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Pacific Resources for Education and Learning

Building Capacity Through Education

© 2011 PREL

ES1008

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Science Words
adaptation n. a change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to survive The long, thin, and hollow beak of a honeycreeper is an adaptation that allows it to get nectar from flowers. consumer n. an organism that eats other living things A carnivorous caterpillar is a consumer because it eats other living things, such as flies. decomposer n. a small organism, such as a fungus, that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter Fungi and bacteria are important decomposers in the rainforest. food chain n. a series of organisms in a community of living things that depend on one another for food Plants are usually the organisms that start a food chain. habitat n. an organism’s natural living place or environment, which meets its needs to live and grow By protecting the rainforest, we preserve the habitat of the honeycreepers. organism n. any living thing The rainforest is home to many organisms. predator n. an animal that hunts another animal for food Predators, such as rats, cats, and mongoose, feed on birds of the forest. prey n. an animal that is hunted for food by another animal Carnivorous caterpillars snatch prey, such as insects, that get too close to them. producer n. an organism that makes its own food All plants in the rainforest are known as producers because they produce (make) their own food.

defend v. to protect against being harmed or attacked Organisms that can defend themselves will survive. definite adj. known for sure, certain We have definite proof that the Menehune built the fishpond. eliminate v. to destroy or get rid of It is difficult to eliminate invasive species that spread through the forest. evidence n. something that helps prove whether or not something is true There is evidence that someone camped here. identify v. to recognize someone or something and say who or what it is Can you identify the birds in the forest by the songs they sing? microscopic adj. very small; only able to be seen through a microscope Microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, can be found in the soil of the forest. nutrient n. an important substance that people, animals, and plants need to live, grow, and stay healthy Insects are a good source of food because they are full of nutrients. provide v. to give what is needed Many forests provide products for people, such as wood, natural medicines, and food. release v. to let someone or something go; to set free Do not release your pets into the forest. scarce adj. not common; difficult to find Scarce birds are well-protected by state laws. sequence n. a process in which one thing follows another Arrange the pictures of the forest organisms in a sequence to show their place in a food chain. source n. a place or thing from which something comes or starts The plants in the rainforest are sources of food for many organisms. structure n. a part of an organism The structure of a bird’s wings helps it in flight. survive v. to continue to live or exist The comfortable weather helps organisms survive in the rainforest. transfer v. to move from one place to another The scientists will transfer the endangered birds to a protected environment, like the zoo, until they can survive independently. transform v. to change in form or appearance Changes in weather patterns can transform a healthy rainforest into a drier forest.

Science-Related Words
absorb v. to soak up; to take something in The roots of plants absorb the nutrients from the soil. abundant adj. having large amounts of something; plentiful Rainforests benefit from the abundant annual rainfall. adequate adj. having enough of something Plants need adequate sunlight for healthy growth. cycle n. regular pattern of events that is repeated The water cycle in the rainforest is interrupted by the introduction of non-native plants and animals. decay v. to rot The leaves and fallen branches will eventually decay.
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‘ae n. an expression that means, “yes” akua n. Hawaiian deity ali‘i n. chief ‘amakihi n. yellow Hawaiian honeycreeper ‘apapane n. red Hawaiian honeycreeper auē n. an expression that means “Oh dear!” or “Goodness!” e hele mai v. an expression that means, “come here” e ho‘olohe v. hear ‘elepaio n. a small bird that can be found on the islands of Kaua‘i, O‘ahu, and Hawai‘i hale ali‘i n. house of the chief heiau n. a place of worship, usually a temple or flat stone area ‘i‘iwi n. a red Hawaiin honeycreeper kāhili n. a feather standard that is a symbol of royalty kolohe adj. mischieveous, rascal kuleana n. rights and responsibilities mamo n. an extinct Hawaiian forest bird whose feathers were used to make capes and helmets nuku ‘i‘iwi n. a native vine with red clusters of flowers shaped like bird beaks ‘ō‘ō n. a black Hawaiian forest bird whose yellow feathers were used for featherwork pololei adj. correct or accurate pono adj. correct or proper uoki v. used as a command such as, “stop it”

Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL)
President and CEO Sharon Nelson-Barber Creative Producer Michael Q. Ceballos Executive Producer Ormond Hammond Curriculum Developer Ellen Miyasato Line Producer Kaira Resch Cultural Advisor Keikio‘ewa Ka‘ōpua, Kamehameha Schools Production Assistant Frances Oshiro Pam Suga

Curriculum Advisors Susan Hanson Cheryl Taitague

Evaluators Andrew Sahalie Chuck Giuli

Special Thanks To
Christine Antolos John Camac Terry Kelly Gwen Okamoto Mathew Kawika Ortiz Roger Osentoski

The Menehune and the Birds
Written By Lee Cataluna Adapted By Meagan Kawena Rothschild Layout Design Michael Q. Ceballos Artists Michael Q. Ceballos Bryson Luke Kai Lono

Epilogue
Written By Michael Q. Ceballos Artists Michael Q. Ceballos Bryson Luke Kai Lono Layout Design Michael Q. Ceballos

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