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Infrared

Infrared

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Published by Zainal Abidin

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Categories:Types, Reviews, Book
Published by: Zainal Abidin on Mar 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/14/2013

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These waves are generated by the oscillation of electric charges and travel through free

space at the speed of light, 2.998*108

m/s [F2].

Infrared light is an invisible band in the electromagnetic spectrum. This is shown in

Figure 5.2. It is invisible to the human eye and possesses identical properties to visible

light. The light can be reflected (bounced back), collimated (directed in a straight line),

diffracted (broken up) and refracted (bent). The propagation of infrared light through

free space using traditional optical elements has been modelled using Gaussian Theory

(see Appendix Three). Thus, infrared light is ideal to use in a security system.

Figure 5.2: The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Infrared Alarm Security System

28

5.3 INTRODUCTION TO VERTICAL CAVITY SURFACE

EMITTING LASERS

The VCSEL is a solid state laser device. In contrast to the conventional edge-emitting

lasers, VCSELs present unique optical and electrical properties which make these

devices very attractive. These include a 99% device yield, low threshold voltage

(1.45V), low threshold current (3.68 mA), a respectable wall-plug efficiency2

(ηeff =

11.4%), single-longitudinal mode emission and a low-divergence circular output beam

[V1].

This section will introduce the basic concepts of the solid state laser. The shortcomings

of the edge-emitting laser will be discussed and it will be shown how VCSELs can

overcome these shortcomings. The importance of VCSELs over edge-emitting lasers

for an active infrared security system is also examined.

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