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By Ruchin Dobriyal 101022
GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) • GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) is a group of IP-based communications protocols used to carry General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) within GSM. • In 3GPP architectures. UMTS and LTE networks. . GTP and Proxy Mobile IPv6 based interfaces are specified on various interface points.
GTP-C is used within the GPRS core network for signaling between Gateway GPRS Support Nodes (GGSN) and Serving GPRS Support Nodes (SGSN).• GTP can be decomposed into separate protocols. GTP-U and GTP'. . or to update a session for a subscriber who has just arrived from another SGSN. • This allows the SGSN to activate a session on a user's behalf (PDP (Policy Decision Point)context activation). GTP-C. to deactivate the same session. to adjust Quality of Service parameters.
• GTP-U is used for carrying user data within the GPRS Core Network and between the Radio Access Network and the core network. The user data transported can be packets in any of IPv4. This happens on UDP port 2152. or PPP formats. . but has an independent function. IPv6. • GTP' (GTP prime) uses the same message structure as GTP-C and GTP-U. GTP' uses TCP/UDP port 3386. It can be used for carrying charging data from the Charging Data Function (CDF) of the GSM or UMTS network to the Charging Gateway Function (CGF).
• The GGSN will then respond with a create PDP context response GTP-C message which will either give details of the PDP context actually activated or will indicate a failure and give a reason for that failure.25 in version 0. When a subscriber requests a PDP context. • The GTP-C protocol is the control section of the GTP standard. except for tunneling X. GTP version one is used only on UDP.• GTP can be used with UDP or TCP. . the SGSN will send a create PDP context request GTPC message to the GGSN giving details of the subscriber's request. This is a UDP message on port 2123. UDP is either recommended or mandatory.
QoS enables the differentiation between provided services. . • The QoS attributes used in the GPRS Release 1998 and GPRS Release 1999 are similar.Quality of Service (QoS) • Quality of Service (QoS) in GPRS (Releases 1998 and 1999) is defined as the collective effect of service performances which determine the degree of satisfaction of a user of the service. The differences between these two QoS attributes are related only to the throughput QoS attributes.