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Chapter 14 - Question 4
under the rule of England. a terrible rot attacked the plant • • disease hit and the potato was struck 1/4 of the people were swept away by disease and hunger from the lack of starved bodies were found dead with grass in mouth • • About 2 million Irish perished . During the mid 1840’s. was mostly farmland The Irish were solely dependent on the potato crop for food.Why go to America? • • • Ireland. but mostly trade.
felt like there was no way they could be even mentioned in the same sentence as black people .American Treatment • The Irish ended up residing near port cities like Boston and New York • • lack of money prevented from traveling west ended up becoming largest Irish holders in the World • They were illiterate.. and received lowest-paying jobs • • kitchen maids (Biddies) canal diggers and railroad builders (Patricks) • • Hated by protestants. discriminated against by older Americans.. because they were Catholics Factory workers hated the Irish because they were taking their jobs • • many factories posted outside their doors - • “NINA”: No Irish Need Apply Irish hated Blacks for the same reason.
• • • Union created to protect the rights of the Irish Led to other workers Unions like “Molly Maguires” . • • • Families sometimes pulled kids from schools to save money for land Property ownership counted as a grand “success” The Irish were attracted to politics. and their children earned education.1860’s 1870’s Gradual property ownership came about. • • soon took control of major cities by representing city councils and dominating city police departments American politicians used Irishmen’s English hatred to sway over votes • Known as “Twisting the British Lion’s Tail” . and often filled police departments as officers.• Reputation Boost The Ancient Order of Hibernians was established to aid the Irish.