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Cuckoo for Coconuts

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03/19/2012

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# Cuckoo for Coconuts!

By Fatima Irfan, Michelle Gao and Gabrielle Bird

Purpose: To determine the melting and freezing points of lauric acid and to determine how both the kinetic and potential energy of lauric acid change as it melts and freezes. Hypothesis: I predict that the melting point of lauric acid will be hotter than the freezing point because melting is typically associated with heat while freezing is typically associated with coldness. I predict that as the lauric acid is heated and melted, its kinetic energy will increase because the temperature is increasing. Its potential energy will stay the same because there is no µextra¶ energy as all of it is going into melting the lauric acid. I predict that as the lauric acid is cooled and solidified, its kinetic energy will decrease and its potential energy will stay the same. I predict this because when it is cooled, the lauric acid will decrease in temperature, and therefore in kinetic energy. Materials:

Procedure: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Set up the apparatus as shown above. Take the initial temperature. Turn on the hot plate so that the water will heat up, which will heat up the lauric acid. Record the temperature every 30 seconds until the lauric acid is liquefied. When it is completely liquefied, take the test tube with lauric acid and place it into the beaker of room temperature water. 6. Record the temperature every 30 seconds until the lauric acid is solidified.

Data & Calculations: (See attached graphs and charts)

This was when the solid was melting. The potential energy increased during period B. during this process. potential energy will decrease and vice versa. the temeperature of the liquid lauric acid decreased greatly for 2. The kinetic energy when the lauric acid was being heated increased during period A. I have learned about the plateau that occurs when melting or cooling a substance. This means that the kinetic energy was increasing as well. the kinetic energy immediately began to rise drastically and released its stored energy. stayed the same during period B and increased during period C. the temperature of the solid lauric acid rose at a constant rate for 7 minutes. as the hot plate was still on. during period B. its potential energy was decreasing because it was releasing energy without decreasing in temperature. during period C. Our experimental design could be improved if the thermometer hadn¶t touched the bottom of the glass of the test tube. As kinetic energy increases. Conclusion: I have learned that the heating and the melting points of all substances are the same. The initial temperature before heating the lauric acid was 24°C. The initial temperature before cooling the lauric acid was 92°C. .5 minutes.Discussion: The melting and freezing points of lauric acid are the same. However. Once the liquid had turned into a solid. Some of my hypothesis differs from my conclusion because I had not yet fully grasped the idea of potential energy and the law of conservation of energy.5 minutes. the temperature began to decrease at a constant rate. the kinetic energy stayed the same. the lauric acid was storing potential energy. The potential energy decreased during period B. During period A of cooling. Then. there was a plateau. stayed the same during period B and decreased during period C. because temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of a substance. Since there was no rise in temperature. as it is not scientifically possible. This conclusion makes sense in light of the law of conservation of energy because no energy was lost. 44°C. This means that the kinetic energy decreased as well. it hit a plateau at 44°C and didn¶t decrease in temperature for 5. However. The kinetic energy when the lauric acid was being cooled decreased during period A. It decreased 46°C in that time period. This was kinetic energy stayed the same. During period A of heating. The temperature didn¶t rise again for another minute. This tells that the kinetic energy was decreasing as well. Once the temeprature rose 20°C and hit 44°C. Once the solid had transformed into a liquid. The evidence for this is that the temperature began to rise.

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