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EUGENICS and AIDS a summary

Dr Romesh Senewiratne

Ive been asked, by one of my You Tube viewers, to write a synopsis of my research into
eugenics and AIDS.
I began researching HIV and AIDS in 1996. The stimulus for this research was my previous
research into the eugenics movement and the observation that the Nazis, who engineered
the monstrous genocide of Jews, Gypsies and other non-German races during the Second
World War, also targeted homosexuals, drug addicts and mental patients for killing. I could
not help noticing the similarities between those regarded as high risk populations for
HIV/AIDS and previous targets of genocide in the name of eugenics. My research prior to
1997 had been focused on the connection between the eugenics movement and so-called
Mental Hygiene Movement and modern-day psychiatry. This research indicated that
Australia, where I obtained my medical degree (in 1983) had been a strong supporter of the
eugenics movement prior to the end of the Second World War, following which the
Australian medical and scientific establishment publicly distanced itself from the discredited
strategies and ideology of the movement.
However, the racial classification and treatment of Indigenous Australians during the
decades of the White Australia policy (which continued long after the Second World War
ended) suggested that while the term eugenics was no longer used, in practice the racist
mindset of the Australian establishment towards the people of the world they considered
belonged to non-White races continued. During the 1950s and 1960s the Australian news
media frequently warned about the global threat of overpopulation. It does not take deep
analysis to recognise that the threat they were concerned about was not of overpopulation
in the so-called developed world. Rather, they were concerned about increasing numbers
of members of dark-skinned races, especially those in Africa, Asia and (to a lesser degree)
South America.

The Original Eugenics Movement

Though the Nazi mass-murder and genocide is widely recognised as being based on the
racist ideology of the eugenics movement, the original founders of the eugenics movement
were British and American, not German. Specifically, the doctrine of selective breeding of
supposed superior blood lines (positive eugenics) and suppression of breeding by supposed

inferior blood lines (negative eugenics) was first proposed by a cousin of the evolutionary
biologist Charles Darwin, Francis Galton, and promoted by Galton and his admirers with the
assistance of Darwins son, Major Leonard Darwin. This was in the 1880s. Galtons theory
included dubious statistical arguments promoting the idea that the upper classes of what he
called the White Races (he also used the term Caucasian) were threatened by both the
classes and the races he regarded as inferior. In his terminology and theory, the inferior
classes and races were two to three grades below the superior classes and races in
intelligence and what he called civic worth. Specifically, he claimed, in his 1869 book
Hereditary Genius, that the African negro was, on average, two grades below the
intelligence of the White Englishman and the Australian Black a further grade below the
African in intelligence. In terms of the classes in England (his work was centred at
Cambridge University) the main criteria he used in classifying the population was the wages
earned by the men (he had little to say about women). Galton himself was invited to give
lectures on his theory at Harvard University (in the early 1900s) having founded the
Eugenics Education Society in the late 1880s. Winston Churchill was among the early
proponents of the original eugenics movement, which was warmly embraced by university
systems throughout the white British colonies (Australia, Canada, South Africa, New
Zealand) as well as in the USA, which introduced sterilization and segregation laws based on
the theories of Galtons eugenics movement long before they were introduced to Germany
and the rest of Europe.
The First International Congress of Eugenics was held in 1912, the year the First World War
broke out (among the dominant colonial powers of the time). Leonard Darwin presided,
with Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, the honorary Vice-President.
Several political, academic and literary luminaries from Britain attended. By then the
eugenics movement was well-established in the USA under the leadership of Charles
Davenport, who established the Biological Experiment Station at Cold Spring Harbor in 1904
(later the Carnegie Genetics Department) and the Eugenics Records Office in 1910, with
funding from the Carnegie Institute of Washington. In 1932 Charles Davenport was
succeeded by the notorious Swiss eugenicist and race scientist Ernst Rudin as President of
the International Federation of Eugenics Organizations (IFEO).
Rudin, who was trained a psychiatrist and had published work on the supposed genetics of
schizophrenia in 1916, was strongly supported by the Nazi Party, and was personally
honoured by Adolf Hitler. He was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for
Geneology (in Munich, Germany) and wrote the official commentary for the eugenic policy
of Nazi Germany. Rudin was accused of assisting the Nazi genocide, but was released from
internment in 1946 after a personal appeal by the famous physicist Max Planck.

The doctrines of negative and positive eugenics were ostensibly based on a scientific
strategy to improve human breeding by encouraging selected blood lines to have many

children through various incentives and discouraging the breeding of supposedly inferior
classes and races, as well as that of individuals deemed criminal, defective or degenerate.
This was through sterilization procedures (castration was a favourite of the early American
eugenicists while Winston Churchill favoured the more technologically advanced means of
irradiating the gonads with X-rays). Physical castration was done to thousands of boys in the
USA for reasons including delinquency and feeble-mindedness. Chemical castration was a
later development, and only became widespread after the Second World War. The
eugenicists also discouraged immigration of supposedly inferior races (which meant, mainly,
dark-skinned people) and the Eugenics Education Society published many books (including
some by Leonard Darwin) explaining the need to restrict immigration to the USA, Britain and
Europe along with the dangers of mixed marriages (they coined the term miscegenation to
describe the process of mixing superior and inferior blood producing offspring that were
inferior to either of the pure-blooded races). This had a bearing on the subsequent racist
immigration policies of both Australia and South Africa, as well as the treatment of
Australian and South African Indigenous people. The racist undertones of eugenics were
also expressed in justifications for the colour bar in the USA and in the various colonies of
the British Empire (including those in Africa, Asia and the Americas).
The fact that the theories had the support of the popular and powerful Winston Churchill
meant that politicians, policy makers and academia throughout the British empire, and
came to be deeply ingrained in the academic disciplines of what became genetics,
anthropology, sociology, psychiatry and to a lesser degree psychology. In politics the policies
of the eugenicists influenced immigration policies, health and what used to be called native
affairs. Importantly, regarding the connection between AIDS and eugenics, there were
strident warnings by eugenicists of the dangers of global overpopulation even before the
onset of the Second World War in 1938.
Other countries that supported the racist theories of eugenics prior to the Second World
War included Japan and Brazil. In Brazil the government was explicit about its intent in
introducing eugenic laws in the early twentieth century. They were Whitening Policies
(Politica de Branqueamento) intended to enlarge numbers of the white race in Brazil while
reducing the numbers of descendants of African slaves and Asians. It so happens that Brazil
is the South American nation that has been most affected by AIDS, and the disease affects
the previous targets of negative eugenics policies in Brazil. However it is in Africa that the
epidemic has claimed the most lives and caused the most suffering. Importantly, the
epidemic in Africa is not a disease of homosexuals or injecting drug users (as it is in the
West, including Australia). It has, since its first description in the late 1970s and early 1980s
affected young women and men in equal numbers and also killed millions of children. The
same pattern is seen in later epidemics in India and South-East Asia (to a lesser degree,
since AIDS has also been acquired through injecting drug use in certain Indian and SouthEast Asian cities) and in Papua New Guinea. This is enough to raise alarm bells in anyone

who has studied the history of eugenics, biological warfare during the Cold War and the
epidemiology of the AIDS epidemic.

Eugenics after the Second World War the AIDS connection

During the Second World War (1938-1945) the leaders of both the Allied and Axis war
machines were supporters of (their versions) of eugenics notably Winston Churchill in
Britain and Adolf Hitler in Germany. In the USA eugenics was well-entrenched, with Charles
Davenports American Breeders Association (ABA) established in 1906 to investigate and
report on heredity in the human race, and to emphasize the value of superior blood and the
menace to society of inferior blood. The President of Stanford University, David Starr
Johnson, was a member, along with the famous inventor of the telephone, Alexander
Graham Bell. Both were ardent admirers of Galtons ideas about breeding a superior (white)
human race and getting rid of the menace of too many darkies. Decades later, during the
Cold War, Stanford professor Paul Erlich kept the racist traditions of the university alive with
his book Population Bomb in which he warned the world about the perils of
overpopulation. According to Erlich this overpopulation not in the USA, Japan or Europe,
which were gobbling up the worlds resources at an alarming rate, but by the people of the
Third World, as the UN and related organizations termed the many nations that had
groaned under the burdens of colonization by the nations that fought for supremacy in the
First and Second World Wars. These countries, especially those in Africa, were the first to
be ravaged by AIDS and remain the centre of the global epidemic.

The connection between the eugenics movement and the war machine headed by Winston
Churchill during and after the Second World War is frequently ignored. In Australia it is
ignored completely, especially by the mass-media. Yet the connections are evident to
anyone who looks for them. The Allied war effort is routinely portrayed in the media in
Australia as a simple battle between the good Allies and the evil Axis powers. In truth,
however, the Allies acted as enemies of humanity and nature in numerous ways. After their
victory over the Japanese, Germans and Italians in the Second World War the Allied War
Machine became the undisputed leader of the Free Worlds efforts at keeping the peace,
preventing more war and standing up against human rights abuses. How dismally they failed
in this responsibility.
Rather than beating the evil Axis powers, the Allied War Machine focused its attention and
billions on beating the evil Communists especially the Soviets and their sphere of

influence in global politics terminology the Second World. And they did, at least for a few
years, allowing the USA to proudly claim that the Era of Two Superpowers was over and this
was the New Era of the Sole Superpower. During the Cold War, in 1969, to be precise, it is
now known that a senior American military/CIA doctor, Donald McArthur asked for and was
given funds by Congress, to develop a biological agent that targeted the immune system,
arguing that to fail in such research would be to concede a military advantage to the
dreaded Soviets. My recent research suggests that such a weapon was already under
development in Australia, if not already available for use in covert offensive biological

The Biological Warfare plan of MacFarlane Burnet:

In 2002 the Melbourne newspaper The Age revealed extraordinary facts about the
celebrated Australian scientist, doctor and immunologist, Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
back in 1947 he had secretly urged the covert use of offensive biological warfare against
nations in South-East Asia he (and those he advised) believed were overpopulated. The
same nations that have developed AIDS epidemics after the initial explosion of the disease
in Sub-Saharan Africa. I have copied the article in full, because I think it is essential reading.
Burnet's solution: The plan to poison S-E Asia
By Brendan Nicholson
Political Correspondent
March 10 2002

World-famous microbiologist Sir Macfarlane Burnet, the Nobel prize winner revered as
Australia's greatest medical research scientist, secretly urged the government to develop
biological weapons for use against Indonesia and other "overpopulated" countries of SouthEast Asia.
The revelation is contained in top-secret files declassified by the National Archives of
Australia, despite resistance from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Sir Macfarlane recommended in a secret report in 1947 that biological and chemical weapons
should be developed to target food crops and spread infectious diseases.
His key advisory role on biological warfare was uncovered by Canberra historian Philip
Dorling in the National Archives in 1998.
The department initially blocked release of the material on the basis it would damage
Australia's international relations. Dr Dorling sought a review and the material was finally
released to him late last year.

The files include a comprehensive memo Sir Macfarlane wrote for the Defence Department in
1947 in which he said Australia should develop biological weapons that would work in tropical
Asia without spreading to Australia's more temperate population centres.
"Specifically to the Australian situation, the most effective counter-offensive to threatened
invasion by overpopulated Asiatic countries would be directed towards the destruction by
biological or chemical means of tropical food crops and the dissemination of infectious
disease capable of spreading in tropical but not under Australian conditions," Sir Macfarlane
The Victorian-born immunologist, who headed the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical
Research, won the Nobel prize for medicine in 1960. He died in 1985 but his theories on
immunity and "clonal selection" provided the basis for modern biotechnology and genetic
On December 24, 1946, the secretary of the Department of Defence, F.G. Shedden, wrote to
Macfarlane Burnet saying Australia could not ignore the fact that many countries were
conducting intense research on biological warfare and inviting him to a meeting of top military
officers to discuss the question.
The minutes of a meeting in January, 1947, reveal that Sir Macfarlane argued that Australia's
temperate climate could give it a significant military advantage.
"The main contribution of local research so far as Australia is concerned might be to study
intensively the possibilities of biological warfare in the tropics against troops and civil
populations at a relatively low level of hygiene and with correspondingly high resistance to the
common infectious diseases," he told the meeting.
In September, 1947, Sir Macfarlane was invited to join a chemical and biological warfare
subcommittee of the New Weapons and Equipment Development Committee.
He prepared a secret report titled Note on War from a Biological Angle suggesting that
biological warfare could be a powerful weapon to help defend a thinly populated Australia.
Sir Macfarlane also urged the government to encourage universities to research those
branches of biological science that had a special bearing on biological warfare.
A clinically scientific approach is evident in a note he wrote in June, 1948.
He said a successful attack with a microbiological agent on a large population would have
such a devastating impact that its use was extremely unlikely while both sides were capable
of retaliation.
"The main strategic use of biological warfare may well be to administer the coup de grace to a
virtually defeated enemy and compel surrender in the same way that the atomic bomb served
in 1945.
"Its use has the tremendous advantage of not destroying the enemy's industrial potential
which can then be taken over intact.
"Overt biological warfare might be used to enforce surrender by psychological rather than
direct destructive measures."
The minutes of a meeting at Melbourne's Victoria Barracks in 1948 noted that Sir Macfarlane
"was of the opinion that if Australia undertakes work in this field it should be on the tropical
offensive side rather than the defensive. There was very little known about biological attack
on tropical crops."

After visiting the UK in 1950 and examining the British chemical and biological warfare
research effort, Sir Macfarlane told the committee that the initiation of epidemics among
enemy populations had usually been discarded as a means of waging war because it was
likely to rebound on the user.
"In a country of low sanitation the introduction of an exotic intestinal pathogen, e.g. by water
contamination, might initiate widespread dissemination," he said.
"Introduction of yellow fever into a country with appropriate mosquito vectors might build up
into a disabling epidemic before control measures were established."
The subcommittee recommended that "the possibilities of an attack on the food supplies of SE Asia and Indonesia using B.W. agents should be considered by a small study group".
In 1951 it recommended that "a panel reporting to the chemical and biological warfare
subcommittee should be authorised to report on the offensive potentiality of biological agents
likely to be effective against the local food supplies of South-East Asia and Indonesia".
Dr Dorling said that while Sir Macfarlane was a great Australian he was also a product of
times when many Australians held deep fears about more populous Asian countries.
He said the Menzies government was more interested in trying to acquire nuclear weapons.
"Fortunately this also proved impracticable and Australia never acquired a weapon of mass
The secretary of the Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies, Peter
French, said he had not yet seen the files but the whole notion of biological warfare was
something that Australian scientists would not be comfortable with today. "Viewed through
today's eyes it is clearly an abhorrent suggestion," Dr French said.

So this was the secret plan of a man who was knowledgeable enough to develop an
infectious agent to cripple the immune system. Macfarlane Burnets special expertise was in
exotic viruses and the immune system, specifically the activity of T and B lymphocytes. It so
happens that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) specifically attacks the white blood
cells that Macfarlane Burnet was an expert in T lymphocytes (T-cells). In addition Burnet
was the Australian scientist chosen to travel to New Guinea with the notorious American
discoverer of Kuru, Carleton Gadjusek, to study a mysterious slow virus disease that
was causing infectious brain destruction (spongiform encephalopathy) in hill tribes in the
Fore region of New Guinea in the 1950s. This work illustrated the close relationship
between the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute (of the University of Melbourne) and the
American National Institutes of Health (for which Gadjusek worked). Gadjusek is notorious
for his lurid descriptions of the sexual habits of New Guinean children and his arrest for
sexual abuse of New Guinean boys he had adopted to live with him and be educated in
the USA. He personally adopted more than 40 boys. The following is a Wikipedia account of
Daniel Carleton Gadjusek, Frank Macfarlane Burnets American collaborator. Both received
(separate) Nobel Prizes.

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek

Gajdusek in 1997


September 9, 1923
Yonkers, New York


December 12, 2008 (aged 85)

Troms, Norway


United States



Known for


Notable awards

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976)

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (pronounced GUY-dah-shek; September 9, 1923December 12, 2008) was
an American physician and medical researcher who was the co-recipient (with Baruch S. Blumberg) of
the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 for work on kuru, the first human prion disease
demonstrated to be infectious.


1 Early years

2 Kuru

3 Child molestation conviction

4 Death

5 References

6 External links



Gajdusek's father, Karol Gajdusek, was from Bdsk, Kingdom of Hungary, now Smrdky, Slovakia and
was an ethnic Slovak who was a butcher. His maternal grandparents, ethnic Hungarians of the Calvinist
faith, emigrated fromDebrecen, Hungary. Gajdusek was born in Yonkers, New York, and graduated in 1943
from the University of Rochester, where he studied physics, biology, chemistry and mathematics. He
obtained an M.D. from Harvard University in 1946 and performed postdoctoral research at Columbia
University, the California Institute of Technology, and Harvard. In the early 1950s, Gajdusek was drafted
into the military as a research virologist at Walter Reed Army Medical Center.[1]In 1954 he went to work as
a visiting investigator at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne, Australia.
There, he began the work that culminated in the Nobel prize.

Gajdusek's best-known work focused on kuru. This disease was rampant among the South Fore
people of New Guinea in the 1950s and 1960s. Gajdusek connected the spread of the disease to the
practice of funerary cannibalism by the South Fore. With elimination of cannibalism, kuru disappeared
among the South Fore within a generation.
Gajdusek was introduced to the problem of kuru by Vincent Zigas, a district medical officer in the Fore
Tribe region of New Guinea. Gajdusek provided the first medical description of this unique neurological
disorder, which was miscast in the popular press as the "laughing sickness" because some patients
evinced risus sardonicus as a symptom. He lived among the Fore, studied their language and culture, and
performed autopsies on kuru victims.
Gajdusek concluded that kuru was transmitted by the ritualistic consumption of the brains of deceased
relatives, which was practiced by the Fore. He then proved this hypothesis by successfully transmitting the
disease to primates and demonstrating that it had an unusually long incubation period of several
years.[2] This was the first demonstration of the infectious spread of a non-inflammatory degenerative
disease in humans.
Kuru was shown to have remarkable similarity with scrapie, a disease of sheep and goats caused by an
unconventional infectious agent. Subsequently, additional human agents belonging to the same group were


discovered. They include sporadic, familial, and variant CreutzfeldtJakob disease. Though Gajdusek was
not able to identify the exact biological nature of the infective agent that spreads kuru, further research of
scrapie agent by Stanley Prusiner and others led to the identification of rogue proteins called prions as the
cause of these diseases.
While Gajdusek's work is generally accepted by the medical community, some have questioned whether
cannibalism was still practiced at the time of Gajdusek's research. Willam Arens, an anthropologist known
for his criticism of reports of learned cannibalism, claims that Gajdusek never actually witnessed
cannibalism himself.[3] Researchers who worked with the Fore in the 1950s claimed that cannibalism was
suppressed in 1948,[4] almost a decade before Gajdusek arrived in New Guinea. Arens further alleges that
the stories presented as evidence of Fore cannibalism often contradict each other and contain elements
of sexism and racism.[3] According to Arens, the decline of kuru coincided with the arrival of Europeans to
the area in 1961, an event that caused many substantial changes in Fore life that could have led to the
improvement in health conditions. [3] Nevertheless, the problem is not cannibalism but the women using the
grandfathers brain to rub on their children's babies skin. The last explanation given by Gajdusek before his
death was that the women retained scraps of the brain under their nails, and that when they scratched the
child's head looking for vermin, they then inoculated the disease. Rubbing the skin was not sufficient,
according to him, for a transmission of kuru. The decline of kuru is linked to the establishment of schools
and medical stations, due to the pressure exerted by Gajdusek upon the local Australian authorities, and
the fact that the disease had become internationally sexy, and that new villages were built with more
modern amenities i.e. running water close to the houses.
In contrast, many other researchers, including Robert Klitzman, S. Lindenbaum, R. Glasse, and kuru field
researchers at the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research have documented reports that confirm
the practice. Gajdusek became head of the laboratories for virological and neurological research at
the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1958 and was inducted to the National Academy of Sciences in
1974 in the discipline of microbial biology.

molestation conviction

In the course of his research trips in the South Pacific, Gajdusek had brought 56 mostly male children back
to live with him in the United States, and provided them with the opportunity to receive high school and
college education. He was later accused by one of these, now an adult man, of molesting him as a child.
Gajdusek was charged with child molestation in April 1996, based on incriminating entries in his personal
diary and statements from a victim. He pleaded guilty in 1997 and, under a plea bargain, was sentenced to
12 months in jail. After his release in 1998, he was permitted to serve his five-year
unsupervised probation in Europe. He never returned to the United States and lived in Amsterdam, Paris,
and Troms. Gajdusek's treatment had been denounced from October 1996 as anti-elitist and unduly harsh
by controversial Edinburgh University psychologist Chris Brand.[5]


The documentary The Genius and the Boys by Bosse Lindquist, first shown on BBC Four on June 2, 2009,
notes that "seven men testified in confidentiality about Gajdusek having had sex with them when they were
boys", that four said "the sex was untroubling" while for three of them "the sex was a shaming, abusive and
a violation". One of these boys, the son of a friend and now an adult, appears in the film. Furthermore,
Gajdusek openly admits to molesting boys and his approval of incest.[6]The film tries to understand not only
Gajdusek's sexual mores, but also his deeper motivations for science, exploration and life.

Gajdusek died December 12, 2008 in Troms, Norway, at the age of 85. He was working and visiting
colleagues in Troms at the time of his death. [7]


^ Maugh, Thomas (December 18, 2008). "D. Carleton Gajdusek dies at 85; Nobel Prize winner identified exotic disease, was unrepentant pedophile". Los
Angeles Times. Retrieved September 20, 2010.


^ Gajdusek DC, Gibbs CJ, Alpers M (January 1967). "Transmission and passage of experimenal "kuru" to chimpanzees". Science 155 (3759): 212
4.doi:10.1126/science.155.3759.212. PMID 6015529.
a b c


Arens, William. The Man-Eating Myth. Oxford University Press, 1979.


^ Berndt, R.M. Excess and Restraint. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.


^ Wojtas, Olga. "'Racist' Brand loses dismissal appeal". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2 August 2011.


^ "The Genius and the Boys". BBC Four. June 5, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2010.


^ McNeil, Donald (December 15, 2008). "D. Carleton Gajdusek, Who Won Nobel for Work on Brain Disease, is Dead at 85". New York Times. Retrieved

I did not know who Daniel Carleton Gadjusek and Frank MacFarlane Burnet were when I
began investigating the primary AIDS research and policy institute in Australia back in 1997.
Now called the Burnet Institute and housed in a purpose-built, multi-million dollar, multistorey complex adjacent to Melbournes Alfred Hospital, the institute was then called the
MacFarlane Burnet Centre and was housed in much humbler surroundings. This was an old
infectious diseases laboratory complex at the now-demolished Fairfield Infectious Diseases
Hospital. This laboratory had a monopoly on pathological tests for HIV/AIDS and the hospital
a monopoly on the treatment for all AIDS patients in the State of Victoria when the first
cases of AIDS were reported in Australia (the disease in Australia has always been confined
largely to homosexual and self-injecting populations).

When the Macfarlane Burnet Centre was named in honour of Frank Macfarlane Burnet, it
was a small centre with big plans. A Harvard-trained infectious disease expert by the name
of Professor John Mills was given the responsibility of turning the infectious disease


laboratory into a multimillion-dollar enterprise with an international reach. This was done
through increased funding and, eventually NGO status for the Institutes International
Health Unit (IHU), led by an epidemiologist by the name of Mike Toole. Since the public are
not allowed inside I have had to study the Macfarlane Burnet Centre, its work and
connections from its own Annual Reports. These reveal some worrying facts. I have shared
diagrams illustrating the political and financial connections, along with synopses of their
projects in the Third World on my Scribd website. These diagrams, which I drew in 2001 and
2002 after studying these Annual Reports, provide a background to understand this
summary of the research my partner and I have done into eugenics, biological warfare and
Im going to leave it there. If you are interested in reading the full text of my book Eugenics and
Genocide in the Modern World, you can find it here. The work is still in progress...
Thanks for reading...

Romesh Senewiratne
Brisbane, Australia