PART I

HEADQ,UARTERS

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3. No. 6. .14 1.1. I. II.15 N ames of Director General Annexure I.1. 5.1.CHAPTER I History of All India Radio SI. 2.1.1.7-10 1. Important Events of Broadcasting N ames of Directors General.5-6 1.11-12 L1. 7.1-4 1.1. SUbject Birth of All India Radio Purpose of the Constitution of AIR Growth of AIR Objective of AIR 3-Tier Broadcasting I mportant System for AIR Events of Broadcasting Paras 1.l3 1. 4.

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to discover suitable talents and material for good programmes and present the various programmes in an effective and attractive manner for entertainment and educating the masses. etc. six of them on medium wave and the others on shortwave. 1930. to popular demand. With the integration of princely states. the Company went into liquidation on Ist March. Unexpectedly. literature and specialisation in science. the Government decided in May. Most of the News Services and the External Services originated during the war years.2. It looked as though introduction of broadcasting had failed in I ndia while the other countries were making good progress. the Government decided to acquire the assets of the Indian Broadcasting Company and run the two Stations. Birth of All India Radio: The idea of a regular Broadcasting Service in India took shape for the first time in 1926.5. 1937 and was later transferred to the Department Information & Broadcasting in October. public relations. 1932 to continue the Indian State Broadcasting Service under their own management and placed it under the administrative control of the Department of Industries and Labour. 1935.V. is available almost in every house. Bombay. current affairs. family welfare. 1946.1. culture. Under that agreement. In response. 1. 1941. The real break for broadcasting in India came with World War II. 1.1. Broadcasting was transferred to Department of Communications in November.1. 'All India Radio' replaced earlier nomenclature of the 'Indian State Broadcasting Service'. In March. Lucknow and Tiruchi with a total complement of 18 transmitters.3.. Finally.1. The War also made it necessary for the Government to expand the broadcasting organisation so as to meet the requirements of its war effort. the AIR network had only six stations Delhi.000. however. AIR took over five broadcasting centres functioning in these areas. The Bombay Station was accordingly inaugurated on 23rd July.1. 1.1. in the form of an agreement entered into between the Government of India and private company called the Indian Broadcasting Company Ltd. a separate Department under a Controller of Broadcasting was constituted work under the Department of Industries and Labour. In June. Purpose for the Constitution of All India Radio: For the efficient supervision of programmes and for the maintenance of high standards in the several types of broadcast. Listening on medium wave was confined to the urban areas in these cities. The name of the Department was again changed to Department of Information & Broadcasting from 10th September.AIR MANUAL 2 CHAPTER I - HISTORY OF ALL INDIA RADIO 1. after about three years. one at Bombay and the other at Calcutta. W hen India became free. 1936. to the the of of the 1. The total number of radio sets at the time of independence in 1947 was a mere 2. it was considered essential to have a self-contained department consisting ofProgramme Professionals with a background and taste for music. 1946.75. a licence for the constructions of two stations. . was granted. agriculture. Calcutta.4. 1927. on an experimental basis for a period of two years from I st April. but now-a-days Radio & T. Madras. 1930. at Bombay and Calcutta. This Department was reconstituted as the Department Information and Arts from 23rd February.

rrgn::r~ Cffqaif am ~ 1JGR~1l ~<Rm~1 ~1l.rrgn::r~ ~ eN ~ 1JGR<Rm %.fl!W'OftijififRtq.<rr.~.:> 3f("Cl.. ~ fClTf~~at.1~1C4loft ~~-.:elT. (I" ~ "~3fq"~~~1 ~1q. It 3f("Cl.~ I feJ.f11~~~ ~~~. fuftffir am ~ 'i'11{\il0i1JGR<Rm ~ lJ!i ~ ~ * -. ~ ~ cit ~ ~ ~am ~~*~~aif -eN. ij 'il "'II{ ~ ijl'ift!q.T ~ * -.ij·€lI1-eN311'iIOia: ~""~~1JGRctr~W~1 1.aq'iglifjq 1l ~ ~ 1.1It 1"II0ft ~ cf..Tmrrufi 3fIf.IiII8Illamf~~aif1l~~~ I ~~!flr~ ~~~ am~ ~ ctr ~ -~ aNe:rraifcit tf{T q.rgtfeJ. ~at. ~ ~* 14 ~ ~ 1l~ ~ ~ 2.fl!W'Oft*~ll'i ~~1l~ ~ 130 ?iij¥fl~{ ~.fT * ~Rt():Cffl ~ ~ Mij ¥fie:: CfiT~~"\iITfeJ.1.1.11. ~ ~ ~ I fC4a.ltlstl+ir * iilRll Cf51t1stl+iflITgn::r~~ * 1JGR<Rm ~I 311Cf51~1C4lofi \iA"dTcit 'ig.. ~~ f~ ~ ..1.q.6.~<fsljlf2:6·~1RRCRm~1 ~C<fcfaR~tt~~~"cf.vrr ~ I 3f("Cl.r 'Iffl'I" 1. ~1l3f("Cl.1%'i ~ CR ~ ~aif cf. 3f("Cl.:tcNiill{ ~~~ 1.Rtq.fl!W'Oft~~![Cf1l54 m1l~. ~lIT~1l. ~"'~ ~ ~ 1l ¥il~ll'i ~ ?iij~c::(f ~ ~ 90% \iI . ~!t~ CfiT ~ ~ ~1Cf51~ oCfiT~~rrm 1C4l ft 3TaR~..(1q. q. ~~at.f+la ~ ~ I 1:W SlICfRt '~aif Cf5 cf..~ ~ q.lltlC4loft~~. 100 feJ. ~ ~aifcitTT ~* 1l311RR%1 ~ ~~~* 1.~ ~ 1JGRCR ~ 'T{ ~~ CfiT q.. . cf..~...r:f <Rm~ I ~1q. 3WCfiI"~~ ~ 1l~ ~a"f * ~ ~ . ~~1If. ~aif*GlTfll ~~1JGRCJiW~am~~ 'i'11{~ . ~CfiT ~·It IPcta IIJ\ ~a"f~ I ~~~~~lIT-.rrgn::r*~~~lITctr\iA"dTcit~~~ctr~.9.if ~*~ -~ m-~ *~ ~ *~ ~ ~~~~I .:elT. ~.r:fCR~~~ctr~~ 167?iij¥fle::(l"ctr~~91 ~~*~ID"U~lITctr80%~~ ~~ ~~~~R~ ~amf. ~aif.':'H1! * 'TlfTm( m~1Jllfuctr~ I 19471l~ 3nft"~lITCfiT~ 6 ~Rtt~ ~I ~~q.-{~I ~~1l~TCfTIlfT \iA"dTam~ eh"* 80%ctr~CRm~. ~ arrfu 'T{~ 'ifCm: cf.:tq.~~1 ~ ~ cm.~ 1l 'ig .rrgn::r~~."Iq 01~ ~ e-: e-.:CIT...-{ ~ Imvr~ 1.¢14stl'i ~1lmfur ~ ~ I 3{1Cf.. am <Rm~1 1.~ ~ CfC4Ii"<1 ~ 1JGR ctr \i'I'ffiT ~ I ~ €I ctr 1l ~ ~ 1Jq>f{ 00 ~ I 1J~""~ ~1l~ ~~~ * *.rrgn::r~~~cit~~ ~ ~w.-.C4qof~.5% eh" ~ II% \iA"dTamft ~am~ 91 m.7.8.1. q..1.fl!W'Oft 21 ~~aifam 2461i1.1.1.~.3 311<iJ1I.14stl'i 1lmfur fcF<:rr 'ilTffi" ~I ~ ~ -gR * ~ CfiT{1Jf 1:W ~ 3Fll" ~ ~a Oftt ma-~. ~ ~ am ijl'ilM:ct>ijifq. ~1q.~.10. ~aa:r~~~~am~ctr~m ~1Cf51~IClIO~ CfiT~gre%1 ~ 1l ~ ~~ ~~.~aq.12. . ~~ll 'i ~ 1l1JGR ctr ~ cm. ~ \iA"dTath:: ~ ~ -eN.fT 7 ~ ~aif ~ "i{!t1f 16 ~~ ~~~ ~aif* 31Rt():Cffl ~ ~aif 1l q. c-. ~lffil=~ctr~ ~ R 'T{ 3 feJ. ?iij¥fle::{ ~ ~ 'ilTffi" ~ttm 'i ACJ(f{'T{ 175lftc<ctr~'T{~~ {<::It "~~"~ftFlIT~~~ 15fcl.-.!f11fm.n ~ oft f::nr.fl!W'Oft atn: ~lm cf.r ~ I ~ am ~ ~~ ID"U~ 'ilTffi" ~ I 3f("Cl.fl!W'Oft.

it covered only 2. All India Radio or 'Akashvani' is the biggest of the 14 Media Units of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.5% area and II % population ofthe country. where the reach of other communicating media is not' extensive.1. supported by 167 transmitters.8. meeting their diverse requirements. through the medium of sound broadcasting by a variety of programmes. In its external Services. It also gives timely assistance to public and Government Departments by quick dissemination of information during natural clamities. through a variety of programmes on cultural. 1. 1. The programmes are broadcast in 16 foreign and 7 Indian Languages. it informs. programmes and achievements. It runs a Commercial Service which helps in promoting sale of goods and services through advertisements. AIR now reaches 54 countries all over the globe. 1. socio-cultural themes. A similar service has been introduced in Delhi also. Director General. fine arts. national integration and also develop various aspects of I ndian culture. In its Home Services. besides full fledged service in the Urdu and English language spoken and understood in the Indian sub-Continent. scientific. In 1947.AIR MANUAL 3 under the Ministry of 1. . and earns substantial revenue for the Government. Growth of All India Radio: Broadcasting in India is a national service developed and operated by the Government of India. hygiene. Through its broadcasting.1.11. It plays a significant role.1. 1.10. It has achieved phenomenal progress since Independence.1. plans.1.1. All India Radio is the head of the Department Information & Broadcasting.7. health.12. 1. All India Radio was created to meet these requirements and is being continuously developed and strengthened. AIR broadcasts programmes in 21 major languages and 246 tribal and other dialects. educational. It also keeps the people informed of the important news and current events of topical interest and provides an appreciable amount of entertaining programmes. with the help of6 Broadcasting Centres. in a developing country like India. AIR has also started FM Service from Madras. The objective are to instantly reach the people. educates and entertains people in different languages. AIR now serves more than 90% of the population and about 80% of the total area of the country. This provides a high quality interference-free service within the line of sight. O~ectives of All India Radio: Broadcasting in India being a national service. All India Radio keeps the people all over the country informed quickly about Government policies. constitutes the most powerful medium of mass communication. in different States. etc. through Commercial Broadcasting.9. as a medium of information and education. there is a network of shortwave transmitters which provide a second grade back up coverage for the Home Service. AIR seeks to promote education.6. In short. Calcutta and Bombay broadcasting on a 3 KW FM transmitter at each centre which feeds an antenna system mounted at the height of 175 metres on Doordarshan tower giving an effective radiated power of 15 KW. The estimated primary grade day-time service from these MW transmitters is about 90% of population at present. All India Radio has a medium wave network consisting of about 130 transmitters with powers carrying from I KW to 100 KW. With a net work of 91 Broadcasting Centres. 1. The number of Broadcasting Centres now in operation has risen to 91. including difficult places like Leh and Tawang and distant areas as the Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands. agricultural. In addition to the first grade service provided on medium wave.1.

lrr 1TlIT ~~!fT ~.p:f~-qrr~1 ~ff~ 1000~.(CR~.4e"'l~ ~..~~. ~I 1983 # ~mruTtcf.p:f Cf>\~1 ~CtT 1.q \ill" .=t~!fl<t>CR ~ ~ ~ tf'( aR ~ ~. ~ cf.~1fq.~ aft-{ ~cf.ffi~ rir I ~~# cf..1. qiU~~_I~ ~ ~ '* . eTfn.~at1~~'1<t> I #~trt 1. R~l'f -rnt ~ ~ ctT ~ ~ ~ I Rrn ctT <t>14<ti¥1 ~ ~ ~ (1~ BfCf: ~ ~ ~ «<r ~~ ~ cf.~~rir SlRt~f):Cild~CRwmr~-qrr~ am:~~~~~arrcf.# ~ II m 3{qfu . "li\JI€l~.13.~ 3-feaR~tf'(q..rcitq. 1982# ~ V~ ~ ~ Tfiar iITU fl! 1~1"1I1*1 fcI.~#q.~~m~~. ~cf.IT ~ ~ I~ ¥i€llI~lI ff~ -c.1. «<r ~ 311~~~<t>.1. ctT ~ 80% \J1'"i*1'€lI1 q.!ijf~ ttc'1I<ti¥1 cf.4 1..~~~~~ 3{l\jf~ctT~~ ¥1~("q...( ~. f41<t>'1c:l'\hf~~ *11¥1~<t> ~ <t>14<ti¥1 3llfu'~~1 ~~cf. ~ # <i7.~1 ~ 6lIf)fdJil' cf. 'di>iJId¥1~~.r afh:~~~cf. ~i*1~lc.~ l1&l-CfCfmcf. ~ trt ~ I at'1~~'1<t>-II1f~1'flJ. A~t(Oj $t q[(N'{of f. rw.-illl"{?d ~~m~1'flJ. ~~ 31J?R'~Tri'~~ 3~ q~j(Oj ~ f4?J¥1I'1 ~~arr.qr. ~ arm ~. ~~mr$wmr llt afh:~. rct?J¥1I'1~ ~ t~~aR' c& sitoTt# 3lT~1 ~Gffiftf'(\iIR~~~ ~<t>14<ti¥1 ~~arr#tT~~~1 ~~mmRrn~~ ~ feaR cf. ~.15.p:f~-qrrt I ~~~~cf. *1¥1I'TJ1I.14..'IT'J~~~/¥1~Ir.

The period for which the post was held by them is also given in Annexure II. each station would serve a small area. Indira Gandhi. news reels. The coverage of the 1000 KW transmitter at Nagpur. The national channel will include centrally originated news bulletins in Hindi and English. To be located at District headquarters. . spokenword and other topical programmes.I. The national service attemps to reflect fully the broad spectrum of national life and act complementary to the regional and local services. The programme pattern of the stations would be flexible and spontaneous to enable the station to function as a mouthpiece of the local community. Names of Director General: The names of persons who have held the highest post of Controller of Broadcasts / Directors General are given in Annexure II. since its inception in June.R. in April.1. Important Events of Broadcasting: All important happening in broadcasting chronological order in Annexure I. 1923 till date are given in the 1. music. With the commission of the national channel.AIR MANUAL 4 1.14. which form the third tier is a new concept in broadcasting. : All India Radio is embarking on a three tier system of broadcasting of national. 1982.15.13. Local radio stations. regional and local services in an effort to remove several deficiencies in the existing arrangements. the foundation stone for which was laid by the Late Prime Minister Mrs. the existing regional centres would form the middle tier. 3-Tier Broadcasting System for A. will provide coverage to about 86% of the country's population. 1. The emphasis would be on regional programmes in the regional languages.1.1.

23~.~~~q. ~. 1974 I~. 29~.1923 161ft. ~ 26 3f1m'I". 30~. T~'~ 3 q.~. ~ attt Gm) I ifI~~(lq<:'<11 attt~)cr¥{T 20~. 'Fl'1I" ~ ~ ~ <f. ~ ~ ~ mr ~ 1ffi'iT mr ~ ~ 1ffi'iT ~ q. 1927 1 lWif.r 1iIm'Il1 1l 'Fl'1I" ~ ~ (~ ~ ~ 31TCffl"~ I q I 0." <til" ~ WIT q.r 1iIm'Il1 q. 23~. QIf'4>fdl'1 1)' ~ ~ ~ (ifmcR. 1954 1952 1953 31TCffl"rn11lft 31TCffl"rn11lft 1Jq1'j"~ ~~ q.r ifTlf ~ ~ attt ~ firl:rm 1ffiIT <f.r ~ ~ ~ n lflITl "ITt ~ mr ~I it 1'ft1 ~ ils<filffj'l ~' 'A ".~. ~ ~ q. 1947 (~ t941 1946 1946 <f.r~1 ~~ ~ ~ WIT q.r Tj'Oif ~ ~ lflITl q. 3T~ 'ffllIT lflITl ~ attt ~ firl:rm q.r ifTlf '31T<'f ~~' 'ffllIT lflITl WIT 1iIm'Il <til" 1'ft I . 31T<l'W ell oft' ~ ~ attt ~ firl:rm <f. I~. 1976 1984 1957 1959 1967 ~<f..Of1ffirl:rm<f.1939 24~.r ~ ~<tiI" lWif. II("+1 <fi 31T!:1R 1f{~ 1'ft1 ~ ~ ~ ifQ. 1968 -qrnfa{f (~) "I1<fi1'1I<1I0. I~. 1930 I~.1. 1930 q.r ~I q.14) ~. 3T~ ~ ~ lflITl ~I q. 1956 3~. 1924 1927 ~ ~ ~ 1ffi'iT. 1O~.r 1Jq1'j" ~ q.~) 1936 ~ m iI6<filffj'l '<IlI<fiIMIO'n' ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ \"fror <f. 1924 31~.r ~ ~ 1iIm'Il1 31TCffl"~ IqlOil q.1923 ~.1937 1~." ~~~~~I ~ ~ 31TCffl"rn11lft ~~ ~ ~ lflIT I lflITl '11'1(ci1\1<'1ll1Jq1'j" f~ 1iIm'Il ~ .r \"fror <f. ~ attt P.r ~ 'llT'T ~) I 3T'ffir.. 3T~ 'ffllIT lflIT I '3tl<mlql°'n' ~~ attt ~ firl:rm <f.5 (~tro- 1.~. 1935 30 3f1m'I". 1935 8~.r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ lflITl ~ ~ 1iIm'Il1 lflIT I ~ -qrnfa{f (~) ~ ~ 15 3f1m'I". ~ ~ ~ ~ lflITl \"fror1)'~: ~~((~.r ~ 1iIm'Il1 lflITl ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ mr ~ il6Cfflffj'l il6Cfflffj'l ili<filffj'l WIT 1iIm'Il <til" 1'ft I ~ ~ ~ <f.

IBC goes into liquidation. from AIR. Madras. 1927 26th August. Important Events after Independence July 20. Indian State Broadcasting Service under Department Labour commences on experimental basis. 1968 Annual Awards instituted. Tiruchirapalli and Lucknow) and three Radio Stations in Pakistan (Peshawer. 1930 1st April. 1976 October 30. of Information & AIR comes under Department AIR comes under Department Deptt.AIR MANUAL 5 Annexure I (Paragraph 1. by Service initiated by the Club. 1935 August 30. 1935 June 8. 1930 March.1. 1984 1. 1941 23rd February. October 24. TV separated First Local Station at Nagercoil started. A new Department Controller of Broadcasts Lionel Fielden appointed Indian State Broadcasting External the first Controller of Industries and constituted. 1957 November November 1974 April 1. 1927 1st March. Service becomes All India Radio. Madras Presidency Broadcasting Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC). First Radio Sangeet Sammelan Vividh Bharati Service started. of Broadcasting in India. of Information to Deptt. 1937 1939 1946 1946 Broadcast Calcutta of programmes by the Radio Club of Bombay. Programme August. . Calcutta. Calcutta Station of IBC inaugurated. Services Started with Pushtu Broadcast. 1st October. 1923 November. Bombay Station inaugurated Lord Irwin . of I & B. 1924 31st July. from AIR. Radio Club puts out programmes. 10th Septebmer. Lahore and Decca). 1936 November. 1952 April 29. 1953 1954 August 15. 1967 First National National National Programme of Music broadcast held. 1924 23rd July. of Talks (Hindi) started. of Communication. of Information Broadcasting. Bombay.the Viceroy of India. Radio Club founded. Programme Programme of Talks (English) commences of Plays commences. from AIR. 1959 1. Commercials National Akashvani on Vividh Bharati started. 1923 16th May. AIR comes under the Department & Arts changed 1947(at the time of partition) Six Radio Stations in India (Delhi. 1956 October 3. and Arts. First TV station in Delhi (at that time a part of AIR).14) Important Events of Broadcasting at a Glance June.

13. ~~w.rr ~~.~** ~~~.3. ~ <'IT<'f ~~w.65 (~) -~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~aft.4.~ q ~ ijl=~ ijl=~ U':lT1 U':lT I '3qf.qr.1. 7. ~ ~ ~ ~tft. ~ ~T1::cf. 8. 14.68 7.6.6.82 1.15) ~ ~ cf. "ilat" ~ ~~. 16. G "cf.81 7.85 -« 3.65 -« 23.~.72 10.~ ~~.3. ~~~.rr w.6 (~~ 1.83 ~~ ~"cf.6.. 17. ~3IT 29.1. ~~.9. ~ ~~.85 4. cnri* m.74 -« 31.. 311$1 ~I(noft q.aft.:t~~1$ : ~!fTq.3.~ m 22.rr II.~.lIT~ ~ 1955 -« 1960 1960 -« 22.: ~ ~~!fT~ ~1l"~w.~.T1:.7. 4.79 (~) 1.4.8..6.1:f'f.65 (~) 24.82 -« 30..~.r ~ .rr 1:f'f.68 -« 17.:t$ ~ 'if~lIijf.9. 1R r.1. 10. 2.83 -« 14. 6."cf.~. 15..:t$ w.2.~ 1935 -« 1943 1943-« 1947 1947 -« 1948 1948 -« 1952 ~~ ~~ ~ tft.79 -« 28.79 -« 30.81 -« 31. ."cf.65 -« 13.1.~ . ~~!fT~ cnri 31.~.R ~~~ ~t 1. 19. 9. flit "tn¥t qi5I~~ ~TCfi.n1{. ~~~ ~T1:.~~hllijf.ri fc1(-it cf.7.72 -« 26.79 1l"~ ~ .4.4. 5. <ft:cf. 12.74 (~) 26.rr -~-~- -~- ~~..3. ~ ~ m.6. 18. 3..rr w.5.87 * ** ~ ~ (~) "cf.

Chowdhry Col.68 7.3. 18.79 to 30.68 to 17. 17. N.79 to 28.1965 (AN) 22.1. 7. V. 10.6. Rao J.e.85 to 3.K.9.6. Sehgal V.2. Narayana Menon A.e. 12.72 to 26. New Delhi.4.A. 15.81 to 31. 5.S.81 7.82 1. Verma Suresh Mathur 1935 1943 1947 1948 to to to to 1943 March. 13.65 (AN) 24. A IIIndia Radio. 9.87 Programme Officer Indian Civil Service Programme Officer Indian Civil Service Indian Civil Service Indian Civil Service Programme Officer Indian Administrative Service Programme Officer Programme Officer I ndian Administrative Service Programme Officer Indian Administrative Service Programme Officer Programme Officer I ndian Administrative Service Indian Administrative Service Indian Administrative Service • He held current charge of the post in addition to Joint Secretary (Broadcasting).AIR MANUAL 6 Annexure II (Paragraph 1.e.4. Sharma Suresh Mathur S. 11.83 to 14. Bokhari P.74(FN) 26. 2.S.K.82 to 30.1. 14.6. 3. 4.65 to 23. Bhatt Y.7.e.79 29.65 to 13.L. Lakshmanan M.6. Chatterjee **S.1.15) N ames of 0 ffieers who had held the Office of the Director General. 19.9.N. 16. Sen S.79(AN) 1.7.1. Baruah K.K.K.3.83 31.B.P.5. Name I.74 to 31. 6.3.4. ** He held current charge of the duties of DG: AIR: DO. 8.No.3. S jShri Lionel Fielden A. Verma" Dr.6. 1948 1952 1947 1955 to 1960 1960 to 22.72 10. Mukherjee P.4.8. Period Service/Cadre to which belonged S. Lal C. Mathur B.S. .85 4.

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