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A Guide to Guitar Chords

A Guide to Guitar Chords

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Published by Zuhairi Mzz

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Published by: Zuhairi Mzz on Mar 21, 2012
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05/30/2012

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By lowering the fifth of the chord one fret, three diminished triads can be
created on strings
CD @ @ and @ @ @.

xb3bSl

I
• I

• 4

2 1 3

D dim 8dim *

xbSlb3

xlb3bS

I
• 4~I

.)

1 3 1

I

4,

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4_

®

T

4 3 1

Ft=dim * D dim 8dim *

lb3bSx

b3bSlx

bSlb3x

0

•T®

4 2 1

I

~

I

I

(.

213

• •

®'r

132

* To keep the chord transposable it has been transposed up one fret or key to
avoid using an open string in the voicing.

A/;J

~

Augmelll8d Triads • SIrIng familY 123 &234

By raising the fifth of the chord one fret, three augmented triads can be
created on strings
CD @ @ and @ @ @.

Fa u g

x 3 #s 1

I

~I

.. ,

I

2 3 1

Da u g

x #s 1 3

I

0

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2 3 1

8 b a u g

x 1 3 #s

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2 3 1

Fa u g

1 3 #s x

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2 1 1

Da u g

8 b a u g

3#Slx

#S13x

I

I

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.(.

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4

2 1 1

2 1 1

An augmented triad is a symmetrical chord consisting of equal distant
intervals. ANYone of the notes in the chord can be the root of the chord.

• Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar Ciuitar

25

26

M ovable T riad Chord Form s

/}:i;

(f{:};/ Tips for Remembering Triads

Here the three major triads from string family CD @ @ and
@@ ® shownasF.
Try remembering the graphic picture or shape that a chord

(3)

represents. With enough practice the fingers will develop muscle
memory and the ear will take over when playing these chords.
Over time you will rely more on the actual notes vs. the shape.

F

F

F

(1) - -

.)

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c = = ~
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c = =I--

c = =

x 3 5 1

x 5 1 3

x 1 3 5

(6)

(1 0)

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u~ I

1

'I

®o

1

(1 0)

(1)

=.,==~.

® (6)

2 1 1

1 3 2

341

Remembering that a Seventh chord is a major chord type find
these triads contain with in one of the four seventh chords on
page 30.

These triads are also contained within in the barre forms
chords shown earlier.

3 b7 1 5

.

~

.,

2 3 1 4

Ab7

5 1 3 b7

. .

F7

b7 3 5 1

1 2 1 1

Eb7

1 5 b7 3

.

1


• . ~

1 1 1 2

®

1 3 2 4

Thesemovbleseventh chords are transposable by moving each note ofthe
chord the samenumber of frets up and downthe neck. Thesechords are the
foundation forthe contemporary guitarist and find they way into a wide
range of styles.
From these 7thchords ALL other 4-part chords canbebuilt. Thesechords
are a great bridge between rock, blues and jazz.
Seethe chapter on4-part "Jazz" chords forthe priniciples behind b
these chords and to create additional chords from these forms.

* Chords are shown on strings(!) @ @ @

• Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar Ciuitar

27

4"Part M ovable 7th Chord Form s

lovable1th Chords at Fretrn•String Familv12 3 4

C7

Ab7

fIf:r'Generic· I_ble libChanls • Siring FamilY12 34

Here the chords are presented as 3 b7 R 5
GENERIC, movable chord forms.

4-Part MovableSeventh Chord
forms from my book The
Advanced Guide to Guitar Chords

voll.

ASeventh chord contains the
intervals 1 35 and b7

(based on a major scale)

B y knowing the root ® of
the chord and using the
transposition chart onpage 44 or
46youcanmovethese chords to
any key.

;~:~,j

fIf/ Additional1th lovable Chord Forms

Additional 4-part movable
Seventh chord forms. Some
voicings contain duplicate
intervals with the root or fifth
of the chord being displaced
and implied.

R 3 b7 R

@ Implied Root

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4~

0

3 2 4 1

28

3 b7 1 5

~

• •

2 3 1 4

~

• •

2 3 1 4

3 b7 R 3

®

u

,0

3 4 2 1

5 1 3 b7

F7

b7 3 5 1

Eb7

1 5 b7 3

~


• •

1 1 1 2

5 R 3 b7

1 3 2 4

R 5 b7 3

4

• •

1 3 2 4

b7 3 5 b7

..

., • c-

o
,0

3 4 2 1

1 3 2 4

Ciuitar Ciuitar· Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar

1 1 1 2

5 b7 3 5

• •

. (.•

3 1 4 1

1 1 1 2

1 2 1 1

b7 3 5 R

• . ~

0

1 2 1 1

R 3 5 b7

CE

4 3 2 1

4"Part M ovable 7th Chord Form s

Inaddition to chords voiced onstrings 00@ @ and @ which placethe top note
ofthe chord voicing onstring 00. Two additional string familes are required.
These additional string families allow forthe placement ofthe top note of a
chords onstring @ or@. Thesethree string familes are considred a core set of
chords.
From these core string families various major, minor, diminished and
augmented chord types canbecreated.

6

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d't/ Movabla1th Chords at Frat 111·String Familv 2 3 4 6

~

C7

Ab7

4-Part Movable Seventh 5 x 3 b7 1 x
Chord forms from my
book The Advanced Guide
to Guitar Chords vol 1

ASeventh chord contains
the intervals 1 35 and b7

(based on a major scale)

4


• •

3 2 4 1

F7

b7 x 5 1 3 x 1 x b7 3 5 x 3 x 1 5 b7 x

Eb7

J~ o

2

1 1 1

k

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2 4 3

{:~ :J

ct? ;/ Movabla1th Chords at Frat 111·String Familv 3 4 5 6

C7

Ab7

4-Part Movable Seventh 5 1 3 b7 x x
Chord forms from my
book The Advanced Guide
to Guitar Chords vol 1

ASeventh chord contains
the intervals 1 35 and b7

(based on a major scale)

• ®

231

4

F7

~

u

3 2 4 1

li "

~

®

1 3 1 2

• Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar Ciuitar

b7 3 5 1 x x 1 5 b7 3 x x 3 b7 1 5 x x

Eb7

.

J~

231

1

"

~

2 4 1 3

29

4"Part M ovable 7th Chord Form s

/}:i;

(f{:};/ Tips for Remembering 4-Part Chords

Herethe four seventh chord voicings from string family
CD @ @ @ are shownas F7.
Try remembering the graphic picture or shape that
a chord represents. Withenough practice the fingers
will develop muscle memory and the ear will take over
when playing these chords. Overtime youwill rely
more onthe actual notes vs. the shape.

F7

b7 3 5 R

(1)0 ..~

• ,

1 2 1 1

F7

F7

F7

R 5 b7 3

3 b7 R 5

5 R 3 b7

(3)~

..

• 0

(10) o ~ •

0,

~

0

• 0

(6)

1 3 2 4

2 3 1 4

1 1 1 2

Chords are likethe constellations inthe night sky.
Onceyouknow what youare looking forand where
to look they are easy to find and remember. Chords
will moveup and downthe neck, changing names but

Relate these
chords back to
their basic guitar
chords.

30

R 3 b7 R

R 3 5 R

3 b7 R 3

3 5 R 3

(1)

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u

(==,-,..-.-..-
(==,-,..-.-..-

5 b7 3 5 5 ~ 5
r- r--

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• t ,

F= ~ ==

F= F.=

•(. t

@.:•

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.,.

TheA/Bb
Movable
Barre Form

Ciuitar Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar • Ciuitar

The ElF
Movable
Barre Form

TheC/Db
Movable
Barre Form

B eyond learning basic chords, barre form chords, most guitar
players struggle withadvanced chords. These moresophisticated
voicings, commonly called "jazz" chords, find a wideuseinall forms
ofmusic and styles. These 4-part chords arethebread and butter of
the "jazz" guitarist chords vocabulary.

This sectionpresents anorganized and efficient approach to
this mysterious subject ofadvanced 4-part chords.

B uilding Chords

There are several ways to build chords - but thebest way to
build chords ona guitar, is by using numeric formulas based onthe
scaleintervals ofthe fifteenmajor scales. Thesenumeric formulas
aretaken from the major scales by numbering eachscaleinterval 1
through 13, skipping the octave(8), 10thand 12thscaleintervals, as
these are duplicates ofthefundamental triad chord tones.

Example: CMajor Scale

C D E F G A B D F A
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 11 13

Example: G Major Scale

G A B C D E F# A C E
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 11 13

Example: F Major Scale

F G A Bb C D E G Bb D
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 11 13
(See the Scale Interval Chart on page 39 for aI/ fifteen major

keys)

• Guitar • Guitar • Guitar • Guitar • Guitar • Guitar • Guitar • Guitar Guitar

31

4"Part ~ azz"Chord Form s

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