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2004

1
. f() = c, c.
f ,
0 h 0, :

f (x + h) f (x) c c
=
=0.
h
h
f (x + h) f (x)
= lim 0 = 0  f (x) =0 .
: lim
h 0
h 0
h

. f 0
. f 0,
lim f (x) = f (x0 ) .
x x
0

. . vi
x, ,
().
. 95%

__
__

x 2s, x + 2s , 68%

__
__

s,
x + s ,

().
v

i
. f i = v ,
().

. :
 :
, .
 : ,
.
 :
, .
: 4, 2, 1.
2
. f , :
x 0
x 0
x 0


 x 3 .
x 3 0

x 3

f = [0, 3) (3, +).


. x 3, :
x 2 4x + 3
(x 1)(x 3)( x + 3)
= lim
=
x 3
x 3 ( x 3)( x + 3)
x 3

lim f (x) = lim


x 3

= lim

(x 1)(x 3)( x + 3)

x 3

x 3

(x 1)(x 3)( x + 3)
=
x 3
x 3

= lim

= lim(x 1)( x + 3) = (3 1)( 3 + 3) = 2 2 3 = 4 3 .


x 3

3
. :
1 = 60, = 200, 3 = 180 F2 = 68%.

5 + 15 20
15 + 25 40
=
= 10 , x 2 =
=
= 20 ,
2
2
2
2
25 + 35 60
35 + 45 80
x3 =
=
= 30 , x 4 =
=
= 40 .
2
2
2
2
v1
60
100% = 30% ,
 f1 % = 100% =
v
200

 x1 =

 1 = 1 = 60 F1 % = f1 % = 30%.
 f2 % = F2 % F1 % = 68% 30% = 38%.
 f2 % =

v2
f % v 38% 200
100%  v 2 = 2
=
= 76 .
v
100%
100%

 N2 = v1 + v2 = 60 + 76 = 136.
2

 v3 = N3 N2 = 180 136 = 44.


 f3 % =

v3
44
100% =
100% = 22% .
v
200

 F3 % = F2% + f3% = 68% + 22% = 90%.


 v4 = v N3 = 200 180 = 20.
 N4 = v = 200, F4 %= 100%.


f % = 100% .
i


[5, 15)
[15, 25)
[25, 35)
[35, 45)

xi
10
20
30
40

vi
60
76
44
20
200

fi %
30
38
22
10
100

Ni
60
136
180
200

. .

Fi %
30
68
90
100

fi %
38

30
22

10

15

25

35

45

50


[5, 15)
[15, 25)
[25, 35)
[35, 45)

__

x=

xi
10
20
30
40

x v

i i

vi

xi vi

60
76
44
20
200

600
1520
1320
800
4240

4240
= 21, 2 .
200
3

.
25 , :
3 + 4 = 44 + 20 = 64 .
4
5
2
f(x) = 6x 2 5x + 1 ,

3
2
. f (x) = 2x x + x + 10

= (5)2 461 = 25 24 = 1
5 +1 6 1
= =

5 1 5 1 12 12 2
1
1
x=
=
=
,
,
x
=

x
=
.
26
12 5 1 4 1
2
3
= =
12 12 3

:
f(x) > 0  6x2 5x + 1 > 0  x <

1
1
x> .
3
2

:
1
3

1
2

+
+

:
1
1
x = ,
3
2
1
1
() = () = .
2
3
1 1 2 3 2 4 1
. i) () = () + () () = + = + =
2 3 3 6 6 4 6
1 1 3 1 2 1
ii) ( B) = () P(AB) = = = = .
2 6 6 6 6 3
1 6 1 5
iii) [(B)] = 1 P(AB) = 1 = = .
6 6 6 6

x =

iv) ( ) ( ) ,
() = () + ()
, :
[( B) (B A)] = ( B) + (B A) =
= () P(AB) + (B) P(AB) =
= () + P(B) 2P(AB) =
=

1 1
1 3 2 2 3 1
+ 2 = + = = .
2 3
6 6 6 4 6 2