Circulatory System The Heart About the size of a fist.

The heart is pear shaped Located beneath the protective ribs on the left side An involuntary muscle It weighs around 250 to 350 grams It contracts and expands "All -or-Nothing Law".

Layers of the Heart Pericardium Epicardium Myocardium Cardiac muscle

Endocardium White and shiny in appearance Prevent blood clots

Structures of the heart
Superior Vena Cava -Carries deoxygenated blood from the upper part of the body. Inferior Vena Cava -Carries deoxygenated blood from the lower part of the body

. Blood is the passed to the aortic semilunar valve to the aorta Aorta -the largest directed by the pace maker (sin atrial node) . hence the coronary artery supplies the heart muscle with necessary oxygen. carries the blood to the rst of the body -some of the blood branches of at the coronary artery.Right Atrium -The blood collects here . The heart itself requires blood to sustain itsel. Pulmonary Vein -offer exchange of gases Left Atrium -the blood now oxygenated collects in the left atrium. the blood passes through the mitral or bicuspid valve to the left ventricle Left Ventricle -this ventricle collects blood and contracts at the same time as the right ventricle.Simultaneously contracted with the left atrium Right Ventricle -from the right atrium the blood collects into the right ventricle Pulmonary Artery -the only artery that carries deoxygenated blood -this artery takes the blood to the lungs *in the lungs many alveoli with tiny sacs that contain capillaries that serve oxygenated blood with inspiration and release carbon dioxide with expiration.

the atria are filled with blood and pump blood into the ventricles. . During this stage.Systole: Stage when the ventricles of heart are contracting resulting in blood being pumped out to the lungs and the rest of the body. Diastole: Stage when the ventricles of the heart are relaxed and not contracting.

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