¾uh wid i;=gq jQy' fl;rï wdor ie,ls,s
l<;a Tjqkag fkdiEfya' Ôú; mQcd lsÍug ;rï leu;s fõ' jkjdiS fï
f.%da;slhka mqrdK jeÈ f.%da;slhka fuks' wm%ikak ls,sgq" ms<sfj,la ke;s
fu,aÉPhka jqjo wdpd¾h uka Tjqka ms%h l<y' Tjqkaf.a fm!reIh" msßisÿ
nj" yeisÍu" ;u uq,doEkshdg olajk fma%uh" jeäysá f.!rjh b;d
w.h l<y' Tjqyq ;uka.a Tjqkaf.a iduQysl j.lSï iy Ôjkh .;s isß;a
fyd|dldr mj;aj;s' lsisfjla l,n, lror fkdlr;s' ;%ia;jd§ fkdfj;s'
jeäysáhka l:dlrk úg idjOdkj wid isá;s' lSlre fj;s' iajhx u;OdÍ
fkdfj;s' tneúka O¾uh lshd §ug myiqfõ' fï wh tfld¾" Luq" uqish¾"
yafudx wd§ f.%da;slhkah'
fï msßi ïf,aÉP f,i ye¢ka jqjo fyd| is,aj;a" úkh .rel wh
fj;s' k.rno ÈhqKq YsIagdpdrfha olakg ,efnk fydr uer lï jxpd"
lmálï" fndre lsisjla ke;' .ia fld<ka jk i;=kaf.ka .yK jQ fï
m%foaYh k.rno YsIagdpdrh ;rï ìysiqKq fkdfõ' k.rfha ñksia iudch
flf<ia j,ska msÍ we;' f,daN" fodaI" fuday rc lrhs' fï ñksii
a q is; úksúo
hk yoj; lïmdfjk ìysiqKq fõokd" ;=jd, isÿ lrhs' túg ñksidf.a
YdÍßl udkisl ksfrda.s;djh úkdY fõ' tajd iqj lsÍu b;d ÿIalrh' fï
flf<ia ksid yg.;a ;=jd, weÿï foñka meijhs' tajd iqj lsÍug fkdyels
ksid wu;l lr;s' tfy;a hg ;=jd,hls'
fujeks flf<ia iys; zzjkhlZZ ish¿ ia;S% idufKar - NsCIqka Ôj;a
fj;s' wdpd¾h uka >k jkdka;r .; jQfha fï flf<ia jkh ke;s lsÍugh'
;u isf;a mj;sk flf<ia ïf,aÉP" oreKq" fkdÈhqKq" fkdyslauqKq .;s
we;' fï wNHka;r le,Ej Y=oaO lsÍug yqol,dj" jkpdÍ úh hq;=h' túg
wNHka;r le,Ej wNsnjd ndysr le,Ej mj;S' túg ;u ukqIH fud<h
ls%hd;aul fõ' ;ud isákaka fudk;rï Nhxlr ixidrhlo@ túg h:d
;;a;ajh iudê.; is;g f.dapr fõ'
Wkajykafia iu`. úiQ NsCIQka jykafia,d w;sYhska ks¾NS;h' Ôú;h
mrÿjg ;nd YsCId rls;s' ndysr mßirh ch .ekSug yels jkaka tjeks
whgh' tneúka ms<sfj;a /lSu" Ôú; wdYdj w;ayer l< hq;=fõ' urKh
jqjo n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka ;u wruqK jQ flf<ia igk f.k h;s'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd mqreÿ lsÍfï l%u Ñhxudhs ys§ ;rula fjkia
úh' ±ka Bg jvd ±ä" lgql njla we;' tu Y%djl NsCIQka jykafia,d Bg
wjk; úh' ks;ru ;u ika;dkfha flf<ia i;s iïmc[a[fhka Wÿrd
125

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ou;s' u¾okh lr;s' Wkajykafiaf.a m%n, wjjdo wid i;=áka ms<s.;ay'
Wkajykafiaf.a l:d ffY,sh r¿ jQ úg O¾uh b;d .eUqre iajNdjhla
.kS' túg iudê mqreÿ lrkakkaf.a iudê ;j n,j;a úh' úmiaikd lrk"
O¾u úph" iïfndcCOx. jvkakkaf.a m%{dj ;j ÈhqKq úh'
fï jk úg Wkajykafiaf.a ±kqu fnfyúka Wiia úh' ;SCIK
wjfndaOhla ;snqKs' tfukau tu NsCIQka jykafia,d b;du;a nqoaêu;a jyd
jegfyk iq¿ wh úh' Wkajykafia,d w¾y;ajh msKsi ù¾Hh jevQy' hï
NsCIqjla ;u is;sú,s jerÈ u.l fufyh jqjfyd;a wdpd¾h uka th okS'
tfjf,au fydre w,a,;s' fï fydre <`.skafka Ndjkd fhda.S NsCIQkaf.
a Ñ;a; ika;dkfhah' i;s úryhla jQ úg" wka flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hka
fuka Wkajykafia,df.a is;sú,s o flf<ia j,ska .%yKh flf¾' flf<ia
j,g wkqj fkdfhla uk# l,ams; u;s u;dka;r j,g f.dÿre fõ' fuh
flf<ia j, iajNdjhhs'
wdpd¾h uka Ñtka udhs l÷lrfha jdih lrK ld,fha wuq;= isoê
a hla
jqks' tjekakla l¾uia:dk NsCIQka w;r isÿ ù ke;' mdGl Tn ug iudj
fokq uekj' fujeks isoaëka wmg jeo.;a jkafka ñksia .;s iajNdjh
y÷kd .eksugh' fuu l:dj l¾uia:dk NsCIQka w;r muKla mej;=kls'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a m%;sls%hdj ;SrKd;aul úh' tys úiQ tla;rd jeä uy¿ ia:
úr kula fuu mqj; úia;r l<y'
zztla ikaOHdjl Wkajykafia iy ;j;a NsCIqjla iakdkh msKsi <`.
my; .,a mr j,ska iEÿk ;gdlhlg .shy' th .fï l=Uqre j,g hk
ud¾.fha .fuka fndfyda wE;ska msysáfhah' Wkajykafia,d kdk úg ;reK
ia;S%ka .Kkdjla tys wi, kshr Èf.a l=Uqrg .shy' tjeks foa idudkHfhka
fkdisÿfõ' wks;a NsCIqj fuu ia;S%ka ÿgq úg rd. .skakla uy;a wdhdihlg
m;ajqKs' ;uka jykafia fndfyda jer ù¾Hh ±rE kuq;a tu rd.h uev
.ekSug fkdyels úh' wdpd¾h uka ;u isf;a mej;s wiykh olS hk ìh
n,j;ah' ;ud kskaod wmydihlg m;afõ±hs ;j ;j;a is; úCIsma; úh'
tu fudfydf;a mgka jßka jr is; rd.fhka yd ìfhka uqim;a úh' fujekakla lsis lf<l isÿ ù ke;' Wkajykafia wêl mSvdjlg m;a úh'

126

4

hH
Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h
tÈk rd;S% mqreÿ mßÈ wdpd¾h uka NsCIQka jykafia,d .ek fufkys
lrK úg fuu isoaêh ÿgy' jYS lD; jQ wdorhlska uq,d ù isák nj;a
ìfhka ieflka ;u is;e`.s okS hehs w;sYh lkiai,a,lg m;a ù we;s
nj;a ÿgqfõh' NsCIqj ? t<sjk ;=re;a fkdksod fuu is;sú,s j, ksu.akj
isà' miqod Wfoa wdpd¾h uka fï NsCIqjg lsisjla fkdlSfõh' Tyqf.a iel
ìh ;j ;j;a W;aikak jk neúks' Wkajykafia ÿgq muKska NsCIqj wêl
lïmkfhka fjõ,d .sfhah' wdpd¾h uka b;d ikaiqkaj isky my< l<y'
lsisjla fkdokakdla fuks' msKavmd; hk fõ,dfõ l:d lsÍug wjia:djla
,nd fufia lSy'
zzTn jykafia n,j;a wdhdihlska Ndjkd lrK neúka wo Èk
msKavmd; fkdjeäh uekú' wms iefjdu f.dia f.fkk msKavmd; odkh
Tn iu`. fnodf.k Tn jykafiaf.a Ndjkd msx wkqfudaoka fjuq' wmg
,efnk wdydr Tn jykafiag;a m%udKj;a fõ'ZZ
fuh lSfõ Wkajykafia foi fkdn,dh' wdpd¾h uka Wkajykafia
.ek ;uka jykafiag;a jvd okS' tfia lshd ms~q msKsi jeähy' tu NsCIqj
wdhdifhka ilauka lrhs' fuh fkdys;+ úêhg isÿ jQ neúka" ys;d u;d l<
fohla fuka fkdfõ' w;ayßkakg fnfyúka wudre is;ú
s ,s úh' fï nj;a o;a
wdpd¾h uka hï m%fhda.hlska Wmldr lsÍug Wkkaÿ úh' NsCIqj ±ä f,i
;u is; uqojd .kakg Èß jvhs' tneúka Tyqf.a is;g mSvd fkdÿkay'
msKavmd; odkh /f.k wd ish¨u NsCIQka jykafia,d ms~qjla ne.ska
Wkajykafiaf.a md;%hg fyÆy' ;jo" tu NsCIqjg leu;s kï ;ksj ys|
je<¢h yelsh' ke;fyd;a wks;a NsCIQka iu`. ys| je<¢h yels hehs mKsúvhla heùh' fuh wid tu NsCIqj blaukg wjq;a wjfYaI NsCIQka iu`.

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jdä ù je<÷fõh' wdpd¾h uka fkdokakdla fia isg miqj wdor lreKdfjka jpk lSmhla l:d lr Wkajykafiaf.a n,j;a miq;eú,a, wiajeiSh'
Wkajykaia wka NsCIQka iu`. je<ª kuq;a th jHdc fmkqula muKs' b;d
iaj,amhla je<÷fõ wks;a NsCIqkg
a wdpdrYS,j
S h' lEu reÑhla ke;' t;rï
udkisl mSvkhl m;a ù we;' tÈk ijia hdufha Wkajykafia iu`. iakdkh msKsi .sh wks;a NsCIqj tkï fuu l:d mqj; miqj wm iu`. úia;r
l< NsCIqj" ielhg m;a ù fuu isoaêh .ek úuiSh' wdpd¾h uka wehs fï
f,i tu NsCIqjg úfYaIhla olajkafka @ fujekakla óg fmr isÿ ù ke;'
Wkajykafia tu NsCIqjf.a Ndjkd ÈhqKj
q ±l iqÿiq f,i Wkkaÿ lr;a hehs
is;Sh' tfia is;d tu NsCIqjf.ka Ndjkd ÈhqKqj ms<sn| úuiSh' zzwdpd¾h
uka Tn msKavmd;h msKsi fkdhkag lSfõ Tn W.% f,i Ndjkdfõ fhfok
ksido @ lreKdlr fuh ug lshkak'ZZ
tu NsCIqj uqyqK weUq,a lr ke; iskdjlska iskdiqks' zzuf.a Ndjkdj
ÈhqKq jkafka flfiao @ wdpd¾h uka uyd ÿ¾j, fukau fudav mqoa.,fhl=g
Wmldr lrkag Wkajykafiaf.a m%fhda.fhka wkqlïmd l<d'ZZ
hy¿ NsCIqj kej; kej;;a isÿ jQ foa l=ula±hs weiQ kuq;a ms<s;=r
fkdÿks' zzwdpd¾h uka uyd ÿ¾j, fudav mqoa.,fhl= f,i Tnj ±lafla
wehs±ZZhs weiSh' neßu ;ek fufia lSy' zzfï ms<sn| wdpd¾h ukag lshkag
Wjukd ke;' Wkajykafia th okS' ug jvd ud .ek Wkajykafia okS' ug
,eÊcd Nh we;' Wkajykafiag uQk §ug fkdyelsh' Bfha wms .,a m¾j;
wi, ;gdlfha kdk úg wuq;= fohla ÿgqjd u;lo @
zzug u;l ke;' .eyeKq lSm fofkla hkjd kï u;lhs'ZZ zzta
;uhs isoaêh' uu fï uyd wiykhlg m;a ù ta fudfydf;a mgka lsisjla
lr lshd .kag neß ù wirK jqfkñZZhs mdfmdÉPdrKh l<y' zztuksid
ug ms~q msKsi hdu je<elaúh' ud ta ldka;dj kej; .fï§ ÿgfyd;a ueÍ
jefg;shs is;+y' uf.a Ndjkdj fyd| jkafka flfiao @ ta fudav ÿ¾j,
mqoa.,hd .ek ±ka f;afrkjdo @ZZ
hy¿ NsCIqj mqÿufhka .,a .eiqKs' zzwehs foúhfka Tn iy tu
.eyeKq w;r iïnkaOh l=ulao @ZZ
zzfudlj;a keye" ud ta tla .eyeKshla ÿgq ieKska wE ms<sn| is;a
my< úh' rd. .skafkka ±ù .sfhah' uf.a Ndjkd ukisldrh iqka úh'
ta fjkqjg uf.a ukfia wef.a ,laIK rEmh we£ we;' fï o¾Ykh ksid

132

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

uf.a isys uq,dúh' ? t<sjk ;=re;a kskaola ke;' ;ju;a fuu úldr is;
flfrys ud ;Èka ne£ we;' fudkjd lrkag±hs fkdoksñ' Tn jykaig
yels kï ug Wmldr lrkak'ZZ
zz;ju;a tfiauo @ fjkia jqfka keoao @ZZ
zzke;ZZ NsCIqjf.a lgy~ b;d ne.Em;ah' zztfia kï uu lshkakï"
Tng Th is; u¾okh l< fkdyels kï fuys /£ fkdisákak' ;j ;j;a
W;aikk fõú' fufyka msg ù f.dia iqÿiq mßirhla fidhd .kak' wdpd¾h
uka iu`. Tng l:d l< fkdyels kï uu lshkakï' Wkajykafia Tng
jydu wjir foaú' Wkajykafia Tfí ;;a;ajh fyd|dldr f;areï wrf.
k we;' Tng ,eÊcd fõ hehs is;d ;ju lsisjla fkdlSfõh'
NsCIqj Bg leu;s úh' ijia hdufha ;u hy¿ NsCIqj wdpd¾h ukag
±kqï § wjir ,nd .;s' tfy;a Wkajykafia nrm;, m%ldYhla l<y'
zzl¾udkqrEmj yg.;a wdl¾IKhla je<elaúh kdyel' yuqùu ksid th
blauKska ls%hd;aul ùug fya;= we;s neúks'ZZ ta ms<sn| lSfõ tmuKls'
wid isá NsCIqj mjd tys w¾:h jgyd fkd.;ay'
ish,af,dau fuu isoaêh ms<sn| ksy~ jQy' tu NsCIqj wdpd¾h uka
iu`. lsisjla fkdlSfõh' hy¿ NsCIqj lsisjla fkdlSfõh' wdpd¾h uka
±k isáhd muKs' lsisfjla újD;j fï ms<sn| l:d fkdl<y'
miqÈk wdpd¾h ukaf.ka iuq.ekSug .sh úg lsisjla fkdlshd wjir
ÿKs' túg tu NsCIqj wE; m<d;lg f.dia ;u Ndjkdj wdrïN l<y'
tys hï l¾u fodaIhla fkdù kï tys Wkajykafiag ;u Ndjkdj lsÍug
ndOdjla ke;' tfy;a wfyda l¾uhdf.a úmdlj, yeá æ wdpd¾h uka l<
we`.ùu wkqju isÿúh' tu ;reK ia;s%h wyïfnka tu .ugu weú;a
we;' kej;;a tu NsCIqjg wE yuqúh' fuh b;d wiajdNdúlh' l÷lrfha
f.da;s%l ia;s%h fufia wE; .ulg hkafka ke;s neúks'
wdpd¾h uka iy wksl=;a OQ;dx. NsCIQka hï ld,hla tys .;lr
fjk;a wvúhlg ixpdrh l<y' túg wikakg ,enqfKa tu NsCIqj ;u is;
u¾okh lr .ekSug fkdyels ù isjqre yer tu ,CIK ñhqish¾ f.%da;sl
ia;s%h irK mdjd f.k tysu mÈxÑ jQ nj;ah'
fuh kï l¾uh ksid isÿ jQjla nj ksielh' ke;akï fuh isÿjkafka
flfiao @ tu NsCIqjf.a hy¿ NsCIqj fï mqj; wm iu`. lSfõ fufiah'

133

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

tu NsCIqj tu ia;s%hj lsisodl ±l ke;' l:d lr ke;' tfy;a ÿgq muKska
CIKslj fuu iïnkaOh isÿúh' wka NsCIQka ;u wimqfõ jdih lrk úg
.fï ñksiqka iu`. lsisu iïnkaOhla ke;' wdpd¾h uka iu`. isák úg
tjeks hy¨ ñ;%;djhla we;s fkdfõ' tu NsCIqj weiska ÿgq muKska jIS
jQ nj lSfõh' túg isys úl,a úh' tu wdl¾IKh fl;rïo h;a yoj;
úksúo .sfhah' yqiau .ekSug fkdyels úh' fujeks n,j;a ldh Ñ;a;
mSvdjlg Tyq f.dÿre úh' ñka ñ§ug fkdyelsj fjk m<d;lg hdug
;SrKh l<y' tfy;a l¾u Yla;sh Tyq ¨yq n¢ñka miqmi wdfõh' Tyq
Bg hg;a úh'
fujeks w;a±lSula ke;s Tn isky fjkjd we;' kuq;a wm jeks
wh tjeks wjia:djlska ñfokafka flfiao @ nqoaO ld,Sk w¾y;a iqkaor
iuqoo NsCIqjlg fujeks isoaêhla jQ nj f:ar.d:dfõ i|yka fõ' tfy;a
tu .Ksldjlf.ka fírefKa Wkajykafia iDoaê n,fhka ljq¿fjka msg ù
f.diah' idudkHfhka l÷lrfha f.%da;s%lhka NsCIQka iu`. l=¿m. fkdfõ'
tfy;a n,j;a l¾ufhka ñfokaka flfiao @ fuys i;H;djh wdpd¾h uka
±k isáhy' hï Wml%uhlska NsCIqj wdrlaId lsÍug ;e;a l<;a l¾u
Yla;sh n,j;ah' tneúka fuh je<elaùug fkdis;+y' l¾uh odhdo fldg
isák ñksid ;u ffojh iajNdúl úêhg úi|d .ks;s' uu fï l:d mqj;
we;=<;a lf<a fujeks wjia:djkag wm uqyqK mdk nj u;la lsÍugh'
fjkod fuka Tn uf.ka jQ jrola we;;a iudfjkq uekú'
ñka by; uu wdpd¾h uka fydre w,a,kafklehs lSfjñ' Wkajykafia
mrÑ;a; úcdkkfhka wka whf.a is;sú,s oks;s' fï ksid Wkajykafiaf.a
YsIHfhda iqmÍCIdldÍj ;u is;=ú,s md,kh l<y' hïlsis m%n, pß;hla
we;s NsCIqjla mqyqKqjg meñKs úg Wkajykafia Tyqf.a is;=ú,s ±l Tyq
wjk; lrhs' fjk;a ksy;udkS hg;a my;a wh fuka fkdj fujeks pß;
m%;sls%hd lrkafka úreoaO f,ih' kuq;a Wkajykafia fujeks wêudkqIsl
n,fhka hula lS úg tys je/oao ms<sf.k bka ñ§ug W;aidy lr;s'
fl;rï ;Èka je/oaog wjjdo l<;a ;u je/oao .ek ,eÊcd fkdfú'
;ry fkdfj;s' WrK fkdfj;s'
wdpd¾Hh uka b;d olaI fj;s woyia iïmQ¾Kfhka m< lrK
flfkls' tneúka wid isákakdf.a yoj; ;=<g ld je§ hhs' ;uka jykafiaf.a ±kqï iïNdrh lshd fok úg;a wkqkaf.a fodia olsk úg;a ks¾Nhj
tlfy<d mji;s' úfõpkh" idOdrKh" ksjerÈh" wkqkaf.a ys; iqj msKsi
mj;S' ;u YsIHhkaf.a f.!rjh Èkd .ks;s' Tõyq tys i;H;djh ms<s.

134

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

ks;s' ;u ;uka ,nd .;a wêudkqIsl .=K .ek Woaodu fkdfj;s'
YsIHhkaf.a wjYH;djhka wkqj Wkajykafia Wmfoia fo;s' hful=f.
a ÈhqKqj ÿgqúg ffO¾Hhu;a lr;s' Ndjkdj jerÈ kï th kshu ud¾.
hg fhduq lsÍug Wmfoia fo;s' fkdfhla .eg¿" m%Yak we;s whg ,efnk
wjjdo ;=<ska ish¨ m%Yak ksrdlrKh fõ' uu okakd ;rñka Wkajykafiaf.a
YsIHhka lsis úfgl ÿ¾uqL jQfha ke;' ks;ru ,efnkafka oCI" úfYaI{
úi£uls' Ndjkd ms<sn| Wkajykafia ksmqk;ajhla orhs' lsisfjl=g tjeks
;SrKd;aul úi÷ula Èh fkdyel' Ndjuh ye`.Sï m<lrk .S ksnkaOkhla
fuka wid isákakdf.a is; l=,au;a lrhs' jYS lrhs' tjeks jHla; l:d
ffY,shla wo f,dalfha wikakg ke;' YS,dksYxi foaYkdj ukyrh' iudê
m[a[d ms<sn| foaYkd iqúfYaIh' wid isákakkaf.a ;Dma;su;a Ndjh ksid
we;sjk ixis£u Èk .Kkdjla mj;S'
;uka jykafiaf.a wjfndaOh msKsi ù¾Hh jvk úg Wkajykafia
yqol,dj l÷ uqÿka" >k jkdka;rj, jdih lrhs' ;u wdOHd;aufha flf<ia
ch .ekSug W.% igykl fhfo;s' ks;ru i;s m[a[dfjka isá;s' ksok
ld,h yer wka yeu fjf,au m%;HfõCId lr;s' Oïu úph ifundcCOx.
h jvñka ;u is;sú,s úpdr;s' ;u flf<ia iu`. we;a;a l:djls' fonils'
flf<ia j,g m%;s m%ydr t,a, lr;s' ÿl ke;s lsÍfï tlu fÉ;kdj
W;afm%arlhla úh' iïud ixl,amkd úh' tajd ysia m%,dm fkdfj;s' flf<ia
yg .kafka fkdfhla /já,s iys;jh' ;udf.a Woõ Wmldrlhka f,i;a"
;udf.a ÈÜá" udk wkqyi f,i;a iajdNdúl f,i;a fmkS isá;s' flf<iaj,
.uka ud¾.h miqmi hñka Wkajykafia .%yKh lr;s' fufia flf<ia yg
.ekSug bv ke;' jyd y÷kd .ksñka uev mj;aj;s' ch.%yKh f;la
igk f.k hhs' i;s" m[a[d" Y%oO
a d" ùßh" Wmßu jYfhka jeã we;' yeu
ch.%yKfhkau fuu l=i,;d j¾Okh úh' wka;sfï§ wNHka;r f,dalh
foord .sfhah' ud¾. m%{dfjka wúoHdj kï rcq úkdY úh'
fï wdldrfhka wjidk ch.%yKh w;am;a úh' ilauka Ndjkdfõ
iy m¾hxl Ndjkdfõ ksula ke;' ? oj,a ;siafia i;s m[a[dfjka
Ndjkdfõ fhfo;s' bka wk;=rej ;u zzhqfoOdmlrKZZ j,g wjYH;djhla
fkdue;' i;s" m[a[d idudkH Ôú;h f.k hdug muKla mj;S' iuyr
úg O¾ufha .eUqr ±lSug Wmfhda.S lrhs' wjYH fkdjq úg ke;s ù hhs'
l,ska i;s" m[a[d yeu fudfydf;a§u flf<ia hgm;a lsÍug wjYH úh'
±ka ta ish,a, ksrdhdij ls%hdldÍ fõ' ue, ù" uelS hhs' wkjYH neúks'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú;h ir,h" myiqh" wjHdch" ,dul" myiqfjka /jáh

135

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

yels w{dkfhla fuka f,dalhdg Èiafõ' i;s" m[a[dj, ls%hdldß;ajh
ke;' b;sß ù we;af;a wld,sl iudêhls' lsis úêhlska fjka fkdfjk
neúka isf;a iajNdjh hgm;a l, ksYap, iajNdjhls' ndysr n,mEï lsisjlska pxp, fkdfõ' w;S;h" wkd.;h .ek lsisu ;elSula ke;' flf<ia
ke;sùu;a iu`. ish¨ iajNdjhka wfydais fõ' iQkH;djh rc flf¾'

u,a,j fmdr Y+rhd
kjl NsCIQka jykafia,d lKavdhula mqyK
q q ùug Ndr.;a úg wdpd¾h
uka ks;ru Tjqka iu`. idlÉPd mj;aj;s' túg Ndjkd Wmfoia fo;s' hï
NsCIqjlf.a .;s ,CIK kqiqÿiq kï t;ek§u ta ms<sn| ;rjgq lr;s' ta
whf.a .;s ;uka jykafia iudêfhka isák úg olakg ,efí' ke;fyd;a
mrÑ;a; úcdkkfhka Tjqkaf.a is;a ols;s' túg m%fhda.ldÍ l%uhlska th
t<sorõ lr;s' tjekakla fkdùug j. n,d .; hq;= nj w`.j;s'
Ndjkd iudê ksñ;s jYfhka ;u Y%djlhkaf.a pß; Wkajykafiag
Èiafõ' WodyrKhla jYfhka my; ±lafjk l:d mqj; bÈßm;a lrñ' tla
NsCIqjla .sys ld,fha m%isoaO u,a,j fmdr Y+rhls' wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ndjkd
mqyqkqj .ek wid b;d Y%oaOdfjka iiqka.; ù wdpd¾h ukaf.a YsIHfhla
úh' Tyqf.a nvq u,af,a fndlaiska iQrhkaf.a PdhdrEm 10la tla tla bßhõ
j,ska ;snK
q 's nexfldla isg Ñhdxuhs m%foaYhg meñK l÷lrfha isá wdpd¾h
uka fidhd .;s' wdpd¾h uka Tyqg wjir § uyK lrúh'
tÈk rd;sf
% ha wdpd¾h uka ;u Y%djlhka ms<n
s | úuiSula l<y' miqod
Wfoa yS,a odkhg jeä wjia:dfõ§ kjl NsCIqj .ek l:d l<y'
zzfï NsCIqj fuys meñKsfha Ndjkd lsÍfï wNs,dIfhks' th fyd|hs'
Tyqf.a yeisÍfï lsis jrola ke;' tfy;a Bfha rd;s%fha uy úldr f,i
yeisrefKa wehs @ uu Ndjkd lrK úg Tyq weú;a ud bÈßfha fmkS isáfhah'
wä lSmhla wE;ska isáfhah' bkamiq fndlaiska Y+rhkaf.a fkdfhla úêfha
bßhõ mdñka r`. ±lajQfhah' ug fkdfmkS .sh úg fijke,a, iu`. yrU
lrhs' ;dhs fndlaiska Y+rfhda ll=,a" oKysis" je,ñg" ñá fud,jd ;u
úreoaOldrhd ìu fy<hs' ta wkqj Tyq ol=Kq ll=f<ka yd jï ll=f<ka úáka
úg myr ÿks' fï NsCIqjf.a w;S;h l=ulao @ Tyq u,a,j fmdr Y+rfhlao
@ ta ksid Tyq ug u,a,j fmdr m%o¾Ykhla ÿkafkyso @
Wkajykafia fufia lshk úg tu NsCIqj yd wksl=;a NsCIQka .,a
136

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

.eiS n,d yqkay' wdpd¾h uka kjl NsCIqj foig yeÍ zzwehs Tn tfia
r`. ±lajqfha @ ulaksid tfia yeiqrefKao @ we;s hka;ï ug myr fkdÿka
tl'ZZ hhs mejiQy'
odk fõ,djg wdikak neúka wdpd¾h uka fjk fudlj;a fkdlshd
.shy' ijia jrefõ NsCIQkag lugyka fok úg;a ta ms<sn| lsisjla fkdlSy' kuq;a rd;S% ld,fha kej;;a fï r`.mEu isÿúh' miqod w¿hu fï
ms<sn| l:d l<y'
Tn Bfha ? ud yuqùug meñKsfha wehs @ Bfha rd;s%fha Tn fndlaisx
r`.mEfõ wehs @ mek mek md myrj,a foñka uq¿ rd;s%hu .; lf<ah'
fujeks yeisÍï Ndjkd fhda.Skag iqÿiq ke;' Tn fuys tkag m<uq ;snQ
wruqKq fudkjdo @ ±ka woyi l=ulao @ lreKdlr we;a; lshkak' ke;akï
fufyka msg ù hkak' miq.sh rd;S% fol ;=< jQ isoaêh jeks fohla ud ±l
ke;'
tu NsCIqj Nhska fjõ,ñka iqÿue,s úh' la,dka; fõhehs is;=Ks' wka
NsCIqjla ;uka Tyq iu`. mqoa.,slj l:d lsÍug wjir b,aúh'
zzlreKdlr wdpd¾h ukag lshkak Tnf.a fï isoaêhg fya;=j
Wkajykafiag wjYHhhs' we;a; ±k .ekSug Tng hïlsis o~qjula §ug
fkdfõ' wms fuys fjfik lsif
s jla ry;afj,d keye' flf<ia ÿre lr keye'
wms jerÈ lrkjd' kuq;a Wkajykafiaf.a wjjdo ms<sf.k jrÈka ñfokjd'
wmf.a .=refoajhka jykafia wmg mshl= yd iudkh ufjl= yd iudkh'
.=rejrfhla jYfhka jro lrK whg fodia lSug iqÿiqhs' .=rejrhd ;u
YsIHhd flfrys wjOdkh l< hq;=hs' ta whf.a iqN isoaêh msKsi m%Yak
wiñka úfõpkh lrñka ta wjia:djg iqÿiq f,i wjjdo fokjd' ug;a
lSm úgla Wkajykfia fodia lSjd' Tng lSjdg jvd ;Èka úfõpkh l<d'
iuyreka t<jd oukjd' tfy;a ta wh lSlre ù ;u je/oao yod .;aúg
bkag wjir fokjd' Tng lS foa .ek fyd¢ka is;kak' ug fmak úêhg
Tn Nh úh hq;= keye' Tn isf;a hï .eg¿jla we;akï th lshkak' Tn
lsis je/oaola fkdlf<a kï fyda w;aje/oaola isÿ jqfKa kï fl<skau lshd
isákak' Tng wu;l kï tfia lshkak' Tnf.a iqÿiqlï wkqj ;Skÿ
a j ,efí'
l=ula fyda fõjd" Bg wjk; jQ úg m%Yakh ksrdlrKh fõ'ZZ
tu NsCIqj l;d lr wjidkfha§ wdpd¾h uka l:d l<y' ±ka Tng
lshkag we;af;a l=ulao @ lsis fya;=jla ke;sj ud Tng jro mjrkafka ke;'
kuq;a ud weia mshd.;a fudfydf;a isg Tnf.a úldr oe`.,s,a, ug Èiafõ'
137

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

NsCIqjla fufia yeisfrkafka wehs @ uu mqÿuhg m;afjñ' fï o¾Ykh
l=ulao@ Tn fldhs wdldr ÿIagfhla±hs fkdoksñ' uf.a wêudkisl nqoaêh
;=<ska fu;rï ld,hla .;a ;SrK jerÿfKa ke;' tfy;a fï wjia:dfõ
jerÿfKa wehs @ Tn ug we;a; lshkak' Tn ks¾fodaIs kï" uf.a wêudkqIsl
n, jerÈ kï" uu jkdys kdls msiaiq NsCIqjla fjñ' fujeks NsCIqkaf.
a .=rejrhd ùug kqiqÿiq fjñ' uu jerÈ mdr Tjqkag olajkafkla fjñ'
tfiakï ud msiaiqfjka fldfya kuq;a f.dia ie`. ù isáh hq;=hs' fïjeks
msiaiq foa W.kajkafka kï th idmhls'
wks;a NsCIqj ;u hy¿jdg l:dlrk fuka wdhdpkd l<y' wka;f
s ï§
tu u,, lS%vd l< NsCIqj .eys yeyS úlD;sj hkakï lSfõh' zzuu u,,
lS%vlfhla fjñ'ZZ tmuKla lshd ksIaYío úh'
wdpd¾h uka Tn u,, lS%vlfhlaj isáho @ tfiah' kuq;a ±ka" Tn
NsCIqjla ±ka Tn u,, lS%vd lrkafka flfiao @ Tn fuys wdfõ u,, lS%vd
lrñka uqo,a Wmhñkao @ fï jk úg tu NsCIqj isys úl,a ù .sfhah' lsis
W;a;rhla lshd .; fkdyels úh' túg hy¿ NsCIqj l:d lrñka .sys
ld,fha Tn u,, lS%vlfhla jqjo ±kq;a Tn tu lS%vdj lrkafkyso @
zzud .sys ld,fha tfia l< kuq;a ±ka lrkafka ke;'ZZ ud uyK jQ
miq u,, lS%vd keje;ajQjd'ZZ hs lSy'
wdpd¾h uka Tyqf.a uki úlD;s nj ±k fjk hula l:d lrkakg
úh' ±ka msKavmd; hdug ld,h yß' miqj wks;a NsCIqjg fï ms<sn|
Tyqf.ka ±k .kakd f,i wK l<y' Tyqf.a Nh ksid ;uka jykafia
iu`. l:d fkdlr;s'
odkfhka miq kej;;a tu NsCIqjf.ka wks;a NsCIqj lreKq úpdf,ah'
fï kjl NsCIqj zziqwka l=,maZZ fndlaiska wdh;kfha b;d oCI lS%vlfhls'
.sys Ôú;h .ek l<lsÍ uyK úh' bkamiq wdpd¾h uka fidhd weúoafoah'
bkamiq tu hy¿ NsCIqj fuu m%jD;a;sh wdpd¾h ukag ie<l<y' fuu l:
dx.h ñka iudma;hehs is;=fjñ' kuq;a th tfia fkdùh' tÈk rd;S% wdpd¾h
uka iudêfhka fï NsCIqj mÍlaId lf<ah' miqÈk Tyqg fufia lSy'
zzTn .sys ld,fha fndlaisx iQrhl= muKla fkdj" hï fohla Tn
jika lr ;sfí' Tn fï ms<sn| fyd\dldr l,amkd lr n,kak' Tn .sys
ld,fha p¾hdj muKla kï fujeks foa kej; kej; fmfkkafka wehs@
fï wid hy¿ NsCIqj tu NsCIqjf.a wimqjg .sfhah' fndfyda fõ,d
138

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

idlÉPd lr Tyqf.a nE.fha fndlaisx iQrhkaf.a PdhdrEm 10la we;s nj
±k .;s' tajd foi neÆúg fï ish¿u lrorh fï PdhdrEm ksid hehs
is;=fõh' fïjd neyer lrkak' ke;akï mq¿iaid oukak hehs lSy' tu
NsCIqj Bg tl`. úh' miqj fofokd tla ù tu PdhdrEm mq¿iaid ±uQy'
bkamiq fï ish¨ m%Yak ksrdlrKh úh'
tu .sysl, fndlaisx iQrhd ±ka b;du Ydka; odka; NsCIqjls'
yeisÍu" m%;sm;a;s .re .dïNSrh' fndfyda i;=áka iekiSfuka wdpd¾h
uka iu`. úiQy' wdpd¾h uka Tyqg úfYaI wdorhlska ie<ls,s oelaùh'
w;S;h wu;l ù .sfhah' ld,hlg miq ;u hy¿ NsCIQka Wkajykafiag
iroï lr;s' tu isoaêh ksid wdpd¾h ukaf.ka nekqï weiQ ieá u;la
lr iskdiqks' zzuu ndf.g ueß,d" uf.a isys úl,a fj,d fudavfhla fuka
yeisreKdZZ ;ud fírd.;a ñ;% NsCIqjg ia;+;s lrñka zzTn jykafia fkdysákag uu msiaiq jefgkjd' Tn ug ohdj wkqlïmdj ±lajQjd' wdpd¾h
uka b;du;a oCIhs' uu isysúl,a fjk fõ,dfõ§ blaukg fjk fohlg
fhduq lr lsisjla fkdis÷ úÈhg wu;l l<d'ZZ wdpd¾h uka fujeks woaN+;
foa ;u Ndjkd iudêfhka olS' túg tu ksñ;a; Tiafia ;u YsIHhskag
wjjdo wkqYdikd lr;s' Wkajykafiag mrÑ;a; úcdkkh muKla fkdj
fujeks úYsIag {dk o ;snqKs'
Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿ Ôú; ld,fha u fkd,;a w;a±lSï fuu Ñhexuhs
jljdkqfõ§ ÿgy' iuyrla Wkajykafiaf.a is; ;=< yg .;s' wks; foa
ndysr f,dalfha isÿúh' b;du;a úYauh ckl W;af;ack iys; m%;sfõO
kqjK fõ' yqol,d jdih lrk úg ,enQ w;a±lSu wkka;h' tajd fuys
i|yka l< fkdyelsh' ±kqu yd wjfndaOh ksrka;rfhka Wkajykafiag
,enqKs' Ndjkd ld,h ;=<;a wjfYaI ffoksl ld,h ;=<;a fï kqjK my<
úh' th mqÿudldrh' woaN+;h' fuf;la l,a fï is; fl;rï fudayfhka
isáfhao @ fujeks uyd m%{d my< ùug iqÿiq jqjo fuf;la isáfha mqÿu
fudayhlsks' fuu Yla;s wkka; iir mej;s wiSñ; n,fõ. fõ' fudydkaOldrfhka jeiS ;snqKs'
is; ksreoaO jQ úg ish¨ ls%hdldrlï ksreoaO fõ' fuu iudêfhka
ish¨ ixisoaê wfydais fõ' tneúka is; mj;skafka O¾u;djh u; muKs'
O¾uh iy Ñ;a;h tlu fõ' Ñ;a; hkq O¾uhhs' O¾uh hkq Ñ;a;hhs'
oaú;a;j
a hla fkdfõ' YÍrfha fyda ukfia meje;aula fkd±fka' fuu iajNdjh Èk" udi" wjqreÿ" l,am .Kka meje;aúh yelsh wksÉp ÿlaL wkd;au
jeks iïuq;s i;Hhka wod< ke;' fufia is; ksfrdaOhg .sh wjia:dfõ§

139

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

YÍrh iqKq úiqKq ù .sh;a - tkï iïuq;sh wfydais jqj;a is; ta ms<sn|
fkdokS' fuh b;du n,j;a iudê ;;a;ajhls' fuh fufia jqjo ksfrdaO
iudm;a;sh ;djld,sl ;;a;ajhls' th ;o kskaola n÷h' isysk ke;s ;o
kskafoa miqfjk úg hfula lsisjla fkdokS' wjÈ jQ úg YdÍßl udkisl
ls%hdldß;ajh ±fka'
tkuq;a ish¨ iudê ;;a;aj" ksfrdaO iudm;a;s jqjo iïuq;s i;Hhg
wh;a fõ' úuqla;s is; fyj;a w¾y;a u.a. M," is;a iïuq;sh blaujd h;a'
úuqla;s is; iudê .; jQ úg iïuq;shg wod< ke;' w;s mdßY=oaO tu is;
úY=oaê Ñ;a;h kñ' tuis; iïuq;s ld, wjldYhkaf.ka úks¾uqla;h'
tfyhska zzwld,sfldZZ fj;s' fuu úY=oaê Ñ;a;fha iajNdjh ix{d
ialkaOhg yiq fkdfõ' tfyhska th úia;r lsÍug fkdyelsh' th ksjk
fõ' fya;= m%;Hh fkdue;s neúka f,!lsl fkdfj;s' wksÉp" ÿlaL" wkd;au
fkdfj;s' tu iudêfhka ke.S isá úg iïuq;s f,dalh wod< fõ' ^wksoiik
ú[a[dKh - kso¾Ykhla ke; - isxy, mßj¾;l&
wdpd¾h uka Wmpdr iudêfhka fyda ldudjpr is ; ls k a fyda
isák úg jqjo fndfyda woaN+; foa .%yKh lrhs' fjkila jkafka tys
.dïNSr;djh" úIh m:h iy .=Kh muKs' hï fohla ;SCIKj n,kag
wjYH jQ úg Wkajykafia Wmpdr iudê .; fõ' Èín plaLq Èín fid;
,nd .ekSug Wmpdr iudê wjYH fõ' fï iudêfhka wkHhkaf.a is;=ï
me;=ï ls%hdldrlï ±k .; yelsh' m%lD;s weiska olskakdla fuks' m%lD;s
lkska wikakdla fuks'

fjia j,d.;a fldá
l÷lrfha f.%da;sl ñksiaiq ál fofkla yefrkak lsisfjla k.rnog
f.dia ke;' Tõyq NsCIQka jykafia,d ±l ke;' fuu l÷lrfha .fuka
ye;elau 1-2 ÿßka msysá jkdka;rfha wdpd¾h uka iy NsCIq msßi jdih
lr;s' .ia hg l=vd ueisj, ,e`.=ï .ks;s' w¿hu ms~q msKsi .ug .sh úg
zzwehs wdfõ @ZZ hehs wi;s' odkh msKsi meñKs nj wdpd¾h uka ie<l<y'
Tjqka mqÿufhka n,d isáhy' túg msKsvmd;h hkq l=ula±hs wdpd¾h uka
lshd ÿkay' zzTng ´kE Whmq wdydrho úh,s wdydrh±hs weiQy' zzWhdmq
wdydr heZZhs lS úg b;d iaj,am m%udKhla md;%j,g ±uQy' tu NsCIQka
foku l=áhg meñK tu n;a je<ªy' jHxck lsisjla ke;'
uq, isgu fuu f.%da;sl ñksiaiq Y%oaOd nqoaêhla ke;s neúka odk ud-

140

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

kdÈh fkdoks;s' NsCIQka ms<sn| iel my< lr;s' tÈk iji .ïuq,doEkshd
nïnq glh kdo lr uq¿ .u tla /ia l<y' wdpd¾h uka iy wks;a NsCIqj
.ek l:d lrñka zzhïlsis fldá j¾.hla fjia j,df.k weú;a le,Efõ
isá;s' l=uk f.%da;%h ±hs fkdoks;s' tfy;a úYajdi l< fkdyelsheZhs
lSy' zztu le,hg or msKsi fyda .eyeKq iy <uhs fkd hd hq;=hs' msßñ
.sfhd;a ksis fia wdhqO /f.k .sh hq;=hs' tu fldá ±ä m%ydrhla t,a,
l< yelsh'ZZ hkdÈ jYfhks'
fuu l:dj lrk fj,dfõ wdpd¾h uka iudêhg m;a ù isáhy'
tneúka ish,a, oks;'s wefi;s' ols;'s kuq;a ta ms<n
s | fldamhg m;a fkdjqK's
wiSñ; ffu;s%hla" lreKdjla" wkqlïmdjla fï ñksiqka flf¾ yg .;s'
Wkajykafia ÿla jQfha fï msßi fujeks fndre nhla" iella ksid fndfyda
wl=i,a /ia lr iir ÿla ú£u .ekh' ueÍ f.dia fldá fhdaksfha Wm§'
miqod WoEik ;u YsIHhdg fï ish,a, ±kajqy'
zzBfha iji .ïuq,doEkshd uq¿ .uu le|jd wms fldá j¾.hla"
NsCIqka fuka fjia j,df.k isá;s' ta wh wmf.a wvúh wh;a lr .ks;s'
wm úkdY lr;s'ZZ wd§ jYfhka lSjd wm fï .u yer .sfhd;a fï ñksiaiq
we;af;kau Nhdkl mõ isÿ lr .ks;a' Y%oaOdj ke;s neúka wm flfrys
mõldr woyia we;s lrf.k wl=i, l¾u isÿ lr;s' fï whg wkqlïmdfjka wms fufyau /£ isáuq' fï m%Yakj,g uqyqK fouq' fï whf.a jerÈ
oDIaáh ìf|k ;=re wm fuys isáh hq;=hs'
.ïuq Wkajykafia,d iel l<d muKla fkdj fo;=ka fokd lKavdhï
jYfhka fkdfhla wú wdhqO /f.k uqr lr;s' iuyrúg Wkajykafia,d
ilauka lrkjd' wE;ska n,d isá;s' wdpd¾h uka iómhg iuyr úg
meñfK;s' ilauka fldka <`. fyda ueoafoa n,d isá;s' weismsh fkdfy<d
mqÿufhka n,d isá;s' úkdä 10-15 ilauka ueo isg jg msg n,ñka mÍlaId
lr;s' fuu uqr lsÍu" ±ä mÍlaIdj Èkm;d i;s .Kkla lr;s'
fuu NsCIQka jykafia,df.a iemÿla .ek .ïuq lsis ye`.Sula ke;'
lEu îu ,efnkjd±hs lsis i<ls,a,la ke;' Ôj;a jkafka flfia±hs
fkdis;;s' fufia Ôj;aùu b;du ÿIalr úh' ;ïnmq n;a muKla ,efí'
ta jqjo iuyr úg fkd,efí' ,enqK m%udKh fkdiEfya' jeämqr c,h î
iekfia'
.,a.=yd fyda .sß fy,a wdÈ lsis wdjrkhla ke;s neúka .ia hg ?
oj,a .; lsÍug isÿúh' jeis ld,h b;d ÿIalrh' uq¿ oji Odrdksmd;
141

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jeis lvd yef,a' jeiai kej;S álla úh,S .sh úg jy,lg iqÿiq ;Kfld<
úh,s fld< fidhñka f.dia hka;ï fkdf;ó isákakg mshiaila ;kd
.;ay' wju jYfhka oji .; lsÍug muKla th iEfya' ;o j¾Idj uev
meje;aùug frÈ j,ska ueiQ jg wdjrKhla we;' tys ;=< tla flfkl=g
muKla ys¢h yelsh' th l+vdrula jeks l+vhg iúlr ;sfí' fuhska hïlsis wdjrKhla ,efí' ks;ru l÷ uqÿkaj,ska tk iq<`. pKav udre;hls'
l+vdru leã b.s,S hhs' isjqre msßlr f;;a nß fõ' oj,a ld,fha kï hï
ms<shula fiùug yelsh' tfy;a rd;S% ld,h kï lsh fkdyels ;rï úkdYhls' mqÿu wiykhls'
YS; ie~ iq<x .ia w;= .;s f.k h;s' ìhxlr Yíoh is; lïmd
lrhs' fldhs fudfydf;a urKhg m;afõ±hs fkdokS' jeiai" iq<`." YS;,"
rd;s%h >k w÷r we;' leã ì£ hk iqkanqka leU,s ta fï w; yud hhs'
l=i.skak" msmdiho n,j;ah' W!IaK ld,ho t;rï ÿIalrh' fï ish,a,
bjiqfõ .fï ñksiqkaf.a iel ìh ÿre lsÍugh' fndk j;=r fla;,h mqrjd
.ekSu fndfyda wE; l÷ mduq,g hd hq;=h' fï ish¨ ÿla uOHfha .fï
ñksiaiq lsisu ie<ls,a,la fkdolaj;s'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ndjkd n,h yd wjfndaOh ksid lsisu ie,Sula fyda
l<lsÍula ke;' jk uD.hkaf.a lE .eiSu Wkajykaia i;=g t<jhs' l=,u
a ;a
lrhs' ? ld,fha .ia hg Ndjkd lrk úg <`. md; fldá f.drjk Yíoh
wefia' fï úYd, i;a;= mqÿuhlg fuka wdpd¾h uka iómhg fkdmeñfK;a'
l,d;=rlska fldáfhla wjq;a l+vdru ;=<g fydïn oud bj lr f.dÿre
fidh;s' Wkajykafia hka;ï fi,jqk ú.i Tyq lvdf.k mek ÿjhs' kej;
meñfKkafka ke;'
iEuodu iji ñksiaiq ;=ka fofkla wjq;a úmrï lr;s' Wkajykafia
foi n,d my;a y`äka hï hï foa lsh;s' wdpd¾Hh uka lssis j.la ke;'
Tjqkaf.a is;a olS' ta nj Tjqka fkdoks;a' Tjqka l:d lrk foa wefia' Èín
plaLq" Èín fid;fhks' hfula ta whf.a l:d ny okS hkak fkdokakd
fyhska lsis wjysrhla ke;sj l:d lr;a' ta wh hïlsis je/oaola fidh;s'
wdpd¾h uka m%;sls%hd lrkafka Tjqkag wiSñ; lreKdjlsks' .fï jeä
ixLHdjla ál fofkl=f.a ¥Is; md,khg ,la ù we;s nj Wkajykafia
±k .;ay' fuu wvúfha wdpd¾h uka udi lSmhla úiQy' ;ju;a fuu
ñksiaiq Wkajykafiaf.a iq¿ m%udo fodaIhla fyda fidhñka isá;s' Tjqkag
wjYH jQfha ;uka .;a jerÈ ks.ukh lfia fyda yß ks.hukla f,i
Tmamq lsÍugh' tfy;a Wkajykafia m<jd yeÍug ;e;a fkdl<y' jßka

142

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

jr T;a;= fiùfï fhfo;s' udi .Kkdjla Tjqka fjfyig m;a jqjo tlu
je/oaola fkdols;s'
tla iJOHdjl Wkajykafia iudê iqjfhka isák úg .ïuq tla/ia ù
;uka jykafia .ek idlÉPd mj;ajk nj ±kqKs' .ïuq,doEkshd wksl=;a
whf.ka ;ukaf.a T;a;= mÍlaIKj, m%;sM, weiQy' fï NsCIqka jykafia,d
foku .ek lsiu
s fodaIhla fidhd .ekSug neß nj Tjqka tl fy<d ±kajy
Q '
Tjqkaf.a ielh ksid fndfyda krl úmdl we;ehs lSjdy'
zzTn tfia lshkafka wehs @ZZ
zzwehs hk yeuúgu olskakg ,efnkafka Wkajykafia,d weia mshdf.
k b|f.k bkakjd fkdfi,a ù.ia .,a jf.a ke;akï weúÈkjd bÈßhg
- wdmiq Wv ìu jg msg n,kafka keye' fï wh fldá j¾.hla kï jgmsg
n,ñka l=reudkï w,a,;s' tjekakla ke;' fuf;la l,a ta whf.a yeisÍï"
jrog yiq l< fkdyelsh' tfia jrola jQfha kï wmg yiqfj;s' wms fujeks
wmrdO fyd| whg lsÍfuka uyd úm;a;shlg m;aúh yel' ±ka lrkakg
we;af;a fï wh iu`. l:dlr wruqK meyeÈ,s lr .ekSuhs'
fyd| NsCIQkag jykafia,d fidhd .kag neye' fyd| krl fof.
d,af,dau bkakjd' fï NsCIQka jykafia,dg wms f.!rj ±laúh hq;=hs' fï
NsCIQka jHdc" jxl" fødayS mqoa.,hka f,i fpdaokd l< hq;= ke;' fuh
úi£ug wms .syska m%Yak lruq' wehs Tn weia mshdf.k bkafka @ wehs Tn
biairyg weúÈkafka wdmiq yeÍ weúÈfkafka @ fudkjo fidhkafka @
fï /iaùfï§ Tõyq hï ksfhdað;fhla hjd m%Yak lsÍug ;SrKh
.;s' miqod WoEik wdpd¾h uka wks;a NsCIqj wu;d zz.fï ñksiaiqkaf.a
f,dl= mßj¾;khla ù we;' Bfha rd;s%fha /iaùula meje;ajQjd wm fofokd
ms<sn|' wo Wfoa hï ksfhdað;hka tkjd wmf.ka úuiSug ta whf.a iel
ìh ÿre lsÍu msKsiZZ
ta wkqju tÈk iji .fï ksfhdað;hd meñKsfhah' zzTn fudkjdo
fidhkafka weia mshdf.k @ ta fï w; weúÈñka @ZZ
wdpd¾h uka ms<s;=re foñka zzuf.a nqfoOd ke;sfj,d uu nqfoOd
fidhñka ? oj,a weia mshdf.k ta fï w; weúÈñka fidhkjd'ZZ

143

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

zznqfoOd hkq l=ulao @ th fidhd .ekSug wmg yelsfõo @ZZ
nqfoOd hkq ;=ka f,dalfha b;du jákd ueKsl' ta ueKsl ;=<ska uq¿
;=ka f,dalhu olskjd' Tng mq¿jka kï th fidhd fokag fndfydu fyd|hs'
túg wms ish¨ fokdgu blauKska myiqfjka nqfoOd fidhd .; yels'
zzTfí nqfoOd ke;sfj,d fndfyda l,ao @ZZ
kE t;rï ld,hla keye' Tn Woõ lrkjd kï wmg blauKska
fidhd .; yels'
nqfoOd f,dl= fohlao @
f,dl=;a keye fmdä;a keye' kshu m%udKh wmg iEfyk' nqfoOd fidhd.;a flfkla W;=ï mqoa.,fhla fjkjd' Tyqg ´kEu fohla
fmakjd'
foaj f,dalhhs wmdhhs olskag mq¿jkao @
we;af;kau Tõ mq¿jks ke;akï W;=ï mqoa.,fhla fjkjdo @ wfma
u<.sh orejka olskag mq¿jkao @ wfma u<.sh ìß| olskag mq¿jkso @
Tng ´ke fohla olskag mq¿jka nqfoOd ,nd .;af;d;a' th fndfyda
wdf,dalu;ao @
brE ishla odylg;a jvd wdf,dalu;a' brg neye foaj f,dal wmdh
f,dalj,g wdf,dalh fokag' kuq;a nqfoOdg mq¿jks yeu ;eku wdf,dalh
hjkag'
wfma .eyeKq whg yd orejkag mq¿jkao fuh fidhkag @
yefudagu mq¿jks' .eyqKq ñksiaiq nd, uy¨ ieug mq¿jks fuh
fidhkag Woõ fokag'
fï W;=ï nqfoOdg mq¿jkao wm wj;dr fyd,auka j,ska wdrlaId
lrkag @
nqfoOdg mq¿jka foa wkka;hs' ;=ka f,dalhgu w.%hs" fYa%Iaghs'
ldu f,dal" rEm f,dal" wrEm f,dal fï ;=ka f,dalfha i;a;ajfhda nqfoOd
j¢kjd' mqokjd' f.!rj lrkjd' fjk lsisu flfkla nqfoOd ;rï Wiia
keye' fyd,auka wj;dr fndfydau Nhhs' nqfoOdg keñ, È.dfj,d j¢kjd'

144

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fyd,auka wj;dr nhhs nqfoOdj fidhk whg mjd' fidhd .kag neß jqK;a"
fidhk whg mjd nhhs' fï nqoaO r;akh fudk mdgo @
th fkdfhla mdáka Èiafk .ykjd' nqfoOd hkq iïud iïnqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a Yla;h
s la' È,sfik m%{d ialkaOhla th øjHuh fohla fkdfõ'
iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia wmg mß;Hd. l< jákd ueKslla ±ka fndfyda ld,hla .;jqkd ±ka ke;s fj,d b;ska wms fidhkjd' fldfya isg jqK;a
fidhkag mq¿jks' wjYH jkafka ys¢ñk fyda weú¢ñka is;kak' zznqfoOd"
nqfoOd" nqfoOdZZ ;u isf;ka is;kak' ;u YÍrh foi is;ska n,ñka fjk
fudk fohlaj;a is;kafka ke;sj nqfoOd nqfoOd nqfoOd is;kak' fï jpk
.ek muKla is;kak' Tng fuh lrkag mq¿jks kï ug jvd biafi,a,d
jqj;a fidhkag yelsfõú'
fl;rï ld,hla ys¢ñka weú¢ñk fidhkag ´kEo @ mgka .kak úg
úkdä 10-15 muK jrlg we;s' nqfoOd fndfyda fõ,d fidhkag lshkafka
keye' uq,ska mgka .kak úg" Tn fjfyig m;a ù fiùu w; yßk ksid'
WfoHda.h ks;jqfkd;a fiùu w;miq lrkjd' túg ljrodj;a fidhkakg
neye' fï ld,h we;s" uq,a wjia:dfõ§ ;j lSfjd;a Tng f;areï .kag
neye' túg zznqfoOdZZ yuqfjkafk keye'
fï ish,a, wid isf;a ordf.k .eñhd hkag .sfhah' wdpd¾h uka
flfrys lsis f.!rjhla ±lajQfha ke;' ta f.%da;slhkaf.a mqreoaohs' ±ka
hkag fyd| ld,hhs is;=k úg ke.sg hhs' wjir .ekSula ke;' iuq.
ekSula ke;' Tyq .ug .sh ú.i fndfyda .eñ ckhd ÿj weú;a úia;r
weiQy' zzwdpd¾h uka ksYap,j isáñka weia mshdf.k bkafka" tfya fufya
ilauka lrkafka nqfoOd kï jákd ueKsl fidhd .ekSug' Wkajykafia
wms is;+ wkaoug fjia j,d.;a fldáfhla fkdfõ'ZZ Tyq Wkajykafia l<
ish¨ úia;r lshd ÿkay' .eñfhda uq,doEkshdf.a isg l=vd orejka mjd
zznqfoOdZZ fidhkag mgka .;ay' tkï weis mshd f.k zznqfoOd" nqfoOdZZ
hk jpkh Ndjkd lsÍuhs'
lSm Èklg miq uy;a wdYap¾hu;a isoaêhla isÿúh' tla .eñfhl=f.a
ukfia O¾uh wjfndaO úh' wdpd¾h uka lS mßÈ Tyq ? oj,a ksrka;rfhka
zznqfoOdZZ Ndjkd l<y' túg Tyqf.a is; iudê.; úh' Tyqf.a i;=g" mS;
% h
s "
iqL tl`.;djh ksïysï ke;' bka ál Èklg m%:u Tyq isyskhla ÿgqfõh'
wdpd¾h uka Tyqf.a ysia uqÿfka ±,afjk úYd, bá mkaoula ;enqfõh' th
ksid ;u .;" is; wdf,dalu;a úh' wjg mßirh wdf,dalu;a úh'

145

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

Tyq wdpd¾h uka fj; f.dia ;ud ÿgq woaN+; isyskh .ek ;u isf;a
we;s mS%;s iqL tl`.;dj ms<sn| lSy' wdpd¾h uka Tyqg OHdk lsÍug ;j
;j;a Wmfoia ÿks' Tyqf.a ÈhqKj
q b;d blauKska jeã .sfhah' Tyqg mrÑ;a;
úcdkkh my< úh' Tyq th ;u .eñ NdIdfjka lshd isáhy' ;ud ,enQ
;;a;ajh .ek meyeÈ,s ke;'
ál Èklg miq Tyq wdpd¾h ukaf.a is; ÿgqfõh' úys¿jg fuka
wdpd¾h uka zzTn tys wl=i,a olald±ZZhs weiSh' zzTn jykafiaf.a is; lsis
wruqKla fkd.kS' tys we;af;a §ma;su;a wdf,dalhla muKs' Tn jykafia
jeks flfkla fuf,dj we;af;a ke;' Tn jykafia fuys wjqreoaola muK
/£ isáhy' wehs ug fï iajNdjh uq,ska fkdlSfõ @ZZ uu flfia lshïo @
Tn uf.ka lsisu m%Yakhla weiqfõ ke;' Wkajykafia ms<s;=re ÿKs'
Tn jykafia w.%.KHfha wdpd¾hjrfhla nj uu ±k fkdisáfhñ'
±ka wm ish¨ fokdu okakjd Tn jykafia b;du olaI nj' wm Tn jykafiaf.ka weiQ úg wehs fufia weia mshdf.k bkafka @ wehs fufia ilauka
lrkafka @ZZ Tn jykafia lSjd jákd ueKslla ke;sfj,d th fidhkjd' ta
zznqfoOdZZ kï ueKsl fidhd .kak Woõ lrkak lshd' th b;du §ma;su;a
úys§ hk wdf,dalhla lSjd' we;af;kau th ;uhs Tn jykafiaf.a isf;a
we;af;a" zznqfoOdZZ ke;s jqkd lsfõ wmj m%fhda.fhka Ndjkd lrùug
fhduq lsÍug túg wfma is;;a tfia wdf,dal úysÿjkak' Tn jykafia uyd
ùrfhla' kqjKe;af;la' Tn jykafiaf.a tlu wruqK wmg O¾uh fnod
§u' wfma isf;a zznqfoOdZZ my< lsÍu'
fuu ñksidf.a is; ;=< O¾uh my<ùu ms<sn| mqj; blauKska uq¿
.u mqrdu me;sÍ .sfhah' ish¨ fokdu zznqfoOdZZ Ndjkdj l<y' l=vd ±re
±ßhka mjd l<y' wdpd¾h uka flfrys Y%oO
a dj buy;a úh' Wkajykafiaf.
a b.ekaùï .ek f.!rj l<y' lsisfjla fjiaj<d .;a fldá .ek kej;
l:d fkdl<y' ñka miq tu ñksid wdpd¾h ukaf.a md;%h msKav md;fhka
miq Èkm;d tu wdrKH fiakdikhg /f.k .sfhah' odkfhka miq Tyq
Ndjkd lugyka .;af;ah' hï Èfkl Tyqg jev we;akï ;ukag tkag
neß nj lshd mKsúvhla jhs' tu f.%da;sl ñksiqka w;frka iEfyk fofkla
Ndjkdjg mqreÿ jqKs' tfy;a ta m%:u mqoa.,hd fuka id¾:l fkdùh'
ñksid ;Dma;su;a jQ úg ish¨ fohlau ksis wdldrfhka isÿfõ' úYd,
m¾j;hla fõ' WodyrK uq,a ld,fha§ fï ñksiaiq wdpd¾h uka yg lsis
ie<ls,a,la fkd±lajQy' Wkajykfia lEjo @ ksod .;a;do @ yqkakdo @ u<d
oehs j.la ke;' oka Y%oaodj we;s ù uq,§ b;d ÿ¾,N ish¨ foa ±ka jeä
146

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

jeäfhka .,d ths' lsisjla fkdwidu Woõ Wmldr lr;a' .fï ñksiaiq
tl;= ù ilauka u¿jla ;ekQy' me,la b¢ l<y' wdydr je<£ug ueiaila
iE÷y' Woõ lsÍug wd wh jdo l<y' wjuka l<y' m%Yak l<y' l:d
ny l<y'
zzwr ilauka u¿j n,kak' ;Kfld< j,a me<Eá j,ska jeiS we;'
tu le,Efõ weúÈkafka j,a W!frla úh hq;=hs Tn tkuq;a tysu weúÈhs'
Th u¿j l=ulg±hs weiQúg ke;s jQ zznqfoOdZZ fiùug hehs mji;s' Tn
weia mshdf.k bkafka wehs±hs weiQúg - ke;s jQ nqfoOd fidhñZZhs lshhs'
Tn jykafia fY%aIag wdpd¾hjrfhls' tfy;a ta nj fkdlshkafka wehs @
Tn wuq;= mqoa.,fhla' ta jqK;a ta .;s.=K wms wf.a lrkjd' Tn jykafia
ksod .kafka mqialdmq úh<s fld< frdvq j,ska iEÿ ueiail Tn jykafia
fuys udi oyhla muK fufia ÿla ú¢kafka wehs @ fuh W!re fldgqjla
jf.a' fuh olsk úg wmg b;d ÿla we;s ù w~kak ysf;kjd' wms uyd
fudavfhda /,la' wms ish¨ fokdu fudav jqKd' Tn jykafia fï ;rï jákd
mqoa.,fhla nj wms okafka keye' iuyre fpdaokd l<d fkdfhla jerÈ u;
wkqj' ish¨ fokdu ta ksid fmd<Ujd .;a;d' wms iel l<d' wms%h l<d'
kuq;a ±ka wmsg fyd|g úYajdihs' wms .re lrkjd' fï l÷lr f.%da;s%l
ñksiaiq hfula úYajdi lrk úg th Wmßu jYfhka lrhs' yoj;skau
Nla;sh mqo lrhs' ta whf.a ys;j;alï wiSñ;h' ;u Ôú;h mrÿjg ;nd
mß;Hd. lr;a' ;uka yojf;a ord.;a foa fjkia fkdlr;a' álska ál
wdpd¾h uka Tjqkaf.a Ndjkdj ÈhqKq lsÍug Wmfoia ÿKs'
Wkajykafia fuys j¾Ihlg wêl ld,hla úiQy' fmnrjdßfha isá
B<`. wjqreoafoa wfma%,a olajd' bkmiq fjk;a ;eklg jeähy' Tjqkayg
;snQ n,j;a lreKdj ksid Tjqka yer hdu ÿIalr úh' Tõyq Wkajykafiaf.a
hdu ms<sn| úfrdaOh m< l<y' Wkajykafia urKh f;la isákjd kï uq¿
.uu tl;= ù wjux., W;aijh lrk nj lSy' ta wh ;=< wjfndaOfhka
uu m%;sM, .ek úYajdi we;' taksid yg.;a Y%oaOdj" Nla;sh jerÈ f,i
ÿgy' Wkajykafiaf.a .=K y÷kd .;a miq we;af;kau miq;eú,s ù iudj
wheo isáhy' Wkajykafia Tjqkag iudj ÿks' fï nj miq ld,hl§ ;u
YsIHhkag Wkajykafia ie<l<y' taksid Tjqka Kh.e;s fkdfõ' ;uka
jykafia,d fokug ±ka kslï hd yelsh'
kuq;a Tjqkaf.ka fjka ù hdu f,fyis jQfha ke;' Tjqkaf.a lkak,õ"
,f;daks foñka y~d je,mSu n,d isákag neß ;rï úh' Wkajykafiaf.a
.uk je<elaùug uq¿ .uu wjq;a uy y`äka ú,dm ÿks' th le<Ej foord

147

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

.sfhah' uereK yd iudkj ye~Qy' ;uka jykafiaf.a wruqK meyeÈ<s
lrñka Tjqka wiajeiQ kuq;a bka M,la jQfha ke;' ;u ye`.Sï fy<s lsÍu
jerÈ nj O¾uhg wkqj fmkajd ÿks' u`. wjqrd isáhy'
;rula ikaiqka jQ úg Wkajykafia msg;a ùug iQodkï úh' túg mqÿu
t<jk fohla isÿjqKs' uq¿ .fï ñksiaiq .Ekq ore ±ßfhda Wkajykafia
miqmi ÿj wdy' jglrf.k tflla Wkajykafiaf.a msßlr Wÿrd .;s'
tflla md;%h .;s' tflla l+vh" j;=r fla;,h wd§ jYfhks' wks;a wh
isjf
q ¾ t,a,S we|f.k isáhy' w;sko
a weoaoy' ll=f<ka o w,a,d .;s' y~ñka
je,fmñka l=vd orejka fuka yeisreKy' hkag fokafka ke;ehs lSy'
lSm úgla wdpd¾h uka bjiSfuka lreKq meyeÈ,s l<y' túg Tõyq
u|la ikaiqka jQy' Wkajykafia hkag kslauqK úg kej;;a ta wdldrfhkau ÿj weú;a w,a,d .;ay' fufia meh .Kkla .; úh' uq¿ le,hu
Yíoh fodaxldr ÿks' udkisl wdndê;hka fukao flda, ikakshla fukao
Tjqkaf.a je<mSu n,d isákakg uy;a ÿlls' fjia j,d.;a fldá .ek
u;lhlaj;a ke;' we;af;a yo m;af,ka mek k.sk wdor Nla;shls' w;s
W;a;u mqreIfhl=g lrK mQcd Wmydrhls' uy ñksiaiq y~d je<mqky'
l%ufhka y~ jeã f.dia uyd Yíohlska ish,a, tlúg lE .id zzhkag
tmdZZ hhs lSy' zzwfma mmqj me<S uef¾ùZZ zzbjikag neyeZZ wka;sfï§
tfykï blauKska .syska tkag hehs lSy'
fufia wdpd¾h uka kej;;a lreKq meyeÈ,s lr ÿkay' fndfyda iel
ìh we;sj isá wh ±ka wdor Nla;sfhka y~d je,fm;s' Wkajykafia uy;a
úm¾Hhdihla isÿ lr we;' th nqoaO Y%djlhka.a iqjp .=Kh fõ' idóÑ
.=Kh fõ' nqoaO Y%djlfhda m<s.ekSï fkdlr;s' wkqkag fkd .ry;s' hfula
;uka flfrys wm%ikak;djh wef;d;a Tyqg lreKdj" ffu;s%h Wmoj;s'
wkqkaf.a jerÈ" fkdukd yeisÍï ksid WrK fkdfj;ss' tlg tl lsÍula
ke;' ;u yojf;a we;s lreKd" ffu;s% .=Kh ksid wkqkaf.a flf<ia .sks
ksù Y%oaOdj yg .kS' wd¾h ix> r;akh ñksidf.a irK fj;s' fujeks
Wiia Ñka;khla fuf,dj fldfyaj;a ke;'
miq ld,hl§ wdpd¾h uka fuu l:d mqj; wm iu`. lS úg tu
l÷lfha f.%da;sl ñksiqka .ek wkqlïmd we;súh' uyd le,Efõ isÿ jQ fuu
isoaëka wm ukfiys o¾Ykh jQfha iskudjla fuks' .eñhkaf.a Y%oaOdj ksid
;u Ôú; mß;Hd. lsÍug ieriqK's fuu uydkqNdj we;s mqo.
a ,hd flfrys
wiSñ; Nla;shla we;' ta whg Wjukd jQfha Wkajykafiaf.a lreKd" ffu;S%

148

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fijfkys Ôj;a ùugh' túg Tjqkf
a .a Ôú;h i;=g ikaf;daIfhka ;Dma;u
s ;a
fõ' tneúka w;ska fyda ll=f<ka fyda w,a,d kj;ajd .kag is;y
+ ' Wkajykafia
<`. lsisjla ke;' we;af;a ;K fld<j,ska fijk l< l=vd me,am;ls' th
Wkajykafiag wiSñ; ;Dma;h
s la f.k ÿks' is;kag mjd fkdyels ;;a;j
a hla
Wod úh' wks;H;djfha ,CIK wkqj iqÿiq ld,h t<Uqk úg Wkajykafia
kslau .sfhah' Wkajykfia ;=< Tjqka flfrys wiSñ; ohdjla ;snqKs'
Wkajykafia fjia j<d.;a fldáfhla fkdj" f,dalhdf.a msx fl;ls'
;j fndfyda wh Wkajykafiaf.a wdNdIh ,nd .ekSug we;' tneúka msg
ù .shy'
nqÿ oyu hkq wñ," w.kd ueKlls' th ,nd .ekSug wm fndfyda
msx lr we;' fl;rï Wiia fujeks flfkl=g jqjo zzfjia j,d.;a fldáZZ
hk woaN+; fpdaokd ,eìh yelsh' fn!oaO ixl,am .ek .=K kqjK ke;s
wh fujeks w.kd ueKslla jqjo flf<i;s' fujeks wjdikdjka; wh
f,dalfha isá;s' tneúka ta whg ms<sirKla úh hq;=h' ke;fyd;a nqÿ oyu
Tjqka úiska úkdY lr ou;s' túg ñkid miq;eú,a,g m;afõ'
wdpd¾h uka iq.; .=Kh wkq.ukh l<y' Wkajykafia >k le<Ej,
jdih lrñka l÷lrfha f.%da;s%lhkag fiajh l<y' rd;S% ld,fha fndfyda
foú nUqka" wukqIH" fma%;" kd." .re~d§ msßia j,g lreKdfjka O¾uh
myod ÿks' ks;ru lreKdfjka f,daldF:_ fiajfha fhÿky' ñksiqkag" NsCIQkag" idufKar idufKaÍ fufykska jykafia,dg lsis wjfYaIhla fkdue;sj
msysg jQy' oi È.ska msßi meñK Wkajykafiaf.ka O¾uh bf.k .;ay'
tu O¾u foaYkd b;d ir<h' .eUqreh' myiqfjka wjfndaO jk whqre mqÿu
t<jhs' Ñhdx udhs ys jk.; jQ ld,fha§ l÷lrfha f.%da;s%lhka fnfyúka
i;=gg m;ajqky' ijia hdufha ? ueÈhï ? jk ;=re;a wukqIH fldgia
j,g foúhkag O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' fndfyda m%Yakj,g ms<s;=re fo;s'
foúhkag b.ekaùu wmyiq jkafka tjeks wêudkqIsl Yla;Ska fkdue;s
whg tfia l, fkdyels neúks' Wkajykafia yer wka lsisfjl=g tu ld¾Hh
isÿ l< fkdyels úh' ukqIHhkag oï foiSug wksl=;a NsCIQkag mejßh
yelsh' hï ;rulska fyda ta wid isá wh O¾uhg keUqre fj;s' wdpd¾Hh
uka foúhka iu`. fï idlÉPd ms<sn| fjfiiska Wkkaÿ úh' tneúka
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjk pß;h jáka úg foúhka" wukqIHhka iu`. isÿ jQ
wmQ¾j m%d;sydhH_ ±lafõ'
uE;l§ uu ;dhs,ka;fha iqm%isoaO úmiaikd l¾uia:dk wdpd¾h

149

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jrfhla yuq ùug .sfhñ' Wkajykafia b;du iqyo bjis,sjka; flfkls'
ta fj,dfõ ;u YsIHhkag O¾u lreKq úia;r lrñka isáhy' uu o ta
yd tlaùñ' wms O¾ufha m%dfhda.sl mqyqKqj ms<sn| idlÉPd lf<uq' miqj
Wkajykafia o wdpd¾hka jQ wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| l:d lf<uq' Wkajykafia
wdpd¾h uka iu`. Ñhdx udhs ys le,Efõ fndfyda l,a úiQy' <`.u k.rhg
hdug Èk 2 1$2 muK .;fõ' Wkajykafia tÈk ud iu`. mejiQ úiañ;
l;d mqj;a wmuKh' bka iuyrla fuu fmd;g wvx.= lsÍug iqÿiqhehs
is;ñ' ud by; i|yka l< mßÈ iuyr mqj;a Wkajykafiag wjuka lsÍula
úh yels neúka kqiqÿiq fõ hhs is;ñ'
fuu wdpd¾hjrhd mejiq mßÈ wdpd¾h uka b;du msßisÿ ukila
we;s flfkls' ;jo wêudkqIsl n,hka ksid ;u YsIHhka ks;ru i;s
m[a[dfjka oji .; lrk nj o Wkajykafia oks;s' uu Wkajykafiag
tu f;dr;=re lshk f,i wejá,s lf<ñ' th mYaÑu ckhdf.a Y%oO
a d nqoê
a h
msKsi bjy,a jk neúks' zzuf.a ish¨ is;sú,s wdpd¾h uka oks;s' uu fjk
l=ula lshïo @ ? oj,a ;siafia ud /yeKska ne| ;snqKdla fuks' tjeks
wjOdrKhlska uu uf.a is; md,kh lf<ñ' ud yels ;rï ù¾Hfhka uf.a
is; yslu
a jQ kuq;"a fudfyd;l mudfjka hï wksis is;=ú,a,la ys;+úg" ish¨
fokdf.a bÈßmsg Wkajykafia th fy<sorõ lr;s' uf. Ndjkd ukisldrh
ta ld,fha§ b;du fyd¢ka mej;=ks' l,d;=rlska jerÈ is;sú,a,la yg .;s'
fï ys; fkdkj;ajdu ? oj,a ;siafia is;sú,s my< lrK nj wm is;sh
hq;=hs' fï yeu is;=ú,a,lau i;sfhka ±kSug yelafla ldgo @ uf.a is;sú,s
ug jvd ;SCIKj Wkajykafia oks;s' iuyr úg ug wu;l jQ is;sú,s
Wkajykaiaf.a u;lfha we;' túg uu mqÿuhg m;afjñ'ZZ
zzTng wdpd¾h uka lis úfgl neK weoa±ZZhs uu weiSñ' l,d;=rlska
neK we;' tfy;a ks;ru uf.a is;=ú,s ols;s' bkamiq tu is;=ú,s ;=<ska
ug O¾uh myod fohs' fndfyda úg wka NsCIQka jykafia,d wid isà' túg
ud ,eÊcdjg m;afjñ' jdikdjlg fuka wka NsCIQka jykafia,d bÈßfhys
uf.a ku fkdlsh;s' tu is;sú,s úfõpkh lr;s'
zzTng wdpd¾h uka nekafka ulaksido @ZZ
zzmq:qcákZZ hk jpkfha f;areu Tn okakjdo @ tys f;areu uy .,a
lkaola fuka >k uq,djls' lsisu md,khla ke;' fï is;=ú,s yßo @ jerÈo"
we;a;o fndreo lsisjla ;ud fkdokS' túg Wkajykafia nkshs'
zzTn tu nekSug ìh jQjdo @ZZ
150

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

wehs ke;af;a @ uf.a YÍrh .efykafka keye' kuq;a uf.a is; Nhska
.efykjd' yqiau .kag;a neß fjkjd æ Wkajykafiag we;af;kau mrÑ;a;
úPdkkh we;' th ug Tmamq ù we;' WodyrK úáka úg uu yqol,dj
hdug is;=fjñ' miqod Wfoa Wkajykafia ud ÿg ú.i fyd| nekqula nkshs'
zzblsõ Tn hkafka ljodo @ZZ Th fldfya .sh;a fï ;rï fyd| keye' Tng
ud iu`. úiSu jvd;a fhda.H fõ fufia uf.a is;=ú,s oks;s' zzfufya ys¢ñka
O¾uh weiSu jvd fyd|hs - Th ;ksj hkjdg jvdZZ fufia ud hkjdg
lsisfia;a leu;s fkdjQy' ud tfia .sfhd;a uf.a Ndjkd ukisldrh my;
niS hehs is;+y' tneúka ks;ru ud r|jd .ekSug W;aidy l<y'
uu jvd;a ìh jQfha Wkajykafia .ek uu is;=fjd;a Wkajykafia
ud .k n,ñka isák nj ug yef`.a' Wkajykafiag fjk jevla keoao @
iuyr Èkhkays uu ksod fkd.ksñ' fya;=j ta fudfydf;au Wkajykafia
trñKshd f.d;df.k ud bÈßmsg isá;s' uu fjk wruqKla .ek is;+ ú.i
Wkajykafia ud foi n,d isák nj ug yef`.a' fïksid uf.a i;sh b;du
ÈhqKq úh'
YsIHhka jYfhka wms ksrka;rfhkau i;sh meje;a jQfhuq' Wkajykafia miqmi msKavmdf; hk úg wfma is;a iqmÍCIdldó úh hq;=hs' ;u lh
fj; fhduq lrKjd ñi ndysr f,dalh foi fkdn,uq' fkdis;uq' fï .ek
fkdie<ls,su;a jqjfyd;a tfõf,au úfõpkh lrKq we;' tneúka is;
.ek wms wjOdrKfhka isáfhuq' tfia jqjo iq¿ m%udo fodaIhlska isysh
wka wruqKla .;a ú.i th úfõpkhg Ndckh fõ' th idOdrK nj wmg
jegfya' wms lsym fokd w;=frka tla wfhla fyda fufia i;súyrkfhka
we;' tÈk iji foaYkdfõ§ wdpd¾h uka hïlsis isoaêhla u; fodia
mjr;s' th wmg fkdf;f¾' ulaksid fufia lshoao @ foaYkfhka miq wms
tla /iaj óg fya;= hqla;s fiõfjuq' túg tla NsCIqjla mdfmdÉPdrKh
lrhs' zzwe;af;kau uu fujeks úldr foa is;=fjñ æZZ wdpd¾h uka iu`.
úiSu ìh fokakls' tneúka ksrka;rfhkau i;sh meje;ajQfhuq' fuu l:
d mqj; lshk Wkajykafia uq,skau Ñhx udhs m%foaYhg meñKsúg tla;rd
mkai,l kej;S isáhy' tys meñK mehla .; ùug fmr jdykhla wjq;a
l=áh bÈßmsg keje;aúh'
uu ú.i ne¨fjñ' tys wdpd¾ uka isá;s' tys ÿjf.dia je| f.!rj
mj;ajd tys wd ldrKh úpdf<ñ' Wkajykafia meñKsfha ud tlalr f.k
hkag hehs mejiSh' Bg fmr Èk tys jäk nj Wkjykafia oks;s' zzljqre

151

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

yß Tn jykafiag ta nj ±kakqjdo @ZZ zzta .ek lula keye" uu ±k.;a
ksid fuys wdfjñ'ZZ fuh wid uu úiauhg m;ajqfkñ' miqj Wkajykafia
iu`. jdih lrk úg ug fï i;Hh jvd;a ;yjqre úh'
wfma is;a fkdfhla wruqKq lrd hñka fkdfhla oDIaá .; ù kï
Wkajykafiaf.a O¾uh wjfndaO fkdfõ' tfia fkdù i;sfhka ta wruqK
fyd|ska .%yKh l<úg O¾uh b;d meyeo,sh" ir,h' wdl¾IKhlska
is; we§ tysu mj;S' f,daldiajdo r;sfhka miqjqjfyd;a tu O¾uh is;
ojhs' ta NsCIqj uyd ÿla .skaklg m;afõ' O¾uh foaYkd lrk úg ldf.
a flf,ia weúiafia±hs Wkajykafia fkdis;hs' O¾uh flf<skau flf<ia
j,g b,lal ù we;'
l,d;=rlska hï NsCIqjla kñka wu;hs' zzwehs Tn jykafia Bfha
rd;sf
% ha ta úêhg Ndjkd lf<a @ th jerÈhs fï úêhghs Ndjkd l< hq;f
a ;aZZ
ke;akï zzwehs Tn wo Wfoa fufia is; is;d isáfha @ Th is;sú,s ksid Tn
úkdY fjk nj okafka keoao @ZZ úkdY fjkag wlue;s kï tfia is;kakg
tmd' wehs Tn nqÿrcdKka jykafia W.kajmq wkaoug fkdis;kafka@ Tng
l=ula fj,do @ wm fuys bkafka jerÈ f,i is;f
S uka ls%hd lsÍfuka je<lSug
mqyqKqùug wm fufya bkafka ;ukaf.a is;sú,sj, ksu.ak ù flf<ia
.skafkka ±ù hdug fkdfõ'ZZ fï i;Hh f;areï .;a msßi Wkajykafia
iu`. b;d i;=áka ld,h .; l<y' ta wh Wkajykafiaf.a úfrdaOhg ,la
jQfha ke;' tfy;a hï ryis.; jerÈ foa § kï Wkajykafiag .skafkka
±fjkakdla fuka ÿla fohs' túg tljru nek j§' tu NsCIqj ;u jerÈ
ms<sf.k ñfoa kï ta ms<sn| kej; l:djla ke;'ZZ

m%n, úÊcd
l÷lrfha f.%da;sl ñksiaiq wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| fkdfhla f,i is;+y'
jfrl Wkajykafia <`. wj;dr fyd,auka ÿre lrK m%n, úÊcd we;ehs
is;+y' bkamiq Wkajykafia yuq ù tjeks úÊcdjla wef;d;a ;ukag th
,nd .kag l;sld l<y'
miqod WoEik wdpd¾h uka fï l;sldj .ek NsCIQkag ie,l<y'
Bfha rd;s%fha ud Ndjkdfõ fh§ isák úg ug weiqKd f.%da;sl ñksiaiq
l;sld lrkjd wm <`. fyd,auka wj;dr m,jd yeÍug úÊcd we;' th
b,a,kag wo tkjd lshd lshkjd' ta wh wdfjd;a zznqfoOd" Ofuud" ixf>d

152

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

uka;%h fokak' th Ndjkd lrkak lshkak' fuh b;d n,j;a' fyd,auka
wj;dr fï nqoaO" Oïu" ix> flfrys uyd Nhla we;' tlu fyd,aukla
j;a bkafka keye' Nh ù ÿj;s'
Wkajykafia mejiQ mßÈ miqod tu f.%da;sl ñksiaiq wjq;a fyd,auka
m,jd yßk uka;%h b,aÆy' wdpd¾h uka fuu uka;%h lshd ÿks' th Ndjkd
lrK wkaou o lSy' ;uka ks;ru ys;ska nqfoOd" Ofuud" ixf>d fufkys
l< hq;=hs' nqfoOd nqfoOd''' lSj;a lula keye'
fuh wid Tjqka fï b;d jákd uka;% iQ;h
% la hehs ks;r Ndjkd l<y'
we;af;kau th Ndjkd lugykla úh' jeä l,a .; ùug fmr Tjqyq iudê
.; jQy' Tjqka blauKska ÿj weú;a fï ms<sn| ±kajQy' wdpd¾h uka tu
iQ;%h fyd¢ka Ndjkd lrK ksid ta m<df;a tlu fyd,aukla j;a ke;ehs
m%ldY l<y' fï O¾ufha wdkqNdjfhka Tjqka ;=< fyd,aukaj,g ;snQ ìh
my úh' we;af;kau fyd,auka ÿreúh' Ndjkd fkdlrK wh flfrys mjd
wukqIHhka ìhm;a jqks'
iajdNdúlj b;d wjxl neúka o .=Kj;a neúkao f.%da;s%l ñksiqkag O¾uh b.ekaùu myiq úh' wdpd¾h uka lshd fok mßÈ ta wh meh
.Kka Ndjkd l<y' tneúka b;d fyd| m%;sM, ,oy' Tjqkaf.a yoj;
wf,dalu;a úh' mrÑ;a; úcdkkh my< úh' wimqfõ isák NsCIQkaf.
a mjd is;a oks;s'
;udf.a w;a±lSï .ek Tjqyq úia;r l<y' NsCIQka jykafia,d
mqÿu jQy' ;uka jykafia,df.a is;a olss;shs ìhm;a jQy' fuh ienEjla±hs
m%Yak l<y' f.%da;s%lfhda i;Hh m%ldY l<y' kej; kej;;a yria m%Yak
wiñka úia;r weiQy' yeuúgu tlu W;a;r fo;s' Tjqkaf.a iajdNdúl
wjxl iajrfhka lsh;s' NsCIQka jykafia,d ;ukaf.a fudayh ÿre lsÍug
fufia m%Yak weiQy' wka;sfï§ fï wh lshkafka ienEjlauh' Tjqka wfma
is;a oks;shs ;j ;j;a ìh m;a jQy'
fï f.%da;s%lfhda wdpd¾h is;a okakd nj mejiQy' zzuf.a is;a flfiao@ wj;dr fyd,auka j,g Nho @ZZ zzTn jykafiaf.a is;a fï f,!lsl
is;a fkdfõ' ñksia isrerl ksjkls' Tn jykafiaf.a is;a w;s W;a;uhs'
lsis fohlg Nh ke;' bkamiq Tjqka ;=< fyd,auka j,g ;snQ Nh my ù
.sfhah' Ndjkd ÈhqKq wh wka whg;a ;ukaf.a jegySu .ek lSy' ish¨
fokd ;=<u wdpd¾h uka .ek Y%oaOdj we;' ieuodu WoEik .fï uOHia:
dkhg /ia ù oka ms<s.kaj;s' ish¨u NsCIQka jykafia,df.a md;%j, wdydr
153

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

oud wdpd¾h ukaf.ka wdYs¾jdo ,n;s' ish¿ fokdu tlúg idOqldr §ug
Wkajykafia mqreÿ l<y' Yío k.d fok idOqldr kdoh foaj f,dalj,
/õ ms<s/õ ÿKs' foújre wkqfudaoka fj;s' ieuodu f.%da;s%lfhda fufia
uy y`äka idOqldr ÿkay' rd;s% ld,fha foúhka iu`. l:dlrK úg tu
Yíoh wE; foaj f,dalj,g weiqk nj foúfhda wdpd¾h uka yg lSy' fï
Yíoh wid foújre wdpd¾h uka fï m<df;a jik njg okS'
foújre iuQy jYfhka wjq;a wdpd¾h uka iu`. l:d lr;a' fuu
lKavdhfï kdhlfhla we;' tla tla ;rd;srfï foújre we;' iuyre
N=ïuÜG fyj;a N+ñh wdYs%;h b;d ÿr neyer fyda <`. md; wh fj;s'
fn!oaO fmd;a m;aj, i|yka mßÈ fndfyda ÈjH f,dal wdldyfha we;' ta
wdliÜG foújre fj;s' foújre ;uka jykafia ±lSug tk nj Wkajykafia l<skau oks;s' rd;S% 2 g fyda 3 g tk nj o;aúg l,ska kskaog f.dia
úfõl .ks;s' kskafoka msìo kshu fõ,djg iudêhg m;afj;s' uOHu
rd;s%fha tkafka kï È.gu iudê.; fõ' fuh fowdldrhlska isÿfõ' m%:
ufhka ;o iudêhlg iujeÈ iqj ú¢ñka YÍr mSvd ixis÷j;s' kshu
fõ,dj meñKsúg iqÿiq iudêhlska wuq;;
a ka ms<.
s ks;'s foújre ±ka meñK
we;ehs oks;s' ;du wE; foajf,dalj,ska .uka lrK nj fyda oks;s' ta wh
ms<sf.k Wkajykafia WÑ; f;audjlska O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' by< OHdk
j,g iu jeÿk úg foúhkag yuqùug fkdyelsh' idudkH ñksia ukig
b;d l<d;=rlska foúhkag yuqfõ' tfy;a iudê .; jQ úg wukqIHhka
f,fyisfhka wruqKq fõ' fndfyda úg Wmpdr iudêfhka fuh isÿfõ'
wjqreÿ .Kkdjlg fmr idßld .,a .=ydfõ .; lrk ld,fha§
fufia wukqIHhska iu`. weiqre lsÍug mqreÿ úh' ±ka th b;d f,fyis
fohls' ta ld,fha uyK Wmiïmodfjka jia 22ls' msßksjka mdk úg jia
60la muKs' ta jk úg fï ms<sn| w;soCI úfYaI{;d we;súh' wms ld
yg jqjo fï olaI;d we;s lr .; yelsfõ' ta fu;rï w;s olaI fkdjQj;a
idudkHfhka fï yelshdjka ,nd .; yelsh' Bg wjYH ms<sfj;a idOkh
lsÍfuks' fuys jeo.;alu jkqfha fndfyda wh fuh úYajdi fkdlrk neúka
tjekakkaf.a iel ÿre lsÍuhs' fujeks foa ke;ehs lshk fï m%;sm;a;s
wkq.ukh lr ;ukagu w;a±lSï ,nd .; hq;=fõ' O¾uh ms<sn| ±kqu
ke;s whg fï lreKq ta;a;= .ekSug ÿIalrh' yojf;a we;s .=K hkq
l=i,;djhls' iudê .=Khls' fï l=i,;d ÈhqKq jq úg ;ukag w;a±lSï
,efí' f,dalfha ish¨ fokdu fuh m%;sfCIam l<;a ;udf.a úYajdih ke;s

154

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fkdfõ' tla tla whf.a u;su;dka;r u; i;Hh fkdmj;S' i;Hh hkq
fkdfi,a úh yels iajdNdúl ia:djrhls'
wdpd¾h uka jeäu ld,hla .; lf<a Ñhdx udhs m%foaYfhah' th
b;d ÿIalr ÿr neyer l÷ lrhls' th Ndjkdjg iqÿiq mßirhls' ;jo
l÷lrfha f.%da;s%l ñksiqka w;r fndfyda ÈhqKq ukia we;s mqoa.,fhda ìys
úh' ta wh flfrys Wkajykafiaf.a wkqlïmdj we;súh' ta whg Wmfoia
§u wjYH úh' ke;fyd;a ;u l=i,;d ke;s ù kej;;a mqreÿ mßÈ
jk.; f.%da;s%lfhda fj;s' ;jo" fndfyda foújre iu`. iïnkaO;d fuys§
we;sjqKs'
uilg fo;=ka úgla foaj yd kd. lKavdhï Wkajykafia ±lSug
meñK m%Yak wi;s' O¾uh wi;s' lKavdhï m%Odkshd uq,ska wjq;a foaj
.Khdf.a úia;r yd ixLHdj" oekqï fohs' WodyrK" wo oi oyila"
iShla oyila foaj .Khd meñK we;' kd. .Khd mkaishhls' oyils''''
wd§ jYfhks' Wkajykafia ilauka Ndjkd lrk úg§ ijia hdufha o wjq;a
fkdfhla ksldhsl ldhsl foaj lKavdhï tk nj yd fõ,dj" u;la lr;s'
iuyr úg ys¢ñka iudê.; jQ úgo meñK hï hï foa ksfõokh lr;s'
túg Wkajykafia uqK .eiSug Èkhla fõ,djla mjr;s' fjk;a fjk;a
ksldhslhska tlg yuq fkdfj;s' ta ta wh fjka fjkaj meñfK;s' ta whf.a
udkisl uÜgu wkqj O¾uh foaYkd lrKq ,efí' iuyre úfYaI ud;Dld
úIh lreKq úpdr;s' fï lreKq Wkajykafiaf.a úuiSug fnfyúka fya;=
úh' ñksia" kd." .re~ wd§ ksldhka ish,a,gu jvd foaj ksldhsl ixLHdj
jeäúh' foúhkaf.a is;a y÷kd .kSfï Yla;sh we;af;a iaj,am fofkl=gh'
mrÑ;a; úcdkkh iys; jQ wêudkqIsl n,hls'
foúhka ks;ru lshk fohla kï ñksid foúhka isák nj;a foúhka
.ek lsisjla fkdokakd nj;ah' l¾udkql+,j foaj ksldhj, bmfo;s'
ñksidf.a bJøshkag f.dapr fkdjk ksid fkdwoy;s' tfy;a ñksid fukau
foúhkag is;=ï me;=ï we;' wdpd¾h uka jeks wêudkqIsl n, we;a;ka
isákafka l,d;=rlsks' Wkajykafia ñksid fukau foúhka" i;=ka iy fjk;a
fndfyda ðúyq isá;s' ta wh isák nj i;Hhla f,i fndfyda fokd fkdoks;'a
wdpd¾h uka iu`. foújre b;du;a iqyoj weiqre lr;a' Wkajykafiag mqcd
i;aldr lr;a' O¾uh Y%jKh lr;a' ;u is;a ;=< O¾uh r|jd .eksug
leu;s fj;a' túg ta whf.a i;=g" mS%;sh j¾Okh fõ' foaj wd;auh jvd
iqjodhl fõ' fï ksid w;sJøsh .=K kqjK we;s wh foúhkag ms%h fj;s'
msx lsÍfï leue;a; we;'

155

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wka Ôùka fuka foújre ;u Ôú;h ilia lr .ekSug ks;r wdpd¾h
uka yuqfj;s' O¾uh wi;s' ta wh .ek ñksiqka lsisjla fkdoks;a' fï
w;sJøsh yelshdj ñksidg ,nd .; yelsh' foúhka iu`. woyia yqjudrej
idudkH fohls' th ñksiqka iu`. lrK l:d ny yd iudkh' wdpd¾h uka
foúhka iu`. l:d lf<a idudkH fohla f,isk's Wkajykafia fldfya isáh;a
foúhka iu`. l:d ny lr;s' le,Eno wE; l÷lrh foúhkag ms%h fõ'
ñksid .ejfik m%foaYj,g foúhka meñfKkafka ke;' tjeks m%foaYj,
iudc j.lSï ke;s ksid jeä ld,hla foúhka weiqre lr;a'
blõ .ïudkfha l÷ uqÿkaj, Ôj;a jk ñhqish¾ f.%da;slhka iu`.
wdpd¾h uka isák ld,fha wmQ¾j isoaêhla isÿjqks' c¾uksfha isg foaj
fldÜGdihla tys meñK zzch.%yKhZZ hkq l=ula±hs weiQy' Wkajykafia
foúhkaf.a is;a ±k iqÿiq O¾uhla foaYkd l<y' tkï zzwxlldfOk ðfk
fldOxZZ tkï ffu;s%fhka ;ryj keiSuhs'
zzhful=g ch.%yKh wjYH kï fï O¾u;djh wkq.ukh l<
hq;=hs' fuh ks;r fofõf,a ;u is;" jpk" ls%hd ;=<ska mqreÿ l< hq;=fõ'
ys;d n,kak" iu.sh iudodkh hkq fufia iudj §uhs' ;ryj ch.ekSug
ffu;S% lreKdj we;súh hq;=hs' f,dalfha fuu ch.%yK Í;sh ke;s l,
wi;=g" l,n," lror jeäfõ' uq¿ f,dalhu tlsfkld weK fldgd
.ks;s' ;ry ffjrfhka wfma mi ñ;=rka ch.; fkdyelsh' tajd wl=i,a
neúka ;ukq;a wkqkq;a kefia' ;ry jeä ;rug f,dalh .sks cd,djla fõ'
i;a;ajhd jekfia'
fuu f,dalfha úoHudk jk iajdNdúl fohla jk ;ryj fndfyda
ÿla fodïkia we;s lrhs' wfkHdkH in|;djh ffu;s%h we;súg f,dalfha
iunr;djhla wdrlaId fõ' iSudka;sl oafõYh jD;a;dldrj lrlefõ'
;ukq;a wkqkq;a fï pl%hg yiqfõ'
wmuK m%{d uysuhlska nqÿrcdKka jykafia ;ryfõ wd§kj foaYkd
lr we;' ffu;S% lreKdj tlsfkld iqyoj <`.d lrKq we;' ish¨ fokd ÿla
ú£ug fkdleu;s fõ' ffu;s%h ;=<k
s a wdorh" wdrlaIdj ;yjqrefõ' ffu;s%h
we;s ;dla l,a i;=g ikaf;daIh we;' th ke;s úg fl;rï fN!;sl iem
iïm;a we;;a isf;a i;=g ikaf;daIh ke;' ;ry ffjÍ mqoa.,fhda tjeks
whu <`.d lr .ks;a' hk hk ;ek ffjrldrfhda we;'
fï O¾u;djh jgyd .;a miq ffjr lsÍu ;sßika ïf,aÉP yeisÍula
nj wjfndaO fõ' tneúka ffjrh uev meje;aùug uykais .; hq;=h's Tng
156

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fujeks wjia:djla kej; fkd,efnkjd úh yelsh' tneúka miq;eú,s jk
ffjr ls%hd fkdlrkak' f,dalh iS>%fhka fjkia fjñka mj;S' wfma is;o
lho ta wdldrfhka fjkia fjñka mj;S'
fï wd§ jYfhka wdpd¾h uka ch.%yKh ms<sn| c¾uksfhka wd
foújrekag meyeÈ,s lr ÿkay' Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkdjidkfha§ ish¨u
foújre idOqldr meje;a jQy' th f,dal Od;=j, /õ ms</
s õ ÿks' Wkajykafia fï wvúfha jdih lrk nj ±k .;af;a flfiaoehs weiQ úg ta wh
ksYaÑ;j Wkajykafia jdih lrK ;ek okakd nj lSy' tmuKla fkdj
;dhs,ka;fha jdih lrk foújre ks;ru c¾uksfha foújre olskag h;s'
tu foaY iSud ta ;rï ÿr ke;' th Tjqkaf.a idudkH ud¾.hls' ñksiqka
ta fï w; hkafka jdyk j,sks' foújre hï ;ekl is; fhduq l< úg
lho tys .uka lrhs' .;jk ld,h fudfyd;ls' b;d blauKska foújre
.uka lr;a'
;dhs,ka;fha nqudgq foújre ks;r nK weiSu wdpd¾h uka lrd
meñfK;s' tfukau c¾uksfha foújre o meñfK;s' wdldiÜG yd N+uÜG
foújre tlfia Wkajykafiag mQcd Wmydr mj;aj;s' NsCIQka jykafia,d
,e`.=ï .kakd m%foaYh yryd foújre .uka fkdlr;a' ;jo uOHu rd;s%h
blau jQ úg meñfK;a' túg wks;a NsCIQka kskaog .sh fõ,djhs' wdpd¾h
uka bÈßfha ;=kj
a rla ol=Kq Wrysi me;af;ka m%oCIsKd lr;a' b;du ikaik
q a
bßhõfjks' hkag m%:u o tfia m%oCIsKd lr;a' Bgmiq ;rula wE;g .uka
lr;a' tu wvúfha iSudjg fufia .uka lr mq¿ka frdola fuka wyfia mdù
h;a' ish¨u foújre fï wdldfhka yeisfr;a'
Ñhdx udhs l÷lrh wdpd¾h ukaf.a ldh Ñ;a; úfõlhg iqÿiq úh'
tneúka ks;ru Ndjkdfõ fhÿky' O¾uh is; ;=<g .,d tau ksid ks;r
iem myiqfjka isáhy' leu;s ;dla l,a Ndjkd l< yelsh' Wkajykafia
ksfrda.sj" ksoyfia tys jdih l<y' rd;s% ld,fha tk foújre b;du msßisÿ
YsIag .;s mej;=ï we;s wh ksid lsisu lrorhla ke;' ijia hdufha .fï
ñksiqkag O¾uh lshd ÿkay' rd;S% 7g muK NsCIQka jykafia,d meñfK;s'
ish¨u YsIH NsCIQka is;a iudê lrf.k we;' m[a[dj hï hï ;rñka
ÈhqKq ù we;' u.M, i|yd ù¾Hh lrñka m%;sm;a;sfha ne£ we;s neúka
Wkajykafiag fjfyila ke;'
tla tla uÜgfï Ndjkd ÈhqKq jQ NsCIQkg
a Wmfoia fok úg Wkajykafia uq, isg úia;r lrhs' uQ,sl iudêh ,eîfï isg m[a[dj j¾Okh
lsÍug Wmfoia fohs' ishqï ÿrjfndaO wm%lg ksjk olajd Wmfoia fohs'
157

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

NsCIQka jykafia,d iudêfhkau O¾uh Y%jKh lrk neúka ld,h .ek
ye`.Sula ke;' meh foll ld,hla ;=< foaYkd mj;aj;s' Wkajykafia,d
is; tl`. lr wik neúka fyd\dldr O¾uh wjfndaO fõ' thu Ndjkd
ukisldrhls' fjk;a m%;m
s ;a;s fukau b;d w.fkah' Wkajykafia YsIHhskg
a
f;afrk mßÈ foaYkd lr;a' wl=i,a is; neyer lsÍu" l=i,a is;a ÈhqKq
lsÍu idlÉPd lr;s' jeämqru Ñ;a;dkqmiaikdj w,,d foaYkd lr;s' th
O¾ufha b,lalh fõ' m[a[dfjka is; lh ms<sn| m%;HfjCIdj" úpdÍu"
fndcCOx. Ndjkdj lshd fo;s' fufia i;sh jefâ' wdpd¾hjrhd wjfndaOfhka foaYkd lrk neúka YsIHhka ;=< lsishï ielhla kQm§' O¾uh
iúia;rd;aulj foaYkd lrk neúka YsIHhka ;=< iudê m[a[d jeã
hhs' th ksjk lrd ÈhqKq lr;a'
O¾uhg ijka §u OQ;dx. NsCIQyq b;d w.h lr;s' ta i|yd oCI
.=rejrfhla wjYH fõ' tneúka OQ;dx. NsCIyq oCI .=rejrfhla fidhd
h;s' hï tjeks .=rejrfhl=g wiSñ; Nla;shla wjk; Ndjhla olaj;s'
ish¨ Wmfoia ysia uqÿfkka ms<s.ks;a' O¾uh" .ïNSrh" i;Hh tneúka
wjxlj ms<smÈ;s' ks;r fofõf,a .=rejrhd uqK.eiS .eg¿ ksrdlrKh
lr .ks;a' ta wkqj ;u ms<sfj;a mqr;s' OQ;dx. NsCIQyq fï ksid oCI
wdpd¾hjrfhla jQ wdpd¾h uka wdpd¾h id´ fidhd t;s' fï wdpd¾hjre
fofokdg fndfyda YsIHfhda isáhy'
kuq;a wdpd¾h uka Ñhdxuhs m%foaYhg ixpdrkh l< miq NsCIQka
jykafia,d w;ayer yqol,dj jdih l<y' uq,§ w¾y;ajh i|yd ms<sfj;a
msÍug wjYH úh' miqj yqol,d Ôú;h ms%h l<y' tkuq;a fndfyda YsIH
msßila we;súh' uq,§ ;uka jykafiaf.a Ndjkd ÈhqKj
q uÈ nj m%ldY l<y'
tneúka yqol,dj jk.; úh' miqj fndfyda ù¾Hh ord ;uka jykafiaf.a
wruqK id¾:l jQ úg ;uka jykafiaf.a neß lula lSfõ ke;'

jeäuy,a ifydaorhd jQ yia;s rdchd
Ñhduhs m%foaYfha wdpd¾h uka iy ;j wdpd¾hjre fofofkla jdih
l<y' tkï wdpd¾h L´ iy wdpd¾h uyd f:dxila úh' Wkajykafia,d
Wføka ;dys m%foaYfha iy ifldka kfLdka m%foaYfhka meñKshy' uy
le,Efõ .uka lrk úg úYd, we;a rdcfhla uqk .eiqky' Tyq yS,E
wef;la nj jhia .; jQ ksid whs;sldrhd uqojd yeßh nj;a miqj ±k
.;ay' we;a rdchdyg wähla muK È. o< we;' neÆ ne,aug Nhxlr
158

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fõ' Tyq yryd hkafk flfia±hs Wkajykafia,d l:d l<y' l÷lrhg
hdug we;af;a fï mdr muKs' le,Efrdo ksid we;d <`.ska hdug fkdyelsh'
wdpd¾h uka we;d iu`. l:d lrkakghehs wdpd¾hh L´ yg lSy' W! WK
nïnq fld< lñka isáhs' wä 20la muK wE;ska miaid me;a;g yeÍ we;'
;ju Wkajykafia,d oel ke;' wdpd¾h L´ we;dg l:d lf<ah'
zzwe;a whsfha Tng wms l:d lrkjdZZ
uq,§ Tyqg th weiqfka ke;' tfy;a fld< lEu keje;aúh'
zzwe;a whsfha Tng wms l:d lrkjdZZ
ffofjks jr weiS CIKhlska wdmiq yeÍ ne¨fõh' tys ksYap,j isà
lka fol wE;a lr we;'
zzf,dl= whsfha wms Tng l:d lrkjd Tn b;d úYd,hs" Yla;su;a'
wms idudkH NsCIQka jykafia,d' Tn flfrys Nhhs" wms ÿ¾j,hs' Tn isák
;ek miqlr hdug ´fka' f,dl= whshd fmdâvla whska fjkjdo @ wmg hkag
bv fokak' Tn ysgf.k bkak úg wms b;du Nhhs' <`.g tkak neye'ZZ
fufia lS ú.i we;d me;a;lg yeÍ o< tu .=ïNhg we;=,a lr
mdr ÿkakd' wdpd¾h uka ±ka wmsg hd yelshs lSy' NsCIqka jykafia,d
foku wdpd¾h uka bÈßfhka yd miq miska .uka .;ay' ;ks fma<shg
.uka l<y' we;d wä 6la muK wE;ska isà' Wkajykafia,d fufia .uka
lrK úg miqmiska jeä wdpd¾h uyd f:x ilaf.a l=v ñfÜ ljh le,E
frdfoa meg,ejqks' ulalr,dj;a th .,jd .kag fkdyelsh' ál fj,djla
Wkajykafia tys isáñka l=vh .,jd .kag h;a; orhs' we;d Wkajykafia
foi n,d isà' Wkajykafia Nhska fjõ,ñka uq¿ YÍrfhka odäh .,d
ye¨ky' Wkajykafia we;a rdcdf.a weia fol foi neÆy' we;a rdcd w;s
úYd,h' weia fol §ma;su;aj nen¿Ks' neÆ ne,aug wysxilh' wdorh
we;sfõ' tfy;a ta fudfydf;au Nhska ;%ia; ù .sfhah' wka;sfï§ l=vh
.,jd .;ay' ìh myúh fï w;a rcd flfrys wdorh we;sjqKs' ±ka ;=ka
ku we;d miqlr ks¾Nhj isà' wdpd¾h L´ we;d weu;=fõh' zzf,dl= whshd
wms ±ka hkjd ±ka ks±,af,a fld< lkagZZ Wkajykafia fuh lS úg uyd
Yío k.ñka we;d fld< w;= lvd lkag úh'
miqj fuu we;arcd b;du;a iqyo nj;a ;uka jykafia,df.a ñ;%;j
a h
Èkq nj;a jegyqks' tlu foa kï l:d lsÍug neß luhs' fufia lshñka

159

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

isáoa§ wdpd¾h ukaf.a u;h l=ula±hs úuiSh'
we;df.a is;a Tn jykafia ÿgqfjyso @ uu b;du;a leu;shs' Wf.a
is;sú,s fudkjd±hs ±k .ekSug' zzuq,§ wms l:d l< úg Tyq yeÍ wms
;sfokdu tljr md.d ±óug ys;=j' kuq;a Tyq ta wjia:dj ±k .;a;d'
Bg miq ys; fjkia jqkd' we;a YÍrhl ysá ñksfila fuks' ;u o< .ia
.=ïNhg we;=,a lr mdr ÿkakd'ZZ Th fmdä u,a,s,dg ±ka hkag mq¿jks"
whshdf.ka ydkshla keye' whshdf.a wdhqO mdúÉÑ lrkafka keye' Nh
fjkag tmd' fufyka hkakZZ
wdpd¾h uyd f:dx ila túg wdpd¾h L´g iroï l<y' Tn jykafiaf.a jpk wid we;d fu,a, jqkd yßhg ukqIHfhla jf.a' zzf,dl= whshd
wms Nhhs' wmsg hkag mdr fokak'ZZ W! ta jpkhg wjk; jqkd' i;=gq jqkd'
/jgqkd' kuq;a fï u,a,s yßu woCIhs' l=fâ ñg .ia.=ïNfha ysrlr .;a;d
fudk úêhgj;a .,jd .kag neye' f,dl= whshd <`.u bkag jqkd' tfy;a
uf.a yoj; iamkaokh kj;S' uy;a fjfyilg m;ajqkd' fldhs fudfydf;a
Tijd fmdf<dfõ .ihs±hs is;=kd'ZZ fï wid isá wdpd¾h uka fufia lSy'
uq,§ we;d Nh jqkd' ta ksid tljru yereKd' urkaghs is;=fõ' tfy;a ly
isjqre ±l meyeÿkd' Tyq NsCIQka jykafia,d ±l mqreÿhs' uf.a whs;slre
NsCIQka jykaafia,dg wjk; ùug mqreÿ lr we;' b;ska wdpd¾h L´ f,dl=
whshd lshd l:d l<du i;=gq ù mdr ÿkakd'
zzWkajykafiaf.a jpk f;areKdo @ZZ
we;af;kau Tõ' ke;akï ,S fldgka wÈkag mqreÿ lrkafka flfiao@
th fkdf;areks kï Tyq wm urd oukjd' fï i;a;= ñksiqkaf.a NdIdj
okakjd' fï we;d wjqreÿ ishhlg jvd jhi jeähs' Wf.a o< n,kak' wä
yhla muK È.hs' fndfyda ld,hla ñksik
q a iu`. jdih lr we;' whs;l
s re
Bg jvd nd,hs' tfy;a Tyqf.ka jev .kakjd'
zzW! yeÍ o< .=ïNhg od .kakd úg is;=fKa l=ulao @ZZ
zzuu l,ska lS mßÈ wmg hkag bv §ug is;=jdZZ
zzwms Tyq <`.ska hk úg Tn jykafia Tyqf.a is; ±laldo @ZZ Tõ"
wmsg bv fok tl .ek muKhs is;=fõ'
zzuu tfia weiqfõ úfkdaohgj;a wmg myr fokag is;=jdo @ZZ zzTn
jykafiag wiajdNdúl uk#l,ams;hla we;' uyd f:dx fila Tn jykafia

160

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

leu;shs fufia m%Yak lrkag' is;kag" tfy;a fujeks fnd<| foa .ek
fkdis;d O¾uh ms<sn| m%Yak lrkak túg Tn ish¨ ÿla ;rKh lrdú'
kuq;a Tn jykafia idudkH ñksiaiq jf.a ld,h kdia;s lrkjd lsis jeo.;a
fohla .ek fkdfõ fï m%ldY lrkafka' Tn t<sjk ;=re;a fï i;d .eko
is;kafka @ O¾uh .ek lsis ;elSula keyeZZ
bkamiq wdpd¾Hh uyd f:dx ila we;d .ek weiqfõ ke;' kej;
weiqfjd;a óg;a jvd ;rjgq lrhs hk ìfhks'
fufia fkdukd wkaoug m%ldY lrk úg wdpd¾h uka ;rjgq lr;s'
iuyre bkamiq isyú
s l,a fj;s' fufia wkjirfhka ndOd lrk tla NsCIQjla
Wkajykafia iu`. jdih lf<ah' wdpd¾h uka hula lS úg Wkajykafiaf.
a u;h lshdmdhs' wdpd¾h uka lSm úgla tfia fkdlsÍug wjjdo l<y'
;u zzis; .ek fidaÈisfhka isákq uekú' l:d lsÍu keje;ajqj uekúZZ
fufia l:d lrkafka ÿ¾j, lula ksidh' tfy;a fï NsCIqj tu wjjdoh
fkdms<s.;ay'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a tla mqreoaola we;' tkï i;=ka" ñksiqka u.§ yuq jQ
úg Wkajykafia miqmi f.k hduh' ta ksid NsCIQka jykafia,d ms~q is`.
d hk úg jvd isys kqjKska h;s' tla Èkla Wia y`äka Wkajykafia l;d
l<y' tla l=vd jiq meáfhla Wf.a uj jgd ÿjñka fi,a,ï lrhs' NsCIQka
jykafia,d jäk nj Tyq ÿgqfõ ke;' b;du lsÜgq jQ úg ±l ú.i uõ
<`.g ÿj .sfhah' Nhska ie`. ù Wkajykafia,d foi ne¨fõh' t<fok o
NsCIQka jykafia,d ÿgy' kuq;a lsis ìhla iella fkdùh' kuq;a megjd
ujg ;=re,a ù ìhm;a ù isà' wdpd¾h uka fï uj iy meáhd .ek l:
d lf<ah'
zzuj fkdìhj isà' tfy;a meáhd ìh ù y~ k.d ÿj;s' ñksiaiq
fufiauhs' ;ud wdjrKh lr .ekSug ljqre fyda fidh;s' uõ <`. kï wE
fj; ÿj;s' mshd <`.g ÿj;s' mjqf,a wh fyda kEoEhska <`.g h;s' l,d;=rlska
;ukau m%Yak úi|d .ks;a' wms l=vd l< wkqkaf.a Woõ n,dfmdfrd;a;=
fjuq' jeäysá wh fjk wkaofï Wmldr fidh;s' uy¨ jQ úg fjk;a úêfha
Wmldr fidh;s' ál fofkla ;udf.au Yla;sfhka iajdëk fj;s' wkqkaf.
ka Wmldr fidhkafka ÿ¾j, ne.Em;a wh' iajdëk fkdjQ wh'
NsCIQka jykafia,d jQ wm;a tfiauhs' uyK jQ miq bf.kSï lghq;=
lsÍug ue,sfj;s' Ndjkd ms<sfj;a mqrkag ÿialr neúka ue,sfj;s' mgka
.;a foh ksudjlg f.ks hkafka ke;' lïue,slï wjqrd isá;a' ;udg
161

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fkdyelshehs wkqkaf.a msysg m;;s' ;ukag ;ksj Ôj;a úh fkdyelsh'
zzw;;dys w;;fkd kdf:dZZ hkak wmg w¾:j;a ke;' ;ud ;udf.a .e,jqï
ldrhd fj;s' ;udu yqiau .; hq;=h' Oq;dx. NsCIQka wkqkaf.a Wmldr
fiúh hq;= ke;'
.=rejrhdf.a Wmfoia ,nd ta wkqj ;uka ke.S isáh hq;=hs' .=re
Wmfoia ,sys,a fldg wu;l fkdlrkak' Wkajykafia lshk foa wid ±k
ta wdo¾Yh wkqj hkak' ;udu m%;sM, ,nd .kak' túg .=rejrhdf.a
Wmldr wjYH fkdfõ' Tn Tnf.au kdifhka yqiau .kak' l%ufhka Tfí
Y%oaOdj jeã hhs' Tn iajdëk fõ' wka;sfï§ Tn ;ksj isà' .=re WmfoaY
wkjYH fõ'
fï l:dj msKv
a md;h msKi
s hk .uka lSy' ta w;r isá ta l,n,ldÍ
NsCIqj hï hï foa l:d lf<ah' ta weiQ wdpd¾h uka wdmiq yeÍ Tyqg fodia
lSy' wks;a NsCIQkao ;s.eiaiS isáhy'
zzTng msiaiqo @ Tn msiaiq n,af,la jf.a" wiqjqk ,S lE,a,la fyda
ymd l;s' Tfí is; ;=< n,kak' fudllao fï msiaiqjg fya;=j' Tng msiaiq
jefghs fufia fodvjk úgZZ'
wdpd¾h uka fjk lsisjla fkdlshd wdmiq yeÍ wimqjg .shy' tu
NsCIqjf.a úldrhla wks;a NsCIqyq ÿgqy' Tyq Nh ù isys ke;sjdla fuks'
wdydr fkd.kS' Tyq ;j;a Nh fõ hehs wks;a NsCIQka lsisjla fkdlsh;s' tod
rd;s% ld,fha uy y`äka hula lE .eiSh' tu NsCIqj ;u l=áfha o`.,ñka
isys úl,aj fodvjhs' ;ud wdpd¾h ukag wjuka lf<a hehs mejiSh' .fï
ñksiaiq fï nj wid meñKshy' Tyqg lYdh fnfy;a fmdjd w;a md iïNdykh l<y' bkamiq ksod .;ay' miqod Wfoa Wkajykafiaj ffjoHjrfhl=
fj; f.k .shy' Tyq ;rul iqjhla ,oy' tfy;a jßka jr tu frda.h
u;=jqKs' ;rula iqj jQ úg Tyq f.or heùh' bkamiq Tyq .ek f;dr;=re
ke;'
wdpd¾h uka fodia olskafka tl tl ms<sfj,lgh' hka;ï wjjdohla
jqjo fndfyda úg iEfya' túg i;s iumc[a[fhka msysgd isá;s' tfy;a
;o n, f,i l:d lrkafka l,d;=rlsks' túg th iefudagu isys le|ùuls'
tneúka NsCIQka jykafia,d b;du isys l,amkdfjka isá;s' Wkajykafia
iu`. fndfyda l,a weiqre l<o lsÜgq iïnkaOlï meje;aúh fkdyelsh'
lsisfjla iu`. Wkajykafia yqre mqreÿ fkdfj;s' zzmÍlaIdldÍ fkdjQ uqjd
jeoaodg yiqfjhs'ZZ
162

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fh!jk uoh
l,d;=rlska ;uka jykafiaf.a YsIHhka oCI f,i Ndjkd lrñka
Wiia m%;sM, ,nd.;a wh fõ kï" Wkajykafia iqyo ,S,dfjka i;=gq idóÑ
fj;a' túg t;rï ;o ±ä .;s fkdmdhs' tfy;a fudfyd;lska ta .;sh
fjkia úh yelsh' Wkajykafiaf.a yeisÍu fudfyd;ska fjkia fõ' iEu
mqoa.,hdg úfYaI;ajhla olS' YsIHfhda Wkajykafiaf.a CIKsl m%;sls%hd
.ek úiauhg m;afj;s' hï isoaêhla ta fudfydf;au wjOdrKh lrñka
blauka W;a;r imh;s'
;uka jykafia ;reK ld,fha§ l< foa Wkajykafia wm iu`. lSy'
th isky Wmojk w;r Wkajykafia iQr ùr .;s úoyd olajhs uu fuys
m<lrkafka tu mqj;hs' hful=f.a Ôú;h mßj¾;kh jk wkaou .ek
is;Sug fuh lÈu kso¾Ykhls'
w;S;fha Wkajykafia .sys fh!jk ld,fha .fï lú" isxÿ" ;r`."
újdo j,g Èkla iyNd.s úh' fï ;r`. j,g zzuõ,ïZZ hhs lsh;s' w,a,mq
.fï ;snQ úYd, fmd,lg Wkajykafia .sfhah' tys oyia .Kka ckhd
tla /ia ù isáhy' fõÈldj u; f.dv ke.S lú" isxÿ" ;r`.hg iyNd.
s ùug tljru ;SrKh .;s' ta tla;rd oCI ks,shla iu`.h' wE lú isxÿ
;r`. j,ska ch.;a m%isoaO flfkls' lsis ìhla iella ke;s jQfha wd,fhka
l=,au;a jQjdo @ fkdoksuq' fõÈldjg mek ke. tu ldka;dj iu`. ;r`.
hg meñKqks' lú isxÿ lSmhla .dhkd l< miq ;reK uka merfok nj
ldg;a f;areï .sfhah' jdikjdlg fuka Wkajykafiaf.a .sys l< ñ;%
;reK pdT Lqka Wmd,s tu ikao¾Ykh keröug meñK fma%CIl msßi
w;r isáfhah' Tyq jhiska wjqreÿ lSmhla jeäuy¨ fõ' ;u ñ;%hd mrdch
fjkjd olskag ÿlaúh' .dhkd lSmhlau wiu;a úh' ;j állska wE Tyqj
wmydihg ,lalr fõÈldfjka m,jd yÍ' ta wE w;s oCI neúks' wdpd¾h
uka fkd±kqj;aj yuq jQfha fldá foklgh' wef.a fldá ksh" o;a j,ska imd
lEu iq¿ fohls' Wkajykafia lsß fndk l=vd megfjls' cEka fyj;a pd´
Lqka Wmd,s fufia ÿlafjñka wE Tyqg mK msáka yu .id yu;a úl=Kkjd
hehs is;+y' uka fldá fofkla fkdy÷k;s' Tyq ±lafla rEu;a l;la' Tyq
urK nj fkdoks;s' Tyqf.a yu fírd .ekSug l=ula lrïo fufia is;d
cEka fõÈldjg mekafkah' mek"

163

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

zztahs uka Wfò wïud f.hs jy,ska jeà uu okafka kE wE ;ju;a
mK ;sfhkjdo @ ud WU yeu;eku fiõjdhsZZ lE .eiQy' wE ìu jeà
isákq ud ÿgqjd wE Tnj f.akag lshd w~kjd uq¿ ojiu uu fyõjd ug
lkag;a keyeZZ uka iy ;reK ia;s%h fï fohska ;e;s .eKqks'
uf.a wïudg fldfyduo @
cEkag l:d lrkag neß ;rï fjfyi we;' fu,ylg ueß,d we;s'
ud;a ;j állska ueÍ jefgkjd' fufia lshd ukaf.a w;ska weof.k fõÈldfjka nei .;s' oyila fokd úiañ;j n,d isáhy' Tyq uka weof.k ÿjkag
jqks' .fï udhsug wdmiq ukag isysika ke;' wïudg flfiao @ jyf,a ke.
f.k wïud fudllao lf<a @ uu okafka keye' fldfydu jegqKo lshd wE
lE .iñka ìu isáfha' uu ÿjf.k wdj Tn fidhkag'
wïud uefrkag weoao @
wms blauKska f.dia n,uq'
ta jk úg ? fnda ù we;' .fï ñksiaiq miqmi wd kuq;a t;rï ÿr
hkag fkdleu;s jQy' fldákag iy fyd,auka j,g Nh neúks' tneúka
ish¨ fokd tys k;r jQy' cekaf.a uq¿ .; is; tlúgu fjkia úh' Tyq
fkdi`.jd ish¨ m%jD;a;s lSfõh' ug n,d isákag neye' wr .Eks WUj
ìu oud md.kjd' Wfò yu .,jd fyg ud¾lÜ tfla úl=Kdú' ughs uq¿
.ughs uyd kskaodjla' .Eksfhla úiska Wfò msßñlu úkdY lrkjd uyd
iïup,fhka' uu fmdä Wmdhla r`.mEjd' msßig ta;;
a = hkag WU blauKska
hd hq;= nj uyd ne?reï m%Yk
a hla ksid' WU mrdch jk ksid fkdfõ' uf.a
Wmdfhka ta .Eks;a lïmd jqkd' blauKska msg ù hkag ´kE' ljqrej;a m%Yak
lrkag m%:u' wE n,d isáh yeá u;lo @ WUghs wïughs yßu wkqlïmd
l<d' uu WU wmdfhka uqod .;a;d' th iQlaIau Wmdhla fkdfõo @
zzwmrdfoa WU udj ke;s l,d' WU fudllao fï lf<a @ uu fyd|g
wEj lm,d i;=gla ,enqjd' WU uf.a i;=g ke;s l<d' WU ug fufyu
fohla lrhs lsh,d ljodj;a is;=fõ keye' ug ysf;kjd wdmyq hkag'
uuhs wEj wßkafka ud¾lÜgqjg wef.a yu úl=Kkag'ZZ
zzwfka fndre tmd WU lE,s j,g lemqj ta .Eks' uu hka;ï mK
fírejd' fu;k tkjd fndre lhsjdre lshkak' uu WUj wdmiq tlalr
f.k hkakï' ta .Eks WUj uia fldfÜ ;sh,d fm;s .yhs'ZZ

164

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

zztfyu fkdfõ' wE .Eksfhla ksid uu álla nqre,la fmkakj
q d' uq,§"
túg wE ys;g wrka ug fohs' Bgmiq uu wEj f.dakshl odf.k .syska
jeäu ñ,g wf,ú lrkag ys;d ysáhd' WUg udj f;areï .kag neß jqkd'
uu wEg weula ÿkakd' fldáhd j÷rg weu fokjd jf.a'ZZ
WU t;rï oCI kï uf.a fmdä m%fhda.hg wiqjqfKa wehs @ WU
fl;rï Nh jqkdo h;a ;j fmdâfvka w~kjd ,eÊcd ke;sj wr .Eks
bÈßmsg' WU fldfya ta .Eksj w,a,hso @ ;j fmdâfvka WUj w,a,d
Tlafldagu fmakak fõÈldfjka ìu úis lrkjd' TÉpr fndre lhsjdre
tmd uka' uu ifydaorfhla jf.a WUj fírd .;a;d ta .Eksf.ka'ZZ
tod uka iy ceka fofokdu rd;S% fmd, .ek is;ñka ÿla jqy'
.sys ld,fha jqjo fï uyd mqreIhka fofokdf.a Ôú; m%jD;a;s
b;du pu;aldrcklh' f,daldiajdo r;sfhka l< l:d jqjo hïlsis
oCI;djhla we;' talg tl lSu mjd ukial,ams; ye`.Sï fmkajhs' wdpd¾h
uka fï l:d mqj;a lshk úg tu isoaêh r`.mEula jeksh' wdiajdohla
we;s flf¾' fujeks l:d mqj;a tugh' kuq;a fï fmdä WodyrKfhka
mdGl Tng hïlsis wjfndaOhla ,efí hehs is;ñ' Wkajykafia,df.a .sys
ld,fha l< l:d i,a,dm jqjo olaI ;¾l yd jdo we;' tajd wysxilh'
úfkdaod;aulh' fnd<|h' wjHdch' wka;f
s ï§ fï fofokd .syf
s .hska kslu
a
>k jkdka;rj, OQ;dx. wdpd¾hjre jQy' pd´ Lqka Wmd,s .=KQmudpd¾h
iy wdpd¾h uka N+ßo;a; hkq uq¿ ;dhs,ka;h kuialdr mQcdfjka Wmydr
olajk uyd ry;a bisjrhka fõ'
uka iy ceka kï i|yka lf<a ta wdpd¾h uka mejiq NdIdj wkq.
ukh lsÍugh' l,d;=rlska fujeks i;=gq idóÑ l:d i,a,dm wikakg ,efí'
NsCIqka jykafia,d ks;r fofõf,a Ndjkd fhda.S fjñka i;s m[a[dfjka
.; lrkafka ;o" wmyiq Ôú;hkah' tys úrduhla" ,sys,a njla ke;'
ta uyd f:arjrekaf.ka iy Tn ieuf.ka ^hï fodaIhla fuu mqj;aj,
wef;d;a& iudj whÈñ' tu mqj;a YsIag NdIdfjka ,shQ úg tys ydiH rih
ke;s ù hk neúks' fufia ,Sfjñ' ta wh w;r we;s wfkdHkH in|;djh
ñka fyd\dldr ms<sônq fõ' ug fï l:dj weiQ wdldrfhkau ,sùu myiq
úh' wo isákd fï foku yd tl, isá wdldrh wkqj is;k úg úiañ;
lïmdjla we;s lrhs'
wdpd¾h uka ks;ru j¾;udkfha Ôj;a jk neúka w;S;h f.k
yer olajkafka l,d;=rlsks' tfy;a jßka jr wdpd¾h pd´ Lqka Wmd,s
165

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

f;rekaf.a oCI;djh .ek i|yka lrhs' tla Èkla fjiaika;r cd;lh
ms<sn| idlÉPd l<y' wdpd¾h uka uøS foúhkaf.a uõf.a ku l=ula±hs
wdpd¾h ud´ Ldka Wmd,sf.ka úuiSh' zzuu ta ku i|yka ;ekla ;s%msglfha
±lafla ke;' ug jerÿKd úh yelshs'ZZ pd´ Lqka Wmd,s f;rekaf.a m%;s
jpkh ieKska ,enqKs'
zzTn uøSf.a uj ±l,dj;a wy,jd;a keye @ kr.fha ish¿ fokdu
th okS' ;du;a fidhd .kag neß jqfka wehs @ Tn fldfyao fiõfõ @
;s%msglfha t ku ke;s nj wdpd¾h uka kej;;a lSh' ;s%msglfha @
fudk ;s%msglfhao @ wr f,dl= f.or y;rux ykaÈfha mkai,g hk mdf¾
lgldr Tma fkdakd @
wdpd¾h uka wkaÿka l=kÿ
a ka úh' fjiaika;r l:dfõ hïlsis mkai,la
.ek i|yka fõ±hs u;la l<y' fudk ykaÈho @ fudk mkai,o@
zzuøsf.a wïudf.a f.or Tfí mkai, <`. @ uøsf.a wïud okafka
ke;af;a fudlo @ wfka æ wfmdhs æ uøs iy wef.a wïud bkafka ta .fïuhs Tn
±l,dj;a keye æ .syska ;s%msglfha fidhkjd' ug;a ,eÊchs Tn .ek'ZZ
wdpd¾h Lqka Wmd,s uøs iy wef.a wïud bkafka Tfí .fïuhs lS úg
wdpd¾h uka yg u;la úh' óg m%:u fjiaika;r cd;sl l:dj .ek is;+
neúka wkaÿka l=kaÿka úh' zzwdpd¾h Lqka Wmd,sf.a ydiH rih" CIKslhs"
uqLß jqjo l:dfjys oCI nqyqá lula we;' hula rij;a f,i lshdmdhs th
nqoaêu;aj isky my< lrk úu;sh we;s lrk whqre lSug iu;a fj;shsZZ
wdpd¾h uka mejiqfõh' fï l:dj lshd wdpd¾h uka iskdiqky'
l,la Ñhdx uhs ys uta mdx Èia;s%lalfha Lka kï u´ .fï wdpd¾h
uka jia úiQy' ks;ru mdfya Yl% foafõkaøhd fndfyda foaj msßi legqj
Wkajykafia neye ±lSug tys meñfKa' .sïydkfha § l÷ uqÿfka msysá
zzfvdla LïZZ .,a .=ydjg h;s' Yl% foafõJøhd ;u msßi iu`. tys t;s'
.Kkska ishla odyla muK we;' wka foújre fuka fkdj Yl% foú÷
úYd, msßi iu`. t;s' ks;r fï msßi tys meñfK;s' l,ska meñK ke;s
whg Yl% foú÷ je÷ï ms÷ï lrk wdldrh" O¾uh Y%jKh lrk wdldrh
lshd fohs' wdpd¾h uka fndfyda úg fu;a;d wd§ wm%udK O¾u .ek lsh;s'
foújre n%yau úydr O¾u fldgia weiSug jvd;a ms%h neúks'

166

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

ukqIH wdjdifhka f;dr jQ nka kï u´ iy fvdla Ldka m%foaYhg
foújre jä;s' fkdfhla ;rd;srfï foújre tys jä;s' fï wh wdpd¾h
ukag iy fuu md¿ m%foaYhg fnfyúka ms%h lr;s' b;d m%fõifuka ilauka
u¿j whsfkka t;s' th w;s mQckSh fõ' flf<ish hq;= ;ekla fkdfõ' .fï
ñksiaiq je,s w;=rd th msßisÿ lr we;' kd. foaj fldÜGdio tfiauhs'
iuyr úg tys kdhlhd ;=kajrla ilauka u¿j m%oCIsKd lrhs' iuyr úg
foaj kd.fhda Wkajykafiag hïlsis W;aijhlg wdrdOkd lr;s' ñksiqka
fuks' je,s u¿j bysÍ we;akï ok kud w;aj,ska je,s msi ou;s' fï whf.
a yeisÍu mqÿudldr ixhuls'
ñksid fï O¾uh wdrlaId lrkafka kï fï foúhka kd.hska fuka
Nla;s we;s lr hq;=hehs wdpd¾h uka mjihs' ñksidg fï wukqIHhskaf.
a yeisÍu ±lal fkdyelsh' th wjdikdjls' ñksidg foúhkaf.ka ,nd
.; yels foa wmuKh' ñksid ;u ñksia Èúh mjd kslrefKa whdf,a .;
lr;s' tfyhska i;=g ;Dma;sh fkd,efò' we;af;kau Ydikh hkq is,a
.=Kh" YS,dpdrh jvk wdldrhls' fï W;=ï m%;sm;a;s nqÿ iiqfka olajd
we;' th wkq.ukh fkdlsÍu wmrdOhls
yoj; hkq f,dalfha we;s b;du jákd jia;=j nj wdpd¾h uka ks;r
lshhs' yoj; wYsIag" wiNH jQ úg wjg mßirh ¥IKh fõ' l=Kq jQ fohla
ksid wjg m%foaYh wmsßisÿ jkakdla fuks' fujeks ¥Is; ukia ksid O¾uh
jqjo flf<fia O¾uh w;s mßY=oaO jqjo tjeks ¥Is; uki ksid wmsßisÿ
fõ' iqÿ msßisÿ jia;%hla uv .dkakdla fuks' ÿiaYS, mqoa.,fhla O¾uh
foaYkd lrk úg tys lsis m%;sM,hla ke;' wYsCIs; oro~q kSp ñksiai
O¾uh fl;rï W;=ï jqjo" woykafka ta kSp fkdirema wkaough' ta whg
O¾ufha lsis M,la ke;' fn!oaOhka jYfhka f,dalhdg m%o¾Ykh lr;s'
;uka ta O¾uh wkq.ukh fkdlr;s'
Ydik hkafkys f;areu fufiah' Ydikh hkq wmsuhs' wfma ls%hd
mámdáh fyd| fyda krl kï" wfma i;=g" ÿla hï ;rulao th Ydikhg
n,mdhs' tla tla flkdf.a yeisÍu Ydikh fõ' Ydikh hkq mßndysr
fohla f,i is;Su úYd, jrols' tneúka ;udf.a yeisÍuo jerÈ fõ' jerÈ
foa fl;rï jqjo jevla ke;' hula jevodhl jkafka th yß kï muKs'
hful=f.a .=Kh" i;Hh u; Ydikh /foa' b;d ixCIsma;j lSfjd;a wfma
yoj; jerÈ kï wms lrK ish,a,u jerÈ fõ' Wod' zzjro wef;d;aZZ .Kka
ñkqï jerfoa' we÷ï fkd.e,fma' jdyk ;onoh úIu fõ' újdy jQ wh
tu kS;s leãu ksid uy;a jHjikhg m;afõ' ;uka .;a fmdfrdkaÿ lv

167

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lsÍu ksid orejka yd foudmshka úreoaO fõ' Okh whq;= f,i kS;s úfrdaëj
imh;s' kS;s m;sfhda kS;s lv lr;s' wdKavqfõ ks,OdÍyq ;u rg jeishdg
iqN fi; msKsi ls%hd fkdlr;s' ta wh jxpkslh' ñksidf.a i;=rka fuks'
zzjro wef;d;aZZ tys lsisu jákdlula ke;' ñksid m%md;hg m;afõ'
wfma jerÈ ksid wfma úkaokh flfia fj;;a tys wksIaG úmdl ke;s
l< fkdyelsh' fï jeroao isÿjkafka yojf;ah' th ;u ukia yg .kakd
jrols' tys úmdl ÿla f.k foa' wms jrola l< úg tys we;sjk ÿla úmdl
wmguh' jrola lr tys úmdl j,ska .e,ù hdug fndfyda fokd is;;s'
th l< fkdyel' ljod kuq;a tu úmdl ;ukag ú¢kakg fõ' fuh úYaj
O¾u;djhls' tneúka jro flfrys uOHia: ùu" WodiSk ùu" fkdie<lSu"
wu;l lsÍu ksid mqo.
a ,sl w,dN ydksj,g m;afõ' th fï wd;aufha§u M,
úmdl foa' fï i;H;djh fkdi<ld ÈhqKq ùfï u`. fiùu fijke,a,la
w,a,kag hdula jeksh' ñksid ;=< wúoHdfjka yd fudayfhka uq,dùula
isÿfõ' Ydikh hkq tjeks uq,djla fkdfõ' Ydikh rlsk flfkla tu
ud¾.fhka neyer jQ úg ;udg ,efnk ÿ¾úmdl Ydikfha jrola fkdfõ'
th ;ukaf.au j, lmd .ekSuls' bka ñ§ula ke;' Ydikh ljo;a msßisÿh'
fkdfjkiah' ksjerÈh' Ydikh" yiak" iiak fyj;a mKsúvh hk w¾:h
we;' ish¨ nqÿjrekaf.a mKsúvh thu fõ' zzt;x nqoaodkx idikxZZ
Ydikfha i;H;djh .re lrK whg O¾ufha wdYs¾jdoh ,efí
hkak ks;ru wdpd¾h uka m%ldY lr;s' túg ;uka bjis,f
a ,ka iekis,f
a ,ka
Ôj;a fõ' wka who mßirho iqjodhl fõ' kE ñ;% in|;d ier mreI
fkdfõ' jdo" fNao" rKavq" weK fldgd .ekSï ke;' ñksid iem m%d¾:kd
lr;s' kuq;a iem fkd,efí' Bg fya;=j is; ¥Is;h' is;=ú,s jrfoys nef|a'
fujeks .sks.;a is;lska jHdmdr lghq;=" jev rdcldÍ lr;a' fld;ekg
.sh;a l=ula l<;a ta .sks.;a ys; ksid iduldó iunr Ôjk rgdjla f.k
hd fkdyelsh' tjeks mqoa.,hska ;u yojf;a .sks ksjf.k isis,a lr.kag
fkdis;;s' ¥Is;hkag muKla i;=g ikaf;daIhla <`.d lr .ekSug is;;s'
tfy;a is; ksfjk ;=re i;=gla fkd,efí'
;uka jykafiaf.a uq¿ Ôú; ld,h NsCIqjla jYfhka .; lf<a O¾uh
úpdÍfukah' nqÿrcdKka jykafia foaYkd l< O¾ufha .eUqr" È." m<,
uyd id.rhg jvd w;sYhskau jeäh' we;af;kau Ydikh .ek ys;d ksu
lrkakg neß ;rï .re .dïNSrh' tys ishï
q ,CIK ±l .ekSfï§ we;sjk
m%;sM, úiañ;h' úia;r lsÍug fkdyelsh' Wkajykafia Wfoa isg ? jk
;=re;a nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk f;rejkg je| jeà kuialdr fkdlrkafka

168

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

n,d isák wh msiafila lshd is;k neúks' ke;fyd;a lsisu úfõlhla"
lkiai,a,la" uykaishla ke;sj i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka f;rejka keu§u
iodld,fhau l< yelsh' Wkajykafia mrud¾: jYfhkau okakd tla fohla
we;' tkï nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk f;rejkska Wkajykafia lsis Èkl fjka
fkdjk njhs' fuh kï wld,sl .=Khhs' th úYaj ,laIKhla jQ wks;Hh"
ÿlaL" wkd;au iajNdjfhka yd;amiskau úreoaO fõ' fï úYaj iajNdjhka
i;a;ajhdf.a is; ksrka;rfhka mSvdjg m;alrjhs'

l¾ufha .=ma; úmdl
wdpd¾h uka Ñhdx uhs l÷lrfha jdih lrk l,ays uOHu rd;s%h
miqjk úg Èkm;d tla;rd ix{djla olS tkï ldka;djla iy l=vd
idufkar kula' fï .ek úmrï lsÍug is;d l=ula ksid fufia Èkm;d tfy
fufy hkafka±hs úuiqfõh' ta wh lkiai,af,ka Ôj;a fj;s' Bg fya;=j
.sh wd;aufha§ tla;rd ia:m
Q hla f.dvkexùug fofokd fjr jevQy' tfy;a
th ksu lsÍug m%:u urKhg m;ajqKs' l=vd idufKar ku tu ia;s%hf.a
nd, ifydaorhd úh' fï isoaêh .ek n,j;a lïmdùula yd miq ;eú,a,la
ksid fufia Wm;la ,oy' tfy;a ta fofokd ÿla ú¢kafka ke;' kuq;a iem
we;s Njhla bm§ug leue;a;lao ke;'
wdpd¾h uka Tjqkag O¾uh foaYkd l<y' miq.sh foa .ek ;efjkag
tmd' ta .ek lsisfohla lrkag neye' ys;=jdg jevla ke;' Trf,daiqj
wdmiq lerlSula jeksh' tfia is;Su ksid uy;a jQ ÿl" Nh" iel yg .kS'
wiykh we;sfõ' fl;rï m%d¾:kd l<;a fkd,efí' wkd.;h .ek is;Suo
jerÈhs' wkd.;h ;du weú;a ke;' tneúka w;S;h yd wkd.;h w;a
yßkak' j¾;udkfha muKla hula l< yelsfõ'
Tng ia:qmh ksu lrkakg fkdyelsùug fya;= we;' ta fya;= ;snqKd
kï Tn urKhg m;a jkafka ke;' urKh idudkH fohls' th blauùug
fkdyelsh' ±ka th iE§ug fl;rï is;=j;a th l< fkdyelsh' ;j
;j is;Sfuka ;j ;j jerÈ isÿfõ' fï ksid Tng fyd| Wmam;a;shla
fkd,efí'
ia:Qmh f.dv kexùfuka n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafka msx ,nd .ekSughs'
tys we;s je,s" isfuka;s j,ska jevla ke;' Tn .;a uykaish ksid l=i,a
fÉ;kd we;s ù msx /iafõ' fï msk muKhs Tng w;a jkafka' .,a je,s

169

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

j,ska jevla ke;' fyd| foa lrk" ish¨ fokdu f.ks hkafka msx muKhs'
;uka ÿka fN!;sl foa f.ks hkafka ke;' mkai,la" NsCIq wdjdihla" Ndjkd
Yd,djla" j;=r gexlshla" fmdÿ f.dvke.s,a,la fyda hïlsis øjHuh fohla
wdÈh ndysr jia;+kah' tajd §ug we;s fÉ;kdj ksid ;u ukfia msx is;a
we;sfõ' tys úmdl Tn f.k h;s' øjHuh foa l,la hk úg úkdY ù hhs'
fïjd øjH muKs' tys foaj f,dalhla fyda wmdhla ke;' tajd ÿka fÉ;kdfõ
l=i, l¾u yg .kS' tys úmdl f.k h;s'
oka §ug we;s leue;a;" uykaish ksid ;u isf;a l=i,a we;sfõ' tys
fÉ;kdj fyd| neúks' yoj; .=Kj;ah" yojf;a msx /iafõ' yoj;;a
foaj f,dalh fõ' ksjk fõ' u.a.M, fõ' fï ish,a, we;s jkafka yojf;a
fyj;a isf;a'
Tn ia:Qmh iE§fï§ Tfí isf;a ;Kaydjla we;s ù ;sfí' fyd| fohla
.ek jqk;a ;Kaydj my< fõ' tneúka tys we,au ne,au we;sfõ' ta ksid
Tn ;ju;a tys we,S .e,S isáhs' ;ud lr.; msk ksid i;=gq jQjdkï Tn
fyd| Njhl WmÈkjd' msx ljodj;a mõ jkafka keye' msx hkq wld,sl
.=Khls'
w;S;h .ek ;efjkak tmd' tfia is;ñka ;u ld,h kdia;s lrkak
tmd' yß úÈhg ys;kak' Nh iel ÿre lrkak' j¾;udkfha jdih lrkak'
túg u.a.M, ksjk ,efí' w;S;h yd wkd.;h Tfí ÈhqKqj j<lajhs'
Tn fofokd .ek ug yß ixfõ.hs' Tn fyd| l¾uhla lr we;'
tfy;a .,a je,sj,g ;Kaydj Wmojdf.k wdid lr we;' ta wdidj ke;s
lr .kak' Tfí l=i,a úmdl túg M, fohs' bkamiq wdpd¾h uka mkais,a
úia;r l<y'
1' iEu Ôúfhlau ;u Ôú;hg ms%h lr;s' tneúka mrmk keiSfuka
j<lskak'
2' iEu fokdu ;u whs;s foaj,g msh
% l;s' tajd t;rï jákd fkdjQj;a
whs;sldrhdg th jákafkah' fydr is;ska wkqkaf.a foa .ekSu ksid ;udf.
a is; ¥Is; fõ'
3' iajdñ Nd¾Hhd ¥ ore udmsh wd§ka tlsfkldg wdor lr;s' ;udf.a
wdorjka;hska wka wh meyer .kakjdg wlue;s fj;s' ta ta whf.a mqo.
a ,sl
whs;sh .re l< hq;=h' iajdñ Nd¾Hdjka wka wh iu`. wkdpdrfha yeisÍu
uy;a ÿla fokakls' th uy;a mdm l¾uhls'
170

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

4' fndrej ksid úYajdih ì| yef,a' fm!reI;ajh ke;s fõ' i;=kj
a ;a
fndre /já,a, fkdlr;s' fndrefjka pxpdfjka j<lskak' u;ameka"
u;aøjH isys úl,a flf¾' fyd| isysh we;s mqoa.,hd jqjo îu;a lu ksid
YdÍßl udkisl frda.Ska fj;s' ;uka iy ;u wdorjka;hska wi,ajdiSka
úkdY fõ'
fï mkais,a /lSu ksid uy;a M, m%fhdack ,nd.; yelsh' m<fjks
YsCIdfjka §¾>dhqI ,efí' fofjks YsCIdfjka ;u whs;sjdislï /fla'
;=k - ;u mjqf,a wdor Nla;sh ;yjqre fõ' y;r - ;u jpk i;Hh jQ
úg ñksiqka iy foújre .re lr;a' wdor lr;a' wjxl whf.ka ldgj;a
ysßyerhla ke;' my - u;ameka fkdfndk wh olaI fõ' kqjK we;sfõ'
fkd/jfÜ' fud,h wjq,a fkdfõ'
fï mia múka je<flk wh ñksidf.a Ôú;h" iu.s iïmkak lr;a'
úYajdijka; lr;a' miamõ lrkakd i;=kag ñksidg iSudka;s ÿla mSvd fohs'
;ukaf.a Ôú;hg wdor fukau wkqkq;a ;u Ôú;j,g wdor lr;a' tneúka
lsisfjl=g ÿla lror fokag tmd' is,aj;a fyd| .;s.=K ksid iaj¾.fha
Wm§' fï O¾u foaYkdj u;l ;nd .kak' ta wkqj ms<sfj;a mqrkak' Tnf.
a wkd.;h taldka;fhka iM, fõ'
tu ldka;dj iy l=vd idufkarhka fï O¾uh b;d i;=áka wid
isáhy' Wkajykafiaf.ka mkais,a b,aÆy' Wkajykafia mkais,s ÿks' bkamiq
b;d f.!rjfhka wjir f.k w;=reoyka úh' fï fofokdf.a by; l=i,
la¾u n,fhka o nK wid mkais,a /lSu ksido ñh f.dia ;õ;sid foõf,dj
Wm; ,enQy'
bkamiq fï foújre fofokd fkdvljdu wdpd¾h uka yuqùug wjq;a"
;u mS%;sh .ek lshd ia;+;s lr;s' fumuK ld,hla foõf,dj iem iïm;a
ú£ug ;snQ wdidj ±ka uqÿka m;a úh' ;Kaydj" wdidj b;d Nhxlr nj
Tjqkg
a jegfyk nj lSy' ta ksid fyd| wd;auhla fkd,efí' Wkajykafiaf.
a O¾udkaú; Wmfoia ,nd f.k foõf,dj Wm; ,oy'
wdpd¾h uka O¾u foaYkd lrñka n,j;a ye`.Sï" Woafõ. wdfõ. w;s
lr .ekSu kqiqÿiq nj;a th urKdikak fudfydf;a§ n,mdk nj;a myod
ÿkay' hfula iu`. we;s lr.;a fma%u iïnkaO;d fyda ffjr" fl%daO" m<s.
ekSï jeks n,j;a wdfõ. is; w,a,d .ks;a pq;s is; ;u lh w;a yßk úg
fujeks Woafõ.hka isysm;a jqjfyd;a B<`. wd;auh wmdh" f,dal" hCI"
fma%; fyda ;sßika wd§ ÿCÅ; ;;a;ajhg m;afõ'
171

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

tneúka wms isys l,amkd we;s ukqIH f,dalfha jdih lrk úg
ks;ru ;udf.a is;a .ek úuis,su;a úh hq;=hs' ukqIHhka jYfhka wfma
jerÈ wjfndaO lr f.k tajdhska ñ§ug uykais ±ßh hq;=hs' túg wjidk
fudfydf;a§ urKdikakjQ úg fyd|dldr is;sú,s mj;ajkag yelsfõú'
tneúka ks;ru fyd| is;sú,s we;s lrkak' we,Sï .eáï j,ska wE;a fjkak'
ish¨ nkaOkhkaf.ka ñ÷Kq ;rug wjidk fudfyd; i;=áka ;u lh oud
.sh yelsh'
kqjKe;af;da yoj; hkq b;du jákd wjhj nj oks;'s yoj; msßisÿ
kï udkisl YdÍßl iqjh f.k foa' tneúka kqjK we;s nqÿka ry;=ka jeks
W;a;ufhda ;udf.a yoj; msßisÿ lr wkqkag;a ;u yoj; msßisÿ lsÍug
Wmfoia fo;s' wfma Ôú;h r|d mj;skafka yojf;ah' wfma i;=g" iekiSu"
ÿl" ;ry" ffjr we;sjkafka yojf;ah' bka l=i,a" wl=i,a l¾u isÿfõ' tu
l¾u wkqj kej; Wmam;a;sh isÿfõ' fufia yoj; b;d m%n, bkaøshls' wm
wmdhg oukafka;a ij¾.hg oukafka;a yoj;hs' tneúka yoj;" ks;ru
fyd| foa is;kakg mqyqKq l< hq;=hs'
wdpd¾h uka nK lshd wjika jQ úg w¿; Wmka foújre fofokd
wêl mS%;shg m;a jQy' m%Yxid lrñka fkdfhla úêfha j¾Kkd lrñka
bkamiq ;=kajrla m%oCIsKd fldg miq mig .uka lr mq¿ka frdola fuka
wyfia mdù .shy'
jfrl wdpd¾h uka Ñhdxudks >k jkdka;r l÷ .eghl jdih
l<y' <`. md; .ïudkhla fkdue;' Wkajykafia Ndjkd lrñka isáh§
woaN+; ksñ;a;la my< úh' mdkaor 3g muK we;' YÍrfha i;r uyd N+;
flgia b;d ishqïjk fõ,djls' Wkajykafia kskafoka msì§ Ndjkd lrñka
isáhy' túg ;o iudêhlg ke.Sug is;aúh' ta wkqj is; iudê.; úh'
meh folla muK ta iudêfha isáhy' bkamiq is; bka ñ§ idudkH iajNdjhg álska ál m;afjñka isáfhah' tfy;a idudkH iajNdjhg m;a fkdù
Wmpdr iudêfha k;r úh' túg mqÿu o¾Ykhla we;súh'
w;s úYd, wef;la bÈßfha fmkS isáfhah' Wkajykafia <`.g meñK
oK .id ;udf.a msg Wv k.sk f,i isà' wdpd¾h uka Tyqf.a msg Wvg
ke. fn,af,a fome;af;a md oud isá
s úg ;j;a ;reK NsCIQka fokula we;=ka
msg ke.S msgqmiska tkjd ÿgqfõh' ta we;=ka b;d úYd, jqj;a Wkajykafia
we;d ;rï f,dl= ke;' we;=ka ;=kafokdu b;du ,laIK rdclSh f;acia
we;' rcqf.a ux., yia;Ska fuks' Wkajykafiaf.a is; w÷k;s' fï we;d

172

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

Wkajykafia iy wks;a NsCIQka iu`. bÈßfha we;s úYd, l÷ .eghla lrd
f.k h;s' ie;mqï Nd.hl muK we;'
fï o¾Ykh ;= < widudkH f;a c ia we;' Wka j yka f ia iïu;
f,dalfhka msg;g f.k h;s' tu l÷ uqÿkg .sh úg úYd, .,a .=ydjls'
.,a .=ydfõ we;=<g f.k .shy' bkamiq we;d wdmiq yeÍ t<shg uqyqk ,d
isáhy' wdpd¾h uka we;= msgh' Tyq miafika miaig .sfhah' ±ka miaid
.d;a .,a .=ydfõ we;=,a ì;a;sfha .Efõ' wks;a we;=ka fofokd fom;af;a
isá;s' Tjqka we;=,g uqyqK ,d we;s w;r wdpd¾h uka msg;g uqyqK ,d
isá;s' túg wdpd¾h uka wks;a NsCIQkag l:d lrñka iuq .ks;s'
zzuf.a wjidk meh fuhhs' fï YÍrh yer hñ' iïuq;s f,dalh ug
wod< ke;' kej; lsis lf,l f,dalhg fkdmeñfKñ' Wm;" urK uu
blaujd we;' Tn fom, kej; f,dalhg f.dia m%;m
s ;a;s mqrkak' túg Tng
uf.a wä mdf¾ tkag yelsfõ' ud fuka fï f,dalfhka kslau .sh yelsh'
f,dalfhka fíÍ m,d .sh yelsh' fï f,dalfha we,Sï j,ska .ykh' ÿla mSvd
wkka;h' fuhska ksoyiaùu b;du ÿIalrh' fkdkj;ajdu m%;sm;a;s msßh
hq;=h' fï w;s W;a;u i;a ls%hdjg ;uka jykafia,df.a wka;su ù¾Hfha
yeu ìxÿjlau wjYH fõ' urKh blauùug Nhdkl ixidrfhka ñ§ug
fufia ù¾Hh jvkak' fï ksoyi" úuqla;sh ,enQ miq Tng urKh .ek
lïmd ùula ke;' Wmam;a;shla w,a,d .ekSula ke;s neúks'
fYaI jQ flf<ia ish,a, blaujd hkq we;' lsishï ;Kaydjla ke;'
fï f,dalfhka lsis pls;hla k;sj ;=rka fjñ' ysr ldrfhla ysfrka ñÿkdla
fuks' fï isrer yer hdug lsis miq ;eú,a,la ke;' fjk;a whg urK
fufydf;a§ lh w; yeÍug uy;a wdhdihla we;' uf.a msßksùug Tn ÿla
úh hq;= ke;' tfia ÿla ùfuka lsis M,la ke;' ta ÿla ;j ;j;a flf<ia
jeãug bjy,a fõ' kqjKe;af;da th m%;sfCIam lr;s'
fï foaYkfhka miq wdpd¾h uka wks;a NsCIQka fofokdg .,a .=ydfjka msgùug lSy' ta we;=ka fofokd fuf;la ksYap,j fome;af;a isá;s'
ta i;=ka wdpd¾h ukaf.a msßksùu .ek wid ÿla uqiq ù isákakdla fuks' fï
wjia:dfõ§ Tjqka ienE we;=ka fuks' ukfia we;s ix{djla hehs is;Sug
fkdyelsh' túg ta we;=ka fofokd .,a .=ydfjka msgjqKs' ;reK NsCIQka
jykafia,d msg Wv isá;s' ta i;=ka b;du;a iqjph" lSlreh' b;d fiñka
msgfj;s' túg wdpd¾h ukaf.a we;d ;j ;j;a msgqmig .sfhah' .,a .=ydj
lvdf.k we;=,a jkakdla fuks' fï fudfydf;a§ wdpd¾h ukaf.a is; fï

173

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

f,dalhg meñK iajdNdúl úh' ksñ;a; fkdfmkS .sfhah'
fujeks ksñ;a;la ñka fmr fkdÈgq úrE neúka wdpd¾h uka fï ms<n
s |
úpdÍula l<y' fuys w¾: folls' tl Wkajykafiaf.a msßksùfuka miq
;reK NsCIQka fokula ksjka wjfndaO lr;s' fol iu: úmiaikd Ndjkdj
ry;=ka jykafia,d mßksùu olajd Ndjkd lr;s' iu:-úmiaikdj fuu
wjidk ld,h f;la Wkajykafia,df.a m%;sm;a;shls' ulaksido h;a is;
iy mxpialkaOhkaf.a meje;au yd tlsfkl iïnkaëlrKh wjYH fõ'
urKh fyj;a mßks¾jdKfha§ fï hemSu wjika fõ' f,!lsl mxpialkaOh"
f,daflda;a;r is; yd we;s iïnkaOh" hemSu kj;S' túg iudê úmiaikd
kj;S' fjk;a f,!lsl foa fuka wfydais fõ' ñkamiq lsj hq;a;la ke;'
hfula ;ud ke.S isá we;d miaig f.dia .,a .=ydjg lvd f.k hk úg
fndfyda fihska NS;shlg m;ajkjd we;' tfy;a wdpd¾h uka ta foi n,d
fkdie,S isáhy' tu ;reK NsCIQka ksjka wjfndaO lrK ksid Wkajykaafiag mS%;shla úh' th isÿjkafka Wkajykafiaf.a msßksjka ld,fha§h' ;uka
jykafia msßksùu .ek l:d lf<a th j¾;udkfha isÿ fjñka mj;skakdla
fuks' fuh úiauh ckl nj wdpd¾h uka mejiqfõh'
wjdikdjlg fuka wdpd¾h uka fï ;reK NsCIqka fofokdf.a kï
i|yka fkdl<y' fï mqj; wid uu fï fofok jykafia,d ljqre±hs fiúu
uykais .;sñ' uf.a ÈhqKj
q o w;miq lf<ñ' Wkajykafiaf.a mßks¾jdKfhka
miqo fï ms<sn| fidhd ne¨fjñ' ;j jk ;=re ta ms<sn| fydavqjdjla
fkd,enqKs' fï Ôú; pß;h ,shñka isáh§ jqjo uu ta ms<sn| fkdoksñ'
lsisfjla fuu NsCIQka jykafia,df.ka tla flfkla ;uka jykafia
nj fkdlsh;s' fuh iajdNdúlh' tjeks w;s W;a;u wjfndaOhla .ek l:d
lrkafka ljfrlao @ tjeks w;s fYa%IaG fohla l=Kq ud¿ fuka fjf<| ief,a
wf,ú lr;ao @ tjekaklg we§ tkafka ueiaika fkdfõo @ fuu wjia:
djg meñfKk hfula w;sfY%aIaG m%{djla iy .;s ,laIK ;sìh hq;=fõ'
tjekafkla ;ud .ek m%pdrhla lr;ao @ ta ms<sn| lSu ksid fudavfhda iskd
fi;s' kqjKe;af;da kskaod flfr;s' tjeks m%jD;a;shlska l,n, jkafkda
wyi lvd jefg;shs l,n, jQ ydjd jeks wh fj;s'
uf.a isf;a ;snQ ielh ±ka ;=kS ù we;' tfyhska Tnf.a wjOdrKh
msKsi fï isoaêh ,Sfjñ' hï jrola wef;d;a iudjqj uekj' fujeks lreKq
l:d lrkafka b;d lsÜgq iïnkaOhla we;s .=re f.da, msßi w;r muKs'
túg ydkshla fkdfõ' ud fï ms<sn| ,sùu .ek úfõpkhg ,lajk nj

174

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

oksñ' Tnf.a ldreKsl iudj whÈñ'

id.skafkka fmf<k fma%;fhda
Wkajykafiaf.a mßks¾jdKh f;la wukqIHhkag O¾uh foaYkd
lsÍu úYd, j.lSula úh' Wkajykafia jdih lrK yeu m%foaYfhau
wukqIHhka iu`. iïnkaëlrKh ;snqKs' fma%; fldÜGdi ;u kEhskaf.
a msx n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjñka Wkajykafiaf.ka Wmldr b,a,;s' Tjqka ueÍ
fldmuK ld,hla .; jQfha ±hs lsj fkdyelsh' Tjqkaf.a Ôj;aj isák
{d;Ska ljqre±hs fkdoks;s' Tjqka wdpd¾h uka fj; meñK Ôj;aj bkak
{d;Ska fidhd fokag hehs b,a,;s' Tjqka odk § msx muqKqjkag hehs b,a,;s'
;u Ôú;h b;du;a ÿ#Å; neúka bka ñ§ug msx b,a,;s' fndfyduhla wmdh
ÿla ú| uy;a f,i mSvd ú| we;' ñksia j¾I wkqj ta wh wmdfha isá
ld,h fldmuK±hs .Kka l< fkdyelsh' Tjqka wmdfhka ñ§ kej;;a
ÿ#Å; fma%; wd;auhl lsj fkdyels ;rï ÿla ú¢;s' tu wl=i, úmdl
fkdkj;ajdu ÿla muqKqjhs' bka ñ£ula ke;' isrf.hs isák ;dla l,a isr
o~qjï ú£ug isÿjkjdla fuks'
fma%; ksldfha wh wjq;a ;j fl;rï ld,hla fï ÿla ú¢h hq;=±hs
wi;s' Tjqka ne.Em;aj wdhdpkd lrkafka ;ukaf.a {d;Skag okajd ;uka
fj; msx muqKqjk f,isks' Wkajykafia ta {d;Ska .ek úuiQ úg fjk
kd÷kk f,dalhla .ek lsh;s' wmdfha fndfyda l,a wkka; ÿla ú¢ ld,h
wjqreÿ oi oyila fyda ishla oyila úh yelsh' bka ñ£ fï fma%; wd;aufha
bm§ we;' fï wd;aufha wjqreÿ 500 odyla muK l,a .; ù we;' fï whf.
a {d;Ska fiùug fkdyelsh' ta whf.a tu n,j;a l¾u ú| ±ka isákafka
hï mskla ,nd.; yels ;ekl kuq;a {d;Ska fiùug fkdyelsh' tneúka
;u ÿl ú£u yer fjk lsisjla l< fkdyelsh' n¨" n<,a wd§ lsisfjl=g
whs;s ke;s i;=ka fuks' b;d wirK ù we;'
iuyr fma%;hskag ;rula Wmldr l< yelsh' Tjqka ñh f.dia jeä
ld,hla .; ù ke;' Tjqkaf.a mdm l¾u t;rï n,j;a fkdfõ' {d;Ska
mjrk msx ta whg ,eìh yelsh' ;u;a Ôj;=ka w;r isák {d;Skaf.a kï"
.ï" ,smskh u;la lr;s' wdpd¾h uka tjeks wh <`. md; isà kï fï
úia;r lshd msx ,nd .ekSug i<iaj;s' ta {d;Ska fkdfhla msxlï lsÍugo
NsCIQka jykafia,dg oka §ug o fhduq lr ta mska muqKj
q ;s' iuyr fma;
% hskg
a
´kEu flfkl=f.a msx wkqfudaoka úh yelsh' ta msk ta whgu mjrd ke;s
175

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jqjo msx ,nd .ks;s' ta whf.a l¾u úmdl wkqj iuyr fma%;hskag ldf.ka
jqjo msx ,nd .; yelsh' tfy;a iuyre ;u {d;Skaf.ka ta whg mejrE
msx muKla ,nd .; yelsfõ'
wdpd¾h uka yg fï fma%; wd;au .ek fndfyda w;a±lSï we;' Tjqyq
ks;ru lror lr;s' wukqIHhska w;ßka fma%;fhda jvd;au lror lr;s'
;ud úiska l< lsisu l=i, l¾uhla ke;s neúka ks;ru wkqkaf.ka b,a,;s'
wkqkaf.ka fkd,enqfKd;a t whg Ôj;a úh fkdyelsh' b;du ne.Em;a
wirK msßils'
mß;Hd.h iy l=i,a lsÍfï úmdl jYfhka ;udf.a iajdëk;ajh
ysñfõ' cd;s" cd;s fufia ;ukag wjYH ish¨ foa ,efnk neúka ;Dma;su;a
Ôú; .; lr;s' ish¨ iFjfhda l¾uh odhdo fldg isá;s' ta úmdl ú£ug
fya;=j ;ukaf.au l¾u nj is;sh hq;=h' wka lsisfjl=g ;udf.a l¾u úmdl
fkd,efí' tfiau wka lsif
s jl=f.a l¾u úmdl ;ud fj; fkdmeñfKa' ;udg
,efnk iem" ÿla ;udf.a l=i,a wl=i,a l¾uj, úmdl fõ'
wdpd¾h uka fï fkdfhla wd;au .ek iqúfYaI ±kqula we;s kuq;a
ta nj ye`.jkafka l,d;=rlsks' fma%;" foaj" n%yau" hCI" kd." .re~ wd§
wd;auj, wh iu`. ks;r l:d ny lr;s' ñksidf.a bJøshkag wf.dapr
fndfyda foa Wkajykafiag wjfndaO fõ' wukqIHhka ms<n
s | l:d weiSug mjd
ìh Wojhs' zzñksidg j;=r" .skak jeks m%lD;s weig fmfkk wkaoug l¾u
úmdl olskg
a yelskï lsif
s jla mdm l¾u fkdlr;s' th uyd .sks f.dvlg
mkskakdla fuks' ta fjkqjg yels ;rï fyd| foa lsÍug fmf<fU;s' tys
b;d isis,a .=Khla we;' f,dalfha ;sfnk ish¨u lror w;=reoyka jkjd
ksh;hs'ZZ jfrl wdpd¾h ukaf.a jeäysá YsIHfhla fufia mejiSh' zzñksidg fma%;" foaj" .re~ kd. wd§ka .ek fkdokakd neúka ;ukaf.a l¾u
úmdl .ek iss;sh fkdyelsh' tneúka Tn jykafia fï okakd foa ñksiqkag
lshd§u jeo.;a fõ' zznqÿka ry;=ka jeks W;=ï wh ;ud okakd foa wkqkag
lshd ÿkakd' Tn jykafiaf.a Y%djlhka jQ wms Tn jykafiaf.a ta úiauhckl
Yla;sh w.h lrkakdla fuka f,dalhd w.h lr;s'
wdpd¾h uka Tyq ksYam%Nd l<y' Tn lshk foa l< úg wms fof.
d,af,du wkd: fj;s' fujeks foa m%isoaOj l:d lsÍu iqÿiq ke;' tfia lS
l< uu iy wksl=;a NsCIQyq msiaika fj;s' túg fuh msiaiq wdY%uhla fjhs'
nqoaO Ydikh m%{dj fmr±ß fldg we;' th ;ud úiska wjfndaO l<
hq;a;ls' Tn jykafia lshk foa m%{d f.dapro ke;fyd;a fudayh weiqre

176

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

lr;ao @ fujeks foa is;Su mjd msiaiqjls' lSu .ek lshkq lsu @ ñksiaiq
fujeks foa weiqj;a wmf.a lSu ksid wms úkdY fjuq'
wm wjg we;s mßirh bJøsh f.dapr neúka ñksidg iïuq;s i;Hfhka
jgyd .; yelsh' tfy;a O¾uh m%{d f.daprh' mrud¾: i;Hh weiqre
lrhs' tneúka iudchg fï O¾uh fok úg thska i;=g" iudodkh"
iyÔjkh we;súh hq;=hs' w¾:j;a úh hq;=hs' mrud¾: i;Hh nqÿrcdKka
jykafia foaYkd lf<a kqjK fufyhjd l%udkql+,jh' wid isák whg
f.dapr jk wdldrhgh' i;Hh jqj;a th lSfï wjia:djla we;' th fmdÿfõ
lSu jrols' ta ñksiqka jrojd .%yKh lrK neúks'
mxp bJøshkag f.dapr fkdjkfoa .ek l:d lsÍug yelafla hï
wjfndaOhla ;=<sks' tjeks foa .ek wjfndaOhla ke;sj fmd; mf;a ±kqfuka fyda wka lsis flfkl=f.a ±kqfuka l:d lsÍu wiajdNdúlh' tneúka
ñksidg fkdf;af¾' fï hfula úfõpkh lsÍula fkdj tjeks w;SJøsh
±kqu we;s wh jqjo b;d mÍlaIdldÍj tu ±kqu bÈßm;a l< hq;= njls'
wfma úiañ; ±kqu i;Hhla jqjo ta wid isák wh isys úl,a úh yelsh'
ta wh O¾uh lshd .%yKh lrkafka fujeks wdYap¾h woaN+; foaj,ah' ta
wh ;rul udkisl úlD;s we;s wh fj;s' tneúka tjeks foa ;=<ska ñksidf.a is; l=,au;a lsÍu kqiqÿiqh' nqÿrcdKka jykafia tjeks úiañ; foa
f,dalhd yuqfõ ;enqfõ hï hï whg nqoaê f.dapr úêhgh' tneúka wms
b;d iqmÍCIdldÍj O¾uh foaYkd l< hq;=hs'
uu fufia m%Yak lrñ' Tn i;= uqo,a iïNdrhla we;' th Tn
kqjK we;af;la kï m%fhdackhg .; yelsh' kqjK ke;akï fï Okh
Tnf.a mßydksh fõ' uyd fiakdjla ueoaog hk úg Tn fï uqo, wdrlaId
lrkafka flfiao @
tu fcHIa G Ys I Hhd fufia lSh' zzuu yels;dla th m%fõiï
lrñ'ZZ
Tn wdrlaId lrkafka flfiao @
tu uqo,a úhoï lrk úg wjYH m%udKh muKla t<shg f.k uq¿
uqo, fkdfmkajd i`.jñ'
tfia kï Tng hï w;SJøsh ±kqula we;' foúhka" N+;hka" fma%;hka
ms<sn| w;a±lsï we;' th wkqkag lskafka flfiao @ bka we;s M,hla ksid
kskaod" wm%Yxid" ysxid" mSvd ;ukag;a" wkqkag;a mekùugo @
177

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uu tu ñ, uqo,a mßyrKh lrk ms<sfj; wkq.ukh lrñ' ±ka
fudfyd;lg fmr Tn lSjd fujeks wdYap¾h woaN+; foa f,dalhg ±kqï
Èh hq;= nj' wehs ta @ uf.a ms<s.ekSu wkqj Tn lS foa idudkH flfkla j;a
fkdlshk úêfha nyqN+; l:djls' Tng idudkH ±kqula j;a ke;s neúka
Tn ñksiqkaf.a we.hSula ,nkafka flfiao @ Tnf.a is;=ú,s úlD;sh' Tng
hfula fodia mejrefjd;a Tn ksoyig bÈßm;a lrkafka l=ulao @ fï .ek
is;d n,kq uekú' f,dlfha jeämqr bkafka m%{dj we;s who @ fudayfhka
uq,d jQ who @ tjeks whg Tn lS úêhg l< úg fï Ydikh mj;So @
fï .ek ±ka ug jegfyk mßÈ ud lS foa iïmQ¾Kfhkau jerÈ
nj uu ms<s.ksñ' uu tfia lSfõ Tn jykafia lshk foa wid uu wêl;r
i;=gg meñK wka whg;a tu mS%;sh N=la;s ú£ug ie,iSu ms<sn| is;Sfuks'
túg ta wh fndfyda fihska bka m%fhdack .ks;s' ud bka is÷jk wksIag M,
úmdl .ek is;=fõ ke;' Tn jykafia ug lreKdj Wmojd iudj fokak'
fujks fudayhlska ud uqod.kq leue;af;ñ' uu b;d iqmÍCIdldÍj ñka
u;=jg yeisfrñ'
uf.a jro fmkajd § ug fodaIdfrdamKh lsÍu .ek uf.a i;=g m%ldY
lrñ' ta fodaYdfrdamKhg uu iqÿiafila fjñ' Tn jykafia ±ka lshd ÿka
mßÈ f,dalfha jeämqr we;af;a m%{djka;hsko wkka; fudayfhka uq,d jQ
who @ hkak fuf;la l,a ug jegyqfka ke;' wfma .fï bkak .ï jdiSka
w;=frka b;d iq¿ m%udKhlg iS,d§ .=K kqjK .ek f;areï we;' fndfyda wh ;uka Wmkafka ula ksido" lrkafka l=ulao hkak .ek ;elSula
ke;' ;uka fyd| lrkafka wehs @ krl lrkafka wehs @ ±hs fkdoks;s' ta
fudfydf;a wdiajdoh msKsi hula lr;s' ;ukaf.a wkd.;h ffojhg ndr
lr we;' Ydikh /l .ekSug yels" th wkqkag l%udkql+,j myod §ug
yels wdo¾Yj;a mqoa.,hka" .=rejreka úiska muKla fï Ydikh rlskq
,efí' ´kEu id¾:l;ajhla i|yd oCI kdhlfhla wjYH fõ'
Bg ms<;
s r
= e jYfhka wdpd¾h uka fufia mejiSh' Tn ±ka ms<s .kakjd
kqjKe;s wdo¾Yu;a mqoa.,fhl=f.a u`. fmkaùu wjYH nj' tfia kï
Tn ms<sfj;a rlsk NsCIqjla jYfhka ù¾hh jeäh hq;af;a l=ula msKsio
@ wdOHd;añl .=K kqjK ;lafiare lsÍug fkdyelsh' tneúka b;d oCI
whg muKla fï Ydik m%;smodj f.k .sh yelsh' olaIlu hkq f,dalh
úkdY uqLhg m;a lrjk f,dalh uq,d lrk olaIlu fkdfõ' olaIlu
hkq iQCIu nqoaêhlska ;ud .kakd ;SrK fN!;sl wOHd;añl iqjh msKsi
fhduq lsÍuhs' wd¾h wIagdx.sl ud¾.fha i|yka uq,a wx. fol iïud

178

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

ÈÜá" iïud ixlmam .ek oCI ùuhs' fujeks wx. imqrd ,kafka iuHla
{dkhla we;s wh úisks'
iïud iudê jqjo iïud ÈÜÀ fufyhjk fnod ±laùu úYaf,aIKh
l< yels iuHla m%{dfjka hqla; úh hq;=h' ke;fyd;a iudêh jqjo ls%hd
úrys; jQ kskaola njg m;afõ' iudêh we;s jQ úg tys m%{dj ;sìh hq;=h'
ke;fyd;a ish¨ ixialdrhkaf.a h:d N+;h oek .kafka flfiao @ is; yd
.efgk ndysr f,dalh msßlaid n,kafka flfiao @ m%{dj ke;súg ;udf.
a ;SrK jerÈ iys; fõ'
iudê is;g wruKq jk wNHka;r yd ndysr wruqKq wkka;h'
fï wruqKq y÷kd .kafka tla tla flkdf.a iajdNdúl ±kqu u;h' fï
wjia:dfõ§ .kakd ;SrK ;ud ñi wka lsisfjla fkdokS' m%{dj fuys§
i;Hh u; msysgd ksjerÈ ;SrK .kS' túg wka wruqKq wfydais ù ;ukag
lrorhla fkdfõ' m%{dj ke;súg iudê is;la ,eìu;a ÿIalrh' ;ud olsk
iqN wruqKq flfrys we,Su;a wiqN wruqKq flfrys .eàu;a isÿfõ' fï
m%;sls%hd ;u isf;a n,mEula lrhs' túg we,Su fyda .eàu isÿfõ' fï jk
úg m%{dj we;af;a kï ta wruqKqj, iajNdjh y÷kd .kS' túg tajd ksid
uq,djg m;a fkdfõ' m%{dj ke;súg n,j;a ye`.Su" Woafõ." wdfõ. ksid
is; úlD;s fõ' m%{dj ;=<ska fuh f;dard fírd wkjYH ye`.Sï fkdi<ld"
fkd;ld" w;ayeßh yelsfõ' fï wdldrfhka ;udf.a Ndjkd m%.;sh kshu
ud¾.fha hhs'
wm NsCIqjla jYfhka Öjr ord isákafka ±kqu yd m%{dj ,nd
hym;a .;s.=K mqreÿ mqyqKq lrñka f,dalfha iEu ukqIHfhlau w.hk
;;a;ajhg m;aùugh' flf<ia j,g ji`. ù flf<ia j,ska ujk lmá"
jxpdldÍ is;=ú,s j,g f.dÿre ùug fkdfõ' ;u m%{dfjka fï jxpdj
y÷kd .ekSugh' O¾uh yd m%{dj ke;súg úkh kS;s .re fkdlrk úg
;ud wjodkï ;;a;ajhl isà' isf;a jxpksl iajNdjh iu`. igka lsÍug
wdhqO ke;' i;s" m[a[d hkq fï hqoaOhg wjYH wú wdhqO fõ' wfma
m%;smodj fkdleã È.gu lrf.k hdug kï ffoksl Ôú;fha§ lrk
ish¨ lghq;= i;s" m[a[dfjka l< hq;=h' wm is;k" l:d lrk" ls%hd
lrk yeu úgu i;sm[a[dfjka isáh hq;=h' uf.a YsIHhka ish¨ fokdu
ÿl ke;s lsÍug uy;a ù¾Hhla orkjd ±lSug uu leu;s fjñ' fuh l<
hq;af; i;s m[a[dfjks' túg Tn nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a w;s W;a;u
O¾uh ,eîug iqÿiafida fj;s' yeu fohlau l=i,;djfhka l< hq;=h'

179

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uf.a YsIHhka fudayfhka uq,d ù fkdfhla foa .ek we,S .eà jdih lrkq
±lSug leu;s fkdfjñ' wd;au ;Dma;sfhka ue,s lñka ;u jev lghq;=
meyer yrñka isákjd ±lSug wlue;s fjñ' tneúka ;u jev lghq;=
ish,a,u i;=áka i;s" m[a[dfjka l< hq;=hs'
iir ÿla ;rKh lsÍug .kakd jEhu W;=ï u jEhuls' iir ÿla
blauùu ;rï wudre fjk lsis fohla ke;' ;u Ôú; mQcdfjka ms<sfj;a
/lsh hq;=hs' flf<ia ksid Tn kej; kej;;a mrdch fõ' fjk;a jevla
fuka fuh wdjdg .shdg" h,g uyg l< yels fohla fkdfõ' ieflka"
nfhka l< yels fkdfõ' Tng taldka; iem; jQ ksjk ,nd .ekSug kï
Ôú; mß;Hd.fhka O¾uhg wkqj úish hq;=hs' fjk wka l%uhla ke;'
Ôú;h mQcd lr ksjk ,eìh hq;=h' túg Tn kej; Wmam;a;sfhka ñfoa'
uu ms<sfj;a rlsk ld,fha§ Ôj;a ù wdpd¾hjrfhl= fõ hehs
fkdis;=fjñ' Ôú; wdYdjg jvd iir ÿla blau ùug ;snQ wdYdj jeäh'
uf.a iEu jHdhdulau Ôj;aùu msKi
s fkdj Ôú;h blaujQ ksjka msKi
s úh'
Ôú; ydks jqj;a ug miq;eú,a,la ke;' ksjka ,eîu hkq taldka; jdishls'
ksjka ud¾.fha hEu msKsi ±ä Wkkaÿjla ;snqKs' nqÿrcdKka jykafia
,enQ W;=ï ksjk ud ,nd .kafka flfiao @ ta i|yd fkdl< yels mßHd.
hla ke;' urKh m%Yakhla fkdfõ' .Kka lsÍug fkdyels mßÈ iir§
urKhg m;a jQ jdr we;' ug lsisjla wjYH fkdùh' wjYH ish¨ foa we;'
kej; kQm§jd hk woyi uqÿka m;a lr .ekSu uf.a tlu wêIaGdkh úh'
? oj,a fkdlvjd ud ±rE ù¾Hh ksrka;rfhka lrlefjk ±;s frdaohla
fuks' O¾u pl%h lrleùuls' flf<ia lmñka ? oj,a .; lf<ñ' ksod
.kakd iq¿ fõ,dfõ§ muKla fï ls%hdj keje;a jqKs' msìÿk jydu i;s
m[a[dfjka flf<ia lemSu isÿ lf<ñ' Y%oaOdj" úßh fkdkj;ajdu jeã
.sfhah' wjidkfha§ ish¨ flf<ia ÿre úh' ish¨ flf<ia kej; kQmÈkd
f,i ÿre ù .sh nj ug jegyqKs' bkamiq uu ms<sfj;a ,sys,a fldg úfõl
.;sñ' flf<ia ixis£ .sh kuq;a YÍrh Ôj;a fõ'
fï ms<sn| Tn is;sh hq;=hs' Ôú;h mrÿjg ;nd flf<ia iu`. igka
lrkjdo @ wkka; ÿla nßka ksoyia fjkjdo @ ke;fyd;a miq;eú,af,ka
urKhg m;a ù kej; Njhla w,a,kjdo @ fudk ;rï ÿla mSvdj,g kej;
meñfKkjdo @ blauka lrkak' fï .ek is;kak' Tn kej; ÿla f.dvl
mg,eù ysrfjkjdo @ ;udg ,enqKq wjia:dj meyer yßkjdo @
flf<ia igk f.k .sh hqo ìu we;af;a ;u isf;ah' Y%oaOd" úßh"
m[a[d tu igkg wjYH wú wdhqO fõ' fï igk ch.%yKh lsÍu hkq
180

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

ksoyi ,eîuhs' zz;uka ;ju ;reKhs ;n fndfyda l,a we;'ZZ wd§ jYfhka
is;ñka jerÈ iys; m%;sm;a;s rlsk NsCIqj fujeks jerÈ u; w;a yeßh
hq;=h' ;u is; yd lh muKla wruqKq lrñka wkqka fyda ndysr foa .ek
is;Su w;ayeßh hq;=hs' isf;a ks;ru O¾uh rc l< hq;=h' túg flf<ia
ksid we;sjk úI iukh fõ' ks;ru isf;a wO¾uh rc lrk úg flf<ia
me;sÍ b;sÍ f.dia uq¿ .; is; frda.d;=r flf¾' fudayh rc lrñka ÿla
yg .kS' iir §¾> fõ' wl=i, úmdl miqmi .uka lrhs' túg f,dalh
mqrd fyd,auka lrK ÿla .sks j,ska ñ§ula ke;'
wdpd¾h uka tu NsCIqjlg ;Èka fodaYdfrdamKh l<y' ;uka jykafiaf.a iDÎ m%d;syd¾h f,dalhdg m%isoaO l< hq;=hehs tu NsCIqj m%ldY
l<y' wdpd¾h ukaf.a ms<s;=r jákd O¾u fldÜGdihls' l,d;=rlska weish
yels foa fj;a' Wkajykafia fujeks O¾uhla m%ldY lsÍug tu NsCIqjf.
a lSu bjy,a úh' th fodaYdfrdamKhla fuka fmkS .sh;a th fodaYdfrdamKhla fkdfõ' bka ta NsCIqj yd wksl=;a whg úYd, ,dNhls' idudkHfhka
Wkajykafia .eUqre O¾u muKla m%ldY lr;a' túg ikaiqkaj" myiqfjka"
i;=áka" iekiSfuka ta O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' wid isák whg th hïlsis
wvqjla f,i ±fka' kuq; hfula wkjYH m%Yak weiqfjd;a fyda O¾uh
,sys,a lr l:d l<fyd;a fyda idlÉPdj ;shqKq jqjfyd;a Wkajykafiaf.a
yo ;=<ska O¾uh msì§ .,d f.k hhs' wid isák wh l=,au;a lrñka ye`.
Sï wjqiaiñka W;af;ackh lrhs'
fujeks foaYk wid isák wh fnfyúka lïmd fõ' th úia;r l<
fkdyelsh' uu o ±ä pß;hla neúka tjeks foaYk jvd msh
% lf<ñ' tneúka
Wkajykafiaf.ka tjeks m%Yak weiQ NsCIQkag ia;+;s jka; fjñ' Tjqka tu
m%Yak weiqfõ wjxl is;lska ksid tys jrola ke;' uf.a yoj; fnfyúka
;Dma;shg m;a jqfka Wkajykafiaf.ka wNsfhda.d;aulj úpdr nqoaêfhka
weiQ m%Yakj,g ,enqKq ms<s;=re j,sks' tu foaYk ug fhduq jQ kuq;a ish¨
NsCIqkag wod< úh' uu fndfyda ld,hla Wkajykafia <`.ska weiqre l< miq"
Wkajykafiaf.ka foaYk n,dfmdfrd;a;= fkdù fujeks m%Yk
a weiqfjñ' túg
fkdis;+ úrE foaYk Wkajykafiaf.ka wikag ,enqKs' ta m%Yak fkdweiqfõ
kï .;dkq.;slj iji yuqùug isÿfõ'
jfrl wdpd¾h uka iy NsCIQka ;=ka y;r kula wE; m<d;l .,a
.=ydjl jdih msKsi meñK fo;=ka Èkla .; jQ úg Wkajykafiaf.a iudê
is;g Wia l÷ uqokl msysá úYd, ,CIK .,a .=ydjla Èiaúh' w;S;fha

181

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fndfyda mfia nqÿ jreka jykafia,d tys jdih l< nj lSy' tfy;a tys hdu
wiSreh' uyd l÷ ksid msKavmd; lsÍug fkdyelsh' tfy;a tu NsCIQkag
tys f.dia n,kag hehs lshd wdydr m%udKhla /f.k .sh hq;= njo lSy'
tu NsCIqka .fï ñksiqka lSm fofkla iu`. tu lkaog kex.y' l÷ uq÷k
b;du ,CIK mßirhls' .,a .=ydj Wkajykafia lS mßÈ ruKSh mßisÿ
;ekls' ta NsCIQka tysu /£ Ndjkd lsÍug leu;s jQy' tfy;a wdydr ke;s
neúka wdpd¾h uka yuqùug meñKshy'
zz.,a .=ydj flfiao th b;d msßisÿ ,laIK ;ekla nj uu iudê
is;ska ÿgqfjñ' fuys fndfyda woaN+; foa isÿfõ' tu .,a .=ydj N+udgq
foúhka úiska wdrlaIs; ia:dkhls' hfula jerÈ f,i yeiqrefKd;a foaj
fldamhg m;afõ' fï nj Tng l,ska lSug wu;l jqfkñ' Yío k.d lE
.eiSu" wúpdr yeisÍu úfYaIfhka NsCIQkag kqiqÿiqh' hïlsis jrola ksid
foúhkaf.a wm%idoh we;s ù wk;=rlg m;afõ±hs uu is;=fjñ'ZZ
tu NsCIQka ish¨ f;dr;=re ±kajQy' tys jdih lsÍu b;du;a ms%h
ckl jqjo wdydr ,nd .eksug fkdyels neúka kqiqÿiq fõ' .,a.=yd ms<sn|
wdpd¾h uka ish¿ f;dr;=re ±kf.k isáhy' tfy;a tys ljodj;a .syska
ke;' Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd n,h t;rï m%d;syd¾Hhls'
foújre tu m%foaYfha jdih lrk neúka NsCIqka jykafia,d b;d
fyd| isß;a úß;a wkq.ukh l< hq;=fõ' iEufoau msßisÿjg ,laIKg"
ms<sfj,g ;ekam;a lsÍu wjYH fõ' NsCIqjla Wvne,sfhka ksokjd ±lSug
foújre wlue;s fj;s' u< ñkshla fuka wm%ikakh' fudayfhka isysk olsñka ySfkka l:d lrñka isys uq,dfjka ksok NsCIQka foúhkag wm%ikakh'
kskafoka yeisfrk wkaou ;uka fkd±kqj;aj isÿjk fohla jqjo foúhka
ms<sl=,a lr;s' foújre iuQyhla meñK fufia wddpd¾h ukag mji;s'
zzNsCIqka jykafia,dg foúfhda iy ñksiaiq je| kuialdr lrñka
f.!rj olaj;s' tneúka ta whf.a wdpdr iudpdr O¾u ks;ru ixjr úh
hq;=hs' ksok fõ,djg jqjo ta whf.a bßhõ m%ikak úh hq;=hs' n,kag neß
;rï ms<sl=,a úh hq;= ke;' .syshka fuka l:d ny lrk wixjrj yeisfrk
NsCIQka ±lSug wms fkdleu;s fjuq' ,CIKg bßhõ meje;aùug fkdyels
wehs @ iqmßCIdldÍj ish¨ foa ixjrj l< hq;=hs' wm NsCIQka úfõpkh
lsÍula fkdfõ' foújre iEu fokdu NsCIqkag f.!rj kuialdr lrkafka
Wkajykafia,df.a .;s.=K ksid Ydikh rlsk neúks' wms Ydikh /lSug
uy;a Wkkaÿfjuq' wm fï ±kqï fokafka Tn jykafiaf.a Y%djlshk
a g wjjdo

182

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

lrkakg" yeu bßhõjlau meje;aùu ixjr f,i i;sfhka lrK f,ighs'
túg ñksiqka yd foúhka i;=gg m;afõ' je÷ï" ms÷ï l< yels NsCIQka
jykafia,d ksid foújre Ydikh /lSug ;j ;j;a Wkkaÿfj;s'ZZ
foúhkaf.a fï mKsúvh ,eî wdpd¾h uka NsCIqka jykafia,dg ;u
nvq ndysr ,CIKg ;ekam;a lsÍu yd yeisÍu .ek wjjdo l<y' mh
msiodk frÈ lene,a, jqjo fidaod fõ,d kud ;ekam;a l< hq;=h' fldklg
ùis l< hq;= ke;' jeisls,s kshu ia:dkj, iqmÍlaIdldÍj bÈlrKq ,efí'
hï hï .ia hg jeisls,s ;ekSu wdpd¾Hh uka ;ykï lf<ah' Bg fya;=j
N+ udgq foújre tu m%foaYfha .uka lrk neúks' ta .ia wrla f.k úudk
we;s neúks'
foúhka .ek wjfndaO we;s NsCIQkag fï wjjdo wjYH fkdùh'
Wkajykafiaf.a fndfyda YsIHhkag foúhka yd iïnkaO;d we;s neúks'
tfy;a ta ms<sn| l:d lsÍug ue,s jkafka wid isák whg l=;=y,hla
jk neúks' tfy;a l¾uia:dk NsCIQka w;r fï ms<sn| újD;j idlÉPd
mj;aj;s' fndfyda foõle, fï NsCIQka ±lsug meñK idlÉPd mj;aj;s'
ta l:d wid isák úg ta NsCIQka jykafia,df.a Ndjkd ÈhqKqj jgyd .;
yelsh'

W.% f,i úfõpkh l< foaj kd.hd
tla wjia:djl wdpd¾h uka úhdx v´ .,a .=ydfõ jdih l<y' th
j¾;udkfha m%isoaO l÷ mduq, ixpdrlhkaf.a .,a .=ydj fkdfõ' fuh
msysáfha l÷ uqÿfkah' fï .,a .=ydj whs;slrf.k isáfha foaj kd.fhls'
fndfyda ld,hla lsif
s jl=g tkag fkd§ Tyq th wdrlaId lf<ah' Tyq NsCIQka
jykafia,dg úreoaOh' wêl udkh we;s neúka wdpd¾h uka yg fkdfhla
úÈfha ysxid fpdaokd mejÍh' wdpd¾h ukaf.a ffu;S%" lreKd .=Kh Tyqg
fkd±fka' Tyqf.a is; fndfyda ld,hla ±ä f,i ñ:Hd oDIaáfhka isá
neúks'
rd;S% ld,fha Wkajykafia ilauka Ndjkd lrk úg fifrmamq wä
Yíoh bjish fkdyelsh' zzTn fudk úêfha NsCIqjlao @ lgl,shdj
lvd.;a f¾ia wYajfhla jf.a tfya fufya .uka lrkjd' Tn fmdf<dfõ
wäh ;shk .dfka fmdf<dj lïmd fj,d uq¿ lkaou foorKjd' Tn fu;rï
wkqkag jo ysxid muqKqjk nj Tn okakjdo @ZZ
fujeks fodaYdfrdamK k.ñka neK jeÿfka wdpd¾h uka b;d ikaiqka

183

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

,S,dfjka ilauka lrk úgh' Wkajykafia ;j;a fyñka wäh ;shñka ilauka
l<y' tkuq;a kd.hd fkdi;=gq úh' zzTn fudk NsCIqjlao l=re¨ jeoafola
fuka fydr ryiska .uka lrñka ilauka Ndjkd lrkjdo @ jerÈ,dj;a
wdpd¾h ukaf.a mh .ia uq,a j, yemS Yíohla jQ úg zzTn fldhs úêfha
NsCIqjlao @ kdgH lKavdhfï ;d,h w,a,kakdla fuka tfya fufya wä
;nkjdo@
túg wdpd¾h uka ilauka u¨j iu;,d lr .;ay' .,a wyq,d
ms<sfj,g whsfka ;ekam;a l<y' zzTn fudk úÈfha NsCIqjlao yeu ;siafiu
.,a tfya fufy f.ks hkjd" lsisu fohlska ;Dma;su;a keye' Tn fï tfya
fufya wjqiaik úg wkqkag bfia rohla fok nj f;afrkafka ke;a±hs
weiqfõh'
fï ksid .,a .=ydfõ isák úg ks;ru i;s iumc[a[fhka isàug
isÿjqKs' kskafoaÈ iq¿ jYfhka YÍrh fi,jqfkd;a fyda Tyq neK jÈk nj
Wkajykafiaf.a wjÈ jQ úg iudê is;g wruqKq fõ' Tn kskafoka yefrkjd"
o`.,kjd" Yío lrñka yhsfhka yqiau .kakjd" wd§ jYfhka neK j§'
Wkajykafia iudê isf;ka Tyq .ek n,k úg Wkajykafia foi Trjñka
n,d.;a jku n,d isáhs' b;d ÿIag neúka fl%daO we;s neúkao Wkajykafia
mjrK msx fkd,nhs' Tyqf.a oafõY .skk
a yo ±fjñka mj;S' fufia n,j;a
mdm l¾u ksrka;rfhka lrhs' wdpd¾Hh uka fudyq .ek uy;a wkqlïmdjla
we;s l<y' tfy;a O¾uh weySug fkdleue;s neúka lsisu Wmldrhla l<
fkdyelsh' Tyq lf<a yeu fudfydf;au jerÈ fiùuh'
tla úgl Wkajykafia NsCIqjlf.a wdl,am .ek lshd ;uka jykafiaf.a wruqKq meyeÈ,s l<y'
zzud fuys meñKsfha lsisfjl=g ysßyer lsÍug fkdfõ' fï Ydik
ms<sfj;a /lSug' ug yd wfkl=;a whg th úYd, ,dNhls' Tn wl=i,a
is;a my< lsÍu jerÈhs' ud Tng lsis yxid mSvdjla lr ke;' ud lrkafka
yels ;rï l=i,a lr wkqkag;a wkqfudaoka lsÍuhs' th Tng;a idOdrKhs'
tneúka ud Tng jO ysxid muqKqjkag wdfõ ke;'
idudkH ñksid lh fid<jd hï hï ls%hd lr;s' th iajdNdúlh' u<
ñKsh muKla fkdfi,a fõ' NsCIqjla jYfhka uu ks;ru fyd¢ka bßhõ
mj;ajñ' ud u<ñkshla fkdfõ' tneúka jd;h wdYajdi m%dYajdi lrñ'
iuyr úg ta fõ.h wvq jeä fõ' ud ksok úg;a wdYajdi m%dYajdi flf¾'
ta ksid hï hï Yío ksl=;a fõ' th iajdNdúlhs' Tn hï NsCIqjla lsisjla
184

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fkdlr .,a .eyS isákjd ±l weoao @ ñksid tfia yeisfrkafka ke;'
uu yels;rï ksYaIíoj ilauka lrkag jEhï lrñ' ta;a Tn ud
f¾ia wYajfhla jeks hhs fodia lshhs' we;af;kau f¾ia wYajfhla iy
Ndjkd fhda.S NsCIqj w;r wyi fmdf<dj fuka úYd, fjkila we;'
tjeks ikaikaok lsÍu fkdfydî' Tn lrk mdm l¾u ksid wmdfha Wm;
,nhs' Tn lshk úêhg ug yeisfrkag neye' Tng i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka
isákag wjYH kï Tfí isf;a we;s ;ry .skak ksjd .kak' túg Tng
bfíu i;=g ,efí'
wkqkaf.a jerÈ ;snqK;a tajd úfõpkh lsÍu ksid ysf;a fkdßiaik
;ry .;s we;sfjkjd' uf.a yeisÍu NsCIqjlg fydìk úêhla' tfy;a
Tn ks;ru úfõpkh lrkjd' Tn ukqIHfhla kï Tng idudkH ñksia
Ôú;hla .; lrkag neye' uq¿ f,dalhu l=Kq f.dvla f,i;a Tn muKla
fmrdmq r;a;rka f,i;a fmfkaú' tjeks woyia we;s jkafka Tn wka wh
fy<d fm,d l:d lrñka f,dalh m%;sfCIam lrk ksid' bka Tn ks;ru
lkiai,af,ka miqfjhs' kqjKe;af;da jerÈ f,i wkqka úfõpkh fkdlr;a'
th n,j;a wl=i, úmdl f.k fokakls' Tn tjeks wl=i,a lrñka úfkdao
fjhs' ;ud jefgk m%md;h fkdolS' Tnf.a fodaIdfrdamKfhka ÿla ú¢kafka
ud fkdfõ' Tnuhs' Tn udkisl frda.sfhla f,i .; is; ojd,hs' tjeks
foa Tngu jegfykjd kï l=ulaksid ta mdm l¾u lrkafkyso @ Tnf.a
is;=ú,s ish,a,u uu oksñ' ta jqk;a uu Tng ks;ru iudj ÿksñ' Tn lrk
foa ksid Tfí uki úlD;s fõ' fl;rï fodia lSj;a Tng fkdiEfya' th
frda.hla kï fnfy;a ke;'
Tnf.a isf;a mj;sk jerÈ oDIaáh ke;s lsÍug uu fndfyda fjfyi
jqfkñ' fkdfhla ñksia" fma%;" ÈjH" n%yau" hCI yd Tng;a jvd n,j;a foaj
kd.hskag uu Wmldr lrñ' ta ish¨ fokd iïud iïnqÿ O¾uh ms<s.ks;s'
l¾u úmdl ms<s.ks;s' Tn yer wka lsisfjla fufia O¾uhg mreI wkaoñka
ks.d fkdfo;s' fï O¾uh uq¿ ilaj,u ms<s.ks;a' Tn b;d wiajdNdúlhs'
fï i;Hh .re lrkafka ke;' Tn lrkafka kslrefKa ksjerÈ whg fodia
mejÍuhs' Tn is;df.k bkafka fïjd l=i,a l¾u lshd' m%{djka;fhda fujeks foa ksid i;=g" iduh ,efí hhs fkdis;;s' Tfí fï wd;auh keue;s
yej weßh úg fuu mdm l¾u M, úmdl jYfhka b;d i;=go
q dhl wd;auhla
,efío @ O¾ufha wka;¾.; lreKq ms<sn| újD;j fufia lsu .ek uu
iudj whÈñ' uf.a fÉ;kdj msßisÿh' Tn flfia jrojd ms<s.;a;;a uu

185

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lsij
s la ÿIag fÉ;kdjlska fkdlshñ' fuys meñKs uq,a ojfia isgu uu ish¨
lghq;= ksiswdldr isÿ lf<ñ' fuh Tnf.a jdiia:dkh nj uu oksñ' uf.a
úiSu Tng lrorhla nj uu oksñ' Tn wkqka úfõpkh lr ;Dma;shla
,nk flfkla jqj;a Tnf.a ls%hdj wkqka fy,d olsk udkisl ls%hdjls'
Tnf.a ta ls%hdj,sh ksid uu wiykhg m;a fkdfjñ' ug lK.dgq bka
Tng Nhdkl ÿla úmdl ,efnk neúks' ud fuys wdfõ mõ l¾u lsÍug
fkdfõ' uu lrk lshk ish¿ foa wjxl msß
s isÿ is;lska lrñ' uf.a fÉ;kdj
msßisÿ neúka bka wksIag úmdl fkd,efí'
kqjKe;af;da fN!;sl foa iy wdOHd;añl foa .ek fjki wjfndaO
l< úg .=Kj;a .;s mej;=ï w.h l<y' iduh" i;=g i|yd lrk l=i,
l¾u msx jev w.h l<y' wkdÈu;a ld,hl isg kqjKe;af;da .=K .rel
Ndjh .ek l:d l<y' ñksidg .=Kj;a ùug Wmfoia ÿkay' Tn wehs fï
úêhg .=Kj;alu mfil od ;u ys;=uf;a fujeks wl=i,a j, we,S .e,S
isàu fyd| hehs is;kafka @ iS,d§ .=Khka my;a lrñka Tn oji f.jk
úg Tfí wl=i, l¾u .ek is;Sug j;a wjldY ke;' Tng ú¢kakg fjk
ÿla ug ú£ug isÿ fkdjk kuq;a ug Tn .ek Nh Wm§' fufia ysxidldÍ
foa .ek is;Su ±kaj;a kj;d,kq' Tfí wOu" ÿIag" fÉ;kd ksid Tfí
ish¨ .=Kj;alï wfydais ù hhs' tys úmdl fl;rï Nhdkl±hs is;Sug
j;a fkdyelsh' f,dalfha fjk lsis fohlg jvd ug th Nh f.k foa' uq¿
f,dalhu uy¨ ùug ìh fj;s' f,v frda." urKhg ìh fj;s' tfy;a ta
lsisjla fï l¾u úmdl ;rï ud ìhm;a fkdlrhs'
flf<ia nyq, mqoa.,fhda .=Kj;alï meyer yer ish¨ wd.ïj,
W.kajk Nhdkl ÿla úmdl f.k fok foa lr;s' wms NsCIQka jYfhka
isjqre ord .kakd úg fï O¾u úkh wkq.ukh lsÍug wfma iïmQ¾K
pß;h fndfyda ù¾Hh jvd fjkia lruq' flf<ia hgm;a lsÍu b;du;a
wudre nj ud ±kf.k isáh;a" uu NsCIqjla ù uy;a ÿla .eyeg ú¢ñka
fyda flf<ia hgm;a lsÍug ;SrKh .;sñ' ms<sfj;a msÍfï ÿIalr;djh kï
ks;ru flf<ia mek k.sk úg tajd hgm;a lsÍuhs' tfy;a wmg wjYH
kï l¾u bl=;a lsÍug ta l¾u idok flf<ia blauùug wm tjeks ÿIalr
m%;sm;a;shla wkq.ukh l< hq;=h' iïud iïnqÿ rcdKka jykafia foiQ
O¾uhg yd;amiska úreoaO jkafka flf<ia'
uu >k jkdka;rhg meñK .,a .=ydjl ,`.sñka iudcfhka fldka
l< ;eke;af;la fuka ms<sfj;a mqrkafka mdmhkag iy tys úmdlhkag

186

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

Nh neúks' ud fuys wdfõ lsisfjl=g ysxid msvd lsÍug fkdfõ' lsisu mK
we;s if;l= yg uu ks.%y fkdlrñ' wmydi fkdlrñ' wf.!rj fkdlrñ' ta ish¨ i;=kaf.a Ôú; l¾u kHdhkag hg;afõ' tneúka" ish,af,dau
iudk;ajfhka olsñ' uu /ia lrk l=i, l¾u ish¨ f,dal i;a;ajhdg
iudoka lrñ' ta wh i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka fjfi;ajd' uu ukqIHfhlañ'
NsCIqjla fjñ wd§ jYfhka uf.a Wiialu .ek lsisúgl fkdis;ñ' wms
ish¨ fokdu bm§u" uy¿ùu" f,vùu" urKh ksid iudk fjuq'
Tn;a fï l¾u kHdhg hg;a jkafkls' tneúka Tn ksy;udkSj
;u ls%hdjkaf.a úmdl .ek is;d n,kq uekú wkqka kskaod wmydi uqLfhka úfõpkh lsÍu l=Y, l¾u fkdjk neúka ÿla úmdl f.k foa' fï
wl=i, ;ud flf¾ wl=rla kEr n,mdhs' Tn" Tn flfrys mqÿuhg m;a ù
fï Nhdkl mqreoao w;ayer .kq' th lrk ;=re Tng fyd| flfkla úh
fkdyel' túg fyd| u;= Njhla ,eìug yelsfõ' túg Tfí ÿIag" ffjr
is; álska ál fuf<dla fõ' wkd.;fha§ fujeks wl=i, úmdl j,ska fj,S
isàug isÿjkafka ke;'
úYajfha Ôj;ajk ish¨ i;a;ajfhda ñksia" ;sßika" foaj" n%yau" hCI
wd§ka i;=g m%d¾:kd lr;s' ÿl m%;f
s CIam lr;s' O¾uh ms<n
s | m%;f
s CIamhla
ke;' tfy;a O¾uh ls%hd;aul lsÍug fkdyels fj;s' O¾uh hkq úYajfha
mj;sk b;du jeo.;a iajdNdúl Í;shls' idr O¾uhls' idrhls' hï hï wh
O¾uhg wkqj Ôj;a ù uy;a i;=glg ,dNhlg m;afj;s úfYaIfhka ukqIHfhda ke;fyd;a ñksia wd;auh" O¾uh ms<sme§ug b;d iqÿiq mßirhls'
Tn jqjo yß jerÈ fjka lr ±l .ekSfï yelshdj we;af;ls' Tng
bka ;udg iqjf.k foa f;dard .; yelsh' kuq;a Tn lrkafka Bg mgyeks
jQ fohls' uu mqÿuhg m;ajkafka Tn tjeks jerÈ foa lrñka .; lrk
Ôú;h .ekhs' kqjKe;a;ka j¾ckh lrk foa Tn fyd| hehs ms<s.kS'
W;=ï f,i i<lk foa Tn .ryhs' Tn ola ú¢hs' Tng ÿl f;af¾ tfy;a
Tn lrkafka ÿla fok foaj,ah' kqjKe;af;da wmg fmkajd § we;s mßÈ
wkqkaf.a jerÈ ne,Sug .kakd jHdhduh ;ukag ÿla muqKqjkakls' thu
Tn ú,s,eÊcd ke;sj ks;ru lrhs' Tng fuh jeo.;a fkdjQjla Tnf.a
is;ú
s ,s uu ks;ru oksñ' tfy;a uu ;ry fkdfjñ' WrK fkdjfñ' ks;ru
uu iudj foñ' uu Tn .ek wkqlïmd lrñ' tneúka i;Hh fkdj,yd
lshñ' Tnf.a is;=ú,s ksid uu úmdl ú¢kafka ke;' tjeks foa uu fkdis;+

187

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

neúks' uu ú¢kafka i;=g" iqjh" iekiqu" ffu;S%" lreKd .=Kh ksid' th
uf.a yojf;a fndfyda l,a rc lr we;'
ÈjH kd.hd lsisjla fkdlshd fï ish¨ foa wid isáfhah' O¾u lrKq
Tyq f;areï .;a úg hïlsis fjfyila Tyqf.a yojf;a we;sjK
q 's zzfï NsCIqj
fyd| kqjKlaldr foa lsh;s' tfy;a ±kauu ug th ms<smeÈh fkdyelsh'
B<`. wd;aufha§ th ms<smeÈh yelsh' fï NsCIqj ud ìhm;a lrhs' Tyq
fkdo; hq;= foa okshs' Tyq uf.a Ñka;kh okS' uf.a mqoa.,sl is;=ï" me;=ï
Tyq okafka flfiao @ uu bkafka ie`.jqKq f,dalhlh' tfy;a Tyq ud olS'
miq.sh wjqreÿj, fndfyda NsCIQyq fï .,a .=ydfõ jdih l<y' tfy;a
lsif
s jla ud fkdoks;'s uf.a is;ú
s ,s fldfy;au fkdoks;'a uu Tjqka nf,kau
t<jd ±uqfjñ' ^wdpd¾h uka miqj wm iu`. lS mßÈ fï kd.hd úI
OQuhla hjd ta NsCIQkg
a bjish fkdyels ±ä wmyiq;djhlg m;a lr t<jd
±uqfõh'& Tyq ksod .kakd úgo uf.a ys; y÷khs' miqj ud is;+ ldrKh ta
wdldrfhkau lshhs' wehs uu fï ;rï uf.au u;fha t,an isáfkafka @ Tyq
lshk mßÈ ug mqreÿ lrkag neß wehs @ uu Nhdkl wl=i,a lrkafkls'
Wkajykafia lS foh i;Hhls' ud fu;rï Nhdkl jerÈ lrefjla nj ±k
±k;a" Tyq uy;a lreKdfjka lsisu ydkshla ug fkdlrk nj mjihs' ud
.; lrk fuu Ôú;h uyd ld<lKaKs Ôú;hls' ug yß jerÈ f;afrk
nj Tyq lSjd we;a;hs' tfy;a uf.a wjdikdjka; udkh ksid ó<`. Njh;a
ld<lKaKsfõuh' È.ska È.gu tfia úh yelsh'
ál úrduhlg miq wdpd¾h uka ;uka foaYkd l< O¾uh f;areKd±hs
kd.hdf.ka weiSh' zzTn b;d lreKdfjka úia;r l< ish¨u O¾uh ug
f;areKd" tfy;a wjdikdjlg fuka ud fndfyda wl=i,a l< flfkls' ±ka
ú¢k wmd ÿl ú| wjidk l< hq;=h' fï Oïu ud¾.fha hd yels±hs hk
m%Yakh ug úi|d .ekSug fkdyelsh' uf.a is;=ú,s ls%hd lrkafka my;a
foa lsÍugh' O¾uhg keUqreùug ug fkdisf;a'
Tn my;a foa lshd lshkafka l=ulgo @
uu f,dl= mS%;shla úkaokh lrkjd' Tfí jerÈ lsh lshd kskaod lrk
úg' Tn ug l< wmrdOhla keye' kuq;a ta úÈhg ;uhs uf.a is; ls%hd
lrkafka' uf.a ys;g fï foa jerÈhs lshd tys úmdl .ek Tmamq lrkag
neye' fï ksid uf.a jerÈ yod .kag neye'
wdpd¾h uka Wkkaÿ lf<ah'

188

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

Tn ;SCIK nqoaêhlska mÍlaId l< úg ta jerÈ jev ksid ;uka ÿla
ú¢k nj jegfyaú' ta nj ms<s.;a úg jerÈ foa Tfí isf;ka ;=rka fjkjd
we;' kuq;a Tn fï krl foa fyd| lshd is;=fjd;a Tn tajd /l .ekSug"
mj;ajd .ekSug fjr orhs' th lr .ekSug oyila foa is;ñka ls%hd;aul
lrhs' th ;ukag fumuK ÿla úmdl fok nj fkdokS' th iemhla" i;=gla
hehs lu;sfõ' Tn blauKska fï mqreoao w;a fkdyeßh fyd;a th kj;ajd
.kag fkdyels ;;a;ajhlg jefÜ' fuh ug l< fkdyelsh' ug Wmfoia
Èh yelsh' Tn Tnu w;ayeßh hq;=h' th Tn i;= j.lSuls' yels;rï
ù¾Hh fhdod bka ñ§ug W;aidy .kak' túg l%ufhka Tnf.a krl .;s
wvq ù fyd| .;s jeä ÈhqKq ù hhs' wka;sfï§ Tfí isf;a we;af;a msßisÿ"
wjxl" YS,dpdr l=i,a is;a muKls' iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia O¾uhg
wkqj ish¨ ÿla kikakg yelsfõ' ´kEu kqjK we;s i;a;ajfhl=g fuh
l< yelsh' ta O¾uh úiska Tn ks;ru wdrlaId lrK neúka is; iekfia'
isf;a Nh" iel" pls; ke;' ;ry is;sú,s ke;' lsisu fohla zzfyd|hsZZ
lshd j¾Kkd fkdlrhs' zzkrlhsZZ lshd wjuka fkdlrhs' túg wdidj yd
;ryj ÿre ù hhs'
fï foa Y kh wjidkfha § ta kd.hd wdpd¾h uka f .a wjjdoh
ms<sme§ug W;aidy .kakd njg m%;s{d ÿks' bkamiq fo;=ka Èkla Wkajykafia fï kd.hdf.a is;ú
s ,s úpdrñka isáhy' hïlsis ÈhqKj
q la olakg ,enqK's
;udf.a ÿ¾.=K hgm;a lsÍug Tyq ù¾Hh ±refõh' tfy;a ta ù¾Hh jeãu
kd.hdg uy;a fjfyila úh' tneúka hï fya;=jla olajd tu .,a .=ydj
Wkajykafia yer .sfhah' fuh kd.hdg i;=gg ldrKhla úh' kd.hd
iu`. ;snQ iïnkaOh bka yudr úh'
fï isoê
a h w<,d fndfyda úg Wkajykafia ñksik
q g
a wjjdo wkqYdikd
l<y' ukqIH .;s.=K ms<sn| úpdÍula bka isÿúh' Tnf.a ±kqu msKsi fï
isoaêh fmd;g wvx.= lf<ñ'
fyd| fyda krl is;=ú,s bfí isÿ fkdfõ' th yg .kafka ;ukaf.a
ksrka;rfhka we;sjk mqreÿ wkqjh' th pß;fha ,laIKh fõ' wms ÿIag
is;sú,s j,ska hqla; kï iEu wjia:dfõ§u tu ÿIag is;sú,s ke.S isàu
isÿfõ' th mqreoaols' wms ldreKsl l=i,a is;ú
s ,s j,ska hql;
a kï iEu wjia:
dfõ§u tjeks wysxil is;sú,s ksrdhdifhka my< fõ' fuho mqreoaols' fï
ksid .=Kj;a foudmfhda ;u ¥ orejkag b;d l=vd ld,fha mgka fyd| foa
j,g mqreÿ lr;a' fuh jeä jhia .; jQ úg l< fkdyelsh' fuh ±kqj;a
lñka iqÿiq mßirh" iqÿiq mqoa., wdY%h ;=<ska j.d j¾Okh l< hq;=h'

189

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

bfí isÿùug w;ayeßh hq;= ke;'
b;d l=vd ld,fha isg orejka hï hï w;a±lSï wkqj fm<fU;s'
mka;s ldurfha bf.kSu fuka fkdj fuh ksrka;rfhka isÿfõ' ld,hla"
iD;=jla wkqj isÿ fkdfõ' mka;s ldurfha bf.k .kakd foaj,a j,g jvd
fuu w;a±lSï j,ska bf.k .kakd foa is;g ld je§ fm!reI;ajh f.dv
kef.a' th ;u weia" lka" kdid § bJøsh ;=<ska ,nd .kakd w;a±lSï fõ'
orejdf.a l¿ ,E,a, ;u bJøshkah' tys YS,dpdr nj ms<sônq fõ' wYS,dpdr
njo ms<sônqfõ' ksrka;rfhkau fï .;s ,laIK ;u jeäysáhkaf.ka fyda
iudcfhka fyda hy¿ ñ;%hkaf.ka ;u ukig .,d ta' tmuKla fkdj
à'ù'" lïmshqg¾ wdÈfhka yd úfkdaodiajdo ;=<ska kùk woyia Woyia
j,g orejka f.dÿre fõ' ier" mreI" .;s .=K b;d blauKska mqreÿ fõ'
th l,a hdfï§ Tjqkaf.a pß;h njg m;afõ' tneúka yeisÍu hkq tys
m%;sls%hdjhs'
iuyre ksrdhdifhkau fyd| foaj,g keUqre jk w;r iuyre
ksrdhdifhkau jerÈ fkdfyd| foa lrd we§ h;s' ;udf.a w.=K ÿ¾j,lï
hgm;a lsÍug ;rï udkisl Yla;shla fyda wjYH;djhla ke;' th mqreoao wkqj isÿfõ' fyd| foa lsÍfuka ;ud fj; meñfKk ,dN m%fhdack
.ek ye`.Sula ke;' tneúka tjeks foa lsÍug W;aidy fkd.kS' w,i njg
m;afõ' ;u is;=ï me;=ï ksrjq,a ksrjoH f,i md,kh lsÍu b;d l=vd
ld,fha isg ilia ù ;sìh hq;=hs' túg Tyq mqreoao" fm!reIh" yeisÍu wd§
idudðl wjYH;d kshu wdldrfhka isÿ lrhs' b;d iqyo lSlre jevodhS
mqoa.,hka ìys lsÍug uq,a wjÈfha § jEhï .; hq;=j we;' fuh isÿ l<
yels fohls' kuq;a ksis wdldr mqyqKqj wjYH fõ'
´kEu ls%hdjla id¾:l lr .ekSug mqyqKqjla wjYH fõ' ;u
/lshdj msKsi mqyqKqjla wjYH fõ' tfukau wfma uki" yoj; mqyqKqjla
,eìh hq;=h' urKh olajd fï mqyqKqj wjYH fõ' ;u is;e`.s bgq lr
.ekSug tu olaI;djh wjYHh' Tn fï wjjdoh ms<smÈk úg ;u Ôú;h
b;d id¾:l jkq fkdwkqudkh' wdpd¾h uka fujeks foaYkd lrñka ;u
YsIHhka ksis u`. f.k h;s' O¾uhg wkql+, fuu foaYkh Tng;a hï
m%fhdackhla fõ hehs fuu fmd;g wvx.= lrñ'

ry;ka jykafiaf.a msßksùu

190

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

wdpd¾h uka Ñhx vd´ .,a .=ydfõ jdih lrK ld,fha§ Ndjkd
ksñ;s fndfyda fihska o¾Ykh úh' iuyr ksñ;s mqÿu t<jk iq¿h' bka
álla uu fys i|yka lrñ' uOHu rd;s%fhka miq Èkm;du by< foõf,dúka
iy my< foõf,dúka foújre Wkajykafia fj; meñfKa' úYd, ixLHdjla
iuyr úg meñfK;s' l,ska fõ,djla kshu lr .ks;s' ry;ka jykafia,d
meñK O¾u idlÉPd flfr;s' Wkajykafia,d ksremêfYaI mßks¾jdKhg
m;ajk whqre úia;r l<y' ñka iuyr ry;ka jykafia,d tu Ñhdx vd´
.,a .=ydfõ§ msßksjka mEy' wka iuyre fkdfhla m%foaYhkays msßksjka
mEy' tu úia;rh fmr fkdweiQ úrE wêl Y%oaOd nqoaêh t<jkakls'
wdpd¾h uka f .a fuu úia ; rh wid uu uú;hg m;a j q f kñ'
lkiai,a,g m;ajqfkñ' ugo weia" lka" kdid§ bJøsh we;;a tjeks
;;a;ajhlg m;aùug fkdyelsùu wjdikdjls' wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| we;s
Y%oaOdj wiSñ;h' iuyr úg uu l÷¿ j.=rjñka w~ñ' iuyrúg iskdfiñ' wka NsCIqka jykafia,d uu isysúl,a ù we;ehs is;k neúka wdhdifhka l÷¿ fkdfy<ñ' we;af;kau uf.a wNHka;rfha hïlsis isys úl,a
Ndjhla mej;=Ks'
ry;=ka jykafia,d iu`. wdpd¾h uka meje;a jQ idlÉPdjla ;rï
.re .dïNSr fohla fï f,dalfha ke;ehs isf;a' uu uy;a Nla;s wdorfhka
tu mqj;a fuys i|yka lsÍug W;aidy .;sñ' tfy;a tys wre; yd rih
Tn fj; f.k taug ;rï W.;alula ud ;=< fkdue;s neúka iudjqj uekú'
fuys olajkafka tu idlÉPdjkaf.a wxY= ud;%hla muKs'
zzish¿u ry;ka jykafia,df.a w;s úfYaI Ñka;khla we;' th
woaN;
+ mqÿudldr ,CIKhls' tjeks wdfõKsl jQ is;ú
= ,s mrïmrdjla lsih
s ï
ñksfil=g fyda foúfhl=g fkdue;' nqoaO O¾uhg wkqj fuu ry;a Ndjh
,nd .kafka b;du;a ÿIalr m%;sma;;s ;=<sks' hïlsis pl%j¾;s rfcl=f.a
rdcOdksfha mek k.sk úYd, r;arka m;,hla fuka th pu;aldr cklh'
b;du ÿ¾,N ;;a;ajhls' ry;ka jykafia,df.a Ôjk rgdj idudkH
ñksfil=f.a Ôjk rgdjg jvd yd;amiskau fjkia fõ' th ;kslr O¾uhls'
Wkajykafiaf.a YÍrh wka ñksfil=f.a YÍrh fuka i;r uy N+;hkaf.
ka ieÿï ,;a jqjo tu YÍrh mj;ajk yoj; b;du;a mú;% neúka uq¿
isrero tu mú;%Ndjh fiajkh lrhs'
Tn jykafiao tjeks iajNdjhls' kej; kQmÈk f,i ish¨ flf<ia
j,ska ñÿk neúks' tneúka wry;a kï fõ' kej; kQmÈk neúka Tn
f,dalhdf.a msx fl;ls' f,dalhdg msx ,nd .; yels jk neúka ish¨
191

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

mqo mQcdj,g iqÿiq fõ' wo wms Tn ±lSug meñKsfha Tnf.a w;s úYsIag
.=K iuqodhg Wmydr ±laùugh' fndfyda wh w¾y;ajh i|yd ù¾h .;a
kuq;a ndOl bÈßfha fkdkj;ajd f.k hd .ekSug fkdyels fj;s' ñksia
f,dalfha ish¨ fokd wkqkaf.ka Wmldr fidh;s' fouõmshka wd§ kEhskaf.
a iïnkaO;djh w.h lr;s' lsisfjla yqol,dj ;u Ôú;h iajdëk f,i
.; lsÍug fkdleu;s fõ' tneúka ish¨u ñksiaiq wruqKla ke;sj ta fï
w; bnd.df;a h;a' tjeks Ôùkaf.a ixLHdj wkka;h' tneúka ry;=ka
jykafia uq¿ úYajhg úYd, Yla;shls' Tn jykafiaf.a w;s mdßY=oaO
Ndjh ñksiqka foúhka nUqka yg ,enqK úYd, wdYs¾jdohls' Tn jykafia
yoj;ska úYaj NdIdjla l:d lr;s' th wkalsis NdIdjla wNsnjd woyia
±laùug yelshdjls' nqÿjre iy isõms<sisôhd uy ry;=ka jykafia,d fï
úYaj Yla;sh ;=<ska wka wh iu`. iïnkaëlrKh lr;s' Woõ Wmldr
lr;s' wukqIHhka iu`. l:d ny lrkafka fï úYaj Yla;sh ;=<sks' fï
úêhg lshk foa jyd jegfyk w;r ukqIH NdIdj ;=<ska lshk foa jegfykafka iSud iys;jh'ZZ
fï ry;ka jykafia ;u foaYkh wjia lr ;uka jykafia msßksjka
mE wkaou úia;r l<y' ta iEu ry;ka jykafia kulau ;ud msßksjka
mE bßhõj mj;ajd fmkakqï l<y' iuyre noaO m,a,xlfhka iudê
.; ù msßksjka mEy' iuyre isxy fihHdfjka ol=Kq we,fhka ihkh
lr msßksjka mE wkaou fmkakqï l<y' iuyre ilauka u¿fõ§ isáñka
ksYap,j msßksjka mEy' iuyre weúÈñka ilaufka§ msßksjka mEy' ys¢k
iy ihkh lrK bßhõ nyq, jYfhka fmkakqï l<y' ilaufka fyda
isgf.k msßkajka mdkafka l<d;=rlsks'
Wkajykafia,d msßksùu b;du ishqï f,i fmkajk ,§' wjidk fudfyd; f;la jQ isoaêh ±lajQy' ys¢ñka msßksjka mdk úg mq¿ka frdola fuka
uq¿ isrer wm%dKsl ù my;a úh' isxy fihHdfjka msßksjka mdk fudfyd;
f;areï .ekSug ÿIalrh' wdYajdi" m%dYajdi kej;Su muKla ±k .;
yelsfõ' kskaog jegqkdla fuka uq¿ YÍrh ksYap,h' wdYajdi" m%dYajdi
l%ufhka ishqï ù ke;s ù hhs' ysg.k msßksjka mdk úg b;du iDcqj isg
jï w; Wv ol=K w; ;nd ysi ;rula bÈßhg kud weia mshdf.k úYd,
Ndjkd ukisldrhl fuka fudfyd;la ;sî fyñysg ìu jegqky' m<uqj
ys¢k bßhõjg jeà miqj mq¿ka frdola fuka fmdf<djg my;a úh' ilauka
lrñka msßksjka mdk úg yh y;ajrla tyd fuyd ilaufka weúo fyñysg
fmdf<dj u; m;s; ù ksYap, úh'

192

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fuu úia;r fmkajk úg tu ry;ka jykafia,d tla tla kula
wdpd¾h uka iómhg meñK wä 6la muK ÿßka isg b;d meyeÈ,sj ta
ksrEmdêfYaI ksjka ,nk fudfyd; fmkakqï l<y' tu o¾Yk Wkajykafiaf.a isf;a fkdueflk o¾Ykhls' Wkajykafia fuu úia;r lrk úg uf.a
weia l÷<ska msÍ .sfhah' uu Ns;a;sh foi n,d isáfhñ' wuq;= fõokdjlska
.; is; lïmd úh' ta fõ,dfõ§ hïlsis fohla iso jqKs kï fï mqi;
a lhlg
ta isoaêh we;=<;a lsÍug isÿfõ' fï ry;ka jykafia,df.a mßks¾jdKh
b;d ,laIK iïNdjkSh f,i isÿjqKs' idudkH ñksid urKhg uqyqK
fokafka óg yd;amiska fjkia wdldrhlgh' ta W;a;u jykafia,d iïuq;s
f,dalfhka i|ygu iuq .ks;s' kej; Wmam;a;shla ke;' ÿla mSvd wiyk
wIag f,dal O¾uh blaujd .shy' fuh uyd ixfõokSh wdYap¾hls' th
wid isá ish¨ fokdu fufia úiañ; jQ nj uu oksñ'
;=ka kula Ñhdx v´ .,a .=ydfõ§ ry;a ù msßksjka mEy' bka fokula
isxy fihHdfjka ie;fmk bßhõfjks' tla kula kula ilauka lrñks'
;ud msßksjka mE wkaou fmkaùug fmr tu ry;ka jykafia ;uka msßksjka
mdk wkaou .ek l,ska is;d u;d ;snqK nj ie,l<y' wdpd¾h ukaf.a
jegySug wkqj fndfyda ry;ka jykafia,d miq.sh Y;lfha ;dhs,ka;fha
fufia msßksjka mEy' uu okakd ;rñka ;=ka kula Ñhx v´ .,a .=ydfõ§
tla kula fjdx *rd pdka l÷ uqÿfka§ tla kula f,dma nQßj,§ tla kula
kfLdka kfhdla m%foaYfha Lõ hhs ys£" tla kula fldLd Èia;s%lalfha
Od;=¨jx úydrfha§ fj;s' óg jvd fndfyda ry;=ka jykafia,d msßksù we;s
kuq;a ug kï .ï jYfhka u;l we;af;a fumuK fõ'
ksjkhkq nqÿ mfia nqÿ ry;=ka jykafia,d muKla m%;HCIlrK
O¾u;djhls' ta iefjdu ;u ika;dkfha ish¨ flf,ia kej; kQmÈkd
f,i ÿrelr we;' wka mqoa.,fhda ;u is;a ;=< flf<ia we;s neúka ksjka
wjfndaO lr ke;' fï wh ueÍ f.dia kej; WmÈ;s' miamõ wd§ wl=i,a
lrK wh wmd .; ù wkka; ÿla ú¢;s' foõ" nUqka ùug b;d ÿIalr ksid
iq¿ m%udKhla tys WmÈ;s' tfy;a ;sßika wd§ wmdh f,dalj, i;a;ajfhda
fndfyda fj;s' ukqIH ;sßika foaj wd;au j, wdidj" ;Kaydj rc flf¾'
tneúka kej; kej; Wm§' fuys ksudjla ke;' ksjk fï whg wod<
fkdfõ'
Ôj;aj isáh§ nqoaOd§ W;=fuda flf<ia ixis|jd we;' tneúka urK
fudfydf;a§ kej; iir bm§ug wdidj ke;' ;u YÍrh ms<sn| jqjo
;Kaydj ke;' l=Kq ù hk YÍrhla muKls' fï úYajfha lsisu fohla .ek

193

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdidj ke;' kej; l¾u úmdl ú£ula ke;' yoj; ksoyiah' úuqla;sh"
Ñ;a;hls' iïmq¾K i;=g" ;Dma;sh tys ,CIKhhs' iïuq;s f,dalh .ek
lssishu n,dfmdfrd;a;= ke;' fï w;smdßY=oaO is; ;=, iïuq;s f,dalfha
tlu mrudKqjla ms<n
s |j;a ii, ùula ke;' lsis fohla .ek lkiai,a,la"
miq;eú,a,la ke;s tu msßisÿ ika;dkh ioygu ksù hhs'
ksjk hkq mqoa.,sl whs;shla fkdfõ' tkuq;a th nf,ka" fydfrka
lsisfjl=g wh;a lr .; fkdyelsh' th n,j;a ù¾fhka wêIaGdkfhka
,nd .; hq;=fõ' fï lsisjla fkdlr kslï ksjka ,efíjdhs m%d¾:kd lr
,eìh fkdyelsh' th bfí isÿjkakla fkdfõ' wfma l:d kdhl jq wdpd¾h
uka fndfyda ry;=ka jykafia,df.ka yd O¾ufhka woaN+; úêhg Wmfoia
,nd .;ay' Wkajykafia ;dhs,ka;fha cd;sl jia;=jla jYfhka iïu; ù
we;' f,dalfha fkdfhla foaYj, fn!oaOhkaf.a w;s f.!rj mqcdjkag md;%
ù we;' fï ish,a,g fya;= jQfha Wkajykafiaf.a fkdmiqng ù¾Hhfhka
O¾uh wjfndaO jk ;=re W.% m%;sm;a;s /lSuhs' i;Hh wjfndaO ùu ksid
;u is; ;=< lsisu fndrejlg bv ke;' ndysr f,dalh fndrej u; mokï
ù we;s neúka ta ish,a, neyer l<y' f,dalfha lsisjlska Wkajykafiaf.
a ika;dkh fi,ùug fkdyelsh' Wkajykafia ia:djr ;;a;ajhls' tu
wdOHd;auh fkdfjkia fõ' ld,h wod< fkdfõ'

Od¾ñl hqoaO Nghd
Ñhdx udhs m%foaYfha >k jkdka;rfha jdih lrK úg lSm úgla
wdpd¾h uka frda.d;=r úh' urKdikak jQ wjia:do ;snqKs' ffjoH Wmfoia
u; Wkajykafia isáhd kï w;af;kau Ôú;CIh jkafkah' Wkajykafia
Ôj;a jQfha fnfyúkau ;u O¾u Yla;sh ;=<sks' Wkajykafiag hï wdndOhla we;s jQ ieKska O¾ufha m%;sldrl Ñ;sls;aidj Bg úreoaOj yg .kS'
tu frda.h túg iqjm;a fõ' fï ksid f,dal iïu; fjo fyolï .ek
Wkkaÿjla ke;' jhia.; ù YÍrh ÿn, jQ úgo zzO¾u Ñls;aidjZZ ;=<ska
m%lD;s iqjh ,nd .kS'
tla wjia:djl ;j;a fndfyda NsCIqka iu`. wdpd¾h uka l÷ lrfha
uef,aßhd jix.; ld,fha úiQy' tla NsCIqjlg uef,aßhd frda.h je<÷Ks'
tfy;a lsisu ffjoH m%;sldrhla fkd,enqKs' ;on, WK oji mqrdu ;snqKs'
wdpd¾h uka Wfoa iji fï NsCIqjg WK neiSug iqÿiq Ndjkd Wmfoia ÿKs'
;uka jykafia tjeks Ndjkd ixl,amkd ;=<ska frda. ksodkh úpdr;s' túg
194

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

frda.h u¾okh fõ' tfy;a ta NsCIqjg tjeks Yla;shla ke;' WK .;a úg
m%;sldrhla fkdue;sj isà' túg wdpd¾h uka Tyqg fodia lSy' Tn jykafia
zzuydZZ hk kduhg iqÿiafila fkdfõ' ulaksido Tnf.a ±kqu Tng wjYH
fõ,djg Wmfhda.S lr .ekSug fkdyelsh' fu;rï ÿla uykais ù zzuydZZ
ùug ld,h kdia;s lrkjd' wka;sug lsisjla we;af;a ke;' Tnf.a ±kqï
hï wdldrhlska m%fhdack úh hq;=h' ug ys;d .kak neye Tn fumuK
ld,hla bf.k .;af;a fudkjdo lshd lsisu jeo.;a fohla bf.k f.k
keye' ±ka Tn WK iE§ urKdikak ù we;' Tfí ±kqfuka ì|la j;a
iykhla ke;' fï ±kqu fï fj,djg ke;akï l=ugo@ lsis f;areula keye'
uu lsisu md<s mka;shlg .sfha keye' uu bf.k .;af;a l¾u ia:dk my
muKs' th uf.a wdpd¾hjrhd Wmiïmod ùfï§ lsh ÿkakdy' th ;ju;a
ud <`. we;' uf.a Ôú;h /l .ekSug ug wjYH tmuKhs' tkuq;a th ud
Tfnka ÿ¾j, lrkafka keye' Tn W.;a ;rugu ÿ¾j,hs' we;af;kau Tn
kQ.;a .Eksfhl=g jvd ÿ¾j,hs' Tn mqreIfhlao @ Tn zzuydZZ flfklao @
wehs fu;rï fnd<| @ Tn f,v jQ úg Tnf.a mqreI Yla;shla ke;' Tn
i;= lsis O¾uhla o ke;' Tfí mqreI wx. ia;S% wx. j,g udre lr .kq
uekú' túg Tfí YdÍßl mßj¾;kho iïmQ¾K ù Tn mßkduh jkq we;'
Tn ia;s%fhla nj ÿgqúg Tfí WK t;rï Tng jo fkdfoaú æ'
ud tk yeu úgu ;udf.a ffO¾Hh" wd;au úYajdih fjkqjg ug
olskakg ,efnkafka wd;au mßydkshhs' uiqfrla fuka Tfí Yla;Ska Tn
i`.jd we;' Tn md<s NdIdfjka W.;a l¾uia:dk fufkys fkdlrkafka
wehs @ zzÿCLx wßh iÉpxZZ hkak Tng jegfykafka flfiao @ tys w¾:h
frda.d;=r jQ úg miq neiSuo @ wirK ù w~ñka wïud" ;d;a;d b,a,d isàuo
@ Tng WK ord .kak neß kï urKdikak fudfyd; bjikafka flfiao
@ Tng fï ÿlj;a f;areï .kag neye ÿCLdhH_ i;Hh f;areï .kafka
flfiao @ fï i;r wd¾Hh i;Hh f;areï fkd.;a flfkl=g f,!lsl ÿla"
ixidrh ;rKh lrkag neye' Tfí ÿl yg.;a ú.i Tn ksÈ meÿf¾ È.d
ù mrdch fõ' ñka we;s ,dNh l=ulao @ZZ
fufia ;on, f,i fodia mjrd Wkajykafia ksIaYíoj fudfyd;la
n,d isáhy' Tyqf.a weia j,ska l÷¿ rErd jefÜ' blaukg hï ksoyig
lreKq mjid t;ekska kslau .sfhah' zzNh fjkak tmd' blaukg iqj fõú'
uu fndrejg Tn rjgkag fï foa lSfõZZ lshd wia jeiQy'
fï .ek rd;s%h mqrd kej; mqkrdj¾;kh lrñka wdpd¾h uka fjk;a
úêhl m%;sl¾uhla .ek l,amkd l<y' ÿkak fnfy;a ier jeähs' th

195

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

Tyqg Tfrd;a;= fokafka keye' miqod Wfoa isg Wkajykafia iïmQ¾Kfhkau
fjkia úh' kej; lsis úfgl tjeks mreI Ndjhla fkd±laùh' ks;ru
wdorfhka" lreKdfjka Wjukdjg jeäh i;aldr lf<a óg fmr lsis Èfkl
fkd±lajQ wdldrhgh' jpk b;d uDÿ fudf<dlah' ó meKs je.sfrkakdla
fuka Wfoa iji Wkajykafia iqyoj wdorh ±laùh' th tu NsCIqjf.a ÿ¾j,
lug lÈu iekiSuls' iSks ±jgQ fï fm;s Wfoa iji ,efí' frda.S NsCIqj
iy wka NsCIQka fï ms<sn| w;sYh i;=gg m;a jQy' frda.shd l%ufhka iqj
w;g yereKs' udi .Kkdjla .; úh' fï m%;sldrh b;d id¾:l úh'
NsCIqj iïmQ¾K iqjh ,enqfõh'
Wkajykafia fujeks w;s oCI ffjoHjrfhls' frda.shdg wjYH
fnfy;a m%;sldr okS' th kshu wdldrhg Èh hq;=h' uq,ska ±lajQ ier
Ndjh;a" miqj olajd uDÿ Ndjh;a frda.h
s d iqj lsÍug wjYH jQfha hehs is;h
s
yelsh' wms jeks whg th b;d jákd mdvuls' tneúka ish,a, fkdi`.jd
fuys jd¾;d lf<ñ' hful=g wjYH kï w.kd Wmfoia fï mqj;ska Wlyd
.; yelsh' fï jkdys wdpd¾h uka jeks w;s oCI ffjoH jrfhl=f.a m%;l
s dr
ud¾.hla fõ' hï wjYH;djhla we;s jQ úg Wkajykafia wls%hldÍ fkdù
;;a;ajh fyd¢ka jgydf.k tu w¾nqohg iqÿiq ms<shï fhdohs' Wkajykaia
frda.S jQ úg fyda isf;a hï flf<ia ke.S wd úg ksIals%h ù bjikafka ke;'
tu m%ldYh .ek ;SCIKj úfõpkh lr úi÷ula fidhhs' Wmdfhys olaI"
nqoaêu;a úi÷ula fidhd tu w¾nqoh ke;sjk ;=re ls%hd;aul fõ' fï
wdldrfhka Wkajykafiag meñKs ish¨ m%Yak ksrdlrKh l<y'
wdpd¾h uka iu`. isá NsCIQka frda.d;=r jQ úg ffjoH Wmfoia §ug
fmr ;u Ndjkd Yla;sfhka frda. u¾okh lsÍug Wmfoia fohs' thu
l¾uia:dkhls' ldhsl udkisl ÿla mSvd foi n,d ÿCL i;Hh wjfndaO l<
hq;=h' tu NsCIQka jykafia,d f,v frda. bÈßfha wirK jQfha ke;'
;uka jykafiag je<÷k f,v frda. u¾okh lsÍug Wkajykafia
fkdfhla Ndjkd ukisldr Wmfhda.S lr .;ay' YdÍßl udkisl ÿlg fya;=
idOl O¾uhg wkqj fidh;s' fuh i;s m[a[d Wmßu jYfhka mqreÿ
lsÍuls' i;s m[a[dfõ wvqjla ksid frda.h u¾okh fkdfõ hehs" i;s
m[a[dj ;j ;j;a ÈhqKq l<y' túg fõokdj" ÿCL i;Hh bÈßfha mrdch
fõ' ÿCL i;Hh hkq mrud¾: i;Hhls' fõokdj hkq fya;= m%;Hhkaf.
ka w;s jQ wks;H ÿCL wkd;auhls' fufia n,j;a ù¾h wêIaGdkh" i;s"
iumc[a[h" Y%oaOdj wd§ bJøsh O¾uh ;=<ka ÿCL i;Hh wjfndaO lrhs'

196

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

fï ksidu wdpd¾h uka ;u YsIHhkag fõokdj .ek úuiSug Wkkaÿ l<y'
urKdikak fudfydf;a§ we;sjk n,j;a fõokdj bjiSug fuh fmryqrejls' fõokdj bÈßfha ÿ¾j, ù" Nh ù úix{d fkdù i;siumc[a[fhka
tys w;s ;s%,CIKh fufkys l< yelsfõ' túg Tyqf.a Ôú;h yd urKh
ch.%yKhls' fuh jkdys wdOHd;añl hqO Nghdf.a ixl,amkd fõ' Tyq
;u is; ch.%yKh lrhs' is;g jy,a fkdfõ' Tyq W;a;u mqreIfhls'
w;sYh iekiSug m;afõ' fõokdj bÈßfha fkdìhj uqyqK foa' Wkajykafia w;s úYsIag pß;hls' fkdmiqng W;aidyh" wrmsßueiSu Wmdfha oCI
nj" nqoaêu;a" wjHdc" wjxl" ks¾NS; wd§ .;s.=K Wmßu jYfhka olakg
,enqKs' tjeks pß;hla wo úoHudk fkdfõ' fï yer Èjeia" ÈjlK"
ÈjH[dKh" mr Ñ;a; úcdkkh jeã ;snqK neúka ukiska fkdfhla wh
iu`. l:d ny lr;s' woyia yqjudre lr;s' ;sßika i;=ka" ñksiqka" fma%;"
ÈjH" n%yau" hu" kd. wd§ i;a;aj fldÜGdY j,g wh;a wh iu`. ks;r
ikaksfõokh udOHhla ;snqKs' ÈjH" n%yau" fma%; wd§ ishqï YÍr Wkajykafiaf.a iudê is;g wruqKq fõ' ñksiqkaf.a mqoa.,sl wdid" ÿla .ekú,s"
i;=g wd§ is;sú,s mrÑ;a; úcdkkfhka olS'
NsCIQka jykafia,d i;sfhka f;drj isá fkdfhla wjia:djka ±k
.kafka wdpd¾h uka ta wjia:dj úoyd fmka jQ miqjh' iuyre Wkajykafia lshkafka ;uka .ekh nj ±kSug ;rï isys kqjK ke;' Wkajykafia
bÈßfha fkdisáh;a tu wdY%ufha fld;ek isáh;a Wkajykafiaf.a úmrug
yiqfõ' ;u is; ndysr wruqKq lrd f.dia is;=ú,sj, isáhfyd;a ksielfhkau miqod WoEik th idlÉPdjlg ,lafõ' tu jrolrejd Wkajykafiaf.
a iroug ,lafõ'
Wkajykafiaf.a fcHIag YsIHhka fndfyda úg fï lreKq .ek ;u
w;a±lSï m%ldY l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a wêudkqIsl Yla;Ska úiañ;h'
wkqkaf.a is;a ±k .ekSug hkafka ksfïIhls' ish¨u YsIHfhda i;sfhka
isákafka fï ksidh' tla j;djla NsCIqjla wdpd¾h ukaf.a úfõpkh ms<sn|
WrK ù isáhy' wdpd¾h uka tfõf,au m%Yakhg W;a;r ÿks'
wms mdúÉÑ lrK ish¨u foa wdydr" frÈ ms<s wdÈh ilia úh hq;=h'
wuqøjH jYfhka mßyrKh l< fkdyelsh' ù j.d fldg iy,a ksmojd
;ïnd .; hq;=h' ±j brd h;= .d lmd NdKav ido;s' mq¿ka fl¢ kQ,a
;kd úhd frÈ idod ksñ we÷ï lÜg,a io;s tfyu fkdfõo @ fïjd kslï
my< jkafka ke;' u<ñKS kslï isà' wÔú ksid ;u isrer mj;ajd .ekSug
wjYH fkdfõ' yeisÍu fjkia lsÍula ke;' wls%hldÍ neúks' u<ñKshlg

197

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

.=rejrfhla fkdfhla Wml%u fhdod wkqï nekqï §ug wjYH ke;' tfy;a
Tn iefjdu Ôùka fj;s' .=rejrhdf.a wjjdo m%d¾:kd lr;s' tfy;a Tn
.=rejrhd .ek iel nh we;' jerÈ fmkajd fodia lshk ksidh' .=rejrhd
lsij
s la fkdlshd isá úg lsis wjjdohla fkd,efí hehs lsh;s' th Bg;a jvd
kmqre fohls' wka;sfï§ fudkjd lSj;a fkdlSj;a Tng kqreiaihs' Tnf.a
is;sú,s tfya fufya wúpdrj;aj yeisf¾' j÷frda .ia mkskakdla fuks' ks;r
mksk úg ÈrÉp w;a;la wiq ù lvd jefgKq we;' Tng wjYH l=ulao @
j÷frla fuka mek mek ÈrÉp w;a;la lvdf.k jeàugo @ NsCIqjla f,i
.=rejrfhl=f.a u`. fmkaùulao @
iuyr úg Wkajykafia wod< mqoa.,hdg fl<skau l:d lrhs'
;u is;sú,s wúpdrj;aj i;s úyrKfhka nj fmkajd fohs' iuyrúg
mqoa.,fhla i|yka fkdfldg jl%dldrfhka is;sú,s .ek úuihs' ñka wod<
mqoa.,hdg mKsúv ,efí' ;u is;sú,s kej; kej;;a fyd,auka lrk j.
f;areï hhs' túg ;uka ;u is;sú,s j, ksu.akj fkdisà' tys wks;H"
ÿlaL" wkd;auh y÷kd .kS'
iuyr úg m%n, f,i ;u foaYkh lrhs' Ôú; mQcdfjka ;u
m%;sm;a;s /lSu .ek ;uka jykafia idCIs fldg fmkajd fo;s
zzTn urK Nhska m%;sm;a;s w;ayeßh úg Tng tlajdrhla fkdj
kej; kej;;a fndfyda jdrj, Wmam;a;s urKj,g hg;a ùug isÿfõ' urK
Nh blau jQ úg Wmam;a;s urK jdr ál ál wvq ù wka;f
s ï§ iïmQ¾Kfhkau
ke;sfõ' kej; bm§ula fyda ÿla ú£ula ke;' uu ms<sfj;a mqrK ld,fha
;=kajdrhla ;o YdÍßl fõokdfjka isys ke;s ù urKhg m;a ù kej;;a
isys ,nd f.k Ôj;a jqfkñ' wo uu Tnf.a .=rejrhd fjñ' uu uf<a
ke;' Tn lsisfjla tfia isys ke;sj ueÍ uefgk ;dla m%;sm;a;s /lafla
ke;' b;ska urKh .ek ìh jkafka ula ksido @ urKh hkq l=ula±hs
w;a±lSula ke;s whg O¾ufha ydialï fkdf;f¾' Tn úYajdi l<;a
ke;;a uu wjfndaO ,enqfõ fï wdldrfhks' tneúka uu Tng f,aisfhka
myiqfjka isàug Wmfoia fokafka flfiao @ zzfyd| lEu lkak' ksokak lïue,slï lrkak' túg flf<ia my ù hhsZZ fuh W.ka jkafka ke;af;a
fï l%ufhka flf<ia u¾okh l< fkdyels neúks' tjeks foa ksid flf<ia
úfkdao fjhs'ZZ wms is;=fõ fï NsCIQka uyd ù¾h f.k wms u¾okh lrhs
hkqfjks' tfy;a fï wh yqiau .kakd u< ñkS jf.a' fï yqiau .kak u<
ñkS j,g i<lkafka l=ulgo @ Nh jkafka l=ugo @
fï foaYkfhka miq tla;rd NsCIqjla fufia is;hs' zzksjk ,nd
198

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

.ekSu isys ke;s ù urKh f;la ù¾h ±ßh hq;=kï ta ksjk ,nd .ekSug
fkdleue;s fjñ' wka wh fuka f,dalfha we;s ÿla bjid isáñ' ug iEfyk
msßi we;' uq¿ f,daljdiSkau we;' urKh olajd ù¾Hh jeãug leu;s
jkafka ljqo @ Ôú;h ÿla iys; nj ienEh' tfy;a isys ke;sùu ;rï
urK ÿlla ke;' isys ke;s ù we;af;a u<d;a ks¾jdKh yd u;a l=vq îu
w;r fjkila ke;' ldgo fuh ´fka' ug kï ´fka ke;' uu uefrkag
fkdleue;s fjñ' fjk flfkla ueÍ jefgkq ÿgqúg jqjo ug urK Nh
we;s fõ' uu urKhg m;aùfï§ l=ula fõo @
wdpd¾h uka kej;;a foaYkd mgka .ks;s' th fõ.j;ah' tu NsCIqjf.a is;sú,s úksúo hhs' zzTn ud úYajdi lrkafka ke;' yd Tfí ysf;a uu
úfkdaohg fndre lshkjd lshd Tn ud úYajdi fkdlrkafka kï lreKdlr msg ù hkak' fuu wdY%uhg nrla ù Tn fuys /£ isákafka wehs @
ud Tng fuys meñKSug wdrdOkd lf<a ke;' Tn leue;af;kau wdfõ' ta
ksid leue;af;kau hkak' nf,ka t<jk ;=re isákak tmd' Tn fuys /£
isàfï jevla ke;' nqÿ oyu foaYkd lf<a Tn jeks fudavhkag fkdfõ'
lidj;a ord isák NsCIqjlg Tjeks is;ú
s ,s lsif
s ia;a fhda.H fkdfõ' fn!oaO
NsCIqjg O¾uh ms<sn| Y%oaOdj we;' Tnf.a iss;sú,s m%;sm;a;s ud¾.hg
mgyeks neúka Tn ud fyda O¾uh woykafka ke;' Tn leu;s fia wdydr
mdk f.k ksodf.k iqjfia bkak' fuys isáñka Ndjkd jeãug fjfyfikak
tmd' m%;sm;a;s wkqj O¾uh wjfndaO jq úg lreKd lr meñK fï fudav
kdls NsCIqjg wNsfhda. lrkak' uu fodfyd;a uqÿka k.d foúhkaf.kao
Tng rdclSh f.!rj wdYs¾jdo ,nd foñ'
hfula ÿla ;rKh lsÍug urK Nh blau úh hq;=h hkak ud lshkafka th i;Hhla neúks' kuq;a th i;Hhla nj Tn fkdms<s.kS' Bg jvd
fyd|hs fï f,dalfha ÿlaú| ueÍ kej; bm§ fï iir ieß ieÍu' tfiau
fõjd th Tnf.a leue;a;' kuq;a fuys weú;a Tn nqÿ nK fndre lrkak
tmd' tfia l< úg Tn nqÿrcdKka jykafiag úi lgqjla wkskjd' th
wksl=;a whf.a úuqla;sh j<lajkjd' Tn fn!oaOhkaf.a y;=frla fjkjd'
Tnf.a woyia jerÈ muKla fkdj tjeks foa l:d l< úg nqoaO Ydikh
úkdY lrkjd' Tn fuys wdfõ nqoaO Ydikh /lSug lshd ud is;=fõ' uu
ys;=fõ keye Tn;a jekiS Ydikh;a jkidù lshd' ±ka ug f;afrkjd Tn
w¿f.daiqfjla fuka ish,a, úkdY lrk nj' Tnf.a is;sú,s ±kau fjkia
lrkak' ke;akï Tn yd Tn iu`. ;j;a wh úkdY fõú'
wm nqÿrcdKkajykafia ;=ka jrla isys ke;sj weo jegqKq nj

199

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

O¾ufha i|yka fõ' ksjka m%;HCI lsÍug t;rï ÿIalr fõ' Tn th
úYajdi lrkafka keoao @ tfia kï nqÿrcdKka jykafia fndre lSjd±hs
is;kafkyso@ Tn jeks OQ;dx. NsCIqjla nqoO
a " O¾u woykafka ke;akï Tng
ñksia .=Khlaj;a ke;' Tfí woyia yqiau .kak u< ñkshlg iqÿiqhs' l=Kq
.| .yk u< ñkshla flfia kuq;a yqiau .kakjd æ Tn l=ula lshkafkao
@ fudk ud¾.fhao hkafka @ óg jvd fjkia ud¾.hla uu fkdlshñ' fï
;uhs nqÿrcdKka jykafia iy ry;ka jykafia,d .sh ud¾.h' óg jvd
f,fyis Tn jeks olaIhkag .sh yels fjk;a ud¾.hla ke;' uu fï
ud¾.fha .uka lrkafka uyK Wmiïmod jQ Èk mgka wo jk ;=re;a' fï
O¾uhg wkqj uu lshdfoñ'
ud is;k úêhg fï ;uhs Wkajykafiaf.a b;du fõ.j;a foaYkdj'
ud fuys i|yka lr we;af;a tys fmdä idïm,hla muKs' fuys iïmQ¾K
foaYkdj wvx.= ù ke;' wid isá wh Nhska ;%ia; ù fmdf<dj m,df.k
hkag ;rï ,eÊcdjg m;ajQy' ;u Ôú; ld,h ;=< tjeks foa wid ke;'
;u woyia fl<skau m%ldY lsÍu ksid ish,a,kag w¾:h meyeÈ<sh' ms<s.;
hq;=h' ielhla ke;' fjk lsis fohla is;Sug ke;'
fï foaYkfha i;Hh jegyS .sh tu NsCIqj iïmQ¾Kfhkau ;u woyia
w;ayer i;Hh ms<s.;ay' fï jk úg wdpd¾h ukaf.a foaYkd ú,dYh
fjkia úh' th m%lD;s iajNdjhg m;a ù iu.s ikaOdkhla njg m;aúh'
tu NsCIqj i;Hh ms<s.;a nj wjOdrKh jQ úg foaYkh iudma; úh'
foaYkdjidkfha§ fndfyda whf.a liq l=iqjla we;' zzfu;rï n,j;a
f,i wdpd¾Hh uka l:d lsÍug fya;=j l=ulao @ fï fõ.j;a foaYkhg
wod< mqoa.,hd ljqo @ úÿ,s fldgñka f.drjkakdla fuka ish¨ fokdu
uqim;a jQfha hïlsis fya;=jla u; úh hq;=h' kslrefKa fujeks foa lSug
fya;= ke;' b;du;a meyeÈ,sj i;Hfhka i;Hh .,md fï foaYkh l<y'ZZ
túg tu NsCIqj ;ud tjeks fkdukd is;=ú,s my< l< nj mdfmdÉpdrKh
lf<ah' idudkHfhka OQ;dx. NsCIQka ;u woyia Woyia i`.jkafka ke;'
hï j/oaola wdpd¾h uka fmkajd ÿka úg ;uka ta wod< mqoa.,hd nj lshd
isà' NsCIqjlg fufia ;rjgq lrk úg wka NsCIQka ;ukaf.a wvq ¨yq~q .ek
úpdrj;a fj;s' ;uka msKavmd;fha jäk úg fyda fjkhï wjia:djl§
hïlsis wruqKla ;u is; w,jd .;a úg ta .ek is;Sug" ú;¾l lsÍug
m;a fõ' wdpd¾h ukaf.ka ta ms<sn| miqod fyd| nekqula wikakg jk
nj taldka;h' ;u ñ;%hka bÈßfha tfia wikag isÿùu uy;a ,eÊcdjg
lreKls' Nh ;e;s .ekSu fldmuKo h;a fjõ,;a' lïmkhg m;afj;a' ysi

200

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

my; fy,d ;u wiqfkka ke.S isàug fkdyelsj fjõ,k nj ish,a,kagu
fmfka' foaYkdjidkfha tu NsCIqj is;+ fkdukd is;=ú,a, ish¨ fokdg
±k .kag ,enqK úg ish¨ fokdf.au wkqlïmdj ,efí' flf<ia iys;
mqoa.,hka fuka NsCIQka jykafia,d wjg mßirfha wruqKq ksid fufia
is;=ú,sj, ksu.ak fj;s' ;u is;aj, we;s wêÑ;a; fõ.h kj;d .ekSug
;rï i;sm[a[d u| ùu óg fya;=j fõ' tfyhska ks;ru wdpd¾h ukaf.
a fodaIdfrdamKhg ,lafõ'
wkqkaf.a is;a ±k .kakd kqjK wdpd¾h uka m%.=K lr we;' ta
ms<sn| lsis ielhla ke;' wfma is;sú,s j, je/oao fmkajd fok wkaou
úiauh cklh' iuyrúg ksy~ jkafka ta .ek l:d lsSu m,la ke;s neúks'
tjeks wjia:djkays§ NsCIQka jykafia,d iekis,af,ka isá;a' tfia fkdjqfka
kï wm ish¨ fokdu yqiau ysrù la,dka; ù urKhg m;ajk nj ksielh'
uu o fujeks wjia:djkag ksrka;rfhkau m;ajqfkñ' ta uf.a úisreKq
WoaOÉp is;a ksidh' fï ish,a, bjid ordf.k Wkajykafia iómfhys isá
wm Ndjkd ÈhqKqjg m;a jqfkuq' ta ;rjgq j,ska wm is; kshu wdldrhg
.uka lsSug mqreÿ úh' wkjYH foa blauKska isf;ka neyer fõ' ks;r i;s
iudêfhka isàug yelsúh' ta ;=<ska ndysr wruqKq j, we,Su ke;súh'
th mqÿu weia nekaÿuls' bka isÿjkafka" ;u isf;a l=i,;djh" oCI;djh
Wmßu ;;a;ajfhka ke.S isg .=rejrhdg wNsfhda. lsÍuls' wka;sfï§
tjeks fkdukd is;a my<ùu iïmQ¾Kfhkau kj;S' isf;a iekiSu" iudêh"
ksrjoH;djh wNsnjd hdu ksid ks¾Nh fõ' ta mqoa.,hd ;=jlal=" lsksis
j,ska j;a ìhm;a fkdfõ' ndysr wruqKq ksid we;sjk wdfõ." ;Kayd" wdYd
idudkHfhka ke.S isák kuq;a ±ka WfmalaIdfjka úkaokh lrhs'
m%Yakhla ù we;af;a fndfyda wh ksjk hkq fkdf;afrk fkdmeyeÈ,s
;;a;j
a hla f,i is;u
S h' tfukau isf;a wffO¾Hhu;a wl¾uKH ;;a;j
a hla
f,i is;Suh' f,dalSh foa .ek l:d lrK úg ,efnk m%fndaOh ksjk .ek
is;Sfuka fkd,efí' ksjk m%;HCI lr ke;s neúka ;uka mqreÿ taldldÍ
we,Sï" .eàï tys ke;' j¾;udk iudch muKla fkdj wfma uõ" mshd"
iShd" wdÉÑ wd§ uq;=ka ñ;a;ka jqjo ksjk .ek jeä leue;a;la fkd±lajy
Q '
wka whg o ksjk .ek Wkakÿ fkdl<y' l,d;=rlska ojila mkai,g
f.dia is,a iudoka ù nK weiSug ;u mjqf,a wh Wkkaÿ l<y' Ndjkdj
l,d;=rlska Wmfhda.S lf<a ;udf.a ovínr is; fu,a, lsÍug" ikaiqka
lsÍugh' túg yeisÍu fyd|jk neúks' tkuq;a ks;ru wjjdo ÿkafka
f,dalfha Ôj;a ùfï ms<sfj<h' th wid ika;Dma;s jQ nd, mrïmrdj tu

201

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

Wmfoia Ndr fkd.;ay'
ksielju fndfyda wh is;kafka ksjk hkq ksYaIío ;ekla f,ih'
tys ix.S; ;+¾Hh kdo ke;' úfkdao ùula ke;' tys ;u is; l=,au;a
lrk ixfõokh lrk lsisjla ke;' tneúka tys hdfï wjYH;djhla
ke;' ksy~ ksYap, wmdhls æ lsisfjla ke;s Y+kH;djhls' mjqf,a wh kE
ys; ñ;=rka" Yío" jdyk" l=re¿ kdo" iskyiSu" ye`ãu ke;s md¿jls' lsis
w;lska leu;s úh yels fohla ke;' f,dalfha ÈhqKq ù jecöug leu;s
wh ksjka ±lSug fkdleu;s fj;s' leu;s jQj;a ;u f,!lsl ld¾Hh Ndrh
w;ayeßh fkdyelsh' th jvd wjYHh' ksjka ±lSug yelsjkafka f,dalfhka
bj;a jQ f,dalh .ek lsis wfmalaIdjla ke;s whg fõ' ksjfka ;on, ye`.
Sï we;af;ao ke;' ke;af;a o ke;' m%udKh blaujd ,sys,a ùula fyda ±ä
ùula ke;' iunr Ndjhlska ;ekam;aùula we;' th kshu uOHu m%;smodj
fõ' wdidj" n,dfmdfrd;a;=j" leue;a; ke;s neúka f,!lsl iem m%;sfCIam
lr;a' f,!lsl iem ;u is; l<Ud wfmaCId Nx.;ajhg m;a lrhs' lsisu
fohla fkdfi,ajk ksjk b;d wk¾> ishqï úkaokhla ksrka;rfhkau ú£'
fuh f,!lsl i;=g fuka f.drye`ä" woCI" wl=Y,;djhla fkdfõ' f,!lsl
i;=g hkq ks;ru fjkiajk" fkdmeyeÈ,s" iel iys;" úYajdi ;eìh
fkdyels wdYdjkaf.ka ¥Is; ;;a;ajhls' th fkdmeyeÈ,s uv j;=rls' th
¨Kq" weUq,a" ñßia" lsjq,a wd§ rihkaf.ka ñY% wdydrhla jeksh' tu wdydr
wdudYfha frda." Èrùug wmyiq w;Dma;su;a rildrlfhka hq;=fõ' ksÈu;
jeks u;a iajNdjhla we;s lrk w;r lEug reÑhla o ke;' ks;ru lEu
.ek ñksiqka úmrï lrñka f;dard .; hq;=h' fudk wdydr fyd|o keoao
hkak ±k .; hq;=h' tfukau ñksid ;udg wruqKqjk foa .ek o ks;ru
fiú,af,ka f;dard .; hq;=h' fï fï foa wjYHh" fï wkjYHh' ;ud ñka
,dN" m%fhdack ,nhs' ñka w,dN ydks we;sfõ' wd§ jYfhka kqiqÿiq wruqKq
neyer lr fkd.;af;d;a ta ish,a,u is; ;=< /ia ù yoj; mSvdjg m;a ù
reêr mSvkh jeks ;;a;ajhka yg .kS' f,dalh foi n,k úg fujeks /ia
lr .;a wys;r lr is;=ú,s j,ska mSvd ú£ula yeu ;eku olakg ,efí'
iajhx yslaóu .ek kqjKe;af;da m%ldY lr we;' ;ud ys;k" lshk"
lrk yeu fohlau ;u wruqKq imqrd,Sug .kakd jEhuls' ;ud ,nd .;a
ch.%yKh .ek kqjKe;af;da W~`.= fkdfj;a' hful=f.a Wmfoia ;udg ,enQ
,dNhla f,i i<l;a' iuyr wh fufia m%;sls%hd fkdolaj;a kqjKe;a;ka
wkqlrK lrk úg wms nqoaêu;aj hqla;s.relj ;SrKhg t<fUuq' uOHia:j ;u isf;a wdYdjkag jy,a fkdfj;s' ;udf.a wdYdjka w;ayeÍug

202

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

.kakd m%h;akh ksid mqÿu iekiSula" ;Dma;shla ú¢;s' nexl=fõ fldaá
.Kka ke;;a wfma wdo¾Yu;a yeisÍu iy wh;a iq¿ Okh ;ud fnfyúka
i;=gg m;a lrhs'
olaI wh ;u Ôú;h iykodhS f,i yd iduldó f,i mj;aj;s'
oji mqrd Okh bmehSug ,efnk nj i;Hhls' tfy;a idOdrKj ,nd .;a
Okh ksid jvd ;Dma;su;a fj;s' wkshï ud¾.fhka ,enQ Okh ;udg ienE
whs;shla ke;' tlu kS;sh fï l¾u kS;shhs' l¾uhg wkqj jerÈ ud¾.
fhka Wmhd.;a Okh ksid wkd.; úmdl uy;a ÿla muqKqjhs' kqjKe;af;da
fï .ek ìh Wmoj;s' tfy;a wms lsis nhla iella ke;sj tjeks ud¾.fha
fõ.fhka .uka lruq' wd;aud¾:ldó;ajfhka ,efnk i;=g N=la;s ú¢uq'
tfy;a w;Dma;slr wdYdjka ksid lsisfia;a ÿlska ksoyia fkdfõ' fï ud¾.
fha fl;rï .sh;a n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk iekiSu fkd,efí'
Ñhdx udhs ys .; l< ld,fha§ Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHfhl= jQ c´ Lqx
Oïufc§ NsCIqjf.ka fndfyda ,shqï ,enqKs' tfy;a tka lsisjlg ms<s;=re
fkdÿkafkah' ks;ru tu ,smsj, i|yka jQfha kej; Wfodka :dks m%foaYhg
meñfKk f,ih' fï wdrdOkdj Wkajykafia ms<.
s ;af;a o ke;' 1940 § c´
Lqka OïufÊÈ NsCIqj Wføka :dks isg ¥¾. ud¾.fha Wkajykafia fidhñka
meñKsfhah' ta wjia;dfõ§ ish¨u ,sms j,g W;a;r ,enqKs' tu ish¨ ,sms
,enqK nj;a lshjQ nj;a tys jeo.;a fohla ke;s ksid W;a;r fkd,S kuq;a
±ka b;du zzjeo.;a ,shquZZ mK msákau ,enqK ksid ish¨ W;a;r imhk
nj lshd isáfhah' túg fï foku iskdiqks'
c´ Lqka OïuÉfþÈ NsCIqj wdpd¾h ukag yels blauKska Wføka
;dys m%foaYhg meñfKk f,i wdrdOkd lr isáfhah' Wkajykafia j¾I
.Kkdjlg fmr tys úiQy' tl, YsIHfhda ;ju;a Wkajykafia meñfK;ehs
n,dfmdfrd;a;= fj;s' Tjqkaf.ka wdhdpkh u; fuys wd nj c´ Lqka
OïuÉfPÈ NsCIqj ±kqï ÿkay' fï wdrdOkdj m%;sfCIam l< fkdyels úh'
1940 uehs udifha meñK jevu lrf.k hk nj ie< lf<ah'
;uka jykafia fï l÷lr jkfhka kslau hk nj wid fndfyda rela
foújre iy N+ug foújre tfia fkdhk f,i ne.Em;aj b,a,d isáhy'
ish¨ foaj fldÜGdY fumuK ld,hla b;d i;=áka ika;Dma;sfhka l,a
f.jQfha Wkajykafia fuys jev jdih lrK ksid hehs mejiqy' ? oj,a
ld,fha Wkajykafiaf.a lreKd" ffu;S% yoj;ska úysfok lsrK oi w;
úys§ iqj t<jk ksid ish¨ foaj iuQyh tlf,i Wkajykafia ms%h l<y'

203

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

Wkajykafia kslau .sh úg tu i;=g" ikaf;daIh myj hkafkah' Tjqkaf.
a wfkHdakH in|;djh ì| jefgkafkah'
;uka jykafia fmdfrdkaÿ jQ mßÈ jeäh hq;= nj wdpd¾h uka mejiSh'
NsCIqjf.a jpkh weoysh hq;=h' ;ukaf.a fmdfrdkaÿj bIag l< hq;=h' tfia
fndre fmdfrdkaÿ ÿka úg iS,hg ydks isÿfõ'
uehs udifha§ wdpd¾h uka iy tu NsCIqj fï m%foaYfhka kslauqKy'
Ñhdx udhs ys jÜ fcä ¨wx mkai,g úYd, ÿr m%udKhls' th md .ukska
.sh hq;=h' Wkajykafia i;shla muK wdpd¾h W!ka iu`. jÜ fcä ¨wx
mkaif,a kej;S isáhy' túg tu m%foaYjdiSyq ;j ld,hla tys jdih lrk
f,i wdhdpkd l<y' tfy;a Wfødaka ;dks j,g wdrdOkdj ms<sf.k neúka
th m%;sfCIam l<y' tys jdih l< c´ Lqka rdclú NsCIqj tÈk ffjYHdL
W;aijh ksñ;af;ka O¾u foaYkd lrk fuka wdrdOkd l<y' fï wjia:dfõ§
uu o tys isá neúka tu foaYkfha idrdxYh fuys i|yka lrñ' meh 3la
fkdkj;ajdu fï foaYkh úh' tu foaYkh fl;rï is;a weo .;af;a±hs
lsj fkdyelsh' th uf.a u;lfha fkdueflk foaYkdjls'
zzwo ffjYHdL mQfcda;i
a jhhs' fujeks ffjYHdL Èkhkays nqÿrcdKka
jykafia fndaêi;a;aj jYfhka bm§u" nqÿùu isÿúh' nqÿù miqj msßksùu isÿúh' fndaê i;a;ajhkaf.a Wmam;a;sh wjfYaI whf.a Wmam;a;sh
fuka fkdfõ' fndaê i;a;ajfhda bm§u fya;= fldgf.k f,dalfha mj;sk
udhdldÍ Wm;" Ôú;" urK j,g m;a jQfha ke;' ;uka jykafiaf.a wê
m[a[dj ;=<ska ksjka m%;HCI lr fï Wm;a - Ôú; - urK ms<sn| ryi
blaujd .shy' ;u ld¾Hh wjika jQ úg tu ialkaOhkaf.ka fjkaúh' tu
ialkaOfhda uyfndai;dKka jykafiag YS,h iïmQ¾K lr .ekSug bjy,a
jQy' iq.; kï jq ta iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia ;=ka f,dalfha .==re jQ
fial' ;u YÍr ialkaOhkaf.ka iuq.ekSug fmr ;uka wjfndaO l< O¾uh
f,dalhdg odhdo l< fial' fï O¾uh ±ka Wkajykafia ksfhdackh lrhs'
fuu ;Hd.h wmf.a Y%oaOd nqoaêfhka ysñ lrf.k Ôú; mrÿjg ;nd /l
.; hq;=fõ' tkï ta wkqj ms<smeÈh hq;=h'
wms ukqIHhka jYfhka bm§ we;af;a fmr l< l=i,a n,fhka nj Tn
okakjd we;' tfy;a ;udf.a ta l=i, Yla;sh úkdY fkdlr .ekSug j.
n,d .; hq;=h' ta l=i,h ÈhqKq lrñka ;u .;s mej;=ï l=Y,;djfhka
ÈhqKq fkdl<fyd;a wfma wkd.; Ôú; úkdY fõ' wfma ñksia ;;a;ajh
wfydais ù kej; ñksi;a njla ,nd .ekSug fkdyels ;rï ù my;a ÿ#Å;

204

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

Wmam;a;shla Wreu fõ' Wmam;a;sh Wiia fyda my;a ùu fï wkqj isÿfõ'
fufia wm ú¢k ish¨ iem yd wm ú¢k ÿlaj,g fya;=j wmf.au l¾u
úmdl nj is;h
s hq;=h' ±ka ÿla ú¢k wh .ek my;a fldg fkdis;=j uekú'
wmf.a l¾u úmdl wkqj óg;a jvd wka; ÿ#Å; Wmam;a;h
s la ysñúh yelsh'
fï f,dalh yefudagu idOdrK ù we;;a wm lrK l¾u wkqj wfma iem
ÿla we;sfõ' l¾uh hkq mqoa.,sl odhdohhs' fï ksid lsisfjl=g wjuka
fkdlrkak' my;a f,i fkdis;kak' hfula wkd: ù ÿ#Å; ù wirK ù
isák úg ta foi n,d ;uka hïlsis wl=i, l¾u úmdl jYfhka fufia
ÿ#Å; úh yels nj i<lkak' óg;a jvd Nhdkl wmdh j, Wm; ,eìh
yelsh' ;udg fujeks ;;a;ajhlska .e,ùug fkdyelsh' l¾u úmdl M,
§u iajNdj O¾uhls' wms ish¨ fokdug l¾u lsÍfï Yla;sh we;' fï
ÿ#Å; mqoa.,fhda ljod kuq;a bka ñ§ wms fuka iem ú¢k ;;a;ajhlg
meñKsh yelsh' túg wmf.a krl l¾u wkqj wms Tjeks ;;a;ajhl
jeàugo yelsh' Ydikh hkq nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a mKsúvhhs' i;H
O¾uhhs' fï O¾uhg wkqj ;uka yd wkqka ms<sn| i;Hh jgyd .; hq;=h'
fï wkqj ;u .; hq;= ud¾.h l=ula±hs ks;r is;kak' O¾uh iudk fjk
lsisu ud¾.hla ke;'
NsCIqjla jYfhka Ôj;a jQ ld,h ;=< ud ks;r m%;HfõCId lf<ñ'
ks;ru uf.a isf;a we;sjk l=i,a wl=i,a y÷kd .;ssñ' yeu fudfydf;a§u
uu l< Ndjkdj thhs' ;u is;sú,s ksid l¾u isÿjk nj uu ±ka ksielfhkau ±l wjfndaO lrñ' fï l¾u ;ud iajlSh fldg we;' ud
¨yqne| ud miqmi .uka lrhs' fï .ek lsis ielhla ke;' fï l¾ufha
ls%hdldß;ajh fkdokakd wh ;u ys;=ukdfma yeisfrñka wkka; mßydkshlg m;aùu lsisfjl=g je<elaúh fkdyelsh' fï wh ;uka fouõmshka
ksid Ôú;h ,en fouõmshkaf.a wkka; wdOdr Wmldrfhka Ôj;a jQ kuq;a
fouõmshkag fkdi<l;s' l¾u úmdl fkdokakd neúks' ;udf.a wd;aud¾:
ldó Ôú;h .ek ñi fjk ;elSula ke;' th t;rï wms%h n,kag;a neß
;;a;ajhls' ;ud fu;rï ld,hla fouõmshkaf.a wdOdr ie<ls,s ,enQ nj
wu;l lr;s' fufia wkka; Wmldr lsÍu l¾u fkdjkafka kï l¾u
lshkafka l=ulgo @ ;u YÍrh ta ksid fmdaIKh ,nkafka ;udf.a fyd|
úmdl ksid fkdfõo @
ñksid ú¢k iem ÿla j,g fya;= we;' hfula ;u Ôú; wdidj
ke;s lr fuday Ñka;kfhka ish mK ydks lr;ao ta wjia:dfõ§ n,j;a
l¾u úmdlhla Tyq ¨yqne| meñfKa' Tyq Ôú;CIhg m;a jQfha ta ksidh'
kuq;a ;ud by; l< l¾u úmdlhla ksid tjekakla isÿjqk nj Tyqg
205

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ms<s.ekSug fkdyelsh' fï ;;a;ajh l=ulao @ wkka; fudayh" wúoHdjhs'
wkaO N+; njhs'
wfma uq¿ Ôú;h l¾uh yd ne£ we;' wfma by; l¾uj, úmdl
yeu fudfydf;au wm lrd mßirfhka meñfKkakdla fukau wms yeu
fudfydf;a§u w¿;a l¾u isÿ lruq' fï nj Tn fkdokafka kï Tn urKhg
lem jQ fjls' Tng .e,ùula ke;' l¾uh wm miq mi tkafka iajdñhd
miqmi tk n,af,l= fuka fkdfõ' th fkdje<elaúh yels úmdlhls'
;uka úiska is;ska jpkhska ls%hdfjka yeu fudfydf;a§u l¾u Wmojkq
,efí' ujkq ,efí' ks¾udKh lrkq ,efí' uq¿ f,dalfha ish¨ fokd ú¢k
iem ÿla tys úmdl fj;a' fï nj Tn fkdokakd úh yels jqjo th Tn
ú¢kafkls lrkafkls' fï fkdokakd nj ;kslr fudayhls' fudav luls'
uq,djls' fufia fudayhg m;aùula l¾u úmdlhls'
uu fndfyda ld,hla isg wdpd¾h uka .ek w;sYh meye§ula ;snQ
neúka fï foaYkh wjOdrKfhka weiqfjñ' ta fudfydf;a§ ug ,enqKq
wdYajdoh" iekiSu fld;rïo h;a iudê iqjhlska wyfia mdfjkakdla fuka
±kqKs' fï O¾uh fl;rï weiqj;a uÈ hehs is;=Ks' ud fï bka iaj,amhla
i|yka lrkafka Tn l¾uh .ek fkdokakd foa ±k .ekSugh' l¾uh hkq
i¾j idOdrKh' tneúka Tnf.a l¾u úmdl .ek fï wkqidrfhka fndfyda
lreKq t<sorõ úh yelsh'
fï foaYkfhka miq wdpd¾h uka ke.sg nqÿ ms<suh bÈßmsg je| jeá
wdpdr ±lajQfhah' ^ta´ Lqka rdclú NsCIqj& tu foaYkh wid fndfyda fokd
w;sYh i;=gg m;a jQ nj lshd isáfhah' wdpd¾h uka fï Wkajykafiaf.a
wka;su foaYkh úh yelsh' ;ukaf.a wdhqI f.ù ÿ¾j, ù hk ksid hehs
mejiSh' fï wdldrfhka ;uka jykafia kej; Ñhx uhs foig fkdtk nj
jod<y' th tfiau úh' Wkajykafia kej; tys fkdmeñKsfhah'
ál Èkla jÜ fcä ¨wx wdrdufha jdih lr Wkajykafia nexfldla
n,d msg;a úh' fidïfvÜ *rd uydùrfjdx NsCIqj iy wksl=;a fcHIag
NsCIQka iy .sys msßi Wkajykafia legqj ÿïßh m<g .shy' foújre úYd,
msßila ta iu`. .shy' foújre wyi jefykag ;rï y;r jfÜ msÍ isá
nj wdpd¾h uka mejiSh' ÿïßh m<g meñKs miqo ta foaj iuQyhd wyfia
úisr isáhy' ÿïßhg ke.S hk ;=re;a n,d isáhy' ta wjia:dj l,n,
iys; úh' n,d isák whg wdYs¾jdo lsÍu iy Tjqkaf.a je÷ï ms÷ï o l:
d ny o weiSug úh' ta w;r wyfia ießirK foúhkago wdYs¾jdo l<
hq;= úh' meñK isá ñksiaiq fï nj fkdoks;a' .syshkag l:d lr bkamiq
206

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

foúhkag iïmQ¾K wjOdkh fhduqúh' fï ish,a, wjika jQ úg ÿïßh
.uk wdrïN úh'
Wkajykafia uy;a ixfõ.hg m;a jQfha ta foõ le< .ekh' ta wh
t;rï wdor Nla;shla msßkeuQ úÈh úiañ;h' ñksiqka yd iudk wdor
f.!rjh mqo l<y' ÿïßh .uka lrk úg miqmi wyiska jä;s' wka;sfï§
Wkajykafia l:d lr ta foaj iuQyhdg ;u úudk j,g hk f,i ±kqï
ÿKs' Tjqka kej;=fka uy;a wdkafoda,khlsks' kej; Wkajykafiaf.a meñKSu wfmalaId lrñks' kuq;a ta whf.a is;=ï me;=ï tfia isÿ fkdùh'
wdpd¾h uka ta m%foaYhg fkdmeñKsfhah' Wkajykafia isá Wfødka ;dks
yd ifLdka kfLdka m%foaYhg ta foújre meñKs nj ±k Wkajykafia wm
iu`. fkdlSfõh'

ne xfldla

q

k.rfha jÜ fndfrduksjÜ wdrdufha wdpd¾h uka
kej;=Ks' fidïfvÜ *rd uyd úfrfjdx NsCIqj fg,s.%Eï l< wdldrhg
tys ál Èkla kej;S Wfødka ;dks j,g hdug kshñ;h' fuys§ fndfyda
fokd wjq;a m%Yak wikakg úh'
m%Yakh ( ug wdrxÑhs' Tn jykafia NsCIqjf.a 227 kS;s rlskafka
ke;' tlu kS;shla muKla rlss;s' fuh ienEjo @
wdpd¾H uka ( tfiah uu rlskafka tlu kS;shhs'
m%Yakh ( l=ulao ta kS;sh
wdpd¾Hh uka ( ta uf.a is;
m%Yakh ( b;ska kS;s 227 rlskafka keoao @
wdpd¾h uka ( uf.a is; rlskafka' túg nqÿrcdKka jykafia mek jQ
kS;s 227 muKla fkdj Bg jvd kS;so /fla' ulaksido ud jpkh ls%hdj
bfíu rlsk nejks' tfia úYajdi fkd.kakd wh we;;a lï ke;' uu
Wmiïmod jQ Èk mgka uf.a is; yslaujd .;sñ' ys; hkq lh yd jpkfha
ysñldrhdh'
m%Yakh ( bka woyia lrkafka is,a wdrlaId lsÍug ys; yslauúh hq;=
207

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

hehso @
wdpd¾h uka ( fjk fudkjd yslu
a úh yelso @ is; ñi @ u< ñkshlg
ú;rhs ys;la ke;af;a' ta ksid lh" jpkh yslauùula ke;' u< ñksh" lh
jpkh yslauj jkafka ke;af;a hï fÉ;kdjla ke;s ksid nj kqjKe;af;da
oks;'s u<ñksfha is,a /lSu hkq u< fohls' ud m%dKj;a flfkls' tneúka u<
ñkshla fia lh jpk yslaujkafka flfiao @ uf.a l=i,;djfhka fÉ;kdj
rlsk úg lh jpkh yslafï' túg ish¨ kS;S wdrCId fõ'
m%Yakh ( uu okakd ;rñka iS,h hkq lh" jpkh yslauùuhs' ta ksid
is; yslauùu iS,hg wh;a ke;' tneúka ta m%Yakh weiqfjñ'
wdpd¾h uka ( iS,hg wod< jkafka lh jpk yslauùuhs' tfy;a
lh jpk ls%hd;aul lrkafka l=ulao @ tys ks¾ud;Djrhd ljqo @ ysñhd"
m%Odkshd ljqo @ is; ksid hful=f.a lh jpk yiqrejhs' lh jpkh
;ukag;a wkqkag;a i;=g iekiqu ,ndfok f,i yeisrùug m%Odk jkafka
is;hs' is; iEu ls%hdjlau md,kh lrhs' is; ke;sj lsis ld¾Hhla l<
fkdyelsh' fyd| oCI fohla lsÍug fyd| oCI ys;la wjYH fõ'
wikSmhla iqjlsÍug frda. ksodkh fiúh hq;=hs' bkamiq frda.
ksodkhg fnfy;a l< hq;=hs' túg frda. ,CIK bfíu ke;sfõ' tfukau
iS,h /lSug is; md,kh l< hq;=hs' ke;akï tu ls%hd ys,a iys; levqKq"
ì÷Kq" lvjqk ls%hdfõ' ulaksido md,kh fkdjQ is; ksidh' tneúka Tyqf.a
iS,h levqKq ì÷Kq m¿ÿjk iajNdjhls' iaÓr fkdfõ' Yla;su;a fkdfõ'
fujeks iS,h ksid ñksid wruqKla ke;sj ta fï w; md ù hhs' tjeks wh
ksid Ydikh mßydkshg m;afõ' th ;udg i;=g t<jkafka ke;s w;r
<`. weiqre lrkakkaf.a f.!rjhg m;a fkdfõ'
uu ljodj;a bf.k f.k ke;' uf.a uyK ùfuka miq ta wdpd¾h
jrhd OQ;dx. NsCIqjla f,i ud le,E m%foaYfha l÷lrhg f.k .shy' uu
O¾uh bf.k .;af;a .ia je,a j,ska" ;Kfld< j,ska" .x.d we< fod<"
l÷ fy,a" .=yd j,ska' l=re¿ kdo" jk i;=kaf.a Yío" iajdNdúl mßirh
;=<ska' uu ;s%msglh lshjd iS,h .ek wOHhkh lr ke;' Tng uu ÿka
ms<s;=re uf.a ta fm!rdKsl iïm%odfhks' Tng Ydia;S%h ms<s;=rla fokag
;rï ug ±kqula ke;' tneúka uu neßlu ms<s.kafkñ'
m%Yakh ( iS,fha iajNdjh l=ulao @ we;af;kau iS,h hkq l=ulao @
wdpd¾h uka ( ;udf.a is;=ú,s .ek wjOdrKh lsÍu fudk foa
208

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

is;Sug iqÿiqo @ fudk foa is;Sug kqiqÿiqo @ wms yeisfrkafka flfiao @
wfma is;=ú,s" jpk" ls%hd flfiao @ fï ;=ka fodr md,kh lrf.k idOdrK f,i yeisfrkjdo @ fï ;=ka fodr md,kh lsÍfuka wfma yeisßu
wdo¾Yu;a fõo @ oínr fkdyslauqK Yla;shla fkdfmfkao @ fufia ;udf.a
YsIag;ajh" ixialD;sh jeo.;alu yeisÍu u; iS,h ±laúh hq;= w;r tu
mqoa.,hdf.a is;sú,s yd yeisÍu fjka l< fkdyelsh' iS,h fufia fjka
l< yelskï lv idmamqj, iS,h úlsKSug m;ajkafka óg fndfyda by;
ld,hl isgh' túg hful=f.a YS,h fydr i;=rka whs;s lrf.k úYd,
,dN ,ndf.k úlsKkq we;' ;udf.a nvq uqÜgq fidr i;=rka .kakdla fuka
;udf.a YS,ho fidr uer lñka .ks;s' túg ;udf.a YS,h wka NdKav fuka
mj;ajd .ekSu b;d ÿIalr fõ' fn!oaOfhda iS,h jvkag fkdleue;s fj;s'
ulaksido fidr i;=re Wmøj ksidh' ienúkau iS,h hkq ÿiaiS,Ndjfhka
jk w,dN ydks yd is,j
a ;a ùfuka jk ,dN lS¾;s" m%Yxid fõ' iS,fhka fjka
jQ úg fujeks Nhdkl úmdl f.k fok neúka uu lsis úfgl iS,fhka
fjka fkdù isáñ' hfula iS,fhka neyer fkdù isà kï Tyq hk tk ;eka
i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka isà' l=ula l<;a ;u iS,h ke;sfõ hehs ielhla ke;s
neúks' hfula iS,fhka fjka ù isák úg uy;a ÿlg lkiai,a,g m;a ù
urKfhka miq fma%;hka ù ;ud zztl;= l< YS,hZZ .ek ;Kaydjg m;afjkq
we;' iuyre ;ud tl;= l< Okh urKska miq wrlaf.k bkakd fma%;hka
jeksfõ' iS,h ;udf.ka fjka l< yels kï tjeks ;;a;ajhla Wodfõ'

mßmQ¾K wd;au úYajdih
tla Èkla jÜ fndfrduksjÜ úydrfha ia:úr kula wdpd¾h uka
iu`. idlÉPdjlg leu;s úh' ^wdpd¾h p´ Lqka Wmd,s& Wka jykafiaf.
a m%Yakhlska idlÉPdj werUqKs'
Tn jykafia l÷lrfha >k jkdka;rfha wka NsCIQkaf.ka yd ñksiqkaf.ka ysia yqol,dfõ isák úg ;u Ndjkd ms<sn| .eg¿jla we;s jQ
úg th úi|kafka flfiao @ uu jdih lrkafka fndfyda W.;a O¾uOr
NsCIQka jdih lrk k.rfha neúka fndfyda úg ug ta whf.a Wmldrfhka
hï .eg¿ ksrdlrKh l< yelsh' tfy;a iuyrúg úi¢h fkdyels
.eg¿ we;sfõ' lsisfjl=f.ka Wmldrhla .; fkdyelsh' tfia fyhska Tn
jykafia ;ksju ish¿ .eg¨ úi|d .kafka flfiao @

209

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpd¾h uka ks¾Nhj ms<s;=re ÿks' Tn jykafiag ms<s;=re fokafka
mßmQ¾K wd;au úYajdih u; msysgd f.kh' fï úYajdih f.dv ke.=fKa
m%d:ñl iajNdj O¾uh yeoEÍfuks' uu O¾uh ks;r fofõf,a m%Yak lrñ'
ksok wjia:dj yer wka yeu fudfydf;au O¾uh fidhñ' kskafoka msìÿk
ú.i O¾uh fidhñ' .eg¿ .ek uf.a isf;a ksrka;rfhka ;¾l ú;¾l
we;' mrK .eg¿ úiª úg w¿;a .eg¿ mek k.S' tl m%Yakhla úiª
úg iuyr flf<ia is£ hhs' ;j;a m%Yakhla we;s jQ úg ;j;a flf<ia yg
.kS' iEu wdldrhlu m%Yak" ±ä" jl%dldr m%Yak" f;areï .ekSug fkdyels ixlS¾K m%Yak ish,a, yg .kafka isf;ah' m%Yak iu`. igka lrkafka
is;h' we;af;kau is; hkq flf<ia igk" igka j¢k hqo ìu fõ' flf<ia
hgm;a lsÍu" mrdch lsÍu hkq m%Yak ksrdlrKh lsÍuhs'
wkd.; m%Yak ksrdlrKh lsÍu .ek uu fjfyi fkdfjñ' uu
Wkkaÿ jkafka j¾;udk .eg¿ ;u flf<ia ksid yg .kakd úgh' ta ta
wjia:dfõ§ yg.;a flf<ia ta ta fõ,dfõ§u ksrdlrKh lrñ' uu wka
lsis NsCIqjlf.a Wmldrh ksid uf.a flf<ia .eg¿ úi|d .kafka ke;'
uf.au i;s" m[a[d b;d blauKska m%Yakh ksrdlrKh lrhs' ks;ru uu
nqÿ jok ms<smÈñ' zzw;;dks w;;fkd kdf:dZZ - ;ud ;udf.au úuqla;s
odhlhdh' tneúka uf.a isys kqjKska m%Yak j,g úi÷ï fidhñ' fmd;
mf;ka fidhkafka ke;' O¾uh" i;s" m[a[dj ish¨ m%Yak ksrdlrKh
lrhs' iuyr m%Yak b;d ixlSrKh' tajd ms<sn| kej; kej; úpdrd
wka;sfï§ i;s m[a[dj,g yiqfõ'
wkqkaf.a Wmldrfhka uf.a m%Yak úi£ug wjYH ksid uu ta wh
wdY%h fkdlrñ' ;ksu jdih lsÍu Bg jvd myiqjls' ;ksj ;u is; lh
iu`. úiSu ksid ;Dma;su;a fjñ' urK fudfyd; meñK úg w;ayßkag
lsisjla ke;' uf.a yqiau kej;=k ú.i ish¨ foa wjika fõ' Tnf.
a m%Yakhg fufia ms<s;=re §u .ek iudjqj uekj' uu Y%dia;S%h f,i l:d
lsÍug fkdoksñ' uf.a w;a±lSu muKla oksñ'
m%Yakh weiQ tu wdpd¾hjrhd ta ish¨ foa .ek tlfy,d tl`. úh'
zzTn jykafia iqúfYaI mqoa.,fhls' >k jkdka;rfha yqol,d jdih lsÍug
yeu w;skau iqÿiafils' Tn foaYkd l< O¾uh fmd; mf;a i|yka ù ke;'
fmdf;a i|yka O¾uh iy isf;a wjfndaOh ksid jk O¾uh fjkia fõ'
uq,a wjia:dfõ§ nqÿ jok ,Sfõ wjfndaOfhka mßmQ¾K ry;ka jykafia,d
úisks' tfy;a miqj O¾uh ms<sn| ,shù we;af;a tjeks mdßY=oaO wh úiska
fkdfõ' tneúka uq,a foaYkd ±ka ;kql ù we;' ta ksid Tn w;a±lSfuka

210

Ñhx udhs ys .; l< ld,h

foaYkd lrK O¾uh ±ka fmd; mf;a i|yka O¾uhg jvd ms<s.; hq;=fõ'
fï ish,a, zzO¾uhZZ kñka y÷kaj;s'
uf.a fudav m%Yakhg ,enqK ms<s;=r .ek lsis ielhla ke;' tfy;a
ta fudav m%Yakh fyd| fohls' ulaksido fujeks ±kqï iïNdrhla ,nd
.ekSug fya;= ùu ksidh' uf.a fudavlu úl=Kd uy;a m%{dj ñ,§ .;sñ'
uf.a fudayh w;ayer m%{dOkg ,nd .;sñ'
tfy;a ug ;j tl m%Yakhla we;' hï hï NsCIQyq nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.ka lugyka ,nd m%;Hka;hg f.dia ;ksj mqreÿ lrK wjia:
dfõ§ mek ke`.=Kq m%Yak j,g úi÷ï ,nd .ekSug úáka úg nqÿrcdKka
jykafia yuqùug meñfK;s' nqÿka jykafia ta ish,a, úi÷ï ÿka miq ta
NsCIQyq kej; yqol,dfõ mqyqKq fj;s' tjeks ksrdlrKh lr ÿka m%Yak
fudkjdo @
tjeks w;s fYa%IG
a W;=ful=f.ka CIKhlska úi÷ï ,nd .ekSug yels
úg ;uka ;ksj fjfyfikafka l=ulgo @ tfy;a b;d ÿr neyer kï th
jqjo ls%hd;aul l< fkdyelsh' túg ;ukau tu m%Yakh úi£ug ù¾Hh
.; hq;=h' th ;ksj úi|d .ekSug l,a.; úh yelsh'
nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a i¾j{;d {dkfhka hï hï .eg¿ ksrdhdifhka úi¢h yelsh' tneúka tu YsIHh NsCIQyq tfia m%Yak úi|d .ks;s'
wo nqÿrcdKka jykafia Ôjudkj jev isákjd kï uu o tys hdug yels
kï f.dia ta úi÷ï ,nd .;sñ' túg uu ;ksj fndfyda fjfyi úh hq;=
ke;'
tfy;a ;ksj úi÷ï ,nd .ekSu iqÿiq jkafka wjidkfha§ wjfndaOh
,nkafka ;ksj neúks' oCI .=rejrfhla isà kï blaukg wfma wjfndaOh ,eìh yelsh' ;ksj ksrdlrKh lrK úg wkqudk {dkfhka kej;
kej; úpdßh hq;=h' th ÿIalrh' tfy;a ug fjk úi÷ula fkd;snqKs'
ug jeá jeà ke.sákag isÿúh' fndfyda jerÈ u;s u;dka;r" ks.uk j,g
meñKqfkñ' tfy;a tys jákdlu jQfha wm%;sy; ffO¾Hh yd wêIaGdkh
n,j;a ùuhs' fuh ;Èka ls%hd;aul jQ ksid uf.a f.dfrdaiq Ñ;a;h iqug
úh' uDÿ fudf<dla úh' wka;sfï§ th b;du ksjerÈ úh' túg ud iunr
úh' m%;sm;a;s WfmalaId iy.; úh' fuh ;=<ska iajNdj ,laIK úksúo
±laflñ' O¾uh ±laflñ' tu ia:úrhka jykafia ;j fndfyda m%Yak
weiQ kuq;a m%Odk jYfhka weiQ m%Yak muKla fuys we;=<;a lr uu wks;a
m%Yak i|yka fkdlrñ'
211

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpd¾h uka nexfldla ys jdih lrK ld,fha§ fndfyda fmdfydi;a
.syshkaf.ka odkh msKsi wdrdOkd ,eîh' tfy;a tu odkfhka miq ;u
YdÍßl jev lsÍu wmyiq neúka th m%;sfCIam l<y'
ál ld,hla nexfldlays isg kfLdka rpcisud m%foaYfha fldarÜ kqjr
n,d msg;a úh' tys jÜ md i,jka wdrdufha jdih lrk úg fndfyda wh
Wkajykafiaf.ka m%Yak weiSug meñKqks' bka tla m%Yakhla Wkajykafia
ug lSy' th uf.a u;lfha fyd|dldr /£ we;' fndfyda lreKq ug
wu;l jqjo fuh ljod kuq;a Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjk m%jD;a;sh wvx.=
l< hq;= hehs ug túg woyila my< úh' m%Yakh jQfha wdpd¾h ukaf.a
wjfndaOh .ekh' we;af;kau Wkajykafiaf.a m%isoaêhg wkqj tjeks wd¾h
mqoa.,fhlao @ m%Yakh wik ,oafoa l¾uia:dk ms<sn| fndfyda w;a±lSï
we;s flfkla úisks'
m%Yakh ( Tn jykafia fldarÜ kqjrg meñKsfha fuys isák odhl
msßig wkq.%y msKsio @ ke;fyd;a u.a. M, ksjk Ydlaid;a lsÍugo @
wdpd¾h uka ( zzuu hula ÿlaf.k fokafkao lror f.k fokafkao@
tjekakla fkdfidhñZZ hs - lsis ielhla ìhla ke;sj ms<;
s r
= e ÿks' l=i .skf
a -

212

5

hH

widudkH m%Yak
nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re
kka fmf<kakka ;ukag bjish fkdyels neúka ´kEu wdydrhla fidhñka
tfya fufya h;s' th fyd| fyda krl fõjd wka;sfï§ tu wdydrh Èrjd
.; fkdyels úh yelsh' tfy;a ug tjeks wjYH;djhla ke;' fudayhla
o ke;' fudayh ke;s whf.a fiùulao ke;' ieuúgu ;u is; ;Dma;su;a
ù ;sfí' tneúka wjYH jkafka l=ulao @ fijKe,s w,a,kag hkafka th
fijKe,s nj fkdokakd wh fj;s' p;=rd¾Hh i;Hh taldka; i;Hhls'
th ish¨ fokd flfrys úoHudk fõ' fï i;Hh okakd uu uq,djug m;a
fkdfjñ' b;ska uu l=ula fidhkafkïo @ uu ;ju;a m%dKj;a fjñ' fndfyda
fokd uf.a Wmldr fidh;s' ta whg uu Wmldr lrñ' tmuKls' ueKsla
fidhd .ekSu myiqh' tfy;a yojf; O¾uh we;s fyd| ñksiqka fiùu
ÿIalrh' tla iodpdr iïmkak fyd| ñksfila f,dalfha ish¨u Okhg jvd
jà' ulaksido ta ish¨u Okhg jvd fyd| ñksidf.ka f,dalhg jk fi;a
Ydka;h
s jeä ksidh' tlu mqo.
a ,fhla fl;rï f,dalhg iduh" i;=g f.k
fokafkao @ iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia iy ry;=ka jykafia,d fujeks
wdYap¾hu;a mqoa.,fhda fj;s' fyd| l¾u ñ, uqo,aj,g jvd jgfkah' ta
iS,dpdr .=Kj;a ñksid ksid wjg isák ish¨ fokd i;=áka idufhka Ôj;a
fj;s' ÿmam;a jqjo iem ú¢;s' tfy;a fudavfhda ñ, uqo,a fidhñka ;udf.a
.=Kj;a lïj,ska msßfy;s' ;ukaf.a l¾u úmdl .ek is;Sug kqjK ke;'
;uka fl;rï ÿIag" ÿrdpdrfha fhÿk;a tys úmdl fkdoks;s' wmdfha
isák ÿIag hCIhka ;uka uyd Nhdkl ÿla ú¢ñka ;sßikqkag Nhdkl
ÿla muqKqj;s' wmdfha jdih lr wka; ;sßi;=ka f,i Tyq fkdokS' tjeks
Nhdkl ñksiaiq o we;' ta fudav ñksiaiq fudk hï wmrdOhla fldg fyda
uqo,a ,nd .ks;s' ta mõldrhkaf.a l¾u wmdh nexl=fõ ;ekam;a ù we;'
ta whg ta ksis o~qjï wmdfha§ ,efí' l=i,a fyda wl=i,a w;r mr;rhla
we;' fyd| krl w;r o wdOHd;añl .=Kh yd fN!;sl Okh w;ro wyi

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fmdf<dj fuka mr;rhla we;' kqjKe;af;da fï ms<sn| .eUqßka wjOdkh
l< hq;=hs' m%udo úh hq;= fkdfõ'
wjidkfha§ wm ú¢k iem ÿla fï l¾u úmdl u; isÿfõ' ;u
l¾u úmdl ms<s.kajd yer bka ñ£ula ke;' ÿla úmdl meñKs úg ta .ek
m%Yak lsÍula ke;' th ;uka n,y;aldrfhka je<| .kS' iqkdñ jHikhg
yiq jQjdla fuks' fï l¾u úmdl ksid Ôj;a jk i;a;ajfhda tlsfkldf.
ka fjkia fõ' Wmam;a;sh" YÍr ,laIK" .;s.=K mjd wdfõKsl jQ l¾u
úmdl fõ' th wfma ffojh yd ne£ mj;S' tys j.lSu ;ud i;=fõ' tajd
;udf.au l¾u úmdl neúks' fï l¾u úmdl Ndrh wm ú¢h hq;=h' fyd|
fyda krl" iem fyda ÿl" fïjd wka whg mjrkag fkdyelsh' wm ika;l
odhdo fõ' l¾u kS;sh ñksiqka iod.;a iïuq;shla fkdfõ' th tla tla
flkd ;ks ;ksj l< fohls' fï m%Yakh Tn weiqfõ wehs @
zzug iudjkak' Tn jykafiaf.a .=K" lS¾;s" j¾Kkd ud fndfyda wid
we;' NsCIQka jykafia,d yd .sys wh ta ms<sn| m%ldY lr;s' Tn jykafia
wjfYaI NsCIQka fuka fkdfõ Tn jykafiaf.ka O¾u l:djla weiSug uu
mq, mq,d isáfhñ' ta ksid fï m%Yakh weiqfjñ' uu weiQ wdldrh jerÈ
úh yelsh' tneúka th Tn jykafiag fjfyila jqks±hs fkdoksñ' uu
wjqreÿ .Kkdjla fkdlvjd m%;sm;a;s /laflñ' uf.a is;=ï me;=ï fï
ld,h ;=< b;du;a iekis,sodhl" iduldó ù we;' uf.a Ôú;h M,odhs
ù we;af;a nqoaO Ydikh yuq jQ neúks' wo uu fujeks wk.s O¾uhla
Tn jykafiaf.ka weiqfjñ' b;d ir," ksjrÈ" ixfCIam jdlH j,ska Tn
jykafia woyia m%ldY l< wkaou ud uú;hg m;a lrhs' flf<ia iys;
mqoa.,fhl= jQ uf.a iel wo fndfyda fihska ÿre ù we;' ñka u;=jg uf.a
m%;sm;a;s ;ksju f.k hñ'ZZ
zzTn m%Yakh weiQ wkaou ksid uu tfia ms<s;=re ÿksñ' we;af;kau
ug lsis fohla wjYH ke;' uf.a fudayhlao ke;' uu lsisjla fkdfidhñ'
uf.a ms<sfj;a mqrK ld,fha§ iel ;snqKs' ud¾.h yd ms<sfj;a ms<sn|
ks;r fijqfjñ' yqol,dju ù¾Hh jvñka urKdikakj weo jegqKs' l÷
uqÿkaj, >k jkdka;rj, yqol,d Ndjkd lrk úg fndfyda .eg¿ u;=úh'
tajdg ;ksj úi÷ï fiõfjñ' ±ka ta ish,a, wjika ù we;' ta ld,fha§
ud ms<sn| lsisfjla fkdoks;s' ±ka ±ka fndfyda wh m%Yxid lr;s' ud
urKh yd igka jÈñka ms<sfj;a mqrK ld,fha lsisfjla m%Yxid fkdl<y'
fï .ek lSugj;a Ôj;a fõ±hs fkdis;=fjñ' fufia ;=ka jrla isys ke;sj
weo jegqks' ±ka fndfyda ld,hlg miq fkdfhla m%Yxid ,nñ' bka we;s

214

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

jevh l=ulao @
Tn ;=< ie`. ù we;s oCI;d l=ula±hs y÷kd .ekSug wjYH kï
Tn ms<sfj;a mQrKh l< hq;=hs' uereKdg miq NsCIQka jykafia,d wjq;a
.d:d icCOdhkd lr msx wkqfudaoka lrK ;=re isáh hq;= ke;' zzlik
;ek likag ´kEZZ uu wk;=re we`.ùula fkdl<d hehs lshkag tmd' Tng
Th leis,a, iqj lr.kag kï blauKska ta lik ;ek likak' tkï yels
;rï ù¾Hh jvd fyd| foa lrkak túg Tfí we;s ;Kaydj f,dalfha we;s
foa .ek wdidj ke;s ù hhs' ñ, uqo,a" j;=msá wdÈhhs' wmg wh;a fkdfõ'
wms uf.a hehs lshkafka iïuq;s f,dalh kS;sh ksid' tfia is;k ksid wfma
we;a; jákdlu olskafka ke;' ñ, uqo,a f,dalfha wjYH foa i|yd fhdod
hï ;rul i;=gla ,nd .; yelsh' tfy;a wfma fudayh ksid th nqr nqrd
kef.k .skakla ù wm ±ù hkq we;'
ÿla ke;s lr.;a ta w;S;fha isá CIdKd Y%jhka jykafia,d fï .=K
j¾Okh lrñka ;u is; msßisÿ lr wm ieuf.a irKh ù we;' ta whg
hï hï whs;s foa wdid lrK foa fkd;snqKd hehs Tn is;kakg mq¿jks'
ñ, uqo,a ukialdka; yev rej we;af;a ±ka muK±hs Tn is;kjdo@
tneúka fïjd w.hlrñka we,S .e,S isákjdo @ wfm rfÜ ñkS lk;a;
wvq njla weoao @ u<ñkS N+uodk lsÍug" wdoyk lsÍug ;e;a keoao @
Tn fkduefrkjd hehs is;kjdo @ ta ksid lsis ìhla ke;sj iem iïm;a
ú¢kjdo @ Tn ks;ru fjfyfikafka lEu fiùug" fyd|g ksod .ekSug"
weia lka kdidÈh mskùug" yßhg fï f,dalh úkdY ùug m%:u ish,a,
,nd .ekSug wjYH hehs is;do @ ta ksid fkdfhla foa /ia lrf.k mqrjd
f.k we;' bkak bvla o ke;' i;=kaj;a fumuK ;Kaydfjka fkdfhla
foa /ia lrkafka ke;' Tjqkag jvd Tn b;d oCI .=K kqjK we;s wh
hehs is;kk' tjeks wkaO N+; uq,dj ksid ;j ;j;a ÿlg m;afjkjd we;'
óg jvd ÿIalr Ôú;hla wkd.;fha .; lrkakg jqjfyd;a l=ula fõo
@ ljqo okafka Tn my;a fldg is;k ;sßika i;=kag;a jvd ÿlg m;afõo
lshd fï .ek is;Sug yd ls%hd lsÍug ±ka ±kau mgka .; hq;=hs' ;ju;a
ms<shula lr.; yelsj we;'
fu;rï mreI úÈhg l:d lsÍu .ek ug iudjkak' tfy;a fufia
;Èka fkdlSfjd;a ;u .;dkq.;sl we,Sï .eàï j,ska ñ§ula fidhkafka
ke;' lsif
s jla p;=rd¾h i;Hh ms<.
s kafka ke;súg fï Ydikh ke;s ù hhs'
wm ieu fokdu f.drye`ä" mdml¾u w;S;fha isÿlr we;' tajdfha ÿ¾úmdl
wksjd¾fhkau wm ú¢h hq;=hs' fï nj fkdokakd wh ;u jerÈ iod .kakg

215

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uykais fkd.ks;a' ta fjkqjg O¾uh .eUqreh' fkdf;af¾' m%;sm;a;s ÿIalr
hehs is;;s' ta ksid fï ;;a;ajfhka neyer ùug fkdyelsh'
fï wjia:dfõ§ fuh ,shk uu Tnf.ka iudj whÈñ' ta uu lsis
ìhla iella ke;sj fufia woyia m< lsÍu .ekh' uf.a tlu wêIaGdkh
jQfha wdpd¾h ukaf.a l:d ffY,Sh ta wdldrfhkau f,dalh fj; jd¾;d
lsÍuh' fuh jd¾;d lrkafka wkd.;fha hfula Wkajykafiaf.a b.ekaùï
.ek ;¾l ú;¾l ixl,amkd lrkq we;s neúks' tu n,j;a foaYkd ta
wdldrfhkau fkd,Sfjd;a tys Yla;sh ;kql fõ' tneúka fï .ek uu iel
yer ,Sfjñ'
wdpd¾h uka hï ;ekl úiqfjd;a m%Yk
a weiSug fndfyda fokd t;ekg
meñfK;s' ug ±k .kakg ,enqKq tu m%Yak yd W;a;r ish,a,u fuys
i|yka fkdfõ' NsCIQka jykafia,d fndfyda ld,hla ;=< tjeks foa ud iu`.
lS kuq;a ug wu;l ù we;' ;on, m%Yak muKla uf.a isf;a /£ we;'
wdpd¾h uka leu;s ;dla l,a kfLdka rpcisud ys jdih lr Wfødaka
;dks n,d msg;a úh' w;r u. fLdka ltka ys ÿïßh kej;+ úg fndfyda
fokd tys /ia ù Wkajykafiag tys kej;S hk fuka wdrdOkd l<y' tfy;a
ta wdrdOkdj ms<s.ekSug fkdyels ùu ksid ta wh uy;a fia ÿla jQy'
wka;sfï§ Wfødaka ;dks k.rfha jÜ fndaêfidïf*daka wdjdifha c´
Lqka Oïufc§ NsCIQj iu`. kjd;eka .;af;ah' fik`. /iaù Wkajykafia
ms<s.;ay' tys ál l,la .; lr jÜ fkdka ksfjÜ wdrduhg jev tys
jiaidk iD;=j .; l,y' i;shlg jrla is,a iudoka ù nK weiSug Wiia
rcfha ks,OdÍka iy wksl=;a odhl msßia iu`. c´ Lka Oïu fc§ NsCIqj
fkdlvjd meñKsfhah' Wkajykafia >k jkdka;r miq lrñka md .ukska
Ñhdx udhs ys jdh l< wdpd¾h uka yuq ù Wføka ;dks k.rhg tk f,i
wdrdOkd l<y' fï ksid wm ish¨ fokdgu Wføka ;dks ys§ Wkajykafiaf.
a O¾uh Y%jKh lsÍug wjia:dj ,enqKs' wms iefjdu c´ Lqka Oïu fc§
NsCIqjg fï ms<sn| w;sYh lD;{ fjuq' Oïu fc§ NsCIqj ks;r Oïu
idlÉPdfõ fhfoa' úfYaIfhkau Ndjkd ms<sn| Wmfoia ,nd .kS' fï ksid
wdpd¾h uka flfrys úYd, f.!rjhla yd Y%oaOdjla we;s' fndfyda .sys
mskaj;=ka wdpd¾h uka yuqùug wjia:dj ,nd ÿks'
jiaidk ld,h wjika jQ úg wdpd¾h uka wjg .ïudk j, yqol,dj
ießirñka mqreÿ Ndjkd ms<fj;ays fhÿkdy' Wfødka;dks isg ie;mqï 7la
muK wE;ska msysá nxfkdx kï fLï .fuys jeä ld,hla .; lf<a tys
216

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

wjg jkdka;r mßirfhah' fï ld,fha§ .sys mejÈ msßia Wkajykafiaf.ka
l¾u ia:dk ,nd f.k Ndjkd l<y' óg fmr tys isá msßia Wkajykafiaf.a
meñKSu n,dfmdfrd;a;= jQy' kej; jdrhla Wkajykafia ±l .ekSug i;=gq
jQy' ta jk úg jhi wjqreÿ 70la muK úh' ;ju .uka lsÍug Yla;sh
we;' ks;ru ke.S isá ù¾Hh we;s neúka ls%hdYS,S úh' jk fikiqkaj,
ilauka Ndjkdfjka l,a.; l<y'

by; wd;au
Wfødaka ;dks m<df;a jdih lrk ld,fha .fï ñksiaiq wdpd¾h
uka yuqù m%Yak weiQy' jfrl w;S; cd;sj, mqreÿ l< .=K O¾u fï
wd;aufha§ ;udf.a pß;hg n,mdk wkaou úpd,y' w;S;fha wUq ieñ
jYfhka isá whf.a tu leue;a; wkqj kej; wd;auj, tfia wUqieñ ùug
m;afõo @ fujeks m%Yak .ek ñksiaiq ks;r iel my< lr;shs wdpd¾Hh
uka mejiSh' uq,a m%Yakhg fufia ms<s;=re ÿks' w;S; l¾u ;u fÉ;kdj
wkqj isÿ ù we;' ta fÉ;kdfõ n,j;a Yla;sh wkqj fufia ;u pß;hg
n,mdhs' fofjks m%Yakh .ek fufia mejiSh' ;uka.a j¾;udk Ôú;fha§
we;sjk kE in|lï fmr wd;aufha isg tkakla nj ;SrKh lsÍu wmyiq
fohls' fndfyda úg ia;S% mqreIhka újdy fjkafka wkaO wd,fhks' nv.sks
ldrhd hï wdydrhla ÿgq ú.i th blauKska Wmdodkh lrhs' ;ukaf.a
wjYH;djh wkqj th N=la;s ú¢hs' w;S;fha we;s iïnkaOhla ksid újdy
jQfha hehs fiùu ÿIalr jkafka tneúks' flf<ia we;sùu ksid tys wd§kj"
w;S; mqreÿ wdÈhg wkqj is;Sug wjldY ke;' rd. .skak we;s ú.i Bg
m%;sl¾u fidhhs' tneúka w;S; mqreÿ wkqj isÿ fkdfõ' ndysr yev rej
wd§ lreKq wkqj ia;S% mqreI iïnkaOh we;s flf¾' flf<ia j, iajNdjh
kï ;u wdorh fkd,enqfKd;a m<s.ekSu ksid fndfyda wmrdO lsÍuhs'
;udf.a jro ÿgqj;a th fkdms<s.ks;s' urKh jqjo lï ke;' fï flf<ia
.skak rd.h hehs y÷kajkq ,efí' th ;u yojf;a mek ke.S isá úg
md,kh lsÍu ÿIalr fõ'
hful=g idOdrK f,i" j.lSula we;sj Ôj;a ùug wjYH kï
flf<ia .skafkka uqim;a fkdúh hq;=hs' md,khla ke;sj flf<ia yg
.ekSu ksid th n,j;a wl=i, Yla;shla njg m;afõ' w;S;fha isoaëka
.ek is;Sug jvd ;udf.a flf<ia md,kh lsÍu jvd iqÿiq fõ' túg ;ud

217

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wkaO N+; Ndjfhka uy;a md;d,j,g fkdjefÜ' Ndjkd n,hla we;s whg
muKla ;u w;S; Ôú;h u;la l< yelsh' fudk fya;=jla ksid jqj;a
ldudidj uev .ekSug wd;au md,kh wjYH fõ' Nhdkl flf<ia msgdr
.,ñka .x j;=rla fuka md,kfhka f;dr jQ úg f;daka ,kqj lvd .;a
wYajhd fuka fu,a, lsßu fkdyelsh'
m%Yakh ( hï iajdñ Nd¾Hhd fofofkla fï wd;aufha§ iqyoj Ôj;a ù
u;= wd;aufha§;a uqk .efiajd hk m%d¾:kdj bIag lr .ekSug l< hq;af;a
l=ulao @ ;ukaf.a wêIaGdkh muKla iEfyao @
wdpd¾h uka ( is;u
S " wêIaGdkh muKla fkdiEfya' Bg wjYH lghq;=
l< hq;=h' hfula fmdfydi;a ùug n,j;a leue;a;la we;' tfy;a lïue,s
lñka uqo,a Wmhd .ekSug fjfyi fkdfõ' Tyq fmdfydi;a fkdfõ' ta
leue;a; bgq lr .ekSug olaI;djh ;sìh hq;h
= 's tfiau tjeks wêIaGdkhla
we;s iajdñ Nd¾Hhd fofokd ks;r iu.shka isáh hq;=hs' fofokdu tlu
wruqK leu;s úh hq;=hs' Nla;sh" úYajdih" weoys,a, tlu úh hq;=hs'
wfkHdakH wjxl wdorh ;sìh hq;=hs' ;udf.a jdish" ,dNh" i;=g msKsi
wfkldf.ka jev .ekSu fkdl< hq;h
= 's túg úYajdih Nx. fõ' w;Dma;u
s ;a
Ôú;hla we;sfõ' is,aj;a úh hq;=hs' fyd| yeisÍu ;=<ska iyldßh fyda
iylrejd ñka u;= wd;auNjfha§;a uqK .eiSug leu;s úh hq;=hs' tfy;a
tlaflkla muKla fufia yeisreK;a wks;a ;eke;a;d Bg úreoaO yeisÍu
w;súg tkï ;ukag leu;s mßÈ Ôj;a fõ kï túg fl;rï kej; yuqùug
wêIaGdk l<;a th iM, fkdfõ' ta ;ukaf.a jerÈ ls%hdj, úmdl ksid
;u me;=u id¾:l fkdfõ' Tnf.a me;=u l=ulao @ Tn wka yeu fohlgu
jvd ;u Nd¾Hhdj kej;;a ,efíjd hk leue;a; we;af;yso @
m%Yakh ( uu fjk lsisjla m%d¾:kd fkdlrñ' tlu me;=u uf.a
ìß| kej; wd;aufha§;a yuqfõjd hkakhs' ñ, uqo,a" ;;a;ajh" rc iem"
foõ iem" ksjka iem jqjo uf.a Nd¾Hhdj ke;akï jevla ke;' hful=f.a
úYd,;u n,dfmdfrd;a;=j fuh úh hq;=hs' ta i;=g we;súg muKla wks;a
f,!lsl iem w¾:j;a fõ' fuh uf.a o¾Ykhhs' tneúka fï m%Yakh
weiqfjñ' tfy;a uu ,eÊcd Nh jqfkñ Tn jykafia ug ksko
a d flfr;a±hs
iel we;s úh' fï f,dalfha ienE ;;a;ajh fuh jqj;a fndfyda wh ta .ek
l:d fkdlr;a'
wdpd¾h uka iskdiqks' zztfia kï Tn hk hk ;ek Nd¾Hhdj legqj
hd hq;=hs @ZZ

218

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

m%Yakh ( fuh ms<s.ekSug uu ,eÊcd fjñ' uf.a Nd¾Hhdjg we;s
leue;a; ksid uu uyK fkdfjñ' wE ;ks fõú' /l n,df.k wjjdo §ug
lsif
s jla ke;sfõhehs ug isf;a' uf.a orefjda ks;r ñ, uqo,a wd§ foa b,a,ñka
wEg jO ysxid lr;a' ud ke;s l< ta whf.a wdor" lreKdj fkd,efíhehs
isf;a' uu fï .ek n,j;a f,i lïmd fjñ' ug fkdf;afrk ;j fohla
we;' O¾u mqia;lj, i|yka mßÈ foaj f,dalj, isák foújrekaf.a ia;S%"
mqreI fNaoh we;' ñksia f,dalfha fuks' foújre b;du;a i;=áka fkdfhla
úêfha wdiajdo ,nñka mS%;sfj;a' th Ôj;a ùug iqÿiq mßirhls' tfy;a
n%yau f,dalj, tjeks ia;S%" mqreI fNaohla ke;' tys Ôj;aùu t;rï i;=gq
t<jkakla fkdfõ' tys lsisfjla úys¿" úfkdao fkdlr;s' tys ;kslula
fkd±fkao @ ksjk Bg;a jvd ksy~" ksYap, ;ekls' lsisu iïnkaOhla
ke;' ;ud taldka;fhkau iajdëk fõ' lsisfjl=f.a Woõ Wmldr ke;'
lsisfjla wjYH fkdfõ b;ska tys§ ;udf.a wNsudkh olajkafka ldgo @
tjeks w;s W;a;u ;;a;ajhlg m;ajqk úg ish,a,kaf.a ie<ls,s iïudk
,eìh hq;=h' fï f,dalfha hfula Wiia" Okj;a" W.;a wd§ fi!Nd.Hj;a
ÈhqKqjlg m;a jQ úg wkHhkaf.a je÷ï" ms÷ï wdor f.!rj ,n;s' tfy;a
ksjfka we;af;a ±ä ksy~;djhls' lsisfjl=f.a wdor ie,ls,s ke;' ug
ysf;k úêhg tjeks ;ekl i;=gla úfkdaohla ke;' ug iudjkak fujeks
fudav msiaiq m%Yak weiSu .ek' tfy;a uf.a ysf;a fï ielh ÿre lrk ;=re
uu ksrka;rfhka ÿlafjñ'
wdpd¾h uka ( foaj f,dal" n%yau f,dal" ksjk Tn jeks fudav" iel
iys; mqoa.,hkag hkag yels ;eka fkdfõ' tjeks ;ekaj,g hkafka ;udf.
a wdOHd;añl Yla;sh we;s wh' ;ukaf.a .=K kqjK jeä jk úg foõ
f,dj" nU f,dj yd ksjk hkafka f;areu wjfndaO fõ' Tn jeks whg
isysfkkaj;a tys hd fkdyel' Tng hd yels jqj;a Nd¾Hdj Ôj;a jk ;=re
tys hd fkdyel' wE u< miq ta ÿl bjid.kag fkdyelsj l,a .; lrkq
úkd foaj f,dal .ek is;Sug j;a fkdyel' Tn is;k wkaoug foaj f,dal
n%yau f,dal jqj;a Tnf.a NdhH_dj ;rï jgfka ke;' tjeks ;ekaj, Tn
n,d .kakg NdhH_djla ke;' Tn tys hkag fkdleue;s jkafka Tnf.a ish¨
iem iïm;a ,nd fok NdhH_dj ke;s ksidh'
wdpd¾h uka iy tu m%Yakh weiQ mqoa,hd uy;a fia iskdiqks' fï
f,dalfha ú¢k iem jqjo ;u ;ukaf.a leue;a; wkqj fjkia fõ' wfma
YÍrfha we;s bkaøsh tlu YÍrhl we;;a fjkia wruqKq .ks;s' wei rEm
ols;s' lK Yío wi;s' kdih .| iqj| muKla .ks;s' Èjg ri muKla

219

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

±fka' YÍrh leu;s jkafka fyd| iam¾Y j,g' ta ta bkaøshkaf.a yelshdj
wkqj fjk fjk wruqKq ,nd .ks;s' tl bkaøshlg fï ish¨ wruqKq .kag
neye' ri we;s wdydr .ekSu tl úfkdaohls' újdy iem ;j;a úfkdaohls'
fï f,dalfha úfkdao wdiajdo j,ska f;dr ke;' ta Ôj;a jk whg w;HdjYH
neúks' tajd fidh fidhd f.dia ,nd .ks;s' fujeks i;=g ikaf;daIh ñksia
f,dj we;' foaj f,dalj, fjk;a wdiajdo we;' n%yau f,dlaj, Bg fjkia
wdiajdo we;' ksjfka we;s wdiajdoh flf<ia ±ú,s ksùfuks' ta i;=g
flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hkaf.a i;=gg jvd yd;amiska fjkia fõ'
Tng wjYH jkafka Nd¾Hhdjf.ka ,efnk wdiajdoh muKla kï
Tn weiaj,ska fkdfhla foa n,kafka wehs @ lkska Yío wikafka wehs @
lkafka fudlgo @ ksokafka fudlgo @ msx lrkafka l=ulgo @ oka fokafka
l=ulgo @ is,a rlskafka l=ulgo @ Ndjkd lrkafka l=ulgo @ Tng lrkag
;sfhkaka tla fohls' Nd¾Hhdj iu`. jdih lrñka ta ish¨ iem ,eîu
fkdfõo @ túg wks;a iem fidh fidhd lror ùula ke;' we;af;kau
Tng tfia l< yelso @
m%Yakh ( wfmdhs tfia lrkag neye iajdóks' fldfyduo ud tfyu
lrkafka @ ta wer;a wms fld;rï rKavq lrkjdo @ uu flfia ish¨ iem
Nd¾Hdhf.ka muKla ,nïo @ túg uf.a Ôú;h uy wjq,la fõ'
fï ñksid b;d wjxl ks¾Nh mqoa.,fhls' Tyq is,a wdrlaId lr;shs'
wdpd¾h uka mejiqfõh' Tyq wdpd¾h uka yg fndfyda f.!rj wdor olajhs'
ks;r ks;r wjq;a wdpd¾h ukaf.aka m%Yak wihs' idudkH wh fujeks m%Yak
wdpd¾h ukaf.ka wikafka ke;' Tyq ;u ìß|g yd orejkag fndfyda wdorh
we;' wdpd¾h uka flfrys we;s wdorh" Nla;sh ksid ks;r wdrduhg ths'
túg wuq;a;ka iu`. wdpd¾h uka l:d lrkafka kï Tyq wdrdufha wks;a
NsCIQkg
a Woõ Wmldr lrkafka ;udf.a f.or whg i<lk úÈhgh' wdpd¾h
uka Tyqf.a ´kEu m%Yakhlg ms<s;=re imhhs' hï hï whf.a pß; ,CIK
y÷kd .ekSug wdpd¾h uka w;s oCI fõ' ta ta whg fjkia wdldrfhka
i<lhs' idudkH l:dfõ§ fyda foaYkfha§ ;u fm%aCIhkag .e,fmk l:d
lsh;a' uu ,sõ fï l:d mqj;a j,ska ta nj Tng Tmamq fjkjd we;'
wdpd¾H jka fkdka ksfjÜ ys jdih lrK ld,fha§ fndfyda NsCIqka Wkajykafiaf.ka Wmfoia ,nd .ekSug meñKshy' jiaidk ld,h
Wkajykafia iu`. .; l<y' wo fuka fkdj ta ld,fha fuu úydrh b;du
ksial,xl m%foaYhls' lsisfjla tys wdfõ ke;' hïlsis Ndjkd fhda.Ska

220

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

muKla ÿr l;r f.jd meñKshy' tfy;a ±ka úYd, jYfhka fik`.
/iafj;s' Ndjkd fhda.S NsCIqkag fuh m<sfrdaOhls' ta ld,fha NsCIQka
jykafia,d yqol,dj leu;s mßÈ ms<sfj;a msrEy' tneúka fndfyda NsCIQka
wêudkqIsl .=K O¾u jvd .;ay' bka ;udg muKla fkdj wjg ckhdg
yd mßirhg fi;la úh'
ijia hdufha§ wdpd¾h uka NsCIQkag oï fi;s' wdrïN lrkafka
YS,h ms<sn| l:djlsks' bkamiq iudê" m[a[d úia;r lr;s' l%udKql+,j
fï foaYkh .eUqre ù w¾y;ajh olajd úia;r fõ' th O¾ufha wjidk
b,lalh fõ' bkamiq wx. iïmQ¾K foaYkhla m%;smodj .ek úia;r fõ'
ta wjia:dj,§ NsCIqjlf.a wdl,am" yeisÍu" ffoksl jev ms<sfj," Ndjkd
l¾uia:dk .ek i|yka fõ' ksrka;rfhkau úkh YsCId /lSu yd i;s
iumc[a[h flfrys ;Èka ne£ isáh hq;= nj wjOdrKh flf¾'
hï NsCIqjla úkh yd yeisÍu ms<sn|jo" ;ud mqyqKq fjk YsCId
ms<n
s |jo f.!rjh we;akï Tyq NsCIqjla f,i ie<lsh hq;=h' Lqoodkq Lqool
YsCId lv lrK NsCIqj th jeo.;a YsCId f,i .Kka fkd.kS' tjeks
w;miq ùu ÿiaiS, njls' wka;sfï§ Bg jvd f,dl= YsCId jqjo lv lr;s'
úkh kS;s rlskf
a ka ;ukaf.a yeisßu wLKavj mj;ajd .ekSugh' ke;fyd;a
úáka úg Tyqf.a yeisÍfï fodaI we;' fujeks wjia:djkag uqyqK §ug m;a
jQ úg wka iqfmaY, YsCIdldó iqny
% u
a pdÍka bÈßfha uy;a ,eÊcdjls' tneúka
ta iq¿ jro fyda w;ayeÍu ksid ;u .=rejr iy jdih lrK wka NsCIQkaf.a
f.!rjh ysñfõ' ;ukag lsis iella Nhla ke;sj Ôj;a úh yelsfõ' Tfí
yojf;a msßisÿ Ndjh fid;dmkak u.a. M, isg wry;a; u.a.M, olajd
l%ufhka jeã hd hq;=fõ' tfia ùug iudê" m[a[d fkdlvjd jeã .sh
hq;=fõ' ù¾Hh n,j;a úh hq;=h' fï bJøsh O¾u jeã hk úg ;u isf;a
mj;sk flf<ia l=Kq leã ì§ iqKq úiqKq ù hhs'
NsCIqjlf.a l:dj" yeisÍu b;du ksrjoH úh hq;=h' is; w;s msßisÿ
ù we;af;a iudê" m[a[d" úuqla;s" úuqla;s {dKoiaikh ;=<sks' lsis úgl
;u isf;a l=iS;" w÷re" ÿlauqiq Ndjhla ke;' msg;ska f;acdkaú; Ndjhla
fmfka' lsif
s jla u`. yßk" ;u isf;a ;ekam;a lr .;a B¾IHd ffjr wdÈhla
ke;' ie`.úhq;a;la ke;' lKiai,a,la ke;' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.
a wNHka;r isf;a yd ndysr yeisÍfï taldldr msßisÿ Ndjhla we;' tu
nqÿ.=K ;ud ;=< jvd .ekSug NsCIqj ù¾Hh jeäh hq;=h' nqÿjre wkq.
ukh lrK wd¾h ix>hdf.a fï .=K olakg ,efí' ish¨ mõ ÿre lsÍu;a"
l=i,a lsÍu;a b;du iqÿiq fõ' wjxl Ndjh ;u is; ;=< we;s úg O¾uhg

221

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wkql+,j is;=ï me;=ï mj;aj;s' fïksid hk tk ;ekl§ ish,a,kaf.a wdor
Nla;shg m;afõ' ;u isf;a we;s wdf,dalh b;sÍ me;sÍ mj;S' lsis úgl
fudayfhka uq,dfjka hï W.=,lg yiq fkdfõ' fufia w;s W;=ï .=K wd¾h
ix>hd ;=< olakg ,efí' fï lreKq wOHhkh lr yojf;a ;ekam;a lr
.kak' wkq.ukh lrkak' túg ta .;s.=K ;ud ;=< j.d j¾Okh fõ' tajd
;udf.a mqoa.,sl .;s.=K fõ'
fujeks O¾u ksrka;rfhkau wdpd¾h uka ;u YsIHhkag lshd
fo;s'
wdpd¾ ukaf.a ffoksl pd¾hd rgdjla we;' Ndjkdfjka ysñÈßfha
ke.S isg ilauka lrñka msKavmd; ld,h meñfKk f;la isá;s' bkamiq
.ug f.dia ms~q is`.d wdmiq l=áhg jä;s' odfkak miq kej; ilauka lr
flá úfõlhla .ks;a' bkamiq kej; ilauka lr Ndjkdfõ fhfoñka iji
4 jk ;=re isá;s' iji 4g l=áh wjg weuo iakdkh fldg kej; ilauka
lr;a' bkamiq l=áh ;=< meh .Kkla .d:d msß;a iÊCOdhkd lr;a' bkamiq
kej; Ndjkd lr;a' rd;S% ld,fha È.gu Ndjkdfõ fhfo;s' meh 4la muK
ie;fm;s' fndfyda úg fkdksodu oji .;fõ' ;reK ld,fha§ ;snQ ù¾hh
wiSñ;h' wka lsisfjl=g t;rï ù¾Hh jeäh fkdyels úh' jhia .; jQ úg
o tu ù¾Hh w;ayf<a ke;' álla fyñka jev lf<a Yla;sh ÿ¾j, jQ úgh'
Èkm;d fufia álska ál ÿ¾j, úh' tfy;a wms ish¨ fokdf.kau fjkia
jQfha fl;rï frda.S ;;a;ajhla ;snqK;a isf;a lsis miq neiSula fkdùuh'
wm ieug úYd, wdo¾Yhla jQ Wkajykafia uy;a wdYap¾hls'
Wkajykafia mqoa.,sl j.lSï meyer yeßfha ke;' ;u n,j;a ù¾hh
w;ayf<a ke;' ta ksid Ñhx uhs l÷lrfha§ woaú;Sh ch.%yKh l<y'
ukqIHhka jYfhka wm ;=< we;af;a tjeks Yla;s iïNdrhls' tfy;a
th kshu úêhg yiqrejd tjeks widudkH ch.%yKhla lrkafka ál
fofkls' ñksia f,dj ck.ykh jeä fjñka mej;=K;a fujeks w;s W;=ï
;;a;ajhlg m;a jkafka ljfrlao @
Wkajykafia i;r iDÎmdo jvd we;' PJo" Ñ;a;" ùßh" úuxid
Wkajykafia yd wm w;r fjki fõ' fï iDÎmdo j, jeãu wkqj tla tla
mqoa.,hdf.a l¾u fjkia fj;s' l¾u Yla;sfha fjki wkqj úmdl fjkia
fõ' tuksid tla tla flkd ú¢k iem ÿla fjkia fõ' f,dalfha jdih lrK
mqoa.,hka foi neÆ úg fuh fyd|dldr úoHudk fõ' wm ieug fï wkqj
iem" ÿl" i;=g" fkdi;=g jßka jr ,eîu fjkia l< fkdyel'

222

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿ Ôú; ld,fha§u ;u n,j;a l¾u Yla;sfha
úmdl jYfhka u,aM, fk,d .;s' ish¨ fokdf.a f.!rj iïudkhg iqÿiq
úh' uq¿ f,dalh mqrdu tu lS¾;s rdjh me;sÍ we;' tfy;a fn!oaOhka mjd
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjudk ld,fha§ ta lsisjla fkd±k isáhy' Bg fya;=j
jQfha ck.ykh we;s fmfoia j, Wkajykafia jdih lsÍug ue,s ùuhs'
uq¿ Ôú;hu l÷ uqÿka" jk fmfofiys .; úh'
fndfyda NsCIQka Wkajykafiaf.a Ôjudk ld,fha§ yuqùug .sh kuq;a
yuqùug fkdyels úh' ud¾. wmyiq;djh" le,Eno m%foaY l÷uqÿka ksid
.ukd .ukh w;s ÿIalr úh' md .ukska ojia .Kka kd÷kk m%foaYfha
wdrxÑ ud;%fhka f.dia fidhd .; hq;= úh' iuyr NsCIqyq tjeks ÿIalr
m%;m
s ;a;s ksid Wkajykafia yuqùug fkd.shy' O¾uh fkdi`.jd i;H f,i
fmkajd §u .ek iuyre fkdleu;s úh' wdydr m%Yakh W.% jQfha Èklg
tla fõ,la je<£u yd kSri wdydr .ekSuh' ÿla ú£ug fkdyels NsCIQka
fkdfhla neßlï lshd ksoyig lreKq bÈßm;a l<y' tu NsCIqyq ksjka
ud¾.fha hdug leu;s jqjo fkdhfla ndOl ukfia ;snqKs' wdpd¾h ukaf.
a wNdjfhka miq tu NsCIqyq ±ä f,i miq;eú,s jqy' wE; w;S;fha nqoaO
ld,Sk ry;ka jykafia,df.a m%;sm;a;s wkqj hñka Wkajykafia Ydikh
ixfla;j;a lr j¾;udk f,dalhdg fmkajd ÿks' u.a.M, ,dNs ry;ka
jykafia,d fufia rela uq,a" jk fikiqka iqkHd.dr" iqidkj, Ndjkd jevQ
yeá Wkajykafiaf.a p¾Hhd rgdfjka iMqg ù we;' tjeks wd¾h ix>r;akhg
wh;a jQ Wkajykafiaf.a .=K iqmámkak" Wcqmámkak" [dhmámkak wd§
i`. .=K ukd ms<sônq l<y' ksjk kï uyd id.rhg wj;S¾K jQ uyd
.x.djla yd iudkh' nqÿ oyu ta wdldrfhkau ms<smÈk ,§'
wdpd¾h uka j¾;udk hq.fha isá uyry;ka jykafia kuls'
Wkajykafiaf.a mßksj¾jdKh 1949 fkdjeïn¾ 10 fjks Èkfha§ isÿ úh'
tkï óg wjqreÿ 20lg fmrh' iïuq;s f,dalfha urK wkka; iir mqrd
w;s fohls' th je<elaúh fkdyelsh' fy;a nqÿ flfkl=f.a uyd lreKdj"
m%{dj" úuqla;sh fya;= m%;H blaujd .sh uy;a jq úYañ; fohls' fï ish¨
.=K Ydikfha .eí ú we;' wdpd¾h uka ;=< tjeks úiañ; lreKdj"
m%{dj" úuql;
a h
s olakg ,enqK's ta nqoO
a Ydikh ms<m
s e§u wm i;= j.lSuls'
id¾:l;ajhg fya;= jkafka wms fldmuK ld,hla" Y%uh;a ta i|yd jeh
lrkafkao hkakhs' fufia m%;sm;a;s /lSfuka muKla ta m%;sM, ,nd .;
yelsh' tfia ke;akï fï wjia:dj kej; fkd,efnkjd we;'
kfLdka rpPdisud k.rfha ñksik
q g
a wdpd¾h uka l< foaYkhla uf.a

223

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

isf;a /£ we;' tys idrdxYh fuys wvx.= lrñ'
zzTn" Tnf.a mjq," kEoE ys;ñ;=rka lk;a;g hk nj wu;l
fkdlrkq uekú' ke;akï urKhg uqyqK§ug Tn iQodkï fkdù isà'
f,dalfha ish¨ fokd urKhg m;afõ' Bg iQodkï úh hq;=hs' ke;akï Tn
urK Nh ksid ueÍ wNjH ia:dkhl Wm§' Tn is;k" l:d lrK" ls%hd
lrK yeuúgu lk;a; u;la lrkak' tkï urKh" urKh yd lk;a;
tlu woyila f.k foa' lk;a; yd l¾uh tlu oï je,a mqrela folls'
urKh u;la lrk úg l¾uh u;la fõ' túg Tnf.a is;sú,s" jpk" ls%hd
l=i,a msKsi fhduqfõ'
Tn yß oCIfhla hehs wdvïnr fkdjkak' we;af;kau Tn Tnf.a
l¾u úmdl j,g yiq ù we;s flfkls' wdvïnr jkafka flfiao @ Tn l¾u
úmdl j,g hg ù isákafkla fkdfõo @ nqÿ flfkl=g jvd Tn okakjd
lshd is;kak tmd' ta widudkH uyd W;a;uhd flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hka
fuka udk wdvïnr ke;' wkd.; iel ke;' wkqudk fkdlr;s' i;Hh
olakd neúks' flf<ia iys; mqo.
a ,fhda ;u wyxldr" Wv`.=lï ksid wl=i,
l¾u lr tys isr ù isá;s'
fï wdldrfhka Wkajykafia woyia fl<ska m%ldY lrk úg wid
isák wh ;=< iel ke;s ù taldka;fhka ms<s.ks;a' l¾uh .ek fufia
lshk úg zzuu uf.aZZ hkqfjka idod.;a uyd ukaÈr lvd jefÜ' ;ud Ôj;a
jk ;;a;ajh l=ula±hs isf;a' l¾uh .ek óg m%:u i|yka ù we;s kuq;a
wdpd¾h uka l¾uh .ek lshk iDcq" wjxl iajNdjh kej; u;la lrñ'
fï wd§ lreKq ug wu;l ù we;' úáka úg u;la jQ úg th i|yka lrñ'
fï .ek Tnf.a iudj whÈñ'
wdpd¾h uka fufia f.da,hkag O¾uh lshd fo;s' ta fya;=fjka
Wkajykafiaf.a Y%djl msßi b;du;a oCI zzfndaê jDCIZZ njg m;a jQy'
fujeks fndaê jDCI frdamKh lsÍug b;du ÿIalrh' th wdrlaId lsÍu;a"
f,dl= uy;a ù úYd, reCIhla njg m;a lsÍu;a ÿIalrh' Wkajykafiaf.a
Y%djlhka fÊHIag wdpd¾hjre f,i ±ka Ôj;=ka w;r olakg ,efí' bka
iuyre kï jYfhka uu l<ska i|yka lf<ñ' bka iuyr kï fuys i|yka
lrñ' wdpd¾h isx iy wdpd¾h uyd msx - Wfndaka rpP;dksfhys fjfi;s'
fkdx Lhs ys wdpd¾h f:Ü" ixfLdx kfLdx ys wdpd¾h *Eka Wføka ;dks
ys jÜ gï laf,dxf*aka ys wdpd¾h L´" fvdxfhka .fï wdpd¾h *afrdï"

224

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

jÜ wfidldrdïys wdpd¾h ,S ,sfhdb m%foaYfha wdpd¾h fpdí iy wdpd¾h
¨b" Ñhdxudhs ys wdpd¾h isï yd wdpd¾h f;a" ifLdka kfLdaka ys wdpd¾h
fldxud iy ;j;a fndfyda wdpd¾hjre isáhy' ug ta kï wu;l ù
we;' fï ieu wdpd¾h flfkl=gu úfYaI olaI;d ;snqKs' ta olaI;dj,
ksmqK;ajhla ;snqKs' iuyrekaf.a lS¾;s rdjh uq¿ rg mqrd úys§ .sfhah'
uq¿ rfÜ m%isoaO jQ wh fj;s' iuyre ksy~bj ;u Ndjkd mQ¾K;ajh ,en
isáhy' fndfyda Wiia wdpd¾hjre ;j;a isá;s' ta wh kñka fyda y÷kajd
.ekSug fkdleu;s jQy'
fjk lsis wdpd¾hjrfhl=g jvd wdpd¾h uka ;u Y%djlhka zzfndêZZ
fyj;a ksjkg fhduq l,y' ta ish¨u fokd jykafia,d OQ;dx. mQrKh
l<y' OQ;dx. mqreÿ mqyqKq lsÍu b;d ÿIalr ld¾hhls' fmdä orefjla
/l n,d .kakdla fuks' m%:ufhkau ;u YS,h mQ¾K l< hq;=h' bkamiq
YS,h u; msysgd Ndjkdfjys fhdoj;s' ta ;=<ska ;u lfha iy isf;a ixjrh
we;s lrhs' túg iajdëkj jev lghq;= lr.; yelsfõ' flf<ia iys;
mqoa.,hka fujeks ;s%YsCIdfõ fhoùu wisre lreKls' fl;rï wjjdo
wkqYdikd l<;a th YsIHhdf.a ika;dihg ;Èka neif.k ls%hd;aul
jkafka l<d;=rlsks' .=rejrhd ks;ru uqrldrfhla fuka fï whf.a is;=ï
me;=ï wdpdr iudpdr yeisÍï wdÈh fiúh hq;=h' bvla we;s yeu wjia:
dfõ§u mrK mqreÿ j,g wj;S¾K jk neúks' fkdfhla wdldr flf<ia
iu`. igka jeÈug isÿfõ' b;d oCI .=rejrfhl=g muKla YsIHhka wjk;
l< yelsh' pß;h O¾udkql+,j yev .eiaúh hq;= neúks' wms iefjdu
flf<ia j,ska ÿlg m;afjuq' wdpd¾hjrfhl= fj; meñfKk ish¨ fokdu
tjeks flf<ia j,ska hqla; wh fj;s' tneúka tlsfkldf.a Yla;sfhka ke.S
isàug fkdyels fj;a' uf.a ±kqu wkqj f,dalfha we;s b;du ÿIalr foh
kï idudkH NsCIqjla tjeks wd¾h ix>r;akhg yrjd .ekSuhs' flf<ia
iys; mD:Êck N+ñfha isg wd¾h N+ñh jQ fidajdka ilDod.dó" wkd.dó"
w¾y;a ;;a;ajhg k.d ,Sug .=re Wmfoia ,eìh hq;=h' fï ld¾hh tla
tla wjia:dfõ§ ;j ;j;a ixlS¾K fõ' fufia frdamKh ù ye§ jeã tk
jDCIh lDóka wd§ i;=ka úof.k uq,a úkdY lr .io fmr,d ouhs' o¨
ld,fha§ fufia úm;a isÿfõ' .i ke.S Yla;su;a ù w;= m;r úys§ hk
;=re wdrlaId l< hq;=h' fujeks foa wms ks;r ÿgqfjuq' l,d;=rlska muKla
uq,a neif.k hk Yla;su;a .ila njg yef¾' jeis" ta we;eïúg iq<x"
i;=kaf.ka jyd jekiS hk neúks' idudkH .ila fufia wdrlaId l< úg
ye§ jeã .sh kuq;a NsCIqjla fuu m%;smodfõ .uka lrjk úg ks;ru
uq,skau weo jeàug m;afõ' isf;a we;s flf<ia j, iajNdjh hgm;a lr

225

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

hï ÈhqKqjla ,enQ kuq;a leue;af;ka fyda wlue;af;kau ;ud flf<ia
j,g ji`. fõ' th fndfyda uykaisfhka fumuK ld,hla jevQ O¾uh
tljru weo jeàuls' m%;sm;a;s /lSu ÿIalr neúka ks;ru weo jefgk
iajNdjh we;' ;udg hïlsis wdndOhla ke;;a" hï fohla miqmi f.dia
th ksoyig lreKq olajd wdndOhla lr .kS' fï isf;a iajNdjhhs'
fufia ;ud ;ukagu úYd, ydkshla isÿ lr .kS' ms<sfj;a msÍu" t;rï
ÿIalr fohls' Tn ud lshk foa úYajdi fkdlrkjd kï w;ayod n,kak'
NsCIqjla f,i iiqka.; ù nqoaO kS;s
/lSug W;aidy lrkak'
Tng iji wdydr .ek u;la fõ' ysi uqvqlr lidjla ord isá kuq;a tfya
fufya .uka lsÍug isf;a' Wv ìu n,ñka" rEm" Yío j,g fhduq fjñka
wd>%dKh" ridiajdoh lrñka YÍrhg iem myiqj" myi ,eîug is;afõ'
fyd| iam¾I j,g leu;s fõ' fl;rï fï weia lka kdidÈfhka fyd|
wruqKq ,enqK;a ;Dma;shla ke;' Tn NsCIqjla nj wu;l ù ta wruqKqj,g
f.dÿre fõ' túg nqoaO kS;s wkq.ukh lsÍu" ms<sfj;a msÍu w;miq fõ'
is; ;ekam;a lr .ekSug wjYH W;aidyh" wjYH;djh wvq ù NsCIqjlf.
a mqyqKqj uq,a nei f.k Yla;su;a jkafka ke;' fï ksid is; iudê lr
.ekSug fl;rï Wmofia ,enqK;a th id¾:l fkdfõ'
fufia b;d Wkkaÿfjka uyK ù isá kuq;a tu frdamKh l< fndaê
Ñ;a;h ye§ jeã w;=r m;r hdula fyda uq,a nei .ekSula ke;s ksid
blauKska ue,ù hhs' flf<ia j,ska l=vd wxl=rhg ydks isÿfõ' túg NsCIqjf.a is; md,kh lr .ekSug fkdyels neúka wxl=rhla muKla fkdj
ie§ jeã .sh .ila jqjo fmr,d jefÜ' fufia isf;a iudêh ,nd .ekSug
lsishï W;aidyhla fkd.;a wh fï flf<ia ksid jk Nhdkl Wmøjh
.ek fkdoks;s' ta wh ;u fndaê wxl=rh fmdaIKh lrkafka flf<ia j,sks'
túg ta wxl=rh ye§ jeã hd fkdyel' b;du;a oCI wkaoñka l=i,;djfhka
fndaê wxl=rh fmdaIKh l< hq;=h' zziín mdmiai wlrKxZZ ish¨ mõ
j,ska ÿre ù isáh hq;=h' fï ksid fndfyda fndaê Ñ;a;h we;s wh jqj;a
;u flf<ia j,ska tu wxl=rh úkdY lr ou;s'
uf.a w;a±lSu wkqj uu fuu fndaê wxl=rh kshu wdldrfhka
fmdaIKh lr yod jvd .ekSug W;aidy .;sñ' tfy;a fndfyda úg uf.a
úksYaph" ;SrKh jerÈ ksid flf<ia j,g m;a ù fndaê wxl=rhg ydks
isÿúh' tneúka th fl;rï wiSre fohla±hs uu oksñ' ks;ru ta wxl=rh
ue,ù ueÍ hkakdfiah' wo jqjo fuu wxl=rh úYd, .ila njg m;afõ±hs
uu fkdoksñ' ta is; ks;ru flf<ia j,ska mSvdjk neúks' uf.a ÈhqKqj

226

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

fl;rï±hs ug uekSug fkdyelsh' my; jeàu ks;r isÿfjñka mj;S'
ks;ru is; b,a,kafka ndysr wruqKq neúka bka fndaê Ñ;a;h mSvdjg m;afõ'
.=rejrfhl=f.a u`. fmkaùu ke;súg fndaê wxl=rh úkdY fõ'
hfula n,j;a YdÍßl udkisl ÿla bjid ordf.k ;u isf;a mj;sk
m%lD;s flf<ia mrdch lrñka fndaê Ñ;a;h jvd .;aúg O¾ufha m%n,
Yla;sfhka ish¨ flf<ia mrdch lrhs' Tyq mQ¾K;ajh fyj;a w¾y;ajhg
m;afõ' tjeks mqoa.,fhla ish¨ je÷ï" ms÷ï j,g iqÿiq fõ' wdpd¾h uka
tjeks wdYap¾hu;a .=rejrfhls' ;u YsIHhka kshu ud¾.fha .uka lrjhs'
Wkajykafiaf.a fndaê wxl=rh ye§ jeã f.dia w;=m;r úysoñka u,a M, yg
.;af;ah' tu fijfkys fjfik ish¨ fokd buy;a i;gla iduhla ú¢;s'
Wkajykafia mßks¾jdKfhka Ôj;h iudma; l< kuq;a ta Ôú; m%jD;a;sh
lshjk úg mjd wmf.a is;a i;ka Y%oaOd nqoaêfhka O¾ugh keUqre fõ'
we;af;kau Wkajykafia ñh .sfha ke;'

Ñ

q

hdx uhs isg wdpd¾h uka Wføka ;dks m%foaYhg meñK tú jÜ fkdka ksfjÜ wdrdufhys jia folla .; l<y' bkamiq Lqka uhs kï pqfjfkdka
NsCIqj iy fndfyda whf.a b,a,Su wkqj ifLdaka kfLdaka m%foaYhg .shy'
1941fla jÜ iqoOjÜ wdrdufhys jdih lrk ld,fha fndfyda wh Wkajykafia ±l .ekSug yd O¾uh weiSug meñKshy'
tys§ hfula leurdjla f.k Wkajykafiaf.a fiahd rEm .ekSug
wjir b,aúh' Ôú; ld,fha§ tfia fiahd rE .ekSug ;=ka j;djla wjir
ÿks' óg m%:u kfLdaka rpPisud iy wjidk ld,fha neka *ex vEx ys§
wdpd¾h id´f.a wju`.=,a Èkfha§ tfia wjir ÿkay' wo oyia ixLHd;
wkq.dñlhskaf.a jkaokdudk mqo mQcd j,g fuu PdhdrEm ,la ù we;'
wmf.a fya;j
= lg fuu PdhdrEm wo úoHudk fõ' ke;fyd;a Wkajykafiaf.a
iajrEmh wmg ±k .ekSug l%uhla ke;' wdpd¾h uka bkamiq ál ld,hla
nka kd fudka .fï le,Eno wimqjl jdih l<y' tys isá wksl=;a NsCIQka
iefjdu b;d fyd| m%;sm;a;s rlsñka Ndjkdfhda.S jQy' ilauka Ndjkd
lf<a tu jkfha ;eka ;ekaj, úisÍ f.diah' l:d lsÍfuka je<l=kdy'
iji y;rg ish¨ fokdu f.ñÿ, w;=.Eu Y=oaO lsÍu wdÈfhys ksr; jQy'
j;=r f.keú;a ner,a mqrjd mßyrKh msKsi ;ekam;a l<y' bkamiq ish¨
NsCIQka iakdkh lr ;u ;ukaf.a l=áj,g msúi kej; Ndjkdfõ fhÿky'

227

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ish¨ jev ksy~j i;s iumc[a[fhka isÿ lr;s'
hfula fuu m%foaYhg meñKs úg lsis NsCIqjla olakg ke;' lsisfjla l:d i,a,dmfhka fkdisà' ish¨u NsCIQka ;u l=áj, Ndjkdfjka
l,a f.j;s' Wfoa jrefõ msKavmd;h msKsi kej; yuqfj;s' Ndjkdfjkau
msKavmd; flfr;s' lsis flfkla iu`. l:d ny lsÍula ke;' tu NsCIQka
jykafia,dg olsk wh Y%%oaOd Nla;sfhka kuialdr lr;s'
wdydr j<¢k úg m%;HfõCId lr;a' ;u md;%h ;=< we;s wdydrj,
wks;H ÿlaL;djh fufkys lrñka ri ;DIaKdj hgm;a lr;s' Wv ìu
ne,Sula fyda l:d lsÍula ke;' wdydr uqLhg .ekSu" úlSu" .s,u
S " b;d isys
kqjKska" ksy~j lr;s' miqj Yd,dj w;= .d msrisÿ lr ;u md;%h fidaod
frÈ lene,a,lska msi wõfõ fõ,d ;ekam;a lr;s' fï ish,a, i;sfhka
ksy~j isÿ lrK Ndjkd ukisldrhls' bkamiq ;u l=áhg f.dia kej;;a
Ndjkdfõ fhfo;a' iu: Ndjkdfjka tl`. jQ is; úmiaikdjg k.ñka
mámÉp iuqmamkak O¾u" kdu rEmhkaf.a iajNdjh .ek .eUqßka Ndjkd
lrñka m%{dj j¾Okh flf¾' w¾y;ajh flfrys is; fhduq lrñka flf<ia
hgm;a lr;s' i;sh meje;aùu b;du wjYH fõ' ffoksl jev lsÍfï§
isys kqjKska l=i,a is;ska ish¨ jev lr;s' i;sh ke;súg ù¾Hh ke;sfõ'
túg ilauka lsÍu" jdä ù Ndjkd lsÍu lsis jevla ke;s ysia fohls' i;sh
ke;s úg iïud jdhduh ke;' fï ksid wdpd¾h uka i;sfhka ish¨ YÍr
p,kh" YÍr ls%hdldß;ajh isÿ lsÍug ks;r Wmfoia fo;s' we;af;kau
i;sfhka f;dr lsisï Ndjkdjla fyda l=i,a is;la ke;' i;sh n,j;a jQ úg
is; ksrdhdifhka iudê.; fõ' i;s iumc[a[h yd m%{dj úmiaikd
Ndjkdj ÈhqKq lrhs'
hï NsCIqjla fufia Ndjkd ukisldrfhka neyer jQ úg wdpd¾h uka
iu`. jdih lsÍug fkdyels fj;s' Èk y;lg jrla ish¨u NsCIQka le|jd
Ndjkd Wmfoia fokq ,efí' túg wdpd¾h uka Tjqkaf.a iel" ìh" m%Yak
j,g úi÷ï fo;s' Wkajykafia b;d lreKdfjka hï hï whf.a m%Yak
ksrdlrKh lr;s' O¾uh ;ud ;=< we;s nj;a u.a.M, ksíndk ;udg
,nd .; yels nj;a tu NsCIQka jykafia,df.a wêIaGdkh fõ' wdpd¾h
ukaf.a foaYk ;=<ska ;ukaf.a mdrñ;d .=K mQrKh" isÿ lr .ekSug wjYH
Yla;sh ,efí' Ndjkdfõ fhfok úg ? oj,a .ek ;elSula ke;' oji"
ld,h .ek ±kSula ke;' y| t<sh ke;s úg bámkaoï ,ka;Ereï j,ska
ilauka u¿j wdf,dalu;a lr;s' i| we;s ld,fha i| t<sfha ilauka lr;s'
Ndjkdjg fhduq jQ úg ksod .ekSug b;d iaj,am jYfhka isÿfõ'

228

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

wdpd¾h ukaf.a iQ;% iÊCOdhkdj b;d ñysßh' Èkm;d ? fnda jk
;=re Wkajykafia iQ;% iÊCOdhkd lr;s' Oïupll mj;a;k iQ;%h" uyd
iuh iQ;%h" jeks iQ;% Èkm;d iÊCOdhkd flfr;s iuyrúg wmf.a ±kqu
i|yd md<s iQ;% mßj¾;kh flf¾' th md<s jHdlrK wkqj fkdj w¾:
h úoyd olajñks' tys w¾:h idrj;ah' b;d meyeÈ,sh' wid isák whg
nqÿ rcdKka jykafiaf.a ta mKsúvh b;d uekúka m%ldY fõ' fm!rdKsl
fmd; mf;a i|yka jQ fuu iQ;% idrh mqÿudldr úêhg wmg .e,fma'
tu mßj¾;kh lsishï md<s uydpd¾hjrfhl=g l< fkdyelsh' tfy;a
Wkajykafia lsis Èkl md<s NdIdj yodrd ke;' md<s jdlH WÉPdrKh;a
iu`.u tys mßj¾;kh ieklska lsh;s' iQ;% mßj¾;kh zzoifjks fY%aKshZZ
iu¾:h' wd§ jYfhka lSug zzkj jk fY%aKshZZ hkq wudrefjka md<s
jpkj, w¾: iemhSuls'
wdpd¾h uka b;d blaukg yd ks¾Nhj tu w¾: m%ldY lr;s' Bg
fya;=j Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd w;a±lSï ;=<ska w¾:h jgydf.k we;s
neúks' md<s.d:d ksrka;rfhka u;lfha we;' tys w¾:h idudkH jHdlrKdkql=, fkdfõ' zzjd;d reCLd k mnnf;dZZ hkak w¾: l:kfha§
zzl=Kdgqfjka .ia fmrf<a tfy;a mßj¾; fkdief,aZZ fufia O¾u foaYkd
lrK úg md<s jdlH pu;aldr wkaoñka fhdod .ks;a'
uu l<ska i|yka l< 9fjks 10fjks fY%aKsfha md<s NdIdj t;rï
jeo.;a fohla f,i fkdi<lkq uekú' th OQ;dx. NsCIQka jykafia,d
Ndú;d lrk NdId ú,dihls' bka lsisfjl=g wjuka lsÍula ke;' wm
fndfyda l,a jk.; ù isá neúka iuyrúg j÷re .;s we;' j÷frda
fl;rï yS,Elr iqr;,a l<;a le,E .;sh w;a fkdyß;a' ud wdpd¾h
ukaf.a mßj¾;k ms<sn| ,Sfõ md<s wdpd¾hjrekag iroula f,i fkdfõ'
ug iudjqj uekj' iuyr mdGlfhda ud iSudj blaujd we;ehs fodia ke.sh
yels neúks'
h:d ld,fha§ wdpd¾h uka nka kd fudka m%foaYfha ksla ó nka fLdla
m%foaYfha ie;mqula muK wE;g f.dia jia úiQy' wimqj .fuka ie;mqï
Nd.hla muK wE;h' tfy;a ±ä ksy~;djhla we;' ta ld,fha NsCIQka
10-12 kula muK tys jdih l<y' fuys jdih lrk ld,fha§ uu m%:
u jrg wdpd¾h uka yuqjqfkñ' Wkajykafiaf.a lreKd .=Kh ksid ud
YsIHfhla f,i Ndr .;ay' tfy;a uf.ka lsis m%fhdackhla ke;' ÈrÉp
,S fldghla fuks' ud fuys Ôj;a jQfha fydoafoa ri fkdokakd yekao fuks'

229

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wo jqjo uu ta .ek ,eÊcd fjñ' ud jeks jevlg ke;s mqoa.,fhla fï
uyd .=K id.rhla iu`. Ôj;a jqfkñ'
ta flfia fj;;a ñka u;= ud fï m%jD;a;sh ,shkafka uf.a mqoa.,sl
w;a±lSï ;=<sks' óg fmr ,shjqk úia;rh b;d wdhdifhka tl;= lr .;a
wka wdpd¾h jrekaf.a w;a±lSï neúka fndfyda úg uu ÿ¾uqL jqfkñ' fuu
l:d mqj; ilia lsßug wjqreÿ .Kkdjla ;=< fkdfhla m%foaYhkays úiQ
wdpd¾hjre yuq ù idlÉPd meje;a jQfhñ' ta whf.a u;lfhka lshfjk
l:d mqj;a má.; lf<ñ' ta ish¨u lreKq f.dkq lsÍu b;d ÿIalr úh'
tajd wkqms<sfj<ska jd¾;d lsÍu" th lshjd jgyd .; yels mßÈ mdGlhdf.a wjOdrKh msKsi hï ridiajdohla ;=<ska t<s±laùu wjYH úh'
tys wka;¾.; O¾ulreKq ta wdldrfhka bÈßm;a lsÍu .ek uu fkdfhla
úg wjfndaOfhka hqla;j i|yka lf<ñ' ñka u;= uf.a w;a±lSï ;=<ska
wdpd¾h ukaf.a wjidk ld, mßÉfþoh ,shñ' fuu úia;rh Tn fuf;la
lsh jQ úia;rh ;rï rij;a fkdúh yelsh' tfy;a l;_Djrhd jYfhka ud
jvd;a Nla;s mQ¾jl w;a±lSï m< lrkafka is;g tl`.jh'
jiaidk ld,h wdpd¾h uka nka fLdla ys jk fikiqfka ;j NsCIQka
iaj,am fofkla iu`. úiQy' tu ;=ka udih ish¨u NsCIQka b;d ksfrda.sj
Ndjkd ld¾Hfhys fhÿkdy' i;shlg jrla O¾u foaYkd lr;s' th meh
2-4la muK ld,hla meje;afõ' wid isák wh iudê is;lska u wjOdrKh lr;s' ue,slula fyda ksÈu;la ke;' ish¨ fokdu wjÈfhka n,j;a
Y%oaOdfjka wid isá;s' wdpd¾h uka foaYkd lrkafka iudê is;lska neúka
tys kej;Sula fyda wkjYH jpk ud;%hla ke;' fya;= m%;H l¾u úmdl"
máÉpiuqmamkak O¾u wid isá whf.a is;a úksúo .sfhah' ish¨ fokdu mq,
mq,d n,d isákafka fï O¾u lreKq wjfndaO lr W;=ï w¾y;ajh idlaYd;a
lsÍugh' tu foaYkd b;d ir,h" .eUqreh" i;Hfhka i;Hh .,md we;'
lsisfjl=f.a isf;a ielhla ke;' tlu tl ielhla we;' fï O¾u jgyd
.ekSug wjYH i;s iudÈ ÈhqKq l< yelso @ hkakhs'
Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkh wid isá wmg isysm;a jQfha iïud iïnqÿ
rcdKka jykafia isõ msßig O¾u foaYkd lrk ú,dihlah' nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a foaYkh taldka;fhkau .eUqre jQ O¾u lreKq w¾y;ajh msKi
s
fhduq lr;s' wid isákafkda u.a.M, ksjk Ydlaid;a lr;s' tneúka nqÿ
jok weiQ wixLHhla i;a;ajfhda ksjka ÿgy' nqÿ oyu u.a.M, msKsi
foaYkd lrkafka wiSñ; ohdj wkqlïmdfjka hq;= i¾j{;d {dkfhks'
th msßisÿh' ir,h' wid isákakkag jyd jegfya'

230

widudkH m%Yak - nqoaêu;a ms<s;=re

wdpd¾h uka foaYkd lrkafka tu fudfydf;a is;g wd lreKq neúka
th .,d hk m%jdyhls' wdhdifhka bf.k .;a W.f;l=f.a mdKaä;ajhla
fkdfõ' Wkajykafia lreKq bÈßm;a lrkafka wid isákakkaf.a is;a úmÍ;
lsÍug fyda iel" ;¾l" ú;¾l we;s lsÍug fkdfõ' th fl<skau ;u
w;a±lSï ;=<ska ksrjq,aj lrK m%ldYhls' wid isákakkaf.a fkdfhl=;a
iel" m%,dm" u;su;dka;r ieklska wfydais ù hhs' ;j ;j;a isf;a wdl+,"
jHdl+, lreKq b;sß ù ke;' ;udf.a jerÈ" flf<ia ;udgu wjfndaO ù
ksis ms<shï fh§ug Wkkaÿ fõ' i;s iudê ÈhqKq fõ'
rd;S% ld,fha wdpd¾h uka meh .Kkdjla ishqï iajrhlska iQ;%
iÊCOdhkd lr;a' tla Èkla uf.a o`.ldr is; Wkajykafia iÊCOdhkh
lrK iQ;% weiSug l=áh wi<g f.dia wid isáfhñ' tfy;a lsisjla fkdwefia' túg wE;g .sfhñ' kej; iÊCOdckh wefia' tfy;a ryis.;j
<xù weiSug .shúg fkdwefia' óg fya;=j l=ulao @ iQ;%h l=ula±hs ug
wid .ekSug fkdyels úh' uuìh m;a jqfkñ' ryis.;j wid isàu ksid
úÿ,s ierhla fuka fyk y~la wefia ùo @ wkjYH foa lsÍu .ek fodia
wikakg fõ±hs is;=fjñ' miqÈk uu Wkajykafia iómhg fkd.sfhñ'
uf.a isf;a pls;hla we;' uu uqyqK foi fkdne¿fjñ' Wkajykafia ud
foi ne,aula fy¿fõh' thu ug mdvula úh' kej; lsisúgl iQ;% iÊCOdhkd weisug fkd.sfhñ' Wkajykafia uf.a ls%hd mámdáh oks;s' thg
ksis o~qjï ,efnk nj ±k .;sñ'
Bg fndfyda ld,hlg miq ug f;areï .sfha fl;rï iQCIu wjOdkhlska Wkajykafia wjg mßirh ksÍlaIKh lrK wkaou .ekh' ta .ek
uu ±ka is;k úg Wkajykafia ud jeks fudavfhla l< fkdukd yeisÍu
±k isáhy' tfy;a ta ms<sn| l:d fkdlr fï fudav NsCIqjf.a ls%hd .ek
úmrï lr neÆy' ;jÿrg ud tjeks ls%hdjkays fhÿkd kï ug iEfyk
neKqula wikakg ;snqKs' l=áh <`.g .sh úg iÊCOdhkdj kEiqfka wehs
@ Wkajykafia fyd|dldr uf.a ls%hdj ±l we;'

W!rka iu`. iyjdih
ud kjlfhla f,i wdpd¾h uka <`. meúÈ ù isá kuq;a uf.a is;
fo.sähdjls' fï ms<f
s j;a /lSu ug reÑ ke;' Èkla oj,a ld,fha ud je;sÍ
isg kskaog .sfhñ' uu Nhdkl isyskhla ÿgqfjñ' wdpd¾h uka ug neK
jÈ;s' zzkqU W!frla fuka oj,a ld,fha ksohs' fï W!re fldrgqjla fkdfõ'
231

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fuys meñfKk NsCIQka W!rka fuka yeisÍug mqyqKq lrkafka ke;' Tn
jeks wh ksid fï ia:dkh W!re fldgqjla njg m;afõ'ZZ Wkajykafiaf.
a jpk ier mreIh ud ìfhka ;e;sf.k msìÿfkñ' ;ju;a isysk f,dfõ
isáñka ta fï w; ne¨fjñ' fodr <`.g f.dia ysi t<shg oud wdpd¾h
uka isá;a±hs ne¨fjñ' fldfydug;a uu Wkajykafiag ìh we;af;lañ' ta
jqjo n,j;a wêIaGdkhlska /£ isáfhñ' Bg fya;=j th ug fyd| ksid
úh hq;=hs' Wkajykafia ud jeks W!rka mqyqKq lsÍug w;s olaI nj ug
jegyS ;snqKs' uu jgmsgdj neÆ kuq;a Wkajykafia fkdfmfka' bkamiq ud
isyskhla ÿgq nj ±k ;rul iekiSulg m;aúh' miqÈk ud wdpd¾h uka
yuq ù fï ish¨ mqj; fkdj,yd lSfjñ' Wkajykafia oCI f,i isyskh
f;areï l<y' th ug wiajeis,a,la úh' tfy;a uf.a ue,slu ke;s lr
.ekSug tjeks wdor nr jpk kqiqÿiqhehs is;=fjñ'
zzTn kjlfhla f,i <`.§ fuys meñK we;' Tn ù¾Hh jvñka
wêIaGdk lrf.k isák flfkls' ta ysf;a iajNdjh levm;la fuka Tn
isyskhlska ±l we;' ta neKqu Tng W!frla fuka fuys l,a f.jkakg
tmd hehs O¾uh úiska Tng l< wk;=re y`.ùuls' NsCIqj" O¾uh hkak
w;s W;a;u ñksi;anj blaujd .sh f,daflda;a;r .;s mej;=ïh' fndfyda
fokd lrkafka ;ukag leu;s leu;s foaj,ah' ñksi;a Ndjh fyda l¾u
úmdlh hkq l=ula±hs Tjqyq fkdoks;s' merKs lshukla we;' zz;uka
;ukaj;a fkdokSZZ bka w¾:j;a jkafka ñksid ;sßika i;=kag jvd Wiia
nj fkdoks;s' iuyre ;sßika i;=ka fuka Ôj;a fj;s' ta l¾u úmdl fkdokakd neúks' ñksia isrerla we;;a tys wNHka;rh ;sßika .;smej;=ïh'
;uka tjeks ¥Is; mqoa.,fhla nj fkdokS' lsis md,khlska f;drj leu;s
leu;s foa lr;s'
i;s" m[a[d jvk úg O¾uh ;=<ska ;uka ljfrlao hkak ±l.;
yelsh' Tnf.a isyskh fyd| wk;=re we`.ùuls' bka mdvula bf.k .kak'
ñka u;= Tn ue,slï j,g f.dÿre ùug bv fkd§ isyskh u;la lr .kak'
fuejks isysk b;d n,j;a f,i wmg kshu ud¾.h fmkajd fohs' yefudagu
fujeks isyk fkdfmfka' fï isyskh ;=<ska Tn i;s" m[a[d jvhs' túg
blauKska is; iudê.; fõ' fï isyskh O¾uh lshd fohs' Tn blauKska
u.M, ,nd .kshs' wksl=;a NsCIQkag jvd blauKska Tn ksjka olS±hs lshkag neß wehs @ we;eï úg fndfyda l,a Ndjkd l<;a ksjka ,nd .ekSug
fkdyels fõ' Tnf.a isyskh b;d fyd|hs' th krl isyskhla fkdfõ'ZZ
Tn wkjYH f,i .=rejrhdg ìh fkdjkak' ta fya;=fjka Tn ks;ru
lkiai,af,ka isáhs' ;u f.da,hska ksis u. .uka lrùug .=rejrhdg
232

3

6

hH
wjidk ld,h
j.lSula we;' Tn Tnf.a .=rejrhdg fkdj Tnf.a wl=i,a j,g ìh
m;aúh hq;=hs' ta wl=i,a ksid ks;r ÿlg m;afõ' ud f.da,hska Ndr .kafka
wkjYH f,i Tjqkag ÿlamSvd f.k §ug fkdfõ' NsCIqjla mqyqKq lsÍug
±ä úkh YsCId wjYH fõ' th nqÿrcdKka jykafia mekjQ YsCIdfjda fj;s'
.=rejrhd fï YsCId wkqj ;u YsIHhska mqyqKq l< hq;=h' fuh W,a,x>kh
l< úg .=rejrhd iy f.da,hd hk fofokdu wkd: fõ'
tneúka is; ;ekam;a lrf.k ms<sfj;a mqrkak' ù¾hh hkq fodr
újD; lrk h;=r fõ' wffO¾Hh fkdù ikaiqka jkak' O¾uh hkq th
ms<smÈk mqoa.,hdf.a whs;shls' kshu wdldrhg O¾uh wkqj Ôj;a jkakdg
O¾ufha whs;sjdislï ,efí' ta Nd.H iïmkak isyskh wu;l fkdlrkak'
ks;r fufkys lrkak túg W!re .;s ke;a;g ke;s ù hhs' túg u.a.M,
ksíndk Tn <`. we;' bkamiq kshu fõ,dfõ§ Tn ish¨ ÿla blaujd hhs'
th fkdje<elaúh yels lreKls' uu n,j;a úkh .re;ajhlska m%;sm;a;s
/laflñ' tys l=i, úmdl ug ,eî we;' tjeks ;on, kS;s ke;=j fï
ud¾.fha .uka .; fkdyelsh' uf.a w;a±lSï ;=<ska uu YsIHhkag Wmfoia foñ'
;reK ug wdpd¾h uka fufia wjjdo wkqYdikd ÿks' uf.a isyskh
fï wdldrfhka úi|d ug uy;a iekiSula w;am;a lr ÿks' fï ;reKhd
ìh m;a ù ù¾Hh w;ayer W!rka iu`. iyjdihg h;shs Wkajykafia
lreKdj ±lajQy' fuh tla;rd b.ekaùï l%uhls' tu l%u b;d újD;h'
olaIh' wjfndaOfhka hqla;h' ksrjoHh" Wkajykafiaf.au ksmoùuls' iDcqh' tneúka iuyrúg jrojd f;areï .; yelsh' Wkajykafia túg uy;a
fia lïmdjg m;a ù ;udf.a woyi iqyoj m%ldY lr tfia fkdlSugo

wjidk ld,h

wêIaGdk lr;s' uu ks;ru mdfya Wkajykafia yuqùug f.dia l:d lf<ñ'
ta uq,a ld,fha uf.a is; ks;ru pxp, úh' ál fõ,djla ;ekam;a jqjfyd;a
B<`.g úisÍ hhs' fufia ÈhqKqjla iu`.u miqneiSula úh' ta ld,h uu
úCIsma;j úiqfjñ' l=ula lrï±hs fkdoksñ' túg Wkajykafia ug iqyoj
l:d lrhs' ud ÿgqúg uf.a is; flfia±hs wi;s' th ±ka fyd¢ka ÈhqKq ù
we;ehs lS úg i;=gg m;a ù ;j ;j;a fyd|g Ndjkd lrkag hehs lsh;s'
túg blauKska ish¨ ÿla blaujd .sh yelsh' uf.a Ndjkdj miqnis;shs lS
úg ta .ek wkqlïmd lr;s'
zzwmrdfoa" is; fldfya .syskao @ ;j uykais .kak' is; wdmiq taú'
fldfyafoda ria;shdÿfõ .syska æ ;j ù¾hh jvkak' túg is; w,a,d .;a;
yelsh' is; n,af,la jf.a' whs;sldrhd miqmi ks;r hhs' w;yer hkafka
keye' ;j ;j;a ù¾hh jvkak' túg ksrdhdifhkau ths' ys; fldfya
.shd±hs fidhñka ld,h kdia;s lrkak tmd' fldfya .sh;a wdmiq tkjd'
blaukg w,a,d .kag kï ±ä W;aidyhla .kag ´fka' neßlu fmkakf
q jd;a
is; n,j;a f,i bnd.df;a hhs' Tng w,a,kag fkdyels hehs" .Kka
Wiaikjd' is; .ek is;kag tmd .shd kï .shdfõ' ta fjkqjg nqoafOda"
nqoafOd Ndjkd lrkak' fkdkj;ajdu lrkak' kej; kej; lrkak' túg
is; wdmiq ths' ta;a nqoafOd w;ayßkak tmd' nqoafOd hkq isf;a wdydrhhs'
wdydrh ;sfhk ;dla l,a is; tkjd' ÿjf.k tkjd' zznqoafOdZZ Ndjkdj
lrf.k hkak' túg is; we;s ;rï wdydr f.k ;Dma;su;a fõú' bkamiq
ksYap,j úfõl .kSú' túg Tng;a f,dl= úfõlhla ,efnkjd' is; tl`.
jQ úg msiaiqfjka ÿj weúÈkafka keye' Tng lrorhla keye' fï m%{dj
lrf.k .sh úg is; tf,õj;a hkafka keye' t;eku jeá,d bkakjd' fï
l%uh yßhgu yß' mßmQ¾Khs' uq¿ukskau ksrjoHhs' uf.a wjjdoh ms<s.
kak' zznqoafOdZZ hkq fodf¾ h;=rhs' wdydr ;sfhk ;dla l,a is; ÿjkafka
keye' fï wdldrfhka is; ne| ;nkak' bkamiq ljodj;a bnd.df;a hkafka
keye'
fujeks l%u iy úê Wmfhda.s lr wm jeks wkaO N+;" fudav" isys
úl,a whg Ndjkd Wmfoia fo;s' uf.a fudavlu ;=<k
s a jqjo uu Wkajykafia
úYajdi lf<ñ' ke;fyd;a ud ;ju;a is;=ú,s miafia hñka w;rux fj,d'
is; w,a,d .kag neßj o`.,kjd' ud fï .ek i|yka lf<a iuyrúg
Tng fuh wdo¾Yhla fõ hehs woyisks' olaI .=rejrfhla fudav YsIHhka
fyd¢ka fyda krlska wjk; lrhs' fuh ,Sfõ uf.a fudavlu úoydmEug
fkdj Wkajykafiaf.a olaIlu úoydmEugh'

239

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jia ld,h wjidkfha Wkajykafia ál Èkla nka kd fudka .fï
jei miqj nka yqfha ltka le,E m%foaYfha ál ld,hla /£ isg l÷lrfha
md¿jg .sh wdrKH fiakdikhg f.dia udi lSmhla tys úiQy' tys§ WK
iE§ Èk .Kkla frda.S úh' tfy;a lsis fnfy;la fkdf.k Ndjkd n,fhka
frda.h hgm;a l<y'
1942 wfma%,a udfha Wkajykafia WfLdka rpP;dks k.rhg meñKsfha
Wkajykafiaf.a wdpd¾hjrfhla jQ wdpd¾h id´f.a wju`.=,a W;aijhg
iyNd.s ùugh' bkamiq nka kd fudka .fï jia úiQy' fï ld,fha§ fkdfhla
Wml%u fhdod ;u YsIH msßi ksis ud¾.fha yeisrùh' Èk 4lg jrla /ia
ù Ndjkd Wmfoia fo;s' ta ;=<ska fndfyda NsCIQyq Wiia wêudkqIsl Yla;s
,oy' tla tla whg ,enqK w;a±lSï túg wdpd¾h uka iu`. mji;s' uf.a
mQ¾j fya;j
= lg thg ijka §ug yelsúh' uu tl, t;rï Ndjkd ÈhqKj
q la
fkd,nd isá kuq;a wu;l fkdjk wdYap¾hu;a isoaëka w;aÿgqfjñ' Ôú;h
we;s ;dla th uf.a u;lfha /£ we;'
fï ld,fha§ Wkajykafia wmg ie<l=fõ md msiakdjla f,ih' ier
mreI .;shla ;snK
q 's ñka fmr ;rul wdor lreKdjla ±lajy
Q ' wfma jerÈ
foi fkdn,d isáhy' ±ka ;Èka isàug ld,h yß hehs Wkajykafia is;=jd
úh yelsh' È.gu wfma jerÈ fkdn,d isáhd kï Wkajykafiag th bi,sh
fkdyels nrls' YsIHfhda ksÈuf;a l,a hj;s' weia yer wyi fmdf<dj ;drld
foi fyda fkdn,;s' ±ka jQfha iefjdu wjÈùuls' Ndjkd lsÍug WfoHda.
hla we;' ;ud ,enQ w;a±lSï .ek l=,au;a jQy' Tjqyq wdpd¾h uka ks;r
yuq ù ;ud hk ud¾.h ksjerÈ lr .ks;s' tu m%Yak yd W;a;r Ndjkd
Wmfoia fj;s' m%dfhda.sl Ndjkd ;=<ska yg .kakd fkdfhla w;a±lSï fj;s'
is;Sug mjd fkdyels woaN+; foa lsh;s' th ksrdlrKh lsÍug wdpd¾h
uka ieu w;skau iu¾: fj;s' fuh wo ñksia f,dalfha fkd,eìh yels
jrm%idohls' ta yeu fokdgu wjYH Wmfoia fo;s' wid isá wms úiañ;j
w;sYhskau Ñ;a;dl¾IKhg m;aùuq' tu idlÉPd fl;rï jqjo weiSfuka
;Dma;su;a fkdfõ' is; ksrka;rfhka O¾uh flfrys fhduq úh'
fuu wjia:dj,§ wdpd¾h uka fkdfhla ud;Dld hgf;a O¾uh
foaYkd l<y' w;S; Ôú; .ek o ;uka jykafiaf.a uq,a ld,h .eko"
;uka jykafiaf.a f.k .sh ms<sfj;a ud¾.ho" iïuq;s f,dal ;rKh lr
iir l;ßka t;rùu .eko" f,daflda;a;r ;;a;ajh .eko fndfyda lreKq
t<sorõ l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a wjfndaOh ms<sn|j wid wms iefjdu fï

240

wjidk ld,h

w;aneõys§ W;=ï w¾y;ajh m%d¾:kd lf<uq' iuyre ÿlauqiq jQy' wm ;=<
tjeks Yla;Ska weoa±hs úu;shg m;aùuq' wms iodld,fhau fï iir uv
f.fydrefõ tÍ isáuqo @ fï jf,ka f.dv fjkafka ljodo @ Wkajykafia
fujeks úialï md;s' tfy;a wmg neß wehs @ ;ju;a wm wv kskafoa'
fl;rï ndOl ;snK
q ;a bÈßhg hdug wms ;SrKh lf<uq' fuh wmg úYd,
rel=,la úh' O¾ufha Yla;sfhka wms Yla;su;a ùuq' wms ke.S isáfhuq'
m%fndaOu;a ùuq' nqÿrcdKka jykafia wmg ÿka wjjdohla kï kqjKe;af;da
weiqre lsÍugh' fuys i;H;djh wmg ±kqfka W;=ï .=rejrfhl=f.a wdY%h
,enqKq neúks' ? oj,a fofla wfma foijkg fhduq jqfka wms Èß.kajk
O¾uhls' tys .uH;djh iS>%fhka j¾Okh úh' O¾uh weg ñ÷¿ j,g
ls|d nei we;' Wkajykafiaf.a .=K iuqodh wmf.a pß; j¾Okhg fya;=
úh' Bg iudk lula fkd,enqK;a lsÜgqfjka hkag wms iefjdu uykais
.;af;uq' fuys wks;a me;a;lao we;' wm nd, w{dk wh weiqre l<d kï
ta fya;=fjka ;j ;j;a md;d,hg nisk nj ilaiqola fia meyeÈ,s ùuh'
fï nqÿ jok wmg fudkjg meyeÈ,s úh' b;d .=K .rel mqoa.,hkaf.
a weiqr ksid ;ud .=Kj;a jk nj;a fudav wd{dkhka ksid ;uka tjeks
fudavhka jk nj;a meyeÈ,sh'
fuys§ uu i|yka lrkafka ndysr iudcfha isák fudavhka ms<n
s |jh'
Bg wu;rj wfma pß;fha ie`.ù isák wNHka;r fudavhka .ek o wms
wjfndaO l< hq;=h' tkï ndysr zzfyd|ZZ yeisÍu we;s mqoa.,hkah' fï
fldÜGdihg NsCIq NsCIQkSka o wh;a fõ' nqÿ iõjka jQ fï wh W;=ï nqoaO
Öjrh ordf.k isákakka fj;s' wNHka;r fudavhka hkqfjka i|yka lrkafka ;Kaydfjka uq,d ù" ìhm;a ù ;u isf;a ksrka;rfhka yg .kkd flf<ia
iu`. Ôj;a jk wh fõ' fï flf<ia lskï fudfyd;l fyda ÿYapß;fhka
t<sorõ fõ' fujeks wYsCIs; is;sú,s ;uka ;=< we;s nj;a tajdfha m%n,
Yla;sh ms<sn|j;a we;euqka fkdokS' fï is;sú,s há isf;a ls|d neif.k
we;' ;uka ;=< fujeks iajNdjhla we;s nj okakd kuq;a we;efula th
jrola fia fkdoks;s' ta ;u jpkh yd ls%hdj ;=<ska t<sorõ fkdù ie`.ù
isák neúks' tneúka th .ek lsis wjOdrKhla ke;' fuu flf<ia ie`.
ù isàu uy;a ms<sl=,a fohls' tajd t<sorõ fkdlr f,dalhdg zzfyd|ZZ hehs
fmkakqï lsÍu ;j;a jrola fõ' fudk wdldrfhka isáh;a flf<ia b;du
ms<sl=,a fõ' w;s W;=ï nqÿrcdKka jykafia ;u flf<ia uq,ska Wÿrd ±ñh
hq;= nj foaYkd lr we;' Wkajykafia iy ;u w¾y;a Y%djl msßi flf<iqka
flfrka ñÿky' Wkajykafia,df.a há is; wNHka;rh iy ndysr yeisÍu
flf<ia rys; neúka b;du msßisÿ fõ' fï ksid ksrka;rhfka is; iekiSug

241

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

m;a ù we;' ndysr wruqKq ksid flf<ia ke.S taula ke;' ud is;k úÈhg
uf.a mqoa,sl w;a±lSu wkqj wdpd¾h uka tjeks ksflf<ia flfkls' ud
fuh i|yka lrkafka Y%oaOd Nla;sfhka muKla fkdj iïmQ¾K j.lSula
we;sjh' fuh i;Hhla nj uu taldka;fhkau oksñ' fï ms<sn| ielhla
wef;d;a th ud fj; mjrkq uekú' th wdpd¾h uka flfrys fkdflf¾jd'
udr W.=f,ka Wkajykafia .e,ù .sfhah'
jia ld,fhka miq wdpd¾h uka nka kd fudka .fï udi lSmhla jev
isáhy' B<`. jia ld,h jk úg nka fLdla .ug jeähy' tys fjk;a
wdrdKH fiakdikhlg .shy' th wdpd¾h fldxud Ñrmqf[a[ NsCIqj
úiska idod mQcd lrk ,§' th b;d iqj myiq neúka ksfrda.S úh' fjkod
fuka ksrka;rfhkau Ndjkd Wmfoia NsCIQka jykafia,dg fok ,§'
wjqreÿ ;=kla muK ld,hla fï wjg mßirfha .ï kshï .ï kqÿßka
jkjdiS fikiqkaj, wdpd¾h uka jdih l<y' ksrka;rfhka wukqIHh
foaj msßi iu`. O¾u idlÉPd mej;=Ks' tfy;a fï ifldka kfLdka .fï
Ñhdx udhs fuka foúhka jeäfha ke;' Bg fya;=j .ï wdYs%; neúks' mqo
mQcd mj;ajk úg fndfyda foõ le, meñfK;s' fmdfyda Èkhkays o" udi
mqcd ffjYdL mQcd Èkhkayso jia t<öu jia mjdrK Èkhkayso foújre
úYd, jYfhka meñfK;s'
fï fikiqfka l=á wvq neúka NsCIqka jykafia,d ál fofkla muKla
jia t<U isáhy' kjl NsCIqka Ndr .ekSu fkdyels jQfha l=á ke;s neúks'
fufia jQfha jia ;=ka udih ;=<h' wks;a ld,j, fndfyda NsCIQyq jev
isáhy' fndfyda NsCIQyq l¾uia:dk ,ndf.k ;u wdrKHh fikiqkaj,g
f.dia mqyqKq jQy'
jia wjidkfha§ .sys mskaj;=ka rdYshla ifldka kfLdka m%foaYfhka
wjq;a Wkajykafiag B<`. jia úiSug wdrdOkd l<y' tys hdug ;snQ .uka
ud¾.h >k le<E ;=<sks' Èjd ld,fha .uka lrñka rd;S% ld,fha le<Ej
;=< ,e`.=ï f.k Èk .Kkdjlg miq tys .shy'
tfy;a ál Èklg miq Wkajykafiag uef,aßhd frda.h je<÷Ks'
tu frda. ,CIKh kï jßka jr iS;, ù .eys .eyS isg miqj ;Èka WK
.kS' fuh udi .kka ÿla ú¢h hq;= frda.hls' ta WKh bjrhla ke;sj
mj;S' kej; kej;;a fï frda. ,CIK u;=fõ' udihla muK iqj ù isg
kej;;a frda.h u;=fõ'

242

wjidk ld,h

uu l,ska i|yka l< wkaoug nEkdg uef,aßhd WK iEÿk úg
kekaoïud WrK fõ' f,vd wksl=;a kEhskag uy;a johls' ks;ru ksod .kS'
ks;ru wdydr .kS' tfy;a lsisu jevla l< fkdyel' uef,aßhd frda.h
tneúka fndfyda ld,hla ÿla foa' ta ld,fha uef,aßhd frda.hg fnfy;a
T!IO fkd;snqKs' th bfíu ke;sfõ' ke;fyd;a urKhg m;afõ' wjqreÿ
.Kkdjla fï frda.fhka fmf<k wh isá;s' fmdä orejkaf.a wdudYH
t<shg fkrd t;s' bÈuqK ms,sydjla ksid ukao fmdaIKh we;' le<E no
ÿmam;a ckhd fuu frda.hg f.dÿre fõ' msg m<d;aj,ska meñKs whg fuu
frda.h Tfrd;a;= fokafka ke;'
OQ;dx. NsCIqka w;r fkdfhla úg uef,aßhd frda.h me;sÍ .sfhah'
le<E no l÷lrfha yeisfrk NsCIQkg
a fuh je<÷ks' uef,aßhdj wNsudkj;a
fohla kï ug;a uef,aßhd je<÷k nj wdvïnrfhka lsj yelsh' ulaksido
b;du ±ä wdndOhg m;a ù ud ;rï T;am, jQfhla ke;s ;rï fõ' jia
;=ka udihu WK .ekS .eys .eyS isáfhñ' wjqreÿ .Kkdjla th uf.a
YÍr.; ù ;snqKs' meúÈ ù ÿIalr Èúhla .; lrk kuq;a fujeks frda.
ksid bjikakg neß ;;a;ajhla Woa.; fõ' uu fï ÿl ;=<ska ;j ;j;a
f,dal iajNdjh wjfndaO lf<ñ'
ifldka kfLdka m%foaYfha nx fkdx *sõ .fï jdih lrK ld,fha
fndfyda NsCIQyq tys OQ;dx. msÍug meñKshy' iuyrúg 20-30 kula isá;s'
wksl=;a NsCIqka wjg .ïj, jdih lrñka wdpd¾h ukaf.ka Wmfoia ,n;s'
Wfmdi: Èkhkays fï wjg .ïjdis NsCIqka 30-40la muK wd.ka;=lj
meñfK;s' uq¿ ixLHdj 50-60la ;rï fõ' wdpd¾h uka fidhñka fndfyda
wE; isg tk ish .Kka NsCIQyq o fj;s' oj,a ld,fha ta NsCIqka olakg
ke;' >k jkdka;rfha .ia uq,a wd§ ;ekays Ndjkdfõ fhfo;s' ie;mqï 10la
muK wjg mßirh le,Efjka .yK úh' l÷ w;r msysá fï jkdka;rj,
È. m<, bula fldkla ke;sj me;sr mej;=Ks'
fï ksid wdpd¾h ukaf.a jdiia:dkh OQ;dx. NsCIQkg
a iqÿiq mßirhla
úh' m%d;sfudCId foaYkd lsÍug yd fkdfhla j;a ms<sfj;a ms<sn| úkhdkql+, mqyqKqjg o Ndjkd mqyqKqjgo fï m%foaYh iqÿiq úh' ks;r wdpd¾h
uka yuq ù m%Yak ksrdlrKh lr.; yels neúks' .sßisLr w;r .,a .=yd"
f,ka iajdNdúlj ;snqKs' l÷ m,a,ï iys; úiu N+ñ Nd.h" .,a m¾j;
l÷ j,ska .ykh' wE;ska b;d l=vd.ïudk msysáfhah' w;= fiú,s l<
l=vd me,am;aj, jdih lrk .eñfhda mjq,a 4-5 muK fj;s' Tjqyq l=vd
fnda. jeú,s" fyaka" f.dú;eka l<y' OQ;dx. NsCIQyq fuu me,am;a j,ska

243

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

msKavmd; flfr;s' w;ßka m;r l=vd .ïudk w;' tys me,am;a 10-30 la
muK úisÍ we;'
fuu nx kx *sõ .ïudkh msysáfha y;r jáka l÷ .eg j,ska wdjrKh jQ ksïkhlh' yels;rï le,E fmfoi t<slr .ïuq j.d l<y'
bka msg; we;af;a >k jkdka;rhhs' fï ;eka j, we;s jdiia:dk OQ;dx.
NsCIQkag wjYH ksy~ mßirhls' jia ld,h ;=< o .S%Iau iD;=fõo fndfyda
OQ;dx. rlsk NsCIQyq fï jkdka;rfha Ndjkd l<y' úh,s foaY .=Ksl
ld,fha .ukd.ukh myiq neúka fndfyda ÿr l;r isg NsCIQyq wdpd¾h
uka yuqùug meñKshy'
md .ukska tk .sys msßio fndfyda jQy' fudag¾ jdyk myiqlï fyda
ud¾. ke;' ish¨ fokdu ie;mqï .Kkdjla md .ukska h;s' l,d;=rlska
lr;a; mdrla Èf.a f.dka lr;a; j, ke.S jhil ia;S%yq .uk .;ay'
ye;emau 12la muK ud¾.h lr;a; mdrls' l÷ w;ßka iE§ we;s ud¾.h"
j, f.d~e,s ksid w;s ÿIalrh' l÷ jfÜ hk lr;a; mdr ie;mqï 15la
muK fõ' úvd ixis÷jd .ekSug w;r u. .ï ke;' wdydr fyda kej;S
rd;s%h .; lsu
s g kjd;eka ke;' m%dfoaYh
S mdr Èf.a tlu jdykhla Èkm;d
hhs' th fkd,enqfKd;a uq¿ oji mqrd B<`. jdykh tk ;=re n,d isáh
hq;=h'
OQ;dx NsCIQyq fuu jdyk j, fkdh;a' md .ukska hEu Bg jvd
myiq fõ' fï jdyk ñksikaf.ka msÍ we;' ilauka Ndjkdfjka fufia
ÿ¾. ud¾. Èf.a .uka lsÍu tu NsCIQkaf.a tla;rd m%;sm;a;shls' wij,a
l÷lrhg hdug ;SrKh lr.;a miq wämdr Èf.a yqol,dj .uka .ks;a'
B<`. ukqIH jdih we;af;a fl;ï ÿr±hs fkdoks;s' l¿jr jeàug fmr
tjeks .ïudkhlg hdug yelsfõ±hs fkdoks;s' ijia jk ;=re .uka lr
hïlsis iqÿiq N+ñhl rd;s%h .; lr miqod WoEik kej; .uk wdrïN
lr;s' .ïudkhlg .sh miq msKavmd;h ,efí' .fï ñksiqkaf.ka ,enqK
wdydrh tl;= lr md;%fha nydf.k kej; .uk wdrïN lr;s' ta wh ms<.
s
kajk ´kEu wdydrhlska hefma' wdydr b;d ÿmam;a whf.ka ,efnk neúka
ri .=Kfhka f;dr jqjo" th i;=áka ms<s.ks;s' oji .; lsÍug hefmk
wdydr m%udKhla ,nd .ks;s' bkamiq ikaiqka .ukska kej; ;u ud¾.h
Èf.a .uka .ks;s' ;uka wruqKq l< ia:dkhg meñKs miq iqÿiq mßirhla
fidhd .ks;s' ;ukaf.a mqoa.,sl iem myiqj msKsi tu ia:dkh ilia lr
.ks;s' msßisÿ c, myiqlï we;s ;ekla ,nd .ekSu b;du wjYH fõ'

244

wjidk ld,h

;djld,sl l+vdrula bÈlr bkamiq n,j;a mßY%ufhka Ndjkdj
wdrïN lr;s' ? oj,a fofla úáka úg ilaufka fyda jdä ù fyda Ndjkdfõ
fhfoa' i;s" m[a[dfjka iïud ixl,amkdfjka hïlsis O¾uhla fufkys
lr;s' túg is; tl`. ù iudê ù ksy~ fõ' is;ú
s ,s ke;s neúka is; ikaik
q a
fõ' bkamiq iudêfhka ke.s isg is;g wd hï wruqKla úmiaikd lr;s'
ndysr f,dalfhka tk wruqKq ks;ru ;u bJøshkag ixfõÈ fõ' tfukau
;u isf;a we;s isú,s .ek o YÍrfha w;s bJøsh tu wruqKq j,ska p,kh
ùu foi o n,d isá;s' tys úmßkdu O¾uh y÷kd .kS' iEu fohlau
we;s ù ke;s ù hhs' fjkia fjñka mj;S' is; wdl¾IKh jQ hï wruqKla
wf;d;a th ;SCIK mß[a[dfjka m%ydKh lrhs' m[a[dfjka ish¨ kdu
rEm O¾u úu¾IKh lrhs' ta ta iajNdjh y÷kd .kS' i;Hh jQ mrud¾:
iajNdjh wjfndaO jQ úg wruqKq flfrys we,Sï" .eàï' ÿrefõ' flf<ia
uq,ska Wmqgd ±óug m[a[dj Wmfhda.S lrhs' bkamiq wruqKq w;ayÍ' fï
wdldrfhka flf<ia uq,skau Wmqgd ouhs' is; ;=<ska ksrka;rfhkau ndysr
wruqKq ia:qg ùu foi n,d isák úg tys we;s ;s,CIKh fyj;a wks;Hh"
ÿlaL" wkd;au iajNdjh y÷kd .kS' fuu úo¾Ykdj ms<sn| hï ielhla
wef;d;a OQ;dx. NsCIQyq wdpd¾h uka fj; meñK ;u .eg¿j ksrdlrkh
lr .ks;s' bkamiq kej;;a ;u yqol,d mßirhg meñK Ndjkd lr;s'
fndfyda OQ;dx. NsCIQyq wdpd¾h ukaf.ka Ndjkd Wmfoia ,nd .ks;'s
Wkajykafiaf.a wimqfjys fï NsCIQka kj;d .ekSug bv lv fkdue;s
neúka Wmfoia ,ndf.k fjk;a yqol,d fikiqka wjg le,E m%foaYfha
idodf.k Ndjkdj wrU;s' iuyr úg fofofkla h;s' mhska weúÈk ÿr
m%udKhl fï fikiqk we;s neúka ks;r wdpd¾h uka yuqùug yelsfõ'
iuyre ie;mqï 4-8 olajd ÿr m%udKhla f;dard .ks;s' iuyre ie;mqï 1215 muK ÿr fjfi;s' tjeks ÿr isg meñfKk NsCIQyq rd;S% ld,h wdpd¾h
ukaf.a wimqfõ k;r fj;s'
tl, mej;s wä mdr fyda lr;a; mdr ±ka olakg yels mdrj,a
fuka fkdfõ' tajd ldkq yEÍ jeis c,fhka leã .sh j, f.dvj,a fõ' wE;
w;S;fha isg tys mqrdK uq;=ka ñ;af;da .uka .;a mdrj,a fõ' .fï ñksiaiq
fïjd fidhd .ks;s' fndfyd l,d;=rlska lsisfjla fï mdf¾ .uka .ks;a'
tneúka .ia .=ïnhkaf.ka jeiS f.dia mdr fidhd .ekSu ÿIalrh' hfula
fu wvúfha wämdr cd,h fkdokafka kï mdr jer§ Nhdkl úm;g m;afõ'
w;= fn§ we;s wämdr jk i;=ka .ukd .ukh lr iE§ wef;d;a .ïudkhla fidhd .ekSug fkdyelsj w;rux fõ' wdydr" j¾Idj" rd;s%h" jk

245

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

i;=kaf.ka jk ìh wdÈh ksid o wêl fjfyi ksido Ôú;CIhg meñfKa'
ie;mqï 12-15 w;r l=vd .ïudkhla ? fnda ùug fmr fidhd .; hq;=h'
l,d;=rlska ovhïldrfhla uqK .efia' túg mdr wid ±k .; yelsh'

r¿ mreI yslauùï l%u
O¾u rifhka mskd.sh OQ;dx. l¾uia:dk NsCIqj Ôú; mß;Hd.
fhka fkdfhla lï lfgd¨ bjihs' Ôú; mrÿjg ;nd >k jkdka;rfha
Ôj;a fj;s' w;s oCI .=rejrhla jQ wdpd¾h uka fihd .ekSu ÿ¾j,
fohls' i;=áka j; ms<sfj;a msÍug fhduq lsÍu myiq fkdfõ' Wkajyakfia
yuqjk yeu fudfyd;l§u l=vd orejka foudmshka ±lSfï§ fuka ye`.Sï
W;af;ackh fõ' i;=áka mskd h;s' bka kef.k Y%oaOdj f.!rjh wiSñ;h'
ish¨ fokdf.a Ôú; wdrlaIdj Wkajykafia fj; mejÍ we;' tfukau
Wkajykafiag Ôú; mß;Hd. lsÍug jqjo i;=gls' wE; ÿr m<d;aj, jdih
lrk úg jqjo fujeks iene¢hdjla we;' fl;rï ÿla úkao;a fl;rï
r¿ mreI foa weiqj;a lï ke;' ;u .=re Nla;sh fkdief,a' w`. ys`.lï
fl<jrla ke;' tfy;a yoj; O¾ufhka msÍ we;' wka ish¨u fohg jvd
O¾uh wjYH fõ' iuyr rd;s%h ;=< ksod .kafka t<sjk ;=re lvd yef,k
OdrdKsmd; jeiafiah' l=re¿ megõ fuka .; is; fjõ,;s' tfy;a n,j;a
ù¾hhfhka wêIaGdkh O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍuh'
OQ;dx. NsCIQka le,Efõ Ôj;a jk úg ,efnk w;a±lSï .ek weiSu
mjd úiauh f.k foa' jk i;=ka fuka uy;a ÿlska l,a f.j;s' wdjrKhla
fkdue;sj ìu ksod .ks;s' is;g iem myiqjla fokafkau ke;' ;o ÿla
ksid is; iem m%d¾:kd fkdlrhs' fuh iaj leue;af;kau lrk ù¾hhls'
;ukag ú¢kakg yels m%udKh l=ula±hs ;uka úiskau fidhd .kS' Èk
.Kkla fkdks|d isàu" wdydr fkd.ekSu" Èk .Kkla ilaufka isàu" jdä
ù iudêfhka isàu" ? oj,a fkdlvjd tlu bßhõfjka isàu" fldákaf.
a .uka ud¾.fha jdä ù iudê.; ùu" Èk .Kka fidfydka N+ñfha rd;s%h
.; lsÍu" tÈku wdodykh l< u< ñkshla foi n,d isàu" uy l÷ nEjqï
j, Ndjkd lsÍu" rd;s%fha jy jkdka;rfha fidhñka f.dia Nhxlr fmfoil Ndjkd lsÍu" fldákaf.ka .yK jQ le,E frdoj, .ia hg Ndjkd
lsÍu wdÈh fõ' fï ksid is; Nhska ;%ia; ù tla;eka ù" iudê .; fõ' fï
ish,a, w;ayod ne¨fõ tlu wruqKlsks' is;g ÿla § is; fu,a, lsÍugh'
ÿlska Nhska ;%ia; jQ is; bnd.df;a wruqKq fidhñka fkdhhs'
hï NsCIqjla fï hïlsis mqyqKq ùfï l%u tlla fyda Bg jeä .Kkla

246

wjidk ld,h

Ndú;d lr ;u wjYH Ñ;a; iudêh we;s lr .kS o ta w;r jákd mdvï
bf.k .kS' ta ksid OQ;dx. NsCIQyq fuejks rECI m%;sm;a;s wkq.ukh
lr;s' wdpd¾hh uka jqjo fujeks m%;sm;a;sfhys fh§ ;u wkq.dñlhskag
th mqreÿ l<y' ;uka oCI f,i ;u is; yslaujd .kakd l%uh meyeÈ,s
l<y' fufia Yla;su;a jQ is; fnd<| foa ksid fkdief,a' w;S;fha fujeks
rECI m%;sm;a;s wkq.ukh lr we;' tfy;a fï l%u uE;l§ w;ayßk ,§'
kuq;a tajd wo jk ;=re;a OQ;dx. NsCIQka wkq.ukh lr;s' YÍrhg ±ä
ÿla §u fuys wNsm%dh jqjo fÉ;kdj b;d msßisÿ neúka O¾u ud¾.fha
is; yiqrejhs' fujeks mqyqKqjla id¾:l ùug kï is;g n,y;aldrfhka
;¾ck j¾ck lsÍug wjYH fõ'
wms ú¢ ÿla .ek i<ld n,k úg bka we;sjk úmdl yd ixikaokh
l< fkdyelsh' bka b;d M,odhs úmdl ,efí' YS,h" bjiSu ,o fohska i;=gq
ùu" úkh wd§ m%n, wä;d,ula u; iudêh f.dv kef.a' fuu .;s .=K
ñksid b;d w.h lrkjd' tu .;s.=K /l .ekSu" tfukau ÿIalr neúka
iEu fudfydf;au i;s m[a[dfjka l,a f.j;s' jevlg ke;s ÿ¾j¾K"
¥Is; foa fufia wdrlaId lsÍug wjYH fkdfõ' mqoa.,hdf.a jákdlu
r|d mj;skafka yDo YdCIshg wkqj hq;=lï lrñka ;u pß; j¾Okh isÿ
lsÍfuks' Bg fndfyda fjfyi úh hq;=h' fï jákd .=K O¾u imsÍu ksid
wms ±kq;a wkd.;fha;a i;=g ,nuq' OQ;dx. NsCIQka wms w.h lrkafka
Wkajykafia,df.a wm%;sy; ffO¾Hh ;=<ska ;u ms<sfj;a rlsk neúks' ta
;=<ska isf;a O¾uh m%;sIaGdmkh flf¾'
O¾uh fyd|dldr rlsk ;dla l,a nqoaO Ydikh mj;S' Ydikfha
m%;súmdl ,efnkafka ta wkqj yeisfrk whg muKs' túg úYsIag m%;sM,
,efí' fuh fudfyd;ska fudfyd; ú¢h yels úmdl fõ' nqÿrcdKka jykafia
fï i;HdjfndaOh ,nd f,dalhdg tu mKsúvh ÿka fial' fï i;H .fõIKh
lrkafkda nqÿ oyu ms<smÈ;s' tfy;a ´kEjg tmdjg" fudav woCI Ndjfhka
nqÿ oyu ms<smÈk úg Ydikfha n,h ySk fõ' tjeks wh wfn!oaOhkaf.
a mjd .erySug m;afõ' ienE i;Hh fï p;=rd¾h i;Hhhs' tu uq¿ úYajhu tlfy<d ms<s.; hq;= i;Hhls' nqÿ flfkl=f.a w;smdßY=oaO uyd
n,j;a is;lska foaYkd l< i;Hhka neúks' hfula ;=< fï i;Hh ms<sn|
Wkkaÿjla ke;akï fyda wjfndaOhla ke;akï Tyq f,dalhd bÈßfha ksula
ke;s jdo fNao" flf<ia odyhg" yiqjkafka m%dK wem lrefjl= f,isks'
fuu hgg ls|d nei we;s flf<ia uq,a cd,dj Ydikh úiska uq,ska is|
oud we;s njg idCIs jYfhka nqÿjreka jykafia,d iy ry;ka jykafia,d
fmkS isá;s' ud ;djld,sl ud;Dldfjka msg mksk neúka ug iudjqj uekj'
247

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

bka Tmamq jkafka ud ;ju;a kS;s .rel ke;s njls' Bg fya;=j WoaOÉp
ksid úisß .sh iyc .;s mej;=ï fõ' r¿ mreI OQ;dx. mqyqKq ùï .ek
l:d lsÍu uf.a pß; iajNdjhla ù we;' ta mqyqKqj t;rï weg" uia f,a
j,g úksúo f.dia we;' wjxl fï m%;sm;a;s /lSfuka taldka; m%;sM,
,efí' isf;a we;s ovínr" keyeÈÉp" wdvïnr" .;sh álska ál ÿrefõ'
YdÍßl Yla;sh we;súg fuu .;s ;j ;j;a Yla;su;a ù mek k.S' lEu
wvq lsÍu" ksrdydr ùu" ksÈ jeÍu" ilauk" ys¢ñka fndfyda fõ,d Ndjkd
lsÍu ksid is; fu,a, ù O¾u ud¾.fha hdug tl`. fõ' wka l%u fha.H
jkafka fldákag Nh" fyd,auka j,g Nh .ek ;u is;;a iu`. igka je£
ta ìh mrdch lsÍugh' Nh fï wdldrfhka wvq ù ke;s ù hhs' túg isf;a
n, mrdl%uh ;ukagu wjfndaO fõ' ;ukag lr lshd .kag neß úg wuq;=
Yla;shla isf;a yg .kS' Wod( YÍrfha bjikag neß fõokdjla yg.;a
úg th wNsnjd hdug is; ù¾Hh .kS' is; hïlsis ;SrKd;aul wNsfhda.
hlg uqyqK ÿka úg ;u i;s" m[a[d ;shqKq fõ' udrdka;sl igklg
t<Uqk úg l< fkdyels fohla ke;' fï jkdys isf;a iajNdjhhs' fueks
lsis wNsfhda.hlg uqyqK fkd§ isák úg isf;a iïmQ¾K Yla;sh mek
ke.Sug wjia:djla ke;'
i;s" m[a[d j¾Okh lsÍug b;du iqÿiq jkafka ;ukag we;s hï
m%Yakhla úi£ug fhdod .kakd wd;au mß;Hd.hhs' th bIag lr .ekSug
;ukag iqÿiq w;ayod ne,Sï j,ska tlla f;dard .; hq;=hs' th ls%hd;aul
jk úg ;u is; ksy~ fõ' fï yeu l%uhlskau úiauh ckl M, úmdl
,efí' fyd,auka j,g Nh mqo.
a ,hd ñkS lk;a;l rd;s%h .; l< úg ta ìh
;=rka fõ' fldákag we;s ìh ÿre lsÍug rd;s%h ld,h fldákaf.ka .yk
jQ mßirhl úiSug is;g n, l< hq;=h' wdydrj,g we;s lEorlu ke;s
lsÍug wdydr .ekSu wvq lsÍug fyda ksrdydrj isàug n, l< hq;=h'
wms iefjdu fyd| wdydr reÑ lruq' fyd| wdydr lEfuka wms i;=gg
m;afõhehs úYajdi lruq' m%Yakh jkafka ;Kaydfõ w;Dma;slr Ndjhhs'
fl;rï ,enqK;a ;j ;j;a n,dfmdfrd;a;=fõ' fl;rï wmyiq jqj;a ;u
w;Dma;slr ;Kaydj iEySulg m;a lsÍug jEhï lrk nj fkdf;af¾'
O¾ufha yeisfrk wh ;u w;Dma;slr wdYdj l=ula±hs wjfndaO lr th
hg;a lsÍug ;on, ;SrKj,g t<ôh hq;=fõ' OQ;dx. NsCIQka fuh wjfndaO lr .;a úg ;udu ;ukag úkh mkjd .ks;s' ;u l¾lI meje;au
;=<ska ta wdidj hgm;a lr;s' hï wdydrhla .ek jeämqr leue;a;la
wef;d;a ;udg o~qjula jYfhka ta wdydrh j¾ckh lrhs' ta fjkqjg
;uka fkdleu;s wdydr j<¢hs' Tyqg wdydr jeämqr .kag is;=k úg wdydr
248

wjidk ld,h

m%udKh wvq lrhs' fl;rï fyd| wdydr j¾. ;snK
q ;a ish,a, m%;f
s CIam lr
n;a muKla j<|;s' Yla;sh f.k fok wdydr ksid YdÍßl ls%hdldß;ajh
ukfia ls%hdldß;ajh hgm;a lrhs' túg Ndjkd lsÍug fkdyels fõ' túg
;ud ù¾Hh jeãfï m%;sM,h ySk fõ' fï .eg¿j Woa.; jQ úg ±ä uqrKavq Ndjhlska ta ;Kaydj j¾Okh ùug bv fkdfoa' oCI .=rejrfhl=f.a
wdNdIh ,;a NsCIqj ;udf.a w.=K ÿ¾j,lï fufia hgm;a lrhs' ;udf.
a mqreÿ wdidjka lmd yÍ'
fufia wdydr ms<sn| iqmßlaIdldÍj m%;HfõCId lrK OQ;dx.
NsCIqj ;u ;Kaydjg myr .ykakdla fukau kskao .eko iqmßCIdldÍ
fjhs' kskaog hkafka wij,a fõ,djg msìfok nj is;df.kh' leu;s
fj,djg kskaog f.dia leu;s fj,djg msì§ug mqreoaola ke;' O¾uhg
úreoaO hula lsÍfuka j<lshs' úkh kS;s /lSug jvd ;u isf;a mj;sk
O¾u;djh .ek jvd;a wjOdrKh flf¾' ;u isf;a O¾uh ks;ru mj;S'
th miqneiSula ke;' fufia ;u is; wdrlaId lsÍu b;du wiSre lreKls'
we;af;kau tjeks ÿIalr wka fohla úYajfha ke;'
f,dal iïu;hg hg;a ù isák úg flf<ia j¾Okh ùug bv
we;' hïlsis m%udo fodaIhla ksid flf<ia W;aikak fõ' túg th md,kh
lsÍug fkdyelsh' fudfyd;lska th is; ;=<g ßx.d .;a miq j¾Okh
ùfï fõ.h ks¾Kh l< fkdyelsh' bka ;udg úm;la jk nj ksielju
ms<s.; hq;=h' weismsh .ik ld,hla ;=< ,CI ixLHd; flf<ia j¾Okh
fõ' th md,kh lsÍug fkdyels neúka wms wirK fjuq' ,sx.sl wdiajdo
fujeks md,kh lsÍug fkdyelsj ke.S tkakd jQ flf<ia jk w;r thska
ñ§ug o fkdyels fõ' ,sx.sl wdiajdohg we;s wdYdj úkdYldÍ" jroldß
.;shlska is;g n,mdhs' fu;rï ,eÊcd Nh iqka ù hk wka lsis flf<ia
fkdue;s ;rïh' f,dalfha ish¨ fokdu leu;s neúka fï flf<ia Yla;su;a
ù" uy;a fia úkdYldÍ ùu muKla fkdj iS,dpdr .;s ì| ouhs' O¾uh
rlsk wh .ek muKla fuu flf<ia ;rul ìhla olajhs' fjk lsis
fohlg jvd Nh we;sjkafka nqÿjre iy ry;=ka bÈßfhah' fï wd¾hh
mqoa.,fhda iïmQ¾Kfhkau tu flf<ia r`.mdk fi,a,ïmsáh úkdY lr
we;s neúka Wkajykafia,df.a is;g msúiSug fkdyelsh' is; w,a,d .ekSug
l=reudkula ke;' tfy;a wka ish¨ fokdu tu n,hg hg;a lr uy;a ÿla
lror jHjikhkag md;% lr;s'
OQ;dx. NsCIQka fuu flf<ia j,ska we;sjk mSvdldÍ iajNdjh y÷kd
.ks;a' tneúka flf<ia is| ì| ±óug fu;rï ±ä" r¿ m%;sm;a;s wkq.

249

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ukh lr;s' NsCIqka jykafia,d ysi uqvq lr Öjr ord.;a wh jqjo flf<ia
j,ska ksoyia ùula ke;' ly Öjrh hkq udr n,h ì| ouk ch.%dyS
ixfla;hls' kuq;a flf<ia j,ska is; uev.;a l,ays isjqre yer hdugo"
flf<ia iu`. igk w;ayeÍugo tu NsCIqjf.a jhi fyda fcHIag;ajh
fkdi<ld wkaO N+; f,i fudayfhka ksjk jid,Sugo fm<fò' fï
flf<iaj, iajNdjhhs' fï nj jgyd .;a OQ;dx. NsCIqj n,y;aldrfhkau
flf<ia ÿre lsÍug fkdfhla l%u iy úê Wmfhda.S lr .ks;'a fkdfhla ÿla
lïlfgd¨ igfkys fhfo;a' tfia fkdlrK úg flf<ia chf.k NsCIqjg
yd Öjrhg kskaod wmydi muqKqjd iskdfi;a' Bg;a jvd úkdYldÍ jkafka
zzix>r;akhgZZ lrK ks.%yhhs' fujeks ÿIalr m%;sm;a;s ;=<ska ;u Öjrh
yd O¾uh wdrlaId fõ' ixidßl ÿla blaujd hdug O¾uh ms<sn| Y%oaOd
nqoaêh we;s lrf.k lsishï Èkhl ;ud ch.%dyS jk nj is;d OQ;dx.
NsCIqj ;u wêIaGdk wkqj is; Yla;su;a lr .ks;a' nqÿ oyñka muKla
fuu ud¾.h fiúh hq;=h' th tlu ud¾.h fõ' th úfYaI ±kqula yd
Wkkaÿjla we;s whg muKla iSudfõ' th fjk lsis myiq l%uhlska l<
yels fohla o fkdfõ' fjk;a ud¾. wef;d;a tajd ndOl wjysr j,ska
.yk neúka tys ch.%yKhla fkdue;' tu ud¾.fha hfula .uka .;a
úg ksielfhkau uy;a mSvdjg m;aù ;ud ;=< we;s Y%oaOdj ySk ù ud¾.h
ms<sn| iel we;s ù fuh fkdl< yels fohla hehs w;ayÍ' tneúka fjk;a
ud¾. ;=<ska iïmQ¾K úuqla;sh fkd,efí'
fujeks W;=ï wdpd¾hjrfhla ùug l<ska wdpd¾h uka m%;m
s ;a;s fohla
jeãfï§ iqidk N+ñh wod< ke;s wkjYH fohla f,i is;+y' ;uka wjidk
yqiau fy¿ miq fld;ekl wdodykh l<;a lï ke;' O¾uh fjkqfjka
fld;ek§ u<;a lï ke;' miqj ;u wkq.dñlhkag lreKq bÈßm;a lrK
úg ;ukaf.a is; ÈhqKq ;shqKq lr.;a njla w;sJøshkaf.a ls%hdldß;ajh
;=<ska wêudkqIsl lreKq wjfndaO l< nj;a meyeÈ,s úh' ta ;=<ska woyia
m%ldY lrk úg ish,a,kaf.a is;a W;af;ackh ù ls%hd;aul lsÍug Wkkaÿ
lrjhs' flf<ia j, w;s udhdldÍ /jàu Wkajykafiaf.a uqjy;a m%{dfjka
wruqKq lr ;u YsIHhkag myod ÿkaúg tu flf<ia uq,ska Wmqgd ±óug
yelsfõ' fï wdldrfhka tu YsIH msßi ;u flf<ia ch.%yKh lrñka
ÿla blauj;s' iir bm§u yd urKh blauj;s' iir ;rKh lr;s' iir
hkq tla Wm;la ;j;a Wm;lg mßj¾;kh ùuls' tfy;a yo ;=< mj;sk
ÿl tlfia mj;S' fl;rï jdrhla bmÿk;a yojf;a ÿl ke;sùula ke;'
w¿;a Ôú;h hkq kej;;a ÿla f.k fok WmlrKhls' bka kej; kej;;a
úkdYhg m;aùuls' lsishï Njhl bm§ug n,dfmdfrd;a;= fkdúh hq;=hs'

250

wjidk ld,h

th ysrlrefjla tla isr f.hl isg ;j;a isrf.hlg udre ùuls' Tyq
;ju;a isr Ndrfha isáhs' tys we;s ksoyila ke;' kqjKe;af;da fuu
Wmam;a;s urK fol ksid ixidrfha Nhdkl nj oks;'s yojf;a is;=ú,s tla
.sksf.k ±fjk f.hlska msg ù ;j;a .sksf.k ±fjk f.hlg msúiSuls'
fld;ekl bmÿk;a fï ;;a;ajh fufia uehs' fï wd§ foaYk wdpd¾h uka
ks;sm;d ;u OQ;dx. NsCIQkag foñka yslauj;s' iuyrúg fï lshjk Tn
fujeks foaYkd j,g leu;s fjkdj we;'
Wfmdi: Èkhkays kqÿßka isák NsCIQka jykafia,d 40-50 la muK
meñKs úg ta whg O¾udkqYdikd flfr;s' wdpd¾h uka lrk fï foaYk
tys fkajdislj jev isák NsCIQkag lrK foaYk j,g jvd fnfyúka
fjkia fõ' tys idrh b;d jeo.;a jqjo OQ;dx. NsCIQkag fok foaYkd is;
úksúo f.dia flf<ia iqkq úiqKq fj;s' is; l=i,;djfhka iudê .; ù
;ud bkafka fldfya±hs okafka ke;' tu m%;HCIh fl;rï iqjodhl ±hs
jpkfhka lsh fkdyelsh' Èk .Kkdjla hk ;=re isf;a flf<ia fkdk.S'
th Wkajykafia wNsfhda.hg uqyqK §uls' tfy;a ál Èklg miq kej;;a
flf<ia kue;s kd.hd fmkh mqmamd is; ji`. lrhs' ta jk úg B<`.
foaYkhg ijka §ug we;' kej;;a flf<ia hgm;a ù NsCIQka jykafia,d
lSm Èkl iykhg m;afõ'
ish¨u OQ;dx. NsCIQyq O¾ufha yeisÍug uy;a fjfyi or;a' iir
ÿla ;rKh lsÍu tlu wruqKhs' flf<ia Wÿrd ±óu ;ks ;ksju l<
hq;=hs' tneúka .=re WmfoaYkh b;d jeo.;a fõ' ;udg úi¢h fkdyels
udkisl YdÍßl .eg¿jla meñKs úg hqyqiq¿j ;u wdpd¾hjrhd yuq
ù ish¨ ;;= m%ldY lr;a' oCI wdpd¾hjrhd tu .eg¿jg fya;= idOl
fidhd § bka u;=jk m%Yak" iel" nh" ÿl" ksjdrKh lrhs' iuyrúg
Wkajykafiaf.a foaYkh ;=<ska bfíu m%Yakhg ms<s;=re ,efí' bkamiq ;u
Ndjkd ndOl u`. yeÍ hhs'
fufia Ndjkd lrk fhda.S NsCIQkag ;u ;SCIK nqoaêfhka ;udf.
a ÈhqKqj ms<sn|jo wka whf.a ÈhqKqj yd wdpd¾jrhdf.a ÈhqKqj ms<sn|
jegfya' fï ksid wfkHdakH úYajdih" in|;djh ;yjqre fõ' hï NsCIqjla ;udf.a Ndjkd w;a±lSï .ek m%ldY lrk úg Tyqf.a .uka ud¾.
fha ie;mqï lKq miqlr we;s ;;= jegfya' bka Wkajykafiaf.a Ndjkd
ÈhqKqj ks¾Kh l< yelsh' .=rejrhdg ;u Ndjkd w;a±lSï lshk úgo
wik m%Yak ;=<skao" Tyqf.a ÈhqKqfõ uÜgu fy<s fõ' .=rejrhdf.a CIKsl
ms<s;=re úi÷ï ;=<ska ta .=rejrhdf.a ÈhqKqfõ uÜgu fy<sfõ' .=rejrhd

251

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

;=< tu w;a±lSï we;súg bka bÈßhg hdug Wmfoia fohs' hï .eg¿jl
we;s fya;= idOl b;d oCI wkaoñka fmkajd ÿka úg YsIHhd th ms<s.kS'
iuyr úg fhda.Ska jerÈ ks.ukj,g nei .ks;a' ;ud ish¨ flf<iqka
kid W;=ï ksjka wjfndaOh ,nd we;ehs is;;s' th jerÈ kï .=rejhd
Bg fya;= idOl fmkajd fohs' túg ;udg jerÿk ldrKh jegyS bka ñ§
kej; Ndjkdj wrUhs'
Oq;dx. NsCIQyq ;u ;ukaf.a Ndjkd w;a±lSï idlÉPd lrK úg
;uka meñKs isák ;;a;ajh .ek iel ÿre lr .ks;s' th ;udg m%;HCI
jQ wjfndaOhls' .=rejrhd isg kjlhd olajd fufia ;udf.a Ndjkd ÈhqKqj
.ek iel ÿre lr .ks;s' fuh ;u iyc nqoaêfhka f;areï lr .kafka
flfia±hs uu fkdoksñ' tu oCI;djh uu Tn fj; mjrñ' th úfYaI
olaI;djhla neúka iqúfYaI l=i,;djhkaf.ka ,eìh hq;=h'
wdpd¾h uka iu`. ksrka;rfhka idlÉPd lsÍu fya;=fjka OQ;dx.
NsCIQka jykafia iu`. lsÜgq in|;djhla we;s lr .ks;s' Wkajykafia
flfrys ;snQ wiSñ; f.!rjh yd úYajdih ksid ;u Ôú;h Wkajykafiag
msßkeuQy' fuu wp, Y%oaOdj ksid Wkajykafiaf.a jpkh ysia uqÿkska
ms<s.;ay' Bg fya;=j Wkajykafia ks;ru i;Hfhka i;Hh .,md l:d
lsÍuhs' mqoa.,sl u;h fyda ks.ukh fyda wkqudkh fkdolaj;s'
fï ,shk uuo ;rul mqoa.,sl u;Odß flfkla fjñ' wka whf.a
úksYaphg fkdkefuñ' fï ksid wdpd¾h uka iu`. jqjo jdo lrñ' ;¾l
lrñ' uu Wkajykafiaf.a újdomkak lrorldÍ tla;rd YsIHfhla fjñ'
iuyrúg uf.a jdoh W.% ù ud Wkajykafiaf.a f.da,fhla nj;a Wkajykafiaf.a wkqYdikd ,eìh hq;= flfkla nj;a wu;l fõ' ud Wkajykafiaf.
a .=rejrhfla fkdjk nj wu;l fõ' uf.a u;fha t,afnñka udk ia:
ïNfhka ks¾Nh fjñ' fï yeuúgu ud neg ldf.k mrdchg m;afjñ'
tys jeo.lau jQfha i;Hh .eí ù we;af;a uf.a u;h ;=<o ke;akï .=rejrhdf.a m%{dj ;=<±hs uu fyd|dldr wOHhkh lsÍuhs' ud jdo lrK
úg th f>daId ;r`.hla fõ' uu Yío k.d jdohg t<fUñ' ish¨u i;Hh
we;af;a Wkajykafiaf.a me;af;a' uf.a uq,dj wyi Wig ke. we;' yeu
úgu mrdð; igkls' uu isysika jQ úg fndfyda fõ,d fndfyda .eUqßka
l,amkd lrñ' Wkajykafia lS foa taldka; i;Hh nj ug jegyS f.!rj
kuialdrfhka th ms<.
s ksñ' ta iu`.u uf.a jerÈ oDIaáh ì| jefÜ' iuyr
úg Wkajykafiaf.a nqoaêu;a ;¾l yd tys hqla;s iy.; nj ug fkdf;af¾'
tneúka ;ju;a ;¾l w;a fkdyßñka fjk;a wjia:djla fhdodf.k újdoh

252

wjidk ld,h

kej; lrf.k hñ' tfy;a Wkajykafiaf.a nqoaêu;a úpdÍu ;=<ska uu neg
ld f.k miq nisñ' uf.a u;fha fkdfhla .eg¿ we;' túg uu ksy~j
i;=gg m;afjñ' iskdfiñ' O¾ufha ydialu yd n,h ud l=,au;a lrhs'
wdpd¾h uka uf.a ;¾lh" ks.ukh" u;h iïmQ¾Kfhkau jerÈ
nj ±k ±k;a ug neK jÈkafka ke;' th fjkia lrkag hehs fkdlshdu
isky uqiq uqyqKska fï wKqjk fudavhd .ek wkqlïmd lr;ao @ fï udrdfõCIhlska lE .ik mqoa.,hdf.a wd;au úYajdih .ek úiañ;fhka n,d
isá;ao @ th ug ;ju;a ielhls uu fndfydu fyd| flfkla fkdjk nj
uu ms<.
s ;sñ' ;ju;a fcHIag wdpd¾hjre iu`. ks¾,Êðj jdohg t<fUñ'
tfy;a tys ,dNh iq¿ mgq fkdfõ' fndfyda wiajdNdúl mdvï uu bf.k
.;sñ' fï l%uh uu ;ju;a wkq.ukh lrñka jákd wOHhkhla lrñ' fï
fcHIag NsCIQka jykafia,d ;=< uf.a n,y;aldr lñka u;= lrk m%Yk
a .ek
lsih
s ï l<lsÍula olakg ke;' fndfyda úg Wkajykafia,d úys¿jlg fuka
iskdfi;s' l<d;=rlska jhia.; jQ uqrKavq NsCIqjla hïlis úfrdaOhla m<
lrhs' idudkHfhka fuu wdpd¾hjre iu`. lsif
s jla jdohg fkdmeñfK;s'
tneúka wksl=;a NsCIQka jykafia,d fï jdo újdo .ek úiauhg m;afj;s'
iel ìh we;s lr .ks;s'
Ñhdx uhs ys .; l< ld,h ;=<§ wdpd¾h uka uy;a jQ u.a.M,
m%;s,dNhg m;ajqKs' Wmam;a;s urKfhka ieÿï ,;a >k jkdka;rhla jQ
iir ;rKh l<y' bkamiq ld,h .; lf<a hï úYsIag fya;=jla ksid úh
yelsh' kfLdka rÉPisudys È.= l,la jdih l<y' fndfyda .sys meúÈ msßi
ld,hla isg uy;a jQ Y%oaOd Nla;sfhka O¾uh wkqj Ôj;a fj;s' Ndjkd
ÈhqKq wh úYd, msßila isáhy' miqj bka iuyfrla Wkajykafia legqj
Wfødka ;dys iy ifldka kfLdka fj; .shy' Wkajykafiaf.a wmj;a ùu
fuys§ isÿjqKs' kfLdka rÉPisudys .sys meúÈ msßi Ndjkd ÈhqKq l<y' ta
iuyr NsCIQka ±ka m%isoaO wdpd¾hjre ù we;' Wkajykafia,d ;=< O¾uh
iaÓrj m%;I
s G
a dmkh ù we;' wo jk ;=re;a .sys meúÈ msßig Ndjkd Wmfoia
fo;s' .sys fhda.S msßi ta wkqj hñka odk mdrñ;dj imqr;s' iS, mdrñ;d
wd§ fkdfhla .=K O¾u j¾Okh lr .ks;s'
Wkajykafia Wfødaka ;dksj, B<`. jia ld,h .; l<y' tu
wdrdudêm;s c´ Lqka Oïufc§ NsCIqj úYd, NsCIq iuQyhlf.a kdhl;ajh
bisÆy' Wkajykafiaf.a fkdu| iydh wdpd¾h uka yg ,enqKs' .ïjdiSka
f.ka odk udk mqo mQcd ,nñka ta msßia O¾uhg yd Ndjkdjg fhduq jQy'
Oïufc§ NsCIqj Wkajykafiaf.a f.da, kuls' wiSñ; lreKd" ffu;s%hlska

253

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wdpd¾h uka fï ish¨ lghq;=j, ksr; jQy'
miqj wdpd¾h uka ifldka kfLdka .ug jeähy' tys§ jhia .;
jQ iqÿ Öjr ±rE tla;rd Wmdisldjla uqK .eiqKs' t;=ñhg l=vd Wmdisld
rduhla ;snK
q 's t;=ñhg wkq.%yhla jYfhka wdpd¾h uka fndfyda l,la tys
/£ isáhy' t;=ñh Ndjkd ÈhqKq lr we;' O¾uh yo ;=< wp, Y%oaOdfjka
msysáfhah' ksrka;rfhkau t;=ñhg Wkajykafiaf.a wjjdo wkqYdikh
,enqKs' t;=ñh jeks Ndjkd jeã .sh wfhla olskafka l,d;=rlska hehs
wdpd¾h uka mejiQy'
fuu .u msysáfha l÷ j,ska jg jQ ksïkhlh' tys ld,h mßirh
Oq;dx. NsCIQkag b;d iqÿiq mßirhla úh' fï .fï ;j iqÿ jia;%fhka
ieriqk .sys Wmdisldjla isáhdh' wE jhi wjqreÿ 80g wdikak úh' t;=ñh
o Ndjkd ÈhqKqjla ,en isáhdh' uy;a wdhdifhka t;=ñh ;u ksjfia isg
wdpd¾h uka yuqùug wjq;a Ndjkd Wmfoia ,enqjdh' fo;=ka jrla u`.
kej;S .suka yer y;s ouñka wE meñfKhs' wms iefjdu t;=ñhg uy;a
wkqlïmdjla ±lajQfhuq' zzTng fu;rï jhia.; ù b;d wudrefjka fuys
meñfKkafka wehs @ZZ túg t;=ñh ks¾Nhj ms<s;=re fohs' wdpd¾h uka
bkamiq Ndjkdj .ek úuid O¾u lreKq myod fo;s' t;=ñhg mrÑ;a;
úcdkk {dkh ;snqKs' ta ;=<ska hful=f.a is;sú,s y÷kd .kshs' wdpd¾h
uka .ek t;=ñh l:d lrk úg ish¨ fokdu myka ixfõ.hg m;ajqKs'
wdpd¾Hh uka iskdfi;s'
wE ks¾Nhj m%ldY lrhs' zzTn jykafia iir ;rKh lr we;' uu
fndfyda l,la Tn jykafiaf.a is; ÿgqfjñ' tys widudkH msßisÿ njla
we;' fu;rï mrf;rg .sh Tn jykafia ;j ;j;a Ndjkdfõ fhfokafka
wehs @ZZ
zzuu urKh f;la Ndjkd lrñ' nqoaO Y%djlfhda ;u wêIaGdkh
w;a fkdyß;a'ZZ
zzTn jykafiag ;j wjfndaO lghq;= O¾u ke;súg l=ugo Ndjkd
lrkafka @ Tnf.a isf;ka wdf,dal úysfoa' uq¿ f,dalh mqrd fuu wdf,dalh
úys§ hhs' Tng fndfyda foa olakd kqjK we;' tfy;a uf.a is; t;rï
m%n, ke;' tneúka uu fuys meñK Wmfoia ,nd .;sñ' Tn jykafia
;rï is; ÈhqKq lsÍug ug Wmldr lrkak'ZZ
fuu l;d i,a,dmh wid isá ish¨ fokdu t;=ñhf.a Ndjkd ÈhqKqj

254

wjidk ld,h

.ek i;=gqfj;s' hïlsis .eg¿jla wef;d;a ;u yerñáfha jdrefjka
wjq;a ta .eg¿j ksrdlrKh lr .kS' wdpd¾h uka t;=ñhg uy;a wdor
f.!rjfhka i<l;s' ;reK NsCIQka jykafia,d fï idlÉPdjg lka§ug
ie`. ù isá;s' t;rï ms%hckl idlÉPdjla úh' Bg fya;=j tu m%Yak
k.kafka ;u Ndjkd w;a±lSï ;=<k
s 's fndfyda úg p;=rd¾hh i;Hh .eko"
ÈjH n%yau f,dal .eko m%Yak lr;s' wdpd¾h uka tu w;a±lSï iqÿiq±hs
n,d th ÈhqKq lsÍug Wmfoia fohs' ke;fyd;a ud¾.h kqiÿ
q iqhehs m%;f
s CIam
lrhs' bkamiq kshu l%uh myod fo;a'
t;=ñhg ;snQ yelshdj .ek wka NsCIQka jykafia,d i;=gq jQ w;r
ìhm;a jQy' mris;a okakd kqjK ;=<ska ;ukaf.a wNHka;r flf<ia
oks;s' is;=ï me;=ï oks;s' ryia oks;s' fuh iEfyk wNsfhda.hla úh'
tfy;a t;=ñh ks;ru lSfõ l=vd idufKar NsCIqj mgka jeäysá NsCIQka
jykafia,df.a YÍrfhka §ma;su;a wdf,dal lsrK úysfok njls' rd;S%
wyfia ;re nenf,kakdla fuks' th b;d ÿ¾,N o¾Ykhls' lsisu l=vd
idufKar NsCIqjlf.a jqjo w÷r" fYdalS lsrK ke;' ta is;aj, msßisÿ Ndjh
ksid fï §ma;sh úys§ hhs' Wkajykafia,dg fok odk udkdÈfhka uy;a
M, úmdl ,efí' ta NsCIQka ks;ru ud¾.M, ,eîu i|yd ù¾hh jv;s'
tla úfgl t;=ñh n%yau f,dalhg f.dia ;uka ÿgq mßirh úia;r l<dh'
zztys fndfyda meúÈ wh isá;s' tfy;a .syshka lsisfjla ke;'ZZ óg fya;=j
l=ula±hs m%Yak l,dh'
zzn%yau f,dalj, isákafka Ndjkd ÈhqKq wkd.dó M,hg m;a n%yau
rdcjreh' wkd.dó M,hg m;a NsCIQjla wmj;a jQ úg n%yau;, j, Wm§'
.syshka w;r tfia u.M, ,dNSka isákafka b;d ál fofkls' Tng t;rï
wjYH kï wehs Tn ta .ek m%Yak fkdlf<a @ tfia wid ±k .kafka ke;sj
±ka uf.ka wihs'ZZ
t;=ñh iskdiqkdh' zzug wu;l jqkd ta .ek wikag" ug ta l=;=y,h
we;s jqfka miq ld,hl' tneúka Tn jykafiaf.ka wikakg is;=Kd' ug
u;la jqfkd;a B<`. j;dfõ .sh úg wid ±k .kafkñ'ZZ wdpd¾h ukaf.a
ms<s;=re ks;r wruqKq folla bgq lr;s' tkï i;Hh úoyd mEu iy jerÈ
iel ks.uk wdÈh úi§u' miqj Wkajykafia ndysr foa .fõIKh lsÍu
kj;d ;u is; lh ms<sn| .fõIK lsÍug Wmfoia ÿks' ndysr foa .ek
is; fhduq lsÍfuka ;ukaf.a jákd ld,h wmf;a hhs' u.a. M, i|yd
m%{dj ÈhqKq l< hq;=h' tkï is; - lh ms<sn| wks;H ÿlaL wkd;au

255

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fiùuhs' tu Wmfoia mßÈ t;=ñh Ndjkd l<dh' wdpd¾h uka fndfyda úg
t;=ñhf.a id¾:l Ndjh .ek NsCIQkag lsh;a NsCIQkag mjd t;rï .eUqre
wjfndaOhla fkd;snqKs'
t;=ñhf.a ÈhqKqj msKsi wdpd¾h uka nka fkdx *sï ys fndfyda
ld,hla jev isáhy' fï m%foaYh wjg m<d;aj, NsCIQkag .ukd .ukh
myiq úh' md .ukska hdug yels úh' tys ksixi, mßirh Ndjkdjg b;d
fhda.H úh' l÷" .,a .=yd" ;eks;,d" ksïk j,ska hq;a ruKSh m%foaYhls'
wdpd¾h uka fuys wjqreÿ 5la muK ld,hla jev isáhy' jhi
wjqreÿ 75la muK neúka fkdfhla frda.dndO ;snqKs' uq¿ ojiu wdrKHfha
jev úiQy' fjkod fuka ixpdrh fkdl<y' fndfyda YsIHfhda weú;a Wmfoia
,nd .ks;s' fï mßirh .ï wdYs%; neúka foúhkaf.a meñKSu l,d;=rlsks'
úfYaI mQcd Èkhkays foúhka /ia jQy' tneúka ;u YsIH NsCIQkag yd .sys
Wmdil Wmdisldjkag Wkajykafiaf.a Wmfoia fkdu|j ,enqKs'

O¾uh ;=<ska frda. Ñls;aidj
nka fkdx *õ wdY%uh msysáfha >k jkdka;rhla ;=<h' uef,aßhd
frda.h tys me;sÍ .sfhah' wdpd¾h uka wd.ka;=l NsCIQkag j¾Id ld,fha
tys jdih fkdlr blauKska msg ù hkag lsh;s' úh,s ld,fha úiSu wk;=re
fkdfõ' uef,aßhd frda.h je<÷k NsCIQkag m%;sldrhla ke;' fnfy;a j¾.
ke;' ta ld,fha tu fnfy;a fidhd f.k ke;' tneúka frda. Ñls;aidjg
we;af;a O¾uh muKs' tkï YdÍßl ÿla fõokd ish,a, i;s iudêfhka
.fõIKH lsÍuh' fï yer ÿla ke;s lr .ekSug l%uhla ke;' i;s iudê
ÈhqKq jQ úg frda.h blauKska u¾okh fõ'
fufia frda. u¾okh lsÍug i;s iudê ;=<ska yelsùu b;d úYd,
ch.%yKhls' th ia:djr mokuls' ish¨ iem fõokd" ÿla fõokd
úo¾Ykdjg ,lafõ' urKhg uqyqK §ug ìh fkdfõ' tjeks lgql fõokd
ta i;s iudêfhka hgm;a lsÍug yelshdj we;s neúks' ÿlaL i;Hh wjfndaO fõ' tys iajNdjh f;areï .; yelsh' ta ms<sn| ìh iel my fõ'
wks;H" ÿlaL" wkd;au" máÉp iuqmamkak lreKq ;u nqoaêhg f.dapr fõ'
´kEu ÿlla bjid ±Íug yelsfõ' ;u i;s m[a[d ;=<ska ÿl olshs' ÿlg
fya;=j olS' tneúka ;u ÿlg Ndckh ù ÿla ú¢kafka ke;' ÿl foi i;s
m[a[dfjka n,d wjfndaO lrk neúks' ÿl hk i;=rd iu`. igka j§'
YÍrh frda.hg ji`. jqjo is; ksfrda.s fõ' i;s m[a[d hqO Nghka fuka
256

wjidk ld,h

ÿl mrdch lrhs' is; ;Èka ¨yq n¢kafka rEm" fõokd" i[a[d" ixLdr"
ú[a[dh ms<sn|h' ta ms<sn| ;snQ iqL" iqN" ks;H" wd;au iajNdjh ;u
m%{djg yiq ù wúoHdj ÿre flf¾' fuh ;shqKq f,i b,lal fõ' O¾uh
b;d meyeÈ<sh' Y%oaOdj wp, fõ' i;s m[a[d ;=<ska ÿlaL i;Hh wjfndaO
lsÍug ;j ;j;a Wkkaÿ fõ'
tla jrla fyda fufia ÿlaL i;Hh wjfndaO jQ úg" B<`.g tk ÿla
.ek kej; úpdÍula ke;' th .fõIKh lr wjfndaOh ,nd we;s neúks'
th foi j¾;udkfhka n,d isàu muKla iEfya' fufia i;s m[a[d
;=<ska meyeÈ,s wjfndaOhla kej; kej; we;sfõ' i;sh meje;aùug
ù¾hh we;súh hq;=hs' fufia n,k úg fõokdj" YÍrh" is; fjka fjkaj
olS' tajd tlsfkl yd ñY% ùula fyda .eàula ke;' fuu w;a±lSfuka
ÿlaL iuqoh y÷kd .kS' ;udg ÿla fok" frda. lrk" urKh f.k fojk
zzldrlZZ y÷kd .kS' ;ud Nh jQfha ;udf.a n,j;a Woafõ.hg ldrl jQ
m%;sls%hdjgh' ta ;=<ska ;ud wiykhg m;a úh' fuh fyd¢ka jgyd .;a
miq frda.h ksjdrKh fõ' frda. ,laIK we;;a bka is; wiykhg m;a
lrjk m%;sls%hd ke;' lfha ÿl we;;a isf;a ÿl ke;'
fkdbjish yels frda.hla we;s úg OQ;dx. NsCIQj fõokdkq miaikdj lrhs' ;u Yla;s Wr.d ne,Sug" ;u i;s m[a[dfõ ;;a;ajh fuhska
jgyd .; yelsfõ' th id¾:l m%;sM, ,efnk ;=re jvhs' hï NsCIqjla
;u frda.h ms<sn| ÿl" iem" Nh" iel we;s flf¾ kï th Tyqf.a i;s
m[a[dj ÿ¾j,lu nj wksl=;a NsCIQyq y÷kd .ks;a' Tyqf.a iudê"
m[a[dj Yla;su;a ke;' Tyqf.a m%;smodj .ek úYajdi ;eìh hq;= ke;'
bka woyia jkafka tu NsCIqj ;=< i;s m[a[d j¾Okh ù ke;s neúka
wjYH fõ,djg th Wmfhda.S l< fkdyels njh' m%dfhda.slj mqyqKqfõ
fhfok NsCIqj ;=< i;sh j¾Okh ù we;s neúka ksrka;rfhkau wd;au
ixhuh msysgd we;' ´kEu ÿIalr wjia:djlg fkdie,S uqyqK §ug yels
hqo mqyqKq jQ finf,la fuks' tjekakka miq niskafka ke;sj ;u ;;a;ajh
/l .kS' fuh ;ud iu`. jdih lrk wka NsCIQkag y÷kd .; yels"
m%Yxid ,eìh yels fohls' wka NsCIQka fuu ks¾NS; O¾ufha yeisfrk
fin,d .ek úiañ;j n,d isá;s' w.h lr;s' fl;rï m%dK ydks wjia:
djla jqjo OQ;dx. NsCIqj fkdie,S uqyqK fok nj Y%oaOdfjka" Nla;sfhka
n,dfmdfrd;a;= fj;s' Tyqf.a i;s m[a[d lsis úgl mrdch ù flf<ia ch
.kakd njla fkdfmfKa' wjidk urK fudfydf;a§ ;u is; lh kv;a;=
l< fkdyels úg i;s m[a[d keue;s wdjqo wfudrd fkdie,S isá;s'

257

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

nqÿrcdKka jykafia foiQ O¾uh hfula wjfndaO l< úg tys úYaj
ms<s.ekSu .ek iel ke;' tys Yla;sh y÷kk neúka i;=re n,ldh
bÈßfha miq fkdnishs' urKh olajd igka lrhs' ;u YÍrhg tu ÿla
fõokd bis,sh fkdyels kï urKhg m;afjhs tfy;a is; w;a fkdyÍ'
is; wdrlaId lrK i;s m[a[d w;a fkdyßhs' mrdch Tyqf.a ukdmh
fkdfõ' wka;sfï§ ù¾Hh w;a fkdyßk fï fin,df.a is; b;du ia:djr jQ
ksremøs; jQ ks¾jdK wNh N+ñh iam¾I flf¾' wp, Y%oaOdfjka yslafuk
tu i;H;djh weiqre lrkakd thskau wdrlaId fõ' zzOfuud Nfj rlL;s
OuupdÍZZ hï f,ilska O¾uh fo.sähdfjka" wúksYaÑ;j mqreÿ lrkakd
,nk M,h i;Hh wj,x.= lrk neúka ijdlLd; O¾uh weiqre fkdlrhs'
fuh fya;= M, kHdh fõ'
f,dalh fmfrdkaÿ fok ish¨u iem iïm;a m%;f
s CIam lrñka OQ;dx.
NsCIqj Ydikh fmdfrdkaÿ fok wNHka;r iem m%d¾:kd lrhs' WodyrKhla
jYfhka iudê isf;ka ,efnk iekiqu iy ;u is; úksúo .sh flf<ia
m%{dfjka Wÿrd ±óu ksid we;sjk i;=g" fudfydf;ka fudfyd; úkaokh
lrñka ksrka;rfhka ;Dma;su;a i;=glska Tyq l,a hjhs' fï m%;HCI i;=g
OQ;dx. NsCIqj wfmalaId lrhs' fuh lsÍfï§ ;uka bisÆ m%Yak yd .eg¿
úif|a' f,daflda;a;r .=Kh ,nd .ekSug wo fyda fyg fyda uilska fyda
wjqreoaolska fyda yels jkafka tu fudfyd;la fudfyd;la mdid mqreÿ
lrK wm%;sy; ffO¾Hh ;=<sks'
wdpd¾h uka ;u YsIHhka mqyqKq lf<a hqo jÈk fin¿ka fuka
;ukaf.a YdÍßl" udkisl frda. we;;a ke;;a igka l< hq;=h hkqfjks'
;uka igka lrkafka ;udu fírd .ekSugh' f,v frda. mSvd we;s jQ úg
wNsfhda.hls' wNsfhda. bÈßfha miq neiSug bv fkdfohs' frda.S NsCIqjla
;u ÿn,;djh .ek lkiai,a,g m;a jqjfyd;a wdpd¾h uka ksielju
;rjgq lrK nj okS' wdpd¾h uka wksl=;a NsCIQka .s,dfkdamia:dk lsÍfuka
j<laj;s' Bg fya;=j Tyqg iajdëkj ÿl ord .ekSug mqyqKq lsÍugh'
idudkH frda.Ska tfia wkqlïmdj wdorh n,dfmdfrd;a;= jqj;a OQ;dx. NsCIqj l< hq;af;a ;udf.a ÿl úNd. lsÍuh' mÍlaIKh" .fõIKH lsÍuh'
frda.S NsCIqj Wjegka n,dfmdfrd;a;= ùu krl wdo¾Yhls' mrdch ùuls'
tjeks foa wksl=;a whg fndafjk frda.hla fuka me;sÍug bv we;'
tjeks ;;a;ajhla Woa.; jQ úg isÿ jkafka l=ulao @ uefrkag mK
wÈk i;=ka fuka NsCIQka jykafia,d fl¢ß .dñka ta fï w; fmrf<ñka
w~ñka je<fmñka isákjdo @ Tn Ndjkd lrk NsCIQka jykafia,d i;=ka

258

wjidk ld,h

jf.a yeisfrkjdo @ Tn i;=ka fuka is;kakg" yeisfrkag mgka .;af;d;a
uq¿ nqoaO Ydikh ;sßika ,CIK úoyd mdkjd uy;a úCIsma; jQ uq,d jQ
wh olskakg ,efnkjd' fuh nqÿ .;sh fkdfõ' wm fkdfhla úg f,v
frda. j,ska fm<S we;' tneúka wkqkaf.a frda. .ek fyd¢ka oksuq' ;udf.
a ÿla .ekú,s f,dalhdg m%o¾Ykh lrkag tmd' w~ñka je<fmñka ú,dm
;shñka f,v iqj lrkag yelskï fnfy;a fudkjdgo @ f,vla ieÿk ú.i
lE .iñka isáúg f,fâ iqjfõú' tÉprg ,iaikhs' f,âvqkag fu;rï
úh yshoï lrñka m%;sldr lrkag ´fka keye' Tn wfka æ wïfï æ lsh
lshd fl;rï fl¢ß .Ej;a f,fâ iqjfõo @ tfia fkdfõ kï wy< my<
bkak whg mjd wms%h wm%ikak úÈhg wehs fï lE .ykafka @ZZ fujeks
foa lshñka wdpd¾h uka f,vdg wmydid;aul f,i fodia lsh;s' Tyqf.a
yeisÍu wdrKHfha wksl=;a NsCIQkago ysßyerhls'
wks;a w;g hï NsCIqjla ;udf.a ÿla bjidf.k Yla;su;a f,i ú|
ord .kakd úg" i;s m[a[dfjka ;u ÿl m%ldY fkdlrk úg wdpd¾h
uka Tyqg m%Yxid flfr;s' Tyqf.a bjiSu .ek i;=g m%ldY lr ;j ;j;a
ffO¾Hhu;a lr;s' iqj jQ miq;a Tyqf.a .=K j¾Kkd lrñka wksl=;a whg
wdo¾Yhla f,i yqjd olaj;s'
zzfï jf.a ;uhs ks¾Nh fin,d ;u ch.%yKh w;am;a lr .kafka'
i;=rkaf.a n,h .ek meñKs,s lrñka miq niskafka ke;' yels wkaoñka
i;=rd iu`. igka lrhs' mrdch ms<s fkd.kS' jeà isg i;=rd bÈßfha
ne.Em;a fkdfõ' wms jeks Oq;dx. NsCIQka igkaldó fin,ka fõ' f,fâ
fu;rï ÿla fok j.lSfuka jevla ke;' ÿl fok fõokdj foi is; fhduq
lr tys iajNdjh f;areï .kak' fõokdj jeä fyda wvq jqj;a tys iajNdjh
ÿlaL iajNdjhls' tkï p;=rd¾h i;Hfha m<uqjk i;Hhhs'ZZ
hï NsCIqjla ;ukaf.a wdndOh .ek ÿ¾j, ù isák úg wdpd¾h uka
fjk;a .dhkdjla .hhs'
zzTn i;Hh fidhkafka kï i;Hh bÈßfha fõokdjg nfha m<d
hkafka kï Tn i;Hh olskafka flfiao @ nqÿrcdKka jykafia i;Hh
fidhd .;af;a iEu fohlau foi úNd. lr" mÍlaIK lr" .fõIKh lr"
wjfndaO lr .ekSfuks' fï jevlg ke;s NsCIqj jf.a w~ñka fodvñka
;ukagu ksko
a d lr .ksñkao @ fï jf.a ueisú,s lsh lshd fl¢ß ..d i;Hh
wjfndaO l< yelshehs nqÿrcdKka jykafia j|drd we;af;a fld;eko @ uu
jeämqr fmd;a lshjd ke;' tneúka ug ta ;ek fidhd .ekSug fkdyels úh'

259

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fudk iQ;%fhao foaYkd lf<a ueisú,s lsh lshd fl¢ß.dkag @ iQ;% msglh
yodrd we;s flfkla bkakjd kï fufia fl¢ß ..d wf|dakd lSfï l=i,h
ms<sn| jodrd we;s ;ek lreKdlr ug th fmkajd fokak' túg NsCIQkag
ud fufia ÿla ú¢ñka ;udf.a ÿl wruqKq lr mÍlaIK mj;ajkakg lsh
lshd jO lrkafka keye' Tng mq¿jks ´kE ;rï ÿla wf|dakd lsh lshd
p;=rd¾h i;Hh wjfndaO lsÍug' túg wmg olskakg yels uyd yhsfhka
wf|dakd lsh lshd ksjka wjfndaO lr.;a wh' ta whg yelsfõú' nqÿrcdKka
jykafiag wNsfhda. lrkakg fï O¾uh ±ka wjqreÿ 2500la blau f.dia
wj,x.= ù we;ehs lSug'
zzfï ld,hg Tìk O¾uhla ta wh foaYkd lrdú'ZZ th wjfndaO
lsÍug fjfyi ùula ke;' wmyiqfjka .fõIKh lrkakg wjYH ke;'
u.a.M, ,nd .ekSug .dhkd lsÍuh' fuu jljdkqjg th iqÿiq jkafka"
fndfyda wh fidhkafka wl=Y, Yla;s ;=<ska l=Y, úmdl ,eîug neúks'
wo uq¿ f,dalhu fujeks úkdYldÍ u;hka ksid m%md;hg weo jeà we;'
jeä ld,hla hkag m%:u uq¿ mDÓú .%yhd tjeks ksjka wjfndaO lr.;a
idka;=jrhkaf.ka msÍ hkjd we;' uu kï merKs u;hu m%ldY lrñ' uu
nqÿrcdKka jykafia foaYkd l< O¾uh woyñ' flá mdrj,a tys i|yka
lr ke;' ulaksido h;a tjeks flá mdrg wähla ;enQ ú.i uu uqkska
w;g ìu jeà kskaod wmlS¾;shg m;aù ueß hk neúks' th uf.a yoj;
mqmqrd hk ÿlls'ZZ
;ukaf.a ÿn,.;s fmkajk hï frda.dndOhlska fmf<k NsCIqjlg
fujeks foaYkdjla weiSug kshñ;hs' tjeksu fodaIdfrdamKhla ,eîug yels
fohla kï ;u lgql m%;sm;a;s ñ§ug úYd, wNsfhda.hlg uqyqK Èh hq;=
fudfyd;ls' wm Ôú; ld,fha§ iajdëk ;u m%Yakj,g uqyqK §ug mqreÿ
ù we;akï th myiqjla fõ' tfy;a uq,dfjka" Wu;=fjka is; úisÍ .sh úg
is; uqojd .ekSug fkdyelsj brKug uqyqK foa' wirK fõ'
nq ÿ rcdKka jyka f ia fufia foa Y kd lr we;' zzfldkq y dfid
lsudkfJø'''ZZ uq¿ f,dalhu rd. oafõY fuday .sks weú,S Èjd ? ±fjñka
mj;soa§ Tn iskd iS i;=gq jkafka flfiao @ ñka fíÍug iqÿiq irKla
fidhd .kak' w;miq lrñka l,a f.jkafka wehs @ urK fudfyd; olajd
w;miq lrkak tmd' ke;akï ÿla úmdl bula fldkla ke;sj M, foa'ZZ
nqÿrcdKka jykafia ñksidg ÿka wjjdoh zzwmamudfok iïmdfo:ZZ" tkï
zzm%udo fkdù msysgla fidhd .kak'ZZ tfy;a nqÿ jok ñksidg wo weiqk
úg ,eÊcdjg m;ajkafka ;u uq¿ ld,hu m%udofhka bJøsh mskùug .;

260

wjidk ld,h

lrk neúks' ,eÊcdj fl;rï ;snqK;a ;u wdidjkag ji`. fjñka fuh
´fka" fuh tmdZZ hk wks;H jQ f,!lsl iem m%d¾:kd lr;s' bka kslafukafka flfiaoehs fkdoks;s' tneúka wk;=re w`.jk nqÿ jokg we;s tlu
m%;spdrh ,eÊcdj muKls'
nka fkd *sõ ys NsCIqjf.a wNdjh Tn ieug jákd mdvula W.kajhs'
wms iefjdu fï brKug uqyqK Èh hq;=h' Wkajykafia wjidk fudfyd;
.; l< wkaou .ek fyd|dldr is;d n,kak' wka;su fudfyd; <`.d jQ úg
wdpd¾h uka iy wka NsCIQka ms~q is`.d hk .uka tys kej;S fï ÿla uqiq
fõ,djg iyNd.s jQy' wdpd¾h uka úkdä lSmhla iudê .; ù ish,a,ka
wu;d fufia f.!rjdkaú;j lSy'
zzTyq .ek lkiai,a,g fya;= ke;' ±kgu;a 6 fjks n%yau f,alh
jQ wdNiairfhys bm§ we;' ±kg Tyq i;=áka miqfjhs' tfy;a tys mdvqj
kï ;j ál l,la Ôj;a jqjd kï úmiaikdj ÈhqKq lr Y%oaOdjdi n%yau
f,dalhl Wmam;a;sh ,eîug ;snqKs' tys isg w¾y;ajh olajd h;s' kej;
fï ukqf,dj kQmÈ;s fkdyels NsCIqjhs' ;u ÿl ú¢ñka Bg fya;= m%;HCI
l< hq;=h' ;udf.a ÿn,lï ksid m%;smodj w;ayßk NsCIqj Wkajykafiaf.
a n,j;a úfõpkhg ,lafõ' wdpd¾h uka ks;ru hqo Ngfhl=f.a ks¾NS;
Ndjh fuka NsCIqjf.a m%;smodj ks¾NS;j f.k .sh hq;= nj Woafõ.j;aj
u;la lr fo;s' Wkajykafiaf.a fuu foaYkh wid NsCIQkaf.a wd;au Yla;sh
±ä wêIaGdkh ls%hd;aul ù ish¨ frda.j,g m%;sldrhla njg m;afõ'
fufia ;u is; Yla;su;a ù m%dKj;a ù bÈßhg ch.%dysl ,S,dfjka wäfhka
wäh ud¾.fha .uka lr;s' O¾uh fmkajd fok tu Ydka;s iqLh lrd h;s'
wm%dKsl iajNdjh" ue,slu wd§ iir ne| ;uk neñ leã ì£ h;a'
nkakx *sõ wdrKfha wdpd¾h uka jdih lrk ld,fha§ NsCIQka
jykafia,d fokula wmj;a jQy' m<uqj wmj;a jQfha uOHu jhfia isá
NsCIqjls' Wkajykafia uyK jQfha Ndjkd mqyqKq lsÍugh' wdpd¾h ukaf.
a YsIHfhla jYfhka Ñhdx udys isg miqj Wkajykafia fidhdf.k Wfødka
;dks yd ifldka kfLdka .ug meñKshy' iuyrúg ;kshu o iuyrúg
wdpd¾h uka iu`. o úiQy' Wkajykafia iudê Ndjkdfjka Wiia m%;sM,
,oy' wdpd¾h ukaf.a Wmfoia mßÈ úmiaikdfjys fhÿKs' Wkajykafia
b;du;a Y%oaOdjka; jQ" ùhH_dêl pß;hls' ye`.Sï Woafõ.j;aj .S;hla
jeks ñysß f,i O¾u foaYkd lr;s' u, fmdf;a wl=rla j;a fkdokS' tfy;a
jd.a ud,dj w;s olaI f,i meyeÈ,s lrhs' wid isák whg myiqfjka w¾:

261

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

h meyeÈ,s fõ' wjdikdjlg fuka Wkajykafiag CIh frda.h je<÷ks'
ld,hla ÿla ú| wdrKHfha jdih lrK ld,fha§ frda.h W;aikak úh'
tÈk Wfoa 7g muK ikaiqkaj YsCIdldó ix> r;akhlg iqÿiq wkaoñka
wjika yqiau fy¿fõh' th n,d isá uu uy;a wdor f.!rjhlska fï
Ndjkdfhda.S NsCIqj msÿfjñ'
urKdika k fudfydf;a § wfma brKu úi|ka f ka wms u h' ;u
wkd.;h .ek iïmQ¾K j.lSu Ndr.; hq;=h' wka lsisfjl=g fl;rï
leue;a;la we;;a ta brKu fjkia l< fkdyelsh' tneúka l,skau wms
fuu ;;a;ajh uqyqK §ug ieriS isáh hq;=h' l=Y,;djhlska fï fudfyd;
blauúh hq;=h' túg ksremøs;j B<`. Njh .kS' fï fudfyd; tfy;a Tn
ish¿ fokd lskï f,dalhlg hdug iQodkï ù isá;ao @ ;sßika f,dalh"
fma%; f,dalh" wmdh @ ke;akï ñksia f,dj" ÈjH fyda nUf,dj @ ke;akï
ksjk @ ñka l=uk f,dalho @ Tng fuh ±k .kakg Wjukd kï Tnf.
a yojf;a we;s ud,sud hka;%h l=uk Èidjg yeß weoa±hs n,kak' úNd.
lr ±ka n,kak' Tnf.a .uka ud¾.h fyd|o keoao' uereKdg miq th
m%udo jeä ksid ud¾.h fjkia l< fkdyelsh' urKh hkq wjidkh nj
ljqre;a oks;s' bkamiq lrkakg fohla ke;'
fofjks urKh Wfndka rÉP;dys isg wd NsCIqjls' Wkajykafia
uef,aßhd frda.fhka l¿ßh l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a urKh ;j;a NsCIqjla
Ndjkd lrk úg Bg ál Èklg fmr ÿgqfõh' miqod wdpd¾h uka yuq ù
l:d lr tu isoaêh ±kqï ÿks'
zzwuq;= o¾Ykhla Bfha rd;s%fha Ndjkd lrK úg uu ÿáñ' uu
úmiaikd lrñka hï iudêhlg m;a jqfkñ' tljrg uu Tn jykafia
or iEhla bÈßfha isgf.k bkakjd ÿáñ' ta NsCIqj fï ia:dkfha wdodykh
l< hq;=heZZhs fuh ;uhs fyd|u N+ñh lshd wK l<d' ug fuh fyd|dldr
fkdf;af¾' ta uef,aßhdfjka fmf<k NsCIqj wmj;a fõo @ Wkajykafia
t;rï widOH ;;a;ajhl isào @ wdpd¾h uka fudfyd;lska ms<s;=re ÿks'
zzuu fï NsCIqj .ek fndfyda ld,hla mÍlaIdfjka bkafka' Wkajykafia wmj;a fõú' th j<lajkag neye' tfy;a th ÿla ùug fya;=jla
fkdfõ' Wkajykafiaf.a Ñ;a; iajNdjh uu olsñ' th w;s úYsIaghs' ta
ksid b;du fyd| ;;a;ajhl isà' kuq;a fï nj tu NsCIqjg ±kqï fkdfokq' Tyq urKhg m;ajk nj ±k .;aúg n,dfmdfrd;a;= iqka ù frda.S
;;a;ajh widOH fõ' túg ;u isf;a Yla;sh ÿ¾j, ù ;ud ,nkakg we;s

262

wjidk ld,h

Wiia Ndjh ke;sùug bv we;' fï wjia:dfõ§ n,dfmdfrd;a;= iqkaùu
úYd, mdvqjls'
ál Èklg miq tu NsCIqjf.a ;;a;ajh tlajru widOH úh' bkamiq
w¿u 3 g wmj;a úh' wdpd¾h uka fï NsCIqjf.a is;sú,s .ek ;SlaIK
nqoaêhlska n,d we;s nj ug Tmamq úh' Tyqf.a iudê is; jeã hk wkaou
±l tys úmdl .ek is;d tfia bÈßhg hdug § ksy~ úh'
tla Èkla wdpd¾h ukaf.a tla;rd YsIHfhla uef,aßhd frda.h je<£
WK .eyS b;d ÿ¾j, neúka msKavmd;hg hdu m%;sfCIam lr tÈk ksrdydrùug ;SrKh l<y' Wkajykafia ;udf.a YdÍßl ÿla fõokd wruqKq
lrñka isáfhah' oj,a ld,fha n,j;a la,dka; iajNdjuh orñka ;u isref¾ n,j;a fõokd we;s ;eka foi n,d isáhy' tfy;a tu m[a[dfjka
tu fõokdj úmiaikd fkdlf<ah' tfõf,a wdpd¾h uka tu NsCIqjf.
a is;a foi n,ñka isáhy' miqj ijia hdufha Wkajykafia wdpd¾Hh uka
yuqùug meñKshy'
zzwehs Tn ta wdldrfhka fõokdj foi n,d isáfha @ tfia isg
Tn lh fõokdj" is; ms<sn| i;Hh wjfndaO lrkafka flfiao @ Tn
tald.%;djfhka fõokdj foi n,d isáfha' tfia fkdj m[a[dfjka fï
;=k foi ne,sh hq;=h' túg tajdfha iajNdjh wjfndaO fõ' Tn Ndjkd
lrkafka yskÿ
a fhda. l%uhg' th tald.%;djh ÈhqKq lrK n¨ fmdrhls' bka
NsCIqjlg iqÿiq O¾uh wjfndaOhla we;s fkdfõ' tfia ñka u;= fkdlrkak'
ta úêhg lfha we;sjk wfkaúO i;Hh .fõIKh l< fkdyelsh' Ñ;a;
yd fõokdj .fõIKh l< fkdyelsh' uu oj,a jrefõ;a Tnf.a Ndjkdj
.ek úuiqfjñ' Tnf.a WK by< ke.Su ksid we;s YdÍrl fõokdj foi
n,kafka flfia±hs ne¨fjñ' túg ug fmkS .sfha Tn kslï fõokdj
wruqKq lrñka isák njls' Tn i;s m[a[dfjka th úYaf,aIKh lr
tys fya;= m%;H úuiqfõ ke;' ldh" Ñ;a;" fõokd" wkqmiaikd l< hq;=h'
fï l%ufhka muKla fõokdj myfõ' frda. ,laIK WodiSk fõ' uOHia:
fõ' ta fõokdjg mgyeks neúks' wks;H" ÿlaL" wkd;au jYfhka o máÉp
iuqmamkak O¾u jYfhkao fï ish,a, fufkys l< hq;=h'

fldá b;d fyd| .=rejre fj;s
hïlsis NsCIqjlg tla;rd WmfoaYhla wjYH hehs is;=k úg wdpd¾h

263

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uka Tyqg th fl<skau lsh;s' we;eï NsCIqkag reÑ úêhg .re ir ke;sj
l:d lrhs'
zzTn fï wdrKHfha jdih lsÍug iqÿiq ke;' Tn wij,a .,a .=ydjg
hkq uekú' Bg;a jvd fyd|hs fldáfhla ;u .=rejrhd jYfhka fidhd
.ekSu' W!g we;s Nh ksid Tfí udkdêl is; hgm;a fõ' túg is; nf,kau
iudê.; fõ' O¾uh fï wdldrfhka wjfndaO lr hï iekis,a,la ,eìh
yelsh' fï wdrKHjdih Tng iqÿiq ke;' uqrKavq oro~q whg ;on, foa
j,ska uDÿ fudf<dla lr l¾uKH l< hq;=h' fldákaf.a ier mreI .;s ksid
is; ;on, ìhg m;a jk neúka fldá fyd| .=rejre fj;s' .=re Nla;sh
ke;s ìh ke;s .=rejrfhl=g jvd th Tng jevodhS fõ' Tn fyd,auka
j,g ìh kï fyd,auka Tng fyd| .=rejre fj;s' túg is; yslafï' Tng
hï Nhla Wm§ kï th Tnf.a .=rejrhd lr .kak' fï úêhg oCIfhla
mqyqKqj ,nd .kS'
wdpd¾h uka fufia wu;d l:d l< NsCIqj l,ska b;d yeä ±ä
mqreIfhls' lsisfjl=g wjk; ke;' ;ud hula lrkakg ;SrKh l< miq
lsis j. úNd.hla ke;sj th lrhs' wdpd¾h ukaf.a Wmfoia ,;a jydu
ta wkqj wjk; ùug Tyq ;SrKh lf<ah' Tyqf.a is;sú,s iuqodh fufia
úh' zzwdpd¾h uka ;rï Wiia .=rejrfhla ud fldákag ì,s fo;ao @ZZ uu
ta .,a .=ydjg hñ' uereK;a lï ke;' fudkjd lrkago @ uu urKh
Ndr .;sñ' Wkajykafia lshkafka lS foa i;Hhla kï uu urKhg ìh
jkafka l=ugo @ Wkajykafia lshkafka ms<s.; hq;= ;¾ldkql+, foa nj ud
wid we;' tfia lshkafka hï fya;= u; msysgd fkdfõo @ ta lshk wkaoug
yeisfrk flfkl=g fyd| m%;sM, ,efí' Wkajykafia fï lshmq foa uu
nrm;, f,i .dïNSr f,i ms<s.ksñ' th lSfõ uf.a pß;h Èjeiska ÿgq
ksidh' uf.a wNsjDoaêhg fuh lshk ,§' uf.a yoj; W.=,a,d n,d mÍlaIKh lr we;' ud .ek ish¿ foa oks;s' uu flfia iel lrïo @ uu ta
Wmfoia wkqj ls%hd fkdlf<d;a ug NsCIq Ndjhla ke;' fudkjd jqk;a lï
ke;' uu ta .,a.=ydfõ isáñ' uerefKd;a uereKdfõ' fkduerefKd;a uu
b,a,kafka fï uyd úiañ; O¾uh wjfndaO lsÍugh' Wkajykafia zzuqrKavq
oro~q flfklaZZ lSfõ ug úh hq;=h' we;af;kau Wkajykafia uyd nqoaêu;a
w;soCI flfkls' uu ud .ek okakjdg jvd Wkajykafia ud .ek oks;s'
uu ;uhs ta lsõ mqoa.,hd' ta nj iShg iShla yß' uf.a fyd|ghs fuh
lSfõ' fldá .ek lS foa uu weoysh hq;=hs' fï úêhg uu Nh N%dka; ù
´k ÿlla ú¢ñ'

264

wjidk ld,h

fï NsCIqj we;af;kau zzuqrKavqZZ flfkls' lsis wjjdohlg fkdkefuk flfkls' tfy;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a Wmfoia mßÈ Tyq tys hdug iQodkï
ù wdpd¾h uka flfrka iuq.ekSug .sfhah'
zzTn fldfya hkako fï isjqre msßlr wjfYaI mÍlaIldr iu`.
hqoafog hkjd jf.a @ZZ
zzta ls õ .,a .= y djg f.dia uereK;a lula keye' uu tys
hkjd'ZZ
zzfudkjd @ uu lSjdo tys f.dia uefrkak lshd @ uu lSfõ .,a
.=ydjg f.dia Ndjkd lrkag fkdfõo @ZZ
zzug Ndjkd lrkag lSjd' uefrkag lSfõ keye' tfy;a wks;a NsCIQka
jykafia,df.ka ug ±k .kag ,enqKd tys Wv úYd, fldáfhl=f.a jdiia:
dkh nj' ks;ru tu fldáhd tys hkjd tkjd' W! ovhfï hkafka ta .,a
.=ydj bÈrfhka' ta ksid uu jeä ld,hla tys Ôj;a fõ±hs ielhs uu
lSfõ uf.a tu ìh ms<sn|jhs'ZZ
zzóg m<uq fndfyda NsCIQka tu .,a .=ydfõ jdih l<d' tfy;a ta
lsisfjla fldáhd lEjd lshd wdrxÑhla ke;' fldáhd Tn ÿgq ú.i ld
oukafka wehs @ Tnf.a uia iy ta whf.a uia j, fjkila weoao @ fldáhd
Tnf.a uia ms%h lrkafka wehs @ Tng fldákag rij;a YÍr udxY ,enqfKa
flfiao @ Tn ú;rla ld oukag ys;kafka ta ksido @ZZ
bkamiq wdpd¾h uka isf;a we;s jxpksl iajNdjh .ek úia;r l<y'
zzis; úÊcdldrfhls' ñksid f,aisfhka /jà hk jdr wkka;hs'ZZ
Tn iqmßCIdldÍj is;sú,s foi n,d úfõpkd;aulj meyeÈ,s f,i
is; y÷kd fkd.;af;d;a isf;a ,CI .Kka jxpd" fm%davd j,g /jfÜ' túg
lsis lf,l bnd.df;a hk fï is; fu,a, l< fkdyel' Tn ±ka hkag
iQodkï kuq;a ±kau isf;a jxpdjg /jà flf<ia j, hgù .=rejrhdg
jvd flf<ia woy;s' tfia kï tys jikafka flfiao @ f,dalfha ish¨
fokdu uefrk kuq;a urKhg Nh fj;s' tfy;a Wmam;a;shg Ôú;hg Nh
fkdfj;s' ish¨ fokdu Wmam;a;s ;Kayd wdid we;' ñksid Wmam;a;shg
fu;rï ;Kayd lrkafka wehs±hs ug fkdf;af¾' bmÿkd hkq wkka;
ÿlg m;aùuls' WK nïnq m÷re od ;j;a WK nïnq j.d lrkakdla fuka
ñksidg ;u isrefrka ;j;a fndfyda fokd Wmojd .kakjd' túg Wmam;a;s
;Kaydj ksid iShla odyla fokd tlg isá;s' fï ish¨ fokd tljr ueÍ
hk iajNdjh .ek is;kafka ke;' tfia jqjfyd;a ish¨ fokdf.a tljr
265

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ueÍu ksid uy;a ÿllg m;afõ' Ôj;a ùug ks¾Nh ia:dkhla ke;sfõ'
we;af;a tlu ia:dkhla neúks'
Tn m%;sm;a;s mQrK lrK NsCIqjls' mqyqKq fid,aodÿfjls' flf<ia
igk ch .ekSug mqyqKq lrK ,§' tfy;a .sysfhl=g;a jvd Tn urKhg
m;a fj;s' Tnf.a flf<ia fumuK ÿlg m;aùug bv fokafka wehs Tng
i;s" m[a[d we;' flf<ia i;=rkaf.ka wdrlaId fkdjkafka wehs Tn
wdl%uKYS,Sj i;=rkag úfrdaO fkdjkafkao @ flf<ia i;=rka Tn yojf;ys
ie`. ù we;' Tjqka m,jd yßkq' Bgmiq Tngu f;af¾ú fld;rï fudavfhlao hkak' Tjqkaf.a n,hg hg;a ù wkaOfl= fuka Tjqkagu fiajh lrhs'
fin<df.a ch.%yKhg fya;= jkafka Ôú; mQcdfjka hqo ìfï igka lsÍuhs'
Tng uefrkag neßkï hqo ìug we;=,a fjkag tmd' udrdka;sl igka lr
hqoaOh ch.; hq;=h' Tn we;af;kau ÿla blauùug leu;s kï Tfí urK
Nh ÿl jYfhka fufkys lrkak' zzìhZZ hkq Tn ika;dkfha /ia lr
we;s flf<ia j, ksIamdokhla' fuu m%Yakh ksrdlKh lsÍug hqo ìug
msúi hqo wdrïN lrkq' ù¾Hh lrkak' túg zzNhZZ hkafkys ÿla úmdl
jegfya' Nh ksid is;sú,s ;rx. l,n, ù Tfí Yla;sh ySk lrhs' uy;a
ÿlg m;a lrhs' ±kau ks¾Nh ùug wêIaGdk .kak' Tn nhg hg;a ù
jy,alï lrkag tmd' mmqjg ;olrf.k yoj; úhre ù Nh N%dka;fhka
lE .ik f;la n,d isákafka wehs' fï fudfydf;au kshu ud¾.h f;dard
fkd.;af;d;a wkka; ÿlg m;afõú'
Tnf.a .=rejrhdf.a O¾ufha we;s W;=ï Ndjh Tn úYajdi lrkjdo
ke;fyd;a Tn yoj;g ksl=;a l< flf<ia ms<sn| úYajdi lrkjdo @ ta
flf<ia Tnf.a i;s" m[a[d ÿ¾j, lrñka isák foi n,d isákjdo @ i;s"
m[a[d hkq flf<ia mrdch lrK wú wdhqO fõ' jg msg n,k úg Tng
fmfkkafka fldá muKhs' Tjqka Tnf.a uia lvd brdf.k lkjd ú;rhs
fmakafka ta ulaksido @ lreKd lr fï .ek .eUqßka fufkys lrkak' uu
fï l%uh wkq.ukh lr úYd, ch.%yKhla l< njg idlaIs fjñ'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a fuu foaYkh wid tu NsCIqj uy;a fia mS%;shg
m;a ù ;u isf;a ù¾Hh wêIaGdkh Yla;su;a lr .;ay' wdpd¾h ukaf.
a ;rjgqj Tyqg rel=,la úh' bkamiq je| iuqf.k .,a .=ydjg hdug
msg;a úh' b;du;a i;=áka bms, .sh is;lska tu .,a .=ydjg meñKsfhah'
;ud Tijdf.k wd nvq ìu ;nd wjg m%foaYh ksÍlaIKh lf<ah' hï
wfya;=jlg fuka fuu .,a.=ydj fldáfhl=f.a jdiia:dkh hehs Tyqg
is;la we;s úh' fufia is;d .,a .=ydfõ bÈßmi neÆ úg we;af;kau fldá

266

wjidk ld,h

md igyka ñÿf,a fmfka' tu wämdrj,a ÿgq ú.i Tyqf.a isrer ;=<ska Nh
NS; m%lïmk ;rx. .uka lf<ah' th Tyqf.a isys úl,a ùug fya;=úh'
iefKlska ;u .=rejrhdf.a Wmfoia yd Tyqf.a isf;a mej;s ffO¾Hh
my úh' wêl;r Nhg m;a ù .; is; fjõ,d hhs' th kj;ajd .ekSug
fkdyelsh' Tyq ta foi f.dia ;u mdofhka tu i<l=Kq uld ±óh' Nh
tfiauh tfy;a ±ka i<l=Kq ke;'
rd;S% uq¿,af,a Nh ;%ia;h ksid YÍrh wls%hldÍ úh' oj,a jrefõo
tfiauh' rd;S% jk úg úhre ù Nh nqr nqrd k.S' uq¿ m%foaYu úYd,
fldákaf.ka .yk jQ nj Tyqg yef`.a' fufia uy;a jQ lKiai,af,ka miqjk
w;r Tyqf.a uef,aßhd frda.h u;= ù WK ke.S f.dia bkamiq iS;, ù
fõj,hs' Tyq uy;a ÿla we;s wmdhlg jeà we;' lsiu
s irKla msyg
s la ke;'
tfy;a Tyqf.a fm!reI;ajh n,j;a neúka fï ÿIalr ud¾.h w;ayeÍug
fkdis;+y' WK iy fldákag we;s ìh Tyq úhre lrhs'
fndfyda fõ,djlg miq wdpd¾h ukaf.a jpk isysm;a úh' wdpd¾h
ukaf.a lreKdjka; Wmfoia u;la jQ úg ;rul isis,la we;' WK .eyS
W;aikak ù we;' túg Tyqf.a uq,a ;SrKh u;la úh' zzuerefKd;a uereKdfõZZ uu uq,k
s u
a tfia is;=fjñ' wdpd¾h uka fldfya hkafka±hs weiQ úi tu
.,a .=ydjg f.dia uefrñhs lSfjñ' fuys tk úg isf;a mqÿu Woafhda.hla
±kqK's wyfia mdfjkjdla fuka is; ks¾Nh ù i;=áka mskd .sfhah' urKhg
uqyqK §ug lsis ìhla fkdùh' tfy;a .,a .=ydjg meñKs ú.i urKhg
uqyqK §ug wlue;s úh' Bg fya;=j l=ulao @ urK ìfhka ;e;s .;af;ñ'
fï tlu mqoa.,hd fkdfõo @ uf.a yoj; hï ìh iq,af,l==f.a yoj;g
mßj¾;kh ù we;' ±ka ud fjk mqo.
a ,fhla' wdrKHfha§ ud uefrkag jqjo
leu;s úh' ±ka uf.a is;;a fjkia ù we;' ta uu o @ fï uu o@ blauKska
;SrKhlg nei .kq æ ;j n,d isákafka l=ulgo @ uereK;a lï keye
uu wr whsfka l÷ nEjqfï .syska Ndjkd lrñ' uf.a i;sh ke;skï tu
m%md;hg jeà ueÍ .shdfõ' Wl=iafida iy ueiafida uf.a YÍrh whs;s lr
.ks;a' .fï ñksiqkag lrorhla ke;' fujeks jevla ke;s NsCIqjlf.a u<
isrer lsisfjla w,a,kafka l=ulgo @ ta;a ±ä fldáhd hk ud¾.fha ys¢ñka
Ndjkd lsÍug ug isf;a' fldáhdg wdydr fidhd hdug wjYH ke;' Tyqg
th myiqjls' Wf.a o;a uf.a jevla ke;s fn,a,g ls|d niS' Tyqg fyd|
wdydr fõ,ls' fudllao lrkafka @ blauKg ys; iod .kak æ
Tyqf.a is; ±ka rel=,a .ks;'s u| fõ,djla n,d isg .=ydj bÈß msgg
.sfhah' l÷ nEjqfï ys¢ñka Ndjkd lsÍug ;SrKh .;ay' i;sh ke;s ú.i

267

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

.scq ,sysKsfhda" ueiafida jg lr .ks;s' lula keye' Tyq tu Nhxlr l÷
nEjqu fj; .sfhah' fldáhdf.a .uka ud¾.h th msgq misks' tys ys¢ñka
zznqoafOdaZZ Ndjkdj ;shqKq f,i jeãh' urKh b;d ,x ù we;' zznqoafOdaZZ
Ndjkdj lrñka úáka úg zzjeä Nhxldr we;af;a fldáhdgo ke;akï
md;d,hg ±hsZZ úuiSh' md;d,hg jvd ìh úh' bkamiq úáka úg zznqof
a OdaZZ
Ndjkdj iy urKd i;sh jevQy' fufia Ndjkdj lrñka isák úg Tyqg
fkd±kSu is; iudê.; úh' w¾mkd OHdk j,g jeà is; tald.%;jfhka
ksYap, úh' ±ka Tyqf.a isf;a ;snQ n,j;a lKiai,a, w;=reoyka ù we;'
we;af;a is; muKs' is; yqol,dj mj;S' tys úiañ; ksy~;djh uyd
mqÿuhls' urK nh fkd±fka' th woyd.; fkdyel' fõ,dj rd;S% 10
úh' is; W.% f,i w¾mkd OHdk .; úh' miqod Wfoa 10 jk f;la tlu
bßhõjlska is; tald.%;dfõ miq jqKs' weia yer ne,Sug jqjo wjYH ke;'
t;rï .eUqre ;shK
q "q ishï
q wdfõ.hls' wka;f
s ï§ weia yer neÆy' br uqÿka
ùug <`.d ù we;' yS,a odkhg msKavmd;h hk ld,h blau ù we;' .ug
hdug wjYH;djhla ke;' uq¿ ojiu mS%;sh N=la;s ú¢ñka ksrdydrfhka
isáfhah' iudêfhka msì§ neÆ úg isf;a ìh ;=rka ù ta fjkqjg mqÿudldr
ks¾Nh" ks¾NS; Ndjhla isf;a we;' uef,aßhd WK my ù we;' kej;;a
tu frda.h je<÷fka ke;' O¾ufha we;s frda. ksjdrKh lsÍfï Yla;sh
uyd mqÿuhls' fldákag ;snQ Nh o ke;' leu;s ;ekl hd yelsh' ´kEu
;ekl Ôj;a úh yelsh' iel" ìh" ÿl ;=rka ù we;'
jfrl Tyq fldáfhla ±lSug leu;s fõ' ;u is; kej; l=,mamq
fõ±hs mÍlaIK lsÍug isf;a' ikaiqkaj fldáhd bÈßhg .uka lrk ieá
uk#l,ams;hg kef.a' ;udg we;s jQ w;a±lSu ms<sn| wdpd¾h uka flfrys
wiSñ; Nla;shla we;' Nh ksid is; úlD;s jk wkaou Tyqg fyd|dldr
jegfya' n,y;aldrfhkau is; fu,a, lsÍug Wkkaÿ fõ' Ndjkd lsÍug
iqÿiq uyd Nhxlr ;eka fidhd hhs' tys jdih lrk ;dla l,a fufia ;u
Ndjkd ukisldrh Yla;u
s ;a l<y' fldá hk .uka ud¾.fha jdä ù Ndjkd
l<y' u÷re ±f,ka jid fkdf.k fldáhdg fmfkk wdldrfhka Ndjkd
lrhs' isf;a Nh Wmojd fkdf.k tu iudêhg m;aùug fkdyels úh'
tla úfgl uOHu rd;s%h f;la t<suyfka jdä ù Ndjkd l< kuq;a
is; iudê .; lr .ekSug fkdyels úh' ±ä f,i lKiai,af,ka fndfyda
fõ,d isg fldáhd u;la l<y' zzta fldáhd fldfya±hs fkdoksñ' uf.a
is; iudêu;a lr .ekSug fldáhd tkjd kï fyd|hs' fldáhd ud miq lr
uf.a is; tljru iudê.; fõ' túg fu;rï wdhdihla fkdue;' fufia

268

wjidk ld,h

is; is;d meh Nd.hla muK .; úh' fï uyd i;df.a wä Yíoh weiqKs'
±ka ±ka Yíoh jeäfjñka mj;S' Tyq ;ukagu l:d lf<ah' zzyd ±ka
;ju;a .Kkla keoao @ nh keoao @ Wf.a ;shqKq ksh Tfí fn,a, midre
lrkjd' fyd| wdydr fõ,la Tn' fldáhdg wdydr ùug fkdleu;s kï
blauKska ie`.ù isàug ;ekla fidhkq'ZZ
fufia is;+ jydu fldáhd mek ;udf.a fn,a, fldá o;aj,ska imd
lk wkaou ukfia Èiaúh' fuu udkisl Pdhd ud;%h ÿgq ú.i is; tlúgu
iudê ù CIKslj w¾mkd OHdkhg iujeÿks' ta iu`.u ndysr f,dalh
wj,x.= úh' ;ud yd fldáhd iu`. ish¨ foa w;=reoyka úh' b;sß ù
we;af;a m%n, ksy~;djhla' is; iy O¾u;djh tlla úh' tys wdYap¾h"
woaN+;Ndjh lshd ksul< fkdyelsh' fï Wodr ksye`ähdj ;=< meh wgla
muK isáfhah' miqod Wfoa 10 jk ;=re isáhy' OHdkfhka ke.S isg br
uqÿka ù we;' tneúka msKavmd;fhka je<lS ksrdydrfhka isáfhah' bkamiq
ilaufka fhfoñka Bfha rd;S% ld,fha fldáhdf.a wä Yíoh weiqKq me;a;g
.sfhah' fldáhdf.a wä igyka weoao @ ke;akï ;u lKg weiqfKa úmÍ;
ix{djlao @ fmdf<dj foi neÆ úg we;af;kau uyd i;df.a wämdr Èia
úh' ;ud isá ;ekska wä 12la muK wE;ska fldáhd weúof.k .sfhah' tu
md i<l=Kq fldáhdf.a .,a .=ydj f;la È.gu we;' th fl<ska mdrla
Tiafia we;' ;ud isá ;ekg wd njla ke;' hd¿jd Ndjkd lrkq ne,Sugj;a
kej;S ke;' fuh uy;a wisßu;a o¾Ykhla úh' mqÿu t<jk fohls'
fufia is; tl`. ù w¾mkd iudêhg m;a jkafka tla tla whf.
a mqreÿ;djfhks' iuyre fufia CIKslj iujefoa' th ienúka .eUqre
<s|lg jeàula jeksh' tfy;a ndysr wruqKq ke;' fï NsCIqjf.a w;a±lSu
tjekakls' is; tu wruqfKa t,an .;a úg uq¿ f,dalhu wfydais úh' kej;
iudm;a;sfhka ke.S isá úg m%lD;s isysh t<fò' kuq;a fï ;;a;ajhg
m;aùug uy;a ÿla iys; w;a±lSula wjYH úh' tneúka Wkajykafia tjeks
ia:dk fidhñka .sfhah'
zzwe;af;kau uu >k le<E m%foaYfha fldákaf.ka .yk jQ wvúh
ms%h lrñ' Tng Tmamq jk wkaoug ud jeks yeä ±ä pß;hlg th
.e,fma'ZZ
fuu .,a .=ydfõ jdih lrK ld,fha§ wksl=;a woaN+; w;a±lSï
;snqKs' N+udg jQ foújre weú;a ud iu`. l:d i,a,dmfha fhÿky' Bg;a
jvd mqÿu jQfha ta .ïjdiS hful=f.a urKh .ek ±kqï §uhs' flfia th

269

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

±kqKd ±hs fkdoksñ' th bfíu uf.a ukig ±fKa' th i;H m%jD;a;shls'
ulaksido tu .ïudkh ie;mqï 5la muK wE;ska msysá kuq;a tÈku .ï
jeiafida ud fidhd weú;a N+uodkh msKsi pdß;%" j;a ms<sfj;a bgq lsÍug
lsh;s' .fï hï urKhla jQ ú.i ug ±fka' túg .ïjeiafida tk nj
uu ks;e;skau oksñ' fuh ug iEfyk lrorhla úh' NsCIqjla úiska
wjidk lghq;= l< úg u<.sh we;a;ka fyd| wd;auNdjhla ,nd .ks;shs
Tõyq úYajdi l<y' Tjqka flfrys lreKdfjka uu tys hñ' ksrdydrj
±ä ù¾Hhlska Ndjkd lrk ld,fha§ Tjqkaf.a meñKSug fkdleu;s jqjo
Tjqyq meñKshdy'
.,a .=ydfõ isák uq¿ ld,h ;=<u ud ñ;% fldáhd weú;a uf.a is;
Woafõ.j;a lrhs' /hla wer /hla fkdlvjdu nv.sks jQ fldáhd uf.a
.,a .=ydj <`.ska .uka lrhs' tfy;a ud .ek lsis j.la ke;' uf.a .,a
.=ydj wi<ska Wf.a .uka ud¾.h we;'
fï NsCIqjf.a wiajdNdúl pß; ,CIK we;' uy ? hdufha ;u
.=ydfjka kslu
a f.dia l÷ uqÿfka l¿.,a ;,dfõ Ndjkd lr;s' jk i;=kf
a .
ka jk mSvd" Nh Wkajykafia fkdokS' ;ksj jkdka;rfha ixpdrh lsÍug
leu;s fõ' Wkajykafiaf.a fï l:d mqj; we;=<;a lf<a Tn ieug jákd
mdvula fõ hehs is;=k neúks' Wkajykafia fkdlvjd ;u m%;sm;a;s rlsñka
ù¾Hh jvd ;u fkdyslauqk is; oukh l<y' l,ska uy;a wNsfhda. jQ
fldáhd ;u ñ;%fhla njg mßj¾;kh úh' Tyq ;u Ndjkdjg Wmldrhls'
jkpdÍ uyd ìhlre fldáhd ;u Ndjkdjg Woafõ.hla lr.ksñka id¾:
l m%;sM, ,oy'
nka fkdx *sõ wdY%ufha wdpd¾h uka jdih lrK ld,fha§ fndfyda OQ;dx. NsCIQyq jev isáhy' jia ld,fha§ 20-30 NsCIQyq wjg jk
m%foaYfha jdih lr;s' t;rï ÿIalr Ôú; .; lrK Wkajykafia,dg
hïlsis m%Yak .eg¿ lsisjla ke;' ish¨ fokdu iu.s iïmkak fj;s' i;=gq
idóÑ .=Kfhka ifydaor;ajfhka Wkajykafia,d Ôj;a jQy' Èkm;d i;=áka
idufhka .ï fmfoig msKavmd;h msKsi tljr jä;s' n,d isák whg
th ruKSh o¾Ykhls' .ï udhsfï È.= nxl= ,E,a,l Wkajykafia,d jdä
ù .d:d iÊCOdckh lr oka ÿka whg wdYs¾jdo flfr;s' wdmiq wdrKHhg meñK yqol,dj wd¾h ;=IaKSïN+; Ndjfhka oka j<|;s' jeäuy¿
ms<sfj,g fma,shg jdä ù oka j<|;s' odfkka miq ;u md;%h fidaod frÈ
lene,a,lska msiod frÈ ljrfha nyd ;ekam;a lr;s' Wfoa j;dj;a lsÍfuka miq ;u ;ukag reÑ mßÈ ksy~ ia:dkhla wjg le,Efjka mú;% lr

270

wjidk ld,h

th ilauka Ndjkdjg fyda jdä ù Ndjkdjg fhdod .ks;s' iji 4 jk
;=re fufia Ndjkdfõ fh§ wdY%uhg meñK w;=m;= .d Y=oaO lr j;=r
f.keú;a Ndck mqrjd .ks;a' îug mßfNdackhg fjka fjka n÷kaj,
c,h /ia lr we;' blauKska iakdkh fldg kej; Ndjkdfõ fhfo;s'

/iaùula ke;akï È.gu ? fnda jk ;=re Ndjkdfõ
fhfo;s' i;shlg muK miq wdpd¾h ukaf.a foaYkhla we;' tfy;a ;udg
mqoa.,sl m%Yakhla wef;d;a wdpd¾h uka leu;s fõ,djlg yuqúh yelsh'
idudkHfhka oj,a wdydrfhka miq yuqfõ' ke;akï iji 5 g fyda rd;S%
8g yuqfõ' Wkajykafiaf.a O¾u foaYkdjg ijka §ug iEu fokdu b;d
leue;af;ka n,dfmdfrd;a;= fj;s' iuyrúg fkdfhla widudkH m%Yak
NsCIQka wi;s' tu ms<s;=re Ñ;a;dl¾IKSh neúka lsisfjl= tys wjidkh
±lSug fkdleu;s fj;s' yeu úgu w.kd mdvï ,efí' b;d m%dfhda.sl
Wmfoia wmf.a Ndjkdj ÈhqKq lsÍug w;sYhska iqÿiq fõ'
l,d;=rlska wdpd¾h uka Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú; l;d m%jD;a;s lsh;s'
uq,a ld,fha§ .sys Ôú;h .; l< wkaou" meúÈ ùu" idufKar jYfhka iy
Wmiïmodj wd§ f;dr;=re f.k yer ±laùh' iuyr mqj;a ydiH cklh'
wms ish,af,dau uyd y`äka iskdfiuq' iuyr mqj;a bka ÿlauqiq úh' iuyr
úg Ndjkd w;a±lSï .ek lsh;s' th uy;a fia úiauh cklh' È.gu
fyd| wdpd¾hjrfhl= iu`. Ôj;aùu b;du M,odhS fõ' ;u jerÈ oDIaá"
yeisÍï iy ;u udkisl Yla;sh fyd| w;g yef¾' tneúka .=rejrhd
wkqlrKh lr;s' mßirh b;du ks¾Nh fõ' ks;ru O¾u wjjdo ;=<ska
is; l=i,;djhg keUqre fõ' ks;r Wkajykafia weiqre lrk neúka ;u
i;s m[a[d ÈhqKq fõ' wd;au ixhuh /flkafka .=re f.!rjh iy ìh
ksidh' fl;rï iqmÍlaIdldÍj yeiqreK;a fmdä jrola fyda isÿ jqjfyd;a
ish¨ fokdu bÈßfha kskaodjg m;ajk nj ksh;h' ;udf.a wvq ¨yq~qlï
fufia wid isàu is;a ;ejq,ls' ta ksidu ixjr fõ'
Wkajykafia iu`. Ôj;aùu wmg uy;a i;=gla úh' tfy;a wm
wkjYH jerÈ oDIaá .;a úg i;=g w;=reoyka fõ' uu uf.a .ek l:
d lrñ' wkqkaf.a woyia fkdokakd neúks' uu idudkHfhka f.dfrdaiq
pß;hls' wdpd¾h uka ud ;,d fm<d ug isMqg lr we;' uf.a flf<ia
j,ska ud ;=rka jkafka Wkajykafia fufia ud fuÉp,a lrK neúks'
Wkajykafiaf.a w;a±lSï .ek wid uu uy;a Woafhda.hg m;a jqfkñ'
uf.a is; mq¿ka frdola fuka ieye,a¨ ù wyfia md fjkjd oefka' tfy;a
;ksj Ndjkd lrk úg uf.a wl¾uKHh is; uy .,la fuka nr fõ'
uf.a Ndjkdj ÈhqKq ke;' uu ysi my;a lr ,eÊcdfjka lïmd fjñ' ud
271

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

t;rï ÿIapß;hla fjñ'
uf.a pß;h ms<n
s | fufia i|yka lf<a flf<ia j, ;;a;j
a h meyeÈ,s
lsÍugh' flf<ia j,g ji`. jQ úg fl;rï ÿ¾.=Khkag Ndckh fõo @
tmuKla fkdj bka ñ§ ksjka ud¾.fha hEu fl;rï ÿIalr ld¾Hhlao @
fï ms<sn| Tng hï wjfndaOhla §ugh' uy;a ffO¾Hhla fhdod fufia
is; flf<iqkaf.ka uqojd fkd.;af;d;a wms ljqre fyda fõjd fld;ek fyda
fõjd uy;a jHjikhlg m;ajkjd ksh;h' flf<ia hmg;a lr is; yslu
a jd
.ekSug ú¾h wjYH fõ' ;u wixjr is; yslaujd ksoyfia Ôj;ajk nqÿ
ry;ka jeks wisßu;a mqoa.,hkag wms yo ne;sfhka kuialdr lruq'
wdpd¾h uka b;du;a ffO¾Hhu;a flfkls' ta ksid flf<ia j,g
ji`. fkdjQfhah' jhia .; jQ úg ;u ÿaj, YdÍßl;ajh ;sìh§ mqreÿ
mßÈ ilauka Ndjkd l<y' nd, úfha NsCIQkag ta yd iudk ilauka l<
fkdyelsh' O¾uh W.kajñka ;u Y%djlhka Wkkaÿ l<y' hqo finf,la
fuka wêIaGdk Yla;sfhka Y%djlhkag O¾uh foaYkd lrñka Ndjkdfõ
fhÿfõh' fõ.j;a f,i O¾uh foaYkd lf<a ;u Y%djlhska ÿlska uqojd
.ekSugh' tla tla flkdf.a w. ys`.lï" ke;s neßlï j,g ;ekla ke;'
ÿ¾j, wh ke,ú,s .S j,ska ksÈ lf<a ke;'
nqoaO Ydikfha fmkajk iQ;% O¾u yd m%;sm;a;s b;d .re fldg
Wkajykafia ie<l=fõh' th wjfndaOh msksi wkq.ukh l<y' fï jljdkqfõ fujeks nqoaO Y%djlhska fiùu W.ygh' Wkajykafia OQ;dx. 13la
msÍug wka NsCIQka ks;r Wkkaÿ l<y' fn!oaOfhda OQ;dx. msÍu w;ayer
oud ;snqKs' tys we;s w.h ±laùug fkdyels jQfha OQ;dx. mQrKh fkdl<
neúks' wdpd¾h i´ iy wdpd¾h ukaf.a uy;a ffO¾Hh ;=<ska W;=re
;dhs,ka;fha OQ;dx. orK NsCIQka ±ka isá;s' fï foku OQ;dx. 13ku hï
hï ld,j,§ imqrd we;' ffoksl jYfhka uQ,l
s OQ;dx. muKla wkq.ukh
l< nj uu i|yka lf<ñ' iqidkfha yd relauq,a jdih ksrka;rfhkau
mqreÿ l< neúka th Wkajykfia,dg b;d yqre mqreÿ úh' W;=re kef.
kysr NsCIQka fï mrmqrg wh;a fõ'
wdpd¾h i´ iy wdpd¾h uka ;u w;a±lSï ;=<ska fï OQ;dx. 13
wjYH nj ms<s.ks;s' fï OQ;dx. mQrKh ;=<ska flf<ia .,d tk újr jid
±fï' fï ;dmi l%u wkq.ukh fkdl< úg OQ;dx. NsCIQka kñka muKla
OQ;dx. fõ' Tjqkaf.a flf<ia ks±,af,a .,d h;s' bka ;ukag;a wkqkag;a
iEfyk jO ysxid meñfKa' OQ;dx. m%;sm;a;s rlsk úg ;u yeisÍu" YS,h

272

wjidk ld,h

lsis flfkl=g úfõpkh l< fkdyels fia ks;ru isys l,amkdfjka i;s
m[a[dfjka jdih lrk neúka ksjka ud¾.fha .uka lrhs' wkjYH
is;sú,s" jpk" ls%hd j,ska neyer fõ' ks;ru uqr Nghka fuka is;" lh
yd jpkh wdrlaId lrhs' yeu OQ;dx.hlskau úfYaI ld¾Hhla isÿfõ' bka
flf<ia uq,ska Wmqgd ±óug yelsfõ' OQ;dx. bÈßfha flf<i j,g ke.S
isáh fkdyelsh'
fujeks ;mia jD; /lSug Nh pls; we;akï flf<ia ke.S isá;s'
flf<ia j,g ji`. jQ úg ú¢k ÿla blauKska wu;l fõ' ta ksid OQ;dx.
/lSfï ÿl muKla ols;s' th b;d ÿIalr" lgql we;af;kau h,a mekmq
wNdjhg .sh m%;sm;a;s f,i i<l;s' wfma is;sú,s wfma i;=rka jkafka
flf<ia ryis.;j mek ke.Su ksidh' ;u úkaokh ksid fï nj wu;l
fõ' flf<ia j,g fufia ryis.;j wkq.%yh" wkqu;h" wdOdrh ,efí'
tys úmdl wkka; wm%udK nj meyeÈ,sh'
hï NsCIqjla OQ;dx. tlla fyda lSmhla rlsk úg Tyqf.a ndysr
fmkqu f;acdkaú;h' Tyqf.a wjYH;d wvq neúka jev nyq, ke;' lkafka"
ksokafka flfiao hkak m%Yak fkdfõ' ;ukaf.a wju nvq ndysrdÈfhka
i;=gg m;afõ' udkisl YdÍßl ne£ï j,ska ksoyia neúka ieye,a¨ bms,
hk mS%;su;a ukila we;' .sys whg jqjo iuyr OQ;dx. /lsh yelsh'
.sys meúÈ ieugu flf<ia taldldrj mek k.S' Oq;dx. m%;sm;a;s rlskafka flf<ia uev meje;aùugh' fï lreK ksid OQ;dx. /lsh hq;=h'
OQ;dx. hkq ixlS¾K O¾u iajNdjhls' tys ls%hdldß;ajh lshd ksu l<
fkdyelsh'
fï ,shk ug o OQ;dx. m%;sm;a;s .ek i;=gqodhla wjfndaOhla
ke;' tfy;a yels muKska OQ;dx. rlsñ' fï ms<sn| Tnf.a iudj whÈñ'
fláfhka lsh; fyd;a OQ;dx. hkq b;d .eUqre m%{d f.dapr m%;sm;a;s
fj;s' ta ms<sn| iïmQ¾K úia;rhla lsÍu W.ygh' OQ;dx. mQrKh ksid
hfula m%d:ñl O¾u ud¾.fha isg jqjo b;d Wiia wd¾h N+ñhg m;aúh
yelsh' fï jkdys OQ;dx.hkaf.a Yla;h
s fõ' OQ;dx. ;=<k
s a ,nd.; fkdyels
O¾uhla ke;' .=rejfhla jYfhka wdpd¾h uka OQ;dx. jeks ;mia lsßug
;u YsIHhka fmd<Ujd .;ay' YdÍßl Yla;sh jeh ù wjidk fudfyd;
olajdo OQ;dx.hkays kshe,S isáhy' urK fudfydf;a§ muKla w;ay<y'
hful=f.a ish¨ flf<ia ÿre lsÍug fï OQ;dx. /lsh hq;= nj ksielh'
OQ;dx. /lSfï l=i,;djh .ek úia;r lsÍfuka uu j<lsñ' hful=g

273

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fuys w.h ±k .ekSug wjYH kï th ;udu w;a±lSfuka ±k.; hq;=h'
wkqka úiska ,shk ,o úia;rhg jvd ;ud hï OQ;dx. mqyqKqjlska ,nd
.kakd ishï
q ±kqu jgfkah' uu uq,a ld,fha§ isg OQ;dx. mQrKfhka ,nd.;a
w;a±lSï yd O¾udjfndaOh wo olajd fkdie<S mj;S' uf.a m%;sm;a;sfha
b;du w.kd wxYh fuh fõ' hful=g ;udf.a ïf,aÉp wl=i, yd ishqï
wl=i, ÿrelghq;=lï OQ;dx. ;=<ska th l< fkdyelshs fkdis;=j uekú'

Wkajykafiaf.a wjidk frda.h
1949 ud¾;= uk úg wdpd¾h uka nka fkdx *sõ wdrdufha j¾I 5la
jev isáhy' pkaø udifhka y;rfjks udifha 14 fjks Èk Wkajykafiaf.a
YdÍßl ÿn,;djh W;aikak ù urKdikak njla fmkqK's túg jhi wjqreÿ
79ls' Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿ .; fjõ,d frda.d ;=r jQ w;r wms ish¨ fokdf.
a .; is; lïmd úh' uq,§ ,d WKhla yd leiaila ;snqKs' th Èfkka Èk
jäúh' th wiajdNdúl nj wmg jegyqks' Wkajykafia fyd|dldr ;u
Ôú;h wjidk jk nj oks;s' tu frda.hg m%;sldr ke;' ish¨ fokdg
fï nj ±kqï § fnfy;a .ekSfuka je<l=ks' fnfy;a .kag Wkkaÿ l<
úg m%;sfCIam l<y'
zzfï jkdys jhia .; ñksfil=g je<f|k frda.hls' thska ñ§ula
ke;' fudk fnfy; .;a;;a iqj fkdfõ' ±ka b;sßj we;af;a m%dK jdhqjhs' kshu fõ,dj tk;=re isáh hq;=hs' bkamiq tho ksreoaO fõ' ueßÉp
.ila ;ju fl<ska isákakdla fuks' fmdar j;=r od m%lD;s l< fkdyelsh'
th lsis lf<l u,a M, yg fkd.kS' fï ueßÉp .i hï fõ,djl weo
ye,S fmdf<djg my;a fõ' uf.a YdÍßl ;;a;ajh uu óg fndfyda l,lg
fmr ÿáñ' tneúka ks;ru Tng wk;=re we`.jQfhñ' blauka lrkak'
ù¾hh jvkak' uu Ôj;aj bkakd ;=re Tng Wmldr lrñ' hï hï m%Yak
ksrdlrKh lrñ' fï wjia:dj meyer yeßfhd;a wkka; ld,hla iir
ieß irkakg fõ' uu jeä l,la Ôj;a fkdfjñ' wks;H;djfha kS;shg
hg;a fjñ' ish¨u máÉp iuqmamkak O¾ufhda fufia úkdY fj;s' óg
wjqreÿ 3lg fmr uf.a wdhqI ;j wjqreÿ 3la nj lSfjñ' Bg jvd l=ula
lshïo @ uu lSfõ i;H;djhls' iir ießirK ukqIHka yd i;a;ajhka
lh yd is; ;=< l¾u Yla;sh fkdlvjd ls%hd;aul fõ' th iajdNdúlhs'
;j udi .Kklska tys ls%hdldß;ajh ksudjg m;afõ' tys iajNdjh fjkia

274

wjidk ld,h

lrkafka flfiao @
fndfyda fokd meñK fkdfhla úêfha m%;l
s dr §ug uy;a m%h;akhla
±rE kuq;a ta ish,a, m%;sfCIam l<y' fï frda.hg fuh m%;HCIh fndfyda fokd fï fnfy;ska iqj jQ uekjZZhs ne.Em;aj wdhdpkd lr;s' zzTn
jykafiaf.a fiajh wjYHh' fndfyda fokdg wkqlïmd lr fï m%;sldrh
lrkagheZZhs b,a,d isáhy' túg ;uka jykafiaf.a YÍrhg wjYH jkafka
fnfy;a fkdj or iEhg or hhs lsh;s' ;j ;j;a lshk úg ta ish¨ fokd
;j ;j;a wejá,s lr;s' neßu ;ek b;d iaj,am jYfhka fnfy;a .ks;s'
;uka jykafia YÍrh w;ayer we;ehs ñksiqka uq,dfjk neúka Tjqka i;=gq
lsÍug tfia lr;s'
Wkajykafiaf.a frda.S ;;a;ajh .ek wdrxÑ ù y;r È.a Nd.fha
fndfya wh meñfKkag úh' b;d ÿr neyer isg wõ jeis fkdn,d NsCIQka
jykafia,d o .sys msßio jeis jiskk
a dla fuka meñfK;s' Wkajykafia jdih
lrK nka fkdx *sõ wdrduh msysáfha >k jkdka;rfhka jg jQ ksïkhlh'
uy mdf¾ isg ie;mqï 12-15 muK wE;sks' md .ukska fï ud¾.h Tiafia
ish¨ fokd meñfK;s' ;ud ú¢k n,j;a wdhdih .Kkla ke;' b;d jhia
.; jQ wh f.dka lr;a;hlska meñfK;s'
wdpd¾h uka ks;r leu;s jQfha yqol,d Ôú;hlgh' wdjdifha
fjfik NsCIQka jqjo Wkajykafia neye olskafka l,d;=rlsks' tneúka
fndfyda whf.a meñKSu Wkajykafiag m%Yakhla úh' wikSm jQ úg <`.u
YsIHhkag jqjo meñK id;a;= lsÍug fkdi;=gq fj;s' id;a;= fiajd lrk
úg b;d iqmÍlaIdldÍ úh hq;=h' b;du iqy| NsCIQka jykafia,d muKla
tfia id;a;= lsÍfuys fhfoa' fcHIaG NsCIQka ta ms<sn| wjOdkfhka ld,h
fkdjrojd iqÿiq wh muKla fhdoj;s' ta whf.a l:dj yeisÍu b;du Wiia
;;a;ajhlska ;sìh hq;=hs'
tys meñKs msßi hï ld,hla /£ isg iqÿiq wjia:djla ,ndf.k
Wkajykafiag je| neye ols;s' fumuK fokd Wkajykafia ±lSug meñK
we;s nj l<ska l=áhg f.dia tla NsCIqjla okajd isáhs' túg wjir ,enqK
úg muKla ta wh we;=,a lr;a' u| fõ,djla Tjqka iu`. l:d l< úg Tjqyq
b;d f.!rjfhka kuialdr lr bka msg ù h;s' idudkH wuq;a;kag fufia
jqj;a Wkajykafiaf.a ms%h;u f.da,hska jQ wdpd¾hjrekag úfYaI ,eÈhdjla
we;' ta wh lsis úpdÍula fkdue;sj Wkajykafia iu`. msßi|frys fhfo;s'
i;=gq idóÑ Ndjfhka zzidóÑmákafkdZZ fj;s'

275

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fufia udi .Kkdjla miqúh' frda. ,laIK W;aikak jQfha ke;'
tfy;a ;%ia;jd§ka l%ufhka ikakoaO hqoaOhla lr ;u m%;s.dóka úkdY
lrkakdla fuka ks;ru frda.S ;;a;ajfhka l,a.; l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a
Y%djlhskag fuh bjish fkdyels úh' Tjqkaf.a yo m;af,ka mqol< Nla;s
wdorh iqka nqka ù .sfhah' ish¨ fokdf.a is;a ÿlska lïmd fj;s' wdpd¾h
ukaf.a frda. ms<sn| tlu l:djh' fjk lsisjla l:d l<;a wjika jkafka
wdpd¾h ukaf.a frda.h .ekh'
fl;rï ÿ¾j, jq j o wdpd¾h uka O¾uh foa Y kd lr;s ' ;u
f.da,hskag we;s wiSñ; lreKdfõ wvqjla ke;' b;d flá foaYkhlska miq
m%Yak úpdr;s' bkamiq blauKska ke.S isg ;u l=áh lrd .uka lrkafka
±ä fjfyi ixis|jd .ekSugh' tfy;a tys wdYap¾h kï Wkajykafia
O¾uh foaYkd lrK úg lsisfjl=g Wkajykafia widOH frda.sfhla nj
fkdfmkSuhs' Wkajykafiaf.a jpkj, m%n, ;shqKq iajrhla we;' Yío
k.d idudkH ú,iska O¾uh foaYkd lr;s' hula .re .dïNSr f,i lsh
hq;= kï uy;a y`äka ks¾Njhj lsh;s' lsisjla i`.jd l:d fkdlrhs'
taldka;fhkau újD;j lshdmdk wkaou ksid frda.S ;;a;ajh fkdfmkqK;a
wjidkfha§ fl;rï fjfyilg m;a ù we;a±hs wmg jegfya' tneúka
blauKska foaYkdj ksudjg m;a lr;s'
udi mQcd fmdfydh Èkh fmnrjdß 1949 fh§ ;snqKs' tÈk fndfyda
NsCIQka /iaj isáhy' tÈk rd;S% wgg O¾u foaYkdj mgka f.k wjidk
jQfha uOHu rd;sf
% ha§h' tkï meh 4 la muk fkdkj;ajd foaYkd l<y' wid
isá wh úiauhg m;a jQy' tmuKla fkdj ish¨ fokdf.a Ñ;a;dl¾IKh
fl;rï n,j;a±hs kï ;ud bkafka fldfyao @ uq¿ úYajh w;=reoyka ù
we;' is; tald.%;djfhka iudê.; ù O¾uhg ijka fo;s' O¾u foaYkdj
mgka .;af;a 1250 ry;ka jykafia,d nqÿrcdKka jykafia yuqùug udi
fmdfydh Èkfha /ia jQ isoaêh u;la lrñkah'
zztÈk 1250la uyry;ka jykafia,d nqÿka ±lSug fkdfhla m<d;a
j,ska meñK isáhy' Wkajykafia,d b;du msßisÿ Ñ;a; ika;dkfhka hq;=
neúka kslf<ia CISKdY%jhka úh' tÈk zzúiqoaê Wfmdi:hlsZZ nqÿrcdKka
jykafia m%d;sfudCIh foaYkd l<y' tÈk tu isoaêh yd wo fu;ek /ia
ù we;s Tn ish¨ fokd .ek is;d n,uq' Tno m%d;sfudCIh foaYkd lr
wo fmdfydh lsÍu isÿ lr;s' tfy;a fuys isák Tn lsisfjla ksflf<ia
CISKdY%jhka fkdfj;s' fuh ms<s.kafka flfiao @ Tn uyK oï mqrK
nqoaO mq;%fha fj;ao @ Tn tu ry;ka jykafia,df.a ;;a;ajhg yd iudk

276

wjidk ld,h

lrkafka flfiao @ th w¾: iQkH fohls' zzGood manZZ lshd kï orK
mqoa.,fhla we;' kuq;a we;=,a wl=Y, nßka mSä; ù we;' Tyqf.a ku
ysia m%,dmhla fõ' nqoaO ld,Sk NsCIQka we;af;kau O¾uh wkq.ukh lr
w¾y;ajh ,enQ i;H jYfhkau NsCIQyq fj;s' wo NsCIQkaf.a hfida rdjh
br y| fuka §ma;su;ah' tfy;a lrk l¾u b;d ms<sl=,a jQ ksid wùÑ
uy krldÈhg muqKqjkafkah' Tjqka ;=< i;Hh" mdßY=oaêh" YS,h fidhd
.ekSug yelso @ fï wh lrkafka flf<ia /ia lsÍuls' th Tjqka miq mi
hhs' wo NsCIQka ;u ika;dkfha flf<ia Wÿrd ±óu fkdlr;s' tjeks
whf.a /iaùula zzúY=oaê Wfmdi:hlaZZ fj;ao @ uyK Wmiïmod jQ miq
;ukaf.a ku" lS¾;sh" ;;a;jh /lf.k fn!oaO NsCIqjf.a is,a .=Khka
ixfla;j;a lr;s' tfy;a fn!oaO NsCIqjf.a iS,d§ .=Khka fudkjd±hs
fkdoks;a' nqÿrcdKka jykafia Wfmdi: Èkh § foaYkd lrk m%d;sfudCI
foaYkfha n,j;a nj" .dïNSr;ajh okakjd kï YS,h hkq l=ula±hs jgyd
.; yelsh' b;d fláfhka Tjdo m%d;sfudCIh kï zziín mdmiai wlrKkxZZ ish¨ mõ ÿre lsÍu l=i, fyj;a .=K kqjK nyq, jYfhka mqreÿ
lsÍu - is; b;d §ma;su;aj nen,Sug m;ajk fia msßisÿ lsÍu fyj;a i;s
- iudê jeãu fõ' fuh jkdys m%d;sfudCI foaYkfha flá idrdxYhls'
ish¨ mõ ÿre lsÍu hkq l=ulao @ iuyre lhska mõ fkdlr;s' tfy;a
jpkfhka mõ lr;s' iuyre lhska yd jpkghks mõ fkdlr;s' tfy;a
is;ska mõ lr;s' Wfoa isg ? jk ;=re fufia mõ /ia lr;s' kskaog f.dia
miqod WoEik msì§ lrkafka;a mõuh' Èkm;d fufia mõ /ia lr;s' fufia
Èkm;d /iajk wl=i,a .ek j.la j;a ke;' ;ud b;d fyd|hhs is,aj;a
hehs is;;s' kuq;a ta iS,h jpkhla muKs' kug muKs' tfia fyhska lsis
lf<l iS,hla ke;' ta fjkqjg we;af;a flf<ia jeãu iy isf;a fkdikaik
q a
njls' fuh tfia uehs hfula lror fidhd hk úg ,efnkafka lroruhs'
fjk fudkjd ,efn;ao @ iïuq;s f,dalfha fïjd nyq, jYfhka we;'
fï wd§ jYfhka wdp¾h uka iS,h .ek Ndjkd fhda.S NsCIQkg
a ;¾ck
.¾ck lr;s' tfia lrkafka i;Hh wjfndaO lsÍugh' bkamiq iudê mQ¾Kh
.ek foaYkd l<y' bkamiq m[a[d .eko wjfndaOh .eko ksjk m%;HCI
lsÍuo lshd fo;s' fuh jkdys w;s mdßY=oaO ñ§u fyj;a úuqla;shhs' tÈk
foaYkh fõ.j;aj újD;j lsisjla fkdi`.jd woyia m%ldY lsÍuls' tu
foaYk .ek l,ska i|yka lr we;s neúka kej; fkd,shñ' tu NsCIQka
iuqyhd meh y;rla .,a .eiS isáhy' lsisu flfkl=f.a Yíohla ke;'
O¾uh .,d hkakdla fuka jHla; f,i ukd lÓl;ajhlska fkdkj;ajdu
weo yef,;s' th úYañ;h' wmQ¾jh' fuh Wkajykafiaf.a wjidk foiqu
277

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

úh'
wk;=re we`.ùula jYfhka fuh ;udf.a jhia .; jQ Ôú;fha wjidk
foaYkh nj;a kej; tjeks foaYkd fkdlrK nj;a mejiQy' bka uilg
miq Wkajykafia n,j;a f,i frda.d;=r úh'
fl;rï YdÍßl ÿn,;d ;snqK;a .ug msKavmd;h msKsi jä;s'
wka;sug uq¿ .uk hd .kag fkdyels neúka u.la ÿr muKla f.dia
msKavmd;h ,nd .ks;a' bkamiq .sys meúÈ mskaj;=ka wdrdufha fodrgqj
iómfha isg msKv
a md;h mQcd lr;s' l%ufhka YÍrfha n,j;a ÿ¾j,;djhla
we;s úh' fï fl;rï wd.dO we;;a Èklg tla jrla muKla wdydr
je<ªy' th ;u md;%fhka muKla je<ªy' wms fï W;=ï idka;=jrhd
foi n,ñka mqÿu jQfjuq' flf<ia j,g ;ekla ke;'
wmg tjeks ;;a;ajhla Wod jQfha kï wm Tijdf.k f.kshkag
isÿfõ' fuh we;af;kau ,eÊcdjls' wm f,dfydUqfõ ;nd fm;s .ikakdla
fuka isák yeá n,d flf<ia iskdfi;s' urd uia lrK f;la fï wNsudkj;a
mqreIhka flf<ia j,g hg;a fõ' fujeks wjia:djkag uqyqK §ug yels
ksid wm ks;r wdpd¾h ukaf.a m%;dmj;a pß;h .ek isysm;a l< hq;=h'
túg fn!oaO m%;sm;a;s /lSug Wkkaÿ fõ' ke;fyd;a flf<ia i;=rkaf.
ka neg ldf.k mrdchg m;afj;s'
l%ufhka wdpd¾h ukaf.a frda.h n,j;a úh' wms iefjdu ryiska
l;sld lr rd;s%fha lKavdhï jYfhka Wkajykafif.a l=áh hg uqr lf<uq'
Wkajykafia ta ms<sn| úfrdaOh m< lrk neúka tfia ryis.; ùuq' bkamiq
wmf.a n,j;a b,a,Su mßÈ Wkajykafiaf.a l=áh bÈßmsg wd,skaofha NsCIQka
fokulg rd;s%fha ys£ug yelsúh' fokula my; ud,fha jev isá;s' wka
ish¨ fokd udrefjka udrejg fufia fiajd l<y'
jia ld,h wjika jQ úg fÊIaG YsIH NsCIQka fkdfhla m<d;a j,ska
we§ wdy' Wkajykafiag je£ï" ms£ï lsÍug yd Wmia:dk lsÍug fndfyda
NsCIQka /iajQy' tla Èkla b;du widOH ;;a;ajfha isg ;uka jykafiaf.
a mßks¾jdKfhka miq ms<smeÈh hq;= wkaou ms<sn| ish¨u NsCIQka wu;d
l:d l<y'
uu ±ka wjidk ld,hg <x ù we;' uu u< miq isÿ jkafka l=ula±hs
is;d n,uq' ish,a, ie,iqï l< hq;=h' ud uefrk nj lSm j;djlau mejiqfjñ' uf.a urKh ukqIHhkag muKla fkdj ;sßika i;=kag jqjo

278

wjidk ld,h

n,mdk lreKls' uu fï nxfkdx *sõ wdrdufha urKhg m;aùug leu;s
ke;' fuys uf,d;a ud n,kag tk uyd fiakdjg wdydr msKsi i;a;aj
>d;kh isÿ lr;s' tlaflfkl=f.a urKh ksid fndfyda i;=ka urKhg
m;afj;s' fuys wdydr ,nd .ekSug fjf<| ie,a ke;' uu uyK jQ Èk isg
i;a;aj ysxidfjka je<l=fKñ' lreKdj ks;r uf.a is; ;=< rc flf¾'
uu ks;r fu;a jvd ish¨ i;a;ajhskag msx wkqfudaoka lrñ' uf.a urKh
lsisfjl=g ysxidjla fkdfõjd'
Tn ud ifldka kfLdka lrd f.k hkq uekú' tys§ uf.a urKh
isÿ úh hq;=hs' tys úYd, fjf<| ie,a we;' ks;r fofõf,a fuys tk msßi
jeäfjñka mj;S' fuh ieug úYd, m%Yakhls' fndfyda fokd uf.a urKh
.ek lïmd fj;s' tfy;a th m%Yk
a hla fkdfõ' uf.a urKhg uu iQodkïj
isáñ' uf.a YÍrfhka .e,ù hdu .ek lsis lKiai,a,la ke;' ta ms<sn|
kshu wdldrhg úpdrd we;' uQ, øjH /ila tla ù ieÿï ,;a fuu YÍrh
leã ì£ tu uQ,øjHhkag mßj¾;kh jkq we;' ug we,Sï lsÍug lsisjla
ke;' .fï fldrgqj, i;=ka Ôú;CIhg m;aùu .ek mukla ÿlafjñ' mdr
fÈf.a uia .d;a msáka úl=Kk ;eka ±lSug leu;s fkdfjñ' tneúka uu
blauKska msg ù hd hq;=h' fï ms<sn| hful=g lSug fohla we;akï ±ka
l:d lrkag wjia:djhs'
lsisfjla l:d fkdlr;s' uq¿ fiakdj ;=IaKSïN+;j n,d isá;s'
zzhumspPx k,N;s ;ums ÿlLxZZ ;;a;ajh b;d ne?reïh' fuys isàu
fyda ifldka kfLdka f.k heu m%Yakhla fkdfõ' Wkajykafiaf.a wNdjh
ms<sn| ish,af,dau ÿla jQy' wka;sfï§ Wkajykafiaf.a u;h wkqj ish¨ foa
lsÍug ;SrKh .;ay'
l,ska nkafkdx *sõ .ïjeisfhda Wkajykafiaf.a wmj;a ùu tu .fuys
isÿùu ;ukag f,dl= kïnqjla f,i ie<l+y' zzwms b;d È<s÷ jqj;a wfma
yoj;a fmdfydi;ah' wms ish¨ wdodyk lghq;= isÿ lruq' fujeks uyd
wdpd¾hjrfhl=f.a wju`.=,a W;aijh wmg isÿ lsßug yelshdj we;' wms
iefjdu wfma Ôú;h jqjo ms§ug iQodkï fjuq'ZZ wms fï uD; foayh f.k
hkag bv fkdfouq' wfma wka;su yqiau olajd ta .ek igka lruq'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a l:dj wid tu .ïjeisfhda wêl is;a ;ejq,lg
m;a jQy' Wkajykafia ±lajQ lreKq u; lsisfjl=g l:d l< fkdyelsh'
kuq;a th Tjqkaf.a yoj;a foord .sfhah' we;af;kau ta msßi wmf.a wjxl
lreKdjg yd wkqlïmdjg m;ajQy' Tjqka Ôú; mQcdfjka wdpd¾h uka

279

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

mqok nj uu ±kq;a isysm;a lrñ' Tn ish¨ fokdu Tjqka flf¾ wkqlïmd
lrK nj ug úYajdihs'
ish¨ fcHIaG YsIH msßi iy /iaj isá msßi Wkajykafia Tijdf.
k hdug l,ska we|la ie§ug úê úOdk l<y' miqod úYd, msßila tu
.s,ka we| Wkajykafiaf.a l=áh wi<g f.kdy' ish¨ fokdu ÿlska we,,S
.shy' ;uka fndfyda fihska ms%h l< jia;=jla ksielfhkau ke;sfõ' tys
isá ish¨ fokdu ord .kag neß fYdalfhka y~d je,mqkdy'
yS,a odkfhka miq .uk wdrïN lsÍug kshñ;hs' .fï ñksiqkaf.
a ÿl" wm%udKh' ish¨ fokdf.a yoj;a ;=< we;s n,j;a ixfõ.fhka weia
j,ska l÷¿ i,;s' ta fudfydf;a§ fcHIaG YsIHfhda wdpd¾h uka Tijdf.k
wjq;a wef|ys ;ekam;a l<y' ish¨ fokdf.a wdorh" f.!rjh" ÿl ksï ysï
ke;' .sys ia;S% mqreI msßi Y%djl NsCIQka" idufKarjre tlfia l÷¿ i<;s'
ta ÿl lshd .kag neß ;rï úh' uu o ta yd iu`. uy;a fia ÿla jqfkñ'
tfy;a uu tu .uk hdug kshñ;hs' ñksiaiq ú,dm ;shñka zzTn jykafia
iqj ù kej; tkakZZ hehs je<mqkdy' zzwm w;rux lr fï f,dalfhka hkag
tmdZZ Tjqkag lsis wiajeis,a,la ke;' fï wh fl;rï wirK±hs wdpd¾h
uka lïmd úh' ta wh ±k W.;a jqjo bjikag neß úh' Wkajykafia wm
yer h;s' kej; fuys fkdt;shs uy;a fia lïmd jQy' yS,a odkfhka miq
ish¨ fokd .ukdrïNh .ek uy;a iQodkñka isáhy' .fï ñksiaiq l=áh
jgd tlafrdla jQy' ;u ÿl m%ldY lf<a ne.Em;aj y~ñks' NsCIQkag iy
idufKarjrekag o bjish fkdyelsh' wdpd¾h uka fï uOHfha Tijdf.
k hk u`. fomi N+ñ lïmdjla ksid we;s jQ uqyqÿ /,a,la fuka l,n,h
w;sYh ÿlaui
q q úh' Wkajykafia /f.k hk msßi .sh miq uq¿ m%foaYh uyd
>k w÷rla fuka ksy~ úh' Tjqkaf.a Ôú; tljru ke;súh' .ia" fld<x
mjd ksy~;djhlska fkdie,S isá;s' wdpd¾h uka ;u YsIH mrïmrdjla
iu`. úiQ jk fmfoi ysiaúh' wjqreÿ .Kkdjla .fï jeisfhda ks;r wjq;a
;u ÿla .ekú,s ksrdlrKh l< wdjdi N+ñh ysiaúh' ;j NsCIQka tys
jdih l<;a úYd, jDCI rdchd fmr<S we;' tu rela fijfKa wNh odkh
,nd.;a msßi" .suka yßñka ;u flf<ia ÿre lr.;a msßi" Ôú; mQcdfjka
Ydikh rlskakg wêIaGdk .;ay' O¾ufha yeiqreK tlu mqoa.,hdf.
a Yla;sh ldg;a jegyqKs'
wdpd¾h uka iu`. .uka .;a msßi .u yryd f.dia fkdfmkS
.sh úg fndfyda fokd ta .uka ud¾.fha .uka .;ay' ksy~j ÿlauqiq

280

wjidk ld,h

uqyqKska .uka lf<a wju`.=,a fmryerl hk ,S,dfjks' ;u <`.u f,a
{d;sfhl=f.a wNdjhla fuka Tjqka miqmi .uka lr;a' ;udf.a iqkq úiqkq
ù .sh n,dfmdfrd;a;= bjid .; fkdyelsh' ish,a, keiS jekiS yudr
hehs Tjqkag isf;a' ;ju Ôj;a fjñka isáh;a Wkajykafiaf.a hdu Tjqkag
ord.; fkdyelsh'
uu o fï wkaoñka w;sYh ixfõ.hg m;a jQ nj mdfmdÉPdrKh
lrñ' uq¿ .uk mqrd uf.a isf;a mej;=fKa ug ;snK
q tlu msyg
s irK ke;s
jQ úg ldf.a msysglao hk m%Yakh úh' Ndjkd .eg¿ j,§ Wkajykafia ug
tlu msysg úh' <`.u kej;=ï m,g ie;mqï 15la muK ÿr we;' tfy;a
È. .uk fkd±kqj;aju .sfhuq' Wkajykafia miqmi hñka Wkajykafiaf.
a urKhg miq l=ula lrkafkïo @ Wkajykafia Ôj;a fõ hehs uu iqka jQ
n,dfmdfrd;a;=j w;ßka jßka jr is;=fjñ' uf.a Ndjkdfõ ishqï wjia:
djlg uu t<U we;' B<`.g Wmfoia ,nkafka flfiao @ ;ju ug ;ksju
ksrdlrKh l< fkdyels .eg¿ we;' uu Wkajykafia wysñ fõ hkak
is;k ;dla wkd.;h w÷re úh'
uq¿ .uk mqrdu lsisu frda.S iajNdjhla Wkajykafiaf.a fkdfmfka'
iqj kskafoa miqfj;shs ±fka' tfy;a Wkajykafiag kskao .sfhau ke;'
uOHdyakfha .ia .=ïNhl fijfKa u| ld,hla úvdj ixis|jd .ekSug
kej;Sug wjir b,a¨fjuq' zzwms ±ka fldfyaoeZZhs Wkajykafia túg weiQy'
ta jpk Yíoh weiQ ú.i ud úCIsma; úh' ud wdhdifhka bjid ord.;a
wdorh bÈßhg mek ke.=Ks' uu fï ;rï Wkajykafiaf.a lgy~g we¿ï
lrïo @ Wkajykafia kej; bm§ we;ehs ye`.=Ks' tu jpk Yíoh t;rï
ñysßh'
zz;=ka f,dalfha we;s tlu W;=ï mqoa.,hd ud w;yer h;s' uu b;d
wirK jQ wkd: orefjla fjñ' uf.a yoj; mqmqrd hdug hkafkah' uf.ka
fjkaù Wkajykfia hhs' th uf.a m%dK jhqfõ yer hduls' iodl,a uu
;ksfjñ'ZZ Wkajykafiaf.a jpk Yíoh weiqK ú.i fujeks úmÍ; woyi
.,d hhs' iuyre uu msii
a q T,audo ldrfhla hehs is;kq ksielh' ta;a lrkag
fohla ke;' uu tlfy<du th ms<s.ksñ' wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| uf.a mqÿu
msiaiqjla we;' Wkajykafia fjkqfjka uf.a Ôú;h i;=áka mß;Hd. lrñ'
Wkajykafiag wjYH kï uu ta ms<sn| fojrla fkdis;ñ' tfy;a wfyda
Wkajykafiag uf.a Ôú; mqcdj wjYH ke;' i;Hh kï Wmka iefjdu
urKhg m;ajk njhs' fï wjia:dfjka fíÍula ke;'
uq¿ .uk wÈhr follska ksudùug ie<iqï lr we;' m<uq Èk nka
281

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

*q úydrh olajd .uka .;suq' tys Èk lSmhla .;lr wdpd¾h ukag úvd
ixis÷jd .ekSug i<id we;' fï úydrhg meñKqfKa l¿jr jeáfuka
miqjh' l÷ mduq, jfÜ .uka .;a fyhska ud¾.h Èlaúh' l÷ uqÿfkka
jeà we;s mdr Wkajykafiag yd tlaj .sh jhil whg hd .ekSu ÿIalr
ksid flá mdrla jqjo" wms §¾> ud¾.fha .uka .;af;uq' tys my;a N+ñhl
Wkajykafiag ie;mSug l=áhla iQodkï lf<uq' fndfyda NsCIQka iy .sys
msßia wjq;a je÷ï ms÷ï lsÍug iqÿiq f,i th ms<sfh, lr ;snqKs'
fuu nka *sõ wdrdufha lSm Èkla kej;Sug isÿ jQfha Wkajykafiaf.a
frda.S;djh b;d ne?reï jQ ksidh' tfy;a ta fya;=fjka úYd, ckldhla
tys we§ wdy' rd;S% ld,fha mjd wjq;a neye±l je÷ï ms÷ï l<y' fndfyda wh Wkajykafia ms<sn| wid we;s kuq;a ±l .ekSug fkdyels jQfha
Wkajykafia ks;r uyd le<Efõ úiQ fyhsks' msßksjka mdkakg wdikak jQ
kùk f,dalfha w;s W;a;u ry;ka jykafia kula ±l .ekSug ish¨ fokdu
Wkkaÿfjks' tfia jkaokd udk lsÍfuka fndfyda msx ,efnk nj;a" ;udf.
a ÿl ke;sfjk nj;a Tjqyq úYajdi l<y' ukqIH;ajfha W;=ï m%;s,dNhla
f,i Tjqyq fuh ie<l+y'
tys meñKs uq,a Èkfha§u wdpd¾h uka ;uka jykafia ifldka
kfLdka f.k hkafka ljod±hs úuiQy' ;uka jykafia nka *sõ ys msßksjka
mEug fkdleu;s njla ;u YsIHhkag ±kqï ÿkay' tys kjd;eka .kafka
Wkajykafiaf.a frda.S;ajh u`yyer .ekSug nj Tjqka lSy' bkamiq ksy~
ù miqÈk tfia kej;;a weiQy' YsIHfhda kej;;a tu ms<s;=re ÿka miq
ksy~ úh' tfy;a lSm jdrhlau fufia wik ,§' fufia kej;S isàu ksid
tys hdug fkdyels jk nj Wkajykafia mejiQy' miqj ;rula fõ.fhka
fodia lSy'
zzTn udj fuys urKhg m;a lsÍugo fï hkafka @ uu uq,k
s u
a ifldka
kfLdka j,§ urKhg m;ajk nj lSfjñ' blauka lrkak' ld,h blau ù
hhs'ZZ wjidk Èk Wkajykafia ish¨u YsIHhka f.kajd ;uka jykafia fï
rd;s%h t<sjk ;=re Ôj;a fkdjk nj;a ±kauu f.k hd hq;= nj;a mjid
wef|a ihkh lsÍug wlue;s úh' túg Wkajykafia Ndjkd bßhõfjka b;d
wdhdifhka ys÷jd noaO mhH_xlfhka isàug wdOdrl i<iajd ÿksuq' ifldka
kfLdka ÈYdjg uqyqK ,d Wkajykafia iudê.; úh' bkamiq iudêfhka
ke.S isg ±kau tys hd hq;= nj meiQy' miqod WoEik fkdjrojd f.k
hk nj fcHIaG YsIHfhda mejiQy' tfyhska ;rul wiajeis,a,la ,nd

282

wjidk ld,h

Wkajykafiaf.a ;;a;ajh ms<sn| l:d l<y'
zzuf.a ld,h wjidkhs' ;j;a Ôj;a ùug fkdyelsh' ±kau msg ù
.sfhd;a w¿hu jk úg tu w;s fYa%IaG fudfydf;a § tys hd .; yelsfõ'
fï YÍrfha uQ,Od;+kaf.a nr bis,Sug ug ;j ÿrg fkdyelsh' fï isrer
iodld,slj uu ksreoaO lrñ' kej; bka yg .kakd ÿla mSvd ke;' uu
±kq;a wNdjhg hñka urKhg m;ajk nj fkd±fkao @ uf.a YÍrfhka
we;s jevla ke;' fujeks YdÍßl ÿla fõokd ú£fï we;s M,h l=ulao @ uu
ifldka kfLdka hkag leu;s jkafka ulaksid±hs Tn ish¨ fokdu oks;s'
ta ksidu fkdfõo uu fuys wdfõ @ wehs Tn uf.a .uk m%udo lrkafka
fï ifldka kfLdkao @ jydu ud tys fkdf.k hkafka wehs @ uu ±kau
hd hq;=hs' Tn n,d isákafka l=ulgo @ u< isrerl we;s jefâ lsu @ lsis
jevla keye' ud¿ fydoaolaj;a yokak neye'
uf.a YÍrfha wjidk fudfyd; <`.d ù we;' uu lshk foa lsif
s jl=g
fkdwefiao @ uu lshk foa lrkafka keoao @ ug Wjukd foa fldmuK lSjdo
@ lsisfjl= weyqïlka fkdfo;s' Tn Tjeks wdldrhg ovínr kï i;Hh
jgyd .kafka flfiao @ Tn ud Ôj;aj isáh§u" uf.a bÈßmsgu wlSlre
ovínr fj;s' uu lshk foa fkdms<sÈ;s' ud u< miq Tn iqjp lSlre jkafka
flfiao @ uu lshkafka i;Hhls' uf.a ;;a;ajh b;d meyeÈ,sj Tng lshd
§ we;' tfy;a th ±ä fia ms<s fkd.ks;s' uf.a isf;a f,dl= ielhla we;'
idikh mj;ajd .ekSug wjYH kHdh O¾u Tng ms<smeÈh yelso @
wdpd¾h uka fudfydf;a§ b;du ±ä uqrKavq .;shla ±lajQy' ?
t<sjk ;=re ksod .ekSu m%;sfCIam lrñka isáhy' kskaog jegqfKd;a kej;
msìfokafka ke;s nj Wkajykafia oks;a ±hs ug iel my< úh' ta fõf,a§
Wkajykafia ie;fmkafka ke;af;a wehs ±hs wmg fkdf;areKs' miqod Wfoa
7 jk úg úYd, g%la r: lSmhla m%dfoaYSh uyd ud¾. fomd¾;fïka;=fjka
meñK we;' kqï pqjfkd;a uy;añh fuu fmryef¾ bÈßfhka hdug
kshñ;h' Wkajykafia fuu tla r:hl .uka lsÍug tl`. úh' wksl=;a
ish¨u NsCIqka jykafia,dg .uka lsÍug iEfyk r: weoa±hs úuiQy' tu
r: ;=fka hd fkdyels kï tu jdyk kej; meñK b;sß fik`. f.k
hkq ,efí' túg wdpd¾h uka fï ms<sfj, fyd¢ka wjfndaO lr ksy~ úh'
yS,a odkfhka miq Wkajykafiag kskao hdug fnfy;la tkak;a l<y' tu
mdrj, j, f.dve,sj,ska hq;a neúka .ukd.ukh b;d ÿIalrh' Wkajykafia .s,ka we|l ;nd Tijd tu r:hl ;ekam;a l<y' Wkajykafia kskaog
jegqky' tu r: b;d fiñka .uka lr uOHdyakfha§ ifldka kfLdka j,g

283

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

iïm%dma; úh'
tys§ ;ju;a kskafoa miqfjk Wkajykafia jÜ iqoaOj;a wdrdufha
l=áhl ;ekam;a lrk ,§' uOHu rd;sh
% jk ;=re Wkajykafia msìÿfka ke;'
wjÈ ù mehlg miq Wkajykafia ;u w| ìysß YsIHhkag ksrka;rfhka lshd
we;s mßÈ wka;su yqiau fy,kakg wdikak úh' zz±ka fmakjdo wehs uu
fu;rï lE .eiqfõ' uf.a ÿla lkaordj blauKska ksreoaO fõ' tu urK
ix{d ±ka ±ka fmfka' Tng fkdf;af¾ kï fyd¢ka n,d.; uekú' Tn
bÈßfha we;s o¾Ykh foi n,d isákq' uu lSfõ we;a;o fndreo @ ñkamiq
w| f.d¿ ìysß .;s mylr .kq' Tfí isysúl,a .;s w;a yßkq' Tng ±ka
fmkS hk foa .ek .eUqßka is;kq' .Kkla ke;sj isákak tmd'''ZZ fï wdÈ
foa lshkakdla fuka wm ieu ;%ia; ù isáfhuq'
zzNdrd kfj mxpCLJøZZ fï mxpialkaOh we;af;kau uyd nrls'
w¿hu meh .Kkska Wkajykafia ;u isrefrka iuq.ks;s' fï w;sYh ÿl
fõokdjkaf.ka ioygu iuq.ks;s' lsisu kqjKe;af;la fujeks foa kej;
iir§ ú§ug fkdleu;s fõ' uq¿ wdrduh t<sjk ;=r ksy~h' lsisfjl=
tu ±ä ksy~;djh lv fkdl<y' tfjf,au uyd wdpd¾jrfhl= jQ p´ l=
Lqka Ouufcë jÜ fndaê fidïf*dka isg meñKshy' Wfødaka;dks isg uy;a
ixfõ.fhka fï m%jD;a;h
s wid meñKshy' tys b;d Ydka;j Ndjkd ukisldrfhka jdä ù isá;s' tfy;a n,j;a ixfõ.hlska yoj; foord h;s' fudk
fudfydf;a§ wjika yqiau fy,;shs n,d isáhy' NsCIQka jykafia,d fma<s
3lska isá;s' jeäuy,a ia:úrhka bÈßfhka isá;s' ish¨ fokdu Wkajykafia
foi iQCIuj n,ñka isá;s' l÷¿ j.=rjñka ;u isf;a n,j;a fYdalh
ord.; fkdyelsj isá;s' fuh fkdje<elaúh yelsh' ;ukaf.a Ôú;fhka
±ka M,la ke;ehs ±fka'
uq,§ wdpd¾h uka ol=ke,fhka isxy fihHdfjka isáhy' th
Wkajykafiag wmyiqjla hehs is;d msgqmi fldÜg bj;a lr Wvq w;g
È.d l<y' Wkajykafiag fuh ±kqk ú.i kej; yeÍug uykais .;ay'
tfy;a th l< fkdyelsh' hï fcHIaG wdpd¾hjre Wkajykafiaf.a bßhõj
fjkia lsÍug ;e;a l<y' kuq;a th kqiqÿiq nj f;areKs' wjidkfha§
Wkajykafia msßksjka mEfõ ol=Ke,fhkq;a fkdfõ Wvq w;g;a fkdfõ ta
fofla ueo bßhõjlsks' lsisfjl=g lr lshd .ekSug fkdyelsj n,d isá;s'
Wkajykafiaf.a wjidk fudfyd; ÿflka Nfhka ieflka ksrdjqOj isáfha
yqiau .ekSugj;a wu;l ùfuks'

284

wjidk ld,h

úkdä" ;;amr .Kka miqfjkjd;a iu`. Wkajykafia yqiau ishqï
úh' wdYajdi" m%dYajdifhda ksreoaO ùu foi weismsh fkdfy,d ish¨ fokd
n,d isá;s' tljru ksreoaO jQfha b;d ikaiqkaj' woyd .kag neß f,ih'
ndysr ,CIK lsisjla fjkia jQfha ke;' idudkH flfkl=f.a urKhg
jvd yd;amiska fjkia úh' lsisfjl=g wjidk fudfyd; y÷kd .ekSug
fkdyels úh' tfy;a Wkajykafia fï w;s Nhxlr úYajfhka wjidk jrg
iuq.;a fudfyd; th úh'
c´ Lqka Ouufcã uyd ia:úrfhda fï ish,a, wjOdrKfhka n,d
isg zzWkajykafiaf.a wdYajdi m%dYajdifhda ±ka ksreoaO jQy'ZZ ;u w;a
Trf,daiqj n,d fõ,dj w¿hu 2'23 nj ie,l<y' fï wjia:dj ish¨
fokd uy;a ixfõ.h ±lajQfha l÷¿ msß fofk;ska ishqï leiailska iy
fld÷rk jpk .,d hdulsks' ldurh ;=< ksfid,auka ±ä ksy~;djhls'
oreKq l<lsÍulska hq;a iqka jq n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isá msßils' yoj; ;=<
/£ we;af;a iQkH;djhls' jpkj,ska lshd.; fkdyelsh' YÍrh ysia ù
ksYap,h" .,a .eiS we;' úYajh fudfyd;lg kej;=ks' wdpd¾h uka ;u
iïuq;s Ôú;h w;ayer taldka; Ydka; m%kS; wixL; i;Hhg m%úIaG ù
we;' ñka u;= ixL; O¾ufhda Wkajykafiag mSvd fkdfo;s'
uu o yoj; me,S f.dia urKhg m;afjkakdla fuka ;on, ÿlska
Wkajykafia wi< isáfhñ' uf.a yojf;a w÷r n,j;a ixfõ.h .; is;
fj,df.k isà' bka ñ§ula ke;' uf.a is; uefrñka mj;sk nj yef`.a'
u| fj,djlg miq Wkajykafiaf.a fcHIaG YsIHfhda tu uD; YÍrh
ksis wdldr ;ekam;a lr miqod Wfoa B<`. mshjr .ek idlÉPd lsÍug
iïu; l<y' NsCIQka lSm fofkla ldurh we;=f<a iy msg wd,skaofha
isáhy' uq¿ m<d;u zzlsÜikaZZ ,dïmq j,ska wdf,dalu;a úh' fndfyda
YsIHfhda bnd.df;a tfy fufy h;s' we;a;gu lSm kula la,dka; ù
jegqky' ta whg ms<sirKla ke;' Ôú;fhka we;s f;areula ke;' wdrdufha
ish¨u NsCIQyq ;u Ôú;fha wNd.H iïmkak ld,hla we;sjk nj iqka jQ
n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isá;s' Wkajykafiaf.a §ma;su;a wdf,dalh wm yoj;a
m%fndaOu;a l<y' tlúgu ta ish,a, w;=reoyka ù we;' lsis ms<sirKla
ke;sj bÈß Ôú;hg uqyqK mE hq;=h' uq¿ úYajfha lsisu wdOdrlhla"
irKla ke;' i;a;j
a hd hïlsis wdOdrhl t,anf.k ;u Ôú; hd;%dj f.k
hk nj wu;l ù we;' ta fudfydf;a isf;a we;af;a ;ud wirK jQ nj
muKs' wdpd¾h uka tlu irK úh' Wkajykafia Ôú; mQcdfjka woydf.

285

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

k yo m;af,ka úYajdi ;nd isáhy'
uu nqoaO O¾u ix> hk f;rejka .=K woyd ks;r irK .sfhñ'
tfy;a ta fudfydf;a ta r;k;%h wE; ÿr ù" msysg ,nd .ekSug fkdyels
úh' wdpd¾h uka weia bÈßmsg ukqIHh ,S,dfjka wmf.a ish¨ ÿla fodïkia
iel nh ;=rka l<y' uy;a lKiai,af,ka Wkajykafia fj; meñK fkdfhla .eg¿ bÈßm;a l< kuq;a ta ish,a, úi£ isf;a ÿl w;=reoyka fõ'
uf.a m%Yak ksrdlrKh l< yels wka lsisfjla ke;s nj ±fka ug tjeks
lreKdjla olajkafka ljqo @ ldf.ka Wmfoia ,nïo @ uf.a ;kslu .ek
uu ìh jqfkñ' uf.a fudayh is;a ;ejq, ud fj,df.k we;' Wkajykafiaf.ka ,enQ Wmfoia ;j ÿrg fkd,efí' ldg lshïo @ uf.a isf;a we;s
iel nj" wúksYaÑ; nj byjyd f.dia we;' ÿla fodïkia msß f,dalhla
ud bÈßfha È.gu fmfka' Wkajykafiaf.a uD; foayh bÈßfha isák uf.a
is; ;=< fjk lsisu fohla ke;' YdÍßl úvdjla l=i.skakla fkd±fka'
ld,h fyda oj,a ? fkd±fka' uu wdYajdi m%dYajdi lrk fyd,aukls'
uyK ùfuka miq lsis lf<l fujeks ÿlaÅ; ;;aa;ajhlg jeà ke;' fï
m%md;fhka f.dv ùug l%uhla ke;' Wkajykafiaf.a uD; foayh foi
n,k yeu úg l÷¿ .,d hhs' fldmqf,ka .,d hk l÷¿ kj;d .ekSug
fkdyel' ud bls ì|ñka ye~qfjñ' W.=r lg úh,S ysr ù uf.a is;sú,s
;=< kdu.ak ù isáfhñ'
wka;sfï§ uf.a m%lD;a;s isysh ,enqfjñ' uf.a is;;a iu`. l:d
lf<ñ' zzug Wjukd jkafka mmqj me,S urKhg m;aùugo @ Wkajykafia
lsisu fohla .ek fkd;ld ksoyiaj" wNdjhg m;aúh' ud bkafka flf<ia
j,ska fj,Sf.kh' ud ±ka urKhg m;a jqfKd;a uf.a ;Kaydj iy is;a
;ejq, iu`. ueÍ uy;a ÿllg m;afõ' uf.a fodïki fyda urKh ug fyda
wdpd¾h uka yg lsis jevla ke;' Wkajykafia Ôj;ajk ld,fha fufia
udrdka;sl Nla;shla we,aula .ek lshd § ke;' fujeks we,Sï f,!lsl mD:
Êck .;shls' uf.a O¾uh ms<sn| jqjo fuh f,!lsl we,Suls' th fn!oaO
NsCIqjlg fkd;rï fõ' ksjka lrd fhduq jQ ug fujeks woyia fhda.H
fkdfõ' zzfhd Oïux miai;s - fid ux miai;sZZ O¾uh olskakd nqÿka olS
hkak nqoaO foaYkdjls' uf.a is;sú,s O¾udkql+, fkdfõ' uu wdpd¾h uka
W.ekajQ O¾uh ms<smÈñ' túg uu Wkajykafiag Wiiau ie<lsu lrñ'
Wkajykafia b.eka jQ ±ä m%;sm;a;s mQrKh lrñka urKhg m;a jkafka
kï th Wkajykafiag lrK W;=ï mQcdjls' fï jkdys uf.a yeisÍï úh
hq;=h' uf.a bÈß .uk jid,k fujeks widudk Nla;s wdorh ksid ud
úkdY fõ'ZZ
286

wjidk ld,h

fufia uf.a m%lD;s isysh ,nd .;sñ' m%{dfjka iy isys nqoaêfhka
uf.a isf;a mej;s uy;a jQ le<öu iu: m;aúh' lsis jeo.eïulg ke;sj
ud mK msáka je<,S hkafka wehs @

wdodykh
wi,ajeis .ï kshï .ï j,g wdpd¾h ukaf.a wNdjh ms<sn|
f;dr;=re me;sÍ .sfhah' fcHIaG NsCIQka jykafia,d iy rcfha ks<OdÍka
fkdlvjd meñK foayhg wdpdr mj;aj;s' wdodykh isÿ lsÍug ie<iqï
lr;s' Wkajykafiag ksis f.!rj meje;aúh hq;=h' f¾äfhda iy mqj;am;a
j, ikaksfõokh l<y'
fï wdldrfhka uq¿ rg mqrd fï ÿlauqiq mqj; weiq oi oyia ixLHd;
fik`. meñKshy' wE; m<d;aj,ska meñKs whg rd;s% kjd;eka iemhSug
isÿúh' fndfyda msßlr Wkajykafiag mQcd lrK ,§' Wkajykafia Ôj;aj
bkak ld,fha§ jeis j¾Idjla fuka msßlr .,d wdfõh' wdpd¾h uka ;u
Ôú; mrÿjg ;nd fiajh lr we;' ta ish¨u msßlr ish¨ fokdg fnod
yeßfhah' Wkajykaia ;rï È<s÷ ÿmam;a lsis NsCIqjla fkdùh' Wkajykafiag ,enqK foa wkka;h' tfy;a ta ish,a, oka ÿks' lsisjla ke;akï
;uka jykafia mßyrKh lrk foa mjd wjYH flfkl=g fo;s' fï ksidu
Wkajykafiaf.a wmj;a ùfuka miqjo fndfyda fokd msßlr /f.k wdy'
jeäysá wdpd¾hjre rcfha ks<Odßka iu`. idlÉPd lr uD; foayh
udi lSmhla ;ekam;a lr miqj wdodykh lsÍug ixúOdkh l<y' 1950
ckjdß mqr mCIfha wdodykh lsÍug úfYaI rka isú f.hla iy ñkS
fmÜáhla iEÿk'
tu kshñ; Èkfha§ iji 4g fndfyda NsCIQka iy .sys mskaj;=ka
meñK uD; foayh kdjd isjqre y|jd iqÿ frÈ j,ska t;+y' fmÜáfha
bÈßmi ùÿre neúka uD; foayh ±l .; yelsh' iEuodu rd;s%h t<fUk
;=re iQ;% icCOdhkd l<y' c´ Lqka Oïu fcä wdpd¾hjrhd m%Odk ix>hd
jykafia,d nK foaYkd l<y' fndfyda fokd meñK fuu iÊCOdhkd j,g
ijka ÿkay'
fndfyda fokd ish leue;af;kau wjq;a f.!rj mQcd lrñka ld¾Hh
Ndrh bisÆy' ifldka kfLdka m%foaYfha ckhd ta ish¨u wuq;a;kaf.a
ix.%y úê úOdkh l<y' ? oj,a fkdn,d uy;a mßY%uhlska ish¨ lghq;=
iïmdokh l<y' wka;sfï§ th w;s úYd, wdodyk W;aijhla úh' NsCIQka

287

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

jykafia,d ishhlg wêl .Kkla tys udi .Kkdjla ,e`.=ï .;ay' odk
udk lsis Èkl wvqjla fkdùh' È.gu fma,s ie§ odkh fno;s'
odhl msßi fl;rï Wkkaÿfjka fï ld¾hh isoaO l,d±hs uu weia
bÈßfha ÿáñ' th ug lsis Èkl wu;l fkdfõ' tjeks yDohx.u wdor
Nla;shla uu lsis Èkl ±l ke;' ta ish¨ fokd wem lem ù udi .Kka
isÿl< fiajh woaú;Sh wdYap¾hhls' uf.a yoj;skau ta whg ia;+;s mQ¾jl
w.h lsÍu m< lrñ'
wdodyk lghq;= lsÍfï ks;r jQ NsCIQka jykafia,dg uf.a wdor
Nla;sh mqo lrñ' ? oj,a fkdlvjd meñKs msßig wjYH ish¨u foa iïmdokh lsÍu iq¿ mgq fkdùh' oi oyilg wêl fik`.la wdoyk Èkhg
meñKSug kshñ;h' wdjdi f.j,a uq¿;eka f.j, bÈ lsÍug isÿúh' udi
.Kkla ;=< fï jevlghq;= lsÍug fndfyda fokdf.a Y%uh wjYH úh'
wjidk Èkh <`.d jQ úg uq¿ m%foaYhu ne;s u;=kaf.ka msÍ b;sÍ
.sfhah' NsCIQka jykafia,d iy idufKar NsCIQkaf.ka uq¿ m%foaYh jeiS
.sfhah' fndfyduhla jkdka;rfha <e`.=ï .;ay' NsCIQka jykafia,d 1000lg
jeä msßila úh' .sys mskaj;=ka .iahg fj,a hdfha isá w;r wjg k.rfha
ish¨u úY%du Yd,d msÍ .sfhah'
fï uyd fiakdj /ia ù wdodyk W;aijh meje;aùug iQodkï
jQ kuq;a ±ä ksy~;djhla tys we;' Yío úldYk hka;%fhka úiqrejd
yßk m%jD;a;s fyd|dldr wefia' ish¨u j;a ms<sfj;a l¾uia:dk NsCIQkaf.
a iïm%odhg wkql+, úh' wdydr wd§ msßlr l÷ .eiS we;' yd,a f.daks
ish .Kkla we;' jdyk mqrjdf.k fik`. nvq /f.k t;s' u;l jia;%
jYfhka ,enqK isjqre f.hla mqrjd we;'
uf.a fï úia;rh w;sYfhdal;
a h
s la hehs yef`.a kï uu iudj whÈñ'
uf.a is; udkfhka l=,au;a úh' wfma ;dhs cd;slfhda fumuK Y%oaOd
iïmkak" ;Hd.jka; wh ±hs uu ±k fkdisáfhñ' ud mqÿuhg m;a ù
isáñ' f,dalh .ek is;k úg ;dhs,ka;h l=vd rgls' tfy;a fï whf.a
;Hd.jka; Ndjh lsisfjl=g fofjks fkdfõ' fn!oaO iïm%odhlg iß,k
lreKd" ffu;S% .=Kh fï ;dhs cd;slhka ;=< we;' wms yoj;skau wdor
Nla;sh mqo lrK mß;Hd.Ys,S cd;shls'
fï ,CIK lemS fmkqfKa wdpd¾h ukaf.a wdodyk W;aijfha§h'

288

wjidk ld,h

Èkm;d úYd, Wÿka j, msisk wdydr Ndck w;s úYd,h' n,kag;a ìh
we;s lrhs' tajd Tijdf.k hdug lSm fofkla wjYH fõ' odk id,d
lSmhla we;' NsCIQka 30-40-50 wd§ jYfhka tl;= ù oka j<|;s' l¾uia:
dk wdpd¾hjrekaf.a iïm%odh wkqj md;%fhka wdydr j<|;s' tneúka
wdydr n÷kaj,ska msKavmd; lr;s' fïi" mqqgq wdÈh ilia lf<a úfYaI
wuq;a;kagh'
NsCIQka jykafia,d jeäu,a ms<sfj,g meñK wdydr md;%hg fnod
.ks;'s n;a" t<j¿" ud¿" w;=remi ish,a, tlg oud j<|;s' wdpd¾h ukaf.
a iDoaê m%d;syd¾Hh iy odhlhskaf.a odk fÉ;kdj ksid ksrka;rfhkau
wdydr iq,N úh' md;% j,ska wdydr j<|k neúka Ndck §is" ms`.ka wd§
fkdfhla NdKav wkjYH úh'
lsif
s jla u;ameka îula fyda jdo újdohla fkdl<y' fidrlula ke;'
wu;l jQ mdjyka wd§ foa iuyr úg jákd rka ߧ wdNrK ks<OdÍkag
f.k;a § whs;sldrhskag myiqfjka ,nd .; yelsúh' wij,a foa ,eî we;s
fyhska whs;slrejkag tk f,i Yío úldYkfhka werhqï lrhs' ke;s jQ
ñ, uqo,a miqïì mjd whs;slreg ,nd.; yelsúh' miqïìfha we;s uqo,a
m%udKh lS úg whs;slrejd y÷kdf.k th Ndr fohs' hïlsis ix{djlska
th ;udf.a nj Tmamq lr isà'
wdodyk mQcd W;aijh Èk 4la iy rd;S% 3la mqrd meje;aúh' tys
;snQ lemS fmfkk ,CIK fndfydah' lsisfjla l:d fkdlr;s' ish¨ fokdu
b;d úkS;j yeisfr;s' fujeks w;s úYd, ckldhla .uka lrk ls%hd lrk
ixhuh mqÿu t<jkakls' ish¨ fokdf.a is;a tlu wruqKl msysgd we;'
rd;S% 8 isg NsCIQka jykafia,d iQ;% icCOdhkd lfr;s' .sys mskaj;=ka
iqÿfrÈ" Öjr wdÈh mQcd lr;s' tla NsCIqjla O¾udkqidikdjla lrhs'
miqod w¿hu yS,a odkfhka miq .sys mskaj;a;= úYd, jYfhka ix>hdg
msßlr mQcd flfr;s' fndfyda ÿr isg ckhd /ia jQfha msßlrla mQcd lr
.ekSugh' fï oyia .Kka msßlr iuyr úg NsCIQka iuQyhla Ndr .;s'
iuyr úg tla tla NsCIqj Ndr.;s' th lsisfia;a md,kh lsÍug fkdyels
úh' ish¨ fokd ßis fia mqo mQcd flfr;s' Yío úldYkfhka wmg msßlr
mQcd lsÍug fumuK NsCIQka ,efíjdhs wdrdOkd lr;s' wij,a NsCIqjg
msß lrla §ug kï ta uyd fiakdj ;=< hï NsCIqjla fiùug ÿIalr neúka
Yío úldYkfhka ku lshd werhqï l< hq;h
= ' ish¨u NsCIQka jykafia,df.
a kï ,ehsia;=jla ixúOdhlhka i;=j we;' tneúka ksjerÈj tu wod<

289

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

NsCIqjf.a ku m%pdrh lrhs'
w¿hu ld,fha NsCIQyq wjg .ïudkj,g jev msKavmd; l<y'
wdodyk Èkfha§ ish¨u NsCIQkg
a ish¨ odk odhlhska úiska iemhQy' NsCIQka
jykaia,d fm< .eiS .uka lrk úg tla tla jykafiaf.a md;%hg .syshka
úiska fkdfhla wdydr j¾. mQcd lrkq ,eîh'
;=kajk pJø udifha pJøhdf.a oifjks Èkfhys wdodyk mQcdj
wdrïN ù 13jk pJøhdf.a Èkfhka iudma; úh' b;d iqúfYaIj irik ,o
rka isúf.hs foayh ;ekam;a jQ wk¾> ñkS fmÜáh ;ekam;a lr we;' th
Wfmdi: f.a ±ka mj;sk ;ekh' oCI leghï lrefjda ta ish,a, w,xlD;j
ksu lr we;' tjeks wdpd¾h;=ful=g iß,k mßÈ ta ish,a, b;du ,CIKh
úis;=reh' pJøudifhka 14 fjks Èk NIaudjfYaI tl;= lrk ,§' fuu
Èkh iQ¾Hh udifhka l=uk Èkh ±hs ug lsh fkdyelsh'
uD; YÍrhg ish¨u NsCIQyq je| kuialdr lr iudj whe¥y' ta
wjidk .uk fndfyda whf.a ÿlauqiq wjia:djla úh' iuyre Yío k.d
je<fm;s' th uyd l<n," jHdl+," wjq,a iys; fudfyd;ls' Wkajykafia
w;s msßisÿ Ydka; m%dKS; ks¾jdK fCIau N+ñhg meñK we;' kej; fï
f,dalhg meñKSula ke;'
ish¨ fokdu ;u yojf;a ;snQ ÿla Wkajykafia foiQ O¾uh ksid iu:
hlg m;a jQ nj is;ñka isáhy' wl=Y,hkaf.a ne?reï nj f;areï .;ay'
ud; foayhg fufia f.!rj lf<a yojf;a we;s lD;{;dj mQ¾jljh' fï
wjidk fudfyd; Tjqka ßis fia je<mqkdy'
tfy;a ry;ka jykafia flfkl=f.a w;s mQckSh wdodyk W;aijhlg
iyNd.s ùug ;rï fï wh jdikdjka; úh' Wkajykafiag we;s f.!rjh
wiSñ;h' zzwms ljod udrhdf.a ±,ska ñ§ fufia ksjka Ydlaid;a lrïo @
ZZ wjidkfha§ uD; foayh wdodykh msKsi ;ekam;a l< úg ish¨ fokdu
ksy~ úh' th keröug fndfyda fokd tla frdla ù ;o no ù uy;a
wmyiq;djhlg m;ajQy'
rd;S% 12g wdodykh msKsi .sks ±,a jQ úg mqÿu wdYap¾hhla Èiaúh'
l=vd j<dl=,la .skaor o¿ uqÿkska iE§ or iE .sks u; ishqï j¾Idjla
m;s; úh' rd;S% mqr i| oi w; wdf,dalu;a lr;s' miqj uq¿ m<d;u ishqï
j¾Idjlska f;ó .sfhah' th b;d wiajdNdúl wdYap¾hhls' ks,a wyi
Èia fõ' j¾Id ,l=Kq lsisjla ke;' u,a j¾Idjlao @ wud jeiailao@ tu

290

wjidk ld,h

pu;aldr o¾Ykh ug lsis úfgl wu;l fkdfõ'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a or iEh i÷ka or j,ska idod we;' ,d´ia rfgka
fuu i÷ka ±j wdkhkh lr we;' th ófldka .`. yryd f.kajk ,§'
fuu i÷ka or bkamiq iqj| l+re iu`. ñY% lr we;s neúka b;d iqúfYaI
fohla úh' wdodyk lghq;= wjika jk ;=re rcfha ks<OdÍyq iy .sys
meúÈ msßi /£ isáhy'
miqod Wfoa 9g NIaudjfYaI tl;= lrK ,§' th j.lSï iys;
fndfyda fokd w;r fnod § iqrCIs;j lrvqj, nyd Èkm;d mQcd i;aldr
lsÍug wem lem jQ wh úh' tfy;a fik`. b;d jeä neúka ish¨ fokdgu Od;= ,nd .ekSug fkdyels úh' m%foaY 20 lska meñKs ks<Odß ta ta
m%foaYhg ks, jYfhka /f.k .shy'
fufia NIaudjfYaI fnod ksu l< úg úfYaI isoaêhla isÿjqKs' tkï
fndfyda ckhd w`.=re yd NIaudjfYaI or iEfhka tl;= lsÍug fmdr lEy'
wjidkfha§ tu oriEfha tl l=vd wxY=jlaj;a ke;sj iïmQ¾Kfhkau Y=oaO
úh' ish¨ fokdu i;=áka ;ud uiqrka fmdÈhla ,nd .;a;dla fuka mS%;su;a
jQy' fuho mqÿu t<jk fohla úh'
wka;sfï§ fï ckhd wjidk jrg or iEh ;snQ ;ek jdä ù Ndjkd
fhda.Sj u| fõ,djla isáhy' ta wh ke.sg .sh miq fjk lKavdhula jdä
ù Ndjkd l<y' fuh meh .Kkdjla olskakg ,enqKs' th n,d ys; ;Èka
lïmd úh'
uu fuf;la fõ,d úia;r l< ish¨u isoaëkag fya;= jQfha yojf;a
mek k.sk Y%oaOd nqoaêhhs' oi oyila NsCIQyq iy .sys msßi ;u yojf;a
mek ke.s Nla;sfhka fufia mqÿu t<jk f,i yeisreKy' Tjqka ish¨
fokdf.a yojf;ys O¾uh mej;=ks' ta is;aj, ;snQ fÉ;kd msßisÿ neúka
urKska u;= iq.;shl bm§ug bjy,a fõ' tfy;a f,dalfha jeä ixLHdjla
msßi ,eÊcd Nh ke;sj wl=i,aj, fh§ wmdfha WmÈ;s' tfia Wmam;a;shla
,eîfuka yoj; ;j ;j;a my;a ÿ¾j, njg m;afõ' bka ñ§u b;du
ÿIaalrh'
yoj; hkq ñksid iir .uk lrjk m%n, Yla;shls' tu yojf;a
.=K iuqodhla wef;d;a Tyqg i;=g ikaf;daIh bjiSu iekiSu ,efí' ;u
ixidßl .uk myiq fõ' WmÈk WmÈk wd;auhkays i;=g ikaf;daIh nyq,
jYfhka ,efí' wjidkfha§ yoj; b;d msßisÿ fõ' wdpd¾h ukaf.a yoj;

291

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

tfia fndfyda ld,hla mßkduh ù iqúiqoaO Ndjhla we;s úh'
wdpd¾h uka msßksjka mE nj oi w; m;, úh' ry;=ka jykafiaf.
a urKh msßksjka mEuls' ud muKla fkdfõ fndfyda ckhd Wkajykafiaf.a w¾y;a Ndjh wújdofhka ms<sf.k fufia mQcd Wmydr ±lajQy'
Wkajykafiaf.a pß;fhka fï ms<sn| lsis ielhla ke;s nj Tmamq fõ'
Wkajykafia foaYkd l< O¾uh wu; O¾uhls' tjeks msßisÿ yoj;lska
foaYkd lrkafka tjeks O¾uhls' hful=f.a yoj; fufia msßisÿ l< úg
fï wdldrhg m;afõ' O¾uh yd m%;sm;a;s ;=<ska muKla fuh l< yelsh'
tu is;sú,s wd¾h Ñ;a;hkah'
yoj; hkq f,dalfha b;du jákd jia;=jls' th msßisÿ jQ l, fyda
wmsßisÿ jQ l, i;a;ajhdf.a yeisÍu ta wkqj hhs' wmf.a yoj; msßisÿ
lsÍu b;du wjYH jkafka bka wm iy wjg mßirh iqrlaIs; jk neúks'
túg f,dalfha Ôj;aùu uy;a jq mS%;shls' lsis ÿlla lK.dgqjla ke;'

q

wdpd¾Hh ukaf.a wdodykfhka miq Wkajykfiaf.a f.da, msßi fnfyúka lKiai,a,g m;ajqKs' ;u Ôú;fha tlu wdOdrlhd jQ Wkajykafia
ke;sùu n,j;a mdvqjls' kQ, lvd .sh irex.,h fuka Wka jykafia,d ta
fï w; úisr .shy' foudmshka ke;s l=vd orejka fuka lïmkhg m;ajQy'
ál ld,hlg miq tla jQ úg fujeks wdpd¾hjrfhl=f.a wjjdo wkqYdikd
fkd,eîfï wdNd.H jegyqKs'
Wkajykafia,df.a uq,a moku foord .sfhah' YsIHhka hïlsis n,
Yla;shla ,nd w;akï h:d ld,fha§ tu ud¾.h Tiafia .uka l< yels
fõ' m%Odksfhl=f.a wNdjh" mjqf,a fyda .fï fyda rfÜ fyda hï wdh;k
wdÈfha tu msßi wirK jk ;;a;ajhls' tneúka Ôj;aj bkak wh tu
mdvqj msßueiSug bÈßm;a úh hq;=h'
wdpd¾h uka msßksjka mE wjia:dfõ§ ug fï mdvqj ú| .ekSug
fkdyels úhs' Wkajykafia ;ks mqoa.,fhls' .sys meúÈ uyd fiakdjla ÿlg
m;a jQy' f.d~ke.s,af,a w;a;sjdru leã ish,a, l=vq ù hkakd fuks' uu
o wkd.;h ms<sn| ìhm;a jqfkñ' b;du;a w.kd .=rejrfhl=f.a u`.

292

wjidk ld,h

fmkaùu fkdue;sj wms w;r ux jqfkuq' Ôj;aj bkak ld,fha§ tjeks .=rejrfhla hgf;a mqyK
q q ù Yla;h
s la f.dv k.d fkd.;af;d;a Wkajykafiaf.
a wNdjfhka miq wm Ôj;a jQj;a u<jqka jeksh'
uu o fï ;;a;ajhg uqyqK §ug iQodkï ke;s nj f;areKs' uyd
iq<s iq<`.la uf.a yoj; iqKq úiqKq lrñka yudhhs' tla w;lska ud
;ksúh' wks;a w;ska ±ka ldf.a irK ,nd .ksï±hs iel ìh we;' ud
ysia mqoa.,fhla fuka w,a,d .kag w;a;la ke;sj wjodkï ;;a;ajhlg
m;a úh' ;j ìhla we;' fu;rï jákd O¾u ms<sfj;a ud¾. wfydais ù
hhso @ hka;ï weúÈkag mq¿jka jQ úg mshd wNdjhg m;a ù we;' fudk
wjdikdjlao @ uu úkdY ùñ' flf<ia iy O¾u w;r ìysiqKq igkls'
wdpd¾h ukaf.ka fuf;la Wmfoia ,Èñ' fï hqoaOh Èkd .kafka flfiao@
ñka miq ud ldf.ka wiïo @ fujeks w;s ìhlre m%md;hlg óg fmr ud
jeà ke;' Ôj;a jkfka flfiao @
fufia uf.a is; úisÍ .sfhah' tu w;a±lSu ;=<k
s a uu udkisl Yla;h
s
l%ufhka ,nd .;sñ' yslauqfkñ' th o~qjula úh' wka NsCIQka o fufia
wirK ùu ±lSug ÿlajf
q kñ' ;udu Yla;u
s ;a wä;d,ula idod ke.S isákag
wjYH;djh jegyqKs' wkqkaf.a wdNdIh ,eîfï Nhdkl ;;a;ajh wkqkag
jgyd ÿks' br nei hk ;=re fkdisg ;udg iqÿiq ksjykla idod.; hq;=h'
wka NsCIQka jykafia,do ud fuka ysia" wm%dKsl ;;a;ajhl isà ±hs ìh
jqfkñ' tneúka ks;r wk;=re we`.ùï lrñka ù¾hh jvk f,i wjjdo
lf<ñ' ;u YÍrfha Yla;sh yd ;u isf;a WfoHda.h ;=<ska wjYH foa isÿ
l< hq;=h' u.a.M, ksíndk wo wou ,nd .; hq;=h' fu;rï O¾u n,
Yla;shla bÈßfha woCIj È<s÷j bkafka wehs @

Od;= mßj¾;kh
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Od;= ,nd .;a ish¨ fokdu tajd iqrlaIs;j lr~qj,
;ekam;a lr Èkm;d je÷ï ms÷ï l<y' tla tlaflkd ;u ;ukaf.a .ï
kshï .ïj,g .sh ksid yuqùula ke;' wjqreÿ 4lg miq isßf*dka iafgdarej iy iDoaêf*daka fydag,h whs;slre jQ Lqka jka fLdu kuqka keue;a;d
kfLdak rpPisud isg ifLdaka kfLdaka m%foaYhg mQcdjla lsÍug meñKs-

293

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fhah' wdpd¾h uka msßksjka mE ia:dkhg jia;% mQcdjla lf<ah' tys úiQ
kdhl ysñfhda t;=udg wdpd¾h ukaf.a YÍr Od;=jla ÿks' Tyq th /f.k
;u ksjdi lrd meñK tys wjqreÿ 4lg fmr ;ekam;a l< Od;+ka iu`.
;ekam;a lsÍug lr~qj újD; lf<ah' Tyq mqÿuhg m;aúh' tu weg len,s
b;du úksúo fmfkk m<s`.= jeks Od;= rdYshlg mßj¾;kh ù ;snqKs' Tyq
úiauhg m;aù blaukg f.dia ioaêf*daka fydag,fha ;ekam;a l< wksla
Od;+ka mÍlaId lf<ah' tu Od;+ka o tjeksu m<s`.= leg jeks Od;+ka ù we;'
bka b;d iaj,amhla l=vq ù f.dia ;snqKs' l,ahdfï§ tajdo tu m<s`.= fuka
úksúo fmfkk l=vq njg m;aúh' wka;sfï§ fï ish¨u Od;+ka jykafia,d
.Kka lr neÆ úg 344la ;snqKs' fï tla isoaêhls' fuu isoaêh ms<sn|
mqj; oi w; me;sÍ .sfhah' fndfyda fokd Od;+ b,a,kag úh' Lqka jk
NsCIqj ta ish¨ fokdgu Od;= fnod ÿks' fojdrhla ug o Od;+ka ,enqKs'
uq,a j;dfõ myla o miqj folla o ,enqKs' fuh ,nd .ekSug miq ud i;=j
b;d jákd Od;+ka we;s nj uu m%isoaO lf<ñ' ud fl;rï i;=gq jQ kuq;a
wka;sfï§ hï ia;S%yq wjq;a fï ish¨ Od;+ka b,a,d .;ay' tfy;a uu ÿlauqiq
fkdjQfhñ' ñka miq ta ms<sn| m%isoaO lsÍula ke;s neúks'
uq,skau Od;= b,a,d isáfha ldka;djkah' ta wh n,kakg hehs Od;+ka
w;g f.k ryiskau ;u miqïìhg oud i`.jd .;ay' th kej; b,a,kafka
flfiao @ wka;sfï§ ug lsisu Od;+ka jykafia kula wh;a fkdùh' Lqka jka
NsCIQj fndfyduhla § wjidkh kej; ug b,a,kakg fkdyels úh'
Lka jka NsCIqj ika;lj ;snQ NIudjfYaI Od;+ njg mßj¾;kh
jQ miq fndfyda ;ekaj,ska tjeks isoaëka jd¾;d úh' wo olajd fï Od;+ka
jykafia,dg f.!rjdorfhka fndfyda fokd mqo mQcd mj;aj;s' th ryis.;j
lrkafka hï hï wh fï w;s W;=ï Od;+ka jykafia,d ueKsla fuka jgkd
neúka b,a,k neúks' wdpd¾h uka iu`. b;du;a lsÜgq Wkajykafiag wiSñ;
f.!rj olajk whg muKla fuu Od;+ka jykafia,d ,nd .ekSug yelsúh'
ug isÿ jQ fohska fï nj jegyqKs'
fuu Od;+ka jykafia,d iD`ä m%d;syd¾Hh mdk nj fndfyda fokd
lsh;s' tla wfhla i;=j Od;= fokula ;snqKs' Tyq je֕ ms֕ lr ;j tla
kula jä;ajd' zz;s%úO r;akh ixfla;j;a lsßug ;=ka kula ug ,efíjdZZ
wd§ jYfhka b,a,d isáhy' Tyqg ;j Od;=jla ,enqK's kuq;a Od;= ;=ku tlg
noaO úh' ;j flfkla Od;= folla we;sj ;j Od;+ka jykafia,d ,eîug
wdhdpkd lf<ah' túg tu Od;= fol tlg noaO úh' fï nj ug ±kqka ÿka

294

wjidk ld,h

úg fï ish,a, wdpd¾h ukaf.a YdÍßl Od;+ka neúka tys wiSñ; Yla;shla
we;s nj myod ÿksñ' ta isÿ jQ foh wdYap¾hh fohla fõ' Wkajykafiaf.a
flia fujeks mqÿu wdldrhg Od;= njg mßj¾;kh ù we;'
wo Wkajykafiaf.a Od;= fidhd .ekSug fkdyelsh' ulaksido h;a
tu Od;+ka jykafia,d whs;s wh fkdfhla mqo i;aldr mj;ajñka th ;u
mrïmrdjg wh;a fohla f,i wdrlaId lr;s' ;uka <`. we;af;a b;d
iaj,amhla neúka lsisfjla th Èug fkdleu;s fõ'
wdpd¾h uka iu`. wdY%h l< wh ;uka ,enQ mqÿu w;a±lSï .ek
mji;s' ;udf.a ;ryj bjikag neßúg wdpd¾h uka u;la lsÍu ksid
;ryj myfõ' ;udf.a ÿla fodïkia fufia wdpd¾h uka u;la lsÍfuka
my lr .ks;s' .skafkka r;a jQ ;u is;g iS;, j;=r j;a lrkakdla fuks'
túg ,efnk iykh fl;rï o h;a ta fj,dfõu je| jeà jkaokd udk
lr;s' fujeks wkka; isoaëka wmg jd¾;d fkdlr we;s nj lsh hq;=h'
NsCIQka jykafia,d ;u is;g weú¨k flf<ia fï wdldrfhka wdpd¾h uka
isysm;a lsÍu ksid neyer lr .ks;s'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú; ld,fha§ iSudjla ke;s ;rï mqoa.,hka ksjerÈ
ud¾.fha hdug mqyqKq lr we;' bka wjqreÿ 40 la muK NsCIQka mqyqKq
lsÍfï ksr; úh' bka b;du oCI NsCIq mrmqrla ìysúh' Wkajykafia,d
±ka wdpd¾hjre fj;s' Wkajykafia .;a oDV wêIaGdk Yla;sh yd ù¾hh
ksid fuu O¾uh wka fndfyda whg b.ekaùug yelsúh'
is; ;=< l=i,;djhla k.d .ekSu b;d jeo.;a yd wiSre fohls'
th isf;a ksrka;rfhkau mj;ajd .ekSu ÿIalr fõ' ;u yojf;a wjxl
Ndjh u; fuh r|d mj;S' yoj; l=i,a wl=i,a folgu u`. fmkajhs'
is;d u;d ;SrK .ekSu ;u yojf;a ld¾hhls' ;ud isf;a we;s l=i,a
wl=i,a ta fudfydf;a§ y÷kd .ekSu ksid wl=i,a neyer lsÍug l=i,a
j¾Okh lsÍug;a yelsfõ' tjeks wh ;u Ôú;h i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka
l=i,;djfhka .; lrhs' wms wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ñka;kfha we;s l=i,;dj"
oCI;djh" Wkajykafiaf.a ±kqu" {dKh wd§ úYsIag .=K .ek oksuq'
tneúka wp, Y%oaOdj we;' Ôj;aj bkak wjÈfha§ tu wkqYdikd ;=<ska
ksrka;rfhkau Wkajykafiaf.a yelshdj ±k .;suq' ±ka Wkajykafiaf.
a mßks¾jdKfhka miq tjeks wjjdo wkqYdikd fkd,efn;;a ta ,nd .;a
±kqï iïNdrh kuialdr mQ¾jl lD;{;djfhka isysm;a lruq'
ñksia is; ÈhqKq lsÍfï oCI;djh wdpd¾h uka ;=< ;snqKs' ñksia
295

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

f,dalfha we;s w;s W;a;u .=K O¾u j¾Okh jk f,i Wkajykafia Wmfoia
ÿks' fufia O¾ufhka wdf,dalu;a jQ is; lsis lf,l jrfoys fkdnef|a' mru
mú;%;djhg m;a jQ wry;a; Ñ;a;h lsis lf<l jerÈ lsßug fkdyels
fõ' tneúka ta ish¨u is;sú,s jpk ls%hd ish,a,kagu iqj odhl fõ' hï
f,dalhl fN!;sl ÈhqKj
q fujeks wOHd;añl ÈhqKj
q iu`. iunrj we;af;a
kï th id¾:l f,dalhla nj lsj hq;=h' tjeks f,dalhl ish,af,dau i;=áka
iy;Dma; fj;s' kuq;a fN!;sl ÈhqKqj wOHd;añl mßydksh iu`. hk
úg ñksidf.a is; ksrka;rfhka .skafkka ±fõ' f,dalfha hqo flda,dy,"
wkqka fm,Su" ;¾ck" j¾ck" ÿla fodïkia wyi Wig ke. hhs' tjeks
zzixjDoêhZZ wmdh f,dalfha olakg ,efí' tl fudfyd;la O¾ñIaG is;=ï
me;=ï j,ska úrys; is;la foi neÆ úg fmkS hkafka is; ;=< jykh
jka ÿ¾.kaO wiQÑ f.dvls' flf<ia je.sÍuls' wdmh hkq l=ula±hs Tng
±k .ekSug wjYH kï fN!;sl ÈhqKqj iu`. we;s wOHd;añl mßydksh
foi n,kak' isf;a ls%hdldß;ajh foi ne,Su" w;miq jQ úg ñksidf.
a yeisÍu" wYS,dpdr" ÿrdpdr" wOu" jrfoys fmdf<dUjk" yssxidldÍ
;;a;ajhls' fldákau lsh;fyd;a tys i;=g w;=reoyka ù hhs' fyd| hehs
w.h lsÍug lsisjla ke;' fï nj jgyd .;a .=K kqjK we;s wh ish¨
fN!;sl j¾Okhg jvd wOHd;añl j¾Okh w.h l<y' ta ish,a,g is;
m%Odk jk neúks' is; ÈhqKq jQ úg hful=f.a yeisÍu ta wkqj msßisÿ fõ'
tjeks whf.a u`. fmkaùu wkqj uq¿ f,dalh iduh i;=áka msÍ hhs' ta wh
;ukq;a wOHd;añl ÈhqKqj ,nd iudch o O¾uhg wkqj idOdrK wkaoñka
md,kh lr;a'
hfula fl;rï f,!lsl jYfhka ÈhqKq jqj;a br" i|" ;drld
.fõIKh l<;a Tyqf.a wOHd;añl j¾Okh ke;s kï Tyq úYajdi lghq;=
fkdfõ' ta ish¨u ch.%yK jeo.;a fkdfõ' Tyq u fkdÈhqKq ukiska ksl=;a
lrk jpk iy l%shd úI iys; neúka iudch ¥IKh lrhs' fï zzoCIZZ
;eke;a;d ;sßika i;=ka fuka tlsfkld jekiSug fhduqfõ' ta oCIlï
;udf.a wjYH;djhka msßuid .ekSug udk n,hs' .=K kqjK ÈhqKq
mqoa.,hdg ämaf,daud ke;;a ;u yeisÍuu Wiia pß; iy;slhla fõ'
iy;sl wkqj wms is; Wÿïujd .; hq;= fkdjkafka ta neúks' we;af;kau
tu iy;sl ;u jxpksl jxl pß;hg wdjrKhla úh yelsh' ;ud fl;rï
ie`.ù isáh;a wkqka fj; muqKqjk jo ysxid ie`.úh fkdyelsh' Tyqf.
a ls%hdldrlï ieuúgu t<sorõ fõ'
fujeks wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajhla Wodjkafka wdOHd;añl .=K ySk
jQ úgh' fï f,dalhg i;=g iekiqu ,nd fokafka b;d ¥Is; is;a j,ska
296

wjidk ld,h

ie<iqï l< fN!;sl ÈhqKqj ksid hehs wms ms<s.kafka flfiao @ Tjqkaf.
a wruqKq flf<ia j,ska msreKq wd;aud¾:ldó woyia fõ' fujeks whf.
a ksmoùï ;=<ska iduh" wNsjDoaêh <`.dfõ hehs lshkafka tjeksu ¥Is;
pß; we;s mqoa.,hka nj lsj hq;=h' wdOHd;añl ÈhqKqj yd fN!;sl ÈhqKqj
w;r mr;rh úYd,h' ? oj,a fuka úreoaOh' fujeks fya;+ka ksid wm
nqÿrcdkka jykafia iudê n,h ;=<k
s a iDoaê m%d;syd¾Hh mEu ;ykï l<y'
tu NsCIQkag Èjeia Èj lK" ÈjH [dK wd§ n, Yla;s ;=<ska wyfia .uka
lsÍu fmdf<dfõ ls|d neiSu" c,h u; weú§u wd§ fkdfhla m%d;syd¾h
mEug Yla;sh ;snqKs' fujeks foa nqÿrcdKka jykafia w.h lr ke;' w.h
lr we;af;a m%{dj j¾Okh lsÍug iS," iudê Wmfhda.S lr .ekSuh'
fufia is,aj;a m%{dj we;s whf.ka f,dalhdg uy;a fiajhla" wdYs¾jdohla
ie,fia' ,o muKska i;=gq ùu yer wkjYH Yla;Ska j¾Okh lsÍula nqÿ
oyfï ke;' tu Yla;Ska jerÈ f,i fhdod .; yels neúks' isf;a i;=g"
;Dma;sh wef;d;a f,v frda." jHjik" uy¿ùu" urKh wdÈhg uqyqK
mEug myiqfõ'
wdpd¾h uka iy wdpd¾h i´f.a NIaudjfYaI Od;= njg mßj¾;kh
ùu .ek fndfyda wh m%Yak lr we;' wdpd¾h uka.a weg Od;=ùu .ek wid
wjfYaI whf.a weg tfia Od;= fkdjkafka wehs ±hs fndfyda wh weiQy' ta
ish¨u weg lgq tlu mGú Od;= fj;s' ry;=ka jykafia,df.a muKla Od;=
njg yefrkafka flfiao @ fuys we;s fjki l=ulao @
b;d fláfhka uf.a woyi fufiah' isf;a fjkihs' is; hkq ieug
idOdrK jQ kuq;a tys n,h iy .=Kh tlsfkldf.a fjkia fõ' ry;ka
jykafiaf.a is; wd¾h is;ls' tkï b;du msßisÿ fõ' idudkH ñksidf.
a is; flf<ia j,ska ¥IKh ù we;' fï isf;a n,h YÍrh md,kh lrhs'
wry;a; Ñ;a;fha msßisÿ Ndjh ksid YÍrfha ls%hdldß;ajh msßisÿ fõ' fï
fya;=j ksid tu weg mßj¾;kh ùug yelsfõ' idudkH ñksidf.a is; ksid
we;sjk YdÍßl ls%hdldß;ajh wmsßisÿ fõ' tu ±ù fYaI jQ weg lgqj,
fuu fjki úoHdudk fõ' wd¾h Ñ;a;h ksid we;s jQ Od;= msßisÿ neúka
fufia mßj¾;kh fõ'
ish¨u ry;ka jykafia,df.a NIaudjfYaI fufia fjkia fõ±hs uu
fkdoksñ' iuyr ry;=ka jykafia,d w¾y;ajfhka miq jeä l,a Ôj;a fkdfõ' iuyre fndfyda l,a Ôj;a fõ' tjeks YdÍßl Od;= fufia mßj¾;kh
fõ hehs is;sh yelsh' tu isf;a msßisÿ;djhla we;' ry;ka jykafiaf.a
is; b;d ishqï iudêhlska hqla; fõ' ta l=i, iudêh ksid YÍrfha frda.

297

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ìc wvq úh yelsh' YÍrh msßisÿ;djhla we;' fï ksid weg Od;= njg
mßj¾;kh jk nj ks.ukh l< yelsh'
iuyr ry;kajykafia,d zzokaOdNs[[ZZ jYfhka y÷kajkq ,efí'
Wkajykafia fndfyda ld,hla ;=< fiñka fiñka flf<ia ÿre lr;s' wkd.
dó jYfhka fndfyda ld,hla Ôj;a fõ' wry;a u.a. iy wry;aM, w;r
fndfyda ld,hla bÈßhg yd miqmig hñka úpdr;s' fï wdldrfhka is;
muKla fkdj isrero msßisÿ fõ' mßks¾jdKfhka miq fujeks ry;=kaf.a
NIaudjfYaI Od;= njg m;afõhehs wkqudk flf¾' zzÅmmNs[[ZZ ry;ka
jykafia blauKska ry;aNdjh ,n;s' ta iu`. msßksjka mdkd l,ays fndfyda
ld,hla is; yd lh msßisÿ ùug ke;' idudkH flfkl=f.a NIaudjfYaI
fufia Od;= njg mßj¾;khla .ek wid ke;'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a NIaudjfYaI fufia Od;= njg mßj¾;kh jQjd
muKla fkdj fkdfhla wdYap¾h foa isÿjqKs' iuyre Od;=ka jykafia,d
fokulg je÷ï ms÷ï lrK úg ;j;a kula tys jeähy' túg ;=ka kuls'
tfiau wfkla whf.a Od;+ka jykafia,d fokuf.ka tla kula w;=reoyka
úh' tla rcfha ks,Odßfhla wdpd¾h ukag fndfyda mqo i;aldr lrñka isg
wdodyk W;aijg b;d Wkkaÿfjka jev lf<ah' miqj tys NsCIqjla t;=udg
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Od;+ka jykafia,d fokula ÿks' Tyq th ;nd .ekSug
iqÿiq lr~qjla ke;s neúka l=vd ysia l=mamshl oud uQäh ;olr ;u I¾Ü
idlal=fõ ;ekam;a lr th iqrlaIs;j fnd;a;ï oud .ug .sfhah'
iji ;u mjqf,a Woúhg fmkaùug ish¿ fokd le|jd b;du;a
i;=áka ;ud <`. ñ< l< fkdyels w.kd jia;=jla we;ehs fnda;,a l=mamsh
újD; lr neÆ úg Tyq mqÿuhg m;ajqks' tys Od;= 3la muKs' Tyqf.a
i;=g ksï ysï ke;' fuh wdYap¾hls' wdpd¾h uka ry;ka jykafia kuls
lshñka je| jegqKs' mjqf,a Woúh tu Od;= fokula ,enqKq nj;a ±ka
th ;=kla nj;a .ek iel my< l<y' Tyq tu ielh m%;sfCIam lrñka
;udg ,enqfKa Od;+ka jykafia,d zzfokulaZZ lshñka Ndjkdjla fuka
oji mqrd lshñka isá nj mejiqfõh' fyg Wfoa uq¿ mjq, iu`. mkai,g
f.dia fï ms<sn| wikakg ieriqKs' mjqf,a Woúh fyg fjk ;=re fkdisg
wou hkag ;SrKh l<y' tys f.dia tu NsCIqjf.ka weiSh' zzTn jykafia
wo Wfoa ug Od;+ka jykafia,d lS kula ÿkafkyso @ZZ zzuu Tng fokula
ÿksñ" wehs wikafka @ tlla w;=reoka ù,do @ zzke; w;=reoyka ù ke;'
;j;a tlla jeäfhka ;sfí'ZZ ±ka ug Od;+ka jykafia,d 3 kula we;'
wm fuys wdfõ wfma mjqf,a Woúhf.a iel ÿrelsÍug' zz±ka Tn ud lS foa

298

wjidk ld,h

úYajdi±hsZZ weiqfõh'
Tyqf.a ìß| iskd iS zzuu ys;=jd Tng jerÈ we; lshdZZ ke;akï
úys¿ l<d lshd' ±ka ug lsis ielhla ke;'ZZ
túg tu NsCIqka jykafia zzuu wo Wfoa Tnf.a ieñhdg Od;+ka
jykafia,d fokula ÿkakd' Tyq wmg fndfyda Woõ Wmldr lrkjd' ug fï
Od;+ka ,enqfKa kfLdka rpPisudys Lqka jka f.ka' tu Od;+ka jykafia,d
±ka ,nd .ekSug ÿIalrhs' wdpd¾h ukaf.a NIaudjfYaI muKhs uu ±l
we;af;a fï wdldrfhka' Od;= njg mßj¾;kh ùula wfma merKs fmd;
mf;a fujeks isoë
a ka .ek i|yka kuq;a lsif
s jla th ±l ke;' fuu Od;+ka
jykafia,d b;d iqrlaIs;j ;nd je÷ï ms÷ï lrkak' fïjd w;=reoyka
jqjfyd;a Tng uy;a ÿllg m;aùug isÿfõ' uu fkdlSjd lshkag tmd'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Od;= fkdfhla m%d;syd¾Hh mdkjd' Tng fkdis;+ iem iïm;a
<`.d fõú' fyd¢ka Wfoa yjd mqo mQcd mj;ajkak' zzwdpd¾h uka ms<sn|
ug f,dalhdg lshkag neye' ta wh úYajdi fklrk ksid ug msiaiq hehs
is;hs' f,dalfha ñksiaiq hï hï whf.a w.=K ÿ¾j,lï úYajdi lrkjd'

299

7

hH
odhdoh
kuq;a .=Kh ms<sn| úYajdi lrkafka keye' fyd| wh fidhkag wudrehs'
krl wh f,aishs' ;uka .ek l,amkd lr n,kak' wkqkaf.a fodia olsk
kuq;a wkqkaf.a .=Kh i<lkafka keye fkdfõo @ZZ fï foaYkd wid ish¨
fokdu w;sYh i;=áka ksfji lrd .shy'
fuu fujeks isoaëka fmd;g wvx.= lf<a mdGl Tnf.a wjOdkh
msKsih' úoHdkql+,j fujeks foa Tmamq lsÍug fkdyelsh' flf<ia iys;
mqoa.,hkag fuhg úYajdi l< fkdyelsh' flf<ia iys; mqoa.,hka
fldaáhlj;a NIaudjfYaI fufia Od;= njg mßj¾;kh fkdfõ' ñka
meyeÈ,s jkafka ry;ka jykafiaf.a msßisÿ is;sú,s yd tu Yla;sh weg
ñ÷¿ j,g;a ld je§ we;s njh' uq¿ f,dalhu wdpd¾h ukaf.a W;=ï .=Khg
Wmldr ±laùug iqÿiq fõ'

wksl=;a m%d;syd¾Hh
idudkH ñksid ;udf.a zuu;ajhZZ ksid wka flfkl=f.a Wiia Ndjh
ms<s.ekSug fkdleu;s fj;s' tfy;a th ms<s.ekSu isÿ jkafka ;udf.a fudayh ksid ;ud wj{djg m;ajk neúks' wdpd¾h ukaf.a f.da, mrïmrdj
NsCIq" NsCIqKs" idufKar wd§ ish,af,dau Wkajykafiaf.a .=K iuqodh tl
is;ska ms<s.;ay' Wkajykafiaf.a b.ekaùï lsisfjla m%;sfCIam fkdl<y'
Ôú; mQcdfjka tu m%;sm;a;s .=refldg /l .;ay'
Wkajykafia foaYkd l< i;Hh yd mßY=oaO;djh b;d úoHdkql+,h'
.Ks;fha tk .eg¿ ksrdlrKh jeksh' 1 + 1 } 2 hkak fkdfjkia fõ' fï

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

wd§ .Ks; .eg¿ b;du;a i;Hh fõ' th ld,fhka ld,hg fyda ráka rgg
fjkia fkdfõ' l=vd orefjla fyda .Ks;{fhl=g fyda tlu .eg¿jlg
tlu úi÷u ,efí' th tlsfkldf.a is;=ï me;=ï u;s u;dka;rfhka fjkia
l< fkdyelsh' tfukau nqÿrcdKka jykafia iy tu Y%djl ix>hdf.a jpk
ksjerÈ fõ' ld,h - rg - ,dN - f,daN wkqj fjkia fkdfõ' tfy;a miq
ld,Sk woyia nqoaO NdIs;h fuka jrojd we;s ;eka .ek iqmßCIdldÍ úh
hq;f
= õ' wdpd¾h uka ;uka ;=<k
s u
a i;Hh wjfndaO l<y' th Wkajykafiaf.
a w;a±lSï ;=<ska ksrjq,aj foaYkd l<y' ndysr f,dalhdf.a m%Yxidj fyda
wm%iYdj Wkajykafiag m%Yakhla fkdùh' iS," iudê" m[a[d" úuq;a;s"
ksíndk Wkajykafiaf.a m%;HCI O¾uhkah' th ks¾Nhj" újD;j m%ldY
lr;s' wid isák whf.a leue;a; fkdleu;a; fyda úYajdi fyda wúYajdi
lsÍu m%Yakhla fkdfõ' Wkajykafia fkdi`.jd foaj" n%yau" fma%; wd§
wukIHhka .ek úia;r l<y' wid isák wh ;u wêudkqIsl m%{dfjka
th ;yjqre lr .ks;s' tjeks wh O¾u ud¾.fha fkdmels, .uka .;ay'
;u m%Yak .eg¿ ;ud úiskau úi|d .;ay'
Wkajykafia ;rï ;SCIK mß[a[djla ke;;a iuyre hï ;rñka
fï wukqIHhka .ek wjfndaO l<y' Wod( tla rd;sh
% l wdpd¾h uka yuqùug
foaj msßi meñKshy' ueÈhï rd;s%h miqù neúka Wkajykafiag fjfyi
úh' tneúka ie;mSug wjYH úh' túgu ;j;a foõ msßila meñKqks'
Wkajykafiag b;d fjfyi neúka úfõlhla wjYH nj jod<y' tkuq;a
tys jev isá f.da, kulf.a O¾u foaYkdjg ijka fok fuka ±kqï ÿks'
tu NsCIqj tfia O¾u foaYkd lr miqj idlÉPd l< miq foõ le< iuqf.
k .shy'
miqod WoEik tu NsCIqj ;u wdpd¾h uka iu`. tu m%jD;a;sh
ie<l,y' zzTn jykafia neye ±lSug meñKs nj;a Tn jykafiag ±ä
fjfyi neúka úfõl wjYH jQ ksid ud yuqjg fhduq l< nj;a ta foõ
le< mejiSh' fï ienEjla ±hs fkdoksñ' Tjqka lSfõ i;Hhlao @ fï .ek
iel we;s ksid uu wiñZZhs lSh'
zzwe;af;kau foaj msßia .Kkdjlg O¾u idlÉPd lr uu b;du
±ä fjfyi jqfkñ' tneúka we;af;kau ta msßi Tn jykafiag uu fhduq
lf<ñ' fyd|g ys;d .kak' foújre ljodj;a NsCIQkag fndre fkdlsh;a'
ukqIHhka fuka lmá" fndre /já,s ke;' foúfhda m%;{
s djla ÿkafkd;a th
wksjd¾fhkau bIag lr;s' kshu lr.;a fõ,djg fkdjrojd meñfK;s' uu
N+udgq iy wdldiÜG foújre iu`. fndfyda weiqre lr we;' taldka;fhkau

306

odhdoh

;u jpkh wkqj yeisfr;s' ;u jpkh fndre lrK wh .ek l=ms; fj;s'
Tyq yer ou;s
iuyr úg ud jqjo úfõpkh lr;s' uu ys;du;d fkdl< kuq;a
iq¿ m%udo fodaI .ek úpdr;s' iuyrúg foõ le< tk fõ,dfõ§ uu ;o
iudêhg m;a ù we;' túg foõle< meñK n,d isá;s' iudêfhka nei
ta wh iu`. l:d lrk úg fumuK fõ,d n,d isá nj lshd fodia k.;s'
kshu fõ,djg iudêfhka msì§ug fkdyels jQ nj uu ksoyig lreKq
fuka ±lajQfhñ'
iuyr úg uu foõle<g fodia lshñ' zzuu tlu ;ks mqoa.,fhls'
Tn iShla" odyla" oi odyla ud yuqùug meñfK;s' uu flfia kshu
fõ,djg fï msßia yuqfjño @ iuyrúg uu wikSmfhka miqfjñ' Tn ud
.ek wkqlïmd lrkak' iuyrúg uu úfõl iqjfhka iudê fjñ' túg
ld,h blaujd .sh ksid ug fodia k.;s' fï jeks foa isÿùu ug wmyiqjls'
tneúka uu Tn yuqfkdfjñ' uu ;ksj úisñka uf.a ld,h yd Yla;sh
ñvx.= fkdlrñ' Tn ta .ek l=ula lshkafkao @ foújre tfjf,au ;u
jro ms<sf.k iudj whÈ;s'
ks;r ks;r meñfKk foõ le, uf.a p¾hd rgdj oks;s' tneúka
hï m%udohla bji;s' iajdNdúlj foúhka i;Hh .re lr;a' ish¨u
wdlHÜG" N+uÜg foújre i;hh .re lr;s' ta wh iu`. l:d lsÍug uu
iudêfhka ke.S isáh hq;= neúka tys mdmh .ek ìh fj;sZZ' uu o ÿka
fmdfrdkaÿj bgq lsßug Ôú;h jqjo mrÿjg ;nñ' tfy;a ud iudêfhka
isák úg th O¾uhg lrK fufyjrla ksid foúhkag l< fmdfrdkaÿjg
jvd jákd fohls' foúhka n%yauhka yg ug fuka >k YÍr ke;' b;d
ishqï úksúo fmfkk YÍr we;' tfy;a uf.a isf;a we;s i;Hh;djh
;rï i;H;djhla foúhka fyda nUqkag ke;' tfy;a iuyr uq.aOhka
fuka uu uf.a j¾Kkdj fkdlrñ' fuh lshkafka O¾uh hkq fl;rï
jákd fohla±hs myod §ugh' tneúka fï foa .ek úuiq uekj'ZZ fufia
ldrKdj meyeÈ,s l< úg foújre ;ud w;sk mdmhla isÿ jqKs±hs uy;a
lïmdjg m;afj;a' ish¿ fokdu tlúg iudj whÈ;s' zzuu uq¿ úYajfha
lsishï flfkla yg ;ry ffjr fkdlrñ' ks;r lreKd ffu;s% is;ska
isáñ' tys lsis úfgl oafõYhla ke;' uf.a ish¨ ld¾Hhka bgq fjkafka
msßisÿ fÉ;kdfjks' foúhkag l=i, fÉ;kd we;' úYajdikSh fj;s' fuu
.;s t;rï úYsIag fkdfõ' nqoaOd§ ry;ka jykafia,df.a is;a iEu w;skau

307

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

b;d msßiÿ is;=ú,s fõ' úYajfha isák whg t;rï msßisÿ;djhla .ek
ye`.Sula ke;' foúhkag we;af;a iïuq;s i;Hfhka we;s msßisÿ Ndjhls'
nqÿka ry;=ka th blaujd f.dia mrud¾: i;Hfha msßisÿ Ndjhla we;'
tjeks wjfndaOhla ke;s whg tys msßisÿ;djh fkdjegfya' ug tjeks
msßisÿ;djhla we; hkak uf.a ymkalula fkdfõ' th iajNdj O¾uhls'
kuq;a foúhkag nUqkag we;s isf;a l=i,;dj nqoaOd§ ry;=ka jykafia,df.a
mdßY=oê
a hg iudk l< fkdyelsh' th idudkH úYaj iïuq;h
s ls' fï lreK
Tn ;rfha jgyd .kq uekú'ZZ
fujeks foa foúhkag mukla wdpd¾h uka foaYkd lr;s' ñksiqkag
th jgyd.; fkdyelsh' kuq;a foújre O¾u;djh .ek weiSug uy;a
Wkkaÿjla olaj;s' ;uka Wkajykafia ms<sn| ±rE wdl,am jerÈ nj;a
fudayfhka ;ud tfia is;+ nj;a ms<s.ks;s' ñka u;= ;u yeisÍu .ek jvd;a
mÍlaIdldÍ fj;s' fufia foújre iaj,amhla fyda WrK fkdù b;du;a iqyo
,S,dfjka yeisfr;s' th foúhkaf.a Wiia foaj mßirfha .;s ,laIK fõ
hehs wdpd¾h uka mejiSh'
fï fmdä WodyrKfhka wêudkqIsl ;;a;ajhka .ek Tng hïlsis
wjfndaOhla ,efíhehs uu is;ñ' fuu ðú; .=ma; ryia ù we;af;a ñksidf.a weia" lka kdid§ bJøshkag f.dapr fkdjk fyhsks' tfy;a w;SJøSh
iudê is;g tys lsis .eg¿jla ke;' fï i;H;djh O¾udNsiuh ms<sn|j
o tlu nj lsh yelsh' iïud iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia wjfnddaO l< fuu
i;Hh Wkajykafiag muKla úIh úh' tfy;a uu fï ,shk lreKq .ek
tneúka iudj whÈñ' ud fuh ,shkakg fya;=j Wkajykafia <`.ska weiqre
lf<a iqr;,a if;la ;u iajdñhd yer fkdhkakdla fuks' wjxl Nla;shla
;snQ neúks' fï ,shjqk lreKq Tnf.a ridiajdoh msKsi muKs' fuys we;s
wdYap¾h woaN+; i;H;djh jpkfhka lshd mE fkdyelsh'
j¾;udk hq.fha ;dhs,ka;fha fujeks wdOHd;añl yd ndysr w;SJøSh
foa .ek Wkkaÿjla ±laùug m%Odk fya;=j jQfha wdpd¾h uka nj lsj hq;=h'
tjeks [dK ms<sn| w;a±lSu we;s wh úr,h' Wkajykafiaf.a m%;smodj"
;SCIK m%{dj yd ;shqKq wjfndaOh ,nd.ekSu msKsi .;a jEhuls' wms
iefjduf.a m%;sm;a;sh wkaON+; fudayfhka l< ksid tjeks w;a±lSu
fkd,eìK' tu jákd w;a±lSï wmg úia;r lrk úg ud ;=< ;snqfKa fudayhls' tneúka tys ;;a;ajh woyd.; fkdyelsúh' Wkajykafiaf.a YsIH
msßi w;r fujeks [dK jeã .sh wh isáhy' ta wh lsis úfgl wdpd¾h
ukaf.a w;a±lSï wi;Hh hehs úreoaO fkdjQy' ta ish,a, wkqu; l<y'

308

odhdoh

;u w;a±lSï ;=<ska tys i;Hh jgyd .;ay' fuhu wfma iel ÿre lsÍug
m%udKj;a fõ' wmg fkdjegyqK;a" fkdfmkqK;a fujeks woaN+; isoaëka
.ek lsisu ielhla ke;' wfma bJøshkaf.ka ie`.ù we;' fï wkqj iïud
iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia fujeks w;sYh pu;aldr o¾Ykhla m%:u jrg
;u [dKfhkau wjfndaO lr .;ay' tys i;H;djh hïlsis m%udKhlska
ta w¾y;a Y%djl msßi y÷kd .;ay' ta .ek idCIs or;a'
j¾;udk hq.fha§ jqjo wdpd¾h ukaf.a woaN+; w;a±lSï iuyr
NsCIQka jykafia,dg woaN+; fkdùh' ta Wkajykafia,dg hïlsis wêudkqIsl
Yla;shla ;snqKq neúks' fujeks woaN+; fohla .ek wdpd¾h uka mejiQ úg
th wm jeks iajdëk u;OdÍ úÑlsÉPd we;s whg ms<s.ekSug fkdyels úh'
Wkajykafia nka fkdx *sõ wdrdufha jev isák ld,fha fï isoaêh úh'
hï ;,;=kd iqÿ we| fmdrjd .;a ldka;djla tu .fï úiqjdh' wE ;=<
wdpd¾h uka .ek mqÿu meye§ula ;snqKs' wef.a Ndjkd w;a±lSï ms<sn|
wdpd¾h uka yg mejiqjdh' tla rd;s%hl wE Ndjkdfjka isák úg wef.a
is; tald.%;djfhka iudê.; úh' fï wdldrfhka fndfyda fõ,d ksYap,j
n,d isák úg b;d ishqï flkaola jeks kQ,la wef.a isf;ka ksl=;a ú th
YÍrh úksúo msg;g .,d .sfhah' wE ta foi n,df.k isák úg fuu
is;a Odrdj t;=ñhf.a f,a,shf.a l=fia ms<sis| .ekSug hk nj ye`.=Ks'
wE ;ju;a Ôj;a fõ' wE blaukg iudêfhka ñ§ isáhdh' fuh t;=ñhg
úYd, jOhla úh' ulaksido tu f,a,shf.a l=fia tla udihl ore .enla
;snQ neúks'
fï m%jD;a;sh miqod wdrduhg wjq;a wdpd¾h uka iu`. mejiqjdh'
ksy~j fndfyda NsCIQko
a wid isáhy' wms iefjdu mqÿu jqfkuq' ud úiañ;j
n,d isáfha wdpd¾h uka l=ula lshdú±hs ±k .ekSugh' Wkajykafia weia
mshdf.k úkdä folla muK isg fufia lSy'
zzó<`. Èkhl fufia is; iudê.; jk úg hkafka fldfya±hs n,d
isákak' túg th iudêfhkau lvd oukak' tfia l< yelskï th kej;
isÿ fkdfõ' th úYd, Yla;shlska l< hq;=hs' ke;akï lefvkafka ke;'
ke;akï uu wk;=re we`.ùula lrñ' tkï Tn ueÍ f,a,shf.a l=fia Wm;
,nhs' tneúka uy;a ù¾hlska th lvd ±ñh hq;=hs'ZZ
fuu Wmfoi ,nd wE ksjig .shdh' ojia follg miq uqyqfKa
WfoHda.hla we;sj wE wdrduhg meñKshdh' wE foi neÆ ú.i wE iu¾:
jQ nj fmKqks' wdpd¾h uka m%Yak l<y'

309

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

zzl=ula jqkdo @ Tn ueÍf.dia fhfy,shf.a l=fia Wmam;a;sh ke;s
lr.;af;ao @ZZ
zztfiah iajdóks" uu m<uqjk rd;s%fhau tu nkaOkh lvd ±uqfjñ'
uu iudê.; jQ ú.i tu o¾Ykh kej;;a ta wdldrfhkau ÿgqfjñ' Tn
jykafia lS mßÈ m%;sNd {dkfhka uu th lvd ±uqfjñ' miqod rd;s%fhao
uu tfia olS ±hs ne¨fjñ' th fkdfmKqks' wo ug kej; ne,Sug ;rï
bjid isàug fkdyels neúka fuh ±kqï §ug meñKsfhñ' fuh fyd|
WodyrKhla' is; fl;rï ishï
q o @ Ndjkd Yla;h
s la we;s wfhl=g muKla
fuh ±lsh yelsh' fjk lsis úêhla ke;' Tn Tnf.a flf<ia j,g ji`.
ùughs wjia:dj ;snqfKa' Tn ueÍ fhfy<shf.a l=fia bm§u fkd±kqj;au
Tng isÿfõ' Ndjkdfõ§ fuh f;areï f.k j<lajd .;a;d'
fuu isoaêfhka Èk lSmhlg miq .eíf.k isá fhfy<sh .íid ù
.sfhah' tu iïnkaOh t;kska kej;=ks'
wdrdujdiS NsCIQka fï ms<sn| l=;=y,hla we;s lr .;ay' tlla kï
hfula Ôj;aj isáh§ B<`. wd;auhla ie<iqï lsÍuh' wksl .íid ùuh'
tu jhil ia;s%h fï ms<sn| .fï lsisfjl=g fkdlSjdh' tfy;a NsCIQka
jykafia,d wid isá neúka ±k .;ay' tneúka wdpd¾h ukaf.ka m%Yak
l<y'
hfula Ôj;aj isáh§ B<`. Wm; ie<iqï l< yelso @ wdpd¾h
uka fufia ms<s;=re ÿks zzwE B<`. Njh msKsi ie<iqï l<d muKhs' th
ls%hd;aul jQfha ke;' hula wdrïN lsÍug fmr ie<iqu lsÍu fndfyda úg
isÿfõ' tneúka fï isoaêfha§ ;ud Ôj;aj isáh§ B<`. Njhla bmÿkd hehs
lSu jrols' tfy;a wE ta ix{djkaf.ka y÷kdf.k th lvd fkd±uqjd
kï wE ueÍ f.dia tys Wm§'
fofjks m%Yakh zztu ia;s%hf.a pq;s is;a mrïmrdj lvd ±óu ksid
ñksia Wm;la kid ±uqjdo @ZZ
fudlla o keiqfõ @ wE ;ukaf.a Ñ;a; mrïmrdj lvd ±uqjd wE
Ôj;aj bkak flfkl=f.a ysi .id ±uqfõ keye' wef.a is; wE ;=<u
;snqKd' ta isf;a w;a;la muKla .shd tu fhfy<sh lrd' tu w;a; levq
ú.i th kej;=Kd'
fuys we;s jákd foh kï wdpd¾h uka tu ia;s%hf.a m%jD;a;sh
ksYam%Nd fkdlsÍuhs' t;=ñhf.a Ndjkd w;a±lSu iel lf<a ke;' th
310

odhdoh

wef.a úlD;s ukilska fyda wE ÿgq foa tfia w¾: ksrEmKh lsÍu jerÈ
njla fkdlshd thg ms<shula fh¥y' th i;Hhla f,i Wkajykafia ms<sf.
k we;'
fuu m%jD;a;sh hï .=ma; fohla jqjo iel lsÍug fya;= ke;'
wE b;du;a wdorfhka tu fhfy<shg isá nj fy<s l<y' ks;ru wE
ne,Sug f.dia wdorh l<dh' tfy;a fujeks woaN+; fohla fofokd w;r
we;ehs fkdis;=jdh' wdpd¾h uka fufia Wmldr fkdl<d kï wE ueÍf.
dia fhfy<shf.a l=fia bm§ug isÿ fõ'
isf;a we;s ixlS¾K Ndjh idudkH flfkl=g wjfndaO l< fkdyelsh' fï ksid ;udf.a is; md,kh lr ;udf.a iqN isoaêh idod.ekSu
ÿIalr fõ hehs wdpd¾h uka mejiQy' ta ia;s%hg iudêh fkd;snqKd kï fï
isf;a lsh
% dldß;ajh y÷kd.ekSug fkdyels fõ' iudê is;lska muKla isf;a
ls%hdldß;ajh y÷kd.; yelsh' Ôú; .ufka§ we;sjk ixlS¾K ;Fjhka
úi|d.ekSug i;s m[a[d b;du;a wjYH fõ' ;jo urK fudfydf;a§
we;sjk ÿla fõokd blauùug kï i;s m[a[d ÈhqKq lsÍu w;HdjYH
fõ'
urK fudfydf;a§ we;s pq;s is; b;du;a jeo.;a ikaêia:dkhls'
pq;s is; merÿfkd;a wm ksrh ;sßika wdÈ ÿlaÅ; máJêhla .kS' tu Ôú;
ld,h tu mßirfha wfkalúO ÿlg meñfKa' pq;s is; Èkqfjd;a tkï
l=Y,;djhla wef;d;a i;s m[a[d wef;d;a muKla wvq ;rñka ñksi;a
njla ,nd.ekSug yels fõ' ke;fyd;a foajf,dalj, Wm; ,efí' ñksi;a
nj ,enqj;a ;u l=Y,;dj, mqreoao we;' fï wdldrfhka iir bmfoñka
l%ufhka l=Y,;d ÈhqKqùug m;a fõ' urKh túg Nhdkl fohla fkdfõ'
tla iaj._hlska ;j;a ij._hlg hduls' fufia mßkduhg m;ajQ is;a wms
mdrñ;d iïmQ¾Khehs lshuq' tjeks wh ksjka ud._hg meñfKa' nqÿka ry;ka
jykafia,d cd;s cd;s fufia mdrñ;d mqrd ÈhqKq is;a we;sj wjidk Wm;
,oy' tu is; ksjk wruqKq lrhs' fï ish,a, l%udkql+,j l=i,a is; ÈhqKq
lsÍfuka ,nd.; hq;= fõ' tneúka kqjKe;s ia;S% mqreIfhda ks;ru nK
Ndjkdfõ fhfoñka l=i,a is; ÈhqKq lr;s' tfia ;u j;_udk Ôú;h yd
wkd.;h iuDoaêu;a lr.ks;s'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ôú; l:dj ,sùfï§ uu fufia wksl=;a ud;Dld
hgf;a lreKq ±laùu ms<sn| Tnf.ka iudj whÈñ' fuu Ôú; l:dj
kshu wdldrfhka ms<sfh, lsÍug uy;a W;aidyhla orñ' tfy;a uf.a

311

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

u;lfha ÿj_,lu ksid uq,ska i|yka úh hq;= foa miqj i|yka lrñ' miqj
i|yka l< hq;= foa uq,ska ,shñ' ±ka fuu l:d mqjf;a wjidk fþoh
jQjo ;ju;a fkdfhla lreKq u;lfha we;s neúka i|yka lrñ' ta ksid
fuys wjidkh fkdfmfka' Tn fuh lshjk úg fuh Ydia;S%h ix.%yhla
fkdjk nj jegfya'
tla Èkhla nka fkdx *sõ wdrdufha jev isák l, Wkajykafia w¿hu
iudêfhka msì§ ;u l=áfhka t<shg wjq;a tys isá NslaIQkag ;u l=áh hg
we;s ¥ú,s f.dfâ úYd, kd.hl=f.a .uka mdr ;sfí±hs n,kag lSy' fmr
Èk rd;s%fha úYd, kd.fhla meñK Wkajykafiaf.ka Ou_h Y%jKh lf<ah'
Tyq kslau hdug m%:u ;ud meñKs nj ±k .ekSug hï i,l=Kla lrkakg
wjir b,aùh' NslaIQka jykafia,d l=áh hg n,d úYd, kd.fhl=f.a .uka
ud._h ±lsh yels nj lSy' th le,Ejg we§ f.dia we;' tfy;a th tys
meñKqk ud._hla ke;' l=áh hg msßis÷j w;=.d ;snqKs' fjk hïlsis
i,l=kla myiqfjka ±lsh yelsh kuq;a tys ;snqfka fï i,l=K muKs'
fjk i,l=Kq fiúh hq;= ke;ehs Wkajykafia ±kqï ÿks' Ou_ foaYkdfjka
miq tu kd.hd tu l=áh ;=<ska hgg we§ .sh ud._h thhs'
fuu i,l=K m<uqj NslaIQka jykafia,d ±l Wkajykafiag ±kqï §u
ksid fuu m%jD;a;sh t<sorõ jQfha kï th mqÿuhla fkdfõ' wdpd¾h uka
tu m%jD;a;sh l,skau ±kqï §u fuys mqÿuh úh' Wkajykafia fï kd.hd
ÿgqfõ iudê is;lsks' tfy;a tys i;H;djh wka NslaIQkag jgyd§ug fkdyels neúka fufia úfYaI i<l=Kla ;nk f,i b,a,d we;'
miqj iqÿiq wjia:djla ,enqk úg NslaIQkajykafia,d tu kd.hd meñKsfha kd. fõYfhka fyda fjkhï fõYhlska±hs m%Yak l<y' kd.hka
tkafia fudk fõYfhka±hs lSug fkdyelsh'
ta wh O¾uh weiSug meñfKk úg ukqIH fõYhlska Wiia iudc
uÜgul we÷ñka ieriS meñfK;s' kd. rdcfhla meñfKkafka rfcl=f.a
ú,difhka rdclSh msßi msßjrdf.kh' uyd f;acdkaú; ,S,djlsk's tneúka
uf.a jpk Bg iqÿiq mßÈ rfcla iuÕ l:dlrk ú,difhka l:d lrñ'
wjfYaI msßi ks,Odßka f,i ieriS iSrefjka isá;s' ta whf.a yeisÍu b;du
wdpdrYS,S f.!rjdkaú;h' ñksiqkag jvd b;d ,laIK yslaóula we;' Ou_h
wid isák úg tlu bßhõfjka .,ams<su fuka isá;s' isf;a lfha úisrhdula
ke;' m%Yk
a wik úg kdhlhd muKla wks;a msßi fjkqfjka wihs' hful=g
m%YaKhla wef;d;a th kdhlhdg l<ska ±kqï fo;s' ish¨u m%Yakj,g

312

odhdoh

ms<s;=re ,enqk úg ish¨ fokdu tljr ke.sg msgù h;s'
fuho wdpd¾h ukaf.a úfYaI Yla;shls' tys kshu iajNdjh wmg
±k .ekSug fkdyels jqj;a hï woyila ,efí' tla Èkla tla NslaIqjla
wdpd¾h uka tla;rd is.rÜ ÿï j._h mdkh lrk nj ±k tla .sysfhl=g
uqo,la § tu is.rÜ j._h f.k taug lSfõh' .sys mskaj;d th ñ,§
/f.k wd úg tu NslaIqj th ms<s.ekaùh' tfõf,a Ou_ foaYkdjla lrK
neúka lsisjla fkdlshd Ndr.;ay' tfy;a miqod tu NslaIqj meñKs úg tu
is.rÜ wdmiq /f.k hdug ksfhda. ÿkay' tu is.rÜ Ndú;d fkdlrkafka
iduQysl ñ, uqo,a ksid hehs mejiSh' tu NslaIqj ta uqo, ;ud ika;l nj;a
tu .sys mskaj;d ñ,§ .;a nj;a mejiSh' th Wkajykafiag ÿka mQcdjls'
kuq;a th fndfyda whg wh;ahehs m%;slafIam l<y'
ta .ek ;j ÿrg úuiSug Nhska tu is.rÜ wdmiq /f.k .sfhah'
miqj ta .sys Nj;d le|jd tu isoaêh úia;r l<y' túg tu mqoa.,hd
NslaIQka jykafia,d lSm kula Tyqg uqo,a ÿka nj;a hï hï foa ñ,§ .;a
nj;a" bka b;sß jQ uqo,ska o is.rÜ ñ,§ .;a nj;a mejiSh' tu NslaIQka
jykafia,df.a kï wid ±k ta ms<sn| úuiSug Wka jykafia .sfhah' ta
ish¨u fokd b;d i;=áka tu uqo, is.rÜ i|yd úhoï lsÍug leu;s nj
tlfy,du lshd isáhy' bkamiq tu NslaIqj wdpd¾h uka yuqfõ tu is.rÜ
kej; ;ekam;a lr ta uqo, wksl=;a NslaIQkaf.ka ,nd.;a nj fkd±kSu
.ek iudj whÈk nj;a" wdpd¾h uka lS mßÈ tu .sys mskaj;d wksl=;a
NslaIQkaf.a b;sß uqo,a .;a nj;a ta ish¨u NslaIQka ta ms<sn| i;=áka odhl
jk nj;a mejiSh' túg wdpd¾h uka lsisjla fkdlshd th Ndr.;ay' ta
ms<sn| lsis fohla bkamiq mejiqfõ ke;'
miqj NslaIQka jykafia,d w;r l:d ny we;súh' zzuu fl;rï
W;aidy ±rej;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a ;SrKh jerÈ hehs lSug wjidkfha§ uu
u jerÈ nj ms<s.;sñ' Wkajykafia fï uqo, fndfyda whf.ka tl;= jQ nj
±k.;af;a flfiao@ Wkajykafiag is.rÜ ñ,§ .ekSu .ek lsisfjla lshd
ke;ZZ fï w;r tla NslaIqjla ke.S isg isxy kdohla ÿks'
zzWkajykafia wms jeks wfhla kï fï ms<sn| lsisjla fkdokS'
Wkajykafia tfia fkdj wmg jvd w;súYsIaG m%{djla we;s flfkls'
ta ksid wms fuys /£ isáuq' wfma ±kqu iy Wkajykafiaf.a ±kqu wyi
fmdf<dj fuka fjkia fõ' Wkajykafia iEu w;skau ksjerÈhs' ta ksid uf.a
Ôú;h fufia mqo lrñ' fuu mqyqKqj uu Nla;s m%Kdufhka ksy;udkSj

313

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

ms<smÈñ' uf.a isf;a ;ju;a flf<ia we;' tfy;a Wkajykafiaf.a bÈßfhys
ta flf<ia ÿj_, ù hgm;a fõ' óg fya;=j uu Nfhka iy f.!rjfhka
Wkajykafiag hgy;a ùuhs' fï Yla;sh ksid flf<ia j,g ke.S isáh
fkdyelsh' .=rejrhdg wNsfhda. fkdlrhs' ±ka wdpd¾hjre iu. isák
úg flf,ia bnd.df;a ke.S isg wdpd¾hjrhdg wNsfhda. lrhss' tfia
fkdj" fuys§ Wkajykafiag iïmQ¾Kfhka hg;a fkdjQfjd;a Wkajykafiaf.a
Wmfoia fkd,efí' túg wm uy;a jHikhlg m;a fõ' fï is.rÜ isoaêh
.ek fjk l=ula lshïo@ZZ
rd;s% ld,fha§ ;u is; jiÕ jQ hï wl=i, is;sú,s mrïmrdjla ksid
miqod WoEik wdpd¾h ukaf.a n,j;a m%;sls%hdjla we;sùu ksh;h' ta n,k
ne,au jqjo ;u is; foord Nh iel bm§ uq¿ .; is; úisÍ hhs' tjeks
wjia:dj,§ Wkajykafia iïuqL ùu fyda hïlsis Wmia:dkhla lsÍug
<x ùu l< fkdyelsh' ula ksido Wkajykafia th m%;slafIam lrhs' fï
wdldrfhka tu NslaIqjf.a ovínr .;shg myr fohs' tfy;a mqÿuh kï
tu NslaIqj w;sYh lkiai,a,g bka m;ajqjo miqj wdpd¾h uka iajNdúl
úêhg l:d l,úg ta ish¨ lkiai,a, ÿre ù hhs' tu jerÈ ls%hdj kej;
lrhs' tu is;=ú,s ke;s lsÍug ;rï Ndjkd n,hla ke;' j÷frla .ia
mkskakdla fuka is;=ú,s úisÍ hhs' tu NslaIqj miqj wdpd¾h uka yuqùug
.sh úg ;ud ms<.
s ekSula ke;s nj jegfya' Wkajykafiaf.a uqyK
q k
s a ix{dj
meyeÈ,sh' kej;;a mdvu bf.k .; hq;=h' ke;fyd;a kej;;a tjeks
is;ú
s ,s ud,dfõ ksu.ak ù tys jrola ke;ehs is;hs' tneúka Wkajykafiaf.
a úfrdaOh u; ;ud i;s iïmcla[fhka miqjk úg Tyqf.a is; i;=áka
iekis,af,ka mj;S' bkamiq wdpd¾h uka yuqùug Nh iel ÿre fõ'
uf.a is; o fï wdldrfhka fndfyda úg ls%hd lf<ah' is; md,kh
lr .ekSug fkdyels neúka wdpd¾h uka f.ka wE;a ù isàug fkdyelsh'
Wkajykafia <Õ isàu ksid ks;ru Nh iel we;sj is; /l.kS' bka
isÿjkafka is; h:dud._hg m;aùuh' is; jerÈ ud._fha .sh ú.i bka uqojd
.ekSug uy;a ùhH_hla orkafka tys M,úmdl okakd neúks'
wdpd¾h uka uf.a is;a okakd nj uu ksielfhkau oksñ' wka whf.a
is;=ú,s okakd nj ug m%Yakhla fkdfõ' ug wod, jkafka Wkajykafia uf.a
is;sú,s olsñka ug fyd| mdvï b.ekaùu ksid uf.a ovínrlï ke;slr
.ekSug ug lrk Wmldrh fõ' tla wjia:djl uu Wkajykafia iuÕ jdih
lrk ld,fha uf.a is; úmÍ; úh' zzwdpd¾h ukayg wkqkaf.a is;a ±lSug
yelshehs lsh;s' fuh ienEjlao@ fuh i;Hhla kï fï fudfydf;a uf.a

314

odhdoh

is;=ú,s Wkajykafia oks;ao@ th okafka kï uu ms<s.ksñ' ug ±ka mj;sk
is; okS kï uu Wkajykafiag kuialdr lrñ' th muKla ug we;'
tÈk iji uqK .eiqK Wkajykafia uf.a foi weis msh fkd.id n,d
isá;s' Wkajykafia ud foi yeÍ ±ka ±ka nek jÈ;s' tfy;a Wkajykafia
iajNdúl úêhg wksl;
= a NslI
a k
Q j
a ykafia,dg foaYkh mj;aj;s' Wkajykafia
.ek iel my< lrñka Wkajykafia mÍlaId lsÍu .ek is;ñka uu úCIsm;
a
jqfkñ' jeäld,hla hkag m%:u Wkajykafiaf.a lgy~ lihlska myr
.ikakdla fuka ud wjg jeÿKs' uu hka;ï fíÍ isá kuq;a wjidkfha§
li myr je§ uf.a is; foord .sfhah' uf.a uqyqK r;= ù YÍrh fjõ,kag
úh' fjõ,Su keje;aúh fkdyel' Wkajykafiaf.a lgy~ fõ.j;a fõ' uq¿
foaYkh ugu t,a, úh' wjidkfha§ uf.a ovínr is; fu,a, úh' zzud
tfia is;=fõ Tnjykafiag ienúkau wkqkaf.a is;a ±k.ekSug yels±hs
úuiSugh' Tnjykafiag wjuka lsÍug fkdfõ' Tnjykafia fYa%IaG .=rejrfhla nj uu ±ka oksñ' uf.a Ôú;dka;h olajd Tnjykafiaf.a YsIHfhla fjñ' ug wkqlïmd fldg W.kajk fialajdæ fï isoaêh ksid ud .ek
l<slÍug m;a fkdfõjdæZZ
fufia uf.a uq¿ yoj;skau uu wjk; ùñ' túg Wkajykafiaf.a
lgy~ uDÿ úh' wjidkfha§ tla;rd kHdu Ou_hla foaYkd l<y'
zzyß jerÈ folu we;af;a Tn ;=<h' wehs ta foi Tn fkdn,kafka'
wkqkaf.a yß jerÈ n,kafka l=ulgo@ tfia n,d Tng fyd| hym;a olaI
flfkla úh yelso@ fjk flfkla olaI fyd| flfkla nj ±k.;a kuq;a
Tn fyd| olaIfhla fkdfõ kï w;s jevh l=ulao@ wks;a wh .ek úuiSug
Tn b;du .=Kj;a olaIfhla úh hq;=hs' túg ksrdhdifhkau wkqka .ek
±k.; yels' wkqka .ek mÍlaIK lsÍug Wjukd ke;' .=Kj;a olaI
Woúh tfia mÍlaIK fkdlr;s' Ou_h ;=<ska ;udf.a l=Y,;djh ÈhqKqjQ
úg mÍlaIK fkdue;sj wkqkaf.a is;a bfíu oks;s'
foaYkdjidkfha§ uu la,dka; iajNdjhlg m;ajqfkñ' odäh .,d
isjqre f;; nß; ù we;' tod wjk; jQ isoaêh uq¿ Ôú;hgu n,md we;'
kej; lsisÈkl Wkajykafia úfõpkh fkdlf<ñ' tod ÿka mßNjh fuka
uf.a m%;sm;a;sj,g;a Wkajykafia mßNj l<d kï uu óg m%:u iir
ÿl blaujñ' tfy;a bkamiq lsisúfgl ug tjeks o~qjula fkd,enqksæ th
wNd.Hhlsæ
miqj NslaIQkajykafia,d fï ms<sn| l:d ny l<y' fuh uf.au
315

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

w;a±lSula ksid is.rÜ l:dj iuÕ fuh we;=,;a lf<ñ' ñka woyia lf<a
i;Hh uq¿ úYajfha yeu;eku mj;sk njhs' i;Hh wld,slhs' wjYHjkafka
Y%oaOd nqoaêfhka hq;=j m%;sm;a;s /lSuhs' túg we;af;kau fï i;Hh lrd
meñfKa' ish¨u i;H Ou_hka fï wdldrfhka ±k.; yels fõ' tla tla
mqo.
a ,hdf.a .=K j.dj fjkia jk nj wu;l fkdlrkak' iir meje;afï§
l< mqreÿ yd .;a wêIaGdk we;' tfy;a u..M, iy ksnndkfhys fjkila
ke;' fï M, ish¨ fokddgu tldldÍj wjfndaO fõ'

wdpd¾h fpdí f.a ks¾NS; ls%hd
wdpd¾h uka wdY%hg ,enqk wms Wkajykafiaf.a m%;smod lsis lf,l
wu;l fkdlruq' Wkajykafiaf.a fcHIaG YsIHhka lSm fofkla ;ju;a
Ôj;=ka w;r we;' fï iEu wdpd¾hjrfhlau ;u wdfõksl .;s mej;=ï
wkqj ;rula fjkia fj;s' Wkajykafia,d ,enQ w;a±lSï iy m%{dj fjkia
fõ' óg m%:u uu bka iuyr wdpd¾hjrekaf.a kï i|yka lf<ñ' ;j
fndfyda wdpd¾hjrekaf.a kï .ï fkdoksñ' tfy;a wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ôjk
m%jD;a;sh wjidkfha tla YsIHfhl=f.a Ôjk m%jD;a;shla we;=<;a lsÍug
is;f
= jñ' ta wh m%;m
s ;a;s wkq.ukh l< wkaou yd fjk;a w;a±lSï we;=<;a
lsÍu fma%laIlhdg jeo.;ajk neúks' nqÿ iõfjda nqÿrcdKka jykafia
wkq.ukh l< mßÈ wdpd¾h ukaf.a Y%djl msßi Wkajykafia wkq.ukh
l<y' tkuq;a ;ud fkdfhla w;a±lSï ,nd wka;sfï§ tlu wjfndaOhg
t<Uqkdy' fï tla tla NslaIqj ms%hl< mßirh b;du ÿIalr jQ w;r fld÷
kdráh leã hk n,j;a mßY%uhlska hqla; úh'
fï ms<sn| wdpd¾h uka f.a fcHIaG YsIHfhl= jQ uf.a ms%h;u
mqoa.,fhla we;' Oq;dx. NslaIQkaf.a w;a±lSï wka NslaIQkag jvd fnfyúka
fjkia neúka uy;a wdYap¾hu;a woaN+; foa fufia jd¾;d lrkafka nqoaO
ld,fha ks;r isÿjQ fujeks woaN+; isoaëka wo;a mej;sh yels nj fmkaùugh' nqoaO pß;fha iuyr isoaëka Wod' wef;l=f.a wdrlaIdj" j÷frla
ó johla mQcd lsÍu iudk wdpd¾h ukaf.a w;a±lSï fndfyda we;' fuu
l:d mqj;a i;H f;dr;=re njg idlaIs jYfhka ;ju;a Ôj;=ka w;r jev
isák 70 jhia blau jQ wdpd¾h fpdí .ek i|yka lrñ' Wkajykafia >k
jkdka;rj, wo jk;=re;a jdih lrhs' rd;s% ld,fha jkfha ixpdrh lrk
úg fkdfhla jk i;=ka yuqùu ms<sn| fkdfhla mqj;a lsh;s'
tla ikaOHdjl f,dïila ys isg Ñhdx udhsys ,ïmx m%foaYhg wdpd¾h
fpdí .uka .;ay' .ï udhsfï§ hï hï .ïjdiSka fï rd;s% ld,fha jkhg
316

odhdoh

msúiSu Nhdkl nj ±kqï ÿkay' tu le,E m%foaYh úYd, neúka tys
rd;s% ld,h .; lsÍug isÿ fõ' tfia jqjfyd;a fldákaf.a f.dÿrla jkq
ksh;h' tys ±kaùï mqjrejla we;' rd;s% ld,fha zzhlal=kaf.kaZZ .ykh"
.uka lsÍfuka j,lskak' Wkajykafia fndfyda l:dmqj;a wid we;s kuq;a
fldáfhla uqK .eiS ke;' zzhlal=ZZ hkafkka woyia lrkafka ljfrla±hs
wdpd¾h fpdí úuiSh' tkï jhsrka j,ska jeiS .sh úYd, fldá nj
.eñfhda lSy' wdmiq Tjqka iuÕ rd;s% ld,h .; lsÍug .ug jäk f,i
Tjqka b,a,d isáhy'
tfy;a wdpd¾h fpdí jkfha ixpdrh lsÍug leu;s neúka tu b,a,u
S
m%;slafIam l<y' zzTn fldákag Nh keoa±hs Tjqyq weiQy' zzNh we;;a lï
ke;eZZhs Wkajykafia ms<s;=re ÿks' Tjqka kej; kej;;a wdhdpkd l< úg
zzud fldákaf.a f.dÿrla ù urKhg m;aùug lu_ lr we;akï" tfia fõjdæ
;j Ôj;aùug fya;= wef;d;a fldákaf.ka ydkshla ke;ehs mejiSh'
urKhg m;aùug jqj;a fkdìhj .ïuqkf
a .ka iuqf.k .uk wdrïN
lf<ah' le,E wämdrg msúiQ ú.i Wkajykafia fomi fldákaf.a wämdr
ÿgqfõh' fldá u<my lr È.gu we;' iuyr mrK jqj;a iuy ±ka ±ka
myl< u< úh' Wkajykafia Ndjkd ukisldrfhka .uka .;ay' le,Efõ
ueog meñKs úg y;r me;af;ka w÷r .,d wdfõh'
tljru uy;a fldáfhl=f.a f.rùu miqmiska wefikakg úh' túgu
;j;a fldáfhla f.drjdf.k bÈßfhka t;s' fldá fofokd Wkajykafia
<Õg f.drjñka meñfK;s' wkaOldrfha fldá fofokd bÈßhg mek wdy'
tflla wä 6la muK bÈßfhka wksld wä 6la muK miq misks' f.rùu
lka ìysß lrk ;rï Yíohls' fï uOHfha wdpd¾h fpdí .,a.eiS isáhs'
miqmi neÆ úg wks;a fldáhdo l=reudkï lrñka mkskag hhs' túg Nh
N%dka; ù is; ksYp
a , úh' tl wähla j';a hd fkdyel' tfy;a i;sh n,j;a
úh' Wkajykafia ;u is; foi n,ñka l,n, fkdù isáfhah' fldákaf.
ka urKhg m;ajqjo lula ke;' ;u is;foi n,d isysika we;sj i;sfhak
isák úg wjg mßirh fkd±kS .sfhah' ta iuÕu is; n,j;a iudêhlg
m;aúh' túgu fldákaf.ka ydkshla fkdjk nj ±kqK's bkamiq is; ksreoaO
úh' wjg mßirh fkd±kS .sfhah' fï f,i meh .Kkdjla .; úh'
fufia meh .Kklg miq m%lD;s is; we;s ù neÆ l, ;ju;a isgf.
k isá;s' l=vh iy md;%d Wrysfia t,afnñka ;sfí' tla w;l bámkaoï

317

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

,ka;Ereu we;' th f.ù ksù f.dia fndfyda fõ,dh' bkamiq Wkajykafia
bámkaoï ,ka;Ereu m;a;=lr wjg m%foaYh n,d fldá weoa±hs neÆy'
fldá fldfya±hs fkd±fka'
tÈk rd;s%fha iudêfhka ke.S isá úg Nh lsisjla fkd±fka'
yojf;a ks¾NS; Ndjh fl;rï n,j;ao h;a fldá ishhla meñKsh;a is;
úCIsma; fkdfõ' ;u m%;HCI [dKfhka isf;a n,h jegfya' úYd, fldá
fofofkl=f.a .%yKfhka ñ§u uy;a mqÿuhls' ta úYauh jpkj,ska lsh
fkdyelsh' t;eku isgf.k yqfol,dfõ l¿jf¾ ;u is; ;=< neÆ úg
±ka we;af;a fldáka flfrys n,j;a lreKdjls' Tjqka ;u ñ;=rka fj;s'
Ou_h f;areïlr ÿka wdpd¾hjre fj;s' Tjqka mdvu W.kajd w;=reoka úh'
Tjqka flfrys Nh fjkqjg ±ka we;af;a Tjqka ±lSug leue;a;ls'
wdpd¾h fpdí fï fldá w;súYd, nj lSfõh' f¾ia wYajfhla fuka
úYd,h' tfy;a YÍrfha È. wYajhl=g jvd jeäh' ysi wÕ,a 16 muK
m<,a fõ' uq¿ Ôúf;a§ fujeks úYd, fldá ±l ke;' is; iudê .; ù
bka ke.S isá úg b;du iemodhl msS%;shla ±fka' ;uka leu;s ;ekl hdug
ìhla ke;' ;u is; Ou_fhka i;a;Dma; jQ úg úYajfha we;s w;súYd,;u
Yla;sh is; nj jegfya' lsisjlska ;udg ydkshla ke;ehs ±fka'
fuu W;=ï Ou_h is; ;=< we;sj .uk wdrïN l<y' i;s m[a[dfjka
ldhdkqmiaikdfjka weúÈhs' fldá hd¿fjda fofokd ks;ru u;la fõ' Tjqka
ÿgfyd;a <Õg f.dia wdorfhka msg w;.Eug isf;a' tfy;a fldá th
fkdbjik nj oks;s' uq¿ rd;s%h mqrd wdpdhH_ fpdí i;=áka iekiSfuka
i;sfhka .uka lr t<sjk úg ;ju;a jkdka;rfhah' mdkaor 9 g muK l=vd
.ïudkhlg meñKsfhah' ;u nvq ndysrdÈh mfil ;nd isjr
q e ye| fmdrjd
ms~q msKsi .ug jeäfhah' .ïuq md;%h ±l tlsfkldg y~ .d odkh fok
f,i ixúOdkh úh' iuyre Wkajykafia iuÕ kej; le,Ejg meñK nvq
;ekam;a l< nj wid fldfya isg meñKsfha±hs weiQy' fï msßi rd;s%fha
jkdka;rh ;=<ska meñKSu .ek úiañ; jQy' fkdfhla m%Yak úpd,y' ?
t<sjk ;=re;a ksrdydrj md .ukska jeä nj;a W;=re m%foaYhg hk nj;a
mejiSh' fldákaf.ka fíÍ rd;s%h miqlr .ekSu Tjqkag uy;a m%fya,sldjls'
ish¨ mqj;a wdpd¾h fpdí lS kuq;a .eñfhda úYajdi fkdl<y' Wkajykafia
Ndjkd n, uysufhka iDê m%d;sydhH_hla mE nj Tjqkag f;areï .sh miq
th idudkH flfkl=g fkdl< yels fohla njg ms<s.;ay'
yojf;a .uka ud._h fõjd jkdka;rfha .uka ud._h fõjd tys we;s

318

odhdoh

ìhlre nj yd È. wmg mSvd f.k fohs' mdr fkd±kSu úYd, miqnEuls'
±kqu we;s flfkl=f.a u. fmkaùu wjYH fõ' wms fï .uka wjidkfha
fCIau N+ñhla i;=áka ikaf;daIfhka n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjuq' tfia kï .uka
ud._h yd ±kqu ;sìh hq;=hs' wms fkdfhla úg ys;= ukdfma hï hï foa
l<;a th ienE .uka ud._h hehs is;sh hq;= ke;' we;af;kau wfma mqreÿ
.;s mej;=ï jerÈ ud._fha wm fufyhj;a'
wdpd¾h fpdí fujeks jk i;=ka iuÕ .; l< ld,fha w;a±lSï
wmuKh' tla úgl nqreufha uy jkdka;rfha .,a .=ydjl jdih lf<ah'
úYd, fldá tyd fuyd h;s' kuq;a lsisjl=f.ka ydkshla ke;' tneúka
ta ms<sn| ìhla ke;' kuq;a tla Èkla iji 5 g muK Ndjkdfjka keÕS
isáúg .=ydfõ fodrgqj foi úYd, bß we;s fldáfhla tkjd ÿgqy' W!
b;du úYd,h' nhxldrh' tfy;a wdpd¾h fpdí fkdie,S isáfha fjkod
fuka Tjqkaf.ka lsis ydkshla fkdjQ ksid úh yelsh' Wkajykafia Tyq foi
neÆ ú.i Tyqo n,d isáhs' idudkHfhka Yío k.d f.drjd hkafkah' kuq;a
fï i;d f.or we;s lrk iqr;,a n,af,la fuka n,d isáhs' bkamiq idudkH
f,i Tìfkdn n,d tlajru wdpd¾h fpdí bÈßfha .,a;,dfõ wä 18la
muK wE;g mekafkah' bkamiq jdäù Wf.a ll=,a f,jlhs' Wkajykafia
.ek lsis j.la ke;' Wkajykafia tys isák nj oks;s' iqr;,a n,af,la f.a
bÈßmsg isák fuka Tyq ks±,af,a isà' ál fõ,dklska ll=,a È. yer ydkais
úh' úáka úg YÍrh f,j lhs' f.or meñKs iqr;,a n,af,la fuks'
Wkakjykafiaf.a ilauka u¿j tys úh' tkuq;a ilauka lsÍug
Wkkaÿ jQfha ke;' W! b;du lsÜgq ksid ;rul ìhla ±kqks' fufia jkpdÍ
fldáfhla ks±,af,a isák yeá Wkajykafia óg fmr ±l ke;' tneúka
.=ydfõ ;=, nïnq me,,s u; jdäù Ndjkdfõ fhÿfkah' fndfyda fõ,djlg
jrla merks ñ;%fhla fuka Wkajykafia foi n,hs' Tyq hk njla fmakag
ke;' ? fnda ù we;s neúka wdpd¾h fpdí bámkaou o,ajd uÿre ±,
;=<g we;=,a úh' bámkaou uq¿ .,a.=ydj t<sh lf<ah' fldáhd ;ju;a ta
wdldrfhka isà' fjfyi jQ neúka ueÈhï rd;s%fha Wkajykafia ksod.kag
úh' w¿hu ;=kg muK ke.sg bámkaou o,ajd neÆ úg fldáhd ;ju;a
t;kuh' uqyqK lg fidaod Ndjkd lsÍug jdäù t<sh jefgk ;=re Ndjkd
l<y' uÿre ±, bj;alr neÆ úg fldáhd ;ju;a isà' w;a ll=,a È.yer
iem myiqfjka je;sÍ we;' úYd, n,af,la ;u iajdñhdf.a f.a bÈßmsg
ksokakdla fuks' msKavmd; hdug ld,h meñK we;' fldáhd bÈßfhka hd
hq;=h' fldáhd l=ula lrhso fkd±fka' isjr
q e w¢k úg fldáhd ta foi b;d

319

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lreKdjka;j weia yer n,hs' Wkajykafiag fjk lrlshd.; yels fohla
ke;' wä lSmhla wi,ska fldáhd ,.S' bkamiq isjqre ye| fmdrjd .,af,k
bÈß fodrgqj <Õg meñK fldáhdg l:d lf<ah' zz±ka msKamd;fha hdug
fj,dj yß' fjk i;=ka fuka uf.a l=i.skak we;' hula ld nv mqrjd.;
hq;=hs' Tng lrorhla fkdfõ kï uu wdydr msKsi msgù hñ' lreKdlr
ug hdug bv fokak' Tng fuys isákag wjYH kï lula keye isákak'
ke;fyd;a lEu fidhd hdug wjYH kï tfia hkak'
fldáhd t;k je;sÍ isg lka fol fl<ska lr jpk Yíoh wid
isáfhah' wdpd¾h fpdí bkamiq Tyq bÈßfhka .uka lrhs' fldáhd ldreKsl
ne,aulska ta foi n,d isáhs' zz´kE ;ekl hkak' ud .ek Nhfjkak tmd'
ud fuys wdfõ Tn m%fõYï lrkakeZZhs lshkakdla fuks'
wdpd¾h fpdí <Õ my; .ïudkhg f.dia ms~q isÕd .;ay' fldáhd
isák j. lsisfjl=g fkdlSfõh' .ïuq Tyq ur;sZhs hk ìfhks' wdmiq
.,af,kg meñK neÆ úg fldáhd ke;' ñkau;= lsisÈfkl fldáhd
olakg fkd,enqKs' wdpd¾h fpdí yg ielhla we;' tu fldáhd idudkH
jk i;ajfhla fkdfõ' fjia j,d.;a foú flfkla úh yelsh' ta ksid
t;rï yS,E iqr;f,la fuka yeisreKs' Wkajykafia fldáhd kej; ±lSug
leu;s jQ kuq;a lsisÈkl wdfõ ke;' fldákaf.a f.drjk kdoh ieuodu
weiqK kuq;a tys ;u hd¿jd weoa±hs ±k.; fkdyelsh' tu jkdka;rh
fldákaf.ka .ykh' idudkH flfkl=g tys jdih l< fkdyelsh' tu
fldá ;=< ;snQ .;sh b;d ms%hckl neúka Nh fjkqjg wdorh we;s úh'
fï w;a±lSu ;=<ska úfYaI Ou_;d Wkajykafiag wjfndaO jQ nj wdpd¾h
fpdí mejiqfõh'
wdpd¾h fpdí j¾I 5la nqreufha .; lr nqreu NdIdj ;u uõni
;rï myiqfjka yeisrùug bf.k .;af;ah' tfy;a ;dhs,ka;hg wdmiq
meñKSug isÿjqfka fofjks f,dal uyd hqoaOfha§ bx.S%iSka yd cmkqka w;r
we;s jQ hqo flda,dy, ksidh' bx.S%is fid,aodÿfjda nqrefï jdih lrk ;dhs
cd;slhska w;awvx.=jg .;ay' ;dhs cd;slfhda cmdkhg T;a;= imhkakka
hehs iel l<y' tneúka ia;S% mqreI" NslaIQka fndfyda fokd urKhg
m;al<y'
wdpd¾h fpdíf.a .fï odhl msßi Wkajykafiag uy;afia wdor
f.!rj ±lajQy' bx.S%is fin¨kaf.ka wdrlaId lsÍug Wkajykafia >k
jkdka;rhg f.dia ieÕjQy' tfy;a Wkajykafia Èkla .eñhkag Ou_

320

odhdoh

foaYkdlrk úg fin¨ka jglr.;ay' .eñfhda Èõreï foñka Wkajykafiaf.a .=K j¾Kkd l<y' Wkajykafia fndfyda ld,hla nqreufha jdih
l< nj;a rdc mßmd,k jefvys fkdfhfok nj;a lshd wNshdpkd l<y'
wka;sfï§ .eñfhda Wkajykafia úYd, le,E m%foaYhlg kej;;a f.k
.shy' bx.S%is Ngfhda Wkajykafia fidhñka le,Ej fojk;a lr;s' Èfkka
Èku ;;a;ajh W.% úh' .ïuq Wkajykafia ;dhs,ka;hg msg;a lsÍug tlÕ
jQy' tfy;a le,Eno mdr b;du;a Nhdklh' l÷ m,a,ï yd jki;=kaf.a
ìh we;' tfy;a bx.Si
% s fin¿kaf.ka fíÍ hdug fjk uÕla ke;' .eñfhda
Wkajykafiag uÕ i,l=Kq lshd § mdr jeiS ;snqK;a wka lsis u.l fkdhk
f,i wjjdo ÿks' fuh tlu wämdr úh' w;S; mrïmrd .kkla wdÈ uq;=ka
ñ;a;ka .sh mdrls'
Wkajykafia Èk 4la ? oj,a fkdkj;ajd .uka l<y' ksod.;af;a
fyda wdydr je<÷fõ ke;' uyd jkdka;rfha yqol,dj .uka lr;s'yeu
;eku fldákaf.a yd w,swe;=ka f.a u. i,l=Kq we;' Wkajykafia w;sYhska
la,dka; úh' nqreufhka m,dhdug fkdyels fõ hehs is;+y' hïlsis jerÈ
mdrlg jegqfkd;a ux uq,djkq ksh;h'
4 fjks Èk Wofha ;dhs udhsug hdug ;j ÿr we;' is;kag neß;rï
uy;a mqÿudldr fohla isÿjqKs' Tn fï l:dj iïmQ¾Kfhka lshjk ;=re
lreKdlr úfõpkh fkdlrk f,i b,a,ñ' Wkajykafiaf.a .; is;
w;sYhska ÿn, úh' úáka úg flá ld,hla úvd yßñka Èk 3la ksrdydrj
weúo we;' b;d wdhdifhka ;u ÿn, YÍrh bÈßhg fufyhjk úg
fun÷ is;la my< úh' zzfu;rï ÿr m%udKhla uf.a Ôú; mrÿjg ;nd
hñ' ±ka ±ka y;s jeà we;' fumuK l,la tlu ñksia wdjdihla fyda
ñksfila fkd±laflñ' ±ka uu ksrdydrj ueÍ hk ;ekg m;aù we;'
fu;rï ÿla uq¿ Ôú;fha§ lsisúgl úkafoa ke;' uu hqoaOfhka fíÍ ±ka
ksrdydrj ñh hïo@ nqÿrcdKka jykafia jodrd we;s mßÈ wE; foõ nU;,
j, Èjeia we;s foõ nUqka we;akï Èj lk we;akï fï urKhg <Õdjk
NslaIqj fkdfmfkao@ uf.a ÿla .ekú,s fkdwefiao@ foújre nqoaO ld,fha
isg NslaIQka jykafia,d fok msx wkqfudaoka ù we;akï uf.a fï ÿlg msysg
fkdjkafka fl;rï wkqlïmd úrys;jo@ Wkajykafia,df.a Èjeia Èj lK
ÈjH [dKh we;s nj Tmamq lsÍug ug Wmldr lrKq uekZZ
fuu is;sú,s we;sjQ ú.i uy;a mqÿu iys; fohla isÿjqKs' th
woyd.; fkdyelsh' Wkajykafia ;ju;a uy;a wdhdifhka wäfhka wäh

321

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

;sh;s' túg b;d úkS;j we| me<| .;a msßñfhla ÿgqfõh' tu l÷lrfha
uf,aÉPhka fuka fkdj" mdr whsfka jdäù isáhs' ysi u; nkafoaisfha
wdydr"m<;=re mqrjd we;' fuh úYajdi lrkafka flfiao@ ±lal ú.u
wdpd¾h fpdí f.a uú,a fl<ska úh' weÕ ysßjegqKs' nv.skak yd úvdj
wu;l úh' wä 25 muK wE;ska lreKdjka; mqreIfhla jdäù odkh ms<s.
ekaùug iQodkñka isà' <Õd jQ úg Tyq l:d lf<ah'
zzwjir iajdóks" fuys u|la kej;S isg wdydr f.k úvdj ixis|jd
.kak' YÍr Yla;sh ,enqk úg .uka lrkak mq¿jka fõú' wou fï uyd
le,Ej ;rKh l< yelshsZZ
wdpd¾h fpdí kej;=ks' w; ;snQ nvq ìu ;enQy' md;%h t<shg f.k
tu wdydr ms<s.;ay' uy;a mqÿuhls' tu wdydrj,ska ksl=;a jk iqj¢ka uq¿
m<d;u iqj|j;a úh' wdydr m%udKh jeä;a ke;' uÈ;a ke;' th Èj .E
muKska ri kyr mskd .sfhah' tys ri fln÷ ±hs lsj fkdyelsh' fuh
wdidudkH w;sYfhdala;shla hehs is;=k;a Wkajykafia bkaøshkag ±kqk
mskùu lsisfia;a lshkakg fkdyels neúka w;sYfhdala;shla fkdfõ'
wdydr ál ;u md;%fha nyd tu mskaj;a mqreIhd isák úg wdpdhH_
fpdí Tyqf.a f.j,a fldfya±hs úuiSh' zzuu Èk 3la fï le,E mdf¾
.uka .;sñ' lsisu ñksia wdjdihla fyda ukqIHfhla uqK .eiqfka ke;' tu
mqoa.,hd hï lsis ix{djla by<g w; È.=lr tys fjfikafkñhs lSh' Tn
fï wdydr ms<f
s h, lf<a flfiao@ fuu wdydr ms<.
s ekSug NslI
a j
q la tk nj
±k isáfha flfiao@ Tyq u|la iskdiS lsis W;a;rhla fkdÿks' Wkajykafia
msx wkqfudaokd fldg wjidkfha§ tu mqo.
a ,hd ;ukaf.a jdiia:dk b;d ÿr
neúka hd hq;= nj lSh' Tyqf.a bßhõ b;d m%ikakh' mqÿu Ydka; Ndjhla
we;' l:dlf,a b;d iaj,am jYfhks' uqyqfKa ldka;shla úysfoa' ueo jhfia
flfkla fuks' Wi;a ke;s fldg;a ke;s YÍrhls' mqÿu yeÈhdjla we;'
Tyq hkag wjir f.k kslauqKs' wdpd¾h fpdí ;ju;a úiañ;j fï wreu
mqÿu mqoa.,hd foi n,d isáfhah' Tyq wä 25la muK wE;g f.dia .ilg
uqjd úh' wdpd¾h fpdí .i miqlr Tyq tkf;la n,d isáhy' kuq;a Tyq
fmfkkag we;' wd .sh w;la ke;' túg ta .i <Õg f.dia i;r È.
ne¨fõh' lsisfjla ke;' fuh Bg;a jvd úiauhls' ;ju;a mqÿufhka fï
m%fya,sldj .ek is;ñka wdmiq wjq;a wdydr j<okakg úh' tu ri ñksia
f,dj ke;' wdydrj, mqÿu iqj|la iy rihla we;' ;u YÍrhg wjYH
ish¨ .=Khka we;' fujeks wdydrhla ljodj;a j<|d ke;' tu wdydrj,
rih uq¿ YÍrh mqrd úys§ .sfhah' iEu frdau l+mhlgu ±fka' fu;rï

322

odhdoh

l,a ksrdydrj ;snQ la,dka;h myúh' wka;sfï§ fuu wdydrh fu;rï
rij;ajQfha ;udf.a l=i.skak ksid±hs ielhla we;s úh' tfia ke;akï
fï we;af;kau Èj fndcqka úh hq;=h' wdydrh uq¿ukskau je<ªy' th
kshu f,i m%udKj;a úh' ;j ì|la fyda jeämqr wdydr we;akï je<¢h
fkdyelsh'
wdydr je<£fuka miq wdidudkH YÍr Yla;shlska .uk wdrïN
l<y' ta u| fj,djlg m%:u isá urKdikak la,dka; ÿj_, mqoa.,hd
fkdfõ' .uk hkjd ñi is; we;af;a tld.%;djfhka wreu mqÿu mqreIhd
.ekh' fufia úvdj fkdf;af¾' ;uka yß mdf¾ ±hs úuis,s ke;' ijia
jk úg tu mqreIhd lS mßÈ Wkajykafia fï uyd le,Ej ;rKh lf<ah'
Wkajykafia ;dhs,ka; iSudjg meñKsfha uq¿ oji mqrd ;snQ wiSñ; i;=áks'
lfha iy isf;a ;snk
q ±ä ÿl myù we;' ;u .u rg fmfoi jQ ;dhs,ka;hg
md ;enQ ú.i ;ukajykafia ;j ld,hla Ôj;ajk nj ±kqKs'
tu mqo.
a ,hd foú flfkla ñi ukqIHfhla fkdjk nj wdpd¾h fpdí
mejiSh' is;d n,kak' tu mqoa.,hd yuqùug miq ;dhs udhsug tk;=re
lsis ukqIHfhla uqK .eiqfka ke;' uq¿ isoaêhu uy;a m%fya<sldjls' idudkHfhka l=vd .ïudkhla fyda olakg ,efí' tfy;a uq¿ .uk ;=< lsisu
.ïudkhla ke;' nqrefï isg ;dhs,ka; iSudjg ;snQ fuu merKs ud._h
;kslr >k jkdka;rhls' bx.S%is fin¿ka muKla fkdj lsis ñksfila fyda
wdydrhla ke;' th fl;rï ÿ._ ud¾.hla ±hs is;h
s fkdyelsh' udrdka;l
s
.ukla jqjo fufia ch.%yK ,S,dfjka .urg n,d meñKsfhah'
;uka tjeks Nhdkl jkh ;rKh lf<a foúhkaf.a Wmldrfhka hehs
wdpd¾h fpdí mejiSh' j,a w,s" fldá" j,ia" khs" fmdf<dx wd§ Nhdkl
i;=kf
a .ka .yK jQ kuq;a tlu if;la j;a Wkajykafia ±lafla ke;' weig
fmkqfka wysxil i;=ka muKs' fï .uk lsif
s jl=g hd fkdyelsh' ksielju
fldáhdg fyda j,a w,shdg wiqfõ' fuh Ou_fha ydialu iy foúhkaf.a
ydialuls' nqrefï .ïjeisfhda Wkajykafia Ôj;afj;shs fkdis;+y' tfy;a
hqo Nghkaf.ka fíÍug fjk l%uhla ke;' hqo Nghkaf.ka fíÍug jvd
fuh myiqfõhehs Tjqka uka;%Kh l<y'
fï l:d mqj; uu ijka ÿka wdldrfhkau jd;_d lf<ñ' lreKdlr Tn fï ms<sn| úuikak' fujeks is;kag neß iqrx.kd l:dj i;H
m%jD;a;shls' wdpdhH_ fpdíf.a OQ;dx. mQrKh b;du ±ä m%;sm;a;s u;
f.k .sh neúka fujeks wreu mqÿu l;kaor fndfyda fj;s' Wkajykafia

323

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

uy le,Efõ jdih lrk neúka lsif
s jl=g Wkajykafia yuqùug fkdyelsh'
iudcfha wdY%fhka wE;a ù we;'

wjidkh
wdpdhH_ ukaf.ka mej; tk YsIH mrïmrdj jkdka;rfha fjfiñka
;u Ndjkd m%;sm;a;s /lSug mqyqKq ù we;' wdpd¾h uka tfia lsÍug
Wkkaÿ lr;s' ks;ru jkdka;r Ôú;h jK_Kd flfr;s' Bg fya;=j tu
iajNdúl mßirfhka Ou_h wjfndaO lsÍu myiq neúks' ckdlS¾K .ï"
kshï .ï k.r noj tu iajNdúl w;a±lSï ,nd.; fkdyelsh' isf;a
lfha úfõlh tys ke;' Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHhska j;_udkfha foaYkdlrk
Ou_h fufia udrdka;sl ÿIalr mßirfha§ wjfndaO jQ ;udf.a w;a±lSï
iïNdrhla neúka" m%;HCI Ou_;djkah'
wdpd¾h uka wNdjhg m;aù ±ka jir .Kkdjla miq ù we;;a
Wkajykafiaf.a YsIHhka Ndjkdfõ fhÈS isák úg m%lD;s wdldrfhka
Wkajykafia olss;s' hï Ndjkd ms<sn| .eg¿jla we;;a wdpd¾h uka
Ndjkd iudê is;g wruqKq fõ' bkamiq tu .eg¿j ksrdlrKh lsÍug
ms<sfj, ±k.kS' Wkajykafia Ôjudkj fuka tu m%Yakhg ms<s;=re imh;s'
ry;kajykafia,d ;u iudê is;g wruqKq ù Ou_ lreKq myod fok nj ud
by; i|yka lr we;' ;udf.a Ndjkdj hï ;rula ÈhqKq ù bka bÈßhg
hdug fkdyels jQ úg wdpd¾h uka fmkS isg Bg iqÿiq m%;l
s ¾u foaYkd lr;s'
bkamiq tu oY_kh myù hhs' tu NslaIqj ta lS wdldrhg yels muK ú;l_
úpdr lrñka ;u m%Yakh úi|d .ks;s' bkamiq Ndjkdj id¾:l fõ'
tu NslaIQkag Èjeia" Èj lK wd§ wê udkqIsl n, we;' Ndjkdfõ
§ olsk zzksñ;sZZ ;=<ska Ou_h weiSu heZhs lshkq ,efí' tkï .=rejrhd hï
hï ksñ;s olaj;s' YsIHhd tu ksñ;s f;areï .kshs' fuh fndfyda whg
woaN+; fohla jqjo th Ndjkd fhda.skag idudkH fohls' ms<sfj;a mqrK
Ndjkdfõ ÈhqKq mqoa.,hskag fufia fkdfhl=;a ksñ;s my< fõ' tfy;a
yefudagu fuh idOdrK fkdfõ' fufia {dkh my<jkafka by; wd;au
j,§ mqreÿ mqyqK l< iDê m%d;syd¾h ;=<sks' nqÿjre ry;kajykafia,d
wdpd¾h ukag fmkS isg Ou_ foaYkd lr we;' ta yd iudkj wdpd¾h ukaf.
a YsIHhkag Wkajykafia fmfka' Wkajykafia foaYkd lrK Ou_h wefia'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia Ôjudk ld,fha ;u uõ;=ñhg ;=is; Njkhg jev

324

odhdoh

Ou_h foaYkd l< nj wm wid we;' tu ksñ;s úfYaI olaI;d ;=<ska we;súh
yels nj ys;kag yelsh' nqÿrcdKka jykafiag tjeks wdYaphH_ woaN+; foa
isÿl< yels jqjo wjfYaI ry;ka jykafia,dg tfia l< yels hhs hfula
ms<sfkd.ks;s' tfy;a tu iqúfYaI olaI;djh hï wfhl=g wxY=ud;%hla
fyda we;sùug yelsnj wm ms<s.; hq;= fõ'
fï ms<sn| jeämqr woyia ±laùug fkdleu;s neúka Ndjkd
fhda.S Tng th m%;HCIfhka ±k.ekSug bv yßñ' th wkqkaf.ka wid
±k.kakla fkdjk neúka jvd ia:djrh' ug fï ms<sn|j lsisu ielhla ke;' ljqre l=ula weoyqj;a ke;;a bka fjkila fkdfõ' fld;rï
úYajdikSh jqj;a iel we;sùug bv we;' m%Yakh jkafka idudkH ckhd
t;rï Ñ;a; mdßY=oaêhla ke;s neúka i;Hh jqj;a ms<s.ekSug fkdyels
fõ' ;udu m%;HCI l< úg tys iel ke;' wms iefjdu lu_úmdl j,g
uqyqK fouq' ÿl iem hkq ;ukaf.a lu_ úmdl fõ' fuh i;Hfhkau i;H
fõ' b;du ir, fõ'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a l:d mqj; Ñ;a;dlI_KSh fõ' .sys ld,fha isg
Wkajykafia idka;=jrfhls' ks;r iliqrejñka ia:djrhlska Ôj;a úh'
;u foudmsh kE ys;j;=kag lsisu ÿlla lK.dgqjla wjkïnqjla fkdùh'
meúÈ jQ miq uy;a wêIaGdkhlska ;u Ndjkd ÈhqKq lr wka NslaIQkag tu
ud._h újD; l<y' Wkajykafiaf.a uq¿ Ôú;h §ma;su;ah" wdf,dalu;ah'
.=K iuqodh" iS, iuqodh" wo Ôj;ajkakkag wdo¾Yhls' Ndjkd m%;sm;a;s
b;d ±ä úh' úiauhg m;alrK uy;a jQ udkisl m%jK;djhls' flf<ia
l%udkql+,j hgm;a lf<a ±ä W;aidyfhks' Wkajykafia ry;kajykafia
kula hehs <Õska wdY%h l< ish¨ fokdf.au u;h úh'
i;s" m[[dfjka ;u is; ÈhqKq lf<a uq, isg wka;su olajd
Ou_dkql+,jh" ;u YsIHhkaf.a woyia Woyia okS' b;du kQ.;a l÷lrfha
le,Eno f.%da;sl ñksiqka mgka Wiia iudcfha W.;=kag Wkajykafia uy;a
fiajhla lr we;' wjidk yqiu
a olajd lreKdj me;sr úh' hfula m%Yk
a hla
weiQ úg meh .Kkla jqjo idlÉPd lrñka tu m%Yakh fyd|dldr jgyd
fo;s' ish¨u Y%djlhka ;=< Wkajykafiaf.a jpk is; ld je§ m%fndaO ù
we;' fujeks wdpd¾hjrfhl=f.a yuqùu ksid ;u Ôú;fha Wmßu m%fhdackh
,nd.;a nj ms<s.ks;s' tu Ou_h ;ud ;=< j¾Okh ùu ksid ta ish¨u
Y%djlfhda wo m%isoaO wdp¾hjreka fj;s' fufia nqÿ rcdKkajykafiaf.
a W;=ï Ou_h fkdkeiS mj;S' wo olajd fndfyda Y%djl mrïmrdjla Ou_h
yodrñka m%;sm;a;s rls;s' th f,dalhdg m%oY_kh fkdl< kuq;a ksy~ Ou_

325

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fiajdjls'
.=rejrfhla jYfhka .sys ck;dj ;=< o Ou_h mqnqÿjd ,Sug
Wkajykafiag yelsjQ neúka ta who lu_ úmdl" fya;=M, wdÈ Ou_;d wkqj
Ou_h wjfndaO lr Ou_ ud._fha .uka l<y' wdOHd;añl .+Kj.dj hkq
f,dal idufha uQ,sl isoaOdka;hls' f,dalh úkdY ù hkafka ukqIHhdf.a
.=KOu_ úkdY jQ úgh' wOHd;añl .=K ySk jQ úg ñksid lrk lshk iEu
fohlau f,dal úkdYh msKsi mj;S' ;jo Ou_h hgm;a lsÍug idOl fõ'
wOu_h rc flf¾' ñksidf.a wdOHd;añl .=Kj.dj ÈhqKq jQ úg ñksidf.
a jpkh" ls%hdj f,dal iuDoaêh msKsi mj;S' ta w;r Ou_h jyd j¾Okh
fõ' ;u yojf;a Ou_h fydodldr ;ekam;a jQ flfklaf.a ls%hdj,sh ksid
ydkshla isÿfjkafka flfiao@ miq;eú,a,la ke;sj jrfoys nef|ao@ tjeks
yeisÍu Tjqkag wiajdNdúlh' Ou_ lrekq .srõ fuka lgmdvï lr" Ou_fha
yeisÍfuka f;drjQ whg tfia l< yels fõ' ta wh Ou_Or jqjo Ou_fha
fkdyeisfr;s'
wdpd¾h uka yuq jQ ish¿ fokdu Wkajykafiaf.a .=K tl yçka
m%ldY lr;s' iuyre ;u Ôú;h mqo lsÍug fyda leu;s jQy' Ou_ lreKq
;u is; ;=< Yla;su;a jQ úg thu ta mqoa.,hdf.a n,j;a Yla;shla njg
mßj¾;kh fõ' tjeks Yla;shla f,dalfha fjk lsis Yla;shlg iudk
l< fkdyelsh' fuh fufia fkdfõ kï ;u fÉ;kdfõ msysgd fyd| fyda
krl l< fkdyelsh' l=i,a fyda wl=i,a ;u is; ;Èka .%yKh l< úg
fkdìhj tu ld¾hfha fhfoa' tjeks ;o is;=ú,s we;sjQ úg tys m%;sM,
je,elaúh fkdyelsh'
fuh fyd|dldr ±lsh yelafla wdpd¾h ukaf.a f.da, msßi ;=<h'
Ou_h fyd|dldr isf;a ;ekam;a jQ úg Wkajykafiag wiSñ; wdor Nla;shla
msßku;s' ;u isf;a we;s Y%oaOdj fl;rï n,j;ao hkq Wkajykafiag Ôú;
mQcd lsÍug jqjo fm<fò' fï widudkH wdl¾IKh Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú;
ld,h ;=<§ iy msßksjka mEfuka miqo úoHudk úh'
ud .ek lshf;d;a ud ljo;a lsis jevlg ke;s mqoa.,fhla f,i
isá ksid uf.a wdl,am fjk;a wdl,am j,g jvd fjkia úh yelsh' ±kg
wjq' 20 .;ù we;s jqjo" ug ±fkkafka Wkajykafia Bfha wmj;ajQ f,ih'
Wkajykafiaf.a YÍrh wNdjhg .sh kuq;a is; wNdjhg .sfhau ke;'
Wkajykafia ud <Õ isáñka ug ks;ru Wmldr lrkakdla fuka isf;a'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ôú; l:dfõ wjidk mßÉfþoh jYfhka Wkajyka326

odhdoh

fia W.kajk ffY,sh ms<sìUq jk hï jdlH yd jdlH LKav f.k yer
olajñ' fuh wjidk ld,fha isg wNdjh olajd isÿjQ m%jD;a;s fõ' fï
wjidk ld,fha foiQ oyu uf.a Ôú;hg úYd, f,i n,md we;' ;u
frda.h .ek l:dlrK úg th ;u YÍrh wjidk jYfhka úkdY jk
wkaou ±laùuls'
zzuu fï YÍrfha Wmam;a;sh yd urKh .ek fndfyda fihska úpdrd
we;' miq.h
s wjq' 60 ;=< fï YÍrfha ialkaO ms<n
s | ixl,amkd lf<ñ' fuys
tlu fldgila fyda l=vd wxY=jlaj;a we,Sï ;=,ska .%yKh l< fkdyelsh'
tneúka fï YÍrh leã ì£ úkdY ùu .ek lsis lkiai,a,la ke;' Ou_h
wjfndaO jQ fudfydf;a isg fï YÍrh .ek lsisu miq;eú,a,la fkd;snqKs'
fï fN!;sl jia;= YÍrh fyda ndysr f,dalh fyda fõjd ish,a, tluh'
tlu uQ,øjH j,ska ks¾udKh ù ;sfí' ojia m;d tajd leã ì£ h;s' uq,a
iajNdjhg mßj¾;kh fj;s' kej; kej; wdydr-j;=r-jd;h-WIaKh
wdÈfhka ta ish,a, wvqjQ úg msrúh hq;=h' fï YÍrh wfma uf.a lSj;a tys
ish¨u wxY= fï mDÓú mßirfha yeu ;eku mj;sk foa uh'
ug we;s tlu ÿl uf.a Y%djl msßi .ekh' fndfyda ÿr l;r isg
meñKs msßi we;' uu urKhg m;aùug fmr Tnieuf.a is;a Ou_fhka msÍ
we;s±hs ug i;=gqúh fkdyelsh' tneúka ks;ru ùhH_fhka ;u Ndjkd
lghq;= lsÍug uu Wkkaÿ lrñ' flf<ia hkq wkka; Wmam;a;s urKj,g
fya;=fjk Ou_hkah' flf<ia iq¿ mgq f,i fkdis;kak' ke;akï wysxil
f,i fkdis;kak' tfia fkdis;d flf<ia iu. igka lr hgm;a lsÍug
±ka ld,h t<U we;' urKhg m;ajQ úg flf<ia iuÕ igka lsÍug
fkdyelsh' uu Tng wk;=re weÕjQfha ke;ehs fkdlshkq uekú'
fï f,dalfha Ôj;ajk ish¨u ñksia ;sßika wd§ i;a;j
a fhda ÿla ú¢;s'
ÿlg fya;=j jrojd ys;kak tmd' ÿlg fya;=j Tn Th is;k wysxil"
iq¿mgq flf<ia nj is;kak' uu Ôú;h" Wmam;a;sh" urKh ms<sn| Wmßu
m%{dfjka ±l.;sñ' Wmam;a;s urKhg yd ish¨u ÿlafõokd j,g tlu
fya;=jla we;' tkï Tn iq¿ hehs is;k flf<iah' fuh f,dalfha ish¨
fokdu .Kka fkd.kakd fohls' we;af;kau fï flf<ia ksid ish¨ ÿla
yg.kS' Tn ish¨ fokdf.a is;a flf<ia j,ska mSä; ù we;' Tn ta .ek
is;kafka flfiao@ fï flf<ia t;rï .Kka .; hq;= ke;ehs Tn;a
is;kjdo@ tfia kï Tn uf.a Y%djlhka jYfhka fl;rï isáh;a Tn fydoafoa ri fkdokakd yekaola fuks' Tng fydoafoa ri n,kag ´kE kï uu
lshk Ou_ fyd¢ka isf;a ord.kak' Ou_ rih fu;rï wudrefjka lshd fok

327

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

úg fydoafoa yekao fjkak tmd' th ug uy;a ndOdjls' uf.a b.ekaùfuka
M,la ke;' Ou_fha jákdlu Tn fkdoks;s' Tn bm§ ueÍhkafka fï jákd
Ou_h w;am;a lr.k fkdfõ' th i;=kag;a jvd lsis jeo.;a lula ke;s
;;a;ajhls' i;=ka uerek úg Wkaf.a uia iy yu hï jákdlula we;'
m%udo jQ i;s úryfhka wl=i,a lrkakdf.a Ôj;aùu fyda urKh lsis
jákdlula ke;'
YdÍßl frda.h we;sjQ Èk isg uf.a Ôú;h Èfkka Èk f.ù hhs'
hfula ÿla blaujd we;af;a kï yeu w;skau ;Dma;su;a fõ' Tyq urKhg
m;ajkafka lsishï j.lSula ke;sjh' iodld,sl ks¾fodaI jQ Tyqg ,nd.
ekSug lsisjla ke;' lsisu fohla wjYH fkdfõ' tfy;a flf<ia iys;j
urKhg m;ajQ úg Tyqg ;Dma;shla ke;' hï ;ekl Wmam;a;shla ,enQ
úgo tu w;Dma;su;a ÿla yg.kS' flf<iaj, n,h jeäùu ÿla jeä fõ'
wij,a wij,a f,dal b;d ;Dma;su;a hehs fkdis;kq uekú' tfia is;=ú,s
we;súg tu ;Kaydj ksid iem wd;auhla fkd,efí' tys f;areu Tn
;ju;a flf<iaj, Nhdkl lu fkdokakd njh' flf,ia Tnf.a y;=rka
fuka is; úlD;s lrhs' fufia isf;a mj;sk ÿl" wi;=g ksid Tng fyd|
wd;auhla ,efío@ kej; bm§ug we;s ;Kaydj ÿre lrkafka ke;akkï
Tng msysgjkafka flfiao@
i;s " iudê Èhq K q ke;s Ns l a I Q k a fï f,da l fha ls i s u i;= g la
n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh hq;= ke;' ta fjkqjg u; udkisl wiykh isf;a ieÕù
we;' tjeks wiykfhka ñ§ug Tn uy;a jEhula ±ßh hq;=h' Ou_hg
úreoaO jQ flf<ia mrdch l< hq;=h' túg Ou_fha W;=ï iekis,a, b;d
blaukska <Õd fõú' iir ießirñka ÿla úkao ld,h iuÕ ii|d n,k
l, fuh b;d flá ld,hls'
nqÿ oyu foaYkd lr we;af;a iir ÿla ke;s lsÍugh' th wäfhka
wähg .uka lr ,nd.; hq;=h' bkamiq lsislf,l kej; Wmam;a;shla
ke;' kej; Wmam;a;h
s la fkd,eîug leu;s wh uq¿ úYajfha we;s Ôú;j,
wks;H" ÿlaL" wkd;au iajNdjh fufkys l< hq;=h' fuh b;d .eUqßka
wjOdrKh l< úg ish¨ iel ÿre flf¾' túg ;on, ne£ï ì£hkafka
ksfïYhlsk's ish¨ ielÿrelsÍug wjYHjkafka m%{djhs' ;=kf
a ,dalfha úoHdudk jk ish¿ flf,ia ÿre lsÍug i;s" m[a[d iuF:_ fõ' nqÿrcdKka
jykafia iy ish¨ ry;=ka jykafia,d i;s m[a[dfjka ish¨ flf<ia
ÿre l<y' wka ish¨ l=Y, Ou_hka i;s m[a[djg Wmldr flfr;s' th
hqo ìfï igkalrk fin¿kag wjYH wdydr c,h wdÈ Wmldr jeksh'

328

odhdoh

tfy;a hqoaOhg wjYHjkafka fin,d iy wú wdhqOh' fuys wms olskafka
fkdmiqnisk fin,d fuka flf,ia iuÕ i;s m[a[dfjka igka lrK
mqoa.,hdh' tu flf<ia kej; ke.S isg Tyq iuÉp,hg m;alrkafka
ke;' Tyqf.a wú wdhqO Yla;su;a jQ i;sm[a[ fõ' yeu fudfydf;au
flf<ia mrdch lsÍug wjYH jQ i;sm[a[d w; <Õ ;sìh hq;= hs wú
wdhqO fõ'
Tnf.a Ndjkd ÈhqKqjla ke;s úg ta ms<sn| fkdìhj ;l_ ú;l_
l< hq;=h' Tnf.a urKh ks¾Nhj uqyqK Èh hq;= wjia:djls' mrdch ù
urKhg m;ajQ úg wkka; ld,hla iir ÿlg m;afõ' tneúka úYd, f,i
flf<ia iuÕ igfkys fhÈh hq;=hs' iif¾ uq,djQ iFjhska bka uqojd iir
ÿla ke;s l< hq;=h' túg wúoHdfjka iFjfhda iir kQmÈ;s' Tn uykais
.kafka kej; iir bm§ugo@ Tn ;ju;a Ôj;aù isáh;a wkd.; Njhlg
ie,iqï lrkafkah' ta wehs@ Tn Ndjkdj w;aysgjQ yeu fudfydf;au
lrkafka B<Õ wd;auh ie,iqï lsÍuhs' Wmam;a;s urKhg iqÿiq ùuhs' Tfí
is; túg ÿlg Ndckh fõ'
uu Tng Ou_h f;areï lr §ug iEu m%h;akhlau .;af;ñ' Tn
p;=rdhH_ i;Hh iy i;r i;smÜGdkh fyd|dldr wjfndaO lr i;s"
m[a[dj ÈhqKq l< hq;=hs' hï hï wêudkqIsl iDoaê Tng fkdlSfõ tajd
ksjka wjfndaOhg wjYH fkdjk neúks' tfy;a hful=g tjeks Yla;Ska
wef;d;a ta .ek weiSug uu i;=gqfjñ' uf.a urKfhka miq fï ms<sn|
okakd flfkla fiùu b;du ÿIalr lreKls' Tn fyd¢ka wjOdrKh l<
hq;af;a Ou_fha W.;alu iy Ou_fha m%dfhda.sl yeisÍu hkq lreKq folls'
hfula Ou_h W.;a kuq;a iudê-m[a[d u.a. M, ke;skï wkqkag kshu
ud._h fmkaùug wiuF:_ fj;s'
fufia wdpd¾h uka Wkajykafiaf.a mYaÑu wjjdo ÿkay' ixLdr
Ou_hka .ek úia;r lf<a iïud iïnqÿrcdKkajykafia msßksjka mdk
iufha§ foiQ oyï fuks' wdpd¾h uka wdrïN lf<a nqoO
a jpkh f.k yer
mdñks' zzwmmudfok iumdfoïZZ jh Ouud ixLdrdZZ wd§ jYfhks' zzWmmððFjd
ksrec®k;s f;ix jQm ifud iqfLdZZ' bkamiq Wkajykafia fï .d:d Ou_h
úia;r l<y'
zzixLdrZZ hk mYaÑu nqoaO jpkh b;du Wiia Ou_;djhls' ish¨
fya;=m%;Hfhka ksYMkakd isoaOdka; zzixLdrZZ jpkhg we;=<;a fõ' tfy;a
fÉ;kdfõ yg.kakd ixLdr fyj;a lu_ b;du jeo.;a fõ' ulaksido h;a

329

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

fuu ixLdr ÿlaL iuqoh i;Hh fõ' tkï fï ixLdr ÿlg fya;=fõ' fï
ixLdr my< jQ úg is; úCIsma; fõ' túg fuday fyj;a uq,djg m;afõ'
túg isf;a tald.%;djh" i;s iudê ì| jefÜ' isf;a iajdëkNdjh úkdY
fõ' fuu ixLdr .ek úuid n,k úg fmkShkafka wfma b;du wYsCIs;
is;=ú,s isg b;du YsCIs; is;=ú,s fï ixLdr .Khg wh;a jk njhs' fïjdfha .;s,laIK iïmQ¾Kfhkau wjfndaO jQ úg tajd hgm;a fõ' ixLdr
ke;s úg is; úCIsma; fkdfõ' is;=ú,s woyia isf;a yg.;a kuq;a ta is;=ú,s
b;du msßis÷ ialkaOhla wdYs%; neúka lsishï flf<ia wka;¾.; fkdfõ'
tys ;Kayd wúÊPd ke;' ;o kskaola n÷h' fuu is;g jQmiu Ñ;a; hehs
lshkq ,efí' th b;du ixiqx flf<ia ke;s Ydka; m%kS; Ñ;a; iajNdjhls'
nqÿka ry;kaf.a fï Ñ;a; iajNdjh m%lD;s jYfhka we;' Wkajykafia,dg
tneúka lsisjla ms<sn| wdidjla fyda wfmalaIdjla ke;' flf<ia ke;sjQ
ú.i is; ;=< uy;a iekiSula msßis÷ njla yg.kS' óg fidamdÈfYaI
ks¾jdK Od;=j hehs ye¢kafõ' ry;kajykafia m;afjk fï ksjk jeks w;s
W;=ï" úYañ; mqÿu fohla fï ;=ka f,dalfha úoHudk fkdfõ'ZZ
fï foaYkh bkamiq wjidk úh' bkamiq lsisu foaYkhla fkdlrK
,§' tneúka uu fï foaYkh Wkajykafiaf.a mYaÑu foaYkh f,i we;=<;a
lrñ'
.%ka: l;=jrhd jYfhka uu wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ôú; l:dj yels;dla
ksjerÈ f,i bÈßm;a lf<ñ' uf.a uq¿ Ôú; ld,fha fujeks wka fohla
lr ke;' fuys we;s m%udo fodaY j,g iudjqj uekj' uu fuu ,sms f.dkq
ilia lsÍug fndfyda ld,hla .; lf<ñ' tfy;a ;j wjqreÿ ;=kla fï
wdldrfhka lreKq tl;= l<;a ksudjla olskafka ke;' tfy;a uf.a mdGlhka i|yd yels ;rï lreKq bÈßm;a lsÍug yd th iqL kuH úêhg
±laùug uy;a wdhdihla ±refjñ' Tn lsisfjla Wkajykafia ±l l:d
nialr ke;' tneúka fuu l:d mqj;a weiqfrka hï lsis ±kqula ,nd.;
yelsh' Wkajykafiaf.a fuu Ôú; m%jD;a;sfhka Wkajykafiaf.a m%;smodj
meyeÈ,s fõ hehs is;ñ' th iïmQ¾K l:d mqj;la fkdjQj;a Wkajykafiaf.a
widudkH pß;h Tn fj; m%o¾Ykh lsÍug .;a jEhuls'
fuu lD;shg uu f;dard.;af;a Tng iqÿiq fõhehs is;+ l:d mqj;a
muKs' wkjYH foa neyer lf<ñ' uu f.dkq l< lreKq j,ska 70] muK
fuys wvx.= fõ' fndfyda lreKq .eUqre fyhska Tnf.a wjfndaOhg bjy,a

330

odhdoh

fkdfõhehs is;=fjñ' 30] muK lreKq myiqfjka f;areï .; fkdyelj
s kafka Ndjkd w;a±lSï neúks' idudkH ckhdg th l=;=y,hla úh yelsh'
tneúka th w;ayf<ñ' tfia jqj;a iuyr lreKq fuu .%ka:fha wvx.=
lf<ñ' ta ms<sn| hï úms<sirhla ud ;=< we;' tajd w;ayeÍug mqoa.,sl
;snQ leue;a; ud nf,kau bj; oud we;=<;a lf<ñ' iuyr lreKq bÈßm;a
lsÍug fkdyels nj uu jgyd .;sñ'
wdpd¾h ukaf.a Ôú; l:dj b;d pu;aldr" woaN;
+ isoë
a kaf.ka fukau
ir, ,laIKfhka mßmQ¾Kh' wo f,dalfha fujeks pß;hla fiùu W.ygh'
nqoaO ld,Sk ry;ka jykafia,d ms<sìUq fõ' uu Wkajykafiaf.ka Ou_h
wid we;' Wkajykafia f.a wêudkqIsl .=K .ek mqÿu fjñ' nqÿrcdKka
jykafiaf.a Y%djl msßi fuka wmo tu Ou_h wid mqÿu wiajeiSula ,oafouq'
Ou_h kue;s wudjeiafika wms kEfjuq'
Wkajykafiaf.a Ou_ {dKh .ek lSug ug fkdyels neúka ,eÊcdjg
m;afjñ' ud OQ;dx. NslaIqjla jqjo Wkajykafia bÈßfha ud jHdc rÕmEula
f,i ±fka' fydfrka iiqka .; ù OQ;dx. NslaIqjla f,i fmkS iák
m%;srEmldhlao@ uf.a fkd±kqj;alu ksid Wkajykafiaf.a lS¾;s kduhg
hï lsis le,,la fõfodahs uu ks;r l,amkd lrñ' tu lS¾;skduh wms
iodl,a iqrlaIs;j ;eìh hq;=h' uq,§ uu i|yka l< mßÈ fuu Ôú; l:
dj tl, isá ry;kajykafia,d nqoaO pß;h ,shQ wkaoug ,sùug woyia
lf<ñ' kuq;a uu uy;a wmyiqjlg yd ,eÊcdjlg m;ajkafka fï l:
dj fujeks lD;Hhlg iß,k l:d ffY,sfhka ,sùug wfmdfydi;a ùu
.ekh' tkuq;a ug yels muK Yla;sfhka fuh ,Sfjñ' thska Tn iEySulg
m;afkdjQfha kï ug iudjk f,i b,a,ñ'
±ka fuu Ôú; l:dj ksu lrñ' fuys hï m%udo fodaI we;akï" jerÈ
f,i bÈßm;a lr we;akï ta ms<sn| kej;;a iudj whÈkafka wdpd¾h
ukaf.ks' Wkajykafia uf.a wdorKSh msh;=ud fõ' uu Wkajykafiaf.a isiq
mq;%fhla fjñ' ud ;=< Ou_h Wmojd we;af;a Wkajykafiah' fu;a;d lreKd
n,fhka Tn ieug i;=g iduh ,efíjdæ Tn ;=, Y%oaOdj mska we;sùu ksid
Wkajykafiaf.a wämdf¾ .uka lsÍug yelsfõjdæ ;dhs,ka;h Èfkka Èk
iuDoaêu;a fjñka lsishï i;=re jHikhlska mSvd fkdfõjdæ iajNdúl
úm;ska ñfoajdæ ;dhs cd;slhska ksrka;rfhka nn,j;ajdæ
ud jk.; jQ le,E mßirhlg weíneys jQ flfklañ' tneúka
uf.a lD;Hh Ydia;S%h fkdjk nj ms<s.ksñ' fuys wka;¾.; lreKq yd

331

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

bÈßm;alsÍu kHdhdkql+, fkdùu .ek uu kej;;a iudj whÈñ' uf.a
Ôú;h yeisÍu" pß;h" le,E mßirhg mqreÿ jQ ksid W.;a iudchg iß,k
f,i mßj¾;kh l< fkdyels fjñ' uf.a kQ.;alu ksid fuu .%ka:h
läka lv ù ms<sfj,la ke;sj fkd.e,fmk iajNdjhla we;' mdGl Tng
fkdmeyeÈ,s mqkrela; wdÈfhka fjfyig m;ajf
Q ha±hs is;ñ' tneúka uf.a
wvq¨yq~qlï .ek fu;rï iudj whÈñ'
fuu l:d mqj; ,sùug fmr uu fndfyda ld,hla fï ms<sn| iqmÍlaIdfjka l,amkd lf<ñ' tneúka fkdfhla wdpd¾hjre yuqù ta wh
wdpd¾h uka ms<sn| ±rE u; úpdf,ñ' tu wdpd¾hjre wdpd¾h ukaf.
a f.da, msßi jQ ksid b;d lsÜgq iïnkaO;djhla ;snqKs' wka;sfï§ uuo
Wkajykafiaf.a weiqßka ,nd.;a lreKq bÈßm;a lf<ñ' fï i|yd wjqreÿ
.Kkdjla lreKq tl;= lf<ñ' tfy;a tu lreKq f.dkq lsÍfï§ wkql%uh
iy wkqms<sfj, fndfyda úg fj,S meg,S wjq,aiy.; úh' fuh mdGl Tng
fjfyila jQ nj ksielh'
fuu pß; l:dfõ iïmQ¾K j.lSu uu Ndr.ksñ' uf.a ÿj_,lï
.ek ug iEfyk wjfndaOhla we;s neúka Tnf.a úfõpkd;aul woyia
±laùu .ek i;=gqfjñ' tfukau Tnf.a isf;a we;sjQ i;=g m%ldY lsÍuo
ug jeo.;a fj;a' ulaksido h;a fuu fmd;a b;d iq¿ jQ fyda fiajhla isÿ
lsÍu ksid ug úYd, l=Y,;djhla we;sjk nj ±k.ekSug yelsùuhs'
fuu mqia;lh ,shd ,nd.;a msk Tn ieug yd ug Woõ Wmldr l<
ieug taldldrj ,efíjd' l;_D jYfhka uu b,a,d isákafka wdpd¾h ukaf.a
kduh Tn u;lfha fkdiekfik f.!rj Nla;s m%Kduhla fõjd hkakhs'
wjidk jYfhka nqoaO" Oïu" ix> hk r;ak;%fha wdkqNdjfhka o
wdp¾h uka f.a wdkqNdjfhkao uf.a iS,d§ .=Khkaf.a wdkqNdjfhkao mdGl
Tn iqjm;a fõjd' YS%imdo .%ka: m%ldYlhkaf.a wm%;sy; ffO¾hh ksid
ud fldgia jYfhka iemhQ w;a msgm; uqøK fodaI rys;j h:d ld,fha§
t<s±lajQ nj ia;+;smQ¾jlj i|yka lrñ' lsisúgl t;=uka,d ug fuys
ÿIalr;djh .ek meñKs,a,la lr ke;' ta iefjdu ksÿla ksfrda.s fj;ajd
æ W;=ï ksjkska iekfi;ajd æ

q
332

odhdoh

Wm.%ka:h I
fkdfhla iel j,g ms<s;=re
wdpd¾h uka f.a Ôú; l:dj uq,skau uqøK.; jQ úg Wkajykafiaf.
a phH_dj" Ôú;h" ms<sfj;a ms<sn| fndfyda whf.a iel iys; úfõpk
wdpd¾h uyd nQjd fj; fhduq úh' ry;kajykafia ms<sn| fndfyda
ld,hla ±rE u;su;dka;r wkqj hï hï m%jD;a;s ieif|kafka ke;s nj
Tjqka lSy' wdpd¾h uyd nQjd tu m%Yakj,g blauka ms<s;=re iemhQy'
uq,skau idudkH ñksidf.a bJøshkag f.dÿre jQ iïuq;s i;Hfhka b;d
.eUqre wiajdNdúl ±kqu ukskag neß nj myod ÿkay' md<s NdIdj
±k W.;a mKaä; W.;=ka fmd; mf;a i|yka kqjK j,g iSud ù we;'
tfy;a fn!oaO Ndjkd ;=<ska w;aolsk wkka; ±kqu ta whg ke;' ta
m%dfhda.sl Ndjkd ÈhqKqj ke;s neúks'
wdpd¾h uka ks;ru ;u YsIHhskag m%ldY lf,a ;uka jykafiag wjfndaO jk Ou_ lreKq wkka; wm%udK nj;a ta ish,a, jpfkdaoa.; lsÍug
fkdyels nj;ah' Wkajykafiagj;a woyd.; fkdyels úiañ; foa ks;r
olskag ,enqKs' tu wkqidrfhka Wkajykafia ;=< lsishï ielhla ke;s
nj;a nqoaOd § ry;=ka jykafia,df.a ±kqu lshd ksul< fkdyels nj;a
th is;Sug mjd fkdyels nj;a mejiSh'
md<s ;s%msglfha i|yka Ou_h l=vd n÷kl we;s c,h jeksh' tys
i|yka fkdjQ Ou_ uyd id.r c,h yd iudkhehs wdpd¾h uka mejiSh' nqÿrcdKkajykafiaf.a mßks¾jdKfhka wjqreÿ ish.Kka .;jQ
miq ;s%msglh ilia jQ nj ms<s.; hq;=h' fuh n,j;a fÄojdplhls'
miqld,Sk .%ka: l;_Djrekaf.a u;s u;dka;r yd fjk;a whf.a oDIaá
fuys .%ka:drEV ù we;' tneúka wm lrd meñK we;s ksldh .%ka: .ek
iEySulg m;aúh fkdyelsh' th iïmQ¾K nqoaO jpkh f,i ms<s.;
fkdyelsh'
wdpd¾h uka ks;r mejiqfõ nqoaO jpkh' tkï nqÿka jykafiaf.a Ou_
foaYkdj w;sYhska úiañ; jQ w;s mdßY=oaO Ñ;a; ika;dkhlska .,d tk
w;smdßY=oaO ksjerÈ tldka; i;H;djhla neúka wid isák fndfyda
fokdg u.a. M, ,nd.ekSu myiq jQ njhs' tjeks wjHdc" mru i;Hh
Ou_h nqÿrcdKka jykafia fyda ry;ka jykafia,d foaYkd lrk úg

333

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

th myiqfjka wjfndaO ù wid isá whf.a isf;a úYd, úm¾hdihla
isÿùu mqÿuhla fkdfõ' tys woyi yoj; fõ.j;aj úksúo hhs'
kuq;a ;s%msglh wms bf.k lgmdvï l< hq;=h' lsisfjla ;s%msglh
fufia bf.k .kakd úg ud._M, j,g meñK weoao@ iQ;% weiSfuka
fyda ic®dhkd lsÍfuka u.M, ,ndweoao@ fuhska woyia lrkafka
;s%msglfhka jevla ke; hkak fkdfõ' nqoaO jpkfhka lshk Ou_h yd
ii|d n,k l, th t;rï id¾:l fkdjk njhs'
ud lshk foa idjOdkj wi;ajd' nqÿjok nqÿ uqLhlska foaYkd lsÍfï
wdYaphH_ kï wid isákakkaf.a flf<ia ÿreùuhs' th ish¨ ÿla keiSuls'
fï Ou_h foaYkd lrk yeu úgu nqÿjre fuu wdYaphH_ mEy' th b;d
Yla;su;a ;=kaf,dalhu lïmdjk i;H;djhls' tneúka fn!oaO mskaj;=ka
fmd;g iSudù lgmdvï lr fkdfhla u;su;dka;r j,g nei .ekSu
udkd oDIaá we;sùug bjy,a fõ' fï wh p;=rdhH_ i;Hh ;u is; lh
;=<ska wjfndaO lsÍu fjkqjg nqÿjok bf.k mdvïlr th ;udf.
a mqoa.,sl whs;shla f,i wdrlaId lr;s' Ou_h fufia bf.k wkqkag;a
lshd § ;uka Ou_Orfhla f,i fmkS isáh;a flf<ia wyi Wig ;u
ika;dkfha we;súh yelsh'
Tn i;s m[a[dfjka wdrlaId úh hq;=h' Ou_h bf.k f.k th ;ud
iuÕ wks;a w;anjg /f.k .sh fkdyelsh' ta ±kqu fuys§u wfydais fõ' nqÿoyu bf.kSu fyda b.ekaùu .ek uu úfõpkh fkdlrñ'
Ou_h b;d jeo.;ah' tfy;a th YS% uqLfhka foaYkd lrK nqÿ jok
;rï Yla;su;a ke;' nqÿ jofka tjeks w;smdßY=oaO ukialdka; mqÿu
iajr .e,mSu o woyio fl;rï pu;aldr fõo@ ta nqÿ flfkl=f.a w;s
mdßY=oaO is;ska mek k.sk iQjdiq oyila Ou_ ialkaOhls' iQúis fl,
,laI.Kka uyd jðr iudm;a;s {dKfhka jodrK nqÿ nK miqld,Skj
,Sfõ ry;kajykafia,d úiska muKla hehs wm woykafka flfiao@ hï
hï u;su;dka;r nqÿjok f,i ry;a fkdjQ wh úiska .%ka:drEV lr
we;s nj is;sh yelshZZ
fï wdpd¾h ukaf.a foaYkdj, idrdxYh fõ'
ry;ka jykafia,d meñK wdpd¾h uka iuÕ Ou_h idlÉPd lr we;s
nj;a ksjka wjfndaO l< úêh mjd ldh idlaIsfhka fmkajd we;s nj;a
i|yka fõ' ;s%msglfha i|yka fkdjQ fndfyda Ou_ fldgia ;sìh yels
nj wm ms<s.;a úg Ou_h m%dfhda.slj mqreÿ lsÍfï§ ,efnk w;a±lSï
;sìh yelsnj ms<s.; hq;=h' ry;kajykafia,d Ou_h wjfndaO lf<a hï
334

odhdoh

hï fmd;am;a bf.kSfuka fkdfõ' Wkajykafia,d w;a±lSfuka Ndjkd
ms<sfj;a ;=<ska idlaId;a l< Ou_h b;du i;H úh hq;=h' th jerÈ
hehs iïu; lsÍu uq¿ ;s%msglhu jerÈ hehs lSuls' ry;kajykafia,d
ix>r;akhg wh;a uyd Ou_ ixfla;hls' tneúka wms irK huq' Tn
irK hkafka fï w;s W;=ï nqoaO Oïu ix> hk f;rejkao ke;akï
fmd; mf;a i|yka jQ hï iaj,am lreKq Tng jegySug wkqj i;Hh
hehs Tfí ms<s.ekSuo@ hfula m%fõiñka ;u wdydr wkqNj l< hq;=hs
W.=f¾ lgqjla ysrùug yelsh'

Wm.%ka:h II
Ñ;a;h - hkq ±kSfï iajNdjhhs

wdpd¾h uyd nQjdf.a hï foaYk ;=<ska is; ms<sn| Wmqgd.;a Ou_
lreKq fuys olajd isáuq'

is; mQj_x.u fõ' is; hkq ±kSu f.k fokakls' th m%d:ñl" msßis÷
±kSuhs' is; hkq ±kSu fõ' fyd| krl fol ±kSuls' úpdrd;aul
ksÍCIKhla bkamiq isf;a we;s flf¾' isf;a fuu ldhH_ iïNdrh
iuyrúg zzi;shZZ hkqfjka ye¢ka fõ' iuyrúg m%{dj kñka ye¢ka
fõ' tfy;a msßis÷ m%d:ñl Ñ;a;fha is;sú,s ke;' tys we;af;a zz±kSuZZ
muKs' isf;a we;s ú[a[dK ks;r Wmamdo - uh jYfhka ieÈ ie§ ì¢
ì£ hhs' ú[a[dKh ;=<ska ndysr wruqKq iam¾Y flf¾' wei iy rEmh
ksid isf;a ixLdr yg.kS' bkamiq is;sú,s Odrdj,a fkdlvjd ls%hd;aul
fõ' fuh isÿ fkdjk úg isf;a m%lD;s Yla;sh jQ zz±kSuZZ muKla mj;S'
tfy;a idudkH mqoa.,hdf.a iy ry;kajykafiaf.a zz±kSuZZ fjkia
fõ' idudkH whf.a ±kSu flf<ia j,ska ¥Is; úh yelsh' îKdiaj
ry;=kaf.a ±kSu tjeks flf<ia ke;s neúka b;d msßis÷ ±kSuls' th
úiañ;h' tys i;=g wiSñ;h' bka ry;kajykafia,d Ydka; m%KS; ksjk
weiqre lr;s' th fkdlvjd is;ays /£ we;' fya;= m%;H ksid fjkia
fkdfõ' tjeks fjkiaùï isÿjkafka idudkH mqoa., ika;dkfhah' tu
fya;=m%;H wks;H" ÿlaL" wkd;aufhka mSvdjg m;afõ' tjeks f,!lsl
;;a;ajhla ry;kajykafiaf.a ika;dkfha ke;' th ks;ru msßis÷j
mj;S'

335

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

b;d msßis÷ jQ ta is;" ±kSu muKla we;s flf¾' fuh m%lD;s is;h
- wjidk is;h' kej; bm§ula ke;' tneúka cd;s" crd jHdê urK
ksudjlg m;afõ' Bg fya;=j ta ieÕù ;snQ flf<ia bj;aùuh'
tjeks ;Fjhlg meñfKk ;=re kej; Wmam;a;shla we;s flf¾' fkdfhla fokd mqk¾Njh úYajdi l<;a fkdl<;a" urKfhka wjidk fj;shs
WfpPo oDIaáhg m;ajqk;a" ta lsisjlska i;Hh fjkia fkdfõ' isf;a
±kSu iajNdúlh' th hï u;su;dka;rfhka fjkia l< fkdyelsh' tla
tla oDIaá ud;%fhka fjkia fkdfõ' lu_h yd iajNdjh hgm;a lsÍug
fkdyelsh'
ta ksid Wmka iFjhd urKska u;= Wmam;a;shla ,nhs' th lu_dkql+,j
fmdf<dfõ" wyfia" c,fha iFj" fma%;" foaj n%yau jYfhka ,n;s' foaj
wd§ Ôùka ñksia weig fkdfmkqK;a is; tjeks mßirhlg m;aùu
isÿlrkafka Bg wod< lu_ fya;=fjks' lu_ hkq is; fufyhjk Yla;shhs'
lu_h úiska fufyhjk Ñ;a;h iir ießir;s' is; b;d iQCIu iajNdjhla ksid is; hkq l=ula±hs wfma jpkj,ska ye¢kaùu ÿIalrh' Ndjkd
;=<ska is; iudê.;aúg muKla isf;a iajNdjh ±fka' is; y÷kd.ekSug
iudê jk;=re fkdyels fõ'
isrer ;=< is; mj;sk kuq;a is; y÷kd .ekSu ÿIalrh' th b;du
iQCIu m%fhda.ldÍ ;;a;ajhls' YÍrh mqrd úys§ we;' is; hkak fldgia
jYfhka fyda ls%hd jYfhka fyda úia;r l< fkdyelsh' Ndjkd fhda.
Skag fï is; lh fjka jYfhka wjfndaO fõ' iudê .; jQ is;g fï
fjki ks¾Kh l< yels jqjo iudêfhka ke.S isá úg isf;a iajNdjh
y÷kd.; fkdyelsh'
is; YÍrfhka fjkajqjo tys tlg ne£ we;s fõokd i[a[d ixLdr
fjkal< fkdyelsh' th l< yelafla m%{dfjka muKs' fï is; YÍrfhka mßndysr nj f;areï .sh úg zzuf.a YÍrhZZ hk ms<s.ekSu ÿre
fõ' tfy;a isf;a fõokdj" u;lh" ukisldrh" is;sú,s" ú[a[dKh
fjka jYfhka y÷kd.ekSug fkdyels fõ' m[a[dfjka fï fjkia jQ
isf;a idOl wjfndaO fõ' túg zzixÈgÀlZZ .=Kh jQ Ou_h msysgd we;'
fï mxp ialkaOhu isf;a mßndysr idOl nj túg jegfya' fï ;=kajk
úYaf,aIKhhs'
wjidk jYfhka wfma ish¨u uq,djg fya;= jQ wúoHdj .ek is; fhduq
fõ' wms wúoHdj jpkhla f,i ±k we;s kuq;a fï wúoHdj isf;a ieÕù
336

odhdoh

we;s wkaou fkdoksuq' we;af;kau wúoHdj y,dy, úYhla fuka uq¿ is;
;=< ls|d nei we;' wmg th fkdfmkqk;a th ieÕù we;' fï wjia:
dfõ§ n,j;a i;s m[a[d" úßh fhdod tu úI bj;a l< hq;=h' wjidk
jYfhka fï wúoHdjo is;ska ;=rka fõ'
isf;a ;snQ fï idOl tlska tl bj;a jQ úg is; ish¨ flf,ia j,ska
ñ§ msßis÷ fõ' fï wjidk jYfhka wúoHdj bj;a l< úg th kej;
yg.ekSula ke;' is;g we;af;a i;H jQ ñ§uls' úuqla;shls' YÍrh
frda.d;=r jQ úg th YÍrh nj f;areï .kS' tneúka frda. ,laIK
j,ska fm,Sula ke;' idudkH mqoa.,hdf.a YdÍßl frda. ksid udkisl
fm<Sula we;s fõ' tfy;a is; iïmQ¾Kfhkau ksoyia jQ úuqla;sh we;s
úg ta n,j;a YdÍßl ÿla ksid isf;a ÿlla ke;' isf;a i;=g ks;ru
ika;Dma;j mj;S' YÍrh iy fõokdj is; weiqre l< kuq;a isf;a
fldgila fkdfõ' tneúka is; fõokdj foi ndysr wruqKla f,iska
n,hs' tfyhska fõokdjg is; hg;a fkdfõ' fufia is; iuÕ YÍrh yd
fõokdfõ tl;=ùula ke;s fõ' fuh jkdys isf;a woaú;Sh úuqla;shhs'
is; ksoyia fõ'
b;du;a msßis÷ §ma;su;a Ndjhla we;s fï is; ish¨u foa iam¾Y lrhs'
ish¿u f,!lsl foa wks;H ÿlaL wkd;au iajNdjhg hg;a jQ kuq;a fï
is; tajdhska lïmd fkdfõ' fuu ;s,laIKhg ish¨ foa wh;a neúka
wruqKq is;g n,mdhs' tu wruqKq nUrhla fuka is; l<Ud ouhs'
tkuq;a is; ta yd iu. hñka úkdY fkdfõ' fï wu; .=Kh ksid is;
taldldrj mj;S' úkdY l< fkdyels neúka wks;H ÿlaL wkd;aufhka
fjkia fkdfõ' tfiau ish¨ úYaj Ou_;d wod< fï is;g fkdfõ' idudkHfhka wmf.a is; iïuq;s i;Hfhka wruqKq f.k ta yd iïnkaO ù
hg;a ù ta m%lD;s w;smsßisÿ;djh jid isà' ta nj wm fkdokakd neúka
Bg jiÕ fõ'
flf<ia j,g jiÕ jQ is; Wmam;a;s urKhg m;a fõ' tfy;a wmf.
a fudayh fï flf<ia ksid we;sjk neúka wmg fï i;Hh fkdf;af¾'
Wmam;a;s urK flf<ia ksid isÿjkakls' wmf.a tlu .eg¿j" m%d:
ñl iajNdjh kï is;g iajdëk ù isáh fkdyels njhs' ta ksid jHdc
wruqKq we;a; yeáhg ms<s.kS' tneúka isf;a m%lD;s iajNdjh hgm;a ù
we;' ta fjkqjg is; jiÕ l< flf<ia" udhdldrfhla fuka lmá f,i
rjgd .kS' tfia fyhska ks;ru Nh iel ÿlg md;% fõ' is; Ôj;aùug
yd ueÍug ìh fõ' fmdä fõokd fyda f,dl= fõokd ksid n,j;a f,i

337

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

lïmd fõ' b;du iq¿ fohlska jqjo lïmd fõ' fï ksid is; ks;ru
Nhska ieflka mSvd ú£' isf;a m%lD;s iajNdjh fuh kqjQj;a flf,ia
;=<ska fuh isÿ lrhs'
is; flf,ia j,ska iïmQ¾Kfhkau fjka jQ úg" muKla is; ks¾Nh fõ'
túg Nh fyda ks¾Nh lshd fohla ke;' isf;a iajNdúl .;sh muKla
b;sß fõ' iodld,slj lsishï fohla u; r|dmj;skafka ke;' ld,h
fyda wjldYh wod< ke;' th úoHudkùula muKs' fuh jkdys zzienE
Ñ;a;hhsZZ' ienE Ñ;a;h hkq ish¨ flf<iqkaf.ka ñÿkq w;smsßisÿ
- iWmdêfYI ks¾udK fyj;a ry;=ka jykafiaf.a is;hs' fï yer wka
lsis is;la zzienE Ñ;a;hZZ fkdfõ' fï is; wka lsis ;;a;ajhlg iudk
ke;'
zzmN iirñox NslLfj Ñ;;x ;[p fLd wd.k;=flys
Wmllsf,fiys Wmlls,sgGxZZ hk nqoaO jpkh wx.=;a;r ksldfha i|yka fõ' tys woyi jkqfha uyfKks uq,a is; m%NdIajrh' th
wd.ka;=l flf<ia j,ska .ejiS .;a úg ls<sgq fõ' fuys uq,a is; hkq
iïuq;s is;hs' th m%lD;s is; fkdfõ' fï iïuq;s is; wrNhd mNiir
ñox Ñ;a;x ''''' wdÈ jYfhka foaYkd lrk ,§' th m%Ndiir jqjo
mdßY=oêh mrudF:_ jYfhka ke;' nqoaO foaYkdj taldka; i;Hhls' ta
ms<sn| úfõpkhla ke;' tfy;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia uq,a is; m%lD;s
is; jYfhka y÷kajd ke;' tfia jQfha kï fujeks m%Yakhla u;= fõ'
zzm%lD;s is; msßis÷ kï th kej; bmfokafka wehs@ ry;kajykafia
;u is; msßis÷ l< miq kej; kQmÈhs' tu is; uq,§ msßis÷ kï kej;
msßisÿ lsÍula wjYH fkdfõ' tu m%Ndiajr is; msßis÷ l< yelsh'
ulaksido h;a tys mj;sk wúoHdj ksid m%Ndiajr ùula isÿ ù we;'
fï m%Ndiajr is; blaujd hk Ndjkdfhda.S mskaj;d tu wúoHdfjka
ñ§ mru úuqla;sh jQ ksjk idlaYd;a lrhs' tu ry;kajykafiaf.a is;
m%Ndiajr fkdfõ' fï fudfydf;a§ woaú;Sh i;Hh jQ ksjk idlaYd;a
lrhs' túg is; hkq l=ula±hs jegfya'
Ñ;a;h b;du msßis÷ jQ úg uy;afia wdf,dalu;a jQ m%Ndiajr .;shla
we;' ksy~ mßirhl fyda rd;s% ld,fhka ;u is; fujeks wdf,dalfhka
nn<hs' iudê fkdjQ úgo fï nen<Su we;' th jpkd;sl%dka; neúka
úia;r l< fkdyelsh' fï ishqï wdf,dalh oi w; úys§ hhs' túg

338

odhdoh

weia lka kdid § bkaøshkaf.ka wruqKq fkd.kS' ta fjkqjg tu isf;a
oDIHudk wdf,dalh wruqKq fõ' th fudaykh lsÍula jekak' t;rï
Yla;su;aj wruqK w,a,d.kakd neúks' iudê fkdjQjo fuh isoaO fõ'
YÍrhg wod, fkdjQ fuu b;du;a iQlaIu jQ ±kqu isf;a mj;S' is; b;d
n,j;ah' ±kqu t;rï n,j;ah' fjk lsis wruqKla fyda m%;sìïnhla
tys ke;' fuu ±kSu ysf;au iajNdjhls' fï isf;a tla ,CIKhls'
fjk;a ,CIKhla we;sjkafka fï is; iudê.; jQ úgh' tys is;sú,s
fyda uk#l,ams; lsisjla ke;' ish¨u YdÍßl udkisl ls%hdj,sh
ksYap,h' yqol,d úfõlhls' tys we;af;a isf;a zz±kSïZZ ud;%H muKs'
fuh b;du ;shqKq ;SlaIK ±kSuls' uq¿ úYajh jid iSà' wdf,dal
Odrdjla we; fyda ÿr hd yels iSudjla we;' tfy;a fï is; tfia iSud
fkdfõ' úÿ,s n,anhl tys we;s zzwattZZ m%udKhg iSud jQ wdf,dalhla
úysÿjhs' tfy;a fï isf;a ls%hdldß;ajh Bg jvd yd;amiska fjkia fõ'
we;af;kau fï is; ld,h fyda wjldY jeks ix{dj,ska ksoyiah' wE;
ÿr <Õ fuks' fï isf;a tjeks iajNdjhla we;' uq¿ úYajh mqrd me;sÍ
we;s' zz±kqïZZ iajNdjhls' fï ±kSu yer úYajh ;=< lsisjla ke;'
isf;a flf<ia wdjrKh ke;s neúka f,dalh iqyo;ajhlska ±fka'
fï w;smdßY=oaO Ñ;a;h jpk j,ska úia;r l< fkdyelsh' f,dalfha
we;s iïuq;s i;Hh jpkfhka úia;r l< yels kuq;a iïuq;sh úksúo
olsk mrud¾: i;Hh fï iïuq;s jpkhg iSud l< fkdyelsh'
wehs wms iïuq;s is;la iy mdrud¾: is;la jYfhka ú.%y lrkafka@
fï is;a follao@ ke;' tlu Ñ;a; iajNdjhls' tfy;a is; flf<ia
yd wdid j,ska md,kh jk úg tys fjkia ,laIKhls' m%{dj kue;s
fYdaOlfhka msßis÷ jQ úg" tu is; flf<ia mSvdfjka pxp, ù
wks;H;djhg m;a fkdfõ' fya;= m%;Hj,g wh;a jQ wks;H ÿlaL wkd;au
,laIK tys úoHudk fkdfõ'
flf<ia hkq wks;H ÿlaL wkd;au iajNdjhla neúka iïuq;s i;Hhg
wh;a fõ' fï iïuq;s iajNdjh is; wrla .;a neúka tys iïuq;s
,CIKh ;snQ kuq;a fï flf<ia ÿre lsÍfï§ úoHudk jk is; tu
iïuq;sh mßyrKh fkdlrhs' fuh jkdys mru úuqla;shhs' mru
mú;%;djhhs' ish¨ ixidßl ne£ïj,ska ksoyia fõ' isf;a m%lD;s
zz±kSuZZ tys we;s tlu iajNdjhhs'

339

w;s W;a;u wdpdhH_ uka N+ßo;;

YÍrfha fld;ekl zz±kSuZZ úoHdudk fõ±hs lsj fkdyelsh' iudê.;
jQ is; ;=<ska uq,§ yDo jia;=j weiqre lrK njla yefÕa' úYd, wdf,dal
Yla;shla fuu m%foaYfhka úysfok nj ±fka' Ndjkdfhda.S mskaj;=ka fï
nj oks;s' th fud<fha úoHdudk fõhehs fkdlsh;s'
tfy;a Ñ;a; mdßY=oaêhg m;ajQ úg fï flakaøia:dkh w;=reoyka fõ'
YÍrfha Wv hg isri fyda lsishï ;ekl is; we;ehs lsh fkdyelsh'
tu mrud¾: i;Hh wm w;smdßY=oaO jYfhka iïuq;sfhka lsj hq;=h'
is; ±ka fï ialkaO weiqrelr mj;sk kuq;a ñY%ùula ke;' fï iajNdjh fjka fjka nj wjfndaO fõ'
idOq idOq idOq'
About the Translator in to English
Born Richard E Byrd, Jr. at Winchester in 1948 Bhikkhu
Silaratano was ordained as a Buddhist Monk at Bangkok, Thailand in
1977, Having already undergone several years of Buddhist training in India and Sri Lanka, since his ardination, he has been
resident in Thailand, practising under the tatelage of Acarya
Maha Boowa.

isxy, mßj¾;kh
YS% ,dxlsl .re wdpd¾h l=iqud NslaIqkSkajykafia" Wmka j¾Ih 1929hs'
uyK Wmiïmod ,enqfõ oUÈj idrdkd;ays 1996 §' f,dl fn!oaO ix>

340

iNdfõ idudðldjla jQ t;=ñh bkaÈhdfõ iy ,xldfõ mqyqKqj ,en
,xldfõ iqm%isoaO NslaIQkajykafia,d jQ .re n,xf.dv wdkkao ffu;s%h
kdysñ" l÷fndv úiQ .re lygmsáfha iqu;smd, ysñ" .re {dKfmdKsl
kdysñ" .re nÿr<sfha pkaÈu ysñ" .re mKaä; wdodj, foajisß kdysñ"
uydpd¾h fyakamsgf.or {dKjdi kdysñ wd§ NslaIQkajykafia,df.
a YsIHdjls'
úoHd .=rejßhla f,i wjqreÿ 12la fiajh lr t;=ñh YsIH;ajhla ,nd
wefußldfõ bkaähdkd úYaj úoHd,fha Molecular Biology yeoErejdh' bkamiq ,xldfõ YS% chj¾Okmqr úYaj úoHd,fha 20 wjqreoaola
bx.S%is WmfoaYsldjla f,i fiajh lrk w;r md<s Wmdêhlao fn!oaO
o¾Ykh ms<sn| mYapd;a Wmdê follao oY_k iQÍ Wmdêhlao ,nd we;'
±kg ,xld úmiaikd Ndjkd uOHia:dkfha iy T,fndvqfõ wdhH_ fÄud
uOHia:dkfha jev fjfi;s'

341

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful