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The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines
Volume 92, Issue 19 March 19, 2012
COURTESY OF DR. WARREN HAMILTON
The past and present of phased array antennas
The Oredigger reviews Mass Effect 3
Scientists are using images of Neptune taken by the Magellan spacecraft to reinforce their theories about plumes.
Scientists take a CSM allows new look at Venus concealed carry
Kevin Emery Staff Writer
The current assumptions made about Venus’ surface are wrong, according to Dr. Warren Hamilton, a distinguished senior scientist for the department of geophysics at Colorado School of Mines. He believes the surface of Venus is saturated with impact structures and its lowlands are covered with marine sediments. Hamilton disagrees with most leading scientists today who believe that, “Venus was resurfaced by plumes about 500 million years ago, [and] there has been almost no further change under [the] hot anhydrous atmosphere, and the only preserved impact structures are sparse, small, and younger than the resurfacing.” This ideology, however, known has plumology, has many holes, which were pointed out by Hamilton in his presentation. The idea of plumology stems from speculation made by theorists from 1982-1985, who suggested that “… Venus is too mobile internally to retain any ancient features, so [the] surface must be young and endogenic, likely produced by plumes.” These “plumes” which originate in the center of the planet are purported to be “blown thousands of km off course by ‘mantle winds,’ or… take complex routes, or… tunnel thousands of km horizontally in the upper mantle and squirt up volcanoes anywhere at any time.” As Hamilton said, “The behavior of plumes is whatever is imagined wherever plumes are postulated.” Many leading scientists also believe that “Venusian topography was produced dynamically by up-and-down, push-and-pull plumes approximately 500 million years ago, and has ever since been precisely maintained.” Despite the questionable science behind these “plumes,” plumology remains popular, and advocates for the theory now claim that it is not possible to be tested. In essence, plumology has really become mythology. The ideas were presented before Venus was ever seen, but nonetheless “became dogma before [the Magellan spacecraft] flew.” Therefore, when Magellan imaged Venus in late 1990, instead of trying to make determinations of what was happening from the images, many scientists made the images match the theory. The scientists believe that the entire planet was resurfaced approximately 500 million years ago, so they said that anything that is not a relatively small and new crater is instead caused by the “plumes.” The images serve as examples of this. Everything shown, which varies from items 10 km in diameter to 2000 km in diameter, is considered the product of plumes by most scientists, while Hamilton believes that they are actually impact craters. Continued at Venus on page 3
Will Parker Staff Writer
The issue of concealed carry on college campuses has long been a hotly contested issue. At the beginning of March, based on a decision made by the Colorado State Supreme Court, it was decided that concealed carry should be allowed on the Colorado School of Mines campus. “Colorado School of Mines has modified its Firearms, Explosives and other Weapons policy. Individuals who possess valid concealed carry permits may lawfully carry their concealed handguns on the Colorado School of Mines campus, subject to the conditions and requirements outlined in state law, C.R.S. 18-12-201, et seq.” This notification was sent in a campus wide email on Thursday, March 8, three days after the Colorado Supreme Court ruled CU’s Board of Regents could not ban those who hold a concealed carry permit from carrying on campus. In a unanimous decision written by Justice Allison Eid referencing Colorado’s 2003 Concealed Carry Act, the court ruled, “Comprehensive statewide purpose, broad language, narrow exclusions show that the General Assembly intended to divest the Board of Regents of its authority to regulate concealed handgun possession on campus.” This ruling did not directly apply to Mines, but Campus Chief of Police George Hughes explained the change
Mines’ season ends at NCAA tournament
Special feature: rebuttals to Heiland lecture
in Mines policy. He said, “Knowing that our policy was similar to CU’s, we could not continue with a policy that was contradictory to state law.” Explaining Mines’ old policy, Hughes said, “It banned all weapons from campus with a few minor exceptions - law enforcement, ROTC, that sort of thing.” To get a concealed carry permit in the State of Colorado, an individual must go through several steps. The first requirement is to be 21 years old. The second is to be either a current or former military or law enforcement member or to go through a handgun training class. The third is to pass a full background check by law enforcement. Once this is done, the sheriff of the county in which an individual resides may choose to issue them a permit for concealed carry. “Because of the change and because of the court ruling, this has created a lot of anxiety on campus, a lot of people on campus disagree with this.” said Hughes. “We are trying to be more proactive in educating the campus community in safety precautions and what you can do if you see a gun on campus.” Students have their own opinions about the issue. Alex Lovato, a freshman, said, “I feel less safe after the policy change; in my opinion you shouldn’t bring a weapon to school regardless of your intentions.” Continued at Carry on page 3
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Arnaud Filliat, Content Manager
Researchers engineered E. Coli bacteria to produce methyl ketone from glucose. The methyl ketone yielded a good fuel comparable to gasoline. The researchers from the US Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute found that E. Coli treated with special enzymes could synthesize alkene hydrocarbons, which can be turned into diesel fuel, from fatty acids.
According to researchers from the Department of Neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, LSD has a beneficial effect on patients with alcoholism. The study found LSD had a beneficial effect in every trial, and overall, 59 percent of LSD-treated patients and only 38 percent of the control group (given a placebo) were improved at follow-ups. According to a researcher, LSD-treated patients claimed to have found insights into their problem and found new ways to control their alcoholism. LSD stimulates some serotonin receptors that may open the mind for new possibilities and perspectives.
Researchers at UCLA used a standard LightScribe DVD optical drive to create electrodes composed of a network of graphene (one-atom-thick layer of carbon). Using this technology, they were able to create electrochemical capacitors (EC) that have an energy density equivalent to a traditional battery while having a much higher power density and excellent cycle stability. This enables the EC to be charged one hundred to one thousand times faster than a conventional battery.
According to researchers from the University of East Anglia, China’s groundwater irrigation system is polluting the atmosphere with over 30 millions tons of CO2 per year. The CO2 output is caused by the energy needed to pump water from deep aquifers that can be over seventy feet deep. The team used data collected from 366 villages in 11 provinces. They found that the total CO2 output is equal to more than 0.5% of China’s total CO2 output, or approximately the same as New Zealand’s total output of CO2.
Katie Huckfeldt Editor-in-Chief Deborah Good Managing Editor Robert Gill Business Manager Steven Wooldridge Webmaster Barbara Anderson Design Editor Zach Boerner Copy Editor Ian Mertz Asst. Copy Editor Carissa Summerfelt Asst. Business Manager Trevor Crane Content Manager Deborah Good Content Manager Stephen Hejducek Content Manager Arnaud Filliat Content Manager David Tauchen Faculty Advisor
Headlines from around the world
Arnaud Filliat, Content Manager
North Korea said it will launch a long-range rocket to mark the one hundred year anniversary of the birth of their founder, Kim Il Sung, one month from now. This announcement was condemned by the US and others as being in breach of a UN resolution. According to Japan and South Korea, the launch is a threat to regional security. Japan, South Korea, and the US urged North Korea to reconsider. A man was buried and killed at a warehouse in eastern Colorado under several tons of pinto beans. Raymond Segura Jr., a 56 year old man, was working at the Kelley Bean Company in Brush, Colorado, when a 20 foot pile of pinto beans fell and buried him alive. The cause of the accident and how Raymond became trapped is under investigation by local authorities. Two French soldiers were killed and one critically injured on Thursday as a gunman on a motorbike fired at them near an ATM in southern France. The killing is the second time a soldier has been shot in the past few weeks. The previous shooting left another soldier dead and there is an ongoing investigation to see if the two shootings are linked. The two paratroopers, in their 20s, died on the spot as they were trying to withdraw cash near a military base housing France’s 17th parachute regiment. George Clooney, famous actor and political activist, was arrested at the Sudanese Embassy in Washington for protesting the Sudanese hunger crisis, accusing the country’s president of blocking food and aid from reaching its people. The entire group was arrested including Clooney’s father, Nick, Martin Luther King III, NAACP president Ben Jealous, representative Jim McGovern, and representative Jim Moran. Clooney said, the Sudanese government must “stop randomly killing its own innocent men, women and children. Stop raping them, and stop starving them.” The US, EU, and Japan asked the World Trade Organization (WTO) to settle a dispute with China over its restrictions on exports such as rare earth metals. China produces 97% of the world’s rare earth metals and its policies have caused prices for rare earth metals in China to be half the world price. An official said, “These restrictions benefit Chinese industry, therefore they are against WTO rules.” This announcement comes on an election year as Obama attempts to toughen his stance on China’s rule-breaking policies. The Afghan president, Hamid Karzai, has asked for US and other foreign troops to leave villages and move to larger bases instead. He asked US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta to remove troops as “Afghan security forces currently have the ability to secure villages around the country.” Karzai has said that both sides need to work on handing over all security responsibilities by 2013 instead of 2014. Shortly after Karzai’s announcement the Afghan Taliban said it is suspending peace talks with the US because the US has been “shaky, erratic, and vague” in its statements.
In Boulder, Colorado, the US Forest Service will reopen three climbing areas this week. The Blob Rock, Bitty Buttress and Security Risk climbing areas were closed on February 1 in order to protect nesting golden eagles. Another area closed down, Eagle Rock, will remain closed through July 31. In Wyoming and Colorado, ranchers are in a great position as bison meat prices hit an all-time high. In 2010 bison sold for an average of $2.38 per pound. This year the price per pound is averaging $3.90. Boyd Meyer, the owner of Cold Creek Buffalo company, says that the demand for bison meat is growing because consumers are finding out how good the product is. In Littleton, Colorado, Troy Orner, a father of 8-year-old triplets, created an app for cell phones to save more lives on the road. Orner worries about what it will be like when his children start driving eight years down the road, so he designed the Life Before Text app. Orner hired a California company to design his app, which blocks calls, emails and texts while driving. As more accidents are occurring due to distracted drivers, more and more safe driving apps like Orner’s are becoming available to drivers.
B A P B
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M B Z Y A P
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M Z Q Y O
Q M C M T
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Continued from page 1
Scientists take a Phased array antennas new look at Venus continue to develop
bon dioxide, which can be produced by a reaction of water with solar wind. Hamilton said, “The era of oceans and marine sedimentation clearly overlapped the post3.9 billion year small-impacts era and some of the circa-3.9 billion years large structures, and may have overlapped the preceding impact saturation era.” He maintains that this is the reason that Venus looks as it does today, not because of a resurfacing that occurred 500 million years ago. He asks future planetary scientists to use critical thinking when considering how Venus came to be as it is today. rays were modified to have direction-finding systems, higher power capabilities, and the ability to steer Phased array antennas have the antenna. Arrays became much evolved quite considerably over more widely used as they became the last century or so, both in their tools for detecting incoming endesign and uses. Dr. Randy Haupt emy planes. This led to a system began his lecture on the subject of multiple early warning radars in by explaining the many different Britain, which were used to detect uses for an array of antennas. An- bombers and other planes coming tennas are like “buckets for col- across the English Channel. After the war, governments had lecting electromagnetic waves.” A a strong motilarge antenna could suffice After the war, govern- vation to fund research and where arrays of antennas ments had a strong mo- development of phased arrays. are used, but large antennas tivation to fund research As a result, the field of phased are generally and development of array antenhard to move. nas exploded If one uses phased arrays. once again, several smaller leading to what antennas, it is like using a large number of “little is known as the Computer Age buckets,” which can be just as ef- of phased arrays. In 1946, John fective as the large antenna, but Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert with greater mobility. In addition, created the Electronic Numerical phased arrays provide more con- Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), which prompted researchers trol over the radiation pattern. Haupt claims that the first ex- to integrate phased arrays with ample of array technology oc- computers. The Computer Age of curred in 1899 when S.G. Brown phased arrays lasted for nearly 20 used two vertical antennas which years until 1964. At the end of the Computer were out of phase to create a rudimentary radar. The new scientific Age, the solid state array came field began to grow over the next into being and has remained popfew years, and eventually, leading ular and well-used through the up to the Second World War, ar- present day. Innovations contin-
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To reinforce his claims, Hamilton references the moon. Some of the largest craters observed on the moon are well dated to have resulted from impacts around 3.9 billion years ago. He believes that Venus, which has almost twenty times the capture cross section of the moon, received scores of large impacts of about that age and size. He also believes that the reason some of the supposed impact sites are more worn down than others is because at one point they were underwater. This idea is supported by the fact that Venus’ atmosphere is 96% car-
Jordan Francis Staff Writer
CSM allows concealed carry
Continued from page 1
Freshman Clayton Koobs differs in opinion with Alex. He said, “A lot of people say that concealed carry is just putting guns into the hands of crazy people. Well, at least those crazy people are registered citizens that are over 21 and passed a handgun safety class and a rigorous background test.” “I can tell you that there are col-
leges in Colorado who have not had this policy for a long time. CSU has allowed concealed carry weapons on campus for a long time and it has been a non-issue for them.” said Hughes. He said about how the new policy would affect Mines, “What this comes down to is it’s not about guns, it’s not about guns on campus, it’s that people felt they had a constitutional right to do so and it’s about their constitutional right.”
The sociological impacts of mining intrigue scientists
Ramiro Rodriguez Staff Writer
try. The second theory, proximity to nature, has been challenged by case studies in Nueva Conception, Chaltenango, El Salvador, and in Techitan, Huehuetenango, Guatemala. These two cities are very different in terms of percentage of indigenous people. Similarly high levels of opposition to mining invalidate the proximity to nature theory for this region. Dougherty then supported the findings from the case studies by sharing some quotes from people in these cities. To counter the claim that the land poor do not support mining, he quoted Dona Elida who did not own land, “They [the mineral firms] have good devices, I don’t think there will be pollution. They have good equipment.” To remove the aspect of the sacredness of nature that the theory of proximity of nature adds, rather than a practical purpose of survival that the land provides, Dougherty quoted Don Vidalina from Nuevo
ued with the Molecular Electronic for Radar Applications (MERA) antenna, used primarily for military purposes, the advent of digital phase shifters, and the use of the tapered slot, which was very important in allowing antennas to receive and transmit broadband signals. In 1993, the work continued with the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), a program dedicated to developing technology for radio communications and service which has been a popular target for conspiracy theorists since its inception. Another important innovation was the use of spherical arrays laid out on curved rather than flat surfaces. Haupt anticipates a very bright future for phased arrays. As of now, arrays have to be added on to an existing structure, however, he anticipates that soon enough, the Integrated Sensor is Structure program will find a way to make it easy to integrate sensors into the structures of buildings, vehicles, or other objects, thus hiding the arrays and giving them a double use. He also anticipates the advent of digital beamforming, a high frequency surface wave radar which involves arrays floating on structures on the surface of the ocean, and the use of phased arrays in vehicles in space.
A lucrative industry that presents many job opportunities from distant locations to Colorado, mining operations often threaten the way of life for residents that live near the mine. Dr. Michael Dougherty of the Illinois State University Department of Sociology and Anthropology discussed two current theories about the cause of mineral disputes between host communities and mining companies. They are deprivation theory and proximity to nature theory. Deprivation theory states that a community’s wealth depends on its willingness to cooperate with mining companies. The proximity to nature theory states that communities with a higher indigenous population will be less likely to support mining than communities which have a low percentage of indigenous people. This is because of the importance of the environment and land to indigenous COURTESY SIMON BURCHELL peoples based on their cosmology. Dougherty found, through three case studies in Central America, that these two theories do not capture the reality of the situation. His data showed that the opposition to mining relationship increased with the amount of land people own. After a certain point, people who own more land oppose the mining corporations. Poorer, more agriculturally based areas generally oppose the mining industry more than affluent suburban areas. The case study of Asuncion Mita, Jutiapa, Guatemala, opposed the general notation that land ownership leads Huehuetenango, Guatemala is one of the case studies used to opposition of the mining indus- to challenge the second theory, proximity to nature.
Conception. “But can you imagine if [the mineral firm] comes here to offer us work and whole bunch of things for a little while and then they leave us worse than how we were?” He also quoted Don Humberto of Nueva Conception, “I wouldn’t destroy the land or ruin these properties just for the whim of getting metals from the ground. I wouldn’t do that. I was born here.” These findings lead to a new theory of the sociological implications of mining, which Dougherty calls his Theory of Living, a theory based around people protecting their land because they rely upon it for survival as well as residence. Those with relatively equal amounts of land oppose mining compared to cities with a less equal distribution of land. Based on this, Dougherty recommends that “mining companies exploring the developing world devoted to small farmer agriculture be aware of this dynamic.”
ASCSM Election Debate
5-7 p.m. in BE 241 Tuesday, March 20 Hosted by the Oredigger Newspaper Come support your student government elections and enjoy FREE JIMMY JOHNS
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“John Carter” rides into theatres, but fails to dazzle
Lucy Orsi Staff Writer
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Lucy Orsi Staff Writer
As his popular “Zoolander” character Mugatu would say, Will Ferrel is “So hot right now,” or “muy caliente, as he would say in “Casa de mi Padre.” His Television show “Eastbound and Down” returned for its third season, his website Funnyordie.com welcomes thousands of new viewers everyday, his summer film line-up includes a movie with Zach Galifanakis, and his newest movie “Casa de mi Padre” just hit theaters. The latter marks a new type of role for Ferrel. He still plays a strange, funny man, but this time he speaks Spanish. Ferrel recently participated in a phone interview with “The Oredigger” about the role which required him to spend countless hours memorizing lines in a language he did not speak fluently. Ferrel actually created the concept for the movie. He said, “[I] got the idea from those times when you’re flipping through the channels and you stop for a second and you’re like, ‘What’s going on here? What is this show? Oh, it’s a Spanish soap opera.’” Ferrel then approached his longtime friends Andrew Steel and Adam McKay from “Saturday Night Live” to write and direct the film. He knew from the beginning that he wanted the movie to be completely in Spanish. Ferrel said, “[We] felt like [we] hadn’t seen an American comedian commit to a foreign language film and thought the film would take audiences by surprise.” Not knowing any Spanish created a few obstacles for both McKay and Ferrel, but Ferrel said, “[I] didn’t want the joke of the movie to be that I spoke Spanish poorly.” When memorizing lines, Ferrel was primarily focused on having the best
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Señor Will Ferrel en “Casa de Mi Padre”
pronunciation he could in order to culture and become his character. make his lines flow more fluently. When asked about the differences For a comedic actor known for im- in humor between cultures, Ferrel provising, memorization made tim- said, “Physical humor translates and ing difficult. Ferrel explained that the broad themes seem to be shared,” foreign language aspect of the film but he admits that “there’s going to drastically reduced moments for ver- be different cultural things that you bal improvisation. Instead, he relied can never compare.” on little physical moments and reacStill, while the movie marks a tions. It helped that the script, initially departure from his normally hyperin English, was translated to Spanish Americanized characters, Ferrel befor the filming of the movie. Accord- lieves that the movie “will be a pleasing to Ferrel, “Once you know what ant surprise” for his long-time fans. you’re saying, you can put the right He believes that movie’s style may emphasis in the right places.” Even be different, but that the film offers though the part required more dedi- the same “absurdist qualities” that cation than his previous roles, Ferrel “Anchorman” and his other popular hopes the film becomes a “cult hit” films had. The movie hits theaters on so he can make sequels. March 16, so be sure to go see FerMcKay and Ferrel wanted to rel in action. COURTESY PANTELION FILMS make the movie as genuine to the telenovela style as they could. Therefore, they incorporated famous actors from the Spanish films. This included two of Mexico’s finest actors - Diego Luna and Gael García Bernal. While the two are better known for their dramatic roles, Ferrel said “Diego and Gael have a great sense of humor... [and] saw it as an opportunity to be funny in a way they are never offered.” Treading carefully around cultural differences in comedic timing, Ferrel insisted that they “find the same kind of bond that [he’s] found with other actors.” According to Ferrel, the primarily Latino cast actually helped him Will Ferrel dedicates himself to a role immerse himself in the performed entirely in Spanish.
doubt. The main conflict tries desperately to captivate viewers and push the plot forward as it Last year was a bad year for involves Carter’s discovery of a children’s movies. Pixar had their princess (Lynn Collins) in need of worst reviewed movie ever in savior. The Princess is a little less “Cars 2,” which deservedly failed helpless than “Sleeping Beauty,” to receive an Oscar nomination. but the plot is borrowed from This would have been surprising classic books. Even with Disney in a year without decent animated using a classic plot in an epic enfeatures, but the Academy Award vironment, Kitsch is too boring to winner in this category, “Ran- watch to make any of it effective. go,” was honestly nowhere near The filmmakers’ goals are simple the quality of Pixar classics like and obvious. They aimed to write “Toy Story” or “Monsters, Inc.” a movie about good versus evil, “Hugo,” a live-action children’s where the good people all have film, ran away with the Academy chiseled abs and the evil all have Awards, but it Ultimately, “John Cart- four heads. On this level, they was alone in the race. Following er’s” dazzling effects feel have succeeded, but they lost the in Hugo’s sucattencess, Disney has disconnected from the viewer’s tion somewhere stepped away rest of the movie. along the way. At from animation some point, the momentarily in favor of live-action for it’s newest movie’s basis on beloved books that were original in their time is film, “John Carter.” The movie has been relent- not enough to justify its complete lessly promoted and for good lack of originality or complexity. Ultimately, “John Carter’s” reason. With production costs of $250 million, Disney needs to dazzling effects feel disconnected sell more than just a few tickets. from the rest of the movie. This is The huge price tag and publicity surprising since the movie was surrounding the movie has made directed by Andrew Stanton, the many eager to see what Disney man behind “WALL-E” and “Findwas so committed to, and as it ing Nemo.” These movies did a turns out, not that much. The fantastic job of maintaining an price of the movie shows in the incredible level of charm despite impressive battle scenes, but large budgets and corporate ineven these fail to rescue a film fluences. By the time the movie devoid in almost every other cat- ends, neither adults nor children egory. Even the plot, which tells will have an itching desire to leave the story of Civil War veteran this planet and head towards John Carter (Taylor Kitsch) who Mars. It seems like a planet filled has been transported to Mars, with saccharine dialogue and is cliché beyond a reasonable boring inhabitants.
COURTESY WALT DISNEY PICTURES
A Civil War veteran is transported to Mars, where he discovers a planet inhabited with 12-foot-tall barbarians. w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
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fleets protecting the Solar System and laying waste to Earth’s cities. Shepard is forced to flee in the Normandy SR2, your ship, in order to gather allies to eventually retake Earth. When the game first begins, you are offered a choice between creating a male character, a female character, or to import a character from Mass Effect 2. After choosing a gender, you are asked to choose between the default Shepard or create a new one. You insert a first name for your Shepard and then alter his or her face to your preference. Neither of these aspects has any bearing on the game; it is solely to personalize your Shepard. Next, Shepard’s class must be chosen. Six classes are available for choosing. First is the “Soldier”, who is skilled in each of the weapon types available Shepard can carry with him or her. This class has powers to make the weapons more effective. All classes can use each type of weapon, but each class has bonuses for certain weapons. The second class is the “Engineer” who uses solely technical (tech) powers to disable, weaken, or otherwise harass the enemy. The third class is the “Adept” who uses solely biotic (Mass Effect’s term for psychic) powers to kill or disable the enemy without weapons. “Infiltrators” have a mix of weapon and tech powers that make them deadly at long range. “Vanguards” mix weapon powers and biotic powers to perform full frontal assaults on the enemy. “Sentinels” mix tech and biotic powers to weaken enemies. The classes are well-balanced and only affect how the player conducts combat. Next, you must choose Shepard’s psychological profile and background. Your choices slightly alter how people interact with you, but these issues do not come up often. Certain backgrounds affect the ease of gaining reputation points for the paragon or renegade path. Paragon points are obtained by being tactful, compassionate, and showing a belief in certain actions being too reprehensible to justify. Renegade points are obtained by being curt, hostile, and showing a belief in the ends justifying whatever means taken, no matter how horrible the means are. If the player has not imported a character from Mass Effect 2, he or she must choose who died in Mass Effect 1, Ashley Williams or Kaiden Alenko, or choose that multiple people died in the past two games letting the game itself decide who is still alive. One more choice needs to be made before the game may begin. Mass Effect 3 differs from its prequels by offering three game modes for the single-player mode - Action, Role-Playing, and Story. Action mode allows the game to make dialogue choices for you so you can focus on the combat. Story mode makes the combat significantly easier so you can focus on the story and dialogue. Role-Playing keeps both dialogue and combat up to you so you can experience both instead of one or the other. This is an attempt to reach out to a wider audience. For this review, I went with Role-Playing mode in order to achieve the full experience. If you choose to import a character from Mass Effect 2, then the game imports data from that game onto your Shepard, and the only choice to make is S h e p a rd ’s class. The face code is kept and adapted to Mass Effect 3, though you are free to change it. Your accomplishments and actions across all two games, including downloadable content (DLC) events, have a significant bearing on events in the third game and are addressed often. For first-time players, the backstory is predetermined and Shepard needs to be reminded of these events. Your level and powers at the end of Mass Effect 2 are all retained for Mass Effect 3. If you try to import a face created in Mass Effect 1, then the face recognition program of Mass Effect 3 will fail and a new face will have to be made. Mass Effect 1 did not use face codes so Mass Effect 3 cannot import the face. This is rather disappointing for returning players that have played since Mass Effect 1, and they will have to try to recreate their Shepard’s face as accurately as possible if they want to keep it. Mass Effect 3 employs a mix of third-person shooter and roleplaying game. You gain experience by interacting with the environment and completing objectives during missions. These experience points help you level up and gain points that can be used to purchase powers and upgrades. Powers have six levels. Starting from level four, you must choose between two different upgrades for your power. The third-person shooter element plays out during the missions. The objectives change with each mission, but you are tasked with killing the opposition with two other teammates. Your character can take cover at any formation of rocks, crates, glass barriers, etc. similar to “Gears of War’s” covering system. These are invincible even in the face of rocket attacks. However, enemies still have a chance of hitting you in cover and their chances are greater if they are at a higher elevation than you, but you can also obtain this advantage. Sometimes, when enemies get too close, you must engage in melee combat. For heavy melee attacks, you have an omni-blade that kills enemies without shields, armor, and or barriers (biotic shields) in one hit. Sentinels have two omni-blades. To change weapons during combat for you or your team, access the weapons wheel. Accessing this wheel pauses the game so you can change weapons without being harassed. The power wheel gives access to you and your team’s powers. Each member can only activate one power at a time, but up to three powers can be used at the same time. Each power has a cool down time - the time it takes for a teammate or Shepard to be ready to use another power. Whenever any wheel is accessed, the game is paused so you can check the battlefield and make plans. A radar appears with any of the wheels to tell you where enemies and teammates are in relation to you. With so many elements to combat, the third-person shooting element is a fun and challenging aspect to Mass Effect 3 which requires the player to stay calm and be strategic or else face defeat. Before combat, you are given the option to select which weapons you will carry into battle. There are five weapons Shepard and his teammates can carry with them - assault rifles, shotguns, sniper rifles, sub machine guns (SMGs), and pistols. These weapons all support up to two modifications that boost their stats. The Normandy has benches where you can switch out weapons and or attach mods. These benches can be found on the longer missions, but they are very rare. Guns can also be upgraded in the Normandy’s shuttle bay for credits, the standard sci-fi mode of currency. Cool down time is increased by 200 percent by carrying one of each weapon, or it can be reduced by 200 percent by carrying no weapons. To use your powers effectively, you need to find a proper balance between weapons loadout and cool down time. The missions in Mass Effect 3 are rather straightforward - run in, kill bad guys, and complete the objective. These missions are varied enough
Save humanity from Reapers with Mass Effect 3
Kyle Santi Staff Writer
This is an issue I must address I am a fan of the Mass Effect franchise. I have played the two games prior to Mass Effect 3. I had considerable control over how I chose to save the galaxy. Mass Effect, in allowing me to play with a character I could customize down to his or her face and background, gave me a rich and rewarding experience that made me love the franchise. Does the latest game in Bioware’s trilogy live up to its lineage? Let’s find out. Mass Effect 3 is the story of Commander Shepard as the character battles apocalyptic machines called Reapers to keep them from destroying all sentient life in the Milky Way Galaxy. Shepard must unite the species of the galaxy to fight these mechanical monsters or else face galactic annihilation. Despite his or her efforts, and the game likes to remind you, Shepard cannot save them all. The story begins with Commander Shepard in the custody of the Systems Alliance, humanity’s governing body outside of Earth, for destroying a Batarian colony. In order to slow down the Reapers’ advance, Shepard smashes an asteroid into the Alpha Mass Relay, which is one of many mass relays which are used to “throw” ships from one point in the galaxy to another. The Reapers would use these relays to assault Earth and then to conquer the rest of the galaxy. However, this action only bought the Alliance six months to prepare. The Reapers invade en masse, annihilating the in location and mission objectives that they do not become too repetitive. They are varied enough that no obvious pattern emerges on how to complete the missions. If you look in every nook and cranny of each level, you can find weapons mods, credits, ammo, health items (medigel), and items that tell you more about the story or mission. A major aspect of the Mass Effect series is the dialogue. For the vast majority of conversations between Shepard and anyone else, you must choose what Shepard says and does. These choices affect his or her reputation score, boosting his or her renegade or paragon scores. The dialogue wheel appears during such choices, and the game waits for your choice. The right side has the reputation choices (paragon or renegade) and is geared towards ending a conversation. The left side has conversation options that expand on the conversation through questions and help you learn more about the story, situation, setting, etc. You can even eavesdrop on others’ conversations without interacting, but you can take sides in some arguments to increase your reputation score. Making these choices has an impact on how you proceed during the game, with some having a small impact and others changing the course of the story itself. All you can really do, if you do not have a game guide, is make your choices and hope for the best. In comparison to previous games, the dialogue choices are rather lacking. In Mass Effect 1, you are given a paragon choice, a renegade choice, and a neutral choice for nearly every conversation you have. Mass Effect 2 sometimes has only two of the previously mentioned choices for dialogue but often had three choices. In Mass Effect 3, you are only given a paragon choice and a renegade choice. This can be explained, however, because the Reaper invasion is no time to be neutral. Strangely, charm and intimidate options are largely absent. In prior games, Shepard could charm (with enough paragon points) or intimidate (with enough renegade points) others into doing something he or she wants. Within the first ten hours of Mass Effect 1 or 2, Shepard could charm or intimidate multiple times. In Mass Effect 3, Shepard can only do this once. This feels like a step back from the rich dialogue gameplay of prior games. Speaking of dialogue, the lines themselves are largely superb, as usual. Each line given to the voice actors is realistic and well-written. The voice acting is also excellent. There is a significant sense of realism for each of the characters lines. How each character acts, speaks, and talks in each situation feels natural and believable. The characters’ faces emote very realistically and the player can truly read the emotions on all of them, even on non-humans. The only exception to this excellence is the character Diana Allers, a news reporter stationed on the Normandy who stays on at your discretion. Her face emotes properly, but she is voiced by a reporter for IGN named Jessica Chobot. Her outfit is rather overt on its sexuality and is unpleasantly distracting as a result. She is new and inexperienced, but she sounds very out of place when compared to the excellent voice acting talents of Jennifer Hale, Seth Green, Tricia Heifer, and everyone else in Mass Effect 3. Continued online at www.oredigger.net/lifestyle
COURTESY EA GAMES
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f e a t u r e s
march 19, 2012
Standard Fair releases better than standard album
Lucy Orsi Staff Writer
Standard Fare is a band known for frilly music, a commitment to a unique sound, and dedication to bettering themselves as musicians. On their second full length album, hard work and focused fundamentals bring an average band to new and higher levels of talent. Elements of fun and carefree melodies make “Out of Sight, Out of Town” a fun listen on a dreary winter day. The line up of the band consists of Emma Kupa, Danny How, and Andy Beswick. The group cooperates as a trio rather than individual talents working together. Kupa’s vocals do not overpower How’s guitar and Beswick’s drums. Often ignored by modern indie pop bands, this delicate balance between instrumentals and vocals makes the sound of Standard Fare a welcomed nuance in a genre overridden by attention hungry singers, overproduced guitar solos, and incessant drum loops. However, the vocals do sometimes steal the show. Kupa and How blend their voices to near perfection, allowing the idiosyncrasies of their voices to shine and compliment the other’s. First seen on “051107” and developed in “Dead Future,” the two singers achieve a level of chemistry that captures the tenderness of childhood best friends. Kupa’s voice, while perhaps lacking in range, disarms listeners on the lead track of the album. The lyrics lack complex symbolism and achieve blunt meanings instead. Kupa pulls this bluntness off with lyrics like, “Why do you throw away your youth /
COURTESY STANDARD FARE
Like some unwanted melted / There’s no money under the pillow upstairs / There’s no fairy who cares.” It seems all the more poignant coming from a voice that oozes youthful idealism. Overall, the album shines with songs like “The Look of Lust,” “Suitcase,” and “Darth Vader.” These tracks stand out as the songs that best capture the deceivingly lighthearted sound of Standard Fare. The album closes with “Crystal Palatial,” a song that yearns for a summer day driving the back roads of the country. Only containing twelve songs, the album structures itself to weave through the inner workings of the minds of the band. Probably one of the best indie albums of the last five years, hopefully the trend of “Out of Sight, Out of Town” continues with the future works of Standard Fare.
“Out of Sight, Out of Town” may be “one of the best indie albums of the last five years.”
Kweller charms with “Go Fly a Kite”
Lucy Orsi Staff Writer
On “Go Fly a Kite,” Ben Kweller’s newest album and first on his own label (Noise Company), he is as charming as ever. For the most part, his songs back this charm up with solid musicianship, even though the lyrics are somewhat disappointing. Kweller has always had a unique way of charming listeners. Ever since his debut, listeners have had high expectations. It is hard to dislike Kweller. His songs capture his charm to an impressive degree, even when you dislike a song, you desperately want to like it. On the opener “Mean to Me,” Kweller sets the tone for an album with strong guitar melodies and solos ripe with influences from his favorite artists. The next song on the album “Out the Door” is probably the catchiest tune with a mellow tone mixed with a few fun guitar riffs. The album’s theme of embracing life and all of its unknowns is first introduced on this song as Kweller explains that “there’s no way to know which way to go,” and claims at the same time “there’s no need to know.” At the age of 30, Kweller seems to be capturing the mind-set of a twenty-year-old. The theme becomes more pronounced on “Free” where he reaffirms that he “doesn’t need any answers,” and again on “Full Circle” where he exudes a sense of completeness in life, having come “full circle.” However, the lyrics here are desperately thin. He says, “Don’t judge anyone because everyone comes full circle,” which is probably a true statement but sounds a tad self-righteous. Kweller does a good job telling listeners that he has come full circle, but never really explains what full circle he has completed. The album is decent. The songs are fun and prove to be some of Kweller’s more musically impressive offerings, especially on album standouts like “Jealous Girl” and “Justify Me.” The lyrics are less complex than those of his previous albums, but once again, Kweller’s charm lulls listeners into a trance where what he is saying hardly matters.
COURTESY BEN KWELLER
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Ben Kweller releases his newest album “Go Fly a Kite” on his own record label, Noise Company. w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
Legend of Zelda, Simplify Boston cream a legendary game pie with this easy recipe
John Angle Staff Writer
Naming the best game of all time is difficult. With the variety of MMOs, first-person shooters, platformers, action-adventures, role-players, and even sandbox games, many good games can contend for the title. However, “The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time” earns the title hands down. One of the most innovative games of its time, this epic quest combines a phenomenal storyline with addicting and extensive game play such that it truly is a legend. The hero, Link, leaves his simple life in the Kokiri forest to explore the land of Hyrule. The evil Ganondorf seeks to wield the sacred power of the Triforce for his own gain, and Princess Zelda calls Link to stop the menace. Link adventures through numerous dungeons and even through time in search of powerful relics to help seal Ganondorf away forever. Each dungeon contains new puzzles, enemies and challenges, as well as a new boss fight. “Ocarina of Time” is widely acclaimed, for many reasons, to have pioneered this style of video game for 3D platforms. The “lock on” targeting system was first put to use by Link in this title, as well as the innovation of context-sensitive buttons. Both of these combined to simplify combat and movement during the game. When it was released in 1998 for the Nintendo 64, 15 out of 18 published review scores were perfect. IGN, a critical and esteemed authority on gaming, has ranked “Ocaraina of Time” as the best game of all time, and was one of the reviewers to give it a perfect score, something it rarely does. The game’s most recent return to the stage is a re-mastered version of the title for the Nintendo 3DS. The renovation holds true to the original while still capitalizing on some great features of the new system, including gyroscope controls and 3D. Whether a true gamer or a just a beginner, all ages and backgrounds can enjoy this classic. It is, after all, the best game of all time.
march 19, 2012
f e a t u r e s
Katie Huckfeldt Editor-in-Chief
True to their name, Boston cream pies are a dessert with roots in Boston. Not only is the decadent treat the official dessert of Boston as of 1996, but according to “Boston Cream Pie History,” the treat was created by Armenian-French chef M. Sanzian at Boston’s Parker House Hotel in 1856. However, unlike its name, a Boston cream pie is not a pie at all. The dessert consists of two layers of sponge cake filled with a vanilla custard and topped with a chocolate glaze. Traditionally, this dessert can be difficult to make and time consuming. However, this recipe for individual cakes made with simple ingredients allows you to capture the delectable combination of flavors without all the hard work. These versatile cakes are sure to be a hit for any occasion. Ingredients: *1 package (2-layer size) yellow cake mix *Extra ingredients listed on cake mix package
cupcake halves. *1 package (3.4 ounces) Jell-O For the chocolate glaze, put the Vanilla Flavor Instant Pudding remaining whipped topping and the *1 cup cold milk chocolate squares into a microwave *1-1/2 cups thawed Cool Whip safe bowl. Heat on high for 1-1/2 or similar whipped topping, minutes, stirring after 1 minute. Stir divided *4 squares semi-sweet chocolate the chocolate until smooth and wellDirections: Preheat the oven to blended then let it set for 15 minutes. 350 degrees Fahrenheit. Prepare Once ready, spread the chocolate the cake batter as directed for 24 on top of the cupcakes and then cupcakes. Spray cupcake liners with refrigerate at least 15 minutes. Keep non-stick spray to make sure the lin- the cupcakes refrigerated until they ers do not stick. Bake the cupcakes are ready to be served, then enjoy this fantastic dessert. as directed and cool completely. KATIE HUCKFELDT / OREDIGGER Next,combine the pudding mix and milk and whisk for 2 minutes. Let stand for 5 minutes. Meanwhile, use a serrated knife to cut the cooled cupcakes in half horizontally. Mix ½ cup of the whipped topping into the pudding mixture. Spoon 1 tablespoon on pudding onto the bottom half of each cupcake and This decadent dessert is versatile top with remaining enough for any occasion.
Jordan Francis Columnist
of the ...Brianna Fidder, Sophomore, Computer Science
“Do, or do not. There is no try.” How would you handle an encounter with a Weeping An- –Yoda, “The Empire Strikes Back” Do you have any plans for gel? I would turn on the video cam- life after Mines? Graduate with a good grade, era function on my phone, point it at the Angel, and back away until I get a cool computer science job got away. And then I would delete and make bank… so I can buy lots the video immediately after. Basi- of video games and lots of cool cally, run like hell and then look for stuff like the Raspberry Pi. Anything else people should the Doctor. What’s the best part about know about you? One of my greatest regrets is Mines? All the random conversations not playing Pokémon until college. Do you have any advice for you overhear, [especially] in Digger Den. Just the general atmosphere. fellow geeks and Mines stuIf you could be dropped dents? D o what you’re pasinto any fictional setting, what sionate about would it be and why? and don’t care “Lord of the Rings,” as long as about what I was a wizard, because of how inanyone says depth the Tolkien describes [the] about your world. I think it’d be a lot of fun to geeky habwalk around. its. What’s the most random nerd moment you’ve seen or been a part of? In [the] Linux Users Group last week, [my friend] was talking about how he switched his keyboard layout after a break-up because, “It’s really hard to concentrate on heartbreak when you can’t find the ‘A’ key.” Which do you think poses a greater threat to humanity: zombie raptors or alien vampires? Zombie raptors because they’re raptors. Raptors can open doorknobs and you couldn’t exactly run JORDAN FRANCIS / OREDIGGER away from them. Sophomore Brianna Fidder advises to Do you have a do what you’re passionate about and favorite quote or do it for yourself. saying?
CONTINUE YOUR CLIMB
Join us for dinner as the alumni community celebrates your accomplishments and welcomes you to your lifelong family.
Friday, April 27, 2012
6:00 p.m. cocktails; 7:00 p.m. dinner
YOU’VE ESTABLISHED STRONG ROOTS
Student Recreation Center
Lockridge Arena, 16th & Maple Streets Golden, CO Business or Cocktail attire requested. This event is free for graduating students to attend and $45 for each guest.
Please RSVP online by April 13, 2012
It is no secret that persons of the female persuasion are a little harder to find at Mines than those of the male persuasion. This week however, not only did we at “The Oredigger” manage to find one of the Mines’ girls, but we found one who can toss programming jokes back and forth like one of the pros. This week’s designated geek is Brianna Fidder, a sophomore pursuing a Computer Science degree and someone who displays her geekdom with all the pride and fervor she can muster. [Oredigger]: Why did you choose Computer Science? [Fidder]: Programming’s fun. It’s much more fun than any of the other majors here. [I like] the instant gratification of your code working. What’s been your favorite class so far? Software Engineering [or] Data Structures with Josh Thomas [because of] all the nerdy references. Are you a geek and why? Yes. I am definitely a geek because [I like] nerdy sci-fi shows like “Doctor Who” and “Big Bang Theory,” I like reading nerdy webcomics like XKCD and Looking for Group, and like any typical geek, I enjoy video games. I browse Reddit all the time and one of my favorite shows is “Firefly.” Also, I live in a house of all [Computer Science majors] and it’s called LANfortress. What do you do with your spare time? Lots of the aforementioned nerdy things mentioned above. [Also] Rouge-like games and [hanging] out with [my boyfriend]. What’re some of your greatest accomplishments thus far? Surviving Mines so far, making it through Physics tests without crying.
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march 19, 2012
Alara: Chapter 7
Nicole Johnson Staff Writer
Previous chapters can found online at oredigger.net be “How the hell are we going to do that?” “Leave that to us, kid.” Frank pulled out a gun and a small dagger, placing the blade securely in his belt. Chloe’s father pulled her up through the opening to the outside world before pulling out his gun, handing Chloe a small dagger and following Frank into the eerie shadows cast by the trees. Above them, the sky had faded to a swirl of pink and gray with the moon a large disk that loomed on the horizon. Dim beams of moonlight pierced the canopy and barely illuminated a path for the three to follow. Minutes passed with only their shallow breaths to break the eerie silence. Just when Chloe allowed herself to relax, Frank and her father dropped to the ground. “Chloe, get down.” Her father’s eyes were wide and a sheen of sweat covered his brow. Two figures moved in the darkness. Frank swore heavily under his breath. “It can’t be them. It’s too close to sunrise.” Chloe heard a soft click from her father’s gun. “Maybe we’ve underestimated their tolerance. Either way, we’re gonna need...” The ground shook violently as something exploded at the other end of the clearing. Screams filled the air as three creatures emerged from the other side partially engulfed in flames. One of the creatures held a small bundle close to its chest. They both looked almost as frightened as she was. “Run,” her father whispered. Chloe tore her eyes away from the creatures and took off into the woods behind her. Behind her she could hear frantic yelps and snapping branches, both of which paled in comparison to a second explosion that rumbled somewhere off to the right. Above it all someone was yelling out orders. The harsh, broken voice sounded vaguely familiar but Chloe shoved the thought aside when suddenly the trail gave way under her feet. Chloe’s hands scrambled but everything within reach slipped through her fingers. The last thing she remembered was a loud snap and someone crying. When her eyes fluttered open, the fires were still raging off in the distance. There was a large bump on her right temple, but thankfully, no blood. She wiped away the foul smelling mud from her chest and arms, freezing as something moaned behind her. Reaching for the dagger at her belt, she turned and saw one of the creatures was caught in a cage. Gray, wrinkly skin covered most of its body except for small strands of blonde hair that poked randomly from its scalp. Large, green eyes blinked slowly from behind the bars of the cage. It licked at the burnt skin at its wrist, crying softly. “You’re just a child.” The thing met her gaze and tried to back away as far as it could without being burned by the shimmering beams of light that surrounded the cage. “No, no it’s okay. I’m not going to hurt you.” Chloe examined the cage and found some sort of control panel on top. If she could just find the override, then maybe she could bypass the… A stronger, feral growl emanated from behind her. Chloe turned, knife grasped tightly in her hand and came face to face with the two creatures she’d seen before in the clearing. The bulkier one pounded the ground with its fists, baring razor sharp teeth. “I’m trying to save him. I just need to…” The smaller one, most likely the child’s mother, advanced on Chloe, hissing at the knife in Chloe’s hand. Chloe took a deep breath in, knowing the weapon wouldn’t save her against the two creatures, and tossed it behind her. She opened her hands to show they were empty, pointed to herself and then to the control panel. The mother came within an inch of Chloe’s face, sniffed once and took a step back, watching Chloe’s every move. “Got it, one wrong move and you rip my head off. No pressure at all.” She wiped the sweat collecting along her brow with the back of her hand and turned her attention back to the control panel. The wiring almost reminded her of the ancient drills the colony had when she was a girl. She’d bet this had the same override. Sure enough, behind the starter she found the red wire linked to the locking mechanism. All she needed to do was cut it. “Well, crap.” She turned back to mom and dad, who didn’t look pleased. She pointed to the wire and motioned cutting it. “I need my dagger,” she pointed to the blade lying a few feet away. The dad wasn’t having any of it. Luckily, the mom nodded and retrieved it, handing it to Chloe while showing her own set of pearly white razor teeth. After Chloe cut the wire, the lasers fizzled out and disappeared altogether. The mom kept her eye on Chloe as she collected her child and ran off into the woods with the dad. “You’re welcome.” “Chloe!” “Dad?” Her father emerged from the woods. “What were you thinking, Chloe? They could have killed you.” “I had to do something, Dad. It looked scared. Hell, I would be too.” She peered around her father. “Where’s Frank?” “Getting the plane ready for takeoff. It’s not too far from here.” Chloe followed her dad through a series of twists and turns illuminated by the softly burning embers. They soon came upon another clearing where Frank was busily readying the plane for takeoff. Nearly identical to her grandfather’s in design, Frank’s plane also had two spots in the cockpit. It was going to be a tight squeeze. “We ready Frank?” He stood and offered a hand. “Sure are. Just waitin’ on…” A gunshot rang out. Frank looked at the small pool of blood spreading across his chest before his eyes rolled into the back of his head and he fell face-first out of the plane. “We know you’re out there. Come back and we won’t kill you.” “Get in the plane and activate the autopilot. I’ll give you cover.” She grabbed her dad’s arm. “That’s suicide,” she hissed. “Trust me. Your old man knows a few tricks.” He pulled out a small ball of metal, ripped out a smaller piece of metal and threw the ball clear across the plane. Plumes of smoke rose and covered most of the clearing. Gunshots rang out randomly in all directions. Chloe kept her head low as she pulled herself into the secondary cockpit. She frantically searched the control panel and found the button labeled autopilot. “Convenient,” she muttered. “Dad, I’ve got it.” “Good job. Now let’s get out of here.” The cockpit window lowered and locked. Chloe felt the engines roar to life beneath her. Slowly, the huge machine pushed from the ground, bullets grazing off its shielding. Once it reached a place far above the tree line, the engines roared to life and propelled them far away. “Chloe. Take this. It’ll help you sleep. You’re going to need it.” Her father handed her two pills, which she gladly took. Twisted dream or not, she didn’t feel like trying to make sense of any of this. “Alara? Are you ok?” “She’s almost here, Telloc.” Chloe stood looking out over the beach. Tears fell from her eyes, carving trails over her cheeks and down her jaw. “It’s time.” “You don’t have to go. There are others who would take your place.” Chloe felt herself smile. “You know why it must be me to go.” She brought a hand to Telloc’s reddened cheeks. “Do not worry, my love. I have known Chloe for a long time. I trust her and so must you. Be strong and we will see each other again, I promise.” She kissed him tenderly. Chloe felt like she was saying goodbye rather than farewell. Telloc stepped back and punched in a code on a strange device on his wrist. A moment later, he vanished, leaving Chloe standing alone on the beach. “Chloe, if you can hear me, promise me you’ll make him understand.” Three figures burst from the forest with weapons aimed at her head. “Hello, masters.” Alarms were blaring all around her, wrenching Chloe from her half-awake stupor. Her father swore violently, pounding the stalling controls. “We’re going down, Chloe.” Chloe snuck a glance out the window only to see nothing but clouds billowing outside the cockpit windows. “What’s down there?” “According to sensors, there’s no solid ground below us.” Chloe clutched her stomach as a wave of nausea swept over her. “Then what is?” “Water. An ocean, it looks like,” her father said, smiling. Chloe rolled her eyes. In the midst of the chaos, of course her father would be giddy. “Prepare to break through cloud cover.” The plane jerked from side to side, smashing Chloe’s shoulders against the sides of the cockpit. Outside the windows, Chloe watched as the plane broke through the last of the clouds. A burst of light and color assaulted her eyes. She squinted through the pain and saw a huge expanse of blue stretching as far as she could see in every direction. Like her father said, there was no sign of solid ground anywhere. “Can this thing land in an ocean?” “We don’t exactly have a choice. Better hold onto something.” Chloe grasped what she could, clenched her jaw and waited, but nothing came. Sound in the cockpit slowed until it stopped altogether. Even the clouds above had stopped moving. Below the waves stood still, reflecting a perfect mirror image of the plane. “What the hell?” “Chloe.” She knew that voice. Only one man had that voice, but it couldn’t be unless she was dead or in a coma or delusional. “No Chloe, I assure you, I am quite real.” “Where are you?” “Look up.” Chloe gasped as she saw a man floating above the cockpit window. She rubbed her eyes and looked again but the man was still there. His smile, though shortlived, eased Chloe’s nerves. “Who are you?” “There isn’t much time, Chloe. I need you to take my hand.” His ghostly hand reached through the cockpit window. Chloe noticed a strange device glowing on his wrist. She reached her hand out but stopped short, glancing towards the primary cockpit. “What about my father?” Telloc shook his head. “Not enough power. Only one.” She pressed herself back. “Then take him.” “We need you, Chloe.” His hazel eyes softened. “I’m sorry, but his fate is sealed. Come on, we must hurry if you are going to live.” Chloe looked back at her father. His jaw was clenched, and his brow furrowed in concentration. In his eyes, Chloe saw fear. He knew he wasn’t going to live. Just as she was going to say no again, Chloe felt something slapped over her wrist. Another device, identical to the one on Telloc’s wrist, was now attached to her. It began to glow as Telloc punched in a command on his device. Chloe struggled to rip off the device as the plane disappeared around her. “No!” she cried, but it was too late. She reappeared on a small beach next to Telloc just as time reclaimed its place. Chloe stared in horror as the plane resumed its free fall into the ocean, exploding into a tower of water, flames, and debris.
This week in Colorado history
Deborah Good Managing Editor
Today, Colorado is renowned for its scenery and depends on tourism dollars, although this was apparently not always the case. In an article reprinted in the March 22, 1906, issue of “The Colorado Transcript,” advertising expert Charles Austin Bates posited that the state of Colorado needed better publicity and if it received a concentrated campaign, the population could double in two years. Bates argued that Colorado’s wide open spaces, rich mineral resources, and farming potential would be of great interest to potential residents. “The Colorado Transcript” added the argument that “perhaps no town in the state is so much in need of boosting as Golden.” The paper optimistically forecast thousands of summer visitors if advertising was instated. Prominent opera singer Pauline Hall and her opera company began selling seats for their week long engagement at the Tabor Grand this week in 1906. The company was performing “Dorcas” by Harry and Edward Paulton, which “The Colorado Transcript” described as “the most successful of all modern operas” and as “everywhere…
Advertising and entertainment
received with the greatest enthusiasm.” “The Colorado Transcript” argued that with Lillian Russell performing vaudeville, Hall had “the comic opera field practically to herself.” Mines alumnus and left handed pitcher Carl Lempke signed with the Pacific Coast League’s team in Fresno for the 1906 season. He graduated from Mines in 1902 and played for the Denver Grizzlies in the 1902 and 1903. He also played for the Iowa State League’s team in Ottumwa, Iowa. Local rancher C.E. Parfet r eturned from exhibiting his Jersey cows at a stock show. According to “The Colorado Transcript,” “As usual on such occasions, he scooped all of the prizes in sight.” Parfet’s heard earned eleven blue ribbons, three sweepstakes, and a grand champion, resulting in a total of $402 in cash prizes.
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march 19, 2012
S P O R T S
Club Sport of the Week: Mines Ski Team
Sydney Liming Club Sports
During the 2010-2011 ski season, many ski areas across saw the best snow falls they had seen in decades. So far, the 20112012 season hasn’t met the high snow fall standards set by last season; however, the Mines Ski Team didn’t let this dampen their spirits. Instead, the Ski Team used the lack of open terrain and powder as an excuse to train and prepare for one of its best seasons ever. The Mines Ski Team began the season by participating in snow training days at Copper Mountain. A snow training day consists of setting up a race course and practicing for about 2 hours on the course. The day would finish up with free skiing with a focus on the fundamental techniques of skiing. The lack of powder early on in the season allowed the team to stay focused on race training instead of free skiing. The Ski Team has its largest team ever this year, boasting 20 members (including six girls). It is an international team, having members from Canada, Lebanon, and all over the United States. Many freshmen came in with racing experience and those that didn’t were quick to learn the sport. The Ski Team had four weekends in a row of college racing in January and February, traveling to Loveland, Steamboat, Telluride, and Winter Park. The team competed against nine teams in the Rocky Conference, including CU, CSU, DU, and Air Force. The men’s team had many strong race weekends, finishing in the top three on three separate occasions. The women’s team also skied well, finishing in fourth place for the season. Shannon McGovern finished 3rd place at Loveland, making the first individual podium finish that Mines has seen in at least five years. The ski team finished the season in Steamboat for the Western Regional Championships on February 23, 24 and 25. Tough racing conditions caused roughly ¼ of the competition to crash in one of the women’s Giant Slalom races, including many Mines racers. These tough conditions and tough competition prevented the women’s team from scoring well at Regionals; however the team had a very successful season. The men’s team had one of its best Giant Slalom races of the season, going up against great competitors from Canada and the Pacific Northwest. With that, they were able to finish ranked 2nd overall among the Rocky Mountain Conference teams. The 2011-2012 ski season was a success for the Mines Ski Team. They look forward next year to developing the talent already on the team and to recruiting new freshmen racers. Please contact email@example.com or visit http://recsports.mines. edu/REC-Club-Sports-Ski-Team for more information.
COURTESY CLUB SPORTS
The Mines Ski Team began the season by participating in snow training days at Copper.
Trevor Crane Content Manager
He played a grand total of 16 minutes of basketball all season for the Orediggers. He scored just 6 total points and sat on the bench for the last 28 games. And yet this senior basketball player may have been one of the key reasons that Mines has had such a historic season, as chants of “Gordo Magic” rise from the stands every game without fail. During the first game of the season, an easy 87-56 win over Black Hills State, senior starting forward Gordon Galloway suffered what he thought was a minor knee injury late in the first half and sat on the bench for the rest of the game. But when the injury lingered weeks later, Galloway knew he was in more trouble than he originally thought, and left to get an MRI. The results were not encouraging and showed that Galloway had torn his right ACL and would likely be done for the remainder of the season. After four more doctors confirmed his fate, Galloway knew that he had played his final game in an Oredigger uniform - just as the team was on the verge of a historic season. Before the tragic injury, Galloway was one of Mines’ main weapons, scoring 11.4 points per game the during the 2010-2011 season. A three year starter, Galloway was on pace to eclipse the 1000 point mark in his career, and made the Orediggers, already the top-ranked team in the nation, an even more deadly threat in the NCAA Tournament. But instead of whining, Galloway accepted his fate and vowed to make his teammates better. As soon as he discovered that he would no longer be able to play basketball, Galloway asked to become one of head coach Pryor Orser’s graduate assistants. Orser
Athlete Senior, Petroleum Engineering: Basketball Week ... Gordon Galloway,
agreed, and Galloway spent the remainder of the season in a suit and tie, and for the first time in his career, was cheering on his teammates from the bench instead of the floor. For his efforts, and perseverance throughout his career, Gordon Galloway is this week’s Honorary Athlete of the Week. [Oredigger] What went through your head when you injured your knee? [Galloway] For the first couple of weeks, I thought it wasn’t that bad, until I got the MRI and I finally realized that I was done. It hits you quick, but I tried to stay positive. What is it like to sit back and watch your team play and not be able to be out there with them? It’s tough losing your senior year, but I got to start for three full years before that and it’s cool to see how people have stepped up in a huge way and forced them to be better than they might have been. And I guess I’m not quite as nervous before games anymore. What was the biggest transition from being a player to a coach? I’m still trying to be a leader on the team, that stayed the same. But now it’s like, I help them with their game, and help them with whatever they need. How do you think you helped coach the team in a way that perhaps your coaches weren’t quite able to do? Well, I guess I know my teammates and their tendencies and I know what to do to help them improve after playing with them for three years. Favorite basketball memory? It would probably be my third year here when we were upset in the RMAC Tournament and thought our season was over. Coach got a call that maybe we could still get into the NCAA Tournament, but we really needed this one team to lose. I remember watching the game with Sean [Armstrong] and that team lost and we started to realize we had a shot to get in. I called [former CSM player Levi Hamilton] and I remember he was out skiing and thought we were joking and full of it. But we watched the selection show in his basement and when they announced our team, we just went crazy. It was really cool. What is the hardest part about being a student athlete? Managing school and athletics. Every student knows how hard it is to get good grades here, and adding basketball on top can make it tough. But it’s not all bad. School can be a grind, and sometimes basketball just takes your mind off it for a little bit. Favorite aspect of Mines? I like that it’s a small school. And it’s a lot different than California too. The people here tend to be a little more outgoing and everybody does a different sport. The only bad thing is the weather, but overall it’s just a good place to be. If you could change one thing about Mines, what would it be? I’d like to see more fans come to sporting games, to get out of the books more and watch some of our teams. We have some really great sports here, with the soccer team and football, and a really great cross country team too. What is the nerdiest thing you have seen on campus? Well, not sure if it’s nerdy, but I like watching when the kids run to buildings in between classes. They have ten minutes to get there, they should be able to relax a little more. What is the nerdiest thing the basketball team does? Well, we’ve never had a sound system in our locker room, so the electrical engineer side of us came out and we ran wires through the ceiling and installed our own little stereo and sound system. Favorite class you have taken? Decision analysis with Dr. M. Walls. I liked it a lot. It’s a cool class for anyone involved in the industries or any large economic decision. Least favorite class? Mechanics of Materials. That was the closest to failing I came. I studied really hard for the final, and I was already thinking of how I was going to explain this to my parents. It wasn’t the teacher’s fault, really, I just didn’t put in the effort I needed to. If you could add one class here what would it be? I think I would add a roller blading class. I used to be a pretty good roller blader back in California and I would cruise around. Do you have a nerdy habit or hobby? Not really, but I’ve always wanted to set up a little ammo shop for the humans versus zombies game. You know, set it up on Kafadar and make a little money. It’d be great. What has your time at Mines taught you? Probably that you can have all the talent in the world, but if you don’t put in the effort, you won’t go anywhere. I’ve seen it in basketball players too, it’s all up to you as to how far you will go.
STEVEN WOOLDRIDGE / OREDIGGER
Gordon, despite his injury, rallied the crowd at every game.
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Mines wins two games in the NCAA Tournament
Trevor Crane Content Manager
The men’s basketball team pushed their single season win record to 29, winning in the first two rounds of the Division II NCAA Tournament before falling to cross town rival Metro State 73-64 in the round of sixteen, Tuesday, March 13, at Lockridge Arena. Mines opened the tournament with impressive wins over Augustana (South Dakota) University and Southwestern Minnesota State in front of a packed Lockridge Arena to become the first team in school history to advance to the round of sixteen in the national tournament. Leading up to the regional championship game against Metro, Mines had pushed their winning streak to 17 games and were a perfect 18-0 in home games. With Mines a number one seed, they were one of eight teams across the nation to host an eight team regional playoff. The winner from each region would then advance to the elite eight in Kentucky against the remaining regional champions. As a result, Lockridge hosted eight teams from Minnesota, South Dakota, and Colorado to compete for the right to represent the region in Kentucky. The event was one of the largest sporting events to be hosted by Lockridge in its brief history, and featured packed crowds in all of the game played. In the first round, Mines was fueled by solid free throw shooting which propelled them past the scrappy, eighth-seeded Augustana Vikings. Heading in to his final few games as an Oredigger, senior Dale Minschwaner said that his mentality was very simple. “Win. I did not want to lose this first game on our court, and [have] this be my last game. I didn’t want that, so I kind of took the mentality of being aggressive.” And aggressive he was, turning in one of his best performances at home this year, leading the Orediggers with 23 points and guiding them into the second round of the tournament. With the win, Mines earned a second round matchup against Minnesota State University Moorehead, who had just earned a convincing win the night before over rival Southwestern Minnesota University. With the Dragon’s starting forward, Alex Novak, in foul trouble early, Mines used its size to dominate MSUM, cruising to a 80-60 victory and earning the program’s first ever bid into the regional championship game. The Orediggers were led in scoring by CSM junior and RMAC Player of the Year Brett Green with 18 points. The sweet sixteen round against Metro State was the third meeting between the two conference rivals, and Mines was looking for a perfect 3-0 sweep of the Roadrunners this season. But after losing to the number one ranked Orediggers in the first two meetings, Metro State roared out to an early 13-0 lead before Mines even cracked the scoreboard. The Orediggers battled back with a 19-6 run of their own to tie the game, but the Roadrunners shot well all night long with an impressive 50% from the floor including 6-12 from three point range. Mines kept Metro in reach, but could not quite mount enough of a comeback to pull out the win. In the end, after winning 17 straight games, going 18-0 at home, and rising to the team’s first ever number one national ranking, the Orediggers’ season came to an abrupt halt, ending a few games earlier than they would have hoped. But the third round loss was far from a disappointing season for Mines, which only three years earlier had never even appeared in the national tournament, much less hosted the regional and advanced to regional championship. Two years ago, the Orediggers earned their first trip to the dance, and as an eight seed fought hard, but fell to top-seeded Minnesota State Mankato. The following year, they took it one step further, earning the team’s first ever tournament win, beating Adams State 62-59 before falling to Fort Lewis in the second round. And this season, they continued the uphill climb, setting program records across the board. The became only the second team in CSM history to be ranked number one in the nation after the men’s soccer team achieved the feat in 2010. They became the first basketball team to host one of the eight regional tournaments. They became the first CSM basketball team to win two NCAA Tournament games and reach the regional championship. And while seniors Minschwaner, Chris Goutama, Jacob Case, and Gordon Galloway will surely be missed, this is a young and talented team that looks to pick up next season right where they left off.
ALL PHOTOS IAN MERTZ / OREDIGGER
s p o r t s
march 19, 2012
Trevor Wages (#33) posted 13 points during the Central Region Semifinal game.
Dale Minschwaner (#23) led the team with 23 points against Augustana.
Trevor Wages (#32) goes in for the layup against Augustana in the NCA A Central Region Quarterfinal. w w w . O R E D I G G E R . n e t
march 19, 2012
o p i n i o n
Letters to the Editor
Comments on Heiland lecture by Terry Donze
I am very proud to be a member of the Colorado School of Mines academic community, mainly because of the reputation for high standards of excellence that we hold. It is important to me that such standards be upheld, and that political ideologies do not cloud our perception of the natural world. For that reason, I am writing to express my distress over reading the Oredigger article, “Climate change debate heats up.” The perspective I witnessed Terry Donze present at the Heiland Lecture on February 16th was neither new nor a valid scientific perspective, and as such provided a lot of heat, but very little light. His talk was a series of long discredited notions, mainly from the Heartland Institute, whose recently released documents exposed them as an ideologically, not scientifically, driven institution. To borrow a term from the evolution/creationism debate, what Donze presented to the students of this university was a “Gish Gallop.” Named after the skilled creationist debater Duane Gish, the Gish Gallop works by putting out so many disparate pieces of misinformation during a lecture or debate, that an opponent simply doesn’t have the time to correct them all, leaving the audience with an impression that the opposing side’s view has many holes. But the holes are fictional, and it doesn’t take much effort to find the true science behind climate change. Take the last sentence of the article, a quote from Mr. Donze, as an example; “The cosmic ray cloud link has recently been verified by CERN . . . “. Compare that to a quote from the leader of the CERN study, Jack Kirby; “. . . at the moment (the research) actually says nothing about the effect of cosmic rays on clouds and thus climate, but it is an important first step.” So Mr. Donze has misrepresented the research to force it to say what he wants. It would have been an elementary matter to look up this study (Kirby, 2011) to see that it only makes nucleii at the nanometer scale, too small for cloud formation, and it only models the upper atmosphere where clouds don’t form. Mr. Donze has told an untruth when he says this experiment verifies the “cosmic ray cloud link”. This Oredigger article employs an odd definition of “evidence.” Yes climate has changed in the past and yes there are mechanisms by which carbon dioxide can increase in response to a global temperature increase. We also know that carbon dioxide absorbs certain wavelengths of outgoing infrared radiation, and have measured with satellites a reduction in outgoing radiation in exactly those bands (Harries et al, 2001). That energy is being retained in the earth system and climate change is a well-reasoned expected outcome of this basic physics. The fact that rising temperatures can release even more heat-trapping gasses into the atmosphere in no way provides an argument against the human factor in modern climate change. It is a further prediction of greenhouse gas forcing that the troposphere, the lowest layer of our atmosphere, should experience warming, while the upper three layers (stratosphere, mesosphere and thermosphere), should experience cooling. Sounding measurements of our atmosphere over the past few decades have observed a consistent warming of the troposphere and cooling of the top three layers. If the sun were the primary driver of the climate change we currently observe, then all four layers would experience warming. Mr. Donze is either ignorant of this fact, or chose to ignore it, and given the behavior described below, it is not clear which is the case. When presented with science contradicting his statements, Mr. Donze dealt with such by either citing already discredited literature, or simply dismissing it with a wave of his hand or a shrug of his shoulders. When I asked him to justify the statement that Michael Mann’s “Hockey Stick” graph had been invalidated, he cited McIntyre and Mckitrick 2003, even though the National Research Council in 2006 showed the McIntyre paper to be invalid. Dr. Mann’s work has been upheld by several scientific and academic organizations since then, and yet he (Mann) continues to be a punching bag of the deniers of climate science. The slanderous talk of Mr. Donze testifies to that fact. After the talk, I informed Mr. Donze that an article had been published (Feulner and Rahmstorf, 2010) modeling the effect of a Maunder Minimum style sun cycle with combined greenhouse forcing over the coming century, and that it shows dominance of greenhouse forcing over a possible solar reduction. Mr. Donze’s response was to simply shrug his shoulders and continue packing up. When I subsequently informed Mr. Donze that his sun and temperature graphs either ended at 1980, or only allowed completeness when the time span of the graph was long enough to hide the last 30 years of data, he actually seemed surprised and tried to deny it. Yet another of the predictions of greenhouse gas forcing from Suki Manabe and Drew Shindel’s work in the 1970’s was that greenhouse gas forcing would begin to pull out from the natural background forcers in the 1980’s. Since that time, no climate model has been able to reconstruct the temperatures over the past three decades without putting in greenhouse gas forcing. The reason Mr. Donze only showed us detailed graphs correlating solar intensity with global temperature up to the 1980’s is that the correlation breaks down after that time as predicted by greenhouse gas forcing dominance. This is not the attitude of a person searching for the truth of a scientific matter, but rather of an ideologue who attempts to wish away any science that contradicts his perspective. As for the idea that the sun puts in 99.9% of the energy to the earth’s system and therefore it has to be the dominant forcer; that is a misunderstanding of thermal equilibrium. If I had a conical pot tapering down to a flat circular base and filled it with water then put it on the stove I would have an analogous situation to the sun forcing of our climate. The heat from the stove is putting in 99.9% of the energy to our pot, but if I were to have a pot that could vary the diameter, and thus the area, of its circular base in contact with stove, I would find the equilibrium temperature would vary in proportion to the base’s diameter. If I hold the base diameter constant and vary the heat output of the stove, I will see a change in equilibrium temperature with the stove as the primary driver. If I hold the stove constant and vary the diameter of the base of the pot, I will see a change in equilibrium temperature with the diameter being the primary driver, even though the stove is still the dominant energy source. To complete the analogy, the sun has actually reduced its overall output over the last 50 years, but the temperature of our planet has increased over that time. The logical outcome of that fact is that sun simply can’t be the primary driver, or even significant driver, of the current climate change we are experiencing. During the question and answer session of the talk, I informed Mr. Donze that climate is the statistical state of the atmosphere, and that we need at least 17 years of record to see climate trends (thus making all his slides with less than 17 years of record invalid to discussion of climate). He chose to dismiss me by saying that I can be invited to give a counter talk if I wish. I would be happy to give a talk correcting the many errors made by Mr. Donze, but that would require an invitation by the Geophysics department at a future Heiland Lecture. If that invitation is proffered, I will gladly accept. Sincerely, Dr. Christian Shorey
Last week, the Oredigger published an article titled, “A New Perspective on Global Warning” (actually, that was the title of the online version; the print version was titled, “The Climate Change Debate Heats Up”). This article gave an account of a recent talk by hosted by CSM’s Geophysics department on ‘climate realism’ (full disclosure: I did not attend this talk; my knowledge of what was said at the talk comes entirely from what I take to be a faithful account given in the Oredigger.). The speaker of this talk, Terry Donze, presented his view on climate change: any noticeable changes in climate are not anthropogenic (human caused), or caused by CO2, but rather, are caused by solar cycles. The evidence that Donze presented for his view came in large part from a video titled, “Unstoppable Solar Cycles”. The scholars in this video, astrophysicist Willie Soon and climatologist David R. Legates, give an historical account of how solar activity is thought to have caused marked changes in the Earth’s climate, most notably in Greenland during the ‘little ice age’ of the 14th and 15th century. Given that solar activity is thought to have changed the climate in the past, Donze, along with Soon and
Legates, argues that any current changes in climate are due to increased solar activity, not increased CO2 emissions. Given what this article says, and given some research that I’ve done about the material presented in it, I am quite disappointed with Mines for supporting the content of the lecture. Although I disagree with the conclusions Donze presents, I certainly support anyone who attempts to give good evidence in support of his or her beliefs. What I am disappointed with is Donze, Soon, and Legates’ attempt to mislead the public, and the use of evidence that seems poor to challenge the conclusion of anthropogenic climate change. Based on the Oredigger article and the video mentioned in it, I find the evidence presented at this talk to be poor for (at least) the following reasons: All of the people mentioned above–Donze, Soon, and Legates–have been connected to funding by industries that have a vested interest in denying anthropogenic climate change. For example, Donze worked in the oil industry for a significant portion of his career; similarly, Soon has received over 1 million dollar from oil companies (http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/ jun/28/climate-change-sceptic-
willie-soon). I certainly do not think that these facts are reasons to discredit the speakers outright, but these facts should give one reason to believe that these people may be highly susceptible to confirmation bias and are disingenuous with respect to the overwhelming evidence presented in favor of anthropogenic climate change. In short, we should inspect the evidence that they present with extra care. At least one of the speakers in “Unstoppable Solar Cycles”, Rie Oldenbug, was tricked into speaking about historical evidence for non-anthropogenic climate change (http://www. desmogblog.com/heartlandinstitute-tricked-video-subjectin-unstoppable-solar-cycles). Rie Oldenbug’s research is concerned with the history of Greenland, not climate science. Apparently, she was horrified to hear that her scholarship was used in this video. Use of a video that is known to be deceptive in its content is, in my mind, intellectually vicious, and anyone knowingly making use of such material should be ashamed of their actions. The arguments presented in “Unstoppable Solar Cycles” appear to be pretty weak. For example, the fact that the Earth’s climate has gone through ‘natu-
ral’ temperature fluctuations is certainly not an argument against the strong evidence that CO2 emissions is contributing to climate change. It might be the case that the Earth’s climate has, in the past, changed as a function of major solar activity. But that defeats no claim about the greenhouse effect. Also, Dr. Soon, in the video claims that, “the sun…in terms of its light energy output, is probably the only true external driving factor of the earth climate system.” This is almost most certainly true, but it is misleading and likely irrelevant; anthropogenic climate change is an internal driving factor. If Dr. Soon is attempting to make the claim that no internal driving factors affect climate, then, it seems to me that he is obviously wrong; the environmental lapse rate–the decrease in temperature with increase in elevation–seems to be a great counterexample to this claim. From my short time at Mines, I can tell that academic integrity is taken very seriously here. Given that, and given what I’ve presented above, I think that the Mines community should be dissatisfied with the content of this lecture; we deserve better! -Brian Zaharatos
Dear readers, In Issue 17 of the Oredigger, our front-page news article “Climate change debate heats up” was the subject of much back-lash around the Mines campus. The article covered the Heiland lecture given by Terry Donze, in which Donze stated that climate change was not due to human activity but was a result of solar fluctuations. At the Oredigger it is our policy to report what happens on the Mines campus in an unbiased light. We strive for fair media coverage of the issues and events on campus, and in doing so, every story of journalistic merit must be given equal treatment within the paper. This article was an example of those principles. Our writer covered an event on campus, presenting the ideas put forward by the lecturer and attributed those ideas to the source. Again, true to the Oredigger’s journalistic principals, we are presenting rebuttals from Dr. Christian Shorey and graduate student Brian Zaharatos. Sincerely, Katie Huckfeldt Editor-in-Chief
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march 19, 2012
Minds song Mines at Favorite pep
Ian Mertz Asst. Copy Editor
As any sports fan knows, crowds love to get excited about their team, no matter what the sport. An energized crowd gives the team a boost of morale, propelling them to further glory. During the game it is the actions of the players that excite the crowd, but when the team is not on the court, it is up to the pep band to keep the morale high. To see which songs get them motivated, this week, Minds at Mines asked the CSM pep band, “What is your favorite song to get the crowd pumped up and excited?”
COURTESY ALBERICH, WWW.FREECROSSWORDS.NET
Final Countdown. It’s upbeat, exciting, and pumps the crowd up as well as us. Scott Nelson
Pirates. The song is loud, upbeat, and strong. It gets everyone involved and everyone knows it from the movies. Chelsey Fedel
I like Louie Louie. It is fun to play because it is upbeat and exciting, and Marvin can play it on the drumset. Scott McClary
ACROSS 1 Blooming tooth robber! You have the legal right to fine him (12) 9 Dostoyevsky’s Prince Myshkin gives one girl books (5) 10 Bursting in and bursting out, we hear (9) 11 Completed dub on soundtrack extraordinarily quickly (9) 12 Recent time lost makes one tardier (5) 13 Some metal boxes get returned, flattened at the edges (6) 15 Radioactive metal found in protein by one university microbiologist originally (8) 18 Composer who brought Spanish language to Italy? (8) 19 It helps produce groovy music (6) 22 Required by one sitting president at meeting (5) 24 Topless sex on Prague television initially bothered censor (9) 26 One who makes good money for his employers wouldn’t be welcome at Lord’s, perhaps (9) 27 Brad returns with a climber (5) 28 Repeatedly speak with East European corrupt dialect (6-6)
DOWN 1 Bespectacled Corin somehow finds a S. American flower (7) 2 Brief moment for a lyricist? (5) 3 Give advance payment to South African province before delivery (9) 4 Non-Spanish speaker in America has to travel around to make a call (6) 5 Version of Christe eleison primarily for those with unorthodox creed (8) 6 Banish former huntsman out East (5) 7 Defective hearing result of putting one in the wind (8) 8 Worker is on the edge in Northern Ireland (6) 14 Reluctant Marion undressed for seducer (8) 16 Raised capital to support one theatre with production of Lear, among others (5,4) 17 Eskimo shaman finds English king in capital city, decapitated (8) 18 Commander in chief to the Queen has love for orator (6) 20 Leak incomplete cross-reference (7) 21 A mineral source extremely thin on the ground (6) 23 Dance graduate leaves cake (5) 25 A shortage? What a shame (5)
Greased Lightning. I like the ‘50s feel that you can swing dance to. At the beginning, each of the instrument groups come in and you can hear how they come together to make the whole song. Megan Macdonald
Land of 1000 Dances. It is loud and has a nice beat to it. There is also a vocal part where we yell “Uno, dos, tres, uhhh!” Erik Johnson
ALL PHOTOS IAN MERTZ / OREDIGGER Editorials Policy The Oredigger is a designated public forum. Editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval and may edit submitted pieces for length so long as the original meaning of the piece is unchanged. Opinions contained within the Opinion Section do not necessarily reflect those of Colorado School of Mines or The Oredigger. The Oredigger does not accept submissions without identification and will consider all requests for anonymity in publication on a case-by-case basis. Submissions less than 300 words will receive preference.
Look for the sudoku and crossword solutions on www.oredigger.net/satire
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