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Pacific Resources for Education and Learning

Building Capacity Through Education

© 2011 PREL

ES1012

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Science Words
crater n. a hollow-shaped depression created by a volcanic eruption Diamond Head is an example of a volcanic crater. erupt v. to explode or burst out suddenly As Kīlauea erupts, it produces a fiery display of lava flowing to the ocean. fault n. any break within the earth across which there has been motion Some faults are really big and correspond closely to tectonic plate boundaries. Other faults are tiny. intensity n. strength or power of something The intensity of an earthquake is measured by the amount of damage to property, such as buildings and surroundings of an area. magma n. volcano matter; it is the molten rock beneath the earth’s surface The magma collected beneath the volcano, and finally surfaced as a lava flow. plate tectonics n. a theory that the earth’s surface or crust is divided into plates, whose constant movement and interaction with one another explains the dramatic differences between continents and oceans, the distribution of many fossils, and the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes Plate tectonics helps us understand that there are several ways an earthquake can occur. seismic adj. relating to an earthquake or to tremors of the earth Seismic waves can be felt as they travel outward from where the earthquake originated. surge n. the rolling swell of the sea The surge crashed against the rocky shore, creating a spray of salt water that splashed the onlookers. surge i.v. to rise, move, or swell forward, like a wave Waves of over 20 feet high are expected as the ocean surges after an earthquake. tsunami n. a very large, often destructive sea wave, or a series of waves, caused by an earthquake, landslide, volcano, or meteorite and extends from the surface to the ocean floor An 8.9 magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami alert throughout the Hawaiian Islands.

deposit n. let fall as sediment; accumulation of solid The floodwaters left a deposit of mud at the edge of the road. disaster n. an event that causes great damage or destruction A tsunami is a disaster that is familiar to people who live in Hilo, Hawai‘i Island. disbelief n. a condition of not being able or not willing to believe something The people watched in disbelief as the wave washed boulders from the breakwater onto the highway. formation n. something that has been formed or shaped (e.g., rock formation, cloud formation) The formation of the islands occurred over millions of years. frequent adj. happening often; many times in a short period of time Although there are frequent earthquakes in Hawai‘i, many are so weak that they go unnoticed. hazard n. something that is very dangerous and likely to cause damage It is important to pay attention to hazard warning signs. inactive adj. not in motion or use, not active An inactive volcano is extinct if it hasn’t erupted over tens of thousands of years. locate v. to find Scientists use seismic wave motions to locate the epicenter of an earthquake. location n. place or position Kīlauea, on the island of Hawai‘i, is the location of the current volcano eruption. mantle n. one of the earth’s layers that is about 85% of the total weight and mass of the Earth Most of the Earth’s interior is made up of the mantle, located between the Earth’s crust and core. origin n. the point or place from which something comes; source The origin of the earthquake is located 5 miles below the Kīlauea Volcano. potential adj. having the ability to develop; possible A tsunami poses a potential danger to homes on the waterfront. pressure n. a steady physical force upon a surface, weight When two plates collide, the great pressure causes the land to fold and bend. protection n. the act of keeping safe against harm or injury It is wise to follow earthquake protection do’s and don’ts. severe adj. very strong, intense, or serious The jolt from the earthquake was so severe that it generated a tsunami. swift adj. moving very quickly The falling tide can cause swift movements of water through a channel. threat n. something or someone likely to cause harm The threat of a tsunami occurs after an earthquake. undetected adj. unseen; undiscovered Scientists are locating fault lines that have been previously undetected. vent n. openings in the Earth’s crust from which magma and volcanic gases erupt Lava fountains often erupt from vents on the ridges of a volcano.
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Science Related Words
ancient adj. very old; having existed for a long time We studied both the modern and ancient customs of the Hawaiian people. avoid v. keep away from Avoid the hazardous volcanic ash by staying away from areas that are downwind from a volcano. collapse v. to suddenly fall down or give way A poorly built house will collapse during a severe earthquake. collide v. to bump or crash into one another with force When tectonic plates collide at their boundaries, one plate will slide over or under the other, causing an earthquake. continuous adj. without stopping; ongoing The continuous northwest movement of the Pacific plate can be traced on oceanic maps of the area.

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‘ae n. an expression that means, “yes” ‘āina n. land, earth auē interj. an expression that means “Oh dear!” or “Goodness!” E hua‘i a‘e! v. Erupt! Burst forth! E uoki v. stop Haumea n. Pele’s mother Hi‘iaka n. Pele’s younger sister honi v. to touch noses on the side in greeting Honua-i-akea n. name of the canoe on which Pele’s family left KahikiKahiki n. Tahiti Kamohoali‘i n. Pele’s brother Kūwahailo n. Pele’s father loina n. rule, code Lonomakua n. Pele’s uncle mahalo n. v. thank you, gratitude mālama v. care for, concern for Nāmaka n. Pele’s older sister, goddess of the sea and of water ‘ō‘ō n. a digging stick Pāoa n. name of Pele’s digging stick Pele n. volcano goddess pono adj. correct or proper

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL)
President and CEO Sharon Nelson-Barber Creative Producer Michael Q. Ceballos Executive Producer Ormond Hammond Curriculum Developer Ellen Miyasato Line Producer Kaira Resch Cultural Advisor Keikio‘ewa Ka‘ōpua, Kamehameha Schools Production Assistant Bernadette Frank Pam Suga

Curriculum Advisors Susan Hanson Cheryl Taitague

Evaluators Alice Taum Chuck Giuli

Special Thanks To
Christine Antolos Terry Kelly Mathew Kawika Ortiz Kathy Lawson Gwen Okamoto Roger Osentoski

Pele Searches for a Home
Written By Lee Cataluna Keikio‘ewa Ka‘ōpua Michael Q. Ceballos Adapted By Meagan Kawena Rothschild Michael Q. Ceballos Artists Bryson Luke Narina Sokolova Michael Q. Ceballos

Layout Design Michael Q. Ceballos

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